[Title 40 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - July 1, 2017 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page i]]

          

          Title 40

Protection of Environment


________________________

Part 60 (Sec. 60.500 to end of part 60 sections)

                         Revised as of July 1, 2017

          Containing a codification of documents of general 
          applicability and future effect

          As of July 1, 2017
                    Published by the Office of the Federal Register 
                    National Archives and Records Administration as a 
                    Special Edition of the Federal Register

[[Page ii]]

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[[Page iii]]




                            Table of Contents



                                                                    Page
  Explanation.................................................       v

  Title 40:
          Chapter I--Environmental Protection Agency 
          (Continued)                                                3
  Finding Aids:
      Table of CFR Titles and Chapters........................     843
      Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR......     863
      List of CFR Sections Affected...........................     873

[[Page iv]]


      


                     ----------------------------

                     Cite this Code:  CFR
                     To cite the regulations in 
                       this volume use title, 
                       part and section number. 
                       Thus, 40 CFR 60.500 refers 
                       to title 40, part 60, 
                       section 500.

                     ----------------------------

[[Page v]]



                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
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Sections Affected (LSA),'' which is issued monthly, and the ``Cumulative 
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the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal 
Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

    Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal 
Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source 
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Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective date. In 
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inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

[[Page vi]]

Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting 
requirements.

PAST PROVISIONS OF THE CODE

    Provisions of the Code that are no longer in force and effect as of 
the revision date stated on the cover of each volume are not carried. 
Code users may find the text of provisions in effect on any given date 
in the past by using the appropriate List of CFR Sections Affected 
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Affected'' is published at the end of each CFR volume. For changes to 
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previous annual editions of the LSA. For changes to the Code prior to 
2001, consult the List of CFR Sections Affected compilations, published 
for 1949-1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, and 1986-2000.

``[RESERVED]'' TERMINOLOGY

    The term ``[Reserved]'' is used as a place holder within the Code of 
Federal Regulations. An agency may add regulatory information at a 
``[Reserved]'' location at any time. Occasionally ``[Reserved]'' is used 
editorially to indicate that a portion of the CFR was left vacant and 
not accidentally dropped due to a printing or computer error.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

    What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was 
established by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the 
requirement to publish regulations in the Federal Register by referring 
to materials already published elsewhere. For an incorporation to be 
valid, the Director of the Federal Register must approve it. The legal 
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if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5 U.S.C. 552(a)). 
This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force 
of law.
    What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the 
Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when 
the requirements of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which 
approval is based are:
    (a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of 
material published in the Federal Register.
    (b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent 
necessary to afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative 
process.
    (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for 
publication in accordance with 1 CFR part 51.
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CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

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and Finding Aids. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Authorities 
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alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are also included in 
this volume.

[[Page vii]]

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the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles.

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INQUIRIES

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or write to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, National 
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    Oliver A. Potts,
    Director,
    Office of the Federal Register.
    July 1, 2017.

                                
                                      
                            

  

[[Page ix]]



                               THIS TITLE

    Title 40--Protection of Environment is composed of thirty-seven 
volumes. The parts in these volumes are arranged in the following order: 
Parts 1-49, parts 50-51, part 52 (52.01-52.1018), part 52 (52.1019-
52.2019), part 52 (52.2020-end of part 52), parts 53-59, part 60 (60.1-
60.499) , part 60 (60.500-end of part 60, sections), part 60 
(Appendices), parts 61-62, part 63 (63.1-63.599), part 63 (63.600-
63.1199), part 63 (63.1200-63.1439), part 63 (63.1440-63.6175), part 63 
(63.6580-63.8830), part 63 (63.8980-end of part 63), parts 64-71, parts 
72-79, part 80, part 81, parts 82-86, parts 87-95, parts 96-99, parts 
100-135, parts 136-149, parts 150-189, parts 190-259, parts 260-265, 
parts 266-299, parts 300-399, parts 400-424, parts 425-699, parts 700-
722, parts 723-789, parts 790-999, parts 1000-1059, and parts 1060 to 
end. The contents of these volumes represent all current regulations 
codified under this title of the CFR as of July 1, 2017.

    Chapter I--Environmental Protection Agency appears in all thirty-
seven volumes. Regulations issued by the Council on Environmental 
Quality, including an Index to Parts 1500 through 1508, appear in the 
volume containing parts 1060 to end. The OMB control numbers for title 
40 appear in Sec. 9.1 of this chapter.

    For this volume, Ann Worley was Chief Editor. The Code of Federal 
Regulations publication program is under the direction of John Hyrum 
Martinez, assisted by Stephen J. Frattini.

[[Page 1]]



                   TITLE 40--PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT




  (This book contains part 60, Sec. 60.500 to end of part 60 sections)

  --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Part

chapter i--Environmental Protection Agency (Continued)......          60

[[Page 3]]



         CHAPTER I--ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED)




  --------------------------------------------------------------------


  Editorial Note: Nomenclature changes to chapter I appear at 65 FR 
47324, 47325, Aug. 2, 2000; 66 FR 34375, 34376, June 28, 2001.

                 SUBCHAPTER C--AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED)
Part                                                                Page
60              Standards of performance for new stationary 
                    sources (Continued).....................           5

[[Page 5]]



                  SUBCHAPTER C_AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED)





PART 60_STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES 
(CONTINUED)--Table of Contents



     Subpart XX_Standards of Performance for Bulk Gasoline Terminals

Sec.
60.500  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.501  Definitions.
60.502  Standards for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions from 
          bulk gasoline terminals.
60.503  Test methods and procedures.
60.504  [Reserved]
60.505  Reporting and recordkeeping.
60.506  Reconstruction.

  Subpart AAA_Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters

60.530  Am I subject to this subpart?
60.531  What definitions must I know?
60.532  What standards and associated requirements must I meet and by 
          when?
60.533  What compliance and certification requirements must I meet and 
          by when?
60.534  What test methods and procedures must I use to determine 
          compliance with the standards and requirements for 
          certification?
60.535  What procedures must I use for EPA approval of a test laboratory 
          or EPA approval of a third-party certifier?
60.536  What requirements must I meet for permanent labels, temporary 
          labels (hangtags), and owner's manuals?
60.537  What records must I keep and what reports must I submit?
60.538  What activities are prohibited under this subpart?
60.539  What hearing and appeal procedures apply to me?
60.539a  Who implements and enforces this subpart?
60.539b  What parts of the General Provisions do not apply to me?

 Subpart BBB_Standards of Performance for the Rubber Tire Manufacturing 
                                Industry

60.540  Applicability and designation of affected facilities.
60.541  Definitions.
60.542  Standards for volatile organic compounds.
60.542a  Alternate standard for volatile organic compounds.
60.543  Performance test and compliance provisions.
60.544  Monitoring of operations.
60.545  Recordkeeping requirements.
60.546  Reporting requirements.
60.547  Test methods and procedures.
60.548  Delegation of authority.

Subpart CCC [Reserved]

Subpart DDD_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) 
            Emissions from the Polymer Manufacturing Industry

60.560  Applicability and designation of affected facilities.
60.561  Definitions.
60.562-1  Standards: Process emissions.
60.562-2  Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC.
60.563  Monitoring requirements.
60.564  Test methods and procedures.
60.565  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
60.566  Delegation of authority.

Subpart EEE [Reserved]

  Subpart FFF_Standards of Performance for Flexible Vinyl and Urethane 
                          Coating and Printing

60.580  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.581  Definitions and symbols.
60.582  Standard for volatile organic compounds.
60.583  Test methods and procedures.
60.584  Monitoring of operations and recordkeeping requirements.
60.585  Reporting requirements.

   Subpart GGG_Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in 
    Petroleum Refineries for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or 
Modification Commenced After January 4, 1983, and on or Before November 
                                 7, 2006

60.590  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.591  Definitions.
60.592  Standards.
60.593  Exceptions.

  Subpart GGGa_Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in 
    Petroleum Refineries for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or 
              Modification Commenced After November 7, 2006

60.590a  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

[[Page 6]]

60.591a  Definitions.
60.592a  Standards.
60.593a  Exceptions.

  Subpart HHH_Standards of Performance for Synthetic Fiber Production 
                               Facilities

60.600  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.601  Definitions.
60.602  Standard for volatile organic compounds.
60.603  Performance test and compliance provisions.
60.604  Reporting requirements.

Subpart III_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) 
  Emissions From the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry 
                  (SOCMI) Air Oxidation Unit Processes

60.610  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.611  Definitions.
60.612  Standards.
60.613  Monitoring of emissions and operations.
60.614  Test methods and procedures.
60.615  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
60.616  Reconstruction.
60.617  Chemicals affected by subpart III.
60.618  Delegation of authority.

     Subpart JJJ_Standards of Performance for Petroleum Dry Cleaners

60.620  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.621  Definitions.
60.622  Standards for volatile organic compounds.
60.623  Equivalent equipment and procedures.
60.624  Test methods and procedures.
60.625  Recordkeeping requirements.

  Subpart KKK_Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC From 
     Onshore Natural Gas Processing Plants for Which Construction, 
Reconstruction, or Modification Commenced After January 20, 1984, and on 
                        or Before August 23, 2011

60.630  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.631  Definitions.
60.632  Standards.
60.633  Exceptions.
60.634  Alternative means of emission limitation.
60.635  Recordkeeping requirements.
60.636  Reporting requirements.

  Subpart LLL_Standards of Performance for SO2 Emissions From Onshore 
   Natural Gas Processing for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or 
 Modification Commenced After January 20, 1984, and on or Before August 
                                23, 2011

60.640  Applicability and designation of affected facilities.
60.641  Definitions.
60.642  Standards for sulfur dioxide.
60.643  Compliance provisions.
60.644  Test methods and procedures.
60.645  [Reserved]
60.646  Monitoring of emissions and operations.
60.647  Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.
60.648  Optional procedure for measuring hydrogen sulfide in acid gas--
          Tutwiler Procedure.

Subpart MMM [Reserved]

Subpart NNN_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) 
Emissions From Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) 
                         Distillation Operations

60.660  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.661  Definitions.
60.662  Standards.
60.663  Monitoring of emissions and operations.
60.664  Test methods and procedures.
60.665  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
60.666  Reconstruction.
60.667  Chemicals affected by subpart NNN.
60.668  Delegation of authority.

Subpart OOO_Standards of Performance for Nonmetallic Mineral Processing 
                                 Plants

60.670  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.671  Definitions.
60.672  Standard for particulate matter (PM).
60.673  Reconstruction.
60.674  Monitoring of operations.
60.675  Test methods and procedures.
60.676  Reporting and recordkeeping.

Table 1 to Subpart OOO of Part 60--Exceptions to Applicability of 
          Subpart A to Subpart OOO
Table 2 to Subpart OOO of Part 60--Stack Emission Limits for Affected 
          Facilities With Capture Systems

[[Page 7]]

Table 3 to Subpart OOO of Part 60--Fugitive Emission Limits

   Subpart PPP_Standard of Performance for Wool Fiberglass Insulation 
                          Manufacturing Plants

60.680  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.681  Definitions.
60.682  Standard for particulate matter.
60.683  Monitoring of operations.
60.684  Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.
60.685  Test methods and procedures.

 Subpart QQQ_Standards of Performance for VOC Emissions From Petroleum 
                       Refinery Wastewater Systems

60.690  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.691  Definitions.
60.692-1  Standards: General.
60.692-2  Standards: Individual drain systems.
60.692-3  Standards: Oil-water separators.
60.692-4  Standards: Aggregate facility.
60.692-5  Standards: Closed vent systems and control devices.
60.692-6  Standards: Delay of repair.
60.692-7  Standards: Delay of compliance.
60.693-1  Alternative standards for individual drain systems.
60.693-2  Alternative standards for oil-water separators.
60.694  Permission to use alternative means of emission limitation.
60.695  Monitoring of operations.
60.696  Performance test methods and procedures and compliance 
          provisions.
60.697  Recordkeeping requirements.
60.698  Reporting requirements.
60.699  Delegation of authority.

   Subpart RRR_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound 
Emissions from Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) 
                            Reactor Processes

60.700  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.701  Definitions.
60.702  Standards.
60.703  Monitoring of emissions and operations.
60.704  Test methods and procedures.
60.705  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
60.706  Reconstruction.
60.707  Chemicals affected by subpart RRR.
60.708  Delegation of authority.

     Subpart SSS_Standards of Performance for Magnetic Tape Coating 
                               Facilities

60.710  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.711  Definitions, symbols, and cross-reference tables.
60.712  Standards for volatile organic compounds.
60.713  Compliance provisions.
60.714  Installation of monitoring devices and recordkeeping.
60.715  Test methods and procedures.
60.716  Permission to use alternative means of emission limitation.
60.717  Reporting and monitoring requirements.
60.718  Delegation of authority.

  Subpart TTT_Standards of Performance for Industrial Surface Coating: 
         Surface Coating of Plastic Parts for Business Machines

60.720  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.721  Definitions.
60.722  Standards for volatile organic compounds.
60.723  Performance test and compliance provisions.
60.724  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
60.725  Test methods and procedures.
60.726  Delegation of authority.

Subpart UUU_Standards of Performance for Calciners and Dryers in Mineral 
                               Industries

60.730  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.731  Definitions.
60.732  Standards for particulate matter.
60.733  Reconstruction.
60.734  Monitoring of emissions and operations.
60.735  Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.
60.736  Test methods and procedures.
60.737  Delegation of authority.

Subpart VVV_Standards of Performance for Polymeric Coating of Supporting 
                          Substrates Facilities

60.740  Applicability and designation of affected facility.
60.741  Definitions, symbols, and cross-reference tables.
60.742  Standards for volatile organic compounds.
60.743  Compliance provisions.
60.744  Monitoring requirements.
60.745  Test methods and procedures.
60.746  Permission to use alternative means of emission limitation.

[[Page 8]]

60.747  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
60.748  Delegation of authority.

Subpart WWW_Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

60.750  Applicability, designation of affected facility, and delegation 
          of authority.
60.751  Definitions.
60.752  Standards for air emissions from municipal solid waste 
          landfills.
60.753  Operational standards for collection and control systems.
60.754  Test methods and procedures.
60.755  Compliance provisions.
60.756  Monitoring of operations.
60.757  Reporting requirements.
60.758  Recordkeeping requirements.
60.759  Specifications for active collection systems.

Subpart XXX_Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills 
That Commenced Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification After July 
                                17, 2014

60.760  Applicability, designation of affected source, and delegation of 
          authority.
60.761  Definitions.
60.762  Standards for air emissions from municipal solid waste 
          landfills.
60.763  Operational standards for collection and control systems.
60.764  Test methods and procedures.
60.765  Compliance provisions.
60.766  Monitoring of operations.
60.767  Reporting requirements.
60.768  Recordkeeping requirements.
60.769  Specifications for active collection systems.

Subparts YYY-ZZZ  [Reserved]

    Subpart AAAA_Standards of Performance for Small Municipal Waste 
 Combustion Units for Which Construction is Commenced After August 30, 
1999 or for Which Modification or Reconstruction is Commenced After June 
                                 6, 2001

                              Introduction

60.1000  What does this subpart do?
60.1005  When does this subpart become effective?

                              Applicability

60.1010  Does this subpart apply to my municipal waste combustion unit?
60.1015  What is a new municipal waste combustion unit?
60.1020  Does this subpart allow any exemptions?
60.1025  Do subpart E new source performance standards also apply to my 
          municipal waste combustion unit?
60.1030  Can the Administrator delegate authority to enforce these 
          Federal new source performance standards to a State agency?
60.1035  How are these new source performance standards structured?
60.1040  Do all five components of these new source performance 
          standards apply at the same time?
60.1045  Are there different subcategories of small municipal waste 
          combustion units within this subpart?

         Preconstruction Requirements: Materials Separation Plan

60.1050  Who must submit a materials separation plan?
60.1055  What is a materials separation plan?
60.1060  What steps must I complete for my materials separation plan?
60.1065  What must I include in my draft materials separation plan?
60.1070  How do I make my draft materials separation plan available to 
          the public?
60.1075  When must I accept comments on the materials separation plan?
60.1080  Where and when must I hold a public meeting on my draft 
          materials separation plan?
60.1085  What must I do with any public comments I receive during the 
          public comment period on my draft materials separation plan?
60.1090  What must I do with my revised materials separation plan?
60.1095  What must I include in the public meeting on my revised 
          materials separation plan?
60.1100  What must I do with any public comments I receive on my revised 
          materials separation plan?
60.1105  How do I submit my final materials separation plan?

              Preconstruction Requirements: Siting Analysis

60.1110  Who must submit a siting analysis?
60.1115  What is a siting analysis?
60.1120  What steps must I complete for my siting analysis?
60.1125  What must I include in my siting analysis?
60.1130  How do I make my siting analysis available to the public?
60.1135  When must I accept comments on the siting analysis and revised 
          materials separation plan?
60.1140  Where and when must I hold a public meeting on the siting 
          analysis?
60.1145  What must I do with any public comments I receive during the 
          public comment period on my siting analysis?
60.1150  How do I submit my siting analysis?

[[Page 9]]

              Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training

60.1155  What types of training must I do?
60.1160  Who must complete the operator training course? By when?
60.1165  Who must complete the plant-specific training course?
60.1170  What plant-specific training must I provide?
60.1175  What information must I include in the plant-specific operating 
          manual?
60.1180  Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

            Good Combustion Practices: Operator Certification

60.1185  What types of operator certification must the chief facility 
          operator and shift supervisor obtain and by when must they 
          obtain it?
60.1190  After the required date for operator certification, who may 
          operate the municipal waste combustion unit?
60.1195  What if all the certified operators must be temporarily 
          offsite?

            Good Combustion Practices: Operating Requirements

60.1200  What are the operating practice requirements for my municipal 
          waste combustion unit?
60.1205  What happens to the operating requirements during periods of 
          startup, shutdown, and malfunction?

                             Emission Limits

60.1210  What pollutants are regulated by this subpart?
60.1215  What emission limits must I meet? By when?
60.1220  What happens to the emission limits during periods of startup, 
          shutdown, and malfunction?

                     Continuous Emission Monitoring

60.1225  What types of continuous emission monitoring must I perform?
60.1230  What continuous emission monitoring systems must I install for 
          gaseous pollutants?
60.1235  How are the data from the continuous emission monitoring 
          systems used?
60.1240  How do I make sure my continuous emission monitoring systems 
          are operating correctly?
60.1245  Am I exempt from any appendix B or appendix F requirements to 
          evaluate continuous emission monitoring systems?
60.1250  What is my schedule for evaluating continuous emission 
          monitoring systems?
60.1255  What must I do if I choose to monitor carbon dioxide instead of 
          oxygen as a diluent gas?
60.1260  What is the minimum amount of monitoring data I must collect 
          with my continuous emission monitoring systems and is the data 
          collection requirement enforceable?
60.1265  How do I convert my 1-hour arithmetic averages into the 
          appropriate averaging times and units?
60.1270  What is required for my continuous opacity monitoring system 
          and how are the data used?
60.1275  What additional requirements must I meet for the operation of 
          my continuous emission monitoring systems and continuous 
          opacity monitoring system?
60.1280  What must I do if any of my continuous emission monitoring 
          systems are temporarily unavailable to meet the data 
          collection requirements?

                              Stack Testing

60.1285  What types of stack tests must I conduct?
60.1290  How are the stack test data used?
60.1295  What schedule must I follow for the stack testing?
60.1300  What test methods must I use to stack test?
60.1305  May I conduct stack testing less often?
60.1310  May I deviate from the 13-month testing schedule if unforeseen 
          circumstances arise?

                      Other Monitoring Requirements

60.1315  Must I meet other requirements for continuous monitoring?
60.1320  How do I monitor the load of my municipal waste combustion 
          unit?
60.1325  How do I monitor the temperature of flue gases at the inlet of 
          my particulate matter control device?
60.1330  How do I monitor the injection rate of activated carbon?
60.1335  What is the minimum amount of monitoring data I must collect 
          with my continuous parameter monitoring systems and is the 
          data collection requirement enforceable?

                              Recordkeeping

60.1340  What records must I keep?
60.1345  Where must I keep my records and for how long?
60.1350  What records must I keep for the materials separation plan and 
          siting analysis?
60.1355  What records must I keep for operator training and 
          certification?
60.1360  What records must I keep for stack tests?
60.1365  What records must I keep for continuously monitored pollutants 
          or parameters?

[[Page 10]]

60.1370  What records must I keep for municipal waste combustion units 
          that use activated carbon?

                                Reporting

60.1375  What reports must I submit before I submit my notice of 
          construction?
60.1380  What must I include in my notice of construction?
60.1385  What reports must I submit after I submit my notice of 
          construction and in what form?
60.1390  What are the appropriate units of measurement for reporting my 
          data?
60.1395  When must I submit the initial report?
60.1400  What must I include in my initial report?
60.1405  When must I submit the annual report?
60.1410  What must I include in my annual report?
60.1415  What must I do if I am out of compliance with the requirements 
          of this subpart?
60.1420  If a semiannual report is required, when must I submit it?
60.1425  What must I include in the semiannual out-of-compliance 
          reports?
60.1430  Can reporting dates be changed?

        Air Curtain Incinerators That Burn 100 Percent Yard Waste

60.1435  What is an air curtain incinerator?
60.1440  What is yard waste?
60.1445  What are the emission limits for air curtain incinerators that 
          burn 100 percent yard waste?
60.1450  How must I monitor opacity for air curtain incinerators that 
          burn 100 percent yard waste?
60.1455  What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for air 
          curtain incinerators that burn 100 percent yard waste?

                                Equations

60.1460  What equations must I use?

                               Definitions

60.1465  What definitions must I know?

Table 1 to Subpart AAAA of Part 60--Emission Limits For New Small 
          Municipal Waste Combustion Units
Table 2 to Subpart AAAA of Part 60--Carbon Monoxide Emission Limits For 
          New Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units
Table 3 to Subpart AAAA of Part 60--Requirements For Validating 
          Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
Table 4 to Subpart AAAA of Part 60--Requirements For Continuous Emission 
          Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
Table 5 to Subpart AAAA of Part 60--Requirements For Stack Tests

    Subpart BBBB_Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Small 
  Municipal Waste Combustion Units Constructed on or Before August 30, 
                                  1999

                              Introduction

60.1500  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.1505  Am I affected by this subpart?
60.1510  Is a State plan required for all States?
60.1515  What must I include in my State plan?
60.1520  Is there an approval process for my State plan?
60.1525  What if my State plan is not approvable?
60.1530  Is there an approval process for a negative declaration letter?
60.1535  What compliance schedule must I include in my State plan?
60.1540  Are there any State plan requirements for this subpart that 
          supersede the requirements specified in subpart B?
60.1545  Does this subpart directly affect municipal waste combustion 
          unit owners and operators in my State?

                      Applicability of State Plans

60.1550  What municipal waste combustion units must I address in my 
          State plan?
60.1555  Are any small municipal waste combustion units exempt from my 
          State plan?
60.1560  Can an affected municipal waste combustion unit reduce its 
          capacity to less than 35 tons per day rather than comply with 
          my State plan?
60.1565  What subcategories of small municipal waste combustion units 
          must I include in my State plan?

                            Use of Model Rule

60.1570  What is the ``model rule'' in this subpart?
60.1575  How does the model rule relate to the required elements of my 
          State plan?
60.1580  What are the principal components of the model rule?

                   Model Rule--Increments of Progress

60.1585  What are my requirements for meeting increments of progress and 
          achieving final compliance?
60.1590  When must I complete each increment of progress?
60.1595  What must I include in the notifications of achievement of my 
          increments of progress?
60.1600  When must I submit the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.1605  What if I do not meet an increment of progress?

[[Page 11]]

60.1610  How do I comply with the increment of progress for submittal of 
          a control plan?
60.1615  How do I comply with the increment of progress for awarding 
          contracts?
60.1620  How do I comply with the increment of progress for initiating 
          onsite construction?
60.1625  How do I comply with the increment of progress for completing 
          onsite construction?
60.1630  How do I comply with the increment of progress for achieving 
          final compliance?
60.1635  What must I do if I close my municipal waste combustion unit 
          and then restart my municipal waste combustion unit?
60.1640  What must I do if I plan to permanently close my municipal 
          waste combustion unit and not restart it?

        Model Rule--Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training

60.1645  What types of training must I do?
60.1650  Who must complete the operator training course? By when?
60.1655  Who must complete the plant-specific training course?
60.1660  What plant-specific training must I provide?
60.1665  What information must I include in the plant-specific operating 
          manual?
60.1670  Where must I keep the plant-specific operating manual?

      Model Rule--Good Combustion Practices: Operator Certification

60.1675  What types of operator certification must the chief facility 
          operator and shift supervisor obtain and by when must they 
          obtain it?
60.1680  After the required date for operator certification, who may 
          operate the municipal waste combustion unit?
60.1685  What if all the certified operators must be temporarily 
          offsite?

      Model Rule--Good Combustion Practices: Operating Requirements

60.1690  What are the operating practice requirements for my municipal 
          waste combustion unit?
60.1695  What happens to the operating requirements during periods of 
          startup, shutdown, and malfunction?

                       Model Rule--Emission Limits

60.1700  What pollutants are regulated by this subpart?
60.1705  What emission limits must I meet? By when?
60.1710  What happens to the emission limits during periods of startup, 
          shutdown, and malfunction?

               Model Rule--Continuous Emission Monitoring

60.1715  What types of continuous emission monitoring must I perform?
60.1720  What continuous emission monitoring systems must I install for 
          gaseous pollutants?
60.1725  How are the data from the continuous emission monitoring 
          systems used?
60.1730  How do I make sure my continuous emission monitoring systems 
          are operating correctly?
60.1735  Am I exempt from any appendix B or appendix F requirements to 
          evaluate continuous emission monitoring systems?
60.1740  What is my schedule for evaluating continuous emission 
          monitoring systems?
60.1745  What must I do if I choose to monitor carbon dioxide instead of 
          oxygen as a diluent gas?
60.1750  What is the minimum amount of monitoring data I must collect 
          with my continuous emission monitoring systems and is the data 
          collection requirement enforceable?
60.1755  How do I convert my 1-hour arithmetic averages into appropriate 
          averaging times and units?
60.1760  What is required for my continuous opacity monitoring system 
          and how are the data used?
60.1765  What additional requirements must I meet for the operation of 
          my continuous emission monitoring systems and continuous 
          opacity monitoring system?
60.1770  What must I do if any of my continuous emission monitoring 
          systems are temporarily unavailable to meet the data 
          collection requirements?

                        Model Rule--Stack Testing

60.1775  What types of stack tests must I conduct?
60.1780  How are the stack test data used?
60.1785  What schedule must I follow for the stack testing?
60.1790  What test methods must I use to stack test?
60.1795  May I conduct stack testing less often?
60.1800  May I deviate from the 13-month testing schedule if unforeseen 
          circumstances arise?

                Model Rule--Other Monitoring Requirements

60.1805  Must I meet other requirements for continuous monitoring?
60.1810  How do I monitor the load of my municipal waste combustion 
          unit?
60.1815  How do I monitor the temperature of flue gases at the inlet of 
          my particulate matter control device?

[[Page 12]]

60.1820  How do I monitor the injection rate of activated carbon?
60.1825  What is the minimum amount of monitoring data I must collect 
          with my continuous parameter monitoring systems and is the 
          data collection requirement enforceable?

                        Model Rule--Recordkeeping

60.1830  What records must I keep?
60.1835  Where must I keep my records and for how long?
60.1840  What records must I keep for operator training and 
          certification?
60.1845  What records must I keep for stack tests?
60.1850  What records must I keep for continuously monitored pollutants 
          or parameters?
60.1855  What records must I keep for municipal waste combustion units 
          that use activated carbon?

                          Model Rule--Reporting

60.1860  What reports must I submit and in what form?
60.1865  What are the appropriate units of measurement for reporting my 
          data?
60.1870  When must I submit the initial report?
60.1875  What must I include in my initial report?
60.1880  When must I submit the annual report?
60.1885  What must I include in my annual report?
60.1890  What must I do if I am out of compliance with the requirements 
          of this subpart?
60.1895  If a semiannual report is required, when must I submit it?
60.1900  What must I include in the semiannual out-of-compliance 
          reports?
60.1905  Can reporting dates be changed?

  Model Rule--Air Curtain Incinerators That Burn 100 Percent Yard Waste

60.1910  What is an air curtain incinerator?
60.1915  What is yard waste?
60.1920  What are the emission limits for air curtain incinerators that 
          burn 100 percent yard waste?
60.1925  How must I monitor opacity for air curtain incinerators that 
          burn 100 percent yard waste?
60.1930  What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for air 
          curtain incinerators that burn 100 percent yard waste?

                                Equations

60.1935  What equations must I use?

                               Definitions

60.1940  What definitions must I know?

Table 1 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Compliance Schedules and 
          Increments of Progress
Table 2 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Class I Emission Limits 
          For Existing Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units
Table 3 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Class I Nitrogen Oxides 
          Emission Limits For Existing Small Municipal Waste Combustion 
          Units
Table 4 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Class II Emission Limits 
          For Existing Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units
Table 5 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Carbon Monoxide Emission 
          Limits For Existing Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units
Table 6 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Requirements for 
          Validating Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
Table 7 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Requirements for 
          Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
Table 8 to Subpart BBBB of Part 60--Model Rule--Requirements for Stack 
          Tests

  Subpart CCCC_Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial 
                     Solid Waste Incineration Units

                              Introduction

60.2000  What does this subpart do?
60.2005  When does this subpart become effective?

                              Applicability

60.2010  Does this subpart apply to my incineration unit?
60.2015  What is a new incineration unit?
60.2020  What combustion units are exempt from this subpart?
60.2030  Who implements and enforces this subpart?
60.2035  How are these new source performance standards structured?
60.2040  Do all eleven components of these new source performance 
          standards apply at the same time?

                     Preconstruction Siting Analysis

60.2045  Who must prepare a siting analysis?
60.2050  What is a siting analysis?

                          Waste Management Plan

60.2055  What is a waste management plan?
60.2060  When must I submit my waste management plan?
60.2065  What should I include in my waste management plan?

[[Page 13]]

                   Operator Training and Qualification

60.2070  What are the operator training and qualification requirements?
60.2075  When must the operator training course be completed?
60.2080  How do I obtain my operator qualification?
60.2085  How do I maintain my operator qualification?
60.2090  How do I renew my lapsed operator qualification?
60.2095  What site-specific documentation is required?
60.2100  What if all the qualified operators are temporarily not 
          accessible?

                Emission Limitations and Operating Limits

60.2105  What emission limitations must I meet and by when?
60.2110  What operating limits must I meet and by when?
60.2115  What if I do not use a wet scrubber, fabric filter, activated 
          carbon injection, selective noncatalytic reduction, an 
          electrostatic precipitator, or a dry scrubber to comply with 
          the emission limitations?

                           Performance Testing

60.2125  How do I conduct the initial and annual performance test?
60.2130  How are the performance test data used?

                     Initial Compliance Requirements

60.2135  How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the emission 
          limitations and establish the operating limits?
60.2140  By what date must I conduct the initial performance test?
60.2141  By what date must I conduct the initial air pollution control 
          device inspection?

                   Continuous Compliance Requirements

60.2145  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission 
          limitations and the operating limits?
60.2150  By what date must I conduct the annual performance test?
60.2151  By what date must I conduct the annual air pollution control 
          device inspection?
60.2155  May I conduct performance testing less often?
60.2160  May I conduct a repeat performance test to establish new 
          operating limits?

                               Monitoring

60.2165  What monitoring equipment must I install and what parameters 
          must I monitor?
60.2170  Is there a minimum amount of monitoring data I must obtain?

                       Recordkeeping and Reporting

60.2175  What records must I keep?
60.2180  Where and in what format must I keep my records?
60.2185  What reports must I submit?
60.2190  What must I submit prior to commencing construction?
60.2195  What information must I submit prior to initial startup?
60.2200  What information must I submit following my initial performance 
          test?
60.2205  When must I submit my annual report?
60.2210  What information must I include in my annual report?
60.2215  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          operating limits or the emission limitations?
60.2220  What must I include in the deviation report?
60.2225  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          requirement to have a qualified operator accessible?
60.2230  Are there any other notifications or reports that I must 
          submit?
60.2235  In what form can I submit my reports?
60.2240  Can reporting dates be changed?

                        Title V Operating Permits

60.2242  Am I required to apply for and obtain a Title V operating 
          permit for my unit?

                        Air Curtain Incinerators

60.2245  What is an air curtain incinerator?
60.2250  What are the emission limitations for air curtain incinerators?
60.2255  How must I monitor opacity for air curtain incinerators?
60.2260  What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for air 
          curtain incinerators?

                               Definitions

60.2265  What definitions must I know?

Table 1 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for 
          Incinerators for Which Construction Is Commenced After 
          November 30, 1999, But No Later Than June 4, 2010, or for 
          Which Modification or Reconstruction Is Commenced on or After 
          June 1, 2001, But No Later Than August 7, 2013
Table 2 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Operating Limits for Wet Scrubbers
Table 3 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Toxic Equivalency Factors
Table 4 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Summary of Reporting Requirements
Table 5 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for 
          Incinerators That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, 
          or That Commenced Reconstruction or Modification After August 
          7, 2013

[[Page 14]]

Table 6 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for Energy 
          Recovery Units That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, 
          or That Commenced Reconstruction or Modification After August 
          7, 2013
Table 7 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for Waste-
          burning Kilns That Commenced Construction After June 4, 2010, 
          or Reconstruction or Modification After August 7, 2013
Table 8 to Subpart CCCC of Part 60--Emission Limitations for Small, 
          Remote Incinerators That Commenced Construction After June 4, 
          2010, or That Commenced Reconstruction or Modification After 
          August 7, 2013

 Subpart DDDD_Emissions Guidelines and Compliance Times for Commercial 
              and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units

                              Introduction

60.2500  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.2505  Am I affected by this subpart?
60.2510  Is a state plan required for all states?
60.2515  What must I include in my state plan?
60.2520  Is there an approval process for my state plan?
60.2525  What if my state plan is not approvable?
60.2530  Is there an approval process for a negative declaration letter?
60.2535  What compliance schedule must I include in my state plan?
60.2540  Are there any State plan requirements for this subpart that 
          apply instead of the requirements specified in subpart B?
60.2541  In lieu of a state plan submittal, are there other acceptable 
          option(s) for a state to meet its Clean Air Act section 
          111(d)/129(b)(2) obligations?
60.2542  What authorities will not be delegated to state, local, or 
          tribal agencies?
60.2545  Does this subpart directly affect CISWI unit owners and 
          operators in my state?

                      Applicability of State Plans

60.2550  What CISWI units must I address in my state plan?
60.2555  What combustion units are exempt from my state plan?

                            Use of Model Rule

60.2560  What is the ``model rule'' in this subpart?
60.2565  How does the model rule relate to the required elements of my 
          state plan?
60.2570  What are the principal components of the model rule?

                   Model Rule--Increments of Progress

60.2575  What are my requirements for meeting increments of progress and 
          achieving final compliance?
60.2580  When must I complete each increment of progress?
60.2585  What must I include in the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.2590  When must I submit the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.2595  What if I do not meet an increment of progress?
60.2600  How do I comply with the increment of progress for submittal of 
          a control plan?
60.2605  How do I comply with the increment of progress for achieving 
          final compliance?
60.2610  What must I do if I close my CISWI unit and then restart it?
60.2615  What must I do if I plan to permanently close my CISWI unit and 
          not restart it?

                    Model Rule--Waste Management Plan

60.2620  What is a waste management plan?
60.2625  When must I submit my waste management plan?
60.2630  What should I include in my waste management plan?

             Model Rule--Operator Training and Qualification

60.2635  What are the operator training and qualification requirements?
60.2640  When must the operator training course be completed?
60.2645  How do I obtain my operator qualification?
60.2650  How do I maintain my operator qualification?
60.2655  How do I renew my lapsed operator qualification?
60.2660  What site-specific documentation is required?
60.2665  What if all the qualified operators are temporarily not 
          accessible?

          Model Rule--Emission Limitations and Operating Limits

60.2670  What emission limitations must I meet and by when?
60.2675  What operating limits must I meet and by when?
60.2680  What if I do not use a wet scrubber, fabric filter, activated 
          carbon injection, selective noncatalytic reduction, an 
          electrostatic precipitator, or a dry scrubber to comply with 
          the emission limitations?

                     Model Rule--Performance Testing

60.2690  How do I conduct the initial and annual performance test?

[[Page 15]]

60.2695  How are the performance test data used?

               Model Rule--Initial Compliance Requirements

60.2700  How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the amended 
          emission limitations and establish the operating limits?
60.2705  By what date must I conduct the initial performance test?
60.2706  By what date must I conduct the initial air pollution control 
          device inspection?

             Model Rule--Continuous Compliance Requirements

60.2710  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the amended 
          emission limitations and the operating limits?
60.2715  By what date must I conduct the annual performance test?
60.2716  By what date must I conduct the annual air pollution control 
          device inspection?
60.2720  May I conduct performance testing less often?
60.2725  May I conduct a repeat performance test to establish new 
          operating limits?

                         Model Rule--Monitoring

60.2730  What monitoring equipment must I install and what parameters 
          must I monitor?
60.2735  Is there a minimum amount of monitoring data I must obtain?

                 Model Rule--Recordkeeping and Reporting

60.2740  What records must I keep?
60.2745  Where and in what format must I keep my records?
60.2750  What reports must I submit?
60.2755  When must I submit my waste management plan?
60.2760  What information must I submit following my initial performance 
          test?
60.2765  When must I submit my annual report?
60.2770  What information must I include in my annual report?
60.2775  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          operating limits or the emission limitations?
60.2780  What must I include in the deviation report?
60.2785  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          requirement to have a qualified operator accessible?
60.2790  Are there any other notifications or reports that I must 
          submit?
60.2795  In what form can I submit my reports?
60.2800  Can reporting dates be changed?

                  Model Rule--Title V Operating Permits

60.2805  Am I required to apply for and obtain a Title V operating 
          permit for my unit?

                  Model Rule--Air Curtain Incinerators

60.2810  What is an air curtain incinerator?
60.2815  What are my requirements for meeting increments of progress and 
          achieving final compliance?
60.2820  When must I complete each increment of progress?
60.2825  What must I include in the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.2830  When must I submit the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.2835  What if I do not meet an increment of progress?
60.2840  How do I comply with the increment of progress for submittal of 
          a control plan?
60.2845  How do I comply with the increment of progress for achieving 
          final compliance?
60.2850  What must I do if I close my air curtain incinerator and then 
          restart it?
60.2855  What must I do if I plan to permanently close my air curtain 
          incinerator and not restart it?
60.2860  What are the emission limitations for air curtain incinerators?
60.2865  How must I monitor opacity for air curtain incinerators?
60.2870  What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for air 
          curtain incinerators?

                         Model Rule--Definitions

60.2875  What definitions must I know?

Tables to Subpart DDDD of Part 60
Table 1 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Increments of Progress 
          and Compliance Schedules
Table 2 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations 
          That Apply to Incinerators Before [Date to be specified in 
          state plan]
Table 3 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Operating Limits for Wet 
          Scrubbers
Table 4 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Toxic Equivalency 
          Factors
Table 5 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Summary of Reporting 
          Requirements
Table 6 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations 
          That Apply to Incinerators on and After [Date to be specified 
          in state plan]
Table 7 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations 
          That Apply to Energy Recovery Units

[[Page 16]]

          After May 20, 2011 [Date to be specified in state plan]
Table 8 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations 
          That Apply to Waste-Burning Kilns After May 20, 2011 [Date to 
          be specified in state plan]
Table 9 to Subpart DDDD of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations 
          That Apply to Small, Remote Incinerators After May 20, 2011 
          [Date to be specified in state plan]

Subpart EEEE_Standards of Performance for Other Solid Waste Incineration 
Units for Which Construction is Commenced After December 9, 2004, or for 
 Which Modification or Reconstruction is Commenced on or After June 16, 
                                  2006

                              Introduction

60.2880  What does this subpart do?
60.2881  When does this subpart become effective?

                              Applicability

60.2885  Does this subpart apply to my incineration unit?
60.2886  What is a new incineration unit?
60.2887  What combustion units are excluded from this subpart?
60.2888  Are air curtain incinerators regulated under this subpart?
60.2889  Who implements and enforces this subpart?
60.2890  How are these new source performance standards structured?
60.2891  Do all components of these new source performance standards 
          apply at the same time?

                     Preconstruction Siting Analysis

60.2894  Who must prepare a siting analysis?
60.2895  What is a siting analysis?

                          Waste Management Plan

60.2899  What is a waste management plan?
60.2900  When must I submit my waste management plan?
60.2901  What should I include in my waste management plan?

                   Operator Training and Qualification

60.2905  What are the operator training and qualification requirements?
60.2906  When must the operator training course be completed?
60.2907  How do I obtain my operator qualification?
60.2908  How do I maintain my operator qualification?
60.2909  How do I renew my lapsed operator qualification?
60.2910  What site-specific documentation is required?
60.2911  What if all the qualified operators are temporarily not 
          accessible?

                Emission Limitations and Operating Limits

60.2915  What emission limitations must I meet and by when?
60.2916  What operating limits must I meet and by when?
60.2917  What if I do not use a wet scrubber to comply with the emission 
          limitations?
60.2918  What happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and 
          malfunction?

                           Performance Testing

60.2922  How do I conduct the initial and annual performance test?
60.2923  How are the performance test data used?

                     Initial Compliance Requirements

60.2927  How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the emission 
          limitations and establish the operating limits?
60.2928  By what date must I conduct the initial performance test?

                   Continuous Compliance Requirements

60.2932  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission 
          limitations and the operating limits?
60.2933  By what date must I conduct the annual performance test?
60.2934  May I conduct performance testing less often?
60.2935  May I conduct a repeat performance test to establish new 
          operating limits?

                               Monitoring

60.2939  What continuous emission monitoring systems must I install?
60.2940  How do I make sure my continuous emission monitoring systems 
          are operating correctly?
60.2941  What is my schedule for evaluating continuous emission 
          monitoring systems?
60.2942  What is the minimum amount of monitoring data I must collect 
          with my continuous emission monitoring systems, and is the 
          data collection requirement enforceable?
60.2943  How do I convert my 1-hour arithmetic averages into the 
          appropriate averaging times and units?
60.2944  What operating parameter monitoring equipment must I install, 
          and what operating parameters must I monitor?
60.2945  Is there a minimum amount of operating parameter monitoring 
          data I must obtain?

                       Recordkeeping and Reporting

60.2949  What records must I keep?

[[Page 17]]

60.2950  Where and in what format must I keep my records?
60.2951  What reports must I submit?
60.2952  What must I submit prior to commencing construction?
60.2953  What information must I submit prior to initial startup?
60.2954  What information must I submit following my initial performance 
          test?
60.2955  When must I submit my annual report?
60.2956  What information must I include in my annual report?
60.2957  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          operating limits or the emission limitations?
60.2958  What must I include in the deviation report?
60.2959  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          requirement to have a qualified operator accessible?
60.2960  Are there any other notifications or reports that I must 
          submit?
60.2961  In what form can I submit my reports?
60.2962  Can reporting dates be changed?

                        Title V Operating Permits

60.2966  Am I required to apply for and obtain a title V operating 
          permit for my unit?
60.2967  When must I submit a title V permit application for my new 
          unit?

Temporary-Use Incinerators and Air Curtain Incinerators Used in Disaster 
                                Recovery

60.2969  What are the requirements for temporary-use incinerators and 
          air curtain incinerators used in disaster recovery?

 Air Curtain Incinerators That Burn Only Wood Waste, Clean Lumber, and 
                               Yard Waste

60.2970  What is an air curtain incinerator?
60.2971  What are the emission limitations for air curtain incinerators 
          that burn only wood waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?
60.2972  How must I monitor opacity for air curtain incinerators that 
          burn only wood waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?
60.2973  What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for air 
          curtain incinerators that burn only wood waste, clean lumber, 
          and yard waste?
60.2974  Am I required to apply for and obtain a title V operating 
          permit for my air curtain incinerator that burns only wood 
          waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?

                                Equations

60.2975  What equations must I use?

                               Definitions

60.2977  What definitions must I know?

                    Tables to Subpart EEEE of Part 60

Table 1 to Subpart EEEE of Part 60--Emission Limitations
Table 2 to Subpart EEEE of Part 60--Operating Limits for Incinerators 
          and Wet Scrubbers
Table 3 to Subpart EEEE of Part 60--Requirements for Continuous Emission 
          Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
Table 4 to Subpart EEEE of Part 60--Summary of Reporting Requirements

 Subpart FFFF_Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Other Solid 
   Waste Incineration Units That Commenced Construction On or Before 
                            December 9, 2004

                              Introduction

60.2980  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.2981  Am I affected by this subpart?
60.2982  Is a State plan required for all States?
60.2983  What must I include in my State plan?
60.2984  Is there an approval process for my State plan?
60.2985  What if my State plan is not approvable?
60.2986  Is there an approval process for a negative declaration letter?
60.2987  What compliance schedule must I include in my State plan?
60.2988  Are there any State plan requirements for this subpart that 
          apply instead of the requirements specified in subpart B of 
          this part?
60.2989  Does this subpart directly affect incineration unit owners and 
          operators in my State?
60.2990  What Authorities are withheld by EPA?

                      Applicability of State Plans

60.2991  What incineration units must I address in my State plan?
60.2992  What is an existing incineration unit?
60.2993  Are any combustion units excluded from my State plan?
60.2994  Are air curtain incinerators regulated under this subpart?

                      Model Rule--Use of Model Rule

60.2996  What is the purpose of the ``model rule'' in this subpart?
60.2997  How does the model rule relate to the required elements of my 
          State plan?
60.2998  What are the principal components of the model rule?

                     Model Rule--Compliance Schedule

60.3000  When must I comply?
60.3001  What must I do if I close my OSWI unit and then restart it?

[[Page 18]]

60.3002  What must I do if I plan to permanently close my OSWI unit and 
          not restart it?

                    Model Rule--Waste Management Plan

60.3010  What is a waste management plan?
60.3011  When must I submit my waste management plan?
60.3012  What should I include in my waste management plan?

             Model Rule--Operator Training and Qualification

60.3014  What are the operator training and qualification requirements?
60.3015  When must the operator training course be completed?
60.3016  How do I obtain my operator qualification?
60.3017  How do I maintain my operator qualification?
60.3018  How do I renew my lapsed operator qualification?
60.3019  What site-specific documentation is required?
60.3020  What if all the qualified operators are temporarily not 
          accessible?

          Model Rule--Emission Limitations and Operating Limits

60.3022  What emission limitations must I meet and by when?
60.3023  What operating limits must I meet and by when?
60.3024  What if I do not use a wet scrubber to comply with the emission 
          limitations?
60.3025  What happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and 
          malfunction?

                     Model Rule--Performance Testing

60.3027  How do I conduct the initial and annual performance test?
60.3028  How are the performance test data used?

               Model Rule--Initial Compliance Requirements

60.3030  How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the emission 
          limitations and establish the operating limits?
60.3031  By what date must I conduct the initial performance test?

             Model Rule--Continuous Compliance Requirements

60.3033  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the emission 
          limitations and the operating limits?
60.3034  By what date must I conduct the annual performance test?
60.3035  May I conduct performance testing less often?
60.3036  May I conduct a repeat performance test to establish new 
          operating limits?

                         Model Rule--Monitoring

60.3038  What continuous emission monitoring systems must I install?
60.3039  How do I make sure my continuous emission monitoring systems 
          are operating correctly?
60.3040  What is my schedule for evaluating continuous emission 
          monitoring systems?
60.3041  What is the minimum amount of monitoring data I must collect 
          with my continuous emission monitoring systems, and is the 
          data collection requirement enforceable?
60.3042  How do I convert my 1-hour arithmetic averages into the 
          appropriate averaging times and units?
60.3043  What operating parameter monitoring equipment must I install, 
          and what operating parameters must I monitor?
60.3044  Is there a minimum amount of operating parameter monitoring 
          data I must obtain?

                 Model Rule--Recordkeeping and Reporting

60.3046  What records must I keep?
60.3047  Where and in what format must I keep my records?
60.3048  What reports must I submit?
60.3049  What information must I submit following my initial performance 
          test?
60.3050  When must I submit my annual report?
60.3051  What information must I include in my annual report?
60.3052  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          operating limits or the emission limitations?
60.3053  What must I include in the deviation report?
60.3054  What else must I report if I have a deviation from the 
          requirement to have a qualified operator accessible?
60.3055  Are there any other notifications or reports that I must 
          submit?
60.3056  In what form can I submit my reports?
60.3057  Can reporting dates be changed?

                  Model Rule--Title V Operating Permits

60.3059  Am I required to apply for and obtain a title V operating 
          permit for my unit?
60.3060  When must I submit a title V permit application for my existing 
          unit?

Model Rule--Temporary-Use Incinerators and Air Curtain Incinerators Used 
                          in Disaster Recovery

60.3061  What are the requirements for temporary-use incinerators and 
          air curtain incinerators used in disaster recovery?

[[Page 19]]

 Model Rule--Air Curtain Incinerators That Burn Only Wood Waste, Clean 
                         Lumber, and Yard Waste

60.3062  What is an air curtain incinerator?
60.3063  When must I comply if my air curtain incinerator burns only 
          wood waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?
60.3064  What must I do if I close my air curtain incinerator that burns 
          only wood waste, clean lumber, and yard waste and then restart 
          it?
60.3065  What must I do if I plan to permanently close my air curtain 
          incinerator that burns only wood waste, clean lumber, and yard 
          waste and not restart it?
60.3066  What are the emission limitations for air curtain incinerators 
          that burn only wood waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?
60.3067  How must I monitor opacity for air curtain incinerators that 
          burn only wood waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?
60.3068  What are the recordkeeping and reporting requirements for air 
          curtain incinerators that burn only wood waste, clean lumber, 
          and yard waste?
60.3069  Am I required to apply for and obtain a title V operating 
          permit for my air curtain incinerator that burns only wood 
          waste, clean lumber, and yard waste?

                          Model Rule--Equations

60.3076  What equations must I use?

                         Model Rule--Definitions

60.3078  What definitions must I know?

Tables to Subpart FFFF of Part 60
Table 1 to Subpart FFFF of Part 60--Model Rule--Compliance Schedule
Table 2 to Subpart FFFF of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limitations
Table 3 to Subpart FFFF of Part 60--Model Rule--Operating Limits for 
          Incinerators and Wet Scrubbers
Table 4 to Subpart FFFF of Part 60--Model Rule--Requirements for 
          Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems (CEMS)
Table 5 to Subpart FFFF of Part 60--Model Rule--Summary of Reporting 
          Requirements \a\

Subparts GGGG-HHHH [Reserved]

    Subpart IIII_Standards of Performance for Stationary Compression 
                  Ignition Internal Combustion Engines

                        What This Subpart Covers

60.4200  Am I subject to this subpart?

                  Emission Standards for Manufacturers

60.4201  What emission standards must I meet for non-emergency engines 
          if I am a stationary CI internal combustion engine 
          manufacturer?
60.4202  What emission standards must I meet for emergency engines if I 
          am a stationary CI internal combustion engine manufacturer?
60.4203  How long must my engines meet the emission standards if I am a 
          manufacturer of stationary CI internal combustion engines?

               Emission Standards for Owners and Operators

60.4204  What emission standards must I meet for non-emergency engines 
          if I am an owner or operator of a stationary CI internal 
          combustion engine?
60.4205  What emission standards must I meet for emergency engines if I 
          am an owner or operator of a stationary CI internal combustion 
          engine?
60.4206  How long must I meet the emission standards if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary CI internal combustion engine?

               Fuel Requirements for Owners and Operators

60.4207  What fuel requirements must I meet if I am an owner or operator 
          of a stationary CI internal combustion engine subject to this 
          subpart?

               Other Requirements for Owners and Operators

60.4208  What is the deadline for importing or installing stationary CI 
          ICE produced in previous model years?
60.4209  What are the monitoring requirements if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary CI internal combustion engine?

                         Compliance Requirements

60.4210   What are my compliance requirements if I am a stationary CI 
          internal combustion engine manufacturer?
60.4211  What are my compliance requirements if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary CI internal combustion engine?

              Testing Requirements for Owners and Operators

60.4212   What test methods and other procedures must I use if I am an 
          owner or operator of a stationary CI internal combustion 
          engine with a displacement of less than 30 liters per 
          cylinder?
60.4213  What test methods and other procedures must I use if I am an 
          owner or operator of a stationary CI internal combustion 
          engine with a displacement of greater than or equal to 30 
          liters per cylinder?

[[Page 20]]

       Notification, Reports, and Records for Owners and Operators

60.4214   What are my notification, reporting, and recordkeeping 
          requirements if I am an owner or operator of a stationary CI 
          internal combustion engine?

                          Special Requirements

60.4215   What requirements must I meet for engines used in Guam, 
          American Samoa, or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands?
60.4216  What requirements must I meet for engines used in Alaska?
60.4217  What emission standards must I meet if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary internal combustion engine using 
          special fuels?

                           General Provisions

60.4218   What parts of the General Provisions apply to me?

                               Definitions

60.4219   What definitions apply to this subpart?

Table 1 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Emission Standards for Stationary 
          Pre-2007 Model Year Engines with a displacement of <10 liters 
          per cylinder and 2007-2010 Model Year Engines >2,237 KW (3,000 
          HP) and with a displacement of <10 liters per cylinder
Table 2 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Emission Standards for 2008 Model 
          Year and Later Emergency Stationary CI ICE <37 KW (50 HP) and 
          with a Displacement of <10 liters per cylinder
Table 3 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Certification Requirements for 
          Stationary Fire Pump Engines
Table 4 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Emission Standards for Stationary 
          Fire Pump Engines
Table 5 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Labeling and Recordkeeping 
          Requirements for New Stationary Emergency Engines
Table 6 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Optional 3-Mode Test Cycle for 
          Stationary Fire Pump Engines
Table 7 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Requirements for Performance Tests 
          for Stationary CI ICE with a displacement of 30 liters per 
          cylinder
Table 8 to Subpart IIII of Part 60--Applicability of General Provisions 
          to Subpart IIII

  Subpart JJJJ_Standards of Performance for Stationary Spark Ignition 
                       Internal Combustion Engines

                        What This Subpart Covers

60.4230  Am I subject to this subpart?

                  Emission Standards for Manufacturers

60.4231  What emission standards must I meet if I am a manufacturer of 
          stationary SI internal combustion engines or equipment 
          containing such engines?
60.4232  How long must my engines meet the emission standards if I am a 
          manufacturer of stationary SI internal combustion engines?

               Emission Standards for Owners and Operators

60.4233  What emission standards must I meet if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary SI internal combustion engine?
60.4234  How long must I meet the emission standards if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary SI internal combustion engine?

               Other Requirements for Owners and Operators

60.4235  What fuel requirements must I meet if I am an owner or operator 
          of a stationary SI gasoline fired internal combustion engine 
          subject to this subpart?
60.4236  What is the deadline for importing or installing stationary SI 
          ICE produced in previous model years?
60.4237  What are the monitoring requirements if I am an owner or 
          operator of an emergency stationary SI internal combustion 
          engine?

                Compliance Requirements for Manufacturers

60.4238  What are my compliance requirements if I am a manufacturer of 
          stationary SI internal combustion engines 19 KW (25 HP) or a 
          manufacturer of equipment containing such engines?
60.4239  What are my compliance requirements if I am a manufacturer of 
          stationary SI internal combustion engines >19 KW (25 HP) that 
          use gasoline or a manufacturer of equipment containing such 
          engines?
60.4240  What are my compliance requirements if I am a manufacturer of 
          stationary SI internal combustion engines >19 KW (25 HP) that 
          are rich burn engines that use LPG or a manufacturer of 
          equipment containing such engines?
60.4241  What are my compliance requirements if I am a manufacturer of 
          stationary SI internal combustion engines participating in the 
          voluntary certification program or a manufacturer of equipment 
          containing such engines?
60.4242  What other requirements must I meet if I am a manufacturer of 
          stationary SI internal combustion engines or equipment 
          containing stationary SI

[[Page 21]]

          internal combustion engines or a manufacturer of equipment 
          containing such engines?

            Compliance Requirements for Owners and Operators

60.4243  What are my compliance requirements if I am an owner or 
          operator of a stationary SI internal combustion engine?

              Testing Requirements for Owners and Operators

60.4244  What test methods and other procedures must I use if I am an 
          owner or operator of a stationary SI internal combustion 
          engine?

       Notification, Reports, and Records for Owners and Operators

60.4245  What are my notification, reporting, and recordkeeping 
          requirements if I am an owner or operator of a stationary SI 
          internal combustion engine?

                           General Provisions

60.4246  What parts of the General Provisions apply to me?

                        Mobile Source Provisions

60.4247  What parts of the mobile source provisions apply to me if I am 
          a manufacturer of stationary SI internal combustion engines or 
          a manufacturer of equipment containing such engines?

                               Definitions

60.4248  What definitions apply to this subpart?

                    Tables to Subpart JJJJ of Part 60

Table 1 to Subpart JJJJ of Part 60--NOX, CO, and VOC Emission 
          Standards for Stationary Non-Emergency SI Engines 100 HP 
          (Except Gasoline and Rich Burn LPG), Stationary SI Landfill/
          Digester Gas Engines, and Stationary Emergency Engines >25 HP
Table 2 to Subpart JJJJ of Part 60--Requirements for Performance Tests
Table 3 to Subpart JJJJ of Part 60--Applicability of General Provisions 
          to Subpart JJJJ
Table 4 to Subpart JJJJ of Part 60--Applicability of Mobile Source 
          Provisions for Manufacturers Participating in the Voluntary 
          Certification Program and Certifying Stationary SI ICE to 
          Emission Standards in Table 1 of Subpart JJJJ

Subpart KKKK_Standards of Performance for Stationary Combustion Turbines

                              Introduction

60.4300  What is the purpose of this subpart?

                              Applicability

60.4305  Does this subpart apply to my stationary combustion turbine?
60.4310  What types of operations are exempt from these standards of 
          performance?

                             Emission Limits

60.4315   What pollutants are regulated by this subpart?
60.4320  What emission limits must I meet for nitrogen oxides 
          (NOX)?
60.4325  What emission limits must I meet for NOX if my 
          turbine burns both natural gas and distillate oil (or some 
          other combination of fuels)?
60.4330  What emission limits must I meet for sulfur dioxide 
          (SO2)?

                     General Compliance Requirements

60.4333  What are my general requirements for complying with this 
          subpart?

                               Monitoring

60.4335   How do I demonstrate compliance for NOX if I use 
          water or steam injection?
60.4340  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance for NOX 
          if I do not use water or steam injection?
60.4345  What are the requirements for the continuous emission 
          monitoring system equipment, if I choose to use this option?
60.4350  How do I use data from the continuous emission monitoring 
          equipment to identify excess emissions?
60.4355  How do I establish and document a proper parameter monitoring 
          plan?
60.4360  How do I determine the total sulfur content of the turbine's 
          combustion fuel?
60.4365  How can I be exempted from monitoring the total sulfur content 
          of the fuel?
60.4370  How often must I determine the sulfur content of the fuel?

                                Reporting

60.4375   What reports must I submit?
60.4380  How are excess emissions and monitor downtime defined for 
          NOX?
60.4385  How are excess emissions and monitoring downtime defined for 
          SO2?
60.4390  What are my reporting requirements if I operate an emergency 
          combustion turbine or a research and development turbine?
60.4395  When must I submit my reports?

[[Page 22]]

                            Performance Tests

60.4400  How do I conduct the initial and subsequent performance tests, 
          regarding NOX?
60.4405  How do I perform the initial performance test if I have chosen 
          to install a NOX-diluent CEMS?
60.4410  How do I establish a valid parameter range if I have chosen to 
          continuously monitor parameters?
60.4415  How do I conduct the initial and subsequent performance tests 
          for sulfur?

                               Definitions

60.4420   What definitions apply to this subpart?

Table 1 to Subpart KKKK of Part 60--Nitrogen Oxide Emission Limits for 
          New Stationary Combustion Turbines

Subpart LLLL_Standards of Performance for New Sewage Sludge Incineration 
                                  Units

                              Introduction

60.4760  What does this subpart do?
60.4765  When does this subpart become effective?

                Applicability and Delegation of Authority

60.4770  Does this subpart apply to my sewage sludge incineration unit?
60.4775  What is a new sewage sludge incineration unit?
60.4780  What sewage sludge incineration units are exempt from this 
          subpart?
60.4785  Who implements and enforces this subpart?
60.4790  How are these new source performance standards structured?
60.4795  Do all nine components of these new source performance 
          standards apply at the same time?

                     Preconstruction Siting Analysis

60.4800  Who must prepare a siting analysis?
60.4805  What is a siting analysis?

                   Operator Training and Qualification

60.4810  What are the operator training and qualification requirements?
60.4815  When must the operator training course be completed?
60.4820  How do I obtain my operator qualification?
60.4825  How do I maintain my operator qualification?
60.4830  How do I renew my lapsed operator qualification?
60.4835  What if all the qualified operators are temporarily not 
          accessible?
60.4840  What site-specific documentation is required and how often must 
          it be reviewed by qualified operators and plant personnel?

     Emission Limits, Emission Standards, and Operating Limits and 
                              Requirements

60.4845  What emission limits and standards must I meet and by when?
60.4850  What operating limits and requirements must I meet and by when?
60.4855  How do I establish operating limits if I do not use a wet 
          scrubber, fabric filter, electrostatic precipitator, or 
          activated carbon injection, or if I limit emissions in some 
          other manner, to comply with the emission limits?
60.4860  Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating 
          limits apply during periods of startup, shutdown, and 
          malfunction?
60.4861  How do I establish affirmative defense for exceedance of an 
          emission limit or standard during malfunction?

                     Initial Compliance Requirements

60.4865  How and when do I demonstrate initial compliance with the 
          emission limits and standards?
60.4870  How do I establish my operating limits?
60.4875  By what date must I conduct the initial air pollution control 
          device inspection and make any necessary repairs?
60.4880  How do I develop a site-specific monitoring plan for my 
          continuous monitoring, bag leak detection, and ash handling 
          systems, and by what date must I conduct an initial 
          performance evaluation?

                   Continuous Compliance Requirements

60.4885  How and when do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the 
          emission limits and standards?
60.4890  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with my operating 
          limits?
60.4895  By what date must I conduct annual air pollution control device 
          inspections and make any necessary repairs?

      Performance Testing, Monitoring, and Calibration Requirements

60.4900  What are the performance testing, monitoring, and calibration 
          requirements for compliance with the emission limits and 
          standards?
60.4905  What are the monitoring and calibration requirements for 
          compliance with my operating limits?

                       Recordkeeping and Reporting

60.4910  What records must I keep?
60.4915  What reports must I submit?

                        Title V Operating Permits

60.4920  Am I required to apply for and obtain a Title V operating 
          permit for my unit?

[[Page 23]]

60.4925  When must I submit a title V permit application for my new SSI 
          unit?

                               Definitions

60.4930  What definitions must I know?

                                 Tables

Table 1 to Subpart LLLL of Part 60--Emission Limits and Standards for 
          Fluidized Bed New Sewage Sludge Incineration Units
Table 2 to Subpart LLLL of Part 60--Emission Limits and Standards for 
          New Multiple Hearth Sewage Sludge Incineration Units
Table 3 to Subpart LLLL of Part 60--Operating Parameters for New Sewage 
          Sludge Incineration Units
Table 4 to Subpart LLLL of Part 60--Toxic Equivalency Factors
Table 5 to Subpart LLLL of Part 60--Summary of Reporting Requirements 
          for New Sewage Sludge Incineration Units

   Subpart MMMM_Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Existing 
                    Sewage Sludge Incineration Units

                              Introduction

60.5000  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.5005  Am I affected by this subpart?
60.5010  Is a state plan required for all states?
60.5015  What must I include in my state plan?
60.5020  Is there an approval process for my state plan?
60.5025  What if my state plan is not approvable?
60.5030  Is there an approval process for a negative declaration letter?
60.5035  What compliance schedule must I include in my state plan?
60.5040  Are there any state plan requirements for this subpart that 
          apply instead of the requirements specified in subpart B?
60.5045  In lieu of a state plan submittal, are there other acceptable 
          option(s) for a state to meet its section 111(d)/129 (b)(2) 
          obligations?
60.5050  What authorities will not be delegated to state, local, or 
          tribal agencies?
60.5055  Does this subpart directly affect SSI unit owners and operators 
          in my state?

                      Applicability of State Plans

60.5060  What SSI units must I address in my state plan?
60.5065  What SSI units are exempt from my state plan?

                            Use of Model Rule

60.5070  What is the ``model rule'' in this subpart?
60.5075  How does the model rule relate to the required elements of my 
          state plan?
60.5080  What are the principal components of the model rule?

                   Model Rule--Increments of Progress

60.5085  What are my requirements for meeting increments of progress and 
          achieving final compliance?
60.5090  When must I complete each increment of progress?
60.5095  What must I include in the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.5100  When must I submit the notifications of achievement of 
          increments of progress?
60.5105  What if I do not meet an increment of progress?
60.5110  How do I comply with the increment of progress for submittal of 
          a control plan?
60.5115  How do I comply with the increment of progress for achieving 
          final compliance?
60.5120  What must I do if I close my SSI unit and then restart it?
60.5125  What must I do if I plan to permanently close my SSI unit and 
          not restart it?

             Model Rule--Operator Training and Qualification

60.5130  What are the operator training and qualification requirements?
60.5135  When must the operator training course be completed?
60.5140  How do I obtain my operator qualification?
60.5145  How do I maintain my operator qualification?
60.5150  How do I renew my lapsed operator qualification?
60.5155  What if all the qualified operators are temporarily not 
          accessible?
60.5160  What site-specific documentation is required and how often must 
          it be reviewed by qualified operators and plant personnel?

 Model Rule--Emission Limits, Emission Standards, and Operating Limits 
                            and Requirements

60.5165  What emission limits and standards must I meet and by when?
60.5170  What operating limits and requirements must I meet and by when?
60.5175  How do I establish operating limits if I do not use a wet 
          scrubber, fabric filter, electrostatic precipitator, activated 
          carbon injection, or afterburner, or if I limit emissions in 
          some other manner, to comply with the emission limits?
60.5180  Do the emission limits, emission standards, and operating 
          limits apply

[[Page 24]]

          during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction?
60.5181  How do I establish affirmative defense for exceedance of an 
          emission limit or standard during malfunction?

               Model Rule--Initial Compliance Requirements

60.5185  How and when do I demonstrate initial compliance with the 
          emission limits and standards?
60.5190  How do I establish my operating limits?
60.5195  By what date must I conduct the initial air pollution control 
          device inspection and make any necessary repairs?
60.5200  How do I develop a site-specific monitoring plan for my 
          continuous monitoring, bag leak detection, and ash handling 
          systems, and by what date must I conduct an initial 
          performance evaluation?

             Model Rule--Continuous Compliance Requirements

60.5205  How and when do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the 
          emission limits and standards?
60.5210  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with my operating 
          limits?
60.5215  By what date must I conduct annual air pollution control device 
          inspections and make any necessary repairs?

      Model Rule--Performance Testing, Monitoring, and Calibration 
                              Requirements

60.5220  What are the performance testing, monitoring, and calibration 
          requirements for compliance with the emission limits and 
          standards?
60.5225  What are the monitoring and calibration requirements for 
          compliance with my operating limits?

                 Model Rule--Recordkeeping and Reporting

60.5230  What records must I keep?
60.5235  What reports must I submit?

                  Model Rule--Title V Operating Permits

60.5240  Am I required to apply for and obtain a title V operating 
          permit for my existing SSI unit?
60.5245  When must I submit a title V permit application for my existing 
          SSI unit?

                         Model Rule--Definitions

60.5250  What definitions must I know?

                                 Tables

Table 1 to Subpart MMMM of Part 60--Model Rule--Increments of Progress 
          and Compliance Schedules for Existing Sewage Sludge 
          Incineration Units
Table 2 to Subpart MMMM of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limits and 
          Standards for Existing Fluidized Bed Sewage Sludge 
          Incineration Units
Table 3 to Subpart MMMM of Part 60--Model Rule--Emission Limits and 
          Standards for Existing Multiple Hearth Sewage Sludge 
          Incineration Units
Table 4 to Subpart MMMM of Part 60--Model Rule--Operating Parameters for 
          Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units
Table 5 to Subpart MMMM of Part 60--Model Rule--Toxic Equivalency 
          Factors
Table 6 to Subpart MMMM of Part 60--Model Rule--Summary of Reporting 
          Requirements for Existing Sewage Sludge Incineration Units

Subpart NNNN  [Reserved]

  Subpart OOOO_Standards of Performance for Crude Oil and Natural Gas 
   Production, Transmission and Distribution for which Construction, 
 Modification or Reconstruction Commenced After August 23, 2011, and on 
                      or before September 18, 2015

60.5360  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.5365  Am I subject to this subpart?
60.5370  When must I comply with this subpart?
60.5375  What standards apply to gas well affected facilities?
60.5380  What standards apply to centrifugal compressor affected 
          facilities?
60.5385  What standards apply to reciprocating compressor affected 
          facilities?
60.5390  What standards apply to pneumatic controller affected 
          facilities?
60.5395  What standards apply to storage vessel affected facilities?
60.5400  What equipment leak standards apply to affected facilities at 
          an onshore natural gas processing plant?
60.5401  What are the exceptions to the equipment leak standards for 
          affected facilities at onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5402  What are the alternative emission limitations for equipment 
          leaks from onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5405  What standards apply to sweetening units at onshore natural gas 
          processing plants?
60.5406  What test methods and procedures must I use for my sweetening 
          units affected facilities at onshore natural gas processing 
          plants?
60.5407  What are the requirements for monitoring of emissions and 
          operations from my sweetening unit affected facilities at 
          onshore natural gas processing plants?

[[Page 25]]

60.5408  What is an optional procedure for measuring hydrogen sulfide in 
          acid gas--Tutwiler Procedure?
60.5410  How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the standards for 
          my gas well affected facility, my centrifugal compressor 
          affected facility, my reciprocating compressor affected 
          facility, my pneumatic controller affected facility, my 
          storage vessel affected facility, and my equipment leaks and 
          sweetening unit affected facilities at onshore natural gas 
          processing plants?
60.5411  What additional requirements must I meet to determine initial 
          compliance for my covers and closed vent systems routing 
          materials from storage vessels, reciprocating compressors and 
          centrifugal compressor wet seal degassing systems?
60.5412  What additional requirements must I meet for determining 
          initial compliance with control devices used to comply with 
          the emission standards for my storage vessel or centrifugal 
          compressor affected facility?
60.5413  What are the performance testing procedures for control devices 
          used to demonstrate compliance at my storage vessel or 
          centrifugal compressor affected facility?
60.5415  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the standards 
          for my gas well affected facility, my centrifugal compressor 
          affected facility, my stationary reciprocating compressor 
          affected facility, my pneumatic controller affected facility, 
          my storage vessel affected facility, and my affected 
          facilities at onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5416  What are the initial and continuous cover and closed vent 
          system inspection and monitoring requirements for my storage 
          vessel, centrifugal compressor and reciprocating compressor 
          affected facilities?
60.5417  What are the continuous control device monitoring requirements 
          for my storage vessel or centrifugal compressor affected 
          facility?
60.5420  What are my notification, reporting, and recordkeeping 
          requirements?
60.5421  What are my additional recordkeeping requirements for my 
          affected facility subject to VOC requirements for onshore 
          natural gas processing plants?
60.5422  What are my additional reporting requirements for my affected 
          facility subject to VOC requirements for onshore natural gas 
          processing plants?
60.5423  What additional recordkeeping and reporting requirements apply 
          to my sweetening unit affected facilities at onshore natural 
          gas processing plants?
60.5425  What parts of the General Provisions apply to me?
60.5430  What definitions apply to this subpart?
60.5431-60.5499  [Reserved]

Table 1 to Subpart OOOO of Part 60--Required Minimum Initial 
          SO2 Emission Reduction Efficiency (Zi)
Table 2 to Subpart OOOO of Part 60--Required Minimum SO2 
          Emission Reduction Efficiency (Zc)
Table 3 to Subpart OOOO of Part 60--Applicability of General Provisions 
          to Subpart OOOO

  Subpart OOOOa_Standards of Performance for Crude Oil and Natural Gas 
   Facilities for which Construction, Modification or Reconstruction 
                   Commenced After September 18, 2015

60.5360a  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.5365a  Am I subject to this subpart?
60.5370a  When must I comply with this subpart?
60.5375a  What GHG and VOC standards apply to well affected facilities?
60.5380a  What GHG and VOC standards apply to centrifugal compressor 
          affected facilities?
60.5385a  What GHG and VOC standards apply to reciprocating compressor 
          affected facilities?
60.5390a  What GHG and VOC standards apply to pneumatic controller 
          affected facilities?
60.5393a  What GHG and VOC standards apply to pneumatic pump affected 
          facilities?
60.5395a  What VOC standards apply to storage vessel affected 
          facilities?
60.5397a  What fugitive emissions GHG and VOC standards apply to the 
          affected facility which is the collection of fugitive 
          emissions components at a well site and the affected facility 
          which is the collection of fugitive emissions components at a 
          compressor station?
60.5398a  What are the alternative means of emission limitations for GHG 
          and VOC from well completions, reciprocating compressors, the 
          collection of fugitive emissions components at a well site and 
          the collection of fugitive emissions components at a 
          compressor station?
60.5400a  What equipment leak GHG and VOC standards apply to affected 
          facilities at an onshore natural gas processing plant?
60.5401a  What are the exceptions to the equipment leak GHG and VOC 
          standards for affected facilities at onshore natural gas 
          processing plants?
60.5402a  What are the alternative means of emission limitations for GHG 
          and VOC equipment leaks from onshore natural gas processing 
          plants?

[[Page 26]]

60.5405a  What standards apply to sweetening unit affected facilities at 
          onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5406a  What test methods and procedures must I use for my sweetening 
          unit affected facilities at onshore natural gas processing 
          plants?
60.5407a  What are the requirements for monitoring of emissions and 
          operations from my sweetening unit affected facilities at 
          onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5408a  What is an optional procedure for measuring hydrogen sulfide 
          in acid gas--Tutwiler Procedure?
60.5410a  How do I demonstrate initial compliance with the standards for 
          my well, centrifugal compressor, reciprocating compressor, 
          pneumatic controller, pneumatic pump, storage vessel, 
          collection of fugitive emissions components at a well site, 
          collection of fugitive emissions components at a compressor 
          station, and equipment leaks and sweetening unit affected 
          facilities at onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5411a  What additional requirements must I meet to determine initial 
          compliance for my covers and closed vent systems routing 
          emissions from centrifugal compressor wet seal fluid degassing 
          systems, reciprocating compressors, pneumatic pumps and 
          storage vessels?
60.5412a  What additional requirements must I meet for determining 
          initial compliance with control devices used to comply with 
          the emission standards for my centrifugal compressor, and 
          storage vessel affected facilities?
60.5413a  What are the performance testing procedures for control 
          devices used to demonstrate compliance at my centrifugal 
          compressor and storage vessel affected facilities?
60.5415a  How do I demonstrate continuous compliance with the standards 
          for my well, centrifugal compressor, reciprocating compressor, 
          pneumatic controller, pneumatic pump, storage vessel, 
          collection of fugitive emissions components at a well site, 
          and collection of fugitive emissions components at a 
          compressor station affected facilities, and affected 
          facilities at onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5416a  What are the initial and continuous cover and closed vent 
          system inspection and monitoring requirements for my 
          centrifugal compressor, reciprocating compressor, pneumatic 
          pump, and storage vessel affected facilities?
60.5417a  What are the continuous control device monitoring requirements 
          for my centrifugal compressor and storage vessel affected 
          facilities?
60.5420a  What are my notification, reporting, and recordkeeping 
          requirements?
60.5421a  What are my additional recordkeeping requirements for my 
          affected facility subject to GHG and VOC requirements for 
          onshore natural gas processing plants?
60.5422a  What are my additional reporting requirements for my affected 
          facility subject to GHG and VOC requirements for onshore 
          natural gas processing plants?
60.5423a  What additional recordkeeping and reporting requirements apply 
          to my sweetening unit affected facilities at onshore natural 
          gas processing plants?
60.5425a  What parts of the General Provisions apply to me?
60.5430a  What definitions apply to this subpart?
60.5432a  How do I determine whether a well is a low pressure well using 
          the low pressure well equation?
60.5433a-60.5499a  [Reserved]

Table 1 to Subpart OOOOa of Part 60--Required Minimum Initial 
          SO2 Emission Reduction Efficiency (Zi)
Table 2 to Subpart OOOOa of Part 60--Required Minimum SO2 
          Emission Reduction Efficiency (Zc)
Table 3 to Subpart OOOOa of Part 60--Applicability of General Provisions 
          to Subpart OOOOa

Subpart PPPP [Reserved]

   Subpart QQQQ_Standards of Performance for New Residential Hydronic 
                     Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces

60.5472  Am I subject to this subpart?
60.5473  What definitions must I know?
60.5474  What standards and requirements must I meet and by when?
60.5475  What compliance and certification requirements must I meet and 
          by when?
60.5476  What test methods and procedures must I use to determine 
          compliance with the standards and requirements for 
          certification?
60.5477  What procedures must I use for EPA approval of a test 
          laboratory or EPA approval of a third-party certifier?
60.5478  What requirements must I meet for permanent labels, temporary 
          labels (hangtags), and owner's manuals?
60.5479  What records must I keep and what reports must I submit?
60.5480  What activities are prohibited under this subpart?
60.5481  What hearing and appeal procedures apply to me?
60.5482  Who implements and enforces this subpart?
60.5483  What parts of the General Provisions do not apply to me?

[[Page 27]]

Subparts RRRR-SSSS [Reserved]

 Subpart TTTT_Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions for 
                        Electric Generating Units

                              Applicability

60.5508  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.5509  Am I subject to this subpart?

                           Emission Standards

60.5515  Which pollutants are regulated by this subpart?
60.5520  What CO2 emissions standard must I meet?

                     General Compliance Requirements

60.5525  What are my general requirements for complying with this 
          subpart?

           Monitoring and Compliance Determination Procedures

60.5535  How do I monitor and collect data to demonstrate compliance?
60.5540  How do I demonstrate compliance with my CO2 
          emissions standard and determine excess emissions?

                   Notifications, Reports, and Records

60.5550  What notifications must I submit and when?
60.5555  What reports must I submit and when?
60.5560  What records must I maintain?
60.5565  In what form and how long must I keep my records?

                   Other Requirements and Information

60.5570  What parts of the general provisions apply to my affected EGU?
60.5575  Who implements and enforces this subpart?
60.5580  What definitions apply to this subpart?

Table 1 of Subpart TTTT of Part 60--CO2 Emission Standards 
          for Affected Steam Generating Units and Integrated 
          Gasification Combined Cycle Facilities That Commenced 
          Construction After January 8, 2014 and Reconstruction or 
          Modification After June 18, 2014
Table 2 of Subpart TTTT of Part 60--CO2 Emission Standards 
          for Affected Stationary Combustion Turbines That Commenced 
          Construction After January 8, 2014 and Reconstruction After 
          June 18, 2014 (Net Energy Output-Based Standards Applicable as 
          Approved by the Administrator)
Table 3 to Subpart TTTT of Part 60--Applicability of Subpart A of Part 
          60 (General Provisions) to Subpart TTTT

   Subpart UUUU_Emission Guidelines for Greenhouse Gas Emissions and 
         Compliance Times for Electric Utility Generating Units

                              Introduction

60.5700  What is the purpose of this subpart?
60.5705  Which pollutants are regulated by this subpart?
60.5710  Am I affected by this subpart?
60.5715  What is the review and approval process for my plan?
60.5720  What if I do not submit a plan or my plan is not approvable?
60.5725  In lieu of a State plan submittal, are there other acceptable 
          option(s) for a State to meet its CAA section 111(d) 
          obligations?
60.5730  Is there an approval process for a negative declaration letter?
60.5735  What authorities will not be delegated to State, local, or 
          tribal agencies?
60.5736  Will the EPA impose any sanctions?
60.5737  What is the Clean Energy Incentive Program and how do I 
          participate?

                 State and Multi-State Plan Requirements

60.5740  What must I include in my federally enforceable State or multi-
          State plan?
60.5745  What must I include in my final plan submittal?
60.5750  Can I work with other States to develop a multi-State plan?
60.5760  What are the timing requirements for submitting my plan?
60.5765  What must I include in an initial submittal if requesting an 
          extension for a final plan submittal?
60.5770  What schedules, performance periods, and compliance periods 
          must I include in my plan?
60.5775  What emission standards must I include in my plan?
60.5780  What State measures may I rely upon in support of my plan?
60.5785  What is the procedure for revising my plan?
60.5790  What must I do to meet my plan obligations?

                    Emission Rate Credit Requirements

60.5795  What affected EGUs qualify for generation of ERCs?
60.5800  What other resources qualify for issuance of ERCs?
60.5805  What is the process for the issuance of ERCs?
60.5810  What applicable requirements are there for an ERC tracking 
          system?

[[Page 28]]

                      Mass Allocation Requirements

60.5815  What are the requirements for State allocation of allowances in 
          a mass-based program?
60.5820  What are my allowance tracking requirements?
60.5825  What is the process for affected EGUs to demonstrate compliance 
          in a mass-based program?

    Evaluation Measurement and Verification Plans and Monitoring and 
                          Verification Reports

60.5830  What are the requirements for EM&V plans for eligible 
          resources?
60.5835  What are the requirements for M&V reports for eligible 
          resources?

                 Applicability of Plans to Affected EGUs

60.5840  Does this subpart directly affect EGU owners or operators in my 
          State?
60.5845  What affected EGUs must I address in my State plan?
60.5850  What EGUs are excluded from being affected EGUs?
60.5855  What are the CO2 emission performance rates for 
          affected EGUs?
60.5860  What applicable monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting 
          requirements do I need to include in my plan for affected 
          EGUs?

                Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements

60.5865  What are my recordkeeping requirements?
60.5870  What are my reporting and notification requirements?
60.5875  How do I submit information required by these emission 
          guidelines to the EPA?

                               Definitions

60.5880  What definitions apply to this subpart?

Table 1 to Subpart UUUU of Part 60--CO2 Emission Performance 
          Rates (Pounds of CO2 per Net MWh)
Table 2 to Subpart UUUU of Part 60--Statewide Rate-Based CO2 
          Emission Goals (Pounds of CO2 per Net MWh)
Table 3 to Subpart UUUU of Part 60--Statewide Mass-Based CO2 
          Emission Goals (Short Tons of CO2)
Table 4 to Subpart UUUU of Part 60--Statewide Mass-Based CO2 
          Emission Goals plus New Source CO2 Emission 
          Complement (Short Tons of CO2)

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

    Source: 36 FR 24877, Dec. 23, 1971, unless otherwise noted.



     Subpart XX_Standards of Performance for Bulk Gasoline Terminals

    Source: 48 FR 37590, Aug. 18, 1983, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.500  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The affected facility to which the provisions of this subpart 
apply is the total of all the loading racks at a bulk gasoline terminal 
which deliver liquid product into gasoline tank trucks.
    (b) Each facility under paragraph (a) of this section, the 
construction or modification of which is commenced after December 17, 
1980, is subject to the provisions of this subpart.
    (c) For purposes of this subpart, any replacement of components of 
an existing facility, described in paragraph (a) of this section, 
commenced before August 18, 1983 in order to comply with any emission 
standard adopted by a State or political subdivision thereof will not be 
considered a reconstruction under the provisions of 40 CFR 60.15.

    Note: The intent of these standards is to minimize the emissions of 
VOC through the application of best demonstrated technologies (BDT). The 
numerical emission limits in this standard are expressed in terms of 
total organic compounds. This emission limit reflects the performance of 
BDT.



Sec. 60.501  Definitions.

    The terms used in this subpart are defined in the Clean Air Act, in 
Sec. 60.2 of this part, or in this section as follows:
    Bulk gasoline terminal means any gasoline facility which receives 
gasoline by pipeline, ship or barge, and has a gasoline throughput 
greater than 75,700 liters per day. Gasoline throughput shall be the 
maximum calculated design throughput as may be limited by compliance 
with an enforceable condition under Federal, State or local law and 
discoverable by the Administrator and any other person.
    Continuous vapor processing system means a vapor processing system 
that treats total organic compounds vapors collected from gasoline tank 
trucks on a demand basis without intermediate accumulation in a vapor 
holder.
    Existing vapor processing system means a vapor processing system 
[capable of

[[Page 29]]

achieving emissions to the atmosphere no greater than 80 milligrams of 
total organic compounds per liter of gasoline loaded], the construction 
or refurbishment of which was commenced before December 17, 1980, and 
which was not constructed or refurbished after that date.
    Flare means a thermal oxidation system using an open (without 
enclosure) flame.
    Gasoline means any petroleum distillate or petroleum distillate/
alcohol blend having a Reid vapor pressure of 27.6 kilopascals or 
greater which is used as a fuel for internal combustion engines.
    Gasoline tank truck means a delivery tank truck used at bulk 
gasoline terminals which is loading gasoline or which has loaded 
gasoline on the immediately previous load.
    Intermittent vapor processing system means a vapor processing system 
that employs an intermediate vapor holder to accumulate total organic 
compounds vapors collected from gasoline tank trucks, and treats the 
accumulated vapors only during automatically controlled cycles.
    Loading rack means the loading arms, pumps, meters, shutoff valves, 
relief valves, and other piping and valves necessary to fill delivery 
tank trucks.
    Refurbishment means, with reference to a vapor processing system, 
replacement of components of, or addition of components to, the system 
within any 2-year period such that the fixed capital cost of the new 
components required for such component replacement or addition exceeds 
50 percent of the cost of a comparable entirely new system.
    Thermal oxidation system means a combustion device used to mix and 
ignite fuel, air pollutants, and air to provide a flame to heat and 
oxidize hazardous air pollutants. Auxiliary fuel may be used to heat air 
pollutants to combustion temperatures.
    Total organic compounds means those compounds measured according to 
the procedures in Sec. 60.503.
    Vapor collection system means any equipment used for containing 
total organic compounds vapors displaced during the loading of gasoline 
tank trucks.
    Vapor processing system means all equipment used for recovering or 
oxidizing total organic compounds vapors displaced from the affected 
facility.
    Vapor-tight gasoline tank truck means a gasoline tank truck which 
has demonstrated within the 12 preceding months that its product 
delivery tank will sustain a pressure change of not more than 750 
pascals (75 mm of water) within 5 minutes after it is pressurized to 
4,500 pascals (450 mm of water). This capability is to be demonstrated 
using the pressure test procedure specified in Method 27.

[48 FR 37590, Aug. 18, 1983, as amended at 65 FR 61763, Oct. 17, 2000; 
68 FR 70965, Dec. 19, 2003]



Sec. 60.502  Standard for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) emissions 
from bulk gasoline terminals.

    On and after the date on which Sec. 60.8(a) requires a performance 
test to be completed, the owner or operator of each bulk gasoline 
terminal containing an affected facility shall comply with the 
requirements of this section.
    (a) Each affected facility shall be equipped with a vapor collection 
system designed to collect the total organic compounds vapors displaced 
from tank trucks during product loading.
    (b) The emissions to the atmosphere from the vapor collection system 
due to the loading of liquid product into gasoline tank trucks are not 
to exceed 35 milligrams of total organic compounds per liter of gasoline 
loaded, except as noted in paragraph (c) of this section.
    (c) For each affected facility equipped with an existing vapor 
processing system, the emissions to the atmosphere from the vapor 
collection system due to the loading of liquid product into gasoline 
tank trucks are not to exceed 80 milligrams of total organic compounds 
per liter of gasoline loaded.
    (d) Each vapor collection system shall be designed to prevent any 
total organic compounds vapors collected at one loading rack from 
passing to another loading rack.
    (e) Loadings of liquid product into gasoline tank trucks shall be 
limited to vapor-tight gasoline tank trucks using the following 
procedures:

[[Page 30]]

    (1) The owner or operator shall obtain the vapor tightness 
documentation described in Sec. 60.505(b) for each gasoline tank truck 
which is to be loaded at the affected facility.
    (2) The owner or operator shall require the tank identification 
number to be recorded as each gasoline tank truck is loaded at the 
affected facility.
    (3)(i) The owner or operator shall cross-check each tank 
identification number obtained in paragraph (e)(2) of this section with 
the file of tank vapor tightness documentation within 2 weeks after the 
corresponding tank is loaded, unless either of the following conditions 
is maintained:
    (A) If less than an average of one gasoline tank truck per month 
over the last 26 weeks is loaded without vapor tightness documentation 
then the documentation cross-check shall be performed each quarter; or
    (B) If less than an average of one gasoline tank truck per month 
over the last 52 weeks is loaded without vapor tightness documentation 
then the documentation cross-check shall be performed semiannually.
    (ii) If either the quarterly or semiannual cross-check provided in 
paragraphs (e)(3)(i) (A) through (B) of this section reveals that these 
conditions were not maintained, the source must return to biweekly 
monitoring until such time as these conditions are again met.
    (4) The terminal owner or operator shall notify the owner or 
operator of each non-vapor-tight gasoline tank truck loaded at the 
affected facility within 1 week of the documentation cross-check in 
paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
    (5) The terminal owner or operator shall take steps assuring that 
the nonvapor-tight gasoline tank truck will not be reloaded at the 
affected facility until vapor tightness documentation for that tank is 
obtained.
    (6) Alternate procedures to those described in paragraphs (e)(1) 
through (5) of this section for limiting gasoline tank truck loadings 
may be used upon application to, and approval by, the Administrator.
    (f) The owner or operator shall act to assure that loadings of 
gasoline tank trucks at the affected facility are made only into tanks 
equipped with vapor collection equipment that is compatible with the 
terminal's vapor collection system.
    (g) The owner or operator shall act to assure that the terminal's 
and the tank truck's vapor collection systems are connected during each 
loading of a gasoline tank truck at the affected facility. Examples of 
actions to accomplish this include training drivers in the hookup 
procedures and posting visible reminder signs at the affected loading 
racks.
    (h) The vapor collection and liquid loading equipment shall be 
designed and operated to prevent gauge pressure in the delivery tank 
from exceeding 4,500 pascals (450 mm of water) during product loading. 
This level is not to be exceeded when measured by the procedures 
specified in Sec. 60.503(d).
    (i) No pressure-vacuum vent in the bulk gasoline terminal's vapor 
collection system shall begin to open at a system pressure less than 
4,500 pascals (450 mm of water).
    (j) Each calendar month, the vapor collection system, the vapor 
processing system, and each loading rack handling gasoline shall be 
inspected during the loading of gasoline tank trucks for total organic 
compounds liquid or vapor leaks. For purposes of this paragraph, 
detection methods incorporating sight, sound, or smell are acceptable. 
Each detection of a leak shall be recorded and the source of the leak 
repaired within 15 calendar days after it is detected.

[48 FR 37590, Aug. 18, 1983; 48 FR 56580, Dec. 22, 1983, as amended at 
54 FR 6678, Feb. 14, 1989; 64 FR 7466, Feb. 12, 1999]



Sec. 60.503  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) In conducting the performance tests required in Sec. 60.8, the 
owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test 
methods in appendix A of this part or other methods and procedures as 
specified in this section, except as provided in Sec. 60.8(b). The 
three-run requirement of Sec. 60.8(f) does not apply to this subpart.
    (b) Immediately before the performance test required to determine 
compliance with Sec. 60.502 (b), (c), and (h), the owner or operator 
shall use Method 21

[[Page 31]]

to monitor for leakage of vapor all potential sources in the terminal's 
vapor collection system equipment while a gasoline tank truck is being 
loaded. The owner or operator shall repair all leaks with readings of 
10,000 ppm (as methane) or greater before conducting the performance 
test.
    (c) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
standards in Sec. 60.502 (b) and (c) as follows:
    (1) The performance test shall be 6 hours long during which at least 
300,000 liters of gasoline is loaded. If this is not possible, the test 
may be continued the same day until 300,000 liters of gasoline is loaded 
or the test may be resumed the next day with another complete 6-hour 
period. In the latter case, the 300,000-liter criterion need not be met. 
However, as much as possible, testing should be conducted during the 6-
hour period in which the highest throughput normally occurs.
    (2) If the vapor processing system is intermittent in operation, the 
performance test shall begin at a reference vapor holder level and shall 
end at the same reference point. The test shall include at least two 
startups and shutdowns of the vapor processor. If this does not occur 
under automatically controlled operations, the system shall be manually 
controlled.
    (3) The emission rate (E) of total organic compounds shall be 
computed using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.063

where:

E = emission rate of total organic compounds, mg/liter of gasoline 
          loaded.
Vesi = volume of air-vapor mixture exhausted at each interval 
          ``i'', scm.
Cei = concentration of total organic compounds at each 
          interval ``i'', ppm.
L = total volume of gasoline loaded, liters.
n = number of testing intervals.
i = emission testing interval of 5 minutes.
K = density of calibration gas, 1.83  x  10\6\ for propane and 2.41  x  
          10\6\ for butane, mg/scm.

