[Title 3 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - January 1, 2017 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



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          Title 3

The President


________________________



                         Revised as of January 1, 2017

          2016 Compilation and Parts 100-102

                    Published by the Office of the Federal Register 
                    National Archives and Records Administration as a 
                    Special Edition of the Federal Register

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          U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL EDITION NOTICE

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        ................................................................


                            TABLE OF CONTENTS


                                                                    Page
List of Title 3 Compilations..........................................iv
Explanation of the Code of Federal Regulations........................vi
Explanation of This Title.............................................ix
How To Cite This Title................................................xi
Title 3.............................................................xiii
     2016 Compilation--Presidential Documents..........................1
     Chapter I--Executive Office of the President....................751
Title 3 Finding Aids.................................................761
     Tables..........................................................763
     List of CFR Sections Affected...................................785
     Index...........................................................787
CFR Finding Aids.....................................................801
     Table of CFR Titles and Chapters................................803
     Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR..............823

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                          TITLE 3 COMPILATIONS


------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Title 3 Compilations           Proclamations     Executive Orders
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1936-1938.....................  2161-2286.........          7316-7905
  1938-1943.....................  2287-2587.........          7906-9347
  1943-1948.....................  2588-2823.........         9348-10025
  1949-1953.....................  2824-3041.........        10026-10510
  1954-1958.....................  3042-3265.........        10511-10797
  1959-1963.....................  3266-3565.........        10798-11134
  1964-1965.....................  3566-3694.........        11135-11263
  1966-1970.....................  3695-4025.........        11264-11574
  1971-1975.....................  4026-4411.........        11575-11893
  1976..........................  4412-4480.........        11894-11949
  1977..........................  4481-4543.........        11950-12032
  1978..........................  4544-4631.........        12033-12110
  1979..........................  4632-4709.........        12111-12187
  1980..........................  4710-4812.........        12188-12260
  1981..........................  4813-4889.........        12261-12336
  1982..........................  4890-5008.........        12337-12399
  1983..........................  5009-5142.........        12400-12456
  1984..........................  5143-5291.........        12457-12497
  1985..........................  5292-5424.........        12498-12542
  1986..........................  5425-5595.........        12543-12579
  1987..........................  5596-5759.........        12580-12622
  1988..........................  5760-5928.........        12623-12662
  1989..........................  5929-6084.........        12663-12698
  1990..........................  6085-6240.........        12699-12741
  1991..........................  6241-6398.........        12742-12787
  1992..........................  6399-6520.........        12788-12827
  1993..........................  6521-6643.........        12828-12890
  1994..........................  6644-6763.........        12891-12944
  1995..........................  6764-6859.........        12945-12987
  1996..........................  6860-6965.........        12988-13033
  1997..........................  6966-7061.........        13034-13071
  1998..........................  7062-7161.........        13072-13109
  1999..........................  7162-7262.........        13110-13144
  2000..........................  7263-7389.........        13145-13185
  2001..........................  7263-7516.........        13145-13251
  2002..........................  7517-7635.........        13252-13282
  2003..........................  7636-7748.........        13283-13323
  2004..........................  7749-7858.........        13324-13368
  2005..........................  7859-7972.........        13369-13394
  2006..........................  7873-8098.........        13395-13421
  2007..........................  8099-8214.........        13422-13453
  2008..........................  8215-8334.........        13454-13483
  2009..........................  8335-8469.........        13484-13527
  2010..........................  8470-8621.........        13528-13562
  2011..........................  8622-8772.........        13563-13596
  2012..........................  8773-8925.........        13597-13635

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  2013..........................  8926-9075.........        13636-13655
  2014..........................  9076-9226.........        13656-13686
  2015..........................  9227-9387.........        13687-13715
  2016..........................  9388-9562.........        13716-13757
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beginning with 1976, Title 3 compilations also include regulations
  contained in Chapter I, Executive Office of the President.
Supplementary publications include: Presidential documents of the Hoover
  Administration (two volumes), Proclamations 1870-2037 and Executive
  Orders 5076-6070; Consolidated Indexes for 1936-1965; and Consolidated
  Tables for 1936-1965.


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                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
revision date (in this case, January 1, 2017), consult the ``List of CFR 
Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
List of Parts Affected,'' which appears in the Reader Aids section of 
the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

    Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal 
Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source 
citations for the regulations are referred to by volume number and page 
number of the Federal Register and date of publication. Publication 
dates and effective dates are usually not the same and care must be 
exercised by the user in determining the actual effective date. In 
instances where the effective date is beyond the cut-off date for the 
Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective date. In 
those instances where a regulation published in the Federal Register 
states a date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be 
inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

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Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

PAST PROVISIONS OF THE CODE

    Provisions of the Code that are no longer in force and effect as of 
the revision date stated on the cover of each volume are not carried. 
Code users may find the text of provisions in effect on any given date 
in the past by using the appropriate List of CFR Sections Affected 
(LSA). For the convenience of the reader, a ``List of CFR Sections 
Affected'' is published at the end of each CFR volume. For changes to 
the Code prior to the LSA listings at the end of the volume, consult 
previous annual editions of the LSA. For changes to the Code prior to 
2001, consult the List of CFR Sections Affected compilations, published 
for 1949-1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, and 1986-2000.

``[RESERVED]'' TERMINOLOGY

    The term ``[Reserved]'' is used as a place holder within the Code of 
Federal Regulations. An agency may add regulatory information at a 
``[Reserved]'' location at any time. Occasionally ``[Reserved]'' is used 
editorially to indicate that a portion of the CFR was left vacant and 
not accidentally dropped due to a printing or computer error.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

    What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was 
established by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the 
requirement to publish regulations in the Federal Register by referring 
to materials already published elsewhere. For an incorporation to be 
valid, the Director of the Federal Register must approve it. The legal 
effect of incorporation by reference is that the material is treated as 
if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5 U.S.C. 552(a)). 
This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force 
of law.
    What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the 
Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when 
the requirements of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which 
approval is based are:
    (a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of 
material published in the Federal Register.
    (b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent 
necessary to afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative 
process.
    (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for 
publication in accordance with 1 CFR part 51.
    What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If 
you have any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed as 
an approved incorporation by reference, please contact the agency that 
issued the regulation containing that incorporation. If, after 
contacting the agency, you find the material is not available, please 
notify the Director of the Federal Register, National Archives and 
Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001, 
or call 202-741-6010.

CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

    A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a 
separate volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR Index 
and Finding Aids. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Authorities 
and Rules. A list of CFR titles, chapters, subchapters, and parts and an 
alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are also included in 
this volume.

[[Page viii]]

    An index to the text of ``Title 3--The President'' is carried within 
that volume.
    The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumulative form. 
This index is based on a consolidation of the ``Contents'' entries in 
the daily Federal Register.
    A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published monthly, keyed to 
the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL

    There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing 
in the Code of Federal Regulations.

INQUIRIES

    For a legal interpretation or explanation of any regulation in this 
volume, contact the issuing agency. The issuing agency's name appears at 
the top of odd-numbered pages.
    For inquiries concerning CFR reference assistance, call 202-741-6000 
or write to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, National 
Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 
20740-6001 or e-mail [email protected]

SALES

    The Government Publishing Office (GPO) processes all sales and 
distribution of the CFR. For payment by credit card, call toll-free, 
866-512-1800, or DC area, 202-512-1800, M-F 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. e.s.t. or 
fax your order to 202-512-2104, 24 hours a day. For payment by check, 
write to: US Government Publishing Office - New Orders, P.O. Box 979050, 
St. Louis, MO 63197-9000.

ELECTRONIC SERVICES

    The full text of the Code of Federal Regulations, the LSA (List of 
CFR Sections Affected), The United States Government Manual, the Federal 
Register, Public Laws, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United 
States, Compilation of Presidential Documents and the Privacy Act 
Compilation are available in electronic format via www.ofr.gov. For more 
information, contact the GPO Customer Contact Center, U.S. Government 
Publishing Office. Phone 202-512-1800, or 866-512-1800 (toll-free). E-
mail, [email protected]
    The Office of the Federal Register also offers a free service on the 
National Archives and Records Administration's (NARA) World Wide Web 
site for public law numbers, Federal Register finding aids, and related 
information. Connect to NARA's web site at www.archives.gov/federal-
register.
    The e-CFR is a regularly updated, unofficial editorial compilation 
of CFR material and Federal Register amendments, produced by the Office 
of the Federal Register and the Government Publishing Office. It is 
available at www.ecfr.gov.

    Oliver A. Potts,
    Director,
    Office of the Federal Register.
    January 1, 2017.

                                
                                      
                            

  

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                        EXPLANATION OF THIS TITLE

    This volume of ``Title 3--The President'' contains a compilation of 
 Presidential documents and a codification of regulations issued by the 
                                      Executive Office of the President.

         The 2016 Compilation contains the full text of those documents 
      signed by the President that were required to be published in the 
   Federal Register. Signature date rather than publication date is the 
     criterion for inclusion. With each annual volume, the Presidential 
       documents signed in the previous year become the new compilation.

    Chapter I contains regulations issued by the Executive Office of the 
 President. This section is a true codification like other CFR volumes, 
in that its contents are organized by subject or regulatory area and are 
                   updated by individual issues of the Federal Register.

       Presidential documents in this volume may be cited ``3 CFR, 2016 
 Comp.'' Thus, the preferred abbreviated citation for Proclamation 9388 
      appearing on page 1 of this book, is ``3 CFR, 2016 Comp., p. 1.'' 
          Chapter I entries may be cited ``3 CFR.'' Thus, the preferred 
 abbreviated citation for section 100.1, appearing in chapter I of this 
                                               book, is ``3 CFR 100.1.''

            This book is one of the volumes in a series that began with 
 Proclamation 2161 of March 19, 1936, and Executive Order 7316 of March 
  13, 1936, and that has been continued by means of annual compilations 
  and periodic cumulations. The entire Title 3 series, as of January 1, 
                  2017, is encompassed in the volumes listed on page iv.

     For readers interested in proclamations and Executive orders prior 
to 1936, there is a two-volume set entitled Proclamations and Executive 
     Orders, Herbert Hoover (March 4, 1929, to March 4, 1933). Codified 
Presidential documents are published in the Codification of Presidential 
 Proclamations and Executive Orders (April 13, 1945--January 20, 1989). 
Other public Presidential documents not required to be published in the 
          Federal Register, such as speeches, messages to Congress, and 
  statements, can be found in the Compilation of Presidential Documents 
   and the Public Papers of the Presidents series. A selection of these 
Office of the Federal Register publications are available for sale from 
         the Superintendent of Documents, Government Publishing Office, 
                                                   Washington, DC 20402.

     This book was prepared under the direction of John Hyrum Martinez, 
  Director of the Publications and Services Division; Laurice A. Clark, 
  Supervisor of the Presidential and Legislative Publications Unit; and 
                                                  Lois M. Davis, Editor.

[[Page xi]]

________________________________________________________________________


               Cite Presidential documents in this volume
                            3 CFR, 2016 Comp.
                      thus: 3 CFR, 2016 Comp., p. 1
________________________________________________________________________

                  Cite chapter I entries in this volume
                                  3 CFR
                            thus: 3 CFR 100.1


________________________________________________________________________



[[Page xiii]]

________________________________________________________________________



                         TITLE 3--THE PRESIDENT


                                                                    Page

2016 Compilation--Presidential Documents:
     Proclamations.....................................................1
     Executive Orders................................................425
     Other Presidential Documents....................................663
Chapter I--Executive Office of the President:
    Part 100.........................................................752
    Part 101.........................................................752
    Part 102.........................................................752
Finding Aids:
    Table 1--Proclamations...........................................763
    Table 2--Executive Orders........................................769
    Table 3--Other Presidential Documents............................773
    Table 4--Presidential Documents Affected During 2016.............777
    Table 5--Statutes Cited as Authority for Presidential Documents..781
    List of CFR Sections Affected....................................785
    Index............................................................787
CFR Finding Aids:
    Table of CFR Titles and Chapters.................................803
    Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR...............823

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                2016 Compilation--Presidential Documents


________________________________________________________________________


                              PROCLAMATIONS


________________________________________________________________________


Proclamation 9388 of January 11, 2016

To Take Certain Actions Under the African Growth and Opportunity Act

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. In Proclamation 7350 of October 2, 2000, the President designated the 
Republic of South Africa (South Africa) as a beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country for purposes of section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 
1974 (the ``1974 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(1)), as added by section 
111(a) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (title I of Public Law 
106-200) (AGOA).
2. Sections 506A(d)(4)(C) (19 U.S.C. 2466a(d)(4)(C)) and 506A(c)(1) (19 
U.S.C. 2466a(c)(1)) of the 1974 Act authorize the President to suspend 
the application of duty-free treatment provided for any article 
described in section 506A(b)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(b)(1)) 
or 19 U.S.C. 3721 with respect to a beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
country if he determines that the beneficiary country is not meeting the 
requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act and that 
suspending such duty-free treatment would be more effective in promoting 
compliance by the country with those requirements than terminating the 
designation of the country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country 
for purposes of section 506A of the 1974 Act.
3. Pursuant to section 506A(c)(1) of the 1974 Act, I have determined 
that South Africa is not meeting the requirements described in section 
506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act and that suspending the application of duty-
free

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treatment to certain goods would be more effective in promoting 
compliance by South Africa with such requirements than terminating the 
designation of South Africa as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
country. Accordingly, I have decided to suspend the application of duty-
free treatment for all AGOA-eligible goods in the agricultural sector 
from South Africa for purposes of section 506A of the 1974 Act, 
effective on March 15, 2016.
4. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2483) authorizes the President 
to embody in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) 
the substance of the relevant provisions of that Act, and of other Acts 
affecting import treatment, and actions thereunder, including removal, 
modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or other 
import restriction.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
sections 506A(d)(4)(C), 506A(c)(1), and 604 of the 1974 Act, do proclaim 
that:
    (1) The application of duty-free treatment for all AGOA-eligible 
goods in the agricultural sector from South Africa is suspended for 
purposes of section 506A of the 1974 Act, effective on March 15, 2016.
    (2) In order to reflect in the HTS that beginning on March 15, 2016, 
the application of duty-free treatment for all AGOA-eligible goods in 
the agricultural sector from South Africa shall be suspended, the HTS is 
modified as set forth in the Annex to this proclamation.
    (3) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders 
that are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eleventh day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9389 of January 15, 2016

Religious Freedom Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our country's founding, religious freedom has been heralded as one 
of our most cherished ideals. The right to practice religion freely has 
brought immigrants from all over the world to our shores, often in the 
face of great adversity, so they could live their lives in accordance 
with the dictates of their consciences. Some of America's earliest 
settlers, the Pilgrims, arrived at our shores in search of a more 
tolerant society, free from religious persecution. Since that time, 
people of many religious traditions have added their own threads to the 
fabric of our Nation, helping advance a profound and continuous 
vindication of the idea of America.
When the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom was adopted on January 
16, 1786, it formed a blueprint for what would become the basis for the 
protection of religious liberty enshrined in our Constitution. Drafted 
by Thomas Jefferson, the statute proclaims that ``all men shall be free 
to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of 
religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or 
affect their civil capacities.'' The First Amendment prohibits 
Government from establishing religion, and it protects the free exercise 
of every faith. Our Government does not sponsor a religion, nor does it 
pressure anyone to practice a particular faith, or any faith at all. The 
United States stands for the protection of equal rights for all people 
to practice their faith freely, without fear or coercion, and as 
Americans, we understand that when people of all religions are accepted 
and are full and equal members of our society, we are all stronger and 
freer.
Our commitment to religious freedom has fostered unprecedented religious 
diversity and freedom of religious practice. But these ideals are not 
self-executing. Rather, they require a sustained commitment by each 
generation to uphold and preserve them. Here at home, my Administration 
is working to preserve religious liberty and enforce civil rights laws 
that protect religious freedom--including laws that protect employees 
from religious discrimination and require reasonable accommodation of 
religious practices on the job. We will keep upholding the right of 
religious communities to establish places of worship and protecting the 
religious rights of those so often forgotten by society, such as 
incarcerated persons and individuals confined to institutions. We will 
also continue to protect students from discrimination and harassment 
that is based on their faith, and we will continue to enforce hate crime 
laws, including those perpetrated based on a person's actual or 
perceived religion. This work is crucial, particularly given the recent 
spike in reports of threats and violence against houses of worship, 
children, and adults simply because of their religious affiliation.
As we strive to uphold religious freedom at home, we recognize that this 
basic element of human dignity does not stop at our shores, and we work 
to promote religious freedom around the globe. We are working with a 
broad coalition against those who have subjected religious minorities to 
unspeakable violence and persecution, and we are mobilizing religious 
and civic leaders to defend vulnerable religious communities. In 
addition, we

[[Page 12]]

are calling for the elimination of improper restrictions that suppress 
religious practice, coordinating with governments around the world to 
promote religious freedom for citizens of every faith, and expanding 
training for our diplomats on how to monitor and advocate for this 
freedom. All people deserve the fundamental dignity of practicing their 
faith free from fear, intimidation, and violence.
On Religious Freedom Day, let us recommit ourselves to protecting 
religious minorities here at home and around the world. May we remember 
those who have been persecuted, tortured, or murdered for their faith 
and reject any politics that targets people because of their religion, 
including any suggestion that our laws, policies, or practices should 
single out certain faiths for disfavored treatment. And as one Nation, 
let us state clearly and without equivocation that an attack on any 
faith is an attack on every faith and come together to promote religious 
freedom for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 16, 2016 as 
Religious Freedom Day. I call on all Americans to commemorate this day 
with events and activities that teach us about this critical foundation 
of our Nation's liberty, and that show us how we can protect it for 
future generations at home and around the world.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9390 of January 15, 2016

Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

With profound faith in our Nation's promise, the Reverend Dr. Martin 
Luther King, Jr., led a non-violent movement that urged our country's 
leaders to expand the reach of freedom and provide equal opportunity for 
all. Dr. King joined a long line of heroes and vindicated the belief at 
the heart of our founding: that humble citizens, armed with little but 
faith, can come together to change the world and remake an America that 
more closely aligns with our highest ideals.
Dr. King recognized that, as a country built on the foundation of self-
governance, our success rested on engaging ordinary citizens in the work 
of securing our birthright liberties. Together, with countless unsung 
heroes equally committed to the idea that America is a constant work in 
progress, he heeded the call etched into our founding documents nearly 
two centuries before his time, marching and sacrificing for the idea of 
a fair, just, and inclusive society. By preaching his dream of a day 
when his children would be judged by the content of their character--
rather than by the color of their skin--he helped awaken our Nation to 
the bitter truth that basic

[[Page 13]]

justice for all had not yet been realized. And in his efforts, he 
peaceably yet forcefully demonstrated that it is not enough to only have 
equal protection under the law, but also that equal opportunity for all 
of our Nation's children is necessary so that they can shape their own 
destinies.
Today, we celebrate the long arc of progress for which Dr. King and so 
many other leaders fought to bend toward a brighter day. It is our 
mission to fulfill his vision of a Nation devoted to rejecting bigotry 
in all its forms; to rising above cynicism and the belief that we cannot 
change; and to cherishing dignity and opportunity not only for our own 
daughters and sons, but also for our neighbors' children.
We have made great advances since Dr. King's time, yet injustice remains 
in many corners of our country. In too many communities, the cycle of 
poverty persists and students attend schools without adequate 
resources--some that serve as a pipeline to prison for young people of 
color. Children still go to bed hungry, and the sick go without 
sufficient treatment in neighborhoods across America. To put up blinders 
to these realities or to intimate that they are inherent to a Nation as 
large and diverse as ours would do a disservice to those who fought so 
hard to ensure ours was a country dedicated to the proposition that all 
people are created equal.
``We may have all come on different ships, but we're in the same boat 
now,'' Dr. King once said. As the most diverse country on Earth, 
ensuring this creed is reflected in our hearts, minds, and policies is 
the imperative of our citizenship. As Americans of all races and beliefs 
come together on this day of service to honor the life and legacy of the 
Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., let us pledge to recognize the 
common humanity of all people, regardless of the color of their skin or 
the station into which they were born.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 18, 2016, as 
the Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday. I encourage all Americans 
to observe this day with appropriate civic, community, and service 
projects in honor of Dr. King and to visit www.MLKDay.gov to find Martin 
Luther King, Jr., Day of Service projects across our country.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9391 of January 29, 2016

American Heart Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Affecting people of all races and ethnicities, cardiovascular disease is 
the single leading cause of death for both men and women in the United 
States, responsible for one in three deaths in the United States each 
year.

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Though usually preventable, heart disease can manifest itself in sudden 
and unforeseen ways, and it costs our Nation hundreds of billions of 
dollars annually. During American Heart Month, we remember those we have 
lost to this devastating disease, promote healthy lifestyles that 
mitigate its impacts, and pledge to continue our fight against it.
Heart disease must be addressed with urgency. Every person can take 
steps to reduce the risk factors associated with heart disease in 
themselves and in those they care about--whether as parents, caretakers, 
or friends--by encouraging healthy eating, physical activity, and by 
discouraging the use of tobacco. Almost half of all Americans face 
increased risk of heart disease for reasons that include being a smoker, 
having high blood pressure, or having high cholesterol. You can reduce 
your chances of developing heart disease by reducing alcohol intake, 
exercising regularly, maintaining a nutritious diet, living tobacco-
free, and staying aware of early warning signs. For more resources and 
information, visit www.CDC.gov/HeartDisease.
Testing cholesterol levels for individuals particularly vulnerable to 
heart disease and checking blood pressure regularly are both critical 
preventive measures for detecting heart disease early on, and thanks to 
the Affordable Care Act, tens of millions of Americans now have access 
to recommended preventive services for free. First Lady Michelle Obama's 
Let's Move! initiative is working to reduce obesity--another primary 
contributing factor to cardiovascular issues--among children to offset 
their susceptibility to heart disease and other obesity-related health 
problems. Additionally, my Administration launched Million Hearts 5 
years ago, a national initiative aimed at preventing 1 million heart 
attacks and strokes by 2017. Moving forward, we will continue to invest 
in research that helps target medical treatments and gives all of us 
access to the personalized information we need to keep ourselves and our 
families healthy.
Michelle and I encourage everyone to participate in National Wear Red 
Day on Friday, February 5, by wearing red in honor of those we have lost 
to heart disease and to raise awareness of this devastating disease and 
the steps we can all take to prevent it. Every 43 seconds, someone in 
the United States suffers a heart attack, and many of them are fatal. 
Combating heart disease is imperative for improving public health in 
America, and together, we can work to ensure everybody knows its signs 
and symptoms and can access needed care. This month, let us renew our 
efforts to raise awareness of this disease and its consequences, and let 
us recommit to building a healthier, heartier future for all.
In acknowledgment of the importance of the ongoing fight against 
cardiovascular disease, the Congress, by Joint Resolution approved 
December 30, 1963, as amended (77 Stat. 843; 36 U.S.C. 101), has 
requested that the President issue an annual proclamation designating 
February as ``American Heart Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim February 2016 as American Heart Month, and I 
invite all Americans to participate in National Wear Red Day on February 
5, 2016. I also invite the Governors of the States, the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, officials of other areas subject to the jurisdiction of the 
United States, and the American people to join me in recognizing and 
reaffirming our commitment to fighting cardiovascular disease.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9392 of January 29, 2016

National African American History Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America's greatness is a testament to generations of courageous 
individuals who, in the face of uncomfortable truths, accepted that the 
work of perfecting our Nation is unending and strived to expand the 
reach of freedom to all. For too long, our most basic liberties had been 
denied to African Americans, and today, we pay tribute to countless 
good-hearted citizens--along the Underground Railroad, aboard a bus in 
Alabama, and all across our country--who stood up and sat in to help 
right the wrongs of our past and extend the promise of America to all 
our people. During National African American History Month, we recognize 
these champions of justice and the sacrifices they made to bring us to 
this point, we honor the contributions of African Americans since our 
country's beginning, and we recommit to reaching for a day when no 
person is judged by anything but the content of their character.
From the Revolutionary War through the abolitionist movement, to marches 
from Selma to Montgomery and across America today, African Americans 
have remained devoted to the proposition that all of us are created 
equal, even when their own rights were denied. As we rejoice in the 
victories won by men and women who believed in the idea of a just and 
fair America, we remember that, throughout history, our success has been 
driven by bold individuals who were willing to speak out and change the 
status quo.
Refusing to accept our Nation's original sin, African Americans bound by 
the chains of slavery broke free and headed North, and many others who 
knew slavery was antithetical to our country's conception of human 
rights and dignity fought to bring their moral imagination to life. When 
Jim Crow mocked the advances made by the 13th Amendment, a new 
generation of men and women galvanized and organized with the same force 
of faith as their enslaved ancestors. Our Nation's young people still 
echo the call for equality, bringing attention to disparities that 
continue to plague our society in ways that mirror the non-violent 
tactics of the civil rights movement while adapting to modern times. Let 
us also not forget those who made the ultimate sacrifice so that we 
could make our voices heard by exercising our right to vote. Even in the 
face of legal challenges, every eligible voter should not take for 
granted what is our right to shape our democracy.
We have made great progress on the journey toward ensuring our ideals 
ring true for all people. Today, African American high school graduation 
and college enrollment rates are at an all-time high. The African-
American

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unemployment rate has been halved since its Great Recession peak. More 
than 2 million African Americans gained health insurance thanks to the 
Affordable Care Act. The incarceration rates for African-American men 
and women fell during each year of this Administration and are at their 
lowest points in over two decades. Yet challenges persist and obstacles 
still stand in the way of becoming the country envisioned at our 
founding, and we would do a disservice to all who came before us if we 
remained blind to the way past injustices shape the present. The United 
States is home to 5 percent of the world's population, but 25 percent of 
the world's prisoners--a disproportionate number of whom are African 
American--so we must find ways to reform our criminal justice system and 
ensure that it is fairer and more effective. While we've seen 
unemployment rates decrease, many communities, particularly those of 
color, continue to experience significant gaps in educational and 
employment opportunities, causing too many young men and women to feel 
like no matter how hard they try, they may never achieve their dreams.
Our responsibility as citizens is to address the inequalities and 
injustices that linger, and we must secure our birthright freedoms for 
all people. As we mark the 40th year of National African American 
History Month, let us reflect on the sacrifices and contributions made 
by generations of African Americans, and let us resolve to continue our 
march toward a day when every person knows the unalienable rights to 
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim February 2016 as 
National African American History Month. I call upon public officials, 
educators, librarians, and all the people of the United States to 
observe this month with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and 
activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9393 of January 29, 2016

National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Teen dating violence is a serious violation that can affect a young 
person's safety, development, and sense of comfort. Perpetrated by a 
current or past intimate partner, dating violence takes many forms, 
including physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, and can occur in person 
or through electronic communication and social media. Violent dating 
relationships can lead to depression, anxiety, drug and alcohol use, and 
thoughts of suicide, and victims may continue to experience detrimental 
effects throughout their lives.

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During National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month, we 
recognize the urgency needed in addressing this problem and recommit to 
preventing it by educating our youth about its dangers and consequences, 
and reaffirm the basic human right to be free from violence and abuse.
Dating violence may include physical force, such as kicking, hitting, 
and shoving; emotional abuse, consistent monitoring, and isolation; or 
sexual assault. Dating violence can occur in any relationship, whether 
it is casual and short-term or long-term and monogamous, and any young 
person can experience dating violence or other unhealthy relationship 
behaviors--regardless of gender, race, religion, ethnicity, sexual 
orientation, or socioeconomic status. Approximately 1 in 10 teenagers 
reports being physically or sexually victimized by a dating partner, and 
too many other victims do not report it. The cycle of violence can begin 
with anyone at any time, and as a society, we must acknowledge that we 
each have a role to play in teaching children about healthy 
relationships. In their formative years, teens are influenced by their 
early relationships, and the example set by those around them can have 
lasting consequences.
My Administration is working diligently to address teen dating violence 
in a number of ways. Vice President Joe Biden's 1is2many initiative is 
strengthening efforts to reduce dating violence among those most 
vulnerable, particularly young women between the ages of 16 and 24, and 
is utilizing technology to engage students, teens, and young adults in 
this cause. To build on our efforts, I established the White House Task 
Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. The Task Force will, in 
addition to working to combat sexual violence on college campuses, 
explore ways its recommendations may apply to elementary and secondary 
schools across our country. My Administration will keep forging a future 
in which no teenager must suffer due to having an abusive partner.
All Americans have a role to play in ending dating violence and 
fostering safe, healthy environments for our young people. This month, 
let us seize our responsibility to set positive examples for our 
Nation's teenagers by celebrating and demonstrating healthy 
relationships, and let us recommit to ensuring all people who may be in 
an abusive relationship have access to help and support. Together, we 
can reach a day when no young person knows the pain caused by dating 
violence.
If you or someone you know is involved in an abusive relationship of any 
kind, you can get immediate and confidential support by calling 1-866-
331-9474, texting ``LoveIs'' to 22522, or visiting LoveIsRespect.org. 
For additional information and resources on dating violence, please 
visit VetoViolence.CDC.gov.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim February 2016 as 
National Teen Dating Violence Awareness and Prevention Month. I call 
upon all Americans to support efforts in their communities and schools, 
and in their own families, to empower young people to develop healthy 
relationships throughout their lives and to engage in activities that 
prevent and respond to teen dating violence.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
January, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the

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Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9394 of February 12, 2016

Establishment of the Castle Mountains National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Castle Mountains area, bounded on three sides by Mojave National 
Preserve (Preserve), possesses outstanding natural, cultural, and 
historical values representing some of the finest characteristics of the 
eastern Mojave Desert. It connects water flow and wildlife corridors of 
the Preserve, and completes the boundary of the Preserve along the 
California-Nevada border. Beneath the shadow of Hart Peak lie rich 
cultural and historic resources, including Native American archeological 
sites and the historic gold mining ghost town of Hart. Exposed geologic 
features contribute to the area's outstanding scenery.
Shaped by millions of years of geologic forces, the rugged Castle 
Mountains are emblematic of the Mojave landscape. The Castle Mountains 
rise from the broad sweep of the Lanfair Valley to a height of over 
5,000 feet, presenting a picturesque skyline visible from many locations 
within the Preserve, while also affording spectacular views of the 
Preserve and beyond. Hart Peak is the prominent feature in the Castle 
Mountains skyline at 5,543 feet. Views from Hart Peak encompass vast 
wilderness and distinctive peaks, including Spirit Mountain in Nevada, a 
sacred site to many Native American tribes. The remoteness of the Castle 
Mountains area offers visitors the chance to experience the solitude of 
the desert and its increasingly rare natural soundscapes and dark night 
skies.
The Castle Mountains area provides a critical linkage for plants, 
animals, and water between two mountain ranges within the Preserve, the 
New York Mountains to the northwest and the Piute Mountains to the 
southeast. The area's high quality desert habitat includes some of the 
finest Joshua tree forest in the Mojave Desert, as well as pinyon pine 
and juniper forest at the upper elevations. The area's native desert 
grassland is a hotspot of botanical diversity. The unique plant 
assemblage includes 28 species of native grasses, about half of which 
are rare, including burrograss and false buffalograss.
Protection of this relatively intact and undisturbed habitat is 
important not just to the long-term survival of many plant species but 
also to significant wildlife populations. A herd of desert bighorn sheep 
lives on the steep, rocky slopes of the Castle Mountains. They and other 
wildlife traverse the area between the Piute Mountains and the New York 
Mountains. Numerous bat species live in rock crevices and mine remnants 
in the area. Wildlife species of special concern include the Townsend's 
big-eared bat, California leaf-nosed bat, Swainson's hawk, golden eagle, 
desert tortoise, Bendire's thrasher, and gray vireo.

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With its habitat linkages, wildlife corridors, and intact ecosystems, 
the area offers exceptional opportunities to study plant and animal 
movement and connections between diverse natural systems, especially in 
the context of climate change. Ongoing studies of desert bighorn sheep 
and other plant and animal species have shown the priority of this area 
for scientific research. A recent study using network models of bighorn 
sheep genetic and demographic connectivity as tools for landscape-scale 
conservation found the Castle Mountains habitat to be one of the most 
important in the Mojave Desert. Botanists are finding new and rare plant 
populations, and significant new information regarding the range of 
species such as Mexican panicgrass, in the Castle Mountains area.
The Castle Mountains area is the only remaining portion of the 226-
square mile Lanfair Valley watershed that is not part of the Preserve. 
Underlying much of the Lanfair Valley, including the Castle Mountains 
area, is a large groundwater aquifer of critical importance to the 
desert ecosystem. With its primary recharge zone in the New York 
Mountains, this aquifer feeds Piute Spring, located in the Preserve just 
south of the Castle Mountains area. Piute Spring is the only perennial 
stream and riparian corridor in the Preserve, and attracts numerous 
flora and fauna.
As a rare desert water source, Piute Spring attracted Native American 
habitation for thousands of years, followed by Euro-American exploration 
and settlement. Drawn to this reliable source of potable water, in 1867 
the U.S. Army established Fort Piute (listed on the National Register of 
Historic Places) adjacent to the spring to provide protection to 
travelers on the Old Spanish Trail (known locally as the Mojave Road) 
that crossed the Mojave Desert from the Colorado River to San 
Bernardino, California. Maintenance of the groundwater resources and 
flow to Piute Spring is essential to the historical and scientific value 
of both the area and the Preserve.
The Castle Mountains area also contains other cultural resources that 
reflect a long history of prehistoric and historic human use. 
Prehistoric rock art and archeological sites are found throughout the 
area. The rock art indicates sites of significant cultural import to 
both the Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi Tribes, marking routes through the 
Castle Mountains likely traveled by both tribes. The Castle Mountains 
area links places to the south, like Piute Spring, to areas north, such 
as an obsidian collection site. Western expansion brought ranching, 
mining, and the railroad to the area. Some of the best-preserved 
segments of a wagon road that linked the Arizona Territory (Hardyville, 
now Bullhead City, Arizona) to settlements in southern California can be 
found in the Castle Mountains area. Ranchers grazed cattle in the area. 
By 1894, the Rock Springs Land and Cattle Company had consolidated its 
holdings in the eastern Mojave Desert. Much of their historic ranch lies 
within the Preserve, and features of this and other grazing enterprises 
of the era can still be seen in the Castle Mountains area. In 1907, 
brothers Bert and Clark Hitt found rich gold ore, staking claims that 
became the Oro Belle and Big Chief Mines. With James Hart, they founded 
the town of Hart at the base of Hart Peak. Between 1908 and 1910, the 
town of Hart underwent a rapid boom and bust, and by 1920, Hart had 
become a ghost town. Throughout this period of western expansion, 
railroads served the ranchers, miners, Hart residents, and others in the 
eastern Mojave Desert. Part of the former 23-mile Barnwell and 
Searchlight Railway, later incorporated into the California Eastern 
Railway, ran through the Castle Mountains area.

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WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which shall be confined to the 
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve and protect the 
historic and scientific objects in the Castle Mountains area;
WHEREAS, the protection of the Castle Mountains area's outstanding 
objects of historic and scientific interest would also contribute to the 
protection of the resources and values of the Preserve;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Castle Mountains National Monument 
(monument) and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as 
a part thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government within the boundaries described on the 
accompanying map, which is attached to and forms a part of this 
proclamation. The reserved Federal lands and interests in lands 
encompass approximately 20,920 acres. The boundaries described on the 
accompanying map are confined to the smallest area compatible with the 
proper care and management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries described 
on the accompanying map are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all 
forms of entry, location, selection, sale, or other disposition under 
the public land laws, from location, entry, and patent under the mining 
laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and 
geothermal leasing.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights. 
If the Federal Government acquires any lands or interests in lands not 
owned or controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries 
described on the accompanying map, such lands and interests in lands 
shall be reserved as a part of the monument, and objects identified 
above that are situated upon those lands and interests in lands shall be 
part of the monument, upon acquisition of ownership or control by the 
Federal Government.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
rights of any Indian tribe. The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) 
shall, to the maximum extent permitted by law and in consultation with 
Indian tribes, ensure the protection of Indian sacred sites and cultural 
sites in the monument and provide access to the sites by members of 
Indian tribes for traditional cultural and customary uses, consistent 
with the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and 
Executive Order 13007 of May 24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites).
The Secretary shall manage these lands through the National Park 
Service, pursuant to applicable authorities, consistent with the 
purposes and provisions of this proclamation. The Secretary shall 
prepare a management plan

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to implement the purposes of this proclamation, with full public 
involvement, within 3 years of the date of this proclamation. For the 
purpose of protecting the objects identified above, all motorized and 
mechanized vehicle use off road will be prohibited, except for emergency 
or authorized administrative purposes.
The Secretary shall continue to manage the Federal lands and interests 
in lands within the adjacent area labelled ``Castle Mountain Mine Area'' 
on the accompanying map through the Bureau of Land Management, pursuant 
to applicable authorities. Upon the determination of the Secretary that 
either (1) all mining and mining-related activities have terminated and 
reclamation has been completed, or (2) a period of 10 years from the 
date of this proclamation has elapsed during which no commercial mining 
activities have occurred pursuant to a Bureau of Land Management 
approved plan of operations, the Secretary shall, consistent with 
applicable legal authorities, transfer jurisdiction of the lands within 
the Castle Mountain Mine Area to the National Park Service and ensure 
that the lands are managed in a manner compatible with the proper care 
and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
jurisdiction of the State of California with respect to fish and 
wildlife management.
The Federal land managing agencies shall, in cooperation with 
appropriate State officials and subject to applicable State and Federal 
law, ensure the availability of water resources, including groundwater 
resources, needed for monument purposes.
Nothing in this proclamation shall restrict or preclude low level 
overflights of military aircraft, the designation of new units of 
special use airspace, or the use or establishment of military flight 
training routes over the lands reserved by this proclamation, consistent 
with the care and management of the objects to be protected.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to alter the authority 
or responsibility of any party with respect to emergency response 
activities within the monument, including wildland fire response.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument and not to 
locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD18FE16.000


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Proclamation 9395 of February 12, 2016

Establishment of the Mojave Trails National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Mojave Trails area of southern California is a stunning mosaic of 
rugged mountain ranges, ancient lava flows, and spectacular sand dunes. 
It is a landscape defined by scarcity and shaped by travel. The area 
exemplifies the remarkable ecology of the Mojave Desert, where the 
hearty insistence of life is scratched out from unrelenting heat and 
dryness. This punishing environment has also forged the unique human 
history of the area, from ancient settlements uprooted by a changing 
climate to the armies of General George S. Patton, Jr., as they trained 
for battle in North Africa. With historic American trading routes, 
trails followed by Spanish explorers, a transcontinental rail line, and 
the Nation's most famous highway, the Mojave Trails area tells the 
American story of exploration, migration, and commerce. The Mojave 
Trails area is an invaluable treasure and will continue to serve as an 
irreplaceable national resource for geologists, ecologists, 
archaeologists, and historians for generations to come.
The Mojave Trails area has been a focus of geological research for 
decades. This unique landscape contains a stunning diversity of lava 
flows, mountains, playas, sand dunes, bajadas, washes, and other 
features. The area contains a number of significant sand dune features, 
most notably the stunning Cadiz Dunes, which have been extensively 
studied. The mountains of the Mojave Trails area include several 
significant formations, and seismologists have studied this area for 
insight into faulting, tectonics, and magmatism. A number of young 
volcanoes and their associated lava flows in the area have been heavily 
studied by volcanologists. Amboy Crater, designated as a National 
Natural Landmark in 1973, has been the focus of research on a number of 
volcanic phenomena. The Pisgah Volcano lava flow's vast network of lava 
tubes constitutes southern California's highest density of caves, and is 
used by both speleologists and recreational cavers. The area's terrain 
and geology have provided a surrogate for lunar and Martian landscapes, 
and many of the robotic and imaging technologies used to better 
understand volcanism and Aeolian processes have been developed and 
tested in the Mojave Trails area.
Outstanding paleontological resources can be found throughout the Mojave 
Trails area. The Cady Mountains contain important fossil fauna 
assemblages dating to the Miocene Period. The Marble Mountain Fossil Bed 
area contains one of the classic Cambrian trilobite fossil sites in the 
Western United States. Set in the green-brown lower Cambrian Latham 
Shale, the fossil beds also contain the fossilized remains of 
brachiopods, mollusks, echinoderms, and algal bodies that are of great 
interest to paleontologists. The southern Bristol Mountains contain 
Tertiary fossils such as camel tracks, invertebrates, and numerous 
plants; this fossil history has also been used to understand the climate 
history of the Mojave Desert. Significant vertebrate fossils and other 
fossil resources have also been identified in Piute Valley and Cadiz 
Valley as well as the Ship Mountains, Little Piute Mountains, and 
Sacramento Mountains.

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The Mojave Trails area has been important for ecological research, 
including studies on the effects of climate change and land management 
practices on ecological communities and wildlife. It provides 
opportunity for further research on ecological connectivity in the 
Mojave Desert region, as it is among the most ecologically intact areas 
in southern California. The species that have managed to thrive here are 
specialists in perseverance and resourcefulness and are remarkable for 
their ability to withstand the desert extremes. The area's scarce 
springs and riparian areas such as Afton Canyon, Chuckwalla Spring, 
Hummingbird Spring, Barrel Spring, and Fenner Spring provide refuges for 
a wide variety of plants and animals. The complex network of groundwater 
underlying the Mojave Trails area has been the subject of past and 
ongoing hydrological study. Underground aquifers feed springs and seeps 
that are important for sensitive ecosystems and wildlife, though 
specific connections are not yet well understood.
Rare plant species such as the scrub lotus, rosy two-tone beardtongue, 
whitemargin beardtongue, Emory's crucifixion-thorn, small-flowered 
androstephium, white-margined penstemon, and Borrego milkvetch rely on 
the specific habitat types found in the Mojave Trails area. The Piute 
Valley area in the northeastern part of the Mojave Trails area is home 
to the northernmost occurrences of smoke trees in the California desert, 
as well as the Homer Mountain Ocotillo Assemblage. The lowlands and 
middle elevations are also home to other unique or ecologically 
significant plants such as the endemic Orocopia Mountains spurge. 
Numerous cactus species are also found here, including the densest 
concentration of Bigelow cholla cactus in California. Ongoing research 
in the Mojave Trails area has identified other plant species that are 
new to science, many of which have not yet been described.
Birds including the endangered Least Bell's vireo, southwestern willow 
flycatcher, and yellow-billed cuckoo depend on this area, as do raptors 
such as the burrowing owl, red-tailed hawk, golden eagle, American 
kestrel, and prairie falcon. Fragile desert fish species such as the 
bonytail chub rely on the scarce waters of the desert riparian 
ecosystems. A wide variety of fascinating native mammal species can be 
found in the Mojave Trails area, including the kit fox, ringtail, 
American badger, mountain lion, and bighorn sheep. Reptiles and 
amphibians, including the Mojave Desert's largest lizard, the 
chuckwalla, have been extensively studied in the Mojave Trails area. The 
area contains some of the Mojave Desert's best habitat for the 
threatened desert tortoise and provides important dispersal corridors 
for that fragile species. An unusual community of invertebrates 
associated with lava tubes in the Pisgah area offers an ongoing 
opportunity for entomological research.
Humans have lived in and moved through the Mojave Trails area for more 
than 10,000 years. The archeological record tells of a human existence 
shaped by a changing climate. During the Paleo-Indian period, now-dry 
lakes provided fresh water to small groups of nomadic people and the 
animals they hunted. From around 7,000 to 2,000 BC, rising temperatures 
resulted in a change from wet to dry conditions. Associated ecological 
changes in the region led to new patterns of subsistence for native 
peoples. Although people remained closely tied to water sources 
following the temperature increase, desert inhabitants adjusted their 
diets to rely more heavily on plants and fish, invented new tools, and 
expanded the sizes of their

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social groups. During the Formative Period (2,500 to 1,500 BC), dry 
conditions meant the inhabitants of the Mojave Desert remained in small 
groups. They relied heavily for their survival on the Mojave River, a 
name derived from the traditional name for these people, Pipa Aha Macav 
(``the people by the river''). The Mojave people left their mark on the 
landscape through petroglyphs, pictographs, old trails, and stone work, 
some of which can still be found today, especially near springs and 
rivers and along the shores of now-extinct lakes.
The Mojave were not the only people to use or pass through this 
landscape. Ancestors of the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe, a branch of the 
Southern Paiute, have been persistent occupants of the Mojave Desert for 
thousands of years. Sacred Chemehuevi trails are often tied to 
traditional and ceremonial songs. The Salt Song Trail, one of the 
longest song trails of the Chemehuevi people, passes through the Mojave 
Trails area near the town of Fenner and the Ward Valley. Natural land 
patterns form the route of this trail, with specific songs sung at 
specific wayside locations. Other Native Americans who have lived in or 
passed through the Mojave Desert include the Shoshone, Serrano, 
Kawaiisu, and the Paiute. The Ward Valley, located between the Old Woman 
and Piute Mountains, is sacred to a number of these tribes, as are the 
Mesquite and Crucero Hills, which contain over 50 archaeological sites 
including petroglyphs, milling stations, temporary camps, intaglios, 
lithic scatters, and pottery dating as far back as 4,000 years.
The Mojave Trails area has been a critical travel corridor for 
millennia, linking the Pacific Coast to the deserts of the southwest and 
beyond. The Mojave Indian Trail is the earliest known travel route 
passing through the Mojave Trails area, used by Native Americans for 
thousands of years and by early Spanish explorers and traders. In 1829, 
Mexican explorer Antonio Armijo pioneered the Old Spanish Trail through 
this area. Evidence of the trail, now designated a National Historic 
Trail, can still be found at Afton Canyon.
By the end of the 19th century, transcontinental rail travel had changed 
the American West in profound ways. In 1882, Southern Pacific 
constructed a railroad route from Barstow to Needles. In addition to the 
major rail stops established at Needles and Barstow, several smaller 
towns and rail stops were established along this stretch, including the 
alphabetically named Amboy, Bristol, Cadiz, Danby, Essex, Fenner, and 
Goffs. These towns remain, some as inhabited hamlets and others as 
abandoned ghost towns, and some historical artifacts from the original 
rail line still exist, including original rail ties and track and later 
improvements of communications poles, insulators, and wires.
A modest dirt road--an original trackside component of the railroad 
project--would later become the most famous highway in America. In 1911, 
in the infancy of the automobile era, the County of San Bernardino paved 
the first stretch of that road from Barstow to Needles. The next year, 
this stretch became part of the National Old Trails Road, which extended 
more than 3,000 miles from New York, New York, to Los Angeles, 
California, and connected the American coasts by pavement for the first 
time. In 1926, the road was officially designated as U.S. Highway 66, a 
designation soon known around the world as Route 66. During the 1930s, 
Route 66 became an important route for migrants escaping economic 
hardships of

[[Page 26]]

the Great Depression and droughts in the Central plains. As the national 
economy rebounded following World War II, Americans took to the highways 
in unprecedented numbers. The road became an American icon, earning the 
nickname the ``Main Street of America'' and inspiring popular culture 
through music, literature, and film.
The popularity of Route 66, however, hastened its downfall; increasing 
traffic quickly exceeded its two-lane capacity. In 1985, Route 66 was 
officially decommissioned, leaving behind a powerful albeit fragmented 
narrative history of America's automobile culture of the first half of 
the 20th century and its legacy of related commerce and architecture. 
The Mojave Trails area contains the longest remaining undeveloped 
stretch of Route 66, offering spectacular and serene desert vistas and a 
glimpse into what travelers experienced during the peak of the route's 
popularity in the mid-20th century. Today, the ghost towns along this 
stretch of Route 66 are a visual legacy of how the automobile shaped the 
American landscape.
In addition to its important role in the transportation history of the 
United States, the Mojave Trails area is a unique resource for 
understanding one of the most formative periods in American military 
history. During the height of World War II, the United States military 
recognized a need to develop a desert training program in order to 
prepare its troops to fight the tank armies of Nazi Germany in North 
Africa. Major General George S. Patton, Jr., commander of the I Armored 
Corps, selected the site of the Desert Training Center in the Mojave 
Trails area, the largest training area in the world at the time. More 
than one million troops trained in the area between 1942 and 1944, 
including at Camp Ibis, Camp Clipper, Camp Iron Mountain, Camp Granite, 
and Camp Essex. Remnants of these camps can still be found today, 
including rock-lined streets, staging areas, flag circles, altars, tent 
areas, and even tank tracks on some of the area's hardpan playas.
The protection of the Mojave Trails area will preserve its cultural, 
prehistoric, and historic legacy and maintain its diverse array of 
natural and scientific resources, ensuring that the prehistoric, 
historic, and scientific values of this area remain for the benefit of 
all Americans.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve the objects of 
scientific and historic interest on the Mojave Trails lands;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Mojave Trails National Monument 
(monument) and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as 
part thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
map, which is

[[Page 27]]

attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. These reserved 
Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 1.6 million 
acres. The boundaries described on the accompanying map are confined to 
the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the 
monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
location, selection, sale, or other disposition under the public land 
laws, from location, entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from 
disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing, 
other than by exchange that furthers the protective purposes of the 
monument or disposal for the limited purpose of providing materials for 
repairing or maintaining roads and bridges within the monument 
consistent with care and management of the objects identified above.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights. 
If the Federal Government acquires any lands or interests in lands not 
owned or controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries 
described on the accompanying map, such lands and interests in lands 
shall be reserved as a part of the monument, and objects identified 
above that are situated upon those lands and interests in lands shall be 
part of the monument, upon acquisition of ownership or control by the 
Federal Government.
The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) shall manage the monument 
through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as a unit of the National 
Landscape Conservation System, pursuant to applicable legal authorities, 
to protect the objects identified above.
For purposes of the care and management of the objects identified above, 
the Secretary, through the BLM, shall within 3 years of the date of this 
proclamation prepare and maintain a management plan for the monument and 
shall provide for maximum public involvement in the development of that 
plan including, but not limited to, consultation with tribal, State, and 
local governments.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to preclude the renewal 
or assignment of, or interfere with the operation or maintenance of, or 
with the replacement, modification, or upgrade within or adjacent to an 
existing authorization boundary of, existing flood control, utility, 
pipeline, or telecommunications facilities that are located within the 
monument in a manner consistent with the care and management of the 
objects identified above. Existing flood control, utility, pipeline, or 
telecommunications facilities located within the monument may be 
expanded, and new facilities may be constructed within the monument, but 
only to the extent consistent with the care and management of the 
objects identified above.
The Secretary shall work with appropriate State officials to ensure the 
availability of water resources, including groundwater resources, needed 
for monument purposes.
Except for emergency or authorized administrative purposes, motorized 
vehicle use in the monument shall be permitted only on roads existing as 
of the date of this proclamation. Non-motorized mechanized vehicle use 
shall be permitted only on roads and trails designated for their use 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above. 
The Secretary shall prepare a transportation plan that designates the 
roads and

[[Page 28]]

trails where motorized or non-motorized mechanized vehicle use will be 
permitted.
Laws, regulations, and policies followed by the BLM in issuing and 
administering grazing permits or leases on lands under its jurisdiction, 
including provisions specific to the California Desert Conservation 
Area, shall continue to apply with regard to the lands in the monument, 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
jurisdiction of the State of California, including its jurisdiction and 
authority with respect to fish and wildlife management.
Nothing in this proclamation shall preclude low level overflights of 
military aircraft, the designation of new units of special use airspace, 
the use or establishment of military flight training routes over the 
lands reserved by this proclamation, or related military uses, 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall alter the Department of Defense's use 
of the Restricted Airspace established by the Federal Aviation 
Administration. Further, nothing in this proclamation shall preclude (i) 
air or ground access for existing or new electronic tracking and 
communications; (ii) landing and drop zones; and (iii) readiness and 
training by the U.S. Armed Services, Joint and Coalition forces, 
including training using motorized vehicles both on and off road, in 
accordance with applicable interagency agreements.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to alter the authority 
or responsibility of any party with respect to emergency response 
activities within the monument, including wildland fire response.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
rights of any Indian tribe. The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
permitted by law and in consultation with Indian tribes, ensure the 
protection of Indian sacred sites and cultural sites in the monument and 
provide access to the sites by members of Indian tribes for traditional 
cultural and customary uses, consistent with the American Indian 
Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and Executive Order 13007 of May 
24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites).
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of the monument and not to locate 
or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 29]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] T41006A.021


[[Page 30]]


Proclamation 9396 of February 12, 2016

Establishment of the Sand to Snow National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Sand to Snow area of southern California is an ecological and 
cultural treasure, a microcosm of the great geographic diversity of the 
region. Rising from the floor of the Sonoran Desert to the tallest peak 
in southern California, the area features a remarkable diversity of 
plant and animal species. The area includes a portion of the San 
Bernardino National Forest and connects this area with Joshua Tree 
National Park to the east, knitting together a mosaic of spectacular 
landscapes stretching over 200 miles. The mountain peaks of the Sand to 
Snow area frame the northeastern reach of Coachella Valley along with 
the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument to the south. 
Home to desert oases at Big Morongo Canyon and Whitewater Canyon, the 
area serves as a refuge for desert dwelling animals and a stopover for 
migrating birds. The archaeological riches of the Black Lava Buttes and 
the historical remains of mining and ranching communities tell of past 
prosperity and struggle in this arid land. The unbroken expanse is an 
invaluable treasure for our Nation and will continue to serve as an 
irreplaceable resource for archaeologists, geologists, and biologists 
for generations to come.
The Sand to Snow area encompasses a rich diversity of geological and 
ecological resources, including a nearly 10,000-foot elevation gradient 
from the Sonoran Desert floor to the top of the 11,500-foot San Gorgonio 
Mountain, the highest mountain in southern California. From the flat 
desert lowlands, the mountains thrust upward in stark relief, creating 
indelible beauty along with a unique diversity of resources and a rich 
history of human habitation and movement. Along this remarkable 
topographic gradient lies an unusually wide range of ecosystems, ranging 
from lowland Mojave and Colorado deserts to scrub and woodlands and 
Mediterranean chaparral to subalpine and alpine conifer forests. San 
Gorgonio Mountain is one end of the longest recorded line of sight in 
the lower 48 States, the other being Mount Whitney, 190 miles away. In 
addition, the Henry Washington Survey Marker, located on San Bernardino 
Peak, serves as the starting point for surveying land in southern 
California and is included on the National Register of Historic Places.
San Gorgonio, so named after Saint Gorgonius by early 17th century 
Spanish missionaries, is just one name for this remarkable, region-
defining mountain. The Cahuilla Indians call the mountain Kwiria-Kaich, 
which means ``bald'' or ``smooth,'' and consider it among the sacred 
peaks of southern California. The Gabrielino Indians from the Los 
Angeles Basin treat San Gorgonio Mountain with reverence and refer to it 
as Akvangna. The Luiseno Indians consider San Gorgonio Mountain sacred 
and the older brother of Mount San Jacinto; both peaks were among the 
first born of Earth Mother. The Luiseno refer to San Gorgonio Mountain 
as Pewipwi.
Thirty miles of the world famous Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail run 
through the Sand to Snow area, climbing 7,000 feet from the desert of 
Whitewater Canyon to Mission Springs in the San Bernardino National 
Forest. The history of this renowned trail dates back to the 1920s when 
the

[[Page 31]]

idea of a border-to-border trail was first conceptualized. Although the 
establishment of the trail took decades to fully materialize, today the 
trail is a national icon, highlighting the wilderness treasures of the 
American West. Since its completion, over 3,000 people have hiked the 
2,600 miles of continuous trail along the Pacific crest, including the 
Mission Creek Canyon segment found within the Sand to Snow area.
The Sand to Snow area first took its current shape 175 million years ago 
with the subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North American 
Plate. The San Bernardino Mountain range in the western half of the Sand 
to Snow area is unusual in California, a transverse range as distinct 
from the north-south mountain ranges found through most of California. 
This difference in direction results from a change in the San Andreas 
Fault, which shifts direction to the west of the Sand to Snow area. This 
intersection of mountains makes this area a critical bridge for wildlife 
traversing the high elevations of southern California's desert 
landscape.
Two branches of the San Andreas Fault run through the Sand to Snow area, 
and the faulting that created the mountains and canyons throughout this 
landscape also created the Morongo Valley. The Whitewater Canyon area 
has been featured in numerous studies of the plate tectonics and 
geologic rifting of southern California, including studies that examine 
the impact of earthquakes on fault stability. The San Bernardino 
Mountains and Big Morongo Canyon contain ancient rocks from the 
Proterozoic Eon, along with some of the oldest exposed rocks in 
California, nearly 2 billion years old. Granite, gneiss, and schist in 
these areas have been used by geologists to better understand the 
tectonic history of the region, and are a testament to the area's 
important geologic past.
Covering a range of nearly 10,000 feet in elevation, the Sand to Snow 
area includes an extraordinarily diverse range of ecosystems from 
lowland deserts, fresh water marshes, and Mojave riparian forests, to 
creosote bush scrub ecosystems, and alpine peaks. Hundreds of springs 
rise to the surface at South Fork Meadows, the origin of the South Fork 
of the Santa Ana River. The Sand to Snow area has been important to 
biological and ecological research, as well as studies of climate and 
land use change, the impact of fires and invasive species management.
The area has a remarkable species richness that makes it one of most 
biodiverse areas in southern California. The area is home to 12 
federally listed threatened and endangered animal species. Species 
include the endangered peninsular bighorn sheep, San Bernardino 
Merriam's kangaroo rat, Arroyo toad, Mountain Yellow-legged frog, and 
unarmored threespine stickleback, as well as the threatened Santa Ana 
sucker, Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard, and desert tortoise.
A tremendous diversity of other wildlife species also make their homes 
here. In the San Gorgonio Wilderness, black bears, mountain lions, 
bobcats, mule deer, and bighorn sheep can all be found. Species such as 
ringtails, kit fox, striped skunk, California ground squirrel, blacktail 
jackrabbit, and 19 species of bat live in the Big Morongo Canyon 
Preserve. Amphibians and reptiles including the Mohave Rattlesnake, red 
diamond rattlesnake, rosy boa, desert spiny lizard, California 
kingsnake, Western whiptail, and Pacific tree frog also live in the Sand 
to Snow area.

[[Page 32]]

The Sand to Snow area is famous for its oases frequented by over 240 
species of birds, including the endangered Least Bell's vireo, 
southwestern willow flycatcher, and Yuma clapper rail, as well as the 
threatened coastal California gnatcatcher. Big Morongo Canyon, 
characterized by steep canyons, rugged terrain, and desert oases, is 
particularly high in biodiversity and is among the largest desert 
riparian habitats in California. It has been recognized as among the 
most important avian habitats in the State. Common birds found at Big 
Morongo Canyon include shore birds like the American white pelican, 
great blue heron, and green heron, raptors such as the Swainson's hawk, 
Northern Harrier, and American kestrel, owls, including the western 
screech-owl and great horned owl, and hummingbirds, woodpeckers, vireos, 
and finches. Additionally, 32 species of migratory birds of conservation 
concern have been identified in the Sand to Snow area, including eagles, 
sparrows, owls, hummingbirds, woodpeckers, and falcons, among others.
The Sand to Snow area is home to dozens of native plant species, 
including 14 federally listed threatened or endangered species of 
flowering plants. These include the endangered California dandelion, 
Coachella Valley milk-vetch, Cushenbury buckwheat, Cushenbury oxytheca, 
pedate checker-mallow, San Bernardino bluegrass, San Bernardino 
Mountains bladderpod, Santa Ana River woolly-star, slender-petaled 
mustard, and triple-ribbed milk-vetch and the threatened ash-grey 
paintbrush, Bear Valley sandwort, Parish's daisy, and Southern Mountain 
wild-buckwheat. The southern-most stand of quaking aspen trees is 
located here as are important stands of white fir and bigcone Douglas-
fir.
The human history of the Sand to Snow area extends back thousands of 
years. People now identified as part of the Takic subset of the large 
Uto-Aztecan group of Native Americans arrived in the region around 2,500 
years ago. Ancient people of the area used a wide variety of plants from 
both the mountains and the Mojave desert, such as honey mesquite, oak, 
pinon, cactus fruits, yucca roots, and tubers as well as grasses, seeds, 
and berries. Common tools were made of wood, bone, shell, stone, clay, 
and plant fibers. These people also manufactured woven goods, pipes made 
of stone, awls made of bone, tools associated with archery, and fire 
drills. They made coiled basketry and simple undecorated ceramic pots 
used for storage and transport.
The name ``Serrano'' was given to people living in the Sand to Snow area 
by the Spanish missionaries in the late 18th century and translates from 
Spanish as a ``person from the mountains.'' In 1834, the Spanish 
forcibly relocated many Serrano people to the missions. In 1840 the 
Serrano suffered a devastating smallpox outbreak, and the disease 
returned in 1860. Ruth Benedict, one of the world's foremost cultural 
anthropologists, studied the Serrano extensively in 1924. However, by 
this time there were few remaining eastern groups and no old shamans or 
priests survived. Today, the rich archaeological resources in this area 
serve to preserve the history of the Serrano people. Black Lava Butte, 
topped by distinctive basaltic lava flows, is sacred to the Serrano 
Tribe and home to a substantial number of archaeological sites, 
including evidence of habitation, rock art, and possible ritual 
activities. Black Lava Butte contains an estimated 1,700 distinct 
petroglyphs, most of which have not yet been studied and may provide 
insight into the history of the Serrano and other tribes in the region. 
The

[[Page 33]]

mesa also contains dozens of isolated grinding and milling sites and at 
least one shelter site, where many milling stones are present.
After the Holcomb Valley gold rush of 1860, ranchers used the area for 
grazing sheep, horses, and cattle. Many of the ranchers kept their herds 
at lower elevations during the winter and drove their stock to the 
meadows of the San Bernardino Mountains to graze during the summer 
months. Old cattle paths, watering holes, and campsites remain a part of 
the landscape today. Although not particularly successful, many miners 
prospected in the southeastern portions of the San Bernardino Mountains. 
Evidence still remains in the form of old cabins, mine shafts, 
prospecting pits, and refuse deposits.
The protection of the Sand to Snow area will preserve its cultural, 
prehistoric, and historic legacy and maintain its diverse array of 
natural and scientific resources, ensuring that the historic and 
scientific values of this area remain for the benefit of all Americans. 
In addition to its significant scientific and historic values, the area 
also provides world class outdoor recreation opportunities, including 
hunting, fishing, hiking, camping, mountain biking, and horseback 
riding.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve the objects of 
scientific and historic interest on the Sand to Snow lands;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Sand to Snow National Monument 
(monument) and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as 
part thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
map, which is attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. These 
reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 
154,000 acres. The boundaries described on the accompanying map are 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the 
monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
location, selection, sale, or other disposition under the public land 
laws or laws applicable to the U.S. Forest Service, from location, 
entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from disposition under all 
laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing, other than by exchange 
that furthers the protective purposes of the monument.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights. 
If the Federal Government acquires any lands or interests in lands not 
owned or

[[Page 34]]

controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries described on 
the accompanying map, such lands and interests in lands shall be 
reserved as a part of the monument, and objects identified above that 
are situated upon those lands and interests in lands shall be part of 
the monument, upon acquisition of ownership or control by the Federal 
Government.
The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior 
(Secretaries) shall manage the monument through the U.S. Forest Service 
(USFS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), pursuant to their 
respective applicable legal authorities, to implement the purposes of 
this proclamation. The USFS shall manage that portion of the monument 
within the boundaries of the National Forest System (NFS), and BLM shall 
manage the remainder of the monument. The lands administered by USFS 
shall be managed as part of the San Bernardino National Forest. The 
lands administered by BLM shall be managed as a unit of the National 
Landscape Conservation System, pursuant to applicable legal authorities.
For purposes of protecting and restoring the objects identified above, 
the Secretaries shall jointly prepare a management plan for the monument 
and shall promulgate such regulations for its management as deemed 
appropriate. In developing any management plans and any management rules 
and regulations governing NFS lands within the monument, the Secretary 
of Agriculture, through USFS, shall consult with the Secretary of the 
Interior through BLM. The Secretaries shall provide for public 
involvement in the development of the management plan including, but not 
limited to, consultation with tribal, State, and local governments. In 
the development and implementation of the management plan, the 
Secretaries shall maximize opportunities, pursuant to applicable legal 
authorities, for shared resources, operational efficiency, and 
cooperation.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to interfere with the 
operation or maintenance, or with the replacement or modification within 
the existing authorization boundary, of existing water resource, flood 
control, utility, pipeline, or telecommunications facilities that are 
located within the monument. Existing water resource, flood control, 
utility, pipeline, or telecommunications facilities located within the 
monument may be expanded, and new facilities may be constructed within 
the monument, to the extent consistent with the proper care and 
management of the objects identified above. This proclamation does not 
alter or affect the valid existing water rights of any party, including 
the United States. This proclamation does not reserve water as a matter 
of Federal law.
Except for emergency or authorized administrative purposes, motorized 
vehicle use in the monument shall be permitted only on roads existing as 
of the date of this proclamation. Non-motorized mechanized vehicle use 
shall be permitted only on roads and trails designated for their use 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
rights of any Indian tribe. The Secretaries shall, to the maximum extent 
permitted by law and in consultation with Indian tribes, ensure the 
protection of Indian sacred sites and traditional cultural properties in 
the monument and provide access by members of Indian tribes for 
traditional cultural and customary uses, consistent with the American 
Indian Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and Executive Order 13007 
of May 24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites).

[[Page 35]]

Nothing in this proclamation shall preclude low level overflights of 
military aircraft, the designation of new units of special use airspace, 
the use or establishment of military flight training routes over the 
lands reserved by this proclamation, or related military uses, 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
jurisdiction of the State of California, including its jurisdiction and 
authority with respect to fish and wildlife management.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to alter the authority 
or responsibility of any party with respect to emergency response 
activities within the monument, including wildland fire response.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of the monument and not to locate 
or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 36]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] T41006A.028


[[Page 37]]


Proclamation 9397 of February 13, 2016

Death of Antonin Scalia

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice of the United 
States, I hereby order, by the authority vested in me by the 
Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including section 
7 of title 4, United States Code, that the flag of the United States 
shall be flown at half-staff at the White House and on all public 
buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on 
all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia 
and throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions 
until sunset, on the day of interment. I also direct that the flag shall 
be flown at half-staff for the same period at all United States 
embassies, legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, 
including all military facilities and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9398 of February 24, 2016

Modifying and Continuing the National Emergency With Respect to Cuba and 
Continuing to Authorize the Regulation of the Anchorage and Movement of 
Vessels

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States of America, in order to modify and continue the national 
emergency declared in Proclamation 6867 of March 1, 1996, and expanded 
by Proclamation 7757 of February 26, 2004, in light of the need to 
continue the national emergency based on a disturbance or threatened 
disturbance of the international relations of the United States related 
to Cuba, and,
WHEREAS the descriptions of the national emergency set forth in 
Proclamations 6867 and 7757 no longer reflect the international 
relations of the United States related to Cuba;
WHEREAS longstanding U.S. policy towards Cuba had, at times, tended to 
isolate the United States from regional and international partners, 
constrained our ability to influence outcomes throughout the Western 
Hemisphere, and impaired the use of the full range of tools available to 
the United States to promote positive change in Cuba;
WHEREAS the following descriptions accurately describe the national 
emergency with respect to Cuba;

[[Page 38]]

WHEREAS the United States and Cuba reestablished diplomatic relations 
and opened embassies in each other's capitals on July 20, 2015, and the 
United States continues to pursue the progressive normalization of 
relations while aspiring towards a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic 
Cuba;
WHEREAS the United States has committed to work with the Government of 
Cuba on matters of mutual concern that advance U.S. national interests, 
such as migration, human rights, counter-narcotics, environmental 
protection, and trafficking in persons, among other issues;
WHEREAS the United States is committed to supporting safe, orderly, and 
legal migration from Cuba through the effective implementation of the 
1994-95 U.S.-Cuba Migration Accords;
WHEREAS the Cuban economy is in a relatively weak state, contributing to 
an outflow of its nationals towards the United States and neighboring 
countries;
WHEREAS the overarching objective of U.S. policy is stability in the 
region, and the outflow of Cuban nationals may have a destabilizing 
effect on the United States and its neighboring countries;
WHEREAS it is United States policy that a mass migration from Cuba would 
endanger the security of the United States by posing a disturbance or 
threatened disturbance of the international relations of the United 
States;
WHEREAS the United States continues to maintain an embargo with respect 
to Cuba;
WHEREAS the unauthorized entry of vessels subject to the jurisdiction of 
the United States into Cuban territorial waters is in violation of U.S. 
law and contrary to U.S. policy;
WHEREAS the unauthorized entry of United States-registered vessels into 
Cuban territorial waters is detrimental to the foreign policy of the 
United States, and counter to the purpose of Executive Order 12807, 
which is to ensure, among other things, safe, orderly, and legal 
migration;
WHEREAS the possibility of large-scale unauthorized entries of United 
States-registered vessels would disturb the international relations of 
the United States by facilitating a possible mass migration of Cuban 
nationals;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws 
of the United States of America, including section 1 of title II of 
Public Law 65-24, ch. 30, June 15, 1917, as amended (50 U.S.C. 191), 
sections 201, 202, and 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
1601 et seq.), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, in order 
to modify the scope of the national emergency declared in Proclamations 
6867 and 7757, and to secure the observance of the rights and 
obligations of the United States, hereby continue the national emergency 
with regard to Cuba as set forth above and authorize and direct the 
Secretary of Homeland Security (the ``Secretary'') to make and issue 
such rules and regulations as the Secretary may find appropriate to 
regulate the anchorage and movement of vessels, and authorize and 
approve the Secretary's issuance of such rules and regulations, as 
authorized by the Act of June 15, 1917. Accordingly, I hereby direct:

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Section 1. The Secretary may make rules and regulations governing the 
anchorage and movement of any vessel, foreign or domestic, in the 
territorial waters of the United States, which may be used, or is 
susceptible of being used, for voyage into Cuban territorial waters and 
that may create unsafe conditions, or result in unauthorized 
transactions, and thereby threaten a disturbance of international 
relations. Any rule or regulation issued pursuant to this proclamation 
may be effective immediately upon issuance as such rule or regulation 
shall involve a foreign affairs function of the United States.
Sec. 2. The Secretary is authorized, to the extent consistent with 
international law, to inspect any vessel, foreign or domestic, in the 
territorial waters of the United States, at any time; to place guards on 
any such vessel; and, with my consent expressly hereby granted, take 
full possession and control of any such vessel and remove the officers 
and crew and all other persons not specifically authorized by the 
Secretary to go or remain on board the vessel when necessary to secure 
the rights and obligations of the United States.
Sec. 3. The Secretary may request assistance from such departments, 
agencies, officers, or instrumentalities of the United States as the 
Secretary deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this 
proclamation. Such departments, agencies, officers, or instrumentalities 
shall, consistent with other provisions of law and to the extent 
practicable, provide requested assistance.
Sec. 4. The Secretary may seek assistance from State and local 
authorities in carrying out the purposes of this proclamation. Because 
State and local assistance may be essential for an effective response to 
this emergency, I urge all State and local officials to cooperate with 
Federal authorities and to take all actions within their lawful 
authority necessary to prevent the unauthorized departure of vessels 
intending to enter Cuban territorial waters.
Sec. 5. All powers and authorities delegated by this proclamation to the 
Secretary may be delegated by the Secretary to other officers and agents 
of the United States Government unless otherwise prohibited by law.
Sec. 6. Any provisions of Proclamation 6867 of March 1, 1996, and 
expanded by Proclamation 7757 of February 26, 2004, that are 
inconsistent with the provisions of this proclamation are superseded to 
the extent of such inconsistency.
Sec. 7. This proclamation shall be immediately transmitted to the 
Congress and published in the Federal Register.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9399 of February 29, 2016

American Red Cross Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Over a century and a half ago, as gunfire echoed through America's skies 
and division flared between North and South, a trailblazing woman, Clara 
Barton, braved bullets and cannon fire to deliver much-needed care, 
comfort, and supplies to wounded soldiers of the Civil War. Undaunted by 
expectations of women at the time, Clara Barton persevered, as she had 
her whole life, and strived to aid those who sacrificed to save our 
Union. Determined that humanitarianism could thrive in peace as well as 
in conflict, she carried her resolve overseas upon the war's end and was 
introduced to a relief organization in Europe that inspired her to come 
home to the United States and establish the American Red Cross.
Today, supporters, volunteers, and employees of the American Red Cross 
reflect the best of our Nation's spirit--responding to tens of thousands 
of tragedies here at home each year and bringing relief and assistance 
to suffering individuals across the globe. In the last year, countless 
people from the American Red Cross and many other service organizations 
have served on the front lines of disaster and done the hard work of 
improving our country and our world, never asking for credit or glory, 
fame or fortune. From floods that ravaged the plains of the Midwest and 
the coastlines of South Carolina, to wildfires that scorched California, 
and an earthquake that devastated Nepal, the American Red Cross has 
distributed almost one million relief items and provided tens of 
millions of dollars in assistance to victims. And when an influx of 
migrants from Syria stretched the capacities of countries around the 
world, the American Red Cross deployed tens of thousands of volunteers 
across the Atlantic to provide medical care and essential resources. 
These selfless heroes inspire hope and offer help to those in need, and 
as stalwarts in our communities, they build individual resilience and 
safeguard our blood supply.
The spirit of resilience and service that drives our people in the wake 
of tragedy is what makes us an anchor of global strength and stability. 
When hardship strikes, countries around the world look to our Nation for 
help, and the American Red Cross and similar organizations demonstrate 
what is possible when compassionate people come together to uphold the 
basic values that define America--that we are each other's keepers and 
that we all must accept our obligations to one another. This month, let 
us be guided by the truth that we all share a similar destiny, and let 
us support organizations that work to lift up the lives of our planet's 
most vulnerable people. Together, we can give everyone a place to turn 
in times of crisis and uncertainty.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America and Honorary Chairman of the American Red Cross, by virtue of 
the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States, do hereby proclaim March 2016 as American Red Cross 
Month. I encourage all Americans to observe this month with appropriate 
programs, ceremonies, and activities, and by supporting the work of 
service and relief organizations.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9400 of February 29, 2016

Irish-American Heritage Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Hailing from the Emerald Isle, generations of Irishmen and women have 
helped shape the idea of America, overcoming hardship and strife through 
strength and sacrifice, faith and family. With an undying belief that 
tomorrow always yields a brighter day, Irish Americans symbolize the 
perpetual optimism that defines our country, and they have long embodied 
the truth at the heart of our promise--that no matter who you are or 
where you come from, in America, you can make it if you try.
As we celebrate Irish-American Heritage Month, we recognize the Irish 
people's contributions to our country's dynamism, and we reaffirm the 
friendship and family ties between our two nations. For centuries, sons 
and daughters of Erin have come to America's shores, adding to our rich 
vibrancy and putting their full hearts into everything they do. From 
building our country's cities as preeminent architects and earnest 
laborers to building our national character as people of great joy and 
cherished culture, Irish Americans have endured intolerance and 
discrimination to find a place for themselves and their children here in 
the United States. While remembering the great Irish Americans of the 
past, we celebrate what forms the foundation of the lasting Irish-
American story--a shared embrace of hard work and humility, fairness and 
dignity, and a mutual quest to secure a freer and more peaceful future.
Today, the United States and Ireland enjoy a thriving and cooperative 
bond buoyed by a strong legacy of exchanges between our peoples. During 
Irish-American Heritage Month, let us pay tribute to the extraordinary 
mark Irish Americans have made on our Nation, and let us look forward to 
continued collaboration, friendship, and partnership between our 
countries.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2016 as Irish-
American Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this month 
with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9401 of February 29, 2016

National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every year, more than 130,000 Americans are diagnosed with colorectal 
cancer, and it kills nearly 50,000--making it the second leading cause 
of cancer deaths in the United States. Colorectal cancer touches too 
many, and together, we must work to lift up those who have been affected 
by it and all who remain vulnerable to it. This month, as we remember 
the loved ones we have lost and lift up those who continue to fight 
colorectal cancer, we strive to save lives by raising awareness of this 
disease and encouraging everyone to take measures to prevent it.
Although age, obesity, and certain genetic mutations can increase risk 
of colorectal cancer, all Americans should be aware of its risk factors, 
which include being physically inactive, having an unhealthy diet, 
smoking cigarettes, and consuming alcohol in excess. People who have had 
inflammatory bowel disease or who have a family history of colorectal 
cancer may also be at particularly high risk. While people of all ages 
should consult a physician about their susceptibility, individuals 
between ages 50 and 75 are encouraged to get regular screenings. 
Symptoms such as blood in stool, persistent stomach pains, and 
inexplicable weight loss can be present, but sometimes no symptoms 
occur, which is why early detection and treatment are key for battling 
colorectal cancer. I urge all people to visit www.Cancer.gov for more 
information, including early warning signs and tips for prevention.
I am committed to combating all forms of cancer--including colorectal 
cancer--and to reaching a future when no family knows the pain cancer 
causes. Earlier this year, I announced a new initiative led by Vice 
President Joe Biden: a national effort to put the United States on a 
path to becoming the country that finally cures cancer once and for 
all--aiming within 5 years to make critical advances that may have 
otherwise taken more than a decade to achieve. And we have already 
proposed a $1 billion initiative to kick off this critical work. The 
Affordable Care Act now requires health care plans to cover certain 
recommended preventive services, including many screening tests for 
cancer, at no additional cost--an important provision that helps ensure 
more people can access critical tests. It also prohibits insurance 
companies from charging more for pre-existing conditions, including 
cancer. While work remains to be done to confront the challenges posed 
by colorectal cancer, we have made great progress in fighting it and 
informing people of its dangers.
All people deserve to lead long, happy, and healthy lives, and nobody 
should be robbed of that promise due to the devastating impacts of 
colorectal cancer. During National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month, 
let us honor the legacy of those we have lost to this cancer by 
spreading awareness of it, uplifting all who live with it, and pledging 
our full talent, resources, and will to defeating it.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2016 as National

[[Page 43]]

Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month. I encourage all citizens, government 
agencies, private businesses, non-profit organizations, and other groups 
to join in activities that will increase awareness and prevention of 
colorectal cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9402 of February 29, 2016

Women's History Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Throughout history, women have driven humanity forward on the path to a 
more equal and just society, contributing in innumerable ways to our 
character and progress as a people. In the face of discrimination and 
undue hardship, they have never given up on the promise of America: that 
with hard work and determination, nothing is out of reach. During 
Women's History Month, we remember the trailblazers of the past, 
including the women who are not recorded in our history books, and we 
honor their legacies by carrying forward the valuable lessons learned 
from the powerful examples they set.
For too long, women were formally excluded from full participation in 
our society and our democracy. Because of the courage of so many bold 
women who dared to transcend preconceived expectations and prove they 
were capable of doing all that a man could do and more, advances were 
made, discoveries were revealed, barriers were broken, and progress 
triumphed. Whether serving in elected positions across America, leading 
groundbreaking civil rights movements, venturing into unknown frontiers, 
or programming revolutionary technologies, generations of women that 
knew their gender was no obstacle to what they could accomplish have 
long stirred new ideas and opened new doors, having a profound and 
positive impact on our Nation. Through hardship and strife and in every 
realm of life, women have spurred change in communities around the 
world, steadfastly joining together to overcome adversity and lead the 
charge for a fairer, more inclusive, and more progressive society.
During Women's History Month, we honor the countless women who 
sacrificed and strived to ensure all people have an equal shot at 
pursuing the American dream. As President, the first bill I signed into 
law was the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, making it easier for working 
American women to effectively challenge illegal, unequal pay 
disparities. Additionally, my Administration proposed collecting pay 
data from businesses to shine a light on pay discrimination, and I 
signed an Executive Order to ensure the Federal Government only works 
with and awards contracts to businesses that follow laws that uphold 
fair and equal labor practices. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, 
insurance companies can no longer charge women more

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for health insurance simply because of their gender. And last year, we 
officially opened for women the last jobs left unavailable to them in 
our military, because one of the best ways to ensure our Armed Forces 
remains the strongest in the world is to draw on the talents and skills 
of all Americans.
Though we have made great progress toward achieving gender equality, 
work remains to be done. Women still earn, on average, less for every 
dollar made by men, which is why I continue to call on the Congress to 
pass the Paycheck Fairness Act--a sensible step to provide women with 
basic tools to fight pay discrimination. Meanwhile, my Administration 
has taken steps to support working families by fighting for paid leave 
for all Americans, providing women with more small business loans and 
opportunities, and addressing the challenges still faced by women and 
girls of color, who consistently face wider opportunity gaps and 
structural barriers--including greater discrepancies in pay. And 
although the majority of our Nation's college and graduate students are 
women, they are still underrepresented in science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics, which is why we are encouraging more women 
and girls to pursue careers in these fields.
This May, the White House will host a summit on ``The United State of 
Women,'' to highlight the advances we have made in the United States and 
across the globe and to expand our efforts on helping women confront the 
challenges they face and reach for their highest aspirations. We must 
strive to build the future we want our children to inherit--one in which 
their dreams are not deferred or denied, but where they are uplifted and 
praised. We have come far, but there is still far to go in shattering 
the glass ceiling that holds women back. This month, as we reflect on 
the marks made by women throughout history, let us uphold the 
responsibility that falls on all of us--regardless of gender--and fight 
for equal opportunity for our daughters as well as our sons.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2016 as Women's 
History Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this month and to 
celebrate International Women's Day on March 8, 2016, with appropriate 
programs, ceremonies, and activities. I also invite all Americans to 
visit www.WomensHistoryMonth.gov to learn more about the generations of 
women who have left enduring imprints on our history.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
February, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 45]]

Proclamation 9403 of March 1, 2016

Read Across America Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

From a child's first foray into the depths of a story to an adult's 
escape into a world of words, reading plays an integral role in our 
lives. Works of fiction and non-fiction alike pique interest and 
inspiration and shape our understanding of each other and ourselves, 
teaching us lessons in kindness and humility, responsibility and 
respect. The moment we persuade a child to pick up a book for the first 
time we change their lives forever for the better, and on Read Across 
America Day, we recommit to getting literary works into our young 
peoples' hands early and often.
March 2 is also the birthday of one of America's revered wordsmiths. 
Theodor Seuss Geisel--or Dr. Seuss--used his incredible talent to 
instill in his most impressionable readers universal values we all hold 
dear. Through a prolific collection of stories, he made children see 
that reading is fun, and in the process, he emphasized respect for all; 
pushed us to accept ourselves for who we are; challenged preconceived 
notions and encouraged trying new things; and by example, taught us that 
we are limited by nothing but the range of our aspirations and the 
vibrancy of our imaginations. And for older lovers of literature, he 
reminded us not to take ourselves too seriously, creating wacky and wild 
characters and envisioning creative and colorful places.
Books reveal unexplored universes and stimulate curiosity, and in 
underserved communities, they play a particularly important role in 
prompting inquisition and encouraging ambition. Last month, the First 
Lady announced the launch of Open eBooks, a new project that will unlock 
a world of learning and possibility for millions of American children 
and provide over $250 million worth of reading material to students who 
need it most. As we work to get every child engrossed in literature, we 
honor the many people who devote their lives and careers to carrying 
forward this important cause--including our librarians, educators, and 
parents. We can all get lost in a good read, and we owe it to rising 
learners to give them the chance to experience that same enjoyment and 
fulfillment.
Today, and every day, let us celebrate the power of reading by promoting 
literacy and supporting new opportunities for students to plunge into 
the pages of a book. As Dr. Seuss noted, ``The more that you read, the 
more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places 
you'll go.'' Together, we can help all children go plenty of places 
along their unending journey for knowledge and ensure everyone can find 
joy and satisfaction in the wonders of the written word.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 2, 2016, as Read 
Across America Day. I call upon children, families, educators, 
librarians, public officials, and all the people of the United States to 
observe this day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities.

[[Page 46]]

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of March, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9404 of March 4, 2016

National Consumer Protection Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

After a long road to recovery, our Nation has risen from the depths of 
recession thanks to the grit and determination of the American people. 
Ensuring hardworking families feel secure and confident that they can 
get ahead without being ripped off or getting sucked into vicious cycles 
of debt was essential to our rebound and is critical to our continuing 
efforts to build an economy that works better for everyone. When we 
uphold our country's promise of fairness and opportunity, we all do 
better, and during National Consumer Protection Week, we reaffirm our 
fidelity to this ideal by striving to build an economy based on the 
principles of fair play, equal access, and shared responsibility.
When I took office, big banks that made reckless bets were relying on 
the American people to clean up after them. That is why my 
Administration pursued historic Wall Street reform, enacting strong 
consumer protections and stabilizing the foundation of our country's 
economic prosperity. We proposed new rules that protect people from 
unscrupulous lenders--including those engaged in abusive practices 
involving payday loans and title loans, which too often trap families in 
unfair and expensive cycles of fees. Additionally, because no one should 
be saddled with debt before they get started in life, we capped student 
loan payments at 10 percent of a borrower's monthly income through the 
Pay As You Earn plan. We also established a Student Aid Bill of Rights 
that calls for all students to have access to a quality, affordable 
education and the resources to pay for it, as well as the right to 
affordable loan payments, quality customer service, reliable 
information, and equal treatment. And to ensure the American dream can 
be enjoyed by those who selflessly defend it, we announced updated rules 
to close loopholes that allowed predatory lenders to demand unfair 
payments and exorbitant fees from our men and women in uniform and their 
families.
While Government plays an important role in protecting our people and 
our financial system, individuals can take steps on their own to detect 
abuse and safeguard their assets and personal data. As we continue to 
educate the public on matters of personal finance and inform young 
people of the dangers of too much debt, consumers should thoroughly read 
and understand their loan agreements, assess their own financial 
capacity, and

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take care to guard against identity theft. To assist in this effort, my 
Administration will keep working to make online transactions more 
secure, convenient, and private. For additional information on your 
rights as a consumer, visit www.NCPW.gov, and to report and recover from 
identity theft, visit www.IdentityTheft.gov.
Throughout this week, let us celebrate the core values of honesty and 
fair play by upholding the basic American bargain--that hard work should 
pay off and responsibility should be rewarded. Together, we can ensure 
nobody is financially taken advantage of and everybody has an equal 
opportunity to go as far as their dreams and talents will take them.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 6 through March 
12, 2016, as National Consumer Protection Week. I call upon government 
officials, industry leaders, and advocates across the Nation to share 
information about consumer protection and provide our citizens with 
information about their rights as consumers.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9405 of March 7, 2016

Death of Nancy Reagan

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the memory of Nancy Reagan, I hereby order, by 
the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States of America, that the flag of the United States shall be 
flown at half-staff at the White House and upon all public buildings and 
grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval 
vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and 
throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions until 
sunset, on the day of interment. I also direct that the flag shall be 
flown at half-staff for the same period at all United States embassies, 
legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, including all 
military facilities and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9406 of March 14, 2016

To Take Certain Actions Under the African Growth and Opportunity Act

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. In Proclamation 7350 of October 2, 2000, the President designated the 
Republic of South Africa (South Africa) as a beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country for purposes of section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act of 
1974 (the ``1974 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(1)), as added by section 
111(a) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (title I of Public Law 
106-200) (AGOA).
2. Sections 506A(d)(4)(C) (19 U.S.C. 2466a(d)(4)(C)) and 506A(c)(1) (19 
U.S.C. 2466a(c)(1)) of the 1974 Act authorize the President to suspend 
the application of duty-free treatment provided for any article 
described in section 506A(b)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(b)(1)) 
or 19 U.S.C. 3721 with respect to a beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
country if he determines that the beneficiary country is not meeting the 
requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act and that 
suspending such duty-free treatment would be more effective in promoting 
compliance by the country with those requirements than terminating the 
designation of the country as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country 
for purposes of section 506A of the 1974 Act.
3. In Proclamation 9388 of January 11, 2016, pursuant to section 
506A(c)(1) of the 1974 Act, I determined that South Africa was not 
meeting the requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act 
and that suspending the application of duty-free treatment to certain 
goods would be more effective in promoting compliance by South Africa 
with such requirements than terminating the designation of South Africa 
as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country. Thus, pursuant to section 
506A(c)(1) of the 1974 Act, I suspended the application of duty-free 
treatment for all AGOA-eligible goods in the agricultural sector from 
South Africa for purposes of section 506A of the 1974 Act, effective on 
March 15, 2016.
4. Pursuant to section 506A of the 1974 Act, based on actions that the 
Government of South Africa has taken to come into compliance with the 
requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the 1974 Act, I have 
determined that suspending the application of duty-free treatment to 
certain goods is no longer necessary to promote compliance by South 
Africa with such requirements.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
sections 506A(d)(4)(C) and 506A(c)(1) of the 1974 Act, do proclaim that:
(1) Proclamation 9388 of January 11, 2016, is hereby revoked.
(2) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that 
are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9407 of March 18, 2016

National Poison Prevention Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As the leading cause of accidental injury death in the United States, 
poisonings can harm people of all ages and from all walks of life. More 
than 90 percent of poisonings occur inside the home, and most are 
treatable and preventable. During National Poison Prevention Week, we 
work to ensure the safety of our homes and communities by learning of 
the dangers of poison and striving to prevent poisonings.
The most common sources of poisoning in young children are items 
typically found at home, including cleaning, cosmetic, and personal care 
products, as well as over-the-counter and prescription medications. 
Although children are more likely to be poisoned, adults--who are most 
commonly poisoned by cleaning products, or by the improper use of 
sedatives, antidepressants, pain relievers, or prescription drugs--are 
far more likely to die from poison exposure.
With diligence and caution, these tragedies can be avoided. Make sure 
household products are kept in their original bottles and away from 
children, and never mix such products together. Some poisonous materials 
and vapors are harder to identify, including carbon monoxide--a 
colorless and odorless, yet very dangerous, gas. Everyone should have 
carbon monoxide detectors in their home, use them properly, and get them 
tested regularly. Medications should always be kept out of the reach of 
children, and whether prescription or over-the-counter, all drugs should 
be taken safely and in accordance with guidance on the label or as 
prescribed and instructed by healthcare professionals. To learn more 
about keeping you and your family safe from poison, visit 
www.PoisonHelp.HRSA.gov, and for more information on how to safely 
dispose of drugs, including by participating in the National 
Prescription Drug Take-Back Day on April 30, visit 
www.DEAdiversion.USDOJ.gov.
We can all play a role in preventing poisoning tragedies from occurring. 
Every individual can take steps on their own to make their homes safer 
and to learn of appropriate actions to take in the event of a poisoning 
incident. If you believe someone has been poisoned, immediately call the 
Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. By coming together to secure 
potentially-toxic materials in our homes and communities and by 
educating our friends and family on methods of prevention, we can help 
ensure no person is deprived of a full and healthy life due to 
poisoning.
To encourage Americans to learn more about the dangers of accidental 
poisonings and to take appropriate preventative measures, the Congress, 
by

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joint resolution approved September 26, 1961, as amended (75 Stat. 681) 
has authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation 
designating the third week of March each year as ``National Poison 
Prevention Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim March 20 through March 26, 2016, as National 
Poison Prevention Week. I call upon all Americans to observe this week 
by taking actions to protect their families from hazardous household 
materials and misuse of prescription medicines.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9408 of March 22, 2016

Honoring the Victims of the Attack in Brussels, Belgium

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The American people stand with the people of Brussels. We will do 
whatever it takes, working with nations and peoples around the world, to 
bring the perpetrators of these attacks to justice, and to go after 
terrorists who threaten our people.
As a mark of respect for the victims of the senseless acts of violence 
perpetrated on March 22, 2016, in Brussels, Belgium, by the authority 
vested in me as President of the United States by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, I hereby order that the flag 
of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at the White House and 
upon all public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval 
stations, and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the 
District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its 
Territories and possessions until sunset, March 26, 2016. I also direct 
that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same length of time 
at all United States embassies, legations, consular offices, and other 
facilities abroad, including all military facilities and naval vessels 
and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9409 of March 24, 2016

Greek Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and 
American Democracy, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Inspired by ancient Greece's example, America's Founding Fathers drew on 
Hellenic principles to guide our democracy in its nascence. Nearly half 
a century after the Stars and Stripes first flew over our country, a 
flag was raised on a mountaintop in Greece, and a revolution spawned 
that would bring democracy back to its birthplace and lay the 
cornerstone of the close relationship enjoyed by our two nations. On the 
195th anniversary of Greece's independence, we celebrate the friendship 
between our countries and honor the contributions that Greek Americans 
have made to our national character.
Our common histories are reflected in our shared values. Throughout our 
storied pasts, our peoples have upheld the fundamental ideals we cherish 
by working together to safeguard the foundation of democracy upon which 
both our nations are built. Greeks and Americans have long stood 
shoulder-to-shoulder in defense of freedom, and today, the Greek 
American community carries forward the legacy of past Greeks who 
enlightened our world by continuing to enrich our society in unique 
ways. Driving generations, the hope that incited both our revolutions 
still burns in the hearts of Greek Americans and in all those across our 
country who seek even greater opportunity for our children and 
grandchildren.
The Greek people have faced extraordinary challenges in recent years, 
yet they remain steadfast in their resilience and perseverance. In 
response to an ongoing refugee and migration crisis, Greece is providing 
humanitarian assistance to countless men, women, and children seeking 
freedom from persecution and violence. As Americans, we stand with 
Greece as partners, friends, and NATO allies, and the Greek American 
community serves as an important bridge that helps bring us together. At 
our core, we share deep ties of culture and family, and respect for the 
fundamental rights of democratic States. Through good times and bad, we 
share a common commitment to security and liberty for people around the 
world. On this day, let us reflect on nearly two centuries of strong 
bonds between our nations, and let us recommit to working together to 
strengthen our respective democracies.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 25, 2016, as 
Greek Independence Day: A National Day of Celebration of Greek and 
American Democracy. I call upon the people of the United States to 
observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9410 of March 30, 2016

Cesar Chavez Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a child of migrant workers who struggled just to get by, Cesar Chavez 
knew the importance of having an economy that works for everyone and 
devoted his life to ensuring our Nation upheld the values upon which it 
was founded. On his birthday, we celebrate a man who reminded us--above 
all else--that we all share a common humanity, each of us having our own 
value and contributing to the same destiny, and we carry forward his 
legacy by echoing his peaceful and eloquent calls for a more just and 
equal society.
Cesar Chavez demonstrated that true courage is revealed when the outlook 
is darkest, the resistance is strongest, and we still find it within 
ourselves to stand up for what we believe in. In the face of 
extraordinary adversity and opposition, he stood up for the inherent 
dignity of every person, no matter their race, color, creed, or sexual 
orientation, and for the idea that when workers are treated fairly, we 
give meaning to our founding ideals. Guided by his faith in his 
convictions, he fasted, marched, and rallied millions to ``La Causa'' to 
expand opportunity and demand a voice for workers everywhere. Together 
with Dolores Huerta, he founded the United Farm Workers, and through 
boycotts and protests, he ushered in a new era of respect for America's 
laborers and farm workers.
Today, we honor Cesar Chavez by continuing to fight for what he believed 
in, including a living wage for workers and their right to unionize and 
provide for their family. Workers should have a safe workplace and the 
comfort of knowing that if they work hard, they can feed their family, 
earn decent benefits, and gain the skills they need to move up and get 
ahead. We will also keep up our efforts to reform our Nation's broken 
immigration system so more people can contribute to our country's 
success. And as we strive for well-deserved policies for America's 
workers, like a higher minimum wage and paid leave, we are reminded that 
the movement Cesar Chavez led was sustained by a generation of 
organizers who spoke out and fought for a better, fairer America--and it 
is now upon us to do the same in our time.
Our Nation's progress has always been driven by the belief that 
extraordinary things happen when we come together around a common cause, 
and through decades of organizing and serving others, Cesar Chavez 
embodied this ideal. On Cesar Chavez Day, let us unite to reach for the 
America he knew was possible--one in which hard work is rewarded, 
prosperity is shared, and equal opportunity is the right of all our 
people.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 31, 2016, as 
Cesar Chavez Day. I call upon all Americans to observe this day with 
appropriate service, community, and education programs to honor Cesar 
Chavez's enduring legacy.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9411 of March 31, 2016

National Cancer Control Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Undaunted by challenge and unceasing in pursuit of progress, our Nation 
has pushed the boundaries of possibility throughout our history. Today, 
while cancer remains among the leading causes of death around the world 
and the second leading cause of death here at home, cancer research is 
on the cusp of major breakthroughs, offering incredible promise to those 
suffering from this disease. This month, we remember the loved ones we 
have lost, pledge support for the families we can still save, and 
reaffirm our commitment to curing cancer once and for all.
Cancer can affect people of all ages, races, and backgrounds, but 
certain risk factors exist that can often be mitigated. Limiting alcohol 
consumption, controlling sun exposure, exercising, getting recommended 
cancer screenings, and maintaining a healthy diet are all ways to reduce 
your risk of getting cancer. Additionally, smoking remains one of the 
top causes of cancer, responsible for 1 in 3 cancer deaths in the United 
States. By promoting resources to help people quit smoking and limiting 
exposure to secondhand smoke, we can reduce individuals' cancer risks. 
Help for quitting smoking can be found at www.SmokeFree.gov or by 
calling 1-800-QUIT-NOW. I urge all Americans to visit www.Cancer.gov or 
www.CDC.gov/Cancer to learn more.
My Administration is committed to reaching a future free from cancer in 
all its forms. Earlier this year, I created the White House Cancer 
Moonshot Task Force. Chaired by Vice President Joe Biden, this effort 
aims to accelerate our progress toward prevention, treatment, and cures 
by putting ourselves on a path to achieving at least a decade's worth of 
advances in 5 years. Together with patients, philanthropies, private 
industry, and the medical and scientific communities, the United States 
can be the country that finally finds a cure for this disease, and we 
have already proposed a $1 billion initiative to jumpstart this critical 
work. The Affordable Care Act continues to help people with cancer and 
at risk for cancer by prohibiting insurers from denying coverage to 
anyone based on a preexisting condition and requiring insurers to cover 
recommended preventive benefits without cost-sharing. And the Precision 
Medicine Initiative that I launched last year continues to work toward a 
new era of medicine that offers targeted treatment at the right time to 
individual patients by accounting for their unique genes, health 
histories, and other personal factors.
Our Nation has made extraordinary strides in the fight against cancer, 
but much work remains to be done. With more than one and a half million 
new cases of cancer expected in the United States this year, we owe it 
to

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everyone currently living with it and to anyone at risk to support all 
those working to defeat it. During National Cancer Control Month, let us 
remember those who lost their battle with cancer, and let us renew our 
efforts to save lives and spare heartbreak by reaching a future without 
this devastating disease.
The Congress of the United States, by joint resolution approved March 
28, 1938 (52 Stat. 148; 36 U.S.C. 103), as amended, has requested the 
President to issue an annual proclamation declaring April as ``Cancer 
Control Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim April 2016 as National Cancer Control Month. 
I encourage citizens, government agencies, private businesses, nonprofit 
organizations, and other interested groups to join in activities that 
will increase awareness of what Americans can do to prevent and control 
cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9412 of March 31, 2016

National Child Abuse Prevention Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

All children deserve to grow up in a caring and loving environment, yet 
across America, hundreds of thousands of children are neglected or 
abused each year, often causing lasting consequences. Although 
effectively intervening in the lives of these children and their 
families is an important responsibility at all levels of government, 
preventing abuse and neglect is a shared obligation. During National 
Child Abuse Prevention Month, we recommit to giving every child a chance 
to succeed and to ensuring that every child grows up in a safe, stable, 
and nurturing environment that is free from abuse and neglect.
Preventing child abuse is an effort that we must undertake as one 
American family, and in our schools, neighborhoods, and communities, we 
must look after every child as if they are our own. Between four and 
eight children die every day from abuse or neglect, but together we can 
prevent these tragedies from occurring. Children who are being abused or 
neglected may display constant alertness, sudden changes in behavior and 
school performance, or untreated physical or medical issues. Child abuse 
may take many forms, including neglect and physical, sexual, or 
emotional abuse. More information on preventing child abuse can be found 
at www.ChildWelfare.gov/Preventing.
All families can benefit from strong support systems and resources in 
the face of these challenges, and as parents, friends, neighbors, and 
fellow human beings, keeping our kids safe is among our highest 
priorities. My Administration is dedicated to fostering healthy and 
supportive conditions

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that enable our children to develop and thrive and that ensure parents 
and caretakers have the resources they need to properly care for their 
children. We are supporting efforts that lift up vulnerable families, 
improve the coordination of programs and services within communities, 
and promote meaningful and measurable changes in the lives of children 
across America to improve their social and emotional well-being. The 
effects of child abuse and neglect can negatively impact a child 
throughout their life. Together, we must address this issue so that our 
children and our children's children never know the pain caused by child 
abuse.
Our Nation's enduring commitment to prevent child abuse and neglect 
demands that individuals and communities partner together to provide 
safe and nurturing environments for all of America's daughters and sons. 
We must all join in the work of uplifting and safeguarding our youngest 
individuals and ensuring they are limited by nothing but the size of 
their dreams and the range of their aspirations. This month, let us aim 
to eradicate child abuse from our society, and let us secure a future 
for our children that is bright and full of hope, opportunity, and 
security.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2016 as National 
Child Abuse Prevention Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this 
month with programs and activities that help prevent child abuse and 
provide for children's physical, emotional, and developmental needs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9413 of March 31, 2016

National Financial Capability Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

When every American has the tools they need to get ahead and contribute 
to our country's success, we are all better off. Since the recession, we 
have built our economy to be better and stronger than before, but we 
still have work to do to make hardworking families' paychecks go 
further. Ensuring people have the resources to make informed decisions 
about their finances is critical in this effort, and during National 
Financial Capability Month, we recommit to equipping individuals with 
the knowledge and protections necessary to secure a stable financial 
future for themselves and their families.
At some of life's most important junctures--including buying a home, 
pursuing an education, or saving for retirement--having access to 
reliable information about our country's financial system can help 
people avoid being ripped off or sucked into cycles of debt they cannot 
get out of. That is why my Administration is promoting tools to protect 
and empower individuals,

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working to increase borrowers' understanding of what they are getting 
into before they take out a loan, and educating more people on how to 
think about their money. I encourage all Americans to call 1-800-FED-
INFO or visit www.MyMoney.gov and www.ConsumerFinance.gov for access to 
free and reliable financial information.
No young person should be saddled with excessive debt. In addition to 
striving to inform young people of the dangers of taking out too much 
consumer debt, my Administration launched the ``Know Before You Owe'' 
campaign, which is helping America's college students know their full 
range of options for financing a higher education. I also created the 
President's Advisory Council on Financial Capability for Young Americans 
to help educate our rising generation on important money management 
skills so they can live with security and make positive contributions to 
our economy. So more of our people can retire with dignity and 
stability, we established a new type of savings bond, myRA, to help more 
Americans easily save for retirement. And I signed the Dodd-Frank Wall 
Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which, among other consumer 
protections, established the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the 
first agency solely dedicated to protecting consumers from unfair 
practices and predatory products in financial services.
As our economy continues to grow, we must preserve the basic notion in 
our country that hard work will be rewarded and that no matter who you 
are or where you come from, you can make it if you try. This month, let 
us encourage informed financial decisions and promote resources that 
help the American people make them, and let us reaffirm our belief in 
the idea that opportunity should be within reach for all who are willing 
to work for it.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2016 as National 
Financial Capability Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this 
month with programs and activities to improve their understanding of 
financial principles and practices.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9414 of March 31, 2016

National Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

At our country's core is a basic belief in the inherent dignity of every 
person. Too many women and men of all ages suffer the outrage that is 
sexual assault, and too often, this crime is not condemned as loudly as 
it should

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be. Together, we must stand up and speak out to change the culture that 
questions the actions of victims, rather than those of their attackers. 
As their relatives, friends, neighbors, and fellow Americans, it's on us 
to support victims and survivors by providing them with the care they 
need, bringing perpetrators to justice, and ensuring our institutions 
are held responsible and do not look the other way. This month, we 
reaffirm our commitment to shift the attitudes that allow sexual assault 
to go unanswered and unpunished, and we redouble our efforts to prevent 
this human rights violation from happening in the first place.
Preventing sexual assault begins with everyone getting involved in 
promoting healthy relationships and encouraging respect for the equality 
of others. For decades, Vice President Joe Biden has brought unmatched 
passion to this cause, working to pass the Violence Against Women Act in 
the Senate more than two decades ago, and continuing to fight today to 
transform the way we think and talk about sexual assault. In 2014, we 
launched the ``It's On Us'' campaign--an initiative that has worked with 
over 300 college campuses and engaged hundreds of thousands of people 
around our country who have taken a pledge to stand up and speak out to 
express moral outrage for this intolerable crime. We launched the White 
House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault that year as 
well, which continues to offer recommendations for how we can all 
contribute to a society that adequately prevents and responds to sexual 
assault.
My Administration is taking action to eliminate sexual assault in every 
corner of our country. This year, we announced new grants available for 
the National Sexual Assault Kit Initiative, a nationwide, community-
based effort to end the backlog of untested rape kits--instrumental 
tools used to collect evidence, prosecute perpetrators, and bring 
closure to victims in the aftermath of an assault. These funds are 
supporting efforts to ensure victims are notified of the testing, 
connected to support services, and given the option of participating in 
the criminal justice process. Additionally, we have offered new tools 
and resources to help States and communities take advantage of the best 
available measures to prevent sexual violence. The Department of Justice 
issued new guidance for law enforcement on identifying and preventing 
gender bias in response to sexual assault and domestic violence. And I 
have directed military leadership to prioritize this issue and equip our 
men and women in uniform with the knowledge and tools necessary to 
combat sexual violence. From our military to our schools, and in law 
enforcement agencies in communities across America, we will keep working 
to address sexual violence and root it out wherever it exists.
Anyone can be a leader in the fight to prevent and end sexual assault. 
As employers, educators, parents, and friends, all Americans have an 
obligation to uphold the basic principle that every individual should be 
free from violence and fear. During National Sexual Assault Awareness 
and Prevention Month, we recommit to embracing each of our individual 
responsibilities to keep our communities safe from this crime and to 
stand with survivors and victims of sexual assault.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2016 as National 
Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month. I urge all Americans to

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support survivors of sexual assault and work together to prevent these 
crimes in their communities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
March, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9415 of April 1, 2016

National Donate Life Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

By becoming an organ donor, one person can save the lives of up to eight 
people and improve the lives of dozens--mothers and daughters, fathers 
and sons, brothers and sisters--who are desperately in need of a 
transplant. During National Donate Life Month, we lift up the thousands 
of selfless individuals across America who are living or registered 
organ donors. And as we honor those who have saved lives in the past by 
donating organs, we recommit to supporting the researchers, innovators, 
advocates, and medical professionals working to reduce the number of 
people awaiting vital organ transplants.
A rising demand for organs exists without enough organs to meet it, 
making the urgency for those willing and able to donate even more 
critical and the need for innovation and support even more imperative. 
My Administration has striven to support donors and recipients and to 
expand the availability of organs for transplant. In 2010, the 
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), building on efforts 
within the transplant community, launched a nationwide kidney exchange 
program to bring together pairs of kidney donors and recipients in an 
effort to increase the quality and quantity of kidney transplants. HHS 
has also made more financial support available to low-income living 
donors to help cover expenses like travel and lodging costs that are 
often incurred throughout the donation process. The Affordable Care Act 
offers greater security to living donors by prohibiting insurers from 
denying health coverage to someone with a preexisting condition--
donating an organ may have previously been considered a preexisting 
condition and prevented individuals from obtaining the care they 
deserved after selflessly giving an organ to someone in need. And in 
2013, I signed the bipartisan HOPE Act, paving the way for the first 
transplants in the United States between HIV-positive donors and 
recipients--and the first of these life-saving transplants took place 
earlier this year.
Anyone can indicate their desire to be a donor, regardless of age or 
medical history, and I encourage all Americans to consult their family 
members and communicate their choice. More information on donation and 
opportunities to register can be found by visiting www.OrganDonor.gov.
Through Medicare, the Federal Government spends nearly $35 billion each 
year to care for the more than half a million patients with end-stage 
kidney

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failure in the United States. Increasing accessibility to organs can 
save lives while helping to defray overall healthcare costs. As we work 
to get more people off of the waiting list and into the operating room 
for a transplant, we are continuing to invest in researching new and 
innovative ways to address this critical issue. Over the span of three 
recent years, we invested nearly $3 billion into regenerative medicine 
research, and we are making great strides in advancing treatment and 
improving technological capabilities. Additionally, we have opened new 
doors of collaboration with businesses, universities, and foundations to 
progress our prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious 
diseases. Our Nation has taken bold steps in recent years, and we will 
continue working to reduce the organ waiting list by building on our 
efforts to utilize regeneration and other methods for ensuring a balance 
between the supply and demand of vital organs.
Last year, the United States exceeded 30,000 annual organ transplants 
for the first time. Progress has been made and great promise exists, but 
much work remains to help the more than 120,000 Americans on the organ 
waiting list. This month, let us remember those we have lost and provide 
support to all who continue to wait and hope. Across government, 
industry, academia, private organizations, and the medical and 
philanthropic communities, we must all do our part to lift up donors, 
donor families, and patients by supporting efforts to shorten the organ 
waiting list. Together, we can improve and save lives by celebrating 
those who give of themselves--whether as living donors or as registered 
donors--to provide the greatest gift there is to offer.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2016 as National 
Donate Life Month. I call upon health care professionals, volunteers, 
educators, government agencies, faith-based and community groups, and 
private organizations to join forces to boost the number of organ, eye, 
and tissue donors throughout our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9416 of April 1, 2016

National Public Health Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

During National Public Health Week, we join together to enhance public 
health--the foundation of our security and well-being--here at home and 
around the world. By supporting health professionals and embracing our 
obligations to promote public health and protect our planet, we can 
uphold our shared responsibility to preserve the promise of a happy and 
healthy life for our children and grandchildren.

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Ensuring all Americans have access to quality, affordable health 
insurance is imperative for maintaining our public health, and I am 
proud that 6 years after I signed it, the Affordable Care Act has 
extended the peace of mind that comes with health coverage to 20 million 
Americans. First Lady Michelle Obama's Let's Move! initiative is 
encouraging more physical activity and nutritious food choices for our 
Nation's youth, engaging parents and kids in the work of building 
stronger, healthier communities. To spare more American families 
heartbreak, I have proposed over 1 billion dollars in new funding to 
address prescription opioid abuse and heroin use, a public health issue 
that has taken a devastating toll on too many. We are also striving to 
promote mental health as an essential component of overall health, 
helping ensure access to mental health care and services and working to 
prevent suicide. And because public safety is a critical component of 
addressing public health, I announced new, commonsense steps this year 
to help address our country's epidemic of gun violence and keep our 
neighborhoods safe.
Just as we must sustain a healthy world today, we must do everything in 
our power to preserve it for those who will inherit it. Climate change 
has a profound impact on our public health, contributing to intensified 
smog, an extended allergy season, the spread of diseases into new 
regions, and greater and more acute incidence of asthma. Last year, the 
White House hosted a Summit on Climate Change and Health to expand 
awareness of the real threat a changing climate poses to our health and 
to focus on vulnerable groups who may face more serious challenges 
adapting to climate change. No community is immune to this reality, nor 
can any nation cordon itself off from climate or the air we share. That 
is why last year, along with nearly 200 countries from around the world, 
the United States negotiated the Paris Agreement--the most ambitious 
climate change agreement in history that commits all participating 
parties to putting forward climate targets of growing stringency to 
reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Adopting this agreement for an 
international framework builds on domestic actions we have already taken 
to invest in clean energy, reduce our carbon emissions, and transition 
to a cleaner, healthier, and more sustainable future.
Like the threat of climate change, other public health challenges--like 
infectious diseases--cannot be addressed by any one nation alone. In an 
increasingly interconnected world, we face new trials that demand 
international attention. My Administration is working with our 
international partners to combat antibiotic-resistant bacteria. We also 
launched the Global Health Security Agenda, which aims to strengthen all 
countries' public health systems and stop the spread of disease 
outbreaks by ensuring nations from around the world have the capacity to 
prevent, detect, and respond to biological threats to our health and 
safety. Already, this cooperation is helping us confront the spread of 
the Zika virus.
America is built on the notion that we are our brothers' and our 
sisters' keepers, and that we all have certain obligations to one 
another. Never is that idea truer than when ensuring the health of the 
world our children will live in long after we are gone. This week, let 
us treat every child as if they are our own by accepting our 
responsibilities to leave them with a healthier, cleaner planet than we 
have, and let us continue reaching for a brighter, more secure future 
for all the world's people.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 4 through April 
10, 2016, as National Public Health Week. I call on all citizens, 
government agencies, private businesses, non-profit organizations, and 
other groups to join in activities and take action to improve the health 
of our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9417 of April 1, 2016

World Autism Awareness Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every person deserves the chance to reach for their highest hopes and 
fulfill their greatest potential. On World Autism Awareness Day, we 
reaffirm our dedication to ensuring that belief is a reality for all 
those who live on the autism spectrum--including 1 in 68 children. And 
we uphold our obligation to help make sure every man, woman, and child, 
regardless of ability or background, is accepted for who they are and 
able to lead a life free from discrimination and filled with 
opportunity.
From home to school and in businesses and communities around the world, 
people living with autism spectrum disorder contribute in immeasurable 
ways to our society. They remind us each day that every person is born 
with unique talents and should be treated with respect, play an active 
role in planning for their futures, and feel empowered to fully 
participate in and contribute to their communities. When those with 
autism have access to equal opportunities, we all do better, and that 
begins with making sure our country lives up to its commitment to ensure 
all things are possible for all people.
Individuals with autism are just as deserving of the peace of mind that 
comes with having quality, affordable health insurance as anyone else. 
The Affordable Care Act helps ensure no person is prevented from 
obtaining health coverage simply because they live with a preexisting 
condition like autism, and it requires most plans to cover recommended 
preventive services--including critical screenings that test for autism 
in children. My Administration is dedicated to ensuring educational 
opportunities for autistic students are worthy of their extraordinary 
potential and to providing Americans with autism the chance to earn good 
jobs and hone their skills and talents. We are working to break down 
barriers to competitive, integrated employment for people with 
disabilities, including people with autism. We are also promoting 
inclusivity for kids with autism in high-quality, early childhood 
education programs. In 2014, I signed the Autism CARES Act, which 
supports autism-related research and helps us to better understand the 
particular challenges faced by students and young adults living on the 
autism spectrum. And this month marks 3 years since my Administration

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launched the BRAIN Initiative--a collaborative effort by Federal 
agencies, philanthropies, universities, foundations, and others in the 
medical and scientific communities that aims to accelerate our work to 
solve some of the most intricate mysteries of human brain function and 
reveal new insights into conditions like autism. In my most recent 
budget proposal, I was proud to support increased funding for this 
important initiative.
Americans with autism play an important role in our national story, and 
in their daily lives they embody the belief at the heart of our 
founding: that in America, with hard work and equal access, all people 
can realize their aspirations. Today, and every day, let us reach for a 
future in which no person living on the autism spectrum is limited by 
anything but the size of their dreams--one in which all people have the 
opportunity to live a life filled with a sense of identity, purpose, and 
self-determination.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 2, 2016, as 
World Autism Awareness Day. I encourage all Americans to learn more 
about autism and what they can do to support individuals on the autism 
spectrum and their families, and to help shape a world in which all 
people, including those with autism, are accepted for who they are.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of April, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9418 of April 8, 2016

National Crime Victims' Rights Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In the aftermath of a crime, it is imperative that victims have access 
to the resources they need to recover and to ensure that justice is 
done. During the 35th National Crime Victims' Rights Week, we stand with 
victims and their families, and we strive to ensure every person--
regardless of age, color, or creed--who is victimized by crime knows 
they are protected, respected, and heard.
Certain populations are more vulnerable to crime, and my Administration 
is committed to defending the rights of crime victims everywhere and 
safeguarding their access to essential resources and services. Violence 
against women, including sexual assault, domestic violence, dating 
violence, and stalking, is too prevalent in our society, and we will 
continue doing everything we can to shine a light on these crimes 
wherever they exist, including on our campuses and in our military. We 
are taking action to reduce the number of untested rape kits in 
America--critical tools that can deliver justice for victims in the wake 
of an assault--and the Department of Justice issued new guidance to 
prevent gender bias when responding to cases of sexual assault and 
domestic violence. Additionally, the My Brother's Keeper initiative is 
working to reduce violence and secure second chances for

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our youth to ensure all young people--including those from communities 
disproportionately affected by violent crime--have the opportunities and 
resources they need to reach their full potential.
A victim's immediate interactions after a crime are often with the law 
enforcement officials who are the first to respond. In 2014, I created 
the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing (Task Force), and in 
addition to promoting ways to enhance public safety across America, the 
Task Force issued recommendations to strengthen public trust between 
local law enforcement and communities, which increases the likelihood 
that victims and witnesses will cooperate with law enforcement after a 
crime. My Administration will also continue working to support the most 
vulnerable among us who are subject to heinous crimes--including 
children who are forced into sex trafficking and denied their inherent 
human rights, and seniors who, in too many cases, are exposed to abuse, 
neglect, and exploitation.
When a crime does occur, we owe it to those who suffer in its aftermath 
to uplift them and stand beside them. This week, as we honor those 
dedicated to ensuring services and support are available for victims of 
crime, let us rededicate ourselves to protecting crime victims' rights 
and upholding the basic belief that all people should be able to live 
safely and free from fear, violence, and intimidation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 10 through April 
16, 2016, as National Crime Victims' Rights Week. I call upon all 
Americans to observe this week by participating in events that raise 
awareness of victims' rights and services, and by volunteering to serve 
victims in their time of need.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9419 of April 8, 2016

National Volunteer Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Each day, humble people of every background and belief come together to 
fulfill the timeless responsibility we have as Americans: to accept 
certain obligations to one another. People of all ages can volunteer, 
and anyone can, through the smallest of acts, do their part to improve 
the lives of others. This week, we celebrate the selfless individuals 
around our country who channel their civic virtues through volunteerism, 
and we encourage more people to make service an integral part of their 
lives.

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In National Parks and public schools, food pantries and animal shelters, 
volunteers fan out in communities across America, devoted to a cause 
bigger than themselves. In crisis and disaster, they offer not only 
goods and resources, but also understanding and sympathy to those 
desperate and distraught. In underserved neighborhoods, they help 
cultivate hope and inspiration, rolling back poverty and roadblocks to 
opportunity. Generations of these often unsung heroes--driven by their 
conviction that we all have a stake in each other--have lifted up those 
they know and those they do not, making our Nation and our world a 
better place.
My Administration is dedicated to giving people more opportunities to 
serve. I established a Task Force on Expanding National Service that 
supports the expansion of service and volunteer projects to address some 
of our Nation's highest priorities. Through the Corporation for National 
and Community Service, AmeriCorps and Senior Corps have mobilized 
millions of Americans, sending them to areas in need of dedicated 
volunteers. Under these programs, we have established campaigns that 
address specific needs in vulnerable communities, such as increasing 
access to college, improving STEM education, and preserving our 
environment. I have also called on 200,000 Federal scientists and 
engineers to help mentor young people in STEM fields. And in 2014, I 
launched the Employers of National Service initiative, connecting 
employers with AmeriCorps and Peace Corps alumni--because often the most 
talented, tireless, and mission-driven employees are those who have 
given of themselves for the betterment of others. In the time since, 
hundreds of employers have signed up to participate in this program.
Volunteers help drive our country's progress, and day in and day out, 
they make extraordinary sacrifices to expand promise and possibility. 
During National Volunteer Week, let us shed the cynicism that says one 
person cannot make a difference in the lives of others by embracing each 
of our individual responsibilities to serve and shape a brighter future 
for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 10 through April 
16, 2016, as National Volunteer Week. I call upon all Americans to 
observe this week by volunteering in service projects across our country 
and pledging to make service a part of their daily lives. To find a 
service opportunity nearby, visit www.Serve.gov.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9420 of April 8, 2016

Pan American Day and Pan American Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

A decade before the turn of the 19th century, representatives of 
countries from across the Western Hemisphere formed what would become 
the Organization of American States, striving to ensure peace and 
democracy through unity and cooperation among our nations. As we mark 
126 years since its founding, we also celebrate the 15th anniversary of 
the Inter-American Democratic Charter--a declaration of our belief in 
democracy as the common form of government for all countries in our 
hemisphere. On Pan American Day and during Pan American Week, we reflect 
on the progress our countries have made together, and we recommit to 
reaching for a brighter day for all our peoples.
Throughout our hemisphere, increased integration has generated greater 
growth and prosperity. Since I took office, exports and imports between 
the United States and the rest of the hemisphere have increased by more 
than 50 percent. We are involved in more trade and economic partnerships 
that reduce poverty, spur opportunity, and empower young people with the 
skills and job training they need to compete in the global economy. Our 
nations have partnered to develop clean, affordable, and reliable energy 
sources and ensure all countries have open access to data to combat 
climate change--a reality that threatens all our peoples and that we 
addressed in Paris late last year, when the world came together to 
negotiate the most ambitious climate agreement in history.
The nations of the Americas have made tremendous progress on important 
issues, and our work remains rooted in the bonds of friendship and 
family between our peoples. For too long, the United States and Cuba 
remained isolated, and while our governments will continue to have areas 
of disagreement, our people have long shared common values and ideals. 
That is why we reestablished diplomatic relations between our 
countries--for the first time in over 50 years, the American flag flies 
above our reopened embassy in Havana; and I recently visited our 
neighbor 90 miles to the South, becoming the first United States 
President to do so in nearly nine decades. By extending a new hand of 
friendship to the Cuban people, we mark the beginning of a relationship 
that will offer fresh hope for both our futures and improve the lives of 
those living in both our countries. Following my trip to Cuba, I visited 
Argentina, which has begun advancing ambitious reforms to spur economic 
growth and has pledged to help address important global challenges, such 
as peacekeeping and the Syrian refugee crisis.
Across the board, the United States has deepened our engagement in the 
Americas. We initiated the 100,000 Strong in the Americas initiative to 
encourage more exchanges between our hemisphere's students. Last year, I 
launched the Young Leaders of the Americas Initiative, which will 
address opportunity gaps that persist for too many of our neighboring 
nations' youth by empowering them with the tools and resources they need 
to reach their full potential. Just as our countries must foster hope 
and prosperity, we must also address serious challenges. We will 
continue defending and

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strengthening civil society, because when all our people have a voice in 
shaping the future of our hemisphere, we all do better. The United 
States is working with Colombia to reduce violence and achieve peace, as 
we do throughout Central America. We will also keep coordinating with 
the nations of the Americas to prevent, detect, and respond to the 
spread of Zika. And later this year, I look forward to joining other 
leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum in Peru for the 
next Economic Leaders' meeting.
Millions of people in the United States are tied to the rest of the 
countries in our hemisphere through commerce and family. We are more 
than just nations--we are neighbors, bound in common cause and 
possibility not by our leaders, but by the citizens of the Americas and 
the interests we share. Let us move forward, as one people, in a spirit 
of unity and cooperation. Together, we can reach a future in which every 
young person--from Argentina to Alaska--knows peace, dignity, and 
opportunity, and can embark on paths that stretch beyond their 
neighborhood and into the wider Western Hemisphere and the entire world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 14, 2016, as Pan 
American Day and April 10 through April 16, 2016, as Pan American Week. 
I urge the Governors of the 50 States, the Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Puerto Rico, and the officials of the other areas under the flag of 
the United States of America to honor these observances with appropriate 
ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9421 of April 8, 2016

National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Under the flag of the United States, generations of women and men, 
united in a common cause greater than themselves, have served to defend 
the ideals that bind us together as a Nation and that preserve our 
country as a beacon of hope and freedom around the world. On National 
Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day, we salute the selfless service 
members throughout our history who gave of their own liberty to ensure 
ours, and we renew our commitment to remaining a Nation worthy of their 
extraordinary sacrifices.
In wars and engagements since America's founding, brave patriots have 
experienced indescribable suffering as prisoners of war. Often 
physically and mentally tortured, starved, and put through the worst 
most of us could imagine, these heroes are owed a debt we can never 
fully repay, and their

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families--who exhibited tremendous fortitude in the face of grueling 
uncertainty--are worthy of our profound gratitude. The values of honor, 
courage, and selflessness that drive our Armed Forces are particularly 
acute in those who have been taken as prisoners of war, sustaining them 
through days, weeks, and sometimes years of profound hardship endured 
for the sake of securing the blessings of liberty for all.
America's former prisoners of war--and all who don our uniform to keep 
us safe--have helped make our Nation the strongest and most prosperous 
in the history of the world. Our eternal obligation is to care for them 
and uphold our everlasting promise to never leave our men and women on 
the battlefield behind. Let us reaffirm our adherence to these ideals 
and honor our former prisoners of war by paying them the gratitude and 
respect they deserve.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 9, 2016, as 
National Former Prisoner of War Recognition Day. I call upon all 
Americans to observe this day of remembrance by honoring all American 
prisoners of war, our service members, and our veterans. I also call 
upon Federal, State, and local government officials and organizations to 
observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9422 of April 11, 2016

National Equal Pay Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation is built on the basic promise of a fair shot for all our 
people. Women in the United States still do not always receive equal pay 
for equal work. When women are paid less for doing the same jobs as men, 
it undermines our most fundamental beliefs as Americans. Every year, we 
mark how far into the new year women would have to work in order to earn 
the same as men did in the previous year, and on this day, we reaffirm 
our commitment to ensuring equal pay for all.
Although small gains have been made in recent years, the typical woman 
working full-time, year-round earns only 79 cents for every dollar 
earned by the typical man, and women of color earn even less relative to 
the typical white, non-Hispanic man--60 cents on the dollar for the 
typical black woman and 55 cents on the dollar for the typical Hispanic 
woman. Women are increasingly the breadwinners of American households, 
and when they are not paid equally, or are underrepresented in certain 
higher-paying occupations, their ability to save for retirement is 
hindered and hardworking families face greater difficulty meeting their 
basic financial needs. Pay discrimination puts greater strain on 
families to cover costs like child care or

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health care, and it holds our economy back from achieving its full 
potential. We must continue taking action to address issues of equal 
pay, pay secrecy, pregnancy discrimination, and unconscious bias. The 
gender pay gap in the United States is among the largest of many 
industrialized nations, and because women make up nearly half our 
workforce, this disparity impacts us all. The pay gap between men and 
women offends our values as Americans, and as long as it exists, our 
businesses, our communities, and our Nation will suffer the 
consequences.
My Administration is dedicated to reaching a day in which all women are 
paid equally for their work. Earlier this year, the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission, in partnership with the Department of Labor, 
announced a new proposal to gather pay data by race, ethnicity, and 
gender from businesses with at least 100 employees. This will help 
businesses make sure their employees are being treated equally, and it 
will help us enforce existing equal pay laws. This proposal originated 
in part with my National Equal Pay Task Force, which has helped 
coordinate a Federal effort to crack down on violations of equal pay 
laws. Our Nation has taken significant steps toward achieving pay equity 
over the last 7 years--from the first piece of legislation I signed as 
President, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which makes it easier for 
women to challenge unequal pay, to my Executive Order prohibiting 
Federal contractors from discriminating against employees who discuss 
their compensation. But much work remains to be done, which is why I 
continue to call on the Congress to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act--a 
commonsense measure that would bolster the ability of women to fight pay 
discrimination.
When all people know their country is invested in their success, we are 
all better off. Together, we must rid our society of the injustice that 
is pay discrimination and restore the promise that is the right of every 
American: the idea that with hard work, anyone can reach for their 
dreams and know no limits but the scope of their aspirations. On 
National Equal Pay Day, we renew our belief in equal pay for equal work, 
and we rededicate ourselves to building a future in which women are paid 
based on their merits.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 12, 2016, as 
National Equal Pay Day. I call upon all Americans to recognize the full 
value of women's skills and their significant contributions to the labor 
force, acknowledge the injustice of wage inequality, and join efforts to 
achieve equal pay.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eleventh day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9423 of April 12, 2016

Establishment of the Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Sewall-Belmont House (House), located at 144 Constitution Avenue, 
Northeast, in Washington, D.C.--a few steps from the U.S. Capitol--has 
been home to the National Woman's Party (NWP) since 1929. From this 
House, the NWP's founder Alice Paul wrote new language in 1943 for the 
Equal Rights Amendment, which became known as the ``Alice Paul 
Amendment,'' and led the fight for its passage in the Congress. From 
here, throughout the 20th century, Paul and the NWP drafted more than 
600 pieces of legislation in support of equal rights and advocated 
tirelessly for women's political, social, and economic equality not just 
in the United States but also internationally.
While the House's role in women's history makes it a nationally 
significant resource, the building itself has an interesting past. 
Robert Sewall constructed the House on Jenkins Hill, known today as 
Capitol Hill, around 1800. Secretary of the Treasury Albert Gallatin 
used the House during the Jefferson Administration, and the House was 
the site of the only resistance to the British invasion of Washington, 
D.C., during the War of 1812. In retaliation, the British set fire to 
the House, but by 1820, Sewall had rebuilt it. The House remained in the 
Sewall family until 1922, when it was acquired by Vermont Senator Porter 
Dale.
The NWP purchased the House in 1929 to serve as its headquarters. The 
NWP named it the ``Alva Belmont House'' in honor of its former president 
and major benefactor who had helped purchase the NWP's previous 
headquarters. A prominent suffragist herself, Belmont said of the new 
headquarters, ``may it stand for years and years to come, telling of the 
work that the women of the United States have accomplished; the example 
we have given foreign nations; and our determination that they shall 
be--as ourselves--free citizens, recognized as the equals of men.'' What 
is now called the Sewall-Belmont House became the staging ground for the 
NWP's advocacy for an equal rights amendment and other significant 
domestic and international action for women's equality.
Alice Paul, the women's suffrage and equal rights leader closely 
associated with the Sewall-Belmont House, led the NWP from its 
headquarters at the House from 1929 to 1972. A Quaker and well educated, 
before her work in the United States, Paul had been inspired by the 
women's suffrage movement in Britain in the early 20th century. During 
her years there from 1907 to 1910, she joined with Emmeline Pankhurst, 
her daughters, and other suffragettes to secure the vote for British 
women. Paul's participation in meetings, demonstrations, and depositions 
to Parliament led to multiple arrests, hunger strikes, and force-
feedings.
Paul brought home her focus on women's suffrage when she returned to the 
United States in 1910. After earning a Ph.D. in economics at the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1912, she devoted herself to the American 
suffrage movement. She feared that the movement was waning at the 
national

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level because efforts had shifted to State suffrage. Paul believed that 
the movement needed to concentrate on the passage of a Federal suffrage 
amendment to the United States Constitution.
Paul became a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association 
(NAWSA) and by 1912 served as the chair of its Congressional Committee 
in Washington, D.C. In 1913, she and Lucy Burns created a larger 
organization, the Congressional Union of Woman Suffrage, which soon 
disagreed with NAWSA over tactics. The Congressional Union split from 
NAWSA in 1914 and evolved into the NWP through steps taken in 1916 and 
1917.
Paul was the most prominent figure in the final phase of the battle for 
the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 
1920, granting women the right to vote. As part of her strategy, she 
adopted the philosophy to ``hold the party in power responsible'' from 
her work on women's suffrage in Britain. The NWP withheld its support 
from the existing political parties until women gained the right to 
vote, and ``punished'' those parties in power that did not support 
suffrage. In 1913, the day before Woodrow Wilson's first inauguration, 
Paul organized a women's suffrage parade of more than 5,000 participants 
from every State in the Union. Through a series of dramatic nonviolent 
protests, the NWP demanded that President Wilson and the Congress 
address women's issues. The NWP organized ``Silent Sentinels'' to stand 
outside the White House holding banners inscribed with incendiary 
phrases directed toward President Wilson. The colorful, spirited 
suffrage marches, the suffrage songs, the violence the women faced as 
they were physically attacked and had their banners torn from their 
hands, the daily pickets and arrests at the White House, the recurring 
jail time, the hunger strikes which resulted in force-feedings and 
brutal prison conditions, the national speaking tours, and newspaper 
headlines all created enormous public support for suffrage.
Through most of the last century, the NWP remained a leading advocate of 
women's political, social, and economic equality. Following ratification 
of the Nineteenth Amendment, the NWP, under the leadership of Alice 
Paul, turned its attention towards the larger issue of complete equality 
of men and women under the law. Paul reorganized the NWP in 1922 to 
focus on eliminating all discrimination against women. In 1923, at the 
75th anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, the first women's 
rights convention, Paul proposed an equal rights amendment to the 
Constitution, which became known as the ``Lucretia Mott Amendment,'' and 
launched the campaign to win full equality for women. In 1943, Alice 
Paul rewrote the amendment, which then became known as the ``Alice Paul 
Amendment.'' What we now refer to as the ``Equal Rights Amendment'' was 
introduced in every session of Congress from 1923 until it finally 
passed in 1972, though it still has not been ratified by the required 
majority: three-fourths of the States.
Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, the NWP drafted more than 600 pieces of 
legislation in support of equal rights for women on the State and local 
levels, including bills covering divorce and custody rights, jury 
service, property rights, ability to enter into contracts, and the 
retention of one's maiden name after marriage. It launched two major 
``Women for Congress'' campaigns in 1924 and 1926 and lobbied for the 
appointment of women to high Federal positions. The NWP also worked for 
Federal and State

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``blanket bills'' to ensure women equal rights and helped change Federal 
laws to equalize nationality and citizenship laws for women. The NWP 
fought successfully for the repeal of a statute that prohibited Federal 
employees from working for the Federal Government if their spouses also 
were Federal employees. The NWP helped eliminate many of the sex 
discrimination clauses in the ``codes of fair competition'' established 
under the New Deal's National Recovery Administration, and assisted in 
the adoption of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. Paul and the NWP 
also played a role in getting language protecting women included in the 
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Alice Paul and the NWP did not limit their fight for women's rights to 
domestic arenas but also became active in international feminism as 
early as the 1920s. Among other actions, in 1938 Paul formed the World 
Woman's Party, which served as the NWP's international organization. It 
first assisted Jewish women fleeing the Holocaust and then became the 
NWP's office for promoting equal rights for women around the world. The 
NWP helped both Puerto Rican and Cuban women in seeking the vote, and in 
1945 advocated successfully for the incorporation of language on women's 
equality in the United Nations Charter and for the establishment of a 
permanent United Nations Commission on the Status of Women.
The political strategies and tactics of Alice Paul and the NWP became a 
blueprint for civil rights organizations and activities throughout the 
20th century. In 1997, the NWP ceased to be a lobbying organization and 
became a non-profit, educational organization. Today, the House tells 
the story of a century of courageous activism by American women.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in the President's 
discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, 
historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or 
scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled 
by the Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a 
part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, in 1974, the Secretary of the Interior designated the Sewall-
Belmont House a National Historic Landmark for its association with 
Alice Paul, the NWP, and the fight for equal rights, and later the same 
year the Congress enacted legislation creating the Sewall-Belmont House 
National Historic Site, an affiliated area of the National Park System;
WHEREAS, the National Park Service completed a study in November 2014, 
which recommended that the Sewall-Belmont House become a unit of the 
National Park System and operate through cooperative management between 
the National Park Service and the NWP;
WHEREAS, for the purpose of establishing a national monument to be 
administered by the National Park Service, the NWP has donated to the 
Federal Government fee title to the Sewall-Belmont House and the 
approximately 0.34 acres of land on which it is located;
WHEREAS, the National Park Service and the NWP agree that the NWP should 
continue to own and manage its collection, which includes an extensive 
library and archival and museum holdings relating to the women's

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movement, and the NWP has indicated its intention to enter into 
appropriate arrangements with the National Park Service that would 
further the preservation of the permanent collection at the Sewall-
Belmont House and provide for cooperative interpretation and management 
activities with the National Park Service;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve and protect the 
Sewall-Belmont House and the historic objects associated with it;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National 
Monument (monument) and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, 
reserve as a part thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or 
controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries described on 
the accompanying map, which is attached to and forms a part of this 
proclamation. The reserved Federal lands and interests in lands 
encompass approximately 0.34 acres. The boundaries described on the 
accompanying map are confined to the smallest area compatible with the 
proper care and management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries described 
on the accompanying map are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all 
forms of entry, location, selection, sale, or other disposition under 
the public land laws, from location, entry, and patent under the mining 
laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and 
geothermal leasing.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights.
The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) shall manage the monument 
through the National Park Service, pursuant to applicable legal 
authorities, consistent with the purposes and provisions of this 
proclamation. The Secretary shall prepare a management plan, with full 
public involvement and in coordination with the NWP, within 3 years of 
the date of this proclamation. The management plan shall ensure that the 
monument fulfills the following purposes for the benefit of present and 
future generations: (1) to preserve and protect the objects of historic 
interest associated with the monument, and (2) to interpret the 
monument's objects, resources, and values related to the women's rights 
movement. The management plan shall, among other things, set forth the 
desired relationship of the monument to other related resources, 
programs, and organizations, both within and outside the National Park 
System.
The National Park Service is directed to use applicable authorities to 
seek to enter into agreements with others, and the NWP in particular, to 
address common interests and promote management efficiencies, including 
provision of visitor services, interpretation and education, 
establishment and care of museum collections, and preservation of 
historic objects.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument and not to 
locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD15AP16.000


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Proclamation 9424 of April 15, 2016

National Park Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our National Parks have allowed generations to discover history, nature, 
and wildlife in irreplaceable ways. From the highest peaks of Denali to 
the lowest dips of the Grand Canyon, families around our country enjoy 
the splendor of the outdoors. Throughout National Park Week, as we 
celebrate the ways in which our treasured outdoor spaces enrich our 
lives and uplift our spirits, the National Park Service will again offer 
free admission to America's National Parks so more people can explore 
our country's vast natural beauty.
National Parks provide unique opportunities to connect with one another 
and the world around us, and my Administration has encouraged more 
Americans to take advantage of these wonders. Through the ``Find Your 
Park'' campaign, we are helping more people visit public lands and 
landmarks--from State and local parks that capture our Nation's natural 
beauty to historical sites that offer unparalleled perspectives into our 
past. Whether breathtaking sceneries or rushing bodies of water, our 
National Parks have something for everyone--young and old--and I am 
committed to helping all Americans discover the outdoors and interact 
with our unique and magical landscapes.
Exposure to the outdoors can stimulate thought and inspiration, and my 
Administration has been working to provide more of our young people with 
the opportunity to grow to learn and love our National Parks. We 
launched the ``Every Kid in a Park'' initiative, giving all fourth grade 
students and their families free admission to our parks and other 
Federal lands and waters. Our parks are beloved parts of America, and 
ensuring their survival for generations to come is imperative, which is 
why I have acted to protect more public land and water than any 
President in history--more than 265 million acres--and I have called on 
the Congress to boost maintenance and modernization of our National 
Parks so our children and grandchildren will be able to enjoy their 
magnificence. And because we must protect the one and only planet we 
have, my Administration will continue working to combat climate change.
This week, in honor of the upcoming National Park Service (NPS) 
centennial and the rich heritage the NPS has helped protect, let us 
embrace the opportunity to participate in a variety of scientific, 
artistic, and athletic activities in our National Parks. And together, 
let us recommit to promoting environmental stewardship and conserving 
our public lands so all our daughters and sons can experience the 
grandeur of our outdoor spaces for years to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 16 through April 
24, 2016, as National Park Week. I encourage all Americans to visit 
their National Parks and be reminded of these unique blessings we share 
as a Nation.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9425 of April 18, 2016

Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A., 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation has long been driven by the promise that anyone willing to 
work hard can make of their lives what they will, and ensuring 
opportunity is within reach for all requires us to provide every young 
person with access to a high-quality education. Our future is written in 
our classrooms, and on Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A., we reaffirm 
our belief that no matter who they are, where they come from, or what 
they look like, every child deserves an education that will help them 
develop their unique talents and passions, dream beyond their present 
circumstances, and unlock their greatest potential.
Investing in the education of our daughters and sons is among the best 
investments we can make as a Nation. My Administration has worked to 
expand high-quality early education--something that can pay off over a 
child's entire lifetime--and we have proposed a plan to offer 2 years of 
free community college to anyone willing to work for it, because in 
America, a quality education cannot be a privilege reserved for a few. 
Last year, I was proud to sign the Every Student Succeeds Act--
bipartisan legislation that will help prepare more of our young people 
to seize tomorrow's possibilities. By adopting higher academic 
standards, increasing accountability for underperforming schools, making 
testing more efficient, and empowering State and local leaders to 
develop their own systems for school improvement based on evidence, 
rather than impose piecemeal solutions to serious problems, this law 
provides schools across America with the resources and flexibility 
needed for students to thrive. And earlier this year, I announced 
Computer Science for All, a collaborative effort to give every child in 
America the opportunity to learn computer science, and in the time 
since, a growing coalition of businesses, school leaders, and State and 
local governments have joined this initiative.
As we continue to build strong foundations for our students here at 
home, we recognize those around the world who are prevented from 
obtaining a quality education. That is why my Administration launched 
the Let Girls Learn initiative, spearheaded by First Lady Michelle 
Obama, to help adolescent girls worldwide get the quality education they 
need to reach their full potential. Through this campaign, we are 
helping to break down barriers for girls across the globe and working to 
shift attitudes and beliefs, affirm the inherent dignity and worth of 
every child, and harness the power of our society to rise above our 
present obstacles to forge the future we know is possible.

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The advances we have made in education are a result of the many 
educators, administrators, and advocates who have opened the doors of 
opportunity for countless young people. Today, we pay special tribute to 
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, for his 
tireless devotion to extending access to education to more people--
regardless of their gender or background. The Rebbe's lifetime of 
contribution imparts a reminder of the tremendous importance of making 
sure every child has the tools and resources they need to grow, 
flourish, and pursue their dreams. On this day, let us carry forward the 
Rebbe's legacy by recognizing the limitless potential of each young 
person and empowering the next generation to lead our country, and our 
world, toward an ever brighter tomorrow.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 19, 2016, as 
Education and Sharing Day, U.S.A. I call upon all Americans to observe 
this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9426 of April 21, 2016

Earth Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On April 22, 1970, millions of people from every corner of our country 
joined in common cause to demand basic protections to safeguard our 
planet for future generations. The first Earth Day helped transform the 
ways we interact with the world around us, and it changed how we view 
our impact on the natural world--inspiring the creation of the 
Environmental Protection Agency and landmark legislation that protects 
the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the animals that live 
alongside us. Today, we resolve to build on the progress made in the 
nearly half-century since, and we reaffirm our commitment to leaving a 
clean, healthy Earth for our children and grandchildren.
Just as the people who came together on Earth Day in 1970 embraced their 
responsibility to preserve our planet, today we face a threat that also 
requires collective action. Human activity is disrupting the climate, 
and the challenge of combating climate change is one that will define 
the contours of our time. The effects of climate change are already 
evident in stronger storms, deeper droughts, more rapidly eroding soil, 
and longer wildfire seasons--and as of last year, 14 of the 15 warmest 
years on record have occurred since 2000. This urgent threat will worsen 
with each passing year unless we act now.
No country can solve this challenge alone. This Earth Day, nations from 
across the globe are gathering in New York to sign an agreement reached

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by nearly 200 countries in Paris late last year that establishes an 
enduring framework to reduce global carbon pollution and set the world 
on a path to a low-carbon future. Under the Paris Agreement, countries 
pledge to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius at most, and to 
pursue efforts to keep it below 1.5 degrees Celsius. Science tells us 
these levels will help prevent some of the most devastating impacts of 
climate change, including more frequent and extreme droughts, storms, 
fires, and floods, as well as catastrophic increases in sea level.
The Paris Agreement demonstrates what is possible when the world is 
united by a common concern and a shared purpose. The Agreement sets 
ambitious and specific targets for each nation that are necessary to 
solving the climate crisis. It applies to all countries, establishes 
meaningful accountability and reporting requirements, and brings 
countries back to the table every 5 years to grow their commitments as 
markets change and technologies improve. It also provides financing 
mechanisms so developing economies can move forward using clean energy, 
and it creates a collaborative process through which countries can 
establish and achieve their targets.
Key to reaching the Paris Agreement was principled American leadership. 
Over the past decade, the United States has cut our total carbon 
pollution more than any other nation on Earth. We are committed to 
upholding our responsibility in the global effort to combat climate 
change and protect our planet, and my Administration has taken action to 
reduce our carbon pollution and lead the world in transitioning to a 
clean energy future. For example, we have made significant investments 
in clean energy--since I took Office, the amount of electricity 
generated from wind energy has tripled, and the amount generated from 
solar energy has increased more than thirtyfold. Last year, I announced 
the first set of nationwide standards to end the limitless dumping of 
carbon pollution from our country's power plants. To prepare for the 
impacts of climate change that we cannot prevent, we are working with 
States and cities to help communities build climate-resilient 
infrastructure. And I have protected more public lands and waters than 
any other President in history--more than 265 million acres.
We each have a role to play in ensuring that we do not pass a world 
beyond repair on to our children. Everyone must do their part, and as 
long as we unite to protect the one planet we have, we can leave it in 
better shape for future generations. On Earth Day, let us all accept our 
individual responsibilities to care for the world we live in, and let us 
marshal our best efforts toward building a safer, more stable, and more 
sustainable world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 22, 2016, as 
Earth Day. I encourage all Americans to participate in programs and 
activities that will protect our environment and contribute to a 
healthy, sustainable future.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-first day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9427 of April 27, 2016

National Physical Fitness and Sports Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For generations, sports have brought Americans of all ages together and 
helped us celebrate our country's competitive spirit. When we work to 
instill an appreciation for physical fitness in our people, we do more 
than honor an age-old tradition--we take a critical step toward ensuring 
the prospect of a long and healthy life. During National Physical 
Fitness and Sports Month, we highlight the importance of staying active, 
and we encourage all Americans to partake in physical activity to 
maintain their health and well-being.
Sports and other forms of physical activity inspire us--they bridge 
differences, unite Americans from every walk of life, and teach the 
importance of teamwork. Whether exploring the great outdoors or shooting 
hoops with friends, regular physical activity can also relieve stress, 
boost energy and self-esteem, and prevent numerous chronic diseases, 
including some of the leading causes of death, such as cancer, stroke, 
and heart disease. Children should engage in physical activity for at 
least 1 hour each day, and adults should do so for at least 30 minutes. 
Critical to enabling our youth to reach their fullest potential, regular 
exercise must go hand-in-hand with healthy eating and proper nutrition--
because our children's well-being tomorrow depends on what they eat 
today.
This year, we celebrate six decades since President Dwight Eisenhower 
established the President's Council on Youth Fitness, known today as the 
President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition. The Council 
partners with the public, private, and non-profit sectors to empower 
people to lead healthy and active lives. Through their I Can Do It, You 
Can Do It! program, the Council facilitates physical activity for 
individuals with disabilities and offers opportunities for regular 
exercise at sites across our country. My Administration's Go4Life 
campaign is motivating older Americans to recommit to making exercise a 
part of their daily lives. And First Lady Michelle Obama's Let's Move! 
initiative continues to inspire a rising generation to eat healthily and 
get plenty of physical activity so they can grow up strong and pursue 
their dreams. For more information on my Administration's actions to 
promote sports and physical fitness--and for ways you can get involved--
visit www.Fitness.gov and www.LetsMove.gov.
Participation in sports and other physical activity represents our 
country's promise: the idea that if you work hard, commit to a goal, and 
never give up on yourself, there is nothing you cannot achieve. This 
month, let us each strive to make fitness a greater part of our lives, 
and let us join together as one American team to promote physical 
activity and chart a healthier, fitter future for our country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as National 
Physical Fitness and Sports Month. I call upon the people of the United 
States to make daily physical activity, sports participation, and good 
nutrition a priority in their lives.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9428 of April 27, 2016

Law Day, U.S.A., 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Underpinning American democracy and upholding the founding principles of 
our Nation, the law enshrines our bedrock belief in equality and justice 
for all. Central to securing these ideals is ensuring that every 
American's fundamental, constitutionally-guaranteed individual rights 
are protected, and by respecting these rights, our Nation demonstrates 
its unwavering dedication to the law. Our fidelity to the rule of law 
has guided our country in times of trial and triumph, and it helps us 
keep faith with our Founders and with generations to come.
On this year's Law Day, we celebrate 50 years since the Supreme Court's 
ruling in Miranda v. Arizona. This landmark decision made clear that the 
Fifth Amendment ``. . . serves to protect persons in all settings in 
which their freedom of action is curtailed in any significant way from 
being compelled to incriminate themselves.'' Miranda v. Arizona 
institutionalized the important practice of explaining constitutional 
rights prior to interrogation. And it established the important general 
rule that individuals interrogated in police custody cannot have their 
answers admitted into evidence against them unless they had first been 
informed of their rights--including the right to remain silent and the 
right to have an attorney present.
The Court's decision in Miranda v. Arizona affirmed that ``Equal Justice 
Under Law'' is more than just words, but a cornerstone of our Nation's 
legal system--the idea that no matter who you are or where you come 
from, you will be treated equally and afforded due process. Today, our 
society faces new challenges to this age-old tenet. Our criminal justice 
system is in serious need of reform; disparities in stops, arrests, and 
sentencing persist; and in too many places distrust exists between 
community members and law enforcement officers. I am committed to 
ensuring our Nation's criminal justice system is fair, smart, and 
effective. By engaging people across America, my Task Force on 21st 
Century Policing has provided a roadmap for strengthening relationships 
between local police and the communities they serve, helping to uphold 
the integrity of our criminal justice system. My Administration has also 
taken action to address unfair sentencing disparities that undermine the 
equitable application of the law, and we will continue working to bring 
greater fairness to our criminal justice system and to ensure that the 
rule of law remains the foundation of our country.
Miranda v. Arizona imparts an important lesson: Knowledge of our 
constitutional rights is an essential component to fully exercising 
those rights. Safeguarding the promise of equal justice requires the 
participation of all

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our citizens, and across America, community and court programs that 
offer civic education and prepare members of the public to fulfill their 
civic responsibilities are vital to this task.
Chief Justice Earl Warren, the author of the Supreme Court's decision in 
Miranda v. Arizona, once observed that, ``In civilized life, law floats 
in a sea of ethics.'' The law informs right from wrong--it affects the 
daily reality of our lives and safeguards the birthrights of all 
Americans. On Law Day, let us recommit to building a future rooted in 
the rule of law, in which our laws apply equally to everyone and all our 
children know a fair and just world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, in accordance with Public Law 87-20, as amended, do hereby 
proclaim May 1, 2016, as Law Day, U.S.A. I call upon all Americans to 
acknowledge the importance of our Nation's legal and judicial systems 
with appropriate ceremonies and activities, and to display the flag of 
the United States in support of this national observance.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9429 of April 27, 2016

Loyalty Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America endures because of the generations of our people who have 
endeavored alongside one another, joining their voices and their efforts 
to ensure our Nation lives up to its highest ideals. Driven by the 
determination to continue making our society more just and more equal, 
our work to fulfill our country's potential has always relied on our 
willingness to see ourselves in our fellow citizens.
Our Nation has always been at its finest when guided by a spirit of 
shared sacrifice and common purpose. It is that spirit that led a small 
band of patriots to declare our fledgling democracy free from the grasp 
of tyranny, that slaves and abolitionists carried in their hearts as 
they marched forward on the long journey toward freedom, and that guides 
the men and women who wear our country's uniform in their selfless 
service. From the unlit paths of the Underground Railroad to the lunch 
counters of Greensboro, the first streets draped in the colors of pride 
to the highest Court in our land, we have seen throughout our history 
that America is inexorably driven forward by those who commit themselves 
to expanding our founding promise through extraordinary acts of courage 
and heroism. We honor that legacy--that demonstrates that the forces of 
hope and love of country are strong enough to overcome even our most 
deeply entrenched obstacles--by resolving to carry it forward, by 
rejecting appeals to prejudice and division in our time, and by drawing 
on the hopes and dreams that bind us.

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While ours has always been a large and complicated democracy, full of 
differing views and boisterous debates, our history also makes clear 
that we are strongest when we find in our diversity a deeper, richer 
unity, stemming from an overarching belief in the possibilities our 
shared future holds. This Loyalty Day, let us remember that what defines 
us as one American people is our dedication to common ideals--rather 
than similarities of origin or creed--and let us reaffirm that embracing 
this truth lies at the heart of what it means to be a citizen. As long 
as we stay true to that mission and uphold our responsibility to deliver 
a freer, fairer Nation to the next generation, a future of ever greater 
progress will remain within our reach.
In order to recognize the American spirit of loyalty and the sacrifices 
that so many have made for our Nation, the Congress, by Public Law 85-
529 as amended, has designated May 1 of each year as ``Loyalty Day.'' On 
this day, let us reaffirm our allegiance to the United States of America 
and pay tribute to the heritage of American freedom.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 1, 2016, as Loyalty Day. This Loyalty 
Day, I call upon all the people of the United States to join in support 
of this national observance, whether by displaying the flag of the 
United States or pledging allegiance to the Republic for which it 
stands.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of April in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9430 of April 27, 2016

Workers Memorial Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The story of America is the story of its workers. With faith in one 
another and hope for what their country could be, generations of 
laborers fought, sacrificed, and organized for the rights and 
protections that workers across our Nation have today--including 
requirements to protect their health and safety. Today, we honor this 
legacy by reflecting on those who have lost their lives in the 
workplace, and we reaffirm our dedication to ensuring that people can 
work knowing the fullest measure of stability, security, and 
opportunity.
In 1969 and 1970, two pieces of legislation of enormous consequence 
forever changed the lives of workers across our Nation. Passed by a 
Democratic Congress and signed by a Republican President, the Federal 
Coal Mine Health and Safety Act--which required Federal inspections of 
coal mines, established processes and protections for ensuring the 
health and safety of coal miners, and was later amended to cover all 
miners--and the Occupational Safety and Health Act--which created new 
standards for worker protections in industries across America--
represented milestone

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achievements for a cause borne out of decades of toil and struggle. 
Spurred by working men and women of every origin and background, the 
movement for worker safety was inspired by a simple notion: that those 
who contribute so much to the economy and spirit of our country should 
have every chance to share in its promise.
Since I took office, my Administration has advanced protections for 
America's workers. In 2014, I signed an Executive Order aimed at 
cracking down on Federal contractors who violate our labor laws, and in 
the time since, we have enhanced our rigorous processes for companies 
contracting with the Federal Government while working to enforce and 
raise standards for employers throughout our economy. We have 
implemented rules that cut the amount of coal dust inhaled by coal 
miners, and we have taken steps to protect more workers from diseases 
caused by exposure to silica and other harmful substances. And we will 
enhance our efforts to support workers injured on the job, because if 
you are hurt at the workplace after giving your all, you should still be 
able to keep food on the table.
The history of America's workers reminds us that, far from being 
inevitable, the progress each generation has known has been the result 
of the courage, determination, and solidarity demonstrated by the last. 
This Workers Memorial Day, as we join in solemn remembrance of those who 
lost their lives undertaking their labor, let us carry forward the 
vision of just and safe working conditions for all of America's workers. 
If we stay true to that essential mission, we can deliver to our 
children and grandchildren a future of ever greater possibility and 
security.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim April 28, 2016, as 
Workers Memorial Day. I call upon all Americans to participate in 
ceremonies and activities in memory of those killed or injured due to 
unsafe working conditions.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9431 of April 28, 2016

Jewish American Heritage Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

At America's birth, our Founders fought off tyranny and declared a set 
of ideals--including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness--that 
would forever guide our country's course. For generations since, Jewish 
Americans, having shared in the struggle for freedom, have been 
instrumental in ensuring our Nation stays true to the principles 
enshrined in our founding

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documents. They have helped bring about enduring progress in every 
aspect of our society, shaping our country's character and embodying the 
values we hold dear. This month, as we pay tribute to their indelible 
contributions, we recommit to ridding our world of bigotry and injustice 
and reflect on the extraordinary ways in which Jewish Americans have 
made our Union more perfect.
Many of the Jewish people who reached our Nation's shores throughout our 
history did so fleeing the oppression they encountered in areas around 
the world. Driven by the possibility of charting a freer future, they 
endeavored, on their own and as a community, to make real the promise of 
America--in their individual lives and in the life of our country. 
Determined to confront the racism that kept this promise from being 
fully realized, many Jewish Americans found a cause in the Civil Rights 
Movement that--in its call for freedom and justice--echoed the timeless 
message of Exodus and the Jewish people's journey through the ages. 
Reflecting on the march in Selma, Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel once 
noted, ``I felt my legs were praying.'' From the fight for women's 
rights to LGBT rights to workers' rights, many in the Jewish American 
community, drawing on lessons from their own past, have trumpeted a 
clarion call for equality and justice.
We cannot pay proper respect to the legacy of Jewish Americans without 
also reflecting on the rise of anti-Semitism in many parts of the world, 
and in remembering the lessons of the Holocaust, we recognize the 
imperative need to root out prejudice. Subjecting men, women, and 
children to persecution on the basis of their ancestry and faith, the 
scourge of anti-Semitism demands that we declare through action and 
solidarity that an attack on one faith is an attack on all faiths. That 
is why the United States is leading the international effort to combat 
anti-Semitism--we helped organize the first United Nations General 
Assembly meeting on anti-Semitism last year, and we are asking countries 
around the world to join us in giving this challenge the focus it 
demands. In celebrating Jewish Americans' contributions to our country, 
we also reaffirm our unshakeable commitment to Israel's security and the 
close bonds between our two nations and our peoples. Throughout my 
Administration, the multifaceted relationship between our countries has 
grown and strengthened to an unprecedented degree, particularly with 
regard to U.S.-Israeli security assistance and cooperation.
The Jewish American experience and our Nation as a whole have always 
been held together by the forces of hope and resilience. During Jewish 
American Heritage Month, as we reflect on our past and look toward the 
future, let us carry forward our mutual legacy, grounded in our 
interconnected roots, and affirm that it is from the extraordinary 
richness of our bond that we draw strength. And let us renew our 
dedication to the work of building a fully inclusive tomorrow--one where 
a great diversity of origins is not only accepted, but also celebrated--
here at home and around the world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as Jewish 
American Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans to visit 
www.JewishHeritageMonth.gov to learn more about the heritage and 
contributions of Jewish Americans and to observe this month with 
appropriate programs, activities, and ceremonies.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of April, in the year two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9432 of April 28, 2016

National Foster Care Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The success of our country tomorrow depends on the well-being of our 
children today. As a Nation, we have a duty to empower each child so 
they have the same sense of promise and possibility as any other young 
person no matter who they are, where they come from, or what their 
circumstances are. Foster youth deserve the security and strong support 
structures they need to achieve their dreams. During National Foster 
Care Month, we lift up our Nation's foster children, celebrate the 
selfless men and women who embrace children in the foster care system, 
and we recommit to helping more children find permanency so they can 
feel stable, grounded, and free to fulfill their limitless potential.
With open hearts, families and professionals across America work each 
day to give foster youth the resources, warmth, and care they need. Over 
400,000 children remain in the foster care system, and tens of thousands 
of youth age out of foster care before they find their forever family. 
Only half of children in foster care complete high school by age 18, and 
less than 5 percent graduate college. Young people who age out of foster 
care without a permanent home are often at higher risk of entering the 
criminal justice system, and they can face greater challenges to 
completing an education, obtaining high-quality health care, and 
securing gainful employment. We also know kids are better off when 
raised by loving families, not institutions. These difficult outcomes 
are often exaggerated further when children are placed in group homes.
I am committed to preventing youth from falling into these situations. I 
have proposed allowing child welfare agencies to use Federal funds to 
provide critical services and shelter to foster youth who have aged out 
of the system until they are 23. My Administration is also working to 
reduce abuse and neglect by focusing resources on strengthening families 
so children stay out of foster care in the first place. Children living 
in foster care are more likely than other children to be overprescribed 
medication for social-emotional and mental health disorders. That is why 
my Administration is encouraging greater use of evidence-based 
screening, assessment, and treatment of trauma and mental health 
disorders for kids in foster care. And because every child deserves 
access to quality, affordable health insurance, the Affordable Care Act 
requires each State to extend Medicaid coverage to foster children who 
have aged out of the foster care system until the age of 26.
Children grow to become their best selves when they are surrounded by 
supportive families. Caretakers support foster youth and help them see a

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future of greater promise and hope. Last summer, the Supreme Court ruled 
that the Constitution guarantees marriage equality, giving more kids in 
foster care the opportunity to be part of a loving family. My 
Administration will continue fighting to ensure eligible and qualified 
caretakers have the chance to become an adoptive or foster parent 
regardless of race, religion, gender identity, or sexual orientation. 
The commitment and dependability of a family can provide foster youth 
with the confidence to write and control their own destiny. Family is 
the bedrock of the American story, and we must do everything we can to 
support all young people so they can be free from harm, healthy, and 
ready to chart the course of our Nation's unwritten history.
When we create environments for all young people to grow and flourish 
and safely live as who they are regardless of race, background, 
religion, sexual orientation or gender identity our country is stronger. 
This month, and every month, let us pay tribute to the children in 
foster care and the dedicated parents and professionals who tirelessly 
work to shape their lives. And as a country, let us embrace the spirit 
that every child matters and continue working to provide all of our 
daughters and sons with an equal chance to lead productive and 
fulfilling lives, limited by nothing but the power of their imaginations 
and the scope of their dreams.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as National 
Foster Care Month. I call upon all Americans to observe this month by 
taking time to help youth in foster care and recognizing the commitment 
of all who touch their lives.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9433 of April 28, 2016

National Mental Health Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Nearly 44 million American adults, and millions of children, experience 
mental health conditions each year, including depression, anxiety, 
bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress. Although we 
have made progress expanding mental health coverage and elevating the 
conversation about mental health, too many people still do not get the 
help they need. Our Nation is founded on the belief that we must look 
out for one another--and whether it affects our family members, friends, 
co-workers, or those unknown to us--we do a service for each other when 
we reach out and help those struggling with mental health issues. This 
month, we renew our commitment to ridding our society of the stigma 
associated with mental illness, encourage those living with mental 
health conditions to get the

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help they need, and reaffirm our pledge to ensure those who need help 
have access to the support, acceptance, and resources they deserve.
In the last 7 years, our country has made extraordinary progress in 
expanding mental health coverage for more people across America. The 
Affordable Care Act prohibits insurance companies from discriminating 
against people based on pre-existing conditions, requires coverage of 
mental health and substance use disorder services in individual and 
small group markets, and expands mental health and substance use 
disorder parity policies, which are estimated to help more than 60 
million Americans. Nearly 15 million more Americans have gained Medicaid 
coverage since October 2013, significantly improving access to mental 
health care. And because of more than $100 million in funding from the 
Affordable Care Act, community health centers have expanded behavioral 
health services for nearly 900,000 people nationwide over the past 2 
years. Still, far too few Americans experiencing mental illnesses do not 
receive the care and treatment they need. That is why my most recent 
Budget proposal includes a new half-billion dollar investment to improve 
access to mental health care, engage individuals with serious mental 
illness in care, and help ensure behavioral health care systems work for 
everyone.
Our Nation has made strong advances in improving prevention, increasing 
early intervention, and expanding treatment of mental illnesses. Earlier 
this year, I established a Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder 
Parity Task Force, which aims to ensure that coverage for mental health 
benefits is comparable to coverage for medical and surgical care, 
improve understanding of the requirements of the law, and expand 
compliance with it. Mental health should be treated as part of a 
person's overall health, and we must ensure individuals living with 
mental health conditions can get the treatment they need. My 
Administration also continues to invest in science and research through 
the BRAIN initiative to enhance our understanding of the complexities of 
the human brain and to make it easier to diagnose and treat mental 
health disorders early.
One of our most profound obligations as a Nation is to support the men 
and women in uniform who return home and continue fighting battles 
against mental illness. Last year, I signed the Clay Hunt SAV Act, which 
fills critical gaps in serving veterans with post-traumatic stress and 
other illnesses, increases peer support and outreach, and recruits more 
talented individuals to work on mental health issues at the Department 
of Veterans Affairs. This law will make it easier for veterans to get 
the care they need when they need it. All Americans, including service 
members, can get immediate assistance by calling the National Suicide 
Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK or by calling 1-800-662-HELP.
During National Mental Health Awareness Month, we recognize those 
Americans who live with mental illness and substance use disorders, and 
we pledge solidarity with their families who need our support as well. 
Let us strive to ensure people living with mental health conditions know 
that they are not alone, that hope exists, and that the possibility of 
healing and thriving is real. Together, we can help everyone get the 
support they need to recover as they continue along the journey to get 
well.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as National

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Mental Health Awareness Month. I call upon citizens, government 
agencies, organizations, health care providers, and research 
institutions to raise mental health awareness and continue helping 
Americans live longer, healthier lives.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9434 of April 29, 2016

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) are the fastest growing 
racial group in our country, growing over 4 times as rapidly as the 
population of the United States. As one of the most culturally and 
linguistically diverse groups in America, the AAPI community reminds us 
that though we all have distinct backgrounds and origins, we are bound 
in common purpose by our shared hopes and dreams for ourselves and our 
children. Our Nation's story would be incomplete without the voices of 
countless Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders who 
have called the land we all love home. This month, we honor the 
irreplaceable roles they have played in our past, and we recommit to 
ensuring opportunities exist for generations of AAPIs to come.
The AAPI community's long and deeply-rooted legacy in the United States 
reminds us of both proud and painful chapters of our history. Confronted 
with grueling and perilous working conditions, thousands of Chinese 
laborers on the transcontinental railroad pushed the wheels of progress 
forward in the West. Japanese American troops fought for freedom from 
tyranny abroad in World War II while their families here at home were 
interned simply on the basis of their origin. And many South Asian 
Americans in particular face discrimination, harassment, and senseless 
violence often in the communities in which they live and work.
Today, AAPIs lend their rich heritage to enhancing our communities and 
our culture. As artists and activists, educators and elected officials, 
service men and women and business owners, AAPIs help drive our country 
forward. Yet despite hard-won achievements, AAPIs continue to face 
obstacles to realizing their full potential. One in three AAPIs does not 
speak English fluently, and certain subgroups experience low levels of 
educational attainment and high levels of unemployment. AAPIs also often 
experience heightened health risks, and millions of AAPI men, women, and 
children in the United States live in poverty.
My Administration is committed to supporting and investing in AAPI 
communities. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, 20 million uninsured 
adults have gained health insurance coverage, including 2 million AAPIs. 
Among Asian Americans under the age of 65, the uninsured rate has 
declined by

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55 percent since 2013. Last year, we brought together thousands of AAPI 
artists; advocates; and business, community, and Federal leaders from 
across America for the first-ever White House Summit on AAPIs to discuss 
the key issues facing their communities. The Summit was hosted by the 
White House Initiative on AAPIs, which I reestablished during my first 
year in office and is housed within the Department of Education. We are 
working with Federal agencies to build stronger and more robust regional 
networks across our country that improve access to Federal resources and 
expand opportunities. We have worked to protect civil rights, foster 
educational equity, and create economic opportunity across our country. 
Because a lack of detailed data perpetuates the false notion of AAPIs as 
a model minority, we are working across Government to improve data 
collection to counter existing stereotypes and to shed light on the 
realities faced and resources needed by the AAPI community. Through the 
White House Task Force on New Americans, Federal agencies are working 
with cities and counties around America to build welcoming communities 
that allow immigrants and refugees to thrive. And we will continue 
working to allow more high-skilled immigrants to stay in our country--
too many talented AAPIs are held back from fully realizing our country's 
promise, and too many have suffered the consequences of our Nation's 
broken immigration system.
Peoples of diverse backgrounds and circumstances have long come to our 
country with the faith that they could build a better life in America, 
and spanning generations, the story of AAPIs in the United States 
embodies this promise. During Asian American and Pacific Islander 
Heritage Month, let us celebrate the many contributions our AAPI 
brothers and sisters have made to the American mosaic, and let us renew 
our commitment to creating more opportunities for AAPI youth as they 
grow up and embrace the hard work of active citizenship, adding their 
unique voices and experiences to our Nation's narrative.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as Asian 
American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans 
to visit www.WhiteHouse.gov/AAPI to learn more about our efforts on 
behalf of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders, and 
to observe this month with appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9435 of April 29, 2016

National Building Safety Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Buildings across our country provide safety and shelter to our people. 
From high-rises that form our cities' skylines to ranch homes that 
blanket the countryside, our buildings offer places to gather and 
perform daily activities, and they must have sound, secure, and 
resilient structures. During National Building Safety Month, we 
recognize and pay tribute to those who ensure the safety and resilience 
of our Nation's buildings, and we reaffirm our commitment to upholding 
and abiding by strong and effective building safety standards.
Maintaining the safety and resilience of our homes and buildings is 
imperative. By using disaster-resistant building codes and standards, 
resilient construction materials, and safe and performance-based design 
methods, we can safeguard the workplaces, houses, schools, and other 
facilities that provide us with space to grow, live, and learn. 
Americans can also take steps to secure buildings before natural 
disasters strike by elevating properties where necessary, anchoring 
furniture and other materials, reinforcing doors, and covering windows. 
I encourage everyone to visit www.Ready.gov to learn about more ways to 
keep yourself and those around you safe in your homes and businesses.
The Federal Government is leading by example. To prepare for natural 
disasters, I have signed Executive Orders that strengthen the security 
of Federal buildings and assets and improve their resilience to floods 
and earthquakes, reduce the risks of harm to people, lower recovery 
costs, and make it easier for communities to recover faster and emerge 
stronger. Later this month, the White House will bring together 
collaborators from the public and private sectors at a Conference on 
Resilient Building Codes. This event will underscore the critical role 
building codes play in ensuring community resilience, and it will 
strengthen our national commitment to advancing resilience in the built 
environment, from codes and standards to building design and 
construction.
The consequences of natural disasters can be exacerbated by the effects 
of a changing climate--including through stronger storms and longer 
wildfire seasons--so it is crucial that we ensure our buildings are 
resilient to the impacts of climate change. My Administration has worked 
with communities to build climate-resilient infrastructure to prepare 
for the impacts of climate change that we can no longer prevent, and we 
are continuing to invest in energy efficiency in our buildings.
All people deserve to feel safe in the buildings we inhabit day in and 
day out. With care and attention, we can secure and protect the places 
we spend time in. This month, let us take action to safeguard America's 
homes, schools, and other buildings, and let us ensure those responsible 
for this important work have the tools and resources they need.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as National

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Building Safety Month. I encourage citizens, government agencies, 
businesses, nonprofits, and other interested groups to join in 
activities that raise awareness about building safety. I also call on 
all Americans to learn more about how they can contribute to building 
safety at home and in their communities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9436 of April 29, 2016

Older Americans Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Through a lifetime of contribution, older Americans have helped ensure 
that the founding promise of our country remains within reach for their 
children and grandchildren, and their individual narratives reflect the 
extraordinary history of our Nation. This month, we celebrate our 
Nation's older citizens, and we show our appreciation for all they have 
done to enrich our communities and drive America forward.
Older Americans have unique knowledge and a breadth of insights that are 
tremendous assets to our country--and our seniors are eager to impart 
the wisdom learned from their experiences. Across our country, older 
Americans work and volunteer in their communities, challenging younger 
Americans' ambitions for what they can hope to achieve in their golden 
years. We must maximize the contributions of our seniors and ensure they 
have the resources and support they need to thrive and to keep shaping 
the future of the country they love.
The population of the United States is transforming rapidly. Within the 
next 13 years, more than one in five Americans will be of retirement 
age, and our Nation must make it a priority to ensure they are able to 
retire and live with dignity and respect. I remain committed to 
strengthening Medicare and Social Security--hallmark programs that 
enabled an entire generation of older Americans to live with stability 
and security. Aging affects us all, and I am dedicated to empowering 
more of today's seniors and future seniors. In 2014, I launched myRA, a 
new type of savings bond that allows more of our people to save for 
retirement. And earlier this year, I was proud to sign a reauthorization 
of the Older Americans Act--providing critical support for the services 
seniors depend on to maintain their health and independence.
Our country has an obligation to make sure older Americans can enjoy the 
opportunities that come with aging, and my Administration is committed 
to supporting our seniors. Last summer, we held the White House 
Conference on Aging, where we announced our plans to modernize Federal

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rules affecting older Americans, improve access to workplace-based 
retirement plans, and better utilize technology to enrich the lives of 
older Americans. We launched www.Aging.gov--a resource for government-
wide information for older adults to lead independent and fulfilling 
lives. And we have proposed updating quality and safety requirements for 
thousands of nursing homes, making it easier for homebound individuals 
to get nutritional assistance, and training more prosecutors to combat 
elder abuse.
One of the best measures of a country is how it treats its older 
citizens. During Older Americans Month, let us pay tribute to the men 
and women who raised, guided, and inspired us, and let us honor their 
enduring contributions to our society by safeguarding their rights and 
the opportunities they deserve.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 2016 as Older 
Americans Month. I call upon Americans of all ages to celebrate the 
contributions of older Americans during this month and throughout the 
year.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9437 of April 29, 2016

National Charter Schools Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation has always been guided by the belief that all young people 
should be free to dream as big and boldly as they want, and that with 
hard work and determination, they can turn their dreams into realities. 
Schools help us uphold this ideal by offering a place for children to 
grow, learn, and thrive. During National Charter Schools Week, we 
celebrate the role of high-quality public charter schools in helping to 
ensure students are prepared and able to seize their piece of the 
American dream, and we honor the dedicated professionals across America 
who make this calling their life's work by serving in charter schools.
Charter schools play an important role in our country's education 
system. Supporting some of our Nation's underserved communities, they 
can ignite imagination and nourish the minds of America's young people 
while finding new ways of educating them and equipping them with the 
knowledge they need to succeed. With the flexibility to develop new 
methods for educating our youth, and to develop remedies that could help 
underperforming schools, these innovative and autonomous public schools 
often offer lessons that can be applied in other institutions of 
learning across our country, including in traditional public schools. We 
also must ensure our charter schools, like all our schools, are of high 
quality and are held accountable--when a charter school does not meet 
high standards, we need to act

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in the best interest of its students to help it improve, and if that 
does not prove possible, to close its doors.
Charter schools have been at the forefront of innovation and have found 
different ways of engaging students in their high school years--
including by providing personalized instruction, leveraging technology, 
and giving students greater access to rigorous coursework and college-
level courses. Over the past 7 years, my Administration's commitment of 
resources to the growth of charter schools has enabled a significant 
expansion of educational opportunity, enabling tens of thousands of 
children to attend high-quality public charter schools. I am committed 
to ensuring all of our Nation's students have the tools and skills they 
need to get ahead, and that begins with ensuring they are able to attend 
an effective school and obtain an excellent education.
Educating every American student and ensuring they graduate from high 
school prepared for college and beyond is a national priority. This 
week, we honor the educators working in public charter schools across 
our Nation who, each day, give of themselves to provide children a fair 
shot at the American dream, and we recommit to the basic promise that 
all our daughters and sons--regardless of background or circumstance--
should be able to make of their lives what they will.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 1 through May 7, 
2016, as National Charter Schools Week. I commend our Nation's charter 
schools, teachers, and administrators, and I call on States and 
communities to support high-quality public schools, including charter 
schools, and the students they serve.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9438 of April 29, 2016

National Small Business Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Responsible for creating nearly two-thirds of net new jobs in the United 
States each year and employing more than half of all Americans, small 
businesses have always been a vital part of our country's economy. As 
outlets for creativity and ingenuity, small businesses do more than 
create jobs and foster growth--they represent the spirit that has always 
driven our Nation forward. Throughout National Small Business Week, we 
celebrate the irreplaceable role these enterprises play in our national 
life by pledging to support them and equip them with the tools and 
resources they need to succeed.