    (4) The performance test shall be conducted in intervals of 5 
minutes. For each interval ``i'', readings from each measurement shall 
be recorded, and the volume exhausted (Vesi) and the 
corresponding average total organic compounds concentration 
(Cei) shall be determined. The sampling system response time 
shall be considered in determining the average total organic compounds 
concentration corresponding to the volume exhausted.
    (5) The following methods shall be used to determine the volume 
(Vesi) air-vapor mixture exhausted at each interval:
    (i) Method 2B shall be used for combustion vapor processing systems.
    (ii) Method 2A shall be used for all other vapor processing systems.
    (6) Method 25A or 25B shall be used for determining the total 
organic compounds concentration (Cei) at each interval. The 
calibration gas shall be either propane or butane. The owner or operator 
may exclude the methane and ethane content in the exhaust vent by any 
method (e.g., Method 18) approved by the Administrator.
    (7) To determine the volume (L) of gasoline dispensed during the 
performance test period at all loading racks whose vapor emissions are 
controlled by the processing system being tested, terminal records or 
readings from gasoline dispensing meters at each loading rack shall be 
used.
    (d) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
standard in Sec. 60.502(h) as follows:
    (1) A pressure measurement device (liquid manometer, magnehelic 
gauge, or equivalent instrument), capable of measuring up to 500 mm of 
water gauge pressure with [2.5 mm of water precision, shall be 
calibrated and installed on the terminal's vapor collection system at a 
pressure tap located as close as possible to the connection with the 
gasoline tank truck.
    (2) During the performance test, the pressure shall be recorded 
every 5 minutes while a gasoline truck is being loaded; the highest 
instantaneous pressure that occurs during each loading shall also be 
recorded. Every loading position must be tested at least once during the 
performance test.
    (e) The performance test requirements of paragraph (c) of this 
section do not apply to flares defined in Sec. 60.501 and meeting the 
requirements in Sec. 60.18(b) through (f). The owner or operator shall 
demonstrate that the flare and associated vapor collection system is in 
compliance with the requirements

[[Page 32]]

in Secs. 60.18(b) through (f) and 60.503(a), (b), and (d).
    (f) The owner or operator shall use alternative test methods and 
procedures in accordance with the alternative test method provisions in 
Sec. 60.8(b) for flares that do not meet the requirements in 
Sec. 60.18(b).

[54 FR 6678, Feb. 14, 1989; 54 FR 21344, Feb. 14, 1989, as amended at 68 
FR 70965, Dec. 19, 2003]



Sec. 60.504  [Reserved]



Sec. 60.505  Reporting and recordkeeping.

    (a) The tank truck vapor tightness documentation required under 
Sec. 60.502(e)(1) shall be kept on file at the terminal in a permanent 
form available for inspection.
    (b) The documentation file for each gasoline tank truck shall be 
updated at least once per year to reflect current test results as 
determined by Method 27. This documentation shall include, as a minimum, 
the following information:
    (1) Test title: Gasoline Delivery Tank Pressure Test--EPA Reference 
Method 27.
    (2) Tank owner and address.
    (3) Tank identification number.
    (4) Testing location.
    (5) Date of test.
    (6) Tester name and signature.
    (7) Witnessing inspector, if any: Name, signature, and affiliation.
    (8) Test results: Actual pressure change in 5 minutes, mm of water 
(average for 2 runs).
    (c) A record of each monthly leak inspection required under 
Sec. 60.502(j) shall be kept on file at the terminal for at least 2 
years. Inspection records shall include, as a minimum, the following 
information:
    (1) Date of inspection.
    (2) Findings (may indicate no leaks discovered; or location, nature, 
and severity of each leak).
    (3) Leak determination method.
    (4) Corrective action (date each leak repaired; reasons for any 
repair interval in excess of 15 days).
    (5) Inspector name and signature.
    (d) The terminal owner or operator shall keep documentation of all 
notifications required under Sec. 60.502(e)(4) on file at the terminal 
for at least 2 years.
    (e) As an alternative to keeping records at the terminal of each 
gasoline cargo tank test result as required in paragraphs (a), (c), and 
(d) of this section, an owner or operator may comply with the 
requirements in either paragraph (e)(1) or (2) of this section.
    (1) An electronic copy of each record is instantly available at the 
terminal.
    (i) The copy of each record in paragraph (e)(1) of this section is 
an exact duplicate image of the original paper record with certifying 
signatures.
    (ii) The permitting authority is notified in writing that each 
terminal using this alternative is in compliance with paragraph (e)(1) 
of this section.
    (2) For facilities that utilize a terminal automation system to 
prevent gasoline cargo tanks that do not have valid cargo tank vapor 
tightness documentation from loading (e.g., via a card lock-out system), 
a copy of the documentation is made available (e.g., via facsimile) for 
inspection by permitting authority representatives during the course of 
a site visit, or within a mutually agreeable time frame.
    (i) The copy of each record in paragraph (e)(2) of this section is 
an exact duplicate image of the original paper record with certifying 
signatures.
    (ii) The permitting authority is notified in writing that each 
terminal using this alternative is in compliance with paragraph (e)(2) 
of this section.
    (f) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall keep records 
of all replacements or additions of components performed on an existing 
vapor processing system for at least 3 years.

[48 FR 37590, Aug. 18, 1983; 48 FR 56580, Dec. 22, 1983, as amended at 
68 FR 70965, Dec. 19, 2003]



Sec. 60.506  Reconstruction.

    For purposes of this subpart:
    (a) The cost of the following frequently replaced components of the 
affected facility shall not be considered in calculating either the 
``fixed capital cost of the new components'' or the ``fixed capital 
costs that would be required to construct a comparable entirely new 
facility'' under Sec. 60.15: pump seals, loading arm gaskets and 
swivels, coupler gaskets, overfill sensor couplers and cables, flexible 
vapor hoses, and grounding cables and connectors.

[[Page 33]]

    (b) Under Sec. 60.15, the ``fixed capital cost of the new 
components'' includes the fixed capital cost of all depreciable 
components (except components specified in Sec. 60.506(a)) which are or 
will be replaced pursuant to all continuous programs of component 
replacement which are commenced within any 2-year period following 
December 17, 1980. For purposes of this paragraph, ``commenced'' means 
that an owner or operator has undertaken a continuous program of 
component replacement or that an owner or operator has entered into a 
contractual obligation to undertake and complete, within a reasonable 
time, a continuous program of component replacement.



  Subpart AAA_Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters

    Source: 80 FR 13702, Mar. 16, 2015, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.530  Am I subject to this subpart?

    (a) You are subject to this subpart if you manufacture, sell, offer 
for sale, import for sale, distribute, offer to distribute, introduce or 
deliver for introduction into commerce in the United States, or install 
or operate an affected wood heater specified in paragraphs (a)(1) or 
(a)(2) of this section, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this 
section.
    (1) Each adjustable burn rate wood heater, single burn rate wood 
heater and pellet stove manufactured on or after July 1, 1988, with a 
current EPA certificate of compliance issued prior to May 15, 2015 
according to the certification procedures in effect in this subpart at 
the time of certification is an affected wood heater.
    (2) All other residential wood heaters as defined in Sec. 60.531 
manufactured or sold on or after May 15, 2015 are affected wood heaters, 
except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section.
    (b) Each affected wood heater must comply with the provisions of 
this subpart unless exempted under paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(6) of 
this section. These exemptions are determined by rule applicability and 
do not require EPA notification or public notice.
    (1) Affected wood heaters manufactured in the United States for 
export are exempt from the applicable emission limits of Sec. 60.532 and 
the requirements of Sec. 60.533.
    (2) Affected wood heaters used for research and development purposes 
that are never offered for sale or sold and that are not used for the 
purpose of providing heat are exempt from the applicable emission limits 
of Sec. 60.532 and the requirements of Sec. 60.533. No more than 50 wood 
heaters manufactured per model line can be exempted for this purpose.
    (3) Appliances that do not burn wood or wood pellets (such as coal-
only heaters that meet the definition in Sec. 60.531 or corn-only pellet 
stoves) are exempt from the applicable emission limits of Sec. 60.532 
and the requirements of Sec. 60.533 provided that all advertising and 
warranties exclude wood burning.
    (4) Cook stoves as defined in Sec. 60.531 are exempt from the 
applicable emission limits of Sec. 60.532 and the requirements of 
Sec. 60.533.
    (5) Camp stoves as defined in Sec. 60.531 are exempt from the 
applicable emission limits of Sec. 60.532 and the requirements of 
Sec. 60.533.
    (6) Modification or reconstruction, as defined in Secs. 60.14 and 
60.15 of subpart A of this part does not, by itself, make a wood heater 
an affected facility under this subpart.
    (c) The following are not affected wood heaters and are not subject 
to this subpart:
    (1) Residential hydronic heaters and residential forced-air furnaces 
subject to subpart QQQQ of this part.
    (2) Residential masonry heaters that meet the definition in 
Sec. 60.531.
    (3) Appliances that are not residential heating devices (for 
example, manufactured or site-built masonry fireplaces).
    (4) Traditional Native American bake ovens that meet the definition 
in Sec. 60.531.



Sec. 60.531  What definitions must I know?

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein have the 
meaning given them in the Clean Air Act and subpart A of this part.
    Adjustable burn rate wood heater means a wood heater that is 
equipped

[[Page 34]]

with or installed with a damper or other mechanism to allow the operator 
to vary burn rate conditions, regardless of whether it is internal or 
external to the appliance. This definition does not distinguish between 
heaters that are free standing, built-in or fireplace inserts.
    Approved test laboratory means a test laboratory that is approved 
for wood heater certification testing under Sec. 60.535 or is an 
independent third-party test laboratory that is accredited under ISO-IEC 
Standard 17025 to perform testing using the test methods specified in 
Sec. 60.534 by an accreditation body that is a full member signatory to 
the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation Mutual 
Recognition Arrangement and approved by the EPA for conducting testing 
under this subpart.
    Camp stove (sometimes also called cylinder stove or wall tent stove) 
means a portable stove equipped with a pipe or chimney exhaust capable 
of burning wood or coal intended for use in a tent or other temporary 
structure used for hunting, camping, fishing or other outdoor 
recreation. The primary purpose of the stove is to provide space 
heating, although cooking and heating water may be additional functions.
    Catalytic combustor means a device coated with a noble metal used in 
a wood heater to lower the temperature required for combustion.
    Chip wood fuel means wood chipped into small pieces that are uniform 
in size, shape, moisture, density and energy content.
    Coal-only heater means an enclosed, coal-burning appliance capable 
of space heating or space heating and domestic water heating, which is 
marketed and warranted solely as a coal-only heater and has all of the 
following characteristics:
    (1) An opening for emptying ash that is located near the bottom or 
the side of the appliance;
    (2) A system that admits air primarily up and through the fuel bed;
    (3) A grate or other similar device for shaking or disturbing the 
fuel bed or a power-driven or mechanical stoker;
    (4) Installation instructions, owner's manual and marketing 
information that state that the use of wood in the stove, except for 
coal ignition purposes, is prohibited by law; and
    (5) A safety listing as a coal-only heater, except for coal ignition 
purposes, under accepted American or Canadian safety codes, as 
documented by a permanent label from a nationally recognized 
certification body.
    Commercial owner means any person who owns or controls a wood heater 
in the course of the business of the manufacture, importation, 
distribution (including shipping and storage), or sale of the wood 
heater.
    Cook stove means a wood-fired appliance that is designed, marketed 
and warranted primarily for cooking food and that has the following 
characteristics:
    (1) An oven, with volume of 0.028 cubic meters (1 cubic foot) or 
greater, and an oven rack;
    (2) A device for measuring oven temperatures;
    (3) A flame path that is routed around the oven;
    (4) An ash pan;
    (5) An ash clean-out door below the oven;
    (6) The absence of a fan or heat channels to dissipate heat from the 
appliance;
    (7) A cooking surface with an area measured in square inches or 
square feet that is at least 1.5 times greater than the volume of 
firebox measured in cubic inches or cubic feet. Example: A cook stove 
with a firebox of 2 cubic feet must have a cooking surface of at least 3 
square feet;
    (8) A portion of at least four sides of the oven (which may include 
the bottom and/or top) is exposed to the flame path during the heating 
cycle of the oven. A flue gas bypass may exist for temperature control.
    Fireplace means a wood-burning appliance intended to be used 
primarily for aesthetic enjoyment and not as a space heater. An 
appliance is a fireplace if it is in a model line that satisfies the 
requirements in paragraphs (1), (2) or (3) of this definition.
    (1) The model line includes a safety listing under recognized 
American or Canadian safety standards, as documented by a permanent 
label from a nationally recognized certification body affixed on each 
unit sold, and that

[[Page 35]]

said safety listing only allows operation of the fireplace with doors 
fully open. Operation with any required safety screen satisfies this 
requirement.
    (2) The model line has a safety listing that allows operation with 
doors closed, has no user-operated controls other than flue or outside 
air dampers that can only be adjusted to either a fully closed or fully 
opened position, and the requirements in either paragraph (2)(i) or 
(2)(ii) of this definition are satisfied.
    (i) Appliances are sold with tempered glass panel doors only (either 
as standard or optional equipment), or
    (ii) The fire viewing area is equal to or greater than 500 square 
inches.
    (3)(i) A model line that is clearly positioned in the marketplace as 
intended to be used primarily for aesthetic enjoyment and not as a room 
heater, as demonstrated by product literature (including owner's 
manuals), advertising targeted at the trade or public (including web-
based promotional materials) or training materials is presumptively a 
fireplace model line.
    (ii) The presumption in paragraph (3)(i) of this definition can be 
rebutted by test data from an EPA-approved test laboratory reviewed by 
an EPA-approved third-party certifier that were generated when operating 
the appliance with the door(s) closed, and that demonstrate an average 
stack gas carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration over the 
duration of the test run equal to or less than 5.00 percent and a ratio 
of the average stack gas CO2 to the average stack gas carbon 
monoxide (CO) equal to or greater than 15:1. The stack gas average 
CO2 and CO concentrations for the test run shall be 
determined in accordance with the requirements in CSA B415.1-10 (IBR, 
see Sec. 60.17), clause 6.3, using a sampling interval no greater than 1 
minute. The average stack gas CO2 and CO concentrations for 
purposes of this determination shall be the average of the stack gas 
concentrations from all sampling intervals over the full test run.
    Manufactured means completed and ready for shipment (whether or not 
assembled or packaged) for purposes of determining the date of 
manufacture.
    Manufacturer means any entity that constructs or imports into the 
United States a wood heater.
    Model line means all wood heaters offered for sale by a single 
manufacturer that are similar in all material respects that would affect 
emissions as defined in this section.
    Particulate matter (PM) means total particulate matter including 
coarse particulate (PM10) and fine particulate 
(PM2.5).
    Pellet fuel means refined and densified fuel shaped into small 
pellets or briquettes that are uniform in size, shape, moisture, density 
and energy content.
    Pellet stove (sometimes called pellet heater or pellet space heater) 
means an enclosed, pellet or chip fuel-burning device capable of and 
intended for residential space heating or space heating and domestic 
water heating. Pellet stoves include a fuel storage hopper or bin and a 
fuel feed system. Pellet stoves include, but are not limited to:
    (1) Free-standing pellet stoves--pellet stoves that are installed on 
legs or on a pedestal or other supporting base. These stoves generally 
are safety listed under ASTM E1509, UL-1482, ULC S627 or ULC-ORD C1482.
    (2) Pellet stove fireplace inserts--pellet stoves intended to be 
installed in masonry fireplace cavities or in other enclosures. These 
stoves generally are safety listed under ASTM E1509, UL-1482, ULC-S628 
or ULC-ORD C1482.
    (3) Built-in pellet stoves--pellet stoves intended to be recessed 
into the wall. These stoves generally are safety listed under ASTM 
E1509, UL-127, ULC-S610 or ULC-ORD C1482.
    Representative affected wood heater means an individual wood heater 
that is similar in all material respects that would affect emissions to 
other wood heaters within the model line it represents.
    Residential masonry heater means a factory-built or site-built wood-
burning device in which the heat from intermittent fires burned rapidly 
in the firebox is stored in the refractory mass for slow release to 
building spaces. Masonry heaters are site-built (using local materials 
or a combination of local materials and manufactured components) or 
site-assembled (using factory-built components), solid fuel-burning

[[Page 36]]

heating appliances constructed mainly of refractory materials (e.g., 
masonry materials or soapstone. They typically have an interior 
construction consisting of a firebox and heat exchange channels built 
from refractory components, through which flue gases are routed. ASTM E-
1602 ``Standard Guide for Construction of Solid Fuel Burning Masonry 
Heaters'' provides design and construction information for the range of 
masonry heaters most commonly built in the United States. The site-
assembled models are generally listed to UL-1482.
    Sale means the transfer of ownership or control, except that a 
transfer of control of an affected wood heater for research and 
development purposes within the scope of Sec. 60.530(b)(2) is not a 
sale.
    Similar in all material respects that would affect emissions means 
that the construction materials, exhaust and inlet air systems and other 
design features are within the allowed tolerances for components 
identified in Sec. 60.533(k)(2), (3) and (4).
    Single burn rate wood heater means a wood heater that is not 
equipped with or installed with a burn control device to allow the 
operator to vary burn rate conditions. Burn rate control devices include 
stack dampers that control the outflow of flue gases from the heater to 
the chimney, whether built into the appliance, sold with it, or 
recommended for use with the heater by the manufacturer, retailer or 
installer; and air control slides, gates or any other type of mechanisms 
that control combustion air flow into the heater.
    Sold at retail means the sale by a commercial owner of a wood heater 
to the ultimate purchaser/user or noncommercial purchaser.
    Third-party certifier (sometimes called third-party certifying body 
or product certifying body) means an independent third party that is 
accredited under ISO-IEC Standards 17025 and 17065 to perform 
certifications, inspections and audits by an accreditation body that is 
a full member signatory to the International Laboratory Accreditation 
Cooperation Mutual Recognition Arrangement and approved by the EPA for 
conducting certifications, inspections and audits under this subpart.
    Traditional Native American bake oven means a wood or other solid 
fuel burning appliance that is designed primarily for use by Native 
Americans for food preparation, cooking, warming or for instructional, 
recreational, cultural or ceremonial purposes.
    Unseasoned wood means wood with an average moisture content of 20 
percent or more.
    Valid certification test means a test that meets the following 
criteria:
    (1) The Administrator was notified about the test in accordance with 
Sec. 60.534(g);
    (2) The test was conducted by an approved test laboratory as defined 
in this section;
    (3) The test was conducted on a wood heater similar in all material 
respects that would affect emissions to other wood heaters of the model 
line that is to be certified; and
    (4) The test was conducted in accordance with the test methods and 
procedures specified in Sec. 60.534.
    Wood heater means an enclosed, wood burning-appliance capable of and 
intended for residential space heating or space heating and domestic 
water heating. These devices include, but are not limited to, adjustable 
burn rate wood heaters, single burn rate wood heaters and pellet stoves. 
Wood heaters may or may not include air ducts to deliver some portion of 
the heat produced to areas other than the space where the wood heater is 
located. Wood heaters include, but are not limited to:
    (1) Free-standing wood heaters--Wood heaters that are installed on 
legs, on a pedestal or suspended from the ceiling. These products 
generally are safety listed under UL-1482, UL-737 or ULC-S627.
    (2) Fireplace insert wood heaters--Wood heaters intended to be 
installed in masonry fireplace cavities or in other enclosures. These 
appliances generally are safety listed under UL-1482, UL-737 or ULC-
S628.
    (3) Built-in wood heaters--Wood heaters that are intended to be 
recessed into the wall. These appliances generally are safety listed 
under UL-1482, UL-737, UL-127 or ULC-S610.

[[Page 37]]



Sec. 60.532  What standards and associated requirements must I meet
and by when?

    (a) 2015 particulate matter emission standards. Unless exempted 
under Sec. 60.530(b), each affected wood heater manufactured, imported 
into the United States, and/or sold at retail on or after May 15, 2015 
must be certified to not discharge into the atmosphere any gases that 
contain particulate matter in excess of a weighted average of 4.5 g/hr 
(0.010 lb/hr), except that a wood heater manufactured before May 15, 
2015 may be imported into the United States and/or sold at retail on or 
before December 31, 2015. Compliance for all heaters must be determined 
by the test methods and procedures in Sec. 60.534.
    (b) 2020 particulate matter emission standards. Unless exempted 
under Sec. 60.530(b) or electing to use the cord wood alternative means 
of compliance option in paragraph (c) of the section, each affected wood 
heater manufactured or sold at retail for use in the United States on or 
after May 15, 2020 must not discharge into the atmosphere any gases that 
contain particulate matter in excess of a weighted average of 2.0 g/hr 
(0.0044 lb/hr). Compliance for all heaters must be determined by the 
test methods and procedures in Sec. 60.534.
    (c) 2020 cord wood alternative compliance option. Each affected wood 
heater manufactured or sold at retail for use in the United States on or 
after May 15, 2020 must not discharge into the atmosphere any gases that 
contain particulate matter in excess of a weighted average of 2.5 g/hr 
(0.0055 lb/hr). Compliance must be determined by a cord wood test method 
approved by the Administrator and the procedures in Sec. 60.534.
    (d) Chip wood fuel requirements. Operators of wood heaters that are 
certified to burn chip wood fuels must only burn chip wood fuels that 
have been specified in the owner's manual. The chip wood fuel must meet 
the following minimum requirements:
    (1) Moisture content: less than 35 percent;
    (2) Inorganic fines: less than or equal to 1 percent;
    (3) Chlorides: less than or equal to 300 parts per million by 
weight;
    (4) Ash content: no more than 2 percent;
    (5) No demolition or construction waste; and
    (6) Trace metals: less than 100 mg/kg.
    (e) Pellet fuel requirements. Operators of wood heaters that are 
certified to burn pellet fuels must only burn pellets that have been 
specified in the owner's manual and graded under a licensing agreement 
with a third-party organization approved by the EPA. The Pellet Fuels 
Institute, ENplus and CANplus are initially deemed to be approved third-
party organizations for this purpose, and additional organizations may 
apply to the Administrator for approval. The pellet fuel must meet the 
following minimum requirements as assured through a quality assurance 
program licensed by a third-party organization approved by the EPA:
    (1) Density: consistent hardness and energy content with a minimum 
density of 38 pounds/cubic foot;
    (2) Dimensions: maximum length of 1.5 inches and diameter between 
0.230 and 0.285 inches;
    (3) Inorganic fines: less than or equal to 1 percent;
    (4) Chlorides: less than or equal to 300 parts per million by 
weight;
    (5) Ash content: no more than 2 percent;
    (6) Contains no demolition or construction waste;
    (7) Trace metals: less than 100 mg/kg; and
    (8) None of the prohibited fuels in paragraph (f) of this section.
    (f) Prohibited fuel types. No person is permitted to burn any of the 
following materials in an affected wood heater:
    (1) Residential or commercial garbage;
    (2) Lawn clippings or yard waste;
    (3) Materials containing rubber, including tires;
    (4) Materials containing plastic;
    (5) Waste petroleum products, paints or paint thinners, or asphalt 
products;
    (6) Materials containing asbestos;
    (7) Construction or demolition debris;
    (8) Paper products, cardboard, plywood, or particleboard. The 
prohibition against burning these materials does not prohibit the use of 
fire starters

[[Page 38]]

made from paper, cardboard, sawdust, wax and similar substances for the 
purpose of starting a fire in an affected wood heater;
    (9) Railroad ties, pressure-treated wood or pallets;
    (10) Manure or animal remains;
    (11) Salt water driftwood or other previously salt water saturated 
materials;
    (12) Unseasoned wood;
    (13) Any materials that are not included in the warranty and owner's 
manual for the subject wood heater; or
    (14) Any materials that were not included in the certification tests 
for the subject wood heater.
    (g) Operation of affected wood heaters. The user of an affected 
residential wood heater must operate the heater in a manner consistent 
with the owner's manual. The owner's manual must clearly specify that 
operation in a manner inconsistent with the owner's manual would void 
the warranty.
    (h) Temperature sensor requirement. An affected wood heater equipped 
with a catalytic combustor must be equipped with a temperature sensor 
that can monitor combustor gas stream temperatures within or immediately 
downstream [within 2.54 centimeters (1 inch)] of the catalytic combustor 
surface.



Sec. 60.533  What compliance and certification requirements must
I meet and by when?

    (a) Certification requirement. Each affected wood heater must be 
certified to be in compliance with the applicable emission standards and 
other requirements of this subpart. For each model line manufactured or 
sold by a single entity (e.g., company or manufacturer), compliance with 
applicable emission standards of Sec. 60.532 must be determined based on 
testing of representative affected wood heaters within the model line. 
If one entity licenses a model line to another entity, each entity's 
model line must be certified. If an entity intends to change the name of 
the entity or the name of the model, the manufacturer must apply for a 
new certification 60 days before the intended name change.
    (1) Except for model lines meeting the requirements of paragraph 
(h)(1) of this section, on or after May 15, 2015, the manufacturer must 
submit to the Administrator the information required in paragraph (b) of 
this section and follow either the certification process in paragraphs 
(c) through (e) of this section or the third-party certifier-based 
application process specified in paragraph (f) of this section.
    (2) On or after May 16, 2016, the manufacturer must submit the 
information required in paragraph (b) of this section and follow the 
third-party certifier-based application process specified in paragraph 
(f) of this section.
    (b) Application for a certificate of compliance. Any manufacturer of 
an affected wood heater must apply to the Administrator for a 
certificate of compliance for each model line. The application must be 
submitted to: [email protected] The application must be signed 
by a responsible representative of the manufacturer or an authorized 
representative and must contain the following:
    (1) The model name and design number. The model name and design 
number must clearly distinguish one model from another. The name and 
design number cannot include the EPA symbol or logo or name or 
derivatives such as ``EPA.''
    (2) Engineering drawings and specifications of components that may 
affect emissions (including specifications for each component listed in 
paragraph (k)(2), (3) and (4) of this section). Manufacturers may use 
assembly or design drawings that have been prepared for other purposes, 
but must designate on the drawings the dimensions of each component 
listed in paragraph (k) of this section. Manufacturers must identify 
tolerances of components listed in paragraph (k)(2) of this section that 
are different from those specified in that paragraph, and show that such 
tolerances cannot reasonably be anticipated to cause wood heaters in the 
model line to exceed the applicable emission limits. The drawings must 
identify how the emission-critical parts, such as air tubes and 
catalyst, can be readily inspected and replaced.
    (3) A statement whether the firebox or any firebox component 
(including the materials listed in paragraph (k)(3)

[[Page 39]]

of this section) will be composed of material different from the 
material used for the firebox or firebox component in the wood heater on 
which certification testing was performed, a description of any such 
differences and demonstration that any such differences may not 
reasonably be anticipated to adversely affect emissions or efficiency.
    (4) Clear identification of any claimed confidential business 
information (CBI). Submit such information under separate cover to the 
EPA CBI Office; Attn: Residential Wood Heater Compliance Program Lead, 
1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20004. Note that all 
emissions data, including all information necessary to determine 
emission rates in the format of the standard, cannot be claimed as CBI.
    (5) All documentation pertaining to a valid certification test, 
including the complete test report and, for all test runs: Raw data 
sheets, laboratory technician notes, calculations and test results. 
Documentation must include the items specified in the applicable test 
methods. Documentation must include discussion of each test run and its 
appropriateness and validity, and must include detailed discussion of 
all anomalies, whether all burn rate categories were achieved, any data 
not used in the calculations and, for any test runs not completed, the 
data collected during the test run and the reason(s) that the test run 
was not completed and why. The burn rate for the low burn rate category 
must be no greater than the rate that an operator can achieve in home 
use and no greater than is advertised by the manufacturer or retailer. 
The test report must include a summary table that clearly presents the 
individual and overall emission rates, efficiencies and heat outputs. 
Submit the test report and all associated required information, 
according to the procedures for electronic reporting specified in 
Sec. 60.537(f).
    (6) A copy of the warranties for the model line, which must include 
a statement that the warranties are void if the unit is used to burn 
materials for which the unit is not certified by the EPA and void if not 
operated according to the owner's manual.
    (7) A statement that the manufacturer will conduct a quality 
assurance program for the model line that satisfies the requirements of 
paragraph (m) of this section.
    (8) A statement describing how the tested unit was sealed by the 
laboratory after the completion of certification testing and asserting 
that such unit will be stored by the manufacturer in the sealed state 
until 5 years after the certification test.
    (9) Statements that the wood heaters manufactured under this 
certificate will be--
    (i) Similar in all material respects that would affect emissions as 
defined in Sec. 60.531 to the wood heater submitted for certification 
testing, and
    (ii) Labeled as prescribed in Sec. 60.536.
    (iii) Accompanied by an owner's manual that meets the requirements 
in Sec. 60.536. In addition, a copy of the owner's manual must be 
submitted to the Administrator and be available to the public on the 
manufacturer's Web site.
    (10) A statement that the manufacturer has entered into contracts 
with an approved laboratory and an approved third-party certifier that 
satisfy the requirements of paragraph (f) of this section.
    (11) A statement that the approved laboratory and approved third-
party certifier are allowed to submit information on behalf of the 
manufacturer, including any claimed to be CBI.
    (12) A statement that the manufacturer will place a copy of the 
certification test report and summary on the manufacturer's Web site 
available to the public within 30 days after the Administrator issues a 
certificate of compliance.
    (13) A statement of acknowledgment that the certificate of 
compliance cannot be transferred to another manufacturer or model line 
without written approval by the Administrator.
    (14) A statement acknowledging that it is unlawful to sell, 
distribute or offer to sell or distribute an affected wood heater 
without a valid certificate of compliance.

[[Page 40]]

    (15) Contact information for the responsible representative of the 
manufacturer and all authorized representatives, including name, 
affiliation, physical address, telephone number and email address.
    (c) Administrator approval process. (1) The Administrator may issue 
a certificate of compliance for a model line if the Administrator 
determines, based on all information submitted by the applicant and any 
other relevant information available, that:
    (i) A valid certification test demonstrates that the representative 
affected wood heater complies with the applicable emission standards in 
Sec. 60.532;
    (ii) Any tolerances or materials for components listed in paragraph 
(k)(2) or (3) of this section that are different from those specified in 
those paragraphs may not reasonably be anticipated to cause wood heaters 
in the model line to exceed the applicable emission limits; and
    (iii) The requirements of paragraph (b) of this section have been 
met.
    (2) The Administrator will deny certification if the Administrator 
determines that the criteria in paragraph (c)(1) of this section have 
not been satisfied. Upon denying certification under this paragraph, the 
Administrator will give written notice to the manufacturer setting forth 
the basis for this determination.
    (d) Level of compliance certification. The Administrator will issue 
the certificate of compliance for the most stringent particulate matter 
emission standard that the tested representative wood heater meets under 
Sec. 60.532.
    (e) Conditional, temporary certificate of compliance. A conditional, 
temporary certificate of compliance may be granted by the Administrator 
until May 16, 2016 based on the manufacturer's submittal of a complete 
certification application meeting all the requirements in 
Sec. 60.533(b). The application must include the full test report by an 
EPA-approved laboratory and all required compliance statements by the 
manufacturer with the exception of a certificate of conformity by an 
EPA-approved third-party certifier. The conditional, temporary 
certificate of compliance would allow manufacture and sales of the 
affected wood heater model line until May 16, 2016 or until the 
Administrator completes the review of the application, whichever is 
earlier. By May 16, 2016, the manufacturer must submit a certificate of 
conformity by an EPA-approved third-party certifier.
    (f) Third-party certifier-based application process. (1) Any 
manufacturer of an affected wood heater must apply to the Administrator 
for a certificate of compliance for each model line. The manufacturer 
must meet the following requirements:
    (i) The manufacturer must contract with a third-party certifier for 
certification services. The contract must include regular (at least 
annual) unannounced audits under ISO-IEC Standard 17065 to ensure that 
the manufacturer's quality assurance plan is being implemented. The 
contract must also include a report for each audit under ISO-IEC 
Standard 17065 that fully documents the results of the audit. The 
contract must include authorization and requirement for the third-party 
certifier to submit all such reports to the Administrator and the 
manufacturer within 30 days of the audit. The audit report must identify 
deviations from the manufacturer's quality assurance plan and specify 
the corrective actions that need to be taken to address each identified 
deficiency.
    (ii) The manufacturer must submit the materials specified in 
paragraph (b) of this section and a quality assurance plan that meets 
the requirements of paragraph (m) of this section to the third-party 
certifier. The quality assurance plan must ensure that units within a 
model line will be similar in all material respects that would affect 
emissions to the wood heater submitted for certification testing, and it 
must include design drawings for the model line.
    (iii) The manufacturer must apply to the third-party certifier for a 
certification of conformity with the applicable requirements of this 
subpart for the model line.
    (A) After testing by an approved test laboratory is complete, 
certification of conformity with the emission standards in Sec. 60.532 
must be performed by the manufacturer's contracted third-party 
certifier.

[[Page 41]]

    (B) The third-party certifier may certify conformity if the emission 
tests have been conducted per the appropriate guidelines; the test 
report is complete and accurate; the instrumentation used for the test 
was properly calibrated; the test report shows that the representative 
affected wood heater meets the applicable emission limits specified in 
Sec. 60.532; the quality assurance plan is adequate to ensure that units 
within the model line will be similar in all material respects that 
would affect emissions to the wood heater submitted for certification 
testing; and that the affected heaters would meet all applicable 
requirements of this subpart.
    (iv) The manufacturer must then submit to the Administrator an 
application for a certificate of compliance that includes the 
certification of conformity, quality assurance plan, test report and all 
supporting documentation specified in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (v) The submission also must include a statement signed by a 
responsible official of the manufacturer or authorized representative 
that the manufacturer has complied with and will continue to comply with 
all requirements of this subpart for certificate of compliance and that 
the manufacturer remains responsible for compliance regardless of any 
error by the test laboratory or third-party certifier.
    (2) The Administrator will issue to the manufacturer a certificate 
of compliance for a model line if it is determined, based on all of the 
information submitted in the application for certification and any other 
relevant information, that:
    (i) A valid certification of conformity has demonstrated that the 
representative affected wood heater complies with the applicable 
emission standards in Sec. 60.532;
    (ii) Any tolerances or materials for components listed in paragraph 
(k)(2) or (3) of this section that are different from those specified in 
those paragraphs may not be reasonably anticipated to cause wood heaters 
in the model line to exceed the applicable emission limits;
    (iii) The requirements of paragraph (b) of this section have been 
met; and
    (iv) A valid certificate of conformity for the model line has been 
prepared and submitted.
    (3) The Administrator will deny certification if the Administrator 
determines that the criteria in paragraph (f)(2) of this section have 
not been satisfied. Upon denying certification under this paragraph, the 
Administrator will give written notice to the manufacturer setting forth 
the basis for the determination.
    (g) Waiver from submitting test results. An applicant for 
certification may apply for a potential waiver of the requirement to 
submit the results of a certification test pursuant to paragraph (b)(5) 
of this section, if the wood heater meets either of the following 
conditions:
    (1) The wood heaters of the model line are similar in all material 
respects that would affect emissions, as defined in Sec. 60.531, to 
another model line that has already been issued a certificate of 
compliance. A manufacturer that seeks a waiver of certification testing 
must identify the model line that has been certified, and must submit a 
copy of an agreement with the owner of the design permitting the 
applicant to produce wood heaters of that design.
    (2) The manufacturer has previously conducted a valid certification 
test to demonstrate that the wood heaters of the model line meet the 
applicable standard specified in Sec. 60.532.
    (h) Certification period. Unless revoked sooner by the 
Administrator, a certificate of compliance will be valid for the 
following periods as applicable:
    (1) For a model line that was previously certified as meeting the 
1990 Phase II emission standards under the 1988 NSPS, in effect prior to 
May 15, 2015, at an emission level equal to or less than the 2015 
emission standards in Sec. 60.532(a), the model line is deemed to have a 
certificate of compliance for the 2015 emission standards in 
Sec. 60.532(a), which is valid until the effective date for the 2020 
standards in Sec. 60.532(b) (i.e., until May 15, 2020).
    (2) For a model line certified as meeting emission standards in 
Sec. 60.532, a certificate of compliance will be valid for 5 years from 
the date of issuance or until a more stringent standard comes into 
effect, whichever is sooner.

[[Page 42]]

    (i) Renewal of certification. (1) The manufacturer must request 
renewal of a model line's certificate of compliance or recertify the 
model line every 5 years, or the manufacturer may choose to no longer 
manufacture or sell that model line after the expiration date. If the 
manufacturer chooses to no longer manufacture that model line, then the 
manufacturer must submit a statement to the Administrator to that 
effect.
    (2) A manufacturer of an affected wood heater model line may apply 
to the Administrator for potential renewal of its certificate of 
compliance by submitting the material specified in paragraph (b) and 
following the procedures specified in paragraph (f) of this section, or 
by affirming in writing that the wood heaters in the model line continue 
to be similar in all material respects that would affect emissions to 
the representative wood heater submitted for testing on which the 
original certificate of compliance was based and requesting a potential 
waiver from certification testing. The application must include a copy 
of the review of the draft application and approval by the third-party 
certifier.
    (3) If the Administrator grants a renewal of certification, the 
Administrator will give written notice to the manufacturer setting forth 
the basis for the determination and issue a certification renewal.
    (4) If the Administrator denies the request for a renewal of 
certification, the Administrator will give written notice to the 
manufacturer setting forth the basis for the determination.
    (5) If the Administrator denies the request for a renewal of 
certification, the manufacturer and retailer must not manufacture or 
sell the previously-certified wood heaters after the expiration date of 
the certificate of compliance.
    (j) [Reserved]
    (k) Recertification. (1) The manufacturer must recertify a model 
line whenever any change is made in the design submitted pursuant to 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section that affects or is presumed to affect 
the particulate matter emission rate for that model line. The 
manufacturer of an affected wood heater must apply to the Administrator 
for potential recertification by submitting the material specified in 
paragraph (b) and following the procedures specified in paragraph (f) of 
this section, or by affirming in writing that the change will not cause 
wood heaters in the model line to exceed applicable emission limits and 
requesting a potential waiver from certification testing. The 
application for recertification must be reviewed and approved by the 
contracted third-party certifier and a copy of the review and approval 
must be included. The Administrator may waive this requirement upon 
written request by the manufacturer, if the manufacturer presents 
adequate rationale and the Administrator determines that the change may 
not reasonably be anticipated to cause wood heaters in the model line to 
exceed the applicable emission limits. The granting of such a waiver 
does not relieve the manufacturer of any compliance obligations under 
this subpart.
    (2) Any change in the design tolerances or actual dimensions of any 
of the following components (where such components are applicable) is 
presumed to affect particulate matter and carbon monoxide emissions and 
efficiency if that change exceeds [0.64 cm ([\1/4\ inch) for any linear 
dimension and [5 percent for any cross-sectional area relating to air 
introduction systems and catalyst bypass gaps unless other dimensions 
and cross-sectional areas are previously approved by the Administrator 
under paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section:
    (i) Firebox: Dimensions;
    (ii) Air introduction systems: Cross-sectional area of restrictive 
air inlets and outlets, location and method of control;
    (iii) Baffles: Dimensions and locations;
    (iv) Refractory/insulation: Dimensions and location;
    (v) Catalyst: Dimensions and location;
    (vi) Catalyst bypass mechanism and catalyst bypass gap tolerances 
(when bypass mechanism is in closed position): Dimensions, cross-
sectional area, and location;
    (vii) Flue gas exit: Dimensions and location;
    (viii) Door and catalyst bypass gaskets: Dimensions and fit;

[[Page 43]]

    (ix) Outer thermal shielding and thermal coverings: Dimensions and 
location;
    (x) Fuel feed system: For wood heaters that are designed primarily 
to burn pellet fuel or wood chips and other wood heaters equipped with a 
fuel feed system, the fuel feed rate, auger motor design and power 
rating, and the angle of the auger to the firebox; and
    (xi) Forced-air combustion system: For wood heaters so equipped, the 
location and horsepower of blower motors and the fan blade size.
    (3) Any change in the materials used for the following components is 
presumed to affect particulate matter emissions and efficiency:
    (i) Refractory/insulation; or
    (ii) Door and catalyst bypass gaskets.
    (4) A change in the make, model or composition of a catalyst is 
presumed to affect particulate matter and carbon monoxide emissions and 
efficiency, unless the change has been requested by the heater 
manufacturer and has been approved in advance by the Administrator, 
based on test data that demonstrate that the replacement catalyst is 
equivalent to or better than the original catalyst in terms of 
particulate matter emission reduction.
    (l) Criteria for revocation of certification. (1) The Administrator 
may revoke certification if it is determined that the wood heaters being 
manufactured or sold in that model line do not comply with the 
requirements of this subpart. Such a determination will be based on all 
available evidence, including but not limited to:
    (i) Test data from a retesting of the original unit on which the 
certification test was conducted or a unit that is similar in all 
material respects that would affect emissions;
    (ii) A finding that the certification test was not valid. The 
finding will be based on problems or irregularities with the 
certification test or its documentation, but may be supplemented by 
other information;
    (iii) A finding that the labeling of the wood heater model line, the 
owner's manual or the associated marketing information does not comply 
with the requirements of Sec. 60.536;
    (iv) Failure by the manufacturer to comply with reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements under Sec. 60.537;
    (v) Physical examination showing that a significant percentage (as 
defined in the quality assurance plan approved pursuant to paragraph (m) 
of this section, but no larger than 1 percent) of production units 
inspected is not similar in all material respects that would affect 
emissions to the representative affected wood heater submitted for 
certification testing;
    (vi) Failure of the manufacturer to conduct a quality assurance 
program in conformity with paragraph (m) of this section; or
    (vii) Failure of the approved laboratory to test the wood heater 
using the methods specified in Sec. 60.534.
    (2) Revocation of certification under this paragraph (l) will not 
take effect until the manufacturer concerned has been given written 
notice by the Administrator setting forth the basis for the proposed 
determination and an opportunity to request a hearing under Sec. 60.539.
    (m) Quality assurance program. On or after May 16, 2016, for each 
certified model line, the manufacturer must conduct a quality assurance 
program that satisfies the requirements of paragraphs (m)(1) through (5) 
of this section. The quality assurance program requirements of this 
paragraph (m) supersede the quality assurance plan requirements 
previously specified in Sec. 60.533(o) that was in effect prior to May 
15, 2015. The manufacturer of a model line with a compliance 
certification under paragraph (h)(1) of this section must conduct a 
quality assurance program that satisfies the requirements of this 
paragraph (m) by May 16, 2016.
    (1) The manufacturer must prepare and operate according to a quality 
assurance plan for each certified model line that includes specific 
inspection and testing requirements for ensuring that all units within a 
model line are similar in all material respects that would affect 
emissions to the wood heater submitted for certification testing and 
meet the emissions standards in Sec. 60.532.
    (2) The quality assurance plan must be approved by the third-party 
certifier

[[Page 44]]

as part of the certification of conformity process specified in 
paragraph (f) of this section.
    (3) The quality assurance plan must include regular (at least 
annual) unannounced audits by the third-party certifier under ISO-IEC 
Standard 17065 to ensure that the manufacturer's quality assurance plan 
is being implemented.
    (4) The quality assurance plan must include a report for each audit 
under ISO-IEC Standard 17065 that fully documents the results of the 
audit. The third-party certifier must be authorized and required to 
submit all such reports to the Administrator and the manufacturer within 
30 days of the audit. The audit report must identify deviations from the 
manufacturer's quality assurance plan and specify the corrective actions 
that need to be taken to address each identified deficiency.
    (5) Within 30 days after receiving each audit report, the 
manufacturer must report to the third-party certifier and to the 
Administrator its corrective actions and responses to any deficiencies 
identified in the audit report. No such report is required if an audit 
report did not identify any deficiencies.
    (n) EPA compliance audit testing. (1)(i) The Administrator may 
select by written notice wood heaters or model lines for compliance 
audit testing to determine compliance with the emission standards in 
Sec. 60.532.
    (ii) The Administrator will transmit a written notification of the 
selected wood heaters or model line(s) to the manufacturer, which will 
include the name and address of the laboratory selected to perform the 
audit test and the model name and serial number of the wood heater(s) or 
model line(s) selected to undergo audit testing.
    (2)(i) The Administrator may test, or direct the manufacturer to 
have tested, a wood heater or a wood heater from the model line(s) 
selected under paragraph (n)(1)(i) of this section in a laboratory 
approved under Sec. 60.535. The Administrator may select any approved 
test laboratory or federal laboratory for this audit testing.
    (ii) The expense of the compliance audit test is the responsibility 
of the wood heater manufacturer.
    (iii) The test must be conducted using the same test method used to 
obtain certification. If the certification test consisted of more than 
one particulate matter sampling test method, the Administrator may 
direct the manufacturer and test laboratory as to which of these methods 
to use for the purpose of audit testing. The Administrator will notify 
the manufacturer at least 30 days prior to any test under this 
paragraph, and allow the manufacturer and/or his authorized 
representatives to observe the test.
    (3) Revocation of certification. (i) If emissions from a wood heater 
tested under paragraph (n)(2) of this section exceed the applicable 
emission standard by more than 50 percent using the same test method 
used to obtain certification, the Administrator will notify the 
manufacturer that certification for that model line is suspended 
effective 72 hours from the receipt of the notice, unless the suspension 
notice is withdrawn by the Administrator. The suspension will remain in 
effect until withdrawn by the Administrator, or the date 30 days from 
its effective date if a revocation notice under paragraph (n)(3)(ii) of 
this section is not issued within that period, or the date of final 
agency action on revocation, whichever occurs earliest.
    (ii)(A) If emissions from a wood heater tested under paragraph 
(n)(2) of this section exceed the applicable emission limit, the 
Administrator will notify the manufacturer that certification is revoked 
for that model line.
    (B) A revocation notice under paragraph (n)(3)(ii)(A) of this 
section will become final and effective 60 days after the date of 
written notification to the manufacturer, unless it is withdrawn, a 
hearing is requested under Sec. 60.539(a)(2), or the deadline for 
requesting a hearing is extended.
    (C) The Administrator may extend the deadline for requesting a 
hearing for up to 60 days for good cause.
    (D) A manufacturer may extend the deadline for requesting a hearing 
for up to 6 months, by agreeing to a voluntary suspension of 
certification.
    (iii) Any notification under paragraph (n)(3)(i) or (n)(3)(ii) of 
this section will include a copy of a preliminary test report from the 
approved test

[[Page 45]]

laboratory or federal test laboratory. The test laboratory must provide 
a preliminary test report to the Administrator within 14 days of the 
completion of testing, if a wood heater exceeds the applicable emission 
limit in Sec. 60.532. The test laboratory must provide the Administrator 
and the manufacturer, within 30 days of the completion of testing, all 
documentation pertaining to the test, including the complete test report 
and raw data sheets, laboratory technician notes, and test results for 
all test runs.
    (iv) Upon receiving notification of a test failure under paragraph 
(n)(3)(ii) of this section, the manufacturer may request that up to four 
additional wood heaters from the same model line be tested at the 
manufacturer's expense, at the test laboratory that performed the 
emissions test for the Administrator.
    (v) Whether or not the manufacturer proceeds under paragraph 
(n)(3)(iv) of this section, the manufacturer may submit any relevant 
information to the Administrator, including any other test data 
generated pursuant to this subpart. The manufacturer must bear the 
expense of any additional testing.
    (vi) The Administrator will withdraw any notice issued under 
paragraph (n)(3)(ii) of this section if tests under paragraph (n)(3)(iv) 
of this section show either--
    (A) That exactly four additional wood heaters were tested for the 
manufacturer and all four met the applicable emission limits; or
    (B) That exactly two additional wood heaters were tested for the 
manufacturer and each of them met the applicable emission limits and the 
average emissions of all three tested heaters (the original audit heater 
and the two additional heaters) met the applicable emission limits.
    (vii) If the Administrator withdraws a notice pursuant to paragraph 
(n)(3)(vi) of this section, the Administrator will revise the 
certification values for the model line based on the test data and other 
relevant information. The manufacturer must then revise the model line's 
labels and marketing information accordingly.
    (viii) The Administrator may withdraw any proposed revocation, if 
the Administrator finds that an audit test failure has been rebutted by 
information submitted by the manufacturer under paragraph (n)(3)(iv) of 
this section and/or (n)(3)(v) of this section or by any other relevant 
information available to the Administrator.



Sec. 60.534  What test methods and procedures must I use to determine
compliance with the standards and requirements for certification?

    Test methods and procedures specified in this section or in 
appendices of this part, except as provided under Sec. 60.8(b), must be 
used to determine compliance with the standards and requirements for 
certification under Secs. 60.532 and 60.533 and for reporting carbon 
monoxide emissions and efficiency as follows:
    (a)(1) For affected wood heaters subject to the 2015 and 2020 
particulate matter emission standards of Secs. 60.532(a) and (b), the 
manufacturer must have an EPA-approved test laboratory conduct testing 
according to paragraphs (a)(1)(i) or (ii) of this section. The 
manufacturer or manufacturer's authorized representative must submit a 
summary and the full test reports with all supporting information, 
including detailed discussion of all anomalies, whether all burn rate 
categories were properly achieved, any data not used in the calculations 
and, for any test runs not completed, the data that were collected and 
the reason that the test run was not completed. The burn rate for the 
low burn rate category must be no greater than the rate that an operator 
can achieve in home use and no greater than is advertised by the 
manufacturer or retailer. The manufacturer has the option of submitting 
test results obtained pursuant to either paragraph (a)(1)(i) or (ii) of 
this section to the Administrator as specified under Sec. 60.537 as part 
of a request for a certification of compliance.
    (i) Conduct testing with crib wood using EPA Method 28R of appendix 
A-8 of this part or an alternative crib wood test method approved by the 
Administrator or the ASTM E2779-10 (IBR, see Sec. 60.17) pellet heater 
test method to establish the certification test conditions and the 
particulate matter emission values.

[[Page 46]]

    (ii) Conduct testing with cord wood using an alternative cord wood 
test method approved by the Administrator to establish the certification 
test conditions and the particulate matter emission values.
    (2) For the 2020 cord wood alternative means of compliance option 
specified in Sec. 60.532(c), the manufacturer must have an EPA-approved 
test laboratory conduct testing with cord wood using an alternative cord 
wood test method approved by the Administrator to establish the 
certification test conditions and the particulate matter emission 
values.
    (b) [Reserved]
    (c) For affected wood heaters subject to the 2015 and 2020 
particulate matter emission standards specified in Sec. 60.532(a), (b) 
and (c), particulate matter emission concentrations must be measured 
with ASTM E2515-11 (IBR, see Sec. 60.17). Four-inch filters and Teflon 
membrane filters or Teflon-coated glass fiber filters may be used in 
ASTM E2515-11.
    (d) For all tests conducted using ASTM E2515-11 (IBR, see 
Sec. 60.17) pursuant to this section, the manufacturer and approved test 
laboratory must also measure the first hour of particulate matter 
emissions for each test run using a separate filter in one of the two 
parallel trains. The manufacturer and approved test laboratory must 
report the test results for the first hour separately and also include 
them in the total particulate matter emissions per run.
    (e) The manufacturer must have the approved test laboratory measure 
the efficiency, heat output and carbon monoxide emissions of the tested 
wood heater using Canadian Standards Administration (CSA) Method B415.1-
10 (IBR, see Sec. 60.17), section 13.7.
    (f) Douglas fir may be used in ASTM E2779-10, ASTM E2780-10 and CSA 
B415.1-10 (IBR, see Sec. 60.17).
    (g) The manufacturer of an affected wood heater model line must 
notify the Administrator of the date that certification testing is 
scheduled to begin by email to [email protected] This notice 
must be received by the EPA at least 30 days before the start of 
testing. The notification of testing must include the manufacturer's 
name and physical and email addresses, the approved test laboratory's 
name and physical and email addresses, the third-party certifier name, 
the model name and number (or, if unavailable, some other way to 
distinguish between models), and the dates of testing. The laboratory 
may substitute certification testing of another affected wood heater on 
the original date in order to ensure regular laboratory testing 
operations.
    (h) The approved test laboratory must allow the manufacturer, the 
manufacturer's approved third-party certifier, the EPA and delegated 
state regulatory agencies to observe certification testing. However, 
manufacturers must not involve themselves in the conduct of the test 
after the pretest burn has begun. Communications between the 
manufacturer and laboratory or third-party certifier personnel regarding 
operation of the wood heater must be limited to written communications 
transmitted prior to the first pretest burn of the certification test 
series. During certification tests, the manufacturer may communicate 
with laboratory personnel only in writing and only to notify them that 
the manufacturer has observed a deviation from proper test procedures. 
All communications must be included in the test documentation required 
to be submitted pursuant to Sec. 60.533(b)(5) and must be consistent 
with instructions provided in the owner's manual required under 
Sec. 60.536(g), except to the extent that they address details of the 
certification tests that would not be relevant to owners or regulators.



Sec. 60.535  What procedures must I use for EPA approval of a test
laboratory or EPA approval of a third-party certifier?

    (a) Test laboratory approval. (1) A laboratory must apply to the 
Administrator for approval to test under this rule by submitting 
documentation that the laboratory is accredited by a nationally 
recognized accrediting entity under ISO-IEC Standard 17025 to perform 
testing using the test methods specified under Sec. 60.534. Laboratories 
accredited by EPA prior to May 15, 2015 may have until March 16, 2018 to 
submit documentation that they have accreditation under ISO-IEC Standard

[[Page 47]]

17025 to perform testing using the test methods specified under 
Sec. 60.534. ISO accreditation is required for all other laboratories 
performing testing beginning on November 16, 2015.
    (2) As part of the application, the test laboratory must:
    (i) Agree to participate biennially in an independently operated 
proficiency testing program with no direct ties to the participating 
laboratories;
    (ii) Agree to allow the Administrator, regulatory agencies and 
third-party certifiers access to observe certification testing;
    (iii) Agree to comply with calibration, reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements that affect testing laboratories; and
    (iv) Agree to perform a compliance audit test at the manufacturer's 
expense at the testing cost normally charged to such manufacturer if the 
laboratory is selected by the Administrator to conduct the compliance 
audit test of the manufacturer's model line. The test laboratory must 
provide a preliminary audit test report to the Administrator within 14 
days of the completion of testing, if the tested wood heater exceeds the 
applicable emission limit in Sec. 60.532. The test laboratory must 
provide the Administrator and the manufacturer, within 30 days of the 
completion of audit testing, all documentation pertaining to the test, 
including the complete test report and raw data sheets, laboratory 
technician notes, and test results for all test runs.
    (v) Have no conflict of interest and receive no financial benefit 
from the outcome of certification testing conducted pursuant to 
Sec. 60.533.
    (vi) Agree to not perform initial certification tests on any models 
manufactured by a manufacturer for which the laboratory has conducted 
research and development design services within the last 5 years.
    (vii) Agree to seal any wood heater on which it performed 
certification tests, immediately upon completion or suspension of 
certification testing, by using a laboratory-specific seal.
    (viii) Agree to immediately notify the Administrator of any 
suspended tests through email and in writing, giving the date suspended, 
the reason(s) why, and the projected date for restarting. The laboratory 
must submit the operation and test data obtained, even if the test is 
not completed.
    (3) If the EPA approves the laboratory, the Administrator will 
provide the test laboratory with a certificate of approval for testing 
under this rule. If the EPA does not approve the laboratory, the 
Administrator will give written notice to the laboratory setting forth 
the basis for the determination.
    (b) Revocation of test laboratory approval. (1) The Administrator 
may revoke the EPA laboratory approval if it is determined that the 
laboratory:
    (i) Is no longer accredited by the accreditation body;
    (ii) Does not follow required procedures or practices;
    (iii) Has falsified data or otherwise misrepresented emission data;
    (iv) Has failed to participate in a proficiency testing program, in 
accordance with its commitment under paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this 
section; or
    (v) Has failed to seal a wood heater in accordance with paragraph 
(a)(2)(vii) of this section.
    (2) Revocation of approval under this paragraph (b) will not take 
effect until the laboratory concerned has been given written notice by 
the Administrator setting forth the basis for the proposed determination 
and an opportunity for a hearing under Sec. 60.539. However, if 
revocation is ultimately upheld, all tests conducted by the laboratory 
after written notice was given will, at the discretion of the 
Administrator, be declared invalid.
    (c) Period of test laboratory approval (1) With the exception of 
laboratories meeting the provisions of paragraph (c)(2) of this section, 
and unless revoked sooner, a certificate of approval for testing under 
this rule is valid for 5 years from the date of issuance.
    (2) Laboratories accredited by the EPA by May 15, 2015, under the 
provisions of Sec. 60.535 as in effect prior to that date may continue 
to be EPA accredited and deemed EPA approved for testing under this 
subpart until May 15, 2018, at which time the EPA accreditation and 
approval ends unless the laboratory has obtained accreditation under 
Sec. 60.535 as in effect on that date.
    (d) Third-party certifier approval. (1) A third-party certifier may 
apply to the

[[Page 48]]

Administrator for approval to be an EPA-approved third-party certifier 
by submitting credentials demonstrating that it has been accredited by a 
nationally recognized accrediting entity to perform certifications and 
inspections under ISO-IEC Standard 17025, ISO-IEC Standard 17065 and 
ISO-IEC Standard 17020.
    (2) As part of the application, the third-party certifier must:
    (i) Agree to offer to contract with wood heater manufacturers to 
perform third-party certification activities according to the 
requirements of this subpart;
    (ii) Agree to periodically conduct audits as described in 
Sec. 60.533(m) and the manufacturer's quality assurance program;
    (iii) Agree to comply with reporting and recordkeeping requirements 
that affect approved wood heater testing laboratories and third-party 
certifiers;
    (iv) Have no conflict of interest and receive no financial benefit 
from the outcome of certification testing conducted pursuant to 
Sec. 60.533;
    (v) Agree to make available to the Administrator supporting 
documentation for each wood heater certification and audit; and
    (vi) Agree to not perform initial certification reviews on any 
models manufactured by a manufacturer for which the third-party 
certifier has conducted research and development design services within 
the last 5 years.
    (3) If approved, the Administrator will provide the third-party 
certifier with a certificate of approval. The approval will expire 5 
years after being issued unless renewed by the third-party certifier. If 
the EPA denies the approval, the Administrator will give written notice 
to the third-party certifier for the basis for the determination.
    (e) Revocation of third-party certifier approval. (1) The 
Administrator will revoke a third-party certifier's EPA approval if it 
is determined that the certifier;
    (i) Is no longer accredited by the accreditation body;
    (ii) Does not follow required procedures or practices; or
    (iii) Has falsified certification data or otherwise misrepresented 
emission data.
    (2) Revocation of approval under this paragraph (e) will not take 
effect until the certifier concerned is given written notice by the 
Administrator setting forth the basis for the proposed determination and 
an opportunity for a hearing under Sec. 60.539. However, if revocation 
is upheld, all certifications by the certifier after written notice was 
given will, at the discretion of the Administrator, be declared invalid.



Sec. 60.536  What requirements must I meet for permanent labels, 
temporary labels (hangtags), and owner's manuals?

    (a) General permanent label requirements. (1) Each affected wood 
heater manufactured on or after the date the applicable standards come 
into effect as specified in Sec. 60.532, must have a permanent label 
affixed to it that meets the requirements of this section.
    (2) Except for wood heaters subject to Sec. 60.530(b)(1) through 
(5), the permanent label must contain the following information:
    (i) Month and year of manufacture of the individual unit;
    (ii) Model name or number;
    (iii) Certification test emission value, test method and standard 
met (e.g., 2015, 2020 crib wood, or 2020 cord wood); and
    (iv) Serial number.
    (3) The permanent label must:
    (i) Be affixed in a readily visible or readily accessible location 
in such a manner that it can be easily viewed before and after the 
appliance is installed (an easily-removable facade may be used for 
aesthetic purposes, however the bottom of a free-standing heater is not 
considered to be readily visible or readily accessible);
    (ii) Be at least 8.9 cm long and 5.1 cm wide (3\1/2\ inches long and 
2 inches wide);
    (iii) Be made of a material expected to last the lifetime of the 
wood heater;
    (iv) Present the required information in a manner so that it is 
likely to remain legible for the lifetime of the wood heater; and
    (v) Be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed from the 
appliance without damage to the label.

[[Page 49]]

    (4) The permanent label may be combined with any other label, as 
long as the required information is displayed, the integrity of the 
permanent label is not compromised, and the permanent label meets the 
requirements in Sec. 60.536(a)(3).
    (5) Any label statement under paragraph (b) or (c) of this section 
constitutes a representation by the manufacturer as to any wood heater 
that bears it:
    (i) That a certification of compliance was in effect at the time the 
wood heater left the possession of the manufacturer;
    (ii) That the manufacturer was, at the time the label was affixed, 
conducting a quality assurance program in conformity with 
Sec. 60.533(m); and
    (iii) That all wood heaters individually tested for emissions by the 
manufacturer under its quality assurance program pursuant to 
Sec. 60.533(m) met the applicable emissions limits.
    (b) Permanent label requirements for adjustable burn rate wood 
heaters and pellet stoves. If an adjustable burn rate wood heater or 
pellet stove belongs to a model line certified under Sec. 60.533, and no 
wood heater in the model line has been found to exceed the applicable 
emission limits or tolerances through quality assurance testing, one of 
the following statements, as appropriate, must appear on the permanent 
label:

``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2015 
particulate emission standards. Not approved for sale after May 15, 
2020.'' or
``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2020 
particulate emission standards using crib wood.'' or
``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2020 
particulate emission standards using cord wood.''

    (c) Permanent label requirements for single burn rate wood heaters. 
If the single burn rate wood heater belongs to a model line certified 
under Sec. 60.533, and no heater in the model line has been found to 
exceed the applicable emission limits or tolerances through quality 
assurance testing, one of the following statements, as appropriate, must 
appear on the permanent label:

``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2015 
particulate emission standards for single burn rate heaters. Not 
approved for sale after May 15, 2020. This single burn rate wood heater 
is not approved for use with a flue damper.'' or
``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Certified to comply with 2020 
particulate emission standards for single burn rate heaters. This single 
burn rate wood heater is not approved for use with a flue damper.''

    (d) Additional permanent label content. The permanent label for all 
certified wood heaters must also contain the following statement:

    ``This wood heater needs periodic inspection and repair for proper 
operation. Consult the owner's manual for further information. It is 
against federal regulations to operate this wood heater in a manner 
inconsistent with the operating instructions in the owner's manual.''

    (e) Permanent label requirements for affected wood heaters with 
exemptions under Sec. 60.530(b). (1) If an affected wood heater is 
manufactured in the United States for export as provided in 
Sec. 60.530(b)(1), the following statement must appear on the permanent 
label:

``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Export stove. May not be sold or 
operated within the United States.''

    (2) If an affected wood heater is manufactured for use for research 
and development purposes as provided in Sec. 60.530(b)(2), the following 
statement must appear on the permanent label:

``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Not certified. Research Stove. 
Not approved for sale or for operation other than for research.''

    (3) If a wood heater is exclusively a non-wood-burning heater as 
provided Sec. 60.530(b)(3), the following statement must appear on the 
permanent label:

``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This heater is not certified for 
wood burning. Use of any wood fuel is a violation of federal 
regulations.''

    (4) If an affected wood heater is a cook stove that meets the 
definition in Sec. 60.531, the following statement must appear on the 
permanent label:


[[Page 50]]


``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This unit is not a certified 
residential wood heater. The primary use for this unit is for cooking or 
baking.''

    (5) If an affected wood heater is a camp stove that meets the 
definition in Sec. 60.531, the following statement must appear on the 
permanent label:

``U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY This unit is not a certified 
residential wood heater. For portable and temporary use only.''

    (f) Temporary label (hangtag) voluntary option. (1) Each model 
certified to meet the 2020 particulate matter emission standards of 
Sec. 60.532(b) prior May 15, 2020 may display the temporary labels 
(hangtags) specified in section 3 of appendix I of this part. The 
electronic template will be provided by the Administrator upon approval 
of the certification.
    (2) The hangtags in paragraph (f)(1) of this section end on May 15, 
2020.
    (3) Each model certified to meet the 2020 Cord Wood Alternative 
Compliance Option of Sec. 60.532(c) may display the cord wood temporary 
label specified in section 3 of appendix I of this part. The electronic 
template will be provided by the Administrator upon approval of the 
certification.
    (g) Owner's manual requirements. (1) Each affected wood heater 
offered for sale by a commercial owner must be accompanied by an owner's 
manual that must contain the information listed in paragraph (g)(2) of 
this section (pertaining to installation) and paragraph (g)(3) of this 
section (pertaining to operation and maintenance). Such information must 
be adequate to enable consumers to achieve optimal emissions 
performance. Such information must be consistent with the operating 
instructions provided by the manufacturer to the approved test 
laboratory for operating the wood heater during certification testing, 
except for details of the certification test that would not be relevant 
to the user. The commercial owner must also make current and historical 
owner's manuals available on the company Web site and upon request to 
the EPA.
    (2) Guidance on proper installation, include stack height, location 
and achieving proper draft.
    (3) Proper operation and maintenance information, including 
minimizing visible emissions:
    (i) Fuel loading and re-loading procedures; recommendations on fuel 
selection and warnings on what fuels not to use, such as unseasoned 
wood, treated wood, colored paper, cardboard, solvents, trash and 
garbage;
    (ii) Fire starting procedures;
    (iii) Proper use of air controls, including how to establish good 
combustion and how to ensure good combustion at the lowest burn rate for 
which the heater is warranted;
    (iv) Ash removal procedures;
    (v) Instructions for replacement of gaskets, air tubes and other 
parts that are critical to the emissions performance of the unit, and 
other maintenance and repair instructions;
    (vi) For catalytic or hybrid models, information on the following 
pertaining to the catalytic combustor: Procedures for achieving and 
maintaining catalyst activity, maintenance procedures, procedures for 
determining deterioration or failure, procedures for replacement and 
information on how to exercise warranty rights;
    (vii) For catalytic or hybrid models, the following statement--

``This wood heater contains a catalytic combustor, which needs periodic 
inspection and replacement for proper operation. It is against federal 
regulations to operate this wood heater in a manner inconsistent with 
operating instructions in this manual, or if the catalytic element is 
deactivated or removed.''

    (viii) For noncatalytic models, the following statement--

``This wood heater needs periodic inspection and repair for proper 
operation. It is against federal regulations to operate this wood heater 
in a manner inconsistent with operating instructions in this manual.''

    (4) Any manufacturer using the EPA-recommended language contained in 
appendix I of this part to satisfy any requirement of this paragraph (g) 
will be considered to be in compliance with that requirement, provided 
that the particular language is printed in full, with only such changes 
as are necessary to ensure accuracy for the particular wood heater model 
line.
    (h) Wood heaters that are affected by this subpart, but that have 
been owned

[[Page 51]]

and operated by a noncommercial owner, are not subject to paragraphs (f) 
and (g) of this section when offered for resale.



Sec. 60.537  What records must I keep and what reports must I submit?

    (a)(1) Each manufacturer who holds a certificate of compliance 
pursuant to Sec. 60.533(c), (e) or (f) for a model line must maintain 
records containing the information required by paragraph (a)(2) through 
(4) of this section with respect to that model line for at least 5 
years.
    (2) All documentation pertaining to the certification test used to 
obtain certification, including the full test report and raw data 
sheets, laboratory technician notes, calculations, the test results for 
all test runs, and discussions of the appropriateness and validity of 
all test runs, including runs attempted but not completed. The retained 
certification test documentation must include, as applicable, detailed 
discussion of all anomalies, whether all burn rate categories were 
properly achieved, any data not used in the calculations and, for any 
test runs not completed, the data that were collected and the reason 
that the test run was not completed. The retained certification test 
also must include documentation that the burn rate for the low burn rate 
category was no greater than the rate that an operator can achieve in 
home use and no greater than is advertised by the manufacturer or 
retailer.
    (3) Results of the quality assurance program inspections pursuant to 
Sec. 60.533(m).
    (4) For emissions tests conducted pursuant to the quality assurance 
program required by Sec. 60.533(m), all test reports, data sheets, 
laboratory technician notes, calculations, and test results for all test 
runs, the corrective actions taken, if any, and any follow-up actions 
such as additional testing.
    (b) Each approved test laboratory and third-party certifier must 
maintain records consisting of all documentation pertaining to each 
certification test, quality assurance program inspection and audit test, 
including the full test report and raw data sheets, technician notes, 
calculations, and the test results for all test runs. Each approved test 
laboratory must submit accreditation credentials and all proficiency 
test results to the Administrator. Each third-party certifier must 
submit each certification test, quality assurance program inspection 
report and ISO IEC accreditation credentials to the Administrator.
    (c) Each manufacturer must retain each wood heater upon which 
certification tests were performed based upon which certification was 
granted under Sec. 60.533(c) or (f) at the manufacturer's facility for a 
minimum of 5 years after the certification test. Each wood heater must 
remain sealed and unaltered. Any such wood heater must be made available 
to the Administrator upon request for inspection and testing.
    (d) Each manufacturer of an affected wood heater model line 
certified under Sec. 60.533(c) or (f) must submit a report to the 
Administrator every 2 years following issuance of a certificate of 
compliance for each model line. This report must include the sales for 
each model by state and certify that no changes in the design or 
manufacture of this model line have been made that require 
recertification under Sec. 60.533(k).
    (e)(1) Unless otherwise specified, all records required under this 
section must be maintained by the manufacturer, commercial owner of the 
affected wood heater, approved test laboratory or third-party certifier 
for a period of no less than 5 years.
    (2) Unless otherwise specified, all reports to the Administrator 
required under this subpart must be made to: [email protected]
    (f) Within 60 days after the date of completing each performance 
test, e.g., initial certification test, tests conducted for quality 
assurance, and tests for renewal or recertification, each manufacturer 
must submit the performance test data electronically to 
[email protected] Owners or operators who claim that some of 
the information being submitted is CBI (e.g., design drawings) must 
submit a complete file, including the information claimed to be CBI, on 
a compact disk or other commonly used electronic storage media 
(including, but not limited to, flash drives) by mail,

[[Page 52]]

and the same file, with the CBI omitted, electronically. The compact 
disk must be clearly marked as CBI and mailed to U.S. EPA, OECA CBI 
Office, Attention: Residential Wood Heater Compliance Program Lead, 1200 
Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20004. Emission data, including 
all information necessary to determine compliance, except sensitive 
engineering drawings and sensitive detailed material specifications, may 
not be claimed as CBI.
    (g) Within 30 days of receiving a certification of compliance for a 
model line, the manufacturer must make the full non-CBI test report and 
the summary of the test report available to the public on the 
manufacturer's Web site.
    (h) Each manufacturer who uses the exemption for R&D heaters under 
Sec. 60.530(b)(2) must maintain records for at least 5 years documenting 
where the heaters were located, that the heaters were never offered for 
sale or sold and that the heaters were not used for the purpose of 
heating.



Sec. 60.538  What activities are prohibited under this subpart?

    (a) No person is permitted to advertise for sale, offer for sale, 
sell or operate an affected wood heater that does not have affixed to it 
a permanent label pursuant to Sec. 60.536 (b) through (e), as 
applicable.
    (b) No person is permitted to advertise for sale, offer for sale, or 
sell an affected wood heater labeled under Sec. 60.536(e)(1) except for 
export. No person is permitted to operate an affected wood heater in the 
United States if it is labeled under Sec. 60.536(e)(1).
    (c)(1) No commercial owner is permitted to advertise for sale, offer 
for sale or sell an affected wood heater permanently labeled under 
Sec. 60.536 (b) through (d), as applicable, unless:
    (i) The affected wood heater has been certified to comply with the 
2015 or 2020 particulate matter emission standards pursuant to 
Sec. 60.532, as applicable. This prohibition does not apply to wood 
heaters affected by this subpart that have been previously owned and 
operated by a noncommercial owner; and
    (ii) The commercial owner provides any purchaser or transferee with 
an owner's manual that meets the requirements of Sec. 60.536(g) and a 
copy of the warranty.
    (2) No commercial owner is permitted to advertise for sale, offer 
for sale, or sell an affected wood heater permanently labeled under 
Sec. 60.536(b) and (c), unless the affected wood heater has been 
certified to comply with the 2015 or 2020 particulate matter emission 
standards of Sec. 60.532, as applicable.
    (3) A commercial owner other than a manufacturer complies with the 
requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if the commercial 
owner--
    (i) Receives the required documentation from the manufacturer or a 
previous commercial owner; and
    (ii) Provides that documentation unaltered to any person to whom the 
wood heater that it covers is sold or transferred.
    (d)(1) In any case in which the Administrator revokes a certificate 
of compliance either for the submission of false or inaccurate 
information or other fraudulent acts, or based on a finding under 
Sec. 60.533(l)(1)(ii) that the certification test was not valid, the 
Administrator may give notice of that revocation and the grounds for it 
to all commercial owners.
    (2) On and after the date of receipt of the notice given under 
paragraph (d)(1) of this section, no commercial owner is permitted to 
sell any wood heater covered by the revoked certificate (other than to 
the manufacturer) unless the model line has been recertified in 
accordance with this subpart.
    (e) No person is permitted to install or operate an affected wood 
heater except in a manner consistent with the instructions on its 
permanent label and in the owner's manual pursuant to Sec. 60.536(g), 
including only using fuels for which the unit is certified.
    (f) No person is permitted to operate, sell or offer for sale an 
affected wood heater that was originally equipped with a catalytic 
combustor if the catalytic element is deactivated or removed.
    (g) No person is permitted to operate, sell or offer for sale an 
affected wood heater that has been physically altered to exceed the 
tolerance limits of its certificate of compliance, pursuant to 
Sec. 60.533(k).

[[Page 53]]

    (h) No person is permitted to alter, deface, or remove any permanent 
label required to be affixed pursuant to Sec. 60.536(a) through (e), as 
applicable.
    (i) If a temporary label is affixed to the wood heater, retailers 
may not sell or offer for sale that wood heater unless the temporary 
label affixed is in accordance with Sec. 60.536(f), as applicable.



Sec. 60.539  What hearing and appeal procedures apply to me?

    (a)(1) The affected manufacturer, laboratory or third-party 
certifier may request a hearing under this section within 30 days 
following receipt of the required notification in any case where the 
Administrator--
    (i) Denies an application for a certificate of compliance under 
Sec. 60.533(c) or Sec. 60.533(f);
    (ii) Denies an application for a renewal of certification under 
Sec. 60.533(i);
    (iii) Issues a notice of revocation of certification under 
Sec. 60.533(1);
    (iv) Denies an application for laboratory approval under 
Sec. 60.535(a);
    (v) Issues a notice of revocation of laboratory approval under 
Sec. 60.535(b);
    (vi) Denies an application for third-party certifier approval under 
Sec. 60.535(d); or
    (vii) Issues a notice of revocation of third-party certifier 
approval under Sec. 60.535(e).
    (2) In any case where the Administrator issues a notice of 
revocation under Sec. 60.533(n)(3)(ii), the manufacturer may request a 
hearing under this section with the time limits set out in 
Sec. 60.533(n)(3)(ii).
    (b) Any hearing request must be in writing, must be signed by an 
authorized representative of the petitioning manufacturer or laboratory 
and must include a statement setting forth with particularity the 
petitioner's objection to the Administrator's determination or proposed 
determination.
    (c)(1) Upon receipt of a request for a hearing under paragraph (a) 
of this section, the Administrator will request the Chief Administrative 
Law Judge to designate an Administrative Law Judge as Presiding Officer 
for the hearing. If the Chief Administrative Law Judge replies that no 
Administrative Law Judge is available to perform this function, the 
Administrator will designate a Presiding Officer who has not had any 
prior responsibility for the matter under review, and who is not subject 
to the direct control or supervision of someone who has had such 
responsibility.
    (2) The hearing will commence as soon as practicable at a time and 
place fixed by the Presiding Officer.
    (3)(i) A motion for leave to intervene in any proceeding conducted 
under this section must set forth the grounds for the proposed 
intervention, the position and interest of the movant and the likely 
impact that intervention will have on the expeditious progress of the 
proceeding. Any person already a party to the proceeding may file an 
answer to a motion to intervene, making specific reference to the 
factors set forth in the foregoing sentence and paragraph (c)(3)(iii) of 
this section, within 10 days after service of the motion for leave to 
intervene.
    (ii) A motion for leave to intervene in a proceeding must ordinarily 
be filed before the first prehearing conference or, in the absence of a 
prehearing conference, prior to the setting of a time and place for a 
hearing. Any motion filed after that time must include, in addition to 
the information set forth in paragraph (c)(3)(i) of this section, a 
statement of good cause for the failure to file in a timely manner. The 
intervener shall be bound by any agreements, arrangements and other 
matters previously made in the proceeding.
    (iii) A motion for leave to intervene may be granted only if the 
movant demonstrates that his presence in the proceeding would not unduly 
prolong or otherwise prejudice the adjudication of the rights of the 
original parties, and that movant may be adversely affected by a final 
order. The intervener will become a full party to the proceeding upon 
the granting of leave to intervene.
    (iv) Persons not parties to the proceeding may move for leave to 
file amicus curiae briefs. The movant must state his interest and the 
reasons why the proposed amicus brief is desirable. If the motion is 
granted, the Presiding Officer or Administrator will issue an order 
setting the time for filing such brief. An amicus curia may participate

[[Page 54]]

in any briefing after his motion is granted, and will be served with all 
briefs, reply briefs, motions and orders relating to issues to be 
briefed.
    (4) In computing any period of time prescribed or allowed in this 
subpart, the day of the event from which the designated period begins to 
run will not be included. Saturdays, Sundays and federal legal holidays 
will be included. When a stated time expires on a Saturday, Sunday or 
legal holiday, the stated time period will be extended to include the 
next business day.
    (d)(l) Upon his appointment, the Presiding Officer must establish a 
hearing file. The file will consist of the notice issued by the 
Administrator under Secs. 60.533(c)(2), 60.533(f)(3), 60.533(i)(4), 
60.533(l)(2), 60.533(n)(3)(ii)(A), 60.535(a)(3), 60.535(b)(2), 
60.535(d)(3) or 60.535(e)(2) together with any accompanying material, 
the request for a hearing and the supporting data submitted therewith, 
and all documents relating to the request for certification or approval 
or the proposed revocation of either.
    (2) The hearing file must be available for inspection by any party, 
to the extent authorized by law, at the office of the Presiding Officer, 
or other place designated by him.
    (e) Any party may appear in person, or may be represented by counsel 
or by any other duly authorized representative.
    (f)(1) The Presiding Officer upon the request of any party, or at 
his discretion, may order a prehearing conference at a time and place 
specified by him to consider the following:
    (i) Simplification of the issues,
    (ii) Stipulations, admissions of fact, and the introduction of 
documents,
    (iii) Limitation of the number of expert witnesses,
    (iv) Possibility of agreement disposing of all or any of the issues 
in dispute,
    (v) Such other matters as may aid in the disposition of the hearing, 
including such additional tests as may be agreed upon by the parties.
    (2) The results of the conference must be reduced to writing by the 
Presiding Officer and made part of the record.
    (g)(1) Hearings will be conducted by the Presiding Officer in an 
informal but orderly and expeditious manner. The parties may offer oral 
or written evidence, subject to the exclusion by the Presiding Officer 
of irrelevant, immaterial and repetitious evidence.
    (2) Witnesses will not be required to testify under oath. However, 
the Presiding Officer will call to the attention of witnesses that their 
statements may be subject to penalties under title 18 U.S.C. 1001 for 
knowingly making false statements or representations or using false 
documents in any matter within the jurisdiction of any department or 
agency of the United States.
    (3) Any witness may be examined or cross-examined by the Presiding 
Officer, the parties or their representatives.
    (4) Hearings must be recorded verbatim. Copies of transcripts of 
proceedings may be purchased by the applicant from the reporter.
    (5) All written statements, charts, tabulations and similar data 
offered in evidence at the hearings must, upon a showing satisfactory to 
the Presiding Officer of their authenticity, relevancy and materiality, 
be received in evidence and will constitute a part of the record.
    (h)(1) The Presiding Officer will make an initial decision which 
must include written findings and conclusions and the reasons or basis 
therefor on all the material issues of fact, law or discretion presented 
on the record. The findings, conclusions and written decision must be 
provided to the parties and made a part of the record. The initial 
decision will become the decision of the Administrator without further 
proceedings unless there is an appeal to the Administrator or motion for 
review by the Administrator. Except as provided in paragraph (h)(3) of 
this section, any such appeal must be taken within 20 days of the date 
the initial decision was filed.
    (2) On appeal from or review of the initial decision, the 
Administrator will have all the powers which he would have in making the 
initial decision including the discretion to require or allow briefs, 
oral argument, the taking of additional evidence or the remanding to the 
Presiding Officer for additional proceedings. The decision by the 
Administrator must include written

[[Page 55]]

findings and conclusions and the reasons or basis therefor on all the 
material issues of fact, law or discretion presented on the appeal or 
considered in the review.
    (3) In any hearing requested under paragraph (a)(2) of this section 
the Presiding Officer must render the initial decision within 60 days of 
that request. Any appeal to the Administrator must be taken within 10 
days of the initial decision, and the Administrator must render a 
decision in that appeal within 30 days of the filing of the appeal.



Sec. 60.539a  Who implements and enforces this subpart?

    (a) Under section 111(c) of the Clean Air Act, the Administrator may 
delegate the following implementation and enforcement authority to a 
state, local or tribal authority upon request:
    (1) Enforcement of prohibitions on the installation and operation of 
affected wood heaters in a manner inconsistent with the installation and 
owner's manual;
    (2) Enforcement of prohibitions on operation of catalytic wood 
heaters where the catalyst has been deactivated or removed;
    (3) Enforcement of prohibitions on advertisement and/or sale of 
uncertified model lines;
    (4) Enforcement of prohibitions on advertisement and/or sale of 
affected heaters that do not have required permanent label;
    (5) Enforcement of proper labeling of affected wood heaters; and
    (6) Enforcement of compliance with other labeling requirements for 
affected wood heaters.
    (7) Enforcement of certification testing procedures;
    (8) Enforcement of requirements for sealing of the tested heaters 
and meeting parameter limits; and
    (9) Enforcement of compliance requirements of EPA-approved 
laboratories.
    (b) Delegations shall not include:
    (1) Decisions on certification;
    (2) Revocation of certification;
    (3) Establishment or revision of standards;
    (4) Establishment or revision of test methods;
    (5) Laboratory and third-party certifier approvals and revocations;
    (6) Enforcing provisions governing content of owner's manuals; and
    (7) Hearings and appeals procedures.
    (c) Nothing in these delegations will prohibit the Administrator 
from enforcing any applicable requirements.
    (d) Nothing in these delegations will limit delegated entities from 
using their authority under section 116 of the Clean Air Act to adopt or 
enforce more restrictive requirements.



Sec. 60.539b  What parts of the General Provisions do not apply to me?

    The following provisions of subpart A of part 60 do not apply to 
this subpart:
    (a) Section 60.7;
    (b) Section 60.8(a), (c), (d), (e), (f) and (g);
    (c) Section 60.14; and
    (c) Section 60.15(d).



 Subpart BBB_Standards of Performance for the Rubber Tire Manufacturing 
                                Industry

    Source: 52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.540  Applicability and designation of affected facilities.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart, except as provided in paragraph 
(b) of this section, apply to each of the following affected facilities 
in rubber tire manufacturing plants that commence construction, 
modification, or reconstruction after January 20, 1983: each undertread 
cementing operation, each sidewall cementing operation, each tread end 
cementing operation, each bead cementing operation, each green tire 
spraying operation, each Michelin-A operation, each Michelin-B 
operation, and each Michelin-C automatic operation.
    (b) The owner or operator of each undertread cementing operation and 
each sidewall cementing operation in rubber tire manufacturing plants 
that commenced construction, modification, or reconstruction after 
January 20, 1983, and before September 15, 1987, shall have the option 
of complying with the alternate provisions in Sec. 60.542a. This 
election shall be irreversible. The alternate provisions in

[[Page 56]]

Sec. 60.542a do not apply to any undertread cementing operation or 
sidewall cementing operation that is modified or reconstructed after 
September 15, 1987. The affected facilities in this paragraph are 
subject to all applicable provisions of this subpart.
    (c) Although the affected facilities listed under Sec. 60.540(a) are 
defined in reference to the production of components of a ``tire,'' as 
defined under Sec. 60.541(a), the percent emission reduction 
requirements and VOC use cutoffs specified under Sec. 60.542(a)(1), (2), 
(6), (7)(iii), (7)(iv), (8), (9), and (10) refer to the total amount of 
VOC used (the amount allocated to the affected facility), including the 
VOC used in cements and organic solvent-based green tire spray materials 
for tire types not listed in the Sec. 60.541(a) definition of ``tire.''

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 54 FR 38635, Sept. 19, 1989]



Sec. 60.541  Definitions.

    (a) All terms that are used in this subpart and are not defined 
below are given the same meaning as in the Act and in subpart A of this 
part.
    Bead means rubber-covered strands of wire, wound into a circular 
form, which ensure a seal between a tire and the rim of the wheel onto 
which the tire is mounted.
    Bead cementing operation means the system that is used to apply 
cement to the bead rubber before or after it is wound into its final 
circular form. A bead cementing operation consists of a cement 
application station, such as a dip tank, spray booth and nozzles, cement 
trough and roller or swab applicator, and all other equipment necessary 
to apply cement to wound beads or bead rubber and to allow evaporation 
of solvent from cemented beads.
    Component means a piece of tread, combined tread/sidewall, or 
separate sidewall rubber, or other rubber strip that is combined into 
the sidewall of a finished tire.
    Drying area means the area where VOC from applied cement or green 
tire sprays is allowed to evaporate.
    Enclosure means a structure that surrounds a VOC (cement, solvent, 
or spray) application area and drying area, and that captures and 
contains evaporated VOC and vents it to a control device. Enclosures may 
have permanent and temporary openings.
    Green tire means an assembled, uncured tire.
    Green tire spraying operation means the system used to apply a mold 
release agent and lubricant to the inside and/or outside of green tires 
to facilitate the curing process and to prevent rubber from sticking to 
the curing press. A green tire spraying operation consists of a booth 
where spraying is performed, the spray application station, and related 
equipment, such as the lubricant supply system.
    Michelin-A operation means the operation identified as Michelin-A in 
the Emission Standards and Engineering Division confidential file as 
referenced in Docket A-80-9, Entry II-B-12.
    Michelin-B operation means the operation identified as Michelin-B in 
the Emission Standards and Engineering Division confidential file as 
referenced in Docket A-80-9, Entry II-B-12.
    Michelin-C-automatic operation means the operation identifed as 
Michelin-C-automatic in the Emission Standards and Engineering Division 
confidential file as referenced in Docket A-80-9, Entry II-B-12.
    Month means a calendar month or a prespecified period of 28 days or 
35 days (utilizing a 4-4-5-week recordkeeping and reporting schedule).
    Organic solvent-based green tire spray means any mold release agent 
and lubricant applied to the inside or outside of green tires that 
contains more than 12 percent, by weight, of VOC as sprayed.
    Permanent opening means an opening designed into an enclosure to 
allow tire components to pass through the enclosure by conveyor or other 
mechanical means, to provide access for permanent mechanical or 
electrical equipment, or to direct air flow into the enclosure. A 
permanent opening is not equipped with a door or other means of 
obstruction of air flow.
    Sidewall cementing operation means the system used to apply cement 
to a continuous strip of sidewall component or any other continuous 
strip component (except combined tread/sidewall component) that is 
incorporated into

[[Page 57]]

the sidewall of a finished tire. A sidewall cementing operation consists 
of a cement application station and all other equipment, such as the 
cement supply system and feed and takeaway conveyors, necessary to apply 
cement to sidewall strips or other continuous strip component (except 
combined tread/sidewall component) and to allow evaporation of solvent 
from the cemented rubber.
    Temporary opening means an opening into an enclosure that is 
equipped with a means of obstruction, such as a door, window, or port, 
that is normally closed.
    Tire means any agricultural, airplane, industrial, mobile home, 
light-duty truck and/or passenger vehicle tire that has a bead diameter 
less than or equal to 0.5 meter (m) (19.7 inches) and a cross section 
dimension less than or equal to 0.325 m (12.8 in.), and that is mass 
produced in an assembly-line fashion.
    Tread end cementing operation means the system used to apply cement 
to one or both ends of the tread or combined tread/sidewall component. A 
tread end cementing operation consists of a cement application station 
and all other equipment, such as the cement supply system and feed and 
takeaway conveyors, necessary to apply cement to tread ends and to allow 
evaporation of solvent from the cemented tread ends.
    Undertread cementing operation means the system used to apply cement 
to a continuous strip of tread or combined tread/sidewall component. An 
undertread cementing operation consists of a cement application station 
and all other equipment, such as the cement supply system and feed and 
takeaway conveyors, necessary to apply cement to tread or combined 
tread/sidewall strips and to allow evaporation of solvent from the 
cemented tread or combined tread/sidewall.
    VOC emission control device means equipment that destroys or 
recovers VOC.
    VOC emission reduction system means a system composed of an 
enclosure, hood, or other device for containment and capture of VOC 
emissions and a VOC emission control device.
    Water-based green tire spray means any mold release agent and 
lubricant applied to the inside or outside of green tires that contains 
12 percent or less, by weight, of VOC as sprayed.
    (b) Notations used under this subpart are defined below:

Bo = total number of beads cemented at a particular bead 
          cementing affected facility for a month
Ca = concentration of VOC in gas stream in vents after a 
          control device (parts per million by volume)
Cb = concentration of VOC in gas stream in vents before a 
          control device (parts per million by volume)
Cf = concentration of VOC in each gas stream vented directly 
          to the atmosphere from an affected facility or from a 
          temporary enclosure around an affected facility (parts per 
          million by volume)
Dc = density of cement or spray material (grams per liter (lb 
          per gallon))
Dr = density of VOC recovered by an emission control device 
          (grams per liter (lb per gallon))
E = emission control device efficiency, inlet versus outlet (fraction)
Fc = capture efficiency, VOC captured and routed to one 
          control device versus total VOC used for an affected facility 
          (fraction)
Fo = fraction of total mass of VOC used in a month by all 
          facilities served by a common cement or spray material 
          distribution system that is used by a particular affected 
          facility served by the common distribution system
G = monthly average mass of VOC used per tire cemented or sprayed with a 
          water-based green tire spray for a particular affected 
          facility (grams (lb) per tire)
Gb = monthly average mass of VOC used per bead cemented for a 
          particular bead cementing affected facility (grams (lb) per 
          bead)
Lc = volume of cement or spray material used for a month 
          (liters (gallons))
Lr = volume of VOC recovered by an emission control device 
          for a month (liters (gallons))
M = total mass of VOC used for a month by all facilities served by a 
          common cement or spray material distribution system (grams 
          (lb))
Mo = total mass of VOC used at an affected facility for a 
          month (grams (lb))
Mr = mass of VOC recovered by an emission control device for 
          a month (grams (lb))
N = mass of VOC emitted to the atmosphere per tire cemented or sprayed 
          with a water-based green tire spray for an affected facility 
          for a month (grams (lb) per tire)
Nb = mass of VOC emitted per bead cemented for an affected 
          facility for a month (grams (lb) per bead)

[[Page 58]]

Qa = volumetric flow rate in vents after a control device 
          (dry standard cubic meters (dry standard cubic feet) per hour)
Qb = volumetric flow rate in vents before a control device 
          (dry standard cubic meters (dry standard cubic feet) per hour)
Qf = volumetric flow rate of each stream vented directly to 
          the atmosphere from an affected facility or from a temporary 
          enclosure around an affected facility (dry standard cubic 
          meters (dry standard cubic feet) per hour)
R = overall efficiency of an emission reduction system (fraction)
Td = total number of days in monthly compliance period (days)
To = total number of tires cemented or sprayed with water-
          based green tire sprays at a particular affected facility for 
          a month
Wo = weight fraction of VOC in a cement or spray material.

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 65 FR 61764, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.542  Standards for volatile organic compounds.

    (a) On and after the date on which the initial performance test, 
required by Sec. 60.8, is completed, but no later than 180 days after 
initial startup, each owner or operator subject to the provisions of 
this subpart shall comply with the following conditions:
    (1) For each undertread cementing operation:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 25 percent of the VOC 
used (75 percent emission reduction) for each month; or
    (ii) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use less than or equal to the 
levels specified below, depending upon the duration of the compliance 
period:
    (A) 3,870 kg (8,531 lb) of VOC per 28 days,
    (B) 4,010 kg (8,846 lb) of VOC per 29 days,
    (C) 4,150 kg (9,149 lb) of VOC per 30 days,
    (D) 4,280 kg (9,436 lb) of VOC per 31 days, or
    (E) 4,840 kg (10,670 lb) of VOC per 35 days.
    (2) For each sidewall cementing operation:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 25 percent of the VOC 
used (75 percent emission reduction) for each month; or
    (ii) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use less than or equal to the 
levels specified below, depending upon the duration of the compliance 
period:
    (A) 3,220 kg (7,099 lb) of VOC per 28 days,
    (B) 3,340 kg (7,363 lb) of VOC per 29 days,
    (C) 3,450 kg (7,606 lb) of VOC per 30 days,
    (D) 3,570 kg (7,870 lb) of VOC per 31 days, or
    (E) 4,030 kg (8,885 lb) of VOC per 35 days.
    (3) For each tread end cementing operation: Discharge into the 
atmosphere no more than 10 grams (0.022 lb) of VOC per tire cemented for 
each month.
    (4) For each bead cementing operation: Discharge into the atmosphere 
no more than 5 grams (0.011 lb) of VOC per bead cemented for each month.
    (5) For each green tire spraying operation where only water-based 
sprays are used:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 1.2 grams (0.0026 lb) 
of VOC per tire sprayed with an inside green tire spray for each month; 
and
    (ii) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 9.3 grams (0.021 lb) 
of VOC per tire sprayed with an outside green tire spray for each month.
    (6) For each green tire spraying operation where only ogranic 
solvent-based sprays are used:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 25 percent of the VOC 
used (75 percent emission reduction) for each month; or
    (ii) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use less than or equal to the 
levels specified below, depending upon the duration of the compliance 
period:
    (A) 3,220 kg (7,099 lb) of VOC per 28 days,
    (B) 3,340 kg (7,363 lb) of VOC per 29 days,
    (C) 3,450 kg (7,606 lb) of VOC per 30 days,
    (D) 3,570 kg (7,870 lb) of VOC per 31 days, or
    (E) 4,030 kg (8,885 lb) of VOC per 35 days.
    (7) For each green tire spraying operation where both water-based 
and organic solvent-based sprays are used:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 1.2 grams (0.0026 lb) 
of VOC

[[Page 59]]

per tire sprayed with a water-based inside green tire spray for each 
month; and
    (ii) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 9.3 grams (0.021 lb) 
of VOC per tire sprayed with a water-based outside green tire spray for 
each month; and either
    (iii) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 25 percent of the 
VOC used in the organic solvent-based green tire sprays (75 percent 
emission reduction) for each month; or
    (iv) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use for all organic solvent-
based green tire sprays less than or equal to the levels specified under 
paragraph (a)(6)(ii) of this section.
    (8) For each Michelin-A operation:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 35 percent of the VOC 
used (65 percent emission reduction) for each month; or
    (ii) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use less than or equal to the 
levels specified below, depending upon the duration of the compliance 
period:
    (A) 1,570 kg (3,461 lb) of VOC per 28 days,
    (B) 1,630 kg (3,593 lb) of VOC per 29 days,
    (C) 1,690 kg (3,726 lb) of VOC per 30 days,
    (D) 1,740 kg (3,836 lb) of VOC per 31 days, or
    (E) 1,970 kg (4,343 lb) of VOC per 35 days.
    (9) For each Michelin-B operation:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 25 percent of the VOC 
used (75 percent emission reduction) for each month; or
    (ii) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use less than or equal to the 
levels specified below, depending upon the duration of the compliance 
period:
    (A) 1,310 kg (2,888 lb) of VOC per 28 days,
    (B) 1,360 kg (2,998 lb) of VOC per 29 days,
    (C) 1,400 kg (3,086 lb) of VOC per 30 days,
    (D) 1,450 kg (3,197 lb) of VOC per 31 days, or
    (E) 1,640 kg (3,616 lb) of VOC per 35 days.
    (10) For each Michelin-C-automatic operation:
    (i) Discharge into the atmosphere no more than 35 percent of the VOC 
used (65 percent emission reduction) for each month; or
    (ii) Maintain total (uncontrolled) VOC use less than or equal to the 
levels specified under paragraph (a)(8)(ii) of this section.