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Across America, small businesses support economies, employ local 
residents, and contribute to the vibrancy of their communities. My 
Administration is dedicated to helping these businesses and the 
entrepreneurs who took a chance on turning ideas into realities. We have 
enacted 18 tax cuts for small businesses, and because of the Affordable 
Care Act, a tax credit of up to 50 percent is available for certain 
small businesses to help offset the cost of insurance. And our 
businesses have created jobs in every month since I signed this law.
Our Nation does best when we help our startups and small businesses 
expand into new markets and offer goods and services to more people. 
Ninety-eight percent of the American companies that export are small and 
medium-sized businesses, but less than 5 percent of our country's small 
businesses export. In our 21st-century economy, it is imperative that we 
break down the trade barriers that too often hold small businesses back 
from extending their reach to those abroad to sell more goods made in 
the United States. Last year, we reached an agreement with 11 other 
nations that allows us to write the rules of our global economy and 
gives more of our people the fair shot at success they deserve. The 
Trans-Pacific Partnership will eliminate over 18,000 taxes imposed by 
other countries on our goods and services and level the playing field 
for American workers and businesses, and I look forward to working with 
the Congress to implement this agreement.
My Administration has taken action to ensure the Federal Government does 
its part to support our Nation's small businesses. During fiscal year 
2015, we awarded an all-time high of more than a quarter of eligible 
Federal contracts to small businesses, and we made great strides in 
ensuring more Government contracts are given to women-owned small 
businesses--nearly $18 billion worth. We have launched next-generation 
manufacturing hubs, and we have made more online tools available to 
entrepreneurs to give them the resources they need to start a business 
in a single day--and the Startup in a Day initiative is continuing to 
engage with all levels of government to streamline the process of 
beginning a business.
Our Nation's small businesses play a critical role in generating 
economic prosperity, and the effort poured into them by ordinary 
citizens across our country reflects the hard work and determination 
inherent to who we are as a people. This week, we renew our support for 
these engines of growth and recognize their incredible contributions to 
our country.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 1 through May 7, 
2016, as National Small Business Week. I call upon all Americans to 
recognize the contributions of small businesses to the competitiveness 
of the American economy with appropriate programs and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9439 of April 29, 2016

National Teacher Appreciation Day and National Teacher Appreciation 
Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our country's story, written over more than two centuries, is one of 
challenges, chances, and progress. As our Nation has advanced on our 
journey toward ensuring rights and opportunities are extended fully and 
equally to all people, America's teachers--from the front lines of our 
civil rights movement to the front lines of our education system--have 
helped steer our country's course. They witness the incredible potential 
of our youth, and they know firsthand the impact of a caring leader at 
the front of the classroom.
As our national narrative has progressed, we have become a more equal 
society, cleared paths to opportunity, and affirmed the extraordinary 
potential of all our people--regardless of their race, their gender, 
their sexual orientation, their religion, or the zip code they were born 
into. But there is still work to be done. If our country's story is 
going to reflect the diversity we draw strength from, it needs to be 
written by people that represent the wide range of backgrounds and 
origins that comprise our national mosaic, and as the next generation 
rises and prepares to shape that narrative, our teachers will be with 
them every step of the way--imparting critical knowledge and opening 
their minds to the possibilities tomorrow holds. In working to ensure 
all our daughters and sons have the chance to add their voice and 
perspective to America's story, our teachers help shape a Nation that 
better reflects the values we were founded upon.
When I took office, I did so with a bold vision to foster innovation and 
drive change within our education system, and to expand educational 
opportunities and outcomes for all America's learners. Central to that 
goal is our work to build and strengthen the teaching profession so our 
teachers are enabled and equipped to inspire rising generations. I have 
worked hard throughout my Presidency to make sure my Administration does 
its part to support our educators and our education system, but the 
incredible progress our country has seen--from achieving record high 
graduation rates to holding more students to high standards that prepare 
them for success in college and future careers--is thanks to the 
dedicated teachers, families, and school leaders who work tirelessly on 
behalf of our young people.
Just as we know a student's circumstances do not dictate his or her 
potential, we know that having an effective teacher is the most 
important in-school factor for student success. That is why my 
Administration has been committed to better recruiting, preparing, 
retraining, and rewarding America's teachers. Following the worst 
economic crisis our country has seen since the Great Depression, my 
Administration supported significant investments in education through 
the Recovery Act to keep more than 300,000 educators in the classroom. 
We have invested more than $2.7 billion through competitive grants to 
better recruit, train, support, and reward talented teachers and 
educators, and we have worked to make sure teachers have a strong voice 
and a seat at the table in the policymaking process. At the urging of 
the Department of Education, all fifty States are advancing

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teacher equity plans to ensure that districts can support and retain 
educators in schools that need them most. In my State of the Union 
address in 2011, I announced a national goal to prepare 100,000 public 
school STEM teachers by 2021 to help ensure more of our young innovators 
can seize the opportunities of tomorrow--and I am proud that we are on 
track to meet that goal.
I recently signed the bipartisan Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), 
which ensures students are held to high standards that will better 
prepare them for college and careers. And because cookie-cutter 
solutions are not always effective considering the diversity of our 
communities and of the students in our classrooms, ESSA reflects my 
Administration's approach to education reform by empowering States and 
local decision makers, who know what their students need best, to shape 
their own progress with accountability. ESSA also aligns with the 
Testing Action Plan I announced last fall to help reduce the burden of 
standardized testing so educators can spend less time testing and more 
time teaching. This law will also allow more States and districts to 
support teachers and expand access to computer science, a critical skill 
our students need in the innovation economy.
Our future is written in schools across our country. It is likely that 
the first person who will go to Mars is in a classroom today. Our 
students are our future teachers, scientists, politicians, public 
servants, and parents--a generation that will steer the course we will 
take as a people and make possible things we have not even imagined yet. 
We look to the women and men standing in front of classrooms in all 
corners of our country--from cities to reservations to rural towns--to 
vest America's daughters and sons with the hard skills they will need to 
put their dreams within reach and to inspire them to dream even bigger. 
On National Teacher Appreciation Day and during National Teacher 
Appreciation Week, let us ensure our educators know how much we value 
their service in the classroom, how much we appreciate all they do for 
our students and families, and how thankful we are for their 
contributions to our national progress.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 3, 2016, as 
National Teacher Appreciation Day and May 1 through May 7, 2016, as 
National Teacher Appreciation Week. I call upon students, parents, and 
all Americans to recognize the hard work and dedication of our Nation's 
teachers and to observe this day and this week by supporting teachers 
through appropriate activities, events, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9440 of April 29, 2016

Public Service Recognition Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation's progress has long been fueled by the efforts of selfless 
citizens who come together in service to their fellow Americans to 
change our country for the better. At the birth of our Nation, our 
Founders fought to secure a democracy that represents the people, and 
the civil servants who pour everything they have into making a 
difference are the individuals who keep that democracy running smoothly 
and effectively. During Public Service Recognition Week, we honor those 
who dedicate themselves to ensuring America's promise rings true in 
every corner of our country, and we recommit to upholding the values 
they fight for every day.
Civil servants demonstrate resolve and inspire optimism in sectors 
throughout our country. They are engineers and educators, military 
service members and social workers, and their individual and collective 
contributions drive us forward on the path toward an ever brighter 
tomorrow. Both at home and abroad, they carry forward the notion that as 
Americans, we are committed to looking out for one another and to 
working together to forge a bright future for generations to come. And 
the only way our Nation's civil service will remain at the forefront of 
our progress is for talented and patriotic young people to join in the 
effort of serving their fellow Americans--whether for 1 year or 
throughout their career.
Throughout this week, we recognize the tireless efforts of the women and 
men who strive to make sure ours is a government that stays true to its 
founding ideals. With 85 percent of Federal Government jobs located 
outside of the Washington, DC area, our Federal workers, together with 
leaders and advocates from State and local levels, play key roles in 
ensuring the voices of the American people are heard. And even in the 
toughest of circumstances, including a politics that does not always 
fully recognize the value of their work, our public servants--often at 
great personal sacrifice--continue striving to build a better country 
and to bring lasting change to the lives of ordinary people across 
America. These selfless individuals tackle great challenges facing our 
country. Whether leading important scientific advances, helping homeless 
veterans get off the street and reclaim their lives, supporting small 
businesses and impoverished communities, or sustaining our environment 
by reducing harmful pollutants emitted into our air and waterways, these 
often unsung heroes make vital contributions to our country and help 
make our founding promise real for more people.
The well-being of our people depends on the passion and dedication of 
our workforce, and my Administration has worked to recruit, uplift, and 
empower exceptional civil servants. In an effort to fully realize the 
belief that all of us have the capacity to make a meaningful difference 
and contribute to our shared success, I have directed the Office of 
Personnel Management to begin taking action to ``ban the box'' on most 
Federal job applications so we are not disqualifying people with a 
criminal record simply because of a mistake they made in the past. 
Additionally, we are implementing programs that encourage Government-
wide collaboration, giving workers a

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chance to lend and develop their talents across agencies and departments 
so our best ideas can flourish and grow to their fullest potential.
Serving the public is not just about a paycheck--it's about contributing 
to the steady effort to perfect our Union over time so our democracy 
works for everyone. This week, let us embrace the hopeful spirit that 
embodies the extraordinary work of our civil servants. It is the same 
spirit that built America, and because of the hard work of compassionate 
and determined public servants, it will continue to build us up for 
generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 1 through May 7, 
2016, as Public Service Recognition Week. I call upon all Americans to 
recognize the hard work and dedication of our Nation's public servants 
and to observe this week by expressing their gratitude and appreciation 
through appropriate activities, events, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
April, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9441 of May 4, 2016

National Day of Prayer, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In times of steady calm and extraordinary change alike, Americans of all 
walks of life have long turned to prayer to seek refuge, demonstrate 
gratitude, and discover peace. Sustaining us through great uncertainty 
and moments of sorrow, prayer allows us an outlet for introspection, and 
for expressing our hopes, desires, and fears. It offers strength in the 
face of hardship, and redemption when we falter. Our country was founded 
on the idea of religious freedom, and we have long upheld the belief 
that how we pray and whether we pray are matters reserved for an 
individual's own conscience. On National Day of Prayer, we rededicate 
ourselves to extending this freedom to all people.
Every day, women and men use the wisdom gained from humble prayer to 
spread kindness and to make our world a better place. Faith communities 
at home and abroad have helped feed the hungry, heal the sick, and 
protect innocents from violence. Nurturing communities with love and 
understanding, their prayer inspires their work, which embodies a 
timeless notion that has kept humanity going through the ages--that one 
of our most sacred responsibilities is to give of ourselves in service 
to others.
The threats of poverty, violence, and war around the world are all too 
real. Our faith and our earnest prayers can be cures for the fear we 
feel as we confront these realities. Helping us resist despair, 
paralysis, or cynicism, prayer offers a powerful alternative to 
pessimism. Through prayer, we often

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gain the insight to learn from our mistakes, the motivation to always be 
better, and the courage to stand up for what is right, even when it is 
not popular.
Each of us is an author in our collective American story, and in 
participating in our national discourse to address some of our Nation's 
greatest challenges, we are reminded of the blessing we have to live in 
a land where we are able to freely express the beliefs we hold in our 
hearts. The United States will continue to stand up for those around the 
world who are subject to fear or violence because of their religion or 
beliefs. As a Nation free to practice our faith as we choose, we must 
remember those around the world who are not afforded this freedom, and 
we must recommit to building a society where all can enjoy this liberty 
and live their lives in peace and dignity.
On this day, may our faiths enable us to sow the seeds of progress in 
our ever-changing world. Let us resolve to guide our children and 
grandchildren to embrace freedom for all, to see God in everyone, and to 
remember that no matter what differences they may have, they, just like 
we, will always be united by their common humanity.
The Congress, by Public Law 100-307, as amended, has called on the 
President to issue each year a proclamation designating the first 
Thursday in May as a ``National Day of Prayer.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 5, 2016, as 
National Day of Prayer. I invite the citizens of our Nation to give 
thanks, in accordance with their own faiths and consciences, for our 
many freedoms and blessings, and I join all people of faith in asking 
for God's continued guidance, mercy, and protection as we seek a more 
just world.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9442 of May 5, 2016

Military Spouse Appreciation Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Serving alongside our Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast 
Guardsmen, our Nation's military families give of themselves and give up 
their time with their loved ones so we may live safely and freely. Few 
Americans fully understand the sacrifices made by those who serve in 
uniform, but for spouses of service members across our country, the 
costs of the freedom we too often take for granted are known intimately. 
On Military Spouse Appreciation Day, we honor the spouses of those who 
have left behind everything they know and love to join our Nation's 
unbroken chain

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of patriots, and we recommit to giving military spouses the respect, 
dignity, and support they deserve.
Enduring separation and relocation, heartache and anticipation, military 
spouses demonstrate a strength reflective of the spirit of our Nation. 
The spouses of our men and women in uniform bear the burden of 
sustaining their families, caring for children and offering comfort and 
support while their loved ones are away. As a country, we must keep 
faith with military spouses and uphold our commitment to the members of 
our Armed Forces to look after their families.
Five years ago, First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden launched 
the Joining Forces initiative. Through Joining Forces, my Administration 
is working to ensure the spouses of our men and women in uniform have 
good, secure jobs so they can better provide for their families. We 
launched the Military Spouse Employment Partnership--uniting hundreds of 
businesses across America in a collaborative effort to employ more 
military spouses. Additionally, I proposed an increase in funding to 
help address the barriers that too often hold back transitioning service 
members and their spouses from greater economic possibility. And I have 
taken action to improve access to mental health care for our veterans 
and their families, and to ensure they are able to find adequate 
housing--because anyone who defended America should have a home in 
America. I encourage all people to visit www.JoiningForces.gov to learn 
how to get involved or for more information.
Military spouses exhibit tremendous courage and unyielding faith, and in 
their spirit of resolve, we see the best of America. Let us celebrate 
these selfless individuals by supporting them and upholding our 
everlasting commitment to stand beside them and their families.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 6, 2016, as 
Military Spouse Appreciation Day. I call upon the people of the United 
States to honor military spouses with appropriate ceremonies and 
activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9443 of May 6, 2016

National Women's Health Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Throughout our history, women have contributed to shaping the course of 
our country--and with each generation, they have helped affirm the 
timeless belief that everyone deserves an equal shot at reaching for our 
Nation's promise. We have achieved great progress in tearing down 
barriers that deny women equal opportunities, but we still have more to 
do to ensure

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that health care is a right for every American, regardless of sex or 
gender. This week, we recommit to ensuring equal access to high-quality 
care for women and to building a more prosperous, healthy future.
Ensuring women can live full and healthy lives is vital, and central to 
that mission is improving the quality, affordability, and accessibility 
of health care for women. Because of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), 
insurance companies can no longer charge women more than men or use 
preexisting conditions--including pregnancy--to deny them the care they 
need.
Twenty million Americans have gained health insurance since the passage 
of the ACA, including roughly 9.5 million women since the first open 
enrollment period in 2013. Under the Act, annual limits on out-of-pocket 
spending for essential health benefits have been established, and 
lifetime and annual limits on insurance coverage have been eliminated. 
For 55 million women, critical preventive services, including well-woman 
visits, certain cancer screenings, and domestic violence screenings and 
counseling sessions, are now guaranteed with no out-of-pocket costs. 
Access to preventive care can help identify and diagnose conditions 
early, benefiting countless women across our Nation.
The important decisions that affect a woman's health should be left to 
her alone. Today, efforts around our country to weaken access to 
contraception and to limit a woman's right to choose threaten to reverse 
decades of hard-won progress. It is crucial we reject actions that 
obstruct women's access to sexual and reproductive health services and 
stand firm in protecting their access to safe, affordable health care 
and the constitutional right to privacy, including the right to 
reproductive freedom.
National Women's Health Week is an opportunity to refocus our commitment 
to advancing women's health and ensuring a healthy future for all our 
Nation's women and girls. To learn more about women's health, and for 
health care options available for women and girls, visit 
www.WomensHealth.gov or www.GirlsHealth.gov.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 8 through May 14, 
2016, as National Women's Health Week. I encourage all Americans to 
celebrate the progress we have made in protecting women's health and to 
promote awareness, preventive care, and educational activities that 
improve the health of all women.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9444 of May 6, 2016

Mother's Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On Mother's Day, we celebrate those who are the first to welcome us into 
the world. Performing the most important work there is, mothers--
biological, foster, or adoptive--are our first role models and earliest 
motivators. They balance enormous responsibilities and shape who we 
become as adults, their lessons guiding us throughout life. Regardless 
of sexual orientation, gender identity, or marital status, mothers have 
always moved our Nation forward and remained steadfast in their pursuit 
of a better and brighter future for their children.
Caring and loving without condition, even in our darkest moments, 
mothers put the interests of their kids ahead of their own. They are 
inspiring embodiments of strength and determined drivers of progress, 
and through their example, our youth learn the values of grace, empathy, 
and kindness. For generations, mothers have led the charge toward a 
freer, more inclusive country--embracing the task of ensuring our Nation 
upholds its highest ideals so that they, and America's daughters, know 
the same opportunities as America's fathers and sons.
Our country's mothers deserve our unwavering support--at home, in the 
workplace, and throughout our communities. I am committed to empowering 
working mothers so they do not have to choose between caring for their 
family and earning their paycheck, and I will continue fighting to 
ensure those who choose to become mothers are not financially punished 
for doing so. My Administration has pushed to expand child care and 
strengthen paid leave, including maternity leave. We will also keep 
working to close the gender pay gap--a disparity that is contrary to our 
values as Americans, limits the scope of mothers' futures, and affects 
those they provide for. And earlier this year, we launched an effort to 
help low-income mothers and families afford diapers--a basic necessity 
for babies--by bringing together online retailers, diaper manufacturers, 
and nonprofits to reduce the high cost of diapers.
Each of us is the son or daughter of a mother. Today, let us pay these 
extraordinary women the admiration and respect they deserve. And each 
day, let us thank them for all they have done for us, remember those 
whose spirits remain with us, and support those who take on the awesome 
mantle of motherhood.
The Congress, by a joint resolution approved May 8, 1914 (38 Stat. 770), 
has designated the second Sunday in May each year as ``Mother's Day'' 
and requested the President to call for its appropriate observance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 8, 2016, as Mother's Day. I urge all 
Americans to express love and gratitude to mothers everywhere, and I 
call upon all citizens to observe this day with appropriate programs, 
ceremonies, and activities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of May, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9445 of May 13, 2016

Emergency Medical Services Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every day across our Nation, women and men sacrifice precious time with 
their loved ones, working long and hard to provide emergency medical 
services (EMS) to people they have never met before. Often operating in 
the midst of trauma and heartbreak, these professionals deliver urgent 
and essential care, saving lives and upholding a timeless belief that 
defines who we are as Americans--that we all must look out for one 
another. This week, we recognize the daily heroism of our EMS 
professionals at all levels, and we express our gratitude for their 
efforts to keep us healthy and safe.
Embodying the grit, compassion, and courage that has driven our Nation 
forward since its founding, our emergency medical technicians, 
paramedics, 911 dispatchers, nurses, physicians, EMS medical directors, 
firefighters, and law enforcement officers reflect a spirit of 
selflessness that makes us all strive to live up to their example. Their 
families stand beside them, enduring extraordinary anticipation and 
exercising sincere patience each day. As the steady anchors in an 
otherwise unpredictable daily routine, these families offer unwavering 
support for EMS practitioners--giving them the support and strength 
necessary to fulfill the demands of their unending work.
EMS providers brave danger and uncertainty, and their efforts deserve 
our most profound appreciation. We rarely know when tragedy will strike, 
and in our most vulnerable moments, we rely on these dedicated 
professionals. During Emergency Medical Services Week, let us celebrate 
and support the EMS professionals who demonstrate the values at the 
heart of the American spirit, and let us thank them for their heroic 
work.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 15 through May 21, 
2016, as Emergency Medical Services Week. I encourage all Americans to 
observe this occasion by showing their support for their local EMS 
providers and taking steps to improve their own personal safety and 
preparedness.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9446 of May 13, 2016

National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week, 
2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

At the core of our national character is our persistent belief in what 
we, as a people, can accomplish as one. Connecting every corner of our 
country and each chapter of our Nation's story, our infrastructure has 
always played a critical role in helping us solve our shared challenges 
and in fueling the innovation and productivity that drive our economy. 
On National Defense Transportation Day and during National 
Transportation Week, we reflect on the importance of infrastructure 
throughout our history, and we recognize the need to invest in these 
essential pathways to our future.
From the National Road envisioned by our Founders to the Interstate 
Highway System first authorized six decades ago, the history of 
infrastructure projects in our country reflects the belief that the 
progress made by each generation is built on the efforts of those who 
came before. Our investments in transportation systems have not only 
driven extraordinary and innovative advances, but they have also 
uplifted our Nation in times of great trial. Authorizing the 
construction of hundreds of thousands of miles of roads, the Works 
Progress Administration--established by President Franklin D. 
Roosevelt--played a major role in lifting our Nation from the depths of 
the Great Depression. And America would not be what it is today without 
structures like the Golden Gate Bridge and the Hoover Dam--defining 
symbols of the daring ingenuity brought about by the grit and unwavering 
determination of our people.
In our time, it is imperative that we carry forward this legacy by 
rebuilding our roads, transit lines, bridges, ports, and water systems. 
That is why my Administration has worked to repair and modernize our 
transportation infrastructure; connected more individuals, businesses, 
and communities across our country to high-speed broadband; and called 
on the Congress to commit to making the long-term investments in our 
infrastructure on which our country depends. And because there is no 
greater threat to our planet and to future generations than the peril of 
a changing climate, I have put forward a plan for creating a 21st 
Century Clean Transportation System to put us on a course to develop 
secure, resilient infrastructure that can reduce carbon pollution while 
strengthening our economy.
Our transportation systems represent important parts of our history and 
heritage, but they are also critical to our safety and security, and 
ensuring they are stable and sound for future generations is vital. Our 
first responders travel our roads to confront danger and save lives; aid 
workers travel far and wide to bring relief in the wake of tragedy and 
devastation; and our Armed Forces utilize transportation networks each 
day to protect our Nation and our values.
This year, we mark 50 years since President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the 
Department of Transportation Act. Embodying both optimism for the future 
and a clear understanding of the work needed to shape that future, the 
founding of the Department of Transportation reminds us that America's

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progress has never been inevitable, that it has always depended on our 
people deciding, with boldness and vision, to renew our country's 
promise. In that spirit, let us reaffirm our commitment to fulfilling 
this tremendous task in the face of the challenges and opportunities of 
today and tomorrow.
In recognition of the importance of our Nation's transportation 
infrastructure, and of the men and women who build, operate, maintain, 
and utilize it, the Congress has requested, by joint resolution approved 
May 16, 1957, as amended (36 U.S.C. 120), that the President designate 
the third Friday in May of each year as ``National Defense 
Transportation Day,'' and, by joint resolution approved May 14, 1962, as 
amended (36 U.S.C. 133), that the week during which that Friday falls be 
designated as ``National Transportation Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Friday, May 20, 2016, as National Defense 
Transportation Day and May 15 through May 21, 2016, as National 
Transportation Week. I call upon all Americans to recognize the 
importance of our Nation's transportation infrastructure and to 
acknowledge the contributions of those who build, operate, and maintain 
it.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9447 of May 13, 2016

National Hurricane Preparedness Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Each May, Americans set aside a week to raise awareness of the threat 
posed by hurricanes--storms that can devastate communities, 
neighborhoods, and local economies. The high winds, heavy rains, 
lightning, and tornadoes that can come with these powerful storms cause 
serious damage, but with proper preparation we can ensure the safety of 
ourselves and our loved ones. During National Hurricane Preparedness 
Week, we take deliberate action to safeguard our communities and work 
together to improve our resilience to hurricanes.
Our Nation is better prepared than ever before for today's storms. Our 
technology, forecasting, and models have improved, and we have new ways 
of disseminating vital warnings and storm-tracking information. Still, 
it is never too early to prepare for a potential disaster. I urge all 
Americans to visit www.Ready.gov and www.Hurricanes.gov/prepare to find 
key information on building an emergency supply kit and knowing what to 
do when disaster strikes. By having a plan ready, with ideas about how 
to respond to warnings, you can help avoid tragedy befalling you and 
your loved ones. Our communities are not resilient unless individuals 
have taken proper precautions.

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Hurricane intensity and rainfall are projected to increase as a result 
of climate change. My Administration is dedicated to ensuring our 
resilience in response to these climate change-related impacts. We are 
working with the Congress, the private sector, and communities across 
America to build climate-resilient infrastructure, and we are cutting 
red tape to help those in need of recovery assistance better navigate 
the environmental reviews necessary to ensure a rapid and resilient 
recovery. The Federal Government is coordinating with State and local 
governments to ensure their climate action plans are up to date and to 
mitigate the worst effects of hurricanes--including through making 
buildings more resilient, home elevations, and improving drainage--so 
people are in a better position to avoid loss, damage, and interruption 
of critical services, and so our communities are in a better position to 
recover from storms. As a country, we continue to make strides in 
achieving the National Preparedness Goal of a secure and resilient 
Nation with the capabilities required across communities to prevent, 
protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from threats and 
hazards that pose the greatest risk.
This past summer, our Nation commemorated the 10th anniversary of 
Hurricane Katrina--a tragedy that claimed the lives of more than 1,800 
of our fellow Americans. We all have a responsibility to step up and 
take action to protect our Nation from such devastating disasters. As we 
enter hurricane season, let us renew our commitment to that 
responsibility, and let us unite in common purpose to safeguard our 
communities.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 15 through May 21, 
2016, as National Hurricane Preparedness Week. I call upon government 
agencies, private organizations, schools, media, and residents in the 
areas of our Nation vulnerable to hurricanes to share information about 
preparedness and response to help save lives and protect their 
communities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9448 of May 13, 2016

Peace Officers Memorial Day and Police Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For generations, the brave women and men of our Nation's law enforcement 
have answered the call to serve and protect our communities. Enduring 
long shifts in dangerous and unpredictable circumstances, our Nation's 
peace officers embody the courage and honor that represent the best of 
America. On Peace Officers Memorial Day and during Police Week, we 
express our gratitude for the selfless public servants who wear the 
badge and put themselves in harm's way to keep us safe, and we pay 
respect for those who lost their lives in the line of duty.

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In moments of danger and desperation, the first people we turn to are 
law enforcement officers. These often unsung heroes risk their lives and 
sacrifice precious time with loved ones so their fellow Americans can 
live in peace and security. But more than that, they are leaders in 
their communities, serving as mentors, coaches, friends, and neighbors--
working tirelessly each day to ensure that the people they serve have 
the opportunities that should be afforded to all Americans. In honor of 
all they do, we must give these dedicated professionals the support and 
appreciation they deserve.
My Administration continues to work to ensure police departments and 
other law enforcement agencies throughout our country have the resources 
required to hire, train, and retain officers, provide officers with 
modern and necessary equipment, and utilize technology to enhance their 
communication networks. And our Federal law enforcement officers 
regularly partner with their State and local counterparts to address 
some of our Nation's most difficult problems. We know that strong 
community bonds are essential for law enforcement to do their jobs 
effectively. I established a Task Force on 21st Century Policing, 
bringing together law enforcement, academia, youth, civil rights, and 
community leaders to provide concrete recommendations to enhance public 
safety while building community trust. Law enforcement officials care 
deeply about their communities, and together with our partners in law 
enforcement, we must work to build up our neighborhoods, prevent crime 
before it happens, and put opportunity within reach for all our people.
Because each fallen peace officer is one too many, I proudly signed the 
Rafael Ramos and Wenjian Liu National Blue Alert Act last year--
bipartisan legislation that establishes a national ``Blue Alert'' 
communications network to disseminate information about threats to 
officers. The legislation seeks to ensure that appropriate steps can be 
taken as quickly as possible to provide for an officer's safety. I also 
announced new, commonsense gun safety reforms to help keep guns out of 
the wrong hands and emphasized that the already dangerous job of an 
officer is far more dangerous than it should be because it remains too 
easy for criminals and people who are a danger to others or themselves 
to have access to guns.
It takes a special kind of courage to be a peace officer. Whether 
deputies or detectives, tribal police or forest service officers, beat 
cops or Federal agents, we hold up those who wear the badge as heroes. 
Though they too often spend their days witnessing America at its worst, 
in their extraordinary examples, we see America at its best. On this day 
and throughout this week, let us celebrate those who nobly serve each 
day--and remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice--to move our 
world toward a more just and safe tomorrow. May we carry forward their 
brave and selfless spirit as we keep working together to shape a future 
worthy of their commitment.
By a joint resolution approved October 1, 1962, as amended (76 Stat. 
676), and by Public Law 103-322, as amended (36 U.S.C. 136-137), the 
President has been authorized and requested to designate May 15 of each 
year as ``Peace Officers Memorial Day'' and the week in which it falls 
as ``Police Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 15, 2016, as Peace Officers Memorial Day 
and May 15 through May 21, 2016, as Police Week. I call upon all

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Americans to observe these events with appropriate ceremonies and 
activities. I also call on the Governors of the United States and its 
Territories, and appropriate officials of all units of government, to 
direct that the flag be flown at half-staff on Peace Officers Memorial 
Day. I further encourage all Americans to display the flag at half-staff 
from their homes and businesses on that day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9449 of May 13, 2016

World Trade Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The United States of America cannot afford to sit on the sidelines of 
the global economy. With over 95 percent of our Nation's potential 
customers living outside our borders, trade agreements are a vital part 
of our agenda for creating jobs and growing our economy--and smart trade 
agreements that level the playing field for American workers and 
businesses are a vital piece of middle-class economics. During World 
Trade Week, we reaffirm the importance of global trade, and we redouble 
our efforts to pursue trade deals that reflect American values and give 
our people a fair shot at success.
America's small businesses employ more than half of all Americans, and 
they represent 98 percent of our Nation's exporters. I am committed to a 
trade agenda that includes strong, enforceable provisions in our 
agreements that help our businesses--large and small--support higher-
paying jobs and ship products stamped ``Made in the USA'' around the 
world. My Administration has ramped up enforcement of our trade laws 
like never before. Last year, I renewed and expanded the Trade 
Adjustment Assistance program, providing job training and other 
assistance to American workers. And earlier this year, I signed 
bipartisan legislation that helps us enforce our trade agreements--
helping ensure that other countries play by the rules.
Some of our greatest economic opportunities abroad are in the Asia-
Pacific region. For more than 5 years, the United States negotiated a 
new, forward-looking trade deal that puts workers first and ensures we 
write the rules of the road for trade in the 21st century. The Trans-
Pacific Partnership (TPP) brings 12 countries representing nearly 40 
percent of the global economy together to trade and invest in the Asia-
Pacific--one of the world's fastest growing regions. The TPP includes 
fully enforceable provisions that ensure a free and open Internet, 
respect intellectual property rights, protect the environment, and 
uphold worker rights. It eliminates more than 18,000 taxes imposed by 
other countries on American products, and it bolsters our leadership 
abroad while supporting good jobs here at home. The United States signed 
TPP this year, and I will continue working with the Congress to enact it 
as soon as possible.

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The largest trade and investment relationship in the world is between 
the United States and the European Union--yet too many barriers remain 
in the way of even greater trade and investment between us. That is why, 
together, we have moved forward with the Trans-Atlantic Trade and 
Investment Partnership (T-TIP), which will eliminate tariffs, simplify 
procedures, bridge differences in regulations, and cut red tape. T-TIP 
also enforces strong standards, and it will reinforce our larger trans-
Atlantic relationship--the foundation of our prosperity and security 
since World War II.
Our global economy's growth is fueled by trade. While understandable 
skepticism exists about trade, particularly in places that have been hit 
hard by trade deals of the past, we cannot ignore the realities of the 
new economy. Rather, we must set the highest standards for our trade 
agreements, enforce the commitments and obligations of our trading 
partners, and help write the rules of the road for trade in the 21st-
century global economy, as we have done with TPP and will do through T-
TIP. And we must continue to harness the dynamism and entrepreneurship 
inherent to who we are as a people and enable Americans to sell the best 
products and ideas in the world to every corner of the world. This week, 
let us renew our commitment to that mission and work together toward a 
future of greater opportunity for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 15 through May 21, 
2016, as World Trade Week. I encourage all Americans to visit 
www.WhiteHouse.gov/Trade and to observe this week with events, trade 
shows, and educational programs that celebrate and inform Americans 
about the benefits of trade to our Nation and the global economy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9450 of May 18, 2016

National Hepatitis Testing Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In the United States, hepatitis A, B, and C are the most common types of 
viral hepatitis--affecting between 3.5 and 6.9 million people and 
claiming the lives of thousands of our fellow Americans each year. 
Because of the persistent efforts of researchers, advocates, and so many 
others in the medical and public health communities, we have made great 
strides in advancing treatment of and finding cures for viral hepatitis. 
Individuals living with hepatitis B and C can only benefit from these 
advances if they are tested and made aware of their disease. On National 
Hepatitis Testing Day, we reaffirm the importance of educating people 
about viral hepatitis, and we encourage individuals at risk for 
hepatitis B and hepatitis C to get tested.

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More than half of Americans living with viral hepatitis are unaware of 
their infection status. This lack of awareness contributes to an 
increasing number of infections and deaths that could be prevented by 
people receiving the care and treatment they need. When left undiagnosed 
and untreated, viral hepatitis can cause serious damage to the liver--it 
is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for 
liver transplantation. Symptoms of viral hepatitis can go undetected for 
many years, which is why it is important to receive vaccines for 
hepatitis A and B, and blood tests for hepatitis B and C--measures that 
can be life-saving for those living with this disease. I urge all 
Americans to visit www.CDC.gov/Hepatitis for more information.
Prevention and early detection are key to combating viral hepatitis, and 
my Administration remains dedicated to ensuring all Americans have 
access to the quality, affordable health care they deserve. The 
Affordable Care Act requires coverage of recommended services that can 
help prevent, detect, and treat viral hepatitis--including viral 
hepatitis vaccinations and testing. In addition, the Act prohibits 
insurers from denying coverage to anyone with a preexisting condition, 
like viral hepatitis. We have also released a roadmap for ensuring our 
Federal efforts to address viral hepatitis are coordinated and focused 
on making more people living with viral hepatitis aware of their status. 
The Action Plan for the Prevention, Care, and Treatment of Viral 
Hepatitis, available at www.HHS.gov/Hepatitis, spans more than 20 
Federal entities and it moves us toward increasing the number of people 
who are aware of their infection status, reducing the number of new 
cases of hepatitis C, and eliminating the transmission of hepatitis B 
between mother and child.
I have proposed funding to support a new initiative aimed at expanding 
testing and access to treatment of hepatitis C for people living with 
HIV and to advance efforts to eliminate hepatitis C transmission and 
deaths. Those living with HIV are more vulnerable to viral hepatitis 
infections, and African Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific 
Islanders, and American Indians and Alaska Natives are also 
disproportionately affected. Viral hepatitis infections, particularly 
among young people, can be reduced by addressing the heroin epidemic and 
abuse of prescription opioids--a priority for my Administration--and by 
ensuring that individuals who inject drugs have access to treatment 
services for HIV, viral hepatitis, and substance use disorders. We have 
taken action to expand access to treatment and increase community 
prevention strategies so more Americans can get the help they need.
On this day, let us rededicate ourselves to ensuring all people with 
viral hepatitis know their infection status and have access to necessary 
care and resources. Let us honor those we have lost too soon, and let us 
recognize the many individuals working tirelessly to address this 
disease, develop treatments, and save lives.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim May 19, 2016, as 
National Hepatitis Testing Day. I encourage citizens, Government 
agencies, non-profit organizations, and communities across the Nation to 
join in activities that will increase awareness about viral hepatitis 
and the need for expanded testing.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9451 of May 20, 2016

National Safe Boating Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Each year, as summer approaches and warmer weather draws crowds to our 
Nation's beaches, lakes, and rivers, we set aside a week to recognize 
the importance of taking boating safety precautions before taking to the 
water. Throughout National Safe Boating Week, we recognize the risks 
associated with one of our country's favorite pastimes and encourage 
everyone to apply safe boating practices.
Safe boating practices should be observed prior to leaving land--no 
matter the length of the trip, the type of boat, or the size of the body 
of water. Boaters can reduce risks and enhance their safety by enrolling 
in a boating safety course. Vessels should be thoroughly examined, float 
plans should be prepared, and current laws and regulations should be 
known prior to embarking on a journey on the water. I encourage everyone 
to visit www.USCGBoating.org to find resources, learn more about 
responsible boating, or apply for a free vessel safety check. When boat 
operators and their passengers exercise caution when boating--including 
by wearing life jackets at all times and avoiding consumption of drugs 
and alcohol--accidents can be avoided, lives can be saved, and everyone 
can have a safe and enjoyable experience.
This week, we also recognize the men and women of the United States 
Coast Guard who dedicate themselves to protecting our Nation's waterways 
and assisting those at sea. As we continue to take advantage of our 
country's beautiful bodies of water, let us recommit to ensuring water 
safety and exercising appropriate boating procedures.
In recognition of the importance of safe boating practices, the 
Congress, by joint resolution approved June 4, 1958 (36 U.S.C. 131), as 
amended, has authorized and requested the President to proclaim annually 
the 7-day period prior to Memorial Day weekend as ``National Safe 
Boating Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 21 through May 27, 2016, as National 
Safe Boating Week. I encourage all Americans who participate in boating 
activities to observe this occasion by learning more about safe boating 
practices and taking advantage of boating education.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twentieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9452 of May 20, 2016

Armed Forces Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen who comprise 
our Armed Forces have defended our Nation and the values for which we 
stand for generations, answering the call to give up the comforts of 
civilian life, do whatever it takes to keep us safe, and go wherever 
they are needed. On Armed Forces Day, we offer our most profound 
gratitude to the patriots--at home and abroad--who have risked their 
lives so our people can live knowing the fullest measure of freedom and 
security.
With courage and honor, our men and women in uniform embody the 
everlasting responsibility we have to each other and to future 
generations by giving of themselves to ensure the preservation of our 
Republic and secure peace throughout the world. It is because of them 
and the values they represent that people across the globe look to the 
United States of America in moments of desperation and despair. For the 
relief they offer, the stability they provide, and the hope they 
inspire, we owe our service members an extraordinary debt--one we will 
never stop working to repay.
Our country's strength is measured by how we support and take care of 
our troops. Humbled by the sacrifices they make--and by the strength of 
their families--we stand in support of those who don our uniform and 
strive to ensure they have every opportunity to pursue the American 
dream they defend. They give their best for America, and they deserve 
the best from us. On this day, let us salute these brave Americans and 
all those who laid down their lives for our safety, and each day, let us 
remember that we live knowing liberty because of our Armed Forces.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United 
States, continuing the precedent of my predecessors in office, do hereby 
proclaim the third Saturday of each May as Armed Forces Day.
I direct the Secretary of Defense on behalf of the Army, Navy, Air 
Force, and Marine Corps, and the Secretary of Homeland Security on 
behalf of the Coast Guard, to plan for appropriate observances each 
year, with the Secretary of Defense responsible for encouraging the 
participation and cooperation of civil authorities and private citizens.
I invite the Governors of the United States and its Territories, and 
appropriate officials of all units of government, to provide for the 
observance of Armed Forces Day within their jurisdiction each year in an 
appropriate manner designed to increase public understanding and 
appreciation of the Armed Forces of the United States. I also invite 
veterans, civic leaders, and organizations to join in the observance of 
Armed Forces Day.
Finally, I call upon all Americans to display the flag of the United 
States at their homes on Armed Forces Day, and I urge citizens to learn 
more about military service by attending and participating in the local 
observances of the day. I also encourage Americans to volunteer at 
organizations that provide support to our troops and their families.

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Proclamation 9283 of May 15, 2015, is hereby superseded.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twentieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9453 of May 20, 2016

National Maritime Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since America's founding, proud mariners have selflessly dedicated 
themselves to protecting and advancing our interests--here at home and 
around the world. The patriots of the United States Merchant Marine have 
long served as our Nation's ``fourth arm of defense,'' safeguarding the 
ideals that have guided our country for more than two centuries. They 
facilitate the transport and trade of American goods, and they put their 
lives on the line in times of war. On National Maritime Day, we honor 
our Merchant Mariners and celebrate their irreplaceable role in shaping 
our Nation's narrative.
Whether in still or raging waters, Merchant Mariners are fundamental to 
guaranteeing the delivery of essential goods to far-reaching corners of 
our globe. These seafarers have bravely faced threats at home and 
abroad--including combatants and pirates, disease outbreaks and natural 
disasters--and they consistently heed the call to serve their fellow 
Americans. In World War II, their ships carried troops and much-needed 
support to the battlefield, thousands making the ultimate sacrifice. 
They were among the first to see battle, and many were among the last to 
return home to our shores.
Carrying forward a legacy that spans generations, the United States 
Merchant Marine is vital to our Nation's economic security as well. 
Their transportation of vital cargo has impacts far beyond America's 
borders, generating trillions of dollars of economic activity each year. 
And when our entrepreneurs decide to embark on new ventures across 
oceans, mariners stand by and protect their pursuit of the American 
dream through tireless work to cultivate safe and open waterways. On 
this day, and every day, let us express our sincere gratitude to these 
courageous men and women for all they do for our Nation, and let us 
reaffirm our commitment to support them as they continue to uphold their 
proud tradition of service.
The Congress, by a joint resolution approved May 20, 1933, has 
designated May 22 of each year as ``National Maritime Day,'' and has 
authorized and requested the President to issue annually a proclamation 
calling for its appropriate observance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim May 22, 2016, as National Maritime Day. I 
call upon the people of the United States to mark this observance and to

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display the flag of the United States at their homes and in their 
communities. I also request that all ships sailing under the American 
flag dress ship on this day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twentieth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9454 of May 26, 2016

Prayer for Peace, Memorial Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

With courage and a love of country that knows no limits, America's men 
and women in uniform exemplify patriotism at its core--stepping into 
harm's way to protect our people and to safeguard the ideals that have 
long sustained our democracy. Those who serve under the stars and 
stripes embody the highest form of citizenship, and on Memorial Day, we 
pay solemn tribute to those brave Americans who laid down their lives to 
defend our freedom.
Since America's earliest days, proud patriots have forged a safer, more 
secure Nation, and though battlefields have changed and technology has 
evolved, the selflessness of our service members has remained steadfast. 
They have stepped forward when our country was locked in revolution and 
civil war; fought threats of fascism and terrorism; and led the way in 
securing peace and stability around the globe. They have sacrificed more 
than most of us could ever imagine--not for glory or gratitude, but for 
causes greater than themselves. In the children who replicate their 
courage and strength, in the spouses and partners who forever seek to 
mend their broken hearts, and in the parents who mourn the absence of 
the sons and daughters they raised, we are reminded of our enduring 
commitment to do right by our fallen warriors and their families.
Those who gave their last full measure of devotion for the values that 
bind us as one people deserve our utmost respect and gratitude. In 
recognizing those who made the ultimate sacrifice, we pledge to never 
stop working to fulfill our obligations to all members of our Armed 
Forces so they know we stand beside them every step of the way--not just 
when we need them, but also when they need us.
Today, and every day, let us remember the servicemen and women we have 
lost, and let us honor them by rededicating ourselves to strengthening 
our Nation's promise. With love, grace, and reflection, let us honor our 
fallen fellow Americans, known and unknown, who sacrificed their freedom 
to ensure our own.
In honor of all of our fallen service members, the Congress, by a joint 
resolution approved May 11, 1950, as amended (36 U.S.C. 116), has 
requested the President issue a proclamation calling on the people of 
the United States to observe each Memorial Day as a day of prayer for 
permanent

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peace and designating a period on that day when the people of the United 
States might unite in prayer. The Congress, by Public Law 106-579, has 
also designated 3:00 p.m. local time on that day as a time for all 
Americans to observe, in their own way, the National Moment of 
Remembrance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Memorial Day, May 30, 2016, as a day of 
prayer for permanent peace, and I designate the hour beginning in each 
locality at 11:00 a.m. of that day as a time during which people may 
unite in prayer.
I also ask all Americans to observe the National Moment of Remembrance 
beginning at 3:00 p.m. local time on Memorial Day. I request the 
Governors of the United States and its Territories, and the appropriate 
officials of all units of government, to direct that the flag be flown 
at half-staff until noon on this Memorial Day on all buildings, grounds, 
and naval vessels throughout the United States and in all areas under 
its jurisdiction and control. I also request the people of the United 
States to display the flag at half-staff from their homes for the 
customary forenoon period.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9455 of May 31, 2016

African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

A vital part of our Nation's proud heritage, African-American music 
exemplifies the creative spirit at the heart of American identity and is 
among the most innovative and powerful art the world has ever known. It 
accompanies us in our daily lives, and it has rung out at turning points 
in our history and demonstrated how our achievements as a culture go 
hand-in-hand with our progress as a Nation. During African-American 
Music Appreciation Month, we honor the artists who, through this music, 
bring us together, show us a true reflection of ourselves, and inspire 
us to reach for the harmony that lies beyond our toughest struggles.
Songs by African-American musicians span the breadth of the human 
experience and resonate in every corner of our Nation--animating our 
bodies, stimulating our imaginations, and nourishing our souls. In the 
ways they transform real stories about real people into art, these 
artists speak to universal human emotion and the restlessness that stirs 
within us all. African-American music helps us imagine a better world, 
and it offers hope that we will get there together.
This month, we celebrate the music that reminds us that our growth as a 
Nation and as people is reflected in our capacity to create great works 
of art. Let us recognize the performers behind this incredible music, 
which has compelled us to stand up--to dance, to express our faith 
through song,

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to march against injustice, and to defend our country's enduring promise 
of freedom and opportunity for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2016 as African-
American Music Appreciation Month. I call upon public officials, 
educators, and all the people of the United States to observe this month 
with appropriate activities and programs that raise awareness and foster 
appreciation of music that is composed, arranged, or performed by 
African Americans.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9456 of May 31, 2016

Great Outdoors Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every day, Americans draw inspiration from the landscapes and outdoor 
spaces that surround us and connect us with our heritage and with one 
another. People have lived off of these lands and waters throughout 
history, and today, they continue to enrich our national experience. In 
June, we celebrate America's natural and cultural treasures and rich 
bounty of resources, and we recommit to upholding our responsibility, as 
those who came before us did, to ensure they are sustained for those who 
will inherit them.
From dense forests and vast deserts to lakes and rivers teeming with 
wildlife, our National Parks and other public spaces belong to all of 
us. That is why I have sought to protect places that are culturally and 
historically significant and that reflect the story of all our people. 
My Administration has also worked hard to ensure that everyone has the 
chance to easily visit and enjoy these spectacular areas. All Americans 
can explore the parks and monuments we share as our birthright, 
including through the ``Find Your Park'' campaign, which my 
Administration established to help connect people from all walks of life 
with new outdoor destinations and experiences. We also established the 
``Every Kid in a Park'' initiative, offering free access to our National 
Parks and other public lands and waters for an entire year to fourth 
grade students and their families. And by increasing funding for the 
21st Century Conservation Service Corps, we are striving to give more 
Americans hands-on opportunities to restore, enhance, and give back to 
the outdoor spaces that have given us so much.
Our experiences in nature remind us how fragile our ecosystems can be 
and of our obligation to protect them. That is why I am proud to have 
set aside more than 265 million acres of public lands and waters--more 
than any President in our history--and why my Administration has taken 
unprecedented action to tackle climate change. The planet and its 
natural

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beauty are changing as rising temperatures fuel the melting of glaciers 
and the increasing intensity of extreme weather events, including longer 
wildfire seasons and deeper droughts, and as seas rise, coastal 
communities face greater threats from flooding and eroding shorelines. 
It is within our power to address the peril of climate change, and we 
must act before it is too late.
During Great Outdoors Month, let us enjoy our Nation's natural bounty, 
whether in reflective solitude or in the energizing company of friends 
and family. As we rediscover the beauty of the outdoors--in our own 
backyards, along distant trails, or in the shadows of towering 
mountains--let us rededicate ourselves to preserving nature's splendor 
for future generations.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2016 as Great 
Outdoors Month. I urge all Americans to explore the great outdoors and 
to uphold our Nation's legacy of conserving our lands and waters.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9457 of May 31, 2016

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our founding, America has advanced on an unending path toward 
becoming a more perfect Union. This journey, led by forward-thinking 
individuals who have set their sights on reaching for a brighter 
tomorrow, has never been easy or smooth. The fight for dignity and 
equality for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is 
reflected in the tireless dedication of advocates and allies who strive 
to forge a more inclusive society. They have spurred sweeping progress 
by changing hearts and minds and by demanding equal treatment--under our 
laws, from our courts, and in our politics. This month, we recognize all 
they have done to bring us to this point, and we recommit to bending the 
arc of our Nation toward justice.
Last year's landmark Supreme Court decision guaranteeing marriage 
equality in all 50 States was a historic victory for LGBT Americans, 
ensuring dignity for same-sex couples and greater equality across State 
lines. For every partnership that was not previously recognized under 
the law and for every American who was denied their basic civil rights, 
this monumental ruling instilled newfound hope, affirming the belief 
that we are all more free when we are treated as equals.
LGBT individuals deserve to know their country stands beside them. That 
is why my Administration is striving to better understand the needs of 
LGBT adults and to provide affordable, welcoming, and supportive housing 
to aging LGBT Americans. It is also why we oppose subjecting minors to

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the harmful practice of conversion therapy, and why we are continuing to 
promote equality and foster safe and supportive learning environments 
for all students. We remain committed to addressing health disparities 
in the LGBT community--gay and bisexual men and transgender women of 
color are at a particularly high risk for HIV, and we have worked to 
strengthen our National HIV/AIDS Strategy to reduce new infections, 
increase access to care, and improve health outcomes for people living 
with HIV.
Despite the extraordinary progress of the past few years, LGBT Americans 
still face discrimination simply for being who they are. I signed an 
Executive Order in 2014 that prohibits discrimination against Federal 
employees and contractors on the basis of sexual orientation or gender 
identity. I urge the Congress to enact legislation that builds upon the 
progress we have made, because no one should live in fear of losing 
their job simply because of who they are or who they love. And our 
commitment to combatting discrimination against the LGBT community does 
not stop at our borders: Advancing the fair treatment of all people has 
long been a cornerstone of American diplomacy, and we have made 
defending and promoting the human rights of LGBT individuals a priority 
in our engagement across the globe. In line with America's commitment to 
the notion that all people should be treated fairly and with respect, 
champions of this cause at home and abroad are upholding the simple 
truth that LGBT rights are human rights.
There remains much work to do to extend the promise of our country to 
every American, but because of the acts of courage of the millions who 
came out and spoke out to demand justice and of those who quietly toiled 
and pushed for progress, our Nation has made great strides in 
recognizing what these brave individuals long knew to be true in their 
hearts--that love is love and that no person should be judged by 
anything but the content of their character. During Lesbian, Gay, 
Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month, as Americans wave their flags of 
pride high and march boldly forward in parades and demonstrations, let 
us celebrate how far we have come and reaffirm our steadfast belief in 
the equal dignity of all Americans.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2016 as Lesbian, 
Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month. I call upon the people of 
the United States to eliminate prejudice everywhere it exists, and to 
celebrate the great diversity of the American people.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9458 of May 31, 2016

National Caribbean-American Heritage Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The dynamism and diversity of Caribbean Americans have contributed to 
our Nation's story in extraordinary ways. Millions of people in the 
United States are connected to our Caribbean neighbors through ties of 
commerce and family--a relationship reinforced by the values and history 
we hold in common. During National Caribbean-American Heritage Month, we 
celebrate the contributions of our Caribbean-American brothers and 
sisters, and we reflect on how they have bolstered our country and 
enriched our traditions.
The bonds between the United States and the Caribbean remain strong. 
Both rooted in similar legacies--of trial and triumph, oppression and 
liberation--our narratives have advanced on a similar path of progress, 
driven forward by our shared dedication to fostering opportunity and 
forging a brighter future. Caribbean Americans excel in our 
universities, inspire us as athletes and musicians, guide us as 
community and government leaders, and keep us safe through dedicated 
service in our Armed Forces.
The United States is committed to working with the nations of the 
Caribbean to advance security, liberty, and prosperity. That is why we 
have begun a new chapter in our relationship with Cuba--extending a new 
hand of friendship to the Cuban people that offers fresh hope for both 
our futures and will improve the lives of those living in both our 
countries. My Administration also introduced the 100,000 Strong in the 
Americas initiative to provide higher education exchanges to students 
across the Western Hemisphere, and we launched the Young Leaders of the 
Americas Initiative to address persistent opportunity gaps in the 
Americas and to give emerging entrepreneurs and civil society leaders 
the resources they need to reach their full potential. In harnessing the 
spirit and boldness of young people in the Caribbean and throughout the 
Americas, and in channeling their creativity and innovation, we can 
continue to build on the progress we have made. And by carrying out 
Jamaican-American poet Claude McKay's call to ``strive on to gain the 
height although it may not be in sight,'' we can enable more young 
people, here at home and throughout the Caribbean, to reach for the 
change that is within their grasp.
The legacy of Caribbean Americans is one of tenacity and drive; it 
reminds us that in America, with faith and determination, anything is 
possible. This month, let us honor the resilient heritage and rich 
history of Caribbean Americans, and let us reflect upon the diversity of 
experiences that unites us as a people.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2016 as National 
Caribbean-American Heritage Month. I encourage all Americans to 
celebrate the history and culture of Caribbean Americans with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9459 of May 31, 2016

National Oceans Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Covering more than 70 percent of the earth's surface, oceans have a 
profound impact on our way of life. Home to a great diversity of plant 
and animal species, their precious ecosystems provide food and energy 
that are integral to our survival. In bringing tourism and recreation to 
coastal areas, oceans are important to America's economy, and they help 
facilitate trade and transportation, give mobility to our Armed Forces, 
and preserve our Nation's maritime heritage. In observation of National 
Oceans Month, we recommit to good ocean stewardship and redouble our 
efforts to preserve the health and resilience of our vast oceans, 
coasts, and Great Lakes.
Jeopardizing marine populations and degrading oceanic habitats, 
pollution poses a significant risk to all of our interconnected oceans. 
Oceans and their nearby regions are also highly vulnerable to the 
effects of a changing climate--a once-distant threat that is now very 
present and is affecting ecosystems and shoreline communities on every 
coast. Rising sea levels, coastal storms, and a growing risk of erosion 
and flooding are looming realities faced by seaside towns. It is 
critical that we take measures to safeguard our blue planet and heed the 
urgency to defend against these mounting threats, particularly in the 
Arctic where the effects of a changing climate are already swiftly 
accelerating.
In collaboration with stakeholders; scientists; businesses; and State, 
tribal, and local partners, my Administration is continuing to implement 
the National Ocean Policy, a coordinated effort to support local 
communities, strengthen our ocean economy, and improve the health of our 
oceans. We are concentrating on key areas outlined in our 2016 Annual 
Work Plan, including combatting illegal, unregulated, and unreported 
fishing and monitoring significant changes in the acidity of our oceans. 
We are also focused on reducing the toxic effects of harmful algal 
blooms, which occur when algae grow too rapidly and threaten the safety 
of our food, drinking water, and air quality. Using the science-based 
roadmap laid out in the National Ocean Policy, we are dedicated to 
enhancing the economic and ecological sustainability of our oceans and 
advancing our knowledge of how they influence and are influenced by 
human activity.
This month, let us continue the work of ensuring the well-being of these 
grand bodies of water and the communities that depend on them. As we 
celebrate the immense beauty and power of our oceans, we are reminded of 
our shared responsibility to protect them--now and for generations to 
come.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 2016 as National 
Oceans Month. I call upon Americans to take action to protect, conserve, 
and restore our oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
May, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9460 of June 10, 2016

Flag Day and National Flag Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Two hundred and forty years ago, a small band of patriots declared 
independence, proclaiming in one voice that we are free to determine our 
own destiny and carry out the work of self-governance. Driven by their 
unyielding spirit and drawing inspiration from the Stars and Stripes, a 
string of 13 Colonies later expanded to become a united 50 States. 
Throughout our history, the American flag has steadfastly served as an 
emblem of this great experiment in democracy. On Flag Day and during 
National Flag Week, we pledge our allegiance to the banner that has 
served as a guiding symbol on our Nation's journey, and we celebrate the 
hope it inspires in the American people.
With hands over hearts, Americans of all backgrounds and beliefs have 
long saluted Old Glory and honored its legacy. Our flag persists as a 
powerful representation of freedom and opportunity. Waving high above 
capitol buildings and courthouses, military bases and embassies across 
the globe, and on the distant surface of the moon, it calls on each of 
us to remember our obligations to the Republic for which it stands and 
to carry forward the unwavering optimism that defines us. America 
endures because of the courage of servicemen and women who serve under 
this standard, and our veterans are forever draped in the red, white, 
and blue when they are laid to rest. Wherever the flag lies or flies, 
its message is clear: We rise and fall together, as one Nation and one 
people.
The American flag invokes pride in our citizens and hope in those who 
come to our shores in search of a brighter tomorrow. In recognition of 
the ways it has embodied our ideals and sustained our Nation, let us pay 
tribute to the Star Spangled Banner and continue striving to create a 
more perfect and indivisible Union--with liberty and justice for all.
To commemorate the adoption of our flag, the Congress, by joint 
resolution approved August 3, 1949, as amended (63 Stat. 492), 
designated June 14 of each year as ``Flag Day'' and requested that the 
President issue an annual proclamation calling for its observance and 
for the display of the flag of the United States on all Federal 
Government buildings. The Congress also requested, by joint resolution 
approved June 9, 1966, as amended (80 Stat.

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194), that the President annually issue a proclamation designating the 
week in which June 14 occurs as ``National Flag Week'' and call upon 
citizens of the United States to display the flag during that week.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim June 14, 2016, as Flag Day and the week 
beginning June 12, 2016, as National Flag Week. I direct the appropriate 
officials to display the flag on all Federal Government buildings during 
that week, and I urge all Americans to observe Flag Day and National 
Flag Week by displaying the flag. I also call upon the people of the 
United States to observe with pride and all due ceremony those days from 
Flag Day through Independence Day, also set aside by the Congress (89 
Stat. 211), as a time to honor America, to celebrate our heritage in 
public gatherings and activities, and to publicly recite the Pledge of 
Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of June, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9461 of June 12, 2016

Honoring the Victims of the Attack in Orlando, Florida

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the victims of the act of hatred and terror 
perpetrated on Sunday, June 12, 2016, in Orlando, Florida, by the 
authority vested in me as President of the United States by the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby 
order that the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at 
the White House and upon all public buildings and grounds, at all 
military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the 
Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United 
States and its Territories and possessions until sunset, June 16, 2016. 
I also direct that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same 
length of time at all United States embassies, legations, consular 
offices, and other facilities abroad, including all military facilities 
and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twelfth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9462 of June 15, 2016

World Elder Abuse Awareness Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Too often, elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation threaten the 
livelihoods of older individuals and erode their extraordinary 
potential. One in ten seniors in America experiences mistreatment or 
abuse--including domestic and sexual violence--and because these 
incidents are vastly underreported, only a limited number of victims are 
able to get the help they need. Today, we join our international 
partners in renewing our commitment to combat and raise awareness of 
elder abuse, and in striving to ensure security and dignity for all 
seniors.
Worldwide, millions of people--predominantly women--experience different 
forms of elder abuse, including physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. 
Theft, fraud, and other types of financial exploitation also affect 
seniors across socioeconomic lines, and neglect and abandonment can 
cause great harm to vulnerable older individuals. My Administration is 
dedicated to addressing this serious problem by providing care to 
survivors of abuse, transforming our Nation's criminal justice systems 
to better understand elder abuse as a criminal issue, and increasing 
public awareness of warning signs and prevention strategies. 
Additionally, because the majority of elder abuse victims are women, we 
are working to support women domestically and abroad and to combat 
gender-based violence around the world.
One of the best measures of a country is how it treats its older 
citizens. My Administration is devoted to strengthening Medicare, 
Medicaid, the Older Americans Act, and Social Security. Together, these 
programs have significantly reduced the rate of seniors living in 
poverty, helped older Americans access health care and quality care 
services, and allowed older Americans to remain independent as they age. 
The Elder Justice Act, enacted as part of the Affordable Care Act, took 
new steps to address elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation and 
established an Elder Justice Coordinating Council through which Federal 
agencies are working together to address elder abuse and neglect. And 
our commitment to supporting survivors of all ages is reflected in the 
Violence Against Women Act, which dedicates Federal funds to victim 
service providers, law enforcement, and prosecutors working to respond 
to domestic and sexual violence experienced by older adults.
Last year, I was proud to host the White House Conference on Aging to 
identify ways we can improve the quality of life for older Americans and 
enable them to live in retirement with dignity. Held once a decade, this 
conference brought together older Americans, their families, caregivers, 
and advocates to focus on key issue areas, including the importance of 
elder justice. In addition to taking new steps to expand protections 
against financial exploitation, assist victims of crimes, and review the 
science of understanding and preventing abuse through better screening 
tools, we have built on many of the Federal efforts already underway and 
are working to support aging Americans for decades to come.

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On World Elder Abuse Awareness Day, let us resolve to give all people 
the tools and support they need to live out their golden years in peace 
and security. Let us fight cruelty against seniors wherever it exists, 
and together, let us stamp out all forms of elder abuse--here at home 
and across the globe.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 15, 2016, as 
World Elder Abuse Awareness Day. I call upon all Americans to observe 
this day by learning the signs of elder abuse, neglect, and 
exploitation, and by raising awareness about this important public 
health issue.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9463 of June 16, 2016

National Week of Making, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The same American spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship that has 
steered our Nation through the industrial and digital revolutions--and 
led our people to explore the depths of the oceans and the distant 
planets in our solar system--has enabled us to reimagine our world 
through new ideas and discoveries. Since our earliest days, makers, 
artists, and inventors have driven our economy and transformed how we 
live by taking risks, collaborating, and drawing on their talents and 
imaginations to make our Nation more dynamic and interconnected. During 
National Week of Making, we recommit to sparking the creative confidence 
of all Americans and to giving them the skills, mentors, and resources 
they need to harness their passion and tackle some of our planet's 
greatest challenges.
Today, Americans of all ages have the ability to connect and showcase 
their creativity through a growing maker movement. Technologies like 3D 
printing and desktop machine tools are rapidly lowering the costs of 
production; additional sources of capital such as crowdfunding are 
reducing barriers to getting started; and the democratization of 
technology is empowering more makers, helping to boost entrepreneurship 
and stimulate American manufacturing. Over the last 6 years, we have 
added over 800,000 manufacturing jobs and introduced next-generation 
manufacturing hubs. Just as the personal computer and the Internet 
transformed our Nation over the last several decades, these new 
opportunities can inspire the next generation of students, innovators, 
and entrepreneurs to carry forward our legacy of ingenuity.
In 2014, I launched the Nation of Makers initiative to ensure more 
Americans of all ages and backgrounds have greater opportunities to 
design, build, and manufacture. My Administration is taking steps to 
foster ``maker

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mindsets'' by promoting skills like creative problem-solving, and to 
support the development of collaborative maker spaces so aspiring makers 
and manufacturers can turn their bold ideas into realities. I am proud 
that so many people across our country have already joined in this 
effort. Mayors have hosted maker roundtables and town halls; Federal 
agencies have worked with schools, libraries, recreation centers, and 
museums to create maker spaces, curricula, and tools to help students 
learn the design process; and private businesses and other local 
collaborators have empowered individuals with the entrepreneurial 
resources and skills they need to launch companies and sell their 
products.
Together we must continue to expand opportunity for generations to come 
by working to eliminate the digital divide and reduce existing skill and 
confidence gaps. We must prepare young people for the jobs of the future 
by equipping them with the analytical skills needed to solve problems 
and the computer science and hardware development skills required to 
power our innovation economy. It is critical that we support the types 
of hands-on science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) learning 
experiences--in both formal and informal environments--that students 
encounter through making, which can help unlock their full potential and 
ignite their enthusiasm for the careers of tomorrow. That is why we are 
prioritizing investment in STEM teaching and active learning, expanding 
access to rigorous STEM courses like computer science, encouraging more 
opportunities in communities of greatest need, and working to get 
underrepresented students, including women and minorities, involved to 
increase diversity in STEM fields.
Across our country, Americans are attending all types of maker events 
and workshops--from studios in small towns to the streets of our 
Nation's capital--to share their incredible inventions and ideas with 
others and to inspire all of us to join in the creative process. As we 
celebrate the power of American ingenuity, I invite communities to build 
on this progress by encouraging citizens to be creators and by working 
together to ensure that spaces for making are available anywhere 
Americans live, work, play, and learn. This week, let us turn today's 
sketches and dreams into tomorrow's ``Made in America'' labels, and let 
us embrace the audacious spirit of human curiosity that is embedded in 
our DNA.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim June 17 through June 
23, 2016, as National Week of Making. I call upon all Americans to 
observe this week with programs, ceremonies, celebrations, and 
activities that encourage a new generation of makers and manufacturers 
to share their talents, solutions, and skills.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9464 of June 17, 2016

Father's Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Blessed with the extraordinary privilege and remarkable responsibility 
of fatherhood, dads play vital roles in our lives--inspiring us to reach 
for our highest potential, lifting us up when we need it most, and 
helping us become the people we were meant to be. Doing right by our 
families is the most important job any of us will ever have. On Father's 
Day, we thank the wonderful fathers--and stepfathers, grandfathers, 
uncles, brothers, and mentors--in our lives, and we recognize the 
sacrifices they make to be there for us, through good times and bad.
Fathers provide the discipline, guidance, and love it takes to flourish. 
With persistence and patience, generosity and integrity, they build our 
cores and help us understand right from wrong. They are some of our 
earliest and strongest sources of support and encouragement, and they 
serve as role models and sounding boards in our youth and as we grow. 
From single fathers who struggle to make ends meet to surrogates who 
step up to be there for America's daughters and sons, these men help 
shoulder the greatest obligation that exists--raising the next 
generation. Regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, or 
marital status; whether biological, foster, or adoptive; fathers teach 
their children the values that matter most and steer their moral 
compasses.
My Administration is dedicated to enacting policies that make it easier 
for working fathers to support their families, including paid family 
leave. We must promote responsible fatherhood by lifting up the fathers 
who do their part to be the parents and providers their children need 
and by rejecting any excuse for failing to meet this obligation. Too 
many Americans grow up without a father figure in their lives, and it is 
imperative that America's responsible men step up to be mentors for our 
young people in need of guidance. To learn more, visit 
www.Fatherhood.gov or www.Mentor.gov.
Being a father is about more than just having children--it is about 
summoning the courage to love and support them over anything else. We 
must always strive to be the best parents and role models we can be and 
commit to being present in the lives of our kids. Nothing is more 
precious than the moments we get to spend with our families--in 
conversations at the dinner table, coaching tips shouted from the 
sidelines, or profound experiences of learning and growing and teaching. 
Today, let us express our gratitude for the men who have enriched our 
lives and shaped our characters, and let us never stop working to show 
them how much they are valued and loved.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, in accordance with a joint resolution of the Congress approved 
April 24, 1972, as amended (36 U.S.C. 109), do hereby proclaim June 19, 
2016, as Father's Day. I direct the appropriate officials of the 
Government to display the flag of the United States on all Government 
buildings on this day, and I call upon all citizens to observe this day 
with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9465 of June 24, 2016

Establishment of the Stonewall National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Christopher Park, a historic community park located immediately across 
the street from the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood 
of New York City (City), is a place for the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and 
transgender (LGBT) community to assemble for marches and parades, 
expressions of grief and anger, and celebrations of victory and joy. It 
played a key role in the events often referred to as the Stonewall 
Uprising or Rebellion, and has served as an important site for the LGBT 
community both before and after those events.
As one of the only public open spaces serving Greenwich Village west of 
6th Avenue, Christopher Park has long been central to the life of the 
neighborhood and to its identity as an LGBT-friendly community. The park 
was created after a large fire in 1835 devastated an overcrowded 
tenement on the site. Neighborhood residents persuaded the City to 
condemn the approximately 0.12-acre triangle for public open space in 
1837. By the 1960s, Christopher Park had become a popular destination 
for LGBT youth, many of whom had run away from or been kicked out of 
their homes. These youth and others who had been similarly oppressed 
felt they had little to lose when the community clashed with the police 
during the Stonewall Uprising.
In the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, a riot broke out in 
response to a police raid on the Stonewall Inn, at the time one of the 
City's best known LGBT bars. Over the course of the next several days, 
more demonstrations and riots occurred in the surrounding neighborhood 
including Christopher Park. During these days, because of its strategic 
location across from the bar, Christopher Park served as a gathering 
place, refuge, and platform for the community to voice its demand for 
LGBT civil rights. The Stonewall Uprising is considered by many to be 
the catalyst that launched the modern LGBT civil rights movement. From 
this place and time, building on the work of many before, the Nation 
started the march--not yet finished--toward securing equality and 
respect for LGBT people.
Christopher Park and its environs have remained a key gathering place 
for the LGBT community. For example, on June 26, 2015, within moments of 
the issuance of the Supreme Court's historic ruling in Obergefell v. 
Hodges, LGBT people headed to Christopher Park to celebrate the Court's 
recognition of a constitutional right to same-sex marriage. A few days 
later, Governor Cuomo continued that celebration by officiating at the 
marriage of two gay men directly outside the Stonewall Inn. Within 
minutes of the recent news of the murders of 49 people in a nightclub in 
Orlando, Florida--

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one of the most deadly shootings in American history--LGBT people and 
their supporters in New York headed again to Christopher Park to mourn, 
heal, and stand together in unity for the fundamental values of equality 
and dignity that define us as a country.
Today, Christopher Park is surrounded by brick sidewalks and a 
nineteenth century wrought-iron fence with gated openings. Educational 
signs about the Stonewall Uprising are found near the large arched main 
entryway. Divided into two halves, the western side of the park is open 
to the public on a daily basis and contains a small plaza lined with 
brick pavers and benches. George Segal's sculpture, ``Gay Liberation,'' 
stands as a focal point of the plaza. The sculpture was commissioned in 
1979 on the tenth anniversary of the Stonewall Uprising, and its 
installation in 1992 cemented Christopher Park's role as a destination 
for those wishing to understand the significance of the Stonewall 
Uprising. The eastern half of the park contains two structures erected 
in 1936: a statue of Civil War General Philip Sheridan, and a memorial 
flagstaff and plaque honoring Colonel Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth, an 
officer with the New York Fire Zouaves during the Civil War.
Across the street from Christopher Park is the target of the June 28, 
1969, police raid, the Stonewall Inn (51-53 Christopher Street), 
originally built in 1843 and 1846 as two separate two-story horse 
stables. In 1930, the two buildings were combined into one commercial 
space with a new single exterior facade. In 1934, the first-floor space 
opened as a restaurant called Bonnie's Stonewall Inn, which served the 
neighborhood for over 30 years. The restaurant closed in 1966, but was 
reopened in 1967 as an LGBT bar called the Stonewall Inn.
The streets and sidewalks in the neighborhood surrounding Christopher 
Park and the Stonewall Inn are an integral part of the neighborhood's 
historic character and played a significant role in the Stonewall 
Uprising. The narrow streets bend, wrap back on themselves, and 
otherwise create directional havoc. In the early 1800s, the residents 
rejected the City's attempts to enlarge the neighborhood streets and 
align them with the City's grid plan, and the extension of Seventh 
Avenue South through the area in the early 1900s only added confusion. 
During the Stonewall Uprising, this labyrinthine street pattern helped 
the LGBT demonstrators, who knew the neighborhood, to evade riot-control 
police, who were not from the local precinct.
Viewed from Christopher Park's central location, this historic 
landscape--the park itself, the Stonewall Inn, the streets and sidewalks 
of the surrounding neighborhood--reveals the story of the Stonewall 
Uprising, a watershed moment for LGBT civil rights and a transformative 
event in the Nation's civil rights movement on par with the 1848 Women's 
Rights Convention at Seneca Falls and the 1965 Selma-to-Montgomery March 
for voting rights in its role in energizing a broader community to 
demand equal rights.
Although the 1960s were a time of social and political change that 
brought greater freedom to many segments of society, these new-found 
freedoms did not extend to members of the LGBT community. They faced 
increased oppression and criminal prosecution even for being physically 
intimate with consensual partners. In New York City, LGBT people were 
frequently arrested for acts such as same-sex dancing and kissing and 
wearing clothes

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of the perceived opposite gender. In some States, adults of the same sex 
caught having consensual sex in their own home could receive sentences 
of up to life in prison or be confined to a mental institution, where 
they faced horrific procedures, such as shock therapy, castration, and 
lobotomies. LGBT Americans lived their lives in secrecy for fear of 
losing their jobs, being evicted from their homes, or being arrested. 
For LGBT people of color or living in poverty, life was especially 
challenging.
For over a century, Greenwich Village has attracted Americans of all 
kinds with an interest in political activism and nonconformity. By the 
1930s, Greenwich Village was home to a significant LGBT community. 
Despite the aggressive anti-LGBT policies and practices that emerged in 
the City in the 1950s and 60s, a variety of bars, nightclubs, 
restaurants, hotels, and private clubs catered to an LGBT clientele. 
Many establishments lasted only a few months before police raided them 
and shut them down, a practice that intensified during mayoral election 
years such as 1969.
The police frequently raided LGBT bars for illegally selling alcoholic 
drinks to ``homosexuals.'' LGBT bars operated by organized crime 
syndicates often paid off members of the police force and in return 
received tips about when raids were planned. As part of a crackdown on 
LGBT bars in June 1969, the Public Morals squad of Manhattan's First 
Police Division raided the Stonewall Inn on June 24, 1969, confiscated 
its liquor, and arrested its employees. The Stonewall Inn reopened the 
next day. Having made only minimal impact with this raid, the police 
decided to plan a surprise raid for the following Friday night or 
Saturday morning, when the bar would be crowded.
On June 28, 1969, undercover police officers raided the Stonewall Inn 
around 1:15 a.m., after one of them witnessed the illegal sale of 
alcohol. Customers resisted the police by refusing to show 
identification or go into a bathroom so that a police officer could 
verify their sex. As police officers began making arrests, the remaining 
customers gathered outside instead of dispersing as they had in the 
past. They cheered when friends emerged from the bar under police 
escort, and they shouted ``Gay Power!'' and ``We Want Freedom!''. As 
word spread, the gathering grew in size and a riot ultimately ensued. 
Around 3:00 a.m., the City's riot-control force appeared, and started to 
push the crowd away from the Stonewall Inn. But the crowd refused to 
disperse. Groups of demonstrators retreated to nearby streets, only to 
cut back and regroup near the Stonewall Inn and Christopher Park. The 
riot finally abated about 4:30 a.m., but during the next week several 
more protests formed, and in some cases, led to new riots and 
confrontations with the police.
The Stonewall Uprising changed the Nation's history. After the Stonewall 
incident, the LGBT community across the Nation realized its power to 
join together and demand equality and respect. Within days of the 
events, Stonewall seemed to galvanize LGBT communities across the 
country, bringing new supporters and inspiring LGBT activists to 
organize demonstrations to show support for LGBT rights in several 
cities. One year later, the number of LGBT organizations in the country 
had grown from around 50 to at least 1,500, and Pride Marches were held 
in a number of large cities to commemorate the Stonewall Uprising.
The quest for LGBT equality after Stonewall evolved from protests and 
small gatherings into a nationwide movement. Lesbian women, gay men,

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bisexual and transgender people united to ensure equal rights for all 
people regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. Hard-
fought civil rights victories in courtrooms and statehouses across the 
country set the stage for victories in the Supreme Court that would have 
seemed unthinkable to those who rose up in Greenwich Village in June 
1969. Today, communities, cities, and nations celebrate LGBT Pride Days 
and Months, and the number of Pride events approaches 1,000. The New 
York City Police Department now has an LGBT Liaison Unit to build 
positive relations with the LGBT community, and provides the community 
with expert protection when threats are identified. Most importantly, 
the Nation's laws and jurisprudence increasingly reflect the equal 
treatment that the LGBT community deserves. There is important distance 
yet to travel, but through political engagement and litigation, as well 
as individual acts of courage and acceptance, this movement has made 
tremendous progress toward securing equal rights and equal dignity.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in the President's 
discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, 
historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or 
scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled 
by the Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a 
part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, in 2000, the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) designated 
the Stonewall Inn, Christopher Park, and portions of the surrounding 
neighborhood as a National Historic Landmark for its association with 
the Stonewall Uprising, a momentous event that inspired a national LGBT 
civil rights movement;
WHEREAS, for the purpose of establishing a national monument to be 
administered by the National Park Service, the City of New York has 
donated to the Federal Government fee title to the approximately 0.12-
acre Christopher Park;
WHEREAS, the designation of a national monument at the site of the 
Stonewall Uprising would elevate its message and story to the national 
stage and ensure that future generations would learn about this turning 
point that sparked changes in cultural attitudes and national policy 
towards LGBT people over the ensuing decades;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve and protect 
Christopher Park and the historic objects associated with it in the 
Stonewall National Historic Landmark;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Stonewall National Monument (monument) 
and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as a part 
thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
map, which is attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. The 
reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 
0.12 acres. The

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boundaries described on the accompanying map are confined to the 
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries described 
on the accompanying map are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all 
forms of entry, location, selection, sale, or other disposition under 
the public land laws, from location, entry, and patent under the mining 
laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and 
geothermal leasing.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights. 
If the Federal Government acquires any lands or interests in lands not 
owned or controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries 
described on the accompanying map, such lands and interests in lands 
shall be reserved as a part of the monument, and objects identified 
above that are situated upon those lands and interests in lands shall be 
part of the monument, upon acquisition of ownership or control by the 
Federal Government.
The Secretary shall manage the monument through the National Park 
Service, pursuant to applicable legal authorities, consistent with the 
purposes and provisions of this proclamation. The Secretary shall 
prepare a management plan, with full public involvement and in 
coordination with the City, within 3 years of the date of this 
proclamation. The management plan shall ensure that the monument 
fulfills the following purposes for the benefit of present and future 
generations: (1) to preserve and protect the objects of historic 
interest associated with the monument, and (2) to interpret the 
monument's objects, resources, and values related to the LGBT civil 
rights movement. The management plan shall, among other things, set 
forth the desired relationship of the monument to other related 
resources, programs, and organizations, both within and outside the 
National Park System.
The National Park Service is directed to use applicable authorities to 
seek to enter into agreements with others, and the New York City 
Department of Parks and Recreation in particular, to enhance public 
services and promote management efficiencies.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument and not to 
locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of June, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9466 of June 30, 2016

To Implement the World Trade Organization Declaration on the Expansion 
of Trade in Information Technology Products and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. On July 28, 2015, the United States and other Members of the World 
Trade Organization (WTO) issued a Declaration on the Expansion of Trade 
in Information Technology Products (Declaration), which established a 
framework for eliminating duties on certain information and 
communication technology products. These products include advanced 
semiconductors, medical equipment, and a range of audio and video 
equipment. The Declaration sets forth commitments for immediate or 
staged elimination of duties on the covered products, expanding on duty-
elimination commitments set forth in the 1996 Declaration on Trade in 
Information Technology Products, which the United States implemented in 
Proclamation 7011 of June 30, 1997.
2. On December 16, 2015, the United States and other WTO Members issued 
a Ministerial Declaration in which ministers endorsed the Declaration of 
July 28, 2015, and acknowledged that the conditions for implementation 
had been met.
3. Section 111(b) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA) (19 U.S.C. 
3521(b)) authorizes the President to proclaim the modification of any 
duty or staged rate reduction of any duty set forth in Schedule XX for 
products in tariff categories that were the subject of reciprocal duty 
elimination or harmonization negotiations during the Uruguay Round, if 
the United States agrees to such action in a multilateral negotiation 
under the auspices of the WTO, and after compliance with the 
requirements of section 115 of the URAA (19 U.S.C. 3524). The products 
covered by the Declaration were the subject of reciprocal duty 
elimination negotiations during the Uruguay Round, and the requirements 
of section 115 of the URAA have been met.
4. Accordingly, pursuant to section 111(b) of the URAA, I have 
determined to proclaim modifications to the tariff categories and rates 
of duty set forth in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS), as set forth 
in Annexes I and II to this proclamation.
5. Section 103(a) of the Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015 (TPEA) 
(Public Law 114-27) amended section 506B of the Trade Act of 1974 (the 
``1974 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2466b) and section 103(b)(1) amended section 
112(g) of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) (19 U.S.C. 
3721(g)), to provide that in the case of a beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country, duty-free treatment provided under title V of the 1974 
Act shall remain in effect through September 30, 2025.
6. Accordingly, pursuant to section 506B of the 1974 Act and section 
112(g) of the AGOA, I have determined that general note 16(c) of the HTS 
is modified by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and by inserting in lieu 
thereof ``September 30, 2025''.

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7. Section 103(b)(2) of the TPEA amended section 112(b)(3)(A) of the 
AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3721(b)(3)(A)) to extend the regional apparel article 
program and section 103(b)(3) of the TPEA amended section 112(c)(1) of 
the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3721(c)(1)) to extend the third-country fabric 
program through September 30, 2025.
8. Accordingly, pursuant to sections 112(b)(3)(A) and 112(c)(1) of the 
AGOA, I have determined that chapter 98, subchapter XIX, U.S. note 2(b) 
of the HTS is modified by striking ``September 30, 2015'' where stated 
in ``through the period October 1, 2014 through September 30, 2015'' and 
in ``each 1-year period thereafter through September 30, 2015'' and by 
inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 2025''.
9. Section 104(c) of the TPEA authorizes the President to proclaim 
modifications that may be necessary to add the special tariff treatment 
symbol ``D'' in the ``Special'' subcolumn of the HTS for each article 
classified under a heading or subheading with the special tariff 
treatment symbol ``A'' or ``A*'' in the ``Special'' subcolumn of the 
HTS.
10. Accordingly, pursuant to section 104(c) of the TPEA, I have 
determined it is necessary to add the special tariff treatment symbol 
``D'' in the HTS as set forth in Annex III to this proclamation.
11. Pursuant to sections 501 and 503(a)(1)(B) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2461 and 2463(a)(1)(B)), the President may designate certain articles as 
eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the Generalized System 
of Preferences (GSP) when imported from a least-developed beneficiary 
developing country if, after receiving the advice of the United States 
International Trade Commission (Commission), the President determines 
that such articles are not import-sensitive in the context of imports 
from least-developed beneficiary developing countries.
12. Pursuant to sections 501, 503(a)(1)(B), and 503(b)(5) of the 1974 
Act (19 U.S.C. 2461, 2463(a)(1)(b), and 2463(b)(5)), and after receiving 
advice from the Commission in accordance with section 503(e) of the 1974 
Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(e)), I have determined to designate certain articles 
as eligible articles when imported from a least-developed beneficiary 
developing country.
13. Pursuant to sections 503(b)(1)(E) and 506A(b)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2463(b)(1)(E) and 2466A(b)(1)), the President may designate 
certain articles as eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the 
AGOA when the articles are the growth, product, or manufacture of a 
beneficiary sub-Saharan African country if, after receiving the advice 
of the Commission, the President determines that such articles are not 
import-sensitive in the context of imports from beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African countries.
14. Pursuant to sections 503(b)(1)(E) and 506A(b)(1) of the 1974 Act, 
and after receiving advice from the Commission in accordance with 
section 503(e) of the 1974 Act, I have determined to designate certain 
articles as eligible articles when the articles are the growth, product, 
or manufacture of a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.
15. Pursuant to section 503(c)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2463(c)(1)), the President may withdraw, suspend, or limit application 
of the duty-free treatment accorded to specified articles under the GSP 
when imported from designated beneficiary developing countries.