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 65 FR 61764, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.542a  Alternate standard for volatile organic compounds.

    (a) On and after the date on which the initial performance test, 
required by Sec. 60.8, is completed, but no later than 180 days after 
September 19, 1989, each owner or operator subject to the provisions in 
Sec. 60.540(b) shall not cause to be discharged into the atmosphere more 
than: 25 grams (0.055 lb) of VOC per tire processed for each month if 
the operation uses 25 grams (0.055 lb) or less of VOC per tire processed 
and does not employ a VOC emission reduction system.
    (b) [Reserved]

[54 FR 38635, Sept. 19, 1989, as amended at 65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.543  Performance test and compliance provisions.

    (a) Section 60.8(d) does not apply to the monthly performance test 
procedures required by this subpart. Section 60.8(d) does apply to 
initial performance tests and to the performance tests specified under 
paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(3) of this section. Section 60.8(f) does not 
apply when Method 24 is used.
    (b) Performance tests shall be conducted as follows:
    (1) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall conduct an 
initial performance test, as required under Sec. 60.8(a), except as 
described under paragraph (j) of this section. The owner or operator of 
an affected facility shall thereafter conduct a performance test each 
month, except as described under paragraphs (b)(4), (g)(1), and (j) of 
this section. Initial and monthly performance tests shall be conducted 
according to the procedures in this section.
    (2) The owner or operator of an affected facility who elects to use 
a VOC

[[Page 60]]

emission reduction system with a control device that destroys VOC (e.g., 
incinerator), as described under paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section, 
shall repeat the performance test when directed by the Administrator or 
when the owner or operator elects to operate the capture system or 
control device at conditions different from the most recent 
determination of overall reduction efficiency. The performance test 
shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures described under 
paragraphs (f)(2) (i) through (iv) of this section.
    (3) The owner or operator of an affected facility who seeks to 
comply with the equipment design and performance specifications, as 
described under paragraph (j) of this section, shall repeat the 
performance test when directed by the Administrator or when the owner or 
operator elects to operate the capture system or control device at 
conditions different from the most recent determination of control 
device efficiency or measurement of capture system retention time or 
face velocity. The performance test shall be conducted in accordance 
with the procedures described under paragraph (f)(2)(ii) of this 
section.
    (4) The owner or operator of each tread end cementing operation and 
each green tire spraying operation using only water-based sprays (inside 
and/or outside) containing less than 1.0 percent, by weight, of VOC is 
not required to conduct a monthly performance test as described in 
paragraph (d) of this section. In lieu of conducting a monthly 
performance test, the owner or operator of each tread end cementing 
operation and each green tire spraying operation shall submit 
formulation data or the results of Method 24 analysis annually to verify 
the VOC content of each tread end cement and each green tire spray 
material, provided the spraying formulation has not changed during the 
previous 12 months. If the spray material formulation changes, 
formulation data or Method 24 analysis of the new spray shall be 
conducted to determine the VOC content of the spray and reported within 
30 days as required under Sec. 60.546(j).
    (c) For each undertread cementing operation, each sidewall cementing 
operation, each green tire spraying operation where organic solvent-
based sprays are used, each Michelin-A operation, each Michelin-B 
operation, and each Michelin-C-automatic operation where the owner or 
operator seeks to comply with the uncontrolled monthly VOC use limits, 
the owner or operator shall use the following procedure to determine 
compliance with the applicable (depending upon duration of compliance 
period) uncontrolled monthly VOC use limit specified under 
Sec. 60.542(a) (1)(ii), (2)(ii), (6)(ii), (7)(iv), (8)(ii), (9)(ii), and 
(10)(ii). If both undertread cementing and sidewall cementing are 
performed at the same affected facility during a month, then the kg/mo 
limit specified under Sec. 60.542(a)(1)(ii) shall apply for that month.
    (1) Determine the density and weight fraction VOC (including 
dilution VOC) of each cement or green tire spray from its formulation or 
by analysis of the cement or green tire spray using Method 24. If a 
dispute arises, the Administrator may require an owner or operator who 
used formulation data to analyze the cement or green tire spray using 
Method 24.
    (2) Calculate the total mass of VOC used at the affected facility 
for the month (Mo) by the following procedure:
    (i) For each affected facility for which cement or green tire spray 
is delivered in batch or via a distribution system that serves only the 
affected facility:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.038

Where:

``a'' equals the number of different cements or green tire sprays used 
          during the month that are delivered in batch or via a 
          distribution system that serves only a single affected 
          facility.

    (ii) For each affected facility for which cement or green tire spray 
is delivered via a common distribution system that also serves other 
affected or existing facilities:
    (A) Calculate the total mass of VOC used for all of the facilities 
served by the common distribution system for the month (M):

[[Page 61]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.039

Where:

``b'' equals the number of different cements or green tire sprays used 
          during the month that are delivered via a common distribution 
          system that also serves other affected or existing facilities.

    (B) Determine the fraction (Fo) of M used at the affected 
facility by comparing the production records and process specifications 
for the material cemented or sprayed at the affected facility for the 
month to the production records and process specifications for the 
material cemented or sprayed at all other facilities served by the 
common distribution system for the month or by another procedure 
acceptable to the Administrator.
    (C) Calculate the total monthly mass of VOC used at the affected 
facility for the month (Mo):

Mo = MFo

    (3) Determine the time duration of the monthly compliance period 
(Td).
    (d) For each tread end cementing operation and each green tire 
spraying operation where water-based cements or sprays containing 1.0 
percent, by weight, of VOC or more are used (inside and/or outside) that 
do not use a VOC emission reduction system, the owner or operator shall 
use the following procedure to determine compliance with the VOC 
emission per tire limit specified under Sec. 60.542 (a)(3), (a)(5)(i), 
(a)(5)(ii), (a)(7)(i), and (a)(7)(ii).
    (1) Determine the density and weight fraction VOC as specified under 
paragraph (c)(1) of this section.
    (2) Calculate the total mass of VOC used at the affected facility 
for the month (Mo) as specified under paragraph (c)(2) of 
this section.
    (3) Determine the total number of tires cemented or sprayed at the 
affected facility for the month (To) by the following 
procedure:
    (i) For a trend end cementing operation, To equals the 
number of tread or combined tread/sidewall components that receive an 
application of tread end cement for the month.
    (ii) For a green tire spraying operation that uses water-based 
inside green tire sprays, To equals the number of green tires 
that receive an application of water-based inside green tire spray for 
the month.
    (iii) For a green tire spraying operation that uses water-based 
outside green tire sprays, To equals the number of green 
tires that receive an application of water-based outside green tire 
spray for the month.
    (4) Calculate the mass of VOC used per tire cemented or sprayed at 
the affected facility for the month (G):
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.064

    (5) Calculate the mass of VOC emitted per tire cemented or sprayed 
at the affected facility for the month (N):


N = G

    (e) For each bead cementing operation that does not use a VOC 
emission reduction system, the owner or operator shall use the following 
procedure to determine compliance with the VOC emission per bead limit 
specified under Sec. 60.542(a)(4).
    (1) Determine the density and weight fraction VOC as specified under 
paragraph (c)(1) of this section.
    (2) Calculate the total mass of VOC used at the affected facility 
for the month (Mo) as specified under paragraph (c)(2) of 
this section.
    (3) Determine the number of beads cemented at the affected facility 
during the month (Bo) using production records; Bo 
equals the number of beads that receive an application of cement for the 
month.
    (4) Calculate the mass of VOC used per bead cemented at the affected 
facility for the month (Gb):
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.065

    (5) Calculate the mass of VOC emitted per bead cemented at the 
affected facility for the month (Nb):

Nb = Gb

    (f) For each tread end cementing operation and each bead cementing 
operation that uses a VOC emission reduction system with a control 
device that destroys VOC (e.g., incinerator), the

[[Page 62]]

owner or operator shall use the following procedure to determine 
compliance with the emission limit specified under Sec. 60.542(a) (3) 
and (4).
    (1) Calculate the mass of VOC used per tire cemented at the affected 
facility for the month (G), as specified under paragraphs (d) (1) 
through (4) of this section, or mass of VOC used per bead cemented at 
the affected facility for the month (Gb), as specified under 
paragraphs (e) (1) through (4) of this section.
    (2) Calculate the mass of VOC emitted per tire cemented at the 
affected facility for the month (N) or mass of VOC emitted per bead 
cemented for the affected facility for the month (Nb):

N = G (1-R)
Nb = Gb (1-R)


For the initial performance test, the overall reduction efficiency (R) 
shall be determined as prescribed under paragraphs (f)(2) (i) through 
(iv) of this section. After the initial performance test, the owner or 
operator may use the most recently determined overall reduction 
efficiency (R) for the performance test. No monthly performance tests 
are required. The performance test shall be repeated during conditions 
described under paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
    (i) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall construct a 
temporary enclosure around the application and drying areas during the 
performance test for the purpose of capturing fugitive VOC emissions. 
The enclosure must be maintained at a negative pressure to ensure that 
all evaporated VOC are measurable. Determine the fraction 
(Fc) of total VOC used at the affected facility that enters 
the control device:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.040

Where:

``m'' is the number of vents from the affected facility to the control 
          device, and ``n'' is the number of vents from the affected 
          facility to the atmosphere and from the temporary enclosure.

    (ii) Determine the destruction efficiency of the control device (E) 
by using values of the volumetric flow rate of each of the gas streams 
and the VOC content (as carbon) of each of the gas streams in and out of 
the control device:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.041

Where:

``m'' is the number of vents from the affected facility to the control 
          device, and ``p'' is the number of vents after the control 
          device.

    (iii) Determine the overall reduction efficiency (R):

R = EFc

    (iv) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall have the 
option of substituting the following procedure as an acceptable 
alternative to the requirements prescribed under paragraph (f)(2)(i) of 
this section. This alternative procedure is acceptable only in cases 
where a single VOC is used and is present in the capture system. The 
average capture efficiency value derived from a minimum of three runs 
shall constitute a test.
    (A) For each run, ``i,'' measure the mass of the material containing 
a single VOC used. This measurement shall be made using a scale that has 
both a calibration and a readability to within 1 percent of the mass 
used during the run. This measurement may be made by filling the direct 
supply reservoir (e.g., trough, tray, or drum that is integral to the 
operation) and related application equipment (e.g., rollers, pumps, 
hoses) to a marked level at the start of the run and then refilling to 
the same mark from a more easily weighed container (e.g., separate 
supply drum) at the end of the run. The change in mass of the supply 
drum would equal the mass of material used from the direct supply 
reservoir. Alternatively, this measurement may be made by weighing the 
direct supply reservoir at the start and end of the run or by weighing 
the direct supply reservoir and related application equipment at the 
start and end of the run. The change in mass would equal the

[[Page 63]]

mass of the material used in the run. If only the direct supply 
reservoir is weighed, the amount of material in or on the related 
application equipment must be the same at the start and end of the run. 
All additions of VOC containing material made to the direct supply 
reservoir during a run must be properly accounted for in determining the 
mass of material used during that run.
    (B) For each run, ``i,'' measure the mass of the material containing 
a single VOC which is present in the direct supply reservoir and related 
application equipment at the start of the run, unless the ending weight 
fraction VOC in the material is greater than or equal to 98.5 percent of 
the starting weight fraction VOC in the material, in which case, this 
measurement is not required. This measurement may be made directly by 
emptying the direct supply reservoir and related application equipment 
and then filling them to a marked level from an easily weighed container 
(e.g. separate supply drum). The change in mass of the supply drum would 
equal the mass of material in the filled direct supply reservoir and 
related application equipment. Alternatively, this measurement may be 
made by weighing the direct supply reservoir and related application 
equipment at the start of the run and subtracting the mass of the empty 
direct supply reservoir and related application equipment (tare weight).
    (C) For each run, ``i,'' the starting weight fraction VOC in the 
material shall be determined by Method 24 analysis of a sample taken 
from the direct supply reservoir at the beginning of the run.
    (D) For each run, ``i,'' the ending weight fraction VOC in the 
material shall be determined by Method 24 analysis of a sample taken 
from the direct supply reservoir at the end of the run.
    (E) For each run, ``i,'' in which the ending weight fraction VOC in 
the material is greater than or equal to 98.5 percent of the starting 
weight fraction VOC in the material, calculate the mass of the single 
VOC used (Mi) by multiplying the mass of the material used in the run by 
the starting weight fraction VOC of the material used in the run.
    (F) For each run, ``i,'' in which the ending weight fraction VOC in 
the material is less than 98.5 percent of the starting weight fraction 
VOC in the material, calculate the mass of the single VOC used 
(Mi) as follows:
    (1) Calculate the mass of VOC present in the direct supply reservoir 
and related application equipment at the start of the run by multiplying 
the mass of material in the direct supply reservoir and related 
application equipment at the start of the run by the starting weight 
fraction VOC in the material for that run.
    (2) Calculate the mass of VOC present in the direct supply reservoir 
and related application equipment at the end of the run by multiplying 
the mass of material in the direct supply reservoir and related 
application equipment at the end of the run by the ending weight 
fraction VOC in the material for that run. The mass of material in the 
direct supply reservoir and related application equipment at the end of 
the run shall be calculated by subtracting the mass of material used in 
the run from the mass of material in the direct supply reservoir and 
related application equipment at the start of the run.
    (3) The mass of the single VOC used (Mi) equals the mass 
of VOC present in the direct supply reservoir and related application 
equipment at the start of the run minus the mass of VOC present in the 
direct supply reservoir and related application equipment at the end of 
the run.
    (G) If Method 25A is used to determine the concentration of the 
single VOC in the capture system, then calculate the capture efficiency 
(FCi) for each run, ``i,'' as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.042

Where:

Ci = Average concentration of the single VOC in the capture 
          system during run ``i'' (parts per million by volume) 
          corrected for background VOC (see Sec. 60.547(a)(5)).
W = Molecular weight of the single VOC, mg/mg-mole (lb/lb-mole).

[[Page 64]]

V = The volume occupied by one mole of ideal gas at standard conditions 
          [20  deg.C, 760 mm Hg] on a wet basis, 2.405  x  
          10-5 m\3\/mg-mole (385.3 ft\3\/lb-mole).
Qi = Volumetric flow in the capture system during run i, on a 
          wet basis, adjusted to standard conditions, m\3\ (ft\3\) (see 
          Sec. 60.547(a)(5)).
10\6\ = ppm per unity.
Mi = Mass of the single VOC used during run i, mg (lb).

    (H) If Method 25 is used to determine the concentration of the 
single VOC in the capture system, then calculate the capture efficiency 
(FCi) for each run, ``i,'' as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.043

Where: Ci = Average concentration of the single VOC in the 
          capture system during run ``i'' (parts per million, as carbon, 
          by volume) corrected for background VOC (see 
          Sec. 60.547(a)(5)).
W = Molecular weight of the single VOC, mg/mg-mole (lb/lb-mole).
V = The volume occupied by one mole of ideal gas at standard conditions 
          [20  deg.C, 760 mm Hg] on a wet basis, 2.405  x  
          10-5 m\3\/mg-mole (385.3 ft\3\/lb-mole).
Qi = Volumetric flow in the capture system during run i, on a 
          wet basis, adjusted to standard conditions, m\3\ (ft\3\) (see 
          Sec. 60.547(a)(5)).
10\6\ = ppm per unity.
Mi = Mass of the single VOC used during run i, mg (lb).
NC = Number of carbon atoms in one molecule of the single VOC.

    (I) Calculate the average capture efficiency value, Fc as 
follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.044

Where:

``n'' equals the number of runs made in the test (n  3). In cases where 
          an alternative procedure in this paragraph is used, the 
          requirements in paragraphs (f)(2) (ii) and (iii) of this 
          section remain unchanged.

    (g) For each undertread cementing operation, each sidewall cementing 
operation, each green tire spraying operation where organic solvent-
based sprays are used, each Michelin-A operation, each Michelin-B 
operation, and each Michelin-C-automatic operation that uses a VOC 
emission reduction system with a control device that destroys VOC (e.g., 
incinerator), the owner or operator shall use the following procedure to 
determine compliance with the percent emission reduction requirement 
specified under Sec. 60.542 (a) (1)(i), (2)(i), (6)(i), (7)(iii), 
(8)(i), (9)(i), and (10)(i).
    (1) For the initial performance test, the overall reduction 
efficiency (R) shall be determined as prescribed under paragraphs (f)(2) 
(i) through (iii) of this section. The performance test shall be 
repeated during conditions described under paragraph (b)(2) of this 
section. No monthly performance tests are required.
    (h) For each tread end cementing operation and each bead cementing 
operation that uses a VOC emission reduction system with a control 
device that recovers VOC (e.g., carbon adsorber), the owner or operator 
shall use the following procedure to determine compliance with the 
emission limit specified under Sec. 60.542(a) (3) and (4).
    (1) Calculate the mass of VOC used per tire cemented at the affected 
facility for the month (G), as specified under paragraphs (d) (1) 
through (4) of this section, or mass of VOC used per bead cemented at 
the affected facility for the month (Gb), as specified under 
paragraphs (e) (1) through (4) of this section.
    (2) Calculate the total mass of VOC recovered from the affected 
facility for the month (Mr):


[[Page 65]]


Mr = Lr Dr

    (3) Calculate the overall reduction efficiency for the VOC emission 
reduction system (R) for the month:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.066

    (4) Calculate the mass of VOC emitted per tire cemented at the 
affected facility for the month (N) or mass of VOC emitted per bead 
cemeted at the affected facility for the month (Nb):

N = G (1-R)
Nb = Gb (1-R)

    (i) For each undertread cementing operation, each sidewall cemeting 
operation, each green tire spraying operation where organic solvent-
based sprays are used, each Michelin-A operation, each Michelin-B 
operation, and each Michelin-C-automatic operation that uses a VOC 
emission reduction system with a control device that recovers (VOC) 
(e.g., carbon adsorber), the owner or operator shall use the following 
procedure to determine compliance with the percent reduction requirement 
specified under Sec. 60.542(a) (1)(i), (2)(i), (6)(i), (7)(iii), (8)(i), 
(9)(i), and (10)(i).
    (1) Determine the density and weight fraction VOC as specified under 
paragraph (c)(1) of this section.
    (2) Calculate the total mass of VOC used at the affected facility 
for the month (Mo) as described under paragraph (c)(2) of 
this section.
    (3) Calculate the total mass of VOC recovered from the affected 
facility for the month (Mr) as described under paragraph 
(h)(2) of this section.
    (4) Calculate the overall reduction efficiency for the VOC emission 
reduction system (R) for the month as described under paragraph (h)(3) 
of this section.
    (j) Rather than seeking to demonstrate compliance with the 
provisions of Sec. 60.542(a) (1)(i), (2)(i), (6)(i), (7)(iii), or (9)(i) 
using the performance test procedures described under paragraphs (g) and 
(i) of this section, an owner or operator of an undertread cementing 
operation, sidewall cementing operation, green tire spraying operation 
where organic solvent-based sprays are used, or Michelin-B operation 
that use a VOC emission reduction system may seek to demonstrate 
compliance by meeting the equipment design and performance 
specifications listed under paragraphs (j)(1), (2), and (4) through (6) 
or under paragraphs (j)(1) and (3) through (6) of this section, and by 
conducting a control device efficiency performance test to determine 
compliance as described under paragraph (j)(7) of this section. The 
owner or operator shall conduct this performance test of the control 
device efficiency no later than 180 days after initial startup of the 
affected facility, as specified under Sec. 60.8(a). Meeting the capture 
system design and performance specifications, in conjunction with 
operating a 95 percent efficient control device, is an acceptable means 
of demonstrating compliance with the standard. Therefore, the 
requirement for the initial performance test on the enclosure, as 
specified under Sec. 60.8(a), is waived. No monthly performance tests 
are required.
    (1) For each undertread cementing operation, each sidewall cementing 
operation, and each Michelin-B operation, the cement application and 
drying area shall be contained in an enclosure that meets the criteria 
specified under paragraphs (j) (2), (4), and (5) of this section; for 
each green tire spraying operation where organic solvent-based sprays 
are used, the spray application and drying area shall be contained in an 
enclosure that meets the criteria specified under paragraphs (j) (3), 
(4), and (5) of this section.
    (2) The drying area shall be enclosed between the application area 
and the water bath or to the extent necessary to contain all tire 
components for at least 30 seconds after cement application, whichever 
distance is less.
    (3) Sprayed green tires shall remain in the enclosure for a minimum 
of 30 seconds after spray application.
    (4) A minimum face velocity of 30.5 meters (100 feet) per minute 
shall be maintained continuously through each permanent opening into the 
enclosure when all temporary enclosure openings are closed. The cross-
sectional area of each permanent opening shall be divided into at least 
12 equal areas, and a velocity measurement shall be performed at the 
centroid of each equal

[[Page 66]]

area with an anemometer or similar velocity monitoring device; the face 
velocity of each permanent opening is the average value of the velocity 
measurements taken. The monitoring device shall be calibrated and 
operated according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Temporary enclosure openings shall remain closed at all times except 
when worker access is necessary.
    (5) The total area of all permanent openings into the enclosure 
shall not exceed the area that would be necessary to maintain the VOC 
concentration of the exhaust gas stream at 25 percent of the lower 
explosive limit (LEL) under the following conditions:
    (i) The facility is operating at the maximum solvent use rate;
    (ii) The face velocity through each permanent opening is 30.5 meters 
(100 feet) per minute; and
    (iii) All temporary openings are closed.
    (6) All captured VOC are ducted to a VOC emission control device 
that is operated on a continuous basis and that achieves at least a 95 
percent destruction or recovery efficiency.
    (7) The efficiency of the control device (E) for the initial 
performance test is determined by using values of the volumetric flow 
rate of each of the gas streams and the VOC content (as carbon) of each 
of the gas streams in and out of the control device as described under 
paragraph (f)(2)(ii) of this section. The control device efficiency 
shall be redetermined during conditions specified under paragraph (b)(3) 
of this section.
    (k) Each owner or operator of an affected facility who initially 
elected to be subject to the applicable percent emission reduction 
requirement specified under Sec. 60.542(a)(1)(i), (2)(i), (6)(i), 
(7)(iii), (8)(i), (9)(i), or (10)(i) and who later seeks to comply with 
the applicable total (uncontrolled) monthly VOC use limit specified 
under Sec. 60.542(a)(1)(ii), (2)(ii), (6)(ii), (7)(iv), (8)(ii), 
(9)(ii), or (10)(ii) shall demonstrate, using the procedures described 
under paragraph (c) of this section, that the total VOC use at the 
affected facility has not exceeded the applicable total (uncontrolled) 
monthly VOC use limit during each of the last 6 months of operation. The 
owner or operator shall be subject to the applicable percent emission 
reduction requirement until the conditions of this paragraph and 
Sec. 60.546(h) are satisfied.
    (l) In determining compliance for each undertread cementing 
operation, each sidewall cementing operation, each green tire spraying 
operation, each Michelin-A operation, each Michelin-B operation, and 
each Michelin-C-automatic operation, the owner or operator shall include 
all the VOC used, recovered, or destroyed from cements and organic 
solvent-based green tire sprays including those cements or sprays used 
for tires other than those defined under Sec. 60.541(a).
    (m) In determining compliance for each tread end cementing 
operation, each bead cementing operation, and each green tire spraying 
operation, the owner or operator shall include only those tires defined 
under Sec. 60.541(a) when determining To and Bo.
    (n) For each undertread cementing operation and each sidewall 
cementing operation that does not use a VOC emission reduction system, 
the owner or operator shall use the following procedure to determine 
compliance with the VOC emission per tire limit specified in 
Sec. 60.542a:
    (1) Calculate the total mass of VOC (Mo) used at the 
affected facility for the month by the following procedure.
    (i) For each affected facility for which cement is delivered in 
batch or via a distribution system which serves only that affected 
facility:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.045

Where: ``n'' equals the number of different cements or sprays used 
          during the month.

    (ii) For each affected facility for which cement is delivered via a 
common distribution system which also serves other affected or existing 
facilities.
    (A) Calculate the total mass (M) of VOC used for all of the 
facilities served by the common distribution system for the month:

[[Page 67]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.046

Where: ``n'' equals the number of different cements or sprays used 
          during the month.

    (B) Determine the fraction (Fo) of ``M'' used by the 
affected facility by comparing the production records and process 
specifications for the material cemented at the affected facility for 
the month to the production records and process specifications for the 
material cemented at all other facilities served by the common 
distribution system for the month or by another procedure acceptable to 
the Administrator.
    (C) Calculate the total monthly mass of VOC(Mo) used at 
the affected facility:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.067

    (2) Determine the total number of tires (To) processed at 
the affected facility for the month by the following procedure.
    (i) For undertread cementing, To equals the number of 
tread or combined tread/sidewall components which receive an application 
of undertread cement.
    (ii) For sidewall cementing, To equals the number of 
sidewall components which receive an application of sidewall cement, 
divided by 2.
    (3) Calculate the mass of VOC used per tire processed (G) by the 
affected facility for the month:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.068

    (4) Calculate the mass of VOC emitted per tire processed (N) for the 
affected facility for the month:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.069

    (5) Where the value of the mass of VOC emitted per tire processed 
(N) is less than or equal to the VOC emission per tire limit specified 
under Sec. 60.542a, the affected facility is in compliance.

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987; 52 FR 37874, Oct. 9, 1987, as amended at 
54 FR 38635, Sept. 19, 1989; 65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.544  Monitoring of operations.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to 
manufacturer's specifications the following equipment, unless 
alternative monitoring procedures or requirements are approved for that 
facility by the Administrator:
    (1) Where a thermal incinerator is used for VOC emission reduction, 
a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder for 
the temperature of the gas stream in the combustion zone of the 
incinerator. The temperature monitoring device shall have an accuracy of 
1 percent of the temperature being measured in  deg.C or [0.5  deg.C, 
whichever is greater.
    (2) Where a catalytic incinerator is used for VOC emission 
reduction, temperature monitoring devices, each equipped with a 
continuous recorder, for the temperature in the gas stream immediately 
before and after the catalyst bed of the incinerator. The temperature 
monitoring devices shall have an accuracy of 1 percent of the 
temperature being measured in  deg.C or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is 
greater.
    (3) For an undertread cementing operation, sidewall cementing 
operation, green tire spraying operation where organic solvent-based 
sprays are used, or Michelin-B operation where a carbon adsorber is used 
to meet the performance requirements specified under Sec. 60.543(j)(6), 
an organics monitoring device used to indicate the concentration level 
of organic compounds based on a detection principle such as infrared, 
photoionization, or thermal conductivity, equipped with a continous 
recorder, for the outlet of the carbon bed.
    (b) An owner or operator of an undertread cementing operation, 
sidewall cementing operation, green tire spraying operation where 
organic solvent-based sprays are used, or Michelin-B operation where a 
VOC recovery device other than a carbon adsorber is used to meet the 
performance requirements specified under Sec. 60.543(j)(6), shall 
provide to the Administrator information describing the operation of the 
control device and the process parameter(s) which would indicate proper 
operation and maintenance of the device. The Administrator may

[[Page 68]]

request further information and will specify appropriate monitoring 
procedures or requirements.

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.545  Recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a 
thermal incinerator shall maintain continuous records of the temperature 
of the gas stream in the combustion zone of the incinerator and records 
of all 3-hour periods of operation for which the average temperature of 
the gas stream in the combustion zone was more than 28  deg.C (50 
deg.F) below the combustion zone temperature measured during the most 
recent determination of the destruction efficiency of the thermal 
incinerator that demonstrated that the affected facility was in 
compliance.
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a 
catalytic incinerator shall maintain continuous records of the 
temperature of the gas stream both upstream and downstream of the 
catalyst bed of the incinerator, records of all 3-hour periods of 
operation for which the average temperature measured before the catalyst 
bed is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the gas stream temperature 
measured before the catalyst bed during the most recent determination of 
destruction efficiency of the catalytic incinerator that demonstrated 
that the affected facility was in compliance, and records of all 3-hour 
periods for which the average temperature difference across the catalyst 
bed is less than 80 percent of the temperature difference measured 
during the most recent determination of the destruction efficiency of 
the catalytic incinerator that demonstrated that the affected facility 
was in compliance.
    (c) Each owner or operator of an undertread cementing operation, 
sidewall cementing operation, green tire spraying operation where 
organic solvent-based sprays are used, or Michelin-B operation that uses 
a carbon adsorber to meet the requirements specified under 
Sec. 60.543(j)(6) shall maintain continuous records of all 3-hour 
periods of operation during which the average VOC concentration level or 
reading of organics in the exhaust gases is more than 20 percent greater 
than the exhaust gas concentration level or reading measured by the 
organics monitoring device during the most recent determination of the 
recovery efficiency of the carbon adsorber that demonstrated that the 
affected facility was in compliance.
    (d) Each owner or operator of an undertread cementing operation, 
sidewall cementing operation, green tires spraying operation where 
organic solvent-based sprays are used, Michelin-A operation, Michelin-B 
operation, or Michelin-C-automatic operation who seeks to comply with a 
specified VOC monthly usage limit shall maintain records of monthly VOC 
use and the number of days in each compliance period.
    (e) Each owner or operator that is required to conduct monthly 
performance tests, as specified under Sec. 60.543(b)(1), shall maintain 
records of the results of all monthly tests.
    (f) Each owner or operator of a tread end cementing operation and 
green tire spraying operation using water-based cements or sprays 
containing less than 1.0 percent by weight of VOC, as specified under 
Sec. 60.543(b)(4), shall maintain records of formulation data or the 
results of Method 24 analysis conducted to verify the VOC content of the 
spray.

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 54 FR 38637, Sept. 19, 1989; 
65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.546  Reporting requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart, at the time of notification of the anticipated initial startup 
of an affected facility pursuant to Sec. 60.7(a)(2), shall provide a 
written report to the Administrator declaring for each undertread 
cementing operation, each sidewall cementing operation, each green tire 
spraying operation where organic solvent-based sprays are used, each 
Michelin-A operation, each Michelin-B operation, and each Michelin-C 
automatic operation the emission limit he intends to comply with and the 
compliance method (where Sec. 60.543(j) is applicable) to be employed.
    (b) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart, at the time of notification of the anticipated

[[Page 69]]

initial startup of an affected facility pursuant to Sec. 60.7(a)(2), 
shall specify the monthly schedule (each calendar month or a 4-4-5-week 
schedule) to be used in making compliance determinations.
    (c) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall report the results of all initial performance tests, as required 
under Sec. 60.8(a), and the results of the performance tests required 
under Sec. 60.543 (b)(2) and (b)(3). The following data shall be 
included in the report for each of the above performance tests:
    (1) For each affected facility for which the owner or operator seeks 
to comply with a VOC monthly usage limit specified under Sec. 60.542(a): 
The monthly mass of VOC used (Mo) and the number of days in 
the compliance period (Td).
    (2) For each affected facility that seeks to comply with a VOC 
emission limit per tire or per bead specified under Sec. 60.542(a) 
without the use of a VOC emission reduction system: the mass of VOC used 
(Mo), the number of tires cemented or sprayed 
(To), the mass of VOC emitted per tire cemented or sprayed 
(N), the number of beads cemeted (Bo), and the mass of VOC 
emitted per bead cemented (Nb).
    (3) For each affected facility that uses a VOC emission reduction 
system with a control device that destroys VOC (e.g., incinerator) to 
comply with a VOC emission limit per tire or per bead specified under 
Sec. 60.542(a): The mass of VOC used (Mo), the number of 
tires cemented or sprayed (To), the mass of VOC emitted per 
tire cemented or sprayed (N), the number of beads cemented 
(Bo), the mass of VOC emitted per bead cemented 
(Nb), the mass of VOC used per tire cemented or sprayed (G), 
the mass of VOC per bead cemented (Gb), the emission control 
device efficiency (E), the capture system efficiency (Fc), 
the face velocity through each permanent opening for the capture system 
with the temporary openings closed, and the overall system emission 
reduction (R).
    (4) For each affected facility that uses a VOC emission reduction 
system with a control device that destroys VOC (e.g., incinerator) to 
comply with a percent emission reduction requirement specified under 
Sec. 60.542(a): The emission control device efficiency (E), the capture 
system efficiency (Fc), the face velocity through each 
permanent opening in the capture system with the temporary openings 
closed, and the overall system emission reduction (R).
    (5) For each affected facility that uses a carbon adsorber to comply 
with a VOC emission limit per tire or per bead specified under 
Sec. 60.542(a): The mass of VOC used (Mo), the number of 
tires cemented or sprayed (To), the mass of VOC used per tire 
cemented or sprayed (G), the number of beads cemented (Bo), 
the mass of VOC used per bead (Gb), the mass of VOC recovered 
(Mr), the overall system emission reduction (R), the mass of 
VOC emitted per tire cemented or sprayed (N), and the mass of VOC 
emitted per bead cemented (Nb).
    (6) For each affected facility that uses a VOC emission reduction 
system with a control device that recovers VOC (e.g., carbon adsorber) 
to comply with a percent emission reduction requirement specified under 
Sec. 60.542(a): The mass of VOC used (Mo), the mass of VOC 
recovered (Mr), and the overall system emission reduction 
(R).
    (7) For each affected facility that elects to comply with the 
alternate limit specified under Sec. 60.542a: The mass of VOC used 
(Mo), the number of tires processed (To), and the 
mass of VOC emitted per tire processed (N).
    (d) Each owner or operator of an undertread cementing operation, 
sidewall cementing operation, green tire spraying operation where 
organic solvent-based sprays are used, or Michelin-B operation who seeks 
to comply with the requirements described under Sec. 60.543(j) shall 
include in the initial compliance report a statement specifying, in 
detail, how each of the equipment design and performance specifications 
has been met. The initial compliance report also shall include the 
following data: The emission control device efficiency (E), the face 
velocity through each permanent enclosure opening with all temporary 
enclosure openings closed, the total area of all permanent enclosure 
openings, the total area of all temporary enclosure openings, the 
maximum solvent use rate (kg/hr or lb/hr), the type(s) of VOC

[[Page 70]]

used, the lower explosive limit (LEL) for each VOC used, and the length 
of time each component is enclosed after application of cement or spray 
material.
    (e) Each owner or operator of an affected facility shall include the 
following data measured by the required monitoring device(s), as 
applicable, in the report for each performance test specified under 
paragraph (c) of this section.
    (1) The average combustion temperature measured at least every 15 
minutes and averaged over the performance test period of incinerator 
destruction efficiency for each thermal incinerator.
    (2) The average temperature before and after the catalyst bed 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the performance 
test period of incinerator destruction efficiency for each catalytic 
incinerator.
    (3) The concentration level or reading indicated by the organics 
monitoring device at the outlet of the adsorber, measured at least every 
15 minutes and averaged over the performance test period of carbon 
adsorber recovery efficiency while the vent stream is normally routed 
and constituted.
    (4) The appropriate data to be specified by the Administrator where 
a VOC recovery device other than a carbon adsorber is used.
    (f) Once every 6 months each owner or operator subject to the 
provisions of Sec. 60.545 shall report, as applicable:
    (1) Each monthly average VOC emission rate that exceeds the VOC 
emission limit per tire or per bead specified under Sec. 60.542(a), as 
applicable for the affected facility.
    (2) Each monthly average VOC use rate that exceeds the monthly VOC 
usage limit specified under Sec. 60.542(a), as applicable for the 
affected facility.
    (3) Each monthly average VOC emission reduction efficiency for a VOC 
recovery device (e.g., carbon adsorber) less than the percent efficiency 
limit specified under Sec. 60.542(a), as applicable for the affected 
facility.
    (4) Each 3-hour period of operation for which the average 
temperature of the gas stream in the combustion zone of a thermal 
incinerator, as measured by the temperature monitoring device, is more 
than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the combustion zone temperature 
measured during the most recent determination of the destruction 
efficiency of the thermal incinerator that demonstrated that the 
affected facility was in compliance.
    (5) Each 3-hour period of operation for which the average 
temperature of the gas stream immediately before the catalyst bed of a 
catalytic incinerator, as measured by the temperature monitoring device, 
is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the gas stream temperature 
measured before the catalyst bed during the most recent determination of 
the destruction efficiency of the catalyst incinerator that demonstrated 
that the affected facility was in compliance, and any 3-hour period for 
which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed (i.e., 
the difference between the temperatures of the gas stream immediately 
before and after the catalyst bed), as measured by the temperature 
monitoring device, is less than 80 percent of the temperature difference 
measured during the most recent determination of the destruction 
efficiency of the catalytic incinerator that demonstrated that the 
affected facility was in compliance.
    (6) Each 3-hour period of operation during which the average 
concentration level or reading of VOC's in the exhaust gases from a 
carbon adsorber is more than 20 percent greater than the exhaust gas 
concentration level or reading measured by the organics monitoring 
device during the most recent determination of the recovery efficiency 
of the carbon adsorber that demonstrated that the affected facility was 
in compliance.
    (g) The requirements for semiannual reports remain in force until 
and unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under 
Section 111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an 
alternative means of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In 
that event, affected facilities within the State will be relieved of the 
obligation to comply with these requirements, provided that they comply 
with the requirements established by the State.

[[Page 71]]

    (h) Each owner or operator of an affected facility who initially 
elected to be subject to the applicable percent emission reduction 
requirement specified under Sec. 60.542(a) and who later seeks to comply 
with the applicable total (uncontrolled) monthly VOC use limit specified 
under Sec. 60.542(a) and who has satisfied the provisions specified 
under Sec. 60.543(k) shall furnish the Administrator written 
notification no less than 30 days in advance of the date when he intends 
to be subject to the applicable VOC use limit instead of the applicable 
percent emission reduction requirement.
    (i) The owner or operator of each undertread cementing operation and 
each sidewall cementing operation who qualifies for the alternate 
provisions as described in Sec. 60.542a, shall furnish the Administrator 
written notification of the election no less than 60 days after 
September 19, 1989.
    (j) The owner or operator of each tread end cementing operation and 
each green tire spraying (inside and/or outside) operation using water-
based sprays containing less than 1.0 percent, by weight, of VOC as 
described in Sec. 60.543(b)(1) shall furnish the Administrator, within 
60 days initially and annually thereafter, formulation data or Method 24 
results to verify the VOC content of the water-based sprays in use. If 
the spray formulation changes before the end of the 12-month period, 
formulation data or Method 24 results to verify the VOC content of the 
spray shall be reported within 30 days of the change.

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987; 52 FR 37874, Oct. 9, 1987, as amended at 
54 FR 38637, Sept. 19, 1989; 65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.547  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) The test methods in appendix A to this part, except as provided 
under Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used to determine compliance with 
Sec. 60.542(a) as follows:
    (1) Method 24 or formulation data for the determination of the VOC 
content of cements or green tire spray materials. In the event of 
dispute, Method 24 shall be the reference method. For Method 24, the 
cement or green tire spray sample shall be a 1-liter sample collected in 
a 1-liter container at a point where the sample will be representative 
of the material as applied in the affected facility.
    (2) Method 25 as the reference method for the determination of the 
VOC concentrations in each stack, both entering and leaving an emission 
control device. The owner or operator shall notify the Administrator at 
least 30 days in advance of any test by Method 25. For Method 25, the 
sampling time for each of three runs shall be at least 1 hour. Method 1 
shall be used to select the sampling site, and the sampling point shall 
be the centroid of the duct or at a point no closer to the walls than 
1.0 meter (3.3 feet). The minimum sample volume shall be 0.003 dry 
standard cubic meter (dscm) (0.11 dry standard cubic feet (dscf)) except 
that shorter sampling times or smaller volumes, when necessitated by 
process variables or other factors, may be approved by the 
Administrator.
    (3) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, as the reference method 
for determination of the flow rate of the stack gas. The measurement 
site shall be the same as for the Method 25 sampling. A velocity 
traverse shall be made once per run within the hour that the Method 25 
sample is taken.
    (4) Method 4 for determination of stack gas moisture.
    (5) Method 25 or Method 25A for determination of the VOC 
concentration in a capture system prior to a control device when only a 
single VOC is present (see Sec. 60.543 (f)(2)(iv)(G) and (f)(2)(iv)(H)). 
The owner or operator shall notify the Administrator at least 30 days in 
advance of any test by either Method 25 or Method 25A. Method 1 shall be 
used to select the sampling site and the sampling point shall be the 
centroid of the duct or at a point no closer to the walls than 1.0 meter 
(3.3 feet). Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, shall be used as 
the test method for the concurrent determination of gas flow rate in the 
capture system.
    (i) For Method 25, the sampling time for each run shall be at least 
1 hour. For each run, a concurrent sample shall be taken immediately 
upwind of the application area to determine the background VOC 
concentration of air drawn into the capture system. Subtract this 
reading from the reading obtained in the capture system for that

[[Page 72]]

run. The minimum sample volume shall be 0.003 dry standard cubic meter 
(dscm) (0.11 dry standard cubic feet (dscf)) except that shorter 
sampling times or smaller volumes, when necessitated by process variable 
or other factors, may be approved by the Administrator. Use Method 3 to 
determine the moisture content of the stack gas.
    (ii) For Method 25A, the sampling time for each run shall be at 
least 1 hour. Instrument calibration shall be performed by the procedure 
given in Method 25A using the single VOC present in the capture system. 
A different calibration gas may be used if the results are corrected 
using an experimentally determined response factor comparing the 
alternative calibration gas to the single VOC used in the process. After 
the instrument has been calibrated, determine the background VOC 
concentration of the air drawn into the capture system immediately 
upwind of the application area for each run. The instrument does not 
need to be recalibrated for the background measurement. Subtract this 
reading from the reading obtained in the capture system for that run. 
The Method 25A results shall only be used in the alternative procedure 
for determination of capture efficiency described under 
Sec. 60.543(f)(2)(iv)(G).

[52 FR 34874, Sept. 15, 1987, as amended at 54 FR 38638, Sept. 19, 1989; 
65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.548  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authority which will not be delegated to States: 
Sec. 60.543(c)(2)(ii)(B).

Subpart CCC [Reserved]



Subpart DDD_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) 
            Emissions from the Polymer Manufacturing Industry

    Source: 55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.560  Applicability and designation of affected facilities.

    (a) Affected facilities. The provisions of this subpart apply to 
affected facilities involved in the manufacture of polypropylene, 
polyethylene, polystyrene, or poly (ethylene terephthalate) as defined 
in Sec. 60.561 of this subpart. The affected facilities designated below 
for polypropylene and polyethylene are inclusive of all equipment used 
in the manufacture of these polymers, beginning with raw materials 
preparation and ending with product storage, and cover all emissions 
emanating from such equipment.
    (1) For process emissions from any polypropylene and polyethylene 
manufacturing process that uses a continuous process, the affected 
facilities are each of the following process sections: each raw 
materials preparation section, each polymerization reaction section, 
each material recovery section, each product finishing section, and each 
product storage section. These process sections are affected facilities 
for process emissions that are emitted continuously and for process 
emissions that are emitted intermittently.
    (2) For process emissions from polystyrene manufacturing processes 
that use a continuous process, the affected facilities are each material 
recovery section. These process sections are affected facilities for 
only those process emissions that are emitted continuously.
    (3) For process emissions from poly(ethylene terephthalate) 
manufacturing processes that use a continuous process, the affected 
facilities are each polymerization reaction section. If the process uses 
dimethyl terephthalate, then each material recovery section is also an 
affected facility. If the process uses terephthalic acid, then each raw 
materials preparation section is also

[[Page 73]]

an affected facility. These process sections are affected facilities for 
only those process emissions that are emitted continuously.
    (4) For VOC emissions from equipment leaks from polypropylene, 
polyethylene, and polystyrene (including expandable polystyrene) 
manufacturing processes, the affected facilities are each group of 
fugitive emissions equipment (as defined in Sec. 60.561) within any 
process unit (as defined in Sec. 60.561). This subpart does not apply to 
VOC emissions from equipment leaks from poly(ethylene terephthalate) 
manufacturing processes.
    (i) Affected facilities with a design capacity to produce less than 
1,000 Mg/yr (1,102 ton/yr) shall be exempt from Sec. 60.562-2.
    (ii) Addition or replacement of equipment for the purposes of 
improvement which is accomplished without a capital expenditure shall 
not by itself be considered a modification under Sec. 60.562-2.
    (b) Applicability dates. The applicability date identifies when an 
affected facility becomes subject to a standard. Usually, a standard has 
a single applicability date. However, some polypropylene and 
polyethylene affected facilities have a September 30, 1987, 
applicability date and others have a January 10, 1989, applicability 
date. The following paragraphs identify the applicability dates for all 
affected facilities subject to this subpart.
    (1) Polypropylene and polyethylene. Each process section in a 
polypropylene or polyethylene production process is a potential affected 
facility for both continuous and intermittent emissions. The 
applicability date depends on when the process section was constructed, 
modified, or reconstructed and, in some instances, on the type of 
production process.
    (i) The applicability date for any polypropylene or polyethylene 
affected facility that is constructed, modified, or reconstructed after 
January 10, 1989, regardless of the type of production process being 
used, is January 10, 1989.
    (ii) Only some polypropylene or polyethylene process sections that 
are constructed, modified, or reconstructed on or before January 10, 
1989, but after September 30, 1987, are affected facilities. These 
process sections (and the type of emissions to be controlled) are 
identified by an ``x'' in table 1. The applicability date for the 
process sections (and the emissions to be controlled) that are 
identified by an ``x'' in table 1 is September 30, 1987. Since the 
affected facilities that have a September 30, 1987, applicability date 
are determined by the type of production process (e.g., liquid phase, 
gas phase), each owner or operator shall identify the particular 
production process that applies to his or her particular process.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                            Emissions
             Polymer               Production process(es)    Process section   ---------------------------------
                                                                                   Continuous      Intermittent
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Polypropylene...................  Liquid Phase...........  Raw Materials                     X
                                                            Preparation.
                                                           Polymerization                    X
                                                            Reaction.
                                                           Material Recovery..               X                X
                                                           Product Finishing..               X
                                                           Product Storage....
Polypropylene...................  Gas Phase..............  Raw Materials
                                                            Preparation.
                                                           Polymerization       ...............               X
                                                            Reaction.
                                                           Material Recovery..               X
                                                           Product Finishing..
                                                           Product Storage....
Low Density Polyethylene........  High Pressure..........  Raw Materials        ...............               X
                                                            Preparation.
                                                           Polymerization       ...............               X
                                                            Reaction.
                                                           Material Recovery..  ...............               X
                                                           Product Finishing..  ...............               X
                                                           Product Storage....  ...............               X
Low Density Polyethylene........  Low Pressure...........  Raw Materials                     X                X
                                                            Preparation.
High Density Polyethylene.......  Gas Phase..............  Polymerization       ...............               X
                                                            Reaction.
                                                           Material Recovery..
                                                           Product Finishing..               X
                                                           Product Storage....
High Density Polyethylene.......  Liquid Phase Slurry....  Raw Materials        ...............               X
                                                            Preparation.
                                                           Polymerization
                                                            Reaction.
                                                           Material Recovery..               X
                                                           Product Finishing..               X

[[Page 74]]

 
                                                           Product Storage....
High Density Polyethylene.......  Liquid Phase Solution..  Raw Materials                     X                X
                                                            Preparation.
                                                           Polymerization       ...............               X
                                                            Reaction.
                                                           Material Recovery..               X                X
                                                           Product Finishing..
                                                           Product Storage....  ...............
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Polystyrene. The applicability date for each polystyrene 
affected facility is September 30, 1987.
    (3) Poly(ethylene terephthalate). The applicability date for each 
poly(ethylene terephthalate) affected facility is September 30, 1987.
    (c) Any facility under paragraph (a) of this section that commences 
construction, modification, or reconstruction after its applicability 
date as identified under paragraph (b) of this section is subject to the 
requirements of this subpart, except as provided in paragraphs (d) 
through (f) of this section.
    (d) Any polypropylene or polyethylene affected facility with a 
September 30, 1987, applicability date that commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction after September 30, 1987, and on or 
before January 10, 1989, with an uncontrolled emission rate (as defined 
in footnote a to table 2) at or below those identified in table 2 is not 
subject to the requirements of Sec. 60.562-1 unless and until its 
uncontrolled emission rate exceeds that rate listed for it in table 2 or 
it is modified or reconstructed after January 10, 1989. At such time, 
such facility becomes subject to Sec. 60.562-1 and the procedures 
identified in Sec. 60.562-1(a) shall be used to determine the control of 
emissions from the facility.

       Table 2--Maximum Uncontrolled Threshold Emission Rates \a\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Uncontrolled
                                                       emission rate, kg
      Production process           Process section       TOC/Mg product
                                                        (See associated
                                                           footnote)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Polypropylene, liquid phase     Raw Materials          0.15 \b\
 process.                        Preparation.
                                Polymerization         0.14 \b\, 0.24
                                 Reaction.              \c\
                                Material Recovery....  0.19 \b\
                                Product Finishing....  1.57 \b\
Polypropylene, gas phase        Polymerization         0.12 \c\
 process.                        Reaction.
                                Material Recovery....  0.02 \b\
Low Density Polyethylene, low   Raw Materials          0.41 \d\
 pressure process.               Preparation.
                                Polymerization         \(e)\
                                 Reaction.
                                Material Recovery....  \(e)\
                                Product Finishing....  \(e)\
                                Product Storage......  \(e)\
Low Density Polythylene, low    Raw Materials          0.05 \f\
 pressure process.               Preparation.
                                Polymerization         0.03 \g\
                                 Reaction.
                                Product Finishing....  0.01 \b\
High Density Polyethylene,      Raw Materials          0.25 \c\
 liquid phase slurry process.    Preparation.
                                Material Recovery....  0.11 \b\
                                Product Finishing....  0.41 \b\
High Density Polyethylene,      Raw Materials          0.24 \f\
 liquid phase solution process.  Preparation.
                                Polymerization         0.16 \c\
                                 Reaction.
                                Material Recovery....  1.68 \f\
High Density Polyethylene, gas  Raw Materials          0.05 \f\
 phase process.                  Preparation.
                                Polymerization         0.03 \g\
                                 Reaction.
                                Product Finishing....  0.01 \b\
Polystyrene, continuous         Material Recovery....  0.05 \b h\
 process.
Poly(ethylene terephalate),     Material Recovery....  0.12 \b h\
 dimethyl terephthalate
 process.
                                Polymerization         1.80 \h i j\
                                 Reaction.
Poly(ethlyene terephthalate),   Raw Materials          (l)
 terephthalic acid process.      Preparation.
                                Polymerization         1.80 \h j m\
                                 Reaction.

[[Page 75]]

 
                                                       3.92 \h k m\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ ``Uncontrolled emission rate'' refers to the emission rate of a vent
  stream that vents directly to the atmosphere and to the emission rate
  of a vent stream to the atmosphere that would occur in the absence of
  any add-on control devices but after any material recovery devices
  that constitute part of the normal material recovery operations in a
  process line where potential emissions are recovered for recycle or
  resale.
\b\ Emission rate applies to continuous emissions only.
\c\ Emission rate applies to intermittent emissions only.
\d\ Total emission rate for non-emergency intermittent emissions from
  raw materials preparation, polymerization reaction, material recovery,
  product finishing, and product storage process sections.
\e\ See footnote d.
\f\ Emission rate applies to both continuous and intermittent emissions.
 
\g\ Emission rate applies to non-emergency intermittent emissions only.
\h\ Applies to modified or reconstructed affected facilities only.
\i\ Includes emissions from the cooling water tower.
\j\ Applies to a process line producing low viscosity poly(ethylene
  terephthlalate).
\k\ Applies to a process line producing high viscosity poly(ethylene
  terephathalate).
\l\ See footnote m.
\m\ Applies to the sum of emissions to the atmosphere from the
  polymerization reaction section (including emissions from the cooling
  tower) and the raw materials preparation section (i.e., the
  esterifiers).

    (e)(1) Modified or reconstructed affected facilities at polystyrene 
and poly(ethylene terephthalate) plants with uncontrolled emission rates 
at or below those identified in table 2 are exempt from the requirements 
of Sec. 60.562-1 unless and until its uncontrolled emission rate exceeds 
that rate listed for it in table 2. This exemption does not apply to new 
polystyrene or poly(ethylene terephthalate) affected facilities.
    (2) Emissions from modified or reconstructed affected facilities 
that are controlled by an existing control device and that have 
uncontrolled emission rates greater than the uncontrolled threshold 
emission rates identified in table 2 are exempt from the requirements of 
Sec. 60.562-1 unless and until the existing control device is modified, 
reconstructed, or replaced.
    (f) No process section of an experimental process line is considered 
an affected facility for continuous or intermittent process emissions.
    (g) Individual vent streams that emit continuous emissions with 
uncontrolled annual emissions of less than 1.6 Mg/yr (1.76 ton/yr) or 
with a weight percent TOC of less than 0.10 percent from a new, 
modified, or reconstructed polypropylene or polyethylene affected 
facility are exempt from the requirements of Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1). If at 
a later date, an individual stream's uncontrolled annual emissions 
become 1.6 Mg/yr (1.76 ton/yr) or greater (if the stream was exempted on 
the basis of the uncontrolled annual emissions exemption) or VOC 
concentration becomes 0.10 weight percent or higher (if the stream was 
exempted on the basis of the VOC concentration exemption), then the 
stream is subject to the requirements of Sec. 60.562-1.
    (h) Emergency vent streams, as defined in Sec. 60.561, from a new, 
modified, or reconstructed polypropylene or polyethylene affected 
facility are exempt from the requirements of Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2).
    (i) An owner or operator of a polypropylene or polyethylene affected 
facility that commenced construction, modification, or reconstruction 
after September 30, 1987, and on or before January 10, 1989, and that is 
in a process line in which more than one type of polyolefin (i.e., 
polypropylene, low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, or 
their copolymers) is produced shall select one of the polymer/production 
process combinations in table 1 for purposes of determining applicable 
affected facilities and uncontrolled threshold emissions rates.
    (j) Alternative means of compliance--(1) Option to comply with part 
65. Owners or operators may choose to comply with 40 CFR part 65, 
subpart G, for continuous process vents that are subject to this 
subpart, that choose to comply with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(A), (B), or 
(C) as allowed in Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1) and (b)(1)(iii). The requirements 
of 40 CFR part 65,

[[Page 76]]

subpart G, satisfy the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section and 
Secs. 60.563 through 60.566, except for Sec. 60.565(g)(1). Other 
provisions applying to owners or operators who choose to comply with 40 
CFR part 65 are provided in 40 CFR 65.1.
    (2) Part 60, subpart A. Owners or operators who choose to comply 
with 40 CFR part 65, subpart G, must also comply with Secs. 60.1, 60.2, 
60.5, 60.6, 60.7(a)(1) and (4), 60.14, 60.15, and 60.16 for those 
process vents. All sections and paragraphs of subpart A of this part 
that are not mentioned in this paragraph (j)(2) do not apply to owners 
or operators of process vents complying with 40 CFR part 65, subpart G, 
except that provisions required to be met prior to implementing 40 CFR 
part 65 still apply. Owners and operators who choose to comply with 40 
CFR part 65, subpart G, must comply with 40 CFR part 65, subpart A.
    (3) Initial startup notification. Each owner or operator subject to 
the provisions of this subpart that chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 
65, subpart G, at initial startup shall notify the Administrator of the 
specific provisions of 40 CFR part 65, subpart G, with which the owner 
or operator has elected to comply. Notification shall be submitted with 
the notification of initial startup required by 40 CFR 65.5(b).

    (Note: The numerical emission limits in these standards are 
expressed in terms of total organic compounds, measured as total organic 
compounds less methane and ethane.)

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 12299, Mar. 22, 1991, as amended at 
65 FR 61765, Oct. 17, 2000; 65 FR 78278, Dec. 14, 2000]



Sec. 60.561  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act, in subpart A of part 60, or in subpart VV 
of part 60, and the following terms shall have the specific meanings 
given them.
    Boiler means any enclosed combustion device that extracts useful 
energy in the form of steam.
    Capital expenditure means, in addition to the definition in 40 CFR 
60.2, an expenditure for a physical or operational change to an existing 
facility that exceeds P, the product of the facility's replacement cost, 
R, and an adjusted annual asset guideline repair allowance, A, as 
reflected by the following equation: P = R  x  A, where
    (a) The adjusted annual asset guideline repair allowance, A, is the 
product of the percent of the replacement cost, Y, and the applicable 
basic annual asset guideline repair allowance, B, as reflected by the 
following equation: A = Y  x  (B  100);
    (b) The percent Y is determined from the following equation: Y = 1.0 
- 0.57 log X, where X is 1986 minus the year of construction; and
    (c) The applicable basic annual asset guideline repair allowance, B, 
is equal to 12.5.
    Car-sealed means, for purposes of these standards, a seal that is 
placed on the device used to change the position of a valve (e.g., from 
opened to closed) such that the position of the valve cannot be changed 
without breaking the seal and requiring the replacement of the old seal 
once broken with a new seal.
    Closed vent system means a system that is not open to the atmosphere 
and that is composed of piping, connections, and, if necessary, flow 
inducing devices that transport gas or vapor from a piece or pieces of 
equipment to a control device.
    Continuous emissions means any gas stream containing VOC that is 
generated essentially continuously when the process line or any piece of 
equipment in the process line is operating.
    Continuous process means a polymerization process in which reactants 
are introduced in a continuous manner and products are removed either 
continuously or intermittently at regular intervals so that the process 
can be operated and polymers produced essentially continuously.
    Control device means an enclosed combustion device, vapor recovery 
system, or flare.
    Copolymer means a polymer that has two different repeat units in its 
chain.
    Decomposition means, for the purposes of these standards, an event 
in a polymerization reactor that advances to the point where the 
polymerization reaction becomes uncontrollable, the

[[Page 77]]

polymer begins to break down (decompose), and it becomes necessary to 
relieve the reactor instantaneously in order to avoid catastrophic 
equipment damage or serious adverse personnel safety consequences.
    Decomposition emissions refers to those emissions released from a 
polymer production process as the result of a decomposition or during 
attempts to prevent a decomposition.
    Emergency vent stream means, for the purposes of these standards, an 
intermittent emission that results from a decomposition, attempts to 
prevent decompositions, power failure, equipment failure, or other 
unexpected cause that requires immediate venting of gases from process 
equipment in order to avoid safety hazards or equipment damage. This 
includes intermittent vents that occur from process equipment where 
normal operating parameters (e.g., pressure or temperature) are exceeded 
such that the process equipment can not be returned to normal operating 
conditions using the design features of the system and venting must 
occur to avoid equipment failure or adverse safety personnel 
consequences and to minimize adverse effects of the runaway reaction. 
This does not include intermittent vents that are designed into the 
process to maintain normal operating conditions of process vessels 
including those vents that regulate normal process vessel pressure.
    End finisher means a polymerization reaction vessel operated under 
very low pressures, typically at pressures of 2 mm Hg (1 in. 
H2O) or less, in order to produce high viscosity 
poly(ethylene terephthalate). An end finisher is preceded in a high 
viscosity poly(ethylene terephthalate) process line by one or more 
polymerization vessels operated under less severe vacuums, typically 
between 5 and 10 mm Hg (3 and 5 in. H2O). A high viscosity 
poly(ethylene terephthalate) process line may have one or more end 
finishers.
    Existing control device means, for the purposes of these standards, 
an air pollution control device that has been in operation on or before 
September 30, 1987, or that has been in operation between September 30, 
1987, and January 10, 1989, on those continuous or intermittent 
emissions from a process section that is marked by an ``--'' in table 1 
of this subpart.
    Existing control device is reconstructed means, for the purposes of 
these standards, the capital expenditure of at least 50 percent of the 
replacement cost of the existing control device.
    Existing control device is replaced means, for the purposes of these 
standards, the replacement of an existing control device with another 
control device.
    Expandable polystyrene means a polystyrene bead to which a blowing 
agent has been added using either an in-situ suspension process or a 
post-impregnation suspension process.
    Experimental process line means a polymer or copolymer manufacturing 
process line with the sole purpose of operating to evaluate polymer 
manufacturing processes, technologies, or products. An experimental 
process line does not produce a polymer or resin that is sold or that is 
used as a raw material for nonexperimental process lines.
    Flame zone means that portion of the combustion chamber in a boiler 
occupied by the flame envelope.
    Fugitive emissions equipment means each pump, compressor, pressure 
relief device, sampling connection system, open-ended valve or line, 
valve, and flange or other connector in VOC service and any devices or 
systems required by subpart VV of this part.
    Gas phase process means a polymerization process in which the 
polymerization reaction is carried out in the gas phase; i.e., the 
monomer(s) are gases in a fluidized bed of catalyst particles and 
granular polymer.
    High density polyethylene (HDPE) means a thermoplastic polymer or 
copolymer comprised of at least 50 percent ethylene by weight and having 
a density of greater than 0.940 gm/cm\3\3 (58.7 lb/ft\3\).
    High pressure process means the conventional production process for 
the manufacture of low density polyethylene in which a reaction pressure 
of about 15,000 psig (103,000 kPa gauge) or greater is used.
    High viscosity poly(ethylene terephthalate) means poly(ethylene 
terephthalate) that has an intrinsic

[[Page 78]]

viscosity of 0.9 or higher and is used in such applications as tire cord 
and seat belts.
    Incinerator means an enclosed combustion device that is used for 
destroying VOC.
    In-situ suspension process means a manufacturing process in which 
styrene, blowing agent, and other raw materials are added together 
within a reactor for the production of expandable polystyrene.
    Intermittent emissions means those gas streams containing VOC that 
are generated at intervals during process line operation and includes 
both planned and emergency releases.
    Liquid phase process means a polymerization process in which the 
polymerization reaction is carried out in the liquid phase; i.e., the 
monomer(s) and any catalyst are dissolved, or suspended in a liquid 
solvent.
    Liquid phase slurry process means a liquid phase polymerization 
process in which the monomer(s) are in solution (completely dissolved) 
in a liquid solvent, but the polymer is in the form of solid particles 
suspended in the liquid reaction mixture during the polymerization 
reaction; sometimes called a particle form process.
    Liquid phase solution process means a liquid phase polymerization 
process in which both the monomer(s) and polymer are in solution 
(completely dissolved) in the liquid reaction mixture.
    Low density polyethylene (LDPE) means a thermoplastic polymer or 
copolymer comprised of at least 50 percent ethylene by weight and having 
a density of 0.940 g/cm\3\ (58.7 lb/ft\3\) or less.
    Low pressure process means a production process for the manufacture 
of low density polyethylene in which a reaction pressure markedly below 
that used in a high pressure process is used. Reaction pressure of 
current low pressure processes typically go up to about 300 psig (2,070 
kPa gauge).
    Low viscosity poly(ethylene terephthalate) means a poly(ethylene 
terephthalate) that has an intrinsic viscosity of less than 0.75 and is 
used in such applications as clothing, bottle, and film production.
    Material recovery section means the equipment that recovers 
unreacted or by-product materials from any process section for return to 
the process line, off-site purification or treatment, or sale. Equipment 
designed to separate unreacted or by-product material from the polymer 
product are to be included in this process section, provided at least 
some of the material is recovered for reuse in the process, off-site 
purification or treatment, or sale, at the time the process section 
becomes an affected facility. Otherwise such equipment are to be 
assigned to one of the other process sections, as appropriate. Equipment 
that treats recovered materials are to be included in this process 
section, but equipment that also treats raw materials are not to be 
included in this process section. The latter equipment are to be 
included in the raw materials preparation section. If equipment is used 
to return unreacted or by-product material directly to the same piece of 
process equipment from which it was emitted, then that equipment is 
considered part of the process section that contains the process 
equipment. If equipment is used to recover unreacted or by-product 
material from a process section and return it to another process section 
or a different piece of process equipment in the same process section or 
sends it off-site for purification, treatment, or sale, then such 
equipment are considered part of a material recovery section. Equipment 
used for the on-site recovery of ethylene glycol from poly(ethylene 
terephthalate) plants, however, are not included in the material 
recovery section, but are covered under the standards applicable to the 
polymerization reaction section (Sec. 60.562-1(c)(1)(ii)(A) or 
(2)(ii)(A)).
    Operating day means, for the purposes of these standards, any 
calendar day during which equipment used in the manufacture of polymer 
was operating for at least 8 hours or one labor shift, whichever is 
shorter. Only operating days shall be used in determining compliance 
with the standards specified in Sec. 60.562-1(c)(1)(ii)(B), (1)(ii)(C), 
(2)(ii)(B), and (2)(ii)(C). Any calendar day in which equipment is used 
for less than 8 hours or one labor shift, whichever is less, is not an 
``operating day'' and shall not be used as part of the rolling 14-day 
period for determining compliance with the standards specified in

[[Page 79]]

Sec. 60.562-1(c)(1)(ii)(B), (1)(ii)(C), (2)(ii)(B), and (2)(ii)(C).
    Polyethylene means a thermoplastic polymer or copolymer comprised of 
at least 50 percent ethylene by weight; see low density polyethylene and 
high density polyethylene.
    Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) means a polymer or copolymer 
comprised of at least 50 percent bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-terephthalate 
(BHET) by weight.
    Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) manufacture using dimethyl 
terephthalate means the manufacturing of poly(ethylene terephthalate) 
based on the esterification of dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) with 
ethylene glycol to form the intermediate monomer bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-
terephthalate (BHET) that is subsequently polymerized to form PET.
    Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) manufacture using terephthalic 
acid means the manufacturing of poly(ethylene terephthalate) based on 
the esterification reaction of terephthalic acid (TPA) with ethylene 
glycol to form the intermediate monomer bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-
terephthalate (BHET) that is subsequently polymerized to form PET.
    Polymerization reaction section means the equipment designed to 
cause monomer(s) to react to form polymers, including equipment designed 
primarily to cause the formation of short polymer chains (oligomers or 
low polymers), but not including equipment designed to prepare raw 
materials for polymerization, e.g., esterification vessels. For the 
purposes of these standards, the polymerization reaction section begins 
with the equipment used to transfer the materials from the raw materials 
preparation section and ends with the last vessel in which 
polymerization occurs. Equipment used for the on-site recovery of 
ethylene glycol from poly(ethylene terephthalate) plants, however, are 
included in this process section, rather than in the material recovery 
process section.
    Polypropylene (PP) means a thermoplastic polymer or copolymer 
comprised of at least 50 percent propylene by weight.
    Polystyrene (PS) means a thermoplastic polymer or copolymer 
comprised of at least 80 percent styrene or para-methylstyrene by 
weight.
    Post-impregnation suspension process means a manufacturing process 
in which polystyrene beads are first formed in a suspension process, 
washed, dried, or otherwise finished and then added with a blowing agent 
to another reactor in which the beads and blowing agent are reacted to 
produce expandable polystyrene.
    Process heater means a device that transfers heat liberated by 
burning fuel to fluids contained in tubular coils, including all fluids 
except water that is heated to produce steam.
    Process line means a group of equipment assembled that can operate 
independently if supplied with sufficient raw materials to produce 
polypropylene, polyethylene, polystyrene, (general purpose, crystal, or 
expandable) or poly(ethylene terephthalate) or one of their copolymers. 
A process line consists of the equipment in the following process 
sections (to the extent that these process sections are present at a 
plant): raw materials preparation, polymerization reaction, product 
finishing, product storage, and material recovery.
    Process section means the equipment designed to accomplish a general 
but well-defined task in polymer production. Process sections include 
raw materials preparation, polymerization reaction, material recovery, 
product finishing, and product storage and may be dedicated to a single 
process line or common to more than one process line.
    Process unit means equipment assembled to perform any of the 
physical and chemical operations in the production of polypropylene, 
polyethylene, polystyrene, (general purpose, crystal, or expandable), or 
poly(ethylene terephthalate) or one of their copolymers. A process unit 
can operate independently if supplied with sufficient feed or raw 
materials and sufficient storage facilities for the product. Examples of 
process units are raw materials handling and monomer recovery.
    Product finishing section means the equipment that treats, shapes, 
or modifies the polymer or resin to produce the finished end product of 
the particular facility, including equipment that prepares the product 
for product finishing.

[[Page 80]]

For the purposes of these standards, the product finishing section 
begins with the equipment used to transfer the polymerized product from 
the polymerization reaction section and ends with the last piece of 
equipment that modifies the characteristics of the polymer. Product 
finishing equipment may accomplish product separation, extruding and 
pelletizing, cooling and drying, blending, additives introduction, 
curing, or annealing. Equipment used to separate unreacted or by-product 
material from the product are to be included in this process section, 
provided the material separated from the polymer product is not 
recovered at the time the process section becomes an affected facility. 
If the material is being recovered, then the separation equipment are to 
be included in the material recovery section. Product finishing does not 
include polymerization, the physical mixing of the pellets to obtain a 
homogenous mixture of the polymer (except as noted below), or the 
shaping (such as fiber spinning, molding, or fabricating) or 
modification (such as fiber stretching and crimping) of the finished end 
product. If physical mixing occurs in equipment located between product 
finishing equipment (i.e., before all the chemical and physical 
characteristics have been ``set'' by virtue of having passed through the 
last piece of equipment in the product finishing section), then such 
equipment are to be included in this process section. Equipment used to 
physically mix the finished product that are located after the last 
piece of equipment in the product finishing section are part of the 
product storage section.
    Product storage section means the equipment that is designed to 
store the finished polymer or resin end product of the particular 
facility. For the purposes of these standards, the product storage 
section begins with the equipment used to transfer the finished product 
out of the product finishing section and ends with the containers used 
to store the final product. Any equipment used after the product 
finishing section to recover unreacted or by-product material are to be 
considered part of a material recovery section. Product storage does not 
include any intentional modification of the characteristics of any 
polymer or resin product, but does include equipment that provide a 
uniform mixture of product, provided such equipment are used after the 
last product finishing piece of equipment. This process section also 
does not include the shipment of a finished polymer or resin product to 
another facility for further finishing or fabrication.
    Raw materials preparation section means the equipment located at a 
polymer manufacturing plant designed to prepare raw materials, such as 
monomers and solvents, for polymerization. For the purposes of these 
standards, this process section begins with the equipment used to 
transfer raw materials from storage and recovered material from material 
recovery process sections, and ends with the last piece of equipment 
that prepares the material for polymerization. The raw materials 
preparation section may include equipment that accomplishes 
purification, drying, or other treatment of raw materials or of raw and 
recovered materials together, activation of catalysts, and 
esterification including the formation of some short polymer chains 
(oligomers), but does not include equipment that is designed primarily 
to accomplish the formation of oligomers, the treatment of recovered 
materials alone, or the storage of raw materials.
    Recovery system means an individual unit or series of material 
recovery units, such as absorbers, condensers, and carbon adsorbers, 
used for recovering volatile organic compounds.
    Total organic compounds (TOC) means those compounds measured 
according to the procedures specified in Sec. 60.564.
    Vent stream means any gas stream released to the atmosphere directly 
from an emission source or indirectly either through another piece of 
process equipment or a material recovery device that constitutes part of 
the normal recovery operations in a polymer process line where potential 
emissions are recovered for recycle or resale, and any gas stream 
directed to an air pollution control device. The emissions released from 
an air pollution control device are not considered a vent stream unless, 
as noted above, the control device is part of the normal material 
recovery

[[Page 81]]

operations in a polymer process line where potential emissions are 
recovered for recycle or resale.
    Volatile organic compounds (VOC) means, for the purposes of these 
standards, any reactive organic compounds as defined in Sec. 60.2 
Definitions.

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 9178, Mar. 5, 1991; 56 FR 12299, Mar. 
22, 1991; 65 FR 61767, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.562-1  Standards: Process emissions.

    (a) Polypropylene, low density polyethylene, and high density 
polyethylene. Each owner or operator of a polypropylene, low density 
polyethylene, or high density polyethylene process line containing a 
process section subject to the provisions of this subpart shall comply 
with the provisions in this section on and after the date on which the 
initial performance test required by Sec. 60.8 is completed, but not 
later than 60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at which 
the affected facility will be operated, or 180 days after initial 
startup whichever comes first.
    (1) Continuous emissions. For each vent stream that emits continuous 
emissions from an affected facility as defined in Sec. 60.560(a)(1), the 
owner or operator shall use the procedures identified in paragraphs 
(a)(1) (ii) and (iii) of this section for determining which continuous 
emissions are to be controlled and which level of control listed in 
paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section is to be met. The owner or operator 
shall use the procedures identified in paragraphs (a)(1) (ii) and (iii) 
of this section each time a process section is constructed, modified, or 
reconstructed at the plant site.
    (i) Level of control Continuous emission streams determined to be 
subject to control pursuant to the procedures identified in paragraphs 
(a)(1) (ii) and (iii) of this section, as applicable, shall meet one of 
the control levels identified in paragraphs (a)(1)(i) (A) through (D) of 
this section. The procedures in paragraphs (a)(1) (ii) and (iii) of this 
section identify which level of control may be met. The level of control 
identified in paragraph (a)(1)(i)(D) of this section is limited to 
certain continuous emission streams, which are identified through the 
procedures in paragraphs (a)(1) (ii) and (iii) of this section.
    (A) Reduce emissions of total organic compounds (minus methane and 
ethane) (TOC) by 98 weight percent, or to a concentration of 20 parts 
per million by volume (ppmv) on a dry basis, whichever is less 
stringent. The TOC is expressed as the sum of the actual compounds, not 
carbon equivalents. If an owner or operator elects to comply with the 20 
ppmv standard, the concentration shall include a correction to 3 percent 
oxygen only when supplemental combustion air is used to combust the vent 
stream.
    (B) Combust the emissions in a boiler or process heater with a 
design heat input capacity of 150 million Btu/hour or greater by 
introducing the vent stream into the flame zone of the boiler or process 
heater. (Note: A boiler or process heater of lesser design heat capacity 
may be used, but must demonstrate compliance with paragraph (a)(1)(i)(A) 
of this section.)
    (C) Combust the emissions in a flare that meets the conditions 
specified in Sec. 60.18. If the flare is used to control both continuous 
and intermittent emissions, the flare shall meet the conditions 
specified in Sec. 60.18 at all times (i.e., which controlling continuous 
emissions alone or when controlling both continuous and intermittent 
emissions).
    (D) Vent the emissions to a control device located on the plant 
site.
    (ii) Uncontrolled Continuous Emissions. For each vent stream that 
emits continuous emissions from an affected facility as defined in 
Sec. 60.560(a)(1) and that is not controlled in an existing control 
device, the owner or operator shall use the procedures identified in 
table 3 to identify those continuous emissions from each constructed, 
modified, or reconstructed affected facility that are to be controlled. 
The owner shall include in the procedure all uncontrolled continuous 
vent streams from previously constructed, modified, or reconstructed 
affected facilities at the plant site each time a process section is 
constructed, modified, or reconstructed at the plant site. In applying 
the procedures shown in table 3, the stream characteristics may be 
either measured or calculated as specified in

[[Page 82]]

Sec. 60.564(d). For modified or reconstructed affected facilities, these 
stream characteristics are to be determined after a modification or 
reconstruction determination has been made by the Administrator, but 
before any actual changes have been undertaken, and then again after the 
actual changes have been made. Figure 1 provides a summary overview of 
the control determination procedure described in table 3.

  Table 3--Procedure for Determining Control and Applicable Standard for Continuous Emission Streams From New,
                  Modified, or Reconstructed Polypropylene and Polyethylene Affected Facilities
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Applicable TOC
          Procedure \a\              weight percent    Control/no control           Applicable standard
                                         range              criteria
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Sum all uncontrolled streams    0.10 < 5.5         1. If total          1. Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B),
 with TOC weight percent within                        combined             or (C).
 the applicable weight percent                         uncontrolled
 range from all affected                               emissions are
 facilities at a plant site.                           equal to or
                                                       greater than the
                                                       calculated
                                                       threshold
                                                       emissions (CTE)
                                                       \b\, control.
2. Calculate total uncontrolled                       2. If total          2. Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A)
 annual emissions for each weight                      combined             through (D).
 percent range. For modified or                        uncontrolled
 affected facilities, use the                          emission are less
 total uncontrolled emissions                          than the CTE \b\,
 after modification or                                 control only
 reconstruction.                                       individual streams
                                                       with volume flow
                                                       rates of 8 scfm or
                                                       less.
3. Calculate composite TOC         5.5 < 20           1. If total          1. Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B),
 concentration (weight percent)                        combined             or (C)
 for streams in the 0.10 to less                       uncontrolled        2. If total combined uncontrolled
 than 5.5 weight percent range                         emissions are        emissions are less than the CTE \b\,
 and for streams in the 5.5 to                         equal to or          control only individual streams with
 less than 20 weight percent                           greater than CTE     volume flow rates of 8 scfm or less.
 range. For modified or                                \b\, control.
 reconstructed affected
 facilities, calculate the
 composite VOC concentration
 before and after modification
 and reconstruction.
4. Select the higher of the two    20 to 100          1. If total          1. Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B),
 TOC concentrations for each                           combined             or (C).
 weight percent range for vent                         uncontrolled
 streams from a modified or                            emissions are
 reconstructed affected facility.                      equal to or
                                                       greater than 18.2
                                                       Mg/yr, control.
5. Calculate the threshold         .................  2. If total          2. Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A)
 emissions for the 0.10 to less                        combined             through (D).
 than 5.5 weight percent range                         uncontrolled
 and for the 5.5 to less than 20                       emissions are less
 weight percent range using the                        than 18.2 Mg/yr,
 respective composite TOC                              control.
 concentration selected above.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Individual streams excluded under Sec. 60.560(g) from the requirements of Sec. 60.562-1 are to be excluded
  from all calculations in this table. This paragraph exempts all individual emission streams with individual
  uncontrolled annual emission rates of less than 1.6 Mg/yr and all individual emission streams with individual
  TOC concentrations of less than 0.10 percent TOC by weight.
\b\ For the 0.10 to less than 5.5 weight percent range, the following equations are used:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
      If the percent composite TOC        Use this equation to calculate
            concentration is                   threshold emissions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
0.10<0.12..............................  (a  x  7.5  x  10\6\) + 226
0.12<0.2...............................  (b  x  58.3) + 116.8
0.2<0.3................................  (c  x  3020) + 71.8
0.3<0.4................................  (d  x  547) + 54.5
0.4<0.6................................  48.3 + 31 (0.6-weight percent
                                          TOC)
0.6<5.5................................  48.3
------------------------------------------------------------------------

where: a = (0.12 - weight percent TOC). \2 5\
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.070

c = (0.3-weight percent TOC) \2\
d = (0.4-weight percent TOC). \1 5\

    For the 5.5 to less than 20 weight percent range, the following 
equations are used.

[[Page 83]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Use this equation to
If the percent composite TOC concentration       calculate threshold
                    is                                emissions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
5.5<7.0...................................  (e  x  740) + 31
7.0<9.0...................................  (f  x  324) + 25.0
9.0<20....................................  (g  x  125) + 18.2
------------------------------------------------------------------------

where
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.071


[[Page 84]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.048

    (iii) Controlled Continuous Emissions. For each vent stream that 
emits continuous emissions from an affected facility as defined in 
Sec. 60.560(a)(1) and that is controlled in an existing control device, 
each owner or operator shall determine whether the emissions entering 
the control device are greater

[[Page 85]]

than or equal to the calculated threshold emissions (CTE) level, which 
is to be calculated using the TOC concentration of the inlet vent stream 
and the equations in footnote b of table 3. If the inlet stream's TOC 
concentration is equal to or greater than 20 weight percent, the 
calculated threshold emissions level is 18.2 Mg/yr (20.1 ton/yr). If 
multiple emission streams are vented to the control device, the 
individual streams are not to be separated into individual weight 
percent ranges for calculation purposes as would be done for 
uncontrolled emission streams. Emissions vented to an existing control 
device are required to be controlled as described in paragraphs 
(a)(1)(iii) (A) and (B) of this section. Figure 2 illustrates the 
control determination procedure for controlled continuous emissions.

[[Page 86]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.049

    (A) If the annual emissions of the stream entering the control 
device are equal to or greater than the CTE levels, then compliance with 
one of the requirements identified in Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B), 
or (C) is required at such time the control device is reconstructed or 
replaced or has its operating conditions modified as a result of State 
or local regulations (including changes in the operating permit) 
including those instances where the control device is reconstructed, 
replaced, or modified in its operation at the same time the existing 
process section

[[Page 87]]

is modified or reconstructed and becomes an affected facility. If the 
existing control device already complies with one of the requirements 
identified in Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B), or (C), no further 
control is required.
    (B) If the annual emissions of the stream entering the control 
device are less than the CTE level, then the requirements of 
Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B), or (C) are not applicable at that time. 
However, if the control device is replaced, reconstructed, or modified 
at a later date, each owner or operator shall reevaluate the 
applicability of these standards. This is done by combining with the 
vent stream entering the control device any uncontrolled vent streams in 
the same weight percent range as the controlled vent stream and 
determining whether the annual emissions of the stream entering the 
control device plus the applicable uncontrolled vent streams are greater 
than or equal to the CTE level, which is based on the weighted TOC 
concentration of the controlled vent stream and the uncontrolled vent 
streams. If the annual emissions entering the control device (including 
the applicable uncontrolled vent streams) are greater than or equal to 
the CTE level, then compliance with one of the requirements identified 
in Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B), or (C) is required at that time for 
both the controlled and uncontrolled vent streams. If the annual 
emissions are less than the CTE level, compliance with these standards 
is again not required at such time. However, if the control device is 
again replaced, reconstructed, or modified, each owner or operator shall 
repeat this determination procedure.
    (2) Intermittent emissions. The owner or operator shall control each 
vent stream that emits intermittent emissions from an affected facility 
as defined in Sec. 60.560-1(a)(1) by meeting one of the control 
requirements specified in paragraphs (a)(2) (i) and (ii) of this 
section. If a vent stream that emits intermittent emissions is 
controlled in an existing flare, incinerator, boiler, or process heater, 
the requirements of this paragraph are waived until such time the 
control device is reconstructed or replaced or is modified in its 
operating conditions as a result of State or local regulation, including 
changes in the operating permit. This paragraph does not apply to 
emergency vent streams exempted by Sec. 60.560(h) and as defined in 
Sec. 60.561.
    (i) Combust the emissions in a flare that is:
    (A) Designed for and operated with no visible emissions, except for 
periods not to exceed a total of 5 minutes during any 2 consecutive 
hours,
    (B) Operated with a flame present at all times, and
    (C) Designed to maintain a stable flame.
    (ii) Combust the emissions in an incinerator, boiler, or process 
heater. Such emissions shall be introduced into the flame zone of a 
boiler or process heater.
    (b) Polystyrene. Each owner or operator of a polystyrene process 
line containing process sections subject to the provisions of this 
subpart shall comply with the provisions in this section on and after 
the date on which the initial performance test required by Sec. 60.8 is 
completed, but not later than 60 days after achieving the maximum 
production rate at which the affected facility will be operated, or 180 
days after initial startup, whichever comes first. Each owner or 
operator of a polystyrene process line using a continuous process shall:
    (1) Limit the continuous TOC emissions from the material recovery 
section by complying with one of the following:
    (i) Not allow continuous TOC emissions to be greater than 0.0036 kg 
TOC/Mg (0.0072 lb TOC/ton) product; or
    (ii) Not allow the outlet gas stream temperature from each final 
condenser in the material recovery section to exceed -25  deg.C (-13 
deg.F). For purposes of this standard, temperature excursions above this 
limit shall not be considered a violation when such excursions occur 
during periods of startup, shutdown, or malfunction; or
    (iii) Comply with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i) (A), (B), or (C).
    (2) If continuous TOC emissions from the material recovery section 
are routed through an existing emergency vapor recovery system, then 
compliance with these standards is required when the emergency vapor 
recovery

[[Page 88]]

system undergoes modification, reconstruction, or replacement. In such 
instances, compliance with these standards shall be achieved no later 
than 180 days after completion of the modification, reconstruction, or 
replacement.
    (c) Poly(ethylene terephthalate). Each owner or operator of a 
poly(ethylene terephthalate) process line containing process sections 
subject to the provisions of this subpart shall comply with the 
provisions in this section on and after the date on which the initial 
performance test required by Sec. 60.8 is completed, but not later than 
60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at which the 
affected facility will be operated, or 180 days after initial startup, 
whichever comes first.
    (1) Each owner or operator of a PET process line using a dimethyl 
terephthalate process shall:
    (i) Limit the continuous TOC emissions from the material recovery 
section (i.e., methanol recovery) by complying with one of the 
following:
    (A) Not allow the continuous TOC emissions to be greater than 0.018 
kg TOC/Mg (0.036 lb TOC/ton) product; or
    (B) Not allow the outlet gas stream temperature from each final 
condenser in the material recovery section (i.e., methanol recovery) to 
exceed + 3  deg.C ( + 37  deg.F). For purposes of this standard, 
temperature excursions above this limit shall not be considered a 
violation when such excursions occur during periods of startup, 
shutdown, or malfunction.
    (ii) Limit the continuous TOC emissions and, if steam-jet ejectors 
are used to provide vacuum to the polymerization reactors, the ethylene 
glycol concentration from the polymerization reaction section by 
complying with the appropriate standard set forth below. The ethylene 
glycol concentration limits specified in paragraphs (c)(1)(ii) (B) and 
(C) of this section shall be determined by the procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.564(j).
    (A) Not allow continuous TOC emissions from the polymerization 
reaction section (including emissions from any equipment used to further 
recover the ethylene glycol, but excluding those emissions from the 
cooling tower) to be greater than 0.02 kg TOC/Mg (0.04 lb TOC/ton) 
product; and
    (B) If steam-jet ejectors are used as vacuum producers and a low 
viscosity product is being produced using single or multiple end 
finishers or a high viscosity product is being produced using a single 
end finisher, maintain the concentration of ethylene glycol in the 
liquid effluent exiting the vacuum system servicing the polymerization 
reaction section at or below 0.35 percent by weight, averaged on a daily 
basis over a rolling 14-day period of operating days; or
    (C) If steam-jet ejectors are used as vacuum producers and a high 
viscosity product is being produced using multiple end finishers, 
maintain an ethylene glycol concentration in the cooling tower at or 
below 6.0 percent by weight, averaged on a daily basis over a rolling 
14-day period of operating days.
    (2) Each owner or operator of a PET process line using a 
terephthalic acid process shall:
    (i) Not allow the continuous TOC emissions from the esterification 
vessels in the raw materials preparation section to be greater than 0.04 
kg TOC/Mg (0.08 lb TOC/ton) product.
    (ii) Limit the continuous TOC emissions and, if steam-jet ejectors 
are used to provide vaccum to the polymerization reactors, the ethylene 
glycol concentration from the polymerization reaction section by 
complying with the appropriate standard set forth below. The ethylene 
glycol concentration limits specified in paragraphs (c)(2)(ii) (B) and 
(C) of this section shall be determined by the procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.564(j).
    (A) Not allow continuous TOC emissions from the polymerization 
reaction section (including emissions from any equipment used to further 
recover the ethylene glycol, but excluding those emissions from the 
cooling tower) to be greater than 0.02 kg TOC/Mg (0.04 lb TOC/ton) 
product; and
    (B) If steam-jet ejectors are used as vacuum producers and a low 
viscosity product is being produced using single or multiple end 
finishers or a high viscosity product is being produced using a single 
end finisher, maintain the concentration of ethylene glycol in the

[[Page 89]]

liquid effluent exiting the vacuum system servicing the polymerization 
reaction section at or below 0.35 percent by weight, averaged on a daily 
basis over a rolling 14-day period of operating days; or
    (C) If steam-jet ejectors are used as vacuum producers and a high 
viscosity product is being produced using multiple end finishers, 
maintain an ethylene glycol concentration in the cooling tower at or 
below 6.0 percent by weight, averaged on a daily basis over a rolling 
14-day period of operating days.
    (d) Closed vent systems and control devices used to comply with this 
subpart shall be operated at all times when emissions may be vented to 
them.
    (e) Vent systems that contain valves that could divert a vent stream 
from a control device shall have car-sealed opened all valves in the 
vent system from the emission source to the control device and car-
sealed closed all valves in vent system that would lead the vent stream 
to the atmosphere, either directly or indirectly, bypassing the control 
device.

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 9178, Mar. 5, 1991, as amended at 56 
FR 12299, Mar. 22, 1991; 65 FR 61767, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.562-2  Standards: Equipment leaks of VOC.

    (a) Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart shall comply with the requirements specified 
in Sec. 60.482-1 through Sec. 60.482-10 as soon as practicable, but no 
later than 180 days after initial startup, except that indications of 
liquids dripping from bleed ports in existing pumps in light liquid 
service are not considered to be a leak as defined in Sec. 60.482-
2(b)(2). For purposes of this standard, a ``bleed port'' is a 
technologically-required feature of the pump whereby polymer fluid used 
to provide lubrication and/or cooling of the pump shaft exits the pump, 
thereby resulting in a visible leak of fluid. This exemption expires 
when the existing pump is replaced or reconstructed.
    (b) An owner or operator may elect to comply with the requirements 
specified in Sec. 60.483-1 and Sec. 60.483-2.
    (c) An owner or operator may apply to the Administrator for a 
determination of equivalency for any means of emission limitation that 
achieves a reduction in emissions of VOC at least equivalent to the 
reduction in emissions of VOC achieved by the controls required in this 
subpart. In doing so, the owner or operator shall comply with 
requirements specified in Sec. 60.484.
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions specified in Sec. 60.485 except an 
owner or operator may use the following provision in addition to 
Sec. 60.485(e): Equipment is in light liquid service if the percent 
evaporated is greater than 10 percent at 150  deg.C (302  deg.F) as 
determined by ASTM Method D86-78, 82, 90, 95, or 96 (incorporated by 
reference as specified in Sec. 60.17).
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with Sec. 60.486 and Sec. 60.487.

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 12299, Mar. 22, 1991, as amended at 
65 FR 61767, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.563  Monitoring requirements.

    (a) Whenever a particular item of monitoring equipment is specified 
in this section to be installed, the owner or operator shall install, 
calibrate, maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's 
specifications that item as follows:
    (1) A temperature monitoring device to measure and record 
continuously the operating temperature to within 1 percent (relative to 
degrees Celsius) or [0.5  deg.C ([0.9  deg.F), whichever is greater.
    (2) A flame monitoring device, such as a thermocouple, an 
ultraviolet sensor, an infrared beam sensor, or similar device to 
indicate and record continuously whether a flare or pilot light flame is 
present, as specified.
    (3) A flow monitoring indicator to indicate and record whether or 
not flow exists at least once every fifteen minutes.
    (4) An organic monitoring device (based on a detection principle 
such as infrared, photoionization, or thermal conductivity) to indicate 
and record continuously the concentration level of organic compounds.

[[Page 90]]

    (5) A specific gravity monitoring device to measure and record 
continuously to within 0.02 specific gravity unit.
    (b) The owner or operator shall install, as applicable, the 
monitoring equipment for the control means used to comply with 
Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D), as follows:
    (1) If the control equipment is an incinerator:
    (i) For a noncatalytic incinerator, a temperature monitoring device 
shall be installed in the firebox.
    (ii) For a catalytic incinerator, temperature monitoring devices 
shall be installed in the gas stream immediately before and after the 
catalytic bed.
    (2) If a flare is used:
    (i) A flame monitoring device shall be installed to indicate the 
presence of a flare flame or a flame for each pilot light, if the flare 
is used to comply with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1), including those flares 
controlling both continuous and intermittent emissions.
    (ii) A thermocouple or equivalent monitoring device to indicate the 
presence of a flame at each pilot light, if used to comply with 
Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2).
    (3) If a boiler or process heater is used:
    (i) If the boiler or process heater has a heat input design capacity 
of less than 150 million Btu/hr, a temperature monitoring device shall 
be installed between the radiant section and the convection zone for 
watertube boilers and between the furnace (combustion zone) and the 
firetubes for firetube boilers.
    (ii) If the boiler or process heater has a heat input design 
capacity of 150 million Btu/hr or greater, such records to indicate the 
periods of operation of the boiler or process heater shall be 
maintained. The records must be readily available for inspection.
    (4) If an absorber is the final unit in a system:
    (i) A temperature monitoring device and a specific gravity 
monitoring device for the scrubber liquid shall be installed, or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device shall be installed at the outlet 
of the absorber.
    (5) If a condenser is the final unit in a system:
    (i) A temperature monitoring device shall be installed at the 
condenser exit (product side), or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device shall be installed at the outlet 
of the condenser.
    (6) If a carbon adsorber is the final unit in a system, an organic 
monitoring device shall be installed at the outlet of the carbon bed.
    (c) Owners or operators of control devices used to comply with the 
provisions of this subpart, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D), shall 
monitor these control devices to ensure that they are operated and 
maintained in conformance with their designs.
    (d) Owners or operators using a vent system that contains valves 
that could divert a vent stream from a control device used to comply 
with the provisions of this subpart shall do one or a combination of the 
following:
    (1) Install a flow indicator immediately downstream of each valve 
that if opened would allow a vent stream to bypass the control device 
and be emitted, either directly or indirectly, to the atmosphere. The 
flow indicator shall be capable of recording flow at least once every 
fifteen minutes.
    (2) Monitor the valves once a month, checking the position of the 
valves and the condition of the car seal, and identify all times when 
the car seals have been broken and the valve position has been changed 
(i.e., from opened to closed for valves in the vent piping to the 
control device and from closed to open for valves that allow the stream 
to be vented directly or indirectly to the atmosphere).
    (e) An owner or operator complying with the standards specified 
under Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D), with control 
devices other than an incinerator, boiler, process heater, flare, 
absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber or by any other means shall 
provide to the Administrator information describing the operation of the 
control device and the process parameter(s) which would indicate proper 
operation and maintenance of the device. The Administrator may request 
further information and will specify appropriate monitoring procedures 
or requirements.

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 12299, Mar. 22, 1991]

[[Page 91]]



Sec. 60.564  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) In conducting the performance tests required in Sec. 60.8, the 
owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test 
methods in appendix A of this part or other methods and procedures 
specified in this section, except as provided under Sec. 60.8(b). Owners 
or operators complying with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D) need not perform a 
performance test on the control device, provided the control device is 
not used to comply with any other requirement of Sec. 60.562-1(a).
    (1) Whenever changes are made in production capacity, feedstock type 
or catalyst type, or whenever there is replacement, removal, or addition 
of a control device, each owner or operator shall conduct a performance 
test according to the procedures in this section as appropriate, in 
order to determine compliance with Sec. 60.562-1.
    (2) Where a boiler or process heater with a design heat input 
capacity of 150 million Btu/hour or greater is used, the requirement for 
an initial performance test is waived, in accordance with Sec. 60.8(b). 
However, the Administrator reserves the option to require testing at 
such other times as may be required, as provided for in Sec. 114 of the 
Act.
    (3) The owner or operator shall determine the average organic 
concentration for each performance test run using the equipment 
described in Sec. 60.563(a)(4). The average organic concentration shall 
be determined from measurements taken at least every 15 minutes during 
each performance test run. The average of the three runs shall be the 
base value for the monitoring program.
    (4) When an absorber is the final unit in the system, the owner or 
operator shall determine the average specific gravity for each 
performance test run using specific gravity monitoring equipment 
described in Sec. 60.563(a)(5). An average specific gravity shall be 
determined from measurements taken at least every 15 minutes during each 
performance test run. The average of the three runs shall be the base 
value for the monitoring program.
    (5) When a condenser is the final unit in the system, the owner or 
operator shall determine the average outlet temperature for each 
performance test run using the temperature monitoring equipment 
described in Sec. 60.563(a)(1). An average temperature shall be 
determined from measurements taken at least every 15 minutes during each 
performance test run while the vent stream is normally routed and 
constituted. The average of the three runs shall be the base value for 
the monitoring program.
    (b) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
emission concentration standard in Sec. 60.562-1 (a)(1)(i)(A) or 
(b)(1)(iii) if applicable [if not, see paragraph (c) of this section] as 
follows:
    (1) The TOC concentration is the sum of the individual components 
and shall be computed for each run using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.072

where:

CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppmv.
Cj = the concentration of sample component j, ppm.
n = Number of components in the sample.

    (i) Method 18 shall be used to determine the concentration of each 
individual organic component (Cj) in the gas stream. Method 1 
or 1A, as appropriate, shall be used to determine the sampling site at 
the outlet of the control device. Method 4 shall be used to determine 
the moisture content, if necessary.
    (ii) The sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either 
an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at 15 minute 
intervals.
    (2) If supplemental combustion air is used, the TOC concentration 
shall be corrected to 3 percent oxygen and shall be computed using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.073

where:

CCORR = Concentration of TOC corrected to 3 percent oxygen, 
          dry basis, ppm by volume.

[[Page 92]]

CMEAS = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume, as calculated in paragraph (b)(1) of 
          this section.
%O2d = Concentration of O2, dry basis, percent by 
          volume.


The emission rate correction factor, integrated sampling and analysis 
procedure of Method 3 shall be used to determine the oxygen 
concentration (%O2d). The sampling site shall be the same as 
that of the TOC sample and the samples shall be taken during the same 
time that the TOC samples are taken.
    (c) If paragraph (b) of this section is not applicable, then the 
owner or operator shall determine compliance with the percent emission 
reduction standard in Sec. 60.562-1 (a)(1)(i)(A) or (b)(1)(iii) as 
follows:
    (1) The emission reduction of TOC (minus methane and ethane) shall 
be determined using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.075

where:

P = Percent emission reduction, by weight.
Einlet = Mass rate of TOC entering the control device, kg 
          TOC/hr (lb TOC/hr).
Eoutlet = Mass rate of TOC, discharged to the atmosphere, kg 
          TOC/hr (lb TOC/hr).

    (2) The mass rates of TOC (Ei, Eo) shall be 
computed using the following equations:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.076

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.074

where:

Cij,Coj = Concentration of sample component ``j'' 
          of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, dry basis, ppmv.
Mij,Moj = Molecular weight of sample component 
          ``j'' of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device respectively, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole).
Qi,Qo = Flow rate of the gas stream at the inlet 
          and outlet of the control device, respectively, dscm/hr (dscf/
          hr).
K1 = 4.157  x  10-8 [(kg)/g-mole)] / 
          [(g)(ppm)(dscm)] 5.711  x  10-15 [(lb)/(lb-mole)] 
          / (lb)(ppm)(dscf)]

    (i) Method 18 shall be used to determine the concentration of each 
individual organic component (Cij, Coj) in the gas 
stream. Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, shall be used to determine the 
inlet and outlet sampling sites. The inlet site shall be before the 
inlet of the control device and after all product recovery units.
    (ii) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, shall be used to 
determine the volumetric flow rates (Qi, Qo). If 
necessary, Method 4 shall be used to determine the moisture content. 
Both determinations shall be compatible with the Method 18 
determinations.
    (iii) Inlet and outlet samples shall be taken simultaneously. The 
sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either an integrated 
sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab sampling is used, 
then the samples shall be taken at 15 minute intervals.
    (d) An owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
individual stream exemptions in Sec. 60.560(g) and the procedures 
specified in table 3 for compliance with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1) as 
identified in paragraphs (d)(1) and (2) of this section. An owner or 
operator using the procedures specified in Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1) for 
determining which continuous process emissions are to be controlled may 
use calculations demonstrated to be sufficiently accurate as to preclude 
the necessity of actual testing for purposes of calculating the 
uncontrolled annual emissions and weight percent of TOC. Owners or 
operators seeking to exempt streams under Sec. 60.560(g) must use the 
appropriate test procedures specified in this section.
    (1) The uncontrolled annual emissions of the individual vent stream 
shall be determined using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.020

Where:

Eunc = uncontrolled annual emissions, Mg/yr (ton/yr)
Cj = concentration of sample component j of the gas stream, 
          dry basis, ppmv

[[Page 93]]

Mj = molecular weight of sample component j of the gas 
          stream, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole)
Q = flow rate of the gas stream, dscm/hr (dscf/hr)
K2 = 4.157  x  10-11 [(Mg)(g-mole)]/
          [(g)(ppm)(dscm)] (metric units)
 = 1.298  x  10-12 [(ton)(lb-mole)]/[(lb)(ppm)(dscf)] 
          (English units)
8,600 = operating hours per year

    (i) Method 18 shall be used to determine the concentration of each 
individual organic component (Cj) in the gas stream. Method 1 
or 1A, as appropriate, shall be used to determine the sampling site. If 
the gas stream is controlled in an existing control device, the sampling 
site shall be before the inlet of the control device and after all 
product recovery units.
    (ii) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, shall be used to 
determine the volumetric flow rate (Q). If necessary, Method 4 shall be 
used to determine the moisture content. Both determinations shall be 
compatible with the Method 18 determinations.
    (iii) The sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either 
an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at 15 minute 
intervals.
    (2) The weight percent VOC of the uncontrolled individual vent 
stream shall be determined using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.078

where:

Cj = concentration of sample TOC component ``j'' of the gas 
          stream, dry basis, ppmv.
Mj = Molecular weight of sample TOC component ``j'' of the 
          gas stream, g/g-mole (1b/1b-mole).
MWgas = Average molecular weight of the entire gas stream, g/
          g-mole (1b/1b-mole).

    (i) Method 18 shall be used to determine the concentration of each 
individual organic component (Cj) in the gas stream. Method 1 
or 1A, as appropriate, shall be used to determine the sampling site. If 
the gas stream is controlled in an existing control device, the sampling 
site shall be before the inlet of the control device and after all 
product recovery units. If necessary, Method 4 shall be used to 
determine the moisture content. This determination shall be compatible 
with the Method 18 determinations.
    (ii) The average molecular weight of the gas stream shall be 
determined using methods approved by the Administrator. If the carrier 
component of the gas stream is nitrogen, then an average molecular 
weight of 28 g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole) may be used in lieu of testing. If 
the carrier component of the gas stream is air, then an average 
molecular weight of 29 g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole) may be used in lieu of 
testing.
    (iii) The sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either 
an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at 15 minute 
intervals.
    (e) The owner or operator shall determine compliance of flares with 
the visible emission and flare provisions in Sec. 60.562-1 as follows:
    (1) Method 22 shall be used to determine visible emissions. The 
observation period for each run shall be 2 hours.
    (2) The monitoring device of Sec. 60.563(b)(2) shall be used to 
determine whether a flame is present.
    (f) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the net 
heating value provisions in Sec. 60.18 as referenced by Sec. 60.562-
1(a)(1)(i)(C). The net heating value of the process vent stream being 
combusted in a flare shall be computed as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.021

Where:

HT = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of offgas is based on combustion at 
          25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30 in. Hg), but the 
          standard temperature for determining the volume corresponding 
          to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
K3 = 1.74  x  10-7 (1/ppm)(g-mole/scm)(MJ/kcal) 
          (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-mole/scm) is 
          20  deg.C.
 = 4.67  x  10-6 (1/ppm)(lb-mole/scf)(Btu/kcal) (English 
          units) where standard temperature for (lb/mole/scf) is 68 
          deg.F.
Cj = Concentration on a wet basis of compound j in ppm.

[[Page 94]]

Hj = Net heat of combustion of compound j, kcal/(g-mole) 
          (kcal/(lb-mole)), based on combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm 
          Hg (77  deg.F and 30 in. Hg).

    (1) Method 18 shall be used to determine the concentration of each 
individual organic component (Cj) in the gas stream. Method 1 
or 1A, as appropriate, shall be used to determine the sampling site to 
the inlet of the flare. Using this same sample, ASTM D1946-77 or 90 
(Reapproved 1994) (incorporated by reference--see Sec. 60.17) shall be 
used to determine the hydrogen and carbon monoxide content.
    (2) The sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either 
an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at 15 minute 
intervals.
    (3) Published or calculated values shall be used for the net heats 
of combustion of the sample components. If values are not published or 
cannot be calculated, ASTM D2382-76 or 88 or D4809-95 (incorporated by 
reference--see Sec. 60.17) may be used to determine the net heat of 
combustion of component ``j.''
    (g) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the exit 
velocity provisions in Sec. 60.18 as referenced by Sec. 60.562-
1(a)(1)(i)(C) as follows:
    (1) If applicable, the net heating value (HT) of the 
process vent shall be determined according to the procedures in 
paragraph (f) of this section to determine the applicable velocity 
requirements.
    (2) If applicable, the maximum permitted velocity (Vmax) 
for steam-assisted and nonassisted flares shall be computed using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.022

Where:

Vmax = Maximum permitted velocity, m/sec (ft/sec)
K4 = 28.8 (metric units), 1212 (English units)
K5 = 31.7 (metric units), 850.8 (English units)
HT = The net heating value as determined in paragraph (f) of 
          this section, MJ/scm (Btu/scf).

    (3) The maximum permitted velocity, Vmax, for air-
assisted flares shall be determined by the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.023

Where:

Vmax = Maximum permitted velocity, m/sec (ft/sec).
K6 = 8.706 m/sec (metric units)
     = 28.56 ft/sec (English units)
K7 = 0.7084 [(m/sec)/MJ/scm)] (metric units)
     = 0.00245 [(ft/sec)/Btu/scf)] (English units)
HT = The net heating value as determined in paragraph (f) of 
          this section, MJ/scm (Btu/scf).

    (4) The actual exit velocity of a flare shall be determined by 
dividing the volumetric flow rate (in units of standard temperature and 
pressure), as determined by Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D as appropriate, by 
the unobstructed (free) cross sectional area of the flare tip.
    (h) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the mass 
emission per mass product standards in Secs. 60.560(d) and (e) and in 
Secs. 60.562-1(b)(1)(i), (c)(1)(i)(A), (c)(1)(ii)(A), (c)(2)(i), and 
(c)(2)(ii)(A).
    (1) The emission rate of TOC shall be computed using the following 
equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.024

Where:

ERTOC = Emission rate of total organic compounds (minus 
          methane and ethane), kg TOC/Mg (lb TOC/ton) product
ETOC = Emission rate of total organic compounds (minus 
          methane and ethane) in the sample, kg/hr (lb/hr)
Pp = The rate of polymer production, kg/hr (lb/hr)
K5 = 1,000 kg/Mg (metric units)
     = 2,000 lb/ton (English units)

    (2) The mass rate of TOC, ETOC, shall be determined 
according to the procedures, as appropriate, in paragraph (c)(2) of this 
section. The sampling site for determining compliance with Secs. 60.560 
(d) and (e) shall be before any add-on control devices and after all 
product recovery devices. Otherwise, the sampling site shall be at the 
outlet of the control device.
    (3) The rate of polymer production, Pp, shall be 
determined by dividing the weight of polymer pulled (in kg (lb)) from 
the process line during the performance test by the number of hours 
taken to perform the performance test. The weight of polymer pulled 
shall be determined by direct measurement or,

[[Page 95]]

subject to prior approval by the Administrator, computed from materials 
balance by good engineering practice.
    (i) The owner or operator shall determine continuous compliance with 
the temperature requirements in Secs. 60.562-1(b)(1)(ii) and 60.562-
1(c)(1)(i)(B) by using the temperature monitoring equipment described in 
Sec. 60.563(a)(1). An average temperature shall be determined from 
measurements taken at least every 15 minutes every three hours while the 
vent stream is normally routed and constituted. Each three-hour period 
constitutes a performance test.
    (j) For purposes of determining compliance with Sec. 60.562-1(c) 
(1)(ii)(B), (1)(ii)(C), (2)(ii)(B), or (2)(ii)(C), the ethylene glycol 
concentration in either the cooling tower or the liquid effluent from 
steam-jet ejectors used to produce a vacuum in the polymerization 
reactors, whichever is applicable, shall be determined:
    (1) Using procedures that conform to the methods described in ASTM 
D2908-74 or 91, ``Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic 
Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography'' (incorporated 
by reference--see Sec. 60.17), except as provided in paragraph (j)(2) of 
this section:
    (i) At least one sample per operating day shall be collected using 
the grab sampling procedures of ASTM D3370-76 or 96a, ``Standard 
Practices for Sampling Water'' (incorporated by reference--see 
Sec. 60.17). An average ethylene glycol concentration by weight shall be 
calculated on a daily basis over a rolling 14-day period of operating 
days, except as provided in paragraphs (j)(1) (ii) and (iii) of this 
section. Each daily average ethylene glycol concentration so calculated 
constitutes a performance test. Exceedance of the standard during the 
reduced testing program specified in paragraphs (j)(1) (ii) and (iii) of 
this section is a violation of these standards.
    (ii) For those determining compliance with Sec. 60.562-1(c) 
(1)(ii)(B) or (2)(ii)(B), the owner or operator may elect to reduce the 
sampling program to any 14 consecutive day period once every two 
calendar months, if at least seventeen consecutive 14-day rolling 
average concentrations immediately preceding the reduced sampling 
program are each less than 0.10 weight percent ethylene glycol. If the 
average concentration obtained over the 14 day sampling during the 
reduced testing period exceeds the upper 95 percent confidence interval 
calculated from the most recent test results in which no one 14-day 
average exceeded 0.10 weight percent ethylene glycol, then the owner or 
operator shall reinstitute a daily sampling program. A reduced sampling 
program can be reinstituted if the requirements specified in this 
paragraph are met.
    (iii) For those determining compliance with Sec. 60.562-
1(c)(1)(ii)(C) or (c)(2)(ii)(C), the owner or operator may elect to 
reduce the sampling program to any 14 consecutive day period once every 
two calendar months, if at least seventeen consecutive 14-day rolling 
average concentrations immediately preceding the reduced sampling 
program are each less than 1.8 weight percent ethylene glycol. If the 
average concentration obtained over the 14 day sampling during the 
reduced test period exceeds the upper 95 percent confidence interval 
calculated from the most recent test results in which no one 14-day 
average exceeded 1.8 weight percent ethylene glycol, then the owner or 
operator shall reinstitute a daily sampling program. A reduced program 
can be reinstituted if the requirements specified in this paragraph are 
met.
    (iv) The upper 95 percent confidence interval shall be calculated 
using the equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.025

Where:

Xi = daily ethylene glycol concentration for each day used to 
          calculate the 14-day rolling average used in test results to 
          justify implementing the reduced testing program.
n = number of ethylene glycol concentrations.

    (2) Measuring an alternative parameter, such as carbon oxygen demand 
or biological oxygen demand, that is demonstrated to be directly 
proportional to

[[Page 96]]

the ethylene glycol concentration. Such parameter shall be measured 
during the initial 14-day performance test during which the facility is 
shown to be in compliance with the ethylene glycol concentration 
standard whereby the ethylene glycol concentration is determined using 
the procedures described in paragraph (j)(1) of this section. The 
alternative parameter shall be measured on a daily basis and the average 
value of the alternative parameter shall be calculated on a daily basis 
over a rolling 14-day period of operating days. Each daily average value 
of the alternative parameter constitutes a performance test.

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 9178, Mar. 5, 1991, as amended at 56 
FR 12299, Mar. 22, 1991; 64 FR 11541, Mar. 9, 1999; 65 FR 61767, Oct. 
17, 2000]



Sec. 60.565  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep an up-to-date, readily-accessible record of the following 
information measured during each performance test, and shall include the 
following information in the report of the initial performance test in 
addition to the written results of such performance tests as required 
under Sec. 60.8. Where a control device is used to comply with 
Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D) only, a report containing performance test 
data need not be submitted, but a report containing the information in 
Sec. 60.565(a)(11) is required. Where a boiler or process heater with a 
design heat input capacity of 150 million Btu/hour or greater is used to 
comply with Sec. 60.562-1(a), a report containing performance test data 
need not be submitted, but a report containing the information in 
Sec. 60.565(a)(2)(i) is required. The same information specified in this 
section shall be submitted in the reports of all subsequently required 
performance tests where either the emission control efficiency of a 
combustion device or the outlet concentration of TOC (minus methane and 
ethane) is determined.
    (1) When an incinerator is used to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2):
    (i) The average firebox temperature of the incinerator (or the 
average temperature upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed), 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the performance 
test period, and
    (ii) The percent reduction of TOC (minus methane and ethane) 
achieved by the incinerator, the concentration of TOC (minus methane and 
ethane) (ppmv, by compound) at the outlet of the control device on a dry 
basis, or the emission rate in terms of kg TOC (minus methane and 
ethane) per Mg (lb TOC/ton) of product at the outlet of the control 
device, whichever is appropriate. If supplemental combustion air is 
used, the TOC concentration corrected to 3 percent oxygen shall be 
recorded and reported.
    (2) When a boiler or process heater is used to demonstrate 
compliance with Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2):
    (i) A description of the location at which the vent stream is 
introduced into the boiler or process heater, and
    (ii) For boilers or process heaters with a design heat input 
capacity of less than 150 million Btu/hr, all 3-hour periods of 
operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than 
28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the average combustion temperature during 
the most recent performance test at which compliance was determined.
    (3) When a flare is used to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.562-
1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2):
    (i) All visible emission readings, heat content determinations, flow 
rate measurements, and exit velocity determinations made during the 
performance test,
    (ii) Continuous records of the pilot flame heat-sensing monitoring, 
and
    (iii) Records of all periods of operations during which the pilot 
flame is absent.
    (4) When an incinerator, boiler, or process heater is used to 
demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2), a description of the 
location at which the vent stream is introduced into the incinerator, 
boiler, or process heater.
    (5) When a flare is used to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.562-
1(a)(2):
    (i) All visible emission readings made during the performance test,
    (ii) Continuous records of the pilot flame heat-sensing monitoring, 
and

[[Page 97]]

    (iii) Records of all periods of operation during which the pilot 
flame is absent.
    (6) When an absorber is the final unit in a system to demonstrate 
compliance with Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2), the specific 
gravity (or alternative parameter that is a measure of the degree of 
absorbing liquid saturation, if approved by the Administrator), and 
average temperature, measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged 
over the performance test period, of the absorbing liquid (both measured 
while the vent stream is normally routed and constituted).
    (7) When a condenser is the final unit in a system to demonstrate 
compliance with Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2), the average 
exit (product side) temperature, measured at least every 15 minutes and 
averaged over the performance test period while the vent stream is 
normally routed and constituted.
    (8) Daily measurement and daily average 14-day rolling average of 
the ethylene glycol concentration in the liquid effluent exiting the 
vacuum system servicing the polymerization reaction section, if an owner 
or operator is subject to Sec. 60.562-1(c) (1)(ii)(B) or (2)(ii)(B), or 
of the ethylene glycol concentration in the cooling water in the cooling 
tower, if subject to Sec. 60.562-1(c) (2)(ii)(C) or (2)(iii)(C).
    (9) When a carbon adsorber is the final unit in a system to 
demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(2): 
the concentration level or reading indicated by the organics monitoring 
device at the outlet of the adsorber, measured at least every 15 minutes 
and averaged over the performance test period while the vent stream is 
normally routed and constituted.
    (10) When an owner or operator seeks to comply with the requirements 
of this subpart by complying with the uncontrolled threshold emission 
rate cutoff provision in Secs. 60.560 (d) and (e) or with the individual 
stream exemptions in Sec. 60.560(g), each process operation variable 
(e.g., pressure, temperature, type of catalyst) that may result in an 
increase in the uncontrolled emission rate, if Sec. 60.560(d) or (e) is 
applicable, or in an increase in the uncontrolled annual emissions or 
the VOC weight percent, as appropriate, if Sec. 60.560(g) is applicable, 
should such operating variable be changed.
    (11) When an owner or operator uses a control device to comply with 
Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D) alone: all periods when the control device is 
not operating.
    (b)(1) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart shall submit with the initial performance test or, if complying 
with Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D), as a separate report, an engineering 
report describing in detail the vent system used to vent each affected 
vent stream to a control device. This report shall include all valves 
and vent pipes that could vent the stream to the atmosphere, thereby 
bypassing the control device, and identify which valves are car-sealed 
opened and which valves are car-sealed closed.
    (2) If a vent system containing valves that could divert the 
emission stream away from the control device is used, each owner or 
operator subject to the provisions of this subpart shall keep for at 
least two years up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of:
    (i) All periods when flow is indicated if flow indicators are 
installed under Sec. 69.563(d)(1).
    (ii) All times when maintenance is performed on car-sealed valves, 
when the car seal is broken, and when the valve position is changed 
(i.e., from open to closed for valves in the vent piping to the control 
device and from closed to open for valves that vent the stream directly 
or indirectly to the atmosphere bypassing the control device).
    (c) Where an incinerator is used to comply with Sec. 60.562-1, 
except Secs. 60.562(a)(1)(i)(D) and (a)(2), each owner or operator 
subject to the provisions of this subpart shall keep for at least 2 
years up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of:
    (1) The temperature measurements specified under Sec. 60.563(b)(1).
    (2) Records of periods of operation during which the parameter 
boundaries established during the most recent performance test are 
exceeded. Periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries 
established during the most recent performance test are exceeded are 
defined as follows:

[[Page 98]]

    (i) For noncatalytic incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C 
(50  deg.F) below the average combustion temperature during the most 
recent performance test at which compliance was demonstrated.
    (ii) For catalytic incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature of the vent stream immediately 
before the catalyst bed is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average temperature of the vent stream during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance was demonstrated. The owner or 
operator also shall record all 3-hour periods of operation during which 
the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than 
80 percent of the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed 
during the most recent performance test at which compliance was 
demonstrated.
    (d) Where a boiler or process heater is used to comply with 
Sec. 60.562-1, except Secs. 60.562-1 (a)(1)(i)(D) and (a)(2), each owner 
or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart shall keep for at 
least 2 years up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of:
    (1) Where a boiler or process heater with a heat input design 
capacity of 150 million Btu/hr or greater is used, all periods of 
operation of the boiler or process heater. (Examples of such records 
could include records of steam use, fuel use, or monitoring data 
collected pursuant to other State or Federal regulatory requirements), 
and
    (2) Where a boiler or process heater with a heat input design 
capacity of less than 150 million Btu/hr is used, all periods of 
operation during which the parameter boundaries established during the 
most recent performance test are exceeded. Periods of operation during 
which the parameter boundaries established during the most recent 
performance test are exceeded are defined as all 3-hour periods of 
operation during which the average combustion temperature was more than 
28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the average combustion temperature during 
the most recent performance test at which compliance was demonstrated.
    (e) Where a flare is used to comply with Sec. 60.562-1, except 
Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D), each owner or operator subject to the 
provisions of this subpart shall keep for at least 2 years up-to-date, 
readily accessible continuous records of:
    (1) The flare or pilot light flame heat sensing monitoring specified 
under Sec. 60.563(b)(2), and
    (2) All periods of operation in which the flare or pilot flame, as 
appropriate, is absent.
    (f) Where an adsorber, condenser, absorber, or a control device 
other than a flare, incinerator, boiler, or process heater is used to 
comply with Sec. 60.562-1, except Sec. 60.562-1(a)(1)(i)(D), each owner 
or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart shall keep for at 
least 2 years up-to-date, readily-accessible continuous records of the 
periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries established 
during the most recent performance test are exceeded. Where an owner or 
operator seeks to comply with Sec. 60.562-1, periods of operation during 
which the parameter boundaries established during the most recent 
performance tests are exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final unit in a system:
    (i) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid temperature was more than 11  deg.C (20  deg.F) above 
the average absorbing liquid temperature during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance was demonstrated, and
    (ii) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid specific gravity was more than 0.1 unit above, or more 
than 0.1 unit below, the average absorbing liquid specific gravity 
during the most recent performance test at which compliance was 
demonstrated (unless monitoring of an alternative parameter that is a 
measure of the degree of absorbing liquid saturation is approved by the 
Administrator, in which case he or she will define appropriate parameter 
boundaries and periods of operation during which they are exceeded).
    (2) Where a condenser is the final unit in a system, all 3-hour 
periods of operation during which the average condenser operating 
temperature was

[[Page 99]]

more than 6  deg.C (10  deg.F) above the average operating temperature 
during the most recent performance test at which compliance was 
demonstrated.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final unit in a system, all 3-
hour periods of operation during which the average organic concentration 
level in the carbon adsorber gases is more than 20 percent greater than 
the exhaust gas concentration level or reading measured by the organics 
monitoring system during the most recent performance test at which 
compliance was demonstrated.
    (g) Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart and seeking to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.560(j) or Sec. 60.562-1 shall keep up-to-date, readily 
accessible records of:
    (1) Any changes in production capacity, feedstock type, or catalyst 
type, or of any replacement, removal or addition of product recovery 
equipment; and
    (2) The results of any performance test performed pursuant to the 
procedures specified by Sec. 60.564.
    (h) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the requirements of this subpart by complying with the 
uncontrolled threshold emission rate cutoff provision in Secs. 60.560 
(d) and (e) or with the individual stream exemptions in Sec. 60.560(g) 
shall keep for at least 2 years up-to-date, readily accessible records 
of any change in process operation that increases the uncontrolled 
emission rate of the process line in which the affected facility is 
located, if Sec. 60.560 (d) or (e) is applicable, or that increases the 
uncontrolled annual emissions or the VOC weight percent of the 
individual stream, if Sec. 60.560(g) is applicable.
    (i) Each owner and operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart is exempt from Sec. 60.7(c) of the General Provisions.
    (j) The Administrator will specify appropriate reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements where the owner or operator of an affected 
facility complies with the standards specified under Sec. 60.562-1 other 
than as provided under Sec. 60.565 (a) through (e).
    (k) Each owner or operator that seeks to comply with the 
requirements of this subpart by complying with the uncontrolled 
threshold emission rate cutoff provision of Secs. 60.560 (d) and (e), 
the individual stream exemptions of Sec. 60.560(g), or the requirements 
of Sec. 60.562-1 shall submit to the Administrator semiannual reports of 
the following recorded information, as applicable. The initial report 
shall be submitted within 6 months after the initial start-up date.
    (1) Exceedances of monitored parameters recorded under Secs. 60.565 
(c), (d)(2), and (f).
    (2) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.565(b) when the vent stream 
has been diverted from the control device.
    (3) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.565(d) when the boiler or 
process heater was not operating.
    (4) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.565(e) in which the flare or 
pilot flame was absent.
    (5) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.565(a)(8) when the 14-day 
rolling average exceeded the standard specified in Sec. 60.562-1(c) 
(1)(ii)(B), (1)(ii)(C), (2)(ii)(B), or (2)(ii)(C), as applicable.
    (6) Any change in process operations that increases the uncontrolled 
emission rate of the process line in which the affected facility is 
located, as recorded in Sec. 60.565(h).
    (7) Any change in process operations that increases the uncontrolled 
annual emissions or the VOC weight percent of the individual stream, as 
recorded in Sec. 60.565(h).
    (l) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall notify the Administrator of the specific provisions of 
Sec. 60.562, Sec. 60.560(d), or Sec. 60.560(e), as applicable, with 
which the owner or operator has elected to comply. Notification shall be 
submitted with the notification of initial startup required by 
Sec. 60.7(a)(3). If an owner or operator elects at a later date to use 
an alternative provision of Sec. 60.562 with which he or she will comply 
or becomes subject to Sec. 60.562 for the first time (i.e., the owner or 
operator can no longer meet the requirements of this subpart by 
complying with the uncontrolled threshold emission rate cutoff provision 
in Sec. 60.560 (d) or (e)), then the

[[Page 100]]

owner or operator shall notify the Administrator 90 days before 
implementing a change and, upon implementing a change, a performance 
test shall be performed as specified in Sec. 60.564.
    (m) The requirements of this subsection remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves alternative reporting requirements or means 
of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In that event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with this subsection, provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.

[55 FR 51035, Dec. 11, 1990; 56 FR 9178, Mar. 5, 1991, as amended at 56 
FR 12299, Mar. 22, 1991; 65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000; 65 FR 78278, Dec. 
14, 2000]



Sec. 60.566  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authority contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authority which will not be delegated to States: Sec. 60.562-
2(c).

Subpart EEE [Reserved]



  Subpart FFF_Standards of Performance for Flexible Vinyl and Urethane 
                          Coating and Printing

    Source: 49 FR 26892, June 29, 1984, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.580  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The affected facility to which the provisions of this subpart 
apply is each rotogravure printing line used to print or coat flexible 
vinyl or urethane products.
    (b) This subpart applies to any affected facility which begins 
construction, modification, or reconstruction after January 18, 1983.
    (c) For facilities controlled by a solvent recovery emission control 
device, the provisions of Sec. 60.584(a) requiring monitoring of 
operations will not apply until EPA has promulgated performance 
specifications under appendix B for the continuous monitoring system. 
After the promulgation of performance specifications, these provisions 
will apply to each affected facility under paragraph (b) of this 
section. Facilities controlled by a solvent recovery emission control 
device that become subject to the standard prior to promulgation of 
performance specifications must conduct performance tests in accordance 
with Sec. 60.13(b) after performance specifications are promulgated.



Sec. 60.581  Definitions and symbols.

    (a) All terms used in this subpart, not defined below, are given the 
same meaning as in the Act or in subpart A of this part.
    Emission control device means any solvent recovery or solvent 
destruction device used to control volatile organic compounds (VOC) 
emissions from flexible vinyl and urethane rotogravure printing lines.
    Emission control system means the combination of an emission control 
device and a vapor capture system for the purpose of reducing VOC 
emissions from flexible vinyl and urethane rotogravure printing lines.
    Flexible vinyl and urethane products mean those products, except for 
resilient floor coverings (1977 Standard Industry Code 3996) and 
flexible packaging, that are more than 50 micrometers (0.002 inches) 
thick, and that consist of or contain a vinyl or urethane sheet or a 
vinyl or urethane coated web.
    Gravure cylinder means a plated cylinder with a printing image 
consisting of minute cells or indentations, specifically engraved or 
etched into the cylinder's surface to hold ink when continuously 
revolved through a fountain of ink.
    Ink means any mixture of ink, coating solids, organic solvents 
including dilution solvent, and water that is applied to the web of 
flexible vinyl or urethane on a rotogravure printing line.
    Ink solids means the solids content of an ink as determined by 
Method 24, ink

[[Page 101]]

manufacturer's formulation data, or plant blending records.
    Inventory system means a method of physically accounting for the 
quantity of ink, solvent, and solids used at one or more affected 
facilities during a time period. The system is based on plant purchase 
or inventory records.
    Plant blending records means those records which document the weight 
fraction of organic solvents and solids used in the formulation or 
preparation of inks at the vinyl or urethane printing plant where they 
are used.
    Rotogravure print station means any device designed to print or coat 
inks on one side of a continuous web or substrate using the intaglio 
printing process with a gravure cylinder.
    Rotogravure printing line means any number of rotogravure print 
stations and associated dryers capable of printing or coating 
simultaneously on the same continuous vinyl or urethane web or 
substrate, which is fed from a continuous roll.
    Vapor capture system means any device or combination of devices 
designed to contain, collect, and route organic solvent vapors emitted 
from the flexible vinyl or urethane rotogravure printing line.
    (b) All symbols used in this subpart not defined below are given the 
same meaning as in the Act or in subpart A of this part.

a = the gas stream vents exiting the emission control device.
bthe gas stream vents entering the emission control device.
fthe gas stream vents which are not directed to an emission control 
          device.
Caj = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (j) for the 
          time period exiting the emission control device, in parts per 
          million by volume.
Cbi = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (i) for the 
          time period entering the emission control device, in parts per 
          million by volume.
Cfk = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (k) for the 
          time period which is not directed to an emission control 
          device, in parts per million by volume.
Gthe weighted average mass of VOC per mass of ink solids applied, in 
          kilograms per kilogram.
Mci = the total mass of each ink (i) applied in the time 
          period as determined from plant records, in kilograms.
Mdj = the total mass of each dilution solvent (j) added at 
          the print line in the time period determined from plant 
          records, in kilograms.
Qaj = the volumetric flow rate of each effluent gas stream 
          (j) exiting the emission control device, in standard cubic 
          meters per hour.
Qbi = the volumetric flow rate of each effluent gas stream 
          (i) entering the emission control device, in standard cubic 
          meters per hour.
Qfk = the volumetric flow rate of each effluent gas stream 
          (k) not directed to an emission control device, in standard 
          cubic meters per hour.
Ethe VOC emission reduction efficiency (as a fraction) of the emission 
          control device during performance testing.
Fthe VOC emission capture efficiency (as a fraction) of the vapor 
          capture system during performance testing.
Woi = the weight fraction of VOC in each ink (i) used in the 
          time period as determined from Method 24, manufacturer's 
          formulation data, or plant blending records, in kilograms per 
          kilogram.
Wsi''means the weight fraction of solids in each ink (i) used 
          in the time period as determined from Method 24, 
          manufacturer's formulation data, or plant blending records, in 
          kilograms per kilogram.
Woj = the weight fraction of VOC in each dilution solvent (j) 
          added at the print line in the time period determined from 
          Method 24, manufacturer's formulation data, or plant blending 
          records, in kilograms per kilogram.

[49 FR 26892, June 29, 1984; 49 FR 32848, Aug. 17, 1984, as amended at 
65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.582  Standard for volatile organic compounds.

    (a) On and after the date on which the performance test required by 
Sec. 60.8 has been completed, each owner or operator subject to this 
subpart shall either:
    (1) Use inks with a weighted average VOC content less than 1.0 
kilogram VOC per kilogram ink solids at each affected facility, or
    (2) Reduce VOC emissions to the atmosphere by 85 percent from each 
affected facility.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 60.583  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) Methods in appendix A of this part, except as provided under 
Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used to determine compliance with Sec. 60.582(a) 
as follows:
    (1) Method 24 for analysis of inks. If nonphotochemically reactive 
solvents

[[Page 102]]

are used in the inks, standard gas chromatographic techniques may be 
used to identify and quantify these solvents. The results of Method 24 
may be adjusted to subtract these solvents from the measured VOC 
content.
    (2) Method 25A for VOC concentration (the calibration gas shall be 
propane);
    (3) Method 1 for sample and velocity traverses;
    (4) Method 2 for velocity and volumetric flow rates;
    (5) Method 3 for gas analysis;
    (6) Method 4 for stack gas moisture.
    (b) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.582(a)(1), the owner or 
operator of an affected facility shall determine the weighted average 
VOC content of the inks according to the following procedures:
    (1) Determine and record the VOC content and amount of each ink used 
at the print head, including the VOC content and amount of diluent 
solvent, for any time periods when VOC emission control equipment is not 
used.
    (2) Compute the weighted average VOC content by the following 
equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.050

    (3) The weighted average VOC content of the inks shall be calculated 
over a period that does not exceed one calendar month, or four 
consecutive weeks. A facility that uses an accounting system based on 
quarters consisting of two 28 calendar day periods and one 35 calendar 
day period may use an averaging period of 35 calendar days four times 
per year, provided the use of such an accounting system is documented in 
the initial performance test.
    (4) Each determination of the weighted average VOC content shall 
constitute a performance test for any period when VOC emission control 
equipment is not used. Results of the initial performance test must be 
reported to the Administrator. Method 24 or ink manufacturers' 
formulation data along with plant blending records (if plant blending is 
done) may be used to determine VOC content. The Administrator may 
require the use of Method 24 if there is a question concerning the 
accuracy of the ink manufacturer's data or plant blending records.
    (5) If, during the time periods when emission control equipment is 
not used, all inks used contain less than 1.0 kilogram VOC per kilogram 
ink solids, the owner or operator is not required to calculate the 
weighted average VOC content, but must verify and record the VOC content 
of each ink (including any added dilution solvent) used as determined by 
Method 24, ink manufacturers' formulation data, or plant blending 
records.
    (c) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.582(a)(1), the owner or 
operator may determine the weighted average VOC content using an 
inventory system.
    (1) The inventory system shall accurately account to the nearest 
kilogram for the VOC content of all inks and dilution solvent used, 
recycled, and discarded for each affected facility during the averaging 
period. Separate records must be kept for each affected facility.
    (2) To determine VOC content of inks and dilution solvent used or 
recycled, Method 24 or ink manufacturers' formulation data must be used 
in combination with plant blending records (if plant blending is done) 
or inventory records or purchase records for new inks or dilution 
solvent.
    (3) For inks to be discarded, only Method 24 shall be used to 
determine the VOC content. Inks to be discarded may be combined prior to 
measurement of volume or weight and testing by Method 24.

[[Page 103]]

    (4) The Administrator may require the use of Method 24 if there is a 
question concerning the accuracy of the ink manufacturer's data or plant 
records.
    (5) The Administrator shall approve the inventory system of 
accounting for VOC content prior to the initial performance test.
    (d) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.582(a)(2), the owner or 
operator of an affected facility controlled by a solvent recovery 
emission control device or an incineration control device shall conduct 
a performance test to determine overall VOC emission control efficiency 
according to the following procedures:
    (1) The performance test shall consist of three runs. Each test run 
must last a minimum of 30 minutes and shall continue until the printing 
operation is interrupted or until 180 minutes of continuous operation 
occurs. During each test run, the print line shall be printing 
continuously and operating normally. The VOC emission reduction 
efficiency achieved for each test run is averaged over the entire test 
run period.
    (2) VOC concentration values at each site shall be measured 
simultaneously.
    (3) The volumetric flow rate shall be determined from one Method 2 
measurement for each test run conducted immediately prior to, during, or 
after that test run. Volumetric flow rates at each site do not need to 
be measured simultaneously.
    (4) In order to determine capture efficiency from an affected 
facility, all fugitive VOC emissions from the affected facility shall be 
captured and vented through stacks suitable for measurement. During a 
performance test, the owner or operator of an affected facility located 
in an area with other sources of VOC shall isolate the affected facility 
from other sources of VOC. These two requirements shall be accomplished 
using one of the following methods:
    (i) Build a permanent enclosure around the affected facility;
    (ii) Build a temporary enclosure around the affected facility and 
duplicate, to an extent that is reasonably feasible, the ventilation 
conditions that are in effect when the affected facility is not enclosed 
(one way to do this is to divide the room exhaust rate by the volume of 
the room and then duplicate that quotient or 20 air changes per hour, 
whichever is smaller, in the temporary enclosure); or
    (iii) Shut down all other sources of VOC and continue to exhaust 
fugitive emissions from the affected facility through any building 
ventilation system and other room exhausts such as print line ovens and 
embossers.
    (5) For each affected facility, compliance with Sec. 60.582(a)(2) 
has been demonstrated if the average value of the overall control 
efficiency (EF) for the three runs is equal to or greater than 85 
percent. An overall control efficiency is calculated for each run as 
follows:
    (i) For efficiency of the emission control device,
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.051
    
    (ii) For efficiency of the vapor capture system,
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.052
    

[49 FR 26892, June 29, 1984; 49 FR 32848, Aug. 17, 1984, as amended at 
65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.584  Monitoring of operations and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) The owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
solvent recovery emission control device shall install, calibrate, 
operate, and maintain a monitoring system which continuously measures 
and records the VOC concentration of the exhaust vent stream from the 
control device and shall comply with the following requirements:
    (1) The continuous monitoring system shall be installed in a 
location that is representative of the VOC concentration in the exhaust 
vent, at least two equivalent stack diameters from

[[Page 104]]

the exhaust point, and protected from interferences due to wind, 
weather, or other processes.
    (2) During the performance test, the owner or operator shall 
determine and record the average exhaust vent VOC concentration in parts 
per million by volume. After the performance test, the owner or operator 
shall determine and, in addition to the record made by the continuous 
monitoring device, record the average exhaust vent VOC concentration for 
each 3-hour clock period of printing operation when the average 
concentration is greater than 50 ppm and more than 20 percent greater 
than the average concentration value demonstrated during the most recent 
performance test.
    (b) The owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
thermal incineration emission control device shall install, calibrate, 
operate, and maintain a monitoring device that continuously measures and 
records the temperature of the control device exhaust gases and shall 
comply with the following requirements:
    (1) The continuous monitoring device shall be calibrated annually 
and have an accuracy of [0.75 percent of the temperature being measured, 
expressed in degrees Celsius, or [2.5  deg.C, whichever is greater.
    (2) During the performance test, the owner or operator shall 
determine and record the average temperature of the control device 
exhaust gases. After the performance test, the owner or operator shall 
determine and record, in addition to the record made by the continuous 
monitoring device, the average temperature for each 3-hour clock period 
of printing operation when the average temperature of the exhaust gases 
is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the average temperature 
demonstrated during the most recent performance test.
    (c) The owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
catalytic incineration emission control device shall install, calibrate, 
operate, and maintain monitoring devices that continuously measure and 
record the gas temperatures both upstream and downstream of the catalyst 
bed and shall comply with the following requirements:
    (1) Each continuous monitoring device shall be calibrated annually 
and have an accuracy of [0.75 percent of the temperature being measured, 
expressed in degrees Celsius, or [2.5  deg.C, whichever is greater.
    (2) During the performance test, the owner or operator shall 
determine and record the average gas temperature both upstream and 
downstream of the catalyst bed. After the performance test, the owner or 
operator shall determine and record, in addition to the record made by 
the continuous monitoring device, the average temperatures for each 3-
hour clock period of printing operation when the average temperature of 
the gas stream before the catalyst bed is more than 28  deg.C below the 
average temperature demonstrated during the most recent performance test 
or the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less 
than 80 percent of the average temperature difference of the device 
during the most recent performance test.
    (d) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall record time 
periods of operation when an emission control device is not in use.

[49 FR 26892, June 29, 1984, as amended at 65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.585  Reporting requirements.

    (a) For all affected facilities subject to compliance with 
Sec. 60.582, the performance test data and results from the performance 
test shall be submitted to the Administrator as specified in 
Sec. 60.8(a).
    (b) The owner or operator of each affected facility shall submit 
semiannual reports to the Administrator of occurrences of the following:
    (1) Exceedances of the weighted average VOC content specified in 
Sec. 60.582(a)(1);
    (2) Exceedances of the average value of the exhaust vent VOC 
concentration as defined under Sec. 60.584(a)(2);
    (3) Drops in the incinerator temperature as defined under 
Sec. 60.584(b)(2); and
    (4) Drops in the average temperature of the gas stream immediately 
before the catalyst bed or drops in the average temperature across the 
catalyst bed as defined under Sec. 60.584(c)(2).

[[Page 105]]

    (c) The reports required under paragraph (b) shall be postmarked 
within 30 days following the end of the second and fourth calendar 
quarters.
    (d) The requirements of this subsection remain in force until and 
unless the Agency, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under 
section 111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an 
alternative means of compliance surveillance adopted by such States. In 
that event, affected sources within the State will be relieved of the 
obligation to comply with this subsection, provided that they comply 
with requirements established by the State.



   Subpart GGG_Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in 
    Petroleum Refineries for which Construction, Reconstruction, or 
Modification Commenced After January 4, 1983, and on or Before November 
                                 7, 2006

    Source: 49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.590  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a)(1) The provisions of this subpart apply to affected facilities 
in petroleum refineries.
    (2) A compressor is an affected facility.
    (3) The group of all the equipment (defined in Sec. 60.591) within a 
process unit is an affected facility.
    (b) Any affected facility under paragraph (a) of this section that 
commences construction, reconstruction, or modification after January 4, 
1983, and on or before November 7, 2006, is subject to the requirements 
of this subpart.
    (c) Addition or replacement of equipment (defined in Sec. 60.591) 
for the purpose of process improvement which is accomplished without a 
capital expenditure shall not by itself be considered a modification 
under this subpart.
    (d) Facilities subject to subpart VV, subpart VVa, or subpart KKK of 
this part are excluded from this subpart.
    (e) Stay of standards. Owners or operators are not required to 
comply with the definition of ``process unit'' in Sec. 60.590 of this 
subpart until the EPA takes final action to require compliance and 
publishes a document in the Federal Register. While the definition of 
``process unit'' is stayed, owners or operators should use the following 
definition:
    Process unit means components assembled to produce intermediate or 
final products from petroleum, unfinished petroleum derivatives, or 
other intermediates; a process unit can operate independently if 
supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage 
facilities for the product.

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 72 FR 64895, Nov. 16, 2007; 73 
FR 31376, June 2, 2008]



Sec. 60.591  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the act, in subpart A of part 60, or in subpart VV 
of part 60, and the following terms shall have the specific meanings 
given them.
    Alaskan North Slope means the approximately 69,000 square mile area 
extending from the Brooks Range to the Arctic Ocean.
    Asphalt (also known as Bitumen) is a black or dark brown solid or 
semi-solid thermo-plastic material possessing waterproofing and adhesive 
properties. It is a complex combination of higher molecular weight 
organic compounds containing a relatively high proportion of 
hydrocarbons having carbon numbers greater than C25 with a high carbon 
to hydrogen ratio. It is essentially non-volatile at ambient 
temperatures with closed cup flash point of 445  deg.F (230  deg.C) or 
greater.
    Equipment means each valve, pump, pressure relief device, sampling 
connection system, open-ended valve or line, and flange or other 
connector in VOC service. For the purposes of recordkeeping and 
reporting only, compressors are considered equipment.
    In hydrogen service means that a compressor contains a process fluid 
that meets the conditions specified in Sec. 60.593(b).
    In light liquid service means that the piece of equipment contains a 
liquid that meets the conditions specified in Sec. 60.593(c).

[[Page 106]]

    Petroleum means the crude oil removed from the earth and the oils 
derived from tar sands, shale, and coal.
    Petroleum refinery means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, 
kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other 
products through the distillation of petroleum, or through the 
redistillation, cracking, or reforming of unfinished petroleum 
derivatives.
    Process unit means the components assembled and connected by pipes 
or ducts to process raw materials and to produce intermediate or final 
products from petroleum, unfinished petroleum derivatives, or other 
intermediates. A process unit can operate independently if supplied with 
sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage facilities for 
the product. For the purpose of this subpart, process unit includes any 
feed, intermediate and final product storage vessels (except as 
specified in Sec. 60.482-1(g)), product transfer racks, and connected 
ducts and piping. A process unit includes all equipment as defined in 
this subpart.

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 72 FR 64895, Nov. 16, 2007]

    Effective Date Note: At 73 FR 31376, June 2, 2008, Sec. 60.591, the 
definition of ``process unit'' was stayed until further notice.



Sec. 60.592  Standards.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the requirements of Secs. 60.482-1 to 60.482-10 as 
soon as practicable, but no later than 180 days after initial startup.
    (b) For a given process unit, an owner or operator may elect to 
comply with the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1), (2), or (3) of this 
section as an alternative to the requirements in Sec. 60.482-7.
    (1) Comply with Sec. 60.483-1.
    (2) Comply with Sec. 60.483-2.
    (3) Comply with the Phase III provisions in 40 CFR 63.168, except an 
owner or operator may elect to follow the provisions in Sec. 60.482-7(f) 
instead of 40 CFR 63.168 for any valve that is designated as being 
leakless.
    (c) An owner or operator may apply to the Administrator for a 
determination of equivalency for any means of emission limitation that 
achieves a reduction in emissions of VOC at least equivalent to the 
reduction in emissions of VOC achieved by the controls required in this 
subpart. In doing so, the owner or operator shall comply with 
requirements of Sec. 60.484.
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions of Sec. 60.485 except as provided in 
Sec. 60.593.
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions of Secs. 60.486 and 60.487.

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 72 FR 64896, Nov. 16, 2007]



Sec. 60.593  Exceptions.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
may comply with the following exceptions to the provisions of subpart 
VV.
    (b)(1) Compressors in hydrogen service are exempt from the 
requirements of Sec. 60.592 if an owner or operator demonstrates that a 
compressor is in hydrogen service.
    (2) Each compressor is presumed not to be in hydrogen service unless 
an owner or operator demonstrates that the piece of equipment is in 
hydrogen service. For a piece of equipment to be considered in hydrogen 
service, it must be determined that the percent hydrogen content can be 
reasonably expected always to exceed 50 percent by volume. For purposes 
of determining the percent hydrogen content in the process fluid that is 
contained in or contacts a compressor, procedures that conform to the 
general method described in ASTM E260-73, 91, or 96, E168-67, 77, or 92, 
or E169-63, 77, or 93 (incorporated by reference as specified in 
Sec. 60.17) shall be used.
    (3)(i) An owner or operator may use engineering judgment rather than 
procedures in paragraph (b)(2) of this section to demonstrate that the 
percent content exceeds 50 percent by volume, provided the engineering 
judgment demonstrates that the content clearly exceeds 50 percent by 
volume. When an owner or operator and the Administrator do not agree on 
whether a piece of equipment is in hydrogen service, however, the 
procedures in paragraph (b)(2) shall be used to resolve the 
disagreement.

[[Page 107]]

    (ii) If an owner or operator determines that a piece of equipment is 
in hydrogen service, the determination can be revised only after 
following the procedures in paragraph (b)(2).
    (c) Any existing reciprocating compressor that becomes an affected 
facility under provisions of Sec. 60.14 or Sec. 60.15 is exempt from 
Sec. 60.482-3(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), and (h) provided the owner or 
operator demonstrates that recasting the distance piece or replacing the 
compressor are the only options available to bring the compressor into 
compliance with the provisions of Sec. 60.482-3(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), 
and (h).
    (d) An owner or operator may use the following provision in addition 
to Sec. 60.485(e): Equipment is in light liquid service if the percent 
evaporated is greater than 10 percent at 150  deg.C as determined by 
ASTM Method D86-78, 82, 90, 95, or 96 (incorporated by reference as 
specified in Sec. 60.17).
    (e) Pumps in light liquid service and valves in gas/vapor and light 
liquid service within a process unit that is located in the Alaskan 
North Slope are exempt from the requirements of Sec. 60.482-2 and 
Sec. 60.482-7.
    (f) Open-ended valves or lines containing asphalt as defined in 
Sec. 60.591 are exempt from the requirements of Sec. 60.482-6(a) through 
(c).

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000; 72 
FR 64896, Nov. 16, 2007]



  Subpart GGGa_Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in 
    Petroleum Refineries for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or 
              Modification Commenced After November 7, 2006

    Source: 72 FR 64896, Nov. 16, 2007, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.590a  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a)(1) The provisions of this subpart apply to affected facilities 
in petroleum refineries.
    (2) A compressor is an affected facility.
    (3) The group of all the equipment (defined in Sec. 60.591a) within 
a process unit is an affected facility.
    (b) Any affected facility under paragraph (a) of this section that 
commences construction, reconstruction, or modification after November 
7, 2006, is subject to the requirements of this subpart.
    (c) Addition or replacement of equipment (defined in Sec. 60.591a) 
for the purpose of process improvement which is accomplished without a 
capital expenditure shall not by itself be considered a modification 
under this subpart.
    (d) Facilities subject to subpart VV, subpart VVa, subpart GGG, or 
subpart KKK of this part are excluded from this subpart.
    (e) Stay of standards. Owners or operators are not required to 
comply with the definition of ``process unit'' in Sec. 60.590 of this 
subpart until the EPA takes final action to require compliance and 
publishes a document in the Federal Register. While the definition of 
``process unit'' is stayed, owners or operators should use the following 
definition:
    Process unit means components assembled to produce intermediate or 
final products from petroleum, unfinished petroleum derivatives, or 
other intermediates; a process unit can operate independently if 
supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage 
facilities for the product.

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 73 FR 31376, June 2, 2008]



Sec. 60.591a  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Clean Air Act, in subpart A of part 60, or in 
subpart VVa of this part, and the following terms shall have the 
specific meanings given them.
    Alaskan North Slope means the approximately 69,000 square mile area 
extending from the Brooks Range to the Arctic Ocean.
    Asphalt (also known as Bitumen) is a black or dark brown solid or 
semi-solid thermo-plastic material possessing waterproofing and adhesive 
properties. It is a complex combination of higher molecular weight 
organic compounds containing a relatively high proportion of

[[Page 108]]

hydrocarbons having carbon numbers greater than C25 with a high carbon 
to hydrogen ratio. It is essentially non-volatile at ambient 
temperatures with closed cup flash point of 445  deg.F (230  deg.C) or 
greater.
    Equipment means each valve, pump, pressure relief device, sampling 
connection system, open-ended valve or line, and flange or other 
connector in VOC service. For the purposes of recordkeeping and 
reporting only, compressors are considered equipment.
    In hydrogen service means that a compressor contains a process fluid 
that meets the conditions specified in Sec. 60.593a(b).
    In light liquid service means that the piece of equipment contains a 
liquid that meets the conditions specified in Sec. 60.593a(c).
    Petroleum means the crude oil removed from the earth and the oils 
derived from tar sands, shale, and coal.
    Petroleum refinery means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, 
kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other 
products through the distillation of petroleum, or through the 
redistillation, cracking, or reforming of unfinished petroleum 
derivatives.
    Process unit means the components assembled and connected by pipes 
or ducts to process raw materials and to produce intermediate or final 
products from petroleum, unfinished petroleum derivatives, or other 
intermediates. A process unit can operate independently if supplied with 
sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage facilities for 
the product. For the purpose of this subpart, process unit includes any 
feed, intermediate and final product storage vessels (except as 
specified in Sec. 60.482-1a(g)), product transfer racks, and connected 
ducts and piping. A process unit includes all equipment as defined in 
this subpart.

    Effective Date Note: At 73 FR 31376, June 2, 2008, Sec. 60.591a, the 
definition of ``process unit'' was stayed until further notice.



Sec. 60.592a  Standards.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the requirements of Secs. 60.482-1a to 60.482-10a as 
soon as practicable, but no later than 180 days after initial startup.
    (b) For a given process unit, an owner or operator may elect to 
comply with the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1), (2), or (3) of this 
section as an alternative to the requirements in Sec. 60.482-7a.
    (1) Comply with Sec. 60.483-1a.
    (2) Comply with Sec. 60.483-2a.
    (3) Comply with the Phase III provisions in Sec. 63.168, except an 
owner or operator may elect to follow the provisions in Sec. 60.482-
7a(f) instead of Sec. 63.168 for any valve that is designated as being 
leakless.
    (c) An owner or operator may apply to the Administrator for a 
determination of equivalency for any means of emission limitation that 
achieves a reduction in emissions of VOC at least equivalent to the 
reduction in emissions of VOC achieved by the controls required in this 
subpart. In doing so, the owner or operator shall comply with 
requirements of Sec. 60.484a.
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions of Sec. 60.485a except as provided in 
Sec. 60.593a.
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions of Secs. 60.486a and 60.487a.



Sec. 60.593a  Exceptions.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
may comply with the following exceptions to the provisions of subpart 
VVa of this part.
    (b)(1) Compressors in hydrogen service are exempt from the 
requirements of Sec. 60.592a if an owner or operator demonstrates that a 
compressor is in hydrogen service.
    (2) Each compressor is presumed not to be in hydrogen service unless 
an owner or operator demonstrates that the piece of equipment is in 
hydrogen service. For a piece of equipment to be considered in hydrogen 
service, it must be determined that the percent hydrogen content can be 
reasonably expected always to exceed 50 percent by volume. For purposes 
of determining the percent hydrogen content in the process fluid that is 
contained in or contacts a compressor, procedures that conform

[[Page 109]]

to the general method described in ASTM E260-73, 91, or 96, E168-67, 77, 
or 92, or E169-63, 77, or 93 (incorporated by reference as specified in 
Sec. 60.17) shall be used.
    (3)(i) An owner or operator may use engineering judgment rather than 
procedures in paragraph (b)(2) of this section to demonstrate that the 
percent content exceeds 50 percent by volume, provided the engineering 
judgment demonstrates that the content clearly exceeds 50 percent by 
volume. When an owner or operator and the Administrator do not agree on 
whether a piece of equipment is in hydrogen service, however, the 
procedures in paragraph (b)(2) of this section shall be used to resolve 
the disagreement.
    (ii) If an owner or operator determines that a piece of equipment is 
in hydrogen service, the determination can be revised only after 
following the procedures in paragraph (b)(2).
    (c) Any existing reciprocating compressor that becomes an affected 
facility under provisions of Sec. 60.14 or Sec. 60.15 is exempt from 
Sec. 60.482-3a(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), and (h) provided the owner or 
operator demonstrates that recasting the distance piece or replacing the 
compressor are the only options available to bring the compressor into 
compliance with the provisions of Sec. 60.482-3a(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), 
and (h).
    (d) An owner or operator may use the following provision in addition 
to Sec. 60.485a(e): Equipment is in light liquid service if the percent 
evaporated is greater than 10 percent at 150  deg.C as determined by 
ASTM Method D86-78, 82, 90, 93, 95, or 96 (incorporated by reference as 
specified in Sec. 60.17).
    (e) Pumps in light liquid service and valves in gas/vapor and light 
liquid service within a process unit that is located in the Alaskan 
North Slope are exempt from the requirements of Secs. 60.482-2a and 
60.482-7a.
    (f) Open-ended valves or lines containing asphalt as defined in 
Sec. 60.591a are exempt from the requirements of Sec. 60.482-6a(a) 
through (c).
    (g) Connectors in gas/vapor or light liquid service are exempt from 
the requirements in Sec. 60.482-11a, provided the owner or operator 
complies with Sec. 60.482-8a for all connectors, not just those in heavy 
liquid service.



  Subpart HHH_Standards of Performance for Synthetic Fiber Production 
                               Facilities

    Source: 49 FR 13651, Apr. 5, 1984, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.600  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, the 
affected facility to which the provisions of this subpart apply is each 
solvent-spun synthetic fiber process that produces more than 500 Mg (551 
ton) of fiber per year.
    (b) The provisions of this subpart do not apply to any facility that 
uses the reaction spinning process to produce spandex fiber or the 
viscose process to produce rayon fiber.
    (c) The provisions of this subpart apply to each facility as 
identified in paragraph (a) of this section and that commences 
construction or reconstruction after November 23, 1982. The provisions 
of this subpart do not apply to facilities that commence modification 
but not reconstruction after November 23, 1982.

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.601  Definitions.

    All terms that are used in this subpart and are not defined below 
are given the same meaning as in the Act and in subpart A of this part.
    Acrylic fiber means a manufactured synthetic fiber in which the 
fiber-forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of 
at least 85 percent by weight of acrylonitrile units.
    Makeup solvent means the solvent introduced into the affected 
facility that compensates for solvent lost from the affected facility 
during the manufacturing process.
    Nongaseous losses means the solvent that is not volatilized during 
fiber production, and that escapes the process and is unavailable for 
recovery, or is in a form or concentration unsuitable for economical 
recovery.
    Polymer means any of the natural or synthetic compounds of usually 
high molecular weight that consist of many

[[Page 110]]

repeated links, each link being a relatively light and simple molecule.
    Precipitation bath means the water, solvent, or other chemical bath 
into which the polymer or prepolymer (partially reacted material) 
solution is extruded, and that causes physical or chemical changes to 
occur in the extruded solution to result in a semihardened polymeric 
fiber.
    Rayon fiber means a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated 
cellulose, as well as manufactured fibers composed of regenerated 
cellulose in which substituents have replaced not more than 15 percent 
of the hydrogens of the hydroxyl groups.
    Reaction spinning process means the fiber-forming process where a 
prepolymer is extruded into a fluid medium and solidification takes 
place by chemical reaction to form the final polymeric material.
    Recovered solvent means the solvent captured from liquid and gaseous 
process streams that is concentrated in a control device and that may be 
purified for reuse.
    Solvent feed means the solvent introduced into the spinning solution 
preparation system or precipitation bath. This feed stream includes the 
combination of recovered solvent and makeup solvent.
    Solvent inventory variation means the normal changes in the total 
amount of solvent contained in the affected facility.
    Solvent recovery system means the equipment associated with capture, 
transportation, collection, concentration, and purification of organic 
solvents. It may include enclosures, hoods, ducting, piping, scrubbers, 
condensers, carbon adsorbers, distillation equipment, and associated 
storage vessels.
    Solvent-spun synthetic fiber means any synthetic fiber produced by a 
process that uses an organic solvent in the spinning solution, the 
precipitation bath, or processing of the sun fiber.
    Solvent-spun synthetic fiber process means the total of all 
equipment having a common spinning solution preparation system or a 
common solvent recovery system, and that is used in the manufacture of 
solvent-spun synthetic fiber. It includes spinning solution preparation, 
spinning, fiber processing and solvent recovery, but does not include 
the polymer production equipment.
    Spandex fiber means a manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming 
substance is a long chain synthetic polymer comprised of at least 85 
percent of a segmented polyurethane.
    Spinning solution means the mixture of polymer, prepolymer, or 
copolymer and additives dissolved in solvent. The solution is prepared 
at a viscosity and solvent-to-polymer ratio that is suitable for 
extrusion into fibers.
    Spinning solution preparation system means the equipment used to 
prepare spinning solutions; the system includes equipment for mixing, 
filtering, blending, and storage of the spinning solutions.
    Synthetic fiber means any fiber composed partially or entirely of 
materials made by chemical synthesis, or made partially or entirely from 
chemically-modified naturally-occurring materials.
    Viscose process means the fiber forming process where cellulose and 
concentrated caustic soda are reacted to form soda or alkali cellulose. 
This reacts with carbon disulfide to form sodium cellulose xanthate, 
which is then dissolved in a solution of caustic soda. After ripening, 
the solution is spun into an acid coagulating bath. This precipitates 
the cellulose in the form of a regenerated cellulose filament.

[49 FR 13651, Apr. 5, 1984; 49 FR 18096, Apr. 27, 1984]



Sec. 60.602  Standard for volatile organic compounds.

    On and after the date on which the initial performance test required 
to be conducted by Sec. 60.8 is completed, no owner or operator subject 
to the provisions of this subpart shall cause the discharge into the 
atmosphere from any affected facility that produces acrylic fibers, VOC 
emissions that exceed 10 kg/Mg (20 lb/ton) solvent feed to the spinning 
solution preparation system or precipitation bath. VOC emissions from 
affected facilities that produce both acrylic and nonacrylic fiber types 
shall not exceed 10 kg/Mg (20 lb/ton) solvent feed. VOC emissions from 
affected facilities that produce

[[Page 111]]

only nonacrylic fiber types shall not exceed 17 kg/Mg (34 lb/ton) 
solvent feed. Compliance with the emission limitations is determined on 
a 6-month rolling average basis as described in Sec. 60.603.

[49 FR 22606, May 30, 1984, as amended at 65 FR 61768, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.603  Performance test and compliance provisions.

    (a) Section 60.8(f) does not apply to the performance test 
procedures required by this subpart.
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected facility shall determine 
compliance with the applicable standard in Sec. 60.602(a) by determining 
and recording monthly the VOC emissions per unit mass solvent feed from 
each affected facility for the current and preceding 5 consecutive 
calendar months and using these values to calculate the 6-month average 
emissions. Each calculation is considered a performance test. The owner 
or operator of an affected facility shall use the following procedure to 
determine VOC emissions for each calendar month;
    (1) Install, calibrate, maintain, and operate monitoring devices 
that continuously measure and permanently record for each calendar month 
the amount of makeup solvent and solvent feed. These values shall be 
used in calculating VOC emissions according to paragraph (b)(2) of this 
section. All monitoring devices, meters, and peripheral equipment shall 
be calibrated and any error recorded. Total compounded error of the flow 
measuring and recording devices shall not exceed 1 percent accuracy over 
the operating range. As an alternative to measuring solvent feed, the 
owner or operator may:
    (i) Measure the amount of recovered solvent returned to the solvent 
feed storage tanks, and use the following equation to determine the 
amount of solvent feed:

Solvent Feed = Makeup Solvent + Recovered
Solvent + Change in the Amount of Solvent
Contained in the Solvent Feed Holding Tank.

    (ii) Measure and record the amount of polymer introduced into the 
affected facility and the solvent-to-polymer ratio of the spinning 
solutions, and use the following equation to determine the amount of 
solvent feed:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.083

where subscript ``i'' denotes each particular spinning solution used 
          during the test period; values of ``i'' vary from one to the 
          total number of spinning solutions, ``n,'' used during the 
          calendar month.

    (2) VOC emissions shall be determined each calendar month by use of 
the following equations:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.084

where all values are for the calendar month only and where
E = VOC Emissions, in kg/Mg (lb/ton) solvent;
SV = Measured or calculated volume of solvent feed, in liters 
          (gallons);
SW = Weight of solvent feed, in Mg (ton);
MV = Measured volume of makeup solvent, in liters (gallons);
MW = Weight of makeup, in kg (lb);
N = Allowance for nongaseous losses, 13 kg/Mg (26 lb/ton) solvent feed;
SP = Fraction of measured volume that is actual solvent 
          (excludes water);
D = Density of the solvent, in kg/liter (lb/gallon);
K = Conversion factor, 1,000 kg/Mg (2,000 lb/ton);
I = Allowance for solvent inventory variation or changes in the amount 
          of solvent contained in the affected facility, in kg/Mg (lb/
          ton) solvent feed (may be positive or negative);
IS = Amount of solvent contained in the affected facility at 
          the beginning of the test period, as determined by the owner 
          or operator, in kg (lb);
IE = Amount of solvent contained in the affected facility at 
          the close of the test period, as determined by the owner or 
          operator, in kg (lb).

    (3) N, as used in the equation in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, 
equals 13 kg/Mg (26 lb/ton) solvent feed to the spinning solution 
preparation system and precipitation bath. This value shall be used in 
all cases unless an owner or

[[Page 112]]

operator demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administrator that 
greater nongaseous losses occur at the affected facility. In this case, 
the greater value may be substituted in the equation.

[49 FR 13651, Apr. 5, 1984; 49 FR 18096, Apr. 27, 1984, as amended at 65 
FR 61769, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.604  Reporting requirements.

    (a) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall submit a 
written report to the Administrator of the following:
    (1) The results of the initial performance test; and
    (2) The results of subsequent performance tests that indicate that 
VOC emissions exceed the standards in Sec. 60.602. These reports shall 
be submitted quarterly at 3-month intervals after the initial 
performance test. If no exceedances occur during a particular quarter, a 
report stating this shall be submitted to the Administrator 
semiannually.
    (b) Solvent-spun synthetic fiber producing facilities exempted from 
these standards in Sec. 60.600(a) (those producing less than 500 Mg (551 
ton) annually) shall report to the Administrator within 30 days whenever 
extruded fiber for the preceding 12 calendar months exceeds 500 Mg (551 
ton).
    (c) The requirements of this section remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an alternate means 
of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In that event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with this section, provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.

[49 FR 13651, Apr. 5, 1984, as amended at 55 FR 51384, Dec. 13, 1990; 59 
FR 32341, June 23, 1994; 65 FR 61769, Oct. 17, 2000]



Subpart III_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) 
  Emissions From the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry 
                  (SOCMI) Air Oxidation Unit Processes

    Source: 55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.610  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each affected facility 
designated in paragraph (b) of this section that produces any of the 
chemicals listed in Sec. 60.617 as a product, co-product, by-product, or 
intermediate, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section.
    (b) The affected facility is any of the following for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction commenced after October 
21, 1983:
    (1) Each air oxidation reactor not discharging its vent stream into 
a recovery system.
    (2) Each combination of an air oxidation reactor and the recovery 
system into which its vent stream is discharged.
    (3) Each combination of two or more air oxidation reactors and the 
common recovery system into which their vent streams are discharged.
    (c) Each affected facility that has a total resource effectiveness 
(TRE) index value greater than 4.0 is exempt from all provisions of this 
subpart except for Secs. 60.612, 60.614(f), 60.615(h), and 60.615(l).
    (d) Alternative means of compliance--(1) Option to comply with part 
65. Owners or operators of process vents that are subject to this 
subpart may choose to comply with the provisions of 40 CFR part 65, 
subpart D, to satisfy the requirements of Secs. 60.612 through 60.615 
and 60.618. The provisions of 40 CFR part 65 also satisfy the criteria 
of paragraph (c) of this section. Other provisions applying to an owner 
or operator who chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 65 are provided in 40 
CFR 65.1.
    (2) Part 60, subpart A. Owners or operators who choose to comply 
with 40

[[Page 113]]

CFR part 65, subpart D, must also comply with Secs. 60.1, 60.2, 60.5, 
60.6, 60.7(a)(1) and (4), 60.14, 60.15, and 60.16 for those process 
vents. All sections and paragraphs of subpart A of this part that are 
not mentioned in this paragraph (d)(2) do not apply to owners or 
operators of process vents complying with 40 CFR part 65, subpart D, 
except that provisions required to be met prior to implementing 40 CFR 
part 65 still apply. Owners and operators who choose to comply with 40 
CFR part 65, subpart D, must comply with 40 CFR part 65, subpart A.
    (3) Compliance date. Owners or operators who choose to comply with 
40 CFR part 65, subpart D, at initial startup shall comply with 
paragraphs (d)(1) and (2) of this section for each vent stream on and 
after the date on which the initial performance test is completed, but 
not later than 60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at 
which the affected facility will be operated, or 180 days after the 
initial startup, whichever date comes first.
    (4) Initial startup notification. Each owner or operator subject to 
the provisions of this subpart that chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 
65, subpart D, at initial startup shall notify the Administrator of the 
specific provisions of 40 CFR 65.63(a)(1), (2), or (3) with which the 
owner or operator has elected to comply. Notification shall be submitted 
with the notifications of initial startup required by 40 CFR 65.5(b).

    Note: The intent of these standards is to minimize the emissions of 
VOC through the application of BDT. The numerical emission limits in 
these standards are expressed in terms of total organic compounds (TOC), 
measured as TOC minus methane and ethane. This emission limit reflects 
the performance of BDT.

[55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990, as amended at 65 FR 78278, Dec. 14, 2000]



Sec. 60.611  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined here shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act and in subpart A of part 60, and the 
following terms shall have the specific meanings given them.
    Air Oxidation Reactor means any device or process vessel in which 
one or more organic reactants are combined with air, or a combination of 
air and oxygen, to produce one or more organic compounds. Ammoxidation 
and oxychlorination reactions are included in this definition.
    Air Oxidation Reactor Recovery Train means an individual recovery 
system receiving the vent stream from at least one air oxidation 
reactor, along with all air oxidation reactors feeding vent streams into 
this system.
    Air Oxidation Unit Process means a unit process, including 
ammoxidation and oxychlorination unit process, that uses air, or a 
combination of air and oxygen, as an oxygen source in combination with 
one or more organic reactants to produce one or more organic compounds.
    Boilers means any enclosed combustion device that extracts useful 
energy in the form of steam.
    By Compound means by individual stream components, not carbon 
equivalents.
    Continuous recorder means a data recording device recording an 
instantaneous data value at least once every 15 minutes.
    Flame zone means the portion of the combustion chamber in a boiler 
occupied by the flame envelope.
    Flow indicator means a device which indicates whether gas flow is 
present in a vent stream.
    Halogenated Vent Stream means any vent stream determined to have a 
total concentration (by volume) of compounds containing halogens of 20 
ppmv (by compound) or greater.
    Incinerator means any enclosed combustion device that is used for 
destroying organic compounds and does not extract energy in the form of 
steam or process heat.
    Process Heater means a device that transfers heat liberated by 
burning fuel to fluids contained in tubes, including all fluids except 
water that is heated to produce steam.
    Process Unit means equipment assembled and connected by pipes or 
ducts to produce, as intermediates or final products, one or more of the 
chemicals in Sec. 60.617. A process unit can operate independently if 
supplied with sufficient fuel or raw materials and sufficient product 
storage facilities.

[[Page 114]]

    Product means any compound or chemical listed in Sec. 60.617 that is 
produced for sale as a final product as that chemical or is produced for 
use in a process that needs that chemical for the production of other 
chemicals in another facility. By-products, co-products, and 
intermediates are considered to be products.
    Recovery Device means an individual unit of equipment, such as an 
absorber, condenser, and carbon adsorber, capable of and used to recover 
chemicals for use, reuse or sale.
    Recovery System means an individual recovery device or series of 
such devices applied to the same process stream.
    Total organic compounds (TOC) means those compounds measured 
according to the procedures in Sec. 60.614(b)(4). For the purposes of 
measuring molar composition as required in Sec. 60.614(d)(2)(i), hourly 
emissions rate as required in Sec. 60.614(d)(5) and Sec. 60.614(e) and 
TOC concentration as required in Sec. 60.615(b)(4) and 
Sec. 60.615(g)(4), those compounds which the Administrator has 
determined do not contribute appreciably to the formation of ozone are 
to be excluded. The compounds to be excluded are identified in 
Environmental Protection Agency's statements on ozone abatement policy 
for SIP revisions (42 FR 35314; 44 FR 32042; 45 FR 32424; 45 FR 48942).
    Total resource effectiveness (TRE) Index Value means a measure of 
the supplemental total resource requirement per unit reduction of TOC 
associated with an individual air oxidation vent stream, based on vent 
stream flow rate, emission rate of TOC, net heating value, and corrosion 
properties (whether or not the vent stream is halogenated), as 
quantified by the equation given under Sec. 60.614(e).
    Vent Stream means any gas stream, containing nitrogen which was 
introduced as air to the air oxidation reactor, released to the 
atmosphere directly from any air oxidation reactor recovery train or 
indirectly, after diversion through other process equipment. The vent 
stream excludes equipment leaks and relief valve discharges including, 
but not limited to, pumps, compressors, and valves.

[55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990; 55 FR 36932, Sept. 7, 1990]



Sec. 60.612  Standards.

    Each owner or operator of any affected facility shall comply with 
paragraph (a), (b), or (c) of this section for each vent stream on and 
after the date on which the initial performance test required by 
Secs. 60.8 and 60.614 is completed, but not later than 60 days after 
achieving the maximum production rate at which the affected facility 
will be operated, or 180 days after the initial start-up, whichever date 
comes first. Each owner or operator shall either:
    (a) Reduce emissions of TOC (minus methane and ethane) by 98 weight-
percent, or to a TOC (minus methane and ethane) concentration of 20 ppmv 
on a dry basis corrected to 3 percent oxygen, whichever is less 
stringent. If a boiler or process heater is used to comply with this 
paragraph, then the vent stream shall be introduced into the flame zone 
of the boiler or process heater; or
    (b) Combust the emissions in a flare that meets the requirements of 
Sec. 60.18; or
    (c) Maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 without use of VOC 
emission control devices.



Sec. 60.613  Monitoring of emissions and operations.

    (a) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses an 
incinerator to seek to comply with the TOC emission limit specified 
under Sec. 60.612(a) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate 
according to manufacturer's specifications the following equipment:
    (1) A temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous 
recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being 
monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is 
greater.
    (i) Where an incinerator other than a catalytic incinerator is used, 
a temperature monitoring device shall be installed in the firebox.
    (ii) Where a catalytic incinerator is used, temperature monitoring 
devices

[[Page 115]]

shall be installed in the gas stream immediately before and after the 
catalyst bed.
    (2) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow to 
the incinerator at least once every hour for each affected facility. The 
flow indicator shall be installed in the vent stream from each affected 
facility at a point closest to the inlet of each incinerator and before 
being joined with any other vent stream.
    (b) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a flare 
to seek to comply with Sec. 60.612(b) shall install, calibrate, 
maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's specifications the 
following equipment:
    (1) A heat sensing device, such as an ultra-violet sensor or 
thermocouple, at the pilot light to indicate the continuous presence of 
a flame.
    (2) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow to 
the flare at least once every hour for each affected facility. The flow 
indicator shall be installed in the vent stream from each affected 
facility at a point closest to the flare and before being joined with 
any other vent stream.
    (c) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a boiler 
or process heater to seek to comply with Sec. 60.612(a) shall install, 
calibrate, maintain and operate according to the manufacturer's 
specifications the following equipment:
    (1) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow to 
the boiler or process heater at least once every hour for each affected 
facility. The flow indicator shall be installed in the vent stream from 
each air oxidation reactor within an affected facility at a point 
closest to the inlet of each boiler or process heater and before being 
joined with any other vent stream.
    (2) A temperature monitoring device in the firebox equipped with a 
continuous recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent of the 
temperature being measured expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, 
whichever is greater, for boilers or process heaters of less than 44 MW 
(150 million Btu/hr) heat input design capacity.
    (d) Monitor and record the periods of operation of the boiler or 
process heater if the design input capacity of the boiler is 44 MW (150 
million Btu/hr) or greater. The records must be readily available for 
inspection.
    (e) The owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
demonstrate compliance with the TRE index value limit specified under 
Sec. 60.612(c) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according 
to manufacturer's specifications the following equipment, unless 
alternative monitoring procedures or requirements are approved for that 
facility by the Administrator:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system:
    (i) A scrubbing liquid temperature monitoring device having an 
accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in 
degrees Celsius or 0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater, and a specific 
gravity monitoring device having an accuracy of 0.02 specific gravity 
units, each equipped with a continuous recorder;
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (2) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system:
    (i) A condenser exit (product side) temperature monitoring device 
equipped with a continuous recorder and having an acuracy of [1 percent 
of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or 0.5 
deg.C, whichever is greater;
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in a 
recovery system:
    (i) An integrating steam flow monitoring device having an accuracy 
of 10 percent, and a carbon bed temperature monitoring device having an 
accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in 
degrees Celsius

[[Page 116]]

or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater, both equipped with a continuous 
recorder;
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (f) An owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to 
demonstrate compliance with the standards specified under Sec. 60.612 
with control devices other than an incinerator, boiler, process heater, 
or flare; or recovery devices other than an absorber, condenser, or 
carbon adsorber shall provide to the Administrator information 
describing the operation of the control device or recovery device and 
the process parameter(s) which would indicate proper operation and 
maintenance of the device. The Administrator may request further 
information and will specify appropriate monitoring procedures or 
requirements.

[55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990, as amended at 65 FR 61769, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.614  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) For the purpose of demonstrating compliance with Sec. 60.612, 
all affected facilities shall be run at full operating conditions and 
flow rates during any performance test.
    (b) The following methods in appendix A to this part, except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b) shall be used as reference methods to 
determine compliance with the emission limit or percent reduction 
efficiency specified under Sec. 60.612(a).
    (1) Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling 
sites. The control device inlet sampling site for determination of vent 
stream molar composition or TOC (less methane and ethane) reduction 
efficiency shall be prior to the inlet of the control device and after 
the recovery system.
    (2) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, for determination of 
the volumetric flow rates.
    (3) The emission rate correction factor, integrated sampling and 
analysis procedure of Method 3 shall be used to determine the oxygen 
concentration (%O2d) for the purposes of determining 
compliance with the 20 ppmv limit. The sampling site shall be the same 
as that of the TOC samples and the samples shall be taken during the 
same time that the TOC samples are taken. The TOC concentration 
corrected to 3 percent O2 (Cc) shall be computed 
using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.085

where:

Cc = Concentration of TOC corrected to 3 percent 
          02, dry basis, ppm by volume.
CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume.
%O2d = Concentration of O2, dry basis, percent by 
          volume.

    (4) Method 18 to determine concentration of TOC in the control 
device outlet and the concentration of TOC in the inlet when the 
reduction efficiency of the control device is to be determined.
    (i) The sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either 
an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used then the samples shall be taken at 15-minute intervals.
    (ii) The emission reduction (R) of TOC (minus methane and ethane) 
shall be determined using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.086

where:

R = Emission reduction, percent by weight.
Ei = Mass rate of TOC entering the control device, kg/hr (lb/
          hr).
Eo = Mass rate of TOC discharged to the atmosphere, kg/hr 
          (lb/hr).

    (iii) The mass rates of TOC (Ei, Eo) shall be 
computed using the following equations:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.087

Where:


[[Page 117]]


Cij, Coj = Concentration of sample component ``j'' 
          of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, dry basis ppm by volume.
Mij, Moj = Molecular weight of sample component 
          ``j`` of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole).
Qi, Qo = Flow rate of gas stream at the inlet and 
          outlet of the control device, respectively, dscm/min (dscf/
          min).
K2 = 2.494  x  10-6 (1/ppm)(g-mole/scm)(kg/g)(min/
          hr) (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-mole/
          scm) is 20  deg.C.
     = 1.557  x  10-7 (1/ppm)(lb-mole/scf)(min/hr) (English 
units), where standard temperature for (lb-mole/scf) is 68  deg.F.

    (iv) The TOC concentration (CTOC) is the sum of the 
individual components and shall be computed for each run using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.088

where:

CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume.
Cj = Concentration of sample components in the sample.
n = Number of components in the sample.

    (c) When a boiler or process heater with a design heat input 
capacity of 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater is used to seek to 
comply with Sec. 60.612(a), the requirement for an initial performance 
test is waived, in accordance with Sec. 60.8(b). However, the 
Administrator reserves the option to require testing at such other times 
as may be required, as provided for in section 114 of the Act.
    (d) When a flare is used to seek to comply with Sec. 60.612(b), the 
flare shall comply with the requirements of Sec. 60.18.
    (e) The following test methods in appendix A to this part, except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used for determining the net 
heating value of the gas combusted to determine compliance under 
Sec. 60.612(b) and for determining the process vent stream TRE index 
value to determine compliance under Sec. 60.612(c).
    (1)(i) Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling 
site. The sampling site for the vent stream flow rate and molar 
composition determination prescribed in Sec. 60.614(e)(2) and (3) shall 
be, except for the situations outlined in paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this 
section, prior to the inlet of any control device, prior to any post-
reactor dilution of the stream with air, and prior to any post-reactor 
introduction of halogenated compounds into the vent stream. No 
transverse site selection method is needed for vents smaller than 10 
centimeters (4 inches) in diameter.
    (ii) If any gas stream other than the air oxidation vent stream from 
the affected facility is normally conducted through the final recovery 
device.
    (A) The sampling site for vent stream flow rate and molar 
composition shall be prior to the final recovery device and prior to the 
point at which the nonair oxidation stream is introduced.
    (B) The efficiency of the final recovery device is determined by 
measuring the TOC concentration using Method 18 at the inlet to the 
final recovery device after the introduction of any nonair oxidation 
vent stream and at the outlet of the final recovery device.
    (C) This efficiency is applied to the TOC concentration measured 
prior to the final recovery device and prior to the introduction of the 
nonair oxidation stream to determine the concentration of TOC in the air 
oxidation stream from the final recovery device. This concentration of 
TOC is then used to perform the calculations outlined in 
Sec. 60.614(e)(4) and (5).
    (2) The molar composition of the process vent stream shall be 
determined as follows:
    (i) Method 18 to measure the concentration of TOC including those 
containing halogens.
    (ii) D1946-77, or 90 (Reapproved 1994) (incorporation by reference 
as specified in Sec. 60.17 of this part) to measure the concentration of 
carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
    (iii) Method 4 to measure the content of water vapor.
    (3) The volumetric flow rate shall be determined using Method 2, 2A, 
2C, or 2D, as appropriate.
    (4) The net heating value of the vent stream shall be calculated 
using the following equation:

[[Page 118]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.089

where:

HT = Net heating value of the sample, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on 
          combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (77  deg.F and 30 in. 
          Hg), but the standard temperature for determining the volume 
          corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
K1 = 1.74  x  10-7 (1/ppm)(g-mole/scm)(MJ/kcal) 
          (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-mole/scm) is 
          20  deg.C.
     = 1.03  x  10-11 (1/ppm)(lb-mole/scf)(Btu/kcal) (English 
units) where standard temperature for (lb/mole/scf) is 68  deg.F.
Cj = Concentration on a wet basis of compound j in ppm, as 
          measured for organics by Method 18 and measured for hydrogen 
          and carbon monoxide by ASTM D1946-77, 90, or 94 (incorporation 
          by reference as specified in Sec. 60.17 of this part) as 
          indicated in Sec. 60.614(e)(2).
Hj = Net heat of combustion of compound j, kcal/(g-mole) 
          [kcal/(lb-mole)], based on combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm 
          Hg (77  deg.F and 30 in. Hg).

    (5) The emission rate of TOC in the process vent stream shall be 
calculated using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.092

where:

ETOC = Measured emission rate of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).
K2 = 2.494  x  10-6 (1/ppm)(g-mole/scm)(kg/g)(min/
          hr) (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-mole/
          scm) is 20  deg.C.
     = 1.557  x  10-7 (1/ppm)(lb-mole/scf)(min/hr) (English 
units), where standard temperature for (lb-mole/scf) is 68  deg.F.
Cj = Concentration on a wet basis of compound j in ppm, as 
          measured by Method 18 as indicated in Sec. 60.614(e)(2).
Mj = Molecular weight of sample j, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole).
Qs = Vent stream flow rate, scm/hr (scf/hr), at a temperature 
          of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).

    (6) The total process vent stream concentration (by volume) of 
compounds containing halogens (ppmv, by compound) shall be summed from 
the individual concentrations of compounds containing halogens which 
were measured by Method 18.
    (f) For purposes of complying with Sec. 60.612(c), the owner or 
operator of a facility affected by this subpart shall calculate the TRE 
index value of the vent stream using the equation for incineration in 
paragraph (e)(1) of this section for halogenated vent streams. The owner 
or operator of an affected facility with a nonhalogenated vent stream 
shall determine the TRE index value by calculating values using both the 
incinerator equation in paragraph (e)(1) of this section and the flare 
equation in paragraph (e)(2) of this section and selecting the lower of 
the two values.
    (1) The TRE index value of the vent stream controlled by an 
incinerator shall be calculated using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.093

    (i) Where for a vent stream flow rate that is greater than or equal 
to 14.2 scm/min (501 scf/min) at a standard temperature of 20  deg.C (68 
 deg.F):

TRE = TRE index value.
Qs = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a 
          temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
HT = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on 
          combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30 in. 
          Hg), but the standard temperature for determining the volume 
          corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F) as in the 
          definition of Qs.
Ys = Qs for all vent stream categories listed in 
          table 1 except for Category E vent streams where Ys 
          = QsHT/3.6.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr). a, b, c, d, e, 
          and f are coefficients.

    The set of coefficients which apply to a vent stream shall be 
obtained from table 1.

[[Page 119]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.027


[[Page 120]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.028

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.029

    (ii) Where for a vent stream flow rate that is less than 14.2 scm/
min (501 scf/min) at a standard temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F):

TRE = TRE index value.
Qs = 14.2 scm/min (501 scf/min).
HT = (FLOW)(HVAL)/Qs.

Where the following inputs are used:

FLOW = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a temperature of 20 
          deg.C (68  deg.F).
HVAL = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where the net 
          enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on combustion at 25 
          deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30 in. Hg), but the 
          standard temperature for

[[Page 121]]

          determining the volume corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C 
          (68  deg.F) as in the definition of Qs.
Ys = Qs for all vent stream categories listed in 
          table 1 except for Category E vent streams where Ys 
          = QsHT/3.6.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).

    a, b, c, d, e, and f are coefficients.

    The set of coefficients that apply to a vent stream can be obtained 
from table 1.
    (2) The equation for calculating the TRE index value of a vent 
stream controlled by a flare is as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.094

where:

TRE = TRE index value.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).
Qs = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a standard 
          temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
HT = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on 
          combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30 in. 
          Hg), but the standard temperature for determining the volume 
          corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F) as in the 
          definition of Qs.

    a, b, c, d, and e are coefficients.

    The set of coefficients that apply to a vent stream shall be 
obtained from table 2.

          Table 2--Air Oxidation Processes NSPS TRE Coefficients for Vent Streams Controlled by a Flare
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  a             b             c             d             e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HT < 11.2 MJ/scm..........................          2.25         0.288        -0.193      (-0.0051          2.08
(HT < 301 Btu/scf)........................       (0.140)      (0.0367)   (-0.000448)     (-0.0051)        (4.59)
HT  11.2 MJ/scm...........................         0.309        0.0619       -0.0043       -0.0034          2.08
HT  301 Btu/scf)..........................      (0.0193)     (0.00788)   (-0.000010)     (-0.0034)        (4.59)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (g) Each owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to comply 
with Sec. 60.610(c) or Sec. 60.612(c) shall recalculate the TRE index 
value for that affected facility whenever process changes are made. Some 
examples of process changes are changes in production capacity, 
feedstock type, or catalyst type, or whenever there is replacement, 
removal, or addition of recovery equipment. The TRE index value shall be 
recalculated based on test data, or on best engineering estimates of the 
effects of the change to the recovery system.
    (1) Where the recalculated TRE index value is less than or equal to 
1.0, the owner or operator shall notify the Administrator within 1 week 
of the recalculation and shall conduct a performance test according to 
the methods and procedures required by Sec. 60.614 to determine 
compliance with Sec. 60.612(a). Performance tests must be conducted as 
soon as possible after the process change but no later than 180 days 
from the time of the process change.
    (2) Where the initial TRE index value is greater than 4.0 and the 
recalculated TRE index value is less than or equal to 4.0, but greater 
than 1.0, the owner or operator shall conduct a performance test in 
accordance with Secs. 60.8 and 60.614 and shall comply with 
Secs. 60.613, 60.614, and 60.615. Performance tests must be conducted as 
soon as possible after the process change but no later than 180 days 
from the time of the process change.