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16. Pursuant to section 503(c)(1) of the 1974 Act, and having considered 
the factors set forth in sections 501 and 502(c) of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2462(c)), I have determined to limit the application of duty-free 
treatment accorded to certain articles from certain beneficiary 
developing countries.
17. Section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(A)) 
provides that beneficiary developing countries, except those designated 
as least-developed beneficiary developing countries or beneficiary sub-
Saharan African countries as provided in section 503(c)(2)(D) of the 
1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(D)), are subject to competitive need 
limitations on the preferential treatment afforded under the GSP to 
eligible articles.
18. Pursuant to section 503(c)(2)(A) of the 1974 Act, I have determined 
that in 2015 certain beneficiary developing countries exported eligible 
articles in quantities exceeding the applicable competitive need 
limitations, and I therefore terminate the duty-free treatment for such 
articles from such beneficiary developing countries.
19. Section 503(c)(2)(F)(i) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(F)(i)) 
provides that the President may disregard the competitive need 
limitation provided in section 503(c)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(A)(i)(II)) with respect to any eligible article from 
any beneficiary developing country if the aggregate appraised value of 
the imports of such article into the United States during the preceding 
calendar year does not exceed an amount set forth in section 
503(c)(2)(F)(ii) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)(F)(ii)).
20. Pursuant to section 503(c)(2)(F)(i) of the 1974 Act, I have 
determined that the competitive need limitation provided in section 
503(c)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the 1974 Act should be disregarded with respect 
to certain eligible articles from certain beneficiary developing 
countries.
21. Section 503(d)(1) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(d)(1)) provides 
that the President may waive the application of the competitive need 
limitations in section 503(c)(2) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(2)) 
with respect to any eligible article from any beneficiary developing 
country if certain conditions are met.
22. Pursuant to section 503(d)(1) of the 1974 Act, I have received the 
advice of the Commission on whether any industry in the United States is 
likely to be adversely affected by waivers of the competitive need 
limitations provided in section 503(c)(2) of the 1974 Act, and I have 
determined, based on that advice and on the considerations described in 
sections 501 and 502(c) of the 1974 Act and after giving great weight to 
the considerations in section 503(d)(2) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 
2463(d)(2)), that such waivers are in the national economic interest of 
the United States. Accordingly, I have determined that the competitive 
need limitations of section 503(c)(2) of the 1974 Act should be waived 
with respect to certain eligible articles from certain beneficiary 
developing countries.
23. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2483) authorizes the 
President to embody in the HTS the substance of the relevant provisions 
of that Act, and of other Acts affecting import treatment, and actions 
thereunder, including removal, modification, continuance, or imposition 
of any rate of duty or other import restriction.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and

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the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
section 111(b) of the URAA, section 506B of the 1974 Act, sections 
112(g), 112(b)(3)(A), and 112(c)(1) of the AGOA, section 104(c) of the 
TPEA, and title V and section 604 of the 1974 Act, do proclaim that:
    (1) In order to provide for the immediate or staged elimination of 
duties on the information technology products covered by the 
Declaration, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annexes I and II to 
this proclamation;
    (2) In order to provide that duty-free treatment provided under the 
AGOA shall remain in effect through September 30, 2025, general note 
16(c) of the HTS is modified by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and by 
inserting in lieu thereof ``September 30, 2025'';
    (3) In order to provide that the regional apparel article program 
and the third-country fabric program are effective through September 30, 
2025, chapter 98, subchapter XIX, U.S. note 2 of the HTS is modified by 
striking ``September 30, 2015'' where stated in ``through the period 
October 1, 2014 through September 30, 2015'' and in ``each 1-year period 
thereafter through September 30, 2015'' and by inserting in lieu thereof 
``September 30, 2025'';
    (4) In order to provide for the addition of the special tariff 
treatment symbol ``D'' in the ``Special'' subcolumn where necessary in 
the HTS, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex III to this 
proclamation;
    (5) In order to designate certain articles as eligible articles only 
when imported from a least-developed beneficiary developing country for 
purposes of the GSP, the Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn for the 
corresponding HTS subheadings is modified as set forth in Annex IV to 
this proclamation;
    (6) In order to designate certain articles as eligible articles only 
when imported from a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for 
purposes of the AGOA, the Rates of Duty 1 Special subcolumn for the 
corresponding HTS subheadings is modified as set forth in Annex IV to 
this proclamation;
    (7) In order to provide that one or more countries should no longer 
be treated as beneficiary developing countries with respect to one or 
more eligible articles for purposes of the GSP, the Rates of Duty 1-
Special subcolumn for the corresponding HTS subheadings and general note 
4(d) to the HTS are modified as set forth in sections A and B of Annex V 
to this proclamation;
    (8) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex V to this 
proclamation shall be effective with respect to articles entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the dates set 
forth in the relevant sections of Annex V to this proclamation;
    (9) The competitive need limitation provided in section 
503(c)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the 1974 Act is disregarded with respect to the 
eligible articles in the HTS subheadings and to the beneficiary 
developing countries listed in Annex VI to this proclamation, effective 
July 1, 2016;
    (10) A waiver of the application of section 503(c)(2) of the 1974 
Act shall apply to the articles in the HTS subheadings and to the 
beneficiary developing countries set forth in Annex VII to this 
proclamation, effective July 1, 2016; and

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    (11) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders 
that are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and 
fortieth.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9467 of July 8, 2016

Honoring the Victims of the Attack in Dallas, Texas

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the victims of the attack on police officers 
perpetrated on Thursday, July 7, 2016, in Dallas, Texas, by the 
authority vested in me as President of the United States by the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby 
order that the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at 
the White House and upon all public buildings and grounds, at all 
military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the 
Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United 
States and its Territories and possessions until sunset, July 12, 2016. 
I also direct that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same 
length of time at all United States embassies, legations, consular 
offices, and other facilities abroad, including all military facilities 
and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of July, 
in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the Independence of 
the United States of America the two hundred and forty-first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9468 of July 15, 2016

Honoring the Victims of the Attack in Nice, France

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the victims of the attack perpetrated on July 
14, 2016, in Nice, France, by the authority vested in me as President of 
the United States by the Constitution and the laws of the United States 
of America, I hereby order that the flag of the United States shall be 
flown at half-staff at the White House and upon all public buildings and 
grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval 
vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and 
throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions until 
sunset, July 19, 2016. I also direct that the flag shall be flown at 
half-staff for the same length of time at all United States embassies, 
legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, including all 
military facilities and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 212]]

Proclamation 9469 of July 18, 2016

Captive Nations Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our earliest days, the United States has worked to uphold the 
rights enshrined in our founding documents. The ideals that sparked our 
revolution find their truest expression in democracy, and our enduring 
belief in the right to self-govern is not limited to our borders--we 
believe the human impulse toward freedom is universal. During Captive 
Nations Week, we recognize the inherent dignity of all people, and we 
renew our support for those struggling under oppressive regimes and 
striving to secure the blessings of liberty for themselves and their 
posterity.
After World War II, America joined with other nations to remake the 
world--to rebuild, to forge a new international order, and to advance a 
more just and lasting peace. And following a decades-long Cold War, with 
strength and resolve and the power of our ideals, we rejoiced as an Iron 
Curtain was brought down and a new beginning was set in motion. But 
although more people live in democracies today--and despite the fact 
that we are witness to the most peaceful and prosperous era in human 
history--such progress is not inevitable, and dangerous forces threaten 
to pull the world backward.
We must bolster our commitment to upholding freedom and democracy 
wherever they are jeopardized. That means ensuring the people of Ukraine 
have the right to choose their own destiny and ensure their 
independence; it means helping the millions of those displaced from 
Syria seek a better and safer future, while continuing our efforts to 
bring an end to this brutal conflict and destroy ISIL. It also means 
discussing our differences with nations more directly. And we have 
opened a new chapter in our relationship with Cuba, which includes 
direct engagement with their government on human rights and steps to 
empower and create opportunity for the Cuban people.
Around the world, a new generation of young people--connected by 
technology and driven by idealism and a willingness to stand up for 
their beliefs--is calling for more accountability in government. As 
heirs to a struggle for freedom that has long defined our character, 
Americans must lead by example and chart new paths to liberty and 
opportunity. We will continue to stand for equality and dignity beyond 
our borders and encourage economic and political reforms that foster 
democracy. And we remain dedicated to leading and working with others to 
build security, prosperity, and justice, and to fighting for any person 
still suffering under the grasp of tyranny.
This week, let us rededicate ourselves to broadening democracy's reach 
and promoting its true pillars--the rule of law, fair elections, a free 
press, and a vibrant civil society. As we work to lift up the lives of 
those whose governments still rule by fear and intimidation, let us stay 
vigilant in defense of democratic values and the ideals that keep us 
free.

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The Congress, by joint resolution approved July 17, 1959 (73 Stat. 212), 
has authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation 
designating the third week of July of each year as ``Captive Nations 
Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim July 17 through July 23, 2016, as Captive 
Nations Week. I call upon the people of the United States to reaffirm 
our deep ties to all governments and people committed to freedom, 
dignity, and opportunity for all.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9470 of July 18, 2016

Honoring the Victims of the Attack in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the victims of the attack on police officers 
perpetrated on Sunday, July 17, 2016, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, by the 
authority vested in me as President of the United States by the 
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby 
order that the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at 
the White House and upon all public buildings and grounds, at all 
military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the 
Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United 
States and its Territories and possessions until sunset, July 22, 2016. 
I also direct that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same 
length of time at all United States embassies, legations, consular 
offices, and other facilities abroad, including all military facilities 
and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9471 of July 25, 2016

Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On July 26, 1990, our Nation marked a pivotal moment in history for 
Americans with disabilities. Fueled by a chorus of voices who refused to 
accept a second-class status and driven by a movement that recognized 
that our

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country is stronger and more vibrant when we draw on the talents of all 
our people, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) enshrined into law 
the notion that Americans living with disabilities deserve to 
participate in our society free from discrimination. Twenty-six years 
later, as we mark this anniversary, we recognize all this milestone law 
has made possible for the disability community.
The ADA sought to guarantee that the places we share--from schools and 
workplaces to stadiums and parks--truly belong to everyone. It reflects 
our Nation's full commitment to the rights and independence of people 
with disabilities, and it has paved the way for a more inclusive and 
equal society. For the 6.5 million students and the approximately 50 
million adults living with mental or physical disabilities, the ADA has 
swung open doors and empowered each of them to make of their lives what 
they will.
Building on this progress is a priority for my Administration. The 
Federal Government has taken the lead in creating meaningful employment 
opportunities for people with disabilities. In my first term, I issued 
an Executive Order that called on Federal agencies and contractors to 
hire more people with disabilities--and today, more Americans with 
disabilities are working in Federal service than at any time in the last 
three decades. My Administration has vigorously enforced the Supreme 
Court's ruling in the Olmstead decision--which determined that, under 
the ADA, people with disabilities cannot be unnecessarily segregated--
and worked to deliver on the promise that individuals with disabilities 
have access to integrated, community-based services. The Affordable Care 
Act affirmed that Americans with pre-existing conditions can no longer 
be denied health insurance, and this year, we made it clear that health 
care providers must offer reasonable accommodations and ensure effective 
communication for individuals with disabilities in order to advance 
health equity and reduce health care disparities.
As we commemorate this progress, we know our work to expand opportunity 
and confront the stigma that persists surrounding disabilities is not 
yet finished: We have to address the injustices that linger and remove 
the barriers that remain. Too many people with disabilities are still 
unemployed and lack access to skills training or are not paid fairly for 
their work. We must continue increasing graduation rates for students 
with disabilities to give them every chance to receive the education and 
training they need to pursue their dreams. We must make the information 
and communication technologies we rely on accessible for all people, and 
ensure their needs are considered and incorporated as we advance the 
tools of modern life. And we must keep fighting for more consistent and 
effective enforcement of the ADA in order to prevent discrimination in 
public services and accommodations.
At a time when so many doubted that people with disabilities could 
contribute to our economy or support their families, the ADA assumed 
they could, and guided the way forward. Today, as we reflect on the 
courage and commitment of all who made this achievement possible, let us 
renew our obligation to extend the promise of the American dream to all 
our people, and let us recommit to building a world free of unnecessary 
barriers and full of deeper understanding of those living with 
disabilities.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and

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the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 26, 2016, the 
Anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act. I encourage 
Americans across our Nation to celebrate the 26th anniversary of this 
civil rights law and the many contributions of individuals with 
disabilities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9472 of July 25, 2016

National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In 1950, when Communist armies from the North stormed across the 38th 
parallel, brave American men and women--though weary of combat in the 
wake of World War II--stepped forward to defend their brothers and 
sisters on the Korean Peninsula. Over the course of 3 years, through 
unforgiving weather and severe danger, nearly 1.8 million Americans 
joined in the fight and faced down Communism--pushing the invading 
armies back and protecting a people on the other side of the world. As 
we mark the 63rd anniversary of the Military Armistice Agreement that 
brought an end to this war, we pause to honor the strength and 
resilience of our Korean War veterans, whose spirits and stories serve 
as an inspiration to continue advancing freedom's cause.
Rising from occupation and ruin, the Republic of Korea today shines as a 
thriving, modern country, whose people can take comfort in knowing that 
the commitment of the United States to their stability and security will 
never waver. Fifty million South Koreans now live in freedom, reaching 
for their dreams and pursuing opportunities in a vibrant democracy and 
dynamic economy--always realizing they have a partner who will stand 
shoulder-to-shoulder with them in defense of peace and prosperity. Our 
lasting friendship and unbreakable alliance are sustained by the beliefs 
we hold in common and the values we cherish.
As we pay tribute to the Americans who gallantly helped forge this bond, 
we know our solemn responsibilities to our fallen and their loved ones 
persist long after the battle ends. More than 7,800 Americans are still 
missing from the Korean War, and we will not stop working to live up to 
our obligations to their families. We owe all our service members an 
enormous debt of gratitude. To honor the full weight of the sacrifices 
made by those who serve, we must uphold our Nation's promise to our 
veterans when they return home, and fulfill our commitment to all who 
wear the uniform in our name.
On National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day, we pay tribute to the 
American patriots who fought for freedom and democracy throughout the 
Korean War, leaving behind everyone they loved to secure the blessings 
of liberty for a country they never knew and a people they had never 
met.

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For the heavy price they paid, we will forever honor the legacy of their 
service and uphold the ideals they secured through this hard-won 
victory.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim July 27, 2016, as 
National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day. I call upon all Americans to 
observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities that honor 
our distinguished Korean War veterans.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day of 
July, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9473 of August 5, 2016

National Health Center Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Across America, community health centers offer affordable, high-quality 
health care to people regardless of their financial status. For more 
than 50 years, underserved communities and vulnerable populations have 
relied on the primary and preventive care options these centers provide. 
During National Health Center Week, we reflect on the important role 
that health centers have played in delivering the comprehensive care all 
people deserve.
With a strong focus on community-based and patient-centered care, health 
centers offer more than just treatment for illnesses and injuries; 
through an emphasis on education and prevention, they promote wellness 
and help people lead healthier lives. Anyone seeking care can locate 
their nearest community health center by using the ``Find a Health 
Center'' tool at www.HRSA.gov. Health centers have also played an 
important part in implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA). In 
addition to giving 20 million more Americans the peace of mind of having 
quality, affordable health insurance, the ACA has enabled health centers 
to add more than 950 new service delivery sites across our country. 
Today, nearly 1,400 health centers operate approximately 9,800 service 
delivery sites and provide care for nearly 23 million patients.
Health centers are an important part of our Nation's health care system, 
and my Administration remains committed to supporting these facilities 
and the care they deliver. This year, we invested $94 million to help 
health centers treat people suffering from substance use disorders--
including prescription opioid abuse and heroin use. We have also made 
new investments to build and renovate health center facilities across 
our country to help serve more patients and increase availability of 
oral health services. And because America's health centers are uniquely 
positioned to address

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certain public health challenges, we have increased funding to expand 
critical services in communities that need them most. We have made key 
investments to help health centers respond to the water crisis in Flint, 
Michigan, and combat the growing threat from the Zika virus in Puerto 
Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.
This week, let us thank the dedicated professionals in our community 
health centers who provide quality care at affordable prices. Let us 
build on their efforts to improve the well-being of our people and 
together continue working to bring about a stronger, healthier Nation 
for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim the week of August 7 
through August 13, 2016, as National Health Center Week. I encourage all 
Americans to celebrate this week by visiting their local health center, 
meeting health center providers, and exploring the programs they offer 
to help keep families healthy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9474 of August 19, 2016

National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For more than two centuries, brave patriots have given of themselves to 
secure our fundamental rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of 
happiness--and in times of both war and peace, members of the National 
Guard and Reserve have stood ready to don our uniform, answer our 
Nation's call, and protect our way of life. This week, we recognize the 
important role played by the families, employers, and communities of 
these men and women in ensuring they can step forward and serve our 
country when they are needed most.
There are more than one million members of our National Guard and 
Reserve. Throughout the year, they dutifully train and prepare so that 
when they are called at a moment's notice to serve their Nation, they 
are able to serve with the honor and dedication that have long been 
hallmarks of our Armed Forces. Balancing their lives as civilians with 
their responsibilities in uniform, they defend and protect our people at 
home and abroad. In the face of natural disasters and humanitarian 
crises, they are quick to respond and offer assistance; during periods 
of conflict and strife, they help keep us safe and protect our national 
interests.
These citizen-Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen 
deserve the full backing of their civilian employers and the promise of 
a secure and stable life here at home. From the businesses that seek to 
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and retain these patriots in the workplace to the supporters who provide 
leadership and resources, this unconditional care for our Guardsmen and 
Reservists and their families is part of what makes our military the 
greatest fighting force the world has ever known.
Americans who volunteer to serve their country should always be able to 
partake in its opportunities. First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill 
Biden's Joining Forces initiative has worked to make it easier for 
military spouses and veterans to find employment and ensure they are 
supported in the workforce. And my Administration has worked across all 
sectors to encourage communities to hire veterans and match members of 
the Guard and Reserve to the jobs they deserve. We must never waver in 
our commitment to fight for those who have fought for us, and we must 
continue striving to connect each of them with opportunities to keep 
their families strong and our country competitive.
During National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week, let us 
honor the members of our Guard and Reserve for their steadfast 
dedication to us all--both in and out of uniform. And let us acknowledge 
the families, employers, and businesses whose encouragement and 
flexibility have enabled our military to thrive, and whose support has 
been vital to the success, stability, and security of our Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim August 21 through 
August 27, 2016, as National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve 
Week. I call upon all Americans to join me in expressing our heartfelt 
thanks to the members of the National Guard and Reserve and their 
civilian employers. I also call on State and local officials, private 
organizations, and all military commanders to observe this week with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this nineteenth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9475 of August 22, 2016

100th Anniversary of the National Park Service

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In 1872, the Congress established Yellowstone National Park--the first 
park of its kind anywhere in the world. Decades later, the passage of 
the Antiquities Act in 1906 created our first national historic 
preservation policy. Under this new authority, and heavily inspired by 
his time in nature with conservationist John Muir, President Theodore 
Roosevelt set aside 18 new monuments and landmarks, adding to the 
scattered collection of existing parks throughout our country. One 
decade later, in order to provide the leadership necessary for 
maintaining our growing system of parks, the Congress passed monumental 
legislation--which President Woodrow Wilson

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signed on August 25, 1916--to create the National Park Service (NPS). 
All existing National Parks were placed under the management of the NPS, 
ushering in a new era of conservation, exploration, and discovery--and 
securing, throughout the century that would follow, the profound legacy 
of an interconnected system of natural wonders.
Over the course of the past 100 years, our national park system has 
grown to include more than 400 locations across our country. Ranging 
from seashores to waterfalls, winding trails to rugged mountains, 
historic battlefields to monuments and memorials, every treasured site 
under the NPS is uniquely American. Our parks play a critical role in 
environmental stewardship, ensuring that precious wildlife can thrive 
and that ecosystems can provide the many benefits on which we depend. 
They have sustained the stories and cultures that define the American 
experience, and they embody the people and movements that distinguish 
our Nation's journey.
As we reflect on the many natural and cultural gifts that our National 
Parks provide, we must also look to the next century and pledge to 
secure our precious resources. That is why my Administration has 
protected over 265 million acres of public lands and waters--more than 
any Administration in history--and worked to save endangered and 
vulnerable species and their vital habitats. Climate change poses the 
biggest threat to our planet and our parks and is already dangerously 
affecting park ecosystems and visitor experiences. It is imperative that 
we rise to meet this challenge and continue leading the global fight 
against climate change to ensure that our parks remain healthy for all 
who will come after us.
Often called ``America's best idea,'' our National Parks belong to 
Americans of all ages and backgrounds. NPS sites and their recreational, 
educational, and public health benefits are our American birthright. 
Last year, these sites welcomed more than 300 million visitors, and my 
Administration is committed to helping all our people access and enjoy 
these public lands and waters. Through our ``Every Kid in a Park'' 
initiative, we have made our National Parks free to fourth grade 
students and their families so that more children, from any community or 
walk of life, can spend time being active in our outdoor spaces while 
learning about these natural treasures--something that First Lady 
Michelle Obama has also advocated for through her Let's Move! 
initiative. And through the Joining Forces initiative that she and Dr. 
Jill Biden have championed, more of our troops and military families can 
enjoy our National Parks. We must expand on these programs and increase 
opportunities for people in underserved communities to experience the 
great outdoors as well. The second century of the NPS will rely on the 
support and engagement of young people who are visiting more parks 
through the ``Find Your Park'' campaign, and we must encourage this 
rising generation of Americans by inviting them to make their own 
personal connections to the places that have shaped our history.
NPS parks and programs strive to tell our diverse stories, allowing us 
to learn from the past and help write our country's next great chapters. 
In celebration of the 100th anniversary of the National Park Service, 
let us thank all those who--through their dedication to the mission of 
the NPS--help our country build on the legacy left by all those who came 
before us. As we look to the next century and embrace the notion that 
preserving these public spaces in ways that engage, reflect, and honor 
all Americans has never been more important, let us summon the foresight 
and faith in

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the future to do what it takes to protect our National Parks for 
generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim August 25, 2016, as 
the 100th Anniversary of the National Park Service. I invite all 
Americans to observe this day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and 
activities that recognize the National Park Service for maintaining and 
protecting our public lands for the continued benefit and enjoyment of 
all Americans.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-second day 
of August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9476 of August 24, 2016

Establishment of the Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In north central Maine lies an area of the North Woods known in recent 
years as the Katahdin Woods and Waters Recreation Area (Katahdin Woods 
and Waters), approximately 87,500 acres within a larger landscape 
already conserved by public and private efforts starting a century ago. 
Katahdin Woods and Waters contains a significant piece of this 
extraordinary natural and cultural landscape: the mountains, woods, and 
waters east of Baxter State Park (home of Mount Katahdin, the northern 
terminus of the Appalachian Trail), where the East Branch of the 
Penobscot River and its tributaries, including the Wassataquoik Stream 
and the Seboeis River, run freely. Since the glaciers retreated 12,000 
years ago, these waterways and associated resources--the scenery, 
geology, flora and fauna, night skies, and more--have attracted people 
to this area. Native Americans still cherish these resources. 
Lumberjacks, river drivers, and timber owners have earned their livings 
here. Artists, authors, scientists, conservationists, recreationists, 
and others have drawn knowledge and inspiration from this landscape.
Katahdin Woods and Waters contains objects of significant scientific and 
historic interest. For some 11,000 years, Native peoples have inhabited 
the area, depending on its waterways and woods for sustenance. They 
traveled during the year from the upper reaches of the East Branch of 
the Penobscot River and its tributaries to coastal destinations like 
Frenchman and Penobscot Bays. Native peoples have traditionally used the 
rivers as a vast transportation network, seasonally searching for food, 
furs, medicines, and many other resources. Based on the results of 
archeological research performed in nearby areas, researchers believe 
that much of the archeological record of this long Native American 
presence in Katahdin Woods and

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Waters remains to be discovered, creating significant opportunity for 
scientific investigation. What is known is that the Wabanaki people, in 
particular the Penobscot Indian Nation, consider the Penobscot River 
(including the East Branch watershed) a centerpiece of their culture and 
spiritual values.
The first documented Euro-American exploration of the Katahdin region 
dates to a 1793 survey commissioned by the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. After Maine achieved statehood in 1820, Major Joseph 
Treat, guided by John Neptune of the Penobscot Tribe, produced the first 
detailed maps of the region. The Maine Boundary Commission authorized a 
survey of the new State in 1825, for which surveyor Joseph C. Norris, 
Sr., and his son established the ``Monument Line,'' which runs through 
Katahdin Woods and Waters and serves as the State's east-west baseline 
from which township boundaries are drawn.
By the early 19th century until the late 20th century, logging was a way 
of life throughout the area, as exemplified by the history of logging 
along the Wassataquoik Stream. To access the upstream forests, a tote 
road was built on the Wassataquoik's north bank around 1841; traces of 
the old road can still be seen in places. The earliest loggers felled 
enormous white pines and then ``drove'' them down the tumultuous stream. 
Beginning in the 1880s, after the choice pines were gone, the loggers 
switched to spruce long logs, and built camps, depots, and many dams on 
the Wassataquoik to control its flow for the log drives. Remnants of the 
Dacey and Robar Dams have been found, and discovery of more logging 
remnants and historic artifacts is likely. Log driving was dangerous, 
and many men died on the river and were buried nearby. A large fire in 
1884 damaged logging operations on the Wassataquoik, and an even larger 
fire in 1903 put an end to the long log operations. Pulpwood operations 
resumed in 1910 but ceased in 1915. Other streams, like Sandy Stream, 
have similar logging histories.
The East Branch of the Penobscot River and its major tributaries served 
as a thoroughfare for huge log drives headed toward Bangor. Log drives 
ended (based primarily on environmental concerns) in the 1970s, after 
which the timber companies relied on trucking and a network of private 
roads they started to build in the 1950s.
In the 1800s, the infrastructure that developed to support the logging 
industry also drew hunters, anglers, and hikers to the area. In the 
1830s, within 2 miles of one another on the eastern side of the 
Penobscot East Branch, William Hunt and Hiram Dacey established farms to 
serve loggers, which soon also served recreationists, scientists, and 
others who wanted to explore the Katahdin region or climb its mountains. 
Just across the East Branch from the Hunt and Dacey Farms (the latter 
now the site of Lunksoos Camps) lies the entrance to the Wassataquoik 
Stream. In 1848, the Reverend Marcus Keep established what is still 
called Keep Path, running along the Wassataquoik to Katahdin Lake and on 
to Mount Katahdin. From that time until the end of the 19th century, the 
favored entryway to the Katahdin region started on the east side of 
Mount Katahdin with a visit to Hunt or Dacey Farm, then crossed the East 
Branch and ascended the valley of the Wassataquoik Stream.
Henry David Thoreau--who made the ``Maine Woods'' famous through his 
publications--approached from the headwaters of the East Branch to the 
north. With his Penobscot guide Joe Polis and companion Edward Hoar in

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1857, on his last and longest trip to the area, he paddled past Dacey 
Farm with just a brief stop at Hunt Farm. He wrote about his two nights 
in the Katahdin Woods and Waters area--the first at what he named the 
``Checkerberry-tea camp,'' near the oxbow just upriver from Stair Falls, 
and the second on the river between Dacey and Hunt Farms where he drank 
hemlock tea.
During his 1879 Maine trip on which he summited Mount Katahdin, Theodore 
Roosevelt followed the route across the East Branch and up the 
Wassataquoik. As Roosevelt later recalled, he lost one of his hiking 
boots crossing the Wassataquoik but, undaunted, completed the 
challenging trek in moccasins. Many including Roosevelt himself have 
observed that his several trips to the Katahdin region in the late 1870s 
had a significant impact on his life, as he overcame longstanding health 
problems, gained strength and stamina, experienced the wonder of nature 
and the desire to conserve it, and made friends for life from the Maine 
Woods.
Native Mainer Percival P. Baxter, too, followed this route on the 1920 
trip that solidified his determination to create a large park from this 
landscape. Burton Howe, a Patten lumberman, organized this trip of Maine 
notables, who stayed at Lunksoos Camps before their ascent via the 
established route. As a State representative, senator, and governor, 
Baxter had proposed legislation to create a Mount Katahdin park in 
commemoration of the State's centennial, and the 1920 trip cemented his 
profound appreciation of the landscape. Spurned by the Maine 
legislature, Baxter devoted his life to acquiring 28 parcels of land, 
largely from timber companies who had heavily logged them, and donated 
them to the State with management instructions and an endowment, 
resulting in the establishment of Baxter State Park.
Artists and photographers have left indelible images of their time spent 
in the area. In 1832, John James Audubon canoed the East Branch and 
sketched natural features for his masterpiece Birds of America. Frederic 
Edwin Church, the preeminent landscape artist of the Hudson River 
School, first visited the area in the 1850s, and in 1877 invited his 
landscape-painter colleagues to join him on a well-publicized expedition 
from Hunt Farm up the Wassataquoik Stream to capture varied views of 
Mount Katahdin and environs. In the early 1900s, George H. Hallowell 
painted and photographed the log drives on the Wassataquoik Stream, and 
Carl Sprinchorn painted logging activities on the Seboeis River.
Geologists were among the earliest scientists to visit the area. While 
surveys were done in the 1800s, in-depth geological research and mapping 
of the area did not begin until the 1950s. These mid-20th century 
geologists found bedrock spanning over 150 million years of the 
Paleozoic era, revealing a remarkably complete exposure of Paleozoic 
rock strata with well-preserved fossils. The lands west of the Penobscot 
East Branch are dominated by volcanic and granitic rock from the 
Devonian period, mostly Katahdin Granite but also Traveler Rhyolite, a 
light-colored volcanic rock that is similar in composition to granite. 
The oldest rock in Katahdin Woods and Waters, a light greenish-gray 
quartzite interlayered with slate from the early Cambrian period (over 
500 million years ago), can be observed along the riverbank of the 
Penobscot East Branch for over 1,000 feet at the Grand Pitch (a river 
rapid). This rock is part of the Weeksboro-Lunksoos Lake anticline, a 
broad upward fold of rocks originally deposited horizontally,

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which is evidence of mountain-building tectonics. The fold continues 
north along the river and then turns northeast toward Shin Pond, 
exposing successive bands of younger Paleozoic rock of both volcanic and 
sedimentary origin on either side of the structure.
Various formations in the area provide striking visual evidence of 
marine waters in Katahdin Woods and Waters during the geologic periods 
that immediately followed the Cambrian period. For example, Owen Brook 
limestone, an outcrop of calcareous bedrock west of the Penobscot East 
Branch containing fossil brachiopods, is of coral reef origin. Pillow 
lavas, such as those near the summit of Lunksoos Mountain, were produced 
by underwater eruptions. Haskell Rock, the 20-foot-tall pillar in the 
midst of a Penobscot East Branch rapid, is conglomerate bedrock that 
suggests a time of dynamic transition from volcanic islands to an ocean 
with underwater sedimentation. This conglomerate, deposited about 450 
million years ago, contains volcanic and sedimentary stones of various 
sizes, and occurs in outcrops and boulders in several locations.
The area's geology also provides prominent evidence of large and 
powerful earth-changing events. During the Paleozoic era (541 to 252 
million years ago), mountain-building events contributed to the rise of 
the primordial Appalachian Mountain range and the amalgamation of the 
supercontinent Pangaea. Following the last mountain-building event, 
significant erosion reshaped the topography, helping to expose the cores 
of volcanoes, the Katahdin pluton, and the structure of the previous 
mountain-building events. About 200 million years ago, Pangaea began 
splitting apart as the Atlantic Ocean appeared and North America, 
Europe, and Africa formed. Today, the International Appalachian Trail, a 
long-distance hiking trail, seeks to follow the ancestral Appalachian-
Caledonian Mountains on both sides of the Atlantic, starting at Katahdin 
Lake in Baxter State Park near the northern end of the domestic 
Appalachian Trail, traversing Katahdin Woods and Waters for about 30 
miles, and proceeding through Canada for resumption across the Atlantic.
In more recent geological history, during the approximately 2.5 million 
year-long Pleistocene epoch that ended approximately 12,000 years ago, 
repeated glaciations covered the region, eroding bedrock and shaping the 
modern landscape. Glacial till from the most recent glaciations 
underlies much of the area's soil, moraines occur in several locations, 
and glacial erratics are common. Prominent eskers--long, snaking ridges 
of sand and gravel deposited by glacial meltwater--occur along most of 
the Penobscot East Branch and the Wassataquoik Stream. Glacial 
landforms, glacial scoured bedrock, and the lake sediments in the area, 
deposited only since the retreat of the last glaciers, record a history 
of intense climate change that gave rise to the modern topography of the 
area.
This post-glacial topography is studded with attractive small mountains, 
including some like Deasey, Lunksoos, and Barnard, that offer 
spectacular views of Mount Katahdin. Katahdin Woods and Waters abuts 
much of Baxter State Park's eastern boundary, extending the conservation 
landscape through shared mountains, streams, corridors for plants and 
animals, and other natural systems.
Among the defining natural features of Katahdin Woods and Waters is the 
East Branch of the Penobscot River system, including its major 
tributaries,

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the Seboeis River and the Wassataquoik Stream, and many smaller 
tributaries. Known as one of the least developed watersheds in the 
northeastern United States, the Penobscot East Branch River system has a 
stunning concentration of hydrological features in addition to its 
significant geology and ecology. From the northern boundary of Katahdin 
Woods and Waters, the main stem of the East Branch drops over 200 feet 
in about 10 miles through a series of rapids and waterfalls--including 
Stair Falls, Haskell Rock Pitch, Pond Pitch, Grand Pitch, the Hulling 
Machine, and Bowlin Falls.
After Bowlin Brook, the main stem declines more gently south toward 
Whetstone Falls and below, embroidered with many side channels and 
associated floodplain forests and open streamshores. Of the two major 
tributaries, the Seboeis River flows in from the east, and the 
Wassataquoik Stream from the west, the latter dropping over 500 feet in 
its approximately 14-mile wild run from the border of Baxter State Park 
to its confluence with the Penobscot East Branch main stem.
The extraordinary significance of the Penobscot East Branch River system 
has long been recognized. A 1977 Department of the Interior study 
determined that the East Branch of the Penobscot River, including the 
Wassataquoik Stream, qualifies for inclusion in the National Wild and 
Scenic Rivers System based on its outstandingly remarkable values, and a 
1982 Federal-State study of rivers in Maine determined that the 
Penobscot East Branch River System, including both the Wassataquoik 
Stream and the Seboeis River, ranks in the highest category of natural 
and recreational rivers and possesses nationally significant resource 
values.
In recent years, a multi-party public-private project has taken steps to 
reconnect the Penobscot River with the sea through the removal and 
retrofitting of downstream dams. This river restoration will likely 
further enhance the integrity of the Penobscot East Branch river system, 
and provide opportunities for scientific study of the effects of the 
restoration on upstream areas within Katahdin Woods and Waters. It will 
also allow federally endangered Atlantic salmon to return to the upper 
reaches of the river known in the Penobscot language as 
``Wassetegweweck,'' or ``the place where they spear fish.'' The return 
of ocean-run Atlantic salmon to this watershed would complement the 
exceptional native brook trout fishery for which Katahdin Woods and 
Waters is known today.
Katahdin Woods and Waters possesses significant biodiversity. Spanning 
three ecoregions, it displays the transition between northern boreal and 
southern broadleaf deciduous forests, providing a unique and important 
opportunity for scientific investigation of the effects of climate 
change across ecotones. The forests include mixed hardwoods like sugar 
maple, beech, and yellow birch; mixed forests with hardwoods, hemlock, 
and white pine; and spruce-fir forests with balsam fir, red spruce, and 
birches. In wetland areas, black spruce, white spruce, red maple, and 
tamarack dominate.
Although significant portions of the area have been logged in recent 
years, the regenerating forests retain connectivity and provide 
significant biodiversity among plant and animal communities, enhancing 
their ecological resilience. With the complex matrix of microclimates 
represented, the area likely contains the attributes needed to sustain 
natural ecological function in the face of climate change, and provide 
natural strongholds for species

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into the future. These forests also afford connections and scientific 
comparisons with the forests on adjacent State land, including Baxter 
State Park, which was logged heavily before its parcel-by-parcel 
purchase by former Governor Percival Baxter between 1931 and 1963.
Of particular scientific significance are the number and quality of 
small and medium-sized patch ecosystems throughout the area, tending to 
occur in less common topography that is often relatively remote or 
inaccessible. Hilltops and barrens often protect rare flora and fauna, 
such as the blueberry-lichen barren and associated spruce-heath barren 
found between Robar and Eastern Brooks, and the three-toothed 
cinquefoil-blueberry low summit bald atop Lunksoos Mountain, where 
rattlesnake hawkweed can be found. Cliffs and steep slopes, like those 
present along the ridge from Deasey Mountain to Little Spring Brook 
Mountain and on the eastern sides of Billfish and Traveler Mountains, 
harbor exemplary rock outcrop ecosystems that often include flora of 
special interest, such as fragrant cliff wood-fern and purple clematis. 
Ravines and coves can support enriched forests like the maple-basswood-
ash community found below the eastern cliffs of Lunksoos Mountain, with 
trees over 250 years old and associated rare plants including squirrel-
corn. The Appalachian-Acadian rivershore ecosystems of the Penobscot 
East Branch and its two major tributaries are considered exemplary in 
Maine, with occurrences of beautiful silver maple floodplain forest and 
hardwood river terrace forest--rare and imperiled natural communities, 
respectively, in the State. A nationally significant diversity of high 
quality wetlands and wet basins occurs throughout Katahdin Woods and 
Waters, including smaller streams and brooks, ponds, swamps, bogs, and 
fens. Patch forests of various types also occur throughout the area, 
such as a red-pine woodland forest on small hills and ridges amid the 
large Mud Brook Flowage wetland in the southwestern section.
The expanse of Katahdin Woods and Waters, augmented by its location next 
to other large conservation properties including Baxter State Park and 
additional State reservations, supports many wide-ranging wildlife 
species including ruffed grouse, moose, black bear, white-tailed deer, 
snowshoe hare, American marten, bobcat, bald eagle, northern goshawk, 
and the federally threatened Canada lynx. Seventy-eight bird species are 
known to breed in the area, and many more bird species use it. 
Visitation and study of the area have been limited to date, as compared 
with other areas like Baxter State Park, and many more species of birds 
and other wildlife may be present.
Certain wildlife species are known to occur in specific patch ecosystems 
in the area, such as the short-eared owl in hilltops and barrens, and 
the silver-haired bat and the wood turtle in floodplain forests. Mussels 
such as the tidewater mucket and yellow lampmussel live in some of the 
brooks and streams, and rare invertebrates like the copper butterfly, 
pygmy snaketail dragonfly, Tomah mayfly, and Roaring Brook mayfly 
inhabit some of its bogs and fens.
Katahdin Woods and Waters's daytime scenery is awe-inspiring, from the 
breadth of its mountain-studded landscape, to the channels of its free-
flowing streams with their rapids, falls, and quiet water, to its 
vantages for viewing the Mount Katahdin massif, the ``greatest 
mountain.'' The area's

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night skies rival this experience, glittering with stars and planets and 
occasional displays of the aurora borealis, in this area of the country 
known for its dark sky.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which shall be confined to the 
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, for the purpose of establishing a national monument to be 
administered by the National Park Service, Elliotsville Plantation, Inc. 
(EPI), has donated certain lands and interests in land within Katahdin 
Woods and Waters to the Federal Government;
WHEREAS, the Roxanne Quimby Foundation has established a substantial 
endowment with the National Park Foundation to support the 
administration of a national monument;
WHEREAS, Katahdin Woods and Waters is an exceptional example of the rich 
and storied Maine Woods, enhanced by its location in a larger protected 
landscape, and thus would be a valuable addition to the Nation's 
natural, historical, and cultural heritage conserved and enjoyed in the 
National Park System;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve and protect the 
historic and scientific objects in Katahdin Woods and Waters;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Katahdin Woods and Waters National 
Monument (monument) and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, 
reserve as a part thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or 
controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries described on 
the accompanying map entitled, ``Katahdin Woods and Waters National 
Monument,'' which is attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. 
The reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass 
approximately 87,500 acres. The boundaries described on the accompanying 
map are confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care 
and management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries described 
on the accompanying map are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all 
forms of entry, location, selection, sale, or other disposition under 
the public land laws, from location, entry, and patent under the mining 
laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and 
geothermal leasing.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights, 
including the November 29, 2007, ``Access Agreement'' between EPI and 
the State of Maine, Department of Conservation that provides for certain 
public snowmobile use on specified parcels, and certain reservations of 
rights for Elliotsville Plantation, Inc., in specified parcels. If the 
Federal Government acquires any lands or interests in lands not owned or 
controlled by the

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Federal Government within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
map, such lands and interests in lands shall be reserved as a part of 
the monument, and objects identified above that are situated upon those 
lands and interests in lands shall be part of the monument, upon 
acquisition of ownership or control by the Federal Government.
The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) shall manage these lands 
through the National Park Service, pursuant to applicable authorities 
and consistent with the valid existing rights and the purposes and 
provisions of this proclamation. As provided in the deeds, the Secretary 
shall allow hunting by the public on the parcels east of the East Branch 
of the Penobscot River in accordance with applicable law. The Secretary 
may restrict hunting in designated zones and during designated periods 
for reasons of public safety, administration, or resource protection. 
This proclamation will not otherwise affect the authority of the State 
of Maine with respect to hunting.
The Secretary shall prepare a management plan to implement the purposes 
of this proclamation, with full public involvement, within 3 years of 
the date of this proclamation. The Secretary shall use available 
authorities, as appropriate, to enter into agreements with others to 
address common interests and promote management needs and efficiencies.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
rights of any Indian tribe. The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
permitted by law and in consultation with Indian tribes, ensure the 
protection of Indian sacred sites and cultural sites in the monument and 
provide access to the sites by members of Indian tribes for traditional 
cultural and customary uses, consistent with the American Indian 
Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and Executive Order 13007 of May 
24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites).
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Nothing in this proclamation shall preclude the use of existing low 
level Military Training Routes, consistent with applicable Federal 
Aviation Administration regulations and guidance for overflights of 
military aircraft, consistent with the care and management of the 
objects to be protected.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument and not to 
locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fourth day 
of August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD29AU16.000


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Proclamation 9477 of August 25, 2016

Women's Equality Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Nearly one century ago, with boundless courage and relentless 
commitment, dedicated women who had marched, advocated, and organized 
for the right to cast a vote finally saw their efforts rewarded on 
August 26, 1920, when the 19th Amendment was certified and the right to 
vote was secured. In the decades that followed, that precious right has 
bolstered generations of women and empowered them to stand up, speak 
out, and steer the country they love in a more equal direction. Today, 
as we celebrate the anniversary of this hard-won achievement and pay 
tribute to the trailblazers and suffragists who moved us closer to a 
more just and prosperous future, we resolve to protect this 
constitutional right and pledge to continue fighting for equality for 
women and girls.
At every level of society, women are leaders at the forefront of 
progress. Serving as judges and Members of Congress, setting world 
records in sports, founding groundbreaking companies, and fighting on 
the front lines of combat, women continue to tear down barriers and 
shatter glass ceilings--just as they have done since the founding of our 
Nation. Yet such progress is not inevitable, and we must keep moving 
forward on our journey toward equality. In one of my first acts as 
President, I established the White House Council on Women and Girls to 
provide a coordinated response to challenges confronted by women and 
girls, ensuring their concerns and insights are taken into account in 
our policies and programs. And this year, my Administration hosted the 
first-ever United State of Women Summit to continue our efforts to 
underscore the passion, success, and ongoing commitment of advocates 
dedicated to advancing gender equality and realizing a brighter future 
for women of all ages.
No woman should earn less than a man for doing the same job--equal pay 
for equal work should be a fundamental principle of our economy and our 
democracy. That is why the first bill I signed into law as President was 
the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, and why I continue to call on the 
Congress to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act. Women make up roughly half 
of our workforce, and we need to invest more in affordable, high-quality 
childcare. We must strengthen paid sick, maternity, and family leave--
too many families are forced to make difficult choices between caring 
for a newborn and receiving a paycheck, or staying home to help a sick 
child or parent and keeping their job. And we must continue striving for 
fairness and opportunity when it comes to improving workplace policies, 
because we know that when women succeed, our economy and our country 
succeed.
Ensuring all young women can live full and healthy lives is vital to 
their pursuit of personal and professional goals. Because of the 
Affordable Care Act, individuals can no longer be charged higher 
premiums simply for being a woman. But there is still more we can do to 
reduce discrimination when it comes to women's health--such as 
protecting a woman's right to choose and safeguarding access to sexual 
and reproductive health services, including abortion. Every person 
should be able to live and reach for their

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dreams free from fear of violence: In America, nearly one in four women 
has suffered physical domestic violence, a cruelty which deprives its 
victims of their autonomy, liberty, and security, and inhibits them from 
reaching their full potential. Approximately one in five women is 
sexually assaulted while in college. Through the It's On Us campaign and 
the White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault, we 
have called on individuals, communities, and institutions of higher 
education to recognize what they can do to stop sexual assault and 
change our culture for the better. We have striven to support survivors 
and focused on making sure our schools are safe places where all 
students can learn, grow, and thrive. Transgender women often face 
escalated levels of discrimination and violence, and we have taken a 
number of steps to secure their civil rights, including providing 
guidance to educators that can help rid school environments of 
discrimination. The Department of Justice has also urged law enforcement 
agencies to address any form of gender bias that exists in responding to 
domestic violence and sexual assault and ensure that such bias does not 
undermine efforts to keep victims safe.
Underrepresented in management positions, underfunded as entrepreneurs, 
under-encouraged in STEM fields, and confronted with higher levels of 
unemployment, women and girls of color still face very real challenges, 
significant opportunity gaps, and structural barriers. That is why we 
have hosted forums to discuss ways to increase programming and promote 
opportunities for women and girls of color so they can achieve success 
at school, at work, and in their communities. To continue building these 
ladders of opportunity for women--not just in communities across our 
country, but also around the world--I have made advancing gender 
equality a foreign policy priority. My Administration has sought to end 
gender-based violence across the globe, promote the role of women in 
ending conflict and building lasting peace and security, and empower the 
next generation by investing in adolescent girls and breaking down 
barriers to get 62 million girls into schools through the Let Girls 
Learn initiative.
In the many decades since suffragists organized and mobilized, countless 
advocates and leaders have picked up the mantle and moved our Nation and 
our world forward. Today, young women in America grow up knowing an 
historic truth--that not only can they cast a vote, but they can also 
run for office and help shape the very democracy that once left them 
out. For these women, and for generations of women to come, we must keep 
building a more equal America--whether through the stories we tell about 
our Nation's history or the faces we display on our country's currency. 
On Women's Equality Day, as we recognize the accomplishments that so 
many women fought so hard to achieve, we rededicate ourselves to 
tackling the challenges that remain and expanding opportunity for women 
and girls everywhere.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim August 26, 2016, as 
Women's Equality Day. I call upon the people of the United States to 
celebrate the achievements of women and promote gender equality.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9478 of August 26, 2016

Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Expansion

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Through Proclamation 8031 of June 15, 2006, as amended by Proclamation 
8112 of February 28, 2007, the President established the 
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (Monument), to protect and 
preserve the marine area of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and the 
historic and scientific objects therein. As stated in Proclamation 8031, 
the area, including the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef 
Ecosystem Reserve, the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge, the Battle 
of Midway National Memorial, and the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife 
Refuge, supports a dynamic reef ecosystem with more than 7,000 marine 
species, of which approximately one quarter are unique to the Hawaiian 
Islands. This diverse ecosystem is home to many species of coral, fish, 
birds, marine mammals, and other flora and fauna, including the 
endangered Hawaiian monk seal, the threatened green sea turtle, and the 
endangered leatherback and hawksbill sea turtles. In addition, this area 
has great cultural significance to the Native Hawaiian community and a 
connection to early Polynesian culture worthy of protection and 
understanding.
An area adjacent to the Monument, and that will constitute the Monument 
Expansion as set forth in this proclamation, includes the waters and 
submerged lands to the extent of the seaward limit of the United States 
Exclusive Economic Zone (U.S. EEZ) west of 163 West Longitude, and 
extending from the boundaries depicted on the map accompanying 
Proclamation 8031 as amended by Proclamation 8112 (adjacent area).
As required by the Antiquities Act, the adjacent area contains objects 
of historic and scientific interest that are situated upon lands owned 
or controlled by the Federal Government; they are geological and 
biological resources that are part of a highly pristine deep sea and 
open ocean ecosystem with unique biodiversity and that constitute a 
sacred cultural, physical, and spiritual place for the Native Hawaiian 
community.
This unique ecosystem has many significant features. Important 
geological features of the adjacent area include more than 75 seamounts, 
as well as a non-volcanic ridge that extends southwest towards the 
Johnston Atoll. Together, these features form biodiverse hotspots in the 
open ocean that provide habitat for deep-sea species, including sponges, 
other invertebrates, fish, and colonies of corals many thousands of 
years old. Recent science demonstrates that seamounts harbor a multitude 
of species with unique ecological traits, some newly discovered. 
Seamounts, ridges, and other undersea topographic features are important 
stepping stones that enable marine organisms to spread throughout the 
Hawaiian Archipelago, and between

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Hawaii and other archipelagoes. Undisturbed seamount communities in the 
adjacent area are of significant scientific interest because they 
provide opportunities to examine the impacts of physical, biological, 
and geological processes on ecosystem diversity, including understanding 
the impacts of climate change on these deep-sea communities. These 
seamounts and ridges also provide the opportunity for identification and 
discovery of many species not yet known to humans, with possible 
implications for research, medicine, and other important uses.
Recent scientific research, utilizing new technology, has shown that 
many species identified as objects in Proclamation 8031 inhabit 
previously unknown geographical ranges that span beyond the existing 
Monument, and in some cases the adjacent area also provides important 
foraging habitat for these species. For example, the endangered Hawaiian 
monk seal forages well beyond the existing Monument. Scientific research 
on Hawaiian monk seal foraging behavior has shown that monk seals may 
travel 80 miles and dive to depths of almost 2,000 feet while feeding.
Important bird species abound in the Monument and the adjacent area. 
Birds from the world's largest colonies of Laysan albatross, Black-
footed albatross, and Bonin petrels, as well as significant populations 
of shearwaters, petrels, tropicbirds, the endangered Short-tailed 
albatross, and other seabird species forage in the adjacent area. We now 
know that albatrosses and Great Frigatebirds rely on the adjacent area 
during chick-brooding periods, when their foraging is focused within 200 
miles of the nesting colonies on the Monument's islands and atolls. At 
other times, these wide-ranging species use a much broader range (over 
1,600 miles) for foraging.
The adjacent area is a foraging and migration path for five species of 
protected sea turtles. While green and hawksbill turtles use the near-
shore waters of the Monument for nesting, these species--along with the 
endangered leatherback turtle and threatened loggerhead and olive ridley 
turtles--migrate through the adjacent area to reach high-productivity 
foraging areas.
Twenty-four species of whales and dolphins have been sighted in the 
adjacent area. Three of these species are listed under the Endangered 
Species Act as threatened or endangered: sperm whales, fin whales, and 
sei whales. Cetacean use of the Monument Expansion varies; resident 
species such as spinner dolphins, false killer whales, and rough-toothed 
dolphins utilize the area year-round, whereas other species, such as 
humpback whales, use it as a wintering area. A wide variety of tropical 
and temperate water dolphin species inhabit the Monument Expansion, 
including pantropical spotted dolphins, spinner dolphins, striped 
dolphins, rough-toothed dolphins, and bottlenose dolphins. Several 
rarely sighted species of dolphin inhabit the area, including Risso's 
and Fraser's dolphins. Both of these species are primarily oceanic and 
found in waters deeper than 1,000 meters. Acoustic evidence also shows 
that endangered blue whales--the largest animals on Earth--visit the 
area and may migrate past the Hawaiian Islands twice a year.
Sharks, including tiger sharks and Galapagos sharks, are key species in 
the ecosystems of the Monument and adjacent area. These large and highly 
mobile predators have expansive home ranges and regularly move across 
the boundaries of the current Monument into the adjacent waters. 
Additionally,

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blue sharks, three species of thresher sharks, and two species of mako 
sharks inhabit the open ocean environment of the adjacent area.
The Monument and adjacent area are part of the most remote island 
archipelago on Earth. This biological and geographic isolation, coupled 
with unique oceanographic and geological conditions, has resulted in an 
ecosystem critical for new species formation and endemism. These forces 
result in some of the most unique and diverse ecological communities on 
the planet.
Importance to Native Hawaiian Culture
The ocean will always be seen as an integral part of cultural identity 
for the Native Hawaiian community. The deep sea, the ocean surface, the 
sky, and all the living things in the area adjacent to the Monument are 
important to this culture and are deeply rooted in creation and 
settlement stories. Native Hawaiian culture considers the Monument and 
the adjacent area a sacred place. This place contains the boundary 
between Ao, the world of light and the living, and Po, the world of the 
gods and spirits from which all life is born and to which ancestors 
return after death. Long-distance voyaging and wayfinding is one of the 
most unique and valuable traditional practices that the Native Hawaiian 
community has developed and continues to advance. Once on the verge of 
cultural extinction, new double-hulled sailing canoes, beginning with 
the Hokule1a in the 1970s, are bringing voyaging and wayfinding to new 
generations. This traditional practice relies on celestial, biological, 
and natural signs, such as winds, waves, currents and the presence of 
birds and marine life. The open ocean ecosystem and its natural 
resources in the adjacent area play an important role within the 
cultural voyaging seascape within the Hawaiian Archipelago.
Shipwrecks
World War II shipwrecks and aircraft in the adjacent area, though not 
identified as objects under the Antiquities Act in this proclamation, 
are of great historic interest. The naval portion of the Battle of 
Midway, one of the most important naval battles of World War II, 
occurred approximately 200 miles to the northeast of Midway Atoll, in 
the adjacent area. Deep-sea technologies have enabled the USS Yorktown, 
an aircraft carrier torpedoed during the battle, to be found at more 
than 16,000 feet below the ocean's surface. Eyewitness accounts and 
historical records tell the stories of the destroyer USS Hammann, five 
Japanese vessels (the four aircraft carriers Hiryu, Soryu, Kaga, and 
Akagi, and the cruiser Mikuma), and several hundred aircraft that were 
also lost during the battle in this area. The locations of these vessels 
have yet to be identified. All told, the adjacent area serves as a final 
resting place for the more than 3,000 people lost during the battle.
WHEREAS, the waters and submerged lands adjacent to the Monument (west 
of 163 West Longitude and seaward from the boundaries delineated in 
Proclamation 8031 as amended by Proclamation 8112 out to the limit of 
the U.S. EEZ) contain objects of historic and scientific interest that 
are situated upon lands owned or controlled by the Federal Government;
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon lands owned

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or controlled by the Federal Government to be national monuments, and to 
reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all 
cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper 
care and management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve the marine 
environment, including the waters and submerged lands in the U.S. EEZ 
west of 163 West Longitude adjacent to Papahanaumokuakea Marine 
National Monument for the care and management of the historic and 
scientific objects therein;
WHEREAS, the well-being of the United States, the prosperity of its 
citizens and the protection of the ocean environment are complementary 
and reinforcing priorities; and the United States continues to act with 
due regard for the rights, freedoms, and lawful uses of the sea enjoyed 
by other nations under the law of the sea in managing the 
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument and adjacent areas, and does 
not compromise the readiness, training, and global mobility of the U.S. 
Armed Forces when establishing marine protected areas;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be part of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine 
National Monument Expansion (Monument Expansion) and, for the purpose of 
protecting those objects, reserve as a part thereof all lands and 
interests in lands owned or controlled by the Federal Government within 
the boundaries described on the accompanying map entitled 
``Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument Expansion'' attached 
hereto, which forms a part of this proclamation. The Monument Expansion 
comprises the waters and submerged lands in the U.S. EEZ west of 163 
West Longitude adjacent to the Monument. The Federal lands and interests 
in lands reserved consist of approximately 442,781 square miles, which 
is the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of 
the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the 
Monument Expansion are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms 
of entry, location, selection, sale, leasing, or other disposition under 
the public land laws to the extent that those laws apply, including but 
not limited to, withdrawal from location, entry, and patent under mining 
laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to development of oil 
and gas, minerals, geothermal, or renewable energy. Lands and interest 
in lands within the Monument Expansion not owned or controlled by the 
United States shall be reserved as part of the Monument Expansion upon 
acquisition of title or control by the United States.
Management of the Marine National Monument
Nothing in this proclamation shall change the management of the 
Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument or any of the provisions 
specified in Proclamations 8031 and 8112. Terms used in this 
proclamation shall have the same meaning as those defined in 
Proclamation 8031. The Secretaries of Commerce and the Interior 
(Secretaries) shall share management responsibility for the Monument 
Expansion. The Secretary of Commerce, through the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Interior, shall have

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responsibility for management of activities and species within the 
Monument Expansion under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and 
Management Act, the Endangered Species Act (for species regulated by 
NOAA), the Marine Mammal Protection Act, and any other applicable 
Department of Commerce legal authorities. The Secretary of the Interior, 
through the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and in 
consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall have responsibility 
for management of activities and species within the Monument Expansion 
under its applicable legal authorities, including the National Wildlife 
Refuge System Administration Act, the Refuge Recreation Act, and the 
Endangered Species Act (for species regulated by FWS), and Public Law 
98-532 and Executive Order 6166 of June 10, 1933.
Additionally, the Secretary of Commerce should consider initiating the 
process under the National Marine Sanctuaries Act (16 U.S.C. 1431 et 
seq.) to designate the Monument Expansion area and the Monument seaward 
of the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Midway Atoll 
National Wildlife Refuge and Battle of Midway National Memorial as a 
National Marine Sanctuary to supplement and complement existing 
authorities.
The Secretaries shall prepare a joint management plan, within their 
respective authorities and after consultation with the State of Hawaii, 
for the Monument Expansion within 3 years of the date of this 
proclamation, and shall promulgate as appropriate implementing 
regulations, within their respective authorities, that address any 
further specific actions necessary for the proper care and management of 
the objects and areas identified in this proclamation. The Secretaries 
shall revise and update the management plan as necessary. In developing 
and implementing any management plans and any management rules and 
regulations, the Secretaries shall consult, designate, and involve as 
cooperating agencies the agencies with jurisdiction or special 
expertise, including the Department of Defense and Department of State, 
in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 
et seq.), and its implementing regulations. If the Secretaries deem it 
beneficial, they may prepare a joint management plan for the entire 
Monument and Monument Expansion area, consistent with the provisions of 
the respective proclamations.
The Secretaries shall coordinate and work cooperatively with the 
Department of Defense, through the United States Navy, to protect, under 
the Sunken Military Craft Act, Public Law 108-375, 118 Stat. 1811, and 
any other applicable legal authorities, United States sunken military 
vessels and aircraft that are found within the geographic boundaries of 
the Monument Expansion. Any sunken craft of a foreign state found within 
the geographic boundaries of the Monument Expansion may be protected to 
the extent authorized under U.S. law, consistent with the President's 
Statement on United States Policy for the Protection of Sunken Warships 
(January 19, 2001).
This proclamation shall be applied in accordance with international law. 
The management plans and their implementing regulations shall impose no 
unlawful restrictions on innocent passage or otherwise unlawfully 
restrict navigation and overflight and other internationally recognized 
lawful uses of the sea in the Monument and Monument Expansion and shall 
incorporate the provisions of this proclamation regarding U.S. Armed 
Forces actions and compliance with international law. No restrictions 
shall apply to

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or be enforced against a person who is not a citizen, national, or 
resident alien of the United States (including foreign flag vessels) 
unless in accordance with international law. Also, in accordance with 
international law, no restrictions shall apply to foreign warships, 
naval auxiliaries, and other vessels owned or operated by a state and 
used, for the time being, only on Government non-commercial service, in 
order to fully respect the sovereign immunity of such vessels under 
international law. The Secretary of State, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of Commerce and the Interior, shall take steps to protect 
the Monument Expansion as it does with respect to the Monument as 
specified in Proclamation 8031.
Restrictions
Prohibited Activities
    The Secretaries shall prohibit persons from conducting or causing to 
be conducted the following activities:
    1. Exploring for, developing, or producing oil, gas, or minerals, or 
any energy development activities within the Monument Expansion;
    2. Using or attempting to use poisons, electrical charges, or 
explosives in the collection or harvest of a Monument Expansion 
resource;
    3. Introducing or otherwise releasing an introduced species from 
within or into the Monument Expansion;
    4. Removing, moving, taking, harvesting, possessing, injuring, 
disturbing, or damaging, or attempting to remove, move, take, harvest, 
possess, injure, disturb, or damage, any living or nonliving Monument 
Expansion resource, except as provided under regulated activities below;
    5. Drilling into, dredging, or otherwise altering the submerged 
lands, or constructing, placing, or abandoning any structure, material, 
or other matter on the submerged lands, except for scientific 
instruments;
    6. Anchoring on or having a vessel anchored on any living or dead 
coral with an anchor, anchor chain, or anchor rope;
    7. Deserting a vessel at anchor or adrift within the Monument 
Expansion; and
    8. Commercial fishing and possessing commercial fishing gear except 
when stowed and not available for immediate use during passage without 
interruption through the Monument Expansion.
Regulated Activities
Subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretaries deem 
appropriate, the Secretaries may permit any of the following activities 
regulated by this proclamation if such activity is consistent with the 
care and management of the objects within the Monument Expansion and is 
not prohibited as defined above:
    1. Native Hawaiian practices, including exercise of traditional, 
customary, cultural, subsistence, spiritual, and religious practices 
within the Monument Expansion;
    2. Research and scientific exploration designed to further 
understanding of Monument Expansion resources and qualities;
    3. Scientific research and development by Federal agencies that 
cannot be conducted in any other location;

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    4. Activities that will further the educational value of the 
Monument Expansion or will assist in the conservation and management of 
the Monument Expansion;
    5. Anchoring scientific instruments; and
    6. Non-commercial fishing, provided that the fish harvested, either 
in whole or in part, cannot enter commerce through sale, barter, or 
trade, and that the resource is managed sustainably.
Regulation of Scientific Exploration and Research
The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not restrict 
scientific exploration or research activities by or for the Secretaries, 
and nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to require a permit 
or other authorization from the other Secretary for their respective 
scientific activities.
Emergencies and Law Enforcement Activities
The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not apply to 
activities necessary to respond to emergencies threatening life, 
property, or the environment, or to activities necessary for law 
enforcement purposes.
U.S. Armed Forces Actions
    1. The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not apply to 
activities and exercises of the U.S. Armed Forces, including those 
carried out by the United States Coast Guard.
    2. The U.S. Armed Forces shall ensure, by the adoption of 
appropriate measures not impairing operations or operation capabilities, 
that its vessels and aircraft act in a manner consistent, so far as is 
practicable, with this proclamation.
    3. In the event of threatened or actual destruction of, loss of, or 
injury to a Monument Expansion resource or quality resulting from an 
incident, including but not limited to spills and groundings, caused by 
a component of the Department of Defense or the United States Coast 
Guard, the cognizant component shall promptly coordinate with the 
Secretaries for the purpose of taking appropriate action to respond to 
and mitigate any harm and, if possible, restore or replace the Monument 
resource or quality.
    4. Nothing in this proclamation or any regulation implementing it 
shall limit or otherwise affect the U.S. Armed Forces discretion to use, 
maintain, improve, manage, or control any property under the 
administrative control of a Military Department or otherwise limit the 
availability of such property for military mission purposes, including, 
but not limited to, defensive areas and airspace reservations.
Other Provisions
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to diminish or enlarge the 
jurisdiction of the State of Hawaii.
The Monument Expansion shall be the dominant reservation.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
excavate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this Monument 
Expansion and not to locate or settle upon any lands thereof.

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This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9479 of August 31, 2016

National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every day, millions of Americans prove that recovery from alcohol and 
substance use disorders is possible--yet at the same time, millions more 
are struggling with the disease of addiction. These individuals are our 
family members, friends, and neighbors, and when they are not able to 
get the help they need, our communities and our country are not as 
strong as they can be. It is up to all of us to help our loved ones seek 
life-saving services when needed and steer them toward recovery. 
Throughout this month, we celebrate the successes of all those who know 
the transformative power of recovery, and we renew our commitment to 
providing the support, care, and treatment that people need to forge a 
healthier life.
Substance use disorder, commonly known as addiction, is a disease of the 
brain, and many misconceptions surrounding it have contributed to 
harmful stigmas that can prevent individuals from seeking the treatment 
they need. By treating substance use disorders as seriously as other 
medical conditions, with an emphasis on prevention and treatment, people 
can recover. This month's theme is, ``Join the Voices for Recovery: Our 
Families, Our Stories, Our Recovery!''. Focusing on the importance of 
family support throughout recovery, it invites families, loved ones, and 
other individuals to share their stories and triumphs in fighting 
substance use disorders to inspire others that may follow in their 
footsteps. I encourage all Americans looking for assistance to use the 
``Treatment Locator'' tool at www.SAMHSA.gov or call 1-800-662-HELP.
This disease can touch any American in any community, and my 
Administration has made combatting substance use disorders a priority. 
Under the Affordable Care Act, insurance companies must now cover 
substance use disorder services as essential health benefits. The Mental 
Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act requires health plans that cover 
mental health and substance use disorder treatment to provide coverage 
that is comparable to that of medical and surgical care. Through our 
National Drug Control Strategy--a 21st century approach to reducing drug 
use and its consequences--we have promoted evidence-based health and 
safety initiatives that aim to prevent drug use, increase opportunities 
for early intervention and integrated treatment in health care, and 
support recovery. In response to our Nation's opioid overdose epidemic, 
we are highlighting tools that can help reduce drug use and overdose, 
such as evidence-based prevention programs, prescription drug take-back 
events, medication-assisted treatment for people with opioid use 
disorders, and the overdose reversal drug naloxone. That is why, in my 
most recent budget proposal, I proposed investing $1 billion to expand 
access to treatment for prescription opioid misuse and heroin use. I 
will continue urging the Congress to fund treatment like I have 
proposed--because if they fund these efforts, we can help more 
individuals across our country seek help, complete treatment, and 
sustain recovery.

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During National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month, let us thank 
health care professionals, support groups, and all those dedicated to 
helping individuals in need find assistance and reclaim their lives. Let 
us continue working to address substance use disorders in our 
communities and promote the health, safety, and prosperity of the 
American people.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Alcohol and Drug Addiction Recovery Month. I call upon the 
people of the United States to observe this month with appropriate 
programs, ceremonies, and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9480 of August 31, 2016

National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Childhood obesity has both immediate and long-term effects on a child's 
health and well-being--it puts our young people at higher risk for 
health problems in adulthood and it can strain our economy in the years 
ahead. But collaborative efforts in recent years have helped our Nation 
make progress and begin to reverse these trends. By fostering 
environments that support healthy choices and giving families the 
knowledge and resources they need to make smart decisions, we can move 
closer toward ensuring all our children grow up healthy. Every 
September, as children begin the new school year, we recommit to solving 
the epidemic of childhood obesity within the next generation.
Over the course of my Presidency, we have put forward new programs, 
policies, and initiatives that put children on a path to a healthy 
future. At the launch of First Lady Michelle Obama's Let's Move! 
initiative, I established the first-ever Task Force on Childhood Obesity 
to develop a national action plan to mobilize the public and private 
sectors and engage families and communities in an effort to improve the 
health of our children. Combining comprehensive strategies with common 
sense, Let's Move! is focused on helping children lead a healthier life 
during their earliest months and years; providing healthier foods in our 
schools; ensuring every family has access to healthy, affordable food; 
and getting children to become more physically active. Everyone has a 
role to play in ensuring all of our kids grow up healthy, including 
parents and caregivers, elected officials from all levels of government, 
schools, health care professionals, faith-based and community-based 
organizations, and the private sector. For the past 5 years we have 
welcomed students to the White House from across our Nation to create 
original and healthy recipes in our annual Healthy Lunchtime Challenge 
and Kids' ``State Dinner.'' The First Lady has also invited students

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to join her in planting and harvesting the White House Kitchen Garden to 
learn about where their food comes from and experience firsthand how 
healthy food can be fun and delicious.
Earlier this year, the Food and Drug Administration introduced a 
modernized Nutrition Facts label--which includes more realistic serving 
sizes and information on added sugars--to provide families with the 
accurate information they need to make healthy choices. We know there is 
a strong connection between what our kids eat and how well they perform 
in school, too. That is why, in 2010, I signed the bipartisan Healthy, 
Hunger-Free Kids Act, a law that improves the quality of school meals 
and snacks for over 50 million students so they have the fuel they need 
to focus on their education and grow up healthy. A recent study showed 
that because of the increased availability and variety of fruits and 
vegetables in school meals, students have been empowered to make 
healthier choices since these standards were updated. The Act increased 
the number of students who could get school meals at little or no cost 
and ensured that any food or beverage marketed to children at school 
meets specific nutrition standards. It also helped bring about the first 
major revision of nutrition standards for the Child and Adult Care Food 
Program since its inception more than 40 years ago.
In addition to improving the nutrition of the food our children eat, we 
will keep striving to create opportunities for kids to become more 
physically active. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans 
recommend that kids be active for at least 60 minutes every day, but 
less than one-third of teenagers have met that goal in recent years. 
Last year, the Surgeon General called on communities to recognize the 
importance of exercise by walking more and by improving the walkability 
of our neighborhoods. Through our ``Every Kid in a Park'' initiative, we 
have opened up our National Parks to fourth graders and their families 
for free, so that children from all backgrounds, parts of the country, 
and walks of life can get outdoors more easily.
This year, as we observe National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month, let 
us renew our commitment to giving America's daughters and sons a healthy 
start in life. Let us continue to encourage parents and caregivers to 
make nutritious choices and help their children do the same, improve 
access to healthy and affordable foods in our communities and our 
schools, and promote active lifestyles. We must each do our part to 
reduce childhood obesity and empower our children to reach for the 
brighter, healthier future they deserve.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month. I encourage all Americans to 
learn about and engage in activities that promote healthy eating and 
greater physical activity by all our Nation's children.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9481 of August 31, 2016

National Preparedness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans have been tested by trial and tragedy since our earliest 
days--but year after year, no matter the hardship, we pull through and 
forge ahead. Fifteen years after the attacks of September 11, we reflect 
on our strength as a Nation when anything threatens us. Today, as the 
residents of Louisiana mourn the loss of loved ones and face tremendous 
damage caused by historic floods, we are reminded of what Americans do 
in times like these--we see the power of love and community among 
neighbors who step up to help in extraordinarily difficult 
circumstances. Preparing ourselves to meet the unknown challenges of 
tomorrow is a duty we all share, and when confronted with crisis or 
calamity, we need to have done everything possible to prepare. During 
National Preparedness Month, we emphasize the importance of readying 
ourselves and our communities to be resilient in the face of any 
emergency we may encounter.
Although my Administration continues doing everything we can to keep the 
American people safe, it is each citizen's responsibility to be as 
prepared as possible for emergencies. Whether in the form of natural 
disasters like hurricanes and earthquakes, or unspeakable acts of evil 
like terrorism, danger can arise at unexpected times and places. 
Fortunately, there are many things that individuals, families, and 
communities can do to improve their readiness. I encourage all Americans 
to take proactive steps to prepare for any situation that may occur--
including signing up for local alerts, checking insurance coverage, 
documenting valuables, creating a plan for emergency communication and 
evacuation, and having a fully stocked disaster supply kit on hand. And 
I encourage those in the business community to prepare their employees, 
develop a business continuity plan, and engage in community-level 
planning to help ensure our communities and private sector remain strong 
when faced with an emergency. For information on how to better prepare 
for emergencies that are common in your area, or to learn about 
resources that may be available for increasing preparedness, visit 
www.Ready.gov or www.Listo.gov.
In the face of unpredictable threats and hazards, we are committed to 
improving access to information and raising awareness of the importance 
of precautionary measures. Leaders across our country should take the 
time to review the 2016 National Preparedness Report and find ways to 
address the vulnerabilities it highlights. All Americans can play a role 
in fulfilling our National Preparedness Goal by addressing the risks 
that affect them and participating in preparedness activities across our 
Nation.
We continue to collaborate with State, local, and tribal partners, along 
with those in the public and private sectors, to ensure that communities 
in crisis do not have to face these dangers alone. In addition to 
coordinating relief efforts and providing rapid response, we have 
focused on supporting the needs of survivors, investing in affected 
neighborhoods, and helping them rebuild their communities to be better, 
stronger, and more resilient. Federal agencies are also working to share 
resources with the public, promote the

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tools and technologies that could help during disasters, and offer 
preparation strategies. We launched America's PrepareAthon! to bring 
communities together and help them plan for emergencies, and on 
September 30, we encourage a national day of action to spur preparedness 
efforts from coast to coast.
Disasters have become more frequent and severe as our climate changes; 
both urban and rural areas are already feeling the devastating 
consequences, including severe droughts and higher sea levels, intense 
storms and wildfires, and more powerful hurricanes and heat waves. 
Climate change poses an imminent and lasting threat to our safety and 
national security, and it is critical that we invest in our 
infrastructure and integrate the preparedness efforts of our communities 
to improve our ability to respond to and recover from the effects of our 
changing climate and extreme weather events.
This month, we pay tribute to the courageous individuals who rush to the 
scene of disaster for their dedication to our safety and security, no 
matter the price. Let us recognize that each of us can do our part to 
prepare for emergencies, help those affected by disasters, and ensure 
all our people have the necessary resources and knowledge to protect 
themselves. Together, we will remain strong and resilient no matter what 
befalls us.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Preparedness Month. I encourage all Americans to recognize the 
importance of preparedness and work together to enhance our resilience 
and readiness.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9482 of August 31, 2016

National Wilderness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In our Nation's earliest days, a vast majority of North America was 
wilderness--from majestic plains and imposing mountain ranges to dense 
forests and rushing waterways. Today, protected wild spaces continue to 
serve as a backdrop for curious and adventurous Americans to seek the 
thrill and joy of connecting with the sacred spirit of our country's 
wilderness, offering a wide variety of activities including hiking, 
camping, and climbing. This month, as we cherish our vast and vibrant 
natural heritage, we resolve to preserve its splendors for all who will 
follow in our footsteps.

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Aiming to leave future generations with a ``glimpse of the world as it 
was in the beginning,'' President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law two 
historic pieces of legislation that opened a new chapter in American 
conservation--the Wilderness Act and the Land and Water Conservation 
Fund Act. The Wilderness Act defined our untrammeled lands as wilderness 
and created the National Wilderness Preservation System, recognizing 
forests, parks, and wildlife refuges as having intrinsic value as wild 
lands worth protecting. The Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) was 
established out of a bipartisan commitment to ensure that we can protect 
lands and waters for use and enjoyment by all our people; throughout the 
last 50 years it has supported conservation efforts in every State, 
including tens of thousands of State and local projects through billions 
of dollars in grants. But a lack of full and secure funding hinders many 
important LWCF projects that protect critical habitats and provide 
recreational opportunities--which is why I keep calling on the Congress 
to pursue permanent funding for the LWCF.
Our great outdoors are home to some of the richest and most beautiful 
ecosystems and resources on the planet, and my Administration has made 
protecting them a priority. Climate change, one of the greatest 
challenges of our time, is already harming many of our wild spaces, 
which is one important reason why I have pushed for stronger action to 
cut greenhouse gas pollution and strengthen the resilience of our 
ecosystems to rising temperatures. In my first year in office, I signed 
the most extensive expansion of conservation efforts in more than a 
generation. Since then, my Administration has protected hundreds of 
millions of acres of land and water, more than any Administration in 
history. Through our America's Great Outdoors initiative, we have worked 
with local, State, and tribal partners to build a conservation agenda 
worthy of the 21st century. And to ensure more Americans can experience 
everything the wilderness has to offer, we launched the ``Every Kid in a 
Park'' initiative, giving fourth graders and their families free 
entrance to our National Parks and other public lands and waters.
It is one of our greatest responsibilities as citizens of this Nation 
and stewards of this planet to protect these outdoor spaces of 
incomparable beauty and to ensure that this powerful inheritance is 
passed on to future generations. During National Wilderness Month, let 
us strengthen our connection with these natural treasures and ensure 
that the stories they tell and the resources they provide are resilient 
and everlasting in the years to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Wilderness Month. I invite all Americans to visit and enjoy our 
wilderness areas, to learn about their vast history, and to aid in the 
protection of our precious national treasures.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
August, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9483 of September 1, 2016

National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

More than 10,000 children are diagnosed with cancer each year. Although 
rare, pediatric cancer is the leading disease-related cause of death 
among children. As we invest in cutting-edge research and work to 
advance medical treatments to beat childhood cancer, each of us can help 
carry our vision of a cancer-free future forward. Each September, we 
remember those who lost their lives to cancer far too young and honor 
the courageous children who bring unwavering strength and optimism to 
their fight against cancer every single day, and we refocus our efforts 
on striving to cure cancer once and for all.
Cancer affects children of all ages, generally without a known cause. 
Over the last half-century, as cancer research and treatment has 
advanced, the outlook for children with cancer has greatly improved. We 
have witnessed tremendous improvements in overall survival rates, and a 
larger number of long-term survivors now look forward to longer life 
expectancies. Unfortunately, many face chronic health challenges or 
complications after they beat their cancer. As a Nation, we must 
recognize that there is more we must do to better understand and treat 
pediatric cancer.
My Administration continues to invest in the critical research we need 
to defeat this devastating disease. In 2014, I signed the Gabriella 
Miller Kids First Research Act, which established the 10-Year Pediatric 
Research Initiative Fund and has already helped divert millions of 
dollars every year to advancing childhood cancer research. Through our 
Precision Medicine Initiative--a bold research effort to revolutionize 
our approach to treating diseases by personalizing treatment based on 
specific genetic characteristics--we are already making powerful 
discoveries for cancer patients and looking to transform the ways we 
treat many types of cancer. And earlier this year, I tasked Vice 
President Joe Biden with leading a new national effort to fight cancer. 
The White House Cancer Moonshot Task Force--a collaborative effort to 
make a decade's worth of progress in preventing, diagnosing, and 
treating cancer in just 5 years--is working toward an ultimate goal of 
eliminating cancer as we know it.
To give children with cancer the care they need and reduce the financial 
burden that falls on their families, we have worked to provide quality, 
affordable health care to all people. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has 
helped millions of Americans access medical care and enabled them to 
receive regular checkups, which can help detect cancer. Many children's 
cancer centers participate in clinical trials, which are partly 
responsible for much of the progress we have made in advancing treatment 
of childhood cancer; under the ACA, insurers can no longer drop or limit 
coverage because of participation in one of these trials. The ACA 
eliminated annual and lifetime limits on insurance coverage, and because 
the law prevents insurance companies from denying or limiting coverage 
for pre-existing conditions, children diagnosed with cancer now have a 
better chance at a healthy life.

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During National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month, let us tell the 
stories of the brave children who battle cancer every day and thank the 
loved ones, health care professionals, and communities who lift them up. 
Let us renew our commitment to prevent, treat, and cure childhood 
cancer, and together ensure that all children can experience the full 
and healthy upbringing they deserve.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Childhood Cancer Awareness Month. I encourage all citizens, 
government agencies, private businesses, non-profit organizations, and 
other groups to join in activities that will increase awareness and 
prevention of childhood cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9484 of September 1, 2016

National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Causing more deaths than any other female reproductive system cancers, 
ovarian cancer affects women of all ages and backgrounds. But the 
incidence of ovarian cancer, and its death rate, have fallen in recent 
years. Today, cancer research is on the cusp of major breakthroughs, and 
it is of critical national importance that we accelerate this progress 
and keep reaching for prevention, treatment, and a cure. Each September, 
in honor of the women who have been taken by ovarian cancer and the 
brave individuals still fighting this disease, we reaffirm our 
commitment to carrying forward this important work.
It is estimated that more than 22,000 American women will be diagnosed 
with ovarian cancer this year, and due to a lack of effective screening 
tests and early warning signs, many of these cases will be caught at an 
advanced stage--making the cancer more difficult to treat, with a lower 
chance for recovery. Ovarian cancer is more common among older women and 
those who have it in their family history, but because most women are 
diagnosed without being at high risk, it is crucial that all women 
consult with their health care providers when experiencing some of its 
symptoms, which include pressure, swelling, and abdominal pain. I 
encourage everyone to visit www.Cancer.gov/Ovarian to learn more about 
the signs and symptoms of this disease.
Under the Affordable Care Act, annual and lifetime limits on insurance 
coverage have been eliminated, and critical preventive services like 
well-woman visits--which are now available without a copay or 
deductible--

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have been expanded for millions more women. The Act also prohibits 
insurance companies from denying coverage based on a pre-existing 
condition, including cancer, or from denying coverage due to a family 
history of cancer.
Earlier this year, I announced a new national effort to cure cancer. Led 
by Vice President Joe Biden, the White House Cancer Moonshot Task Force 
is promoting research efforts and breaking down barriers to progress to 
eliminate cancer as we know it. With the help of a nearly $1 billion 
initiative to jumpstart this work, we are harnessing the spirit of 
American innovation to identify new ways to prevent, diagnose, and treat 
cancer. The Task Force builds on the important work that Federal 
agencies have already been doing throughout my time in office to fight 
ovarian cancer. The Department of Defense Ovarian Cancer Research 
Program is supporting high-impact, cutting-edge research where it is 
needed most and has helped push these research priorities forward. And 
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has striven to raise 
awareness of the main types of gynecologic cancer, including ovarian 
cancer, and to encourage women to learn of warning signs and seek 
medical care.
For the mothers, sisters, daughters, partners, and families who face the 
pain and heartache of ovarian cancer, we must make America the country 
that cures cancer once and for all. During National Ovarian Cancer 
Awareness Month, as we recognize those in the medical community who work 
tirelessly to provide treatment and care and pay tribute to those who 
have lost their lives to this disease, let us resolve to increase 
awareness of ovarian cancer and shape a cancer-free future.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Ovarian Cancer Awareness Month. I call upon citizens, 
government agencies, organizations, health care providers, and research 
institutions to raise ovarian cancer awareness and continue helping 
Americans live longer, healthier lives.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9485 of September 1, 2016

National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in 
American men, and too many men and their families feel the pain and 
grief it brings. As a country, we must do everything in our power to 
support men who are battling prostate cancer, deliver the care and 
treatment they need, and defeat this devastating disease. A cancer-free 
future is within our

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grasp--with bold vision and daring optimism, we are pioneering medical 
breakthroughs in research and seeking to discover a cure for cancer in 
our time. During National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, we remember 
all the men who lost their lives to this disease, and resolve to reach a 
tomorrow where prostate cancer is no longer a threat to our sons and 
grandsons.
In 2016, approximately 180,000 men will be diagnosed, and 26,000 men 
will lose their battle with prostate cancer. Incredible advancements 
have paved the way for better prevention, detection, and treatment of 
this disease, and over the past two decades, the incidence of new cases 
and mortality rates for prostate cancer have been steadily declining. 
Men who are African American, over the age of 65, or have a family 
history of prostate cancer are at higher risk and should be aware of 
risk factors and symptoms. I encourage all men to talk to their health 
care providers about how prostate cancer can affect them, and to learn 
more by visiting www.Cancer.gov/Prostate or www.CDC.gov/Cancer/Prostate.
The Affordable Care Act has ensured that more Americans have access to 
quality, affordable health insurance, and it prohibits insurance 
companies from denying coverage to someone simply because they have 
prostate cancer. The Act eliminates annual and lifetime limits on 
coverage and ensures individuals have the option to participate in 
clinical trials, which have proven helpful in advancing research of new 
treatment strategies and improving clinical care for men with prostate 
cancer.
This year, I asked Vice President Joe Biden to lead our Nation in a new 
effort to end cancer as we know it. The White House Cancer Moonshot Task 
Force is striving to make a decade of advances in cancer prevention, 
treatment, and care in just 5 years through the collaboration of Federal 
agencies, jumpstarted by a proposed nearly $1 billion investment. 
Additionally, the Department of Veterans Affairs is helping to introduce 
a series of pilot programs that will accelerate clinical research and 
care for veterans with prostate cancer using cutting-edge 
biotechnologies--they are also working to increase precision oncology 
research and strengthen personalized medicine for the treatment of 
prostate cancer among veterans. These efforts build on the goals of our 
Precision Medicine Initiative, which aims to deliver personalized care 
and apply medicine more efficiently and effectively based on genetics--
and ultimately, to bring us closer to curing diseases like cancer.
This month, let us thank the countless researchers, medical 
professionals, and advocates who dedicate themselves to supporting 
survivors and beating cancer. Let us continue raising awareness of 
prostate cancer and renew our commitment to finding a cure once and for 
all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 2016 as 
National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month. I encourage all citizens, 
government agencies, private businesses, non-profit organizations, and 
other groups to join in activities that will increase awareness and 
prevention of prostate cancer.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9486 of September 2, 2016

Labor Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The strongest middle class the world has ever known was not built 
overnight. It was achieved by men and women who believed that living up 
to the promise of this Nation meant more than hoping for the best--it 
meant toiling in the day, working through the night, and proving that 
theirs was a future worth fighting for. On Labor Day, we celebrate the 
grit and resilience of America's workers and their families, and we 
recommit to reaching for a world in which they are afforded the rights 
and opportunities they deserve.
America celebrated its first Labor Day in the late 19th century, when a 
group of industrial workers in New York joined in common purpose to 
celebrate their contributions to our country. Growing in numbers by the 
thousands, they went without their daily pay to march for their cause--
setting in motion a labor movement that has inspired generations of 
Americans since. Clear-eyed and persistent, these hardworking union 
members, and those that followed in the path they forged, helped secure 
privileges we now take for granted--not only for themselves, but also 
for their friends and loved ones and neighbors. Their efforts brought 
about weekends and 40-hour workweeks, overtime pay and a minimum wage, 
and the collective bargaining rights that have empowered so many. 
Because of the battles they waged, our Nation benefits from health 
insurance and Medicare, Social Security, and other retirement programs. 
Their legacy is one we will never stop striving to uphold.
When I took office, our country faced the worst recession many of us had 
ever seen. But through the determination of our resilient workforce--the 
best workers on the planet--we have been able to lay a stronger 
foundation for our economy. Our auto industry has emerged stronger than 
ever, and the manufacturing sector, on the decline during the Great 
Recession and in its aftermath, has added over 800,000 new jobs. 
American businesses have added 15.1 million jobs since 2010. We are now 
in the middle of the longest streak of overall job growth on record, and 
wage growth has accelerated.
My priority since taking office has always been the well-being of the 
American people, and over the course of my Administration, I have taken 
steps to make sure everyone in our workforce is treated and compensated 
in ways that reflect the effort they put in. Whether by pursuing 
measures that can help ensure a fair day's pay for a hard day's work, 
updating occupational health and safety rules so that no one has to risk 
their life or health for their job, or working with State leaders to 
increase access to paid sick and family leave, we have made great 
strides on our journey to protecting

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and growing the middle class. We are working to increase and diversify 
apprenticeships as part of a job-driven skills agenda, and protect 
middle class savings by expanding retirement security. And by striving 
to close the gender pay gap, include more veterans and Americans with 
disabilities in our workforce, protect people who choose to organize a 
union in their workplaces, and prevent people from being denied 
opportunities because of who they are or who they love, we have moved 
closer to giving all our people an equal shot at making it in our global 
economy.
On Labor Day, we are reminded that jobs are about more than a paycheck. 
They afford us the ability to take care of our family, friends, and 
neighbors; to save for that well-deserved retirement; to give back to 
our communities and the country we would do anything for. Jobs allow us 
to dream, to look toward the future, and to encourage our children to do 
the same. Though there is much more to do until all our men and women 
have the rights and respect they need to thrive in their workplaces, on 
this occasion, let us recommit to standing together and resolving to 
create change. If we do, I am confident we can reach new heights for 
ourselves, for our children, and for generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 5, 2016, as 
Labor Day. I call upon all public officials and people of the United 
States to observe this day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and 
activities that honor the contributions and resilience of working 
Americans.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this second day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9487 of September 9, 2016

National Hispanic-Serving Institutions Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Ensuring opportunity is within reach for everyone requires us to provide 
all our people with access to a world-class education. Higher education 
gives people a sense of who they are and sharpens how they see the 
world, and in our 21st-century economy, it is an investment that pays 
off--helping Americans work their way into the middle class. Across our 
country, Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) have helped Hispanic 
students--many of whom are the first in their family to go to college--
earn a college degree. This week, we reflect on how these important 
institutions have helped Hispanic students reach for their dreams, and 
we reaffirm our commitment to supporting them for generations to come.