[55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990; 55 FR 36932, Sept. 7, 1990, as amended at 
65 FR 61769, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.615  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to Sec. 60.612 shall notify the 
Administrator of the specific provisions of Sec. 60.612

[[Page 122]]

(Sec. 60.612 (a) (b), or (c)) with which the owner or operator has 
elected to comply. Notification shall be submitted with the notification 
of initial start-up required by Sec. 60.7(a)(3). If an owner or operator 
elects at a later date to use an alternative provision of Sec. 60.612 
with which he or she will comply, then the Administrator shall be 
notified by the owner or operator 90 days before implementing a change 
and, upon implementing the change, a performance test shall be performed 
as specified by Sec. 60.614 within 180 days.
    (b) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible records of the following data 
measured during each performance test, and also include the following 
data in the report of the initial performance test required under 
Sec. 60.8. Where a boiler or process heater with a design heat input 
capacity of 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater is used to comply 
with Sec. 60.612(a), a report containing performance test data need not 
be submitted, but a report containing the information of 
Sec. 60.615(b)(2)(i) is required. The same data specified in this 
section shall be submitted in the reports of all subsequently required 
performance tests where either the emission control efficiency of a 
control device, outlet concentration of TOC, or the TRE index value of a 
vent stream from a recovery system is determined.
    (1) Where an owner or operator subject to this subpart seeks to 
demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.612(a) through use of either a 
thermal or catalytic incinerator:
    (i) The average firebox temperature of the incinerator (or the 
average temperature upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed for a 
catalytic incinerator), measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged 
over the same time period of the performance testing, and
    (ii) The percent reduction of TOC determined as specified in 
Sec. 60.614(b) achieved by the incinerator, or the concentration of TOC 
(ppmv, by compound) determined as specified in Sec. 60.614(b) at the 
outlet of the control device on a dry basis corrected to 3 percent 
oxygen.
    (2) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.612(a) through use 
of a boiler or process heater:
    (i) A description of the location at which the vent stream is 
introduced into the boiler or process heater, and
    (ii) The average combustion temperature of the boiler or process 
heater with a design heat input capacity of less than 44 MW (150 million 
Btu/hr) measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same 
time period of the performance testing.
    (3) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to comply with Sec. 60.612(b) through the use of a 
smokeless flare, flare design (i.e., steam-assisted, air-assisted, or 
nonassisted), all visible emission readings, heat content 
determinations, flow rate measurements, and exit velocity determinations 
made during the performance test, continuous records of the flare pilot 
flame monitoring, and records of all periods of operations during which 
the pilot flame is absent.
    (4) Where an owner or operator seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.612(c):
    (i) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system, the exit specific gravity (or alternative parameter which is a 
measure of the degree of absorbing liquid saturation, if approved by the 
Administrator), and average exit temperature of the absorbing liquid, 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time 
period of the performance testing (both measured while the vent stream 
is normally routed and constituted), or
    (ii) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system, the average exit (product side) temperature, measured at least 
every 15 minutes and average over the same time period of the 
performance testing while the vent stream is normally routed and 
constituted.
    (iii) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in a 
recovery system, the total steam mass flow measured at least every 15 
minutes and averaged over the same time period of the performance test 
(full carbon bed cycle), temperature of the carbon bed after 
regeneration (and within 15 minutes of completion of any cooling 
cycle(s), and duration of the carbon bed

[[Page 123]]

steaming cycle (all measured while the vent stream is normally routed 
and constituted), or
    (iv) As an alternative to Sec. 60.615(b)(4)(i), (ii) or (iii), the 
concentration level or reading indicated by the organic monitoring 
device at the outlet of the absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time 
period of the performance testing while the vent stream is normally 
routed and constituted.
    (v) All measurements and calculations performed to determine the TRE 
index value of the vent stream.
    (c) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored under 
Sec. 60.613(a) and (c) as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records 
of periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries 
established during the most recent performance test are exceeded. The 
Administrator may at any time require a report of these data. Where a 
combustion device is used by an owner or operator seeking to demonstrate 
compliance with Sec. 60.612(a) or (c), periods of operation during which 
the parameter boundaries established during the most recent performance 
tests are exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) For thermal incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation during 
which the average combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C (50 
deg.F) below the average combustion temperature during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance with Sec. 60.612(a) was determined.
    (2) For catalytic incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature of the vent stream immediately 
before the catalyst bed is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average temperature of the vent stream during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance with Sec. 60.612(a) was determined. 
The owner or operator also shall record all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed 
is less than 80 percent of the average temperature difference of the 
device during the most recent performance test at which compliance with 
Sec. 60.612(a) was determined.
    (3) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test 
at which compliance with Sec. 60.612(a) was determined for boilers or 
process heaters with a design heat input capacity of less than 44 MW 
(150 million Btu/hr).
    (4) For boilers or process heaters, whenever there is a change in 
the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the flame zone 
as required under Sec. 60.612(a).
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the flow 
indication specified under Sec. 60.613(a)(2), Sec. 60.613(b)(2), and 
Sec. 60.613(c)(1), as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records of 
all periods when the vent stream is diverted from the control device or 
has no flow rate.
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
who uses a boiler or process heater with a design heat input capacity of 
44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater to comply with Sec. 60.612(a) 
shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of all periods of 
operation of the boiler or process heater. (Examples of such records 
could include records of steam use, fuel use, or monitoring data 
collected pursuant to other State or Federal regulatory requirements).
    (f) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
flare pilot flame monitoring specified in Sec. 60.613(b), as well as up-
to-date, readily accessible records of all periods of operations in 
which the pilot flame is absent.
    (g) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored under 
Sec. 60.613(e) as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records of 
periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries established 
during the most recent performance test are

[[Page 124]]

exceeded. The Administrator may at any time require a report of these 
data. Where the owner or operator seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.612(c), periods of operation during which the parameter 
boundaries established during the most recent performance tests are 
exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system, and where an organic monitoring device is not used:
    (i) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid temperature was more than 11  deg.C (20  deg.F) above 
the average absorbing liquid temperature during the most recent 
performance test, or
    (ii) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid specific gravity was more than 0.1 unit above, or more 
than 0.1 unit below, the average absorbing liquid specific gravity 
during the most recent performance test (unless monitoring of an 
alternative parameter, which is a measure of the degree of absorbing 
liquid saturation, is approved by the Administrator, in which case he or 
she will define appropriate parameter boundaries and periods of 
operation during which they are exceeded).
    (2) When a condenser is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system, and where an organic monitoring device is not used, all 3-hour 
periods of operation during which the average exit (product side) 
condenser operating temperature was more than 6  deg.C (11  deg.F) above 
the average exit (product side) operating temperature during the most 
recent performance test.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in a 
recovery system and where an organic monitoring device is not used:
    (i) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the total mass 
steam flow was more than 10 percent below the total mass steam flow 
during the most recent performance test, or
    (ii) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the temperature 
of the carbon bed after regeneration (and after completion of any 
cooling cycle(s)) was more than 10 percent greater than the carbon bed 
temperature (in degrees Celsius) during the most recent performance 
test.
    (4) Where an absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber is the final 
recovery device in the recovery system and an organic monitoring device 
approved by the Administrator is used, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average concentration level or reading of organic 
compounds in the exhaust gases is more than 20 percent greater than the 
exhaust gas organic compound concentration level or reading measured by 
the monitoring device during the most recent performance test.
    (h) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
and seeking to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.612(c) shall keep up-
to-date, readily accessible records of:
    (1) Any changes in production capacity, feedstock type, or catalyst 
type, or of any replacement, removal or addition of recovery equipment 
or air oxidation reactors;
    (2) Any recalculation of the TRE index value performed pursuant to 
Sec. 60.614(f);
    (3) The results of any performance test performed pursuant to the 
methods and procedures required by Sec. 60.614(d).
    (i) Each owner and operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart is exempt from the quarterly reporting requirements contained in 
Sec. 60.7(c) of the General Provisions.
    (j) Each owner or operator that seeks to comply with the 
requirements of this subpart by complying with the requirements of 
Sec. 60.612 shall submit to the Administrator semiannual reports of the 
following information. The initial report shall be submitted within 6 
months after the initial start-up-date.
    (1) Exceedances of monitored parameters recorded under 
Sec. 60.615(c) and (g).
    (2) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.615(d) when the vent stream 
is diverted from the control device or has no flow rate.
    (3) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.615(e) when the boiler or 
process heater was not operating.
    (4) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.615(f) in which the pilot 
flame of the flare was absent.

[[Page 125]]

    (5) Any recalculation of the TRE index value, as recorded under 
Sec. 60.615(h).
    (k) The requirements of Sec. 60.615(j) remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an alternative 
means of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In that event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with Sec. 60.615(j), provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.
    (l) The Administrator will specify appropriate reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements where the owner or operator of an affected 
facility seeks to demonstrate compliance with the standards specified 
under Sec. 60.612 other than as provided under Sec. 60.613(a), (b), (c), 
and (d).

[55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990; 55 FR 36932, Sept. 7, 1990, as amended at 
65 FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.616  Reconstruction.

    For purposes of this subpart ``fixed capital cost of the new 
components,'' as used in Sec. 60.15, includes the fixed capital cost of 
all depreciable components which are or will be replaced pursuant to all 
continuous programs of component replacement which are commenced within 
any 2-year period following October 21, 1983. For purposes of this 
paragraph, ``commenced'' means that an owner or operator has undertaken 
a continuous program of component replacement or that an owner or 
operator has entered into a contractual obligation to undertake and 
complete, within a reasonable time, a continuous program of component 
replacement.



Sec. 60.617  Chemicals affected by subpart III.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Chemical name                          CAS No.*
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acetaldehyde................................................     75-07-0
Acetic acid.................................................     64-19-7
Acetone.....................................................     67-64-1
Acetonitrile................................................     75-05-8
Acetophenone................................................     98-86-2
Acrolein....................................................    107-02-8
Acrylic acid................................................     79-10-7
Acrylonitrile...............................................    107-13-1
Anthraquinone...............................................     84-65-1
Benzaldehyde................................................    100-52-7
Benzoic acid, tech..........................................     65-85-0
1,3-Butadiene...............................................    106-99-0
p-t-Butyl benzoic acid......................................     98-73-7
N-Butyric acid..............................................    107-92-6
Crotonic acid...............................................   3724-65-0
Cumene hydroperoxide........................................     80-15-9
Cyclohexanol................................................    108-93-0
Cyclohexanone...............................................    108-94-1
Dimethyl terephthalate......................................    120-61-6
Ethylene dichloride.........................................    107-06-2
Ethylene oxide..............................................     75-21-8
Formaldehyde................................................     50-00-0
Formic acid.................................................     64-18-6
Glyoxal.....................................................    107-22-2
Hydrogen cyanide............................................     74-90-8
Isobutyric acid.............................................     79-31-2
Isophthalic acid............................................    121-91-5
Maleic anhydride............................................    108-31-6
Methyl ethyl ketone.........................................     78-93-3
a-Methyl styrene............................................     98-83-9
Phenol......................................................    108-95-2
Phthalic anhydride..........................................     85-44-9
Propionic acid..............................................     79-09-4
Propylene oxide.............................................     75-56-9
Styrene.....................................................    100-42-5
Terephthalic acid...........................................    100-21-0
------------------------------------------------------------------------
*CAS numbers refer to the Chemical Abstracts Registry numbers assigned
  to specific chemicals, isomers, or mixtures of chemicals. Some isomers
  or mixtures that are covered by the standards do not have CAS numbers
  assigned to them. The standards apply to all of the chemicals listed,
  whether CAS numbers have been assigned or not.



Sec. 60.618  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to States: 
Sec. 60.613(e).



     Subpart JJJ_Standards of Performance for Petroleum Dry Cleaners

    Source: 49 FR 37331, Sept. 21, 1984, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.620  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart are applicable to the following 
affected facilities located at a petroleum dry cleaning plant with a 
total manufacturers' rated dryer capacity equal to or greater than 38 
kilograms (84 pounds): Petroleum solvent dry cleaning dryers, washers, 
filters, stills, and settling tanks.
    (1) When the affected facility is installed in an existing plant 
that is not expanding the manufacturers' rated capacity of its petroleum 
solvent

[[Page 126]]

dryer(s), the total manufacturers' rated dryer capacity is the summation 
of the manufacturers' rated capacity for each existing petroleum solvent 
dryer.
    (2) When the affected facility is installed in a plant that is 
expanding the manufacturers' rated capacity of its petroleum solvent 
dryers, the total manufacturers' rated dryer capacity is the summation 
of the manufacturers' rated dryer capacity for each existing and 
proposed new petroleum solvent dryer.
    (3) When the affected facilty is installed in a new plant, the total 
manufacturers' rated dryer capacity is the summation of the 
manufacturers' rated dryer capacity for each proposed new petroleum 
solvent dryer.
    (4) The petroleum solvent dryers considered in the determination of 
the total manufacturers' rated dryer capacity are those new and existing 
dryers in the plant that will be in service at any time after the 
proposed new source or modification commences operation.
    (b) Any facility under paragraph (a) of this section that commences 
construction or modification after December 14, 1982, is subject to the 
requirements of this subpart with the following exception. A dryer 
installed between December 14, 1982, and September 21, 1984, in a plant 
with an annual solvent consumption level of less than 17,791 liters 
(4,700 gallons), is exempt from the requirements of this subpart.

[49 FR 37331, Sept. 21, 1984, as amended at 50 FR 49026, Nov. 27, 1985; 
65 FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.621  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
same meaning given them in the Act and in subpart A of this part.
    Cartridge filter means a discrete filter unit containing both filter 
paper and activated carbon that traps and removes contaminants from 
petroleum solvent, together with the piping and ductwork used in the 
installation of this device.
    Dryer means a machine used to remove petroleum solvent from articles 
of clothing or other textile or leather goods, after washing and 
removing of excess petroleum solvent, together with the piping and 
ductwork used in the installation of this device.
    Manufacturers' rated dryer capacity means the dryer's rated capacity 
of articles, in pounds or kilograms of clothing articles per load, dry 
basis, that is typically found on each dryer on the manufacturer's name-
plate or in the manufacturer's equipment specifications.
    Perceptible leaks means any petroleum solvent vapor or liquid leaks 
that are conspicuous from visual observation or that bubble after 
application of a soap solution, such as pools or droplets of liquid, 
open containers or solvent, or solvent laden waste standing open to the 
atmosphere.
    Petroleum dry cleaner means a dry cleaning facility that uses 
petroleum solvent in a combination of washers, dryers, filters, stills, 
and settling tanks.
    Settling tank means a container that gravimetrically separates oils, 
grease, and dirt from petroleum solvent, together with the piping and 
ductwork used in the installation of this device.
    Solvent filter means a discrete solvent filter unit containing a 
porous medium that traps and removes contaminants from petroleum 
solvent, together with the piping and ductwork used in the installation 
of this device.
    Solvent recovery dryer means a class of dry cleaning dryers that 
employs a condenser to condense and recover solvent vapors evaporated in 
a closed-loop stream of heated air, together with the piping and 
ductwork used in the installation of this device.
    Still means a device used to volatilize, separate, and recover 
petroleum solvent from contaminated solvent, together with the piping 
and ductwork used in the installation of this device.
    Washer means a machine which agitates fabric articles in a petroleum 
solvent bath and spins the articles to remove the solvent, together with 
the piping and ductwork used in the installation of this device.



Sec. 60.622  Standards for volatile organic compounds.

    (a) Each affected petroleum solvent dry cleaning dryer that is 
installed at

[[Page 127]]

a petroleum dry cleaning plant after December 14, 1982, shall be a 
solvent recovery dryer. The solvent recovery dryer(s) shall be properly 
installed, operated, and maintained.
    (b) Each affected petroleum solvent filter that is installed at a 
petroleum dry cleaning plant after December 14, 1982, shall be a 
cartridge filter. Cartridge filters shall be drained in their sealed 
housings for at least 8 hours prior to their removal
    (c) Each manufacturer of an affected petroleum solvent dryer shall 
include leak inspection and leak repair cycle information in the 
operating manual and on a clearly visible label posted on each affected 
facility. Such information should state:

    To protect against fire hazards, loss of valuable solvents, and 
emissions of solvent to the atmosphere, periodic inspection of this 
equipment for evidence of leaks and prompt repair of any leaks is 
recommended. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recommends that 
the equipment be inspected every 15 days and all vapor or liquid leaks 
be repaired within the subsequent 15 day period.

[49 FR 37331, Sept. 21, 1984, as amended at 50 FR 49026, Nov. 27, 1985]



Sec. 60.623  Equivalent equipment and procedures.

    (a) Upon written application from any person, the Administrator may 
approve the use of equipment or procedures that have been demonstrated 
to his satisfaction to be equivalent, in terms of reducing VOC emissions 
to the atmosphere, to those prescribed for compliance within a specified 
paragraph of this subpart. The application must contain a complete 
description of the equipment or procedure; the testing method; the date, 
time and location of the test; and a description of the test results. 
Written applications shall be submitted to the Administrator, U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., 
Washington, DC 20460.
    (b) The Administrator will make a preliminary determination of 
whether or not the application for equivalency is approvable and will 
publish a notice of these findings in the Federal Register. After notice 
and opportunity for public hearing, the Administrator will publish the 
final determination in the Federal Register.



Sec. 60.624  Test methods and procedures.

    Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of Sec. 60.622(a) shall perform an initial test to verify 
that the flow rate of recovered solvent from the solvent recovery dryer 
at the termination of the recovery cycle is no greater than 0.05 liters 
per minute. This test shall be conducted for a duration of no less than 
2 weeks during which no less than 50 percent of the dryer loads shall be 
monitored for their final recovered solvent flow rate. The suggested 
point for measuring the flow rate of recovered solvent is the outlet of 
the solvent-water separator. Near the end of the recovery cycle, the 
entire flow of recovered solvent should be diverted to a graduated 
cylinder. As the recovered solvent collects in the graduated cylinder, 
the elapsed time is monitored and recorded in periods of greater than or 
equal to 1 minute. At the same time, the volume of solvent in the 
graduated cylinder is monitored and recorded to determine the volume of 
recovered solvent that is collected during each time period. The 
recovered solvent flow rate is calculated by dividing the volume of 
solvent collected per period by the length of time elapsed during the 
period and converting the result with appropriate factors into units of 
liters per minute. The recovery cycle and the monitoring procedure 
should continue until the flow rate of solvent is less than or equal to 
0.05 liter per minute. The type of articles cleaned and the total length 
of the cycle should then be recorded.

[49 FR 37331, Sept. 21, 1984, as amended at 65 FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.625  Recordkeeping requirements.

    Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart shall maintain a record of the performance 
test required under Sec. 60.624.

[[Page 128]]



  Subpart KKK_Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC From 
     Onshore Natural Gas Processing Plants for Which Construction, 
Reconstruction, or Modification Commenced After January 20, 1984, and on 
                        or Before August 23, 2011

    Source: 50 FR 26124, June 24, 1985, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.630  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a)(1) The provisions of this subpart apply to affected facilities 
in onshore natural gas processing plants.
    (2) A compressor in VOC service or in wet gas service is an affected 
facility.
    (3) The group of all equipment except compressors (definied in 
Sec. 60.631) within a process unit is an affected facility.
    (b) Any affected facility under paragraph (a) of this section that 
commences construction, reconstruction, or modification after January 
20, 1984, and on or before August 23, 2011, is subject to the 
requirements of this subpart.
    (c) Addition or replacement of equipment (defined in Sec. 60.631) 
for the purpose of process improvement that is accomplished without a 
capital expenditure shall not by itself be considered a modification 
under this subpart.
    (d) Facilities covered by subpart VV or subpart GGG of 40 CFR part 
60 are excluded from this subpart.
    (e) A compressor station, dehydration unit, sweetening unit, 
underground storage tank, field gas gathering system, or liquefied 
natural gas unit is covered by this subpart if it is located at an 
onshore natural gas processing plant. If the unit is not located at the 
plant site, then it is exempt from the provisions of this subpart.

[50 FR 26124, June 24, 1985, as amended at 77 FR 49542, Aug. 16, 2012]



Sec. 60.631  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act, in subpart A or subpart VV of part 60; 
and the following terms shall have the specific meanings given them.
    Alaskan North Slope means the approximately 69,000 square-mile area 
extending from the Brooks Range to the Arctic Ocean.
    Equipment means each pump, pressure relief device, open-ended valve 
or line, valve, compressor, and flange or other connector that is in VOC 
service or in wet gas service, and any device or system required by this 
subpart.
    Field gas means feedstock gas entering the natural gas processing 
plant.
    In light liquid service means that the piece of equipment contains a 
liquid that meets the conditions specified in Sec. 60.485(e) or 
Sec. 60.633(h)(2).
    In wet gas service means that a piece of equipment contains or 
contacts the field gas before the extraction step in the process.
    Natural gas liquids means the hydrocarbons, such as ethane, propane, 
butane, and pentane, that are extracted from field gas.
    Natural gas processing plant (gas plant) means any processing site 
engaged in the extraction of natural gas liquids from field gas, 
fractionation of mixed natural gas liquids to natural gas products, or 
both.
    Nonfractionating plant means any gas plant that does not fractionate 
mixed natural gas liquids into natural gas products.
    Onshore means all facilities except those that are located in the 
territorial seas or on the outer continental shelf.
    Process unit means equipment assembled for the extraction of natural 
gas liquids from field gas, the fractionation of the liquids into 
natural gas products, or other operations associated with the processing 
of natural gas products. A process unit can operate independently if 
supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient storage 
facilities for the products.
    Reciprocating compressor means a piece of equipment that increases 
the pressure of a process gas by positive displacement, employing linear 
movement of the driveshaft.



Sec. 60.632  Standards.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the requirements of Secs. 60.482-1 (a), (b), and (d) 
and 60.482-2

[[Page 129]]

through 60.482-10, except as provided in Sec. 60.633, as soon as 
practicable, but no later than 180 days after initial startup.
    (b) An owner or operator may elect to comply with the requirements 
of Secs. 60.483-1 and 60.483-2.
    (c) An owner or operator may apply to the Administrator for 
permission to use an alternative means of emission limitation that 
achieves a reduction in emissions of VOC at least equivalent to that 
achieved by the controls required in this subpart. In doing so, the 
owner or operator shall comply with requirements of Sec. 60.634 of this 
subpart.
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions of Sec. 60.485 except as provided in 
Sec. 60.633(f) of this subpart.
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the provisions of Secs. 60.486 and 60.487 except as 
provided in Secs. 60.633, 60.635, and 60.636 of this subpart.
    (f) An owner or operator shall use the following provision instead 
of Sec. 60.485(d)(1): Each piece of equipment is presumed to be in VOC 
service or in wet gas service unless an owner or operator demonstrates 
that the piece of equipment is not in VOC service or in wet gas service. 
For a piece of equipment to be considered not in VOC service, it must be 
determined that the VOC content can be reasonably expected never to 
exceed 10.0 percent by weight. For a piece of equipment to be considered 
in wet gas service, it must be determined that it contains or contacts 
the field gas before the extraction step in the process. For purposes of 
determining the percent VOC content of the process fluid that is 
contained in or contacts a piece of equipment, procedures that conform 
to the methods described in ASTM E169-63, 77, or 93, E168-67, 77, or 92, 
or E260-73, 91, or 96 (incorporated by reference as specified in 
Sec. 60.17) shall be used.

[50 FR 26124, June 24, 1985, as amended at 65 FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.633  Exceptions.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
may comply with the following exceptions to the provisions of subpart 
VV.
    (b)(1) Each pressure relief device in gas/vapor service may be 
monitored quarterly and within 5 days after each pressure release to 
detect leaks by the methods specified in Sec. 60.485(b) except as 
provided in Sec. 60.632(c), paragraph (b)(4) of this section, and 
Sec. 60.482-4 (a) through (c) of subpart VV.
    (2) If an instrument reading of 10,000 ppm or greater is measured, a 
leak is detected.
    (3)(i) When a leak is detected, it shall be repaired as soon as 
practicable, but no later than 15 calendar days after it is detected, 
except as provided in Sec. 60.482-9.
    (ii) A first attempt at repair shall be made no later than 5 
calendar days after each leak is detected.
    (4)(i) Any pressure relief device that is located in a 
nonfractionating plant that is monitored only by nonplant personnel may 
be monitored after a pressure release the next time the monitoring 
personnel are on site, instead of within 5 days as specified in 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section and Sec. 60.482-4(b)(1) of subpart VV.
    (ii) No pressure relief device described in paragraph (b)(4)(i) of 
this section shall be allowed to operate for more than 30 days after a 
pressure release without monitoring.
    (c) Sampling connection systems are exempt from the requirements of 
Sec. 60.482-5.
    (d) Pumps in light liquid service, valves in gas/vapor and light 
liquid service, and pressure relief devices in gas/vapor service that 
are located at a nonfractionating plant that does not have the design 
capacity to process 283,200 standard cubic meters per day (scmd) (10 
million standard cubic feet per day) or more of field gas are exempt 
from the routine monitoring requirements of Secs. 60.482-2(a)(1) and 
60.482-7(a), and paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (e) Pumps in light liquid service, valves in gas/vapor and light 
liquid service, and pressure relief devices in gas/vapor service within 
a process unit that is located in the Alaskan North Slope are exempt 
from the routine monitoring requirements of Secs. 60.482-

[[Page 130]]

2(a)(1), 60.482-7(a), and paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (f) Reciprocating compressors in wet gas service are exempt from the 
compressor control requirements of Sec. 60.482-3.
    (g) Flares used to comply with this subpart shall comply with the 
requirements of Sec. 60.18.
    (h) An owner or operator may use the following provisions instead of 
Sec. 60.485(e):
    (1) Equipment is in heavy liquid service if the weight percent 
evaporated is 10 percent or less at 150  deg.C (302  deg.F) as 
determined by ASTM Method D86-78, 82, 90, 95, or 96 (incorporated by 
reference as specified in Sec. 60.17).
    (2) Equipment is in light liquid service if the weight percent 
evaporated is greater than 10 percent at 150  deg.C (302  deg.F) as 
determined by ASTM Method D86-78, 82, 90, 95, or 96 (incorporated by 
reference as specified in Sec. 60.17).

[50 FR 26124, June 24, 1985, as amended at 51 FR 2702, Jan. 21, 1986; 65 
FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.634  Alternative means of emission limitation.

    (a) If, in the Administrator's judgment, an alternative means of 
emission limitation will achieve a reduction in VOC emissions at least 
equivalent to the reduction in VOC emissions achieved under any design, 
equipment, work practice or operational standard, the Administrator will 
publish, in the Federal Register a notice permitting the use of that 
alternative means for the purpose of compliance with that standard. The 
notice may condition permission on requirements related to the operation 
and maintenance of the alternative means.
    (b) Any notice under paragraph (a) of this section shall be 
published only after notice and an opportunity for a public hearing.
    (c) The Administrator will consider applications under this section 
from either owners or operators of affected facilities, or manufacturers 
of control equipment.
    (d) The Administrator will treat applications under this section 
according to the following criteria, except in cases where he concludes 
that other criteria are appropriate:
    (1) The applicant must collect, verify and submit test data, 
covering a period of at least 12 months, necessary to support the 
finding in paragraph (a) of this section.
    (2) If the applicant is an owner or operator of an affected 
facility, he must commit in writing to operate and maintain the 
alternative means so as to achieve a reduction in VOC emissions at least 
equivalent to the reduction in VOC emissions achieved under the design, 
equipment, work practice or operational standard.



Sec. 60.635  Recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this 
section in addition to the requirements of Sec. 60.486.
    (b) The following recordkeeping requirements shall apply to pressure 
relief devices subject to the requirements of Sec. 60.633(b)(1) of this 
subpart.
    (1) When each leak is detected as specified in Sec. 60.633(b)(2), a 
weatherproof and readily visible identification, marked with the 
equipment identification number, shall be attached to the leaking 
equipment. The identification on the pressure relief device may be 
removed after it has been repaired.
    (2) When each leak is detected as specified in Sec. 60.633(b)(2), 
the following information shall be recorded in a log and shall be kept 
for 2 years in a readily accessible location:
    (i) The instrument and operator identification numbers and the 
equipment identification number.
    (ii) The date the leak was detected and the dates of each attempt to 
repair the leak.
    (iii) Repair methods applied in each attempt to repair the leak.
    (iv) ``Above 10,000 ppm'' if the maximum instrument reading measured 
by the methods specified in paragraph (a) of this section after each 
repair attempt is 10,000 ppm or greater.
    (v) ``Repair delayed'' and the reason for the delay if a leak is not 
repaired within 15 calendar days after discovery of the leak.
    (vi) The signature of the owner or operator (or designate) whose 
decision it was that repair could not be effected without a process 
shutdown.

[[Page 131]]

    (vii) The expected date of successful repair of the leak if a leak 
is not repaired within 15 days.
    (viii) Dates of process unit shutdowns that occur while the 
equipment is unrepaired.
    (ix) The date of successful repair of the leak.
    (x) A list of identification numbers for equipment that are 
designated for no detectable emissions under the provisions of 
Sec. 60.482-4(a). The designation of equipment subject to the provisions 
of Sec. 60.482-4(a) shall be signed by the owner or operator.
    (c) An owner or operator shall comply with the following requirement 
in addition to the requirement of Sec. 60.486(j): Information and data 
used to demonstrate that a reciprocating compressor is in wet gas 
service to apply for the exemption in Sec. 60.633(f) shall be recorded 
in a log that is kept in a readily accessible location.



Sec. 60.636  Reporting requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (b) and (c) of this 
section in addition to the requirements of Sec. 60.487.
    (b) An owner or operator shall include the following information in 
the initial semiannual report in addition to the information required in 
Sec. 60.487(b) (1)-(4): Number of pressure relief devices subject to the 
requirements of Sec. 60.633(b) except for those pressure relief devices 
designated for no detectable emissions under the provisions of 
Sec. 60.482-4(a) and those pressure relief devices complying with 
Sec. 60.482-4(c).
    (c) An owner or operator shall include the following information in 
all semiannual reports in addition to the information required in 
Sec. 60.487(c)(2) (i) through (vi):
    (1) Number of pressure relief devices for which leaks were detected 
as required in Sec. 60.633(b)(2) and
    (2) Number of pressure relief devices for which leaks were not 
repaired as required in Sec. 60.633(b)(3).



  Subpart LLL_Standards of Performance for SO2 Emissions From Onshore 
   Natural Gas Processing for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or 
 Modification Commenced After January 20, 1984, and on or Before August 
                                23, 2011

    Source: 50 FR 40160, Oct. 1, 1985, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.640  Applicability and designation of affected facilities.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart are applicable to the following 
affected facilities that process natural gas: each sweetening unit, and 
each sweetening unit followed by a sulfur recovery unit.
    (b) Facilities that have a design capacity less than 2 long tons per 
day (LT/D) of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the acid gas 
(expressed as sulfur) are required to comply with Sec. 60.647(c) but are 
not required to comply with Secs. 60.642 through 60.646.
    (c) The provisions of this subpart are applicable to facilities 
located on land and include facilities located onshore which process 
natural gas produced from either onshore or offshore wells.
    (d) The provisions of this subpart apply to each affected facility 
identified in paragraph (a) of this section which commences construction 
or modification after January 20, 1984, and on or before August 23, 
2011.
    (e) The provisions of this subpart do not apply to sweetening 
facilities producing acid gas that is completely reinjected into oil-or-
gas-bearing geologic strata or that is otherwise not released to the 
atmosphere.

[50 FR 40160, Oct. 1, 1985, as amended at 77 FR 49542, Aug. 16, 2012]



Sec. 60.641  Definitions.

    All terms used in this subpart not defined below are given the 
meaning in the Act and in subpart A of this part.
    Acid gas means a gas stream of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and 
carbon dioxide (CO2) that has been separated from sour 
natural gas by a sweetening unit.
    Natural gas means a naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbon and 
nonhydrocarbon gases found in geologic formations beneath the earth's 
surface.

[[Page 132]]

The principal hydrocarbon constituent is methane.
    Onshore means all facilities except those that are located in the 
territorial seas or on the outercontinental shelf.
    Reduced sulfur compounds means H2S, carbonyl sulfide 
(COS), and carbon disulfide (CS2).
    Sulfur production rate means the rate of liquid sulfur accumulation 
from the sulfur recovery unit.
    Sulfur recovery unit means a process device that recovers element 
sulfur from acid gas.
    Sweetening unit means a process device that separates the 
H2S and CO2 contents from the sour natural gas 
stream.
    Total SO2 equivalents means the sum of volumetric or mass 
concentrations of the sulfur compounds obtained by adding the quantity 
existing as SO2 to the quantity of SO2 that would 
be obtained if all reduced sulfur compounds were converted to 
SO2 (ppmv or kg/dscm (lb/dscf)).

EThe sulfur emission rate expressed as elemental sulfur, kilograms per 
          hour (kg/hr) [pounds per hour (lb/hr)], rounded to one decimal 
          place.
RThe sulfur emission reduction efficiency achieved in percent, carried 
          to one decimal place.
SThe sulfur production rate, kilograms per hour (kg/hr) [pounds per hour 
          (lb/hr)], rounded to one decimal place.
XThe sulfur feed rate from the sweetening unit (i.e., the H2S 
          in the acid gas), expressed as sulfur, Mg/D(LT/D), rounded to 
          one decimal place.
YThe sulfur content of the acid gas from the sweetening unit, expressed 
          as mole percent H2S (dry basis) rounded to one 
          decimal place.
ZThe minimum required sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission reduction 
          efficiency, expressed as percent carried to one decimal place. 
          Zi refers to the reduction efficiency required at 
          the initial performance test. Zc refers to the 
          reduction efficiency required on a continuous basis after 
          compliance with Zi has been demonstrated.

[50 FR 40160, Oct. 1, 1985, as amended at 65 FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.642  Standards for sulfur dioxide.

    (a) During the initial performance test required by Sec. 60.8(b), 
each owner or operator shall achieve at a minimum, an SO2 
emission reduction efficiency (Zi) to be determined from 
table 1 based on the sulfur feed rate (X) and the sulfur content of the 
acid gas (Y) of the affected facility.
    (b) After demonstrating compliance with the provisions of paragraph 
(a) of this section, the owner or operator shall achieve at a minimum, 
an SO2 emission reduction efficiency (Zc) to be 
determined from table 2 based on the sulfur feed rate (X) and the sulfur 
content of the acid gas (Y) of the affected facility.

[[Page 133]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.054



Sec. 60.643  Compliance provisions.

    (a)(1) To determine compliance with the standards for sulfur dioxide 
specified in Sec. 60.642(a), during the initial performance test as 
required by Sec. 60.8, the

[[Page 134]]

minimum required sulfur dioxide emission reduction efficiency (Z) is 
compared to the emission reduction efficiency (R) achieved by the sulfur 
recovery technology.
    (i) If R  Zi, the affected facility is in compliance.
    (ii) If R < Zi, the affected facility is not in 
compliance.
    (2) Following the initial determination of compliance as required by 
Sec. 60.8, any subsequent compliance determinations that may be required 
by the Administrator would compare R to Zc.
    (b) The emission reduction efficiency (R) achieved by the sulfur 
reduction technology shall be determined using the procedures in 
Sec. 60.644(c)(1).

[50 FR 40160, Oct. 1, 1985, as amended at 54 FR 6679, Feb. 14, 1989]



Sec. 60.644  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) In conducting the performance tests required in Sec. 60.8, the 
owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test 
methods in appendix A of this part or other methods and procedures as 
specified in this section, except as provided in paragraph Sec. 60.8(b).
    (b) During a performance test required by Sec. 60.8, the owner or 
operator shall determine the minimum required reduction efficiencies (Z) 
of SO2 emissions as required in Sec. 60.642 (a) and (b) as 
follows:
    (1) The average sulfur feed rate (X) shall be computed as follows:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.030
    
Where:

X = average sulfur feed rate, Mg/D (LT/D).
Qa = average volumetric flow rate of acid gas from sweetening 
          unit, dscm/day (dscf/day).
Y = average H2S concentration in acid gas feed from 
          sweetening unit, percent by volume, expressed as a decimal.
K = (32 kg S/kg-mole)/((24.04 dscm/kg-mole)(1000 kg S/ Mg)) = 1.331  x  
          10-3 Mg/dscm, for metric units
     = (32 lb S/lb-mole)/((385.36 dscf/lb-mole)(2240 lb S/long ton))
     = 3.707  x  10-5 long ton/dscf, for English units.

    (2) The continuous readings from the process flowmeter shall be used 
to determine the average volumetric flow rate (Qa) in dscm/
day (dscf/day) of the acid gas from the sweetening unit for each run.
    (3) The Tutwiler procedure in Sec. 60.648 or a chromatographic 
procedure following ASTM E-260 (incorporated by reference--see 
Sec. 60.17) shall be used to determine the H2S concentration 
in the acid gas feed from the sweetening unit. At least one sample per 
hour (at equally spaced intervals) shall be taken during each 4-hour 
run. The arithmetic mean of all samples shall be the average 
H2S concentration (Y) on a dry basis for the run. By 
multiplying the result from the Tutwiler procedure by 1.62  x  
10-3, the units gr/100 scf are converted to volume percent.
    (4) Using the information from paragraphs (b) (1) and (3), tables 1 
and 2 shall be used to determine the required initial (Zi) 
and continuous (Zc) reduction efficiencies of SO2 
emissions.
    (c) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
SO2 standards in Sec. 60.642 (a) or (b) as follows:
    (1) The emission reduction efficiency (R) achieved by the sulfur 
recovery technology shall be computed for each run using the following 
equation:

R = (100 S)/(S + E)

    (2) The level indicators or manual soundings shall be used to 
measure the liquid sulfur accumulation rate in the product storage 
tanks. Readings taken at the beginning and end of each run, the tank 
geometry, sulfur density at the storage temperature, and sample duration 
shall be used to determine the sulfur production rate (S) in kg/hr (lb/
hr) for each run.
    (3) The emission rate of sulfur shall be computed for each run as 
follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.031

Where:

E = emission rate of sulfur per run, kg/hr.
Ce = concentration of sulfur equivalent (SO2 + 
          reduced sulfur), g/dscm (lb/dscf).
Qsd = volumetric flow rate of effluent gas, dscm/hr (dscf/
          hr).
K1 = conversion factor, 1000 g/kg (7000 gr/lb).

    (4) The concentration (Ce) of sulfur equivalent shall be 
the sum of the SO2 and TRS concentrations, after being 
converted to sulfur equivalents. For each run and each of the test 
methods specified in this paragraph (c) of this section, the sampling 
time shall be at

[[Page 135]]

least 4 hours. Method 1 shall be used to select the sampling site. The 
sampling point in the duct shall be at the centroid of the cross-section 
if the area is less than 5 m\2\ (54 ft\2\) or at a point no closer to 
the walls than 1 m (39 in.) if the cross-sectional area is 5 m\2\ or 
more, and the centroid is more than 1 m (39 in.) from the wall.
    (i) Method 6 shall be used to determine the SO2 
concentration. Eight samples of 20 minutes each shall be taken at 30-
minute intervals. The arithmetic average shall be the concentration for 
the run. The concentration shall be multiplied by 0.5  x  
10-3 to convert the results to sulfur equivalent.
    (ii) Method 15 shall be used to determine the TRS concentration from 
reduction-type devices or where the oxygen content of the effluent gas 
is less than 1.0 percent by volume. The sampling rate shall be at least 
3 liters/min (0.1 ft\3\/min) to insure minimum residence time in the 
sample line. Sixteen samples shall be taken at 15-minute intervals. The 
arithmetic average of all the samples shall be the concentration for the 
run. The concentration in ppm reduced sulfur as sulfur shall be 
multiplied by 1.333  x  10-3 to convert the results to sulfur 
equivalent.
    (iii) Method 16A or 15 shall be used to determine the reduced sulfur 
concentration from oxidation-type devices or where the oxygen content of 
the effluent gas is greater than 1.0 percent by volume. Eight samples of 
20 minutes each shall be taken at 30-minute intervals. The arithmetic 
average shall be the concentration for the run. The concentration in ppm 
reduced sulfur as sulfur shall be multiplied by 1.333  x  
10-3 to convert the results to sulfur equivalent.
    (iv) Method 2 shall be used to determine the volumetric flow rate of 
the effluent gas. A velocity traverse shall be conducted at the 
beginning and end of each run. The arithmetic average of the two 
measurements shall be used to calculate the volumetric flow rate 
(Qsd) for the run. For the determination of the effluent gas 
molecular weight, a single integrated sample over the 4-hour period may 
be taken and analyzed or grab samples at 1-hour intervals may be taken, 
analyzed, and averaged. For the moisture content, two samples of at 
least 0.10 dscm (3.5 dscf) and 10 minutes shall be taken at the 
beginning of the 4-hour run and near the end of the time period. The 
arithmetic average of the two runs shall be the moisture content for the 
run.
    (d) To comply with Sec. 60.646(d), the owner or operator shall 
obtain the information required by using the monitoring devices in 
paragraph (b) or (c) of this section.

[54 FR 6679, Feb. 14, 1989, as amended at 65 FR 61773, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.645  [Reserved]



Sec. 60.646  Monitoring of emissions and operations.

    (a) The owner or operator subject to the provisions of Sec. 60.642 
(a) or (b) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate monitoring 
devices or perform measurements to determine the following operations 
information on a daily basis:
    (1) The accumulation of sulfur product over each 24-hour period: The 
monitoring method may incorporate the use of an instrument to measure 
and record the liquid sulfur production rate, or may be a procedure for 
measuring and recording the sulfur liquid levels in the storage tanks 
with a level indicator or by manual soundings, with subsequent 
calculation of the sulfur production rate based on the tank geometry, 
stored sulfur density, and elapsed time between readings. The method 
shall be designed to be accurate within [2 percent of the 24-hour sulfur 
accumulation.
    (2) The H2S concentration in the acid gas from the 
sweetening unit for each 24-hour period: At least one sample per 24-hour 
period shall be collected and analyzed using the method specified in 
Sec. 60.644(b)(1). The Administrator may require the owner or operator 
to demonstrate that the H2S concentration obtained from one 
or more samples over a 24-hour period is within [20 percent of the 
average of 12 samples collected at equally spaced intervals during the 
24-hour period. In instances where the H2S concentration of a 
single sample is not within [20 percent of the

[[Page 136]]

average of the 12 equally spaced samples, the Administrator may require 
a more frequent sampling schedule.
    (3) The average acid gas flow rate from the sweetening unit: The 
owner or operator shall install and operate a monitoring device to 
continuously measure the flow rate of acid gas. The monitoring device 
reading shall be recorded at least once per hour during each 24-hour 
period. The average acid gas flow rate shall be computed from the 
individual readings.
    (4) The sulfur feed rate (X): For each 24-hour period, X shall be 
computed using the equation in Sec. 60.644(b)(3).
    (5) The required sulfur dioxide emission reduction efficiency for 
the 24-hour period: The sulfur feed rate and the H2S 
concentration in the acid gas for the 24-hour period as applicable, 
shall be used to determine the required reduction efficiency in 
accordance with the provisions of Sec. 60.642(b).
    (b) Where compliance is achieved through the use of an oxidation 
control system or a reduction control system followed by a continually 
operated incineration device, the owner or operator shall install, 
calibrate, maintain, and operate monitoring devices and continuous 
emission monitors as follows:
    (1) A continuous monitoring system to measure the total sulfur 
emission rate (E) of SO2 in the gases discharged to the 
atmosphere. The SO2 emission rate shall be expressed in terms 
of equivalent sulfur mass flow rates (kg/hr (lb/hr)). The span of this 
monitoring system shall be set so that the equivalent emission limit of 
Sec. 60.642(b) will be between 30 percent and 70 percent of the 
measurement range of the instrument system.
    (2) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(3) of this section: A 
monitoring device to measure the temperature of the gas leaving the 
combustion zone of the incinerator, if compliance with Sec. 60.642(a) is 
achieved through the use of an oxidation control system or a reduction 
control system followed by a continually operated incineration device. 
The monitoring device shall be certified by the manufacturer to be 
accurate to within [1 percent of the temperature being measured.

When performance tests are conducted under the provision of Sec. 60.8 to 
demonstrate compliance with the standards under Sec. 60.642, the 
temperature of the gas leaving the incinerator combustion zone shall be 
determined using the monitoring device. If the volumetric ratio of 
sulfur dioxide to sulfur dioxide plus total reduced sulfur (expressed as 
SO2) in the gas leaving the incinerator is 0.98, then 
temperature monitoring may be used to demonstrate that sulfur dioxide 
emission monitoring is sufficient to determine total sulfur emissions. 
At all times during the operation of the facility, the owner or operator 
shall maintain the average temperature of the gas leaving the combustion 
zone of the incinerator at or above the appropriate level determined 
during the most recent performance test to ensure the sulfur compound 
oxidation criteria are met. Operation at lower average temperatures may 
be considered by the Administrator to be unacceptable operation and 
maintenance of the affected facility. The owner or operator may request 
that the minimum incinerator temperature be reestablished by conducting 
new performance tests under Sec. 60.8.
    (3) Upon promulgation of a performance specification of continuous 
monitoring systems for total reduced sulfur compounds at sulfur recovery 
plants, the owner or operator may, as an alternative to paragraph (b)(2) 
of this section, install, calibrate, maintain, and operate a continuous 
emission monitoring system for total reduced sulfur compounds as 
required in paragraph (d) of this section in addition to a sulfur 
dioxide emission monitoring system. The sum of the equivalent sulfur 
mass emission rates from the two monitoring systems shall be used to 
compute the total sulfur emission rate (E).
    (c) Where compliance is achieved through the use of a reduction 
control system not followed by a continually operated incineration 
device, the owner or operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and 
operate a continuous monitoring system to measure the emission rate of 
reduced sulfur compounds as SO2 equivalent in the gases 
discharged to the atmosphere. The SO2 equivalent compound 
emission

[[Page 137]]

rate shall be expressed in terms of equivalent sulfur mass flow rates 
(kg/hr (lb/hr)). The span of this monitoring system shall be set so that 
the equivalent emission limit of Sec. 60.642(b) will be between 30 and 
70 percent of the measurement range of the system. This requirement 
becomes effective upon promulgation of a performance specification for 
continuous monitoring systems for total reduced sulfur compounds at 
sulfur recovery plants.
    (d) For those sources required to comply with paragraph (b) or (c) 
of this section, the average sulfur emission reduction efficiency 
achieved (R) shall be calculated for each 24-hour clock internal. The 
24-hour interval may begin and end at any selected clock time, but must 
be consistent. The 24-hour average reduction efficiency (R) shall be 
computed based on the 24-hour average sulfur production rate (S) and 
sulfur emission rate (E), using the equation in Sec. 60.644(c)(1).
    (1) Data obtained from the sulfur production rate monitoring device 
specified in paragraph (a) of this section shall be used to determine S.
    (2) Data obtained from the sulfur emission rate monitoring systems 
specified in paragraphs (b) or (c) of this section shall be used to 
calculate a 24-hour average for the sulfur emission rate (E). The 
monitoring system must provide at least one data point in each 
successive 15-minute interval. At least two data points must be used to 
calculate each 1-hour average. A minimum of 18 1-hour averages must be 
used to compute each 24-hour average.
    (e) In lieu of complying with (b) or (c) of this section, those 
sources with a design capacity of less than 152 Mg/D (150 LT/D) of 
H2S expressed as sulfur may calculate the sulfur emission 
reduction efficiency achieved for each 24-hour period by:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.032

Where:

R = The sulfur dioxide removal efficiency achieved during the 24-hour 
          period, percent.
K2 = Conversion factor, 0.02400 Mg/D per kg/hr (0.01071 LT/D 
          per lb/hr).
S = The sulfur production rate during the 24-hour period, kg/hr (lb/hr).
X = The sulfur feed rate in the acid gas, Mg/D (LT/D).

    (f) The monitoring devices required in paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(3) and 
(c) of this section shall be calibrated at least annually according to 
the manufacturer's specifications, as required by Sec. 60.13(b).
    (g) The continuous emission monitoring systems required in 
paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(3), and (c) of this section shall be subject to 
the emission monitoring requirements of Sec. 60.13 of the General 
Provisions. For conducting the continuous emission monitoring system 
performance evaluation required by Sec. 60.13(c), Performance 
Specification 2 shall apply, and Method 6 shall be used for systems 
required by paragraph (b) of this section.

[50 FR 40160, Oct. 1, 1985, as amended at 54 FR 6680, Feb. 14, 1989; 65 
FR 61774, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.647  Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

    (a) Records of the calculations and measurements required in 
Sec. 60.642 (a) and (b) and Sec. 60.646 (a) through (g) must be retained 
for at least 2 years following the date of the measurements by owners 
and operators subject to this subpart. This requirement is included 
under Sec. 60.7(d) of the General Provisions.
    (b) Each owner or operator shall submit a written report of excess 
emissions to the Administrator semiannually. For the purpose of these 
reports, excess emissions are defined as:
    (1) Any 24-hour period (at consistent intervals) during which the 
average sulfur emission reduction efficiency (R) is less than the 
minimum required efficiency (Z).
    (2) For any affected facility electing to comply with the provisions 
of Sec. 60.646(b)(2), any 24-hour period during which the average 
temperature of the gases leaving the combustion zone of an incinerator 
is less than the appropriate operating temperature as determined during 
the most recent performance test in accordance with the provisions of 
Sec. 60.646(b)(2). Each 24-hour period must consist of at least 96 
temperature measurements equally spaced over the 24 hours.
    (c) To certify that a facility is exempt from the control 
requirements of

[[Page 138]]

these standards, each owner or operator of a facility with a design 
capacity less that 2 LT/D of H2S in the acid gas (expressed 
as sulfur) shall keep, for the life of the facility, an analysis 
demonstrating that the facility's design capacity is less than 2 LT/D of 
H2S expressed as sulfur.
    (d) Each owner or operator who elects to comply with Sec. 60.646(e) 
shall keep, for the life of the facility, a record demonstrating that 
the facility's design capacity is less than 150 LT/D of H2S 
expressed as sulfur.
    (e) The requirements of paragraph (b) of this section remain in 
force until and unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements 
or an alternative means of compliance surveillance adopted by such 
State. In that event, affected sources within the State will be relieved 
of obligation to comply with paragraph (b) of this section, provided 
that they comply with the requirements established by the State.



Sec. 60.648  Optional procedure for measuring hydrogen sulfide in acid
                    gas--Tutwiler Procedure. \1\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Gas Engineers Handbook, Fuel Gas Engineering Practices, The 
Industrial Press, 93 Worth Street, New York, NY, 1966, First Edition, 
Second Printing, page 6/25 (Docket A-80-20-A, Entry II-I-67).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (a) When an instantaneous sample is desired and H2S 
concentration is ten grains per 1000 cubic foot or more, a 100 ml 
Tutwiler burette is used. For concentrations less than ten grains, a 500 
ml Tutwiler burette and more dilute solutions are used. In principle, 
this method consists of titrating hydrogen sulfide in a gas sample 
directly with a standard solution of iodine.
    (b) Apparatus. (See Figure 1.) A 100 or 500 ml capacity Tutwiler 
burette, with two-way glass stopcock at bottom and three-way stopcock at 
top which connect either with inlet tubulature or glass-stoppered 
cylinder, 10 ml capacity, graduated in 0.1 ml subdivision; rubber tubing 
connecting burette with leveling bottle.
    (c) Reagents. (1) Iodine stock solution, 0.1N. Weight 12.7 g iodine, 
and 20 to 25 g cp potassium iodide for each liter of solution. Dissolve 
KI in as little water as necessary; dissolve iodine in concentrated KI 
solution, make up to proper volume, and store in glass-stoppered brown 
glass bottle.
    (2) Standard iodine solution, 1 ml = 0.001771 g I. Transfer 33.7 ml 
of above 0.1N stock solution into a 250 ml volumetric flask; add water 
to mark and mix well. Then, for 100 ml sample of gas, 1 ml of standard 
iodine solution is equivalent to 100 grains H2S per cubic 
feet of gas.
    (3) Starch solution. Rub into a thin paste about one teaspoonful of 
wheat starch with a little water; pour into about a pint of boiling 
water; stir; let cool and decant off clear solution. Make fresh solution 
every few days.
    (d) Procedure. Fill leveling bulb with starch solution. Raise (L), 
open cock (G), open (F) to (A), and close (F) when solutions starts to 
run out of gas inlet. Close (G). Purge gas sampling line and connect 
with (A). Lower (L) and open (F) and (G). When liquid level is several 
ml past the 100 ml mark, close (G) and (F), and disconnect sampling 
tube. Open (G) and bring starch solution to 100 ml mark by raising (L); 
then close (G). Open (F) momentarily, to bring gas in burette to 
atmospheric pressure, and close (F). Open (G), bring liquid level down 
to 10 ml mark by lowering (L). Close (G), clamp rubber tubing near (E) 
and disconnect it from burette. Rinse graduated cylinder with a standard 
iodine solution (0.00171 g I per ml); fill cylinder and record reading. 
Introduce successive small amounts of iodine thru (F); shake well after 
each addition; continue until a faint permanent blue color is obtained. 
Record reading; subtract from previous reading, and call difference D.
    (e) With every fresh stock of starch solution perform a blank test 
as follows: introduce fresh starch solution into burette up to 100 ml 
mark. Close (F) and (G). Lower (L) and open (G). When liquid level 
reaches the 10 ml mark, close (G). With air in burette, titrate as 
during a test and up to same end point. Call ml of iodine used C. Then,

Grains H2S per 100 cubic foot of gas = 100 (D--C)


[[Page 139]]


    (f) Greater sensitivity can be attained if a 500 ml capacity 
Tutwiler burette is used with a more dilute (0.001N) iodine solution. 
Concentrations less than 1.0 grains per 100 cubic foot can be determined 
in this way. Usually, the starch-iodine end point is much less distinct, 
and a blank determination of end point, with H2S-free gas or 
air, is required.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.055

      Figure 1. Tutwiler burette (lettered items mentioned in text)

Subpart MMM [Reserved]



Subpart NNN_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) 
Emissions From Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) 
                         Distillation Operations

    Source: 55 FR 26942, June 29, 1990, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.660  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each affected facility 
designated in paragraph (b) of this section that is part of a process 
unit that produces any of the chemicals listed in Sec. 60.667 as a 
product, co-product, by-product, or intermediate, except as provided in 
paragraph (c).
    (b) The affected facility is any of the following for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction commenced after December 
30, 1983:
    (1) Each distillation unit not discharging its vent stream into a 
recovery system.
    (2) Each combination of a distillation unit and the recovery system 
into which its vent stream is discharged.
    (3) Each combination of two or more distillation units and the 
common recovery system into which their vent streams are discharged.
    (c) Exemptions from the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section 
are as follows:
    (1) Any distillation unit operating as part of a process unit which 
produces coal tar or beverage alcohols, or which uses, contains, and 
produces no VOC is not an affected facility.
    (2) Any distillation unit that is subject to the provisions of 
subpart DDD is not an affected facility.
    (3) Any distillation unit that is designed and operated as a batch 
operation is not an affected facility.
    (4) Each affected facility that has a total resource effectiveness 
(TRE) index value greater than 8.0 is exempt from all provisions of this 
subpart except for Secs. 60.662; 60.664 (e), (f), and (g); and 60.665 
(h) and (l).
    (5) Each affected facility in a process unit with a total design 
capacity for all chemicals produced within that unit of less than one 
gigagram per year is exempt from all provisions of this subpart except 
for the recordkeeping and reporting requirements in paragraphs (j), 
(l)(6), and (n) of Sec. 60.665.
    (6) Each affected facility operated with a vent stream flow rate 
less than 0.008 scm/min is exempt from all provisions of this subpart 
except for the test method and procedure and the recordkeeping and 
reporting requirements in

[[Page 140]]

Sec. 60.664(g) and paragraphs (i), (l)(5), and (o) of Sec. 60.665.
    (d) Alternative means of compliance--(1) Option to comply with part 
65. Owners or operators of process vents that are subject to this 
subpart may choose to comply with the provisions of 40 CFR part 65, 
subpart D, to satisfy the requirements of Secs. 60.662 through 60.665 
and 60.668. The provisions of 40 CFR part 65 also satisfy the criteria 
of paragraphs (c)(4) and (6) of this section. Other provisions applying 
to an owner or operator who chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 65 are 
provided in 40 CFR 65.1.
    (2) Part 60, subpart A. Owners or operators who choose to comply 
with 40 CFR part 65, subpart D, must also comply with Secs. 60.1, 60.2, 
60.5, 60.6, 60.7(a)(1) and (4), 60.14, 60.15, and 60.16 for those 
process vents. All sections and paragraphs of subpart A of this part 
that are not mentioned in this paragraph (d)(2) do not apply to owners 
or operators of process vents complying with 40 CFR part 65, subpart D, 
except that provisions required to be met prior to implementing 40 CFR 
part 65 still apply. Owners and operators who choose to comply with 40 
CFR part 65, subpart D, must comply with 40 CFR part 65, subpart A.
    (3) Compliance date. Owners or operators who choose to comply with 
40 CFR part 65, subpart D, at initial startup shall comply with 
paragraphs (d)(1) and (2) of this section for each vent stream on and 
after the date on which the initial performance test is completed, but 
not later than 60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at 
which the affected facility will be operated, or 180 days after the 
initial startup, whichever date comes first.
    (4) Initial startup notification. Each owner or operator subject to 
the provisions of this subpart that chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 
65, subpart D, at initial startup shall notify the Administrator of the 
specific provisions of 40 CFR 65.63(a)(1), (2), or (3), with which the 
owner or operator has elected to comply. Notification shall be submitted 
with the notifications of initial startup required by 40 CFR 65.5(b).

    [Note: The intent of these standards is to minimize the emissions of 
VOC through the application of best demonstrated technology (BDT). The 
numerical emission limits in these standards are expressed in terms of 
total organic compounds (TOC), measured as TOC less methane and ethane. 
This emission limit reflects the performance of BDT.]

[55 FR 26942, June 29, 2000, as amended at 65 FR 78279, Dec. 14, 2000; 
79 FR 11251, Feb. 27, 2014]



Sec. 60.661  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined here shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act and in subpart A of part 60, and the 
following terms shall have the specific meanings given them.
    Batch distillation operation means a noncontinuous distillation 
operation in which a discrete quantity or batch of liquid feed is 
charged into a distillation unit and distilled at one time. After the 
initial charging of the liquid feed, no additional liquid is added 
during the distillation operation.
    Boiler means any enclosed combustion device that extracts useful 
energy in the form of steam.
    By compound means by individual stream components, not carbon 
equivalents.
    Continuous recorder means a data recording device recording an 
instantaneous data value at least once every 15 minutes.
    Distillation operation means an operation separating one or more 
feed stream(s) into two or more exit stream(s), each exit stream having 
component concentrations different from those in the feed stream(s). The 
separation is achieved by the redistribution of the components between 
the liquid and vapor-phase as they approach equilibrium within the 
distillation unit.
    Distillation unit means a device or vessel in which distillation 
operations occur, including all associated internals (such as trays or 
packing) and accessories (such as reboiler, condenser, vacuum pump, 
steam jet, etc.), plus any associated recovery system.
    Flame zone means the portion of the combustion chamber in a boiler 
occupied by the flame envelope.
    Flow indicator means a device which indicates whether gas flow is 
present in a vent stream.
    Halogenated vent stream means any vent stream determined to have a 
total

[[Page 141]]

concentration (by volume) of compounds containing halogens of 20 ppmv 
(by compound) or greater.
    Incinerator means any enclosed combustion device that is used for 
destroying organic compounds and does not extract energy in the form of 
steam or process heat.
    Process heater means a device that transfers heat liberated by 
burning fuel to fluids contained in tubes, including all fluids except 
water that is heated to produce steam.
    Process unit means equipment assembled and connected by pipes or 
ducts to produce, as intermediates or final products, one or more of the 
chemicals in Sec. 60.667. A process unit can operate independently if 
supplied with sufficient fuel or raw materials and sufficient product 
storage facilities.
    Product means any compound or chemical listed in Sec. 60.667 that is 
produced for sale as a final product as that chemical, or for use in the 
production of other chemicals or compounds. By-products, co-products, 
and intermediates are considered to be products.
    Recovery device means an individual unit of equipment, such as an 
absorber, carbon adsorber, or condenser, capable of and used for the 
purpose of recovering chemicals for use, reuse, or sale.
    Recovery system means an individual recovery device or series of 
such devices applied to the same vent stream.
    Total organic compounds (TOC) means those compounds measured 
according to the procedures in Sec. 60.664(b)(4). For the purposes of 
measuring molar composition as required in Sec. 60.664(d)(2)(i); hourly 
emissions rate as required in Sec. 60.664(d)(5) and Sec. 60.664(e); and 
TOC concentration as required in Sec. 60.665(b)(4) and 
Sec. 60.665(g)(4), those compounds which the Administrator has 
determined do not contribute appreciably to the formation of ozone are 
to be excluded. The compounds to be excluded are identified in 
Environmental Protection Agency's statements on ozone abatement policy 
for State Implementation Plans (SIP) revisions (42 FR 35314; 44 FR 
32042; 45 FR 32424; 45 FR 48942).
    TRE index value means a measure of the supplemental total resource 
requirement per unit reduction of TOC associated with an individual 
distillation vent stream, based on vent stream flow rate, emission rate 
of TOC net heating value, and corrosion properties (whether or not the 
vent stream is halogenated), as quantified by the equation given under 
Sec. 60.664(e).
    Vent stream means any gas stream discharged directly from a 
distillation facility to the atmosphere or indirectly to the atmosphere 
after diversion through other process equipment. The vent stream 
excludes relief valve discharges and equipment leaks including, but not 
limited to, pumps, compressors, and valves.



Sec. 60.662  Standards.

    Each owner or operator of any affected facility shall comply with 
paragraph (a), (b), or (c) of this section for each vent stream on and 
after the date on which the initial performance test required by 
Secs. 60.8 and 60.664 is completed, but not later than 60 days after 
achieving the maximum production rate at which the affected facility 
will be operated, or 180 days after the initial start-up, whichever date 
comes first. Each owner or operator shall either:
    (a) Reduce emissions of TOC (less methane and ethane) by 98 weight-
percent, or to a TOC (less methane and ethane) concentration of 20 ppmv, 
on a dry basis corrected to 3 percent oxygen, whichever is less 
stringent. If a boiler or process heater is used to comply with this 
paragraph, then the vent stream shall be introduced into the flame zone 
of the boiler or process heater; or
    (b) Combust the emissions in a flare that meets the requirements of 
Sec. 60.18; or
    (c) Maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 without use of VOC 
emission control devices.



Sec. 60.663  Monitoring of emissions and operations.

    (a) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses an 
incinerator to seek to comply with the TOC emission limit specified 
under Sec. 60.662(a) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate 
according to manufacturer's specifications the following equipment:
    (1) A temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous 
recorder

[[Page 142]]

and having an accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored 
expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater.
    (i) Where an incinerator other than a catalytic incinerator is used, 
a temperature monitoring device shall be installed in the firebox.
    (ii) Where a catalytic incinerator is used, temperature monitoring 
devices shall be installed in the gas stream immediately before and 
after the catalyst bed.
    (2) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow to 
the incinerator at least once every hour for each affected facility. The 
flow indicator shall be installed in the vent stream from each affected 
facility at a point closest to the inlet of each incinerator and before 
being joined with any other vent stream.
    (b) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a flare 
to seek to comply with Sec. 60.662(b) shall install, calibrate, maintain 
and operate according to manufacturer's specifications the following 
equipment:
    (1) A heat sensing device, such as an ultra-violet beam sensor or 
thermocouple, at the pilot light to indicate the continuous presence of 
a flame.
    (2) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow to 
the flare at least once every hour for each affected facility. The flow 
indicator shall be installed in the vent stream from each affected 
facility at a point closest to the flare and before being joined with 
any other vent stream.
    (c) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a boiler 
or process heater to seek to comply with Sec. 60.662(a) shall install, 
calibrate, maintain and operate according to the manufacturer's 
specifications the following equipment:
    (1) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow to 
the boiler or process heater at least once every hour for each affected 
facility. The flow indicator shall be installed in the vent stream from 
each distillation unit within an affected facility at a point closest to 
the inlet of each boiler or process heater and before being joined with 
any other vent stream.
    (2) A temperature monitoring device in the firebox equipped with a 
continuous recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent of the 
temperature being measured expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, 
whichever is greater, for boilers or process heaters of less than 44 MW 
(150 million Btu/hr) heat input design capacity.
    (d) Monitor and record the periods of operation of the boiler or 
process heater if the design heat input capacity of the boiler or 
process heater is 44 MW (150 million Btu/hr) or greater. The records 
must be readily available for inspection.
    (e) The owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the TRE index value limit specified under Sec. 60.662(c) 
shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to 
manufacturer's specifications the following equipment, unless 
alternative monitoring procedures or requirements are approved for that 
facility by the Administrator:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system:
    (i) A scrubbing liquid temperature monitoring device having an 
accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in 
degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater, and a specific 
gravity monitoring device having an accuracy of [0.02 specific gravity 
units, each equipped with a continuous recorder, or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infrared, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (2) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system:
    (i) A condenser exit (product side) temperature monitoring device 
equipped with a continuous recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent 
of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5 
deg.C, whichever is greater, or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to monitor organic compounds 
exiting the recovery device based on a detection principle such as 
infra-red, photoionization, or thermal conductivity, each equipped with 
a continuous recorder.

[[Page 143]]

    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device unit in the 
recovery system:
    (i) An integrating steam flow monitoring device having an accuracy 
of [10 percent, and a carbon bed temperature monitoring device having an 
accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in 
degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater, both equipped with 
a continuous recorder, or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (f) An owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to 
demonstrate compliance with the standards specified under Sec. 60.662 
with control devices other than incinerator, boiler, process heater, or 
flare; or recovery device other than an absorber, condenser, or carbon 
adsorber shall provide to the Administrator information describing the 
operation of the control device or recovery device and the process 
parameter(s) which would indicate proper operation and maintenance of 
the device. The Administrator may request further information and will 
specify appropriate monitoring procedures or requirements.

[55 FR 26942, June 29, 1990, as amended at 65 FR 61774, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.664  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) For the purpose of demonstrating compliance with Sec. 60.662, 
all affected facilities shall be run at full operating conditions and 
flow rates during any performance test.
    (b) The following methods in appendix A to this part, except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used as reference methods to 
determine compliance with the emission limit or percent reduction 
efficiency specified under Sec. 60.662(a).
    (1) Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling 
sites. The control device inlet sampling site for determination of vent 
stream molar composition or TOC (less methane and ethane) reduction 
efficiency shall be prior to the inlet of the control device and after 
the recovery system.
    (2) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, for determination of 
the gas volumetric flow rates.
    (3) The emission rate correction factor, integrated sampling and 
analysis procedure of Method 3 shall be used to determine the oxygen 
concentration (%O2d) for the purposes of determining 
compliance with the 20 ppmv limit. The sampling site shall be the same 
as that of the TOC samples, and the samples shall be taken during the 
same time that the TOC samples are taken.
    The TOC concentration corrected to 3 percent 02 
(Cc) shall be computed using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.096

where:

Cc = Concentration of TOC corrected to 3 percent 
          O2, dry basis, ppm by volume.
CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume.
%O2d = Concentration of O2, dry basis, percent by 
          volume.

    (4) Method 18 to determine the concentration of TOC in the control 
device outlet and the concentration of TOC in the inlet when the 
reduction efficiency of the control device is to be determined.
    (i) The sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which either 
an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used then the samples shall be taken at 15-minute intervals.
    (ii) The emission reduction (R) of TOC (minus methane and ethane) 
shall be determined using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.097

where:

R = Emission reduction, percent by weight.
Ei = Mass rate of TOC entering the control device, kg/hr (lb/
          hr).
Eo = Mass rate of TOC discharged to the atmosphere, kg/hr 
          (lb/hr).

    (iii) The mass rates of TOC (Ei, Eo) shall be 
computed using the following equations:

[[Page 144]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.098

where:

Cij, Coj = Concentration of sample component ``j'' 
          of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, dry basis, ppm by volume.
Mij, Moj = Molecular weight of sample component 
          ``j'' of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole).
Qi, Qo = Flow rate of gas stream at the inlet and 
          outlet of the control device, respectively, dscm/min (dscf/
          min).
K2 = 2.494  x  10-6 (1/ppm)(g-mole/scm) (kg/g) 
          (min/hr) (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-
          mole/scm) is 20  deg.C.
     = 1.557  x  10-7 (1/ppm) (lb-mole/scf) (min/hr) (English 
units), where standard temperature for (lb-mole/scf) is 68  deg.F.

    (iv) The TOC concentration (CTOC) is the sum of the 
individual components and shall be computed for each run using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.099

where:

CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume.
Cj = Concentration of sample components ``j'', dry basis, ppm 
          by volume.
n = Number of components in the sample.

    (c) When a boiler or process heater with a design heat input 
capacity of 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater is used to seek to 
comply with Sec. 60.662(a), the requirement for an initial performance 
test is waived, in accordance with Sec. 60.8(b). However, the 
Administrator reserves the option to require testing at such other times 
as may be required, as provided for in section 114 of the Act.
    (d) When a flare is used to seek to comply with Sec. 60.662(b), the 
flare shall comply with the requirements of Sec. 60.18.
    (e) The following test methods in appendix A to this part, except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used for determining the net 
heating value of the gas combusted to determine compliance under 
Sec. 60.662(b) and for determining the process vent stream TRE index 
value to determine compliance under Sec. 60.662(c).
    (1)(i) Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling 
site. The sampling site for the vent stream flow rate and molar 
composition determination prescribed in Sec. 60.664(e)(2) and (3) shall 
be, except for the situations outlined in paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this 
section, prior to the inlet of any control device, prior to any post-
distillation dilution of the stream with air, and prior to any post-
distillation introduction of halogenated compounds into the process vent 
stream. No transverse site selection method is needed for vents smaller 
than 10 centimeters (4 inches) in diameter.
    (ii) If any gas stream other than the distillation vent stream from 
the affected facility is normally conducted through the final recovery 
device.
    (A) The sampling site for vent stream flow rate and molar 
composition shall be prior to the final recovery device and prior to the 
point at which the nondistillation stream is introduced.
    (B) The efficiency of the final recovery device is determined by 
measuring the TOC concentration using Method 18 at the inlet to the 
final recovery device after the introduction of any nondistillation vent 
stream and at the outlet of the final recovery device.
    (C) This efficiency is applied to the TOC concentration measured 
prior to the final recovery device and prior to the introduction of the 
nondistillation stream to determine the concentration of TOC in the 
distillation vent stream from the final recovery device. This 
concentration of TOC is then used to perform the calculations outlined 
in Sec. 60.664(e)(4) and (5).
    (2) The molar composition of the process vent stream shall be 
determined as follows:
    (i) Method 18 to measure the concentration of TOC including those 
containing halogens.
    (ii) ASTM D1946-77 or 90 (Reapproved 1994) (incorporation by 
reference as specified in Sec. 60.17 of this part) to measure the 
concentration of carbon monoxide and hydrogen.

[[Page 145]]

    (iii) Method 4 to measure the content of water vapor.
    (3) The volumetric flow rate shall be determined using Method 2, 2A, 
2C, or 2D, as appropriate.
    (4) The net heating value of the vent stream shall be calculated 
using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.100

where:

HT = Net heating value of the sample, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on 
          combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (77  deg.F and 30 in. 
          Hg), but the standard temperature for determining the volume 
          corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
K1 = 1.74  x  10-7 (1/ppm) (g-mole/scm) (MJ/kcal) 
          (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-mole/scm) is 
          20  deg.C.
     = 1.03  x  10-11 (1/ppm) (lb-mole/scf) (Btu/kcal) 
(English units) where standard temperature for (lb/mole/scf) is 68 
deg.F.
Cj = Concentration on a wet basis of compound j in ppm, as 
          measured for organics by Method 18 and measured for hydrogen 
          and carbon monoxide by ASTM D1946-77 or 90 (Reapproved 1994) 
          (incorporation by reference as specified in Sec. 60.17 of this 
          part) as indicated in Sec. 60.664(e)(2).
Hj = Net heat of combustion of compound j, kcal/(g-mole) 
          [kcal/(lb-mole)], based on combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm 
          Hg (77  deg.F and 30 in. Hg).

    The heats of combustion of vent stream components would be required 
to be determined using ASTM D2382-76 (incorporation by reference as 
specified in Sec. 60.17 of this part) if published values are not 
available or cannot be calculated.
    (5) The emission rate of TOC in the vent stream shall be calculated 
using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.103

where:

ETOC = Measured emission rate of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).
K2 = 2.494  x  10-6 (1/ppm) (g-mole/scm) (kg/g) 
          (min/hr) (metric units), where standard temperature for (g-
          mole/scm) is 20  deg.C.
 = 1.557  x  10-7 (1/ppm) (lb-mole/scf) (min/hr) (English 
          units), where standard temperature for (lb-mole/scf) is 68 
          deg.F.
Cj = Concentration on a wet basis of compound j in ppm, as 
          measured by Method 18 as indicated in Sec. 60.664(e)(2).
Mj = Molecular weight of sample j, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole).
Qs = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a 
          temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).

    (6) The total process vent stream concentration (by volume) of 
compounds containing halogens (ppmv, by compound) shall be summed from 
the individual concentrations of compounds containing halogens which 
were measured by Method 18.
    (f) For purposes of complying with Sec. 60.662(c) the owner or 
operator of a facility affected by this subpart shall calculate the TRE 
index value of the vent stream using the equation for incineration in 
paragraph (e)(1) of this section for halogenated vent streams. The owner 
or operator of an affected facility with a nonhalogenated vent stream 
shall determine the TRE index value by calculating values using both the 
incinerator equation in (e)(1) and the flare equation in (e)(2) of this 
section and selecting the lower of the two values.
    (1) The equation for calculating the TRE index value of a vent 
stream controlled by an incinerator is as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.104

    (i) Where for a vent stream flow rate that is greater than or equal 
to 14.2 scm/min (501 scf/min) at a standard temperature of 20  deg.C (68 
 deg.F):

TRE = TRE index value.
Qs = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a 
          temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
HT = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on 
          combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30

[[Page 146]]

          in. Hg), but the standard temperature for determining the 
          volume corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F) as 
          in the definition of Qs.
Ys = Qs for all vent stream categories listed in 
          table 1 except for Category E vent streams where Ys 
          = QsHT/3.6.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).

    a, b, c, d, e, and f are coefficients.

    The set of coefficients that apply to a vent stream can be obtained 
from table 1.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.033


[[Page 147]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.034


[[Page 148]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.035

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR17OC00.036

    (ii) Where for a vent stream flow rate that is less than 14.2 scm/
min (501 scf/min) at a standard temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F):

TRE = TRE index value.
Qs = 14.2 scm/min (501 scf/min).
HT = (FLOW) (HVAL)/Qs.

Where the following inputs are used:

FLOW = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a temperature of 20 
          deg.C (68  deg.F).
HVAL = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where the net 
          enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on combustion at 25 
          deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30 in. Hg), but the 
          standard temperature for determining the volume corresponding 
          to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F) as in the definition of 
          Qs.
Ys = Qs for all vent stream categories listed in 
          table 1 except for Category E vent streams where Ys 
          = QsHT/3.6.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).

    a, b, c, d, e, and f are coefficients

    The set of coefficients that apply to a vent stream can be obtained 
from table 1.

[[Page 149]]

    (2) The equation for calculating the TRE index value of a vent 
stream controlled by a flare is as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.105

where:

TRE = TRE index value.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC, kg/hr (lb/hr).
Qs = Vent stream flow rate, scm/min (scf/min), at a standard 
          temperature of 20  deg.C (68  deg.F).
HT = Vent stream net heating value, MJ/scm (Btu/scf), where 
          the net enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on 
          combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg (68  deg.F and 30 in. 
          Hg), but the standard temperature for determining the volume 
          corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C (68  deg.F) as in the 
          definition of Qs.

    a, b, c, d, and e are coefficients.

    The set of coefficients that apply to a vent stream shall be 
obtained from table 2.

               Table 2--Distillation NSPS TRE Coefficients for Vent Streams Controlled By a Flare
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         a               b               c               d               e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HT < 11.2 MJ/scm................            2.25           0.288          -0.193         -0.0051            2.08
(HT < 301 Btu/scf)..............         (0.140)        (0.0367)     (-0.000448)       (-0.0051)          (4.59)
HT  11.2 MJ/scm.................           0.309          0.0619         -0.0043         -0.0034            2.08
(HT  301 Btu/scf)...............        (0.0193)       (0.00788)    (-0.0000010)       (-0.0034)          (4.59)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (g) Each owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to comply 
with Sec. 60.660(c)(4) or Sec. 60.662(c) shall recalculate the TRE index 
value for that affected facility whenever process changes are made. 
Examples of process changes include changes in production capacity, 
feedstock type, or catalyst type, or whenever there is replacement, 
removal, or addition of recovery equipment. The TRE index value shall be 
recalculated based on test data, or on best engineering estimates of the 
effects of the change to the recovery system.
    (1) Where the recalculated TRE index value is less than or equal to 
1.0, the owner or operator shall notify the Administrator within 1 week 
of the recalculation and shall conduct a performance test according to 
the methods and procedures required by Sec. 60.664 in order to determine 
compliance with Sec. 60.662(a). Performance tests must be conducted as 
soon as possible after the process change but no later than 180 days 
from the time of the process change.
    (2) Where the initial TRE index value is greater than 8.0 and the 
recalculated TRE index value is less than or equal to 8.0 but greater 
than 1.0, the owner or operator shall conduct a performance test in 
accordance with Secs. 60.8 and 60.664 and shall comply with 
Secs. 60.663, 60.664 and 60.665. Performance tests must be conducted as 
soon as possible after the process change but no later than 180 days 
from the time of the process change.
    (h) Any owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
seeking to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.660(c)(6) shall use 
Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D as appropriate, for determination of volumetric 
flow rate.

[55 FR 26942, June 29, 1990, as amended at 65 FR 61774, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.665  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to Sec. 60.662 shall notify the 
Administrator of the specific provisions of Sec. 60.662 (Sec. 60.662 
(a), (b), or (c)) with which the owner or operator has elected to 
comply. Notification shall be submitted with the notification of initial 
start-up required by Sec. 60.7(a)(3). If an owner or operator elects at 
a later date to use an

[[Page 150]]

alternative provision of Sec. 60.662 with which he or she will comply, 
then the Administrator shall be notified by the owner or operator 90 
days before implementing a change and, upon implementing the change, a 
performance test shall be performed as specified by Sec. 60.664 within 
180 days.
    (b) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of the following 
data measured during each performance test, and also include the 
following data in the report of the initial performance test required 
under Sec. 60.8. Where a boiler or process heater with a design heat 
input capacity of 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater is used to 
comply with Sec. 60.662(a), a report containing performance test data 
need not be submitted, but a report containing the information in 
Sec. 60.665(b)(2)(i) is required. The same data specified in this 
section shall be submitted in the reports of all subsequently required 
performance tests where either the emission control efficiency of a 
control device, outlet concentration of TOC, or the TRE index value of a 
vent stream from a recovery system is determined.
    (1) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.662(a) through use 
of either a thermal or catalytic incinerator:
    (i) The average firebox temperature of the incinerator (or the 
average temperature upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed for a 
catalytic incinerator), measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged 
over the same time period of the performance testing, and
    (ii) The percent reduction of TOC determined as specified in 
Sec. 60.664(b) achieved by the incinerator, or the concentration of TOC 
(ppmv, by compound) determined as specified in Sec. 60.664(b) at the 
outlet of the control device on a dry basis corrected to 3 percent 
oxygen.
    (2) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.662(a) through use 
of a boiler or process heater:
    (i) A description of the location at which the vent stream is 
introduced into the boiler or process heater, and
    (ii) The average combustion temperature of the boiler or process 
heater with a design heat input capacity of less than 44 MW (150 million 
Btu/hr) measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same 
time period of the performance testing.
    (3) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.662(b) through use 
of a smokeless flare, flare design (i.e., steam-assisted, air-assisted 
or nonassisted), all visible emission readings, heat content 
determinations, flow rate measurements, and exit velocity determinations 
made during the performance test, continuous records of the flare pilot 
flame monitoring, and records of all periods of operations during which 
the pilot flame is absent.
    (4) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.662(c):
    (i) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system, the exit specific gravity (or alternative parameter which is a 
measure of the degree of absorbing liquid saturation, if approved by the 
Administrator), and average exit temperature, of the absorbing liquid 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time 
period of the performance testing (both measured while the vent stream 
is normally routed and constituted), or
    (ii) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system, the average exit (product side) temperature measured at least 
every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time period of the 
performance testing while the vent stream is routed and constituted 
normally, or
    (iii) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in the 
recovery system, the total steam mass flow measured at least every 15 
minutes and averaged over the same time period of the performance test 
(full carbon bed cycle), temperature of the carbon bed after 
regeneration (and within 15 minutes of completion of any cooling 
cycle(s)), and duration of the carbon bed steaming cycle (all measured 
while the vent stream is routed and constituted normally), or

[[Page 151]]

    (iv) As an alternative to Sec. 60.665(b)(4) ((i), (ii) or (iii), the 
concentration level or reading indicated by the organics monitoring 
device at the outlet of the absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber, 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time 
period of the performance testing while the vent stream is normally 
routed and constituted.
    (v) All measurements and calculations performed to determine the TRE 
index value of the vent stream.
    (c) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored under 
Sec. 60.663 (a) and (c) as well as up-to-date, readily accessible 
records of periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries 
established during the most recent performance test are exceeded. The 
Administrator may at any time require a report of these data. Where a 
combustion device is used to comply with Sec. 60.662(a), periods of 
operation during which the parameter boundaries established during the 
most recent performance tests are exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) For thermal incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation during 
which the average combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C (50 
deg.F) below the average combustion temperature during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance with Sec. 60.662(a) was determined.
    (2) For catalytic incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature of the vent stream immediately 
before the catalyst bed is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average temperature of the vent stream during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance with Sec. 60.662(a) was determined. 
The owner or operator also shall record all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed 
is less than 80 percent of the average temperature difference of the 
device during the most recent performance test at which compliance with 
Sec. 60.662(a) was determined.
    (3) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test 
at which compliance with Sec. 60.662(a) was determined for boilers or 
process heaters with a design heat input capacity of less than 44 MW 
(150 million Btu/hr).
    (4) For boilers or process heaters, whenever there is a change in 
the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the flame zone 
as required under Sec. 60.662(a).
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up to date, readily accessible continuous records of the flow 
indication specified under Sec. 60.663(a)(2), Sec. 60.663(b)(2) and 
Sec. 60.663(c)(1), as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records of 
all periods when the vent stream is diverted from the control device or 
has no flow rate.
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
who uses a boiler or process heater with a design heat input capacity of 
44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater to comply with Sec. 60.662(a) 
shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of all periods of 
operation of the boiler or process heater. (Examples of such records 
could include records of steam use, fuel use, or monitoring data 
collected pursuant to other State or Federal regulatory requirements.)
    (f) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
flare pilot flame monitoring specified under Sec. 60.663(b), as well as 
up-to-date, readily accessible records of all periods of operations in 
which the pilot flame is absent.
    (g) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored under 
Sec. 60.663(e), as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records of 
periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries established 
during the most recent performance test are exceeded. The Administrator 
may at any time require a report of these data. Where an owner or 
operator seeks to

[[Page 152]]

comply with Sec. 60.662(c), periods of operation during which the 
parameter boundaries established during the most recent performance 
tests are exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system, and where an organic compound monitoring device is not used:
    (i) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid temperature was more than 11  deg.C (20  deg.F) above 
the average absorbing liquid temperature during the most recent 
performance test, or
    (ii) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid specific gravity was more than 0.1 unit above, or more 
than 0.1 unit below, the average absorbing liquid specific gravity 
during the most recent performance test (unless monitoring of an 
alternative parameter, which is a measure of the degree of absorbing 
liquid saturation, is approved by the Administrator, in which case he 
will define appropriate parameter boundaries and periods of operation 
during which they are exceeded).
    (2) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in a system, and 
where an organic compound monitoring device is not used, all 3-hour 
periods of operation during which the average exit (product side) 
condenser operating temperature was more than 6  deg.C (1 1  deg.F) 
above the average exit (product side) operating temperature during the 
most recent performance test.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in a 
system, and where an organic compound monitoring device is not used:
    (i) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the total mass 
steam flow was more than 10 percent below the total mass steam flow 
during the most recent performance test, or
    (ii) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the temperature 
of the carbon bed after regeneration (and after completion of any 
cooling cycle(s)) was more than 10 percent greater than the carbon bed 
temperature (in degrees Celsius) during the most recent performance 
test.
    (4) Where an absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber is the final 
recovery device in the recovery system and where an organic compound 
monitoring device is used, all 3-hour periods of operation during which 
the average organic compound concentration level or reading of organic 
compounds in the exhaust gases is more than 20 percent greater than the 
exhaust gas organic compound concentration level or reading measured by 
the monitoring device during the most recent performance test.
    (h) Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart and seeking to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.662(c) shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible records of:
    (1) Any changes in production capacity, feedstock type, or catalyst 
type, or of any replacement, removal or addition of recovery equipment 
or a distillation unit;
    (2) Any recalculation of the TRE index value performed pursuant to 
Sec. 60.664(g); and
    (3) The results of any performance test performed pursuant to the 
methods and procedures required by Sec. 60.664(e).
    (i) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the requirements of this subpart by complying with the flow 
rate cutoff in Sec. 60.660(c)(6) shall keep up-to-date, readily 
accessible records to indicate that the vent stream flow rate is less 
than 0.008 scm/min (0.3 scf/min) and of any change in equipment or 
process operation that increases the operating vent stream flow rate, 
including a measurement of the new vent stream flow rate.
    (j) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the requirements of this subpart by complying with the 
design production capacity provision in Sec. 60.660(c)(5) shall keep up-
to-date, readily accessible records of any change in equipment or 
process operation that increases the design production capacity of the 
process unit in which the affected facility is located.
    (k) Each owner and operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart is exempt from the quarterly reporting requirements contained in 
Sec. 60.7(c) of the General Provisions.

[[Page 153]]

    (l) Each owner or operator that seeks to comply with the 
requirements of this subpart by complying with the requirements of 
Sec. 60.660 (c)(4), (c)(5), or (c)(6) or Sec. 60.662 shall submit to the 
Administrator semiannual reports of the following recorded information. 
The initial report shall be submitted within 6 months after the initial 
start-up date.
    (1) Exceedances of monitored parameters recorded under Sec. 60.665 
(c) and (g).
    (2) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.665(d) when the vent stream 
is diverted from the control device or has no flow rate.
    (3) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.665(e) when the boiler or 
process heater was not operating.
    (4) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.665(f) in which the pilot 
flame of the flare was absent.
    (5) Any change in equipment or process operation that increases the 
operating vent stream flow rate above the low flow exemption level in 
Sec. 60.660(c)(6), including a measurement of the new vent stream flow 
rate, as recorded under Sec. 60.665(i). These must be reported as soon 
as possible after the change and no later than 180 days after the 
change. These reports may be submitted either in conjunction with 
semiannual reports or as a single separate report. A performance test 
must be completed with the same time period to verify the recalculated 
flow value and to obtain the vent stream characteristics of heating 
value and ETOC. The performance test is subject to the 
requirements of Sec. 60.8 of the General Provisions. Unless the facility 
qualifies for an exemption under the low capacity exemption status in 
Sec. 60.660(c)(5), the facility must begin compliance with the 
requirements set forth in Sec. 60.662.
    (6) Any change in equipment or process operation, as recorded under 
paragraph (j) of this section, that increases the design production 
capacity above the low capacity exemption level in Sec. 60.660(c)(5) and 
the new capacity resulting from the change for the distillation process 
unit containing the affected facility. These must be reported as soon as 
possible after the change and no later than 180 days after the change. 
These reports may be submitted either in conjunction with semiannual 
reports or as a single separate report. A performance test must be 
completed within the same time period to obtain the vent stream flow 
rate, heating value, and ETOC. The performance test is 
subject to the requirements of Sec. 60.8. The facility must begin 
compliance with the requirements set forth in Sec. 60.660(d) or 
Sec. 60.662. If the facility chooses to comply with Sec. 60.662, the 
facility may qualify for an exemption in Sec. 60.660(c)(4) or (6).
    (7) Any recalculation of the TRE index value, as recorded under 
Sec. 60.665(h).
    (m) The requirements of Sec. 60.665(l) remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an alternative 
means of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In that event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with Sec. 60.665(l), provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.
    (n) Each owner or operator that seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.660(c)(5) must submit to the Administrator an initial report 
detailing the design production capacity of the process unit.
    (o) Each owner or operator that seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.660(c)(6) must submit to the Administrator an initial report 
including a flow rate measurement using the test methods specified in 
Sec. 60.664.
    (p) The Administrator will specify appropriate reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements where the owner or operator of an affected 
facility complies with the standards specified under Sec. 60.662 other 
than as provided under Sec. 60.663(a), (b), (c) and (d).

[55 FR 26922, June 29, 1990; 55 FR 36932, Sept. 7, 1990, as amended at 
60 FR 58237, Nov. 27, 1995; 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000; 65 FR 78279, 
Dec. 14, 2000; 79 FR 11251, Feb. 27, 2014]



Sec. 60.666  Reconstruction.

    For purposes of this subpart ``fixed capital cost of the new 
components,'' as used in Sec. 60.15, includes the fixed capital cost of 
all depreciable components which are or will be replaced pursuant

[[Page 154]]

to all continuous programs of component replacement which are commenced 
within any 2-year period following December 30, 1983. For purposes of 
this paragraph, ``commenced'' means that an owner or operator has 
undertaken a continuous program of component replacement or that an 
owner or operator has entered into a contractual obligation to undertake 
and complete, within a reasonable time, a continuous program of 
component replacement.



Sec. 60.667  Chemicals affected by subpart NNN.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Chemical name                           CAS No.*
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acetaldehyde...............................................      75-07-0
Acetaldol..................................................     107-89-1
Acetic acid................................................      64-19-7
Acetic anhydride...........................................     108-24-7
Acetone....................................................      67-64-1
Acetone cyanohydrin........................................      75-86-5
Acetylene..................................................      74-86-2
Acrylic acid...............................................      79-10-7
Acrylonitrile..............................................     107-13-1
Adipic acid................................................     124-04-9
Adiponitrile...............................................     111-69-3
Alcohols, C-11 or lower, mixtures..........................
Alcohols, C-12 or higher, mixtures.........................
Allyl chloride.............................................     107-05-1
Amylene....................................................     513-35-9
Amylenes, mixed............................................
Aniline....................................................      62-53-3
Benzene....................................................      71-43-2
Benzenesulfonic acid.......................................      98-11-3
Benzenesulfonic acid C10-16-alkyl derivatives, sodium salts   68081-81-2
Benzoic acid, tech.........................................      65-85-0
Benzyl chloride............................................     100-44-7
Biphenyl...................................................      92-52-4
Bisphenol A................................................      80-05-7
Brometone..................................................      76-08-4
1,3-Butadiene..............................................     106-99-0
Butadiene and butene fractions.............................
n-Butane...................................................     106-97-8
1,4-Butanediol.............................................     110-63-4
Butanes, mixed.............................................
1-Butene...................................................     106-98-9
2-Butene...................................................   25167-67-3
Butenes, mixed.............................................
n-Butyl acetate............................................     123-86-4
Butyl acrylate.............................................     141-32-2
n-Butyl alcohol............................................      71-36-3
sec-Butyl alcohol..........................................      78-92-2
tert-Butyl alcohol.........................................      75-65-0
Butylbenzyl phthalate......................................      85-68-7
Butylene glycol............................................     107-88-0
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide...................................      75-91-2
2-Butyne-1,4-diol..........................................     110-65-6
Butyraldehyde..............................................     123-72-8
Butyric anhydride..........................................     106-31-0
Caprolactam................................................     105-60-2
Carbon disulfide...........................................      75-15-0
Carbon tetrabromide........................................     558-13-4
Carbon tetrachloride.......................................      56-23-5
Chlorobenzene..............................................     108-90-7
2-Chloro-4-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-s-triazine......    1912-24-9
Chloroform.................................................      67-66-3
p-Chloronitrobenzene.......................................     100-00-5
Chloroprene................................................     126-99-8
Citric acid................................................      77-92-9
Crotonaldehyde.............................................    4170-30-0
Crotonic acid..............................................    3724-65-0
Cumene.....................................................      98-82-8
Cumene hydroperoxide.......................................      80-15-9
Cyanuric chloride..........................................     108-77-0
Cyclohexane................................................     110-82-7
Cyclohexane, oxidized......................................   68512-15-2
Cyclohexanol...............................................     108-93-0
Cyclohexanone..............................................     108-94-1
Cyclohexanone oxime........................................     100-64-1
Cyclohexene................................................     110-83-8
1,3-Cyclopentadiene........................................     542-92-7
Cyclopropane...............................................      75-19-4
Diacetone alcohol..........................................     123-42-2
Dibutanized aromatic concentrate...........................
1,4-Dichlorobutene.........................................     110-57-6
3,4-Dichloro-1-butene......................................   64037-54-3
Dichlorodifluoromethane....................................      75-71-8
Dichlorodimethylsilane.....................................      75-78-5
Dichlorofluoromethane......................................      75-43-4
    -Dichlorohydrin........................................      96-23-1
Diethanolamine.............................................     111-42-2
Diethylbenzene.............................................   25340-17-4
Diethylene glycol..........................................     111-46-6
Di-n-heptyl-n-nonyl undecyl phthalate......................      85-68-7
Di-isodecyl phthalate......................................   26761-40-0
Diisononyl phthalate.......................................   28553-12-0
Dimethylamine..............................................     124-40-3
Dimethyl terephthalate.....................................     120-61-6
2,4-Dinitrotoluene.........................................     121-14-2
2,4-(and 2,6)-dinitrotoluene...............................     121-14-2
                                                                606-20-2
Dioctyl phthalate..........................................     117-81-7
Dodecene...................................................   25378-22-7
Dodecylbenzene, non linear.................................
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid................................   27176-87-0
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt...................   25155-30-0
Epichlorohydrin............................................     106-89-8
Ethanol....................................................      64-17-5
Ethanolamine...............................................     141-43-5
Ethyl acetate..............................................     141-78-6
Ethyl acrylate.............................................     140-88-5
Ethylbenzene...............................................     100-41-4
Ethyl chloride.............................................      75-00-3
Ethyl cyanide..............................................     107-12-0
Ethylene...................................................      74-85-1
Ethylene dibromide.........................................     106-93-4
Ethylene dichloride........................................     107-06-2
Ethylene glycol............................................     107-21-1
Ethylene glycol monobutyl..................................     111-76-2
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether............................     110-80-5
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate....................     111-15-9
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether...........................     109-86-4
Ethylene oxide.............................................      75-21-8
2-Ethylhexanal.............................................   26266-68-2
2-Ethylhexyl alcohol.......................................     104-76-7
(2-Ethylhexyl) amine.......................................     104-75-6
Ethylmethylbenzene.........................................   25550-14-5
6-Ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro 9,10-anthracenedione............   15547-17-8
Formaldehyde...............................................      50-00-0
Glycerol...................................................      56-81-5
n-Heptane..................................................     142-82-5
Heptenes (mixed)...........................................
Hexadecyl chloride.........................................
Hexamethylene diamine......................................     124-09-4
Hexamethylene diamine adipate..............................    3323-53-3
Hexamethylenetetramine.....................................     100-97-0
Hexane.....................................................     110-54-3
2-Hexenedinitrile..........................................   13042-02-9
3-Hexenedinitrile..........................................    1119-85-3
Hydrogen cyanide...........................................      74-90-8
Isobutane..................................................      75-28-5

[[Page 155]]

 
Isobutanol.................................................      78-83-1
Isobutylene................................................     115-11-7
Isobutyraldehyde...........................................      78-84-2
Isodecyl alcohol...........................................   25339-17-7
Isooctyl alcohol...........................................   26952-21-6
Isopentane.................................................      78-78-4
Isophthalic acid...........................................     121-91-5
Isoprene...................................................      78-79-5
Isopropanol................................................      67-63-0
Ketene.....................................................     463-51-4
Linear alcohols, ethoxylated, mixed........................
Linear alcohols, ethoxylated, and sulfated, sodium salt,
 mixed.....................................................
Linear alcohols, sulfated, sodium salt, mixed..............
Linear alkylbenzene........................................     123-01-3
Magnesium acetate..........................................     142-72-3
Maleic anhydride...........................................     108-31-6
Melamine...................................................     108-78-1
Mesityl oxide..............................................     141-79-7
Methacrylonitrile..........................................     126-98-7
Methanol...................................................      67-56-1
Methylamine................................................      74-89-5
ar-Methylbenzenediamine....................................   25376-45-8
Methyl chloride............................................      74-87-3
Methylene chloride.........................................      75-09-2
Methyl ethyl ketone........................................      78-93-3
Methyl iodide..............................................      74-88-4
Methyl isobutyl ketone.....................................     108-10-1
Methyl methacrylate........................................      80-62-6
2-Methylpentane............................................     107-83-5
1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone.....................................     872-50-4
Methyl tert-butyl ether....................................
Naphthalene................................................      91-20-3
Nitrobenzene...............................................      98-95-3
1-Nonene...................................................   27215-95-8
Nonyl alcohol..............................................     143-08-8
Nonylphenol................................................   25154-52-3
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated...................................    9016-45-9
Octene.....................................................   25377-83-7
Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt..............
Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, sodium salt...............
Pentaerythritol............................................     115-77-5
n-Pentane..................................................     109-66-0
3-Pentenenitrile...........................................    4635-87-4
Pentenes, mixed............................................     109-67-1
Perchloroethylene..........................................     127-18-4
Phenol.....................................................     108-95-2
1-Phenylethyl hydroperoxide................................    3071-32-7
Phenylpropane..............................................     103-65-1
Phosgene...................................................      75-44-5
Phthalic anhydride.........................................      85-44-9
Propane....................................................      74-98-6
Propionaldehyde............................................     123-38-6
Propionic acid.............................................      79-09-4
Propyl alcohol.............................................      71-23-8
Propylene..................................................     115-07-1
Propylene chlorohydrin.....................................      78-89-7
Propylene glycol...........................................      57-55-6
Propylene oxide............................................      75-56-9
Sodium cyanide.............................................     143-33-9
Sorbitol...................................................      50-70-4
Styrene....................................................     100-42-5
Terephthalic acid..........................................     100-21-0
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane..................................      79-34-5
Tetraethyl lead............................................      78-00-2
Tetrahydrofuran............................................     109-99-9
Tetra (methyl-ethyl) lead..................................
Tetramethyl lead...........................................      75-74-1
Toluene....................................................     108-88-3
Toluene-2,4-diamine........................................      95-80-7
Toluene-2,4-(and, 2,6)-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture)........   26471-62-5
Tribromomethane............................................      75-25-2
1,1,1-Trichloroethane......................................      71-55-6
1,1,2-Trichloroethane......................................      79-00-5
Trichloroethylene..........................................      79-01-6
Trichlorofluoromethane.....................................      75-69-4
1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane......................      76-13-1
Triethanolamine............................................     102-71-6
Triethylene glycol.........................................     112-27-6
Vinyl acetate..............................................     108-05-4
Vinyl chloride.............................................      75-01-4
Vinylidene chloride........................................      75-35-4
m-Xylene...................................................     108-38-3
o-Xylene...................................................      95-47-6
p-Xylene...................................................     106-42-3
Xylenes (mixed)............................................    1330-20-7
m-Xylenol..................................................     576-26-1
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* CAS numbers refer to the Chemical Abstracts Registry numbers assigned
  to specific chemicals, isomers, or mixtures of chemicals. Some isomers
  or mixtures that are covered by the standards do not have CAS numbers
  assigned to them. The standards apply to all of the chemicals listed,
  whether CAS numbers have been assigned or not.