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HSIs have given more Hispanics access to the resources and opportunities 
they need to compete in our economy. More than half of America's 
Hispanic undergraduates attend HSIs, which have played a critical role 
in increasing access to a college education and have worked to bolster 
enrollment, retention, and graduation rates. In the last several years, 
college enrollment among Hispanics hit a record high, and today, it 
continues to grow. Over the past two decades, the percentage of young 
Hispanics who have earned a college degree has increased significantly--
but in that same time, disparities have persisted. HSIs are helping 
ensure more Hispanics have the opportunity to complete college, moving 
us closer to our goal of leading the world in higher education by 2020.
Hispanics are the largest and fastest growing minority group in America, 
and we must keep striving to ensure they can pursue an exceptional 
education. My Administration has sought to improve educational outcomes 
and opportunities for every American, including Hispanics through the 
White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics. We have 
helped strengthen HSIs, which serve a higher proportion of low-income 
students than other institutions of higher education, by investing more 
than $1 billion in them over 10 years. Because college has never been 
more expensive, I have also taken steps to make it easier for more 
Americans to pay for higher education--steps that include expanding Pell 
Grants and offering tuition tax credits. And I am fighting for 2 years 
of free community college for any student willing to work for it, 
because no American should be priced out of a quality education.
The contributions of Hispanics have shaped our national narrative, and 
it is crucial to our success that we empower more Hispanics and young 
people across our country to thrive. For generations, HSIs have helped 
Hispanics earn college degrees, seek meaningful careers, and aspire to 
be anything they want. At the heart of our Nation is the idea that no 
matter where you come from or what you look like, if you are willing to 
work hard, you can make it in America. By expanding opportunities for 
all, we can bring more people closer to reaching their piece of the 
American dream.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 12 through 
September 18, 2016, as National Hispanic-Serving Institutions Week. I 
call on public officials, educators, and all the people of the United 
States to observe this week with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and 
activities that acknowledge the many ways these institutions and their 
graduates contribute to our country.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9488 of September 9, 2016

National Days of Prayer and Remembrance, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On September 11, 2001, a group of small and hateful minds conspired to 
threaten the very fiber of our country, seeking to break the American 
spirit and destroy our way of life. From the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
Americans were struck with grief as devastation and senseless loss of 
innocent human life unfolded. In the empty shadow of the World Trade 
Center, the remains of the Pentagon, and a charred Pennsylvania field 
where courageous passengers saved countless lives, what emerged from the 
ashes of that day was not defeat--it was the heroism, compassion, and 
unity of the American people, which no act of terror or hate could ever 
take away. On September 11, we recall the true spirit of our Nation 
following these heinous attacks, and we resolve to enshrine the enduring 
compassion and love of our people forever in the heart of America.
Fifteen years later, we pay tribute to the loss of nearly 3,000 lives, 
reflect on treasured memories of those we lost, and resolve to never 
forget that day, even as we look toward a brighter and more hopeful 
future. We draw inspiration from the survivors who still bear the 
scars--both seen and unseen--of that tragic day. We honor the valiance 
of our Nation's first responders, whose instinct was not to turn back to 
find safety for themselves, but to run toward untold danger. We show our 
gratitude to those young Americans of the 9/11 Generation, who until 
that day lived knowing only peace, but who have answered our country's 
call to serve under our flag to meet the threats of our time with 
bravery and distinction.
In the years that have followed, with prayer and reflection, grace and 
faith, Americans have grieved together, held each other close, and 
looked out for one another. Though the void felt by those who lost a 
loved one on that day can never be filled, we can continue to heal the 
wounds inflicted by hatred by honoring the notion that, no matter our 
differences, we are forever united as one American family.
As we mourn on this most solemn anniversary, let us also reflect on the 
freedom and tolerance that define this great Nation, and let us reaffirm 
our commitment to preserving those fundamental values for each 
generation of Americans to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim Friday, September 9 
through Sunday, September 11, 2016, as National Days of Prayer and 
Remembrance. I ask that the people of the United States honor and 
remember the victims of September 11, 2001, and their loved ones through 
prayer, contemplation, memorial services, the visiting of memorials, the 
ringing of bells, evening candlelight remembrance vigils, and other 
appropriate ceremonies and activities. I invite people around the world 
to participate in this commemoration.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9489 of September 9, 2016

World Suicide Prevention Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every year, too many people are taken from us by suicide. These 
tragedies tear at families and communities, leaving behind heartbroken 
loved ones who suffer immeasurably. World Suicide Prevention Day is a 
time to join with neighbors across the globe to reaffirm our commitment 
to preventing suicide. Here at home--thanks to dedicated crisis 
counselors on hotlines and in schools; clinicians and other health 
professionals in hospitals and mental health centers; faith leaders, 
teachers, friends, and family members who never give up on trying to 
make a meaningful difference--lives have been saved. Together, we can 
get people critical help when they are in crisis and raise awareness of 
the importance of preventing suicide in every community.
It is critical that we recognize the connections that mental health 
conditions and substance use disorders have to suicide, as well as how 
other external factors, including harassment, bullying, and 
discrimination, can play a role. Suicide can touch any of us--regardless 
of age, gender, or race--and leave a lasting mark on communities. We 
must strive to build safe and supportive environments and eliminate the 
stigma surrounding mental health issues that too often prevents people 
from seeking the care they need.
No one should feel alone when facing these challenges--there is always 
hope, and always a helping hand. My Administration has served as a 
partner in this important effort through the National Action Alliance 
for Suicide Prevention--a public-private partnership through which the 
Federal Government has helped champion suicide prevention. All Americans 
can make a difference in this effort. Reach out to a friend, let them 
know you are there in moments of need, and encourage others to seek 
assistance--because empowering others to find the strength to ask for 
help and lifting up those who feel alone can save lives. The National 
Suicide Prevention Lifeline provides immediate assistance for all 
Americans at 1-800-273-TALK, and I encourage you to call if you or 
someone you know is in need of help. Veterans, service members, and 
their loved ones can also call this number to reach the Veterans Crisis 
Line, and they can also send a text message to 838255.
The Affordable Care Act provides the largest expansion of mental health 
coverage in a generation, and it has helped increase access to quality, 
affordable health insurance for all Americans. The Act prohibits 
insurers from discriminating against people based on pre-existing 
conditions like depression, expands mental health and substance use 
disorder parity policies to more than 60 million Americans, and requires 
that Health Insurance

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Marketplace plans cover mental health and substance use disorder 
services. Additionally, my Administration proposed a new $500 million 
investment to increase access to mental health care. And because more 
than 20,000 Americans each year take their own lives with a firearm, we 
must do all we can to ensure people who need help get it and improve gun 
safety technology that can help prevent suicides.
We also have to end the tragedy of suicide among our troops and our 
veterans. These American heroes give of themselves for our country, and 
they deserve the best from us in return--so long as any veteran is 
suffering or feels like they have nowhere to turn, we have more work to 
do. In 2014, I announced 19 Executive actions to improve mental health 
care for our veterans, members of our Armed Forces, and their loved 
ones. And last year, to build on these efforts, I signed the Clay Hunt 
Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act to improve how we serve 
veterans with post-traumatic stress and other illnesses. By increasing 
peer support and outreach to service members transitioning to civilian 
life, this Act makes it easier for veterans to find the care they need 
when they need it.
The theme of this year's World Suicide Prevention Day is ``Connect. 
Communicate. Care.'' These words provide a roadmap to reaching our 
universal goal of suicide prevention--encouraging all people to reach 
out to those who are suffering in silence, express when they are in need 
of help, and lift up those around them. On this day, we are reminded 
that help is available and that a brighter future lies ahead. Let us 
honor the souls we have lost too soon and vow to do everything in our 
power to prevent suicide.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 10, 2016, as 
World Suicide Prevention Day. I call upon citizens, government agencies, 
organizations, health care providers, and research institutions to raise 
awareness of the mental health resources and support services available 
in their communities and encourage all those in need to seek the care 
and treatment necessary for a long and healthy life.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9490 of September 9, 2016

National Grandparents Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every day, families and communities across the globe benefit from the 
too often unheralded wisdom and devotion of dedicated grandparents--
women and men who blazed trails, broke down barriers, and shaped the 
world we know today. On National Grandparents Day, we honor America's 
grandparents as the backbone of our communities, and acknowledge the 
progress

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they forged so that their children and grandchildren could live out 
their dreams.
In our grandmothers and grandfathers, we see a reflection of what is 
possible with hard work, grit, and determination. Their fight for 
inclusivity and opportunity for all can be seen in board rooms and 
courthouses across our country, and their efforts helped build the 
world's largest, most durable economy and strongest middle class. This 
enduring legacy spans generations and will empower innovators and 
leaders for years to come.
Some grandparents sacrificed everything, leaving behind all they knew 
and loved to fight for freedom far from home, or to start a new life and 
give their families a chance at a brighter tomorrow in America. Millions 
of grandparents serve as primary caregivers, providing the discipline, 
guidance, and encouragement needed to thrive. And for so many Americans, 
our grandparents are our heroes, our confidantes, and our fiercest 
advocates. As connections to our past and inspirations for our future, 
grandparents made us who we are today and have paved a path we can 
aspire to follow.
Today, we pause to reflect not only on the myriad ways our grandparents 
have enriched our lives with their selfless acts of compassion and 
kindness, but also on our responsibility to ensure they can retire as 
they deserve--with security and dignity. Let us recognize their lasting 
contributions to their families and communities, and let us express our 
gratitude for all they have made possible.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 11, 2016, as 
National Grandparents Day. I call upon all Americans to take the time to 
honor their own grandparents and those in their community.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9491 of September 9, 2016

Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Fifteen years ago, nearly 3,000 innocent lives--men, women, and children 
who had been going about their normal routines--were taken from us, 
depriving families and loved ones of a lifetime of precious moments. But 
the acts of terror of September 11, 2001, sought to do more than hurt 
our people and bring down buildings: They sought to break our spirit and 
destroy the enduring values that unite us as Americans. In the years 
that followed, our capacity to love and to hope has guided us forward as 
we worked to rebuild, more sound and resilient than ever before. With 
the hearts of those

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we lost held faithfully in our memories, we reaffirm the unwavering 
optimism and everlasting strength that brought us together in our 
darkest hour, and we resolve to give of ourselves in service to others 
in that same spirit.
The pain inflicted on our Nation on September 11 was felt by people of 
every race, background, and faith. Though many young Americans have 
grown up without knowing firsthand the horrors of that day, their lives 
have been shaped by it. They hear of the many acts of service that 
occurred--coworkers who led others to safety, passengers who stormed a 
cockpit, and first responders who charged directly into the fire. Many 
Americans did everything they could to help survivors, from volunteering 
their time to donating food, clothing, and blood. And many signed up to 
don our Nation's uniform to prove to the world that no act of terror 
could eclipse the strength or character of our country.
United by a common creed, a commitment to lifting up our neighbors, and 
a belief that we are stronger when we stand by one another, we must find 
the courage to carry forward the legacy of those who stepped up in our 
time of need. By devoting ourselves to each other and recognizing that 
we are a part of something bigger than ourselves--just as heroic 
patriots did on September 11--we are paying tribute to their sacrifices. 
On this National Day of Service and Remembrance, we must ensure that 
darkness is no match for the light we shine by engaging in acts of 
service and charity. I invite all Americans to observe this day with 
compassionate and selfless deeds that embody the values that define our 
people, and to visit www.Serve.gov to find opportunities to give back to 
their communities.
America endures in the tenacity of our survivors, and in the dedication 
of those who keep us safe. Today, we honor all who lost their lives in 
the heartbreaking attacks of September 11, and all who made the ultimate 
sacrifice for our country in the years that followed. In memory of these 
beautiful souls, we vow to keep moving forward. Let us have confidence 
in the values that make us American, the liberties that make us a beacon 
to the world, and the unity we sustain every year on this anniversary. 
Above all, let us stand as strong as ever before and recognize that 
together, there is nothing we cannot overcome.
By a joint resolution approved December 18, 2001 (Public Law 107-89), 
the Congress has designated September 11 of each year as ``Patriot 
Day,'' and by Public Law 111-13, approved April 21, 2009, the Congress 
has requested the observance of September 11 as an annually recognized 
``National Day of Service and Remembrance.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim September 11, 2016, as Patriot Day and 
National Day of Service and Remembrance. I call upon all departments, 
agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States to display the flag 
of the United States at half-staff on Patriot Day and National Day of 
Service and Remembrance in honor of the individuals who lost their lives 
on September 11, 2001. I invite the Governors of the United States and 
its Territories and interested organizations and individuals to join in 
this observance. I call upon the people of the United States to 
participate in community service in honor of those our Nation lost, to 
observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities, including 
remembrance services, and to observe a moment of silence beginning at 
8:46 a.m. Eastern Daylight

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Time to honor the innocent victims who perished as a result of the 
terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9492 of September 14, 2016

To Modify Duty-Free Treatment Under the Generalized System of 
Preferences

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 502 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``1974 Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 2462), authorizes the President to designate countries as 
beneficiary developing countries, and to designate any beneficiary 
developing country as a least-developed beneficiary developing country, 
for purposes of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program. 
Section 502(f)(1)(A) of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2462(f)(1)(A)) requires 
the President to notify the Congress before designating any country as a 
beneficiary developing country. Section 502(f)(1)(B) of the 1974 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2462(f)(1)(B)) requires the President to notify the Congress at 
least 60 days before designating any country as a least-developed 
beneficiary developing country.
2. Pursuant to section 502(a)(1) of the 1974 Act, and taking into 
account the factors set forth in section 502(c) (19 U.S.C. 2462(c)), I 
have determined that the suspension pursuant to Proclamation 5955 of 
April 13, 1989, of preferential treatment for Burma as a beneficiary 
developing country under the GSP program should be ended, and I will so 
notify the Congress.
3. Pursuant to section 502(a)(2) of the 1974 Act, and having considered 
the factors set forth in sections 501 (19 U.S.C. 2461) and 502(c), I 
have also determined that Burma should be designated as a least-
developed beneficiary developing country for purposes of the GSP 
program, and I will so notify the Congress.
4. Section 604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2483), as amended, authorizes 
the President to embody in the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) of the 
United States the substance of the relevant provisions of that Act, and 
of other Acts affecting import treatment, and actions thereunder, 
including removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate 
of duty or other import restriction.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Barack Obama, President of the United States of 
America, acting under the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including title V and section 
604 of the 1974 Act (19 U.S.C. 2461-67, 2483), do proclaim that:
    (1) In order to reflect in the HTS the restoration of preferential 
treatment for Burma as a beneficiary developing country under the GSP 
program, general note 4(a) is modified by adding in alphabetical order 
``Burma'' to the

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list entitled ``Independent Countries'' and to the list entitled 
``Member Countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations 
(ASEAN).''
    (2) In order to reflect in the HTS the designation of Burma as a 
least-developed beneficiary developing country under the GSP program, 
general note 4(b)(i) is modified by adding in alphabetical order 
``Burma.''
    (3) The modifications to the HTS made by paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
this proclamation shall be effective with respect to articles entered, 
or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the date that 
is 60 days after the date of this proclamation.
    (4) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders 
that are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9493 of September 14, 2016

National Hispanic Heritage Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our founding, our Nation has drawn strength from the diversity of 
our people. With faith and passion, a sturdy work ethic and profound 
devotion to family, Hispanics have helped carry forward our legacy as a 
vibrant beacon of opportunity for all. Whether their ancestors have been 
here for generations or they are among the newest members of our 
American family, they represent many countries and cultures, each adding 
their own distinct and dynamic perspective to our country's story. In 
celebration of National Hispanic Heritage Month, we honor the 
contributions Hispanics have made throughout our history, and we 
highlight an important part of the rich diversity that keeps our 
communities strong.
Hispanic Americans have had a lasting impact on our history and have 
helped drive hard-won progress for all our people. They are the writers, 
singers, and musicians that enrich our arts and humanities; the 
innovative entrepreneurs steering our economy. They are the scientists 
and engineers revolutionizing our ways of life and making sweeping new 
discoveries; the advocates leading the way for social and political 
change. They are the brave men and women in uniform who commit 
themselves to defending our most cherished ideals at home and abroad. 
And their lasting achievements and devotion to our Nation exemplify the 
tenacity and perseverance embedded in our national character.
My Administration stands firmly committed to opening doors of 
opportunity for all Americans and addressing issues of vital importance 
to the Hispanic community. The unemployment rate for the Hispanic 
community has dropped steadily since I took office, and we have worked 
to support

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the growth and development of Hispanic-owned businesses. Last year, 
Hispanic Americans saw the largest gains of any racial or ethnic group 
in median income and experienced among the greatest reductions in 
poverty. We have fought to make home ownership more affordable and to 
raise the Federal minimum wage--which would benefit more than 8 million 
Hispanic workers. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, 4 million Hispanic 
non-elderly adults have gained access to quality, affordable health 
care, reducing the uninsured rate among Hispanics by more than a 
quarter. The high school graduation rate among Hispanic students is 
rising, and we have taken action to help more Hispanic students enroll 
in college. And by charting a new course in our relationship with Cuba, 
we are strengthening communication and bolstering relations between 
friends and family in both countries--reinforcing many ties to Latin 
America.
Our Nation's remarkable story began with immigration. Today, we must 
continue seeking to make the promise of our Nation real in the lives of 
all people, including for those who are Americans by every measure 
except for a piece of paper. Through the Deferred Action for Childhood 
Arrivals policy, hardworking young Dreamers--including many Hispanics--
have been given more opportunities to reach for their highest 
aspirations. I remain deeply committed to passing comprehensive 
immigration reform, and my Administration will continue doing all that 
we can to carry forward our Nation's legacy as a melting pot of the 
world. Through the work of the White House Task Force on New Americans, 
we are striving to support the integration of immigrants and refugees 
into our communities. We will continue to welcome those fleeing 
persecution, including those from the Western Hemisphere, and we will 
keep working to make our immigration system fairer and smarter.
This month, let us reflect on the countless ways in which Hispanics have 
contributed to our Nation's success, and let us reaffirm our commitment 
to expanding opportunity and building an ever brighter future for all. 
Let us embrace the diversity that strengthens us and continue striving 
to ensure the American dream is within reach for generations of 
Hispanics to come.
To honor the achievements of Hispanics in America, the Congress by 
Public Law 100-402, as amended, has authorized and requested the 
President to issue annually a proclamation designating September 15 
through October 15 as ``National Hispanic Heritage Month.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim September 15 through October 15, 2016, as 
National Hispanic Heritage Month. I call upon public officials, 
educators, librarians, and all Americans to observe this month with 
appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9495 of September 15, 2016

National POW/MIA Recognition Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For centuries, courageous members of our Armed Forces have embodied the 
best of America with devotion and patriotism. On National POW/MIA 
Recognition Day, we pause to remember our servicemen and women who never 
returned home. The hardship experienced by prisoners of war and by the 
family members of those who have gone missing in action is unimaginable 
to most Americans; it is our country's solemn obligation to bring these 
heroes back to the land they served to defend, and to support the 
families who, each day, carry on without knowing the peace of being 
reunited with their loved ones.
The United States does not leave anyone behind, and we do not forget 
those who remain missing. We will never stop working to bring home those 
who gave everything for their country, nor cease in our pursuit of the 
fullest possible accounting for all who are missing. We are working to 
fulfill this promise by strengthening communication with the families of 
those service members missing or taken prisoner. And as Commander in 
Chief, I am committed to living up to this responsibility.
The men and women of our Armed Forces face unthinkable conditions and 
bear the painful cost of war. Theirs is a debt we can never fully repay, 
though we will continue striving to remain worthy of their sacrifice. In 
honor of those who have not yet come home, and the families who struggle 
with the fear of unknown fate, we renew our fierce commitment to our 
patriots in uniform and pledge to do everything we can to bring those 
missing or held prisoner home.
On September 16, 2016, the stark black and white banner symbolizing 
America's Missing in Action and Prisoners of War will be flown over the 
White House; the United States Capitol; the Departments of State, 
Defense, and Veterans Affairs; the Selective Service System 
Headquarters; the World War II Memorial; the Korean War Veterans 
Memorial; the Vietnam Veterans Memorial; United States post offices; 
national cemeteries; and other locations across our country. We raise 
this flag as a solemn reminder of our obligation to always remember the 
sacrifices made to defend our Nation.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 16, 2016, as 
National POW/MIA Recognition Day. I urge all Americans to observe this 
day of honor and remembrance with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9496 of September 15, 2016

Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For generations, communities and families have relied on the waters of 
the northwest Atlantic Ocean and have told of their wonders. Throughout 
New England, the maritime trades, and especially fishing, have supported 
a vibrant way of life, with deep cultural roots and a strong connection 
to the health of the ocean and the bounty it provides. Over the past 
several decades, the Nation has made great strides in its stewardship of 
the ocean, but the ocean faces new threats from varied uses, climate 
change, and related impacts. Through exploration, we continue to make 
new discoveries and improve our understanding of ocean ecosystems. In 
these waters, the Atlantic Ocean meets the continental shelf in a region 
of great abundance and diversity as well as stark geological relief. The 
waters are home to many species of deep-sea corals, fish, whales and 
other marine mammals. Three submarine canyons and, beyond them, four 
undersea mountains lie in the waters approximately 130 miles southeast 
of Cape Cod. This area (the canyon and seamount area) includes unique 
ecological resources that have long been the subject of scientific 
interest.
The canyon and seamount area, which will constitute the monument as set 
forth in this proclamation, is composed of two units, which showcase two 
distinct geological features that support vulnerable ecological 
communities. The Canyons Unit includes three underwater canyons--
Oceanographer, Gilbert, and Lydonia--and covers approximately 941 square 
miles. The Seamounts Unit includes four seamounts--Bear, Mytilus, 
Physalia, and Retriever--and encompasses 3,972 square miles. The canyon 
and seamount area includes the waters and submerged lands within the 
coordinates included in the accompanying map. The canyon and seamount 
area contains objects of historic and scientific interest that are 
situated upon lands owned or controlled by the Federal Government. These 
objects are the canyons and seamounts themselves, and the natural 
resources and ecosystems in and around them.
The canyons start at the edge of the geological continental shelf and 
drop from 200 meters to thousands of meters deep. The seamounts are 
farther off shore, at the start of the New England Seamount chain, 
rising thousands of meters from the ocean floor. These canyons and 
seamounts are home to at least 54 species of deep-sea corals, which live 
at depths of at least 3,900 meters below the sea surface. The corals, 
together with other structure-forming fauna such as sponges and 
anemones, create a foundation for vibrant deep-sea ecosystems, providing 
food, spawning habitat, and shelter for an array of fish and 
invertebrate species. These habitats are extremely sensitive to 
disturbance from extractive activities.
Because of the steep slopes of the canyons and seamounts, oceanographic 
currents that encounter them create localized eddies and result in 
upwelling. Currents lift nutrients, like nitrates and phosphates, 
critical to the growth of phytoplankton from the deep to sunlit surface 
waters. These nutrients fuel an eruption of phytoplankton and 
zooplankton that form the

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base of the food chain. Aggregations of plankton draw large schools of 
small fish and then larger animals that prey on these fish, such as 
whales, sharks, tunas, and seabirds. Together the geology, currents, and 
productivity create diverse and vibrant ecosystems.
The Canyons
Canyons cut deep into the geological continental shelf and slope 
throughout the mid-Atlantic and New England regions. They are 
susceptible to active erosion and powerful ocean currents that transport 
sediments and organic carbon from the shelf through the canyons to the 
deep ocean floor. In Oceanographer, Gilbert, and Lydonia canyons, the 
hard canyon walls provide habitats for sponges, corals, and other 
invertebrates that filter food from the water to flourish, and for 
larger species including squid, octopus, skates, flounders, and crabs. 
Major oceanographic features, such as currents, temperature gradients, 
eddies, and fronts, occur on a large scale and influence the 
distribution patterns of such highly migratory oceanic species as tuna, 
billfish, and sharks. They provide feeding grounds for these and many 
other marine species.
Toothed whales, such as the endangered sperm whale, and many species of 
beaked whales are strongly attracted to the environments created by 
submarine canyons. Surveys of the area show significantly higher numbers 
of beaked whales present in canyon regions than in non-canyon shelf-edge 
regions. Endangered sperm whales, iconic in the region due to the 
historic importance of the species to New England's whaling communities, 
preferentially inhabit the U.S. Atlantic continental margin. Two 
additional species of endangered whales (fin whales and sei whales) have 
also been observed in the canyon and seamount area.
The Seamounts
The New England Seamount Chain was formed as the Earth's crust passed 
over a stationary hot spot that pushed magma up through the seafloor, 
and is now composed of more than 30 extinct undersea volcanoes, running 
like a curved spine from the southern side of Georges Bank to midway 
across the western Atlantic Ocean. Many of them have characteristic flat 
tops that were created by erosion by ocean waves and subsidence as the 
magma cooled. Four of these seamounts--Bear, Physalia, Retriever, and 
Mytilus--are in the United States Exclusive Economic Zone. Bear Seamount 
is approximately 100 million years old and the largest of the four; it 
rises approximately 2,500 meters from the seafloor to within 1,000 
meters of the sea surface. Its summit is over 12 miles in diameter. The 
three smaller seamounts reach to within 2,000 meters of the surface. All 
four of these seamounts have steep and complex topography that 
interrupts existing currents, providing a constant supply of plankton 
and nutrients to the animals that inhabit their sides. They also cause 
upwelling of nutrient-rich waters toward the ocean surface.
Geographically isolated from the continental platform, these seamounts 
support highly diverse ecological communities with deep-sea corals that 
are hundreds or thousands of years old and a wide array of other benthic 
marine organisms not found on the surrounding deep-sea floor. They 
provide shelter from predators, increased food, nurseries, and spawning 
areas. The New England seamounts have many rare and endemic species, 
several of which are new to science and are not known to live anywhere 
else on Earth.

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The Ecosystem
The submarine canyons and seamounts create dynamic currents and eddies 
that enhance biological productivity and provide feeding grounds for 
seabirds; pelagic species, including whales, dolphins, and turtles; and 
highly migratory fish, such as tunas, billfish, and sharks. More than 
ten species of shark, including great white sharks, are known to utilize 
the feeding grounds of the canyon and seamount area. Additionally, 
surveys of leatherback and loggerhead turtles in the area have revealed 
increased numbers above and immediately adjacent to the canyons and Bear 
Seamount.
Marine birds concentrate in upwelling areas near the canyons and 
seamounts. Several species of gulls, shearwaters, storm petrels, 
gannets, skuas, and terns, among others, are regularly observed in the 
region, sometimes in large aggregations. Recent analysis of geolocation 
data found that Maine's vulnerable Atlantic puffin frequents the canyon 
and seamount area between September and March, indicating a previously 
unknown wintering habitat for those birds.
These canyons and seamounts, and the ecosystem they compose, have long 
been of intense scientific interest. Scientists from government and 
academic oceanographic institutions have studied the canyons and 
seamounts using research vessels, submarines, and remotely operated 
underwater vehicles for important deep-sea expeditions that have yielded 
new information about living marine resources. Much remains to be 
discovered about these unique, isolated environments and their 
geological, ecological, and biological resources.
WHEREAS, the waters and submerged lands in and around the deep-sea 
canyons Oceanographer, Lydonia, and Gilbert, and the seamounts Bear, 
Physalia, Retriever, and Mytilus, contain objects of scientific and 
historic interest that are situated upon lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government;
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which shall be confined to the 
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve the marine 
environment, including the waters and submerged lands, in the area to be 
known as the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, 
for the care and management of the objects of historic and scientific 
interest therein;
WHEREAS, the well-being of the United States, the prosperity of its 
citizens and the protection of the ocean environment are complementary 
and reinforcing priorities; and the United States continues to act with 
due regard for the rights, freedoms, and lawful uses of the sea enjoyed 
by other nations under the law of the sea in managing the canyon and 
seamount area and does not compromise the readiness, training, and 
global mobility of the U.S. Armed Forces when establishing marine 
protected areas;

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine 
National Monument (monument) and, for the purpose of protecting those 
objects, reserve as a part thereof all lands and interests in lands 
owned or controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries 
described on the accompanying map entitled ``Northeast Canyons and 
Seamounts Marine National Monument,'' which is attached hereto, and 
forms a part of this proclamation. The Federal lands and interests in 
lands reserved consist of approximately 4,913 square miles, which is the 
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights. 
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the 
monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
location, selection, sale, leasing, or other disposition under the 
public land laws to the extent that those laws apply, including but not 
limited to, withdrawal from location, entry and patent under mining 
laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to development of oil 
and gas, minerals, geothermal, or renewable energy. Lands and interest 
in lands within the monument not owned or controlled by the United 
States shall be reserved as part of the monument upon acquisition of 
title or control by the United States.
Management of the Marine National Monument
The Secretaries of Commerce and the Interior (Secretaries) shall share 
management responsibility for the monument. The Secretary of Commerce, 
through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and 
in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, shall have 
responsibility for management of activities and species within the 
monument under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management 
Act, the Endangered Species Act (for species regulated by NOAA), the 
Marine Mammal Protection Act, and any other applicable Department of 
Commerce legal authorities. The Secretary of the Interior, through the 
United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and in consultation with 
the Secretary of Commerce, shall have responsibility for management of 
activities and species within the monument under its applicable legal 
authorities, including the National Wildlife Refuge System 
Administration Act, the Refuge Recreation Act, and the Endangered 
Species Act (for species regulated by FWS), and Public Law 98-532 and 
Executive Order 6166 of June 10, 1933.
The Secretaries shall prepare a joint management plan, within their 
respective authorities, for the monument within 3 years of the date of 
this proclamation, and shall promulgate as appropriate implementing 
regulations, within their respective authorities, that address any 
further specific actions necessary for the proper care and management of 
the objects and area identified in this proclamation. The Secretaries 
shall revise and update the management plan as necessary. In developing 
and implementing any management plans and any management rules and 
regulations, the Secretaries shall consult, designate, and involve as 
cooperating agencies the agencies with jurisdiction or special 
expertise, including the Department of Defense and Department of State, 
in accordance with the National Environmental

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Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and its implementing regulations. In 
addition, the Secretaries shall work to continue advances in resource 
protection in the Monument area that have resulted from a strong culture 
of collaboration and enhanced stewardship of marine resources.
This proclamation shall be applied in accordance with international law, 
and the Secretaries shall coordinate with the Department of State to 
that end. The management plans and their implementing regulations shall 
not unlawfully restrict navigation and overflight and other 
internationally recognized lawful uses of the sea in the monument and 
shall incorporate the provisions of this proclamation regarding U.S. 
Armed Forces actions and compliance with international law. No 
restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not a 
citizen, national, or resident alien of the United States (including 
foreign flag vessels) unless in accordance with international law. Also, 
in accordance with international law, no restrictions shall apply to 
foreign warships, naval auxiliaries, and other vessels owned or operated 
by a state and used, for the time being, only on government non-
commercial service, in order to fully respect the sovereign immunity of 
such vessels under international law.
Restrictions
Prohibited Activities
The Secretaries shall prohibit, to the extent consistent with 
international law, any person from conducting or causing to be conducted 
the following activities:
    1. Exploring for, developing, or producing oil and gas or minerals, 
or undertaking any other energy exploration or development activities 
within the monument.
    2. Using or attempting to use poisons, electrical charges, or 
explosives in the collection or harvest of a monument resource.
    3. Introducing or otherwise releasing an introduced species from 
within or into the monument.
    4. Removing, moving, taking, harvesting, possessing, injuring, 
disturbing, or damaging, or attempting to remove, move, take, harvest, 
possess, injure, disturb, or damage, any living or nonliving monument 
resource, except as provided under regulated activities below.
    5. Drilling into, anchoring, dredging, or otherwise altering the 
submerged lands; or constructing, placing, or abandoning any structure, 
material, or other matter on the submerged lands, except for scientific 
instruments and constructing or maintaining submarine cables.
    6. Fishing commercially or possessing commercial fishing gear except 
when stowed and not available for immediate use during passage without 
interruption through the monument, except for the red crab fishery and 
the American lobster fishery as regulated below.
Regulated Activities
Subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretaries deem 
appropriate, the Secretaries, pursuant to their respective authorities, 
to the extent consistent with international law, may permit any of the 
following activities regulated by this proclamation if such activity is 
consistent with the care

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and management of the objects within the monument and is not prohibited 
as specified above:
    1. Research and scientific exploration designed to further 
understanding of monument resources and qualities or knowledge of the 
North Atlantic Ocean ecosystem and resources.
    2. Activities that will further the educational value of the 
monument or will assist in the conservation and management of the 
monument.
    3. Anchoring scientific instruments.
    4. Recreational fishing in accordance with applicable fishery 
management plans and other applicable laws and other requirements.
    5. Commercial fishing for red crab and American lobster for a period 
of not more than 7 years from the date of this proclamation, in 
accordance with applicable fishery management plans and other 
regulations, and under permits in effect on the date of this 
proclamation. After 7 years, red crab and American lobster commercial 
fishing is prohibited in the monument.
    6. Other activities that do not impact monument resources, such as 
sailing or bird and marine mammal watching so long as those activities 
are conducted in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, 
including the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Nothing in this proclamation 
is intended to require that the Secretaries issue individual permits in 
order to allow such activities.
    7. Construction and maintenance of submarine cables.
Regulation of Scientific Exploration and Research
The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not restrict 
scientific exploration or research activities by or for the Secretaries, 
and nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to require a permit 
or other authorization from the other Secretary for their respective 
scientific activities.
Emergencies and Law Enforcement Activities
The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not apply to 
activities necessary to respond to emergencies threatening life, 
property, or the environment, or to activities necessary for law 
enforcement purposes.
U.S. Armed Forces
    1. The prohibitions required by this proclamation shall not apply to 
activities and exercises of the U.S. Armed Forces, including those 
carried out by the United States Coast Guard.
    2. The U.S. Armed Forces shall ensure, by the adoption of 
appropriate measures not impairing operations or operation capabilities, 
that its vessels and aircraft act in a manner consistent so far as is 
practicable, with this proclamation.
    3. In the event of threatened or actual destruction of, loss of, or 
injury to a monument resource or quality resulting from an incident, 
including but not limited to spills and groundings, caused by a 
component of the Department of Defense or the United States Coast Guard, 
the cognizant component shall promptly coordinate with the Secretaries 
for the purpose of taking appropriate action to respond to and mitigate 
any harm and, if possible, restore or replace the monument resource or 
quality.

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    4. Nothing in this proclamation or any regulation implementing it 
shall limit or otherwise affect the U.S. Armed Forces' discretion to 
use, maintain, improve, manage or control any property under the 
administrative control of a Military Department or otherwise limit the 
availability of such property for military mission purposes, including, 
but not limited to, defensive areas and airspace reservations.
Other Provisions
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
excavate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument and 
not to locate or settle upon any lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9497 of September 16, 2016

Constitution Day and Citizenship Day, Constitution Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Tasked with the awesome responsibility of building a Government to 
endure for generations to come, a band of dedicated patriots gathered in 
Philadelphia in 1787, seeking to build a more stable and permanent 
framework for a nascent democracy. Passionate debates and intense 
negotiation gave way to lasting compromise, and a document emerged that 
became the bedrock of America. Signed on September 17, the Constitution 
of the United States has steered our country through ever-changing 
times. It guides us as leaders on the world stage and safeguards the 
fundamental rights of our citizens. And it guarantees that the greatness 
of our Nation never depends on any one person--it requires the full and 
active participation of an engaged and vibrant citizenry.
The vision of self-government laid out in our Constitution is dependent 
on Americans doing the hard and sometimes frustrating--yet always 
essential--work of citizenship. Being a citizen is a responsibility that 
challenges each of us to stay informed, to speak out when something is 
not right or not just, and to come together to shape the course our 
country will take. Citizenship is a commitment, calling on us to stand 
up for what we believe in and to exercise our rights to protect the 
rights of others. The Bill of Rights and other amendments added in the 
decades that followed have paved the way for progress, and they embody a 
truth held since our founding: the simple but powerful idea that people 
who love their country can change it for the better.
America is more than a piece of land--it is an idea, a place where we 
can contribute our talents, fulfill our ambitions, and be part of 
something bigger than ourselves. Each year on Citizenship Day, we 
celebrate our newest citizens who raise their hands and swear a sacred 
oath to join our American family. The journey they have taken reminds us 
that immigration is our origin story. For centuries, immigrants have 
brought diverse beliefs, cultures, languages, and traditions to our 
country, and they have pledged to uphold the ideals expressed in our 
founding documents. They come from all around the world, mustering faith 
that in America, they can build a better life and give their children 
something more. That is why I was proud to create the White House Task 
Force on New Americans, which is helping to build welcoming communities 
around our country and enhance civic, economic, and linguistic 
integration for immigrants and refugees. Through the Task Force, Federal 
agencies and local communities are working together to raise awareness 
about the rights, responsibilities, and opportunities of citizenship--
and to give immigrants and refugees the tools they need to succeed.
As a Nation of immigrants, our legacy is rooted in their success. Their 
contributions help us live up to our founding principles. With pride in 
our diverse heritage and in our common creed, we affirm our dedication 
to the values enshrined in our Constitution. We, the people, must 
forever breathe

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life into the words of this precious document, and together ensure that 
its principles endure for generations to come.
In remembrance of the signing of the Constitution and in recognition of 
the Americans who strive to uphold the duties and responsibilities of 
citizenship, the Congress, by joint resolution of February 29, 1952 (36 
U.S.C. 106), designated September 17 as ``Constitution Day and 
Citizenship Day,'' and by joint resolution of August 2, 1956 (36 U.S.C. 
108), requested that the President proclaim the week beginning September 
17 and ending September 23 of each year as ``Constitution Week.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim September 17, 2016, as Constitution Day and 
Citizenship Day, and September 17 through September 23, 2016, as 
Constitution Week. I encourage Federal, State, and local officials, as 
well as leaders of civic, social, and educational organizations, to 
conduct ceremonies and programs that bring together community members to 
reflect on the importance of active citizenship, recognize the enduring 
strength of our Constitution, and reaffirm our commitment to the rights 
and obligations of citizenship in this great Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9498 of September 16, 2016

National Farm Safety and Health Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For generations, farmers and ranchers have formed the backbone of our 
economy and shaped the course of our Nation. They have served as 
critical stewards of our environment and natural resources. Toiling day 
in and day out in rural communities across our country, their dedication 
and dogged work ethic provide us with food, fuel, and other necessities, 
sustaining our people and our communities. Throughout National Farm 
Safety and Health Week, we honor their significant contributions by 
reaffirming our commitment to bolstering programs and practices that 
promote health and safety on America's farms.
Millions of farmers and their families face a variety of unsafe 
conditions when they wake up for work each morning. Extreme weather, and 
exposure to livestock or hazardous chemicals can pose threats to their 
safety. Much of their work takes place in dangerous environments and 
with potentially harmful equipment, such as wells, silos, and grain 
bins. And putting in long hours of physical labor can also cause illness 
or injury. Our farmers and ranchers are exposed to too many of these 
dangers, and we must ensure they are equipped with the tools, trainings, 
and resources they need to take proper precautions and safety measures 
in their workplaces.

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To reduce work-related accidents and deaths among farming communities, 
my Administration has encouraged regular participation in health and 
safety programs. Increasing awareness of proper procedures is crucial, 
and farmers and farmworkers can improve their safety practices by 
correctly handling materials and inspecting machinery, paying careful 
attention to instructions and labels on products and equipment, and 
practicing and communicating plans for emergency response. Because many 
farms and ranches are family businesses, we have partnered with people 
across our country to help formalize youth farm safety education to 
improve farm safety for children.
The best farmers in the world have enriched our Nation and driven our 
agriculture sector forward; it is our shared duty to ensure their health 
and safety, because we all have a stake in the well-being of those who 
provide us with food and energy. By maintaining safe work environments 
and taking steps to practice caution on our farms, we can minimize risks 
and increase productivity in one of the greatest and most essential 
industries in America.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 18 through 
September 24, 2016, as National Farm Safety and Health Week. I call upon 
the agencies, organizations, businesses, and extension services that 
serve America's agricultural workers to strengthen their commitment to 
promoting farm safety and health programs. I also urge Americans to 
honor our agricultural heritage and express appreciation to our farmers, 
ranchers, and farmworkers for their contributions to our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9499 of September 16, 2016

Prescription Opioid and Heroin Epidemic Awareness Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Each year, more Americans die from drug overdoses than in traffic 
accidents, and more than three out of five of these deaths involve an 
opioid. Since 1999, the number of overdose deaths involving opioids, 
including prescription opioid pain relievers, heroin, and fentanyl, has 
nearly quadrupled. Many people who die from an overdose struggle with an 
opioid use disorder or other substance use disorder, and unfortunately 
misconceptions surrounding these disorders have contributed to harmful 
stigmas that prevent individuals from seeking evidence-based treatment. 
During Prescription Opioid and Heroin Epidemic Awareness Week, we pause 
to remember all those we have lost to opioid use disorder, we stand with 
the courageous

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individuals in recovery, and we recognize the importance of raising 
awareness of this epidemic.
Opioid use disorder, or addiction to prescription opioids or heroin, is 
a disease that touches too many of our communities--big and small, urban 
and rural--and devastates families, all while straining the capacity of 
law enforcement and the health care system. States and localities across 
our country, in collaboration with Federal and national partners, are 
working together to address this issue through innovative partnerships 
between public safety and public health professionals. The Federal 
Government is bolstering efforts to expand treatment and opioid abuse 
prevention activities, and we are working alongside law enforcement to 
help get more people into treatment instead of jail.
My Administration is steadfast in its commitment to reduce overdose 
deaths and get more Americans the help they need. That is why I continue 
to call on the Congress to provide $1.1 billion to expand access to 
treatment services for opioid use disorder. These new investments would 
build on the steps we have already taken to expand overdose prevention 
strategies, and increase access to naloxone--the overdose reversal drug 
that first responders and community members are using to save lives. We 
are also working to improve opioid prescribing practices and support 
targeted enforcement activities. Although Federal agencies will continue 
using all available tools to address opioid use disorder and overdose, 
the Congress must act quickly to help more individuals get the treatment 
they need--because the longer we go without congressional action on this 
funding, the more opportunities we miss to save lives.
Too often, we expect people struggling with substance use disorders to 
self-diagnose and seek treatment. And although we have made great 
strides in helping more Americans access care, far too many still lack 
appropriate, evidence-based treatment. This week, we reaffirm our 
commitment to raising awareness about this disease and supporting 
prevention and treatment programs. Let us ensure everyone with an opioid 
use disorder can embark on the road to recovery, and together, let us 
begin to turn the tide of this epidemic.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 18 through 
September 24, 2016, as Prescription Opioid and Heroin Epidemic Awareness 
Week. I call upon all Americans to observe this week with appropriate 
programs, ceremonies, and activities that raise awareness about the 
prescription opioid and heroin epidemic.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9500 of September 23, 2016

National Hunting and Fishing Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Hunting and fishing have endured as cherished traditions for 
generations. Whether for sport, sustenance, or both, these activities 
provide opportunities for Americans to connect with those around them--
from tribal elders sharing sacred practices to parents spending time 
outdoors with their children. On this day, as we celebrate America's 
hunters and fishers for the ways in which they have strengthened our 
communities, we also honor their call to serve as good stewards of our 
lands and waters.
Anglers and hunters were some of the earliest conservation leaders, and 
they remain key partners in safeguarding the important recreational 
opportunities provided by our unparalleled natural spaces. Caring for 
our environment is critical for supporting hunting and fishing, and 
today we recognize the growing urgency of conserving our Nation's lands, 
waters, and ecosystems so that more Americans can enjoy all they have to 
offer. That is why I continue to call on the Congress to permanently 
fund the Land and Water Conservation Fund, which has helped create new 
opportunities for hunting and fishing.
Outdoor areas across America are renowned for their beauty and for the 
wealth of recreational activities they support. To secure this legacy, 
my Administration has protected more acres of public lands and waters 
than any other in our Nation's history--and this past summer, I 
established the Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument, which 
preserves access to hunting. And at national wildlife refuges, in 
forests, and on public and private lands throughout our country, we have 
expanded opportunities for Americans to hunt, fish, and reconnect with 
nature.
Hunting and fishing strengthen local economies, provide sustenance, and 
help Americans experience the outdoors. By enriching our communities and 
bringing people together, hunters and anglers have carried forward 
traditions dating back to long before our Nation's founding. On National 
Hunting and Fishing Day, we recognize the majestic landscapes that make 
these activities possible for Americans around our country. As we 
acknowledge the important cultural heritage surrounding hunting and 
fishing, let us vow to protect our Nation's remarkable outdoor spaces 
for generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 24, 2016, as 
National Hunting and Fishing Day. I invite all Americans to observe this 
day with appropriate activities in our great outdoors.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9501 of September 23, 2016

National Public Lands Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Nothing can truly capture the beauty and majesty of America's expansive 
landscapes and wide-open acres. On National Public Lands Day, Americans 
from coast-to-coast celebrate these spaces by participating in the 
largest single-day volunteer effort to restore and enhance the lands we 
all enjoy. Volunteers will remove litter and invasive plant species, 
blaze new trails and maintain existing ones, and plant seeds that will 
grow in the years to come--taking full advantage of the chance to give 
back to the lands that have given us all so much.
Our public lands reflect our shared history, and enable us to connect to 
each other and to something bigger than ourselves. National Parks, 
forests, wildlife refuges, conservation lands, and marine sanctuaries 
not only strengthen our economy through tourism and provide endless 
recreational and educational opportunities, but are also home to 
important biodiversity and rich ecosystems. I am proud that my 
Administration has protected hundreds of millions of acres of these 
vital lands and waters--more than any Administration in history. Through 
the America's Great Outdoors Initiative, we have also promoted 
innovative, community-level efforts to conserve outdoor spaces and 
reconnect Americans with nature. And through the 21st Century 
Conservation Corps, we have worked to inspire millions of young adults 
and veterans to engage in hands-on service in the great outdoors.
On National Public Lands Day, all federally managed public lands and 
waters are offering free admission so Americans can observe this day not 
just by caring for these spaces, but by enjoying their vast wonders. To 
ensure more young people can discover our great outdoors, my ``Every Kid 
in a Park'' initiative is again giving fourth grade students and their 
families free access to all National Parks and other Federal lands for 
an entire year. And as the National Park Service celebrates 100 years of 
preserving and protecting these important spaces, we are encouraging 
more Americans to ``Find Your Park'' and explore the extraordinary parks 
and public lands in their communities.
As stewards of our environment and caretakers of these public lands, we 
must build on our legacy of conservation. Climate change poses the 
single biggest threat to our natural resources. Across our country, we 
are experiencing stronger storms, harsher droughts, increased flooding, 
and longer wildfire seasons that put these public spaces at risk--which 
is why any effort to fully combat climate change must include protecting 
our land, water, and wildlife. Let us rededicate ourselves to this 
critical work and continue looking after these natural treasures and 
protecting our historic and cultural heritage for generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 24, 2016, as 
National Public Lands Day. I encourage all Americans to participate in a 
day of public service for our lands.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9502 of September 23, 2016

Gold Star Mother's and Family's Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our Nation's founding, in peace and in war, the values that define 
our brave men and women in uniform have remained constant: honor, 
courage, and selflessness. From the deafening sounds of combat to the 
silence of the sacred hills at Arlington, we remember the countless 
sacrifices our service members make to preserve the freedoms we too 
often take for granted. No one understands the true price of these 
freedoms like our Gold Star families, whose humility, even in times of 
grief, represents the best of our country. Today, we recognize their 
sacrifices by listening to their stories, sharing in their pain and 
pride, and pledging to do all we can to honor them and the loved ones 
they hold close in their hearts.
Through unspeakable sorrow, our Gold Star families suffer from loss that 
can never be restored--pain that can never truly be healed. It is 
because of their selfless character and unfailing grace that Americans 
can come home each day, gather with family and friends, and live in 
peace and security. And though the debt our fallen soldiers and their 
families pay is one we can never fully pay back, we must continue to 
support our veterans when they come home and stand by our military 
families who endure unthinkable loss. We must maintain the sacred 
covenant we share with our veterans by ensuring they have the care and 
benefits they deserve, and as citizens, we must all work to lift each 
other up in a manner that is worthy of those who laid down their lives 
to protect the land and freedoms we cherish.
Less than one percent of our Nation wear the uniform, but all of us have 
an obligation to acknowledge the losses endured by Gold Star Mothers and 
Families and to fill the painful absence of their loved ones with our 
profound gratitude. We must strive to support these families--not just 
with words, but with actions--by being there every day for the parents, 
spouses, and children who feel the weight of their loss. On this day of 
remembrance, may we carry forward the work of those who gave their last 
full measure of devotion and vow to keep their memories burning bright 
in our hearts. And may we lift up their families, who have steadfastly 
supported their mission through immeasurable heartbreak, by remaining a 
Nation worthy of their sacrifice.
The Congress, by Senate Joint Resolution 115 of June 23, 1936 (49 Stat. 
1985 as amended), has designated the last Sunday in September as ``Gold 
Star Mother's Day.''

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 25, 2016, as 
Gold Star Mother's and Family's Day. I call upon all Government 
officials to display the flag of the United States over Government 
buildings on this special day. I also encourage the American people to 
display the flag and hold appropriate ceremonies as a public expression 
of our Nation's gratitude and respect for our Gold Star Mothers and 
Families.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9503 of September 26, 2016

National Voter Registration Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

One of the most fundamental and sacred rights of any democracy is the 
right to vote; in order for our government to function effectively and 
respond to the needs of our people, all citizens can and must play a 
role in shaping it. Each year on National Voter Registration Day, we 
reaffirm the strong sense of civic pride among our people and encourage 
friends, family members, and neighbors to get involved in civic life by 
registering to vote.
Democracy is not a spectator sport. If we are serious about improving 
our country and ensuring our government reflects our values, we cannot 
afford to sit out on Election Day. Unfortunately, among those who are 
eligible to vote, too many choose not to--far too many people 
disenfranchise themselves by not getting involved. When we do not take 
full advantage of the right to vote, we not only give away our voice; 
our power; our ability to shape the future of the country we love--we 
also do a disservice to the generations of Americans before us who 
risked everything, including their lives, to protect this fundamental 
aspect of our Republic.
Our brand of democracy is hard, and it requires our citizens to be able 
to fully participate in a smooth and effective way. Through a 
bipartisan, independent commission dedicated to improving the voting 
process, we are working to ensure our democracy and our elections 
function the way they are supposed to. Whether through strengthening 
mechanisms that allow more people to vote--such as online registration--
or going door-to-door to register voters in our communities, we must 
make registering to vote easier. By protecting and expanding this right, 
we can ensure this grand experiment in self-government works for more 
Americans. For more information on how to register to vote, visit 
www.VOTE.USA.gov.
It is easy to feel frustrated when the pace of change is slow--and to 
lose hope in the political process as a result. But we cannot give in to 
that cynicism. Heroic things happen when people get involved. Our 
government is

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only as strong as what we put into it, and it is only reflective of the 
will of our citizenry when we exercise our right to vote. Today, as we 
once again celebrate National Voter Registration Day, let us carry 
forward the tradition of promoting voter registration and civic 
engagement, recommit to exercising one of the most precious of our 
democratic rights, and remember that the task of perfecting our Union 
belongs to us all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim September 27, 2016, as 
National Voter Registration Day. I call upon all Americans to observe 
this day by ensuring they are registered to vote.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-sixth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9504 of September 28, 2016

Death of Shimon Peres

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the memory of Shimon Peres, former President 
and Prime Minister of Israel, I hereby order, by the authority vested in 
me by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, that 
the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at the White 
House and on all public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and 
naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in 
the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its 
Territories and possessions until sunset, on September 30, 2016. I also 
direct that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same period at 
all United States embassies, legations, consular offices, and other 
facilities abroad, including all military facilities and naval vessels 
and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9505 of September 28, 2016

National Arts and Humanities Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Throughout history, the arts and humanities have been at the forefront 
of progress. In diverse mediums and methods--whether through the themes 
of a novel, the movement of a dancer, or a monologue on a stage--the 
arts enrich our souls, inspire us to chase our dreams, and challenge us 
to see things through a different lens. During National Arts and 
Humanities Month, we celebrate the important role the arts and 
humanities have played in shaping the American narrative.
Our achievements as a society and a culture go hand-in-hand. The arts 
embody who we are as a people and have long helped drive the success of 
our country. They provoke thought and encourage our citizenry to reach 
new heights in creativity and innovation; they lift up our identities, 
connecting what is most profound within us to our collective human 
experiences.
In seeking to break down barriers and challenge our assumptions, we must 
continue promoting and prioritizing the arts and humanities, especially 
for our young people. In many ways, the arts and humanities reflect our 
national soul. They are central to who we are as Americans--as dreamers 
and storytellers, creators and visionaries. By investing in the arts, we 
can chart a course for the future in which the threads of our common 
humanity are bound together with creative empathy and openness. When we 
engage with the arts, we instill principles that, at their core, make us 
truer to ourselves.
This month, we acknowledge all those who have proudly and passionately 
dedicated their lives to these diverse, beautiful, and often challenging 
forms of expression. In our increasingly global economy, we recognize 
the power of the arts and humanities to connect people around the world. 
Be it through the pen of a poet, the voice of a singer, or the canvas of 
a painter, let us continue to harness the unparalleled ways the arts and 
humanities bring people together.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Arts and Humanities Month. I call upon the people of the United 
States to observe this month with appropriate ceremonies, activities, 
and programs to celebrate the arts and the humanities in America.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9506 of September 29, 2016

Child Health Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Today's youth will shape our Nation's narrative and drive our progress, 
and it is our duty to ensure our young people are given every 
opportunity to live full, healthy lives. Securing a bright future for 
America's daughters and sons requires us to continue expanding access to 
quality health care and working to foster cleaner, safer, and more 
supportive environments. On Child Health Day, we renew our strong 
commitment to protecting and empowering our children by giving them the 
tools, resources, and knowledge they need to grow into healthy and 
productive adults.
My Administration has made children's health a top priority throughout 
the past 8 years. Through First Lady Michelle Obama's Let's Move! 
initiative, we have worked to bring parents, schools, and communities 
together to reduce childhood obesity by increasing access to affordable 
and nutritious food, and by encouraging physical activity early on in 
life. Parents and guardians serve as role models when it comes to 
forming healthy habits, and they can help their children learn to make 
smart choices that will shape their lifestyles for years to come.
Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, no child can be denied coverage 
because of a pre-existing condition, and millions of young people are 
able to remain on a parent's insurance plan until age 26. Cancer touches 
the lives of millions of Americans, and pediatric cancer remains the 
leading cause of death by disease among children. Earlier this year, I 
called on Vice President Joe Biden to lead the White House Cancer 
Moonshot Task Force--a collaborative effort that is striving to make a 
decade's worth of progress in preventing, diagnosing, and treating 
cancer in just 5 years and is dedicated to ending cancer as we know it.
Supporting our children's emotional and mental health is just as 
critical as protecting their physical health. Bullying touches the lives 
of young people across our country and can affect their mental health, 
and we are committed to providing parents and schools with the support 
they need to address harassment--because no child should be hurt, and no 
child should feel ashamed because of who they are.
As we face growing environmental threats, it is our responsibility to 
combat climate change and protect our planet for future generations. 
That is why we have taken concrete steps to address carbon pollution and 
advocate for cleaner energy options. Through the Paris Climate 
Agreement, we are joining with nearly 200 countries to adopt ambitious 
measures that will reduce carbon pollution across the globe. By taking 
unprecedented action to protect the air we breathe and the water we 
drink, we are striving to reduce the harmful effects that climate change 
can have on our children, including the potential for higher incidence 
of asthma attacks, and other health problems exacerbated by dirty air.
This Child Health Day, we are reminded that the well-being of America's 
children is in our hands and that it is our responsibility to keep 
building a society that will allow them to thrive. Let us reaffirm our 
belief in the

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notion that all children should be able to live a healthy and happy 
life--no matter where they come from or what they look like--and let us 
continue reaching for a future where all our children are limited by 
nothing but the size of their dreams.
The Congress, by a joint resolution approved May 18, 1928, as amended 
(36 U.S.C. 105), has called for the designation of the first Monday in 
October as Child Health Day and has requested that the President issue a 
proclamation in observance of this day.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim Monday, October 3, 2016, as Child Health 
Day. I call upon families, educators, health professionals, faith-based 
and community organizations, and all levels of government to help ensure 
America's children are healthy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-ninth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9507 of September 30, 2016

National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every year, too many Americans are touched by the pain and hardship 
caused by breast cancer--a disease that, among women, is not only one of 
the most common cancers, but also one of the leading causes of cancer-
related death. During National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, we honor 
all those who lost their lives to breast cancer, and we recognize the 
courageous survivors who are still fighting it. For these individuals, 
and for their loved ones who give their unwavering support during the 
most trying times, we recommit ourselves to the essential and necessary 
work of forging a future free from cancer in all its forms.
Hundreds of thousands of Americans will be diagnosed with breast cancer 
this year, and tens of thousands will lose their battle with this 
disease. Although both women and men can have breast cancer, women are 
at higher risk. Women with a family history of breast cancer, or those 
who are older or obese, are also more likely to be diagnosed with breast 
cancer. I encourage all women to find out if they are at increased risk 
and to learn more about recommended screenings by speaking with their 
health care providers and by visiting www.Cancer.gov/Breast.
Early detection and treatment can save lives. Since I took office, I 
have worked to make quality, affordable health care a reality for more 
Americans. The Affordable Care Act has given millions of women expanded 
access to preventive services, including screening tests such as 
mammograms,

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with no out-of-pocket costs. Women can no longer be denied coverage 
because of a pre-existing condition, including a family history of 
breast cancer, and lifetime and annual limits on essential health 
benefits have been eliminated.
Critical research efforts over time have yielded great progress in how 
we diagnose and treat breast cancer, which has produced a steady 
increase in survival rates for those suffering from this disease--and it 
is crucial that we keep building on these successes. This year, the 
National Cancer Institute launched the largest study of its kind to 
investigate the role of genetic and biological factors in breast cancer 
risk among African American women, who have a higher risk of dying from 
breast cancer. The White House Cancer Moonshot Task Force, also launched 
this year, is a new national effort striving to make a decade's worth of 
progress in preventing, diagnosing, and treating cancer in just 5 years. 
And through the Precision Medicine Initiative--a bold research effort 
aimed at delivering disease prevention and treatment based on an 
individual's unique traits and genetic information--we are pursuing new 
oncology-focused efforts to advance personalized care through targeted 
cancer therapies.
This month, with bold pink ribbons displayed proudly across America, we 
stand in solidarity with breast cancer survivors and reaffirm our 
commitment to raising awareness of this disease and to advancing 
research efforts. Let us thank the countless advocates, medical 
professionals, researchers, and caregivers who dedicate their lives to 
fighting for a world without breast cancer, and together, let us carry 
out our mission to cure cancer once and for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Breast Cancer Awareness Month. I encourage citizens, government 
agencies, private businesses, nonprofit organizations, and all other 
interested groups to join in activities that will increase awareness of 
what Americans can do to prevent breast cancer.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9508 of September 30, 2016

National Cybersecurity Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Technology plays an increasingly significant role in our daily lives. 
The rise of the Internet has brought incredible opportunity and new ways 
of innovating and enhancing our way of life--but with great potential 
also comes heightened risk to our data. Keeping cyberspace secure is a 
matter of national security, and in order to ensure we can reap the 
benefits and

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utility of technology while minimizing the dangers and threats it 
presents, we must continue to make cybersecurity a top priority. 
Throughout National Cybersecurity Awareness Month, we recognize the role 
that individuals can play in enhancing cybersecurity, and we join to 
raise awareness of the importance of securing our information against 
cyber threats.
To build on the cybersecurity efforts already underway, my 
Administration introduced the Cybersecurity National Action Plan earlier 
this year to address short-term and long-term challenges when it comes 
to cybersecurity. We have proposed increasing the budget for 
cybersecurity by more than one-third and establishing an Information 
Technology Modernization Fund to help retire, replace, and modernize our 
costly information technology legacy systems. We are also striving to 
invest in cybersecurity education, reform the way Government manages and 
responds to large-scale cyber threats, and update obsolete Federal IT 
systems that are vulnerable to attack.
To meet these goals, we created the position of the first-ever Federal 
Chief Information Security Officer to help drive cybersecurity policy, 
planning, and implementation across the Federal Government. We also 
established the Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity to 
recommend actions that can be taken over the next decade to strengthen 
cybersecurity in both the public and private sectors while protecting 
privacy. This Commission will maintain public safety and economic and 
national security, foster discovery and development of new technical 
solutions, and bolster partnerships between governments and the private 
sector in an effort to promote best cybersecurity practices.
Cyber threats not only pose a danger to our national security, but also 
have the potential to harm our financial security and undermine the 
privacy of millions of Americans. An important part of enhancing 
cybersecurity involves empowering more Americans to help themselves take 
proper precautions online and in their financial transactions; 
cybersecurity is a shared responsibility, and everyone can do their part 
to make smart, safe choices. The Federal Government is also doing our 
part through the BuySecure Initiative, which has issued more than three 
million more secure credit cards for Government purchases. We are also 
working to help give Americans earlier warning of identity crimes with 
free access to credit scores through their existing consumer accounts.
Through the Department of Homeland Security's ``Stop.Think.Connect.'' 
campaign, we are aiming to increase awareness of the simple steps people 
can take to strengthen their cybersecurity. The National Cyber Security 
Alliance, in partnership with the private sector and non-profit 
organizations, recently launched the ``Lock Down Your Login'' campaign 
to empower Americans to take control of their online accounts and add an 
extra layer of security beyond just using passwords. I encourage every 
American to take this important step and to visit 
www.LockDownYourLogin.com to learn more.
Keeping America safe requires us to bolster our security online. This 
month, we renew our commitment to ensuring our information is more 
secure, our data is safer, and our families and businesses are more 
protected than ever before. If we work toward this goal--as individuals 
and as a Nation--together we can realize our full potential in the 
digital age.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Cybersecurity Awareness Month. I call upon the people of the 
United States to recognize the importance of cybersecurity and to 
observe this month with activities, events, and training that will 
enhance our national security and resilience.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9509 of September 30, 2016

National Disability Employment Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Americans with disabilities are entitled to the same rights and freedoms 
as any other citizen--including the right to dignity and respect in the 
workplace. Too often in our Nation's history, individuals with 
disabilities have been eager to work but could not find a job, facing 
red tape, discrimination, or employers who assumed that disabled meant 
unable and refused to hire them. This month, we recognize the 
significant progress our country has made for those living with 
disabilities, and we honor the lasting contributions and diverse skills 
they bring to our workforce.
As a country, we must acknowledge that despite the great strides we have 
made in the 26 years since the passage of the Americans with 
Disabilities Act--a groundbreaking civil rights law aimed at eliminating 
discrimination and assuring equality for people with disabilities--we 
still have far to go to raise awareness of discriminatory obstacles that 
individuals with disabilities encounter in employment. Today, the labor 
force participation rate for Americans with disabilities is less than 
one-third the rate of those without a disability, and the unemployment 
rate is more than twice as high for individuals with disabilities. To 
break down more of these barriers, we must expand access to the 
resources and training necessary for Americans with disabilities to 
succeed in the workplace.
My Administration is dedicated to upholding our Nation's promise of 
equal opportunity for all and advancing employment for people with 
disabilities in every community. I am proud that the Federal Government 
is leading by example as a model employer, now employing more Americans 
with disabilities than at any time in the last 30 years. Last year, the 
White House hosted a Summit on Disability and Employment to share 
resources for employers to hire more individuals with disabilities and 
effective strategies for recruitment, retention, hiring, and promotion 
of these employees. Two years ago, through updates to Section 503 of the 
Rehabilitation Act, we took action to increase the representation of 
workers with disabilities in the Federal contractor workforce. In 2014, 
I signed the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act to help the 
Departments of Labor and Education build

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initiatives that advance employment opportunities for individuals with 
disabilities--and earlier this summer, we issued new regulations to 
provide greater and more inclusive career development and training 
opportunities for anyone facing barriers to employment.
This year's National Disability Employment Awareness Month theme focuses 
on the importance of inclusion, especially when it comes to business, 
opportunity, and innovation. When we diversify our workforce we create 
opportunities for growth and improvement--not just for those with 
disabilities, but for everyone. This month, let us continue striving to 
forge a future where workplaces are more inclusive and where employees 
are more accepted for who they are. And because we know that our country 
does best when everyone gets their fair shot, let us keep working to 
ensure no one is left behind or unable to pursue their dreams because of 
a disability.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Disability Employment Awareness Month. I urge all Americans to 
embrace the talents and skills that individuals with disabilities bring 
to our workplaces and communities and to promote the right to equal 
employment opportunity for all people.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9510 of September 30, 2016

National Domestic Violence Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The physical and emotional scars of domestic violence can cast a long 
shadow. Too many individuals, regardless of age, ability, sex, sexual 
orientation, gender identity, circumstance, or race, face the pain and 
fear of domestic violence. During National Domestic Violence Awareness 
Month, we shine a light on this violation of the basic human right to be 
free from violence and abuse, pledge to ensure every victim of domestic 
violence knows they are not alone, and foster supportive communities 
that help survivors seek justice and enjoy full and healthy lives.
Over the past two decades, rates of domestic violence against females 
have dropped by nearly three-quarters--but there is still much work to 
do to build on the progress we have made. Nearly 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 
men have suffered from domestic violence by an intimate partner. All 
people deserve to feel safe with loved ones, and my Administration is 
committed to eliminating this scourge and supporting survivors' 
healing--and we must ensure that survivors and their families have 
access to the resources, care, and support they need to do so.

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My Administration is dedicated to ensuring that all people feel safe in 
all aspects of their lives, which is why I proposed significant funding 
for responding to domestic violence in my most recent budget proposal. 
We have also championed legislative action like the Family Violence 
Prevention and Services Act, and the Affordable Care Act--which ensures 
that most health plans cover domestic violence screening and counseling 
services at no additional cost. And the Violence Against Women Act, 
which was reauthorized in 2013, has enhanced and expanded protections to 
Native Americans, immigrants, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender 
individuals, and victims who reside in public housing.
This is progress we must continue to invest in and carry forward. 
Earlier this year, I announced a series of commonsense steps my 
Administration is taking to reduce gun violence, including work to renew 
our domestic violence outreach efforts. Building on the work of our 
Police Data Initiative, the White House is promoting smart approaches to 
collecting data on domestic violence offenses that balance transparency 
and accountability with victim safety and privacy. And victim safety 
should also be a priority in the workplace--a truth that extends to the 
Federal Government. That is why I directed all Federal agencies to adopt 
domestic violence workplace policies and encouraged employers to do the 
same.
Our agencies have taken many critical actions to advance this cause. For 
example, the Department of Justice has invested millions of dollars in 
new initiatives to prevent domestic violence homicides, urge law 
enforcement agencies to identify and prevent gender bias when responding 
to domestic violence and sexual assault, and expand services to 
underserved victims. And the Department of Housing and Urban Development 
recently issued guidance to prevent housing discrimination against 
survivors of domestic violence.
Vice President Joe Biden's leadership has helped guide our progress and 
worked to change our national culture--which too often tolerates and 
condones domestic violence. We are challenging harmful stereotypes 
associated with victims of domestic violence and striving to bring the 
practice of victim-blaming to an end. We must continue to recognize 
survivors who experience disproportionate rates of domestic violence, 
and who have been placed at the margins for generations, including women 
of color, Native Americans, individuals with disabilities, members of 
the LGBT community, immigrants, and older adults. Along these lines, we 
also joined with Canada and Mexico to create the North American Working 
Group on Violence against Indigenous Women and Girls, working together 
to enhance responses to violent crimes against indigenous women and 
girls in North America.
Our Nation's character is tested whenever this injustice is tolerated. 
When anyone is targeted by someone they place their trust in, we have a 
responsibility to speak up. We all have a role to play in building a 
bright and safe future for each other and for future generations. This 
month, we recommit to standing with survivors of domestic violence and 
to doing our utmost to extend hope and healing to all who need it. If 
you or someone you know needs assistance, I encourage you to reach out 
to the National Domestic Violence Hotline, which recently engaged in its 
4 millionth conversation with victims and survivors of domestic 
violence, by calling 1-800-799-SAFE, or visiting www.TheHotline.org.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Domestic Violence Awareness Month. I call on all Americans to 
speak out against domestic violence and support local efforts to assist 
victims of these crimes in finding the help and healing they need.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9511 of September 30, 2016

National Energy Action Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The sustainability of our country and our world in the 21st century 
rests on our ability to address our shared energy challenges and to 
encourage diverse, clean, and efficient energy production. During 
National Energy Action Month, we rededicate ourselves to securing a more 
prosperous and energy-independent future. As climate change continues to 
threaten our planet, we must join together to reduce our carbon 
emissions, protect our environment, and leave behind a cleaner and more 
resilient world for generations to come.
Today, America is less reliant on foreign oil than at any point in the 
previous four decades. To build on this progress, we are implementing 
new fuel efficiency standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles that 
are projected to significantly reduce diesel consumption. We are also 
increasing the energy efficiency of our buildings and appliances and 
modernizing our energy infrastructure as we experience a rapid 
transformation in the way power is generated and used across our 
country.
To ensure our energy security for generations, the United States is 
partnering with Canada and Mexico to pursue regional energy security and 
combat climate change. Earlier this year at the North American Leaders 
Summit, we set an historic goal of achieving 50 percent clean power 
generation across our continent by 2025. These efforts will bolster a 
transition to clean energy sources that increase economic 
competitiveness and strengthen growing industries while supporting 
hundreds of thousands of new jobs. Our solar industry is creating jobs 
12 times faster than the rest of the economy, and wind generation now 
supports tens of thousands of American jobs. Additionally, we are 
working to diversify our energy portfolio to include sources of zero 
emissions power like nuclear and hydropower; expand our supply of 
affordable, reliable, and efficient energy sources; and make it easier 
for every American to access cleaner forms of energy.
In response to the devastating consequences of our changing climate, we 
are embracing our responsibility to achieve a low-carbon future. To do 
our

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part, we are on track to reach the 2020 emissions reductions goals I set 
when I first took office, and we are pursuing even greater cuts for 
2025. Last year, we joined nearly 200 countries for the announcement of 
the most ambitious climate agreement in history, and in September we 
formally joined the Paris Agreement with China. As we embolden the world 
to take steps that will dramatically reduce global carbon pollution, we 
are leading by example--our levels of carbon pollution remain at 
historic lows. We must continue demonstrating that a country can 
simultaneously strive for a cleaner environment and a stronger economy.
Despite this progress, there is much work to do to realize the clean 
energy economy of tomorrow. Last year, in partnership with 19 other 
countries, we launched Mission Innovation to accelerate clean energy 
innovation around the world. Through this initiative, 20 countries and 
the European Union committed to seeking to double public funding for 
clean energy research and development to $30 billion over 5 years. By 
doubling our proposed Federal investment in clean energy, we will enable 
our brightest scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to create and 
advance clean energy technologies that will protect our environment, 
increase our energy security, and create more jobs across our country.
Although the difficulties that lie ahead are large, the stakes are too 
great for inaction. Our children and grandchildren are relying on our 
ability to rise to these challenges and accomplish what is required of 
us--including advancing clean, renewable, and independent sources of 
energy. Throughout National Energy Action Month, let us pledge to reduce 
our carbon footprint and minimize our energy consumption. Let us strive 
to continue fighting for a cleaner, stronger, and more secure future for 
our fellow Americans and for all of humanity.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Energy Action Month. I call upon the citizens of the United 
States to recognize this month by working together to achieve greater 
energy security, a more robust economy, and a healthier environment for 
our children.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9512 of September 30, 2016

National Youth Justice Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The essential promise that we make to our young people--that where they 
start must not determine how far they can go--is part of what makes 
America exceptional. It is our shared responsibility to ensure all 
children are given a fair shot at life, including a quality education 
and equal opportunities to pursue their dreams. Too often in America, 
young people are not

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afforded a second chance after having made a mistake or poor decision--
the kind of chance some of their peers receive under more forgiving 
environments. Many of these young people lack institutional or family 
support and live in distressed communities. Others may have experienced 
trauma and violence or may struggle with disabilities, mental health 
issues, or substance use disorders. As a society, we must strive to 
reach these children earlier in life and modernize our juvenile and 
criminal justice systems to hold youth accountable for their actions 
without consigning them to a life on the margins. During National Youth 
Justice Awareness Month, we reaffirm our commitment to helping children 
of every background become successful and engaged citizens.
While the number of juvenile arrests have fallen sharply over the past 
decade, roughly 1 million juvenile arrests were made in 2014. An 
overwhelming majority of these arrests were for non-violent crimes, and 
nearly three-quarters of those arrested were male. Children of color, 
particularly black and Hispanic males and Native American youth, 
continue to be overrepresented across all levels of the juvenile justice 
system. Unfortunately, far too many youth become involved with the adult 
criminal justice system each year--including in several States where 17-
year-olds are prosecuted as adults regardless of their crime, and two 
where 16-year-olds are as well. Children in the adult system have less 
access to rehabilitative services and often face higher recidivism and 
suicide rates. Some States have recently raised the age so that 16- and 
17-year-olds are not unnecessarily tried in adult courts, and many are 
reforming sentencing laws and expanding access to age-appropriate 
transition services upon reentry.
Even for those youth who were never convicted or otherwise found guilty, 
simply having had contact with our justice system can lead to lifelong 
barriers and an increased likelihood of ending up in a cycle of 
incarceration. To help break this cycle, my Administration increased 
funding for expunging juvenile records and took steps to ensure young 
people in juvenile and adult justice facilities can receive Pell Grants 
to pursue a quality education. The White House launched the Fair Chance 
Pledge to highlight employers and institutions of higher education that 
have committed to reducing barriers that justice-involved youth often 
face in accessing employment, training, and education. To build on these 
efforts, the Congress must reauthorize the Juvenile Justice and 
Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) to increase protections for youth and 
limit the number of minors held in adult jails and prisons. 
Reauthorizing the JJDPA will promote evidence-based practices, quality 
education, and trauma-informed care for incarcerated youth, while 
reducing punishments for things such as breaking curfew and truancy.
We have also seen too many of our youth held in solitary confinement 
while incarcerated, which can lead to devastating, long-term 
psychological consequences. Earlier this year, my Administration took 
steps to implement reforms that include banning this harmful practice 
for juveniles under the custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons. We 
must ensure that young people have quality legal representation 
throughout every stage of the legal process as well as age-appropriate 
and rehabilitative sentencing and placements. The financial costs of the 
juvenile court system can be debilitating and can unfairly penalize 
children from poor families--by reducing the fees and fines imposed on 
youth, we can avoid pushing families into debt and decrease this 
disproportionate burden.

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To meet these goals, we must engage young people before they find 
themselves locked into a path from which they cannot escape. The 
Departments of Justice and Education created the Supportive School 
Discipline Initiative to incentivize positive school climates and 
rethink discipline policies to foster safer and more supportive learning 
environments. They are also working to assist States, schools, and law 
enforcement partners in assessing the proper role of school resource 
officers and campus law enforcement professionals. The Departments of 
Justice and Health and Human Services released a joint policy statement 
against the use of suspension and expulsion in preschool settings--which 
disproportionately affect children of color. As part of the Office of 
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Smart on Juvenile Justice 
initiative, we are providing services such as job training and substance 
use disorder treatment and counseling for youth in juvenile facilities, 
and we are expanding the use of effective community-based alternatives 
to youth detention. We are also screening youth for exposure to trauma 
that can put them at greater risk of entering the juvenile justice 
system. And through the My Brother's Keeper initiative, we are working 
to address persistent opportunity gaps and ensure all young people can 
reach their full potential--including by helping them get a healthy 
start in life, enter school ready to learn, and successfully enter the 
workforce.
When we invest in our children and redirect young people who have made 
misguided decisions, we can reduce our over-reliance on the juvenile and 
criminal justice systems and build stronger pathways to opportunity. In 
addition, for every dollar we put into high-quality early childhood 
education, we save at least twice that down the road in reduced crime. 
That is why my Administration has sought to expand high-quality early 
education by increasing funding for programs like Head Start and 
investing in preschool, child care, and evidence-based home visiting. 
Investing in our communities and our kids makes sense, and if we 
recognize that every child deserves to remain connected to their 
families and communities, we can ensure youth who come in contact with 
the law can have a chance at a brighter future.
This month, we come together to ensure all young people are supported, 
nurtured, and provided an opportunity to succeed. We must make sure 
youth in every community and from every walk of life can be known for 
more than their worst mistakes. With enhanced possibilities, a sense of 
optimism, and an open mind, they can all thrive and live up to the full 
measure of their promise.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Youth Justice Awareness Month. I call upon all Americans to 
observe this month by taking action to support our youth and by 
participating in appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs in 
their communities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9513 of September 30, 2016

National Community Policing Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Police officers are essential members of our communities--maintaining 
our way of life depends on their dedicated efforts to keep us safe. 
These officers hold significant civic and law enforcement 
responsibilities and put their lives at risk to protect us each day, at 
times facing some of the most adverse circumstances imaginable. The 
overwhelming majority of police officers are fair, dedicated, and honest 
public servants who strive daily to cultivate and sustain positive 
relationships with the communities they serve and protect. As recent 
tragedies have illustrated, however, it is clear that there are still 
too many places in America where these relationships are strained and 
where officers and community members have struggled to build and 
maintain trust.
During National Community Policing Week, we reaffirm our commitment to 
supporting and advancing the practice of community policing and to 
fortifying the bonds between police officers and communities. Community 
policing recognizes that law enforcement cannot solve public safety 
problems alone and encourages interactive partnerships with relevant 
stakeholders--including community groups, nonprofits, faith-based 
organizations, and businesses. This active collaboration can improve 
public trust and fortify relationships, not only advancing public 
safety, but also deepening social connectivity and creating lasting 
solutions to challenging problems we face every day.
The underlying tensions that sometimes exist between law enforcement 
officers and communities span decades and reflect a breadth of social 
and cultural challenges, including racial and socioeconomic disparities. 
Through meaningful efforts to strengthen community policing, we can meet 
these challenges, improve these vital relationships, and make real and 
lasting progress. Together, we can take constructive steps to support 
our women and men in uniform while instilling confidence in the fairness 
of the justice system for everybody and ensuring that law enforcement 
officers discharge their duties impartially.
A critical part of enhancing trust is making certain that when an 
incident occurs, the public is confident that an investigation is fair 
and effective--both for the officer and for the families of those who 
have been affected. We must also work with law enforcement on training, 
hiring, and recruiting techniques and provide support and proper 
resources as they deal with the challenges of the job. In 2015, I 
announced a Task Force on 21st Century Policing to bring together 
community leaders and law enforcement to provide recommendations to help 
us build the kind of trust we need. In the time since the Task Force 
issued a report of their findings, we have seen progress with respect to 
data gathering, training, transparency, and community outreach--and 
communities across America are working to implement these 
recommendations. We must also recognize that we cannot keep expecting 
police to solve the issues we fail to address as a society, including 
poverty, substandard schools, inadequate job opportunities, and

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lack of care for mental illnesses or substance use disorders; doing so 
contributes to unrest in communities and exacerbates tensions.
My Administration has worked to bridge divides and bolster community 
policing efforts across our country. In 2014, the Department of Justice 
(DOJ) launched the National Initiative for Building Community Trust and 
Justice to invest in training, evidence-based strategies, and research 
to help reduce implicit bias and enhance procedural justice and 
reconciliation. The DOJ has provided additional resources to the Office 
of Community Oriented Policing Services for hiring police officers 
across America and advancing 21st-century policing efforts. We are also 
continuing to provide millions of dollars in grants to agencies that 
demonstrate robust community policing initiatives. Last year, the White 
House and the DOJ launched the Police Data Initiative to encourage law 
enforcement, technologists, and researchers to use data to increase 
transparency and strengthen accountability between community members and 
police. And this summer, we launched the Data-Driven Justice Initiative 
to equip law enforcement officers with the tools they need to safely and 
effectively divert low-level offenders with mental illnesses out of the 
criminal justice system. The Federal Government must continue to partner 
with State and local leaders, as well as the law enforcement community, 
to expand best practices that increase trust and public safety.
Every American has the power to make change in their communities. By 
working together to improve law enforcement practices and ensure we give 
both police officers and community members the respect they deserve, we 
can fulfill this important endeavor. This week, let us rededicate 
ourselves to building a future in which police officers are honored for 
their sacrifices and supported by their communities and in which members 
of those communities can truly feel they are being served fairly and 
justly by our women and men in blue.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2 through 
October 8, 2016, as National Community Policing Week. I call upon law 
enforcement agencies, elected officials, and all Americans to observe 
this week by recognizing ways to improve public safety, rebuild trust, 
and strengthen community relationships.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
September, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9514 of October 3, 2016

National Youth Substance Use and Substance Use Disorder Prevention 
Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Far too many young people are unable to grow and thrive because of 
substance use. And far too many precious lives are being taken from us 
as a result of drug overdoses, leaving families devastated and 
heartbroken. Substance use can also lead to lower academic achievement 
and a variety of physical and emotional consequences, and it is crucial 
that America's youth learn and understand the risks connected with it. 
Youth substance use can be prevented--and with dedicated, collective 
effort across our communities, we can ensure more Americans live long, 
productive lives. During National Youth Substance Use and Substance Use 
Disorder Prevention Month, we come together in common purpose to unite 
behind this important mission.
My Administration's National Drug Control Strategy has enabled us to 
amplify prevention efforts by working with States to implement evidence-
based strategies that support communities and strengthen drug-free 
programs. Every dollar invested in school-based substance use prevention 
programs can save nearly $18 in costs related to the disease of 
substance use disorder later on. We must facilitate open discussions 
with families and children--as well as health care providers--about the 
dangers posed by the misuse of prescription drugs, because for many 
individuals, their opioid use disorder starts by misusing prescription 
medications found in their home medicine cabinet. This is especially 
important because our Nation is currently facing an opioid epidemic, 
including a near quadrupling of opioid overdose deaths since 1999. That 
is why I continue to call on the Congress to provide $1.1 billion to 
expand access to treatment services for prescription opioid misuse and 
heroin use.
With evidence-based approaches and community-led prevention activities, 
we can improve health and safety and give our young people the tools 
they need to make smart decisions. Parents, guardians, teachers, 
coaches, community members, and the health care community can all play a 
part in promoting substance use prevention efforts. This month, let us 
continue taking every step possible to increase these efforts for our 
young people--and for all Americans--so that they may pursue a bright 
future filled with possibility and opportunity.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 2016 as 
National Youth Substance Use and Substance Use Disorder Prevention 
Month. I call upon all Americans to engage in appropriate programs and 
activities to promote comprehensive prevention efforts to reduce youth 
substance use and substance use disorders within their communities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this third day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9515 of October 5, 2016

German-American Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For centuries, German immigrants have ventured to American shores for 
the same reasons as so many others--to pursue new lives in a land of 
opportunity and forge brighter futures for themselves and their 
families. These immigrants and their descendants have changed the course 
of our history and paved our country's path of progress, and on German-
American Day, we recognize their role in building a stronger and more 
prosperous Nation for all our people.
From those who were among our earliest settlers and farmers to today's 
innovative leaders in business and public service, German Americans have 
shaped every sector of our society. More Americans can trace their roots 
to Germany than to any other nation, and elements of German heritage are 
embedded deeply in our country's character. German Americans have, 
throughout our history, proven that our diversity is one of our greatest 
strengths, and that no matter where we come from, as Americans we are 
united by the ideal that we are all created equal.
Today, the alliance between the United States and Germany is one of the 
closest the world has ever known. Our cooperation in striving to protect 
the security and sustainability of our planet is guided by the enduring 
friendship between our citizens and the experiences and values that bind 
us together. On this occasion, let us honor the achievements of German 
Americans by renewing our devotion to beliefs borne out of common 
experience--by creating opportunity that lifts up not just the few but 
the many, and by affirming the inherent dignity and equality of every 
human being.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 6, 2016, as 
German-American Day. I encourage all Americans to learn more about the 
history of German Americans and reflect on the many contributions they 
have made to our Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9516 of October 6, 2016

National Manufacturing Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our earliest days, innovation has been one of the most important 
driving forces of the American economy, and for generations, our 
manufacturing industry was the ticket to a good middle-class life. Over 
time, developing technology has changed the way we approach 
manufacturing. American manufacturing lost roughly one-third of its jobs 
in the first decade of the new century--during the global recession--and 
the middle class paid the price. Despite that, in recent years, through 
the determination of our resilient workforce, our economy and our 
manufacturing industry have been on the rise. Since 2010, we have added 
more than 800,000 manufacturing jobs and witnessed the fastest pace of 
manufacturing job growth since the 1990s--and today, factories are 
opening doors more quickly than at any time in the past 20 years. On 
National Manufacturing Day, we celebrate American manufacturing and 
recognize our potential to remain competitive by continuing to 
strengthen research, development, and our manufacturing sector.
To build on this progress, we must keep America on the cutting edge of 
innovation and attract more high-quality manufacturing jobs for workers 
to fill in the 21st-century economy. We have worked to grow the jobs of 
tomorrow through Manufacturing USA, a national network of manufacturing 
hubs that bring businesses, research universities, and governments 
together to co-invest in the development of world-leading manufacturing 
technologies and capabilities. These manufacturing hubs not only enable 
some of the best minds in America to work together, but they also create 
a home for specific technology focus areas in manufacturing that attract 
people from around the world. Government can and should play a role in 
catalyzing this progress, which is why my Administration has already 
announced nine manufacturing hubs, with even more planned in the future. 
By supporting this network of global leadership in manufacturing, we are 
ensuring a steady stream of good jobs and pursuing the potential to 
fundamentally change the way we build things in America. I encourage 
everyone to visit www.Manufacturing.gov to learn more about the ways we 
have highlighted these partnerships to increase our competitiveness and 
advance our national manufacturing infrastructure.
The growing maker movement has played a role in encouraging 
manufacturing. Through our Nation of Makers initiative, we have worked 
to give students, entrepreneurs, and all Americans access to new 
technologies so they can design and build anything they can dream of. 
The democratization of tools required to create products has been 
critical for supporting entrepreneurship and has led to a renaissance of 
American manufacturing--and we must continue to foster the culture of 
making and entrepreneurship. Our economic competitiveness in domestic 
manufacturing depends on critical investments in science, technology, 
engineering, and math (STEM) education. If we make the necessary 
investments to help students and

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young people experience hands-on STEM learning, we can spark a deep 
interest and help them develop the passion and creativity they need to 
excel in the 21st-century economy.
Each year, hundreds of thousands of people observe this day by attending 
open houses, public tours, and career workshops. As we mark 5 years 
since the first National Manufacturing Day, we must inspire the next 
generation of workers and innovators to seek careers in manufacturing. 
Let us continue working to strengthen and expand the manufacturing jobs 
of tomorrow and ensure that opportunity for all is something we can keep 
making in America for generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 7, 2016, as 
National Manufacturing Day. I call upon the people of the United States 
to observe this day with programs and activities that highlight the 
contributions of American manufacturers, and I encourage all Americans 
to visit a manufacturer in their local community.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9517 of October 7, 2016

Fire Prevention Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

More than 1 million fires occur each year in the United States. 
Throughout the past decade, the number of fires--and of resulting deaths 
and injuries--has gone down. But residential fires still damage homes 
across our country, causing a higher percentage of fire deaths, 
injuries, and economic loss than any other fires, and wildfires continue 
to devastate our forests and threaten nearby homes and businesses. 
During Fire Prevention Week, we strive to increase our preparedness for 
fires and commit to giving dedicated firefighters the support they need 
to keep us safe.
Every moment counts during a fire, and smoke alarms help save lives. 
However, many people do not know that their smoke alarms should be 
replaced every 10 years--after 10 years, they tend to become unreliable. 
I encourage everyone to check the manufacturing dates of their smoke 
alarms to see if they need replacing. Families and businesses should 
also develop and practice evacuation plans in case of emergencies and 
should prepare communication strategies in case of a fire. All Americans 
can learn more about steps they can take to prepare for fires by 
visiting www.Ready.gov.
In recent years, we have experienced some of the most severe wildfire 
seasons in American history, including roughly 50,000 wildfires and over 
9 million acres burned last year alone. Climate change exacerbates 
wildfire risks through drier landscapes and higher temperatures--we must 
recognize