[55 FR 26942, June 29, 1990, as amended at 60 FR 58237, 58238, Nov. 27, 
1995]



Sec. 60.668  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under Sec. 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to States: 
Sec. 60.663(e).



Subpart OOO_Standards of Performance for Nonmetallic Mineral Processing 
                                 Plants

    Source: 74 FR 19309, Apr. 28, 2009, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.670  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a)(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (a)(2), (b), (c), and (d) of 
this section, the provisions of this subpart are applicable to the 
following affected facilities in fixed or portable nonmetallic mineral 
processing plants: each crusher, grinding mill, screening operation, 
bucket elevator, belt conveyor, bagging operation, storage bin, enclosed 
truck or railcar loading station. Also, crushers and grinding mills at 
hot mix asphalt facilities that reduce the size of nonmetallic minerals 
embedded in recycled asphalt pavement and subsequent affected facilities 
up to, but not including, the first storage silo or bin are subject to 
the provisions of this subpart.

[[Page 156]]

    (2) The provisions of this subpart do not apply to the following 
operations: All facilities located in underground mines; plants without 
crushers or grinding mills above ground; and wet material processing 
operations (as defined in Sec. 60.671).
    (b) An affected facility that is subject to the provisions of 
subparts F or I of this part or that follows in the plant process any 
facility subject to the provisions of subparts F or I of this part is 
not subject to the provisions of this subpart.
    (c) Facilities at the following plants are not subject to the 
provisions of this subpart:
    (1) Fixed sand and gravel plants and crushed stone plants with 
capacities, as defined in Sec. 60.671, of 23 megagrams per hour (25 tons 
per hour) or less;
    (2) Portable sand and gravel plants and crushed stone plants with 
capacities, as defined in Sec. 60.671, of 136 megagrams per hour (150 
tons per hour) or less; and
    (3) Common clay plants and pumice plants with capacities, as defined 
in Sec. 60.671, of 9 megagrams per hour (10 tons per hour) or less.
    (d)(1) When an existing facility is replaced by a piece of equipment 
of equal or smaller size, as defined in Sec. 60.671, having the same 
function as the existing facility, and there is no increase in the 
amount of emissions, the new facility is exempt from the provisions of 
Secs. 60.672, 60.674, and 60.675 except as provided for in paragraph 
(d)(3) of this section.
    (2) An owner or operator complying with paragraph (d)(1) of this 
section shall submit the information required in Sec. 60.676(a).
    (3) An owner or operator replacing all existing facilities in a 
production line with new facilities does not qualify for the exemption 
described in paragraph (d)(1) of this section and must comply with the 
provisions of Secs. 60.672, 60.674 and 60.675.
    (e) An affected facility under paragraph (a) of this section that 
commences construction, modification, or reconstruction after August 31, 
1983, is subject to the requirements of this part.
    (f) Table 1 of this subpart specifies the provisions of subpart A of 
this part 60 that do not apply to owners and operators of affected 
facilities subject to this subpart or that apply with certain 
exceptions.



Sec. 60.671  Definitions.

    All terms used in this subpart, but not specifically defined in this 
section, shall have the meaning given them in the Act and in subpart A 
of this part.
    Bagging operation means the mechanical process by which bags are 
filled with nonmetallic minerals.
    Belt conveyor means a conveying device that transports material from 
one location to another by means of an endless belt that is carried on a 
series of idlers and routed around a pulley at each end.
    Bucket elevator means a conveying device of nonmetallic minerals 
consisting of a head and foot assembly which supports and drives an 
endless single or double strand chain or belt to which buckets are 
attached.
    Building means any frame structure with a roof.
    Capacity means the cumulative rated capacity of all initial crushers 
that are part of the plant.
    Capture system means the equipment (including enclosures, hoods, 
ducts, fans, dampers, etc.) used to capture and transport particulate 
matter generated by one or more affected facilities to a control device.
    Control device means the air pollution control equipment used to 
reduce particulate matter emissions released to the atmosphere from one 
or more affected facilities at a nonmetallic mineral processing plant.
    Conveying system means a device for transporting materials from one 
piece of equipment or location to another location within a plant. 
Conveying systems include but are not limited to the following: Feeders, 
belt conveyors, bucket elevators and pneumatic systems.
    Crush or Crushing means to reduce the size of nonmetallic mineral 
material by means of physical impaction of the crusher or grinding mill 
upon the material.
    Crusher means a machine used to crush any nonmetallic minerals, and

[[Page 157]]

includes, but is not limited to, the following types: Jaw, gyratory, 
cone, roll, rod mill, hammermill, and impactor.
    Enclosed truck or railcar loading station means that portion of a 
nonmetallic mineral processing plant where nonmetallic minerals are 
loaded by an enclosed conveying system into enclosed trucks or railcars.
    Fixed plant means any nonmetallic mineral processing plant at which 
the processing equipment specified in Sec. 60.670(a) is attached by a 
cable, chain, turnbuckle, bolt or other means (except electrical 
connections) to any anchor, slab, or structure including bedrock.
    Fugitive emission means particulate matter that is not collected by 
a capture system and is released to the atmosphere at the point of 
generation.
    Grinding mill means a machine used for the wet or dry fine crushing 
of any nonmetallic mineral. Grinding mills include, but are not limited 
to, the following types: Hammer, roller, rod, pebble and ball, and fluid 
energy. The grinding mill includes the air conveying system, air 
separator, or air classifier, where such systems are used.
    Initial crusher means any crusher into which nonmetallic minerals 
can be fed without prior crushing in the plant.
    Nonmetallic mineral means any of the following minerals or any 
mixture of which the majority is any of the following minerals:
    (1) Crushed and Broken Stone, including Limestone, Dolomite, 
Granite, Traprock, Sandstone, Quartz, Quartzite, Marl, Marble, Slate, 
Shale, Oil Shale, and Shell.
    (2) Sand and Gravel.
    (3) Clay including Kaolin, Fireclay, Bentonite, Fuller's Earth, Ball 
Clay, and Common Clay.
    (4) Rock Salt.
    (5) Gypsum (natural or synthetic).
    (6) Sodium Compounds, including Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride, 
and Sodium Sulfate.
    (7) Pumice.
    (8) Gilsonite.
    (9) Talc and Pyrophyllite.
    (10) Boron, including Borax, Kernite, and Colemanite.
    (11) Barite.
    (12) Fluorospar.
    (13) Feldspar.
    (14) Diatomite.
    (15) Perlite.
    (16) Vermiculite.
    (17) Mica.
    (18) Kyanite, including Andalusite, Sillimanite, Topaz, and 
Dumortierite.
    Nonmetallic mineral processing plant means any combination of 
equipment that is used to crush or grind any nonmetallic mineral 
wherever located, including lime plants, power plants, steel mills, 
asphalt concrete plants, portland cement plants, or any other facility 
processing nonmetallic minerals except as provided in Sec. 60.670 (b) 
and (c).
    Portable plant means any nonmetallic mineral processing plant that 
is mounted on any chassis or skids and may be moved by the application 
of a lifting or pulling force. In addition, there shall be no cable, 
chain, turnbuckle, bolt or other means (except electrical connections) 
by which any piece of equipment is attached or clamped to any anchor, 
slab, or structure, including bedrock that must be removed prior to the 
application of a lifting or pulling force for the purpose of 
transporting the unit.
    Production line means all affected facilities (crushers, grinding 
mills, screening operations, bucket elevators, belt conveyors, bagging 
operations, storage bins, and enclosed truck and railcar loading 
stations) which are directly connected or are connected together by a 
conveying system.
    Saturated material means, for purposes of this subpart, mineral 
material with sufficient surface moisture such that particulate matter 
emissions are not generated from processing of the material through 
screening operations, bucket elevators and belt conveyors. Material that 
is wetted solely by wet suppression systems is not considered to be 
``saturated'' for purposes of this definition.
    Screening operation means a device for separating material according 
to size by passing undersize material through one or more mesh surfaces 
(screens) in series, and retaining oversize material on the mesh 
surfaces (screens). Grizzly feeders associated with truck dumping and 
static (non-moving) grizzlies used anywhere in the nonmetallic mineral 
processing plant are not considered to be screening operations.

[[Page 158]]

    Seasonal shut down means shut down of an affected facility for a 
period of at least 45 consecutive days due to weather or seasonal market 
conditions.
    Size means the rated capacity in tons per hour of a crusher, 
grinding mill, bucket elevator, bagging operation, or enclosed truck or 
railcar loading station; the total surface area of the top screen of a 
screening operation; the width of a conveyor belt; and the rated 
capacity in tons of a storage bin.
    Stack emission means the particulate matter that is released to the 
atmosphere from a capture system.
    Storage bin means a facility for storage (including surge bins) of 
nonmetallic minerals prior to further processing or loading.
    Transfer point means a point in a conveying operation where the 
nonmetallic mineral is transferred to or from a belt conveyor except 
where the nonmetallic mineral is being transferred to a stockpile.
    Truck dumping means the unloading of nonmetallic minerals from 
movable vehicles designed to transport nonmetallic minerals from one 
location to another. Movable vehicles include but are not limited to: 
Trucks, front end loaders, skip hoists, and railcars.
    Vent means an opening through which there is mechanically induced 
air flow for the purpose of exhausting from a building air carrying 
particulate matter emissions from one or more affected facilities.
    Wet material processing operation(s) means any of the following:
    (1) Wet screening operations (as defined in this section) and 
subsequent screening operations, bucket elevators and belt conveyors in 
the production line that process saturated materials (as defined in this 
section) up to the first crusher, grinding mill or storage bin in the 
production line; or
    (2) Screening operations, bucket elevators and belt conveyors in the 
production line downstream of wet mining operations (as defined in this 
section) that process saturated materials (as defined in this section) 
up to the first crusher, grinding mill or storage bin in the production 
line.
    Wet mining operation means a mining or dredging operation designed 
and operated to extract any nonmetallic mineral regulated under this 
subpart from deposits existing at or below the water table, where the 
nonmetallic mineral is saturated with water.
    Wet screening operation means a screening operation at a nonmetallic 
mineral processing plant which removes unwanted material or which 
separates marketable fines from the product by a washing process which 
is designed and operated at all times such that the product is saturated 
with water.



Sec. 60.672  Standard for particulate matter (PM).

    (a) Affected facilities must meet the stack emission limits and 
compliance requirements in Table 2 of this subpart within 60 days after 
achieving the maximum production rate at which the affected facility 
will be operated, but not later than 180 days after initial startup as 
required under Sec. 60.8. The requirements in Table 2 of this subpart 
apply for affected facilities with capture systems used to capture and 
transport particulate matter to a control device.
    (b) Affected facilities must meet the fugitive emission limits and 
compliance requirements in Table 3 of this subpart within 60 days after 
achieving the maximum production rate at which the affected facility 
will be operated, but not later than 180 days after initial startup as 
required under Sec. 60.11. The requirements in Table 3 of this subpart 
apply for fugitive emissions from affected facilities without capture 
systems and for fugitive emissions escaping capture systems.
    (c) [Reserved]
    (d) Truck dumping of nonmetallic minerals into any screening 
operation, feed hopper, or crusher is exempt from the requirements of 
this section.
    (e) If any transfer point on a conveyor belt or any other affected 
facility is enclosed in a building, then each enclosed affected facility 
must comply with the emission limits in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this 
section, or the building enclosing the affected facility or facilities 
must comply with the following emission limits:
    (1) Fugitive emissions from the building openings (except for vents 
as defined in Sec. 60.671) must not exceed 7 percent opacity; and

[[Page 159]]

    (2) Vents (as defined in Sec. 60.671) in the building must meet the 
applicable stack emission limits and compliance requirements in Table 2 
of this subpart.
    (f) Any baghouse that controls emissions from only an individual, 
enclosed storage bin is exempt from the applicable stack PM 
concentration limit (and associated performance testing) in Table 2 of 
this subpart but must meet the applicable stack opacity limit and 
compliance requirements in Table 2 of this subpart. This exemption from 
the stack PM concentration limit does not apply for multiple storage 
bins with combined stack emissions.



Sec. 60.673  Reconstruction.

    (a) The cost of replacement of ore-contact surfaces on processing 
equipment shall not be considered in calculating either the ``fixed 
capital cost of the new components'' or the ``fixed capital cost that 
would be required to construct a comparable new facility'' under 
Sec. 60.15. Ore-contact surfaces are crushing surfaces; screen meshes, 
bars, and plates; conveyor belts; and elevator buckets.
    (b) Under Sec. 60.15, the ``fixed capital cost of the new 
components'' includes the fixed capital cost of all depreciable 
components (except components specified in paragraph (a) of this 
section) which are or will be replaced pursuant to all continuous 
programs of component replacement commenced within any 2-year period 
following August 31, 1983.



Sec. 60.674  Monitoring of operations.

    (a) The owner or operator of any affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart which uses a wet scrubber to control 
emissions shall install, calibrate, maintain and operate the following 
monitoring devices:
    (1) A device for the continuous measurement of the pressure loss of 
the gas stream through the scrubber. The monitoring device must be 
certified by the manufacturer to be accurate within [250 pascals [1 inch 
water gauge pressure and must be calibrated on an annual basis in 
accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
    (2) A device for the continuous measurement of the scrubbing liquid 
flow rate to the wet scrubber. The monitoring device must be certified 
by the manufacturer to be accurate within [5 percent of design scrubbing 
liquid flow rate and must be calibrated on an annual basis in accordance 
with manufacturer's instructions.
    (b) The owner or operator of any affected facility for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction commenced on or after 
April 22, 2008, that uses wet suppression to control emissions from the 
affected facility must perform monthly periodic inspections to check 
that water is flowing to discharge spray nozzles in the wet suppression 
system. The owner or operator must initiate corrective action within 24 
hours and complete corrective action as expediently as practical if the 
owner or operator finds that water is not flowing properly during an 
inspection of the water spray nozzles. The owner or operator must record 
each inspection of the water spray nozzles, including the date of each 
inspection and any corrective actions taken, in the logbook required 
under Sec. 60.676(b).
    (1) If an affected facility relies on water carryover from upstream 
water sprays to control fugitive emissions, then that affected facility 
is exempt from the 5-year repeat testing requirement specified in Table 
3 of this subpart provided that the affected facility meets the criteria 
in paragraphs (b)(1)(i) and (ii) of this section:
    (i) The owner or operator of the affected facility conducts periodic 
inspections of the upstream water spray(s) that are responsible for 
controlling fugitive emissions from the affected facility. These 
inspections are conducted according to paragraph (b) of this section and 
Sec. 60.676(b), and
    (ii) The owner or operator of the affected facility designates which 
upstream water spray(s) will be periodically inspected at the time of 
the initial performance test required under Sec. 60.11 of this part and 
Sec. 60.675 of this subpart.
    (2) If an affected facility that routinely uses wet suppression 
water sprays ceases operation of the water sprays or is using a control 
mechanism to reduce fugitive emissions other than

[[Page 160]]

water sprays during the monthly inspection (for example, water from 
recent rainfall), the logbook entry required under Sec. 60.676(b) must 
specify the control mechanism being used instead of the water sprays.
    (c) Except as specified in paragraph (d) or (e) of this section, the 
owner or operator of any affected facility for which construction, 
modification, or reconstruction commenced on or after April 22, 2008, 
that uses a baghouse to control emissions must conduct quarterly 30-
minute visible emissions inspections using EPA Method 22 (40 CFR part 
60, appendix A-7). The Method 22 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-7) test 
shall be conducted while the baghouse is operating. The test is 
successful if no visible emissions are observed. If any visible 
emissions are observed, the owner or operator of the affected facility 
must initiate corrective action within 24 hours to return the baghouse 
to normal operation. The owner or operator must record each Method 22 
(40 CFR part 60, appendix A-7) test, including the date and any 
corrective actions taken, in the logbook required under Sec. 60.676(b). 
The owner or operator of the affected facility may establish a different 
baghouse-specific success level for the visible emissions test (other 
than no visible emissions) by conducting a PM performance test according 
to Sec. 60.675(b) simultaneously with a Method 22 (40 CFR part 60, 
appendix A-7) to determine what constitutes normal visible emissions 
from that affected facility's baghouse when it is in compliance with the 
applicable PM concentration limit in Table 2 of this subpart. The 
revised visible emissions success level must be incorporated into the 
permit for the affected facility.
    (d) As an alternative to the periodic Method 22 (40 CFR part 60, 
appendix A-7) visible emissions inspections specified in paragraph (c) 
of this section, the owner or operator of any affected facility for 
which construction, modification, or reconstruction commenced on or 
after April 22, 2008, that uses a baghouse to control emissions may use 
a bag leak detection system. The owner or operator must install, 
operate, and maintain the bag leak detection system according to 
paragraphs (d)(1) through (3) of this section.
    (1) Each bag leak detection system must meet the specifications and 
requirements in paragraphs (d)(1)(i) through (viii) of this section.
    (i) The bag leak detection system must be certified by the 
manufacturer to be capable of detecting PM emissions at concentrations 
of 1 milligram per dry standard cubic meter (0.00044 grains per actual 
cubic foot) or less.
    (ii) The bag leak detection system sensor must provide output of 
relative PM loadings. The owner or operator shall continuously record 
the output from the bag leak detection system using electronic or other 
means (e.g., using a strip chart recorder or a data logger).
    (iii) The bag leak detection system must be equipped with an alarm 
system that will sound when the system detects an increase in relative 
particulate loading over the alarm set point established according to 
paragraph (d)(1)(iv) of this section, and the alarm must be located such 
that it can be heard by the appropriate plant personnel.
    (iv) In the initial adjustment of the bag leak detection system, the 
owner or operator must establish, at a minimum, the baseline output by 
adjusting the sensitivity (range) and the averaging period of the 
device, the alarm set points, and the alarm delay time.
    (v) Following initial adjustment, the owner or operator shall not 
adjust the averaging period, alarm set point, or alarm delay time 
without approval from the Administrator or delegated authority except as 
provided in paragraph (d)(1)(vi) of this section.
    (vi) Once per quarter, the owner or operator may adjust the 
sensitivity of the bag leak detection system to account for seasonal 
effects, including temperature and humidity, according to the procedures 
identified in the site-specific monitoring plan required by paragraph 
(d)(2) of this section.
    (vii) The owner or operator must install the bag leak detection 
sensor downstream of the fabric filter.
    (viii) Where multiple detectors are required, the system's 
instrumentation and alarm may be shared among detectors.

[[Page 161]]

    (2) The owner or operator of the affected facility must develop and 
submit to the Administrator or delegated authority for approval of a 
site-specific monitoring plan for each bag leak detection system. The 
owner or operator must operate and maintain the bag leak detection 
system according to the site-specific monitoring plan at all times. Each 
monitoring plan must describe the items in paragraphs (d)(2)(i) through 
(vi) of this section.
    (i) Installation of the bag leak detection system;
    (ii) Initial and periodic adjustment of the bag leak detection 
system, including how the alarm set-point will be established;
    (iii) Operation of the bag leak detection system, including quality 
assurance procedures;
    (iv) How the bag leak detection system will be maintained, including 
a routine maintenance schedule and spare parts inventory list;
    (v) How the bag leak detection system output will be recorded and 
stored; and
    (vi) Corrective action procedures as specified in paragraph (d)(3) 
of this section. In approving the site-specific monitoring plan, the 
Administrator or delegated authority may allow owners and operators more 
than 3 hours to alleviate a specific condition that causes an alarm if 
the owner or operator identifies in the monitoring plan this specific 
condition as one that could lead to an alarm, adequately explains why it 
is not feasible to alleviate this condition within 3 hours of the time 
the alarm occurs, and demonstrates that the requested time will ensure 
alleviation of this condition as expeditiously as practicable.
    (3) For each bag leak detection system, the owner or operator must 
initiate procedures to determine the cause of every alarm within 1 hour 
of the alarm. Except as provided in paragraph (d)(2)(vi) of this 
section, the owner or operator must alleviate the cause of the alarm 
within 3 hours of the alarm by taking whatever corrective action(s) are 
necessary. Corrective actions may include, but are not limited to the 
following:
    (i) Inspecting the fabric filter for air leaks, torn or broken bags 
or filter media, or any other condition that may cause an increase in PM 
emissions;
    (ii) Sealing off defective bags or filter media;
    (iii) Replacing defective bags or filter media or otherwise 
repairing the control device;
    (iv) Sealing off a defective fabric filter compartment;
    (v) Cleaning the bag leak detection system probe or otherwise 
repairing the bag leak detection system; or
    (vi) Shutting down the process producing the PM emissions.
    (e) As an alternative to the periodic Method 22 (40 CFR part 60, 
appendix A-7) visible emissions inspections specified in paragraph (c) 
of this section, the owner or operator of any affected facility that is 
subject to the requirements for processed stone handling operations in 
the Lime Manufacturing NESHAP (40 CFR part 63, subpart AAAAA) may follow 
the continuous compliance requirements in row 1 items (i) through (iii) 
of table 6 to subpart AAAAA of 40 CFR part 63.



Sec. 60.675  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) In conducting the performance tests required in Sec. 60.8, the 
owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test 
methods in appendices A-1 through A-7 of this part or other methods and 
procedures as specified in this section, except as provided in 
Sec. 60.8(b). Acceptable alternative methods and procedures are given in 
paragraph (e) of this section.
    (b) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the PM 
standards in Sec. 60.672(a) as follows:
    (1) Except as specified in paragraphs (e)(3) and (4) of this 
section, Method 5 of appendix A-3 of this part or Method 17 of appendix 
A-6 of this part shall be used to determine the particulate matter 
concentration. The sample volume shall be at least 1.70 dscm (60 dscf). 
For Method 5 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-3), if the gas stream being 
sampled is at ambient temperature, the sampling probe and filter may be 
operated without heaters. If the gas stream is above ambient 
temperature, the sampling probe and filter may be operated at a

[[Page 162]]

temperature high enough, but no higher than 121  deg.C (250  deg.F), to 
prevent water condensation on the filter.
    (2) Method 9 of appendix A-4 of this part and the procedures in 
Sec. 60.11 shall be used to determine opacity.
    (c)(1) In determining compliance with the particulate matter 
standards in Sec. 60.672(b) or Sec. 60.672(e)(1), the owner or operator 
shall use Method 9 of appendix A-4 of this part and the procedures in 
Sec. 60.11, with the following additions:
    (i) The minimum distance between the observer and the emission 
source shall be 4.57 meters (15 feet).
    (ii) The observer shall, when possible, select a position that 
minimizes interference from other fugitive emission sources (e.g., road 
dust). The required observer position relative to the sun (Method 9 of 
appendix A-4 of this part, Section 2.1) must be followed.
    (iii) For affected facilities using wet dust suppression for 
particulate matter control, a visible mist is sometimes generated by the 
spray. The water mist must not be confused with particulate matter 
emissions and is not to be considered a visible emission. When a water 
mist of this nature is present, the observation of emissions is to be 
made at a point in the plume where the mist is no longer visible.
    (2)(i) In determining compliance with the opacity of stack emissions 
from any baghouse that controls emissions only from an individual 
enclosed storage bin under Sec. 60.672(f) of this subpart, using Method 
9 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-4), the duration of the Method 9 (40 CFR 
part 60, appendix A-4) observations shall be 1 hour (ten 6-minute 
averages).
    (ii) The duration of the Method 9 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-4) 
observations may be reduced to the duration the affected facility 
operates (but not less than 30 minutes) for baghouses that control 
storage bins or enclosed truck or railcar loading stations that operate 
for less than 1 hour at a time.
    (3) When determining compliance with the fugitive emissions standard 
for any affected facility described under Sec. 60.672(b) or 
Sec. 60.672(e)(1) of this subpart, the duration of the Method 9 (40 CFR 
part 60, appendix A-4) observations must be 30 minutes (five 6-minute 
averages). Compliance with the applicable fugitive emission limits in 
Table 3 of this subpart must be based on the average of the five 6-
minute averages.
    (d) To demonstrate compliance with the fugitive emission limits for 
buildings specified in Sec. 60.672(e)(1), the owner or operator must 
complete the testing specified in paragraph (d)(1) and (2) of this 
section. Performance tests must be conducted while all affected 
facilities inside the building are operating.
    (1) If the building encloses any affected facility that commences 
construction, modification, or reconstruction on or after April 22, 
2008, the owner or operator of the affected facility must conduct an 
initial Method 9 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-4) performance test 
according to this section and Sec. 60.11.
    (2) If the building encloses only affected facilities that commenced 
construction, modification, or reconstruction before April 22, 2008, and 
the owner or operator has previously conducted an initial Method 22 (40 
CFR part 60, appendix A-7) performance test showing zero visible 
emissions, then the owner or operator has demonstrated compliance with 
the opacity limit in Sec. 60.672(e)(1). If the owner or operator has not 
conducted an initial performance test for the building before April 22, 
2008, then the owner or operator must conduct an initial Method 9 (40 
CFR part 60, appendix A-4) performance test according to this section 
and Sec. 60.11 to show compliance with the opacity limit in 
Sec. 60.672(e)(1).
    (e) The owner or operator may use the following as alternatives to 
the reference methods and procedures specified in this section:
    (1) For the method and procedure of paragraph (c) of this section, 
if emissions from two or more facilities continuously interfere so that 
the opacity of fugitive emissions from an individual affected facility 
cannot be read, either of the following procedures may be used:
    (i) Use for the combined emission stream the highest fugitive 
opacity standard applicable to any of the individual affected facilities 
contributing to the emissions stream.
    (ii) Separate the emissions so that the opacity of emissions from 
each affected facility can be read.

[[Page 163]]

    (2) A single visible emission observer may conduct visible emission 
observations for up to three fugitive, stack, or vent emission points 
within a 15-second interval if the following conditions are met:
    (i) No more than three emission points may be read concurrently.
    (ii) All three emission points must be within a 70 degree viewing 
sector or angle in front of the observer such that the proper sun 
position can be maintained for all three points.
    (iii) If an opacity reading for any one of the three emission points 
equals or exceeds the applicable standard, then the observer must stop 
taking readings for the other two points and continue reading just that 
single point.
    (3) Method 5I of appendix A-3 of this part may be used to determine 
the PM concentration as an alternative to the methods specified in 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section. Method 5I (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-
3) may be useful for affected facilities that operate for less than 1 
hour at a time such as (but not limited to) storage bins or enclosed 
truck or railcar loading stations.
    (4) In some cases, velocities of exhaust gases from building vents 
may be too low to measure accurately with the type S pitot tube 
specified in EPA Method 2 of appendix A-1 of this part [i.e., velocity 
head <1.3 mm H2O (0.05 in. H2O)] and referred to 
in EPA Method 5 of appendix A-3 of this part. For these conditions, the 
owner or operator may determine the average gas flow rate produced by 
the power fans (e.g., from vendor-supplied fan curves) to the building 
vent. The owner or operator may calculate the average gas velocity at 
the building vent measurement site using Equation 1 of this section and 
use this average velocity in determining and maintaining isokinetic 
sampling rates.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR28AP09.007

Where:

Ve = average building vent velocity (feet per minute);
Qf = average fan flow rate (cubic feet per minute); and
Ae = area of building vent and measurement location (square 
          feet).

    (f) To comply with Sec. 60.676(d), the owner or operator shall 
record the measurements as required in Sec. 60.676(c) using the 
monitoring devices in Sec. 60.674 (a)(1) and (2) during each particulate 
matter run and shall determine the averages.
    (g) For performance tests involving only Method 9 (40 CFR part 60 
appendix A-4) testing, the owner or operator may reduce the 30-day 
advance notification of performance test in Sec. 60.7(a)(6) and 60.8(d) 
to a 7-day advance notification.
    (h) [Reserved]
    (i) If the initial performance test date for an affected facility 
falls during a seasonal shut down (as defined in Sec. 60.671 of this 
subpart) of the affected facility, then with approval from the 
permitting authority, the owner or operator may postpone the initial 
performance test until no later than 60 calendar days after resuming 
operation of the affected facility.



Sec. 60.676  Reporting and recordkeeping.

    (a) Each owner or operator seeking to comply with Sec. 60.670(d) 
shall submit to the Administrator the following information about the 
existing facility being replaced and the replacement piece of equipment.
    (1) For a crusher, grinding mill, bucket elevator, bagging 
operation, or enclosed truck or railcar loading station:
    (i) The rated capacity in megagrams or tons per hour of the existing 
facility being replaced and
    (ii) The rated capacity in tons per hour of the replacement 
equipment.
    (2) For a screening operation:
    (i) The total surface area of the top screen of the existing 
screening operation being replaced and
    (ii) The total surface area of the top screen of the replacement 
screening operation.
    (3) For a conveyor belt:
    (i) The width of the existing belt being replaced and
    (ii) The width of the replacement conveyor belt.
    (4) For a storage bin:
    (i) The rated capacity in megagrams or tons of the existing storage 
bin being replaced and

[[Page 164]]

    (ii) The rated capacity in megagrams or tons of replacement storage 
bins.
    (b)(1) Owners or operators of affected facilities (as defined in 
Secs. 60.670 and 60.671) for which construction, modification, or 
reconstruction commenced on or after April 22, 2008, must record each 
periodic inspection required under Sec. 60.674(b) or (c), including 
dates and any corrective actions taken, in a logbook (in written or 
electronic format). The owner or operator must keep the logbook onsite 
and make hard or electronic copies (whichever is requested) of the 
logbook available to the Administrator upon request.
    (2) For each bag leak detection system installed and operated 
according to Sec. 60.674(d), the owner or operator must keep the records 
specified in paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (iii) of this section.
    (i) Records of the bag leak detection system output;
    (ii) Records of bag leak detection system adjustments, including the 
date and time of the adjustment, the initial bag leak detection system 
settings, and the final bag leak detection system settings; and
    (iii) The date and time of all bag leak detection system alarms, the 
time that procedures to determine the cause of the alarm were initiated, 
the cause of the alarm, an explanation of the actions taken, the date 
and time the cause of the alarm was alleviated, and whether the cause of 
the alarm was alleviated within 3 hours of the alarm.
    (3) The owner or operator of each affected facility demonstrating 
compliance according to Sec. 60.674(e) by following the requirements for 
processed stone handling operations in the Lime Manufacturing NESHAP (40 
CFR part 63, subpart AAAAA) must maintain records of visible emissions 
observations required by Sec. 63.7132(a)(3) and (b) of 40 CFR part 63, 
subpart AAAAA.
    (c) During the initial performance test of a wet scrubber, and daily 
thereafter, the owner or operator shall record the measurements of both 
the change in pressure of the gas stream across the scrubber and the 
scrubbing liquid flow rate.
    (d) After the initial performance test of a wet scrubber, the owner 
or operator shall submit semiannual reports to the Administrator of 
occurrences when the measurements of the scrubber pressure loss and 
liquid flow rate decrease by more than 30 percent from the average 
determined during the most recent performance test.
    (e) The reports required under paragraph (d) of this section shall 
be postmarked within 30 days following end of the second and fourth 
calendar quarters.
    (f) The owner or operator of any affected facility shall submit 
written reports of the results of all performance tests conducted to 
demonstrate compliance with the standards set forth in Sec. 60.672 of 
this subpart, including reports of opacity observations made using 
Method 9 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-4) to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.672(b), (e) and (f).
    (g) The owner or operator of any wet material processing operation 
that processes saturated and subsequently processes unsaturated 
materials, shall submit a report of this change within 30 days following 
such change. At the time of such change, this screening operation, 
bucket elevator, or belt conveyor becomes subject to the applicable 
opacity limit in Sec. 60.672(b) and the emission test requirements of 
Sec. 60.11.
    (h) The subpart A requirement under Sec. 60.7(a)(1) for notification 
of the date construction or reconstruction commenced is waived for 
affected facilities under this subpart.
    (i) A notification of the actual date of initial startup of each 
affected facility shall be submitted to the Administrator.
    (1) For a combination of affected facilities in a production line 
that begin actual initial startup on the same day, a single notification 
of startup may be submitted by the owner or operator to the 
Administrator. The notification shall be postmarked within 15 days after 
such date and shall include a description of each affected facility, 
equipment manufacturer, and serial number of the equipment, if 
available.
    (2) For portable aggregate processing plants, the notification of 
the actual date of initial startup shall include both the home office 
and the current address or location of the portable plant.

[[Page 165]]

    (j) The requirements of this section remain in force until and 
unless the Agency, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under 
section 111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an 
alternative means of compliance surveillance adopted by such States. In 
that event, affected facilities within the State will be relieved of the 
obligation to comply with the reporting requirements of this section, 
provided that they comply with requirements established by the State.
    (k) Notifications and reports required under this subpart and under 
subpart A of this part to demonstrate compliance with this subpart need 
only to be sent to the EPA Region or the State which has been delegated 
authority according to Sec. 60.4(b).



 Sec. Table 1 to Subpart OOO of Part 60--Exceptions to Applicability of 
                        Subpart A to Subpart OOO

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Applies to
      Subpart A reference          subpart OOO          Explanation
------------------------------------------------------------------------
60.4, Address.................  Yes..............  Except in Sec.
                                                    60.4(a) and (b)
                                                    submittals need not
                                                    be submitted to both
                                                    the EPA Region and
                                                    delegated State
                                                    authority (Sec.
                                                    60.676(k)).
60.7, Notification and          Yes..............  Except in (a)(1)
 recordkeeping.                                     notification of the
                                                    date construction or
                                                    reconstruction
                                                    commenced (Sec.
                                                    60.676(h)).
                                                   Also, except in
                                                    (a)(6) performance
                                                    tests involving only
                                                    Method 9 (40 CFR
                                                    part 60, appendix A-
                                                    4) require a 7-day
                                                    advance notification
                                                    instead of 30 days
                                                    (Sec. 60.675(g)).
60.8, Performance tests.......  Yes..............  Except in (d)
                                                    performance tests
                                                    involving only
                                                    Method 9 (40 CFR
                                                    part 60, appendix A-
                                                    4) require a 7-day
                                                    advance notification
                                                    instead of 30 days
                                                    (Sec. 60.675(g)).
60.11, Compliance with          Yes..............  Except in (b) under
 standards and maintenance                          certain conditions
 requirements.                                      (Secs.  60.675(c)),
                                                    Method 9 (40 CFR
                                                    part 60, appendix A-
                                                    4) observation is
                                                    reduced from 3 hours
                                                    to 30 minutes for
                                                    fugitive emissions.
60.18, General control device.  No...............  Flares will not be
                                                    used to comply with
                                                    the emission limits.
------------------------------------------------------------------------



   Sec. Table 2 to Subpart OOO of Part 60--Stack Emission Limits for 
                Affected Facilities With Capture Systems

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                          The owner or operator
                                        The owner or operator       And the owner or         must demonstrate
              For * * *                must meet a PM limit of   operator must meet an    compliance with these
                                                * * *            opacity limit of * * *   limits by conducting *
                                                                                                   * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Affected facilities (as defined in     0.05 g/dscm (0.022 gr/   7 percent for dry        An initial performance
 Secs.  60.670 and 60.671) that         dscf) \a\.               control devices \b\.     test according to Sec.
 commenced construction,                                                                   60.8 of this part and
 modification, or reconstruction                                                          Sec. 60.675 of this
 after August 31, 1983 but before                                                         subpart; and
 April 22, 2008.                                                                         Monitoring of wet
                                                                                          scrubber parameters
                                                                                          according to Sec.
                                                                                          60.674(a) and Sec.
                                                                                          60.676(c), (d), and
                                                                                          (e).
Affected facilities (as defined in     0.032 g/dscm (0.014 gr/  Not applicable (except   An initial performance
 Secs.  60.670 and 60.671) that         dscf) \a\.               for individual           test according to Sec.
 commence construction, modification,                            enclosed storage bins).   60.8 of this part and
 or reconstruction on or after April                            7 percent for dry         Sec. 60.675 of this
 22, 2008.                                                       control devices on       subpart; and
                                                                 individual enclosed     Monitoring of wet
                                                                 storage bins.            scrubber parameters
                                                                                          according to Sec.
                                                                                          60.674(a) and Sec.
                                                                                          60.676(c), (d), and
                                                                                          (e); and
                                                                                         Monitoring of baghouses
                                                                                          according to Sec.
                                                                                          60.674(c), (d), or (e)
                                                                                          and Sec. 60.676(b).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Exceptions to the PM limit apply for individual enclosed storage bins and other equipment. See Sec.
  60.672(d) through (f).
\b\ The stack opacity limit and associated opacity testing requirements do not apply for affected facilities
  using wet scrubbers.


[[Page 166]]



    Sec. Table 3 to Subpart OOO of Part 60--Fugitive Emission Limits

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       The owner or operator
                                      must meet the following
                                         fugitive emissions
                                         limit for grinding
                                          mills, screening
                                         operations, bucket     The owner or operator
                                        elevators, transfer    must meet the following    The owner or operator
                                           points on belt         fugitive emissions        must demonstrate
              For * * *                  conveyors, bagging     limit for crushers at     compliance with these
                                        operations, storage     which a capture system  limits by conducting * *
                                      bins, enclosed truck or     is not used * * *                 *
                                          railcar loading
                                        stations or from any
                                      other affected facility
                                       (as defined in  60.670
                                         and 60.671) * * *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Affected facilities (as defined in    10 percent opacity.....  15 percent opacity.....  An initial performance
 Secs.  60.670 and 60.671) that                                                          test according to Sec.
 commenced construction,                                                                 60.11 of this part and
 modification, or reconstruction                                                         Sec. 60.675 of this
 after August 31, 1983 but before                                                        subpart.
 April 22, 2008.
Affected facilities (as defined in    7 percent opacity......  12 percent opacity.....  An initial performance
 Secs.  60.670 and 60.671) that                                                          test according to Sec.
 commence construction,                                                                  60.11 of this part and
 modification, or reconstruction on                                                      Sec. 60.675 of this
 or after April 22, 2008.                                                                subpart; and
                                                                                        Periodic inspections of
                                                                                         water sprays according
                                                                                         to Sec. 60.674(b) and
                                                                                         Sec. 60.676(b); and
                                                                                        A repeat performance
                                                                                         test according to Sec.
                                                                                         60.11 of this part and
                                                                                         Sec. 60.675 of this
                                                                                         subpart within 5 years
                                                                                         from the previous
                                                                                         performance test for
                                                                                         fugitive emissions from
                                                                                         affected facilities
                                                                                         without water sprays.
                                                                                         Affected facilities
                                                                                         controlled by water
                                                                                         carryover from upstream
                                                                                         water sprays that are
                                                                                         inspected according to
                                                                                         the requirements in
                                                                                         Sec. 60.674(b) and
                                                                                         Sec. 60.676(b) are
                                                                                         exempt from this 5-year
                                                                                         repeat testing
                                                                                         requirement.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



   Subpart PPP_Standard of Performance for Wool Fiberglass Insulation 
                          Manufacturing Plants

    Source: 50 FR 7699, Feb. 25, 1985, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.680  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The affected facility to which the provisions of this subpart 
apply is each rotary spin wool fiberglass insulation manufacturing line.
    (b) The owner or operator of any facility under paragraph (a) of 
this section that commences construction, modification, or 
reconstruction after February 7, 1984, is subject to the requirements of 
this subpart.



Sec. 60.681  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act and in subpart A of this part.
    Glass pull rate means the mass of molten glass utilized in the 
manufacture of wool fiberglass insulation at a single manufacturing line 
in a specified time period.
    Manufacturing line means the manufacturing equipment comprising the 
forming section, where molten glass is fiberized and a fiberglass mat is 
formed; the curing section, where the binder resin in the mat is 
thermally ``set;'' and the cooling section, where the mat is cooled.
    Rotary spin means a process used to produce wool fiberglass 
insulation by forcing molten glass through numerous

[[Page 167]]

small orifices in the side wall of a spinner to form continuous glass 
fibers that are then broken into discrete lengths by high velocity air 
flow.
    Wool fiberglass insulation means a thermal insulation material 
composed of glass fibers and made from glass produced or melted at the 
same facility where the manufacturing line is located.



Sec. 60.682  Standard for particulate matter.

    On and after the date on which the performance test required to be 
conducted by Sec. 60.8 is completed, no owner or operator subject to the 
provisions of this subpart shall cause to be discharged into the 
atmosphere from any affected facility any gases which contain 
particulate matter in excess of 5.5 kg/Mg (11.0 1b/ton) of glass pulled.



Sec. 60.683  Monitoring of operations.

    (a) An owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
who uses a wet scrubbing control device to comply with the mass emission 
standard shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate monitoring 
devices that measure the gas pressure drop across each scrubber and the 
scrubbing liquid flow rate to each scrubber. The pressure drop monitor 
is to be certified by its manufacturer to be accurate within [250 
pascals ([1 inch water gauge) over its operating range, and the flow 
rate monitor is to be certified by its manufacturer to be accurate 
within [5 percent over its operating range.
    (b) An owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
who uses a wet electrostatic precipitator control device to comply with 
the mass emission standard shall install, calibrate, maintain, and 
operate monitoring devices that measure the primary and secondary 
current (amperes) and voltage in each electrical field and the inlet 
water flow rate. In addition, the owner or operator shall determine the 
total residue (total solids) content of the water entering the control 
device once per day using Method 209A, ``Total Residue Dried at 103-105 
deg.C,'' in Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and 
Wastewater, 15th Edition, 1980 (incorporated by reference--see 
Sec. 60.17). Total residue shall be reported as percent by weight. All 
monitoring devices required under this paragraph are to be certified by 
their manufacturers to be accurate within [5 percent over their 
operating range.
    (c) All monitoring devices required under this section are to be 
recalibrated quarterly in accordance with procedures under 
Sec. 60.13(b).



Sec. 60.684  Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

    (a) At 30-minute intervals during each 2-hour test run of each 
performance test of a wet scrubber control device and at least once 
every 4 hours thereafter, the owner or operator shall record the 
measurements required by Sec. 60.683(a).
    (b) At 30-minute intervals during each 2-hour test run of each 
performance test of a wet electrostatic precipitator control device and 
at least once every 4 hours thereafter, the owner or operator shall 
record the measurements required by Sec. 60.683(b), except that the 
concentration of total residue in the water shall be recorded once 
during each performance test and once per day thereafter.
    (c) Records of the measurements required in paragraphs (a) and (b) 
of this section must be retained for at least 2 years.
    (d) Each owner or operator shall submit written semiannual reports 
of exceedances of control device operating parameters required to be 
monitored by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section and written 
documentation of, and a report of corrective maintenance required as a 
result of, quarterly calibrations of the monitoring devices required in 
Sec. 60.683(c). For the purpose of these reports, exceedances are 
defined as any monitoring data that are less than 70 percent of the 
lowest value or greater than 130 percent of the highest value of each 
operating parameter recorded during the most recent performance test.
    (e) The requirements of this section remain in force until and 
unless the Agency, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under 
section 111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an 
alternative means of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In 
that event, affected facilities

[[Page 168]]

within the State will be relieved of the obligation to comply with this 
section, provided that they comply with the requirements established by 
the State.



Sec. 60.685  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) In conducting the performance tests required in Sec. 60.8, the 
owner or operator shall use as reference methods and procedures the test 
methods in appendix A of this part or other methods and procedures as 
specified in this section, except as provided in Sec. 60.8(b).
    (b) The owner or operator shall conduct performance tests while the 
product with the highest loss on ignition (LOI) expected to be produced 
by the affected facility is being manufactured.
    (c) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
particulate matter standard in Sec. 60.682 as follows:
    (1) The emission rate (E) of particulate matter shall be computed 
for each run using the following equation:

E = (Ct Qsd)/(Pavg K)

where:

E = emission rate of particulate matter, kg/Mg (lb/ton).
Ct = concentration of particulate matter, g/dscm (gr/dscf).
Qsd = volumetric flow rate of effluent gas, dscm/hr (dscf/
          hr).
Pavg = average glass pull rate, Mg/hr (ton/hr).
K = 1,000 g/kg (7,000 gr/lb).

    (2) Method 5E shall be used to determine the particulate matter 
concentration (Ct) and the volumetric flow rate 
(Qsd) of the effluent gas. The sampling time and sample 
volume shall be at least 120 minutes and 2.55 dscm (90.1 dscf).
    (3) The average glass pull rate (Pavg) for the 
manufacturing line shall be the arithmetic average of three glass pull 
rate (Pi) determinations taken at intervals of at least 30 
minutes during each run.

The individual glass pull rates (Pi) shall be computed using 
the following equation:

Pi = K' Ls Wm M [1.0-(LOI/100)]

where:

Pi = glass pull rate at interval ``i'', Mg/hr (ton/hr).
Ls = line speed, m/min (ft/min).
Wm = trimmed mat width, m (ft).
M = mat gram weight, g/m\2\ (lb/ft\2\).
LOI = loss on ignition, weight percent.
K' = conversion factor, 6  x  10-5 (min-Mg)/(hr-g) [3  x  
          10-2 (min-ton)/(hr-lb)].

    (i) ASTM D2584-68 (Reapproved 1985) or 94 (incorporated by 
reference--see Sec. 60.17), shall be used to determine the LOI for each 
run.
    (ii) Line speed (Ls), trimmed mat width (Wm), 
and mat gram weight (M) shall be determined for each run from the 
process information or from direct measurements.
    (d) To comply with Sec. 60.684(d), the owner or operator shall 
record measurements as required in Sec. 60.684 (a) and (b) using the 
monitoring devices in Sec. 60.683 (a) and (b) during the particulate 
matter runs.

[54 FR 6680, Feb. 14, 1989, as amended at 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



 Subpart QQQ_Standards of Performance for VOC Emissions From Petroleum 
                       Refinery Wastewater Systems

    Source: 53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1988, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.690  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a)(1) The provisions of this subpart apply to affected facilities 
located in petroleum refineries for which construction, modification, or 
reconstruction is commenced after May 4, 1987.
    (2) An individual drain system is a separate affected facility.
    (3) An oil-water separator is a separate affected facility.
    (4) An aggregate facility is a separate affected facility.
    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of 40 CFR 60.14(e)(2), the 
construction or installation of a new individual drain system shall 
constitute a modification to an affected facility described in 
Sec. 60.690(a)(4). For purposes of this paragraph, a new individual 
drain system shall be limited to all process drains and the first common 
junction box.



Sec. 60.691  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act or in subpart A of 40 CFR part 60, and the 
following terms shall have the specific meanings given them.

[[Page 169]]

    Active service means that a drain is receiving refinery wastewater 
from a process unit that will continuously maintain a water seal.
    Aggregate facility means an individual drain system together with 
ancillary downstream sewer lines and oil-water separators, down to and 
including the secondary oil-water separator, as applicable.
    Catch basin means an open basin which serves as a single collection 
point for stormwater runoff received directly from refinery surfaces and 
for refinery wastewater from process drains.
    Closed vent system means a system that is not open to the atmosphere 
and that is composed of piping, connections, and, if necessary, flow-
inducing devices that transport gas or vapor from an emission source to 
a control device. If gas or vapor from regulated equipment are routed to 
a process (e.g., to a petroleum refinery fuel gas system), the process 
shall not be considered a closed vent system and is not subject to the 
closed vent system standards.
    Completely closed drain system means an individual drain system that 
is not open to the atmosphere and is equipped and operated with a closed 
vent system and control device complying with the requirements of 
Sec. 60.692-5.
    Control device means an enclosed combustion device, vapor recovery 
system or flare.
    Fixed roof means a cover that is mounted to a tank or chamber in a 
stationary manner and which does not move with fluctuations in 
wastewater levels.
    Floating roof means a pontoon-type or double-deck type cover that 
rests on the liquid surface.
    Gas-tight means operated with no detectable emissions.
    Individual drain system means all process drains connected to the 
first common downstream junction box. The term includes all such drains 
and common junction box, together with their associated sewer lines and 
other junction boxes, down to the receiving oil-water separator.
    Junction box means a manhole or access point to a wastewater sewer 
system line.
    No detectable emissions means less than 500 ppm above background 
levels, as measured by a detection instrument in accordance with Method 
21 in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60.
    Non-contact cooling water system means a once-through drain, 
collection and treatment system designed and operated for collecting 
cooling water which does not come into contact with hydrocarbons or oily 
wastewater and which is not recirculated through a cooling tower.
    Oil-water separator means wastewater treatment equipment used to 
separate oil from water consisting of a separation tank, which also 
includes the forebay and other separator basins, skimmers, weirs, grit 
chambers, and sludge hoppers. Slop oil facilities, including tanks, are 
included in this term along with storage vessels and auxiliary equipment 
located between individual drain systems and the oil-water separator. 
This term does not include storage vessels or auxiliary equipment which 
do not come in contact with or store oily wastewater.
    Oily wastewater means wastewater generated during the refinery 
process which contains oil, emulsified oil, or other hydrocarbons. Oily 
wastewater originates from a variety of refinery processes including 
cooling water, condensed stripping steam, tank draw-off, and contact 
process water.
    Petroleum means the crude oil removed from the earth and the oils 
derived from tar sands, shale, and coal.
    Petroleum refinery means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, 
kerosene, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, or other 
products through the distillation of petroleum, or through the 
redistillation of petroleum, cracking, or reforming unfinished petroleum 
derivatives.
    Sewer line means a lateral, trunk line, branch line, ditch, channel, 
or other conduit used to convey refinery wastewater to downstream 
components of a refinery wastewater treatment system. This term does not 
include buried, below-grade sewer lines.
    Slop oil means the floating oil and solids that accumulate on the 
surface of an oil-water separator.

[[Page 170]]

    Storage vessel means any tank, reservoir, or container used for the 
storage of petroleum liquids, including oily wastewater.
    Stormwater sewer system means a drain and collection system designed 
and operated for the sole purpose of collecting stormwater and which is 
segregated from the process wastewater collection system.
    Wastewater system means any component, piece of equipment, or 
installation that receives, treats, or processes oily wastewater from 
petroleum refinery process units.
    Water seal controls means a seal pot, p-leg trap, or other type of 
trap filled with water that has a design capability to create a water 
barrier between the sewer and the atmosphere.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1985, as amended at 60 FR 43259, Aug. 18, 1995]



Sec. 60.692-1  Standards: General.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall comply with the requirements of Secs. 60.692-1 to 60.692-5 and 
with Secs. 60.693-1 and 60.693-2, except during periods of startup, 
shutdown, or malfunction.
    (b) Compliance with Secs. 60.692-1 to 60.692-5 and with 
Secs. 60.693-1 and 60.693-2 will be determined by review of records and 
reports, review of performance test results, and inspection using the 
methods and procedures specified in Sec. 60.696.
    (c) Permission to use alternative means of emission limitation to 
meet the requirements of Secs. 60.692-2 through 60.692-4 may be granted 
as provided in Sec. 60.694.
    (d)(1) Stormwater sewer systems are not subject to the requirements 
of this subpart.
    (2) Ancillary equipment, which is physically separate from the 
wastewater system and does not come in contact with or store oily 
wastewater, is not subject to the requirements of this subpart.
    (3) Non-contact cooling water systems are not subject to the 
requirements of this subpart.
    (4) An owner or operator shall demonstrate compliance with the 
exclusions in paragraphs (d)(1), (2), and (3) of this section as 
provided in Sec. 60.697 (h), (i), and (j).



Sec. 60.692-2  Standards: Individual drain systems.

    (a)(1) Each drain shall be equipped with water seal controls.
    (2) Each drain in active service shall be checked by visual or 
physical inspection initially and monthly thereafter for indications of 
low water levels or other conditions that would reduce the effectiveness 
of the water seal controls.
    (3) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, each 
drain out of active service shall be checked by visual or physical 
inspection initially and weekly thereafter for indications of low water 
levels or other problems that could result in VOC emissions.
    (4) As an alternative to the requirements in paragraph (a)(3) of 
this section, if an owner or operator elects to install a tightly sealed 
cap or plug over a drain that is out of service, inspections shall be 
conducted initially and semiannually to ensure caps or plugs are in 
place and properly installed.
    (5) Whenever low water levels or missing or improperly installed 
caps or plugs are identified, water shall be added or first efforts at 
repair shall be made as soon as practicable, but not later than 24 hours 
after detection, except as provided in Sec. 60.692-6.
    (b)(1) Junction boxes shall be equipped with a cover and may have an 
open vent pipe. The vent pipe shall be at least 90 cm (3 ft) in length 
and shall not exceed 10.2 cm (4 in) in diameter.
    (2) Junction box covers shall have a tight seal around the edge and 
shall be kept in place at all times, except during inspection and 
maintenance.
    (3) Junction boxes shall be visually inspected initially and 
semiannually thereafter to ensure that the cover is in place and to 
ensure that the cover has a tight seal around the edge.
    (4) If a broken seal or gap is identified, first effort at repair 
shall be made as soon as practicable, but not later than 15 calendar 
days after the broken seal or gap is identified, except as provided in 
Sec. 60.692-6.
    (c)(1) Sewer lines shall not be open to the atmosphere and shall be 
covered or enclosed in a manner so as to have no visual gaps or cracks 
in joints, seals, or other emission interfaces.

[[Page 171]]

    (2) The portion of each unburied sewer line shall be visually 
inspected initially and semiannually thereafter for indication of 
cracks, gaps, or other problems that could result in VOC emissions.
    (3) Whenever cracks, gaps, or other problems are detected, repairs 
shall be made as soon as practicable, but not later than 15 calendar 
days after identification, except as provided in Sec. 60.692-6.
    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, each 
modified or reconstructed individual drain system that has a catch basin 
in the existing configuration prior to May 4, 1987 shall be exempt from 
the provisions of this section.
    (e) Refinery wastewater routed through new process drains and a new 
first common downstream junction box, either as part of a new individual 
drain system or an existing individual drain system, shall not be routed 
through a downstream catch basin.



Sec. 60.692-3  Standards: Oil-water separators.

    (a) Each oil-water separator tank, slop oil tank, storage vessel, or 
other auxiliary equipment subject to the requirements of this subpart 
shall be equipped and operated with a fixed roof, which meets the 
following specifications, except as provided in paragraph (d) of this 
section or in Sec. 60.693-2.
    (1) The fixed roof shall be installed to completely cover the 
separator tank, slop oil tank, storage vessel, or other auxiliary 
equipment with no separation between the roof and the wall.
    (2) The vapor space under a fixed roof shall not be purged unless 
the vapor is directed to a control device.
    (3) If the roof has access doors or openings, such doors or openings 
shall be gasketed, latched, and kept closed at all times during 
operation of the separator system, except during inspection and 
maintenance.
    (4) Roof seals, access doors, and other openings shall be checked by 
visual inspection initially and semiannually thereafter to ensure that 
no cracks or gaps occur between the roof and wall and that access doors 
and other openings are closed and gasketed properly.
    (5) When a broken seal or gasket or other problem is identified, 
first efforts at repair shall be made as soon as practicable, but not 
later than 15 calendar days after it is identified, except as provided 
in Sec. 60.692-6.
    (b) Each oil-water separator tank or auxiliary equipment with a 
design capacity to treat more than 16 liters per second (250 gallons per 
minute (gpm)) of refinery wastewater shall, in addition to the 
requirements in paragraph (a) of this section, be equipped and operated 
with a closed vent system and control device, which meet the 
requirements of Sec. 60.692-5, except as provided in paragraph (c) of 
this section or in Sec. 60.693-2.
    (c)(1) Each modified or reconstructed oil-water separator tank with 
a maximum design capacity to treat less than 38 liters per second (600 
gpm) of refinery wastewater which was equipped and operated with a fixed 
roof covering the entire separator tank or a portion of the separator 
tank prior to May 4, 1987 shall be exempt from the requirements of 
paragraph (b) of this section, but shall meet the requirements of 
paragraph (a) of this section, or may elect to comply with paragraph 
(c)(2) of this section.
    (2) The owner or operator may elect to comply with the requirements 
of paragraph (a) of this section for the existing fixed roof covering a 
portion of the separator tank and comply with the requirements for 
floating roofs in Sec. 60.693-2 for the remainder of the separator tank.
    (d) Storage vessels, including slop oil tanks and other auxiliary 
tanks that are subject to the standards in Secs. 60.112, 60.112a, and 
60.112b and associated requirements, 40 CFR part 60, subparts K, Ka, or 
Kb are not subject to the requirements of this section.
    (e) Slop oil from an oil-water separator tank and oily wastewater 
from slop oil handling equipment shall be collected, stored, 
transported, recycled, reused, or disposed of in an enclosed system. 
Once slop oil is returned to the process unit or is disposed of, it is 
no longer within the scope of this subpart. Equipment used in handling 
slop oil shall be equipped with a fixed roof meeting the requirements of 
paragraph (a) of this section.

[[Page 172]]

    (f) Each oil-water separator tank, slop oil tank, storage vessel, or 
other auxiliary equipment that is required to comply with paragraph (a) 
of this section, and not paragraph (b) of this section, may be equipped 
with a pressure control valve as necessary for proper system operation. 
The pressure control valve shall be set at the maximum pressure 
necessary for proper system operation, but such that the value will not 
vent continuously.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1985, as amended at 60 FR 43259, Aug. 18, 1995; 
65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.692-4  Standards: Aggregate facility.

    A new, modified, or reconstructed aggregate facility shall comply 
with the requirements of Secs. 60.692-2 and 60.692-3.



Sec. 60.692-5  Standards: Closed vent systems and control devices.

    (a) Enclosed combustion devices shall be designed and operated to 
reduce the VOC emissions vented to them with an efficiency of 95 percent 
or greater or to provide a minimum residence time of 0.75 seconds at a 
minimum temperature of 816  deg.C (1,500  deg.F).
    (b) Vapor recovery systems (for example, condensers and adsorbers) 
shall be designed and operated to recover the VOC emissions vented to 
them with an efficiency of 95 percent or greater.
    (c) Flares used to comply with this subpart shall comply with the 
requirements of 40 CFR 60.18.
    (d) Closed vent systems and control devices used to comply with 
provisions of this subpart shall be operated at all times when emissions 
may be vented to them.
    (e)(1) Closed vent systems shall be designed and operated with no 
detectable emissions, as indicated by an instrument reading of less than 
500 ppm above background, as determined during the initial and 
semiannual inspections by the methods specified in Sec. 60.696.
    (2) Closed vent systems shall be purged to direct vapor to the 
control device.
    (3) A flow indicator shall be installed on a vent stream to a 
control device to ensure that the vapors are being routed to the device.
    (4) All gauging and sampling devices shall be gas-tight except when 
gauging or sampling is taking place.
    (5) When emissions from a closed system are detected, first efforts 
at repair to eliminate the emissions shall be made as soon as 
practicable, but not later than 30 calendar days from the date the 
emissions are detected, except as provided in Sec. 60.692-6.



Sec. 60.692-6  Standards: Delay of repair.

    (a) Delay of repair of facilities that are subject to the provisions 
of this subpart will be allowed if the repair is technically impossible 
without a complete or partial refinery or process unit shutdown.
    (b) Repair of such equipment shall occur before the end of the next 
refinery or process unit shutdown.



Sec. 60.692-7  Standards: Delay of compliance.

    (a) Delay of compliance of modified individual drain systems with 
ancillary downstream treatment components will be allowed if compliance 
with the provisions of this subpart cannot be achieved without a 
refinery or process unit shutdown.
    (b) Installation of equipment necessary to comply with the 
provisions of this subpart shall occur no later than the next scheduled 
refinery or process unit shutdown.



Sec. 60.693-1  Alternative standards for individual drain systems.

    (a) An owner or operator may elect to construct and operate a 
completely closed drain system.
    (b) Each completely closed drain system shall be equipped and 
operated with a closed vent system and control device complying with the 
requirements of Sec. 60.692-5.
    (c) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report 
required in 40 CFR 60.7 that the owner or operator has elected to 
construct and operate a completely closed drain system.
    (d) If an owner or operator elects to comply with the provisions of 
this section, then the owner or operator does not need to comply with 
the provisions of Sec. 60.692-2 or Sec. 60.694.

[[Page 173]]

    (e)(1) Sewer lines shall not be open to the atmosphere and shall be 
covered or enclosed in a manner so as to have no visual gaps or cracks 
in joints, seals, or other emission interfaces.
    (2) The portion of each unburied sewer line shall be visually 
inspected initially and semiannually thereafter for indication of 
cracks, gaps, or other problems that could result in VOC emissions.
    (3) Whenever cracks, gaps, or other problems are detected, repairs 
shall be made as soon as practicable, but not later than 15 calendar 
days after identification, except as provided in Sec. 60.692-6.



Sec. 60.693-2  Alternative standards for oil-water separators.

    (a) An owner or operator may elect to construct and operate a 
floating roof on an oil-water separator tank, slop oil tank, storage 
vessel, or other auxiliary equipment subject to the requirements of this 
subpart which meets the following specifications.
    (1) Each floating roof shall be equipped with a closure device 
between the wall of the separator and the roof edge. The closure device 
is to consist of a primary seal and a secondary seal.
    (i) The primary seal shall be a liquid-mounted seal or a mechanical 
shoe seal.
    (A) A liquid-mounted seal means a foam- or liquid-filled seal 
mounted in contact with the liquid between the wall of the separator and 
the floating roof. A mechanical shoe seal means a metal sheet held 
vertically against the wall of the separator by springs or weighted 
levers and is connected by braces to the floating roof. A flexible 
coated fabric (envelope) spans the annular space between the metal sheet 
and the floating roof.
    (B) The gap width between the primary seal and the separator wall 
shall not exceed 3.8 cm (1.5 in.) at any point.
    (C) The total gap area between the primary seal and the separator 
wall shall not exceed 67 cm\2\/m (3.2 in.\2\/ft) of separator wall 
perimeter.
    (ii) The secondary seal shall be above the primary seal and cover 
the annular space between the floating roof and the wall of the 
separator.
    (A) The gap width between the secondary seal and the separator wall 
shall not exceed 1.3 cm (0.5 in.) at any point.
    (B) The total gap area between the secondary seal and the separator 
wall shall not exceed 6.7 cm\2\/m (0.32 in.\2\/ft) of separator wall 
perimeter.
    (iii) The maximum gap width and total gap area shall be determined 
by the methods and procedures specified in Sec. 60.696(d).
    (A) Measurement of primary seal gaps shall be performed within 60 
calendar days after initial installation of the floating roof and 
introduction of refinery wastewater and once every 5 years thereafter.
    (B) Measurement of secondary seal gaps shall be performed within 60 
calendar days of initial introduction of refinery wastewater and once 
every year thereafter.
    (iv) The owner or operator shall make necessary repairs within 30 
calendar days of identification of seals not meeting the requirements 
listed in paragraphs (a)(1) (i) and (ii) of this section.
    (2) Except as provided in paragraph (a)(4) of this section, each 
opening in the roof shall be equipped with a gasketed cover, seal, or 
lid, which shall be maintained in a closed position at all times, except 
during inspection and maintenance.
    (3) The roof shall be floating on the liquid (i.e., off the roof 
supports) at all times except during abnormal conditions (i.e., low flow 
rate).
    (4) The floating roof may be equipped with one or more emergency 
roof drains for removal of stormwater. Each emergency roof drain shall 
be fitted with a slotted membrane fabric cover that covers at least 90 
percent of the drain opening area or a flexible fabric sleeve seal.
    (5)(i) Access doors and other openings shall be visually inspected 
initially and semiannually thereafter to ensure that there is a tight 
fit around the edges and to identify other problems that could result in 
VOC emissions.
    (ii) When a broken seal or gasket on an access door or other opening 
is identified, it shall be repaired as soon as

[[Page 174]]

practicable, but not later than 30 calendar days after it is identified, 
except as provided in Sec. 60.692-6.
    (b) An owner or operator must notify the Administrator in the report 
required by 40 CFR 60.7 that the owner or operator has elected to 
construct and operate a floating roof under paragraph (a) of this 
section.
    (c) For portions of the oil-water separator tank where it is 
infeasible to construct and operate a floating roof, such as the skimmer 
mechanism and weirs, a fixed roof meeting the requirements of 
Sec. 60.692-3(a) shall be installed.
    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, if an owner 
or operator elects to comply with the provisions of this section, then 
the owner or operator does not need to comply with the provisions of 
Sec. 60.692-3 or Sec. 60.694 applicable to the same facilities.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1985, as amended at 60 FR 43259, Aug. 18, 1995]



Sec. 60.694  Permission to use alternative means of emission 
limitation.

    (a) If, in the Administrator's judgment, an alternative means of 
emission limitation will achieve a reduction in VOC emissions at least 
equivalent to the reduction in VOC emissions achieved by the applicable 
requirement in Sec. 60.692, the Administrator will publish in the 
Federal Register a notice permitting the use of the alternative means 
for purposes of compliance with that requirement. The notice may 
condition the permission on requirements related to the operation and 
maintenance of the alternative means.
    (b) Any notice under paragraph (a) of this section shall be 
published only after notice and an opportunity for a hearing.
    (c) Any person seeking permission under this section shall collect, 
verify, and submit to the Administrator information showing that the 
alternative means achieves equivalent emission reductions.



Sec. 60.695  Monitoring of operations.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according to 
manufacturer's specifications the following equipment, unless 
alternative monitoring procedures or requirements are approved for that 
facility by the Administrator.
    (1) Where a thermal incinerator is used for VOC emission reduction, 
a temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous recorder 
shall be used to measure the temperature of the gas stream in the 
combustion zone of the incinerator. The temperature monitoring device 
shall have an accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being measured, 
expressed in  deg.C, or [0.5  deg.C (0.9  deg.F), whichever is greater.
    (2) Where a catalytic incinerator is used for VOC emission 
reduction, temperature monitoring devices, each equipped with a 
continuous recorder shall be used to measure the temperature in the gas 
stream immediately before and after the catalyst bed of the incinerator. 
The temperature monitoring devices shall have an accuracy of [1 percent 
of the temperature being measured, expressed in  deg.C, or [0.5  deg.C 
(0.9  deg.F), whichever is greater.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is used for VOC emissions reduction, a 
monitoring device that continuously indicates and records the VOC 
concentration level or reading of organics in the exhaust gases of the 
control device outlet gas stream or inlet and outlet gas stream shall be 
used.
    (i) For a carbon adsorption system that regenerates the carbon bed 
directly onsite, a monitoring device that continuously indicates and 
records the volatile organic compound concentration level or reading of 
organics in the exhaust gases of the control device outlet gas stream or 
inlet and outlet gas stream shall be used.
    (ii) For a carbon adsorption system that does not regenerate the 
carbon bed directly onsite in the control device (e.g., a carbon 
canister), the concentration level of the organic compounds in the 
exhaust vent stream from the carbon adsorption system shall be monitored 
on a regular schedule, and the existing carbon shall be replaced with 
fresh carbon immediately when carbon breakthrough is indicated. The 
device shall be monitored on a daily basis or at intervals no greater 
than 20 percent of the design carbon replacement interval, whichever is 
greater. As an alternative to

[[Page 175]]

conducting this monitoring, an owner or operator may replace the carbon 
in the carbon adsorption system with fresh carbon at a regular 
predetermined time interval that is less than the carbon replacement 
interval that is determined by the maximum design flow rate and organic 
concentration in the gas stream vented to the carbon adsorption system.
    (4) Where a flare is used for VOC emission reduction, the owner or 
operator shall comply with the monitoring requirements of 40 CFR 
60.18(f)(2).
    (b) Where a VOC recovery device other than a carbon adsorber is used 
to meet the requirements specified in Sec. 60.692-5(a), the owner or 
operator shall provide to the Administrator information describing the 
operation of the control device and the process parameter(s) that would 
indicate proper operation and maintenance of the device. The 
Administrator may request further information and will specify 
appropriate monitoring procedures or requirements.
    (c) An alternative operational or process parameter may be monitored 
if it can be demonstrated that another parameter will ensure that the 
control device is operated in conformance with these standards and the 
control device's design specifications.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1985, as amended at 60 FR 43259, Aug. 18, 1995; 
65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.696  Performance test methods and procedures and compliance
provisions.

    (a) Before using any equipment installed in compliance with the 
requirements of Sec. 60.692-2, Sec. 60.692-3, Sec. 60.692-4, 
Sec. 60.692-5, or Sec. 60.693, the owner or operator shall inspect such 
equipment for indications of potential emissions, defects, or other 
problems that may cause the requirements of this subpart not to be met. 
Points of inspection shall include, but are not limited to, seals, 
flanges, joints, gaskets, hatches, caps, and plugs.
    (b) The owner or operator of each source that is equipped with a 
closed vent system and control device as required in Sec. 60.692-5 
(other than a flare) is exempt from Sec. 60.8 of the General Provisions 
and shall use Method 21 to measure the emission concentrations, using 
500 ppm as the no detectable emission limit. The instrument shall be 
calibrated each day before using. The calibration gases shall be:
    (1) Zero air (less than 10 ppm of hydrocarbon in air), and
    (2) A mixture of either methane or n-hexane and air at a 
concentration of approximately, but less than, 10,000 ppm methane or n-
hexane.
    (c) The owner or operator shall conduct a performance test 
initially, and at other times as requested by the Administrator, using 
the test methods and procedures in Sec. 60.18(f) to determine compliance 
of flares.
    (d) After installing the control equipment required to meet 
Sec. 60.693-2(a) or whenever sources that have ceased to treat refinery 
wastewater for a period of 1 year or more are placed back into service, 
the owner or operator shall determine compliance with the standards in 
Sec. 60.693-2(a) as follows:
    (1) The maximum gap widths and maximum gap areas between the primary 
seal and the separator wall and between the secondary seal and the 
separator wall shall be determined individually within 60 calendar days 
of the initial installation of the floating roof and introduction of 
refinery wastewater or 60 calendar days after the equipment is placed 
back into service using the following procedure when the separator is 
filled to the design operating level and when the roof is floating off 
the roof supports.
    (i) Measure seal gaps around the entire perimeter of the separator 
in each place where a 0.32 cm (0.125 in.) diameter uniform probe passes 
freely (without forcing or binding against seal) between the seal and 
the wall of the separator and measure the gap width and perimetrical 
distance of each such location.
    (ii) The total surface area of each gap described in (d)(1)(i) of 
this section shall be determined by using probes of various widths to 
measure accurately the actual distance from the wall to the seal and 
multiplying each such width by its respective perimetrical distance.
    (iii) Add the gap surface area of each gap location for the primary 
seal and the secondary seal individually, divide

[[Page 176]]

the sum for each seal by the nominal perimeter of the separator basin 
and compare each to the maximum gap area as specified in Sec. 60.693-2.
    (2) The gap widths and total gap area shall be determined using the 
procedure in paragraph (d)(1) of this section according to the following 
frequency:
    (i) For primary seals, once every 5 years.
    (ii) For secondary seals, once every year.



Sec. 60.697  Recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator of a facility subject to the provisions 
of this subpart shall comply with the recordkeeping requirements of this 
section. All records shall be retained for a period of 2 years after 
being recorded unless otherwise noted.
    (b)(1) For individual drain systems subject to Sec. 60.692-2, the 
location, date, and corrective action shall be recorded for each drain 
when the water seal is dry or otherwise breached, when a drain cap or 
plug is missing or improperly installed, or other problem is identified 
that could result in VOC emissions, as determined during the initial and 
periodic visual or physical inspection.
    (2) For junction boxes subject to Sec. 60.692-2, the location, date, 
and corrective action shall be recorded for inspections required by 
Sec. 60.692-2(b) when a broken seal, gap, or other problem is identified 
that could result in VOC emissions.
    (3) For sewer lines subject to Secs. 60.692-2 and 60.693-1(e), the 
location, date, and corrective action shall be recorded for inspections 
required by Secs. 60.692-2(c) and 60.693-1(e) when a problem is 
identified that could result in VOC emissions.
    (c) For oil-water separators subject to Sec. 60.692-3, the location, 
date, and corrective action shall be recorded for inspections required 
by Sec. 60.692-3(a) when a problem is identified that could result in 
VOC emissions.
    (d) For closed vent systems subject to Sec. 60.692-5 and completely 
closed drain systems subject to Sec. 60.693-1, the location, date, and 
corrective action shall be recorded for inspections required by 
Sec. 60.692-5(e) during which detectable emissions are measured or a 
problem is identified that could result in VOC emissions.
    (e)(1) If an emission point cannot be repaired or corrected without 
a process unit shutdown, the expected date of a successful repair shall 
be recorded.
    (2) The reason for the delay as specified in Sec. 60.692-6 shall be 
recorded if an emission point or equipment problem is not repaired or 
corrected in the specified amount of time.
    (3) The signature of the owner or operator (or designee) whose 
decision it was that repair could not be effected without refinery or 
process shutdown shall be recorded.
    (4) The date of successful repair or corrective action shall be 
recorded.
    (f)(1) A copy of the design specifications for all equipment used to 
comply with the provisions of this subpart shall be kept for the life of 
the source in a readily accessible location.
    (2) The following information pertaining to the design 
specifications shall be kept.
    (i) Detailed schematics, and piping and instrumentation diagrams.
    (ii) The dates and descriptions of any changes in the design 
specifications.
    (3) The following information pertaining to the operation and 
maintenance of closed drain systems and closed vent systems shall be 
kept in a readily accessible location.
    (i) Documentation demonstrating that the control device will achieve 
the required control efficiency during maximum loading conditions shall 
be kept for the life of the facility. This documentation is to include a 
general description of the gas streams that enter the control device, 
including flow and volatile organic compound content under varying 
liquid level conditions (dynamic and static) and manufacturer's design 
specifications for the control device. If an enclosed combustion device 
with a minimum residence time of 0.75 seconds and a minimum temperature 
of 816  deg.C (1,500  deg.F) is used to meet the 95-percent requirement, 
documentation that those conditions exist is sufficient to meet the 
requirements of this paragraph.
    (ii) For a carbon adsorption system that does not regenerate the 
carbon

[[Page 177]]

bed directly onsite in the control device such as a carbon canister, the 
design analysis shall consider the vent stream composition, constituent 
concentrations, flow rate, relative humidity, and temperature. The 
design analysis shall also establish the design exhaust vent stream 
organic compound concentration level, capacity of carbon bed, type and 
working capacity of activated carbon used for carbon bed, and design 
carbon replacement interval based on the total carbon working capacity 
of the control device and source operating schedule.
    (iii) Periods when the closed vent systems and control devices 
required in Sec. 60.692 are not operated as designed, including periods 
when a flare pilot does not have a flame shall be recorded and kept for 
2 years after the information is recorded.
    (iv) Dates of startup and shutdown of the closed vent system and 
control devices required in Sec. 60.692 shall be recorded and kept for 2 
years after the information is recorded.
    (v) The dates of each measurement of detectable emissions required 
in Sec. 60.692, Sec. 60.693, or Sec. 60.692-5 shall be recorded and kept 
for 2 years after the information is recorded.
    (vi) The background level measured during each detectable emissions 
measurement shall be recorded and kept for 2 years after the information 
is recorded.
    (vii) The maximum instrument reading measured during each detectable 
emission measurement shall be recorded and kept for 2 years after the 
information is recorded.
    (viii) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a 
thermal incinerator shall maintain continuous records of the temperature 
of the gas stream in the combustion zone of the incinerator and records 
of all 3-hour periods of operation during which the average temperature 
of the gas stream in the combustion zone is more than 28  deg.C (50 
deg.F) below the design combustion zone temperature, and shall keep such 
records for 2 years after the information is recorded.
    (ix) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a 
catalytic incinerator shall maintain continuous records of the 
temperature of the gas stream both upstream and downstream of the 
catalyst bed of the incinerator, records of all 3-hour periods of 
operation during which the average temperature measured before the 
catalyst bed is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the design gas 
stream temperature, and records of all 3-hour periods during which the 
average temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than 80 
percent of the design temperature difference, and shall keep such 
records for 2 years after the information is recorded.
    (x) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a 
carbon adsorber shall maintain continuous records of the VOC 
concentration level or reading of organics of the control device outlet 
gas stream or inlet and outlet gas stream and records of all 3-hour 
periods of operation during which the average VOC concentration level or 
reading of organics in the exhaust gases, or inlet and outlet gas 
stream, is more than 20 percent greater than the design exhaust gas 
concentration level, and shall keep such records for 2 years after the 
information is recorded.
    (A) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a 
carbon adsorber which is regenerated directly onsite shall maintain 
continuous records of the volatile organic compound concentration level 
or reading of organics of the control device outlet gas stream or inlet 
and outlet gas stream and records of all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average volatile organic compound concentration level 
or reading of organics in the exhaust gases, or inlet and outlet gas 
stream, is more than 20 percent greater than the design exhaust gas 
concentration level, and shall keep such records for 2 years after the 
information is recorded.
    (B) If a carbon adsorber that is not regenerated directly onsite in 
the control device is used, then the owner or operator shall maintain 
records of dates and times when the control device is monitored, when 
breakthrough is measured, and shall record the date and time that the 
existing carbon in the control device is replaced with fresh carbon.
    (g) If an owner or operator elects to install a tightly sealed cap 
or plug over

[[Page 178]]

a drain that is out of active service, the owner or operator shall keep 
for the life of a facility in a readily accessible location, plans or 
specifications which indicate the location of such drains.
    (h) For stormwater sewer systems subject to the exclusion in 
Sec. 60.692-1(d)(1), an owner or operator shall keep for the life of the 
facility in a readily accessible location, plans or specifications which 
demonstrate that no wastewater from any process units or equipment is 
directly discharged to the stormwater sewer system.
    (i) For ancillary equipment subject to the exclusion in Sec. 60.692-
1(d)(2), an owner or operator shall keep for the life of a facility in a 
readily accessible location, plans or specifications which demonsrate 
that the ancillary equipment does not come in contact with or store oily 
wastewater.
    (j) For non-contact cooling water systems subject to the exclusion 
in Sec. 60.692-1(d)(3), an owner or operator shall keep for the life of 
the facility in a readily accessible location, plans or specifications 
which demonstrate that the cooling water does not contact hydrocarbons 
or oily wastewater and is not recirculated through a cooling tower.
    (k) For oil-water separators subject to Sec. 60.693-2, the location, 
date, and corrective action shall be recorded for inspections required 
by Secs. 60.693-2(a)(1)(iii)(A) and (B), and shall be maintained for the 
time period specified in paragraphs (k)(1) and (2) of this section.
    (1) For inspections required by Sec. 60.693-2(a)(1)(iii)(A), ten 
years after the information is recorded.
    (2) For inspections required by Sec. 60.693-2(a)(1)(iii)(B), two 
years after the information is recorded.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1985, as amended at 60 FR 43259, Aug. 18, 1995; 
65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.698  Reporting requirements.

    (a) An owner or operator electing to comply with the provisions of 
Sec. 60.693 shall notify the Administrator of the alternative standard 
selected in the report required in Sec. 60.7.
    (b)(1) Each owner or operator of a facility subject to this subpart 
shall submit to the Administrator within 60 days after initial startup a 
certification that the equipment necessary to comply with these 
standards has been installed and that the required initial inspections 
or tests of process drains, sewer lines, junction boxes, oil-water 
separators, and closed vent systems and control devices have been 
carried out in accordance with these standards. Thereafter, the owner or 
operator shall submit to the Administrator semiannually a certification 
that all of the required inspections have been carried out in accordance 
with these standards.
    (2) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a flare 
shall submit to the Administrator within 60 days after initial startup, 
as required under Sec. 60.8(a), a report of the results of the 
performance test required in Sec. 60.696(c).
    (c) A report that summarizes all inspections when a water seal was 
dry or otherwise breached, when a drain cap or plug was missing or 
improperly installed, or when cracks, gaps, or other problems were 
identified that could result in VOC emissions, including information 
about the repairs or corrective action taken, shall be submitted 
initially and semiannually thereafter to the Administrator.
    (d) As applicable, a report shall be submitted semiannually to the 
Administrator that indicates:
    (1) Each 3-hour period of operation during which the average 
temperature of the gas stream in the combustion zone of a thermal 
incinerator, as measured by the temperature monitoring device, is more 
than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the design combustion zone temperature,
    (2) Each 3-hour period of operation during which the average 
temperature of the gas stream immediately before the catalyst bed of a 
catalytic incinerator, as measured by the temperature monitoring device, 
is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the design gas stream 
temperature, and any 3-hour period during which the average temperature 
difference across the catalyst bed (i.e., the difference between the 
temperatures of the gas stream immediately before and after the catalyst 
bed), as

[[Page 179]]

measured by the temperature monitoring device, is less than 80 percent 
of the design temperature difference, or,
    (3) Each 3-hour period of operation during which the average VOC 
concentration level or reading of organics in the exhaust gases from a 
carbon adsorber is more than 20 percent greater than the design exhaust 
gas concentration level or reading.
    (i) Each 3-hour period of operation during which the average 
volatile organic compound concentration level or reading of organics in 
the exhaust gases from a carbon adsorber which is regenerated directly 
onsite is more than 20 percent greater than the design exhaust gas 
concentration level or reading.
    (ii) Each occurrence when the carbon in a carbon adsorber system 
that is not regenerated directly onsite in the control device is not 
replaced at the predetermined interval specified in 
Sec. 60.695(a)(3)(ii).
    (e) If compliance with the provisions of this subpart is delayed 
pursuant to Sec. 60.692-7, the notification required under 40 CFR 
60.7(a)(4) shall include the estimated date of the next scheduled 
refinery or process unit shutdown after the date of notification and the 
reason why compliance with the standards is technically impossible 
without a refinery or process unit shutdown.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1988, as amended at 60 FR 43260, Aug. 18, 1995]



Sec. 60.699  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to States:
    Sec. 60.694 Permission to use alternative means of emission 
limitations.

[53 FR 47623, Nov. 23, 1985]



   Subpart RRR_Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound 
Emissions From Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) 
                            Reactor Processes

    Source: 58 FR 45962, Aug. 31, 1993, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.700  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each affected facility 
designated in paragraph (b) of this section that is part of a process 
unit that produces any of the chemicals listed in Sec. 60.707 as a 
product, co-product, by-product, or intermediate, except as provided in 
paragraph (c) of this section.
    (b) The affected facility is any of the following for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction commenced after June 29, 
1990:
    (1) Each reactor process not discharging its vent stream into a 
recovery system.
    (2) Each combination of a reactor process and the recovery system 
into which its vent stream is discharged.
    (3) Each combination of two or more reactor processes and the common 
recovery system into which their vent streams are discharged.
    (c) Exemptions from the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section 
are as follows:
    (1) Any reactor process that is designed and operated as a batch 
operation is not an affected facility.
    (2) Each affected facility that has a total resource effectiveness 
(TRE) index value greater than 8.0 is exempt from all provisions of this 
subpart except for Secs. 60.702(c); 60.704 (d), (e), and (f); and 60.705 
(g), (l)(1), (l)(6), and (t).
    (3) Each affected facility in a process unit with a total design 
capacity for all chemicals produced within that unit of less than 1 
gigagram per year (1,100 tons per year) is exempt from all provisions of 
this subpart except for the recordkeeping and reporting requirements in 
Sec. 60.705 (i), (l)(5), and (n).
    (4) Each affected facility operated with a vent stream flow rate 
less than

[[Page 180]]

0.011 scm/min is exempt from all provisions of this subpart except for 
the test method and procedure and the recordkeeping and reporting 
requirements in Secs. 60.704(g) and 70.705 (h), (l)(4), and (o).
    (5) If the vent stream from an affected facility is routed to a 
distillation unit subject to subpart NNN and has no other releases to 
the air except for a pressure relief valve, the facility is exempt from 
all provisions of this subpart except for Sec. 60.705(r).
    (6) Any reactor process operating as part of a process unit which 
produces beverage alcohols, or which uses, contains, and produces no VOC 
is not an affected facility.
    (7) Any reactor process that is subject to the provisions of subpart 
DDD is not an affected facility.
    (8) Each affected facility operated with a concentration of total 
organic compounds (TOC) (less methane and ethane) in the vent stream 
less than 300 ppmv as measured by Method 18 or a concentration of TOC in 
the vent stream less than 150 ppmv as measured by Method 25A is exempt 
from all provisions of this subpart except for the test method and 
procedure and the reporting and recordkeeping requirements in 
Sec. 60.704(h) and paragraphs (j), (l)(8), and (p) of Sec. 60.705.
    (d) Alternative means of compliance--(1) Option to comply with part 
65. Owners or operators of process vents that are subject to this 
subpart may choose to comply with the provisions of 40 CFR part 65, 
subpart D, to satisfy the requirements of Secs. 60.702 through 60.705 
and 60.708. The provisions of 40 CFR part 65 also satisfy the criteria 
of paragraphs (c)(2), (4), and (8) of this section. Other provisions 
applying to an owner or operator who chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 
65 are provided in 40 CFR 65.1.
    (2) Part 60, subpart A. Owners or operators who choose to comply 
with 40 CFR part 65, subpart D, must also comply with Secs. 60.1, 60.2, 
60.5, 60.6, 60.7(a)(1) and (4), 60.14, 60.15, and 60.16 for those 
process vents. All sections and paragraphs of subpart A of this part 
that are not mentioned in this paragraph (d)(2) do not apply to owners 
or operators of process vents complying with 40 CFR part 65, subpart D, 
except that provisions required to be met prior to implementing 40 CFR 
part 65 still apply. Owners and operators who choose to comply with 40 
CFR part 65, subpart D, must comply with 40 CFR part 65, subpart A.
    (3) Compliance date. Owners or operators who choose to comply with 
40 CFR part 65, subpart D at initial startup shall comply with 
paragraphs (d)(1) and (2) of this section for each vent stream on and 
after the date on which the initial performance test is completed, but 
not later than 60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at 
which the affected facility will be operated, or 180 days after the 
initial startup, whichever date comes first.
    (4) Initial startup notification. Each owner or operator subject to 
the provisions of this subpart that chooses to comply with 40 CFR part 
65, subpart D, at initial startup shall notify the Administrator of the 
specific provisions of 40 CFR 65.63(a)(1), (2), or (3), with which the 
owner or operator has elected to comply. Notification shall be submitted 
with the notifications of initial startup required by 40 CFR 65.5(b).

    (Note: The intent of these standards is to minimize emissions of VOC 
through the application of best demonstrated technology (BDT). The 
numerical emission limits in these standards are expressed in terms of 
TOC, measured as TOC less methane and ethane. This emission limit 
reflects the performance of BDT.)

[58 FR 45962, Aug. 31, 1993, as amended at 60 FR 58238, Nov. 27, 1995; 
65 FR 78279, Dec. 14, 2000]



Sec. 60.701  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined here shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act and in subpart A of part 60, and the 
following terms shall have the specific meanings given them.
    Batch operation means any noncontinuous reactor process that is not 
characterized by steady-state conditions and in which reactants are not 
added and products are not removed simultaneously.
    Boiler means any enclosed combustion device that extracts useful 
energy in the form of steam and is not an incinerator.

[[Page 181]]

    By compound means by individual stream components, not carbon 
equivalents.
    Car-seal means a seal that is placed on a device that is used to 
change the position of a valve (e.g., from opened to closed) in such a 
way that the position of the valve cannot be changed without breaking 
the seal.
    Combustion device means an individual unit of equipment, such as an 
incinerator, flare, boiler, or process heater, used for combustion of a 
vent stream discharged from the process vent.
    Continuous recorder means a data recording device recording an 
instantaneous data value at least once every 15 minutes.
    Flame zone means the portion of the combustion chamber in a boiler 
occupied by the flame envelope.
    Flow indicator means a device which indicates whether gas flow is 
present in a line.
    Halogenated vent stream means any vent stream determined to have a 
total concentration (by volume) of compounds containing halogens of 20 
ppmv (by compound) or greater.
    Incinerator means an enclosed combustion device that is used for 
destroying organic compounds. If there is energy recovery, the energy 
recovery section and the combustion chambers are not of integral design. 
That is, the energy recovery section and the combustion section are not 
physically formed into one manufactured or assembled unit but are joined 
by ducts or connections carrying flue gas.
    Primary fuel means the fuel fired through a burner or a number of 
similar burners. The primary fuel provides the principal heat input to 
the device, and the amount of fuel is sufficient to sustain operation 
without the addition of other fuels.
    Process heater means a device that transfers heat liberated by 
burning fuel directly to process streams or to heat transfer liquids 
other than water.
    Process unit means equipment assembled and connected by pipes or 
ducts to produce, as intermediates or final products, one or more of the 
chemicals in Sec. 60.707. A process unit can operate independently if 
supplied with sufficient feed or raw materials and sufficient product 
storage facilities.
    Product means any compound or chemical listed in Sec. 60.707 which 
is produced for sale as a final product as that chemical, or for use in 
the production of other chemicals or compounds. By-products, co-
products, and intermediates are considered to be products.
    Reactor processes are unit operations in which one or more 
chemicals, or reactants other than air, are combined or decomposed in 
such a way that their molecular structures are altered and one or more 
new organic compounds are formed.
    Recovery device means an individual unit of equipment, such as an 
absorber, carbon adsorber, or condenser, capable of and used for the 
purpose of recovering chemicals for use, reuse, or sale.
    Recovery system means an individual recovery device or series of 
such devices applied to the same vent stream.
    Relief valve means a valve used only to release an unplanned, 
nonroutine discharge. A relief valve discharge results from an operator 
error, a malfunction such as a power failure or equipment failure, or 
other unexpected cause that requires immediate venting of gas from 
process equipment in order to avoid safety hazards or equipment damage.
    Secondary fuel means a fuel fired through a burner other than a 
primary fuel burner. The secondary fuel may provide supplementary heat 
in addition to the heat provided by the primary fuel.
    Total organic compounds or TOC means those compounds measured 
according to the procedures in Sec. 60.704(b)(4). For the purposes of 
measuring molar composition as required in Sec. 60.704(d)(2)(i) and 
Sec. 60.704(d)(2)(ii), hourly emission rate as required in 
Sec. 60.704(d)(5) and Sec. 60.704(e), and TOC concentration as required 
in Sec. 60.705(b)(4) and Sec. 60.705(f)(4), those compounds which the 
Administrator has determined do not contribute appreciably to the 
formation of ozone are to be excluded.
    Total resource effectiveness or TRE index value means a measure of 
the supplemental total resource requirement per unit reduction of TOC 
associated

[[Page 182]]

with a vent stream from an affected reactor process facility, based on 
vent stream flow rate, emission rate of TOC, net heating value, and 
corrosion properties (whether or not the vent stream contains 
halogenated compounds), as quantified by the equation given under 
Sec. 60.704(e).
    Vent stream means any gas stream discharged directly from a reactor 
process to the atmosphere or indirectly to the atmosphere after 
diversion through other process equipment. The vent stream excludes 
relief valve discharges and equipment leaks.