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the effects our changing climate has on fire risks and help fire 
professionals and community leaders take action to enhance community 
resilience against these risks. Last year, my Administration brought 
together fire chiefs from around our country to identify key lessons 
learned from fires at the wildland-urban interface and actions that can 
be taken to reduce the harm to people and property associated with 
wildfires in these areas, where fighting fires is especially 
complicated, expensive, and dangerous. We need to be smarter about where 
we build, and we must work to better understand how fires behave so our 
firefighters can work more safely and effectively--we owe these heroic 
professionals nothing less.
This week presents opportunities for businesses, families, and 
communities to learn about ways to protect themselves in case of fire 
and helps raise awareness of steps we can all take to prevent fires. 
During Fire Prevention Week, we also pause to honor our first responders 
and firefighters, including those who have sacrificed their own lives to 
save the lives of people they had never met. Let us salute them and pay 
tribute to all firefighters whose bravery, sense of duty, and love of 
country make our Nation a stronger, safer place.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 9 through 
October 15, 2016, as Fire Prevention Week. On Sunday, October 9, 2016, 
in accordance with Public Law 107-51, the flag of the United States will 
be flown at half-staff at all Federal office buildings in honor of the 
National Fallen Firefighters Memorial Service. I call on all Americans 
to participate in this observance with appropriate programs and 
activities and by renewing their efforts to prevent fires and their 
tragic consequences.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9518 of October 7, 2016

National School Lunch Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Seventy years ago, President Harry Truman signed the National School 
Lunch Act, declaring ``Nothing is more important in our national life 
than the welfare of our children, and proper nourishment comes first in 
attaining this welfare.'' This Act created the National School Lunch 
Program and provided lunch to 7 million children in its first year--
today, more than 30 million children depend on it each day. As we 
observe the 70th anniversary of this program, we recommit to ensuring 
access to proper nutrition throughout the school day for all our young 
people so that they may pursue their education and chase their dreams.
Since the beginning of my Administration, I have worked to build on the 
legacy of the National School Lunch Program. In 2010, the Congress 
passed

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and I signed into law the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, which increased 
the number of students who could get subsidized or free school meals and 
improved the quality of school meals. For children from low-income 
households, meals provided by the National School Lunch Program and the 
School Breakfast Program may be their only reliable source of nutrition 
throughout the day. We are working to increase access for more children, 
including by using Medicaid data to automatically connect eligible 
students in need to free or reduced-priced meals.
During the school year, nearly 22 million children receive free and 
reduced-price school meals. When school is out for the summer, well over 
2 million children rely on the Summer Food Service Program for 
nourishment. However, too many kids still lack access to adequate 
nutrition during the summer months, which is why I proposed investing 
$12 billion in my latest budget to provide supplemental summer food 
benefits to children who receive free and subsidized school meals during 
the academic year.
We must also work to give children greater access to nutritious foods 
and empower them to make healthy choices. Too many young people are 
obese or overweight and remain at risk for health problems like diabetes 
or heart disease later in life. First Lady Michelle Obama has championed 
efforts to build healthy futures for all children, particularly through 
the Let's Move! initiative, which has worked to provide healthier meals 
in our schools and ensure every family has access to healthy, affordable 
food. The Department of Agriculture updated school nutrition standards 
to make sure all school meals and snacks meet science-based nutrition 
criteria, and almost all schools participating in the National School 
Lunch Program are meeting these standards.
In order for our children to join the most prepared and educated 
workforce in the world, we must remember the connection between what our 
kids eat and how well they perform in school. During National School 
Lunch Week, let us reaffirm our dedication to helping America's 
daughters and sons succeed by guaranteeing they have access to the 
healthy meals they need. Let us express our gratitude for the school 
nutrition professionals, educators, and administrators who are helping 
deliver the promise of a bright future to schoolchildren across America 
each day.
The Congress, by joint resolution of October 9, 1962 (Public Law 87-
780), as amended, has designated the week beginning on the second Sunday 
in October each year as ``National School Lunch Week'' and has requested 
the President to issue a proclamation in observance of this week.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 9 through October 15, 2016, as 
National School Lunch Week. I call upon all Americans to join the 
dedicated individuals who administer the National School Lunch Program 
in appropriate activities that support the health and well-being of our 
Nation's children.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9519 of October 7, 2016

Leif Erikson Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

More than 1,000 years ago, an intrepid Scandinavian explorer, Leif 
Erikson, embarked on a voyage that landed him on the North American 
coast. A son of Iceland and grandson of Norway, Erikson and his crew are 
believed to be the first Europeans to reach the shores of our continent, 
founding the Vinland settlement in modern-day Canada. Today, we recall 
Leif Erikson's historic journey as we seek to carry forward the bold 
spirit of exploration that has inspired Nordic Americans for 
generations.
Eight centuries after Leif Erikson's trip, six families of Norwegians 
boarded a ship called Restauration bound for New York City. Following in 
Erikson's footsteps, these individuals sought the promise of freedom and 
opportunity America offered and became the first group of organized 
American immigrants from Norway. Millions of Americans proudly trace 
their ancestry to Nordic countries, raised by parents and grandparents 
who crossed oceans to carve out new lives for their families and help 
steer the course of our country. The United States and our Nordic 
partners are united by ties of family and friendship, history and 
heritage. Earlier this year, I was proud to welcome Nordic leaders to 
the White House. This visit illustrated many of the values and interests 
we share--including increasing opportunity for all and recognizing the 
inherent dignity of every human being.
Nordic countries remain some of our most reliable and effective 
partners, steadfastly helping us meet the shared challenges of our time. 
We remain grateful for their friendship, and for the ways the Nordic 
people have influenced our country and enhanced the American melting 
pot. On Leif Erikson Day, as we express our appreciation for the myriad 
contributions of Nordic Americans, let us remember the discovery that 
set this profound history in motion.
To honor Leif Erikson and celebrate our Nordic-American heritage, the 
Congress, by joint resolution (Public Law 88-566) approved on September 
2, 1964, has authorized the President of the United States to proclaim 
October 9 of each year as ``Leif Erikson Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 9, 2016, as Leif Erikson Day. I call 
upon all Americans to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies, 
activities, and programs to honor our rich Nordic-American heritage.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9520 of October 7, 2016

Columbus Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In October of 1492, Christopher Columbus completed the first of his 
expeditions that would land him on the shores of North America. 
Sponsored by Isabella I and Ferdinand II, Columbus embarked on a 10-week 
voyage he had hoped would lead to Asia. But when his ships instead 
landed in the Bahamas, a new story began to unfold. The spirit of 
exploration that Columbus embodied was sustained by all who would follow 
him westward, driving a desire to continue expanding our understanding 
of the world.
Though Columbus departed from the coast of Spain, his roots traced back 
to his birthplace of Genoa, Italy. Blazing a trail for generations of 
Italian explorers and Italian Americans to eventually seek the promise 
of the New World, his voyage churned the gears of history. The bonds 
between Italy and the United States could not be closer than they are 
today--a reflection of the extraordinary contributions made by both our 
peoples in our common efforts to shape a better future. Across our 
Nation, Italian Americans continue to enrich our country's traditions 
and culture.
As we mark this rich history, we must also acknowledge the pain and 
suffering reflected in the stories of Native Americans who had long 
resided on this land prior to the arrival of European newcomers. The 
past we share is marked by too many broken promises, as well as 
violence, deprivation, and disease. It is a history that we must 
recognize as we seek to build a brighter future--side by side and with 
cooperation and mutual respect. We have made great progress together in 
recent years, and we will keep striving to maintain strong nation-to-
nation relationships, strengthen tribal sovereignty, and help all our 
communities thrive.
More than five centuries ago, one journey changed the trajectory of our 
world--and today we recognize the spirit that Christopher Columbus's 
legacy inspired. As we reflect on the adventurers throughout history who 
charted new courses and sought new heights, let us remember the 
communities who suffered, and let us pay tribute to our heritage and 
embrace the multiculturalism that defines the American experience.
In commemoration of Christopher Columbus's historic voyage 524 years 
ago, the Congress, by joint resolution of April 30, 1934, and modified 
in 1968 (36 U.S.C. 107), as amended, has requested the President 
proclaim the second Monday of October of each year as ``Columbus Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 10, 2016, as Columbus Day. I call 
upon the people of the United States to observe this day with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities. I also direct that the flag of 
the United States be displayed on all public buildings on the appointed 
day in honor of our diverse history and all who have contributed to 
shaping this Nation.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9521 of October 7, 2016

General Pulaski Memorial Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Over two centuries ago, Polish immigrant Casimir Pulaski crossed an 
ocean to take up the cause of defending a young nation. Rising quickly 
to the rank of Brigadier General in the Continental Army, he reformed 
our cavalry, saved the life of General George Washington, and helped 
secure our independence. Today, we celebrate the legacy of liberty he 
forged and reflect on the many ways Polish-American voices continue to 
shape the unending story of our Nation.
Spending his formative years in Poland laboring for his home country's 
independence, General Pulaski came to America with both an expertise in 
combat and a passion for liberty that made him invaluable to our new 
Nation's fight for freedom. Leading a legion of men on horseback and 
working alongside General Washington, General Pulaski achieved victory 
after victory. But he would never see the results of his valiant efforts 
fully realized--he succumbed to battle injuries on October 11, 1779, 
giving his final full measure of devotion in defense of the ideals we 
cherish.
More than 200 years later, Polish Americans across our country honor the 
spirit of General Pulaski through their many contributions to our Nation 
and through living the values that unite us all. The proud members of 
the Polish-American community strengthen the rich heritage of our 
country--many serve in our Armed Forces, protecting the very freedoms 
General Pulaski helped secure centuries before--and they reflect the 
strong friendship that endures today between the United States and 
Poland.
On General Pulaski Memorial Day, we commemorate one of our Nation's 
earliest embodiments of the belief that no matter who you are or where 
you come from, those who love this country can change it for the better. 
In honor of General Pulaski's sacrifice and the important role Polish 
Americans play in our country, let us rededicate ourselves to defending 
our founding ideal of liberty for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 11, 2016, as 
General Pulaski Memorial Day. I encourage all Americans to commemorate 
this occasion with appropriate programs and activities paying tribute to 
Casimir Pulaski and honoring all those who defend the freedom of our 
Nation.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9522 of October 7, 2016

International Day of the Girl, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

No matter where she lives, every girl on this planet deserves the chance 
to learn and grow, to develop her mind and her talents, and to live a 
life of her own choosing. Although we have made life significantly 
better for our daughters than it was for our mothers and grandmothers, 
in too many parts of the world, girls are still undervalued, 
disrespected, abused, and prevented from contributing to society. On 
International Day of the Girl, we recognize our obligation to lift up 
women and girls at home and abroad and to build a world where all girls 
feel safe and empowered in their classrooms, their communities, and 
their homes.
My Administration is committed to combating gender disparities, and 
through the White House Council on Women and Girls, we have made it a 
priority to consider the needs of women and girls in our policies, laws, 
and programs. Today, more American women have the freedom to make their 
own choices about their lives--about their bodies, their education, 
their career. The Affordable Care Act has ensured that more girls have 
access to quality, affordable health care and that no health insurer can 
charge them more simply because of their gender. By encouraging the 
media to depict more examples of women in science, technology, 
engineering, and math (STEM) fields--and by working to expand access to 
STEM classes and careers, particularly computer science--we are striving 
to address inequalities in education. We will continue to pursue 
policies that advance gender equality here at home, from equal pay for 
equal work to protecting reproductive rights, because while some girls 
have never had more opportunities, there are still many who remain in 
the toughest of circumstances.
Under the leadership of Vice President Joe Biden, we are working to put 
an end to violence against women, and we have launched a movement to 
fight sexual assault and support survivors. Through the White House Task 
Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault and the ``It's On Us'' 
campaign, we are shining a light on the unconscionable rates of sexual 
assault against teens and young adults in primary and secondary schools 
and on college campuses. My Administration recently announced new 
guidance and resources to help district administrators and educators 
prevent and appropriately deal with sexual assault in K-12 settings. We 
have also provided guidance to educators on ways to address harassment 
and discrimination of students in school settings, including transgender 
girls and women--who too often face bullying and abuse that harm their 
education. The Department of Justice also released guidance to identify 
and prevent gender bias in law enforcement responses to sexual assault 
and domestic

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violence cases. And because 84 percent of American Indian and Alaska 
Native women and girls will experience some form of violence in their 
lifetimes, we have protected the ability of tribes to prosecute non-
Native perpetrators of domestic violence in Indian Country through 
provisions included in the 2013 reauthorization of the Violence Against 
Women Act.
As we work to expand opportunities here in the United States, we must 
also look abroad and acknowledge that any country that oppresses half of 
its population--that prevents women and girls from going to school or 
work or refuses to give them control over their bodies or safety from 
gender-motivated abuse--is not a society that can thrive. The ideologies 
that harm girls and prevent them from fulfilling their potential are the 
same ideologies that have led countries to instability, violence, and 
terrorism. That is why earlier this year, we launched the U.S. Global 
Strategy to Empower Adolescent Girls--a strategy aimed at bringing 
Federal agencies together to comprehensively improve the lives of girls 
around the world, safeguard their rights, and encourage their full 
social, political, and economic participation. To specifically focus on 
the challenge of adolescent girls' education, First Lady Michelle Obama 
and I launched the Let Girls Learn initiative, through which we are 
working with companies, organizations, and foreign governments to help 
give adolescent girls around the world the chance to go to school--
because a world in which all girls have access to an education is a 
safer, fairer, and more stable place. The initiative includes more than 
a billion dollars for funding new and ongoing programming in more than 
50 countries to help adolescent girls attend and stay in school. And the 
White House will soon host the first meeting of the North American 
Working Group on Violence against Indigenous Women and Girls to champion 
regional coordination on the rights of women and girls from indigenous 
communities across North America.
Around the world--from Africa to Southeast Asia to Latin America--we are 
striving to improve girls' welfare, build their skills, and promote 
their participation as the next generation of leaders. We are working to 
prevent and respond to violence against women and girls in fragile 
settings as well as support refugees and displaced persons around the 
world. We are undertaking targeted efforts to address child, early, and 
forced marriage, and we are investing in new programs, including 
survivor-led programs, to end female genital mutilation and cutting in 
seven countries across Southeast Asia and West Africa. In sub-Saharan 
Africa, we are helping adolescent girls pay for and attend school, while 
ensuring they learn about HIV and violence prevention. We have sponsored 
``Women in Science'' camps in Peru and Rwanda to give girls abroad the 
opportunity to learn how to use technology to improve their communities. 
We are also working with Pakistan to advance women's economic 
participation and entrepreneurship and launch the country's first ``Take 
Your Daughter to Work Day.'' And we remain committed to ending human 
trafficking and have taken unprecedented steps to provide comprehensive 
services to victims, bring traffickers to justice, apply new 
technologies to combat modern slavery, and provide training and promote 
awareness at home and abroad.
This summer, 5,000 leaders from around the world gathered at the first 
ever United State of Women Summit to highlight the work we have done and 
to build an agenda for the future. But we know there is still more to 
do, and I have made advancing gender equality a foreign policy priority 
to

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ensure we can continue removing barriers that prevent women from 
reaching their full potential. More than our policies, we must commit to 
changing the culture that raises our daughters to be demure or 
criticizes them for speaking out--and to changing the attitude that 
permits the routine harassment of women and girls, whether walking down 
the street or going online. We are working with communities and 
businesses that are rethinking workplace policies, funding women 
entrepreneurs, expanding female leadership, and creating more 
opportunities for women and girls who too often face disproportionate 
challenges--including women and girls of color, women and girls with 
disabilities, and lesbian, bisexual, and transgender women and girls--
because everyone has a role to play and everybody deserves the chance to 
pursue their dreams.
This is the future we are forging: Where women and girls, no matter what 
they look like or where they are from, can live free from the fear of 
violence. A future where all girls know they can hold any job, run any 
company, and compete in any field. Today, we recommit ourselves to the 
belief that when everyone has the opportunity to go to school, explore 
their passions, and achieve their dreams, our communities are stronger, 
more resilient, and better positioned for peace and prosperity. Let us 
keep working to build a world that is more just and free--because 
nothing should stand in the way of strong girls with bold dreams.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 11, 2016, as 
International Day of the Girl. I call upon the people of the United 
States to observe this day with programs, ceremonies, and activities 
that advance equality and opportunity for girls everywhere.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this seventh day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9523 of October 14, 2016

National Character Counts Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our country has survived centuries of trial and triumph, and we have 
endured times that have tested us and marked moments of progress that 
were once deemed impossible. Today, we live in a time of extraordinary 
possibility--and we must decide how our next chapters will be written. 
The task of shaping America's course falls to each one of us as 
individuals who make up our American family, and as we celebrate 
National Character Counts Week, let us seek to live out the ideals that 
have inspired our country's journey and that define our national 
character.
No matter who you are, what you look like, where you come from, or what 
your circumstances are, America should be a place where the things that

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make you unique and different are celebrated. That promise of equality 
and acceptance has been our country's North Star since its founding, and 
in thinking of how that centuries-old ideal translates into our lives 
today, it comes down to all of us showing others the compassion and 
acceptance that we would only wish for ourselves. If we seek to 
understand one another and take advantage of opportunities to bring 
people together across lines of difference, we will increasingly realize 
as a people that we are more alike than we are different.
Let us listen to each other, see each other, and recognize the common 
humanity that makes America what it is. Let us embrace the multitudes of 
races, faiths, cultures, and origins that make up our diverse, vibrant 
Nation. It will make us better as a people and stronger as a country, 
and it starts with reflecting on the way we live our lives, the way we 
treat others, and the example we set for those around us. We have a 
collective obligation to reflect in our own lives the values we strive 
to reflect in our national life, and no gesture of goodwill is too 
small--together, ripples of kindness can drown out voices of hate, wash 
away cynicism and doubt, and help us see the world in truer colors.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 16 through 
October 22, 2016, as National Character Counts Week. I call upon public 
officials, educators, parents, students, and all Americans to observe 
this week with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9524 of October 14, 2016

National Forest Products Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Filtering the air we breathe and the water we drink, and providing the 
habitats that are home to diverse species of fish and wildlife, forests 
are an essential part of our planet. Across America, they offer a wide 
range of cultural and recreational activities that have sustained and 
entertained people since long before our Nation's founding. Today, 
forests provide products we use each day, including paper, wood, and 
building and packaging materials. During National Forest Products Week, 
we express our appreciation for the incredible bounty forests provide 
and we renew our commitment to ensuring the next generation can enjoy 
their irreplaceable resources.
Our forests are at increasing risk from catastrophic wildfires, erosion, 
drought, and climate change. That is why my Administration is working 
alongside State and local leaders, landowners, and businesses to develop

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solutions to preserve our forests--because we must respond to challenges 
that threaten these important spaces. America's forests play an 
important role in addressing climate change by absorbing carbon 
pollution. It is critical that we protect and restore our forests, and 
through the Climate Action Plan, Federal agencies are coming together to 
strengthen the resilience of our forests and enhance their ability to 
absorb even more carbon pollution.
The health and well-being of our forests and our communities go hand in 
hand. With the Department of Agriculture, we are working to strengthen 
markets for forest products. By allocating millions of dollars to help 
expand technologies that encourage the use of wood in innovative ways, 
we are also striving to improve forest health and generate rural jobs. 
And we are exploring ways to help forestland owners respond to climate 
change--earlier this year, we released a roadmap for implementing key 
building blocks to achieve this goal, such as private forest growth and 
retention, stewardship of Federal forests, and promotion of wood 
products.
Forests generate billions of dollars in economic growth, sustaining 
local economies and enhancing communities across our country. We rely on 
them in so many aspects of our national life, and throughout this week, 
we must continue working to protect the precious resources our forests 
hold so they can continue enriching our world and supporting our way of 
life.
To recognize the importance of products from our forests, the Congress, 
by Public Law 86-753 (36 U.S.C. 123), as amended, has designated the 
week beginning on the third Sunday in October of each year as ``National 
Forest Products Week'' and has authorized and requested the President to 
issue a proclamation in observance of this week.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim October 16 through October 22, 2016, as 
National Forest Products Week. I call on the people of the United States 
to join me in recognizing the dedicated individuals who are responsible 
for the stewardship of our forests and for the preservation, management, 
and use of these precious natural resources for the benefit of the 
American people.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9525 of October 14, 2016

Blind Americans Equality Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Each day, blind and visually impaired Americans contribute to our 
society, refusing to allow anything to hold them back. In order to 
ensure more Americans with disabilities can continue participating fully 
in our country, we must each do our part to promote equal opportunity 
for all. On Blind Americans Equality Day, we reaffirm the inherent 
dignity of every human

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being and recommit to forging a future in which all Americans, including 
those with visual impairments, can pursue their full measure of 
happiness.
More than two decades ago, one of the most comprehensive civil rights 
bills in our history, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), was 
signed into law. Ever since, the ADA has helped reduce discrimination 
and promote equal access to classrooms, workplaces, and transportation--
and it is imperative that we build on the significant progress we have 
made for individuals living with disabilities. Because the unemployment 
rate is more than twice as high for Americans with disabilities, my 
Administration has worked to improve employment opportunities, including 
within the Federal Government where we are leading as a model employer. 
Last year, we hosted the White House Summit on Disability and 
Employment, which provided resources to help employers hire more 
individuals with disabilities. And through the Workforce Innovation and 
Opportunity Act, we expanded access to critical services for many 
individuals with disabilities, including those who are blind or visually 
impaired, so that they can pursue high-quality employment opportunities. 
People with disabilities deserve to live their lives in their 
communities and raise their families, and earlier this year we hosted a 
Forum on the Civil Rights of Parents with Disabilities because every 
family, including those headed by people with disabilities, deserves the 
chance to reach for a future of ever greater possibility.
Our Nation must continue to promote equal opportunity and the right of 
all Americans to live full and independent lives. This begins early on--
we must ensure that any child with a print disability can access the 
tools they need to pursue an education. That is why we have worked to 
provide appropriate materials and services, including Braille and 
Braille literacy instruction, in schools. We are investing in 
technologies that provide visually impaired students equal access to the 
general education curriculum. We are also working to make the websites 
of Government agencies and private companies more accessible to anyone 
with a disability--an effort which remains an important priority. And I 
have encouraged the Senate to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate 
Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, 
or Otherwise Print Disabled, which will broaden access to a new world of 
knowledge for these individuals.
Disability touches us all, and together we can strive to ensure that all 
blind and visually impaired individuals face no unnecessary barriers to 
success. By providing equal access to resources and technologies and 
giving everyone the chance to make of their lives what they will, we can 
continue to advance opportunity and prosperity for all our people.
By joint resolution approved on October 6, 1964 (Public Law 88-628, as 
amended), the Congress designated October 15 of each year as ``White 
Cane Safety Day'' to recognize the contributions of Americans who are 
blind or have low vision. Today, let us reaffirm our commitment to being 
a Nation where all our people, including those with disabilities, have 
every opportunity to achieve their dreams.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 15, 2016, as 
Blind Americans Equality Day. I call upon public officials, business and

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community leaders, educators, librarians, and Americans across the 
country to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and 
programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9526 of October 18, 2016

Minority Enterprise Development Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since our earliest days, entrepreneurship has embodied the very promise 
of our Nation, reaffirming the notion that in a place of such limitless 
potential, Americans can forge a prosperous future and build a better 
life for themselves and their families. Women and men of every faith, 
background, and race have channeled their talents and ingenuity into 
harnessing the spirit of innovation that has long been the hallmark of 
our people. And as an essential part of our country's story, minority-
owned enterprises have helped spur this progress. During Minority 
Enterprise Development Week, we reflect on the significant ways they 
have helped put our economy on the path to success, and we recommit to 
empowering every hardworking American to write our next great chapters.
Minority-owned firms employ millions of workers and generate more than 
$1 trillion in economic output, revitalizing our communities and driving 
our growth. That is why my Administration is helping entrepreneurs of 
all backgrounds and small businesses across our country get the 
resources they need to get off the ground. Through the Minority Business 
Development Agency, we have led efforts to promote growth and 
competitiveness. We are helping streamline the process of starting a 
company and investing in entrepreneurship training and skill building 
for more Americans. Through www.Business.USA.gov, we are helping more 
enterprises get information about Federal contracts, and we are 
connecting them to critical resources to help develop and grow a 
business. In today's global economy, minority-owned businesses are 
essential to our country's success. They are twice as likely as other 
businesses to export their goods and services, and I am working to 
encourage entrepreneurship and innovation through a smart trade agenda 
that will allow us to sell more goods, boost economic competitiveness, 
and help more of our entrepreneurs thrive.
Our Nation has always drawn strength from the diversity of our people, 
and no matter who you are, what you look like, or where you come from, 
America is a place where everyone deserves a chance to get ahead. This 
week, we must continue working to support minority enterprises and all 
entrepreneurs--and ensure that by expanding access to the networks, 
capital, and opportunities required to build a business, everybody can 
have a fair shot at reaching their piece of the American dream.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 23 through 
October 29, 2016, as Minority Enterprise Development Week. I call upon 
all Americans to celebrate this week with appropriate programs, 
ceremonies, and activities to recognize the many contributions of our 
Nation's minority enterprises.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9527 of October 21, 2016

National Historically Black Colleges and Universities Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America's Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) are 
living monuments to the cause that has driven each generation of our 
citizens in the task of perfecting our Union--helping ensure that all 
people can experience the fullest measure of equality, justice, and 
possibility. Embodying the notion that the ability to pursue a higher 
education should be an opportunity available to all, rather than a 
privilege for a few, these campuses were built from a determination to 
widely and profoundly expand the reach of our country's promise. During 
National Historically Black Colleges and Universities Week, we celebrate 
this aspiration and reaffirm our support for HBCUs.
Rendered possible by the extraordinary sacrifices and commitment of 
women and men who resolved to make real and enduring the new birth of 
freedom that echoed across our country following the end of the Civil 
War, the rise of these proud institutions marked the beginning of a new 
chapter in our national narrative. With each generation, HBCUs have 
shaped America for the better in indelible ways. From a pastor who would 
give voice to equality's cause to the great-grandson of a slave who 
would reach the bench of our highest court; from pioneers of medical and 
scientific breakthroughs to creators of innovative and prosperous 
businesses; from artists who expand the boundaries of expression to 
historians who illuminate our past and help us write our future, so much 
of the progress that has come to define America has been carried forward 
by graduates, academics, and leaders of these colleges and universities.
Since I took office, my Administration has focused on expanding 
opportunity and opening doors of higher education for more people. We 
have increased Pell Grants, expanded student loan assistance going 
directly to students, cut taxes for those paying tuition, allowed 
students to cap their Federal loan payments at 10 percent of their 
income, and created the College Scorecard to assist prospective students 
in understanding their options for pursuing a higher education. Today, 
more Americans are earning a degree

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in post-secondary education than ever before, and HBCUs are playing an 
important role. In the 6 years since I signed an Executive Order 
bolstering the White House Initiative on HBCUs, we have helped ensure 
that more students have greater opportunities and that these 
institutions can benefit from a fuller range of Federal programs and 
assistance. HBCUs and community colleges help build our Nation's economy 
and strengthen the middle class, which is why I am working to make 2 
years of community college free for hardworking students across our 
country through America's College Promise--a proposal that also helps 4-
year HBCUs provide more low-income students with up to 2 years of 
college for free or at reduced tuition.
This week, we recognize the ways in which HBCUs are central to our 
experience as a Nation and recommit ourselves to the work that lies 
ahead. Let us honor the spirit in which these institutions were 
constructed by reaffirming the enduring truths at their core, and let us 
continue endeavoring to ensure all people have the chance to access 
higher education and secure ever greater opportunity.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 23 through 
October 29, 2016, as National Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities Week. I call upon educators, public officials, professional 
organizations, corporations, and all Americans to observe this week with 
appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities that acknowledge the 
countless contributions these institutions and their alumni have made to 
our country.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9528 of October 21, 2016

United Nations Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Seventy-one years ago, after rolling back a tide of tyranny that 
threatened Europe and the world, members of the international community 
came together to sign the United Nations Charter--advancing a promise to 
replace the ravages of war with the possibilities of diplomacy. On 
United Nations Day, we reflect on the progress we have made in the time 
since, resolve to carry this progress forward, and reaffirm our 
commitment to international cooperation rooted in the rights and 
responsibilities of nations across the globe.
Today, because of the international order the United Nations has helped 
anchor for more than seven decades, we live in a global community that, 
together, has overcome the greatest financial crisis of our time, lifted 
billions of people out of poverty, promoted the emergence of more 
democracies, and taken meaningful steps toward leaving our children with 
a

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world that is safer, cleaner, and more stable. Yet the same forces of 
integration that have helped forge closer ties and stronger partnerships 
among the world's nations also have exposed deep fault lines that we 
must address. In too many places around the world, perpetrators of 
atrocities go unpunished and those who violate international law face no 
consequences. Climate change remains a serious threat--even after we 
officially crossed the threshold for the Paris Agreement to take effect 
earlier this month. Too many governments still silence journalists, 
quash dissent, and censor vital flows of information. And in camps and 
cities around the world, families live as refugees, surviving on aid and 
the compassion of others. These issues present crises of our shared 
security and challenges to our international system in which all nations 
must share in our collective responsibilities. Our world is too small, 
and our destinies too intertwined, for us not to see ourselves in one 
another. By upholding the values upon which the United Nations was 
founded--pluralism, diversity, human rights, and togetherness--we can 
ensure we pass these tests of our common humanity. And by continuing to 
build a more capable and effective United Nations, we strengthen the 
world's capacity to respond to global crises, keep peace in fragile 
societies, and tackle unprecedented humanitarian challenges.
The international community relies on the United Nations today more than 
ever before. Now in its eighth decade, this institution--and those 
selfless individuals who devote their lives to sustaining it--is vital 
to our mission of shaping a better world: one defined by cooperation 
over confrontation, a shared sense of purpose, and the understanding 
that the future of a child in America is inextricably linked to that of 
a child in Afghanistan. On this day, let us pay tribute to the staff of 
the United Nations, particularly the more than 100,000 uniformed 
personnel serving in peacekeeping missions, for their selfless service 
to the cause of promoting international peace and prosperity, and as 
citizens of the world, let us renew our shared commitment to forging a 
brighter tomorrow for all.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim October 24, 2016, as 
United Nations Day. I urge the Governors of the 50 States, and the 
officials of all other areas under the flag of the United States, to 
observe United Nations Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9529 of October 27, 2016

Military Family Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

For generations, brave Americans have stepped forward and answered our 
country's call to serve in our Armed Forces. With honor and distinction,

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our Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen fight to 
defend the principles upon which our Republic was founded so that we 
might live in a freer and more prosperous world. Behind these courageous 
Americans stand spouses, children, and parents who give up precious time 
with their loved ones, bearing the burden of long deployments and 
difficult moves, and oftentimes putting their careers on hold. During 
Military Family Month, we salute the families of those who proudly are a 
part of our Nation's unbroken chain of patriots for their unwavering 
devotion, and we renew our sacred vow to uphold our promise to our 
troops, our veterans, and their families.
Our military would not be the greatest in the world without the strength 
and support of the loved ones who stand alongside our men and women in 
uniform. While our service members are fighting to secure the values we 
cherish and defend our homeland, their spouses keep their households 
running, sometimes through multiple deployments. Spouses of those in the 
military are often forced to relocate across our country or around the 
globe, leaving behind jobs they love and sometimes struggling to find 
new employment. They are our fellow citizens and neighbors; in their 
service to their families and their country, they represent the true 
strength of America.
Our Nation has a solemn obligation to support and care for the members 
of our military and their families--from their first day of training 
until they conclude their service--and my Administration has worked to 
ensure we uphold this promise. Through First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. 
Jill Biden's Joining Forces initiative, we have worked with both the 
public and private sectors to ensure service members, veterans, and 
their families have the tools they need to succeed throughout their 
lives. Over the past 5 years, we have rallied businesses to hire more 
than 1.2 million veterans and military spouses. Today, every single 
State has taken action to streamline professional licensing and 
credentialing processes so that military spouses can continue their work 
when they move across State lines without having to re-certify for a job 
they are already qualified for. We are also working to provide the 
resources military families need to start businesses and pursue an 
education, and we are helping teachers and schools support military 
children from kindergarten through college. By partnering with the 
private sector, we have also helped expand access to essential science, 
technology, engineering, and math courses so that 60,000 more military 
children can be college-ready and prepared for 21st-century careers.
We must always be there for our service members and their families--just 
as they are there for us. Through the thickest of fights and the darkest 
of nights, our extraordinary military families--our heroes on the home 
front--stand alongside our patriots in uniform, and in their example we 
see the very best of our country's spirit. This month, let us thank them 
for their tremendous devotion to duty and for their unyielding 
sacrifice. Let us honor their resolve and patriotism and uphold our 
solemn responsibility to ensure the priorities of our Nation reflect the 
priorities of our military families.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
Military Family Month. I encourage all Americans to honor military 
families

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through private actions and public service for the tremendous 
contributions they make in support of our service members and our 
Nation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9530 of October 27, 2016

National Adoption Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Across America, adoptive parents welcome children into stable, loving 
families, providing a safe and comforting place for children in need to 
call home. Families who choose the life-changing path of adoption make a 
meaningful and lasting difference in the lives of some of the most 
vulnerable young people in our society. Regardless of sexual 
orientation, gender identity, race, or religion, devoted Americans who 
adopt help give more children the upbringing they deserve. Each 
November, we recognize the important role that adoption has played in 
the lives of children and families in our country and around the world, 
and we rededicate ourselves to ensuring every child can find their 
forever family.
Last year, more than 100,000 children were waiting to be adopted from 
foster care, and every year, too many older youth age out of the foster 
care system before they are able to find permanence. Without this 
support during the critical years of early adulthood, these youth are 
more likely than their peers to experience homelessness, unemployment, 
or incarceration. To make the possibility of adoption real for more 
children across our country, my Administration has eliminated barriers 
to adoption by extending tax credits and providing financial incentives 
to child welfare agencies in almost every State to maximize adoptions. I 
have also worked to strengthen Federal workplace flexibility policies to 
ensure more families, including adoptive families, can keep their jobs 
and care for their children as their family grows.
On the Saturday before Thanksgiving, we also recognize National Adoption 
Day, kicking off a week of reflection and gratitude for many adoptive 
families. Each year on this day, thousands of adoptions are finalized, 
including more than 4,000 children in 2015. This year, cities from coast 
to coast will host a variety of events to commemorate the occasion.
One of the most important jobs many of us will ever have is being a 
parent. Throughout National Adoption Month, we celebrate all those who 
have invited a child in need into their hearts and into their homes, and 
we express our profound appreciation for all who help make adoptions 
possible. Let us continue strengthening the adoption process so that all 
children can learn, grow, and thrive with the support of a devoted and 
permanent family.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National Adoption Month. I encourage all Americans to observe this month 
by answering the call to find a permanent and caring family for every 
child in need and by supporting the families who care for them.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-seventh day 
of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9531 of October 28, 2016

National College Application Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In America, all people deserve an equal chance to succeed, and expanding 
access to affordable higher education is necessary for bringing us 
closer to fulfilling this ideal. Over the past several generations, our 
country built a strong middle class through a commitment to keeping a 
high-quality education within reach for all those willing to work for 
it, and now more than ever, a college degree is the surest path to the 
middle class. During National College Application Month, we encourage 
Americans to apply for a higher education, and we strive to ensure every 
student--no matter who they are or where they come from--has a chance at 
the opportunities they need to thrive.
My Administration is committed to giving students and their families 
important information on college admissions, value, and costs so they 
can make decisions that are right for them. Last year, we redesigned a 
new College Scorecard with direct input from students, families, and 
advisers to provide clear and accessible national data on college cost, 
graduation rates, debt, and post-college earnings. By visiting 
CollegeScorecard.Ed.gov, more Americans can evaluate college choices 
based on the factors that matter most to them. Through First Lady 
Michelle Obama's Reach Higher initiative, we are inspiring more students 
to pursue a higher education, ensuring they have what they need to 
complete their college education, and helping them understand their 
financial aid eligibility. And we are working to reduce barriers to 
educational opportunity through the Fair Chance Higher Education 
Pledge--an effort in which public and private colleges and universities 
are helping provide individuals with criminal records who have already 
paid their debt to society a fair chance to seek a higher education. To 
learn more about ways we are helping more Americans pursue a higher 
education, visit www.WhiteHouse.gov/ReachHigher.
Although earning a college degree is one of the most important 
investments individuals can make for themselves and for our country, it 
still feels out of reach for too many American families. That is why we 
have taken many steps to make college more affordable, including 
doubling investments in

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grant and scholarship aid through Pell Grants and tax credits, keeping 
interest rates low on Federal student loans, and helping borrowers 
manage debt after college through programs like the Pay as You Earn 
plan. This year, we launched the Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid--which is available at www.FAFSA.gov--3 months earlier than usual so 
that students can access financial aid sooner and receive better 
information as they search for and apply to colleges. And because every 
American at any age and from any walk of life should be able to earn the 
skills necessary to compete in the 21st-century economy, I have proposed 
making community college free for students with the drive and discipline 
to work for it.
This month, we recognize the limitless potential in every student and 
reaffirm our commitment to offering them the resources they need to 
succeed. We thank not only the teachers, counselors, and parents who 
support students throughout the college application process, but also 
the organizations and institutions partnering with us to eliminate 
unnecessary barriers to higher education. Let us celebrate the progress 
we have made as more historically underserved students are enrolling in 
college for the first time, more students are graduating from college 
than ever before, and new student loan defaults are on the decline. And 
together, let us forge a future where every student has the opportunity 
to go as far as their dreams and hard work will take them.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National College Application Month. I call upon public officials, 
educators, parents, students, and all Americans to observe this month 
with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs designed to 
encourage students to make plans for and apply to college.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9532 of October 28, 2016

National Diabetes Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

More than 29 million Americans have diabetes--a disease in which the 
glucose levels in one's blood are higher than normal. Although the rate 
of new cases is falling, the numbers are still alarming. Diabetes is one 
of the leading causes of death in the United States and results in 
staggering health and financial costs for Americans. With a concentrated 
effort to reduce the number of new diagnoses and improve treatment and 
care for those living with this disease, we must continue making 
progress in the battle against this epidemic. Each year during National 
Diabetes Month, we resolve to

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support everyone battling this chronic disease, and we recommit to 
fighting it so that more Americans can lead a healthy life.
Diabetes can affect individuals of any age, gender, or background 
depending on risk factors, which can include a combination of genetics 
and lifestyle. Type 1 diabetes, often diagnosed in youth, affects people 
whose bodies do not produce enough insulin, a hormone needed to live. 
Type 2 diabetes occurs in people who are not able to produce enough 
insulin to meet their body's needs, and typically develops in adults--
however, more young people today are being diagnosed with type 2 
diabetes than ever before, and it is more commonly diagnosed among those 
who are obese or inactive. Both types can lead to health problems such 
as heart disease, blindness, and kidney failure. Additionally, roughly 
one-third of American adults have prediabetes--a condition in which 
their blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to 
be diagnosed with diabetes--placing them at higher risk for other health 
conditions or for developing type 2 diabetes. Another form of diabetes, 
known as gestational diabetes, can develop in pregnant women, create 
complications during pregnancy, and increase chances of developing type 
2 diabetes later in life for both mothers and their children.
Type 1 diabetes accounts for a smaller proportion of diagnosed cases of 
diabetes; over 90 percent of all diagnosed cases are type 2 diabetes. 
Individuals with type 1 diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar 
levels and take insulin every day to survive. Diabetes has no cure, but 
people with type 2 diabetes can manage their disease by following a 
healthy meal plan, increasing physical activity, taking prescribed 
medications, and quitting smoking if applicable. For individuals with 
prediabetes or overweight individuals at higher risk of diabetes, losing 
weight through healthy eating and regular physical activity can help 
prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. Americans with any type of diabetes 
should get regular checkups and work with health care professionals to 
learn more about this disease. Individuals at higher risk--particularly 
those who are overweight, older than 45, or have a family history of 
type 2 diabetes--should talk to their health care providers about their 
diabetes risk. African Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, 
Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are also at higher risk of 
developing type 2 diabetes. I encourage all Americans to visit 
www.NDEP.NIH.gov to find resources available through the National 
Diabetes Education Program to help make and sustain healthy lifestyle 
and behavior changes.
Over the last 8 years, my Administration has worked to provide better 
care, prevention, and treatment for anyone suffering from diabetes. The 
Affordable Care Act (ACA) has required that insurers cover preventive 
services such as certain diabetes screenings without copays or 
deductibles, and seniors can now receive these screenings free of charge 
as well. Insurance companies can no longer deny individuals coverage 
because of a pre-existing condition, including a family history of 
diabetes, and children can now stay on a parent's health insurance plan 
until age 26. By supporting the Diabetes Prevention Program--the first 
preventive service model eligible for expansion under Medicare--the ACA 
has improved the quality of care, reduced health care costs, and helped 
prevent the onset of diabetes.
Nearly one in three American children is overweight or obese, causing a 
rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among children. Unless we act,

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approximately one-third of all children born since the turn of the 
century will suffer from diabetes during their lifetimes. The First 
Lady's Let's Move! initiative has worked to reverse this childhood 
obesity trend and put children on a path to a healthy future during 
their earliest years by fostering environments that support healthy 
choices; promoting physical activity; providing healthier foods in our 
schools; and ensuring families have access to nutritious, affordable 
foods and the information they need to make healthy choices. We have 
also harnessed the American spirit of innovation through our Precision 
Medicine Initiative: By tailoring treatments to individuals based on 
personalized information such as genetics, we can move closer to curing 
diseases like diabetes and give more Americans the opportunity to live 
full, healthy lives.
Every year, too many Americans experience the consequences of diabetes--
but in part because of the dedication of our Nation's health care 
providers, researchers, and advocates, we have made important strides in 
combating this disease, and we have reason to hope this progress will 
continue. This month, let us work to show every individual living with 
diabetes that they are not alone, and let us continue strengthening our 
investment in the fight against this disease.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National Diabetes Month. I call upon all Americans, school systems, 
government agencies, nonprofit organizations, health care providers, 
research institutions, and other interested groups to join in activities 
that raise diabetes awareness and help prevent, treat, and manage the 
disease.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9533 of October 31, 2016

Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

From the energy that powers our homes to the systems that allow us to 
communicate with one another, our critical infrastructure is essential 
to the stability and strength of our national security, economy, and 
public health. The assets, networks, and systems that enable us to 
innovate and prosper are necessary for sustaining and supporting the 
well-being of our Nation, and our increasing dependence on them makes 
securing and protecting them a top priority. This month, we recognize 
the importance of our critical infrastructure and resolve to safeguard 
these vital systems so they remain strong and resilient.
Our critical infrastructure spans a wide array of structures and systems 
we rely on to meet our day-to-day needs. It includes government 
facilities, the

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electric grid, transportation and water systems, information technology, 
and financial systems--all which play an equally important role in 
maintaining our way of life. These complex systems work together to keep 
us safe and healthy, and although they are among the most advanced and 
secure in the world, we must remain vigilant and ensure their resilience 
by mitigating the threats and stresses that can weaken them.
Securing our complex critical infrastructure systems requires 
cooperation and sustained commitment from everyone, which is why my 
Administration is working with businesses, infrastructure owners, and 
officials at all levels of government to protect them. We must take 
necessary steps to modernize our roads, bridges, pipes, and ports to 
ensure they remain resilient and strong--especially as climate change 
becomes an increasing risk, causing more extreme weather events that 
threaten our infrastructure. In addition to physical threats and 
hazards, cybersecurity risks pose another significant challenge to our 
Nation. We must ensure that addressing threats to the security of our 
data and our digital networks remains a priority. By partnering with the 
private sector, and with the help of the American people, we can prepare 
our critical infrastructure to withstand and respond to cyber threats, 
terrorist attacks, acts of nature including space weather events, and 
other threats and hazards.
Three years ago, I issued a Presidential Policy Directive to strengthen 
and maintain secure and resilient critical infrastructure. Today, we are 
continuing to carry out this vision for how Government and the private 
sector can work together to reduce risks and increase the stability and 
security of our infrastructure. And because our world has never been 
more interconnected, we know that keeping our critical infrastructure 
functioning will require collaboration with international partners. That 
is why we are working to promote global critical infrastructure security 
and resilience through information sharing with partners around the 
world.
As our population grows and our technology advances, the demands of our 
critical infrastructure become increasingly significant. During Critical 
Infrastructure Security and Resilience Month, we recommit to reducing 
risks to these important systems and preparing to adapt and respond to 
any incident that may occur. To ensure more Americans can thrive in a 
future of greater safety, stability, and prosperity, we must protect and 
enhance these essential elements of our cyber and physical 
infrastructure for generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience Month. I call upon the 
people of the United States to recognize the importance of protecting 
our Nation's infrastructure and to observe this month with appropriate 
events and training to enhance our national security and resilience.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9534 of October 31, 2016

National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

A heartbreaking disease present in more than 5 million Americans, 
Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia and causes people to 
lose many of the critical abilities they need to live independently. Too 
often, those suffering from Alzheimer's cannot recognize their loved 
ones or remember how to perform daily tasks, struggling physically and 
mentally with things that once came naturally. Although we have long 
known Alzheimer's to be irreversible and fatal, we maintain hope that by 
advancing research and treatment options we can work to change these 
outcomes and ensure brighter prospects for all those who face this 
disease. During National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, we resolve 
to continue working toward this brighter future as we stand with every 
person battling, Alzheimer's and their loved ones.
Alzheimer's disease is more likely to affect Americans as they grow 
older--although genetics can also play a role, age is the most 
significant risk factor. But Alzheimer's touches many more individuals 
than simply those who are diagnosed. Dedicated caregivers--whether 
professionals, family members, or friends--are also emotionally, 
physically, and financially affected by Alzheimer's disease, giving of 
themselves to ensure those who face it are not alone. And because these 
individuals need access to information and resources in order to provide 
this essential care, we launched www.Alzheimers.gov to give them a place 
to find help.
Through the National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease, my 
Administration has been working to meet a goal of being able to prevent 
and effectively treat this illness by 2025. Over the past year we have 
taken a number of actions to reach this vision, including developing a 
training curriculum that gives health care workers the necessary skills 
to care for dementia patients and better detect and diagnose dementia. 
We have also helped family caregivers look after their own health, in 
addition to addressing the needs of people with dementia, and launched a 
campaign to increase awareness of changes in the brain as people age so 
that older adults feel more comfortable having open conversations with 
family members and health care providers.
In addition to ensuring anyone with Alzheimer's can access proper care, 
we must harness the innovative ideas of the scientific community and 
work to prevent this disease. To ramp up research and development aimed 
at uncovering the answers to diseases like Alzheimer's, I have increased 
funding for research dedicated to understanding, preventing, and curing 
Alzheimer's and related dementias. I also introduced the Brain Research 
through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies Initiative, which will 
enhance our understanding of brain function and give scientists the 
tools they need to better understand and discover new ways to treat, 
cure, and prevent brain disorders. And through a bold new research 
effort that seeks to deliver personalized care through patient-centered 
research and collaboration, my Precision Medicine Initiative is working 
to revolutionize our understanding of diseases like Alzheimer's.

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From researchers and advocates who are bringing us closer to preventing 
this disease to family members who devotedly look after their loved 
ones, people across our country are doing their part to support those 
touched by Alzheimer's. This month, let us honor those we have lost too 
soon and renew our efforts to ensure more Americans can live their lives 
with health and happiness.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month. I call upon the people of 
the United States to learn more about Alzheimer's disease and support 
the individuals living with this disease and their caregivers.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9535 of October 31, 2016

National Entrepreneurship Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Entrepreneurs in America have long lent their talents and passions to 
solving problems, generating growth and prosperity, and turning dreams 
into new goods and services for people across our Nation and around the 
world. During National Entrepreneurship Month, we celebrate the 
entrepreneurs who serve their communities and bolster our economy, and 
we pledge our support for them in their pursuit of the ideas and 
innovations of tomorrow.
Through their intrepid sense of possibility and resilience, and their 
unwillingness to give in or give up, entrepreneurs from every walk of 
life make invaluable contributions to the American experience--turning 
bold ideas into real progress. My Administration has made it a priority 
from day one to support those who take a risk and put in the hard work 
required to get a new venture off the ground. In 2010, I signed the 
Affordable Care Act, which gives Americans greater opportunities to 
start businesses by offering portable and affordable health insurance 
plans through the Health Insurance Marketplace. I signed 18 tax breaks 
for small businesses in my first term, including tax credits for those 
who hire unemployed workers and veterans, and I launched the Nation of 
Makers initiative to advance innovation and encourage making, including 
homegrown technologies and startups. In 2013, I signed an Executive 
Order to make Government data more accessible to the public, and my 
Administration has opened up nearly 200,000 datasets on www.Data.gov to 
fuel economic growth, innovation, and entrepreneurship. And earlier this 
year, I announced the Computer Science for All Initiative--a plan to 
give all students in America the chance to learn computer science in 
school, which will equip our future entrepreneurs, including those from 
underrepresented backgrounds, with the computational thinking skills 
they need to succeed.

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In the 21st-century economy--where business does not stop at a country's 
border and where technological advancements have changed the ways we 
engage in commerce and with one another--it is more important than ever 
that we give our Nation's entrepreneurs the tools and resources they 
need to compete on the international stage. This past summer, I signed 
an Executive Order that encourages entrepreneurship in the United States 
and around the world, including through the Presidential Ambassadors for 
Global Entrepreneurship Program, to promote the sharing of knowledge and 
experience with the entrepreneurs of tomorrow. Additionally, as I 
attended the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in California in June, 
companies across America came together to sign the Tech Inclusion 
Pledge: a commitment to making their technology workforces more 
representative of the American people. My Administration also used this 
Summit as an opportunity to announce an expansion of the National 
Science Foundation's Innovation Corps training program for 
entrepreneurial scientists and engineers, as well as the Small Business 
Administration's Startup in a Day initiative, with nearly 100 cities and 
communities across our Nation committed to streamlining licensing, 
permitting, and other requirements necessary for anyone to start a 
business. At the end of last year, I signed a bipartisan budget deal 
that made permanent critical tax incentives to help bolster investment 
in small businesses and research and experimentation, including by 
startups and other innovative companies. And thanks to another 
bipartisan bill I signed, entrepreneurs can raise small-dollar 
investments from community members, customers, and other individuals 
through new and regulated online crowdfunding platforms--because access 
to capital should be available to every aspiring entrepreneur no matter 
who they are or where they are from.
My Administration has also striven to expand opportunity to those 
seeking to utilize their entrepreneurial talents abroad. Following the 
beginning of our process to normalize relations with our neighbors 90 
miles to the south in Cuba, we made it easier for Cuban entrepreneurs to 
import and export. Entrepreneurs flourish when they are surrounded by an 
environment that encourages their success--that is true here at home and 
around the world. My Administration remains committed to implementing 
the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a trade agreement that will have a 
profound effect on our efforts to support online entrepreneurs and 
enable American entrepreneurs to sell ``Made in America'' products all 
over the world. And through our proposed International Entrepreneur 
Rule, we are working to ensure the world's best and brightest 
entrepreneurs can launch companies and create jobs in the United States.
As we celebrate National Entrepreneurship Month and Global 
Entrepreneurship Week, let us resolve to support those budding 
entrepreneurs looking to use their ideas and expertise to build a better 
life for themselves and their families--and let us tap into the diverse 
skills and talents across our country so that entrepreneurs from all 
backgrounds can continue creating the businesses of the 21st century. 
Entrepreneurship is about the opportunity to forge one's own future, and 
an investment in that future can start as something small and turn into 
something great. That is the legacy shaped by generations of American 
entrepreneurs who, through ingenuity, passion, and self-determination, 
have always striven to achieve the next big, unknown thing.

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NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National Entrepreneurship Month. I call upon all Americans to 
commemorate this month with appropriate programs and activities, and to 
celebrate November 15, 2016, as National Entrepreneurs' Day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9536 of October 31, 2016

National Family Caregivers Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation was founded on the fundamental ideal that we all do better 
when we look out for one another, and every day, millions of Americans 
from every walk of life balance their own needs with those of their 
loved ones as caregivers. During National Family Caregivers Month, we 
reaffirm our support for those who give of themselves to be there for 
their family, friends, and neighbors in challenging times, and we pledge 
to carry forward the progress we have made in our health care system and 
workplaces to give caregivers the resources and flexibility they need.
Each of us may find ourselves in need of or providing care at some point 
in our lives. That is why it is imperative that we maintain and expand 
the Affordable Care Act (ACA). At the time Medicare was created, only a 
little more than half of all seniors had some form of health insurance. 
Today, the ACA has given older Americans better care and more access to 
discounted prescriptions and certain preventive services at no cost. The 
ACA has also expanded options for home- and community-based services, so 
that, with the help of devoted, loving caregivers, more Americans are 
now able to live independently and with dignity. And because looking 
after an aging family member or a friend with a disability can be 
challenging, States and local agencies connect individuals with 
caregiver support groups and respite care. The women and men who put 
their loved ones before themselves show incredible generosity every day, 
and we must continue to support them in every task they selflessly carry 
out.
Many devoted caregivers across our country also attend to members of our 
Armed Forces when they return home, and my Administration is committed 
to improving the care and support our veterans and their families 
receive. For over 5 years, First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill 
Biden's Joining Forces initiative has worked to ensure those who look 
after our service members who come home with the wounds of war--whether 
they are visible or not--have the community and Government support they 
need to help their siblings and spouses, parents and children, neighbors 
and friends through one of the greatest battles they may face: the fight 
to recover and heal.

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This month, and every month, let us lift up all those who work to 
tirelessly advance the health and wellness of those they love. Let us 
encourage those who choose to be caregivers and look toward a future 
where our politics and our policies reflect the selflessness and open-
hearted empathy they show their loved ones every day.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National Family Caregivers Month. I encourage all Americans to pay 
tribute to those who provide for the health and well-being of their 
family members, friends, and neighbors.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9537 of October 31, 2016

National Native American Heritage Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As the First Americans, Native Americans have helped shape the future of 
the United States through every turn of our history. Today, young 
American Indians and Alaska Natives embrace open-ended possibility and 
are determining their own destinies. During National Native American 
Heritage Month, we pledge to maintain the meaningful partnerships we 
have with tribal nations, and we renew our commitment to our nation-to-
nation relationships as we seek to give all our children the future they 
deserve.
Over our long shared history, there have been too many unfortunate 
chapters of pain and tragedy, discrimination and injustice. We must 
acknowledge that history while recognizing that the future is still ours 
to write. That is why my Administration remains dedicated to 
strengthening our government-to-government relationships with tribal 
nations and working to improve the lives of all our people. Three years 
ago, I issued an Executive Order establishing the White House Council on 
Native American Affairs to help ensure the Federal Government engages in 
true and lasting relationships with tribes and promotes the development 
of prosperous and resilient tribal communities. Last month, I hosted the 
eighth Tribal Nations Conference and brought tribal leaders together to 
identify key issues we still face. We have worked to better protect 
sacred lands and restored many acres of tribal homelands, as well as 
supported greater representation of indigenous peoples before the United 
Nations and called for further implementation of the Declaration of the 
Rights of Indigenous Peoples. And we have taken steps to strengthen 
tribal sovereignty in criminal justice matters, including through the 
Tribal Law and Order Act.
Through the Affordable Care Act and permanent reauthorization of the 
Indian Health Care Improvement Act, we empowered more Native Americans

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to access the quality health care they need to live full, healthy lives. 
Throughout their lives, 84 percent of American Indian and Alaska Native 
women and girls will experience some form of violence, and in 2013, I 
signed the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act, which 
allows tribes to prosecute non-Native individuals who commit acts of 
domestic violence in Indian Country. And through the North American 
Working Group on Violence Against Indigenous Women and Girls, we are 
strengthening regional coordination on the rights of women and girls 
from indigenous communities across the continent.
In recognition of the immeasurable contributions that Native Americans 
have made to our Nation, we continue to advocate for expanding 
opportunity across Indian Country. We have supported tribal colleges and 
universities and worked to return control of education to tribal 
nations--not only to prepare Native youth for the demands of future 
employment, but also to promote their own tribal languages and cultures. 
We are investing in job training and clean-energy projects, 
infrastructure, and high-speed internet that connects Native American 
communities to the broader economy. We are connecting more young people 
and fostering a national dialogue to empower the next generation of 
Native leaders through the Generation Indigenous initiative. Through 
www.NativeOneStop.gov, we have also worked to improve coordination and 
access to Federal services throughout Indian Country. Indian Country 
still faces many challenges, but we have made significant progress 
together since I took office, and we must never give up on our pursuit 
of the ever brighter future that lies ahead.
This month, let us celebrate the traditions, languages, and stories of 
Native Americans and ensure their rich histories and contributions can 
thrive with each passing generation. Let us continue to build on the 
advancements we have made, because enduring progress will depend on our 
dedication to honoring our trust and treaty responsibilities. With 
sustained effort and unwavering optimism, we can ensure a vibrant and 
resilient Indian Country filled with possibility and prosperity.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 2016 as 
National Native American Heritage Month. I call upon all Americans to 
commemorate this month with appropriate programs and activities, and to 
celebrate November 25, 2016, as Native American Heritage Day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of 
October, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9538 of November 8, 2016

World Freedom Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

The Berlin Wall stood in the city it divided for nearly 30 years, 
separating families and loved ones and embodying the authoritarianism 
that reigned in Communist states throughout the Cold War. On November 9, 
1989, with the courage of their convictions and a longing to forge their 
own destinies, Germans from both the East and West sides of the Wall 
celebrated history as a defining symbol of the Iron Curtain collapsed. 
Twenty-seven years later, we pay tribute to the unyielding determination 
of those who chose unity over division, and we rededicate ourselves to 
carrying this spirit forward wherever core tenets of democracy and 
liberty are at stake.
When President John F. Kennedy declared in West Berlin that ``when one 
man is enslaved, all are not free,'' he captured the irrevocable truth 
of the work that remains to this day. Our world is more prosperous and 
free than at any time in our history, with more people than ever before 
choosing their leaders through free elections and living in democracies 
with greater respect for human rights. But such liberty will not emerge 
across the globe in a single wave--building strong, democratic 
institutions and maintaining robust civil societies is the work of 
generations, and it is up to each of us to put our shoulders to the 
wheel of progress and fight for the future we seek. Whether in quiet 
struggle or boisterous protest, the Berliners who endured the division 
the Berlin Wall created and stood for remind us of the necessity to 
never abandon the values that have brought us as far as we are today.
For centuries, people of every nation have borne witness to great strife 
and tension in our ever-changing world--but we have proven we can always 
choose a better course through our relentless pursuit of freedom. Across 
oceans and continents, in recognition of World Freedom Day, let us 
reaffirm our commitment to carrying forward the enduring celebration of 
liberty that defined the fall of the Berlin Wall.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 9, 2016, as 
World Freedom Day. I call upon the people of the United States to 
observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities, reaffirming 
our dedication to freedom and democracy.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9539 of November 8, 2016

Veterans Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

America has long stood as a beacon of hope and opportunity, and few 
embody that spirit here at home and beyond our borders more than the 
members of our Armed Forces. Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and 
Coast Guardsmen are part of an unbroken chain of brave patriots who have 
served our country with honor and made tremendous sacrifices so that we 
may live free. On Veterans Day, we salute the women and men who have 
proudly worn the uniform of the United States of America and the 
families who have served alongside them, and we affirm our sacred duty 
as citizens to express our enduring gratitude, both in words and in 
actions, for their service.
Our country has the best-trained and best-equipped military force in the 
world, and we need to make sure we have the most supported and respected 
veterans in the world. We are a Nation that leaves no one behind, and my 
Administration has made historic investments to provide veterans access 
to the resources and education they need to share in our Nation's 
promise when they return home. Partnering with community leaders across 
America, First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden's Joining Forces 
initiative works to ensure our country's heroes can thrive by combatting 
veteran homelessness, promoting their emotional well-being, and 
advancing employment training and placement--and we have made great 
progress. Today, the unemployment rate for veterans is lower than the 
national average, and veteran homelessness has been nearly cut in half 
since 2010. We also recognize that some of these courageous men and 
women have faced and overcome profound challenges, both physically and 
emotionally, in defense of our freedom. We must continue to provide high 
quality health care to our veterans and make sure they have the support 
they have earned and deserve.
The example our Nation's veterans set throughout their lives is a 
testament to the drive and perseverance that define the American 
character. Let us uphold our obligations to these heroic individuals and 
never forget those who paid the ultimate price for our liberty. On this 
day and throughout the year, may we sustain their lasting contributions 
to our Nation's progress and carry forward their legacy by building a 
future that is stronger, safer, and freer for all.
With respect for, and in recognition of, the contributions our service 
members have made to the cause of peace and freedom around the world, 
the Congress has provided (5 U.S.C. 6103(a)) that November 11 of each 
year shall be set aside as a legal public holiday to honor our Nation's 
veterans.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim November 11, 2016, as Veterans Day. I 
encourage all Americans to recognize the valor and sacrifice of our 
veterans through appropriate public ceremonies and private prayers, and 
by observing 2 minutes of silence for our Nation's veterans. I call upon 
Federal, State, and local officials to display the flag of the United 
States and to participate in patriotic activities in their communities. 
I call on all Americans,

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including civic and fraternal organizations, places of worship, schools, 
and communities to support this day with commemorative expressions and 
programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9540 of November 10, 2016

American Education Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

With great potential to prepare our young people for the world they will 
inherit and lead, education provides one of the most essential 
foundations for prosperity and opportunity, strengthening our democracy 
and civic life and serving as a pathway to economic success. It helps 
cultivate passion and inspire young people to build and create; analyze 
and discover; understand and empathize with the people around them, and 
through education, students can form a deeper understanding of history 
and society, literature and languages, and how things work and why they 
do. During American Education Week, we recognize the importance of 
education and renew our commitment to bringing a better education within 
reach for all our people.
America's high school graduation rate is now the highest ever recorded, 
and the hard work people across our country have put in is paying off. 
States have set higher, better standards to help us out-teach and out-
compete other nations. Teachers are going that extra mile to create 
meaningful and memorable lessons, rather than merely teaching to a test, 
and we have given them more flexibility to do so through the Every 
Student Succeeds Act--a bipartisan bill I signed last year to improve 
schools, give State and local lawmakers more control, and target 
resources to where they are needed most. But across our country, there 
are unfortunately still too many places where we can do far better for 
our students. Too many schools are underfunded and lack the resources or 
structures they need to prepare students for success, and for far too 
many students, their zip codes still determine how far they can go.
From strengthening high-quality early education and preschool to 
bolstering access to higher education, my Administration has made 
improving our education system a priority for our students from their 
first days of school to the days they start their careers. Nobody should 
be priced out of a higher education, so we are striving to make college 
more affordable and provide 2 years of free community college for any 
student willing to work for it. We also reformed the student loan system 
and expanded Pell grants to more students. The demands of our global 
economy and changing technology require students to learn real-world 
skills such as computer science in the classroom, so we are bringing new 
technology and digital tools, including high-speed internet, into 
classrooms to modernize education. And because too many girls, young 
people of color, and low-income students

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are not encouraged and underrepresented in science, technology, 
engineering, and math (STEM) courses and careers, we are investing in 
ways to broaden STEM participation as well as working to train more STEM 
teachers.
Empowering students of all ages, backgrounds, and beliefs to challenge 
themselves to reach higher, education can lift up a generation, allowing 
them to carry the torch of progress forward and make our world a better 
place. This week, let us recommit to the important work that remains and 
ensure every student in America can access the support, resources, and 
opportunities they need to thrive.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 13 through 
November 19, 2016, as American Education Week. I call upon all Americans 
to observe this week by supporting their local schools and educators 
through appropriate activities, events, and programs designed to help 
create opportunities for every school and student in America.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9541 of November 10, 2016

Get Smart About Antibiotics Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Since their discovery nearly nine decades ago, antibiotics have 
transformed the world of modern medicine. They have been instrumental in 
combating previously deadly or debilitating illnesses and have saved 
countless lives. Yet the misuse of antibiotics can pose risks to public 
health. As antibiotics have become more commonly prescribed and misused 
in all health care settings, bacteria have developed the capability to 
resist them, which can undermine their effectiveness. Get Smart About 
Antibiotics Week is an important opportunity to highlight the need to 
use antibiotics responsibly.
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria cause tens of thousands of deaths each 
year in the United States alone, and millions of Americans contract 
antibiotic-resistant illnesses that are difficult and expensive to 
treat. A major factor contributing to the emergence of antibiotic 
resistance is the inappropriate use of antibiotics, which are among the 
most frequently prescribed medicines and are also given to animals that 
are used for food. When a person takes antibiotics for a bacterial 
infection, bacteria sensitive to that medicine are generally destroyed 
or prevented from growing further--but bacteria that are resistant to 
that antibiotic will multiply, making current or future bacterial 
infections even worse and harder to treat. When antibiotics are used 
inappropriately, including when they are not needed--such as for 
treating viral infections like the common cold, or used in wrong doses 
or for the

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wrong period of time--the likelihood of antibiotic resistance is greatly 
increased, reducing the effectiveness of these antibiotics in the 
future. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria and infections cost our country 
tens of billions of dollars in health care expenses, but more 
importantly, if we lose effective antibiotic options for treating 
people, more patients will be put at risk--unless we act now.
That is why my Administration has taken action to reduce the emergence 
and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and help ensure the 
continued availability of effective therapeutics for the treatment of 
bacterial infections. In 2014, I signed an Executive Order that created 
the Task Force for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, established 
an interagency approach to improve our Nation's antibiotic use, and 
built a framework to strengthen surveillance systems so important data 
on antibiotic-resistant bacteria can more easily be shared and tracked 
to prevent and control infections. We also launched the National Action 
Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, through which we are 
working to slow the emergence of resistant bacteria and accelerate 
research efforts to develop alternative treatments, diagnostic tools, 
and vaccines. Last year, with recognition that our public health is 
connected to the health of animals and the environment, especially with 
regards to the spread of disease, we hosted the White House Forum on 
Antibiotic Stewardship to bring together key human and animal health 
stakeholders to identify successful strategies and opportunities for 
collaboration. We must continue working with food producers, health care 
providers, leaders in the private sector, and the American people to 
improve our antibiotic use.
With a sustained commitment to promoting the appropriate use of 
antibiotics, we can address this growing public health problem. In 
September, the United Nations General Assembly pledged their commitment 
to international cooperation to combat this global threat to human 
health, development, and security, and heads of states came together to 
commit to initiating, increasing, and sustaining awareness of 
antimicrobial resistance. This week, we resolve to improve awareness of 
the threat of antibiotic resistance to our public health, and we 
encourage medical professionals to prescribe, and patients to use, 
antibiotics responsibly. Let us ensure that future generations can 
access safe and effective antibiotics, and together let us address the 
harmful effects of antibiotic resistance.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 13 through 
November 19, 2016, as Get Smart About Antibiotics Week. I call upon the 
scientific community, medical professionals, educators, businesses, 
industry leaders, and all Americans to observe this week by promoting 
the responsible use of antibiotics and raising awareness of the dangers 
inherent in their misuse and overuse.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9542 of November 10, 2016

National Apprenticeship Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

When I took office, our economy was in freefall--millions of Americans 
lost their jobs and paid the price of the worst recession of our time. 
But with grit and determination, our people fought their way back and 
began working to rebuild an economy that works for everyone. Although we 
have added more than 15 million jobs in the last 6 years, too many 
people are still feeling left behind in our 21st-century economy. And 
because the jobs of today and tomorrow require more advanced skills and 
training, apprenticeship programs play an increasingly important role in 
helping people succeed in the workforce. This week, we celebrate the 
ways this job-driven training model prepares Americans for meaningful 
employment, and we resolve to expand access to this essential pathway to 
opportunity.
Registered apprenticeships connect job-seekers to better paying jobs 
that are in high demand, and by providing hands-on experiences and 
allowing Americans to earn while they learn, they help workers gain the 
skills and knowledge necessary to thrive in our modern economy. More 
than 90 percent of apprentices find employment after completing their 
programs, with graduates earning an average starting salary over 
$60,000. In addition to benefitting employees, apprenticeship programs 
also help employers by increasing productivity and innovation with a 
high return on investment. A variety of industries--from healthcare to 
construction to information technology and advanced manufacturing--are 
using apprenticeship programs to meet their workforce needs. To bolster 
the competitiveness of those industries and others, it is imperative 
that our Nation continues investing in apprenticeship programs. Across 
our country, State and local leaders have done just that--in some cases 
expanding apprenticeships by over 20 percent in their regions. And since 
2014, 290 colleges have joined in the effort to offer college credit 
toward a degree for completing apprenticeship programs.
My Administration applauds these widespread efforts and remains 
committed to supporting apprenticeship programs. Two years ago, I 
announced a goal to double the number of registered apprenticeships, and 
with 125,000 more active apprenticeships today than in 2014, we have 
seen the largest 3-year increase in nearly a decade. We invested 
unprecedented levels of Federal funding in apprenticeships, including 
recently awarding more than $50 million in new grants to States through 
the ApprenticeshipUSA initiative. This year, we also invested over $20 
million to start new apprenticeship programs and help historically 
underrepresented individuals--including women, minorities, and people 
with disabilities--access apprenticeship programs. Last year, I signed 
the first-ever annual Federal funding for apprenticeship programs into 
law, and I will keep calling on the Congress to continue funding these 
efforts so that this work is carried forward for years to come. And 
because those who have served our country in uniform deserve every 
opportunity to enjoy the American dream they helped defend, we are 
working to provide assistance

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to service members and veterans who seek to enter registered 
apprenticeship programs.
During National Apprenticeship Week, employers, sponsors, and leaders 
across our country will host open houses to highlight the significant 
value of apprenticeships in our economy. Let us encourage more employers 
to offer--and more workers to take advantage of--these indispensable 
learning and training opportunities, and together let us continue 
working to equip the American workforce to meet the demands of an ever 
changing future so it is filled with prosperity and opportunity for all 
who are willing to work for it.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 13 through 
November 19, 2016, as National Apprenticeship Week. I urge the Congress, 
State and local governments, educational institutions, industry and 
labor leaders, and all Americans to support apprenticeship programs in 
the United States and to raise awareness of their contributions to our 
country.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9543 of November 14, 2016

America Recycles Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Having only one planet and limited natural resources, it is imperative 
we reduce our environmental impact--particularly when it comes to waste. 
More than half of everything we throw away gets permanently discarded, 
packing landfills across our country with trash that can take centuries 
to decompose and provides no utility. Today, we resolve to raise 
awareness of the important role that reducing, reusing, and recycling 
can play in achieving a more sustainable future.
Recycling is a process that allows materials that would otherwise be 
thrown out to be manufactured into new materials that can be used again. 
By decreasing landfill waste and conserving important natural resources, 
recycling can mitigate pollution, save energy, and reduce greenhouse gas 
emissions. Many items such as paper, plastics, and batteries are 
commonly known to be recyclable, but many other products--including oil 
and tires--can also be recycled. In addition to helping reduce our 
environmental footprint, recycling also strengthens our economy and 
creates hundreds of thousands of green jobs. To learn more about what 
can be recycled and ways to encourage recycling in your community, visit 
www.EPA.gov/Recycle.
People of all ages can do their part by reducing waste and reusing 
items. In our homes we can compost food and yard waste rather than 
sending it

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to a landfill; in schools we can utilize reusable containers for storing 
lunches and school supplies; and in workplaces we can print more 
documents double-sided and on recycled paper, or opt for digital copies 
rather than printing in the first place. The Federal Government is doing 
our part to lead by example--from helping businesses purchase recycled 
materials to assisting grocery stores, schools, and stadiums with 
reducing their food waste, we are striving to give businesses, States, 
and local governments the resources they need to encourage recycling 
across our Nation.
One of the most important things we can do with our time on Earth is to 
make it better for future generations. On America Recycles Day, we renew 
our commitment to making environmentally conscious changes in our lives 
so that our children and grandchildren can live that better, cleaner 
future. Let us continue striving to reduce waste, conserve resources, 
and meet our obligations to our planet and to future generations.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 15, 2016, as 
America Recycles Day. I call upon the people of the United States to 
observe this day with appropriate programs and activities, and I 
encourage all Americans to continue their reducing, reusing, and 
recycling efforts throughout the year.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9544 of November 18, 2016

National Family Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Through every passing generation, families have formed the backbone of 
our society. With pride, passion, and a commitment to their loved ones, 
family members give of themselves to create opportunities they never had 
and forge a brighter future for themselves and their children. This 
week, we honor the families who have built the America we know today and 
reaffirm our commitment to ensuring every family can have their chance 
at a fair shot.
Nobody should have to choose between spending time with their family and 
financially supporting them, and my Administration has prioritized 
efforts to strengthen families and address the challenges we face in our 
workforce. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, the uninsured rate has 
never been lower, and more families have been able to get quality, 
affordable health care. But there is more work to be done. The United 
States is the only advanced country that does not guarantee paid family 
or sick leave, and too often, American workers have to make painful 
choices about whether they

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can afford to be there when their families need them most. Workers also 
deserve fair work schedules that ensure predictability and certainty. 
And women should be paid the same as men for doing the same jobs--a 
principle that is not just fair and ethical, but also necessary because 
more women are their family's main breadwinners than ever before.
We all have a role to play in lifting up families, and the Federal 
Government is leading by example. To help give more families the comfort 
of safe and nurturing child care, my Administration published a new rule 
earlier this year to strengthen quality, health, and safety standards 
for child care programs. Earlier this year, I took action to expand 
overtime protections to more than 4 million workers, and because no one 
who works full time should have to raise their family in poverty, I have 
called on the Congress to raise the Federal minimum wage--in the 
meantime, cities, States, and businesses across our country have taken 
action, answering the call to raise the minimum wage and helping 
American families everywhere.
Families of every race, religion, and background have written America's 
story and embodied our founding notion: that out of many, we are one. 
Adoptive and foster families open their hearts and their homes to 
welcome children in need, patriotic military families sacrifice precious 
time with their loved ones to give us the opportunity to be with ours, 
and last year, the families of gay and lesbian couples who fought so 
long for basic civil rights were finally recognized as equal under the 
law.
Through challenging moments and difficult times, America's families are 
representative of the strength and unity at the core of our communities. 
Their love is an enduring reminder of what is best about our country. 
This week, let us celebrate the devotion of dedicated family members 
across our Nation and pledge to give them the support they need to 
thrive.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 20 through 
November 26, 2016, as National Family Week. I invite all States, 
communities, and individuals to join in observing this week with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities to honor our Nation's families.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9545 of November 18, 2016

National Child's Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

No matter what zip code they are born into, every young child in America 
deserves the opportunity to learn, grow, and realize their dreams in a 
safe and healthy environment. From ensuring they are cared for and 
nourished

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to helping them become educated participants in our democracy, we must 
all do our part to support the next generation of leaders. Today, let us 
lift up every child in need and strive to leave behind a world that we 
are proud of for children across our country.
My Administration has worked to put children in every community on a 
path to a healthier future. Through First Lady Michelle Obama's Let's 
Move! initiative, we have fostered environments that support healthy 
choices, promote physical activity, and reduce childhood obesity. We 
have also fought to improve Head Start and expand quality, affordable 
child care, which promotes healthy development and school readiness in 
young children and helps families be more financially secure at home. 
Because of the broader coverage expansions made possible by the 
Affordable Care Act (ACA), and improvements made to the Children's 
Health Insurance Plan through legislation I signed during my first month 
in office, more than 3 million children have gotten health insurance and 
the uninsured rate among children has fallen by almost half since 2008. 
And because of the ACA, children can no longer be denied coverage 
because of a pre-existing condition. They can also remain on a parent's 
health insurance plan until age 26, and all plans on the Health 
Insurance Marketplace are now required to cover basic pediatric 
services. Anyone who is in need of health insurance can visit 
www.HealthCare.gov to find coverage for themselves and their children. 
You can also visit www.Medicaid.gov to find out if you qualify for 
coverage through Medicaid.
It is one of our greatest obligations to create cleaner and safer 
environments for our children to live in. Not only must we protect our 
planet against climate change and secure it for future generations, but 
we must continue taking concrete action to reduce the effects that dirty 
air and water can impose on our children--such as the potential for 
higher incidence of asthma attacks. We must also work to keep our 
children safe from violence and abuse, prevent youth substance use and 
its consequences, and modernize our juvenile justice system to hold 
youth accountable for their actions without consigning them to a never-
ending cycle of incarceration.
We know that when we invest in young children, the outcomes are 
significant--and by investing in early education and preschool for all, 
we can set children up for success later in life. Education has the 
potential to unlock ladders of opportunity and empower children to 
pursue their passions, and we must continue working to strengthen our 
Nation's education system for children at every grade level. That is why 
my Administration has pursued efforts to bring higher education within 
reach for more students and make college more affordable.
Our journey is not complete until all our children are cared for, 
cherished, and safe from harm. On National Child's Day, let us forge a 
future of greater opportunity and prosperity for every young person, and 
let us seek to reach our greatest potential as a Nation by ensuring our 
daughters and sons can live up to theirs.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 20, 2016, as 
National Child's Day. I call upon all citizens to observe this day with 
appropriate activities, programs, and ceremonies, and to rededicate 
ourselves to creating the bright future we want for our Nation's 
children.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighteenth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9546 of November 23, 2016

Thanksgiving Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Nearly 400 years ago, a small band of Pilgrims fled persecution and 
violence and came to this land as refugees in search of opportunity and 
the freedom to practice their faith. Though the journey was rough and 
their first winter harsh, the friendly embrace of an indigenous people, 
the Wampanoag--who offered gracious lessons in agriculture and crop 
production--led to their successful first harvest. The Pilgrims were 
grateful they could rely on the generosity of the Wampanoag people, 
without whom they would not have survived their first year in the new 
land, and together they celebrated this bounty with a festival that 
lasted for days and prompted the tradition of an annual day of giving 
thanks.
This history teaches us that the American instinct has never been to 
seek isolation in opposite corners; it is to find strength in our common 
creed and forge unity from our great diversity. On that very first 
thanksgiving celebration, these same ideals brought together people of 
different backgrounds and beliefs, and every year since, with enduring 
confidence in the power of faith, love, gratitude, and optimism, this 
force of unity has sustained us as a people. It has guided us through 
times of great challenge and change and allowed us to see ourselves in 
those who come to our shores in search of a safer, better future for 
themselves and their families.
On this holiday, we count our blessings and renew our commitment to 
giving back. We give thanks for our troops and our veterans--and their 
families--who give of themselves to protect the values we cherish; for 
the first responders, teachers, and engaged Americans who serve their 
communities; and for the chance to live in a country founded on the 
belief that all of us are created equal. But on this day of gratitude, 
we are also reminded that securing these freedoms and opportunities for 
all our people is an unfinished task. We must reflect on all we have 
been afforded while continuing the work of ensuring no one is left out 
or left behind because of who they are or where they come from.
For generations, our Nation's progress has been carried forward by those 
who act on the obligations we have to one another. Each year on 
Thanksgiving, the selflessness and decency of the American people 
surface in food banks and shelters across our country, in time spent 
caring for the sick and the stranger, and in efforts to empathize with 
those with whom we disagree and to recognize that every individual is 
worthy of compassion and care. As we gather in the company of our 
friends, families, and communities--just as the Pilgrims and the 
Wampanoag did centuries ago--let us strive to

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lift up others, promote tolerance and inclusiveness, and give thanks for 
the joy and love that surround all of us.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim November 24, 2016, as 
a National Day of Thanksgiving. I encourage the people of the United 
States to join together--whether in our homes, places of worship, 
community centers, or any place of fellowship for friends and 
neighbors--and give thanks for all we have received in the past year, 
express appreciation to those whose lives enrich our own, and share our 
bounty with others.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-third day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9547 of November 30, 2016

National Impaired Driving Prevention Month, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Driving drunk, drugged, or distracted poses a significant threat to 
drivers, passengers, pedestrians, and all who share our roads. During 
the holiday season, incidents of impaired driving occur more frequently, 
and every December, we observe National Impaired Driving Prevention 
Month to highlight steps we can take to improve safety on our streets 
and raise awareness of these preventable dangers.
Recently, the number of traffic crash fatalities caused by impaired 
driving has unfortunately increased--last year, preventable alcohol-
related driving fatalities accounted for nearly one-third of all traffic 
fatalities. Consumption of alcohol by drivers, even those who are of 
legal drinking age, is highly dangerous, and drug use, including 
prescription drug use, can also harm judgment, perception, and the motor 
skills used when driving. Distracted driving--including eating, tending 
to passengers, and using a cell phone--can also be dangerous and is 
equally preventable.
We can all do our part to keep our roads safe and prevent these 
tragedies. As passengers, we can reduce our interactions with drivers 
and lessen distractions. As friends and family members, we can look out 
for loved ones who may be drinking and help them get home safely. And as 
citizens, we can always call 911 to report any dangerous driving we 
observe.
My Administration has worked to help Americans who struggle with 
substance use disorders and substance misuse, which can lead to 
incidents of drunk or drugged driving. We are also striving to give law 
enforcement officers the resources and support they need to combat 
impaired driving, and we must encourage the development of technologies 
like ignition interlock devices, which can prevent impaired individuals 
from getting behind the wheel. Through the Drive Sober or Get Pulled 
Over campaign, States and

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communities across our country are working to increase road patrols and 
sobriety checkpoints, in addition to raising awareness and improving 
education on the dangers of impaired driving. You can learn more about 
what we are doing to prevent impaired driving by visiting 
www.WhiteHouse.gov/ONDCP/DruggedDriving, www.NHTSA.gov/DriveSober, and 
www.Distraction.gov.
Whether encouraging parents to set a good example for their teen drivers 
or educating every driver on the dangers of unsafe driving, we must 
recommit to doing everything we can to prevent driving-related injuries 
and fatalities. This month, let us continue empowering drivers to make 
responsible decisions and educating the American people on ways they can 
help keep our roads safe and our futures bright.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 2016 as 
National Impaired Driving Prevention Month. I urge all Americans to make 
responsible decisions and take appropriate measures to prevent impaired 
driving.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9548 of November 30, 2016

World AIDS Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Thirty-five years ago the first documented cases of AIDS brought about 
an era of uncertainty, fear, and discrimination. HIV/AIDS has taken tens 
of millions of lives--and far too many people with HIV have struggled to 
get the care, treatment, and compassion they deserve. But in the decades 
since those first cases, with ingenuity, leadership, research, and 
historic investments in evidence-based practices, we have begun to move 
toward an era of resilience and hope--and we are closer than ever to 
reaching an AIDS-free generation. On World AIDS Day, we join with the 
international community to remember those we have lost too soon, reflect 
on the tremendous progress we have made in battling this disease, and 
carry forward our fight against HIV/AIDS.
By shining a light on this issue and educating more communities about 
the importance of testing and treatment, we have saved and improved 
lives. Although we have come far in recent decades, our work is not yet 
done and the urgency to intervene in this epidemic is critical. In the 
United States, more than 1.2 million people are living with HIV. Gay and 
bisexual men, transgender people, youth, black and Latino Americans, 
people living in the Southern United States, and people who inject drugs 
are at a disproportionate risk. People living with HIV can face stigma 
and discrimination, creating barriers to prevention and treatment 
services.

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My Administration has made significant efforts to fight HIV/AIDS, 
including by encouraging treatment as prevention, expanding access to 
pre-exposure prophylaxis, eliminating waiting lists for medication 
assistance programs, and working toward a vaccine. Thanks to the 
Affordable Care Act, no one can be denied coverage for pre-existing 
conditions like HIV, and millions of people can now access quality, 
affordable health insurance plans that cover important services like HIV 
testing and screening. In 2010, I introduced the first comprehensive 
National HIV/AIDS Strategy in the United States, and last year, through 
an Executive Order, I updated it to serve as a guiding path to 2020. 
This update builds on the primary goals of the original Strategy, 
including reducing the number of HIV-infected individuals and HIV-
related health disparities, improving health outcomes for anyone living 
with HIV and increasing their access to care, and strengthening our 
coordinated national response to this epidemic.
Currently, more than 36 million people, including 1.8 million children, 
are living with HIV/AIDS across the globe, and the majority of people 
living with HIV reside in low- to middle-income countries. We need to do 
more to reach those who are at risk for contracting HIV/AIDS, and the 
United States is helping shape the world's response to this crisis and 
working alongside the international community to end this epidemic by 
2030. We have strengthened and expanded the President's Emergency Plan 
for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), with now more than $70 billion invested, to 
accelerate our progress and work to control this epidemic with 
comprehensive and data-focused efforts. With PEPFAR support for more 
than 11 million people on life-saving treatment and through 
contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and 
Malaria--including a new pledge of more than $4 billion through 2019--
there are now more than 18 million people getting HIV treatment and 
care. Because in sub-Saharan Africa young women and adolescent girls are 
over eight times more likely to get HIV/AIDS than young men, we launched 
a comprehensive prevention program to reduce HIV infections among this 
population in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. This summer, PEPFAR 
established an innovative investment fund to expand access to quality 
HIV/AIDS services for key populations affected by the epidemic and 
reduce the stigma and discrimination that persists. We have also helped 
prevent millions of new infections worldwide, including in more than 1.5 
million babies of HIV-positive mothers who were born free of HIV. By 
translating groundbreaking research and scientific tools into action, 
for the first time we are seeing early but promising signs of 
controlling the spread of HIV.
Accelerating the progress we have made will require sustained commitment 
and passion from every sector of society and across every level of 
government around the world. A future where no individual has to suffer 
from HIV/AIDS is within our reach, and today, we recommit to ensuring 
the next generation has the tools they need to continue fighting this 
disease. Let us strive to support all people living with HIV/AIDS and 
rededicate ourselves to ending this epidemic once and for all. Together, 
we can achieve what once seemed impossible and give more people the 
chance at a longer, brighter, AIDS-free future.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 1, 2016, as 
World AIDS Day. I urge the Governors of the States and the Commonwealth

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of Puerto Rico, officials of the other territories subject to the 
jurisdiction of the United States, and the American people to join me in 
appropriate activities to remember those who have lost their lives to 
AIDS and to provide support and compassion to those living with HIV.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of 
November, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9549 of December 1, 2016

To Modify the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States and for 
Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 1205(a) of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 
(the ``1988 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 3005(a)) directs the United States 
International Trade Commission (the ``Commission'') to keep the 
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) under continuous 
review and periodically to recommend to the President such modifications 
to the HTS as the Commission considers necessary or appropriate to 
accomplish the purposes set forth in that subsection. Pursuant to 
sections 1205(c) and (d) of the 1988 Act (19 U.S.C. 3005(c) and (d)), 
the Commission has recommended modifications to the HTS to conform the 
HTS to amendments made to the International Convention on the Harmonized 
Commodity Description and Coding System and the Protocol thereto (the 
``Convention'').
2. Section 1206(a) of the 1988 Act (19 U.S.C. 3006(a)) authorizes the 
President to proclaim modifications to the HTS based on the 
recommendations of the Commission under section 1205 of the 1988 Act, if 
the President determines that the modifications are in conformity with 
United States obligations under the Convention and do not run counter to 
the national economic interest of the United States. I have determined 
that the modifications to the HTS proclaimed in this proclamation 
pursuant to section 1206(a) of the 1988 Act are in conformity with 
United States obligations under the Convention and do not run counter to 
the national economic interest of the United States.
3. Presidential Proclamation 6763 of December 23, 1994, implemented with 
respect to the United States the trade agreements resulting from the 
Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations, including Schedule XX-
United States of America, annexed to the Marrakesh Protocol to the 
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (Schedule XX), that were 
entered into pursuant to sections 1102(a) and (e) of the 1988 Act (19 
U.S.C. 2902(a) and (e)), and approved in section 101(a) of the Uruguay 
Round Agreements Act (URAA) (19 U.S.C. 3511(a)).
4. Pursuant to the authority provided in section 111 of the URAA (19 
U.S.C. 3521) and sections 1102(a) and (e) of the 1988 Act, Proclamation

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6763 included the staged reductions in rates of duty that the President 
determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out the terms of 
Schedule XX. In order to ensure the continuation of such rates of duty 
for imported goods under tariff categories that are being modified to 
reflect the amendments to the Convention, I have determined that 
additional modifications to the HTS are necessary or appropriate to 
carry out the duty reductions previously proclaimed, including certain 
technical or conforming changes within the tariff schedule.
5. Presidential Proclamation 7857 of December 20, 2004, implemented the 
United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement (USAFTA) with respect to 
the United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-
Australia Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USAFTA Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 3805 note), the staged reductions in rates of duty that the 
President determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or 
apply articles 2.3, 2.5, and 2.6 of the USAFTA and the schedule of 
reductions with respect to Australia set forth in Annex 2-B of the 
USAFTA. In order to ensure the continuation of such staged reductions in 
rates of duty for originating goods under tariff categories that are 
being modified to reflect the amendments to the Convention, I have 
determined that additional modifications to the HTS are necessary or 
appropriate to carry out the duty reductions previously proclaimed.
6. Presidential Proclamation 7971 of December 22, 2005, implemented the 
United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement (USMFTA) with respect to the 
United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-Morocco 
Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USMFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
3805 note), the staged reductions in rates of duty that the President 
determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 
2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 4.1, 4.3.9, 4.3.10, 4.3.11, 4.3.13, 4.3.14, and 4.3.15 of 
the USMFTA and the schedule of reductions with respect to Morocco set 
forth in Annex IV of the USMFTA. In order to ensure the continuation of 
such staged reductions in rates of duty for originating goods under 
tariff categories that are being modified to reflect the amendments to 
the Convention, I have determined that additional modifications to the 
HTS are necessary or appropriate to carry out the duty reductions 
previously proclaimed.
7. Presidential Proclamations 7987 of February 28, 2006, 7991 of March 
24, 2006, 7996 of March 31, 2006, 8034 of June 30, 2006, 8111 of 
February 28, 2007, 8331 of December 23, 2008, and 8536 of June 12, 2010, 
implemented the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free 
Trade Agreement (the ``CAFTA-DR Agreement'') with respect to the United 
States and, pursuant to section 201 of the Dominican Republic-Central 
America-United States Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the 
``CAFTA-DR Act'') (19 U.S.C. 4031), the staged reductions in rates of 
duty that the President determined to be necessary or appropriate to 
carry out or apply articles 3.3, 3.5, 3.6, 3.21, 3.26, 3.27, and 3.28, 
and Annexes 3.3 (including the schedule of the United States duty 
reductions with respect to originating goods), 3.27, and 3.28 of the 
CAFTA-DR Agreement. In order to ensure the continuation of such staged 
reductions in rates of duty for originating goods under tariff 
categories that are being modified to reflect the amendments to the 
Convention, I have determined that additional modifications to the HTS 
are necessary or appropriate to carry out the duty reductions previously 
proclaimed.

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8. Presidential Proclamation 8332 of December 29, 2008, implemented the 
United States-Oman Free Trade Agreement (USOFTA) with respect to the 
United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-Oman 
Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USOFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
3805 note), the staged reductions in duty that the President determined 
to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 2.3, 2.5, 
2.6, 3.2.8, and 3.2.9, and the schedule of duty reductions with respect 
to Oman set forth in Annex 2-B of the USOFTA. In order to ensure the 
continuation of such staged reductions in rates of duty for originating 
goods under tariff categories that are being modified to reflect the 
amendments to the Convention, I have determined that additional 
modifications to the HTS are necessary or appropriate to carry out the 
duty reductions previously proclaimed.
9. Presidential Proclamation 8341 of January 16, 2009, implemented the 
United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (USPTPA) with respect to 
the United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-Peru 
Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USPTPA Act'') (19 
U.S.C. 3805 note), the staged reductions in duty that the President 
determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 
2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 3.3.13, and Annex 2.3 of the USPTPA. In order to ensure 
the continuation of such staged reductions in rates of duty for 
originating goods under tariff categories that are being modified to 
reflect the amendments to the Convention, I have determined that 
additional modifications to the HTS are necessary or appropriate to 
carry out the duty reductions previously proclaimed.
10. Presidential Proclamation 8783 of March 6, 2012, implemented the 
United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement (USKFTA) with respect to the 
United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-Korea 
Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USKFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
3805 note), the staged reductions in duty that the President determined 
to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 2.3, 2.5, 
2.6, and the schedule of duty reductions with respect to Korea set forth 
in Annex 2-B, Annex 4-B, and Annex 22-A of the USKFTA. In order to 
ensure the continuation of such staged reductions in rates of duty for 
originating goods under tariff categories that are being modified to 
reflect the amendments to the Convention, I have determined that 
additional modifications to the HTS are necessary or appropriate to 
carry out the duty reductions previously proclaimed.
11. Presidential Proclamation 8894 of October 29, 2012, implemented the 
United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA) with respect to 
the United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-
Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (the ``PTPA Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 3805 note), the staged reductions in duty that the President 
determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 
3.3, 3.5, 3.6, 3.26, 3.27, 3.28, and 3.29, and the schedule of duty 
reductions with respect to Panama set forth in Annex 3.3 of the PTPA. In 
order to ensure the continuation of such staged reductions in rates of 
duty for originating goods under tariff categories that are being 
modified to reflect the amendments to the Convention, I have determined 
that additional modifications to the HTS are necessary or appropriate to 
carry out the duty reductions previously proclaimed.

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12. Presidential Proclamation 9466 of June 30, 2016, implemented the 
World Trade Organization Declaration on the Expansion of Trade in 
Information Technology Products (the ``Declaration'') and, pursuant to 
section 111(b) of the URAA (19 U.S.C. 3521(b)), modified the HTS to 
include the schedule of duty reductions necessary or appropriate to 
carry out the Declaration. These modifications to the HTS were set out 
in Annex I to that proclamation, and included certain technical errors 
that affected the tariff treatment accorded to certain goods covered by 
the Declaration. I have determined that modifications to the HTS are 
necessary to correct the technical errors.
13. Presidential Proclamation 9466 of June 30, 2016, implemented 
amendments to sections 112(b)(3)(A) and 112(c)(1) of the African Growth 
and Opportunity Act (AGOA) (19 U.S.C. 3721(b)(3)(A) and 3721(c)(1)), as 
amended by sections 103(b)(2) and 103(b)(3) of the Trade Preferences 
Extension Act of 2015 (TPEA) (Public Law 114-27). That proclamation, in 
part, modified the HTS to extend the regional apparel article program 
and the third-country fabric program through September 30, 2025. These 
modifications to the HTS included certain technical errors. I have 
determined that modifications to the HTS are necessary to correct the 
technical errors.
14. Executive Order 13742 of October 7, 2016, authorized by the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) and 
the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), revoked the ban 
on the importation into the United States of any jadeite or rubies mined 
or extracted from Burma and any articles of jewelry containing jadeite 
or rubies mined or extracted from Burma. Presidential Proclamation 9383 
of December 21, 2015, previously modified the HTS to include additional 
U.S. Note 4 to Chapter 71 of the HTS, which prohibited the importation 
of any jadeite or rubies mined or extracted from Burma and any articles 
of jewelry containing jadeite or rubies mined or extracted from Burma. 
Importation of those products was previously prohibited under the 
Burmese Freedom and Democracy Act of 2003 (the ``BFDA'') (Public Law 
108-61), as amended by section 6(a) of the Tom Lantos Block Burmese JADE 
Act of 2008 (the ``JADE Act'') (Public Law 110-286), before its 
expiration on July 28, 2013. I have determined that the deletion of 
additional U.S. Note 4 to Chapter 71 of the HTS is necessary to the 
implementation of Executive Order 13742.
15. Section 604 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (the ``Trade Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 2483), authorizes the President to embody in the HTS the 
substance of the relevant provisions of that Act, and of other acts 
affecting import treatment, and actions taken thereunder, including the 
removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or 
other import restriction. Section 1206(c) of the 1988 Act, as amended 
(19 U.S.C. 3006(c)), provides that any modifications proclaimed by the 
President under section 1206(a) of that Act may not take effect before 
the thirtieth day after the date on which the text of the proclamation 
is published in the Federal Register.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
sections 1102 and 1206 of the 1988 Act, section 111 of the URAA, section 
201 of the USAFTA Act, section 201 of the USMFTA Act, section 201 of the 
CAFTA-DR Act, section 201 of the USOFTA Act, section 201 of the USPTPA 
Act, section 201 of the USKFTA, section 201 of the PTPA Act,

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section 112 of AGOA, section 604 of the Trade Act, 50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
seq., and 50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq., do proclaim that:
    (1) In order to modify the HTS to conform it to the Convention or 
any amendment thereto recommended for adoption, to promote the uniform 
application of the Convention, to establish additional subordinate 
tariff categories, and to make technical and conforming changes to 
existing provisions, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex I of 
Publication 4653 of the United States International Trade Commission, 
titled, ``Modifications to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Under Section 1206 of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act 
of 1988,'' which is incorporated by reference into this proclamation.
    (2) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods of Morocco under the USMFTA that are 
classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 4653 
and entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
each of the dates specified in section (a) of Annex II of Publication 
4653, the HTS is modified as follows:

(a) The Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn is modified by inserting in such 
subcolumn for each subheading the rate of duty specified for such 
subheading in the table column titled 2017 before the symbol ``MA'' in 
parentheses; and

(b) For each of the subsequent dated table columns, the rates of duty in 
such subcolumn for such subheadings set forth before the symbol ``MA'' in 
parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table column 
are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof.

    (3) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods of Australia under the USAFTA that are 
classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 4653 
and entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
each of the dates specified in section (b) of Annex II of Publication 
4653, the HTS is modified as follows:

(a) The Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn for each of the subheadings 
enumerated in subsection B is modified by inserting in such subcolumn for 
each subheading the rate of duty specified for such subheading in the table 
column titled 2017 before the symbol ``AU'' in parentheses; and

(b) For each of the subsequent dated table columns, the rates of duty in 
such subcolumn for such subheadings set forth before the symbol ``AU'' in 
parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table column 
are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof.

    (4) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods under general note 29 to the HTS that 
are classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 
4653 and entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or 
after each of the dates specified in subsections (c)(1) and (c)(2) of 
Annex II of Publication 4653, the HTS is modified as follows:

(a) The rate of duty in the HTS set forth in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for each of the HTS subheadings enumerated in subsection

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(c)(1) of Annex II is modified by inserting in such subcolumn for each 
subheading the rate of duty specified in the table column titled 2017 
before the symbol ``P'' in parentheses;

(b) The rates of duty for such subheadings set forth before the symbol 
``P'' in parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table 
column are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof;

(c) The Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn for each of the HTS subheadings 
enumerated in subsection (c)(2) of Annex II is modified by inserting in 
such subcolumn for each subheading the rate of duty specified in the table 
column titled 2017 before the symbol ``P+'' in parentheses; and

(d) For each of the subsequent dated table columns in such subsection set 
forth before the symbol ``P+'' in parentheses, are deleted and the rates of 
duty for such dated table column are inserted in each enumerated subheading 
in lieu thereof.

    (5) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods of Peru under the USPTPA that are 
classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 4653 
and entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
each of the dates specified in section (d) of Annex II of Publication 
4653, the HTS is modified as follows:

(a) The rate of duty in the HTS set forth in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for each of the HTS subheadings enumerated in section (d) of 
Annex II is modified by inserting in such subcolumn for each subheading the 
rate of duty specified for such subheading in the table column titled 2017 
before the symbol ``PE'' in parentheses; and

(b) For each of the subsequent dated table columns, the rates of duty in 
such subcolumn for such subheadings set forth before the symbol ``PE'' in 
parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table column 
are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof.

    (6) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods of Oman under the USOFTA that are 
classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 4653 
and entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
each of the dates specified in section (e) of Annex II of Publication 
4653, the HTS is modified as follows:

(a) The rate of duty in the HTS set forth in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for each of the HTS subheadings enumerated in section (e) of 
Annex II is modified by inserting in such subcolumn for each subheading the 
rate of duty specified for such subheading in the table column titled 2017 
before the symbol ``OM'' in parentheses; and

(b) For each of the subsequent dated table columns, the rates of duty in 
such subcolumn for such subheadings set forth before the symbol ``OM'' in 
parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table column 
are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof.

    (7) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods of Korea under the USKFTA that are 
classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 4653 
and entered, or withdrawn

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from warehouse for consumption, on or after each of the dates specified 
in section (f) of Annex II of Publication 4653, the HTS is modified as 
follows:

(a) The rate of duty in the HTS set forth in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for each of the HTS subheadings enumerated in section (f) of 
Annex II shall be modified by inserting in such subcolumn for each 
subheading the rate of duty specified for such subheading in the table 
column titled 2017 before the symbol ``KR'' in parentheses; and

(b) For each of the subsequent dated table columns, the rates of duty in 
such subcolumn for such subheadings set forth before the symbol ``KR'' in 
parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table column 
are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof.

    (8) In order to provide for the continuation of previously 
proclaimed staged duty reductions in the Rates of Duty 1-Special 
subcolumn for originating goods of Panama under the PTPA that are 
classifiable in the provisions modified by Annex I of Publication 4653 
and entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
each of the dates specified in section (g) of Annex II of Publication 
4653, the HTS is modified as follows:

(a) The Rates of Duty 1-Special subcolumn is modified by inserting in such 
subcolumn for each subheading the rate of duty specified for such 
subheading in the table column titled 2017 before the symbol ``PA'' in 
parentheses; and

(b) For each of the subsequent dated table columns, the rates of duty in 
such subcolumn for such subheadings set forth before the symbol ``PA'' in 
parentheses are deleted and the rates of duty for such dated table column 
are inserted in each enumerated subheading in lieu thereof.

    (9) In order to make technical corrections necessary to provide the 
intended tariff treatment to goods covered by the Declaration in 
accordance with Presidential Proclamation 9466 of June 30, 2016, the HTS 
is modified as set forth in Annex III of Publication 4653.
    (10) In order to make technical corrections necessary to provide 
that the regional apparel article program and the third-country fabric 
program are effective through September 30, 2025, in accordance with 
Presidential Proclamation 9466 of June 30, 2016, the HTS is modified as 
set forth in Annex III of Publication 4653.
    (11) In order to implement Executive Order 13742 of October 7, 2016, 
as authorized by the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, 
National Emergencies Act, the BFDA, and the JADE Act, the HTS is 
modified by deleting additional U.S. Note 4 to Chapter 71 of the HTS.
    (12) (a) The modifications and technical rectifications to the HTS 
set forth in Annex I of Publication 4653 shall be effective with respect 
to goods entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or 
after the later of (i) January 1, 2017, or (ii) the thirtieth day after 
the date of publication of this proclamation in the Federal Register.

(b) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annexes II and III of 
Publication 4653 shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or 
withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the respective dates 
specified in each section of such Annex for the goods described therein.

    (13) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders 
that are inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are 
superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9550 of December 2, 2016

International Day of Persons With Disabilities, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Over a quarter-century ago, the United States enshrined into law the 
principles of equal access and equal opportunity for people with 
disabilities through the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which 
upholds the principle that each of us is entitled to a set of 
fundamental freedoms and protections. This progress has made America a 
leader in advancing the rights of people with disabilities around the 
globe. On International Day of Persons with Disabilities, we celebrate 
how far we have come in protecting the rights of those who live with 
disabilities and recommit to shaping a future in which all members of 
this community can enjoy their full rights and freedoms.
Building on the progress of the ADA, my Administration has taken 
important steps to remove barriers and eliminate discrimination based on 
disability. Thanks to the Affordable Care Act, individuals can no longer 
be denied coverage because of a pre-existing condition or disability. We 
have supported increasing funding for the Individuals with Disabilities 
Education Act, reauthorized the Children's Health Insurance Program, and 
strengthened anti-discrimination and Olmstead enforcement at the 
Department of Justice. Additionally, we created the first-ever Special 
Advisor for International Disability Rights, and we established the 
United States Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Based Violence 
Globally in order to address violence against women and girls around the 
world--because women with a disability are more likely to experience 
physical and sexual abuse than women without one. And last year, we 
committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, which 
recognize inclusive education, disability employment, and social 
acceptance of the disability community as important steps to ending 
world poverty.
Our progress at home reflects our full commitment to the rights of 
people with disabilities around the world. America was the first country 
to comprehensively address non-discrimination on the basis of disability 
in national legislation and declare that disability rights are human 
rights which must be recognized and promoted everywhere. In my first 
year in office, the United States joined 140 other nations in signing 
the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with 
Disabilities--the first international human rights convention to fully 
address human rights in the context of disability. Now joined by over 
160 States Parties, this Convention serves as a beacon of hope to the 
more than 1 billion people worldwide who live with a disability--a 
reminder that the need to protect disability

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rights does not end at our borders. Regrettably, the Senate has still 
not provided its advice and consent for ratification of this Convention, 
and I urge them to do so and to uphold our global commitment to the 
international disability community.
We have taken important steps forward to advance the rights of persons 
with disabilities, but the fight is not over. As long as anyone succumbs 
to casual discrimination or fear of the unfamiliar, we have more work to 
do to honor the many people with disabilities who have shared their 
stories of exclusion and injustice--and the millions more they spoke up 
for. Because of the advocates who have led the way, more individuals 
with disabilities can pursue their full measure of happiness. They have 
taught us that our world is far better off when all people can live up 
to their full potential--it makes all of us more whole, and it makes our 
world a better place.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 3, 2016, as 
International Day of Persons with Disabilities. I call on all Americans 
to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and 
programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this second day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9551 of December 6, 2016

National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Seventy-five years ago, Japanese fighter planes attacked the United 
States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, destroying much of our Pacific Fleet 
and killing more than 2,400 Americans. The following day, President 
Franklin D. Roosevelt called on the Congress to declare war and ``make 
it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger 
us.'' In that spirit, Americans came together to pay tribute to the 
victims, support the survivors, and shed the comforts of civilian life 
to serve in our military and fight for our Union. Each year on National 
Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, we honor those whose lives were forever 
changed that December morning and resolve to uphold the legacy of all 
who stepped forward in our time of need.
From the docks of Pearl Harbor to the beaches of Normandy and far around 
the world, brave patriots served their country and defended the values 
that have sustained our Nation since its founding. They went to war for 
liberty and sacrificed more than most of us will ever know; they chased 
victory and defeated fascism, turning adversaries into allies and 
writing a new chapter in our history. Through their service and 
unparalleled devotion, they inspired a generation with their refusal to 
give in despite overwhelming odds. And as we reflect on the profound 
debt of gratitude we

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owe them for the freedoms we cherish, we are reminded of the everlasting 
responsibilities we have to one another and to our country.
In memory of all who lost their lives on December 7, 1941--and those who 
responded by leaving their homes for the battlefields--we must ensure 
the sacrifices they made in the name of liberty and democracy were not 
made in vain. On this solemn anniversary, there can be no higher tribute 
to these American patriots than forging a united commitment to honor our 
troops and veterans, give them the support and care they deserve, and 
carry on their work of keeping our country strong and free.
The Congress, by Public Law 103-308, as amended, has designated December 
7 of each year as ``National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.''
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim December 7, 2016, as National Pearl Harbor 
Remembrance Day. I encourage all Americans to observe this solemn day of 
remembrance and to honor our military, past and present, with 
appropriate ceremonies and activities. I urge all Federal agencies and 
interested organizations, groups, and individuals to fly the flag of the 
United States at half-staff this December 7 in honor of those American 
patriots who died as a result of their service at Pearl Harbor.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9552 of December 9, 2016

Death of John Glenn

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

As a mark of respect for the memory of John Glenn, I hereby order, by 
the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States of America, that the flag of the United States shall be 
flown at half-staff at the White House and upon all public buildings and 
grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval 
vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and 
throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions until 
sunset, on the day of interment. I also direct that the flag shall be 
flown at half-staff for the same period at all United States embassies, 
legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, including all 
military facilities and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9553 of December 9, 2016

Human Rights Day and Human Rights Week, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

When the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on December 
10, 1948, it set in motion a movement to secure liberty and justice for 
all people. Out of the ashes of the Second World War, the United Nations 
General Assembly proclaimed that ``All human beings are born free and 
equal in dignity and rights.'' On Human Rights Day and during Human 
Rights Week, we reflect on how far we have come in upholding these 
universal rights and resolve to continue fighting to safeguard them 
wherever they are threatened.
In the last few decades, our world has made great strides in advancing 
human rights and the institutions that protect them. More countries have 
pursued self-government and democracy--and more people are electing 
their leaders freely and fairly and holding their governments 
accountable through calls for increased transparency. Around the world, 
the United States has promoted freedom: We have worked to expand the 
protection of human rights, end gender-based violence, and defend the 
freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly, and the press. In promoting 
these liberties and pushing back against tyranny, corruption, and 
oppression, we have recognized that universal human rights and 
fundamental freedoms do not stop at our borders. They are the birthright 
of people everywhere.
History ultimately moves in the direction of justice and inclusion, but 
despite the great progress we have made, unprecedented and rapid change 
has posed great challenges. It is our collective duty to continue 
striving for a world where nobody is left behind, forgotten, or 
mistreated, and where all nations recognize that societies that draw on 
the contributions of every citizen are stronger. Far too many people 
around the world are still denied their human rights and fundamental 
freedoms, and we must work to end the discrimination that is too often 
felt by LGBT individuals, people with disabilities, immigrants, women 
and girls of all ages, and members of religious, ethnic, and other 
minorities. And we must strengthen our ongoing efforts to rid the world 
of violence, oppression, and hatred.
Our relationships to one another--person to person, nation to nation--
are defined not by our differences, but by our shared belief in the 
ideals enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. As we 
observe the anniversary of the affirmation that inalienable rights exist 
for every individual, we vow to ensure these rights are afforded to 
every person. Together, let us continue striving to stamp out all forms 
of injustice and promote dignity, humanity, and respect around the 
world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 10, 2016, as 
Human Rights Day and the week beginning December 10, 2016, as Human 
Rights Week. I call upon the people of the United States to mark these 
observances with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9554 of December 14, 2016

Bill of Rights Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

After much debate and deliberation among the Framers, the first 10 
Amendments to our Constitution were written to reflect a compromise 
between preserving the rights of individual citizens and supporting a 
strong and secure Federal Government. Since its ratification on December 
15, 1791, the Bill of Rights has enshrined many of our most fundamental 
liberties and unalienable rights--including the freedoms of speech, 
worship, and assembly; the rights to trial by jury and due process, and 
the protections from unreasonable search and seizure and cruel and 
unusual punishment. For 225 years, the Bill of Rights has shaped our 
Nation and protected our citizens, and today, in honor of all those who 
have worked to secure these freedoms, we strive to continue forming a 
more perfect Union guided by an enduring belief in these highest ideals.
As it was originally created, the Bill of Rights safeguarded personal 
liberties and ensured equal justice under the law for many--but not for 
all. In the centuries that followed its ratification, courageous 
Americans agitated and sacrificed to extend these rights to more people, 
moving us closer to ensuring opportunity and equality are not limited by 
one's race, sex, or circumstances. The desire and capacity to forge our 
own destinies have propelled us forward at every turn in history. The 
same principles that drove patriots to choose revolution over tyranny, a 
country to cast off the stains of slavery, women to reach for the 
ballot, and workers to organize for their rights still remind us that 
our freedom is intertwined with the freedom of others. If we are to 
ensure the sacred ideals embodied in the Bill of Rights are afforded to 
everyone, each generation must do what those who came before them have 
done and recommit to holding fast to our values and protecting these 
freedoms.
Two and a quarter centuries later, these 10 Constitutional Amendments 
remain a symbol of one of our Nation's first successful steps in our 
journey to uphold the rights of all citizens. On Bill of Rights Day, we 
celebrate the long arc of progress that transformed our Nation from a 
fledgling and fragile democracy to one in which civil rights are the 
birthright of all Americans. This progress was never inevitable, and as 
long as people remain willing to fight for justice, we can work to swing 
open more doors of opportunity and carry forward a vision of liberty and 
equality for generations to come.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim December 15, 2016, as

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Bill of Rights Day. I call upon the people of the United States to mark 
this observance with appropriate ceremonies and activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9555 of December 15, 2016

To Implement the Nepal Preference Program and for Other Purposes

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

1. Section 915(b) of the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 
2015 (the ``TFTEA'') (19 U.S.C. 4454) confers authority upon the 
President to provide preferential treatment for eligible articles 
imported directly from Nepal into the customs territory of the United 
States if the President determines that Nepal meets the eligibility 
requirements specified in section 915(b)(1)(A) of the TFTEA, taking into 
account the factors specified in section 915(b)(1)(B) of the TFTEA.
2. Pursuant to section 915(b) of the TFTEA, I have determined that Nepal 
meets the eligibility requirements of section 915(b)(1)(A), taking into 
account the factors specified in section 915(b)(1)(B).
3. Section 915(c) of the TFTEA describes the requirements for articles 
from Nepal to be considered eligible for duty-free treatment. Pursuant 
to section 915(c)(2)(A)(iv) of the TFTEA, the President may designate 
certain articles as eligible for duty-free treatment when imported from 
Nepal if, after receiving the advice of the United States International 
Trade Commission (Commission) in accordance with section 503(e) of the 
Trade Act of 1974 (the ``Trade Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2463(e)), the President 
determines that such articles are not import-sensitive in the context of 
imports from Nepal.
4. Pursuant to sections 915(c)(2)(A)(iv) of the TFTEA, and after 
receiving advice from the Commission in accordance with section 503(e) 
of the Trade Act, I have determined to designate the articles included 
in Annex I of this proclamation as eligible for duty-free treatment when 
imported from Nepal.
5. Section 604 of the Trade Act (19 U.S.C. 2483), as amended, authorizes 
the President to embody in the Harmonized Tariff Schedules of the United 
States (the ``HTS'') (19 U.S.C. 1202) the substance of the relevant 
provisions of the Trade Act and of other Acts affecting import 
treatment, and actions thereunder, including removal, modification, 
continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or other import 
restriction.
6. In order to implement the duty-free treatment provided in accordance 
with the provisions of the TFTEA, it is necessary to modify the HTS, 
thus incorporating the substance of relevant provisions of the TFTEA, 
and of actions taken thereunder, into the HTS, pursuant to section 604 
of the Trade Act.

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7. In Proclamation 7748 of December 30, 2003, President Bush determined 
that the Central African Republic was not making continual progress in 
meeting the requirements described in section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade 
Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)), as added by section 111(a) of the African 
Growth and Opportunity Act (the ``AGOA''). Thus, pursuant to section 
506A(a)(3) of the Trade Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)(3)), President Bush 
terminated the designation of the Central African Republic as a 
beneficiary sub-Saharan African country for purposes of section 506A of 
the Trade Act.
8. Section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act authorizes the President to 
designate a country listed in section 107 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3706) 
as a ``beneficiary sub-Saharan African country'' if the President 
determines that the country meets the eligibility requirements set forth 
in section 104 of the AGOA (19 U.S.C. 3703), as well as the eligibility 
criteria set forth in section 502 of the Trade Act (19 U.S.C. 2462).
9. Pursuant to section 506A(a)(1) of the Trade Act, based on actions 
that the Central African Republic has taken, I have determined that the 
Central African Republic meets the eligibility requirements set forth in 
section 104 of the AGOA and the eligibility criteria set forth in 
section 502 of the Trade Act, and I have decided to designate the 
Central African Republic as a beneficiary sub-Saharan African country.
10. On April 22, 1985, the United States and Israel entered into the 
Agreement on the Establishment of a Free Trade Area between the 
Government of the United States of America and the Government of Israel 
(the ``USIFTA''), which the Congress approved in section 3 of the United 
States-Israel Free Trade Area Implementation Act of 1985 (the ``USIFTA 
Act'') (19 U.S.C. 2112 note).
11. Section 4(b) of the USIFTA Act provides that, whenever the President 
determines that it is necessary to maintain the general level of 
reciprocal and mutually advantageous concessions with respect to Israel 
provided for by the USIFTA, the President may proclaim such withdrawal, 
suspension, modification, or continuance of any duty, or such 
continuance of existing duty-free or excise treatment, or such 
additional duties, as the President determines to be required or 
appropriate to carry out the USIFTA.
12. In order to maintain the general level of reciprocal and mutually 
advantageous concessions with respect to agricultural trade with Israel, 
on July 27, 2004, the United States entered into an agreement with 
Israel concerning certain aspects of trade in agricultural products 
during the period January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2008 (the ``2004 
US-Israel Agreement'').
13. In Proclamation 7826 of October 4, 2004, consistent with the 2004 
US-Israel Agreement, President Bush determined, pursuant to section 4(b) 
of the USIFTA Act, that, in order to maintain the general level of 
reciprocal and mutually advantageous concessions with respect to Israel 
provided for by the USIFTA, it was necessary to provide duty-free access 
into the United States through December 31, 2008, for specified 
quantities of certain agricultural products of Israel.
14. Each year from 2008 through 2015, the United States and Israel 
entered into agreements to extend the period that the 2004 US-Israel 
Agreement was in force for 1-year periods to allow additional time for 
the two governments to conclude an agreement to replace the 2004 US-
Israel Agreement.

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15. To carry out the extension agreements, the President in Proclamation 
8334 of December 31, 2008; Proclamation 8467 of December 23, 2009; 
Proclamation 8618 of December 21, 2010; Proclamation 8770 of December 
29, 2011; Proclamation 8921 of December 20, 2012; Proclamation 9072 of 
December 23, 2013; Proclamation 9223 of December 23, 2014; and 
Proclamation 9383 of December 21, 2015, modified the HTS to provide 
duty-free access into the United States for specified quantities of 
certain agricultural products of Israel, each time for an additional 1-
year period.
16. On December 5, 2016, the United States entered into an agreement 
with Israel to extend the period that the 2004 US-Israel Agreement is in 
force through December 31, 2017, and to allow for further negotiations 
on an agreement to replace the 2004 US-Israel Agreement.
17. Pursuant to section 4(b) of the USIFTA Act, I have determined that 
it is necessary, in order to maintain the general level of reciprocal 
and mutually advantageous concessions with respect to Israel provided 
for by the USIFTA, to provide duty-free access into the United States 
through the close of December 31, 2017, for specified quantities of 
certain agricultural products of Israel.
18. Section 1206(a) of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 
(the ``1988 Act'') (19 U.S.C. 3006(a)) authorizes the President to 
proclaim modifications to the HTS based on the recommendations of the 
Commission under section 1205 of the 1988 Act (19 U.S.C. 3005) if he 
determines that the modifications are in conformity with United States 
obligations under the International Convention on the Harmonized 
Commodity Description and Coding System (Convention) and do not run 
counter to the national economic interest of the United States. In 2006 
and 2011, the Commission recommended modifications to the HTS pursuant 
to section 1205 of the 1988 Act to conform the HTS to amendments made to 
the Convention. In Proclamation 8097 of December 29, 2006, and 
Proclamation 8771 of December 29, 2011, President Bush and I, 
respectively, modified the HTS pursuant to section 1206 of the 1988 Act 
to conform the HTS to the amendments to the Convention.
19. Proclamation 8332 of December 29, 2008, implemented the United 
States-Oman Free Trade Agreement (the ``USOFTA'') with respect to the 
United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-Oman 
Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USOFTA Act'') (19 U.S.C. 
3805 note), the staged reductions in rates of duty that President Bush 
determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 
2.3, 2.5, 2.6, 3.2.8, and 3.2.9, and the schedule of duty reductions 
with respect to Oman set forth in Annex 2-B of the USOFTA.
20. In order to ensure the continuation of the staged reductions in 
rates of duty for originating goods from Oman in categories that were 
modified to conform to the Convention, President Bush and I proclaimed 
in Proclamation 8097 and Proclamation 8771, respectively, modifications 
to the HTS that we determined were necessary or appropriate to carry out 
the duty reductions proclaimed in Proclamation 8332.
21. The United States and Oman are parties to the Convention. Because 
the substance of changes to the Convention are reflected in slightly 
differing form in the national tariff schedules of the United States and 
Oman, the rules of origin set out in Annex 3-A and Annex 4-A of the 
USOFTA must be changed to ensure that the tariff and certain other 
treatment accorded

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under the USOFTA to originating goods will continue to be provided under 
the tariff categories that were modified in Proclamation 8097 and 
Proclamation 8771. The United States and Oman have agreed to make these 
changes.
22. Section 202 of the USOFTA Act (19 U.S.C. 3805 note) provides certain 
rules for determining whether a good is an originating good for the 
purposes of implementing preferential tariff treatment under the USOFTA. 
Section 202(j) of the USOFTA Act authorizes the President to proclaim 
the rules of origin set out in the USOFTA and any subordinate tariff 
categories necessary to carry out the USOFTA, subject to the exceptions 
stated in section 202(j)(2)(A) of the USOFTA Act.
23. I have determined that the modifications to the HTS proclaimed 
pursuant to section 202 of the USOFTA Act and section 1206(a) of the 
1988 Act are necessary or appropriate to ensure the continuation of 
tariff and certain other treatment accorded originating goods under 
tariff categories modified in Proclamation 8097 and Proclamation 8771 
and to carry out the duty reductions proclaimed in Proclamation 8332.
24. Section 604 of the Trade Act authorizes the President to embody in 
the HTS the substance of the relevant provisions of that Act, and of 
other Acts affecting import treatment, and actions thereunder, including 
removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or 
other import restriction. Section 1206(c) of the 1988 Act (19 U.S.C. 
3006(c)), as amended, provides that modifications proclaimed by the 
President may not take effect before the thirtieth day after the date on 
which the text of the proclamation is published in the Federal Register.
25. Proclamation 8894 of October 29, 2012, implemented the United 
States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement (the ``USPTPA'') with respect to 
the United States and, pursuant to section 201 of the United States-
Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act (the ``USPTPA Act'') 
(19 U.S.C. 3805 note), the staged reductions in duty that the President 
determined to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 
3.3, 3.5, 3.6, 3.26, 3.27, 3.28, and 3.29, and the schedule of duty 
reductions with respect to Panama set forth in Annex 3.3 of the USPTPA.
26. The United States and Panama are parties to the Convention. Because 
changes to the Convention are reflected in slight differences of form 
between the national tariff schedules of the United States and Panama, 
the rules of origin set out in Annex 4.1 of the USPTPA must be changed 
to ensure that the tariff and certain other treatment accorded under the 
USPTPA Act to originating goods will continue to be provided under the 
tariff categories that were proclaimed in Proclamation 8894. The United 
States and Panama have agreed to make these changes.
27. Section 202 of the USPTPA Act (19 U.S.C. 3805 note) provides certain 
rules for determining whether a good is an originating good for the 
purposes of implementing tariff treatment under the USPTPA. Section 
202(o) of the USPTPA Act authorizes the President to proclaim the rules 
of origin set out in the USPTPA and any subordinate tariff categories 
necessary to carry out the USPTPA, subject to the exceptions stated in 
section 202(o) of the USPTPA Act.
28. I have determined that the modifications to the HTS proclaimed 
pursuant to section 202 of the USPTPA Act and section 1206(a) of the 
1988 Act are necessary or appropriate to ensure the continuation of 
tariff and certain

[[Page 355]]

other treatment accorded originating goods under tariff categories 
modified in Proclamation 8097 and Proclamation 8771 and to carry out the 
duty reductions proclaimed in Proclamation 8894.
29. Section 604 of the Trade Act authorizes the President to embody in 
the HTS the substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other Acts 
affecting import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder, including 
removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or 
other import restriction. Section 1206(c) of the 1988 Act provides that 
modifications proclaimed by the President may not take effect before the 
thirtieth day after the date on which the text of the proclamation is 
published in the Federal Register.
30. Proclamation 7987 of February 28, 2006, implemented the Dominican 
Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (the 
``CAFTA-DR'') with respect to the United States and, pursuant to section 
201 of the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade 
Agreement Implementation Act (the ``CAFTA-DR Act'') (19 U.S.C. 4031), 
the staged reductions in duty that the President determined to be 
necessary or appropriate to carry out or apply articles 3.3, 3.5, 3.6, 
3.21, 3.26, 3.27, and 3.28, and Annexes 3.3 (including the schedule of 
United States duty reductions with respect to originating goods), 3.27, 
and 3.28 of the CAFTA-DR.
31. The United States, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, 
Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua (the ``CAFTA-DR countries'') are 
parties to the Convention. Because changes to the Convention are 
reflected in slight differences of form between the national tariff 
schedules of the United States and the other CAFTA-DR countries, Annexes 
4.1, 3.25, and 3.29 of the CAFTA-DR must be changed to ensure that the 
tariff and certain other treatment accorded under the CAFTA-DR to 
originating goods will continue to be provided under the tariff 
categories that were proclaimed in Proclamation 7987. The United States 
and the other CAFTA-DR countries have agreed to make these changes.
32. Section 201 of the CAFTA-DR Act authorizes the President to proclaim 
such modifications or continuation of any duty, such continuation of 
duty-free or excise treatment, or such additional duties, as the 
President determines to be necessary or appropriate to carry out or 
apply articles 3.3, 3.5, 3.6, 3.21, 3.26, 3.27, and 3.28, and Annexes 
3.3 (including the schedule of United States duty reductions with 
respect to originating goods), 3.27, and 3.28 of the CAFTA-DR.
33. I have determined that the modifications to the HTS proclaimed 
pursuant to section 201 of the CAFTA-DR Act and section 1206(a) of the 
1988 Act are necessary or appropriate to ensure the continuation of 
tariff and certain other treatment accorded originating goods under 
tariff categories modified in Proclamation 8097 and Proclamation 8771 
and to carry out the duty reductions proclaimed in Proclamation 7987.
34. Section 604 of the Trade Act authorizes the President to embody in 
the HTS the substance of relevant provisions of that Act, or other Acts 
affecting import treatment, and of actions taken thereunder, including 
removal, modification, continuance, or imposition of any rate of duty or 
other import restriction. Section 1206(c) of the 1988 Act provides that 
modifications proclaimed by the President may not take effect before the 
thirtieth day

[[Page 356]]

after the date on which the text of the proclamation is published in the 
Federal Register.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States of America, including but not limited to 
section 915 of the TFTEA (19 U.S.C. 4454), section 506A(a)(1) of the 
Trade Act (19 U.S.C. 2466a(a)); section 4(b) of the USIFTA Act (19 
U.S.C. 2112 note); section 301 of title 3, United States Code; section 
1206(a) of the 1988 Act (19 U.S.C. 3006(a)); section 202 of the USOFTA 
Act (19 U.S.C. 3805 note); section 202 of the USPTPA Act (19 U.S.C. 3805 
note); section 201 of the CAFTA-DR Act (19 U.S.C. 4031); and section 604 
of the Trade Act (19 U.S.C. 2483), do proclaim that:

(1) In order to provide for the preferential treatment provided for in 
section 915 of the TFTEA, the HTS is modified as provided in Annex I to 
this proclamation. The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex I shall 
continue in effect through December 31, 2025.

(2) The Central African Republic is designated as a beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African country.

(3) In order to reflect this designation in the HTS, general note 16(a) and 
U.S. note 1 to subchapter XIX of chapter 98 to the HTS are each modified by 
inserting in alphabetical sequence in the list of beneficiary sub-Saharan 
African countries ``Central African Republic.'' Further, note 2(d) to 
subchapter XIX of chapter 98 is modified by inserting in alphabetical 
sequence in the list of lesser developed beneficiary sub-Saharan African 
countries ``Central African Republic.''

(4) In order to implement U.S. tariff commitments under the 2004 US-Israel 
Agreement through December 31, 2017, the HTS is modified as provided in 
Annex II to this proclamation.

(5) The modifications to the HTS set forth in Annex II to this proclamation 
shall be effective with respect to eligible agricultural products of Israel 
that are entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 
January 1, 2017.

(6) The provisions of subchapter VII of chapter 99 of the HTS, as modified 
by Annex II to this proclamation, shall continue in effect through December 
31, 2017.

(7) In order to reflect in the HTS the modifications to the rules of origin 
under the USOFTA, general note 31 to the HTS is modified as provided in 
Annex III to this proclamation.

(8) The modifications and technical rectifications to the HTS set forth in 
Annex III to this proclamation shall be effective with respect to goods 
entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after the later 
of (i) February 1, 2017, or (ii) the thirtieth day after the date of 
publication of this proclamation in the Federal Register.

(9) In order to provide generally for the modifications in the rules for 
determining whether goods imported into the customs territory of the United 
States are eligible for preferential tariff treatment under Annex 4.1 of 
the USPTPA, to provide preferential tariff treatment for certain other 
goods under the USPTPA, and to make technical and conforming

[[Page 357]]

changes in the general notes to the HTS, the HTS is modified as set forth 
in Annex IV to this proclamation.

(10) The modifications to the HTS made by paragraph (9) of this 
proclamation shall enter into effect on the date, as announced by the 
United States Trade Representative in the Federal Register, that the 
conditions set forth in the Agreement have been fulfilled, and shall be 
effective with respect to goods entered, or withdrawn from warehouse for 
consumption, on or after that date.

(11) In order to provide generally for the modifications in the rules for 
determining whether goods imported into the customs territory of the United 
States are eligible for preferential tariff treatment under the CAFTA-DR, 
to provide preferential tariff treatment for certain other goods under the 
CAFTA-DR, and to make technical and conforming changes in the general notes 
to the HTS, the HTS is modified as set forth in Annex V to this 
proclamation.

(12) The modifications to the HTS made by paragraph (11) of this 
proclamation shall enter into effect on the date, as announced by the 
United States Trade Representative in the Federal Register, that the 
applicable conditions set forth in the CAFTA-DR have been fulfilled, and 
shall be effective with respect to goods entered, or withdrawn from 
warehouse for consumption, on or after that date.

(13) Any provisions of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that are 
inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation are superseded to 
the extent of such inconsistency.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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Proclamation 9556 of December 16, 2016

Returning the Flag of the United States to Full-Staff

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the 
United States of America, I hereby order that the flag of the United 
States shall be flown at full-staff at the White House and upon all 
public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, 
and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the District of 
Columbia and throughout the United States and its Territories and 
possessions beginning at sunset, December 17, 2016. I also direct that 
the flag shall be flown at full-staff on such day at all United States 
embassies, legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, 
including all military facilities and naval vessels and stations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9557 of December 16, 2016

Wright Brothers Day, 2016

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

On December 17, 1903, two brothers from Dayton, Ohio successfully flew 
the world's first powered aircraft. The plane remained airborne for only 
12 seconds, but Orville and Wilbur Wright's innovative legacy has 
endured for generations--unleashing unparalleled possibilities and 
forever transforming our way of life. On Wright Brothers Day, we 
celebrate the determination and ingenuity that drove their pursuit and 
recommit to shaping the future through our ideas and discoveries.
As self-taught mechanics, the Wright brothers devoted years to research 
and experimentation before taking their talents and creativity to the 
strong winds above Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, where they completed the 
monumental first flight. Their mother, Susan, spent considerable time in 
her youth designing and building mechanical appliances; she guided her 
children whenever she could and always encouraged them to chase their 
curiosities. As Orville and Wilbur grew, they followed their 
entrepreneurial instincts, launching a newspaper and later opening a 
bicycle shop to sell their designs. Their resilience through early 
failed attempts at flight, and their resolve to dream big in the face of 
that which had never been done before, still serves as an inspiration.
Our capacity to harness new inventions and technologies to tackle our 
greatest challenges has allowed our Nation to lead the world in 
innovation.

[[Page 402]]

From sending people into the skies and outer space to finding ways to 
instantly communicate with others across the globe, the creativity 
inherent in our DNA and our commitment to science have sparked our 
progress and set us apart. The same American spirit of innovation that 
led the Wright brothers to test their theories again and again--finding 
ways to make things work and then make them even better--is still 
reflected in the imagination and tenacity that move inventors and 
explorers to push the frontiers of what is known and achieve 
groundbreaking feats that were once unimaginable.
In upholding this legacy, we must resolve to help all young Americans 
understand that they can have a place in advancing science and 
technology--regardless of their race, gender, or circumstances. 
Brilliant ideas can come from anyone and anywhere, and it is our 
obligation to increase the availability of science, technology, 
engineering, and math (STEM) training and encourage the next generation 
to pursue STEM careers. This commitment to science and innovation can 
revitalize our communities and economies and reignite our shared sense 
of optimism and opportunity.
Today, we reflect on the century of flight the Wright brothers helped 
make possible. Their story reminds us not just of where we have been, 
but where we still can go when we foster ingenuity and discovery and 
refuse to accept the sky as the limit. With the right investments and 
the perseverance of dreamers and doers who see a challenge and yearn to 
find a solution, there is nothing we cannot achieve.
The Congress, by a joint resolution approved December 17, 1963, as 
amended (77 Stat. 402; 36 U.S.C. 143), has designated December 17 of 
each year as ``Wright Brothers Day'' and has authorized and requested 
the President to issue annually a proclamation inviting the people of 
the United States to observe that day with appropriate ceremonies and 
activities.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, do hereby proclaim December 17, 2016, as Wright Brothers Day.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this sixteenth day of 
December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9558 of December 28, 2016

Establishment of the Bears Ears National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Rising from the center of the southeastern Utah landscape and visible 
from every direction are twin buttes so distinctive that in each of the 
native languages of the region their name is the same: Hoon'Naqvut, 
Shash Jaa, Kwiyagatu Nukavachi, Ansh An Lashokdiwe, or ``Bears Ears.'' 
For hundreds of generations, native peoples lived in the surrounding 
deep sandstone canyons, desert mesas, and meadow mountaintops, which 
constitute one of the densest and most significant cultural landscapes 
in the United

[[Page 403]]

States. Abundant rock art, ancient cliff dwellings, ceremonial sites, 
and countless other artifacts provide an extraordinary archaeological 
and cultural record that is important to us all, but most notably the 
land is profoundly sacred to many Native American tribes, including the 
Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Navajo Nation, Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah 
Ouray, Hopi Nation, and Zuni Tribe.
The area's human history is as vibrant and diverse as the ruggedly 
beautiful landscape. From the earliest occupation, native peoples left 
traces of their presence. Clovis people hunted among the cliffs and 
canyons of Cedar Mesa as early as 13,000 years ago, leaving behind tools 
and projectile points in places like the Lime Ridge Clovis Site, one of 
the oldest known archaeological sites in Utah. Archaeologists believe 
that these early people hunted mammoths, ground sloths, and other now-
extinct megafauna, a narrative echoed by native creation stories. 
Hunters and gatherers continued to live in this region in the Archaic 
Period, with sites dating as far back as 8,500 years ago.
Ancestral Puebloans followed, beginning to occupy the area at least 
2,500 years ago, leaving behind items from their daily life such as 
baskets, pottery, and weapons. These early farmers of Basketmaker II and 
III and builders of Pueblo I, II, and III left their marks on the land. 
The remains of single family dwellings, granaries, kivas, towers, and 
large villages and roads linking them together reveal a complex cultural 
history. ``Moki steps,'' hand and toe holds carved into steep canyon 
walls by the Ancestral Puebloans, illustrate the early people's 
ingenuity and perseverance and are still used today to access dwellings 
along cliff walls. Other, distinct cultures have thrived here as well--
the Fremont People, Numic- and Athabaskan-speaking hunter-gatherers, and 
Utes and Navajos. Resources such as the Doll House Ruin in Dark Canyon 
Wilderness Area and the Moon House Ruin on Cedar Mesa allow visitors to 
marvel at artistry and architecture that have withstood thousands of 
seasons in this harsh climate.
The landscape is a milieu of the accessible and observable together with 
the inaccessible and hidden. The area's petroglyphs and pictographs 
capture the imagination with images dating back at least 5,000 years and 
spanning a range of styles and traditions. From life-size ghostlike 
figures that defy categorization, to the more literal depictions of 
bighorn sheep, birds, and lizards, these drawings enable us to feel the 
humanity of these ancient artists. The Indian Creek area contains 
spectacular rock art, including hundreds of petroglyphs at Newspaper 
Rock. Visitors to Bears Ears can also discover more recent rock art left 
by the Ute, Navajo, and Paiute peoples. It is also the less visible 
sites, however--those that supported the food gathering, subsistence and 
ceremony of daily life--that tell the story of the people who lived 
here. Historic remnants of Native American sheep-herding and farming are 
scattered throughout the area, and pottery and Navajo hogans record the 
lifeways of native peoples in the 19th and 20th centuries.
For thousands of years, humans have occupied and stewarded this land. 
With respect to most of these people, their contribution to the 
historical record is unknown, but some have played a more public role. 
Famed Navajo headman K'aayelii was born around 1800 near the twin Bears 
Ears buttes. His band used the area's remote canyons to elude capture by 
the

[[Page 404]]

U.S. Army and avoid the fate that befell many other Navajo bands: 
surrender, the Long Walk, and forced relocation to Bosque Redondo. 
Another renowned 19th century Navajo leader, ``Hastiin Ch'ihaajin'' 
Manuelito, was also born near the Bears Ears.
The area's cultural importance to Native American tribes continues to 
this day. As they have for generations, these tribes and their members 
come here for ceremonies and to visit sacred sites. Throughout the 
region, many landscape features, such as Comb Ridge, the San Juan River, 
and Cedar Mesa, are closely tied to native stories of creation, danger, 
protection, and healing. The towering spires in the Valley of the Gods 
are sacred to the Navajo, representing ancient Navajo warriors frozen in 
stone. Traditions of hunting, fishing, gathering, and wood cutting are 
still practiced by tribal members, as is collection of medicinal and 
ceremonial plants, edible herbs, and materials for crafting items like 
baskets and footwear. The traditional ecological knowledge amassed by 
the Native Americans whose ancestors inhabited this region, passed down 
from generation to generation, offers critical insight into the historic 
and scientific significance of the area. Such knowledge is, itself, a 
resource to be protected and used in understanding and managing this 
landscape sustainably for generations to come.
Euro-Americans first explored the Bears Ears area during the 18th 
century, and Mormon settlers followed in the late 19th century. The San 
Juan Mission expedition traversed this rugged country in 1880 on their 
journey to establish a new settlement in what is now Bluff, Utah. To 
ease the passage of wagons over the slick rock slopes and through the 
canyonlands, the settlers smoothed sections of the rock surface and 
constructed dugways and other features still visible along their route, 
known as the Hole-in-the-Rock Trail. Cabins, corrals, trails, and carved 
inscriptions in the rock reveal the lives of ranchers, prospectors, and 
early archaeologists. Cattle rustlers and other outlaws created a 
convoluted trail network known as the Outlaw Trail, said to be used by 
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. These outlaws took advantage of the 
area's network of canyons, including the aptly-named Hideout Canyon, to 
avoid detection.
The area's stunning geology, from sharp pinnacles to broad mesas, 
labyrinthine canyons to solitary hoodoos, and verdant hanging gardens to 
bare stone arches and natural bridges, provides vital insights to 
geologists. In the east, the Abajo Mountains tower, reaching elevations 
of more than 11,000 feet. A long geologic history is documented in the 
colorful rock layers visible in the area's canyons.
For long periods over 300 million years ago, these lands were inundated 
by tropical seas and hosted thriving coral reefs. These seas infused the 
area's black rock shale with salts as they receded. Later, the lands 
were bucked upwards multiple times by the Monument Upwarp, and near-
volcanoes punched up through the rock, leaving their marks on the 
landscape without reaching the surface. In the sandstone of Cedar Mesa, 
fossil evidence has revealed large, mammal-like reptiles that burrowed 
into the sand to survive the blistering heat of the end of the Permian 
Period, when the region was dominated by a seaside desert. Later, in the 
Late Triassic Period more than 200 million years ago, seasonal monsoons 
flooded an ancient river system that fed a vast desert here.
The paleontological resources in the Bears Ears area are among the 
richest and most significant in the United States, and protection of 
this area will

[[Page 405]]

provide important opportunities for further archaeological and 
paleontological study. Many sites, such as Arch Canyon, are teeming with 
fossils, and research conducted in the Bears Ears area is revealing new 
insights into the transition of vertebrate life from reptiles to mammals 
and from sea to land. Numerous ray-finned fish fossils from the Permian 
Period have been discovered, along with other late Paleozoic Era 
fossils, including giant amphibians, synapsid reptiles, and important 
plant fossils. Fossilized traces of marine and aquatic creatures such as 
clams, crayfish, fish, and aquatic reptiles have been found in Indian 
Creek's Chinle Formation, dating to the Triassic Period, and phytosaur 
and dinosaur fossils from the same period have been found along Comb 
Ridge. Paleontologists have identified new species of plant-eating 
crocodile-like reptiles and mass graves of lumbering sauropods, along 
with metoposaurus, crocodiles, and other dinosaur fossils. Fossilized 
trackways of early tetrapods can be seen in the Valley of the Gods and 
in Indian Creek, where paleontologists have also discovered exceptional 
examples of fossilized ferns, horsetails, and cycads. The Chinle 
Formation and the Wingate, Kayenta, and Navajo Formations above it 
provide one of the best continuous rock records of the Triassic-Jurassic 
transition in the world, crucial to understanding how dinosaurs 
dominated terrestrial ecosystems and how our mammalian ancestors 
evolved. In Pleistocene Epoch sediments, scientists have found traces of 
mammoths, short-faced bears, ground sloths, primates, and camels.
From earth to sky, the region is unsurpassed in wonders. The star-filled 
nights and natural quiet of the Bears Ears area transport visitors to an 
earlier eon. Against an absolutely black night sky, our galaxy and 
others more distant leap into view. As one of the most intact and least 
roaded areas in the contiguous United States, Bears Ears has that rare 
and arresting quality of deafening silence.
Communities have depended on the resources of the region for hundreds of 
generations. Understanding the important role of the green highlands in 
providing habitat for subsistence plants and animals, as well as 
capturing and filtering water from passing storms, the Navajo refer to 
such places as ``Nahodishgish,'' or places to be left alone. Local 
communities seeking to protect the mountains for their watershed values 
have long recognized the importance of the Bears Ears' headwaters. 
Wildfires, both natural and human-set, have shaped and maintained 
forests and grasslands of this area for millennia. Ranchers have relied 
on the forests and grasslands of the region for ages, and hunters come 
from across the globe for a chance at a bull elk or other big game. 
Today, ecological restoration through the careful use of wildfire and 
management of grazing and timber is working to restore and maintain the 
health of these vital watersheds and grasslands.
The diversity of the soils and microenvironments in the Bears Ears area 
provide habitat for a wide variety of vegetation. The highest 
elevations, in the Elk Ridge area of the Manti-La Sal National Forest, 
contain pockets of ancient Engelmann spruce, ponderosa pine, aspen, and 
subalpine fir. Mesa tops include pinyon-juniper woodlands along with big 
sagebrush, low sage, blackbrush, rabbitbrush, bitterbrush, four-wing 
saltbush, shadscale, winterfat, Utah serviceberry, western chokecherry, 
hackberry, barberry, cliff rose, and greasewood. Canyons contain diverse 
vegetation ranging from yucca and cacti such as prickly pear, claret 
cup, and Whipple's fishhook to mountain mahogany, ponderosa pine, alder, 
sagebrush, birch, dogwood,

[[Page 406]]

and Gambel's oak, along with occasional stands of aspen. Grasses and 
herbaceous species such as bluegrass, bluestem, giant ryegrass, 
ricegrass, needle and thread, yarrow, common mallow, balsamroot, low 
larkspur, horsetail, and peppergrass also grow here, as well as pinnate 
spring parsley, Navajo penstemon, Canyonlands lomatium, and the Abajo 
daisy.
Tucked into winding canyons are vibrant riparian communities 
characterized by Fremont cottonwood, western sandbar willow, yellow 
willow, and box elder. Numerous seeps provide year-round water and 
support delicate hanging gardens, moisture-loving plants, and relict 
species such as Douglas fir. A few populations of the rare Kachina 
daisy, endemic to the Colorado Plateau, hide in shaded seeps and alcoves 
of the area's canyons. A genetically distinct population of Kachina 
daisy was also found on Elk Ridge. The alcove columbine and cave 
primrose, also regionally endemic, grow in seeps and hanging gardens in 
the Bears Ears landscape. Wildflowers such as beardtongue, evening 
primrose, aster, Indian paintbrush, yellow and purple beeflower, 
straight bladderpod, Durango tumble mustard, scarlet gilia, globe 
mallow, sand verbena, sego lily, cliffrose, sacred datura, monkey 
flower, sunflower, prince's plume, hedgehog cactus, and columbine, bring 
bursts of color to the landscape.
The diverse vegetation and topography of the Bears Ears area, in turn, 
support a variety of wildlife species. Mule deer and elk range on the 
mesas and near canyon heads, which provide crucial habitat for both 
species. The Cedar Mesa landscape is home to bighorn sheep which were 
once abundant but still live in Indian Creek, and in the canyons north 
of the San Juan River. Small mammals such as desert cottontail, black-
tailed jackrabbit, prairie dog, Botta's pocket gopher, white-tailed 
antelope squirrel, Colorado chipmunk, canyon mouse, deer mouse, pinyon 
mouse, and desert woodrat, as well as Utah's only population of Abert's 
tassel-eared squirrels, find shelter and sustenance in the landscape's 
canyons and uplands. Rare shrews, including a variant of Merriam's shrew 
and the dwarf shrew can be found in this area.
Carnivores, including badger, coyote, striped skunk, ringtail, gray fox, 
bobcat, and the occasional mountain lion, all hunt here, while 
porcupines use their sharp quills and climbing abilities to escape these 
predators. Oral histories from the Ute describe the historic presence of 
bison, antelope, and abundant bighorn sheep, which are also depicted in 
ancient rock art. Black bear pass through the area but are rarely seen, 
though they are common in the oral histories and legends of this region, 
including those of the Navajo.
Consistent sources of water in a dry landscape draw diverse wildlife 
species to the area's riparian habitats, including an array of amphibian 
species such as tiger salamander, red-spotted toad, Woodhouse's toad, 
canyon tree frog, Great Basin spadefoot, and northern leopard frog. Even 
the most sharp-eyed visitors probably will not catch a glimpse of the 
secretive Utah night lizard. Other reptiles in the area include the 
sagebrush lizard, eastern fence lizard, tree lizard, side-blotched 
lizard, plateau striped whiptail, western rattlesnake, night snake, 
striped whipsnake, and gopher snake.
Raptors such as the golden eagle, peregrine falcon, bald eagle, northern 
harrier, northern goshawk, red-tailed hawk, ferruginous hawk, American 
kestrel, flammulated owl, and great horned owl hunt their prey on the 
mesa tops with deadly speed and accuracy. The largest contiguous 
critical

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habitat for the threatened Mexican spotted owl is on the Manti-La Sal 
National Forest. Other bird species found in the area include Merriam's 
turkey, Williamson's sapsucker, common nighthawk, white-throated swift, 
ash-throated flycatcher, violet-green swallow, cliff swallow, mourning 
dove, pinyon jay, sagebrush sparrow, canyon towhee, rock wren, sage 
thrasher, and the endangered southwestern willow flycatcher.
As the skies darken in the evenings, visitors may catch a glimpse of 
some the area's at least 15 species of bats, including the big free-
tailed bat, pallid bat, Townsend's big-eared bat, spotted bat, and 
silver-haired bat. Tinajas, rock depressions filled with rainwater, 
provide habitat for many specialized aquatic species, including pothole 
beetles and freshwater shrimp. Eucosma navajoensis, an endemic moth that 
has only been described near Valley of the Gods, is unique to this area.
Protection of the Bears Ears area will preserve its cultural, 
prehistoric, and historic legacy and maintain its diverse array of 
natural and scientific resources, ensuring that the prehistoric, 
historic, and scientific values of this area remain for the benefit of 
all Americans. The Bears Ears area has been proposed for protection by 
members of Congress, Secretaries of the Interior, State and tribal 
leaders, and local conservationists for at least 80 years. The area 
contains numerous objects of historic and of scientific interest, and it 
provides world class outdoor recreation opportunities, including rock 
climbing, hunting, hiking, backpacking, canyoneering, whitewater 
rafting, mountain biking, and horseback riding. Because visitors travel 
from near and far, these lands support a growing travel and tourism 
sector that is a source of economic opportunity for the region.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which shall be confined to the 
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the 
objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve the objects of 
scientific and historic interest on the Bears Ears lands;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Bears Ears National Monument (monument) 
and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as part 
thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
map, which is attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. These 
reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 
1.35 million acres. The boundaries described on the accompanying map are 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the 
monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
location, selection, sale, or other disposition under the public land 
laws or laws

[[Page 408]]

applicable to the U.S. Forest Service, from location, entry, and patent 
under the mining laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to 
mineral and geothermal leasing, other than by exchange that furthers the 
protective purposes of the monument.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights, 
including valid existing water rights. If the Federal Government 
acquires ownership or control of any lands or interests in lands that it 
did not previously own or control within the boundaries described on the 
accompanying map, such lands and interests in lands shall be reserved as 
a part of the monument, and objects identified above that are situated 
upon those lands and interests in lands shall be part of the monument, 
upon acquisition of ownership or control by the Federal Government.
The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior 
(Secretaries) shall manage the monument through the U.S. Forest Service 
(USFS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), pursuant to their 
respective applicable legal authorities, to implement the purposes of 
this proclamation. The USFS shall manage that portion of the monument 
within the boundaries of the National Forest System (NFS), and the BLM 
shall manage the remainder of the monument. The lands administered by 
the USFS shall be managed as part of the Manti-La Sal National Forest. 
The lands administered by the BLM shall be managed as a unit of the 
National Landscape Conservation System, pursuant to applicable legal 
authorities.
For purposes of protecting and restoring the objects identified above, 
the Secretaries shall jointly prepare a management plan for the monument 
and shall promulgate such regulations for its management as they deem 
appropriate. The Secretaries, through the USFS and the BLM, shall 
consult with other Federal land management agencies in the local area, 
including the National Park Service, in developing the management plan. 
In promulgating any management rules and regulations governing the NFS 
lands within the monument and developing the management plan, the 
Secretary of Agriculture, through the USFS, shall consult with the 
Secretary of the Interior through the BLM. The Secretaries shall provide 
for maximum public involvement in the development of that plan 
including, but not limited to, consultation with federally recognized 
tribes and State and local governments. In the development and 
implementation of the management plan, the Secretaries shall maximize 
opportunities, pursuant to applicable legal authorities, for shared 
resources, operational efficiency, and cooperation.
The Secretaries, through the BLM and USFS, shall establish an advisory 
committee under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) to 
provide information and advice regarding the development of the 
management plan and, as appropriate, management of the monument. This 
advisory committee shall consist of a fair and balanced representation 
of interested stakeholders, including State and local governments, 
tribes, recreational users, local business owners, and private 
landowners.
In recognition of the importance of tribal participation to the care and 
management of the objects identified above, and to ensure that 
management decisions affecting the monument reflect tribal expertise and 
traditional and historical knowledge, a Bears Ears Commission 
(Commission) is hereby established to provide guidance and 
recommendations on the development and implementation of management 
plans and on management of the monument. The Commission shall consist of 
one elected officer each from

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the Hopi Nation, Navajo Nation, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Ute Indian Tribe 
of the Uintah Ouray, and Zuni Tribe, designated by the officers' 
respective tribes. The Commission may adopt such procedures as it deems 
necessary to govern its activities, so that it may effectively partner 
with the Federal agencies by making continuing contributions to inform 
decisions regarding the management of the monument.
The Secretaries shall meaningfully engage the Commission or, should the 
Commission no longer exist, the tribal governments through some other 
entity composed of elected tribal government officers (comparable 
entity), in the development of the management plan and to inform 
subsequent management of the monument. To that end, in developing or 
revising the management plan, the Secretaries shall carefully and fully 
consider integrating the traditional and historical knowledge and 
special expertise of the Commission or comparable entity. If the 
Secretaries decide not to incorporate specific recommendations submitted 
to them in writing by the Commission or comparable entity, they will 
provide the Commission or comparable entity with a written explanation 
of their reasoning. The management plan shall also set forth parameters 
for continued meaningful engagement with the Commission or comparable 
entity in implementation of the management plan.
To further the protective purposes of the monument, the Secretary of the 
Interior shall explore entering into a memorandum of understanding with 
the State that would set forth terms, pursuant to applicable laws and 
regulations, for an exchange of land currently owned by the State of 
Utah and administered by the Utah School and Institutional Trust Lands 
Administration within the boundary of the monument for land of 
approximately equal value managed by the BLM outside the boundary of the 
monument. The Secretary of the Interior shall report to the President by 
January 19, 2017, regarding the potential for such an exchange.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to interfere with the 
operation or maintenance, or the replacement or modification within the 
current authorization boundary, of existing utility, pipeline, or 
telecommunications facilities located within the monument in a manner 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
rights or jurisdiction of any Indian tribe. The Secretaries shall, to 
the maximum extent permitted by law and in consultation with Indian 
tribes, ensure the protection of Indian sacred sites and traditional 
cultural properties in the monument and provide access by members of 
Indian tribes for traditional cultural and customary uses, consistent 
with the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and 
Executive Order 13007 of May 24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites), including 
collection of medicines, berries and other vegetation, forest products, 
and firewood for personal noncommercial use in a manner consistent with 
the care and management of the objects identified above.
For purposes of protecting and restoring the objects identified above, 
the Secretaries shall prepare a transportation plan that designates the 
roads and trails where motorized and non-motorized mechanized vehicle 
use will be allowed. Except for emergency or authorized administrative 
purposes, motorized and non-motorized mechanized vehicle use shall be 
allowed only on roads and trails designated for such use, consistent 
with the care and

[[Page 410]]

management of such objects. Any additional roads or trails designated 
for motorized vehicle use must be for the purposes of public safety or 
protection of such objects.
Laws, regulations, and policies followed by USFS or BLM in issuing and 
administering grazing permits or leases on lands under their 
jurisdiction shall continue to apply with regard to the lands in the 
monument to ensure the ongoing consistency with the care and management 
of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
jurisdiction of the State of Utah, including its jurisdiction and 
authority with respect to fish and wildlife management.
Nothing in this proclamation shall preclude low-level overflights of 
military aircraft, the designation of new units of special use airspace, 
or the use or establishment of military flight training routes over the 
lands reserved by this proclamation consistent with the care and 
management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to alter the authority 
or responsibility of any party with respect to emergency response 
activities within the monument, including wildland fire response.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of the monument and not to locate 
or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

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[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD05JA17.319


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Proclamation 9559 of December 28, 2016

Establishment of the Gold Butte National Monument

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

In southeast Nevada lies a landscape of contrast and transition, where 
dramatically chiseled red sandstone, twisting canyons, and tree-clad 
mountains punctuate flat stretches of the Mojave Desert. This remote and 
rugged desert landscape is known as Gold Butte.
The Gold Butte area contains an extraordinary variety of diverse and 
irreplaceable scientific, historic, and prehistoric resources, including 
vital plant and wildlife habitat, significant geological formations, 
rare fossils, important sites from the history of Native Americans, and 
remnants of our Western mining and ranching heritage. The landscape 
reveals a story of thousands of years of human interaction with this 
harsh environment and provides a rare glimpse into the lives of Nevada's 
first inhabitants, the rich and varied indigenous cultures that 
followed, and the eventual arrival of Euro-American settlers. Canyons 
and intricate rock formations are a stunning backdrop to the area's 
famously beautiful rock art, and the desert provides critical habitat 
for the threatened Mojave desert tortoise.
Gold Butte's dynamic environment has provided food and shelter to humans 
for at least 12,000 years. Remnants of massive agave roasting pits, 
charred remains of goosefoot and pinyon pine nuts, bone fragments, and 
projectile points used to hunt big horn sheep and smaller game serve as 
evidence of the remarkable abilities of indigenous communities to eke 
out sustenance from this unforgiving landscape. Visitors to Gold Butte 
can still see ancient rock shelters and hearth remnants concealed in the 
area's dramatic Aztec Sandstone formations. This brightly hued sandstone 
is the canvas for the area's spectacular array of rock art, depicting 
human figures, animals, and swirling abstract designs at locations like 
the famed Falling Man petroglyph site and Kohta Circus. Pottery sherds 
and other archaeological artifacts scattered throughout the landscape 
reveal the area's role as a corridor for the interregional trade of 
pottery, salt, and rare minerals. These world-renowned archaeological 
sites and objects are helping scientists to better understand 
interactions between ancient cultural groups.
By the time Spanish explorers arrived in the region in the late 
eighteenth century, the Gold Butte area was home to the Southern Paiute 
people, who to this day, retain a spiritual and cultural connection with 
the land and use it for traditional purposes such as ceremonies and 
plant harvesting. Hunters and settlers of European descent followed the 
explorers, and, by 1865, Mormon pioneers had built settlements in the 
region.
These newcomers grazed livestock and explored Gold Butte's unique 
geology in pursuit of mining riches. Their activities left behind 
historic sites and objects that tell the story of the American West, 
including the Gold Butte townsite, a mining boomtown established in the 
early 1900s, but mostly abandoned by 1910. Several building foundations 
and arrastas--large flat rocks used for crushing ore--remain at the 
townsite today. Settlers built corrals out of wood or stone, some of 
which are still standing in the Gold Butte area, including one near the 
Gold Butte townsite and one

[[Page 413]]

at Horse Springs, along the Gold Butte Scenic Byway. In the 1930s, the 
Civilian Conservation Corps was put to work in the area, leaving behind 
a variety of historic features including a dam and remnants of a camp in 
the Whitney Pockets area, in the northeastern region of Gold Butte.
The Gold Butte landscape that visitors experience today is the product 
of millions of years of heat and pressure as well as the eroding forces 
of water and wind that molded this vast and surreal desert terrain. 
Rising up from the Virgin River to an elevation of almost 8,000 feet, 
the Virgin Mountains delineate the area's northeast corner and provide a 
stunning backdrop for the rugged gray and red desert of the lower 
elevations. Faulted carbonate and silicate rock form the ridges and 
peaks of this range, which are regularly snow-covered in winter and 
spring, while the southern region of Gold Butte is laced with a series 
of wide granitic ridges and narrow canyons. These broad landscape 
features are dotted with fantastical geologic formations, including 
vividly hued Aztec Sandstone twisted into otherworldly shapes by wind 
and water, as well as pale, desolate granitic domes. An actively-
expanding 1,200 square-meter sinkhole known as the Devil's Throat has 
been the subject of multiple scientific studies that have enhanced our 
understanding of sinkhole formation.
The Gold Butte landscape is a mosaic of braided and shallow washes that 
flow into the Virgin River to the north and directly into Lake Mead on 
the south and west. Several natural springs provide important water 
sources for the plants and animals living here. The arid eastern Mojave 
Desert landscape that dominates the area is characterized by the 
creosote bush and white bursage vegetative community that covers large, 
open expanses scattered with low shrubs. Blackbrush scrub, a slow-
growing species that can live up to 400 years, is abundant in middle 
elevations. Both creosote-bursage and blackbrush scrub vegetation 
communities can take decades or even centuries to recover from 
disturbances due to the long-lived nature of the plant species in these 
vegetative communities and the area's low rainfall. These vegetation 
communities are impacted by human uses, invasive species, wildfires, and 
changing climates. Gypsum deposits are a distinctive aspect of the 
Mojave Desert ecosystem and result in soil that contains physical and 
chemical properties that stress many plants, but also support endemic 
and rare species. For example, the sticky ringstem, Las Vegas buckwheat, 
and Las Vegas bearpoppy are unique plants that rely on gypsum soil; the 
populations in Gold Butte are some of only a handful of isolated 
populations of these species left in the world. Other rare plants in 
Gold Butte include the threecorner milkvetch and sticky wild buckwheat, 
which are sand-dependent species, as well as the Rosy two-tone 
beardtongue and the Mokiak milkvetch. Scattered stands of Joshua trees, 
an emblem of the Mojave Desert, dot the landscape along with Mojave 
yucca, cacti species, and chaparral species, among others.
The often snowcapped peaks of the Virgin Mountains in the northeastern 
corner of Gold Butte stand in stark contrast to the desolate desert 
landscapes found elsewhere in the area. Due to their elevation of almost 
8,000 feet, these mountains exhibit a transition between ecosystems in 
the southwest. At the highest points of the Virgin Mountains, visitors 
can hike through Ponderosa pine and white fir forests, and visit the 
southernmost stand of Douglas fir in Nevada. In this area, visitors are 
also treated to a rare sight: the Silver State's only stand of the 
Arizona cypress. The lower to middle elevations of the area are home to 
stands of pinyon pine, Utah

[[Page 414]]

juniper, sagebrush, and acacia woodlands, along with occasional mesquite 
stands. By adding structural complexity to a shrub-dominated landscape, 
these woodlands provide important breeding, foraging, and resting places 
for a variety of creatures, including birds and insects, and support a 
number of plant species.
Gold Butte also provides habitat for a number of wildlife species. It 
has been designated as critical habitat for the Mojave desert tortoise, 
which is listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. These 
slow-footed symbols of the American Southwest rely on the creosote-
bursage ecosystem that is widespread here. A generally reclusive 
reptile, the Mojave desert tortoise uses the protective cover of 
underground burrows to escape extreme desert conditions and as shelter 
from predators.
Other amphibians and reptiles also make their homes in Gold Butte. For 
example, once considered extinct and now a candidate species for listing 
under the Endangered Species Act, the relict leopard frog has been 
released into spring sites in the area in a collaborative effort by 
local, State, and Federal entities to help revive this still very small 
population. The banded Gila monster, the only venomous lizard in the 
United States, has also been recorded in Gold Butte. Many other reptile 
species--including the banded gecko, California kingsnake, desert 
iguana, desert night lizard, glossy snake, Great Basin collared lizard, 
Mojave green rattlesnake, sidewinder, Sonoran lyre snake, southern 
desert horned lizard, speckled rattlesnake, western leaf-nosed snake, 
western long-nosed snake, and western red-tailed skink--also have 
populations or potential habitats in the area.
The Gold Butte area serves as an effective corridor between Lake Mead 
and the Virgin Mountains for large mammals, including desert bighorn 
sheep and mountain lions. Smaller mammals in Gold Butte include white-
tailed antelope squirrel, desert kangaroo rat, and the desert pocket 
mouse. Several species of bat, including the Pallid bat, Allen's big-
eared bat, western pipistrelle bat, and the Brazilian free-tailed bat, 
are also found here, as well as the northern Mojave blue butterfly.
Bald and golden eagles, red-tailed and Cooper's hawks, peregrine 
falcons, and white-throated swifts soar above Gold Butte. Closer to the 
ground, one can spot a variety of birds, including the western burrowing 
owl, common poorwill, Costa's hummingbird, pinyon jay, Bendire's 
thrasher, Virginia's warbler, Lucy's warbler, black-chinned sparrow, and 
gray vireo. Migratory birds, including the Calliope hummingbird, gray 
flycatcher, sage sparrow, lesser nighthawk, ash-throated flycatcher, and 
the Brewer's sparrow, also make stop-overs in the area. These birds, and 
a variety of other avian species, use the diversity of habitats in the 
area to meet many of their seasonal, migratory, or year-round life cycle 
needs.
In addition to providing homes to modern species of plants and wildlife, 
the area shows great potential for continued paleontological research, 
with resources such as recently discovered dinosaur tracks dating back 
to the Jurassic Period. These fossil trackways were found in Gold 
Butte's distinctive Aztec Sandstone and also include prints from 
squirrel-sized reptilian ancestors of mammals.
The protection of the Gold Butte area will preserve its cultural, 
prehistoric, and historic legacy and maintain its diverse array of 
natural and scientific resources, ensuring that the historic and 
scientific values of this area, and

[[Page 415]]

its many objects of historic and of scientific interest, remain for the 
benefit of all Americans.
WHEREAS, section 320301 of title 54, United States Code (known as the 
``Antiquities Act''), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to 
declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and 
prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific 
interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part 
thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected;
WHEREAS, it is in the public interest to preserve the objects of 
scientific and historic interest on the Gold Butte lands;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by the authority vested in me by section 320301 of title 54, 
United States Code, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that 
are situated upon lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by 
the Federal Government to be the Gold Butte National Monument (monument) 
and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as part 
thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the 
Federal Government within the boundaries described on the accompanying 
map, which is attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. These 
reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 
296,937 acres. The boundaries described on the accompanying map are 
confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and 
management of the objects to be protected.
All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the 
monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, 
location, selection, sale, or other disposition under the public land 
laws, from location, entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from 
disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing.
The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights, 
including valid existing water rights. If the Federal Government 
subsequently acquires any lands or interests in lands not owned or 
controlled by the Federal Government within the boundaries described on 
the accompanying map, such lands and interests in lands shall be 
reserved as a part of the monument, and objects identified above that 
are situated upon those lands and interests in lands shall be part of 
the monument, upon acquisition of ownership or control by the Federal 
Government.
The Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) shall manage the monument 
pursuant to applicable legal authorities, which may include the 
provisions of section 603 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act 
(43 U.S.C. 1782) governing the management of wilderness study areas, to 
protect the objects identified above. Of the approximately 296,937 acres 
of Federal lands and interests in lands reserved by this proclamation, 
approximately 285,158 acres are currently managed by the Secretary 
through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and approximately 11,779 are 
currently managed by the Secretary through the Bureau of Reclamation 
(BOR). After issuance of this proclamation, the Secretary shall, 
consistent with applicable legal authorities, transfer administrative 
jurisdiction of the BOR lands within the boundaries of the monument to 
the BLM. The Secretary, through the BLM, shall manage lands within the 
monument that are subject to the

[[Page 416]]

administrative jurisdiction of the BLM as a unit of the National 
Landscape Conservation System.
For purposes of protecting and restoring the objects identified above, 
the Secretary, through the BLM, shall prepare and maintain a management 
plan for the monument and shall provide for maximum public involvement 
in the development of that plan including, but not limited to, 
consultation with State, tribal, and local governments.
The Secretary shall establish an advisory committee under the Federal 
Advisory Committee Act, 5 U.S.C. App., to provide information and advice 
regarding development of the land use plan and management of the 
monument.
Except for emergency or authorized administrative purposes, motorized 
vehicle use in the monument shall be permitted only on roads designated 
as open to such use as of the date of this proclamation, unless the 
Secretary decides to reroute roads for public safety purposes or to 
enhance protection of the objects identified above. Non-motorized 
mechanized vehicle use shall be permitted only on roads and trails, 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above, 
nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to preclude the renewal 
or assignment of, or interfere with the operation, maintenance, 
replacement, modification, or upgrade within the physical authorization 
boundary of existing flood control, pipeline, and telecommunications 
facilities, or other water infrastructure, including wildlife water 
catchments or water district facilities, that are located within the 
monument. Except as necessary for the care and management of the objects 
identified above, no new rights-of-way shall be authorized within the 
monument.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
rights or jurisdiction of any Indian tribe. The Secretary shall, to the 
maximum extent permitted by law and in consultation with Indian tribes, 
ensure the protection of Indian sacred sites and traditional cultural 
properties in the monument and provide for access by members of Indian 
tribes for traditional cultural and customary uses, consistent with the 
American Indian Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and Executive 
Order 13007 of May 24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites).
Livestock grazing has not been permitted in the monument area since 1998 
and the Secretary shall not issue any new grazing permits or leases on 
lands within the monument.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the 
jurisdiction of the State of Nevada, including its jurisdiction and 
authority with respect to fish and wildlife management, including 
hunting and fishing.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to preclude the 
traditional tribal collection of seeds, natural materials, salt, or 
materials for stone tools in the monument for personal noncommercial use 
consistent with the care and management of the objects identified above.
Nothing in this proclamation shall preclude low-level overflights of 
military aircraft, the designation of new units of special use airspace, 
or the use or establishment of military flight training routes over the 
lands reserved

[[Page 417]]

by this proclamation consistent with the care and management of the 
objects identified above. Nothing in this proclamation shall preclude 
air or ground access to existing or new electronic tracking 
communications sites associated with the special use airspace and 
military training routes, consistent with the care and management of 
such objects.
Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing 
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall 
be the dominant reservation.
Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, 
injure, destroy, or remove any feature of the monument and not to locate 
or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 418]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TD05JA17.320


[[Page 419]]


Proclamation 9560 of December 28, 2016

National Mentoring Month, 2017

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

With every generation, our Nation has expanded the essential idea that 
no matter who you are or where you come from, America is a place where--
with hard work and perseverance--you can make it if you try. Although 
obstacles and challenges along the way can be discouraging, the 
mentorship and support of others have always motivated our people to 
persevere--even in the toughest of times. At the start of each new year, 
we observe National Mentoring Month to honor the parents, families, 
teachers, coaches, and mentors who pour their time and their love into 
lifting up America's daughters and sons.
Nobody succeeds on their own: each young person's strength and 
resilience is fostered by those who have taught them they can do 
anything they put their mind to. Whether helping mentees study for a 
test, learn a new skill, or lift their heads up after a setback, mentors 
provide them the chance they need to move forward and set their sights 
even higher. And in helping mentees achieve their goals, mentors can 
inspire them to reach back and provide the same support to someone else 
in need of a mentor. To learn how you can mentor others and make a 
lasting difference, visit www.Serve.gov/Mentor.
In too many communities, many children still have the odds stacked 
against them, which is why my Administration has striven to increase 
mentorship opportunities across our country. Among other steps we have 
taken, we established the My Brother's Keeper initiative, which has 
inspired private organizations and communities in every State to address 
opportunity gaps and encourage mentorship as a tool for helping all 
young people reach their full potential. At the White House, we started 
our own mentee program and regularly met with local youth to provide 
leadership and guidance. And our efforts to bring higher education 
within reach for more Americans and expand apprenticeship initiatives 
have helped ensure more students can access the educational and career 
opportunities they need to thrive.
This month, we reflect on the transformative role mentorship can play 
and acknowledge the many ways that mentors have helped our next 
generation of leaders and innovators grow. As a Nation, we are stronger 
when every individual has the opportunity to contribute to our American 
story. By working to give each person a better chance at success, we can 
unlock their potential and empower them to serve others in the same way.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 2017 as 
National Mentoring Month. I call upon public officials, business and 
community leaders, educators, and Americans across the country to 
observe this month with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and 
programs.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the

[[Page 420]]

Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA
Proclamation 9561 of December 28, 2016

National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, 2017

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Our Nation wrestled with the issue of slavery in a way that nearly tore 
us apart--its fundamental notion in direct contradiction with our 
founding premise that we are all created equal. The courageous 
individuals who rejected such cruelty helped us overcome one of the most 
painful chapters in our history as we worked to realize the promise of 
equality and justice for all. But today, in too many places around the 
world--including right here in the United States--the injustice of 
modern slavery and human trafficking still tears at our social fabric. 
During National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, we 
resolve to shine a light on every dark corner where human trafficking 
still threatens the basic rights and freedoms of others.
From factories and brothels to farms and mines, millions of men, women, 
and children in the United States and around the world are exploited for 
their bodies and their labor. Whether through violence, deceit, or the 
promises of a better life, some of the most vulnerable populations among 
us--including migrants and refugees fleeing conflict or disaster, 
homeless LGBT youth, Alaska Native and American Indian women and girls, 
and children in poverty--are preyed upon by human traffickers. In order 
to rid the world of modern slavery we must do everything in our power to 
combat these violations of human decency.
The United States has pursued efforts to address these crimes and lift 
up individuals who have suffered unspeakable abuse at the hands of 
traffickers. Through the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat 
Trafficking in Persons, we have joined with the private sector, faith 
communities, law enforcement, and advocates to coordinate efforts to 
prevent trafficking and protect victims. Focusing on an agenda that 
prioritizes victim services, the rule of law, procurement of supplies, 
and increasing public awareness, the Task Force has strengthened Federal 
efforts to end human trafficking. In 2012, I issued an Executive Order 
to strengthen protections against human trafficking in Federal 
contracting, and nearly a year ago, I signed legislation that 
strengthened our ability to prevent products made with forced labor, 
including child labor, from entering American markets.
We must address the consequences of human trafficking and work to tackle 
its root causes. This past fiscal year, the Department of Health and 
Human Services and the Department of Justice provided more than $60 
million to community-based organizations and task forces to assist human 
trafficking victims, and since the beginning of my Administration, we 
have nearly tripled the number of victims connected to services. The 
Department of

[[Page 421]]

Homeland Security has also taken steps to streamline immigration 
procedures for trafficking victims and ensure their regulations are 
consistent with existing law. And through new Victims of Crime Act 
regulations, Federal funds can now be used to help human trafficking 
victims with their housing. Through the White House Council on Women and 
Girls, we have worked to address the sexual abuse-to-prison pipeline 
that disproportionately affects those especially vulnerable to sex 
trafficking--including young women and girls of color. And the U.S. 
Advisory Council on Human Trafficking--comprised of 11 human trafficking 
survivors of diverse backgrounds and experiences--recently released its 
first set of recommendations for combating human trafficking while 
keeping survivor perspectives in mind.
Every action we take at home, from the clothing we wear to the food we 
eat, is connected to what happens around the world. As a Nation, we have 
worked to address the problem of forced labor in our supply chains, and 
as individuals, we must strive to be conscientious consumers. Working 
with our friends and allies, we have made this issue an international 
priority. Just this year we used multilateral fora, including the North 
American Leaders Summit, the East Asia Summit, and the United Nations, 
to raise awareness and work with partners around the globe. In addition 
to urging other countries to develop and expand their anti-trafficking 
laws and services for victims, we are also stepping up our foreign 
assistance in this area. Working alongside the international community, 
we have seen significant increases in trafficking prosecutions and 
convictions, and we have made great strides in supporting victims.
As leaders in the global undertaking to end the exploitation of human 
beings for profit, we must always remember that our freedom is bound to 
the freedom of others. This month, let us find inspiration in America's 
progress toward justice, opportunity, and prosperity for all and 
reaffirm our pledge to continue fighting for human rights around the 
world.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 2017 as 
National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, culminating in 
the annual celebration of National Freedom Day on February 1. I call 
upon businesses, national and community organizations, families, and all 
Americans to recognize the vital role we must play in ending all forms 
of slavery and to observe this month with appropriate programs and 
activities.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 422]]

Proclamation 9562 of December 28, 2016

National Stalking Awareness Month, 2017

By the President of the United States of America

A Proclamation

Every year, stalkers deny too many people the comfort and safety they 
deserve, violating our basic expectation of dignity and respect for all. 
Posing risks to both the physical and emotional health of victims, 
stalking is recognized as a crime across our Nation. This month, we join 
together in support of victims to raise awareness of this threat and 
reaffirm the importance of ensuring every person can live free from fear 
of violence, harassment, and any form of stalking.
Approximately 1 in 6 women and 1 in 19 men will be victims of stalking. 
Perpetrators of stalking seek power and control by following, harassing, 
or pursuing victims in unwanted or repeated ways. Stalking can occur 
digitally--through cell phones and on social media platforms--as well as 
in person through repeated threats or acts of physical violence. And 
whether committed by acquaintances, former partners, or strangers, 
stalking can cause anxiety, depression, and feelings of helplessness, as 
well as a wide variety of general health and sleeping problems. Stalking 
victims live with the fear of not knowing what will happen next, and 
many are often forced to change their daily activities, move to a 
different location, or take time off from school or work.
Along with combating domestic violence, dating violence, and sexual 
assault, confronting stalking and supporting victims is an important 
part of my Administration's efforts to end violence against women. And 
to ensure that violence against women, including stalking, is never 
tolerated, Vice President Biden has also led efforts to help change this 
culture. In 2013, I signed the reauthorization of the Violence Against 
Women Act, which identifies stalking as a key focus area in which we can 
improve support for victims. Because of an Executive Order I signed in 
2015, victims employed by Federal contractors can now use paid sick 
leave for absences related to stalking, and in the past year, many 
Federal agencies have also increased their support for victims as part 
of ongoing work to address the effects of domestic violence in the 
workplace. The Department of Housing and Urban Development recently 
finalized a new rule that strengthens housing protections for stalking 
victims, helping to secure their basic right to a safe living 
environment. And through a new Government-wide training tool designed to 
educate Federal employees on how to recognize and respond to stalking--
and how to support colleagues who may be victims--we have worked to 
enhance policies that support affected employees.
Nobody should ever feel unsafe in their homes and communities, which is 
why we must work to lift up victims and survivors who know the distress 
and anxiety of being stalked. Throughout National Stalking Awareness 
Month, let us reaffirm the value of privacy and security for all as we 
continue striving to ensure offenders are held accountable. If we pursue 
such progress and change with the passion and empathy that victims of 
stalking deserve, we can build a future where all people are free to 
live out their dreams.