Sec. 60.702  Standards.

    Each owner or operator of any affected facility shall comply with 
paragraph (a), (b), or (c) of this section for each vent stream on and 
after the date on which the initial performance test required by 
Secs. 60.8 and 60.704 is completed, but not later than 60 days after 
achieving the maximum production rate at which the affected facility 
will be operated, or 180 days after the initial start-up, whichever date 
comes first. Each owner or operator shall either:
    (a) Reduce emissions of TOC (less methane and ethane) by 98 weight-
percent, or to a TOC (less methane and ethane) concentration of 20 ppmv, 
on a dry basis corrected to 3 percent oxygen, whichever is less 
stringent. If a boiler or process heater is used to comply with this 
paragraph, then the vent stream shall be introduced into the flame zone 
of the boiler or process heater; or
    (b) Combust the emissions in a flare that meets the requirements of 
Sec. 60.18; or
    (c) Maintain a TRE index value greater than 1.0 without use of a VOC 
emission control device.



Sec. 60.703  Monitoring of emissions and operations.

    (a) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses an 
incinerator to seek to comply with the TOC emission limit specified 
under Sec. 60.702(a) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate 
according to manufacturer's specifications the following equipment:
    (1) A temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous 
recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being 
monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is 
greater.
    (i) Where an incinerator other than a catalytic incinerator is used, 
a temperature monitoring device shall be installed in the firebox or in 
the ductwork immediately downstream of the firebox in a position before 
any substantial heat exchange is encountered.
    (ii) Where a catalytic incinerator is used, temperature monitoring 
devices shall be installed in the gas stream immediately before and 
after the catalyst bed.
    (2) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow 
diverted from being routed to the incinerator at least once every 15 
minutes for each affected facility, except as provided in paragraph 
(a)(2)(ii) of this section.
    (i) The flow indicator shall be installed at the entrance to any 
bypass line that could divert the vent stream from being routed to the 
incinerator, resulting in its emission to the atmosphere.
    (ii) Where the bypass line valve is secured in the closed position 
with a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration, a flow indicator 
is not required. A visual inspection of the seal or closure mechanism 
shall be performed at least once every month to ensure that the valve is 
maintained in the closed position and the vent stream is not diverted 
through the bypass line.
    (b) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a flare 
to seek to comply with Sec. 60.702(b) shall install, calibrate, 
maintain, and operate according to manufacturer's specifications the 
following equipment:
    (1) A heat sensing device, such as an ultraviolet beam sensor or 
thermocouple, at the pilot light to indicate the continuous presence of 
a flame.
    (2) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow 
diverted from being routed to the flare at least once every 15 minutes 
for each affected facility, except as provided in paragraph (b)(2)(ii) 
of this section.
    (i) The flow indicator shall be installed at the entrance to any 
bypass line that could divert the vent stream from being routed to the 
flare, resulting in its emission to the atmosphere.

[[Page 183]]

    (ii) Where the bypass line valve is secured in the closed position 
with a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration, a flow indicator 
is not required. A visual inspection of the seal or closure mechanism 
shall be performed at least once every month to ensure that the valve is 
maintained in the closed position and the vent stream is not diverted 
through the bypass line.
    (c) The owner or operator of an affected facility that uses a boiler 
or process heater to seek to comply with Sec. 60.702(a) shall install, 
calibrate, maintain and operate according to the manufacturer's 
specifications the following equipment:
    (1) A flow indicator that provides a record of vent stream flow 
diverted from being routed to the boiler or process heater at least once 
every 15 minutes for each affected facility, except as provided in 
paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section.
    (i) The flow indicator shall be installed at the entrance to any 
bypass line that could divert the vent stream from being routed to the 
boiler or process heater, resulting in its emission to the atmosphere.
    (ii) Where the bypass line valve is secured in the closed position 
with a car-seal or a lock-and-key type configuration, a flow indicator 
is not required. A visual inspection of the seal or closure mechanism 
shall be performed at least once every month to ensure that the valve is 
maintained in the closed position and the vent stream is not diverted 
through the bypass line.
    (2) A temperature monitoring device in the firebox equipped with a 
continuous recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent of the 
temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, 
whichever is greater, for boilers or process heaters of less than 44 MW 
(150 million Btu/hr) design heat input capacity. Any vent stream 
introduced with primary fuel into a boiler or process heater is exempt 
from this requirement.
    (d) The owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
demonstrate compliance with the TRE index value limit specified under 
Sec. 60.702(c) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate according 
to manufacturer's specifications the following equipment, unless 
alternative monitoring procedures or requirements are approved for that 
facility by the Administrator:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system:
    (i) A scrubbing liquid temperature monitoring device having an 
accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in 
degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater, and a specific 
gravity monitoring device having an accuracy of [0.02 specific gravity 
units, each equipped with a continuous recorder; or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (2) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system:
    (i) A condenser exit (product side) temperature monitoring device 
equipped with a continuous recorder and having an accuracy of [1 percent 
of the temperature being monitored expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5 
deg.C, whichever is greater; or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red, photoionization, or thermal 
conductivity, each equipped with a continuous recorder.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device unit in the 
recovery system:
    (i) An integrating steam flow monitoring device having an accuracy 
of [10 percent, and a carbon bed temperature monitoring device having an 
accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature being monitored expressed in 
degrees Celsius or [0.5  deg.C, whichever is greater, both equipped with 
a continuous recorder; or
    (ii) An organic monitoring device used to indicate the concentration 
level of organic compounds exiting the recovery device based on a 
detection principle such as infra-red,

[[Page 184]]

photoionization, or thermal conductivity, each equipped with a 
continuous recorder.
    (e) An owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to 
demonstrate compliance with the standards specified under Sec. 60.702 
with a control device other than an incinerator, boiler, process heater, 
or flare; or a recovery device other than an absorber, condenser, or 
carbon adsorber, shall provide to the Administrator information 
describing the operation of the control device or recovery device and 
the process parameter(s) which would indicate proper operation and 
maintenance of the device. The Administrator may request further 
information and will specify appropriate monitoring procedures or 
requirements.



Sec. 60.704  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) For the purpose of demonstrating compliance with Sec. 60.702, 
all affected facilities shall be run at full operating conditions and 
flow rates during any performance test.
    (b) The following methods in appendix A to this part, except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used as reference methods to 
determine compliance with the emission limit or percent reduction 
efficiency specified under Sec. 60.702(a).
    (1) Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling 
sites. The control device inlet sampling site for determination of vent 
stream molar composition or TOC (less methane and ethane) reduction 
efficiency shall be prior to the inlet of the control device and after 
the recovery system.
    (2) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D, as appropriate, for determination of 
the gas volumetric flow rates.
    (3) The emission rate correction factor, integrated sampling and 
analysis procedure of Method 3B shall be used to determine the oxygen 
concentration (%O2d) for the purposes of determining 
compliance with the 20 ppmv limit. The sampling site shall be the same 
as that of the TOC samples, and the samples shall be taken during the 
same time that the TOC samples are taken. The TOC concentration 
corrected to 3 percent O2 (Cc) shall be computed using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.006

where:

Cc = Concentration of TOC corrected to 3 percent 
          O2, dry basis, ppm by volume.
CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume.
%O2d = Concentration of O2, dry basis, percent by 
          volume.

    (4) Method 18 to determine the concentration of TOC in the control 
device outlet and the concentration of TOC in the inlet when the 
reduction efficiency of the control device is to be determined.
    (i) The minimum sampling time for each run shall be 1 hour in which 
either an integrated sample or four grab samples shall be taken. If grab 
sampling is used, then the samples shall be taken at approximately 15-
minute intervals.
    (ii) The emission reduction (R) of TOC (minus methane and ethane) 
shall be determined using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.007

where:

R = Emission reduction, percent by weight.
Ei = Mass rate of TOC entering the control device, kg TOC/hr.
Eo = Mass rate of TOC discharged to the atmosphere, kg TOC/
          hr.

    (iii) The mass rates of TOC (Ei, Eo) shall be 
computed using the following equations:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.008

where:

Cij, Coj = Concentration of sample component ``j'' 
          of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, dry basis, ppm by volume.
Mij, Moj = Molecular weight of sample component 
          ``j'' of the gas stream at the inlet and outlet of the control 
          device, respectively, g/g-mole (lb/lb-mole).

[[Page 185]]

Qi, Qo = Flow rate of gas stream at the inlet and 
          outlet of the control device, respectively, dscm/min (dscf/
          hr).
K2 = Constant, 2.494  x  10-6 (l/ppm) (g-mole/scm) 
          (kg/g) (min/hr), where standard temperature for (g-mole/scm) 
          is 20  deg.C.

    (iv) The TOC concentration (CTOC) is the sum of the 
individual components and shall be computed for each run using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.009

where:

CTOC = Concentration of TOC (minus methane and ethane), dry 
          basis, ppm by volume.
Cj = Concentration of sample components ``j'', dry basis, ppm 
          by volume.
n = Number of components in the sample.
    (5) The requirement for an initial performance test is waived, in 
accordance with Sec. 60.8(b), for the following:
    (i) When a boiler or process heater with a design heat input 
capacity of 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater is used to seek 
compliance with Sec. 60.702(a).
    (ii) When a vent stream is introduced into a boiler or process 
heater with the primary fuel.
    (iii) The Administrator reserves the option to require testing at 
such other times as may be required, as provided for in section 114 of 
the Act.
    (6) For purposes of complying with the 98 weight-percent reduction 
in Sec. 60.702(a), if the vent stream entering a boiler or process 
heater with a design capacity less than 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) is 
introduced with the combustion air or as secondary fuel, the weight-
percent reduction of TOC (minus methane and ethane) across the 
combustion device shall be determined by comparing the TOC (minus 
methane and ethane) in all combusted vent streams, primary fuels, and 
secondary fuels with the TOC (minus methane and ethane) exiting the 
combustion device.
    (c) When a flare is used to seek to comply with Sec. 60.702(b), the 
flare shall comply with the requirements of Sec. 60.18.
    (d) The following test methods in appendix A to this part, except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used for determining the net 
heating value of the gas combusted to determine compliance under 
Sec. 60.702(b) and for determining the process vent stream TRE index 
value to determine compliance under Secs. 60.700(c)(2) and 60.702(c).
    (1)(i) Method 1 or 1A, as appropriate, for selection of the sampling 
site. The sampling site for the vent stream flow rate and molar 
composition determination prescribed in Sec. 60.704 (d)(2) and (d)(3) 
shall be, except for the situations outlined in paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of 
this section, prior to the inlet of any control device, prior to any 
postreactor dilution of the stream with air, and prior to any 
postreactor introduction of halogenated compounds into the process vent 
stream. No traverse site selection method is needed for vents smaller 
than 4 inches in diameter.
    (ii) If any gas stream other than the reactor vent stream is 
normally conducted through the final recovery device:
    (A) The sampling site for vent stream flow rate and molar 
composition shall be prior to the final recovery device and prior to the 
point at which any nonreactor stream or stream from a nonaffected 
reactor process is introduced.
    (B) The efficiency of the final recovery device is determined by 
measuring the TOC concentration using Method 18 at the inlet to the 
final recovery device after the introduction of any vent stream and at 
the outlet of the final recovery device.
    (C) This efficiency of the final recovery device shall be applied to 
the TOC concentration measured prior to the final recovery device and 
prior to the introduction of any nonreactor stream or stream from a 
nonaffected reactor process to determine the concentration of TOC in the 
reactor process vent stream from the final recovery device. This 
concentration of TOC is then used to perform the calculations outlined 
in Sec. 60.704(d) (4) and (5).
    (2) The molar composition of the process vent stream shall be 
determined as follows:
    (i) Method 18 to measure the concentration of TOC including those 
containing halogens.
    (ii) ASTM D1946-77 or 90 (Reapproved 1994) (incorporation by 
reference as

[[Page 186]]

specified in Sec. 60.17 of this part) to measure the concentration of 
carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
    (iii) Method 4 to measure the content of water vapor.
    (3) The volumetric flow rate shall be determined using Method 2, 2A, 
2C, or 2D, as appropriate.
    (4) The net heating value of the vent stream shall be calculated 
using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.010

where:

HT = Net heating value of the sample, MJ/scm, where the net 
          enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on combustion at 25 
          deg.C and 760 mm Hg, but the standard temperature for 
          determining the volume corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C, 
          as in the definition of Qs (vent stream flow rate).
K1 = Constant, 1.740  x  10-7 (l/ppm) (g-mole/scm) 
          (MJ/kcal), where standard temperature for (g-mole/scm) is 20 
          deg.C.
Cj = Concentration on a dry basis of compound j in ppm, as 
          measured for organics by Method 18 and measured for hydrogen 
          and carbon monoxide by ASTM D1946-77 or 90 (Reapproved 1994) 
          (incorporation by reference as specified in Sec. 60.17 of this 
          part) as indicated in Sec. 60.704(d)(2).
Hj = Net heat of combustion of compound j, kcal/g-mole, based 
          on combustion at 25  deg.C and 760 mm Hg. The heats of 
          combustion of vent stream components would be required to be 
          determined using ASTM D2382-76 or 88 or D4809-95 
          (incorporation by reference as specified in Sec. 60.17 of this 
          part) if published values are not available or cannot be 
          calculated.
Bws = Water vapor content of the vent stream, proportion by 
          volume.

    (5) The emission rate of TOC in the vent stream shall be calculated 
using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.011

where:

ETOC = Emission rate of TOC in the sample, kg/hr.
K2 = Constant, 2.494  x  10-6 (l/ppm) (g-mole/scm) 
          (kg/g) (min/hr), where standard temperature for (g-mole/scm) 
          is 20  deg.C.
Cj = Concentration on a dry basis of compound j in ppm as 
          measured by Method 18 as indicated in Sec. 60.704(d)(2).
Mj = Molecular weight of sample j, g/g-mole.
Qs = Vent stream flow rate (dscm/min) at a temperature of 20 
          deg.C.

    (6) The total vent stream concentration (by volume) of compounds 
containing halogens (ppmv, by compound) shall be summed from the 
individual concentrations of compounds containing halogens which were 
measured by Method 18.
    (e) For purposes of complying with Secs. 60.700(c)(2) and 60.702(c), 
the owner or operator of a facility affected by this subpart shall 
calculate the TRE index value of the vent stream using the equation for 
incineration in paragraph (e)(1) of this section for halogenated vent 
streams. The owner or operator of an affected facility with a 
nonhalogenated vent stream shall determine the TRE index value by 
calculating values using both the incinerator equation in (e)(1) of this 
section and the flare equation in (e)(2) of this section and selecting 
the lower of the two values.
    (1) The equation for calculating the TRE index value of a vent 
stream controlled by an incinerator is as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR27NO95.000

    (i) Where for a vent stream flow rate (scm/min) at a standard 
temperature of 20  deg.C that is greater than or equal to 14.2 scm/min:

TRE = TRE index value.
Qs = Vent stream flow rate (scm/min) at a standard 
          temperature of 20  deg.C.
HT = Vent stream net heating value (MJ/scm), where the net 
          enthalpy per mole of vent stream is based on combustion at 25

[[Page 187]]

           deg.C and 760 mm Hg, but the standard temperature for 
          determining the volume corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C 
          as in the definition of Qs.
Ys = Qs for all vent stream categories listed in 
          table 1 except for Category E vent streams where Ys 
          = (Qs)(HT)/3.6.
ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC reported in kg/hr.


a, b, c, d, e, and f are coefficients. The set of coefficients that 
apply to a vent stream can be obtained from table 1.

 Table 1--Total Resource Effectiveness Coefficients for Vent Streams Controlled by an Incinerator Subject to the
                             New Source Performance Standards for Reactor Processes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               a           b           c           d           e           f
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  DESIGN CATEGORY A1. FOR HALOGENATED PROCESS VENT STREAMS, IF 0NET HEATING VALUE (MJ/scm)3.5: Qs = Vent Stream
                                               Flow Rate (scm/min)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.2Qs18.8..............................    19.18370     0.27580     0.75762    -0.13064           0     0.01025
18.83.5: Qs = Vent Stream
                                               Flow Rate (scm/min)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.23.6: Ys = Dilution
                                       Flow Rate (scm/min) = (Qs) (HT)/3.6
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14.2Ys1,180.............................     6.67868           0           0    -0.00707     0.02220     0.01025
1,180s = 14.2 scm/min.
HT = (FLOW)(HVAL)/14.2

where the following inputs are used:

FLOW = Vent stream flow rate (scm/min), at a standard temperature of 20 
          deg.C.
HVAL = Vent stream net heating value (MJ/scm), where the net enthalpy 
          per mole of vent stream is based on combustion at 25  deg.C 
          and 760 mm Hg, but the standard temperature for determining 
          the volume corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C as in 
          definition of Qs.
Ys = 14.2 scm/min for all vent streams except for Category E 
          vent streams, where Ys = (14.2)(HT)/3.6.

[[Page 188]]

ETOC = Hourly emissions of TOC reported in kg/hr.

a, b, c, d, e, and f are coefficients. The set of coefficients that 
apply to a vent stream can be obtained from table 1.
    (2) The equation for calculating the TRE index value of a vent 
stream controlled by a flare is as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR31AU93.013

where:

TRE = TRE index value.
ETOC = Hourly emission rate of TOC reported in kg/hr.
Qs = Vent stream flow rate (scm/min) at a standard 
          temperature of 20  deg.C.
HT = Vent stream net heating value (MJ/scm) where the net 
          enthalpy per mole of offgas is based on combustion at 25 
          deg.C and 760 mm Hg, but the standard temperature for 
          determining the volume corresponding to one mole is 20  deg.C 
          as in the definition of Qs.


a, b, c, d, and e are coefficients. The set of coefficients that apply 
to a vent stream can be obtained from table 2.

  Table 2--Total Resource Effectiveness Coefficients for Vent Streams Controlled by a Flare Subject to the New
                               Source Performance Standards for Reactor Processes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             a           b           c          d          e
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HT<11.2 MJ/scm........................................      2.25        0.288      -0.193     -0.0051       2.08
HT11.2 MJ/scm.........................................      0.309       0.0619     -0.0043    -0.0034       2.08
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (f) Each owner or operator of an affected facility seeking to comply 
with Sec. 60.700(c)(2) or Sec. 60.702(c) shall recalculate the TRE index 
value for that affected facility whenever process changes are made. 
Examples of process changes include changes in production capacity, 
feedstock type, or catalyst type, or whenever there is replacement, 
removal, or addition of recovery equipment. The TRE index value shall be 
recalculated based on test data, or on best engineering estimates of the 
effects of the change on the recovery system.
    (1) Where the recalculated TRE index value is less than or equal to 
1.0, the owner or operator shall notify the Administrator within 1 week 
of the recalculation and shall conduct a performance test according to 
the methods and procedures required by Sec. 60.704 in order to determine 
compliance with Sec. 60.702 (a) or (b). Performance tests must be 
conducted as soon as possible after the process change but no later than 
180 days from the time of the process change.
    (2) Where the recalculated TRE index value is less than or equal to 
8.0 but greater than 1.0, the owner or operator shall conduct a 
performance test in accordance with Secs. 60.8 and 60.704 and shall 
comply with Secs. 60.703, 60.704 and 60.705. Performance tests must be 
conducted as soon as possible after the process change but no later than 
180 days from the time of the process change.
    (g) Any owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
seeking to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.700(c)(4) shall use 
Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D of appendix A to 40 CFR part 60, as appropriate, 
for determination of volumetric flow rate.
    (h) Each owner or operator seeking to demonstrate that a reactor 
process vent stream has a TOC concentration for compliance with the low 
concentration exemption in Sec. 60.700(c)(8) shall conduct an initial 
test to measure TOC concentration.
    (1) The sampling site shall be selected as specified in paragraph 
(d)(1)(i) of this section.

[[Page 189]]

    (2) Method 18 or Method 25A of part 60, appendix A shall be used to 
measure concentration.
    (3) Where Method 18 is used to qualify for the low concentration 
exclusion in Sec. 60.700(c)(8), the procedures in Sec. 60.704(b)(4) (i) 
and (iv) shall be used to measure TOC concentration, and the procedures 
of Sec. 60.704(b)(3) shall be used to correct the TOC concentration to 3 
percent oxygen. To qualify for the exclusion, the results must 
demonstrate that the concentration of TOC, corrected to 3 percent 
oxygen, is below 300 ppm by volume.
    (4) Where Method 25A is used, the following procedures shall be used 
to calculate ppm by volume TOC concentration, corrected to 3 percent 
oxygen:
    (i) Method 25A shall be used only if a single organic compound is 
greater than 50 percent of total TOC, by volume, in the reactor process 
vent stream. This compound shall be the principal organic compound.
    (ii) The principal organic compound may be determined by either 
process knowledge or test data collected using an appropriate EPA 
Reference Method. Examples of information that could constitute process 
knowledge include calculations based on material balances, process 
stoichiometry, or previous test results provided the results are still 
relevant to the current reactor process vent stream conditions.
    (iii) The principal organic compound shall be used as the 
calibration gas for Method 25A.
    (iv) The span value for Method 25A shall be 300 ppmv.
    (v) Use of Method 25A is acceptable if the response from the high-
level calibration gas is at least 20 times the standard deviation of the 
response from the zero calibration gas when the instrument is zeroed on 
the most sensitive scale.
    (vi) The owner or operator shall demonstrate that the concentration 
of TOC including methane and ethane measured by Method 25A, corrected to 
3 percent oxygen, is below 150 ppm by volume to qualify for the low 
concentration exclusion in Sec. 60.700(c)(8).
    (vii) The concentration of TOC shall be corrected to 3 percent 
oxygen using the procedures and equation in paragraph (b)(3) of this 
section.

[58 FR 45962, Aug. 31, 1993, as amended at 60 FR 58238, Nov. 27, 1995; 
65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.705  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator subject to Sec. 60.702 shall notify the 
Administrator of the specific provisions of Sec. 60.702 (Sec. 60.702 
(a), (b), or (c)) with which the owner or operator has elected to 
comply. Notification shall be submitted with the notification of initial 
start-up required by Sec. 60.7(a)(3). If an owner or operator elects at 
a later date to use an alternative provision of Sec. 60.702 with which 
he or she will comply, then the Administrator shall be notified by the 
owner or operator 90 days before implementing a change and, upon 
implementing the change, a performance test shall be performed as 
specified by Sec. 60.704 no later than 180 days from initial start-up.
    (b) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep an up-to-date, readily accessible record of the following 
data measured during each performance test, and also include the 
following data in the report of the initial performance test required 
under Sec. 60.8. Where a boiler or process heater with a design heat 
input capacity of 44 MW (150 million Btu/hour) or greater is used or 
where the reactor process vent stream is introduced as the primary fuel 
to any size boiler or process heater to comply with Sec. 60.702(a), a 
report containing performance test data need not be submitted, but a 
report containing the information in Sec. 60.705(b)(2)(i) is required. 
The same data specified in this section shall be submitted in the 
reports of all subsequently required performance tests where either the 
emission control efficiency of a combustion device, outlet concentration 
of TOC, or the TRE index value of a vent stream from a recovery system 
is determined.
    (1) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.702(a) through use 
of either a thermal or catalytic incinerator:

[[Page 190]]

    (i) The average firebox temperature of the incinerator (or the 
average temperature upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed for a 
catalytic incinerator), measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged 
over the same time period of the performance testing, and
    (ii) The percent reduction of TOC determined as specified in 
Sec. 60.704(b) achieved by the incinerator, or the concentration of TOC 
(ppmv, by compound) determined as specified in Sec. 60.704(b) at the 
outlet of the control device on a dry basis corrected to 3 percent 
oxygen.
    (2) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.702(a) through use 
of a boiler or process heater:
    (i) A description of the location at which the vent stream is 
introduced into the boiler or process heater, and
    (ii) The average combustion temperature of the boiler or process 
heater with a design heat input capacity of less than 44 MW (150 million 
Btu/hr) measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same 
time period of the performance testing.
    (3) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.702(b) through use 
of a smokeless flare, flare design (i.e., steam-assisted, air-assisted 
or nonassisted), all visible emission readings, heat content 
determinations, flow rate measurements, and exit velocity determinations 
made during the performance test, continuous records of the flare pilot 
flame monitoring, and records of all periods of operations during which 
the pilot flame is absent.
    (4) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.702(c):
    (i) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system, the exit specific gravity (or alternative parameter which is a 
measure of the degree of absorbing liquid saturation, if approved by the 
Administrator), and average exit temperature, of the absorbing liquid 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time 
period of the performance testing (both measured while the vent stream 
is normally routed and constituted); or
    (ii) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in the recovery 
system, the average exit (product side) temperature measured at least 
every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time period of the 
performance testing while the vent stream is routed and constituted 
normally; or
    (iii) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in the 
recovery system, the total steam mass flow measured at least every 15 
minutes and averaged over the same time period of the performance test 
(full carbon bed cycle), temperature of the carbon bed after 
regeneration [and within 15 minutes of completion of any cooling 
cycle(s)], and duration of the carbon bed steaming cycle (all measured 
while the vent stream is routed and constituted normally); or
    (iv) As an alternative to Sec. 60.705(b)(4) (i), (ii) or (iii), the 
concentration level or reading indicated by the organics monitoring 
device at the outlet of the absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber, 
measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged over the same time 
period of the performance testing while the vent stream is normally 
routed and constituted.
    (v) All measurements and calculations performed to determine the TRE 
index value of the vent stream.
    (c) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored under 
Sec. 60.703 (a) and (c) as well as up-to-date, readily accessible 
records of periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries 
established during the most recent performance test are exceeded. The 
Administrator may at any time require a report of these data. Where a 
combustion device is used to comply with Sec. 60.702(a), periods of 
operation during which the parameter boundaries established during the 
most recent performance tests are exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) For thermal incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation during 
which the average combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C (50 
deg.F) below the

[[Page 191]]

average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test 
at which compliance with Sec. 60.702(a) was determined.
    (2) For catalytic incinerators, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature of the vent stream immediately 
before the catalyst bed is more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average temperature of the vent stream during the most recent 
performance test at which compliance with Sec. 60.702(a) was determined. 
The owner or operator also shall record all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average temperature difference across the catalyst bed 
is less than 80 percent of the average temperature difference of the bed 
during the most recent performance test at which compliance with 
Sec. 60.702(a) was determined.
    (3) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
combustion temperature was more than 28  deg.C (50  deg.F) below the 
average combustion temperature during the most recent performance test 
at which compliance with Sec. 60.702(a) was determined for boilers or 
process heaters with a design heat input capacity of less than 44 MW 
(150 million Btu/hr) where the vent stream is introduced with the 
combustion air or as a secondary fuel.
    (4) For boilers or process heaters, whenever there is a change in 
the location at which the vent stream is introduced into the flame zone 
as required under Sec. 60.702(a).
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep records of the following:
    (1) Up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the flow 
indication specified under Sec. 60.703(a)(2)(i), Sec. 60.703(b)(2)(i) 
and Sec. 60.703(c)(1)(i), as well as up-to-date, readily accessible 
records of all periods and the duration when the vent stream is diverted 
from the control device.
    (2) Where a seal mechanism is used to comply with 
Sec. 60.703(a)(2)(ii), Sec. 60.703(b)(2)(ii), and Sec. 60.703(c)(1)(ii), 
a record of continuous flow is not required. In such cases, the owner or 
operator shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible records of all 
monthly visual inspections of the seals as well as readily accessible 
records of all periods and the duration when the seal mechanism is 
broken, the bypass line valve position has changed, the serial number of 
the broken car-seal has changed, or when the key for a lock-and-key type 
configuration has been checked out.
    (e) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
flare pilot flame monitoring specified under Sec. 60.703(b), as well as 
up-to-date, readily accessible records of all periods of operations in 
which the pilot flame is absent.
    (f) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible continuous records of the 
equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored under 
Sec. 60.703(d), as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records of 
periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries established 
during the most recent performance test are exceeded. The Administrator 
may at any time require a report of these data. Where an owner or 
operator seeks to comply with Sec. 60.702(c), periods of operation 
during which the parameter boundaries established during the most recent 
performance tests are exceeded are defined as follows:
    (1) Where an absorber is the final recovery device in a recovery 
system, and where an organic compound monitoring device is not used:
    (i) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid temperature was more than 11  deg.C (20  deg.F) above 
the average absorbing liquid temperature during the most recent 
performance test, or
    (ii) All 3-hour periods of operation during which the average 
absorbing liquid specific gravity was more than 0.1 unit above, or more 
than 0.1 unit below, the average absorbing liquid specific gravity 
during the most recent performance test (unless monitoring of an 
alternative parameter, which is a measure of the degree of absorbing 
liquid saturation, is approved by the Administrator, in which case he 
will define appropriate parameter boundaries and periods of operation 
during which they are exceeded).
    (2) Where a condenser is the final recovery device in a system, and 
where

[[Page 192]]

an organic compound monitoring device is not used, all 3-hour periods of 
operation during which the average exit (product side) condenser 
operating temperature was more than 6  deg.C (11  deg.F) above the 
average exit (product side) operating temperature during the most recent 
performance test.
    (3) Where a carbon adsorber is the final recovery device in a 
system, and where an organic compound monitoring device is not used:
    (i) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the total mass 
steam flow was more than 10 percent below the total mass steam flow 
during the most recent performance test, or
    (ii) All carbon bed regeneration cycles during which the temperature 
of the carbon bed after regeneration (and after completion of any 
cooling cycle(s)) was more than 10 percent or 5  deg.C greater, 
whichever is less stringent, than the carbon bed temperature (in degrees 
Celsius) during the most recent performance test.
    (4) Where an absorber, condenser, or carbon adsorber is the final 
recovery device in the recovery system and where an organic compound 
monitoring device is used, all 3-hour periods of operation during which 
the average organic compound concentration level or reading of organic 
compounds in the exhaust gases is more than 20 percent greater than the 
exhaust gas organic compound concentration level or reading measured by 
the monitoring device during the most recent performance test.
    (g) Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart and seeking to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.702(c) shall keep up-to-date, readily accessible records of:
    (1) Any changes in production capacity, feedstock type, or catalyst 
type, or of any replacement, removal or addition of recovery equipment 
or reactors;
    (2) Any recalculation of the TRE index value performed pursuant to 
Sec. 60.704(f); and
    (3) The results of any performance test performed pursuant to the 
methods and procedures required by Sec. 60.704(d).
    (h) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the requirements of this subpart by complying with the flow 
rate cutoff in Sec. 60.700(c)(4) shall keep up-to-date, readily 
accessible records to indicate that the vent stream flow rate is less 
than 0.011 scm/min and of any change in equipment or process operation 
that increases the operating vent stream flow rate, including a 
measurement of the new vent stream flow rate.
    (i) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the requirements of this subpart by complying with the 
design production capacity provision in Sec. 60.700(c)(3) shall keep up-
to-date, readily accessible records of any change in equipment or 
process operation that increases the design production capacity of the 
process unit in which the affected facility is located.
    (j) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that seeks to 
comply with the requirements of this subpart by complying with the low 
concentration exemption in Sec. 60.700(c)(8) shall keep up-to-date, 
readily accessible records of any change in equipment or process 
operation that increases the concentration of the vent stream of the 
affected facility.
    (k) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
is exempt from the quarterly reporting requirements contained in 
Sec. 60.7(c) of the General Provisions.
    (l) Each owner or operator that seeks to comply with the 
requirements of this subpart by complying with the requirements of 
Sec. 60.700 (c)(2), (c)(3), or (c)(4) or Sec. 60.702 shall submit to the 
Administrator semiannual reports of the following recorded information. 
The initial report shall be submitted within 6 months after the initial 
start-up date.
    (1) Exceedances of monitored parameters recorded under Sec. 60.705 
(c), (f), and (g).
    (2) All periods and duration recorded under Sec. 60.705(d) when the 
vent stream is diverted from the control device to the atmosphere.
    (3) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.705(f) in which the pilot 
flame of the flare was absent.
    (4) Any change in equipment or process operation that increases the 
operating vent stream flow rate above the

[[Page 193]]

low flow exemption level in Sec. 60.700(c)(4), including a measurement 
of the new vent stream flow rate, as recorded under Sec. 60.705(i). 
These must be reported as soon as possible after the change and no later 
than 180 days after the change. These reports may be submitted either in 
conjunction with semiannual reports or as a single separate report. A 
performance test must be completed within the same time period to verify 
the recalculated flow value and to obtain the vent stream 
characteristics of heating value and ETOC. The performance 
test is subject to the requirements of Sec. 60.8 of the General 
Provisions. Unless the facility qualifies for an exemption under any of 
the exemption provisions listed in Sec. 60.700(c), except for the total 
resource effectiveness index greater than 8.0 exemption in 
Sec. 60.700(c)(2), the facility must begin compliance with the 
requirements set forth in Sec. 60.702.
    (5) Any change in equipment or process operation, as recorded under 
paragraph (i) of this section, that increases the design production 
capacity above the low capacity exemption level in Sec. 60.700(c)(3) and 
the new capacity resulting from the change for the reactor process unit 
containing the affected facility. These must be reported as soon as 
possible after the change and no later than 180 days after the change. 
These reports may be submitted either in conjunction with semiannual 
reports or as a single separate report. A performance test must be 
completed within the same time period to obtain the vent stream flow 
rate, heating value, and ETOC. The performance test is 
subject to the requirements of Sec. 60.8. The facility must begin 
compliance with the requirements set forth in Sec. 60.702 or 
Sec. 60.700(d). If the facility chooses to comply with Sec. 60.702, the 
facility may qualify for an exemption under Sec. 60.700(c)(2), (4), or 
(8).
    (6) Any recalculation of the TRE index value, as recorded under 
Sec. 60.705(g).
    (7) All periods recorded under Sec. 60.705(d) in which the seal 
mechanism is broken or the by-pass line valve position has changed. A 
record of the serial number of the car-seal or a record to show that the 
key to unlock the bypass line valve was checked out must be maintained 
to demonstrate the period, the duration, and frequency in which the 
bypass line was operated.
    (8) Any change in equipment or process operation that increases the 
vent stream concentration above the low concentration exemption level in 
Sec. 60.700(c)(8), including a measurement of the new vent stream 
concentration, as recorded under Sec. 60.705(j). These must be reported 
as soon as possible after the change and no later than 180 days after 
the change. These reports may be submitted either in conjunction with 
semiannual reports or as a single separate report. If the vent stream 
concentration is above 300 ppmv as measured using Method 18 or above 150 
ppmv as measured using Method 25A, a performance test must be completed 
within the same time period to obtain the vent stream flow rate, heating 
value, and ETOC. The performance test is subject to the 
requirements of Sec. 60.8 of the General Provisions. Unless the facility 
qualifies for an exemption under any of the exemption provisions listed 
in Sec. 60.700(c), except for the TRE index greater than 8.0 exemption 
in Sec. 60.700(c)(2), the facility must begin compliance with the 
requirements set forth in Sec. 60.702.
    (m) The requirements of Sec. 60.705(l) remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an alternative 
means of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. In that event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with Sec. 60.705(l), provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.
    (n) Each owner or operator that seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.700(c)(3) must submit to the Administrator an initial report 
detailing the design production capacity of the process unit.
    (o) Each owner or operator that seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.700(c)(4) must submit to the Administrator an initial report 
including a flow rate measurement using the test methods specified in 
Sec. 60.704.
    (p) Each owner or operator that seeks to demonstrate compliance with

[[Page 194]]

Sec. 60.700(c)(8) must submit to the Administrator an initial report 
including a concentration measurement using the test method specified in 
Sec. 60.704.
    (q) The Administrator will specify appropriate reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements where the owner or operator of an affected 
facility complies with the standards specified under Sec. 60.702 other 
than as provided under Sec. 60.703 (a), (b), (c), and (d).
    (r) Each owner or operator whose reactor process vent stream is 
routed to a distillation unit subject to subpart NNN and who seeks to 
demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.700(c)(5) shall submit to the 
Administrator a process design description as part of the initial 
report. This process design description must be retained for the life of 
the process. No other records or reports would be required unless 
process changes are made.
    (s) Each owner or operator who seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.702 (a) or (b) using a control device must maintain on file a 
schematic diagram of the affected vent streams, collection system(s), 
fuel systems, control devices, and bypass systems as part of the initial 
report. This schematic diagram must be retained for the life of the 
system.
    (t) Each owner or operator that seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.700(c)(2) must maintain a record of the initial test for 
determining the total resource effectiveness index and the results of 
the initial total resource effectiveness index calculation.

[58 FR 45962, Aug. 31, 1993, as amended at 60 FR 58238, Nov. 27, 1995; 
65 FR 78279, Dec. 14, 2000]



Sec. 60.706  Reconstruction.

    (a) For purposes of this subpart ``fixed capital cost of the new 
components,'' as used in Sec. 60.15, includes the fixed capital cost of 
all depreciable components which are or will be replaced pursuant to all 
continuous programs of component replacement which are commenced within 
any 2-year period following June 29, 1990. For purposes of this 
paragraph, ``commenced'' means that an owner or operator has undertaken 
a continuous program of component replacement or that an owner or 
operator has entered into a contractual obligation to undertake and 
complete, within a reasonable time, a continuous program of component 
replacement.
    (b) [Reserved]



Sec. 60.707  Chemicals affected by subpart RRR.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Chemical                            CAS No. \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acetaldehyde............................................         75-07-0
Acetic acid.............................................         64-19-7
Acetic anhydride........................................        108-24-7
Acetone.................................................         67-64-1
Acetone cyanohydrin.....................................         75-86-5
Acetylene...............................................         74-86-2
Acrylic acid............................................         79-10-7
Acrylonitrile...........................................        107-13-1
Adipic acid.............................................        124-04-9
Adiponitrile............................................        111-69-3
Alcohols, C-11 or lower, mixtures.......................
Alcohols, C-12 or higher, mixtures......................
Alcohols, C-12 or higher, unmixed.......................
Allyl chloride..........................................        107-05-1
Amylene.................................................        513-35-9
Amylenes, mixed.........................................
Aniline.................................................         62-53-3
Benzene.................................................         71-43-2
Benzenesulfonic acid....................................         98-11-3
Benzenesulfonic acid C10	16-alkyl derivatives, sodium         68081-81-2
 salts..................................................
Benzyl chloride.........................................        100-44-7
Bisphenol A.............................................         80-05-7
Brometone...............................................         76-08-4
1,3-Butadiene...........................................        106-99-0
Butadiene and butene fractions..........................
n-Butane................................................        106-97-8
1,4-Butanediol..........................................        110-63-4
Butanes, mixed..........................................
1-Butene................................................        106-98-9
2-Butene................................................      25167-67-3
Butenes, mixed..........................................
n-Butyl acetate.........................................        123-86-4
Butyl acrylate..........................................        141-32-2
n-Butyl alcohol.........................................         71-36-3
sec-Butyl alcohol.......................................         78-92-2
tert-Butyl alcohol......................................         75-65-0
Butylbenzyl phthalate...................................         85-68-7
tert-Butyl hydroperoxide................................         75-91-2
2-Butyne-1,4-diol.......................................        110-65-6
Butyraldehyde...........................................        123-72-8
Butyric anhydride.......................................        106-31-0
Caprolactam.............................................        105-60-2
Carbon disulfide........................................         75-15-0
Carbon tetrachloride....................................         56-23-5
Chloroacetic acid.......................................         79-11-8
Chlorobenzene...........................................        108-90-7
Chlorodifluoromethane...................................         75-45-6
Chloroform..............................................         67-66-3
p-Chloronitrobenzene....................................        100-00-5
Citric acid.............................................         77-92-9
Cumene..................................................         98-82-8
Cumene hydroperoxide....................................         80-15-9
Cyanuric chloride.......................................        108-77-0
Cyclohexane.............................................        110-82-7
Cyclohexane, oxidized...................................      68512-15-2
Cyclohexanol............................................        108-93-0
Cyclohexanone...........................................        108-94-1
Cyclohexanone oxime.....................................        100-64-1
Cyclohexene.............................................        110-83-8
Cyclopropane............................................         75-19-4
Diacetone alcohol.......................................        123-42-2
1,4-Dichlorobutene......................................        110-57-6
3,4-Dichloro-1-butene...................................      64037-54-3

[[Page 195]]

 
Dichlorodifluoromethane.................................         75-71-8
Dichlorodimethylsilane..................................         75-78-5
Dichlorofluoromethane...................................         75-43-4
Diethanolamine..........................................        111-42-2
Diethylbenzene..........................................      25340-17-4
Diethylene glycol.......................................        111-46-6
Di-isodecyl phthalate...................................      26761-40-0
Dimethyl terephthalate..................................        120-61-6
2,4-(and 2,6)-dinitrotoluene............................        121-14-2
                                                                606-20-2
Dioctyl phthalate.......................................        117-81-7
Dodecene................................................      25378-22-7
Dodecylbenzene, nonlinear...............................
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid.............................      27176-87-0
Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt................      25155-30-0
Epichlorohydrin.........................................        106-89-8
Ethanol.................................................         64-17-5
Ethanolamine............................................        141-43-5
Ethyl acetate...........................................        141-78-6
Ethyl acrylate..........................................        140-88-5
Ethylbenzene............................................        100-41-4
Ethyl chloride..........................................         75-00-3
Ethylene................................................         74-85-1
Ethylene dibromide......................................        106-93-4
Ethylene dichloride.....................................        107-06-2
Ethylene glycol.........................................        107-21-1
Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether.........................        111-76-2
Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether acetate.................        111-15-9
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether........................        109-86-4
Ethylene oxide..........................................         75-21-8
2-Ethylhexyl alcohol....................................        104-76-7
(2-Ethylhexyl) amine....................................        104-75-6
6-Ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro 9,10-anthracenedione.........      15547-17-8
Formaldehyde............................................         50-00-0
Glycerol................................................         56-81-5
n-Heptane...............................................        142-82-5
Heptenes (mixed)........................................
Hexamethylene diamine...................................        124-09-4
Hexamethylene diamine adipate...........................       3323-53-3
Hexamethylenetetramine..................................        100-97-0
Hexane..................................................        110-54-3
Isobutane...............................................         75-28-5
Isobutanol..............................................         78-83-1
Isobutylene.............................................        115-11-7
Isobutyraldehyde........................................         78-84-2
Isopentane..............................................         78-78-4
Isoprene................................................         78-79-5
Isopropanol.............................................         67-63-0
Ketene..................................................        463-51-4
Linear alcohols, ethoxylated, mixed.....................
Linear alcohols, ethoxylated, and sulfated, sodium salt,
 mixed..................................................
Linear alcohols, sulfated, sodium salt, mixed...........
Linear alkylbenzene.....................................        123-01-3
Maleic anhydride........................................        108-31-6
Mesityl oxide...........................................        141-79-7
Methanol................................................         67-56-1
Methylamine.............................................         74-39-5
ar-Methylbenzenediamine.................................      25376-45-8
Methyl chloride.........................................         74-87-3
Methylene chloride......................................         75-09-2
Methyl ethyl ketone.....................................         78-93-3
Methyl isobutyl ketone..................................        108-10-1
Methyl methacrylate.....................................         80-62-6
1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone..................................        872-50-4
Methyl tert-butyl ether.................................
Naphthalene.............................................         91-20-3
Nitrobenzene............................................         98-95-3
1-Nonene................................................      27215-95-8
Nonyl alcohol...........................................        143-08-8
Nonylphenol.............................................      25154-52-3
Nonylphenol, ethoxylated................................       9016-45-9
Octene..................................................      25377-83-7
Oil-soluble petroleum sulfonate, calcium salt...........
Pentaerythritol.........................................        115-77-5
3-Pentenenitrile........................................       4635-87-4
Pentenes, mixed.........................................        109-67-1
Perchloroethylene.......................................        127-18-4
Phenol..................................................        108-95-2
1-Phenylethyl hydroperoxide.............................       3071-32-7
Phenylpropane...........................................        103-65-1
Phosgene................................................         75-44-5
Phthalic anhydride......................................         85-44-9
Propane.................................................         74-98-6
Propionaldehyde.........................................        123-38-6
Propyl alcohol..........................................         71-23-8
Propylene...............................................        115-07-1
Propylene glycol........................................         57-55-6
Propylene oxide.........................................         75-56-9
Sorbitol................................................         50-70-4
Styrene.................................................        100-42-5
Terephthalic acid.......................................        100-21-0
Tetraethyl lead.........................................         78-00-2
Tetrahydrofuran.........................................        109-99-9
Tetra (methyl-ethyl) lead...............................
Tetramethyl lead........................................         75-74-1
Toluene.................................................        108-88-3
Toluene-2,4-diamine.....................................         95-80-7
Toluene-2,4-(and, 2,6)-diisocyanate (80/20 mixture).....      26471-62-5
1,1,1-Trichloroethane...................................         71-55-6
1,1,2-Trichloroethane...................................         79-00-5
Trichloroethylene.......................................         79-01-6
Trichlorofluoromethane..................................         75-69-4
1,1,2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane...................         76-13-1
Triethanolamine.........................................        102-71-6
Triethylene glycol......................................        112-27-6
Vinyl acetate...........................................        108-05-4
Vinyl chloride..........................................         75-01-4
Vinylidene chloride.....................................         75-35-4
m-Xylene................................................        108-38-3
o-Xylene................................................         95-47-6
p-Xylene................................................        106-42-3
Xylenes (mixed).........................................      1330-20-7
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ CAS numbers refer to the Chemical Abstracts Registry numbers
  assigned to specific chemicals, isomers, or mixtures of chemicals.
  Some isomers or mixtures that are covered by the standards do not have
  CAS numbers assigned to them. The standards apply to all of the
  chemicals listed, whether CAS numbers have been assigned or not.


[58 FR 45962, Aug. 31, 1993, as amended at 60 FR 58238, Nov. 27, 1995]



Sec. 60.708  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to States: 
Sec. 60.703(e).



     Subpart SSS_Standards of Performance for Magnetic Tape Coating 
                               Facilities

    Source: 53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 196]]



Sec. 60.710  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The affected facilities to which the provisions of this subpart 
apply are:
    (1) Each coating operation; and
    (2) Each piece of coating mix preparation equipment.
    (b) Any new coating operation that utilizes less than 38 m\3\ of 
solvent or any modified or reconstructed coating operation that utilizes 
less than 370 m\3\ of solvent for the manufacture of magnetic tape per 
calendar year is subject only to the requirements of Secs. 60.714(a), 
60.717(b), and 60.717(c). If the amount of solvent utilized for the 
manufacture of magnetic tape equals or exceeds these amounts in any 
calendar year, the facility is subject to Sec. 60.712 and all other 
sections of this subpart. Once a facility has become subject to 
Sec. 60.712 and all other sections of this subpart, it will remain 
subject to those requirements regardless of changes in annual solvent 
utilization.
    (c) This subpart applies to any affected facility for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction begins after January 22, 
1986.



Sec. 60.711  Definitions, symbols, and cross reference tables.

    (a) All terms used in this subpart that are not defined below have 
the meaning given to them in the Act and in subpart A of this part.
    (1) Base film means the substrate that is coated to produce magnetic 
tape.
    (2) Capture system means any device or combination of devices that 
contains or collects an airborne pollutant and directs it into a duct.
    (3) Coating applicator means any apparatus used to apply a coating 
to a continuous base film.
    (4) Coating mix preparation equipment means all mills, mixers, 
holding tanks, polishing tanks, and other equipment used in the 
preparation of the magnetic coating formulation but does not include 
those mills that do not emit VOC because they are closed, sealed, and 
operated under pressure.
    (5) Coating operation means any coating applicator, flashoff area, 
and drying oven located between a base film unwind station and a base 
film rewind station that coat a continuous base film to produce magnetic 
tape.
    (6) Common emission control device means a control device 
controlling emissions from the coating operation as well as from another 
emission source within the plant.
    (7) Concurrent means construction of a control device is commenced 
or completed within the period beginning 6 months prior to the date 
construction of affected coating mix preparation equipment commences and 
ending 2 years after the date construction of affected coating mix 
preparation equipment is completed.
    (8) Control device means any apparatus that reduces the quantity of 
a pollutant emitted to the air.
    (9) Cover means, with respect to coating mix preparation equipment, 
a device that lies over the equipment opening to prevent VOC from 
escaping and that meets the requirements found in Sec. 60.712(c)(1)-(5).
    (10) Drying oven means a chamber in which heat is used to bake, 
cure, polymerize, or dry a surface coating.
    (11) Equivalent diameter means four times the area of an opening 
divided by its perimeter.
    (12) Flashoff area means the portion of a coating operation between 
the coating applicator and the drying oven where solvent begins to 
evaporate from the coated base film.
    (13) Magnetic tape means any flexible substrate that is covered on 
one or both sides with a coating containing magnetic particles and that 
is used for audio or video recording or information storage.
    (14) Natural draft opening means any opening in a room, building, or 
total enclosure that remains open during operation of the facility and 
that is not connected to a duct in which a fan is installed. The rate 
and direction of the natural draft across such an opening is a 
consequence of the difference in pressures on either side of the wall 
containing the opening.
    (15) Nominal 1-month period means a calendar month or, if 
established prior to the performance test in a statement submitted with 
notification of anticipated startup pursuant to 40 CFR

[[Page 197]]

60.7(a)(2), a similar monthly time period (e.g., 30-day month or 
accounting month).
    (16) Temporary enclosure means a total enclosure that is constructed 
for the sole purpose of measuring the fugitive emissions from an 
affected facility. A temporary enclosure must be constructed and 
ventilated (through stacks suitable for testing) so that it has minimal 
impact on the performance of the permanent capture system. A temporary 
enclosure will be assumed to achieve total capture of fugitive VOC 
emissions if it conforms to the requirements found in 
Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(i) and if all natural draft openings are at least four 
duct or hood equivalent diameters away from each exhaust duct or hood. 
Alternatively, the owner or operator may apply to the Administrator for 
approval of a temporary enclosure on a case-by-case basis.
    (17) Total enclosure means a structure that is constructed around a 
source of emissions so that all VOC emissions are collected and 
exhausted through a stack or duct. With a total enclosure, there will be 
no fugitive emissions, only stack emissions. The only openings in a 
total enclosure are forced makeup air and exhaust ducts and any natural 
draft openings such as those that allow raw materials to enter and exit 
the enclosure for processing. All access doors or windows are closed 
during routine operation of the enclosed source. Brief, occasional 
openings of such doors or windows to accommodate process equipment 
adjustments are acceptable, but, if such openings are routine or if an 
access door remains open during the entire operation, the access door 
must be considered a natural draft opening. The average inward face 
velocity across the natural draft openings of the enclosure must be 
calculated including the area of such access doors. The drying oven 
itself may be part of the total enclosure. A permanent enclosure that 
meets the requirements found in Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(i) is assumed to be a 
total enclosure. The owner or operator of a permanent enclosure that 
does not meet the requirements may apply to the Administrator for 
approval of the enclosure as a total enclosure on a case-by-case basis. 
Such approval shall be granted upon a demonstration to the satisfaction 
of the Administrator that all VOC emissions are contained and vented to 
the control device.
    (18) Utilize refers to the use of solvent that is delivered to 
coating mix preparation equipment for the purpose of formulating 
coatings to be applied on an affected coating operation and any other 
solvent (e.g., dilution solvent) that is added at any point in the 
manufacturing process.
    (19) VOC content of the coating applied means the product of Method 
24 VOC analyses or formulation data (if the data are demonstrated to be 
equivalent to Method 24 results) and the total volume of coating fed to 
the coating applicator. This quantity is intended to include all VOC 
that actually are emitted from the coating operation in the gaseous 
phase. Thus, for purposes of the liquid-liquid VOC material balance in 
Sec. 60.713(b)(1), any VOC (including dilution solvent) added to the 
coatings must be accounted for, and any VOC contained in waste coatings 
or retained in the final product may be measured and subtracted from the 
total. (These adjustments are not necessary for the gaseous emission 
test compliance provisions of Sec. 60.713(b).)
    (20) Volatile Organic Compounds or VOC means any organic compounds 
that participate in atmospheric photochemical reactions or that are 
measured by Method 18, 24, 25, or 25A or an equivalent or alternative 
method as defined in 40 CFR 60.2.
    (b) The nomenclature used in this subpart has the following meaning:
    (1) Ak = the area of each natural draft opening (k) in a 
total enclosure, in square meters.
    (2) Caj = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (j) 
exiting the emission control device, in parts per million by volume.
    (3) Cbi = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (i) 
entering the emission control device, in parts per million by volume.
    (4) Cdi = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (i) 
entering the emission control device from the affected coating 
operation, in parts per million by volume.

[[Page 198]]

    (5) Cfk = the concentration of VOC in each uncontrolled 
gas stream (k) emitted directly to the atmosphere from the affected 
coating operation, in parts per million by volume.
    (6) Cgv = the concentration of VOC in the gas stream 
entering each individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in parts per 
million by volume. For the purposes of calculating the efficiency of the 
individual adsorber vessel, Cgv may be measured in the carbon 
adsorption system's common inlet duct prior to the branching of 
individual inlet ducts.
    (7) Chv = the concentration of VOC in the gas stream 
exiting each individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in parts per million 
by volume.
    (8) E = the control device efficiency achieved for the duration of 
the emission test (expressed as a fraction).
    (9) F = the VOC emission capture efficiency of the VOC capture 
system achieved for the duration of the emission test (expressed as a 
fraction).
    (10) FV = the average inward face velocity across all natural draft 
openings in a total enclosure, in meters per hour.
    (11) G = the calculated weighted average mass of VOC per volume of 
coating solids (in kilograms per liter) applied each nominal 1-month 
period.
    (12) Hv = the individual carbon adsorber vessel (v) 
efficiency achieved for the duration of the emission test (expressed as 
a fraction).
    (13) Hsys = the carbon adsorption system efficiency 
calculated when each adsorber vessel has an individual exhaust stack.
    (14) Lsi = the volume fraction of solids in each coating 
(i) applied during a nominal 1-month period as determined from the 
facility's formulation records.
    (15) Mci = the total mass in kilograms of each coating 
(i) applied at an affected coating operation during a nominal 1-month 
period as determined from facility records. This quantity shall be 
determined at a time and location in the process after all ingredients 
(including any dilution solvent) have been added to the coating, or 
appropriate adjustments shall be made to account for any ingredients 
added after the mass of the coating has been determined.
    (16) Mr = the total mass in kilograms of VOC recovered 
for a nominal 1-month period.
    (17) Qaj = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream 
(j) exiting the emission control device, in dry standard cubic meters 
per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC concentration or in 
standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when Method 25A is used to 
measure VOC concentration.
    (18) Qbi = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream 
(i) entering the emission control device, in dry standard cubic meters 
per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC concentration or in 
standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when Method 25A is used to 
measure VOC concentration.
    (19) Qdi = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream 
(i) entering the emission control device from the affected coating 
operation, in dry standard cubic meters per hour when Method 18 or 25 is 
used to measure VOC concentration or in standard cubic meters per hour 
(wet basis) when Method 25A is used to measure VOC concentration.
    (20) Qfk = the volumetric flow rate of each uncontrolled 
gas stream (k) emitted directly to the atmosphere from the affected 
coating operation, in dry standard cubic meters per hour when Method 18 
or 25 is used to measure VOC concentration or in standard cubic meters 
per hour (wet basis) when Method 25A is used to measure VOC 
concentration.
    (21) Qgv = the volumetric flow rate of the gas stream 
entering each individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in dry standard 
cubic meters per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC 
concentration or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when 
Method 25A is used to measure VOC concentration. For purposes of 
calculating the efficiency of the individual adsorber vessel, the value 
of Qgv can be assumed to equal the value of Qhv 
measured for that adsorber vessel.
    (22) Qhv = the volumetric flow rate of the gas stream 
exiting each individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in dry standard 
cubic meters per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC 
concentration or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when 
Method

[[Page 199]]

25A is used to measure VOC concentration.
    (23) Qini = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream 
(i) entering the total enclosure through a forced makeup air duct, in 
standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis).
    (24) Qoutj = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream 
(j) exiting the total enclosure through an exhaust duct or hood, in 
standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis).
    (25) R = the overall VOC emission reduction achieved for the 
duration of the emission test (expressed as a percentage).
    (26) RSi = the total mass (kg) of VOC retained in the 
coated base film after oven drying for a given magnetic tape product.
    (27) Vci = the total volume in liters of each coating (i) 
applied during a nominal 1-month period as determined from facility 
records.
    (28) Woi = the weight fraction of VOC in each coating (i) 
applied at an affected coating operation during a nominal 1-month period 
as determined by Method 24. This value shall be determined at a time and 
location in the process after all ingredients (including any dilution 
solvent) have been added to the coating, or appropriate adjustments 
shall be made to account for any ingredients added after the weight 
fraction of VOC in the coating has been determined.
    (c) tables 1a and 1b present a cross reference of the affected 
facility status and the relevant section(s) of the regulation.

                                         Table 1a--Cross Reference \a b\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                Compliance provisions \d\--Sec.
              Status                               Standard \c\                              60.713
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A. Coating operation alone:
    New...........................  Sec. 60.712(a): Recover or destroy at     (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4),
                                     least 93 percent of the VOC applied.       (b)(5), (c), (d)
    Modified or reconstructed:
        1. If at least 90 percent   Sec. 60.712(b)(1): (i) Maintain           (a)(1), (a)(3), (b)(1), (b)(2),
         of the VOC applied is       demonstrated level of VOC control or 93    (b)(3), (b)(4), (c), (d)
         recovered or destroyed      percent, whichever is lower.
         prior to modification/     (ii) If the VOC control device is
         reconstruction.             subsequently replaced, the new control
                                     device must be at least 95 percent
                                     efficient, a demonstration must be made
                                     that the overall level of VOC control is
                                     at least as high as required with the
                                     old control device (90 to 93 percent)
                                     and, if the demonstrated level is higher
                                     than the old level, maintain the higher
                                     level of control (up to 93 percent).
        2. If existing coating      Sec. 60.712(b)(2): (i) Continue to vent   (a)(2), (b)(5), (c), (d)
         operation has a total       all VOC emissions to the control device
         enclosure vented to a       and maintain control efficiency at or
         control device that is at   above the demonstrated level or 95
         least 92 percent            percent, whichever is lower.
         efficient.                 (ii) If the VOC control device is
                                     subsequently replaced, the new control
                                     device must be at least 95 percent
                                     efficient and all VOC emissions must be
                                     vented from the total enclosure to the
                                     new control device.
        3. If existing coating      Sec. 60.712(b)(3): Recover or destroy at  (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4),
         operation is not in the     least 93 percent of the VOC applied.       (b)(5), (c), (d)
         previous two categories.

[[Page 200]]

 
B. Coating mix preparation
 equipment alone:
    New:
        1. With concurrent          Sec. 60.712(c): Install and use covers    (b)(6)
         construction of new VOC     and vent to a control device that is at
         control device (other       least 95 percent efficient \e\.
         than a condenser) on the
         coating operation.
        2. Without concurrent       Sec. 60.712 (d)(1) or (d)(2): Install     (b)(7), (b)(8)
         construction of new VOC     and use covers and vent to a control
         control device on the       device or install and use covers \e\.
         coating operation or with
         concurrent construction
         of a condenser.
    Modified or reconstructed.....  Sec. 60.712 (d)(1) or (d)(2): Install     (b)(7), (b)(8)
                                     and use covers and vent to a control
                                     device or install and use covers \e\.
C. Both coating operation and       Sec. 60.712(e): In lieu of standards in   (b)(9)
 coating mix preparation             Sec. 60.712(a)-(d), use coatings
 equipment: New and modified or      containing a maximum of 0.20 kg VOC per
 reconstructed.                      liter of coating solids.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ This table is presented for the convenience of the user and is not intended to supercede the language of the
  regulation. For the details of the requirements, refer to the text of the regulation.
\b\ Refer to part B to determine which subsections of Secs.  60.714, 60.715, and 60.717 correspond to each
  compliance provision (Sec. 60.713).
\c\ As per Sec. 60.710(b), any new coating operation with solvent utilization <38 m\3\/yr or any modified or
  reconstructed coating operation with solvent utilization <370 m\3\/yr is exempt from the VOC standards (Sec.
  60.712). Such coating operations are subject only to Secs.  60.714(a), 60.717(b), and 60.717(c). However,
  should a coating operation once exceed the applicable annual solvent utilization cutoff, that coating
  operation shall be subject to the VOC standards (Sec. 60.712) and all other sections of the subpart. Once
  this has occurred, the coating operation shall remain subject to those requirements regardless of changes in
  annual solvent utilization.
\d\ As applicable.
\e\ Section 60.716 permits the use of an alternative means of VOC emission limitation that achieves an
  equivalent or greater VOC emission reduction.


                                                                Table 1b--Cross Reference
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                      Installation of monitoring
 Compliance provisions \a\--Sec. Test methods--Sec. 60.715  Category/equipment   devices and recordkeeping--Sec. Reporting and monitoring
              60.713                                                   \b\                      60.714                  requirements \c\--Sec. 60.717
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A. Coating operation alone:
    (b)(1)--When emissions from    (a)                         ..................  (b), (i), (k)                     (a), (d)(1), (e), (h), (i)
     only the affected coating
     operation are controlled by
     a solvent recovery device,
     perform a liquid-liquid VOC
     material balance.
    (b)(2)--When emissions from    (b)-(g)                     General             (i), (k)                          (a), (e), (h), (i)
     only the affected coating                                 CA                  (c)                               (d)(3), (d)(4)
     operation are controlled by                               CO                  (d)                               (d)(5)
     an incinerator or when a                                  TI                  (e)                               (d)(6)
     common emission control                                   CI                  (f)                               (d)(7)
     device (other than a carbon                               PE, TE              (g)                               (d)(8)
     adsorption system with
     individual exhaust stacks
     for each adsorber vessel) is
     used to control emissions
     from an affected coating
     operation as well as from
     other sources of VOC,
     perform a gaseous emission
     test.

[[Page 201]]

 
    (b)(3)--When emissions from    (b)-(g)                     General             (i), (k)                          (a), (e), (h), (i)
     both the affected coating                                 CA                  (c)                               (d)(3), (d)(4)
     operation and from other                                  PE, TE              (g)                               (d)(8)
     sources of VOC are
     controlled by a carbon
     adsorption system with
     individual exhaust stacks
     for each adsorber vessel,
     perform a gaseous emission
     test.
    (b)(4)--When emissions from    (b)-(g)                     General             (i), (k)                          (a), (e), (h), (i)
     more than one affected                                    CA                  (c)                               (d)(3), (d)(4)
     coating operation are vented                              CO                  (d)                               (d)(5)
     through the same duct to a                                TI                  (e)                               (d)(6)
     control device also                                       CI                  (f)                               (d)(7)
     controlling emissions from                                PE, TE              (g)                               (d)(8)
     nonaffected sources that are
     vented separately from the
     affected coating operations,
     consider the combined
     affected coating operations
     as a single emission source
     and conduct a compliance
     test described in Sec.
     60.713(b)(2) or (3).
    (b)(5)--Alternative to Sec. (b)-(g)                     General             (i), (k)                          (a), (e) (h), (i)
     60.713(b)(1)-(4):                                         CA                  (c)                               (d)(3), (d)(4)
     Demonstrate that a total                                  CO                  (d)                               (d)(5)
     enclosure is installed                                    TI                  (e)                               (d)(6)
     around the coating operation                              CI                  (f)                               (d)(7)
     and that all VOC emissions                                TE                  (h)                               (d)(8)
     are vented to a control
     device with the specified
     efficiency.
B. Coating mix preparation
 equipment alone:
    (b)(6)--Demonstrate that       (b)-(g)                     General             (k)                               (a), (e), (h), (i)
     covers meeting the                                        CA                  (c)                               (d)(3), (d)(4)
     requirements of Sec. TI                  (e)                               (d)(6)
     60.712(c)(1)-(5) are                                      CI                  (f)                               (d)(7)
     installed and used properly;
     procedures detailing the
     proper use of covers are
     posted; the mix equipment is
     vented to a control device;
     and the control device
     efficiency is greater than
     or equal to 95 percent.
    (b)(7)--Demonstrate that
     covers meeting the
     requirements of Sec.
     60.712(c)(1)-(5) are
     installed and used properly;
     procedures detailing the
     proper use of covers are
     posted; and the mix
     equipment is vented to a
     control device.
    (b)(8)--Demonstrate that
     covers meeting the
     requirement of Sec.
     60.712(c)(1)-(5) are
     installed and used properly
     and that procedures
     detailing the proper use of
     the covers are posted.
C. Both coating operation and      (a)                         ..................  (i), (j) (k)                      (d)(2), (e), (g), (h), (i)
 coating mix preparation
 equipment: (b)(9)--Determine
 that weighted average mass of
 VOC in the coating per volume of
 coating solids applied for each
 month.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Section 60.713(a) specifies the procedures to be used prior to modification/reconstruction to establish the applicability of the VOC standards in
  Sec. 60.712(b)(1) and (2) for modified/reconstructed coating operations. Section 60.713(a)(1) requires the use of the procedures of Sec.
  60.713(b)(1), (2), (3), or (4) to demonstrate prior to modification/reconstruction that 90 percent of the applied VOC is recovered or destroyed.
  Section 60.713(a)(2) requires the use of procedures of Sec. 60.713(b)(5) to demonstrate prior to modification/reconstruction that the coating
  operation has a total enclosure vented to a control device that is at least 92 percent efficient. Sections 60.713(c) and (d) do not have corresponding
  test methods, monitoring, reporting, or recordkeeping requirements.
\b\ TI = thermal incinerator; CI = catalytic incinerator; CA = carbon adsorber; CO = condenser; PE = partial enclosure; TE = total enclosure.
\c\ See Sec. 60.717(f) for additional reporting requirements when coating mix preparation equipment is constructed at a time when no coating operation
  is being constructed. See Sec. 60.717(g) for addition reporting requirements when coating mix preparation equipment is constructed at the same time
  as an affected coating operation.


[53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988; 53 FR 43799, Oct. 28, 1988, as amended at 53 
FR 47955, Nov. 29, 1988; 53 FR 49822, Dec. 9, 1988]

[[Page 202]]



Sec. 60.712  Standards for volatile organic compounds.

    Each owner or operator of any affected facility that is subject to 
the requirements of this subpart shall comply with the emission 
limitations set forth in this section on and after the date on which the 
initial performance test required by Sec. 60.8 is completed, but not 
later than 60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at which 
the affected facility will be operated or 180 days after initial 
startup, whichever date comes first.
    (a) Each owner or operator shall control emissions from a new 
coating operation by recovering or destroying at least 93 percent of the 
VOC content of the coating applied at the coating applicator.
    (b) Each owner or operator of a modified or reconstructed coating 
operation shall meet the appropriate standard set out in (b)(1), (2), or 
(3) of this section.
    (1) For coating operations demonstrated prior to modification or 
reconstruction pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(1) to have emissions 
controlled by the recovery or destruction of at least 90 percent of the 
VOC content of the coating applied at the coating applicator.
    (i) Subject to the provisions of (b)(1)(ii) of this section, each 
owner or operator shall continue to control emissions from the coating 
operation to at least the demonstrated level or 93 percent, whichever is 
lower.
    (ii) If the VOC control device in use during the emission reduction 
demonstration made pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(1) is subsequently 
replaced, each owner or operator shall:
    (A) Install a control device that is at least 95 percent efficient; 
and
    (B) Control emissions from the coating operation to at least the 
level determined pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(3)(ii).
    (2) For coating operations demonstrated prior to modification or 
reconstruction pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(2) to have a total enclosure 
installed around the coating operation and all VOC emissions ventilated 
to a control device that is at least 92 percent efficient.
    (i) Subject to the provisions of (b)(2)(ii) of this section, each 
owner or operator shall continue to ventilate all VOC emissions from the 
total enclosure to the control device and maintain control device 
efficiency at or above the demonstrated level or 95 percent, whichever 
is lower.
    (ii) If the VOC control device in use during the control device 
efficiency demonstration made pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(2) is 
subsequently replaced, each owner or operator shall install a VOC 
control device that is at least 95 percent efficient and ventilate all 
VOC emissions from the total enclosure to the control device.
    (3) For coating operations not subject to paragraph (b)(1) or (2) of 
this section, each owner or operator shall control emissions from the 
coating operation by recovering or destroying at least 93 percent of the 
VOC content of the coating applied at the coating applicator.
    (c) Each owner or operator constructing new coating mix preparation 
equipment with concurrent construction of a new VOC control device 
(other than a condenser) on a magnetic tape coating operation shall 
control emissions from the coating mix preparation equipment by 
installing and using a cover on each piece of equipment and venting the 
equipment to a 95 percent efficient control device. Each cover shall 
meet the following specifications:
    (1) Cover shall be closed at all times except when adding 
ingredients, withdrawing samples, transferring the contents, or making 
visual inspection when such activities cannot be carried out with cover 
in place. Such activities shall be carried out through ports of the 
minimum practical size.
    (2) Cover shall extend at least 2 cm beyond the outer rim of the 
opening or shall be attached to the rim;
    (3) Cover shall be of such design and construction that contact is 
maintained between cover and rim along the entire perimeter;
    (4) Any breach in the cover (such as an opening for insertion of a 
mixer shaft or port for addition of ingredients) shall be covered 
consistent with (c)(2) and (3) of this section when not actively in use. 
An opening sufficient to allow safe clearance for a mixer shaft is 
acceptable during those periods when the shaft is in place; and
    (5) A polyethylene or nonpermanent cover may be used provided it 
meets

[[Page 203]]

the requirements of (c)(2), (3), and (4) of this section. Such a cover 
shall not be reused after once being removed.
    (d) Each owner or operator of affected coating mix preparation 
equipment not subject to Sec. 60.712(c) shall control emissions from the 
coating mix preparation equipment by either:
    (1) Installing and using a cover that meets the specifications in 
paragraphs (c)(1)-(5) of this section and venting VOC emissions from the 
equipment to a VOC control device; or
    (2) Installing and using a cover that meets the specifications in 
paragraphs (c)(1)-(5) of this section.
    (e) In lieu of complying with Sec. 60.712(a) through (d), each owner 
or operator may use coatings that contain a maximum of 0.20 kg of VOC 
per liter of coating solids as calculated on a weighted average basis 
for each nominal 1-month period.



Sec. 60.713  Compliance provisions.

    (a) Applicability of Sec. 60.712(b)(1) and (2) (standards for 
modified or reconstructed coating operations) and determination of 
control level required in Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(ii)(B).
    (1) To establish applicability of Sec. 60.712(b)(1), each owner or 
operator must demonstrate, prior to modification or reconstruction, that 
at least 90 percent of the VOC content of the coating applied at the 
coating applicator is recovered or destroyed. Such demonstration shall 
be made using the procedures of paragraph (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), or 
(b)(4) of this section, as appropriate.
    (2) To establish applicability of Sec. 60.712(b)(2), each owner or 
operator must demonstrate, prior to modification or reconstruction, that 
a total enclosure is installed around the existing coating operation and 
that all VOC emissions are ventilated to a control device that is at 
least 92 percent efficient. Such demonstration shall be made using the 
procedures of Sec. 60.713(b)(5).
    (3) To determine the level of control required in 
Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(ii)(B), the owner or operator must demonstrate:
    (i) That the VOC control device subsequently installed is at least 
95 percent efficient. Such demonstration shall be made using Equation 
(2) specified in paragraph (b)(2)(iv) of this section or Equations (4) 
and (5) specified in paragraphs (b)(3)(iv) and (v) of this section, as 
applicable, and the test methods and procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.715(b)-(g); and
    (ii) That the overall level of control after the VOC control device 
is installed is at least as high as the level demonstrated prior to 
modification or reconstruction pursuant to paragraph (a)(1) of this 
section. Such demonstrations shall be made using the procedures of 
paragraph (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), or (b)(4) of this section, as 
appropriate. The required overall level of control subsequent to this 
demonstration shall be the level so demonstrated or 93 percent, 
whichever is lower.
    (b) Compliance demonstrations for Sec. 60.712(a), (b)(1), (b)(2), 
(b)(3), (c), (d), and (e).
    (1) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(a), (b)(1), or (b)(3) 
(standards for coating operations) when emissions from only the affected 
coating operations are controlled by a dedicated solvent recovery 
device, each owner or operator of the affected coating operation shall 
perform a liquid-liquid VOC material balance over each and every nominal 
1-month period. When demonstrating compliance by this procedure, 
Sec. 60.8(f) of the General Provisions does not apply. The amount of 
liquid VOC applied and recovered shall be determined as discussed in 
paragraph (b)(1)(iii) of this section. The overall VOC emission 
reduction (R) is calculated using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.057

    (i) The value of RSi is zero unless the owner or operator 
submits the following information to the Administrator for approval of a 
measured value of RSi that is greater than zero:
    (A) Measurement techniques; and
    (B) Documentation that the measured value of RSi exceeds 
zero.
    (ii) The measurement techniques of paragraph (b)(1)(i)(A) of this 
section

[[Page 204]]

shall be submitted to the Administrator for approval with the 
notification of anticipated startup required under Sec. 60.7(a)(2) of 
the General Provisions.
    (iii) Each owner or operator demonstrating compliance by the test 
method described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall:
    (A) Measure the amount of coating applied at the coating applicator;
    (B) Determine the VOC content of all coatings applied using the test 
method specified in Sec. 60.715(a);
    (C) Install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to the 
manufacturer's specifications, a device that indicates the cumulative 
amount of VOC recovered by the solvent recovery device over each nominal 
1-month period. The device shall be certified by the manufacturer to be 
accurate to within [2.0 percent;
    (D) Measure the amount of VOC recovered; and
    (E) Calculate the overall VOC emission reduction (R) for each and 
every nominal 1-month period using Equation 1.
    (iv) For facilities subject to Sec. 60.712 (a) or (b)(3), compliance 
is demonstrated if the value of R is equal to or greater than 93 
percent.
    (v) Subject to the provisions of (b)(1)(vi) of this section, for 
facilities subject to Sec. 60.712(b)(1), compliance is demonstrated if 
the value of R is equal to or greater than the percent reduction 
demonstrated pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(1) prior to modification or 
reconstruction or 93 percent whichever is lower.
    (vi) For facilities subject to Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(ii), compliance is 
demonstrated if the value of E (control device efficiency) is greater 
than or equal to 0.95 and if the value of R is equal to or greater than 
the percent reduction demonstrated pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(3) or 93 
percent, whichever is lower.
    (2) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(a), (b)(1), or (b)(3) 
(standards for coating operations) when the emissions from only an 
affected coating operation are controlled by a dedicated incinerator or 
when a common emission control device (other than a fixed-bed carbon 
adsorption system with individual exhaust stacks for each adsorber 
vessel) is used to control emissions from an affected coating operation 
as well as from other sources of VOC, each owner or operator of an 
affected coating operation shall perform a gaseous emission test using 
the following procedures:
    (i) Construct the overall VOC emission reduction system so that all 
volumetric flow rates and total VOC emissions can be accurately 
determined by the applicable test methods and procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.715(b) through (g);
    (ii) Determine capture efficiency from the coating operation by 
capturing, venting, and measuring all VOC emissions from the operation. 
During a performance test, the owner or operator of an affected coating 
operation located in an area with other sources of VOC shall isolate the 
coating operation emissions from all other sources of VOC by one of the 
following methods:
    (A) Build a temporary enclosure (see Sec. 60.711(a)(16)) around the 
affected coating operation; or
    (B) Shut down all other sources of VOC and continue to exhaust 
fugitive emissions from the affected coating operation through any 
building ventilation system and other room exhausts such as drying 
ovens. All ventilation air must be vented through stacks suitable for 
testing;
    (iii) Operate the emission control device with all emission sources 
connected and operating;
    (iv) Determine the efficiency (E) of the control device using the 
following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.058

    (v) Determine the efficiency (F) of the VOC capture system using the 
following equation:

[[Page 205]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.059

    (vi) For each affected coating operation subject to Sec. 60.712(a) 
or (b)(3), compliance is demonstrated if the product of (E)  x  (F) is 
equal to or greater than 0.93.
    (vii) For each affected coating operation subject to 
Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(i), compliance is demonstrated if the product of (E) 
x  (F) is equal to or greater than the fractional reduction demonstrated 
pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(1) prior to modification or reconstruction or 
0.93, whichever is lower.
    (viii) For each affected coating operation subject to 
Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(ii), compliance is demonstrated if the value of E is 
greater than or equal to 0.95 and if the product of (E)  x  (F) is equal 
to or greater than the fractional reduction demonstrated pursuant to 
Sec. 60.713(a)(3) or 0.93, whichever is lower.
    (3) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(a), (b)(1), or (b)(3) 
(standards for coating operations) when a fixed-bed carbon adsorption 
system with individual exhaust stacks for each adsorber vessel is used 
to control emissions from an affected coating operation as well as from 
other sources of VOC, each owner or operator of an affected coating 
operation shall perform a gaseous emission test using the following 
procedures:
    (i) Construct the overall VOC emission reduction system so that each 
volumetric flow rate and the total VOC emissions can be accurately 
determined by the applicable test methods and procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.715(b) through (g);
    (ii) Assure that all VOC emissions from the coating operation are 
segregated from other VOC sources and that the emissions can be captured 
for measurement, as described in Sec. 60.713(b)(2)(ii)(A) and (B);
    (iii) Operate the emission control device with all emission sources 
connected and operating;
    (iv) Determine the efficiency (Hv) of each individual 
adsorber vessel (v) using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.060

    (v) Determine the efficiency of the carbon adsorption system 
(Hsys) by computing the average efficiency of the adsorber 
vessels as weighted by the volumetric flow rate (Qhv) of each 
individual adsorber vessel (v) using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.061

    (vi) Determine the efficiency (F) of the VOC capture system using 
Equation (3).
    (vii) For the affected coating operation subject to Sec. 60.712(a) 
or (b)(3), compliance is demonstrated if the product of 
(Hsys)  x  (F) is equal to or greater than 0.93.
    (viii) For the affected coating operation subject to 
Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(i), compliance is demonstrated if the product of 
(Hsys)  x  (F) is equal to or greater than the fractional 
reduction demonstrated pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(1) prior to 
modification or reconstruction or 0.93, whichever is lower.
    (ix) For each affected coating operation subject to 
Sec. 60.712(b)(1)(ii), compliance is demonstrated if the value of 
Hsys is greater than or equal to 0.95 and if the product of 
(Hsys)  x  (F) is equal to or greater than the fractional 
reduction demonstrated pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(3) or 0.93, whichever 
is lower.
    (4) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(a), (b)(1), or (b)(3) 
(standards for coating operations) when the VOC emissions from more than 
one affected coating operation are collected by a common capture system 
and are vented through a common duct to a control

[[Page 206]]

device that is also controlling emissions from nonaffected sources and 
the emissions from the nonaffected sources are vented separately from 
the affected coating operations, the owner or operator may:
    (i) Consider the combined affected coating operations as a single 
emission source; and
    (ii) Conduct a compliance test on this single source by the methods 
described in Sec. 60.713(b)(2) or (3), as applicable.
    (5) An alternative method of demonstrating compliance with 
Sec. 60.712(a) or (b)(3) (standards for coating operations) and the sole 
method of demonstrating compliance with Sec. 60.712(b)(2) (standards for 
modified or reconstructed coating operations) is the installation of a 
total enclosure around the coating operation and the ventilation of all 
VOC emissions from the total enclosure to a control device with the 
efficiency specified in paragraph (b)(5)(iii)(A) or (B) of this section, 
as applicable. If this method is selected, the compliance test methods 
described in paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(2), (b)(3), and (b)(4) of this 
section are not required. Instead, each owner or operator of an affected 
coating operation shall:
    (i) Demonstrate that a total enclosure is installed. An enclosure 
that meets the requirements in paragraphs (b)(5)(i)(A) through (D) of 
this section shall be assumed to be a total enclosure. The owner or 
operator of an enclosed coating operation that does not meet the 
requirements may apply to the Administrator for approval of the 
enclosure as a total enclosure on a case-by-case basis. The enclosure 
shall be considered a total enclosure if it is demonstrated to the 
satisfaction of the Administrator that all VOC emissions from the 
affected coating operation are contained and vented to the control 
device. The requirements for automatic approval are as follows:
    (A) Total area of all natural draft openings shall not exceed 5 
percent of the total surface area of the total enclosure's walls, floor, 
and ceiling;
    (B) All sources of emissions within the enclosure shall be a minimum 
of four equivalent diameters away from each natural draft opening;
    (C) Average inward face velocity across all natural draft openings 
(FV) shall be a minimum of 3,600 meters per hour as determined by the 
following procedures:
    (1) Construct all forced makeup air ducts and all exhaust ducts so 
that the volumetric flow rate in each can be accurately determined by 
the test methods and procedures specified in Sec. 60.715(c) and (d). 
Volumetric flow rates shall be calculated without the adjustment 
normally made for moisture content; and
    (2) Determine FV by the following equation:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.062
    
    (D) The air passing through all natural draft openings shall flow 
into the enclosure continuously. If FV is less than or equal to 9,000 
meters per hour, the continuous inward flow of air shall be verified by 
continuous observation using smoke tubes, streamers, tracer gases, or 
other means approved by the Administrator over the period that the 
volumetric flow rate tests required to determine FV are carried out. If 
FV is greater than 9,000 meters per hour, the direction of airflow 
through the natural draft openings shall be presumed to be inward at all 
times without verification.
    (ii) Determine the control device efficiency using Equation (2) or 
Equations (4) and (5), as applicable, and the test methods and 
procedures specified in Sec. 60.715(b) through (g).
    (iii) Compliance is demonstrated if the installation of a total 
enclosure is demonstrated and the value of E determined from Equation 
(2) (or the value of Hsys determined from Equations (4) and 
(5), as applicable) is equal to or greater than the required efficiency 
as specified below:
    (A) For coating operations subject to the standards of 
Sec. 60.712(a), (b)(2)(ii), and (b)(3), 0.95 (95 percent); or

[[Page 207]]

    (B) For coating operations subject to the standards of 
Sec. 60.712(b)(2)(i), the value of E determined from Equation (2) (or 
the value of Hsys determined from Equations (4) and (5), as 
applicable) pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(2) prior to modification or 
reconstruction or 0.95 (95 percent), whichever is lower.
    (6) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(c) (standard for new 
mix equipment with concurrent construction of a control device), each 
owner or operator of affected coating mix preparation equipment shall 
demonstrate upon inspection that:
    (i) Covers satisfying the requirements of Sec. 60.712(c)(1)-(5) have 
been installed and are being used properly;
    (ii) Procedures detailing the proper use of covers, as specified in 
Sec. 60.712(c)(1), have been posted in all areas where affected coating 
mix preparation equipment is used;
    (iii) The coating mix preparation equipment is vented to a control 
device; and
    (iv) The control device efficiency (E or Hsys, as 
applicable) determined using Equation (2) or Equations (4) and (5), 
respectively, and the test methods and procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.715(b)-(g) is equal to or greater than 0.95.
    (7) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(d)(1) (standard for 
mix equipment), each owner or operator of affected coating mix 
preparation equipment shall demonstrate upon inspection that:
    (i) Covers satisfying the requirements of Sec. 60.712(c)(1)-(5) have 
been installed and are being used properly;
    (ii) Procedures detailing the proper use of covers, as specified in 
Sec. 60.712(c)(1), have been posted in all areas where affected coating 
mix preparation equipment is used; and
    (iii) The coating mix preparation equipment is vented to a control 
device.
    (8) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.712(d)(2) (standard for 
mix equipment), each owner or operator of affected coating mix 
preparation equipment shall demonstrate upon inspection that both:
    (i) Covers satisfying the requirements of Sec. 60.712(c)(1)-(5) have 
been installed and are being used properly; and
    (ii) Procedures detailing the proper use of covers, as specified in 
Sec. 60.712(c)(1), have been posted in all areas where affected coating 
mix preparation equipment is used.
    (9) To determine compliance with Sec. 60.712(e) (high-solids 
coatings alternative standard), each owner or operator of an affected 
facility shall determine the weighted average mass of VOC contained in 
the coating per volume of coating solids applied for each and every 
nominal 1-month period according to the following procedures:
    (i) Determine the weight fraction of VOC in each coating applied 
using Method 24 as specified in Sec. 60.715(a);
    (ii) Determine the volume of coating solids in each coating applied 
from the facility records; and
    (iii) Compute the weighted average by the following equation:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.063
    
    (iv) For each affected facility where the value of G is less than or 
equal to 0.20 kilogram of VOC per liter of coating solids applied, the 
facility is in compliance.
    (c) Startups and shutdowns are normal operation for this source 
category. Emissions from these operations are to be included when 
determining if the standards for coating operations specified in 
Sec. 60.712(a) and (b) are being attained.
    (d) If a control device other than a carbon adsorber, condenser, or 
incinerator is used to control emissions from an affected facility, the 
necessary operating specifications for that device must be obtained from 
the Administrator. An example of such a device is a flare.

[53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988; 53 FR 43799, Oct. 28, 1988, as amended at 53 
FR 47955, Nov. 29, 1988]

[[Page 208]]



Sec. 60.714  Installation of monitoring devices and recordkeeping.

    All monitoring devices required under the provisions of this section 
shall be installed and calibrated, according to the manufacturer's 
specifications, prior to the initial performance tests in locations such 
that representative values of the monitored parameters will be obtained. 
The parameters to be monitored shall be continuously measured and 
recorded during all performance tests.
    (a) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation that 
utilizes less solvent annually than the applicable cutoff provided in 
Sec. 60.710(b) and that is not subject to Sec. 60.712 (standards for 
coating operations) shall maintain records of actual solvent use.
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation 
demonstrating compliance by the test method described in 
Sec. 60.713(b)(1) (liquid material balance) shall maintain records of 
all the following for each and every nominal 1-month period:
    (1) Amount of coating applied at the applicator;
    (2) Results of the reference test method specified in Sec. 60.715(a) 
for determining the VOC content of all coatings applied;
    (3) Amount VOC recovered; and
    (4) Calculation of the percent VOC recovered.
    (c) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation or 
affected coating mix preparation equipment controlled by a carbon 
adsorption system and demonstrating compliance by the procedures 
described in Sec. 60.713(b)(2), (3), (4), (5), or (6) (which include 
control device efficiency determinations) shall carry out the monitoring 
and recordkeeping provisions of paragraph (c)(1) or (2) of this section, 
as appropriate.
    (1) For carbon adsorption systems with a common exhaust stack for 
all the individual adsorber vessels, install, calibrate, maintain, and 
operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring 
device that continuously indicates and records the concentration level 
of organic compounds in either the control device outlet gas stream or 
in both the control device inlet and outlet gas streams. The outlet gas 
stream would be monitored if the percent increase in the concentration 
level of organic compounds is used as the basis for reporting, as 
described in Sec. 60.717(d)(3). The inlet and outlet gas streams would 
be monitored if the percent control device efficiency is used as the 
basis for reporting, as described in Sec. 60.717(d)(4).
    (2) For carbon adsorption systems with individual exhaust stacks for 
each adsorber vessel, install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, 
according to the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring device that 
continuously indicates and records the concentration level of organic 
compounds in the outlet gas stream for a minimum of one complete 
adsorption cycle per day for each adsorber vessel. The owner or operator 
may also monitor and record the concentration level of organic compounds 
in the common carbon adsorption system inlet gas stream or in each 
individual carbon adsorber vessel inlet stream. The outlet gas streams 
alone would be monitored if the percent increase in the concentration 
level of organic compounds is used as the basis for reporting, as 
described in Sec. 60.717(d)(3). In this case, the owner or operator 
shall compute daily a 3-day rolling average concentration level of 
organics in the outlet gas stream from each individual adsorber vessel. 
The inlet and outlet gas streams would be monitored if the percent 
control device efficiency is used as the basis for reporting, as 
described in Sec. 60.717(d)(4). In this case, the owner or operator 
shall compute daily a 3-day rolling average efficiency for each 
individual adsorber vessel.
    (d) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation 
controlled by a condensation system and demonstrating compliance by the 
procedures described in Sec. 60.713(b)(2), (4), or (5) (which include 
control device efficiency determinations) shall install, calibrate, 
maintain, and operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a 
monitoring device that continuously indicates and records the 
temperature of the condenser exhaust stream.
    (e) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation or 
affected coating mix preparation equipment

[[Page 209]]

controlled by a thermal incinerator and demonstrating compliance by the 
procedures described in Sec. 60.713(b)(2), (4), (5), or (6) (which 
include control device efficiency determinations) shall install, 
calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to the manufacturer's 
specifications, a monitoring device that continuously indicates and 
records the combustion temperature of the incinerator. The monitoring 
device shall have an accuracy within [1 percent of the temperature being 
measured in Celsius degrees.
    (f) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation or 
affected coating mix preparation equipment controlled by a catalytic 
incinerator and demonstrating compliance by the procedures described in 
Sec. 60.713(b)(2), (4), (5), or (6) (which include control device 
efficiency determinations) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and 
operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring 
device that continuously indicates and records the gas temperature both 
upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed. The monitoring device shall 
have an accuracy within [1 percent of the temperature being measured in 
Celsius degrees.
    (g) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation 
demonstrating compliance pursuant to Sec. 60.713(b)(2), (3), or (4) 
(which include VOC capture system efficiency determinations) shall 
submit a monitoring plan for the VOC capture system to the Administrator 
for approval along with the notification of anticipated startup required 
under Sec. 60.7(a)(2) of the General Provisions. This plan shall 
identify the parameter to be monitored as an indicator of VOC capture 
system performance (e.g., the amperage to the exhaust fans or duct flow 
rates) and the method for monitoring the chosen parameter. The owner or 
operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to 
the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring device that continuously 
indicates and records the value of the chosen parameter.
    (h) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation who uses 
the equipment alternative described in Sec. 60.713(b)(5) to demonstrate 
compliance shall follow the procedures described in paragraph (g) of 
this section to establish a monitoring plan for the total enclosure.
    (i) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation shall 
record time periods of coating operations when an emission control 
device is not in use.
    (j) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation or 
affected coating mix preparation equipment complying with Sec. 60.712(e) 
shall maintain records of the monthly weighted average mass of VOC 
contained in the coating per volume of coating solids applied for each 
coating, as described in Sec. 60.713(b)(9)(i) through (iv).
    (k) Records of the measurements and calculations required in 
Secs. 60.713 and 60.714 must be retained for at least 2 years following 
the date of the measurements and calculations.

(Sec. 114 of the Clean Air Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 7414))

[53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988, as amended at 64 FR 7467, Feb. 12, 1999]



Sec. 60.715  Test methods and procedures.

    Methods in appendix A of this part, except as provided under 
Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used to determine compliance as follows:
    (a) Method 24 is used to determine the VOC content in coatings. If 
it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Administrator that plant 
coating formulation data are equivalent to Method 24 results, 
formulation data may be used. In the event of any inconsistency between 
a Method 24 test and a facility's formulation data, the Method 24 test 
will govern. For Method 24, the coating sample must be a 1-liter sample 
taken into a 1-liter container at a location and time such that the 
sample will be representative of the coating applied to the base film 
(i.e., the sample shall include any dilution solvent or other VOC added 
during the manufacturing process). The container must be tightly sealed 
immediately after the sample is taken. Any solvent or other VOC added 
after the sample is taken must be measured and accounted for in the 
calculations that use Method 24 results.
    (b) Method 18, 25, or 25A, as appropriate to the conditions at the 
site, is

[[Page 210]]

used to determine VOC concentration. The owner or operator shall submit 
notice of the intended test method to the Administrator for approval 
along with the notification of the performance test required under 
Sec. 60.8(d) of the General Provisions. Method selection shall be based 
on consideration of the diversity of organic species present and their 
total concentration and on consideration of the potential presence of 
interfering gases. Except as indicated in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of 
this section, the test shall consist of three separate runs, each 
lasting a minimum of 30 minutes.
    (1) When the method is to be used in the determination of the 
efficiency of a fixed-bed carbon adsorption system with a common exhaust 
stack for all the individual adsorber vessels pursuant to 
Sec. 60.713(b)(2), (4), (5), or (6), the test shall consist of three 
separate runs, each coinciding with one or more complete sequences 
through the adsorption cycles of all the individual adsorber vessels.
    (2) When the method is to be used in the determination of the 
efficiency of a fixed-bed carbon adsorption system with individual 
exhaust stacks for each adsorber vessel pursuant to Sec. 60.713(b)(3), 
(4), (5), or (6), each adsorber vessel shall be tested individually. The 
test for each adsorber vessel shall consist of three separate runs. Each 
run shall coincide with one or more complete adsorption cycles.
    (c) Method 1 or 1A is used for sample and velocity traverses.
    (d) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D is used for velocity and volumetric flow 
rates.
    (e) Method 3 is used for gas analysis.
    (f) Method 4 is used for stack gas moisture.
    (g) Methods 2, 2A, 2C, 2D, 3, and 4 shall be performed, as 
applicable, at least twice during each test period.

[53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988; 53 FR 43799, Oct. 28, 1988]



Sec. 60.716  Permission to use alternative means of emission 
limitation.