[[Page 423]]

NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of 
America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and 
the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim January 2017 as 
National Stalking Awareness Month. I call upon all Americans to learn 
the signs of stalking, acknowledge stalking as a serious crime, and urge 
those affected not to be afraid to speak out or ask for help. Let us 
also resolve to support victims and survivors, and to create communities 
that are secure and supportive for all Americans.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-eighth day 
of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand sixteen, and of the 
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-
first.
BARACK OBAMA

[[Page 425]]

________________________________________________________________________


                            EXECUTIVE ORDERS


________________________________________________________________________


Executive Order 13716 of January 16, 2016

Revocation of Executive Orders 13574, 13590, 13622, and 13645 With 
Respect to Iran, Amendment of Executive Order 13628 With Respect to 
Iran, and Provision of Implementation Authorities for Aspects of Certain 
Statutory Sanctions Outside the Scope of U.S. Commitments Under the 
Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action of July 14, 2015

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), the Iran 
Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note), the 
Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 
(Public Law 111-195) (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.), the Iran Threat Reduction 
and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-158), the Iran 
Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 (subtitle D of title XII 
of Public Law 112-239) (22 U.S.C. 8801 et seq.) (IFCA), section 212(f) 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and 
section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, have 
determined that Iran's implementation of the nuclear-related measures 
specified in sections 15.1-15.11 of Annex V of the Joint Comprehensive 
Plan of Action of July 14, 2015 (JCPOA) between the P5+1 (China, France, 
Germany, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United 
States), the European Union, and Iran, as verified by the International 
Atomic Energy Agency, marks a fundamental shift in circumstances with 
respect to Iran's nuclear program. In order to give effect to the United 
States commitments with respect to sanctions described in section 4 of 
Annex II and section 17.4 of Annex V of the JCPOA, I am revoking 
Executive Orders 13574 of May 23, 2011, 13590 of November 20, 2011, 
13622 of July 30, 2012, and 13645 of June 3, 2013, and amending 
Executive Order 13628 of October 9, 2012, by revoking sections 5 through 
7 and section 15. In addition, in section 3 of this order, I am taking 
steps with respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
12957 of March 15, 1995, to provide implementation authorities for 
aspects of certain statutory sanctions that are

[[Page 426]]

outside the scope of the U.S. commitment to lift nuclear-related 
sanctions under the JCPOA.
This action is not intended to, and does not, limit the applicability of 
waiver determinations or any renewals thereof issued by the Secretary of 
State, or licenses issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, to give 
effect to sanctions commitments described in sections 17.1-17.3 and 17.5 
of Annex V of the JCPOA, or otherwise affect the national emergency 
declared in Executive Order 12957, which shall remain in place, or any 
Executive Order issued in furtherance of that national emergency other 
than Executive Orders 13574, 13590, 13622, 13628, and 13645.
I hereby order:
Section 1. Revocation of Executive Orders. The following Executive 
Orders are revoked:
    (a) Executive Order 13574 of May 23, 2011 (Authorizing the 
Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act 
of 1996, as Amended);
    (b) Executive Order 13590 of November 20, 2011 (Authorizing the 
Imposition of Certain Sanctions With Respect to the Provision of Goods, 
Services, Technology, or Support for Iran's Energy and Petrochemical 
Sectors);
    (c) Executive Order 13622 of July 30, 2012 (Authorizing Additional 
Sanctions With Respect to Iran); and
    (d) Executive Order 13645 of June 3, 2013 (Authorizing the 
Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Freedom and 
Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 and Additional Sanctions With Respect 
To Iran).
Sec. 2. Amendment of Executive Order. Executive Order 13628 of October 
9, 2012 (Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth 
in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and 
Additional Sanctions with Respect to Iran), is amended by:
    (a) Revoking current sections 5 through 7 and 15;
    (b) Revising current section 4 by removing ``section 5 of Executive 
Order 13622 of July 30, 2012,'' in subsection (a), replacing ``section 
12'' with ``section 9'' in subsection (a), and replacing ``section 12'' 
with ``section 9'' in subsection (b);
    (c) Revising current section 8 by inserting ``and'' between 
``2(a),'' and ``3(a)'' and removing ``, and 7(a)(iv)'';
    (d) Revising current section 9 by inserting ``and'' between 
``2(a),'' and ``3(a)'' and removing ``, and 7(a)(iv)'';
    (e) Revising current section 14 by inserting ``and'' between 
``2(a),'' and ``3(a)'' and removing ``, and 7(a)(iv)'';
    (f) Renumbering current sections 8 through 14 as sections 5 through 
11, respectively; and
    (g) Renumbering current sections 16 through 19 as sections 12 
through 15, respectively.
Sec. 3. Provision of Implementation Authorities for Sanctions Outside 
the Scope of the JCPOA.

[[Page 427]]

(a)(i) The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State, is hereby authorized to impose on a person the measures described in 
subsection (a)(ii) of this section upon determining, pursuant to authority 
delegated by the President and in accordance with the terms of such 
delegation, that sanctions shall be imposed on such person pursuant to 
section 1244(c)(1)(A) of IFCA for knowingly providing significant 
financial, material, technological, or other support to, or goods or 
services in support of any activity or transaction on behalf of or for the 
benefit of persons described in section 1244(c)(2)(C)(iii) of IFCA.

(ii) With respect to any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury 
in accordance with this subsection to meet the criteria set forth in 
subsection (a)(i) of this section, all property and interests in property 
that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United 
States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of 
any United States person (including any foreign branch) of such person are 
blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise 
dealt in.

(iii) The prohibitions in subsection (a)(ii) of this section apply except 
to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, 
or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding 
any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the 
date of this order.

(b)(i) When the Secretary of State or the Secretary of the Treasury, 
pursuant to authority delegated by the President and in accordance with the 
terms of such delegation, has determined that sanctions shall be imposed on 
a person pursuant to sections 1244(d)(1)(A), 1245(a)(1), or 1246(a)(1) of 
IFCA (including in each case as informed by section 1253(c)(2) of IFCA) for 
engaging in transactions or activities outside the scope of the waiver 
determinations as to IFCA issued by the Secretary of State to give effect 
to sanctions commitments described in sections 17.1-17.3 and 17.5 of Annex 
V of the JCPOA, and any renewals thereof, such Secretary may select one or 
more of the sanctions set forth below to impose on that person, and the 
Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
shall take the following actions where necessary to implement the sanctions 
selected and maintained by the Secretary of State or the Secretary of the 
Treasury:

  (A) prohibit any United States financial institution from making loans or 
providing credits to the sanctioned person totaling more than $10,000,000 
in any 12-month period, unless such person is engaged in activities to 
relieve human suffering and the loans or credits are provided for such 
activities;

  (B) prohibit any transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the 
jurisdiction of the United States and in which the sanctioned person has 
any interest;

  (C) prohibit any transfers of credit or payments between financial 
institutions or by, through, or to any financial institution, to the extent 
that such transfers or payments are subject to the jurisdiction of the 
United States and involve any interest of the sanctioned person;

[[Page 428]]

  (D) block all property and interests in property that are in the United 
States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or 
hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person 
(including any foreign branch) of the sanctioned person, and provide that 
such property and interests in property may not be transferred, paid, 
exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in;

  (E) prohibit any United States person from investing in or purchasing 
significant amounts of equity or debt instruments of a sanctioned person;

  (F) restrict or prohibit imports of goods, technology, or services, 
directly or indirectly, into the United States from the sanctioned person; 
or

  (G) impose on the principal executive officer or officers, or persons 
performing similar functions and with similar authorities, of a sanctioned 
person the sanctions described in subsections (b)(i)(A)-(F) of this 
section, as selected by the Secretary of State or the Secretary of the 
Treasury, as appropriate.

(ii) The prohibitions in subsection (b)(i) of this section apply except to 
the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or 
licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any 
contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the date of 
this order.

(c)(i) All property and interests in property that are in the United 
States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or 
hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person 
(including any foreign branch) of the following persons are blocked and may 
not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any 
person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with or 
at the recommendation of the Secretary of State:

  (A) to have engaged, on or after January 2, 2013, in corruption or other 
activities relating to the diversion of goods, including agricultural 
commodities, food, medicine, and medical devices, intended for the people 
of Iran;

  (B) to have engaged, on or after January 2, 2013, in corruption or other 
activities relating to the misappropriation of proceeds from the sale or 
resale of goods described in subsection (c)(i)(A) of this section;

  (C) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in 
support of, the activities described in subsection (c)(i)(A) or (c)(i)(B) 
of this section or any person whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to subsection (c)(i) of this section; or

  (D) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act 
for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to subsection (c)(i) of this 
section.

(ii) The prohibitions in subsection (c)(i) of this section apply except to 
the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or 
licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any 
contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the date of 
this order.

[[Page 429]]

Sec. 4. Donations. I hereby determine that, to the extent section 
203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) may apply, the making of 
donations of the types of articles specified in such section by, to, or 
for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property 
are blocked pursuant to this order would seriously impair my ability to 
deal with the national emergency declared in Executive Order 12957, and 
I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by subsections 3(a)(ii), 
3(b)(i)(D), and 3(c)(i) of this order.
Sec. 5. Prohibitions. The prohibitions in subsections 3(a)(ii), 
3(b)(i)(D), and 3(c)(i) of this order include but are not limited to:
    (a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and
    (b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services from any such person.
Sec. 6. Entry into the United States. I hereby find that the 
unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of 
aliens who are determined to meet one or more of the criteria in 
subsections 3(a)(i) and 3(c)(i) of this order would be detrimental to 
the interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend the entry into 
the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of such persons as of 
the date of this order. Such persons shall be treated as persons covered 
by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry 
of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).
Sec. 7. General Authorities. The Secretary of the Treasury, in 
consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take 
such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and 
to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be 
necessary to carry out the purposes of this order, other than the 
purposes described in section 6 of this order. The Secretary of the 
Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and 
agencies of the United States Government consistent with applicable law.
Sec. 8. Evasion and Conspiracy. (a) Any transaction that evades or 
avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, 
or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order 
is prohibited.
    (b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set 
forth in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 9. Definitions. For the purposes of this order:
    (a) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, 
joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;
    (b) the term ``financial institution,'' as used in subsection 3(b) 
of this order, includes:

(i) a depository institution (as defined in section 3(c)(1) of the Federal 
Deposit Insurance Act) (12 U.S.C. 1813(c)(1)), including a branch or agency 
of a foreign bank (as defined in section 1(b)(7) of the International 
Banking Act of 1978) (12 U.S.C. 3101(7));

(ii) a credit union;

(iii) a securities firm, including a broker or dealer;

[[Page 430]]

(iv) an insurance company, including an agency or underwriter; and

(v) any other company that provides financial services;

    (c) the term ``Government of Iran'' includes the Government of Iran, 
any political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including 
the Central Bank of Iran, and any person owned or controlled by, or 
acting for or on behalf of, the Government of Iran;
    (d) the term ``Iran'' means the Government of Iran and the territory 
of Iran and any other territory or marine area, including the exclusive 
economic zone and continental shelf, over which the Government of Iran 
claims sovereignty, sovereign rights, or jurisdiction, provided that the 
Government of Iran exercises partial or total de facto control over the 
area or derives a benefit from economic activity in the area pursuant to 
international arrangements;
    (e) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
    (f) the term ``sanctioned person'' means a person that the Secretary 
of State or the Secretary of the Treasury, pursuant to authority 
delegated by the President and in accordance with the terms of such 
delegation, has determined is a person on whom sanctions shall be 
imposed pursuant to section 1244(d)(1)(A), 1245(a)(1), or 1246(a)(1) of 
IFCA (including in each case as informed by section 1253(c)(2) of IFCA) 
for engaging in transactions or activities outside the scope of the 
waiver determinations as to IFCA issued by the Secretary of State to 
give effect to sanctions commitments described in sections 17.1-17.3 and 
17.5 of Annex V of the JCPOA, and any renewals thereof, and on whom the 
Secretary of State or the Secretary of the Treasury has imposed any of 
the sanctions in subsection 3(b) of this order;
    (g) the term ``United States financial institution'' means a 
financial institution as defined in subsection (b) of this section 
(including its foreign branches) organized under the laws of the United 
States or any jurisdiction within the United States or located in the 
United States; and
    (h) the term ``United States person'' means any United States 
citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of 
the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States 
(including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.
Sec. 10. Notice. For those persons whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a 
constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the 
ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice 
to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would 
render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these 
measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared 
in Executive Order 12957, there need be no prior notice of an action 
taken pursuant to subsection 3(a)(ii), 3(b)(i)(D), or 3(c)(i) of this 
order.
Sec. 11. Direction to Agencies. All agencies of the United States 
Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within 
their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.
Sec. 12. Rights. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any 
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in 
equity by any party against the United States, its departments, 
agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other 
person.

[[Page 431]]

Sec. 13. Effect on Actions or Proceedings. Pursuant to section 202 of 
the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1622), the revocation of Executive Orders 13574, 
13590, 13622, and 13645 and the amendments to Executive Order 13628 as 
set forth in sections 1 and 2 of this order, shall not affect any action 
taken or proceeding pending not finally concluded or determined as of 
the date of this order, or any action or proceeding based on any act 
committed prior to the date of this order, or any rights or duties that 
matured or penalties that were incurred prior to the date of this order.
Sec. 14. Relationship to Algiers Accords. The measures taken pursuant to 
this order are in response to actions of the Government of Iran 
occurring after the conclusion of the 1981 Algiers Accords, and are 
intended solely as a response to those later actions.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    January 16, 2016.
Executive Order 13717 of February 2, 2016

Establishing a Federal Earthquake Risk Management Standard

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Earthquake Hazards 
Reduction Act of 1977, as amended, and section 121(a) of title 40, 
United States Code, and to improve the Nation's resilience to 
earthquakes, I hereby direct the following:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to strengthen 
the security and resilience of the Nation against earthquakes, to 
promote public safety, economic strength, and national security. To that 
end, the Federal Government must continue to take proactive steps to 
enhance the resilience of buildings that are owned, leased, financed, or 
regulated by the Federal Government. When making investment decisions 
related to Federal buildings, each executive department and agency 
(agency) responsible for implementing this order shall seek to enhance 
resilience by reducing risk to the lives of building occupants and 
improving continued performance of essential functions following future 
earthquakes. The Federal Government recognizes that building codes and 
standards primarily focus on ensuring minimum acceptable levels of 
earthquake safety for preserving the lives of building occupants. To 
achieve true resilience against earthquakes, however, new and existing 
buildings may need to exceed those codes and standards to ensure, for 
example, that the buildings can continue to perform their essential 
functions following future earthquakes. Agencies are thus encouraged to 
consider going beyond the codes and standards set out in this order to 
ensure that buildings are fully earthquake resilient.
Sec. 2. Requirements for Earthquake Safety of New Federal Buildings, 
Improvements to Existing Federal Buildings, and Federally Leased, 
Financed, or Regulated Buildings.
    (a) New Buildings and Alterations to Existing Buildings. Each agency 
responsible for the design and construction of a new building or an 
alteration

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to an existing building shall ensure that the building is designed, 
constructed, or altered, respectively, in accord with appropriate 
earthquake-resistant design and construction codes and standards as set 
forth in sections 3(a) and 3(b) of this order.
    (b) Space Leased for Federal Occupancy. Each agency responsible for 
the lease of a building shall, to the extent permitted by law, ensure 
that it leases only buildings that have been designed and constructed in 
accord with the appropriate earthquake-resistant design and construction 
standards that apply to the type of lease at issue, as set forth in 
section 3(c) of this order.
    (c) Federal Assistance Programs. Each agency assisting in the 
financing, through Federal grants or loans, or guaranteeing the 
financing, through loan or mortgage insurance programs, of a newly 
constructed building shall consider updating its procedures for 
providing the assistance to be consistent with section 3(a) of this 
order, to assure appropriate consideration of earthquake safety.
    (d) Federally Regulated Buildings. Each agency with responsibility 
for regulating the structural safety of a new building shall consider 
using earthquake-resistant design and construction standards for the new 
building consistent with section 3(a) of this order.
Sec. 3. Codes, Standards, and Concurrent Requirements. (a) Commencing 
within 90 days after the date of this order, each agency shall ensure 
that every new building for which the agency has not started programming 
is in compliance with the earthquake-resistant design provisions of the 
2015 editions of the International Building Code (IBC) or the 
International Residential Code (IRC), nationally recognized building 
codes promulgated by the International Code Council (ICC), or equivalent 
codes, consistent with the provisions of and to the extent required by 
40 U.S.C. 3312. When the ICC releases a new version of the IRC or IBC, 
each agency that constructs buildings shall determine whether the new 
version is a nationally recognized code for the purposes of 40 U.S.C. 
3312(b), as expeditiously as practicable, but not later than 2 years 
after the release of the new version. If an agency determines that a new 
version is a nationally recognized code, it shall ensure that any 
building, for which the agency has not started programming, shall be in 
compliance with that new version or an equivalent code.
    (b) Each agency that owns an existing Federal building shall adopt 
the Standards of Seismic Safety for Existing Federally Owned and Leased 
Buildings (Standards), which are developed, issued, and maintained by 
the Interagency Committee on Seismic Safety in Construction (ICSSC), as 
the minimum level acceptable for managing the earthquake risks in that 
building. Any agency that has not adopted the Standards at the time of 
this order shall adopt the Standards no later than 90 days from the date 
of this order. All agencies shall adopt subsequent editions of the 
Standards as expeditiously as practicable, but no later than 2 years 
following their issuance.
    (c) Each agency that leases space in an existing building shall 
adopt the Standards as the minimum level acceptable for managing the 
earthquake risks in that building. This requirement shall apply to 
existing leases or leases existing at the time of issuance of updated 
Standards only to the extent appropriate, as determined by the leasing 
agency. With respect to

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leases for a building being constructed to accommodate a Federal agency 
under the authority in 40 U.S.C. 585(a), the leasing agency shall ensure 
that the building complies with the earthquake-resistant design and 
construction standards that would apply to a building constructed by the 
agency pursuant to section 3(a) of this order. With respect to such 
leases entered into under authority other than 40 U.S.C. 585(a), the 
leasing agency shall ensure that the building complies with the 
earthquake-resistant design and construction standards that would apply 
to a building constructed by the agency pursuant to section 3(a) of this 
order, to the extent permitted by law.
    (d) Agencies may require higher performance levels than exist in the 
codes and standards described in sections 3(a), (b), and (c) of this 
order.
Sec. 4. Agency and Committee Responsibilities. (a) The ICSSC shall be 
composed of representatives of all Federal agencies engaged in 
construction, financing of construction, or related activities. The 
National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) Lead Agency, 
currently the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 
shall lead the ICSSC, and shall lead the development and maintenance of 
ICSSC guidelines to assist the Federal agencies with implementing 
earthquake risk reduction measures in their construction programs.
    (b) Agencies whose activities are covered by this order shall 
designate one or more Seismic Safety Coordinator(s) to serve as focal 
points for the agency's compliance with this order and to participate in 
the ICSSC as appropriate. Within 30 days of the date of this order, each 
agency shall identify its Seismic Safety Coordinator(s) to the Director 
of NIST.
    (c) The Director of NIST, on behalf of the ICSSC, shall issue 
implementing guidelines to assist agency compliance with this order 
within 8 months of the date of this order. The implementing guidelines 
shall provide specific guidance, including guidance about the roles and 
responsibilities of the agencies under section 2 of this order. The 
implementing guidelines shall also describe the responsibilities and 
necessary qualifications of the Seismic Safety Coordinator.
    (d) The Director of NIST, on behalf of the ICSSC, shall provide 
assistance in interpreting the implementing guidelines to the Federal 
departments and agencies.
    (e) The ICSSC shall publish updated Standards for assessing and 
enhancing the earthquake resilience of existing buildings as required by 
this order. The ICSSC shall review and update the Standards as needed to 
comply with this order at the maximum interval of every 6 years. 
Participation in the ICSSC shall continue to be open to all agencies 
with programs affected by this order. The Director of NIST shall provide 
support for the secretariat of the ICSSC and determine the frequency and 
scope of the ICSSC meetings as necessary to support this order.
    (f) Agencies whose activities are covered by this order shall submit 
biennial reports to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) and the Director of NIST on their progress in implementing the 
order, commencing 2 years from the date of this order.
    (g) Agency compliance shall be summarized in the NEHRP reports to 
the Congress.

[[Page 434]]

Sec. 5. Revocation. Executive Order 12699 of January 5, 1990 (Seismic 
Safety of Federal and Federally Assisted or Regulated New Building 
Construction), as amended, and Executive Order 12941 of December 1, 1994 
(Seismic Safety of Existing Federally Owned or Leased Buildings) are 
hereby revoked.
Sec. 6. Definitions. As used in this order:
    (a) ``building'' means any structure, fully or partially enclosed, 
used or intended for sheltering persons or property;
    (b) ``alteration to an existing building'' means an action that 
alters, as defined in 40 U.S.C. 3301(a)(1), a building and that 
significantly extends the building's useful life and totals more than 
the replacement values established in the Standards for the building's 
assigned Seismic Design Category; and
    (c) ``programming'' means developing and validating project 
assumptions, scope, budgets, and implementation strategy for a building.
Sec. 7. Exemption Authority. (a) The head of an agency may exempt a 
building from sections 2 and 3 of this order:

(i) to the extent the head of an agency determines that exempting such 
building is substantially related to an important law enforcement purpose; 
or

(ii) to the extent the head of an agency determines that exempting such 
building is necessary to address an extraordinary circumstance relating to 
national security or public safety.

    (b) Even when otherwise eligible for an exemption under this 
section, each agency shall strive to comply with the purposes, goals, 
and requirements set forth in this order to the maximum extent 
practicable.
    (c) If the head of an agency issues an exemption under this section, 
the agency must notify the Director of OMB in writing within 30 days of 
issuance of the exemption under this subsection.
Sec. 8. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the 
head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of OMB relating to budgetary, 
administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
    (d) Nothing in this order shall apply to assistance provided for 
emergency work essential to save lives and protect property and public 
health and safety, performed pursuant to agencies' statutory 
authorities, and sections 402, 403, 502, and 503 of the Robert T. 
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (the ``Stafford 
Act'') (42 U.S.C. 5170a, 5170b, 5192, and 5193), or for temporary 
housing assistance programs and individual and family grants performed 
pursuant to section 408 of the Stafford

[[Page 435]]

Act (42 U.S.C. 5174). This order shall, however, apply to other 
provisions of the Stafford Act after a Presidentially declared major 
disaster or emergency when assistance actions involve new construction 
or alterations to an existing building.
    (e) This order applies only to buildings within the United States 
and its territories and possessions.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    February 2, 2016.
Executive Order 13718 of February 9, 2016

Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and in order to enhance 
cybersecurity awareness and protections at all levels of Government, 
business, and society, to protect privacy, to ensure public safety and 
economic and national security, and to empower Americans to take better 
control of their digital security, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Establishment. There is established within the Department of 
Commerce the Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity 
(Commission).
Sec. 2. Membership. (a) The Commission shall be composed of not more 
than 12 members appointed by the President. The members of the 
Commission may include those with knowledge about or experience in 
cybersecurity, the digital economy, national security and law 
enforcement, corporate governance, risk management, information 
technology (IT), privacy, identity management, Internet governance and 
standards, government administration, digital and social media, 
communications, or any other area determined by the President to be of 
value to the Commission. The Speaker of the House of Representatives, 
the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, the Majority Leader 
of the Senate, and the Minority Leader of the Senate are each invited to 
recommend one individual for membership on the Commission. No federally 
registered lobbyist or person presently otherwise employed by the 
Federal Government may serve on the Commission.
    (b) The President shall designate one member of the Commission to 
serve as the Chair and one member of the Commission to serve as the Vice 
Chair.
Sec. 3. Mission and Work. The Commission will make detailed 
recommendations to strengthen cybersecurity in both the public and 
private sectors while protecting privacy, ensuring public safety and 
economic and national security, fostering discovery and development of 
new technical solutions, and bolstering partnerships between Federal, 
State, and local government and the private sector in the development, 
promotion, and use of cybersecurity technologies, policies, and best 
practices. The Commission's recommendations should address actions that 
can be taken over the next decade to accomplish these goals.

[[Page 436]]

    (a) In developing its recommendations, the Commission shall identify 
and study actions necessary to further improve cybersecurity awareness, 
risk management, and adoption of best practices throughout the private 
sector and at all levels of government. These areas of study may include 
methods to influence the way individuals and organizations perceive and 
use technology and approach cybersecurity as consumers and providers in 
the digital economy; demonstrate the nature and severity of 
cybersecurity threats, the importance of mitigation, and potential ways 
to manage and reduce the economic impacts of cyber risk; improve access 
to the knowledge needed to make informed cyber risk management decisions 
related to privacy, economic impact, and business continuity; and 
develop partnerships with industry, civil society, and international 
stakeholders. At a minimum, the Commission shall develop recommendations 
regarding:

(i) how best to bolster the protection of systems and data, including how 
to advance identity management, authentication, and cybersecurity of online 
identities, in light of technological developments and other trends;

(ii) ensuring that cybersecurity is a core element of the technologies 
associated with the Internet of Things and cloud computing, and that the 
policy and legal foundation for cybersecurity in the context of the 
Internet of Things is stable and adaptable;

(iii) further investments in research and development initiatives that can 
enhance cybersecurity;

(iv) increasing the quality, quantity, and level of expertise of the 
cybersecurity workforce in the Federal Government and private sector, 
including through education and training;

(v) improving broad-based education of commonsense cybersecurity practices 
for the general public; and

(vi) any other issues that the President, through the Secretary of Commerce 
(Secretary), requests the Commission to consider.

    (b) In developing its recommendations, the Commission shall also 
identify and study advances in technology, management, and IT service 
delivery that should be developed, widely adopted, or further tested 
throughout the private sector and at all levels of government, and in 
particular in the Federal Government and by critical infrastructure 
owners and operators. These areas of study may include cybersecurity 
technologies and other advances that are responsive to the rapidly 
evolving digital economy, and approaches to accelerating the 
introduction and use of emerging methods designed to enhance early 
detection, mitigation, and management of cyber risk in the security and 
privacy, and business and governance sectors. At a minimum, the 
Commission shall develop recommendations regarding:

(i) governance, procurement, and management processes for Federal civilian 
IT systems, applications, services, and infrastructure, including the 
following:

  (A) a framework for identifying which IT services should be developed 
internally or shared across agencies, and for specific investment 
priorities for all such IT services;

[[Page 437]]

  (B) a framework to ensure that as Federal civilian agencies procure, 
modernize, or upgrade their IT systems, cybersecurity is incorporated into 
the process;

  (C) a governance model for managing cybersecurity risk, enhancing 
resilience, and ensuring appropriate incident response and recovery in the 
operations of, and delivery of goods and services by, the Federal 
Government; and

  (D) strategies to overcome barriers that make it difficult for the 
Federal Government to adopt and keep pace with industry best practices;

(ii) effective private sector and government approaches to critical 
infrastructure protection in light of current and projected trends in 
cybersecurity threats and the connected nature of the United States 
economy;

(iii) steps State and local governments can take to enhance cybersecurity, 
and how the Federal Government can best support such steps; and

(iv) any other issues that the President, through the Secretary, requests 
the Commission to consider.

    (c) To accomplish its mission, the Commission shall:

(i) reference and, as appropriate, build on successful existing 
cybersecurity policies, public-private partnerships, and other initiatives;

(ii) consult with cybersecurity, national security and law enforcement, 
privacy, management, technology, and digital economy experts in the public 
and private sectors;

(iii) seek input from those who have experienced significant cybersecurity 
incidents to understand lessons learned from these experiences, including 
identifying any barriers to awareness, risk management, and investment;

(iv) review reported information from the Office of Management and Budget 
regarding Federal information and information systems, including legacy 
systems, in order to assess critical Federal civilian IT infrastructures, 
governance, and management processes;

(v) review the impact of technological trends and market forces on existing 
cybersecurity policies and practices; and

(vi) examine other issues related to the Commission's mission that the 
Chair and Vice Chair agree are necessary and appropriate to the 
Commission's work.

    (d) Where appropriate, the Commission may conduct original research, 
commission studies, and hold hearings to further examine particular 
issues.
    (e) The Commission shall be advisory in nature and shall submit a 
final report to the President by December 1, 2016. This report shall be 
published on a public Web site along with any appropriate response from 
the President within 45 days after it is provided to the President.
Sec. 4. Administration. (a) The Commission shall hold periodic meetings 
in public forums in an open and transparent environment.
    (b) In carrying out its mission, the Commission shall be informed 
by, and shall strive to avoid duplicating, the efforts of other 
governmental entities.

[[Page 438]]

    (c) The Commission shall have a staff, headed by an Executive 
Director, which shall provide support for the functions of the 
Commission. The Secretary shall appoint the Executive Director, who 
shall be a full-time Federal employee, and the Commission's staff. The 
Executive Director may also serve as the Designated Federal Officer in 
accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended, 5 U.S.C. 
App. (FACA, the ``Act'').
    (d) The Executive Director, in consultation with the Chair and Vice 
Chair, shall have the authority to create subcommittees as necessary to 
support the Commission's work and to examine particular areas of 
importance. These subcommittees must report their work to the Commission 
to inform its final recommendations.
    (e) The Secretary will work with the heads of executive departments 
and agencies, to the extent permitted by law and consistent with their 
ongoing activities, to provide the Commission such information and 
cooperation as it may require for purposes of carrying out its mission.
Sec. 5. Termination. The Commission shall terminate within 15 days after 
it presents its final report to the President, unless extended by the 
President.
Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) To the extent permitted by law, and 
subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall 
direct the Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology to provide the Commission with such expertise, services, 
funds, facilities, staff, equipment, and other support services as may 
be necessary to carry out its mission.
    (b) Insofar as FACA may apply to the Commission, any functions of 
the President under that Act, except for those in section 6 and section 
14 of that Act, shall be performed by the Secretary.
    (c) Members of the Commission shall serve without any compensation 
for their work on the Commission, but shall be allowed travel expenses, 
including per diem in lieu of subsistence, to the extent permitted by 
law for persons serving intermittently in the Government service (5 
U.S.C. 5701-5707).
    (d) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to a department, agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (e) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    February 9, 2016.

[[Page 439]]

Executive Order 13719 of February 9, 2016

Establishment of the Federal Privacy Council

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. The mission of the United States Government is to 
serve its people. In order to accomplish its mission, the Government 
lawfully collects, maintains, and uses large amounts of information 
about people in a wide range of contexts. Protecting privacy in the 
collection and handling of this information is fundamental to the 
successful accomplishment of the Government's mission. The proper 
functioning of Government requires the public's trust, and to maintain 
that trust the Government must strive to uphold the highest standards 
for collecting, maintaining, and using personal data. Privacy has been 
at the heart of our democracy from its inception, and we need it now 
more than ever.
Executive departments and agencies (agencies) already take seriously 
their mission to protect privacy and have been working diligently to 
advance that mission through existing interagency mechanisms. Today's 
challenges, however, require that we find even more effective and 
innovative ways to improve the Government's efforts. Our efforts to meet 
these new challenges and preserve our core value of privacy, while 
delivering better and more effective Government services for the 
American people, demand leadership and enhanced coordination and 
collaboration among a diverse group of stakeholders and experts.
Therefore, it shall be the policy of the United States Government that 
agencies shall establish an interagency support structure that: builds 
on existing interagency efforts to protect privacy and provides 
expertise and assistance to agencies; expands the skill and career 
development opportunities of agency privacy professionals; improves the 
management of agency privacy programs by identifying and sharing lessons 
learned and best practices; and promotes collaboration between and among 
agency privacy professionals to reduce unnecessary duplication of 
efforts and to ensure the effective, efficient, and consistent 
implementation of privacy policy Government-wide.
Sec. 2. Policy on Senior Agency Officials for Privacy. Within 120 days 
of the date of this order, the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget (Director) shall issue a revised policy on the role and 
designation of the Senior Agency Officials for Privacy. The policy shall 
provide guidance on the Senior Agency Official for Privacy's 
responsibilities at their agencies, required level of expertise, 
adequate level of resources, and other matters as determined by the 
Director. Agencies shall implement the requirements of the policy within 
a reasonable time frame as prescribed by the Director and consistent 
with applicable law.
Sec. 3. Responsibilities of Agency Heads. The head of each agency, 
consistent with guidance to be issued by the Director as required in 
section 2 of this order, shall designate or re-designate a Senior Agency 
Official for Privacy with the experience and skills necessary to manage 
an agency-wide privacy program. In addition, the head of each agency, to 
the extent permitted by law and consistent with ongoing activities, 
shall work with the Federal Privacy Council, established in section 4 of 
this order.

[[Page 440]]

Sec. 4. The Federal Privacy Council.
    (a) Establishment. There is hereby established the Federal Privacy 
Council (Privacy Council) as the principal interagency forum to improve 
the Government privacy practices of agencies and entities acting on 
their behalf. The establishment of the Privacy Council will help Senior 
Agency Officials for Privacy at agencies better coordinate and 
collaborate, educate the Federal workforce, and exchange best practices. 
The activities of the Privacy Council will reinforce the essential work 
that agency privacy officials undertake every day to protect privacy.
    (b) Membership. The Chair of the Privacy Council shall be the Deputy 
Director for Management of the Office of Management and Budget. The 
Chair may designate a Vice Chair, establish working groups, and assign 
responsibilities for operations of the Privacy Council as he or she 
deems necessary. In addition to the Chair, the Privacy Council shall be 
composed of the Senior Agency Officials for Privacy at the following 
agencies:

(i) Department of State;

(ii) Department of the Treasury;

(iii) Department of Defense;

(iv) Department of Justice;

(v) Department of the Interior;

(vi) Department of Agriculture;

(vii) Department of Commerce;

(viii) Department of Labor;

(ix) Department of Health and Human Services;

(x) Department of Homeland Security;

(xi) Department of Housing and Urban Development;

(xii) Department of Transportation;

(xiii) Department of Energy;

(xiv) Department of Education;

(xv) Department of Veterans Affairs;

(xvi) Environmental Protection Agency;

(xvii) Office of the Director of National Intelligence;

(xviii) Small Business Administration;

(xix) National Aeronautics and Space Administration;

(xx) Agency for International Development;

(xxi) General Services Administration;

(xxii) National Science Foundation;

(xxiii) Office of Personnel Management; and

(xxiv) National Archives and Records Administration.

[[Page 441]]

The Privacy Council may also include other officials from agencies and 
offices, as the Chair may designate, and the Chair may invite the 
participation of officials from such independent agencies as he or she 
deems appropriate.
    (c) Functions. The Privacy Council shall:

(i) develop recommendations for the Office of Management and Budget on 
Federal Government privacy policies and requirements;

(ii) coordinate and share ideas, best practices, and approaches for 
protecting privacy and implementing appropriate privacy safeguards;

(iii) assess and recommend how best to address the hiring, training, and 
professional development needs of the Federal Government with respect to 
privacy matters; and

(iv) perform other privacy-related functions, consistent with law, as 
designated by the Chair.

    (d) Coordination.

(i) The Chair and the Privacy Council shall coordinate with the Federal 
Chief Information Officers Council (CIO Council) to promote consistency and 
efficiency across the executive branch when addressing privacy and 
information security issues. In addition, the Chairs of the Privacy Council 
and the CIO Council shall coordinate to ensure that the work of the two 
councils is complementary and not duplicative.

(ii) The Chair and the Privacy Council should coordinate, as appropriate, 
with such other interagency councils and councils and offices within the 
Executive Office of the President, as appropriate, including the 
President's Management Council, the Chief Financial Officers Council, the 
President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency, the National Science and 
Technology Council, the National Economic Council, the Domestic Policy 
Council, the National Security Council staff, the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, the Interagency Council on Statistical Policy, the 
Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council, and the Small Agency Council.

Sec. 5. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to a department, agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director relating to budgetary, administrative, 
or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) Independent agencies are encouraged to comply with the 
requirements of this order.
    (d) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    February 9, 2016.

[[Page 442]]

Executive Order 13720 of February 26, 2016

Delegation of Certain Authorities and Assignment of Certain Functions 
Under the Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the Trade Preferences 
Extension Act of 2015 (the ``Act'') (Public Law 114-27), and section 301 
of title 3, United States Code, I hereby order as follows:
Section 1. Authorities and Functions under the Act. (a) Except as 
provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section, the 
authorities granted to and functions specifically assigned to the 
President under title I of the Act are delegated and assigned, 
respectively, to the United States Trade Representative (U.S. Trade 
Representative).
    (b) The exercise of the following authorities of, and functions 
specifically assigned to the President under title I of the Act are not 
delegated or assigned under this order:

(i) section 104(c) of the Act;

(ii) sections 105(a) and (b) of the Act; and

(iii) sections 506A(d)(3)(B) and (d)(4)(C) of the Trade Act of 1974 (as 
amended by the Act).

    (c) The functions of the President under section 13(c) of the AGOA 
Acceleration Act of 2004, as added by section 109 of the Act, are 
assigned to the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
International Development, in collaboration with the Secretary of 
Agriculture.
    (d) The functions of the President under section 110(a) of the Act 
are assigned to the U.S. Trade Representative, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State.
Sec. 2. Reducing Poverty and Eliminating Hunger. The U.S. Trade 
Representative, with the advice and assistance of other executive 
departments and agencies involved in international programs to reduce 
poverty and eliminate hunger, shall perform the reporting function under 
section 701 of the Act.
Sec. 3. General Provisions. (a) In exercising authority delegated by or 
performing functions assigned in this order, officers of the United 
States:

(i) shall ensure that all actions taken by them are consistent with the 
President's constitutional authority to (A) conduct the foreign affairs of 
the United States, including the commencement, conduct, and termination of 
negotiations with foreign countries and international organizations; (B) 
withhold information the disclosure of which could impair the foreign 
relations, the national security, the deliberative processes of the 
Executive, or the performance of the Executive's constitutional duties; (C) 
recommend for congressional consideration such measures as the President 
may judge necessary or expedient; and (D) supervise the executive branch; 
and

(ii) may redelegate authority delegated by this order and may further 
assign functions assigned by this order to officers of any other department

[[Page 443]]

or agency within the executive branch to the extent permitted by law, and 
such redelegation or further assignment shall be published in the Federal 
Register.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    February 26, 2016.
Executive Order 13721 of March 14, 2016

Developing an Integrated Global Engagement Center to Support Government-
wide Counterterrorism Communications Activities Directed Abroad and 
Revoking Executive Order 13584

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 2656 of title 
22, United States Code, and section 3161 of title 5, United States Code, 
it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Establishment of the Global Engagement Center. The Secretary 
of State (Secretary) shall establish the Global Engagement Center 
(Center) which shall lead the coordination, integration, and 
synchronization of Government-wide communications activities directed at 
foreign audiences abroad in order to counter the messaging and diminish 
the influence of international terrorist organizations, including the 
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), al Qa'ida, and other 
violent extremists abroad, with specific responsibilities as set forth 
in section 3 of this order. The executive director of the Center shall 
be the Special Envoy and Coordinator for Global Engagement 
Communications (Coordinator), who shall report to the Secretary through 
the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy.
Sec. 2. Revocation. Executive Order 13584 of September 9, 2011 
(Developing an Integrated Strategic Counterterrorism Communications 
Initiative and Establishing a Temporary Organization to Support Certain 
Government-Wide Communications Activities Directed Abroad), is revoked.
Sec. 3. Responsibilities Assigned to the Center. Recognizing the need 
for innovation and new approaches to counter the messaging and diminish 
the influence of international terrorist organizations, including ISIL, 
al Qa'ida, and other violent extremists abroad, and in order to protect 
the vital national interests of the United States, while also 
recognizing the importance of protections for freedom of expression, 
including those under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the 
United States and international human rights obligations, the 
responsibilities and functions of the Center shall include the 
following:

[[Page 444]]

    (a) coordinating, integrating, and synchronizing all public 
communications of the United States Government directed toward foreign 
audiences abroad in order to counter the messaging and diminish the 
influence of international terrorist organizations and other violent 
extremists abroad;
    (b) developing and promulgating throughout the executive branch, on 
the basis of rigorous research and modern data analysis, the U.S. 
strategic counterterrorism narratives, guidance, and associated 
communications strategies directed toward foreign audiences abroad in 
order to counter the messaging and diminish the influence of 
international terrorist organizations and other violent extremists 
abroad;
    (c) consulting and engaging, in coordination with agencies and the 
Countering Violent Extremism Task Force, as appropriate, with a range of 
communications-related actors and entities, within the United States and 
abroad, including governments, private sector and civil society 
entities, in order to contribute to U.S. Government efforts to counter 
the communications-related radicalization to violence and recruitment 
activities of international terrorist organizations and other violent 
extremists abroad, while also building the capacity of partners to 
create resonant positive alternative narratives and to diminish the 
influence of such international terrorist organizations and other 
violent extremists abroad;
    (d) identifying, engaging, employing, or acquiring the best 
available talent across the U.S. and from global private sectors, 
academia, and elsewhere to support the Center's mission;
    (e) identifying shortfalls in any U.S. capabilities in any areas 
relevant to the Center's mission and implementing or recommending, as 
appropriate, necessary enhancements or changes; and
    (f) developing, supporting, and sustaining networks of governmental 
and non-governmental partners, to provide original content and 
disseminate messaging products to foreign audiences abroad and to 
create, develop, and sustain effective positive alternative narratives 
consistent with U.S. policy objectives.
Sec. 4. Establishment of a Steering Committee. The Secretary shall 
establish a Steering Committee composed of senior representatives of 
agencies relevant to the Center's mission to provide advice to the 
Secretary on the operations and strategic orientation of the Center and 
to ensure adequate support for the Center. The Steering Committee shall 
be chaired by the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy. The 
Steering Committee shall include one senior representative designated by 
the head of each of the following agencies: the Department of Defense, 
the Department of Justice, the Department of Homeland Security, the 
Department of the Treasury, the Small Business Administration, the 
National Counterterrorism Center, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the 
Counterterrorism Center of the Central Intelligence Agency, the 
Broadcast Board of Governors, and the United States Agency for 
International Development. Other agencies may be invited to participate 
in the Steering Committee at the discretion of the Chair.
Sec. 5. Interagency Support. Agencies are hereby directed, consistent 
with budget priorities and mission constraints, upon request by the 
Secretary and to the extent permitted by law and consistent with the 
need to protect

[[Page 445]]

intelligence and law enforcement sources, methods, operations, and 
investigations, to provide to the Center, and the Center is authorized 
to use, for the purpose of carrying out the responsibilities outlined in 
this order:
    (a) details or assignments of personnel, which shall be based on 
reasonable requests in light of the need for specific domain expertise, 
and after consultation with the relevant agency to ensure that such 
requests align with their authorities and resources;
    (b) the use of physical premises, equipment, and logistical or 
administrative support;
    (c) relevant information, research, intelligence, and analysis; and
    (d) such other resources and assistance as the Coordinator may 
request for the purpose of carrying out the responsibilities outlined in 
this order.
Sec. 6. Establishment of a Temporary Organization. (a) There is 
established within the Department of State, in accordance with section 
3161 of title 5, United States Code, a temporary organization to be 
known as the Global Engagement Center Coordination Office (GECCO).
    (b) The purpose of the GECCO shall be to perform the specific 
project of providing technical, marketing, management, and operational 
support to the Center in its efforts to build and maintain a network of 
partners outside the U.S. Government, including private sector entities 
and non-governmental organizations, and to develop research and 
analytics to enable measurement and evaluation of the activities of the 
Center and related activities conducted by other agencies.
    (c) In carrying out the purposes set forth in subsection (b) of this 
section, the GECCO shall:

(i) provide technical, marketing, management, and operational support for 
the management of contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements;

(ii) assist the Center in building and maintaining partnerships with 
private sector entities, non-governmental organizations, and others as 
appropriate in support of the Center's mission;

(iii) design and develop sustained campaigns, in coordination with and 
primarily for use by private sector entities and non-governmental 
organizations, on specific areas of interest to foreign audiences abroad in 
support of the Center's mission;

(iv) conduct or commission baseline research to establish the basis for 
evaluation of the activities of the Center and related activities conducted 
by other agencies;

(v) develop analytical models and metrics, consistent with the Center's 
responsibilities, in order to enable measurement and evaluation of the 
activities of the Center in coordinating effective strategies to counter 
the messaging and diminish the influence of international terrorist 
organizations and other violent extremists abroad, and related activities 
conducted by other agencies; and

(vi) perform such other functions related to the specific project set forth 
in subsection (b) of this section as the Secretary may assign.

    (d) The GECCO shall be headed by the Coordinator. Its staff may 
include, as determined by the Coordinator: (1) personnel with relevant 
expertise detailed on a non-reimbursable basis from other agencies; (2) 
senior and other

[[Page 446]]

technical advisers; (3) executive-level personnel; and (4) such other 
personnel as the Secretary may request to support the GECCO. To 
accomplish this mission, the heads of agencies shall, upon request, 
provide to the GECCO, on a non-reimbursable basis, assistance, services, 
and other support including but not limited to logistical and 
administrative support and details of personnel to the extent permitted 
by law. Non-reimbursable details to the GECCO shall be based on 
reasonable requests from the Coordinator in light of the need for 
specific expertise, and after consultation with the relevant agency, to 
the extent permitted by law.
    (e) The GECCO shall terminate at the end of the maximum period 
permitted by section 3161(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code, unless 
sooner terminated by the Secretary consistent with section 3161(a)(2) of 
such title.
    (f) The termination of the GECCO as required by subsection (e) of 
this section shall not be interpreted to imply the termination, 
attenuation or amendment of any other authority or provision of this 
order.
Sec. 7. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) authority granted by law to an agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii) functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    March 14, 2016.
Executive Order 13722 of March 15, 2016

Blocking Property of the Government of North Korea and the Workers' 
Party of Korea, and Prohibiting Certain Transactions With Respect to 
North Korea

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the United Nations 
Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287c) (UNPA), the North Korea 
Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act of 2016 (Public Law 114-122), 
section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 
1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and in view of 
United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2270 of March 2, 
2016,

[[Page 447]]

I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, find that 
the Government of North Korea's continuing pursuit of its nuclear and 
missile programs, as evidenced most recently by its February 7, 2016, 
launch using ballistic missile technology and its January 6, 2016, 
nuclear test in violation of its obligations pursuant to numerous UNSCRs 
and in contravention of its commitments under the September 19, 2005, 
Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks, increasingly imperils the United 
States and its allies. To address those actions, and to take additional 
steps with respect to the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
13466 of June 26, 2008, as modified in scope and relied upon for 
additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders, I hereby order:
Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the 
United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are 
or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States 
person of the Government of North Korea or the Workers' Party of Korea 
are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or 
otherwise dealt in.
    (b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except 
to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, 
directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order or 
pursuant to the export control authorities implemented by the Department 
of Commerce, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any 
license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order.
Sec. 2. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the 
United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are 
or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States 
person of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, 
paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined 
by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State:

(i) to operate in any industry in the North Korean economy as may be 
determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, to be subject to this subsection, such as 
transportation, mining, energy, or financial services;

(ii) to have sold, supplied, transferred, or purchased, directly or 
indirectly, to or from North Korea or any person acting for or on behalf of 
the Government of North Korea or the Workers' Party of Korea, metal, 
graphite, coal, or software, where any revenue or goods received may 
benefit the Government of North Korea or the Workers' Party of Korea, 
including North Korea's nuclear or ballistic missile programs;

(iii) to have engaged in, facilitated, or been responsible for an abuse or 
violation of human rights by the Government of North Korea or the Workers' 
Party of Korea or any person acting for or on behalf of either such entity;

(iv) to have engaged in, facilitated, or been responsible for the 
exportation of workers from North Korea, including exportation to generate 
revenue for the Government of North Korea or the Workers' Party of Korea;

(v) to have engaged in significant activities undermining cybersecurity 
through the use of computer networks or systems against targets outside of 
North Korea on behalf of the Government of North Korea or the Workers' 
Party of Korea;

[[Page 448]]

(vi) to have engaged in, facilitated, or been responsible for censorship by 
the Government of North Korea or the Workers' Party of Korea;

(vii) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in 
support of, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked 
pursuant to this order;

(viii) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act 
for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(ix) to have attempted to engage in any of the activities described in 
subsections (a)(i)-(viii) of this section.

    (b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except 
to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, 
directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and 
notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit 
granted prior to the effective date of this order. The prohibitions in 
subsection (a) of this section are in addition to export control 
authorities implemented by the Department of Commerce.
Sec. 3. (a) The following are prohibited:

(i) the exportation or reexportation, direct or indirect, from the United 
States, or by a United States person, wherever located, of any goods, 
services, or technology to North Korea;

(ii) new investment in North Korea by a United States person, wherever 
located; and

(iii) any approval, financing, facilitation, or guarantee by a United 
States person, wherever located, of a transaction by a foreign person where 
the transaction by that foreign person would be prohibited by this section 
if performed by a United States person or within the United States.

    (b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except 
to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, 
directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order or 
pursuant to the export control authorities implemented by the Department 
of Commerce, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any 
license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order.
Sec. 4. I hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant 
entry into the United States of aliens determined to meet one or more of 
the criteria in subsection 2(a) of this order would be detrimental to 
the interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend entry into the 
United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of such persons. Such 
persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 
8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United 
Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act Sanctions).
Sec. 5. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of 
articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) 
by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to section 1 or 2 of this order would 
seriously impair my ability to deal with the national emergency declared 
in Executive Order

[[Page 449]]

13466, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by sections 1 
and 2 of this order.
Sec. 6. The prohibitions in sections 1 and 2 of this order include but 
are not limited to:
    (a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and
    (b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services from any such person.
Sec. 7. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of 
evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any 
of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
    (b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set 
forth in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 8. Nothing in this order shall prohibit transactions for the 
conduct of the official business of the Federal Government or the United 
Nations (including its specialized agencies, programmes, funds, and 
related organizations) by employees, grantees, or contractors thereof.
Sec. 9. For the purposes of this order:
    (a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
    (b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, 
joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;
    (c) the term ``United States person'' means any United States 
citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of 
the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States 
(including foreign branches), or any person in the United States; and
    (d) the term ``Government of North Korea'' means the Government of 
the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and its agencies, 
instrumentalities, and controlled entities.
Sec. 10. For those persons whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence 
in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer 
funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of 
measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures 
ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be 
effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13466, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination 
made pursuant to section 1 or 2 of this order.
Sec. 11. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers 
granted to the President by IEEPA and the UNPA as may be necessary to 
carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may 
redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the 
United States Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of 
the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate 
measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this 
order.

[[Page 450]]

Sec. 12. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right 
or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity 
by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
Sec. 13. This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on 
March 16, 2016.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    March 15, 2016.
Executive Order 13723 of March 30, 2016

Establishing the Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including my authority as 
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, it is 
hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal. There is hereby established 
the Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal with suitable appurtenances. Except 
as limited in section 2 of this order, and under regulations to be 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, or under regulations to be 
prescribed by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, the 
Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal shall be awarded to members of the Armed 
Forces of the United States who serve or have served in Iraq, Syria, or 
contiguous waters or airspace on or after June 15, 2014, and before a 
terminal date to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 2. Relationship to Other Awards. Notwithstanding section 1 of 
Executive Order 13289 of March 12, 2003, Establishing the Global War on 
Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, any member who qualified for that medal 
by reason of service in Iraq, Syria, or contiguous waters or airspace 
between June 15, 2014, and a terminal date to be determined by the 
Secretary of Defense, shall remain qualified for that medal. Upon 
application, a member by reason of service in Iraq, Syria, or contiguous 
waters or airspace may be awarded the Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal in 
lieu of the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal. A member may be 
awarded either the Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal or the Global War on 
Terrorism Expeditionary Medal by reason of service in Iraq, Syria, or 
contiguous waters or airspace. No member shall be entitled to the award 
of more than one of these two medals for the same period of service.
Sec. 3. Posthumous Award. The Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal may be 
awarded posthumously to any person covered by and under regulations 
prescribed in accordance with the first section of this order.
Sec. 4. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or 
the head thereof; or

[[Page 451]]

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    March 30, 2016.
Executive Order 13724 of April 8, 2016

Amending Executive Order 12137

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States, including section 19 of the Peace Corps Act, 
as amended (22 U.S.C. 2518) and section 301 of title 3, United States 
Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Amendment to Executive Order 12137. Executive Order 12137 of 
May 16, 1979, as amended, is further amended as follows:
    (a) In section 1-1, a new section 1-113 is added to read as follows:
    ``1-113. The functions of adopting, altering, and using an official 
seal or emblem of the Peace Corps as set forth in section 19 of the 
Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2518) is hereby delegated to the Director of 
the Peace Corps.''
    (b) In section 1-3, section 1-301(e) is deleted.
Sec. 2. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the 
head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    April 8, 2016.

[[Page 452]]

Executive Order 13725 of April 15, 2016

Steps to Increase Competition and Better Inform Consumers and Workers to 
Support Continued Growth of the American Economy

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and in order to protect American 
consumers and workers and encourage competition in the U.S. economy, it 
is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. Maintaining, encouraging, and supporting a fair, 
efficient, and competitive marketplace is a cornerstone of the American 
economy. Consumers and workers need both competitive markets and 
information to make informed choices.
Certain business practices such as unlawful collusion, illegal bid 
rigging, price fixing, and wage setting, as well as anticompetitive 
exclusionary conduct and mergers stifle competition and erode the 
foundation of America's economic vitality. The immediate results of such 
conduct--higher prices and poorer service for customers, less 
innovation, fewer new businesses being launched, and reduced 
opportunities for workers--can impact Americans in every walk of life.
Competitive markets also help advance national priorities, such as the 
delivery of affordable health care, energy independence, and improved 
access to fast and affordable broadband. Competitive markets also 
promote economic growth, which creates opportunity for American workers 
and encourages entrepreneurs to start innovative companies that create 
jobs.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) 
have a proven record of detecting and stopping anticompetitive conduct 
and challenging mergers and acquisitions that threaten to consolidate 
markets and reduce competition.
Promoting competitive markets and ensuring that consumers and workers 
have access to the information needed to make informed choices must be a 
shared priority across the Federal Government. Executive departments and 
agencies can contribute to these goals through, among other things, pro-
competitive rulemaking and regulations, and by eliminating regulations 
that create barriers to or limit competition. Such Government-wide 
action is essential to ensuring that consumers, workers, startups, small 
businesses, and farms reap the full benefits of competitive markets.
Sec. 2. Agency Responsibilities. (a) Executive departments and agencies 
with authorities that could be used to enhance competition (agencies) 
shall, where consistent with other laws, use those authorities to 
promote competition, arm consumers and workers with the information they 
need to make informed choices, and eliminate regulations that restrict 
competition without corresponding benefits to the American public.
    (b) Agencies shall identify specific actions that they can take in 
their areas of responsibility to build upon efforts to detect abuses 
such as price fixing, anticompetitive behavior in labor and other input 
markets, exclusionary conduct, and blocking access to critical resources 
that are needed for competitive entry. Behaviors that appear to violate 
our antitrust laws

[[Page 453]]

should be referred to antitrust enforcers at DOJ and the FTC. Such a 
referral shall not preclude further action by the referring agency 
against that behavior under that agency's relevant statutory authority.
    (c) Agencies shall also identify specific actions that they can take 
in their areas of responsibility to address undue burdens on 
competition. As permitted by law, agencies shall consult with other 
interested parties to identify ways that the agency can promote 
competition through pro-competitive rulemaking and regulations, by 
providing consumers and workers with information they need to make 
informed choices, and by eliminating regulations that restrict 
competition without corresponding benefits to the American public.
    (d) Not later than 30 days from the date of this order, agencies 
shall submit to the Director of the National Economic Council an initial 
list of (1) actions each agency can potentially take to promote more 
competitive markets; (2) any specific practices, such as blocking access 
to critical resources, that potentially restrict meaningful consumer or 
worker choice or unduly stifle new market entrants, along with any 
actions the agency can potentially take to address those practices; and 
(3) any relevant authorities and tools potentially available to enhance 
competition or make information more widely available for consumers and 
workers.
    (e) Not later than 60 days from the date of this order, agencies 
shall report to the President, through the Director of the National 
Economic Council, recommendations on agency-specific actions that 
eliminate barriers to competition, promote greater competition, and 
improve consumer access to information needed to make informed 
purchasing decisions. Such recommendations shall include a list of 
priority actions, including rulemakings, as well as timelines for 
completing those actions.
    (f) Subsequently, agencies shall report semi-annually to the 
President, through the Director of the National Economic Council, on 
additional actions that they plan to undertake to promote greater 
competition.
    (g) Sections 2(d), 2(e), and 2(f) of this order do not require 
reporting of information related to law enforcement policy and 
activities.
Sec. 3. General Provisions. (a) This order shall be implemented 
consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of 
appropriations.
    (b) Independent agencies are strongly encouraged to comply with the 
requirements of this order.
    (c) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (d) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    April 15, 2016.

[[Page 454]]

Executive Order 13726 of April 19, 2016

Blocking Property and Suspending Entry Into the United States of Persons 
Contributing to the Situation in Libya

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the 
National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), section 5 of the 
United Nations Participation Act of 1945, as amended (22 U.S.C. 287c) 
(UNPA), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 
U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, hereby 
expand the scope of the national emergency declared in Executive Order 
13566 of February 25, 2011, finding that the ongoing violence in Libya, 
including attacks by armed groups against Libyan state facilities, 
foreign missions in Libya, and critical infrastructure, as well as human 
rights abuses, violations of the arms embargo imposed by United Nations 
Security Council Resolution 1970 (2011), and misappropriation of Libya's 
natural resources threaten the peace, security, stability, sovereignty, 
democratic transition, and territorial integrity of Libya, and thereby 
constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security 
and foreign policy of the United States. To address this threat, and in 
view of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 2174 of August 27, 
2014, and 2213 of March 27, 2015, I hereby order:
Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the 
United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are 
or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States 
person of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, 
paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined 
by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State:

(i) to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have engaged in, directly 
or indirectly, any of the following:

  (A) actions or policies that threaten the peace, security, or stability 
of Libya, including through the supply of arms or related materiel;

  (B) actions or policies that obstruct, undermine, delay, or impede, or 
pose a significant risk of obstructing, undermining, delaying, or impeding, 
the adoption of or political transition to a Government of National Accord 
or a successor government;

  (C) actions that may lead to or result in the misappropriation of state 
assets of Libya; or

  (D) threatening or coercing Libyan state financial institutions or the 
Libyan National Oil Company;

(ii) to be planning, directing, or committing, or to have planned, 
directed, or committed, attacks against any Libyan state facility or 
installation (including oil facilities), against any air, land, or sea port 
in Libya, or against any foreign mission in Libya;

[[Page 455]]

(iii) to be involved in, or to have been involved in, the targeting of 
civilians through the commission of acts of violence, abduction, forced 
displacement, or attacks on schools, hospitals, religious sites, or 
locations where civilians are seeking refuge, or through conduct that would 
constitute a serious abuse or violation of human rights or a violation of 
international humanitarian law;

(iv) to be involved in, or to have been involved in, the illicit 
exploitation of crude oil or any other natural resources in Libya, 
including the illicit production, refining, brokering, sale, purchase, or 
export of Libyan oil;

(v) to be a leader of an entity that has, or whose members have, engaged in 
any activity described in subsections (a)(i), (a)(ii), (a)(iii), or (a)(iv) 
of this section;

(vi) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, 
material, logistical, or technological support for, or goods or services in 
support of (A) any of the activities described in subsections (a)(i), 
(a)(ii), (a)(iii), or (a)(iv) of this section or (B) any person whose 
property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(vii) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act 
for or on behalf of, any person whose property and interests in property 
are blocked pursuant to this order.

    (b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except 
to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, 
directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and 
notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit 
granted prior to the date of this order. The prohibitions in subsection 
(a) of this section are in addition to export control authorities 
implemented by the Department of Commerce.
Sec. 2. I hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant 
entry into the United States of aliens determined to meet one or more of 
the criteria in section 1(a) of this order would be detrimental to the 
interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend entry into the 
United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of such persons. Such 
persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 
8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United 
Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act Sanctions). Further, United Nations Security Council 
Resolution 2174 shall be treated as a Resolution listed in Annex A of 
Proclamation 8693.
Sec. 3. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of 
articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) 
by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in 
property are blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order would seriously 
impair my ability to deal with the national emergency declared in 
Executive Order 13566 and expanded in this order, and I hereby prohibit 
such donations as provided by section 1 of this order.
Sec. 4. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include but are not 
limited to:
    (a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and 
interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and

[[Page 456]]

    (b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or 
services from any such person.
Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of 
evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any 
of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
    (b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set 
forth in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:
    (a) the term ``person'' means an individual or entity;
    (b) the term ``entity'' means a partnership, association, trust, 
joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization; and
    (c) the term ``United States person'' means any United States 
citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of 
the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States 
(including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.
    (d) the term ``Government of National Accord or a successor 
government'' means:

(i) a Government of National Accord formed pursuant to the terms of the 
Libyan Political Agreement signed in Skhirat, Morocco, on December 17, 
2015, or any amendments thereto;

(ii) a governmental authority formed under the Libyan Constitution pursuant 
to the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement signed in Skhirat, Morocco, 
on December 17, 2015, or any amendments thereto;

(iii) any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality of the foregoing, and any 
partnership, association, corporation, or other organization owned or 
controlled, directly or indirectly, by, or acting for or on behalf of, the 
foregoing; or

(iv) any other person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury to be 
included within paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section.

Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in property are 
blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence 
in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer 
funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of 
measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures 
ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be 
effective in addressing the national emergency declared in Executive 
Order 13566 and expanded in this order, there need be no prior notice of 
a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.
Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including 
the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers 
granted to the President by IEEPA and the UNPA, as may be necessary to 
carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may 
redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the 
United States Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of 
the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate 
measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this 
order.

[[Page 457]]

Sec. 9. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    April 19, 2016.
Executive Order 13727 of May 6, 2016

Facilitation of a Presidential Transition

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including section 7301 of title 5, 
United States Code, and the Presidential Transition Act of 1963, as 
amended, and to assist the Presidential transition, it is hereby ordered 
as follows:
Section 1. Policy. The peaceful transition of power has long been a 
hallmark of American democracy. It is the policy of the United States to 
undertake all reasonable efforts to ensure that Presidential transitions 
are well-coordinated and effective, without regard to party affiliation.
Sec. 2. Establishment of the White House Transition Coordinating 
Council. (a) To facilitate the Presidential transition, including 
assisting and supporting the transition efforts of the transition teams 
of eligible candidates, there is established a White House Transition 
Coordinating Council.
    (b) The White House Transition Coordinating Council shall be 
composed of the following officials or their designees:

(i) Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff, who shall serve as 
Chair;

(ii) Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, 
who shall serve as Vice Chair;

(iii) Assistant to the President and Deputy Chief of Staff for 
Implementation;

(iv) Counsel to the President;

(v) Assistant to the President for Presidential Personnel;

(vi) Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs;

(vii) Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and 
Counterterrorism;

(viii) Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and Director, 
National Economic Council;

(ix) Director of National Intelligence;

(x) Director of the Office of Management and Budget;

(xi) Administrator of General Services;

(xii) Federal Transition Coordinator;

(xiii) the transition representative for each eligible candidate, who shall 
serve in an advisory capacity; and

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(xiv) any other executive branch official the President determines 
appropriate.

    (c) The White House Transition Coordinating Council shall:

(i) provide guidance to executive departments and agencies (agencies) and 
the Federal Transition Coordinator regarding preparations for the 
Presidential transition, including succession planning and preparation of 
briefing materials;

(ii) facilitate communication and information sharing between the 
transition representatives of eligible candidates and senior employees in 
agencies and the Executive Office of the President, including the provision 
of information relevant to facilitating the personnel aspects of a 
Presidential transition and such other information that, in the Council's 
judgment, is useful and appropriate, as long as providing such information 
is not otherwise prohibited by law; and

(iii) prepare and host interagency emergency preparedness and response 
exercises.

    (d) In order to obtain a wide range of facts and information on 
prior transitions and best practices, the White House Transition 
Coordinating Council, its members, or their designees may seek 
information from private individuals, including individuals in outside 
organizations, who have significant experience or expertise in 
Presidential transitions. The White House Transition Coordinating 
Council, its members, or their designees shall endeavor to obtain such 
facts and information from individuals representing a range of 
bipartisan or nonpartisan viewpoints. If the White House Transition 
Coordinating Council, its members, or their designees find it necessary 
to seek advice from private individuals or outside organizations, such 
counsel should be sought in a manner that seeks individual advice and 
does not involve collective judgment or deliberation.
Sec. 3. Establishment of the Agency Transition Directors Council. (a) To 
implement the guidance provided by the White House Transition 
Coordinating Council and to coordinate transition activities across 
agencies, there is established an Agency Transition Directors Council.
    (b) The Agency Transition Directors Council shall be composed of the 
following officials or their designees:

(i) Federal Transition Coordinator, who shall serve as Co-Chair;

(ii) Deputy Director for Management of the Office of Management and Budget, 
who shall serve as Co-Chair;

(iii) a senior career representative from each agency described in section 
901(b)(1) of title 31, United States Code, the Office of Personnel 
Management, the Office of Government Ethics, and the National Archives and 
Records Administration whose responsibilities include leading Presidential 
transition efforts within the agency;

(iv) during a year in which a Presidential election will be held, a 
transition representative for each eligible candidate, who shall serve in 
an advisory capacity;

(v) a senior career representative from any other agency determined by the 
Co-Chairs to be an agency that has significant responsibilities relating to 
the Presidential transition process; and

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(vi) other senior employees serving in the Executive Office of the 
President, as determined by the President.

    (c) The Agency Transition Directors Council shall:

(i) ensure the Federal Government has an integrated strategy for addressing 
interagency challenges and responsibilities around Presidential transitions 
and turnover of non-career appointees;

(ii) coordinate transition activities among the Executive Office of the 
President, agencies, and the transition team of eligible candidates and the 
President-elect and Vice-President-elect;

(iii) draw on guidance provided by the White House Transition Coordinating 
Council and lessons learned from previous Presidential transitions in 
carrying out its duties;

(iv) assist the Federal Transition Coordinator in identifying and carrying 
out his or her responsibilities relating to a Presidential transition;

(v) provide guidance to agencies in gathering briefing materials and 
information relating to the Presidential transition that may be requested 
by eligible candidates;

(vi) ensure materials and information described in subparagraph (v) of this 
subsection are prepared not later than November 1 of the year during which 
a Presidential election is held;

(vii) ensure agencies adequately prepare career employees who are 
designated to fill non-career positions during a Presidential transition; 
and

(viii) consult with the President's Management Council, or any successor 
thereto, in carrying out its duties.

    (d) The Agency Transition Directors Council shall meet:

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii) of this subsection, not less than once per 
year; and

(ii) during the period beginning on the date that is 6 months before a 
Presidential election and ending on the date on which the President-elect 
is inaugurated, on a regular basis as necessary to carry out its duties and 
authorities.

Sec. 4. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head 
thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (c) The terms ``eligible candidate,'' ``Federal Transition 
Coordinator,'' and ``Presidential election'' shall have the same meaning 
as those terms used in the Presidential Transition Act of 1963, as 
amended. The term ``President's Management Council'' shall have the same 
meaning as that term is used in the Presidential Memorandum of July 11, 
2001.
    (d) This order is intended only to facilitate the transition and is 
not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive 
or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the 
United

[[Page 460]]

States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, 
or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    May 6, 2016.
Executive Order 13728 of May 18, 2016

Wildland-Urban Interface Federal Risk Mitigation

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, and to improve the Nation's 
resilience to wildfire, I hereby direct the following:
Section 1. Policy. It is the policy of the United States to strengthen 
the security and resilience of the Nation against the impacts of 
wildfire. The annual estimates on structure loss due to wildfire have 
increased dramatically over the past six decades as a result of multi-
year drought conditions in combination with accumulated fuel loads, 
growing populations residing in the wildland-urban interface, and 
associated increases in the exposure of built environments. As such, we 
must continue to ensure our Nation is resilient to wildfire in order to 
promote public safety, economic strength, and national security.
The Federal Government must continue to take proactive steps to enhance 
the resilience of buildings that are owned by the Federal Government and 
are located on Federal land. Each executive department and agency 
(agency) responsible for implementing this order shall seek to enhance 
the resilience of its buildings when making investment decisions to 
ensure continued performance of essential functions and to reduce risks 
to its buildings' occupants in the event of a wildfire.
Sec. 2. Codes and Concurrent Requirements. (a) Commencing within 90 days 
of the completion of the implementing guidelines as described in section 
3(b)(i) of this order, each agency shall ensure that every new Federal 
building above 5,000 gross square feet on Federal land within the 
wildland-urban interface at moderate or greater wildfire risk for which 
the agency has not completed design is in compliance with the 2015 
edition of the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code (IWUIC) 
promulgated by the International Code Council (ICC), or an equivalent 
code, consistent with the provisions of and to the extent required by 40 
U.S.C. 3312. When the ICC releases a new version of the IWUIC, a 
determination shall be made whether the new version is a nationally 
recognized code for the purposes of 40 U.S.C. 3312(b), as expeditiously 
as practicable, but not later than 2 years after the release of the new 
version. If a determination is made that a new version is a nationally 
recognized code, agencies shall ensure that any Federal building covered 
by this section for which the agency has not completed design is in 
compliance with that new version, or an equivalent code, consistent with 
the provisions of and to the extent required by 40 U.S.C. 3312.

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    (b) Commencing within 90 days of the completion of the implementing 
guidelines as described in section 3(b)(i) of this order, each agency 
responsible for the alteration of an existing Federal building above 
5,000 gross square feet on Federal land within the wildland-urban 
interface at moderate or greater wildfire risk for which the agency has 
not completed design shall ensure that the alteration is effectuated in 
compliance with the IWUIC, or an equivalent code, consistent with the 
provisions of and to the extent required by 40 U.S.C. 3312. When the ICC 
releases a new version of the IWUIC, a determination shall be made 
whether the new version is a nationally recognized code for the purposes 
of 40 U.S.C. 3312(b), as expeditiously as practicable, but not later 
than 2 years after the release of the new version. If a determination is 
made that a new version is a nationally recognized code, agencies shall 
ensure that any Federal building covered by this section for which the 
agency has not completed design is in compliance with that new version, 
or an equivalent code, consistent with the provisions of and to the 
extent required by 40 U.S.C. 3312.
    (c) Each agency that owns an existing Federal building above 5,000 
gross square feet on Federal land within the wildland-urban interface at 
moderate or greater wildfire risk is strongly encouraged to ensure that 
such existing buildings are in compliance with the IWUIC, or an 
equivalent code.
    (d) The heads of agencies whose activities are covered by sections 
2(a) and 2(b) of this order shall complete a wildfire risk assessment of 
their existing Federal buildings above 5,000 gross square feet within 
the wildland-urban interface and are strongly encouraged to consider 
creating and maintaining a defensible space in compliance with the 
IWUIC, or an equivalent code, for each of those buildings they determine 
to be at highest risk.
    (e) Each agency that leases space in a building to be constructed 
for the predominant use of an agency above 5,000 rentable square feet in 
the wildland-urban interface in an area of greater than moderate 
wildfire risk is strongly encouraged to ensure that the building is 
designed and constructed in accord with the IWUIC, or an equivalent 
code.
    (f) Each agency assisting in the financing, through Federal grants 
or loans, or guaranteeing the financing, through loan or mortgage 
insurance premiums, of a newly constructed building or of an alteration 
of an existing building above 5,000 gross square feet within the 
wildland-urban interface at moderate or greater wildfire risk shall 
consider updating its procedures for providing the assistance to be 
consistent with sections 2(a) and 2(b) of this order, to ensure 
appropriate consideration of wildfire-resistant design and construction.
    (g) To the extent permitted by law, the heads of all agencies may:

(i) require higher performance levels than exist in the codes described in 
section 2(a) of this order;

(ii) apply the requirements within section 2(a) of this order to new 
buildings less than 5,000 gross square feet on Federal land within the 
wildland-urban interface at moderate or greater wildfire risk; and

(iii) apply the requirements within section 2(b) of this order to existing 
buildings less than 5,000 gross square feet on Federal land within the 
wildland-urban interface at moderate or greater wildfire risk.

    (h) When calculating whether a building is at moderate or greater 
wildfire risk, agencies should act in accordance with the methods 
described in

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the 2015 edition of the IWUIC, or any subsequent version that is 
determined to be a nationally recognized code for the purposes of 40 
U.S.C. 3312(b), or an equivalent code, or in accordance with an 
equivalent method.
    (i) Each building constructed or altered in accordance with section 
2(a) or (b) of this order shall comply with the IWUIC, or an equivalent 
code, only to the maximum extent feasible as determined by the head of 
an agency.
Sec. 3. Agency Responsibilities. (a) The heads of all agencies that own 
Federal buildings above 5,000 gross square feet on Federal land within 
the wildland-urban interface at moderate or greater wildfire risk shall 
determine the appropriate process within their respective agencies to 
ensure compliance with this order.
    (b) The Mitigation Framework Leadership Group (MitFLG) shall:

(i) create implementing guidelines to advise and assist agency compliance 
with the code requirements within 240 days of the date of this order;

(ii) provide assistance to the agencies in interpreting the implementing 
guidelines.

    (c) When determining whether buildings are located within the 
wildland-urban interface, agencies shall use the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture Forest Service's, ``The 2010 Wildland-Urban Interface of the 
Conterminous United States,'' or an equivalent tool. The Secretary of 
Agriculture shall provide assistance to the agencies in determining 
whether buildings are located within the wildland-urban interface.
    (d) The heads of agencies whose activities are covered by sections 
2(a) and 2(b) of this order shall submit a report once every 2 years to 
the Chair of the MitFLG on their progress in implementing the order, 
commencing 2 years from the date of this order.
Sec. 4. Definition. As used in this order, ``building'' means a 
constructed asset that is enclosed with walls and a roof that provides 
space for agencies to perform activities or store materials as well as 
provides spaces for people to live or work.
Sec. 5. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed 
to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the 
head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget 
relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law, 
including the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, and subject to 
the availability of appropriations.
    (c) This order applies only to buildings within the United States 
and its territories and possessions.
    (d) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party

[[Page 463]]

against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its 
officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    May 18, 2016.
Executive Order 13729 of May 18, 2016

A Comprehensive Approach to Atrocity Prevention and Response

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Policy. As articulated in Presidential Study Directive-10 
(PSD-10), preventing mass atrocities and genocide is a core national 
security interest and a core moral responsibility of the United States. 
Noting that governmental engagement on mass atrocities and genocide too 
often arrives too late, when opportunities for prevention or low-cost, 
low-risk action have been missed, PSD-10 directed the establishment of 
an interagency Atrocities Prevention Board (Board), with the primary 
purpose of coordinating a whole-of-government approach to prevent mass 
atrocities and genocide. PSD-10 also directed an interagency study to 
develop and recommend the membership, mandate, structure, operational 
protocols, authorities, and support necessary for the Board to 
coordinate and develop atrocity prevention and response policy. This 
order continues in place the Board established in 2012 as I directed in 
PSD-10, sets out the support to be afforded by executive departments, 
agencies, and offices, and updates and memorializes the terms on which 
the Board will continue to operate in the service of its important 
mission.
Sec. 2. Definition. For purposes of this order, the term ``mass 
atrocities'' or ``atrocities,'' neither of which is defined under 
international law, refers to large scale and deliberate attacks on 
civilians, and includes acts falling within the definition ``genocide'' 
as defined in international law and under U.S. domestic statute.
Sec. 3. Responsibilities. The Board shall seek to ensure that mass 
atrocities and the risk thereof are effectively considered and 
appropriately addressed by the U.S. Government, and shall coordinate the 
development and execution of policies and tools to enhance our capacity 
to prevent and respond to mass atrocities.
    (a) In order to ensure that emerging mass atrocity risks and mass 
atrocity situations are considered and addressed, the Board shall 
monitor developments around the world that heighten the risk of mass 
atrocities, and analyze and closely review specific mass atrocity 
threats or situations of heightened concern.
    (b) The Board shall also identify any gaps related to the prevention 
of and response to mass atrocities in the current policies and ongoing 
interagency processes concerning particular regions or countries and 
shall make

[[Page 464]]

recommendations to strengthen policies, programs, resources, and tools 
related to mass atrocity prevention and response to relevant executive 
departments and agencies (agencies), including through the Board's 
function as an interagency policy committee, as detailed in section 4 of 
this order. In these efforts, the Board shall focus in particular on 
ways for the U.S. Government to develop, strengthen, and enhance its 
capabilities to:

(i) monitor, receive early warning of, and coordinate responses to 
potential mass atrocities;

(ii) deter and isolate perpetrators of mass atrocities through all 
available and appropriate authorities;

(iii) promote accountability of and deny impunity for perpetrators of mass 
atrocities, including by denying safe haven for perpetrators found in the 
United States;

(iv) engage allies and partners, including the United Nations and other 
multilateral and regional institutions, to build capacity and mobilize 
action for preventing and responding to mass atrocities;

(v) deploy civilian personnel with expertise in conflict prevention, 
civilian protection, mediation, and other relevant skills, including on a 
rapid response basis, to assist in mass atrocity prevention and response 
efforts;

(vi) increase capacity for our diplomats, armed services, development 
professionals, and other actors to engage in mass atrocity prevention and 
response activities;

(vii) develop and implement tailored foreign assistance programs as well as 
doctrine for our armed services to address and mitigate the risks of mass 
atrocities;

(viii) ensure intelligence collection, analysis, and sharing of 
information, as appropriate, relating to mass atrocity threats and 
situations; and

(ix) address any other issue regarding mass atrocity prevention and 
response that the Board determines is appropriate.

Sec. 4. Structure and Protocols of the Atrocities Prevention Board. The 
Board shall continue to operate and will have the following structure 
and protocols:
    (a) The Board shall function as an interagency policy committee, or 
body of equivalent standing, chaired by a member of the National 
Security Council staff at the Senior Director level or higher who shall 
be designated by the President (Chair).
    (b) The Chair shall convene the Board on a monthly basis to perform 
the responsibilities set forth in section 3 of this order. The Board 
shall also meet as needed on an ad hoc and time-sensitive basis to 
consider and address emerging mass atrocity threats or situations.
    (c) The Deputies Committee of the National Security Council 
(Deputies) shall meet at least twice per year, and the Principals 
Committee of the National Security Council (Principals) shall meet at 
least once per year, to review and direct the work of the Board.
    (d) The Board shall be composed of individuals at the Assistant 
Secretary-level or higher who shall be designated by the leadership of 
their respective departments or agencies. Within 60 days of a vacancy on 
the

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Board, the relevant department or agency or office head shall designate 
a replacement representative and notify the National Security Advisor. 
In addition to the Chair, the Board shall consist of the designated 
representatives from the following:

(i) the Office of the Vice President;

(ii) the Department of State;

(iii) the Department of the Treasury;

(iv) the Department of Defense;

(v) the Department of Justice;

(vi) the Department of Homeland Security;

(vii) the U.S. Mission to the United Nations;

(viii) the Office of the Director of National Intelligence;

(ix) the Central Intelligence Agency;

(x) the U.S. Agency for International Development;

(xi) the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and

(xii) such other agencies or offices as may request to participate in 
coordination with the Chair.

    (e) The Chair shall report, through the National Security Advisor, 
to the President by April 30 each year on the work of the U.S. 
Government in mass atrocity prevention and response, including the work 
of the Board.
    (f) The Chair shall prepare written updates for the public, on an 
annual basis, on the work of the U.S. Government in mass atrocity 
prevention and response, including the work of the Board.
    (g) Consistent with the objectives set out in this order and in 
accordance with applicable law, the Board shall conduct outreach, 
including regular consultations, with representatives of nongovernmental 
organizations with expertise in mass atrocity prevention and response 
and other appropriate parties. Such outreach shall be for the purpose of 
assisting the Board with its work on considering and addressing emerging 
mass atrocity threats or situations and on developing new or improved 
policies and tools, as well as for the purpose of providing transparency 
on the work of the Board.
    (h) In order to conduct the work set forth in this order 
effectively, the Board may:

(i) request information or analysis from the Intelligence Community (IC), 
Chiefs of Mission, agencies, and offices;

(ii) develop policy recommendations and programmatic recommendations for 
agencies, offices, and existing interagency processes;

(iii) in conjunction with existing interagency processes, formulate policy 
recommendations and programmatic recommendations;

(iv) coordinate with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to develop 
guidance on mass atrocity prevention resource priorities for agencies and 
offices; and

[[Page 466]]

(v) bring urgent or significant matters to the attention of the Deputies 
and, as appropriate, request that the Deputies convene to address a 
situation of concern, consistent with Presidential Policy Directive-1 or 
its successor.

Sec. 5. Enhancing Capabilities and Tools. Agencies shall take the 
following actions in support of the United States Government's policy of 
working to prevent and respond to mass atrocities:
    (a) Agencies, in coordination with the Board, shall ensure that mass 
atrocity prevention and response staffing, training, funding, and 
activities are addressed in their strategic planning and budget 
processes, including Department Quadrennial Reviews, Mission Resource 
Requests, State Department Integrated Country Strategies, U.S. Agency 
for International Development (USAID) Joint Strategic Plans, State 
Department Bureau Strategic Resource Plans, and related strategic 
planning and budget processes and documents. The Chair shall make 
recommendations to the National Security Advisor on the inclusion of 
material in the President's National Security Strategy that addresses 
mass atrocity prevention and response.
    (b) The Department of State and USAID shall work with OMB to support 
the maintenance of civilian assistance accounts and authorities that 
enable swift civilian responses to mass atrocity threats and situations.
    (c) The Department of State and USAID shall offer mass atrocity 
prevention and response training courses to all officers deployed or 
planning deployment to countries deemed by the IC to be at high or 
substantial risk for mass atrocities.
    (d) The Department of State and USAID shall continue to build and 
use civilian capacity (i.e., the ability to deploy personnel with 
expertise in conflict prevention, civilian protection, mediation, and 
other relevant skills) effectively for mass atrocity prevention and 
response, and shall develop mechanisms for enhanced partnerships with 
non-U.S. Government actors that could provide surge capacity, such as 
the United Nations and other multilateral and regional organizations, 
foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations.
    (e) The IC shall continue to monitor developments worldwide and, as 
changing conditions warrant, prepare an IC-coordinated assessment 
updating IC judgments in its National Intelligence Estimate on the 
global risk of mass atrocities and genocide at regular intervals to 
inform the work of the Board.
    (f) Recognizing mass atrocity prevention as a core national security 
interest of the United States, the IC shall allocate resources so as to 
permit a collection surge for countries where the Board determines, and 
the Deputies concur, that there are ongoing or acute risks of mass 
atrocities that merit increased attention, in accordance with the 
National Intelligence Priority Framework and available resources.
    (g) The IC shall work with partner governments to encourage the 
collection and analysis of mass atrocity-related intelligence and the 
sharing of this intelligence with the U.S. Government and its partners 
in mass atrocity prevention and response.
    (h) The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of 
Justice, in coordination with the Department of State, shall continue to 
develop proposals for legislative, regulatory, or administrative 
amendments or

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changes that would permit the more effective use and enforcement of 
immigration and other laws to deny impunity to perpetrators of mass 
atrocities and that would enhance our ability to prosecute such 
perpetrators subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and remove 
those who are not citizens.
    (i) The Department of Defense (DOD) shall continue to develop joint 
doctrine and training that support mass atrocity prevention and response 
operations and shall address mass atrocity prevention and response as 
part of its general planning guidance to combatant commands and 
services.
    (j) The Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, DHS, 
the U.S. Mission to the United Nations (USUN), and other agencies as 
appropriate, shall coordinate with bilateral and multilateral partners 
on the deployment of mass atrocity prevention and response tools, 
including isolating and deterring perpetrators of mass atrocities 
through all available authorities (including administrative actions, 
visa authorities, and capacity-building support), as appropriate.
    (k) The Department of State, in coordination with USUN, DOD, and 
other agencies as appropriate, shall work bilaterally, multilaterally, 
and with regionally based organizations to enhance effectiveness in the 
fields of early warning, analysis, prevention, response, and 
accountability, and shall work with international partners to build or 
encourage building the capacity of our allies and partners to prevent 
and respond to mass atrocities.
Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) Members of the Board shall serve without 
any additional compensation for their work on the Board.
    (b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise 
affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the 
head thereof, or the status of that department or agency within the Federal 
Government; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of OMB relating to budgetary, 
administrative, or legislative proposals.

    (c) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law, 
and subject to the availability of appropriations.
    (d) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or 
benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by 
any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or 
entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
BARACK Obama
The White House,
    May 18, 2016.
Executive Order 13730 of May 20, 2016

2016 Amendments to the Manual for Courts-Martial, United States

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the 
laws of the United States of America, including chapter 47 of title 10, 
United

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States Code (Uniform Code of Military Justice, 10 U.S.C. 801-946), and 
in order to prescribe amendments to the Manual for Courts-Martial, 
United States, prescribed by Executive Order 12473 of April 13, 1984, as 
amended, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Part II, Part III, and Part IV of the Manual for Courts-
Martial, United States, are amended as described in the Annex attached 
and made a part of this order.
Sec. 2. These amendments shall take effect as of the date of this o