    (a) If, in the Administrator's judgment, an alternative means of 
emission limitation will achieve a reduction in emissions of VOC from 
any emission point subject to Sec. 60.712(c) or (d) (standards for mix 
equipment) at least equivalent to that required by Sec. 60.712 (c) or 
(d), respectively, the Administrator will publish in the Federal 
Register a notice permitting the use of the alternative means. The 
notice may condition permission on requirements related to the operation 
and maintenance of the alternative means.
    (b) Any notice under paragraph (a) of this section shall be 
published only after public notice and an opportunity for a public 
hearing.
    (c) Any person seeking permission under this section shall submit 
either results from an emission test that documents the collection and 
measurement of all VOC emissions from a given control device or an 
engineering evaluation that documents the determination of such 
emissions.



Sec. 60.717  Reporting and monitoring requirements.

    (a) For all affected coating operations subject to Sec. 60.712(a), 
(b)(1), (b)(2), or (b)(3) and all affected coating mix preparation 
equipment subject to Sec. 60.712(c), the performance test data and 
results shall be submitted to the Administrator as specified in 
Sec. 60.8(a) of the General Provisions (40 CFR part 60, subpart A). In 
addition, the average values of the monitored parameters measured at 
least every 15 minutes and averaged over the period of the performance 
test shall be submitted with the results of all performance tests.
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation claiming 
to utilize less than the applicable volume of solvent specified in 
Sec. 60.710(b) in the first calendar year of operation shall submit to 
the Administrator, with the notification of projected startup, a 
material flow chart indicating projected solvent use. The owner or 
operator shall also submit actual solvent use records at the end of the 
initial calendar year.
    (c) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation 
initially utilizing less than the applicable volume of solvent specified 
in Sec. 60.710(b) per calendar year shall report the first calendar year 
in which actual annual solvent use exceeds the applicable volume.
    (d) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation, or 
affected

[[Page 211]]

coating mix preparation equipment subject to Sec. 60.712(c), shall 
submit semiannual reports to the Administrator documenting the 
following:
    (1) The 1-month amount of VOC contained in the coating, the VOC 
recovered, and the percent emission reduction for months of 
noncompliance for any affected coating operation demonstrating 
compliance by the performance test method described in Sec. 60.713(b)(1) 
(liquid material balance);
    (2) The VOC contained in the coatings for the manufacture of 
magnetic tape for any 1-month period during which the weighted average 
solvent content (G) of the coatings exceeded 0.20 kilogram per liter of 
coating solids for those affected facilities complying with 
Sec. 60.712(e) (high-solids coatings alternative standard);
    (3) For those affected facilities monitoring only the carbon 
adsorption system outlet concentration levels of organic compounds, the 
periods (during actual coating operations) specified in paragraph 
(d)(3)(i) or (ii) of this section, as applicable.
    (i) For carbon adsorption systems with a common exhaust stack for 
all the individual adsorber vessels, all periods of three consecutive 
adsorption cycles of all the individual adsorber vessels during which 
the average value of the concentration level of organic compounds in the 
common outlet gas stream is more than 20 percent greater than the 
average value measured during the most recent performance test that 
demonstrated compliance.
    (ii) For carbon adsorption systems with individual exhaust stacks 
for each adsorber vessel, all 3-day rolling averages for each adsorber 
vessel when the concentration level of organic compounds in the 
individual outlet gas stream is more than 20 percent greater than the 
average value for that adsorber vessel measured during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (4) For those affected facilities monitoring both the carbon 
adsorption system inlet and outlet concentration levels of organic 
compounds, the periods (during actual coating operations), specified in 
(d)(4)(i) or (ii) of this section, as applicable.
    (i) For carbon adsorption systems with a common exhaust stack for 
all the individual adsorber vessels, all periods of three consecutive 
adsorption cycles of all the individual adsorber vessels during which 
the average carbon adsorption system efficiency falls below the 
applicable level as follows:
    (A) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance by the 
performance test method described in Sec. 60.713(b)(2) or (4), the value 
of E determined using Equation (2) during the most recent performance 
test that demonstrated compliance.
    (B) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance pursuant 
to Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(iii)(A) or Sec. 60.713(b)(6), 0.95 (95 percent).
    (C) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance pursuant 
to Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(iii)(B), the required value of E determined using 
Equation (2) pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(2) prior to modification or 
reconstruction or 0.95 (95 percent), whichever is lower.
    (ii) For carbon adsorption systems with individual exhaust stacks 
for each adsorber vessel, all 3-day rolling averages for each adsorber 
vessel when the efficiency falls below the applicable level as follows:
    (A) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance by the 
performance test method described in Sec. 60.713(b)(3) or (4), the value 
of Hv determined using Equation (4) during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (B) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance pursuant 
to Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(iii)(A) or Sec. 60.713(b)(6), 0.95 (95 percent).
    (C) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance pursuant 
to Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(iii)(B), the value of Hv determined 
using Equation 4 pursuant to Sec. 60.713(a)(2) prior to modification or 
reconstruction.
    (5) All 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) during 
which the average exhaust temperature is 5 or more Celsius degrees above 
the average temperature measured during the most recent performance test 
that demonstrated compliance for those affected facilities monitoring 
condenser exhaust gas temperature;

[[Page 212]]

    (6) All 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) during 
which the average combustion temperature is more than 28 Celsius degrees 
below the average combustion temperature during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance for those affected 
facilities monitoring thermal incinerator combustion gas temperature;
    (7) All 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) during 
which the average gas temperature immediately before the catalyst bed is 
more than 28 Celsius degrees below the average gas temperature during 
the most recent performance test that demonstrated compliance and all 3-
hour periods (during actual coating operations) during which the average 
gas temperature difference across the catalyst bed is less than 80 
percent of the average gas temperature difference during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance for those affected 
facilities monitoring catalytic incinerator catalyst bed temperature; 
and
    (8) All 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) during 
which the average total enclosure or VOC capture system monitoring 
device readings vary by 5 percent or more from the average value 
measured during the most recent performance test that demonstrated 
compliance for those affected facilities monitoring a total enclosure 
pursuant to Sec. 60.714(h) or VOC capture system pursuant to 
Sec. 60.714(g).
    (e) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation, or 
affected coating mix preparation equipment subject to Sec. 60.712(c), 
not required to submit reports under Sec. 60.717(d) because no 
reportable periods have occurred shall submit semiannual reports so 
affirming.
    (f) Each owner or operator of affected coating mix preparation 
equipment that is constructed at a time when no affected coating 
operation is being constructed shall:
    (1) Be exempt from the reporting requirements specified in 
Sec. 60.7(a)(1), (2), and (4); and
    (2) Submit the notification of actual startup specified in 
Sec. 60.7(a)(3).
    (g) The owner or operator of affected coating mix preparation 
equipment that is constructed at the same time as an affected coating 
operation shall include the affected coating mix preparation equipment 
in all the reporting requirements for the affected coating operation 
specified in Sec. 60.7(a)(1) through (4).
    (h) The reports required under paragraphs (b) through (e) of this 
section shall be postmarked within 30 days of the end of the reporting 
period.
    (i) The requirements of this subsection remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an alternative 
means of compliance surveillance adopted by such States. In this event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with this subsection, provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.

(Sec. 114 of the Clean Air Act as amended (42 U.S.C. 7414))

[53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988; 53 FR 43799, Oct. 28, 1988, as amended at 53 
FR 47955, Nov. 29, 1988; 64 FR 7467, Feb. 12, 1999]



Sec. 60.718  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to States:

Sec. 60.711(a)(16)
Sec. 60.713(b)(1)(i)
Sec. 60.713(b)(1)(ii)
Sec. 60.713(b)(5)(i)
Sec. 60.713(d)
Sec. 60.715(a)
Sec. 60.716

[53 FR 38914, Oct. 3, 1988; 53 FR 47955, Nov. 29, 1988]



  Subpart TTT_Standards of Performance for Industrial Surface Coating: 
         Surface Coating of Plastic Parts for Business Machines

    Source: 53 FR 2676, Jan. 29, 1988, unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 213]]



Sec. 60.720  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each spray booth in 
which plastic parts for use in the manufacture of business machines 
receive prime coats, color coats, texture coats, or touch-up coats.
    (b) This subpart applies to any affected facility for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction begins after January 8, 
1986.



Sec. 60.721  Definitions.

    (a) As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have 
the meaning given them in the Act or in subpart A of this part.
    Business machine means a device that uses electronic or mechanical 
methods to process information, perform calculations, print or copy 
information, or convert sound into electrical impulses for transmission, 
such as:
    (1) Products classified as typewriters under SIC Code 3572;
    (2) Products classified as electronic computing devices under SIC 
Code 3573;
    (3) Products classified as calculating and accounting machines under 
SIC Code 3574;
    (4) Products classified as telephone and telegraph equipment under 
SIC Code 3661;
    (5) Products classified as office machines, not elsewhere 
classified, under SIC Code 3579; and
    (6) Photocopy machines, a subcategory of products classified as 
photographic equipment under SIC code 3861.
    Coating operation means the use of a spray booth for the application 
of a single type of coating (e.g., prime coat); the use of the same 
spray booth for the application of another type of coating (e.g., 
texture coat) constitutes a separate coating operation for which 
compliance determinations are performed separately.
    Coating solids applied means the coating solids that adhere to the 
surface of the plastic business machine part being coated.
    Color coat means the coat applied to a part that affects the color 
and gloss of the part, not including the prime coat or texture coat. 
This definition includes fog coating, but does not include conductive 
sensitizers or electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference 
shielding coatings.
    Conductive sensitizer means a coating applied to a plastic substrate 
to render it conductive for purposes of electrostatic application of 
subsequent prime, color, texture, or touch-up coats.
    Electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference (EMI/RFI) 
shielding coating means a conductive coating that is applied to a 
plastic substrate to attenuate EMI/RFI signals.
    Fog coating (also known as mist coating and uniforming) means a thin 
coating applied to plastic parts that have molded-in color or texture or 
both to improve color uniformity.
    Nominal 1-month period means either a calendar month, 30-day month, 
accounting month, or similar monthly time period that is established 
prior to the performance test (i.e., in a statement submitted with 
notification of anticipated actual startup pursuant to 40 CFR 60.7(2)).
    Plastic parts means panels, housings, bases, covers, and other 
business machine components formed of synthetic polymers.
    Prime coat means the initial coat applied to a part when more than 
one coating is applied, not including conductive sensitizers or 
electromagnetic interference/radio frequency interference shielding 
coatings.
    Spray booth means the structure housing automatic or manual spray 
application equipment where a coating is applied to plastic parts for 
business machines.
    Texture coat means the rough coat that is characterized by discrete, 
raised spots on the exterior surface of the part. This definition does 
not include conductive sensitizers or EMI/RFI shielding coatings.
    Touch-up coat means the coat applied to correct any imperfections in 
the finish after color or texture coats have been applied. This 
definition does not include conductive sensitizers or EMI/RFI shielding 
coatings.
    Transfer efficiency means the ratio of the amount of coating solids 
deposited onto the surface of a plastic business machine part to the 
total amount of coating solids used.

[[Page 214]]

    VOC emissions means the mass of VOC's emitted from the surface 
coating of plastic parts for business machines expressed as kilograms of 
VOC's per liter of coating solids applied (i.e., deposited on the 
surface).
    (b) All symbols used in this subpart not defined below are given 
meaning in the Act or subpart A of this part.

Dc = density of each coating as received (kilograms per 
liter)
Dd = density of each diluent VOC (kilograms per liter)
Lc = the volume of each coating consumed, as received 
(liters)
Ld = the volume of each diluent VOC added to coatings 
(liters)
Ls = the volume of coating solids consumed (liters)
Md = the mass of diluent VOC's consumed (kilograms)
Mo = the mass of VOC's in coatings consumed, as received 
(kilograms)
N = the volume-weighted average mass of VOC emissions to the atmosphere 
per unit volume of coating solids applied (kilograms per liter)
T = the transfer efficiency for each type of application equipment used 
at a coating operation (fraction)
Tavg = the volume-weighted average transfer efficiency for a 
coating operation (fraction)
Vs = the proportion of solids in each coating, as received 
(fraction by volume)
Wo = the proportion of VOC's in each coating, as received 
(fraction by weight)

[53 FR 2676, Jan. 29, 1988, as amended at 54 FR 25459, June 15, 1989]



Sec. 60.722  Standards for volatile organic compounds.

    (a) Each owner or operator of any affected facility which is subject 
to the requirements of this subpart shall comply with the emission 
limitations set forth in this section on and after the date on which the 
initial performance test, required by Secs. 60.8 and 60.723 is 
completed, but not later than 60 days after achieving the maximum 
production rate at which the affected facility will be operated, or 180 
days after the initial startup, whichever date comes first. No affected 
facility shall cause the discharge into the atmosphere in excess of:
    (1) 1.5 kilograms of VOC's per liter of coating solids applied from 
prime coating of plastic parts for business machines.
    (2) 1.5 kilograms of VOC's per liter of coating solids applied from 
color coating of plastic parts for business machines.
    (3) 2.3 kilograms of VOC's per liter of coating solids applied from 
texture coating of plastic parts for business machines.
    (4) 2.3 kilograms of VOC's per liter of coatings solids applied from 
touch-up coating of plastic parts for business machines.
    (b) All VOC emissions that are caused by coatings applied in each 
affected facility, regardless of the actual point of discharge of 
emissions into the atmosphere, shall be included in determining 
compliance with the emission limits in paragraph (a) of this section.



Sec. 60.723  Performance tests and compliance provisions.

    (a) Section 60.8 (d) and (f) do not apply to the performance test 
procedures required by this section.
    (b) The owner or operator of an affected facility shall conduct an 
initial performance test as required under Sec. 60.8(a) and thereafter a 
performance test each nominal 1-month period for each affected facility 
according to the procedures in this section.
    (1) The owner or operator shall determine the composition of 
coatings by analysis of each coating, as received, using Method 24, from 
data that have been determined by the coating manufacturer using Method 
24, or by other methods approved by the Administrator.
    (2) The owner or operator shall determine the volume of coating and 
the mass of VOC used for dilution of coatings from company records 
during each nominal 1-month period. If a common coating distribution 
system serves more than one affected facility or serves both affected 
and nonaffected spray booths, the owner or operator shall estimate the 
volume of coatings used at each facility by using procedures approved by 
the Administrator.
    (i) The owner or operator shall calculate the volume-weighted 
average mass of VOC's in coatings emitted per unit volume of coating 
solids applied (N) at each coating operation [i.e., for each type of 
coating (prime, color, texture, and touch-up) used] during each

[[Page 215]]

nominal 1-month period for each affected facility. Each 1-month 
calculation is considered a performance test. Except as provided in 
paragraph (b)(2)(iii) of this section, N will be determined by the 
following procedures:
    (A) Calculate the mass of VOC's used (Mo + Md) 
for each coating operation during each nominal 1-month period for each 
affected facility by the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.064

where n is the number of coatings of each type used during each nominal 
          1-month period and m is the number of different diluent VOC's 
          used during each nominal 1-month period. (S Ldj 
          Ddj will be 0 if no VOC's are added to the 
          coatings, as received.)

    (B) Calculate the total volume of coating solids consumed 
(Ls) in each nominal 1-month period for each coating 
operation for each affected facility by the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.065

where n is the number of coatings of each type used during each nominal 
          1-month period.

    (C) Select the appropriate transfer efficiency (T) from table 1 for 
each type of coating applications equipment used at each coating 
operation. If the owner or operator can demonstrate to the satisfaction 
of the Administrator that transfer efficiencies other than those shown 
are appropriate, the Administrator will approve their use on a case-by-
case basis. Transfer efficiency values for application methods not 
listed below shall be approved by the Administrator on a case-by-case 
basis. An owner or operator must submit sufficient data for the 
Administrator to judge the validity of the transfer efficiency claims.
    (D) Where more than one application method is used within a single 
coating operation, the owner or operator shall determine the volume of 
each coating applied by each method through a means acceptable to the 
Administrator and compute the volume-weighted average transfer 
efficiency by the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.066


[[Page 216]]



                     Table 1--Transfer Efficiencies
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Transfer
       Application methods        efficiency        Type of coating
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Air atomized spray..............        0.25  Prime, color, texture,
                                               touch-up, and fog coats.
Air-assistd airless spray.......         .40  Prime and color coats.
Electrostatic air spray.........         .40      Do.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

where n is the number of coatings of each type used and p is the number 
of application methods used.

    (E) Calculate the volume-weighted average mass of VOC's emitted per 
unit volume of coating solids applied (N) during each nominal 1-month 
period for each coating operation for each affected facility by the 
folowing equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC16NO91.106

(Tavg = T when only one type of coating operation occurs).

    (ii) Where the volume-weighted average mass of VOC's emitted to the 
atmosphere per unit volume of coating solids applied (N) is less than or 
equal to 1.5 kilograms per liter for prime coats, is less than or equal 
to 1.5 kilograms per liter for color coats, is less than or equal to 2.3 
kilograms per liter for texture coats, and is less than or equal to 2.3 
kilograms per liter for touch-up coats, the affected facility is in 
compliance.
    (iii) If each individual coating used by an affected facility has a 
VOC content (kg VOC/l of solids), as received, which when divided by the 
lowest transfer efficiency at which the coating is applied for each 
coating operation results in a value equal to or less than 1.5 kilograms 
per liter for prime and color coats and equal to or less than 2.3 
kilograms per liter for texture and touch-up coats, the affected 
facility is in compliance provided that no VOC's are added to the 
coatings during distribution or application.
    (iv) If an affected facility uses add-on controls to control VOC 
emissions and if the owner or operator can demonstrate to the 
Administrator that the volume-weighted average mass of VOC's emitted to 
the atmosphere during each nominal 1-month period per unit volume of 
coating solids applied (N) is within each of the applicable limits 
expressed in paragraph (b)(2)(ii) of this section because of this 
equipment, the affected facility is in compliance. In such cases, 
compliance will be determined by the Administrator or a case-by-case 
basis.

[53 FR 2676, Jan. 29, 1988, as amended at 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.724  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) The reporting requirements of Sec. 60.8(a) apply only to the 
initial performance test. Each owner or operator subject to the 
provisions of this subpart shall include the following data in the 
report of the initial performance test required under Sec. 60.8(a):

    (1) Except as provided for in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the 
volume-weighted average mass of VOC's emitted to the atmosphere per 
volume of applied coating solids (N) for the initial nominal 1-month 
period for each coating operation from each affected facility.
    (2) For each affected facility where compliance is determined under 
the provisions of Sec. 60.723(b)(2)(iii), a list of the coatings used 
during the initial nominal 1-month period, the VOC content of each 
coating calculated from data determined using Method 24, and the lowest 
transfer efficiency at which each coating is applied during the initial 
nominal 1-month period.
    (b) Following the initial report, each owner or operator shall:
    (1) Report the volume-weighted average mass of VOC's per unit volume 
of coating solids applied for each coating operation for each affected 
facility during each nominal 1-month period in which the facility is not 
in compliance with the applicable emission limits specified in 
Sec. 60.722. Reports of noncompliance shall be submitted on a quarterly 
basis, occurring every 3 months following the initial report; and
    (2) Submit statements that each affected facility has been in 
compliance with the applicable emission limits specified in Sec. 60.722 
during each nominal

[[Page 217]]

1-month period. Statements of compliance shall be submitted on a 
semiannual basis.
    (c) These reports shall be postmarked not later than 10 days after 
the end of the periods specified in Sec. 60.724(b)(1) and 
Sec. 60.724(b)(2).
    (d) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall maintain at the source, for a period of at least 2 years, records 
of all data and calculations used to determine monthly VOC emissions 
from each coating operation for each affected facility as specified in 
40 CFR 60.7(d).
    (e) Reporting and recordkeeping requirements for facilities using 
add-on controls will be determined by the Administrator on a case-by-
case basis.

[53 FR 2676, Jan. 29, 1988, as amended at 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.725  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) The reference methods in appendix A to this part except as 
provided under Sec. 60.8(b) shall be used to determine compliance with 
Sec. 60.722 as follows:

    (1) Method 24 for determination of VOC content of each coating as 
received.
    (2) For Method 24, the sample must be at least a 1-liter sample in a 
1-liter container.
    (b) Other methods may be used to determine the VOC content of each 
coating if approved by the Administrator before testing.



Sec. 60.726  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to the States:

Section 60.723(b)(1)
Section 60.723(b)(2)(i)(C)
Section 60.723(b)(2)(iv)
Section 60.724(e)
Section 60.725(b)

[53 FR 2676, Jan. 29, 1988, as amended at 53 FR 19300, May 27, 1988]



Subpart UUU_Standards of Performance for Calciners and Dryers in Mineral 
                               Industries

    Source: 57 FR 44503, Sept. 28, 1992, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.730  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The affected facility to which the provisions of this subpart 
apply is each calciner and dryer at a mineral processing plant. Feed and 
product conveyors are not considered part of the affected facility. For 
the brick and related clay products industry, only the calcining and 
drying of raw materials prior to firing of the brick are covered.
    (b) An affected facility that is subject to the provisions of 
subpart LL, Metallic Mineral Processing Plants, is not subject to the 
provisions of this subpart. Also, the following processes and process 
units used at mineral processing plants are not subject to the 
provisions of this subpart: vertical shaft kilns in the magnesium 
compounds industry; the chlorination-oxidation process in the titanium 
dioxide industry; coating kilns, mixers, and aerators in the roofing 
granules industry; and tunnel kilns, tunnel dryers, apron dryers, and 
grinding equipment that also dries the process material used in any of 
the 17 mineral industries (as defined in Sec. 60.731, ``Mineral 
processing plant'').
    (c) The owner or operator of any facility under paragraph (a) of 
this section that commences construction, modification, or 
reconstruction after April 23, 1986, is subject to the requirements of 
this subpart.



Sec. 60.731  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Clean Air Act and in subpart A of this part.
    Calciner means the equipment used to remove combined (chemically 
bound) water and/or gases from mineral material through direct or 
indirect heating. This definition includes expansion furnaces and 
multiple hearth furnaces.
    Control device means the air pollution control equipment used to 
reduce particulate matter emissions released to

[[Page 218]]

the atmosphere from one or more affected facilities.
    Dryer means the equipment used to remove uncombined (free) water 
from mineral material through direct or indirect heating.
    Installed in series means a calciner and dryer installed such that 
the exhaust gases from one flow through the other and then the combined 
exhaust gases are discharged to the atmosphere.
    Mineral processing plant means any facility that processes or 
produces any of the following minerals, their concentrates or any 
mixture of which the majority (>50 percent) is any of the following 
minerals or a combination of these minerals: alumina, ball clay, 
bentonite, diatomite, feldspar, fire clay, fuller's earth, gypsum, 
industrial sand, kaolin, lightweight aggregate, magnesium compounds, 
perlite, roofing granules, talc, titanium dioxide, and vermiculite.



Sec. 60.732  Standards for particulate matter.

    Each owner or operator of any affected facility that is subject to 
the requirements of this subpart shall comply with the emission 
limitations set forth in this section on and after the date on which the 
initial performance test required by Sec. 60.8 is completed, but not 
later than 180 days after the initial startup, whichever date comes 
first. No emissions shall be discharged into the atmosphere from any 
affected facility that:
    (a) Contains particulate matter in excess of 0.092 gram per dry 
standard cubic meter (g/dscm) [0.040 grain per dry standard cubic foot 
(gr/dscf)] for calciners and for calciners and dryers installed in 
series and in excess of 0.057 g/dscm (0.025 gr/dscf) for dryers; and
    (b) Exhibits greater than 10 percent opacity, unless the emissions 
are discharged from an affected facility using a wet scrubbing control 
device.

[57 FR 44503, Sept. 28, 1992, as amended at 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.733  Reconstruction.

    The cost of replacement of equipment subject to high temperatures 
and abrasion on processing equipment shall not be considered in 
calculating either the ``fixed capital cost of the new components'' or 
the ``fixed capital cost that would be required to construct a 
comparable new facility'' under Sec. 60.15. Calciner and dryer equipment 
subject to high temperatures and abrasion are: end seals, flights, and 
refractory lining.



Sec. 60.734  Monitoring of emissions and operations.

    (a) With the exception of the process units described in paragraphs 
(b), (c), and (d) of this section, the owner or operator of an affected 
facility subject to the provisions of this subpart who uses a dry 
control device to comply with the mass emission standard shall install, 
calibrate, maintain, and operate a continuous monitoring system to 
measure and record the opacity of emissions discharged into the 
atmosphere from the control device.
    (b) In lieu of a continuous opacity monitoring system, the owner or 
operator of a ball clay vibrating grate dryer, a bentonite rotary dryer, 
a diatomite flash dryer, a diatomite rotary calciner, a feldspar rotary 
dryer, a fire clay rotary dryer, an industrial sand fluid bed dryer, a 
kaolin rotary calciner, a perlite rotary dryer, a roofing granules fluid 
bed dryer, a roofing granules rotary dryer, a talc rotary calciner, a 
titanium dioxide spray dryer, a titanium dioxide fluid bed dryer, a 
vermiculite fluid bed dryer, or a vermiculite rotary dryer who uses a 
dry control device may have a certified visible emissions observer 
measure and record three 6-minute averages of the opacity of visible 
emissions to the atmosphere each day of operation in accordance with 
Method 9 of appendix A of part 60.
    (c) The owner or operator of a ball clay rotary dryer, a diatomite 
rotary dryer, a feldspar fluid bed dryer, a fuller's earth rotary dryer, 
a gypsum rotary dryer, a gypsum flash calciner, gypsum kettle calciner, 
an industrial sand rotary dryer, a kaolin rotary dryer, a kaolin 
multiple hearth furnace, a perlite expansion furnace, a talc flash 
dryer, a talc rotary dryer, a titanium dioxide direct or indirect rotary 
dryer or a vermiculite expansion furnace who uses a dry control device 
is exempt from the monitoring requirements of this section.

[[Page 219]]

    (d) The owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of this subpart who uses a wet scrubber to comply with the 
mass emission standard for any affected facility shall install, 
calibrate, maintain, and operate monitoring devices that continuously 
measure and record the pressure loss of the gas stream through the 
scrubber and the scrubbing liquid flow rate to the scrubber. The 
pressure loss monitoring device must be certified by the manufacturer to 
be accurate within 5 percent of water column gauge pressure at the level 
of operation. The liquid flow rate monitoring device must be certified 
by the manufacturer to be accurate within 5 percent of design scrubbing 
liquid flow rate.



Sec. 60.735  Recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

    (a) Records of the measurements required in Sec. 60.734 of this 
subpart shall be retained for at least 2 years.
    (b) Each owner or operator who uses a wet scrubber to comply with 
Sec. 60.732 shall determine and record once each day, from the 
recordings of the monitoring devices in Sec. 60.734(d), an arithmetic 
average over a 2-hour period of both the change in pressure of the gas 
stream across the scrubber and the flowrate of the scrubbing liquid.
    (c) Each owner or operator shall submit written reports semiannually 
of exceedances of control device operating parameters required to be 
monitored by Sec. 60.734 of this subpart. For the purpose of these 
reports, exceedances are defined as follows:
    (1) All 6-minute periods during which the average opacity from dry 
control devices is greater than 10 percent; or
    (2) Any daily 2-hour average of the wet scrubber pressure drop 
determined as described in Sec. 60.735(b) that is less than 90 percent 
of the average value recorded according to Sec. 60.736(c) during the 
most recent performance test that demonstrated compliance with the 
particulate matter standard; or
    (3) Each daily wet scrubber liquid flow rate recorded as described 
in Sec. 60.735(b) that is less than 80 percent or greater than 120 
percent of the average value recorded according to Sec. 60.736(c) during 
the most recent performance test that demonstrated compliance with the 
particulate matter standard.
    (d) The requirements of this section remain in force until and 
unless the Agency, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under 
section 111(c) of the Clean Air Act, approves reporting requirements or 
an alternative means of compliance surveillance adopted by such State. 
In that event, affected facilities within the State will be relieved of 
the obligation to comply with this section provided that they comply 
with the requirements established by the State.

[57 FR 44503, Sept. 28, 1992, as amended at 58 FR 40591, July 29, 1993]



Sec. 60.736  Test methods and procedures.

    (a) In conducting the performance tests required in Sec. 60.8, the 
owner or operator shall use the test methods in appendix A of this part 
or other methods and procedures as specified in this section, except as 
provided in Sec. 60.8(b).
    (b) The owner or operator shall determine compliance with the 
particulate matter standards in Sec. 60.732 as follows:
    (1) Method 5 shall be used to determine the particulate matter 
concentration. The sampling time and volume for each test run shall be 
at least 2 hours and 1.70 dscm.
    (2) Method 9 and the procedures in Sec. 60.11 shall be used to 
determine opacity from stack emissions.
    (c) During the initial performance test of a wet scrubber, the owner 
or operator shall use the monitoring devices of Sec. 60.734(d) to 
determine the average change in pressure of the gas stream across the 
scrubber and the average flowrate of the scrubber liquid during each of 
the particulate matter runs. The arithmetic averages of the three runs 
shall be used as the baseline average values for the purposes of 
Sec. 60.735(c).



Sec. 60.737  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities which will not be delegated to States: No 
restrictions.

[[Page 220]]



Subpart VVV_Standards of Performance for Polymeric Coating of Supporting 
                          Substrates Facilities

    Source: 54 FR 37551, Sept. 11, 1989, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.740  Applicability and designation of affected facility.

    (a) The affected facility to which the provisions of this subpart 
apply is each coating operation and any onsite coating mix preparation 
equipment used to prepare coatings for the polymeric coating of 
supporting substrates.
    (b) Any affected facility for which the amount of VOC used is less 
than 95 Mg per 12-month period is subject only to the requirements of 
Secs. 60.744(b), 60.747(b), and 60.747(c). If the amount of VOC used is 
95 Mg or greater per 12-month period, the facility is subject to all the 
requirements of this subpart. Once a facility has become subject to the 
requirements of this subpart, it will remain subject to those 
requirements regardless of changes in annual VOC use.
    (c) This subpart applies to any affected facility for which 
construction, modification, or reconstruction begins after April 30, 
1987, except for the facilities specified in paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    (d) This subpart does not apply to the following:
    (1) Coating mix preparation equipment used to manufacture coatings 
at one plant for shipment to another plant for use in an affected 
facility (coating operation) or for sale to another company for use in 
an affected facility (coating operation);
    (2) Coating mix preparation equipment or coating operations during 
those times they are used to prepare or apply waterborne coatings so 
long as the VOC content of the coating does not exceed 9 percent by 
weight of the volatile fraction;
    (3) Web coating operations that print an image on the surface of the 
substrate or any coating applied on the same printing line that applies 
the image.



Sec. 60.741  Definitions, symbols, and cross-reference tables.

    (a) All terms used in this subpart not defined below have the 
meaning given to them in the Act and in subpart A of this part.
    Coating applicator means any apparatus used to apply a coating to a 
continuous substrate.
    Coating mix preparation equipment means all mixing vessels in which 
solvent and other materials are blended to prepare polymeric coatings.
    Coating operation means any coating applicator(s), flashoff area(s), 
and drying oven(s) located between a substrate unwind station and a 
rewind station that coats a continuous web to produce a substrate with a 
polymeric coating. Should the coating process not employ a rewind 
station, the end of the coating operation is after the last drying oven 
in the process.
    Common emission control device means a device controlling emissions 
from an affected coating operation as well as from any other emission 
source.
    Concurrent means the period of time in which construction of an 
emission control device serving an affected facility is commenced or 
completed, beginning 6 months prior to the date that construction of the 
affected facility commences and ending 2 years after the date that 
construction of the affected facility is completed.
    Control device means any apparatus that reduces the quantity of a 
pollutant emitted to the air.
    Cover means, with respect to coating mix preparation equipment, a 
device that fits over the equipment opening to prevent emissions of 
volatile organic compounds (VOC) from escaping.
    Drying oven means a chamber within which heat is used to dry a 
surface coating; drying may be the only process or one of multiple 
processes performed in the chamber.
    Equivalent diameter means four times the area of an opening divided 
by its perimeter.
    Flashoff area means the portion of a coating operation between the 
coating applicator and the drying oven where VOC begins to evaporate 
from the coated substrate.
    Natural draft opening means any opening in a room, building, or 
total

[[Page 221]]

enclosure that remains open during operation of the facility and that is 
not connected to a duct in which a fan is installed. The rate and 
direction of the natural draft across such an opening is a consequence 
of the difference in pressures on either side of the wall or barrier 
containing the opening.
    Nominal 1-month period means a calendar month or, if established 
prior to the performance test in a statement submitted with notification 
of anticipated startup pursuant to 40 CFR 60.7(a)(2), a similar monthly 
time period (e.g., 30-day month or accounting month).
    Onsite coating mix preparation equipment means those pieces of 
coating mix preparation equipment located at the same plant as the 
coating operation they serve.
    Polymeric coating of supporting substrates means a web coating 
process that applies elastomers, polymers, or prepolymers to a 
supporting web other than paper, plastic film, metallic foil, or metal 
coil.
    Substrate means the surface to which a coating is applied.
    Temporary enclosure means a total enclosure that is constructed for 
the sole purpose of measuring the fugitive VOC emissions from an 
affected facility.
    Total enclosure means a structure that is constructed around a 
source of emissions and operated so that all VOC emissions are collected 
and exhausted through a stack or duct. With a total enclosure, there 
will be no fugitive emissions, only stack emissions. The drying oven 
itself may be part of the total enclosure.
    Vapor capture system means any device or combination of devices 
designed to contain, collect, and route solvent vapors released from the 
coating mix preparation equipment or coating operation.
    VOC in the applied coating means the product of Method 24 VOC 
analyses or formulation data (if those data are demonstrated to be 
equivalent to Method 24 results) and the total volume of coating fed to 
the coating applicator.
    VOC used means the amount of VOC delivered to the coating mix 
preparation equipment of the affected facility (including any contained 
in premixed coatings or other coating ingredients prepared off the plant 
site) for the formulation of polymeric coatings to be applied to 
supporting substrates at the coating operation, plus any solvent added 
after initial formulation is complete (e.g., dilution solvent added at 
the coating operation). If premixed coatings that require no mixing at 
the plant site are used, ``VOC used'' means the amount of VOC delivered 
to the coating applicator(s) of the affected facility.
    Volatile organic compounds or VOC means any organic compounds that 
participate in atmospheric photochemical reactions; or that are measured 
by a reference method, an equivalent method, an alternative method, or 
that are determined by procedures specified under any subpart.
    Waterborne coating means a coating which contains more than 5 weight 
percent water in its volatile fraction.
    Web coating means the coating of products, such as fabric, paper, 
plastic film, metallic foil, metal coil, cord, and yarn, that are 
flexible enough to be unrolled from a large roll; and coated as a 
continuous substrate by methods including, but not limited to, knife 
coating, roll coating, dip coating, impregnation, rotogravure, and 
extrusion.
    (b) The nomenclature used in this subpart has the following meaning:

Ak = the area of each natural draft opening (k) in a total 
          enclosure, in square meters.
Caj = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (j) exiting 
          the emission control device, in parts per million by volume.
Cbi = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (i) 
          entering the emission control device, in parts per million by 
          volume.
Cdi = the concentration of VOC in each gas stream (i) 
          entering the emission control device from the affected coating 
          operation, in parts per million by volume.
Cfk = the concentration of VOC in each uncontrolled gas 
          stream (k) emitted directly to the atmosphere from the 
          affected coating operation, in parts per million by volume.
Cgv = the concentration of VOC in the gas stream entering 
          each individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in parts per 
          million by volume. For purposes of calculating the efficiency 
          of the individual adsorber vessel, Cgv may be 
          measured in the carbon adsorption system's common inlet duct 
          prior to the branching of individual inlet ducts.

[[Page 222]]

Chv = the concentration of VOC in the gas stream exiting each 
          individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in parts per million by 
          volume.
E = the control device efficiency achieved for the duration of the 
          emission test (expressed as a fraction).
F = the VOC emission capture efficiency of the vapor capture system 
          achieved for the duration of the emission test (expressed as a 
          fraction).
FV = the average inward face velocity across all natural draft openings 
          in a total enclosure, in meters per hour.
Hv = the individual carbon adsorber vessel (v) efficiency 
          achieved for the duration of the emission test (expressed as a 
          fraction).
Hsys = the carbon adsorption system efficiency calculated 
          when each adsorber vessel has an individual exhaust stack.
Mci = the total mass (kg) of each coating (i) applied to the 
          substrate at an affected coating operation during a nominal 1-
          month period as determined from facility records.
Mr = the total mass (kg) of VOC recovered for a nominal 1-
          month period.
Qaj = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream (j) exiting 
          the emission control device, in dry standard cubic meters per 
          hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC concentration 
          or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when Method 
          25A is used to measure VOC concentration.
Qbi = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream (i) 
          entering the emission control device, in dry standard cubic 
          meters per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC 
          concentration or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) 
          when Method 25A is used to measure VOC concentration.
Qdi = the volumetric flow rate of each gas stream (i) 
          entering the emission control device from the affected coating 
          operation, in dry standard cubic meters per hour when Method 
          18 or 25 is used to measure VOC concentration or in standard 
          cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when Method 25A is used to 
          measure VOC concentration.
Qfk = the volumetric flow rate of each uncontrolled gas 
          stream (k) emitted directly to the atmosphere from the 
          affected coating operation, in dry standard cubic meters per 
          hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC concentration 
          or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) when Method 
          25A is used to measure VOC concentration.
Qgv = the volumetric flow rate of the gas stream entering 
          each individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in dry standard 
          cubic meters per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure 
          VOC concentration or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet 
          basis) when Method 25A is used to measure VOC concentration. 
          For purposes of calculating the efficiency of the individual 
          adsorber vessel, the value of Qgv can be assumed to 
          equal the value of Qhv measured for that adsorber 
          vessel.
Qhv = the volumetric flow rate of the gas stream exiting each 
          individual carbon adsorber vessel (v), in dry standard cubic 
          meters per hour when Method 18 or 25 is used to measure VOC 
          concentration or in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis) 
          when Method 25A is used to measure VOC concentration.
Qin i = the volumetric flow rate of each gas 
          stream (i) entering the total enclosure through a forced 
          makeup air duct, in standard cubic meters per hour (wet 
          basis).
Qout j = the volumetric flow rate of each gas 
          stream (j) exiting the total enclosure through an exhaust duct 
          or hood, in standard cubic meters per hour (wet basis).
R = the overall VOC emission reduction achieved for the duration of the 
          emission test (expressed as a fraction).
RSi = the total mass (kg) of VOC retained on the coated 
          substrate after oven drying or contained in waste coating for 
          a given combination of coating and substrate.
Woi = the weight fraction of VOC in each coating (i) applied 
          at an affected coating operation during a nominal 1-month 
          period as determined by Method 24.

    (c) Tables 1a and 1b present a cross reference of the affected 
facility status and the relevant section(s) of the regulation.

                     Table 1a--Cross Reference \a b\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Compliance
              Status                   Standard        provisions Sec.
                                                           60.743
------------------------------------------------------------------------
A. Coating operation:
    1. If projected VOC use is     Sec. 60.740(b)  Not applicable.
     <95 Mg/yr.                     : Monitor VOC
                                    use.
    2. If projected VOC use is 95  Sec. 60.742(b)  (a)(1), (a)(2),
     Mg/yr.                         (1): Reduce      (a)(3), or (a)(4);
                                    VOC emissions
                                    to the
                                    atmosphere
                                    from the
                                    coating
                                    operation by
                                    at least 90
                                    percent; or.

[[Page 223]]

 
                                   Sec. 60.742(b)  (b), (e).
                                    (2): Install,
                                    operate, and
                                    maintain a
                                    total
                                    enclosure
                                    around the
                                    coating
                                    operation and
                                    vent the
                                    captured VOC
                                    emissions from
                                    the total
                                    enclosure to a
                                    control device
                                    that is at
                                    least 95
                                    percent
                                    efficient.
B. Coating mix preparation
 equipment:
    1. If projected VOC use is 95  Sec. 60.742(c)  (d), (e).
     Mg/yr but <130 Mg/yr.          (3): (i)
                                    Install,
                                    operate, and
                                    maintain a
                                    cover on each
                                    piece of
                                    affected
                                    equipment; or
                                    (ii) install,
                                    operate, and
                                    maintain a
                                    cover on each
                                    piece of
                                    affected
                                    equipment and
                                    vent VOC
                                    emissions to a
                                    VOC control
                                    device.
    2. If projected VOC use is     Sec. 60.742(c)  (d).
     130 Mg/yr but there is no      (2): (i)
     concurrent construction of a   Install,
     control device.                operate, and
                                    maintain a
                                    cover on each
                                    piece of
                                    affected
                                    equipment; or
                                    (ii) install,
                                    operate, and
                                    maintain a
                                    cover on each
                                    piece of
                                    affected
                                    equipment and
                                    vent VOC
                                    emissions to a
                                    VOC control
                                    device.
    3. If projected VOC use is     Sec. 60.742(c)  (c), (e).
     130 Mg/yr and there is         (1): Install,
     concurrent construction of a   operate, and
     control device.                maintain a
                                    cover on each
                                    piece of
                                    affected
                                    equipment and
                                    vent VOC
                                    emissions from
                                    the covered
                                    equipment to a
                                    95 percent
                                    efficient
                                    control device
                                    while
                                    preparation of
                                    the coating is
                                    taking place
                                    within the
                                    vessel.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ This table is presented for the convenience of the user and is not
  intended to supersede the language of the regulation. For the details
  of the requirements, refer to the text of the regulation.
\b\ Refer to table 1b to determine which subsections of Secs.  60.744,
  60.745, and 60.747 correspond to each compliance provision (Sec.
  60.743).


                                                                Table 1b--Cross Reference
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Compliance provisions--Sec. Category/equipment    Monitoring requirements--Sec. Reporting and recordkeeping
              60.743                 Test methods--Sec. 60.745           \a\                        60.744                 requirements--Sec. 60.747
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A. Coating operation:
    (a)(1)--Gaseous emission test   (b)-(g)....................  General, CA, CO, TI,   (a), (i), (j), (k), (c)(1),      (a), (d)(7), (f), (g), (h),
     for coating operations not                                   CI, PE, TE.            (d), (e), (f), (g).              (d)(1)(i), (d)(2)(i), (d)(3),
     using carbon adsorption beds                                                                                         (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(6).
     with individual exhausts.
    (a)(2)--Gaseous emission test   (b)-(g)....................  General, CA, PE, TE..  (a), (i), (j), (k), (c)(2), (g)  (a), (d)(7), (f), (g), (h),
     for coating operations using                                                                                         (d)(1)(ii), (d)(2)(ii),
     carbon adsorption beds with                                                                                          (d)(6).
     individual exhausts.
    (a)(3)--Monthly liquid          (a)........................  VOC recovery.........  (i), (k).......................  (e), (f), (g), (h).
     material balance--can be used
     only when a VOC recovery
     device controls only those
     emissions from one affected
     coating operation.
    (a)(4)--Short-term (3 to 7      (a)........................  General, CA, CO, PE,   (a), (i), (j), (k), (c)(1),      (a), (d)(7), (f), (g), (h),
     day) liquid material balance--                               TE.                    (c)(2), (d), (g).                (d)(1), (d)(2), (d)(3),
     may be used as an alternative                                                                                        (d)(6).
     to (a)(3).
    (b)--Alternative standard for   (b)-(g)....................  General, CA, CO, TI,   (a), (i), (j), (k), (c)(1),      (a), (d)(7), (f), (g), (h),
     coating operation--                                          CI, PE, TE.            (c)(2), (d), (e), (f), (h).      (d)(1), (d)(2), (d)(3),
     demonstrate use of approved                                                                                          (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(6).
     total enclosure and emissions
     vented to a 95 percent
     efficient control device.
B. Coating mix preparation
 equipment:
    (c)--Standard for equipment     (b)-(g)....................  General, CA, TI, CI..  (a), (i), (j), (k), (c)(1),      (a), (d)(7), (f), (g), (h),
     servicing a coating operation                                                       (c)(2), (e), (f).                (d)(1), (d)(2), (d)(4),
     with concurrent construction                                                                                         (d)(5).
     of a control device that uses
     at least 130 Mg/yr of VOC--
     demonstrate that covers
     meeting specifications are
     installed and used properly;
     procedures detailing proper
     use are posted; the mix
     equipment is vented to a 95
     percent efficient control
     device.

[[Page 224]]

 
    (d)--Standard for equipment     No other requirements apply
     servicing a coating operation
     that does not have concurrent
     construction of a control
     device but uses at least 130
     Mg/yr of VOC or for equipment
     servicing a coating operation
     that uses <130 Mg/yr but 95
     Mg/yr of VOC--demonstrate
     that covers meeting
     specifications are installed
     and used properly; procedures
     detailing proper use are
     posted; the mix equipment is
     vented to a control device
     (optional).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ CA = carbon adsorber; CO = condenser; TI = thermal incinerator; CI = catalytic incinerator; PE = partial enclosure; TE = total enclosure.



Sec. 60.742  Standards for volatile organic compounds.

    (a) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that is subject 
to the requirements of this subpart shall comply with the emissions 
limitations set forth in this section on and after the date on which the 
initial performance test required by Sec. 60.8 is completed, but not 
later than 60 days after achieving the maximum production rate at which 
the affected facility will be operated or 180 days after initial 
startup, whichever date comes first.
    (b) For the coating operation, each owner or operator of an affected 
facility shall either:
    (1) Reduce VOC emissions to the atmosphere from the coating 
operation by at least 90 percent (``emission reduction'' standard); or
    (2) Install, operate, and maintain a total enclosure around the 
coating operation and vent the captured VOC emissions from the total 
enclosure to a control device that is at least 95 percent effecient 
(alternative standard).
    (c) For the onsite coating mix preparation equipment of an affected 
facility, the owner or operator shall comply with the following 
requirements, as applicable:
    (1) For an affected facility that has concurrent construction of a 
control device and uses at least 130 Mg of VOC per 12-month period, the 
owner or operator shall install, operate, and maintain a cover on each 
piece of affected coating mix preparation equipment and vent VOC 
emissions from the covered mix equipment to a 95 percent efficient 
control device while preparation of the coating is taking place within 
the vessel.
    (2) For an affected facility that does not have concurrent 
construction of a control device but uses at least 130 Mg of VOC per 12-
month period, the owner or operator shall either:
    (i) Install, operate, and maintain a cover on each piece of affected 
coating mix preparation equipment; or
    (ii) Install, operate, and maintain a cover on each piece of 
affected coating mix preparation equipment and vent VOC emissions to a 
VOC control device.
    (3) For an affected facility that uses at least 95 Mg but less than 
130 Mg of VOC per 12-month period, the owner or operator shall either.
    (i) Install, operate, and maintain a cover on each piece of affected 
coating mix preparation equipment; or
    (ii) Install, operate, and maintain a cover on each piece of 
affected coating mix preparation equipment and vent VOC emissions to a 
VOC control device.



Sec. 60.743  Compliance provisions.

    (a) To demonstrate compliance with the emission reduction standard 
for coating operations specified in Sec. 60.742(b)(1), the owner or 
operator of the affected facility shall use one of the following 
methods.

[[Page 225]]

    (1) Gaseous emission test for coating operations not using carbon 
adsorption beds with individual exhausts. This method is applicable when 
the emissions from any affected coating operation are controlled by a 
control device other than a fixed-bed carbon adsorption system with 
individual exhaust stacks for each adsorber vessel. The owner or 
operator using this method shall comply with the following procedures:
    (i) Construct the vapor capture system and control device so that 
all gaseous volumetric flow rates and total VOC emissions can be 
accurately determined by the applicable test methods and procedures 
specified in Sec. 60.745(b) through (g);
    (ii) Determine capture efficiency from the coating operation by 
capturing, venting, and measuring all VOC emissions from the coating 
operation. During a performance test, the owner or operator of an 
affected coating operation located in an area with other sources of VOC 
shall isolate the coating operation emissions from all other sources of 
VOC by one of the following methods:
    (A) Build a temporary enclosure, as defined in Sec. 60.741(a) and 
conforming to the requirements of Sec. 60.743(b)(1), around the affected 
coating operation. The temporary enclosure must be constructed and 
ventilated (through stacks suitable for testing) so that it has minimal 
impact on performance of the capture system; or
    (B) Shut down all other sources of VOC and continue to exhaust 
fugitive emissions from the affected coating operation through any 
building ventilation system and other room exhausts such as those on 
drying ovens. All such ventilation air must be vented through stacks 
suitable for testing because the VOC content in each must be determined.
    (iii) Operate the emission control device with all emission sources 
connected and operating.
    (iv) Determine the efficiency (E) of the control device by Equation 
1:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.067

    (v) Determine the efficiency (F) of the vapor capture system by 
Equation 2:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.068

    (vi) For each affected coating operation subject to 
Sec. 60.742(b)(1) (emission reduction standard for coating operations), 
compliance is demonstrated if the product of (E)x(F) is equal to or 
greater than 0.90.

[[Page 226]]

    (2) Gaseous emission test for coating operations using carbon 
adsorption beds with individual exhausts. This method is applicable when 
emissions from any affected coating operation are controlled by a fixed-
bed carbon adsorption system with individual exhaust stacks for each 
adsorber vessel. The owner or operator using this method shall comply 
with the following procedures:
    (i) Construct the vapor capture system and control device so that 
each volumetric flow rate and the total VOC emissions can be accurately 
determined by the applicable test methods and procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.745 (b) through (g);
    (ii) Assure that all VOC emissions from the coating operation are 
segregated from other VOC sources and that the emissions can be captured 
for measurement, as described in Sec. 60.743(a)(1)(ii) (A) and (B);
    (iii) Operate the emission control device with all emission sources 
connected and operating;
    (iv) Determine the efficiency (Hv) of each individual 
adsorber vessel (v) using Equation 3:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.069

    (v) Determine the efficiency of the carbon adsorption system 
(Hsys) by computing the average efficiency of the adsorber 
vessels as weighted by the volumetric flow rate (Qhv) of each 
individual adsorber vessel (v) using Equation 4:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.070

    (vi) Determine the efficiency (F) of the vapor capture system using 
Equation (2).
    (vii) For each affected coating operation subject to 
Sec. 60.742(b)(1) (emission reduction standard for coating operations), 
compliance is demonstrated if the product of (Hsys)x(F) is 
equal to or greater than 0.90.
    (3) Monthly liquid material balance. This method can be used only 
when a VOC recovery device controls only those emissions from one 
affected coating operation. It may not be used if the VOC recovery 
device controls emissions from any other VOC emission sources. When 
demonstrating compliance by this method, Sec. 60.8(f) (Performance 
Tests) of this part does not apply. The owner or operator using this 
method shall comply with the following procedures to determine the VOC 
emission reduction for each nominal 1-month period:
    (i) Measure the amount of coating applied at the coating applicator. 
This quantity shall be determined at a time and location in the process 
after all ingredients (including any dilution solvent) have been added 
to the coating, or appropriate adjustments shall be made to account for 
any ingredients added after the amount of coating has been determined;
    (ii) Determine the VOC content of all coatings applied using the 
test method

[[Page 227]]

specified in Sec. 60.745(a). This value shall be determined at a time 
and location in the process after all ingredients (including any 
dilution solvent) have been added to the coating, or appropriate 
adjustments shall be made to account for any ingredients added after the 
VOC content in the coating has been determined;
    (iii) Install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to the 
manufacturer's specifications, a device that indicates the cumulative 
amount of VOC recovered by the control device over each nominal 1-month 
period. The device shall be certified by the manufacturer to be accurate 
to within [2.0 percent;
    (iv) Measure the amount of VOC recovered; and
    (v) Calculate the overall VOC emission reduction (R) for each and 
every nominal 1-month period using Equation 5. Emissions during startups 
and shutdowns are to be included when determining R because startups and 
shutdowns are part of normal operation for this source category.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.071


If the value of R is equal to or greater than 0.90, compliance with 
Sec. 60.742(b)(1) is demonstrated.
    (A) The value of RSi is zero unless the owner or operator 
submits the following information to the Administrator for approval of a 
measured value of RSi that is greater than zero but less than 
or equal to 6 percent by weight of the liquid VOC applied:
    (1) Measurement techniques; and
    (2) Documentation that the measured value of RSi exceeds 
zero but is less than or equal to 6 percent by weight of the liquid VOC 
applied.
    (B) For those facilities not subject to paragraph (a)(3)(v)(A) of 
this section, the value of RSi is zero unless the owner or 
operator submits the following information to the Administrator for 
approval of a measured value of RSi that is greater than 6 
percent by weight of the liquid VOC applied.
    (1) Measurement techniques;
    (2) Documentation that the measured value of RSi exceeds 
6 percent by weight of the liquid VOC applied; and
    (3) Either documentation of customer specifications requiring higher 
values or documentation that the desired properties of the product make 
it necessary for RSi to exceed 6 percent by weight of the 
liquid VOC applied and that such properties cannot be achieved by other 
means.
    (C) The measurement techniques of paragraphs (a)(3)(v)(A)(1) and 
(a)(3)(v)(B)(1) of this section shall be submitted to the Administrator 
for approval with the notification of anticipated startup required under 
Sec. 60.7(a)(2).
    (vi) The point at which Mr is to be measured shall be 
established when the compliance procedures are approved. The presumptive 
point of measurement shall be prior to separation/ purification; a point 
after separation/purification may be adopted for enhanced convenience or 
accuracy.
    (4) Short-term liquid material balance. This method may be used as 
an alternative to the monthly liquid material balance described in 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section. The owner or operator using this 
method shall comply with the following procedures to determine VOC 
emission reduction for a 3- to 7-day period and shall continuously 
monitor VOC emissions as specified in Sec. 60.744.
    (i) Use the procedures described in paragraphs (a)(3) (i) through 
(vi) of this section to determine the overall emission reduction, R. 
Compliance is demonstrated if the value of R is equal to or greater than 
0.90.

[[Page 228]]

    (ii) The number of days for the performance test (3 to 7) is to be 
based on the affected facility's representative performance consistent 
with the requirements of Sec. 60.8(c). Data demonstrating that the 
chosen test period is representative shall be submitted to the 
Administrator for approval with the notification of anticipated startup 
required under Sec. 60.7(a)(2).
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation subject 
to the standard specified in Sec. 60.742(b)(2) (alternative standard for 
coating operations) shall:
    (1) Demonstrate that a total enclosure is installed. The total 
enclosure shall either be approved by the Administrator in accordance 
with the provisions of Sec. 60.746, or meet the requirements in 
paragraphs (b)(1) (i) through (vi) of this section, as follows:
    (i) The only openings in the enclosure are forced makeup air and 
exhaust ducts and natural draft openings such as those through which raw 
materials enter and exist the coating operation;
    (ii) Total area of all natural draft openings does not exceed 5 
percent of the total surface area of the total enclosure's walls, floor, 
and ceiling;
    (iii) All access doors and windows are closed during normal 
operation of the enclosed coating operation, except for brief, 
occasional openings to accommodate process equipment adjustments. If 
such openings are frequent, or if the access door or window remains open 
for a significant amount of time during the process operation, it must 
be considered a natural draft opening. Access doors used routinely by 
workers to enter and exit the enclosed area shall be equipped with 
automatic closure devices;
    (iv) Average inward face velocity (FV) across all natural draft 
openings is a minimum of 3,600 meters per hour as determined by the 
following procedures:
    (A) Construct all forced makeup air ducts and all exhaust ducts so 
that the volumetric flow rate in each can be accurately determined by 
the test methods and procedures specified in Sec. 60.745 (c) and (d). 
Volumetric flow rates shall be calculated without the adjustment 
normally made for moisture content; and
    (B) Determine FV by Equation 6:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN92.072
    
    (v) The air passing through all natural draft openings flows into 
the enclosure continuously. If FV is less than or equal to 9,000 meters 
per hour, the continuous inward airflow shall be verified by continuous 
observation using smoke tubes, streamers, tracer gases, or other means 
approved by the Administrator over the period that the volumetric flow 
rate tests required to determine FV are carried out. If FV is greater 
than 9,000 meters per hour, the direction of airflow thourgh the natural 
draft openings shall be presumed to be inward at all times without 
verification.
    (vi) All sources of emissions within the enclosure shall be a 
minimum of four equivalent diameters away from each natural draft 
opening.
    (2) Determine the control device efficiency using Equation (1) or 
Equations (3) and (4), as applicable, and the test methods and 
procedures specified in Sec. 60.745 (b) through (g).
    (3) Compliance is demonstrated if the installation of a total 
enclosure is demonstrated and the value of E determined from Equation 
(1) or the value of

[[Page 229]]

Hsys determined from Equations (3) and (4), as applicable, is 
equal to or greater than 0.95.
    (c) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.742(c)(1) (standard for 
coating mix preparation equipment servicing a coating operation with 
concurrent construction of a control device that uses at least 130 Mg 
per year of VOC), each owner or operator of affected coating mix 
preparation equipment shall demonstrate that:
    (1) Covers meeting the following specifications have been installed 
and are being used properly:
    (i) Cover shall be closed at all times except when adding 
ingredients, withdrawing samples, transferring the contents, or making 
visual inspection when such activities cannot be carried out with cover 
in place. Such activities shall be carried out through ports of the 
minimum practical size;
    (ii) Cover shall extend at least 2 centimeters beyond the outer rim 
of the opening or shall be attached to the rim;
    (iii) Cover shall be of such design and construction that contact is 
maintained between cover and rim along the entire perimeter;
    (iv) Any breach in the cover (such as a slit for insertion of a 
mixer shaft or port for addition of ingredients) shall be covered 
consistent with paragraphs (c)(1) (i), (ii), and (iii) of this section 
when not actively in use. An opening sufficient to allow safe clearance 
for a mixer shaft is acceptable during those periods when the shaft is 
in place; and
    (v) A polyehtylene or nonpermanent cover may be used provided it 
meets the requirements of paragraphs (c)(1) (ii), (iii), and (iv) of 
this section. Such a cover shall not be reused after once being removed.
    (2) Procedures detailing the proper use of covers, as specified in 
paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section, have been posted in all areas where 
affected coatings mix preparation equipment is used;
    (3) The coating mix preparation equipment is vented to a control 
device while preparation of the coating is taking place within the 
vessel; and
    (4) The control device efficiency (E or Hsys, as 
applicable) determined using Equation (1) or Equations (3) and (4), 
respectively, and the test methods and procedures specified in 
Sec. 60.745 (b) through (g) is equal to or greater than 0.95.
    (d) To demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.742(c)(2) (standard for 
coating mix preparation equipment servicing a coating operation that 
does not have concurrent construction of a control device but uses at 
least 130 Mg of VOC per year) or Sec. 60.742(c)(3) (standard for coating 
mix preparation equipment servicing a coating operation that uses at 
least 95 Mg but less than 130 Mg of VOC per year), each owner or 
operator of affected coating mix preparation equipment shall demonstrate 
upon inspection that:
    (1) Covers satisfying the specifications in paragraphs (c)(1) (i) 
through (v) of this section have been installed and are being properly 
operated and maintained; and
    (2) Procedures detailing the proper use of covers, as specified in 
paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section, have been posted in all areas where 
affected coating mix preparation equipment is used.
    (3) Owners or operators meeting the standard specified in 
Sec. 60.742 (c)(2)(ii) or (c)(3)(ii) shall also demonstrate that the 
coating mix preparation equipment is vented to a control device.
    (e) If a control device other than a carbon adsorber, condenser, or 
incinerator is used to control emissions from an affected facility, the 
necessary operating specifications for that device must be approved by 
the Administrator. An example of such a device is a flare.



Sec. 60.744  Monitoring requirements.

    (a) Each owner or operator of an affected facility shall install and 
calibrate all monitoring devices required under the provisions of this 
section according to the manufacturer's specifications, prior to the 
initial performance test in locations such that representative values of 
the monitored parameters will be obtained. The parameters to be 
monitored shall be continuously measured and recorded during each 
performance test.
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected facility that uses less 
than 95 Mg of VOC per year and each owner or operator of an affected 
facility subject to

[[Page 230]]

the provisions specified in Sec. 60.742(c)(3) shall:
    (1) Make semiannual estimates of the projected annual amount of VOC 
to be used for the manufacture of polymeric coated substrate at the 
affected coating operation in that year; and
    (2) Maintain records of actual VOC use.
    (c) Each owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
carbon adsorption system and demonstrating compliance by the procedures 
described in Sec. 60.743 (a)(1), (2), (b), or (c) (which include control 
device efficiency determinations) or Sec. 60.743(a)(4) (short-term 
liquid material balance) shall carry out the monitoring provisions of 
paragraph (c)(1) or (2) of this section, as appropriate.
    (1) For carbon adsorption systems with a common exhaust stack for 
all the individual adsorber vessels, install, calibrate, maintain, and 
operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring 
device that continuously indicates and records the concentration level 
of organic compounds in either the control device outlet gas stream or 
in both the control device inlet and outlet gas streams. The outlet gas 
stream shall be monitored if the percent increase in the concentration 
level of organic compounds is used as the basis for reporting, as 
described in Sec. 60.747(d)(1)(i). The inlet and outlet gas streams 
shall be monitored if the percent control device efficiency is used as 
the basis for reporting, as described in Sec. 60.747(d)(2)(i).
    (2) For carbon adsorption systems with individual exhaust stacks for 
each adsorber vessel, install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, 
according to the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring device that 
continuously indicates and records the concentration level of organic 
compounds in the outlet gas stream for a minimum of one complete 
adsorption cycle per day for each adsorber vessel. The owner or operator 
may also monitor and record the concentration level of organic compounds 
in the common carbon adsorption system inlet gas stream or in each 
individual carbon adsorber vessel inlet stream. The outlet gas streams 
shall be monitored if the percent increase in the concentration level of 
organic compounds is used as the basis for reporting, as described in 
Sec. 60.747(d)(1)(ii). In this case, the owner or operator shall compute 
daily a 3-day rolling average concentration level of organics in the 
outlet gas stream from each individual adsorber vessel. The inlet and 
outlet gas streams shall be monitored if the percent control device 
efficiency is used as the basis for reporting, as described in 
Sec. 60.747(d)(2)(ii). In this case, the owner or operator shall compute 
daily a 3-day rolling average efficiency for each individual adsorber 
vessel.
    (d) Each owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
condensation system and demonstrating compliance by the test methods 
described in Sec. 60.743 (a)(1), (2), (b), or (c) (which include control 
device efficiency determinations) or Sec. 60.743(a)(4) (short-term 
liquid material balance) shall install, calibrate, maintain, and 
operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring 
device that continuously indicates and records the temperature of the 
condenser exhaust stream.
    (e) Each owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
thermal incinerator and demonstrating compliance by the test methods 
described in Sec. 60.743 (a)(1), (2), (b), or (c) (which include control 
device efficiency determinations) shall install, calibrate, maintain, 
and operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a 
monitoring device that continuously indicates and records the combustion 
temperature of the incinerator. The monitoring device shall have an 
accuracy within [1 percent of the temperature being measured in Celsius 
degrees.
    (f) Each owner or operator of an affected facility controlled by a 
catalytic incinerator and demonstrating compliance by the test methods 
described in Sec. 60.743 (a)(1), (2), (b), or (c) (which include control 
device efficiency determinations) shall install, calibrate, maintain, 
and operate, according to the manufacturer's specifications, a 
monitoring device that continuously indicates and records the gas 
temperature both upstream and downstream of the catalyst bed. The 
monitoring device shall have an accuracy within [1 percent of the 
temperature being measured in Celsius degrees.

[[Page 231]]

    (g) Each owner or operator of an affected facility who demonstrates 
compliance by the test methods described in Sec. 60.743(a)(1) or (2) 
(which include vapor capture system efficiency determinations) or 
Sec. 60.743(a)(4) (short-term liquid material balance) shall submit a 
monitoring plan for the vapor capture system to the Administrator for 
approval with the notification of anticipated startup required under 
Sec. 60.7(a)(2) of the General Provisions. This plan shall identify the 
parameter to be monitored as an indicator of vapor capture system 
performance (e.g., the amperage to the exhaust fans or duct flow rates) 
and the method for monitoring the chosen parameter. The owner or 
operator shall install, calibrate, maintain, and operate, according to 
the manufacturer's specifications, a monitoring device that continuously 
indicates and records the value of the chosen parameter.
    (h) Each owner or operator of an affected facility who demonstrates 
compliance as described in Sec. 60.743(b) shall follow the procedures 
described in paragraph (g) of this section to establish a monitoring 
system for the total enclosure.
    (i) Each owner or operator of an affected facility shall record time 
periods of mixing or coating operations when the emission control device 
is malfunctioning or not in use.
    (j) Each owner or operator of an affected facility shall record time 
periods of mixing or coating operations when each monitoring device is 
malfunctioning or not in use.
    (k) Records of the measurements and calculations required in 
Secs. 60.743 and 60.744 must be retained for at least 2 years following 
the date of the measurements and calculations.



Sec. 60.745  Test methods and procedures.

    Methods in appendix A of this part, except as provided under 
Sec. 60.8(b), shall be used to determine compliance as follows:
    (a) Method 24 is used to determine the VOC content in coatings. If 
it is demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Administrator that coating 
formulation data are equivalent to Method 24 results, formulation data 
may be used. In the event of any inconsistency between a Method 24 test 
and a facility's formulation data, the Method 24 test will govern. For 
Method 24, the coating sample must be a 1-liter sample collected in a 1-
liter container at a point in the process where the sample will be 
representative of the coating applied to the substrate (i.e., the sample 
shall include any dilution solvent or other VOC added during the 
manufacturing process). The container must be tightly sealed immediately 
after the sample is collected. Any solvent or other VOC added after the 
sample is taken must be measured and accounted for in the calculations 
that use Method 24 results.
    (b) Method 25 shall be used to determine VOC concentrations from 
incinerator gas streams. Alternative Methods (18 or 25A), may be used as 
explained in the applicability section of Method 25 in cases where use 
of Method 25 is demonstrated to be technically infeasible. The owner or 
operator shall submit notice of the intended test method to the 
Administrator for approval along with the notification of the 
performance test required under Sec. 60.8(d) of the General Provisions. 
Except as indicated in paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section, the 
test shall consist of three separate runs, each lasting a minimum of 30 
minutes.
    (1) When the method is to be used in the determination of the 
efficiency of a fixed-bed carbon adsorption system with a common exhaust 
stack for all the individual adsorber vessels pursuant to Sec. 60.743 
(a)(1), (b), or (c), the test shall consist of three separate runs, each 
coinciding with one or more complete system rotations through the 
adsorption cycles of all the individual adsorber vessels.
    (2) When the method is to be used in the determination of the 
efficiency of a fixed-bed carbon adsorption system with individual 
exhaust stacks for each adsorber vessel pursuant to Sec. 60.743 (a)(2), 
(b), or (c), each adsorber vessel shall be tested individually. Each 
test shall consist of three separate runs, each coinciding with one or 
more complete adsorption cycles.
    (c) Method 1 or 1A is used for sample and velocity traverses;
    (d) Method 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D is used for velocity and volumetric flow 
rates;

[[Page 232]]

    (e) Method 3 is used for gas analysis;
    (f) Method 4 is used for stack gas moisture;
    (g) Methods 2, 2A, 2C, or 2D; 3; and 4 shall be performed, as 
applicable, at least twice during each test run.



Sec. 60.746  Permission to use alternative means of emission
limitation.

    (a) If, in the Administrator's judgment, an alternative means of 
emission limitation will achieve a reduction in emissions of VOC from 
any emission point subject to Sec. 60.742(c) at least equivalent to that 
required by Sec. 60.742(b)(2) or Sec. 60.742(c), respectively, the 
Administrator will publish in the Federal Register a notice permitting 
the use of the alternative means. The Administrator may condition 
permission on requirements that may be necessary to ensure operation and 
maintenance to achieve the same emission reduction as specified in 
Sec. 60.742(b)(2) or Sec. 60.742(c), respectively.
    (b) Any notice under paragraph (a) of this section shall be 
published only after public notice and an opportunity for a public 
hearing.
    (c) Any person seeking permission under this section shall submit to 
the Administrator either results from an emission test that accurately 
collects and measures all VOC emissions from a given control device or 
an engineering evaluation that accurately determines such emissions.



Sec. 60.747  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) For each affected facility subject to the requirements of 
Sec. 60.742(b) and (c), the owner or operator shall submit the 
performance test data and results to the Administrator as specified in 
Sec. 60.8(a) of this part. In addition, the average values of the 
monitored parameters measured at least every 15 minutes and averaged 
over the period of the performance test shall be submitted with the 
results of all performance tests.
    (b) Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions specified in Sec. 60.742(c)(3) and claiming to use less than 
130 Mg of VOC in the first year of operation and each owner or operator 
of an affected facility claiming to use less than 95 Mg of VOC in the 
first year of operation shall submit to the Administrator, with the 
notification of anticipated startup required under Sec. 60.7(a)(2) of 
the General Provisions, a material flow chart indicating projected VOC 
use. The owner or operator shall also submit actual VOC use records at 
the end of the initial year.
    (c) Each owner or operator of an affected facility subject to the 
provisions of Sec. 60.742(c)(3) and initially using less than 130 Mg of 
VOC per year and each owner or operator of an affected facility 
initially using less than 95 Mg of VOC per year shall:
    (1) Record semiannual estimates of projected VOC use and actual 12-
month VOC use;
    (2) Report the first semiannual estimate in which projected annual 
VOC use exceeds the applicable cutoff; and
    (3) Report the first 12-month period in which the actual VOC use 
exceeds the applicable cutoff.
    (d) Each owner or operator of an affected facility demonstrating 
compliance by the methods described in Sec. 60.743(a)(1), (2), (4), (b), 
or (c) shall maintain records and submit quarterly reports to the 
Administrator documenting the following:
    (1) For those affected facilities monitoring only the carbon 
adsorption system outlet concentration levels of organic compounds, the 
periods (during actual coating operations) specified in paragraph 
(d)(1)(i) or (ii) of this section, as applicable.
    (i) For carbon adsorption systems with a common exhaust stack for 
all the individual adsorber vessels, all periods of three consecutive 
system rotations through the adsorption cycles of all the individual 
adsorber vessels during which the average value of the concentration 
level of organic compounds in the common outlet gas stream is more than 
20 percent greater than the average value measured during the most 
recent performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (ii) For carbon adsorption systems with individual exhaust stacks 
for each adsorber vessel, all 3-day rolling averages for each adsorber 
vessel when the concentration level of organic compounds in the 
individual outlet gas stream is more than 20 percent greater

[[Page 233]]

than the average value for that adsorber vessel measured during the most 
recent performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (2) For those affected facilities monitoring both the carbon 
adsorption system inlet and outlet concentration levels of organic 
compounds, the periods (during actual coating operations), specified in 
paragraph (d)(2)(i) or (ii) of this section, as applicable.
    (i) For carbon adsorption systems with a common exhaust stack for 
all the individual adsorber vessels, all periods of three consecutive 
adsorption cycles of all the individual adsorber vessels during which 
the average carbon adsorption system efficiency falls below the 
applicable level as follows:
    (A) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance by the 
performance test method described in Sec. 60.743(a)(1), the value of E 
determined using Equation (1) during the most recent performance test 
that demonstrated compliance.
    (B) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance by the 
performance test described in Sec. 60.743(a)(4), the average value of 
the system efficiency measured with the monitor during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (C) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance pursuant 
to Sec. 60.743(b) or (c), 0.95.
    (ii) For carbon adsorption systems with individual exhaust stacks 
for each adsorber vessel, all 3-day rolling averages for each adsorber 
vessel during which the average carbon adsorber vessel efficiency falls 
below the applicable level as follows:
    (A) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance by the 
performance test method described in Sec. 60.743(a)(2), (b), or (c), the 
value of Hv determined using Equation (3) during the most 
recent performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (B) For those affected facilities demonstrating compliance by the 
performance test described in Sec. 60.743(a)(4), the average efficiency 
for that adsorber vessel measured with the monitor during the most 
recent performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (3) For those affected facilities monitoring condenser exhaust gas 
temperature, all 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) 
during which the average exhaust temperature is 5 or more Celsius 
degrees above the average temperature measured during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance;
    (4) For those affected facilities monitoring thermal incinerator 
combustion gas temperature, all 3-hour periods (during actual coating 
operations) during which the average combustion temperature of the 
device is more than 28 Celsius degrees below the average combustion 
temperature of the device during the most recent performance test that 
demonstrated compliance;
    (5) For those affected facilities monitoring catalytic incinerator 
catalyst bed temperature, all 3-hour periods (during actual coating 
operations) during which the average gas temperature immediately before 
the catalyst bed is more than 28 Celsius degrees below the average gas 
temperature during the most recent performance test that demonstrated 
compliance and all 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) 
during which the average gas temperature difference across the catalyst 
bed is less than 80 percent of the average gas temperature difference 
during the most recent performance test that demonstrated compliance;
    (6) For each affected facility monitoring a total enclosure pursuant 
to Sec. 60.744(h) or vapor capture system pursuant to Sec. 60.744(g), 
all 3-hour periods (during actual coating operations) during which the 
average total enclosure or vapor capture system monitor readings vary by 
5 percent or more from the average value measured during the most recent 
performance test that demonstrated compliance.
    (7) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation not 
required to submit reports under paragraphs (d)(1) through (6) of this 
section because no reportable periods have occurred shall submit 
semiannual statements clarifying this fact.
    (e) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation, 
demonstrating compliance by the test methods described in 
Sec. 60.743(a)(3) (liquid-liquid material balance) shall submit the 
following:

[[Page 234]]

    (1) For months of compliance, semiannual reports to the 
Administrator stating that the affected coating operation was in 
compliance for each 1-month period; and
    (2) For months of noncompliance, quarterly reports to the 
Administrator documenting the 1-month amount of VOC contained in the 
coatings, the 1-month amount of VOC recovered, and the percent emission 
reduction for each month.
    (f) Each owner or operator of an affected coating operation, either 
by itself or with associated coating mix preparation equipment, shall 
submit the following with the reports required under paragraphs (d) and 
(e) of this section:
    (1) All periods during actual mixing or coating operations when a 
required monitoring device (if any) was malfunctioning or not operating; 
and
    (2) All periods during actual mixing or coating operations when the 
control device was malfunctioning or not operating.
    (g) The reports required under paragraphs (b), (c), (d), and (e) of 
this section shall be postmarked within 30 days of the end of the 
reporting period.
    (h) Records required in Sec. 60.747 must be retained for at least 2 
years.
    (i) The requirements of this section remain in force until and 
unless EPA, in delegating enforcement authority to a State under section 
111(c) of the Act, approves reporting requirements or an alternative 
means of compliance surveillance adopted by such States. In this event, 
affected sources within the State will be relieved of the obligation to 
comply with this subsection, provided that they comply with the 
requirements established by the State.



Sec. 60.748  Delegation of authority.

    (a) In delegating implementation and enforcement authority to a 
State under section 111(c) of the Act, the authorities contained in 
paragraph (b) of this section shall be retained by the Administrator and 
not transferred to a State.
    (b) Authorities that will not be delegated to States: 
Secs. 60.743(a)(3)(v) (A) and (B); 60.743(e); 60.745(a); 60.746.



Subpart WWW_Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills

    Source: 61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, unless otherwise noted.



Sec. 60.750  Applicability, designation of affected facility,
and delegation of authority.

    (a) The provisions of this subpart apply to each municipal solid 
waste landfill that commenced construction, reconstruction or 
modification on or after May 30, 1991. Physical or operational changes 
made to an existing MSW landfill solely to comply with subpart Cc of 
this part are not considered construction, reconstruction, or 
modification for the purposes of this section.
    (b) The following authorities shall be retained by the Administrator 
and not transferred to the State: Sec. 60.754(a)(5).
    (c) Activities required by or conducted pursuant to a CERCLA, RCRA, 
or State remedial action are not considered construction, 
reconstruction, or modification for purposes of this subpart.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32750, June 16, 1998]



Sec. 60.751  Definitions.

    As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the 
meaning given them in the Act or in subpart A of this part.
    Active collection system means a gas collection system that uses gas 
mover equipment.
    Active landfill means a landfill in which solid waste is being 
placed or a landfill that is planned to accept waste in the future.
    Closed landfill means a landfill in which solid waste is no longer 
being placed, and in which no additional solid wastes will be placed 
without first filing a notification of modification as prescribed under 
Sec. 60.7(a)(4). Once a notification of modification has been filed, and 
additional solid waste is placed in the landfill, the landfill is no 
longer closed.
    Closure means that point in time when a landfill becomes a closed 
landfill.

[[Page 235]]

    Commercial solid waste means all types of solid waste generated by 
stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses, and other nonmanufacturing 
activities, excluding residential and industrial wastes.
    Controlled landfill means any landfill at which collection and 
control systems are required under this subpart as a result of the 
nonmethane organic compounds emission rate. The landfill is considered 
controlled at the time a collection and control system design plan is 
submitted in compliance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i).
    Design capacity means the maximum amount of solid waste a landfill 
can accept, as indicated in terms of volume or mass in the most recent 
permit issued by the State, local, or Tribal agency responsible for 
regulating the landfill, plus any in-place waste not accounted for in 
the most recent permit. If the owner or operator chooses to convert the 
design capacity from volume to mass or from mass to volume to 
demonstrate its design capacity is less than 2.5 million megagrams or 
2.5 million cubic meters, the calculation must include a site specific 
density, which must be recalculated annually.
    Disposal facility means all contiguous land and structures, other 
appurtenances, and improvements on the land used for the disposal of 
solid waste.
    Emission rate cutoff means the threshold annual emission rate to 
which a landfill compares its estimated emission rate to determine if 
control under the regulation is required.
    Enclosed combustor means an enclosed firebox which maintains a 
relatively constant limited peak temperature generally using a limited 
supply of combustion air. An enclosed flare is considered an enclosed 
combustor.
    Flare means an open combustor without enclosure or shroud.
    Gas mover equipment means the equipment (i.e., fan, blower, 
compressor) used to transport landfill gas through the header system.
    Household waste means any solid waste (including garbage, trash, and 
sanitary waste in septic tanks) derived from households (including, but 
not limited to, single and multiple residences, hotels and motels, 
bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds, 
and day-use recreation areas).
    Industrial solid waste means solid waste generated by manufacturing 
or industrial processes that is not a hazardous waste regulated under 
Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, parts 264 and 
265 of this title. Such waste may include, but is not limited to, waste 
resulting from the following manufacturing processes: electric power 
generation; fertilizer/agricultural chemicals; food and related 
products/by-products; inorganic chemicals; iron and steel manufacturing; 
leather and leather products; nonferrous metals manufacturing/foundries; 
organic chemicals; plastics and resins manufacturing; pulp and paper 
industry; rubber and miscellaneous plastic products; stone, glass, clay, 
and concrete products; textile manufacturing; transportation equipment; 
and water treatment. This term does not include mining waste or oil and 
gas waste.
    Interior well means any well or similar collection component located 
inside the perimeter of the landfill waste. A perimeter well located 
outside the landfilled waste is not an interior well.
    Landfill means an area of land or an excavation in which wastes are 
placed for permanent disposal, and that is not a land application unit, 
surface impoundment, injection well, or waste pile as those terms are 
defined under Sec. 257.2 of this title.
    Lateral expansion means a horizontal expansion of the waste 
boundaries of an existing MSW landfill. A lateral expansion is not a 
modification unless it results in an increase in the design capacity of 
the landfill.
    Modification means an increase in the permitted volume design 
capacity of the landfill by either horizontal or vertical expansion 
based on its permitted design capacity as of May 30, 1991. Modification 
does not occur until the owner or operator commences construction on the 
horizontal or vertical expansion.
    Municipal solid waste landfill or MSW landfill means an entire 
disposal facility in a contiguous geographical space where household 
waste is placed in or

[[Page 236]]

on land. An MSW landfill may also receive other types of RCRA Subtitle D 
wastes (Sec. 257.2 of this title) such as commercial solid waste, 
nonhazardous sludge, conditionally exempt small quantity generator 
waste, and industrial solid waste. Portions of an MSW landfill may be 
separated by access roads. An MSW landfill may be publicly or privately 
owned. An MSW landfill may be a new MSW landfill, an existing MSW 
landfill, or a lateral expansion.
    Municipal solid waste landfill emissions or MSW landfill emissions 
means gas generated by the decomposition of organic waste deposited in 
an MSW landfill or derived from the evolution of organic compounds in 
the waste.
    NMOC means nonmethane organic compounds, as measured according to 
the provisions of Sec. 60.754.
    Nondegradable waste means any waste that does not decompose through 
chemical breakdown or microbiological activity. Examples are, but are 
not limited to, concrete, municipal waste combustor ash, and metals.
    Passive collection system means a gas collection system that solely 
uses positive pressure within the landfill to move the gas rather than 
using gas mover equipment.
    Sludge means any solid, semisolid, or liquid waste generated from a 
municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water 
supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility, exclusive of 
the treated effluent from a wastewater treatment plant.
    Solid waste means any garbage, sludge from a wastewater treatment 
plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility 
and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or 
contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, 
mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but 
does not include solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or 
solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial 
discharges that are point sources subject to permits under 33 U.S.C. 
1342, or source, special nuclear, or by-product material as defined by 
the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C 2011 et seq.).
    Sufficient density means any number, spacing, and combination of 
collection system components, including vertical wells, horizontal 
collectors, and surface collectors, necessary to maintain emission and 
migration control as determined by measures of performance set forth in 
this part.
    Sufficient extraction rate means a rate sufficient to maintain a 
negative pressure at all wellheads in the collection system without 
causing air infiltration, including any wellheads connected to the 
system as a result of expansion or excess surface emissions, for the 
life of the blower.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32750, June 16, 1998; 64 
FR 9262, Feb. 24, 1999]



Sec. 60.752  Standards for air emissions from municipal solid waste 
landfills.

    (a) Each owner or operator of an MSW landfill having a design 
capacity less than 2.5 million megagrams by mass or 2.5 million cubic 
meters by volume shall submit an initial design capacity report to the 
Administrator as provided in Sec. 60.757(a). The landfill may calculate 
design capacity in either megagrams or cubic meters for comparison with 
the exemption values. Any density conversions shall be documented and 
submitted with the report. Submittal of the initial design capacity 
report shall fulfill the requirements of this subpart except as provided 
for in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section.
    (1) The owner or operator shall submit to the Administrator an 
amended design capacity report, as provided for in Sec. 60.757(a)(3).
    (2) When an increase in the maximum design capacity of a landfill 
exempted from the provisions of Sec. 60.752(b) through Sec. 60.759 of 
this subpart on the basis of the design capacity exemption in paragraph 
(a) of this section results in a revised maximum design capacity equal 
to or greater than 2.5 million megagrams and 2.5 million cubic meters, 
the owner or operator shall comply with the provision of paragraph (b) 
of this section.

[[Page 237]]

    (b) Each owner or operator of an MSW landfill having a design 
capacity equal to or greater than 2.5 million megagrams and 2.5 million 
cubic meters, shall either comply with paragraph (b)(2) of this section 
or calculate an NMOC emission rate for the landfill using the procedures 
specified in Sec. 60.754. The NMOC emission rate shall be recalculated 
annually, except as provided in Sec. 60.757(b)(1)(ii) of this subpart. 
The owner or operator of an MSW landfill subject to this subpart with a 
design capacity greater than or equal to 2.5 million megagrams and 2.5 
million cubic meters is subject to part 70 or 71 permitting 
requirements.
    (1) If the calculated NMOC emission rate is less than 50 megagrams 
per year, the owner or operator shall:
    (i) Submit an annual emission report to the Administrator, except as 
provided for in Sec. 60.757(b)(1)(ii); and
    (ii) Recalculate the NMOC emission rate annually using the 
procedures specified in Sec. 60.754(a)(1) until such time as the 
calculated NMOC emission rate is equal to or greater than 50 megagrams 
per year, or the landfill is closed.
    (A) If the NMOC emission rate, upon recalculation required in 
paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section, is equal to or greater than 50 
megagrams per year, the owner or operator shall install a collection and 
control system in compliance with paragraph (b)(2) of this section.
    (B) If the landfill is permanently closed, a closure notification 
shall be submitted to the Administrator as provided for in 
Sec. 60.757(d).
    (2) If the calculated NMOC emission rate is equal to or greater than 
50 megagrams per year, the owner or operator shall:
    (i) Submit a collection and control system design plan prepared by a 
professional engineer to the Administrator within 1 year:
    (A) The collection and control system as described in the plan shall 
meet the design requirements of paragraph (b)(2)(ii) of this section.
    (B) The collection and control system design plan shall include any 
alternatives to the operational standards, test methods, procedures, 
compliance measures, monitoring, recordkeeping or reporting provisions 
of Secs. 60.753 through 60.758 proposed by the owner or operator.
    (C) The collection and control system design plan shall either 
conform with specifications for active collection systems in Sec. 60.759 
or include a demonstration to the Administrator's satisfaction of the 
sufficiency of the alternative provisions to Sec. 60.759.
    (D) The Administrator shall review the information submitted under 
paragraphs (b)(2)(i) (A),(B) and (C) of this section and either approve 
it, disapprove it, or request that additional information be submitted. 
Because of the many site-specific factors involved with landfill gas 
system design, alternative systems may be necessary. A wide variety of 
system designs are possible, such as vertical wells, combination 
horizontal and vertical collection systems, or horizontal trenches only, 
leachate collection components, and passive systems.
    (ii) Install a collection and control system that captures the gas 
generated within the landfill as required by paragraphs (b)(2)(ii)(A) or 
(B) and (b)(2)(iii) of this section within 30 months after the first 
annual report in which the emission rate equals or exceeds 50 megagrams 
per year, unless Tier 2 or Tier 3 sampling demonstrates that the 
emission rate is less than 50 megagrams per year, as specified in 
Sec. 60.757(c)(1) or (2).
    (A) An active collection system shall:
    (1) Be designed to handle the maximum expected gas flow rate from 
the entire area of the landfill that warrants control over the intended 
use period of the gas control or treatment system equipment;
    (2) Collect gas from each area, cell, or group of cells in the 
landfill in which the initial solid waste has been placed for a period 
of:
    (i) 5 years or more if active; or
    (ii) 2 years or more if closed or at final grade.
    (3) Collect gas at a sufficient extraction rate;
    (4) Be designed to minimize off-site migration of subsurface gas.
    (B) A passive collection system shall:
    (1) Comply with the provisions specified in paragraphs 
(b)(2)(ii)(A)(1), (2), and (2)(ii)(A)(4) of this section.

[[Page 238]]

    (2) Be installed with liners on the bottom and all sides in all 
areas in which gas is to be collected. The liners shall be installed as 
required under Sec. 258.40.
    (iii) Route all the collected gas to a control system that complies 
with the requirements in either paragraph (b)(2)(iii) (A), (B) or (C) of 
this section.
    (A) An open flare designed and operated in accordance with 
Sec. 60.18 except as noted in Sec. 60.754(e);
    (B) A control system designed and operated to reduce NMOC by 98 
weight-percent, or, when an enclosed combustion device is used for 
control, to either reduce NMOC by 98 weight percent or reduce the outlet 
NMOC concentration to less than 20 parts per million by volume, dry 
basis as hexane at 3 percent oxygen. The reduction efficiency or parts 
per million by volume shall be established by an initial performance 
test to be completed no later than 180 days after the initial startup of 
the approved control system using the test methods specified in 
Sec. 60.754(d).
    (1) If a boiler or process heater is used as the control device, the 
landfill gas stream shall be introduced into the flame zone.
    (2) The control device shall be operated within the parameter ranges 
established during the initial or most recent performance test. The 
operating parameters to be monitored are specified in Sec. 60.756;
    (C) Route the collected gas to a treatment system that processes the 
collected gas for subsequent sale or use. All emissions from any 
atmospheric vent from the gas treatment system shall be subject to the 
requirements of paragraph (b)(2)(iii) (A) or (B) of this section.
    (iv) Operate the collection and control device installed to comply 
with this subpart in accordance with the provisions of Secs. 60.753, 
60.755 and 60.756.
    (v) The collection and control system may be capped or removed 
provided that all the conditions of paragraphs (b)(2)(v) (A), (B), and 
(C) of this section are met:
    (A) The landfill shall be a closed landfill as defined in 
Sec. 60.751 of this subpart. A closure report shall be submitted to the 
Administrator as provided in Sec. 60.757(d);
    (B) The collection and control system shall have been in operation a 
minimum of 15 years; and
    (C) Following the procedures specified in Sec. 60.754(b) of this 
subpart, the calculated NMOC gas produced by the landfill shall be less 
than 50 megagrams per year on three successive test dates. The test 
dates shall be no less than 90 days apart, and no more than 180 days 
apart.
    (c) For purposes of obtaining an operating permit under title V of 
the Act, the owner or operator of a MSW landfill subject to this subpart 
with a design capacity less than 2.5 million megagrams or 2.5 million 
cubic meters is not subject to the requirement to obtain an operating 
permit for the landfill under part 70 or 71 of this chapter, unless the 
landfill is otherwise subject to either part 70 or 71. For purposes of 
submitting a timely application for an operating permit under part 70 or 
71, the owner or operator of a MSW landfill subject to this subpart with 
a design capacity greater than or equal to 2.5 million megagrams and 2.5 
million cubic meters, and not otherwise subject to either part 70 or 71, 
becomes subject to the requirements of Secs. 70.5(a)(1)(i) or 
71.5(a)(1)(i) of this chapter, regardless of when the design capacity 
report is actually submitted, no later than:
    (1) June 10, 1996 for MSW landfills that commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction on or after May 30, 1991 but before 
March 12, 1996;
    (2) Ninety days after the date of commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction for MSW landfills that commence 
construction, modification, or reconstruction on or after March 12, 
1996.
    (d) When a MSW landfill subject to this subpart is closed, the owner 
or operator is no longer subject to the requirement to maintain an 
operating permit under part 70 or 71 of this chapter for the landfill if 
the landfill is not otherwise subject to the requirements of either part 
70 or 71 and if either of the following conditions are met:
    (1) The landfill was never subject to the requirement for a control 
system under paragraph (b)(2) of this section; or

[[Page 239]]

    (2) The owner or operator meets the conditions for control system 
removal specified in paragraph (b)(2)(v) of this section.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32751, June 16, 1998; 65 
FR 18908, Apr. 10, 2000; 71 FR 55127, Sept. 21, 2006]



Sec. 60.753  Operational standards for collection and control systems.

    Each owner or operator of an MSW landfill with a gas collection and 
control system used to comply with the provisions of 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii) of this subpart shall:
    (a) Operate the collection system such that gas is collected from 
each area, cell, or group of cells in the MSW landfill in which solid 
waste has been in place for:
    (1) 5 years or more if active; or
    (2) 2 years or more if closed or at final grade;
    (b) Operate the collection system with negative pressure at each 
wellhead except under the following conditions:
    (1) A fire or increased well temperature. The owner or operator 
shall record instances when positive pressure occurs in efforts to avoid 
a fire. These records shall be submitted with the annual reports as 
provided in Sec. 60.757(f)(1);
    (2) Use of a geomembrane or synthetic cover. The owner or operator 
shall develop acceptable pressure limits in the design plan;
    (3) A decommissioned well. A well may experience a static positive 
pressure after shut down to accommodate for declining flows. All design 
changes shall be approved by the Administrator;
    (c) Operate each interior wellhead in the collection system with a 
landfill gas temperature less than 55  deg.C and with either a nitrogen 
level less than 20 percent or an oxygen level less than 5 percent. The 
owner or operator may establish a higher operating temperature, 
nitrogen, or oxygen value at a particular well. A higher operating value 
demonstration shall show supporting data that the elevated parameter 
does not cause fires or significantly inhibit anaerobic decomposition by 
killing methanogens.
    (1) The nitrogen level shall be determined using Method 3C, unless 
an alternative test method is established as allowed by 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i) of this subpart.
    (2) Unless an alternative test method is established as allowed by 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i) of this subpart, the oxygen shall be determined by 
an oxygen meter using Method 3A or 3C except that:
    (i) The span shall be set so that the regulatory limit is between 20 
and 50 percent of the span;
    (ii) A data recorder is not required;
    (iii) Only two calibration gases are required, a zero and span, and 
ambient air may be used as the span;
    (iv) A calibration error check is not required;
    (v) The allowable sample bias, zero drift, and calibration drift are 
[10 percent.
    (d) Operate the collection system so that the methane concentration 
is less than 500 parts per million above background at the surface of 
the landfill. To determine if this level is exceeded, the owner or 
operator shall conduct surface testing around the perimeter of the 
collection area and along a pattern that traverses the landfill at 30 
meter intervals and where visual observations indicate elevated 
concentrations of landfill gas, such as distressed vegetation and cracks 
or seeps in the cover. The owner or operator may establish an 
alternative traversing pattern that ensures equivalent coverage. A 
surface monitoring design plan shall be developed that includes a 
topographical map with the monitoring route and the rationale for any 
site-specific deviations from the 30 meter intervals. Areas with steep 
slopes or other dangerous areas may be excluded from the surface 
testing.
    (e) Operate the system such that all collected gases are vented to a 
control system designed and operated in compliance with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii). In the event the collection or control system is 
inoperable, the gas mover system shall be shut down and all valves in 
the collection and control system contributing to venting of the gas to 
the atmosphere shall be closed within 1 hour; and
    (f) Operate the control or treatment system at all times when the 
collected gas is routed to the system.

[[Page 240]]

    (g) If monitoring demonstrates that the operational requirements in 
paragraphs (b), (c), or (d) of this section are not met, corrective 
action shall be taken as specified in Sec. 60.755(a)(3) through (5) or 
Sec. 60.755(c) of this subpart. If corrective actions are taken as 
specified in Sec. 60.755, the monitored exceedance is not a violation of 
the operational requirements in this section.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32751, June 16, 1998; 65 
FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000]



Sec. 60.754  Test methods and procedures.

    (a)(1) The landfill owner or operator shall calculate the NMOC 
emission rate using either the equation provided in paragraph (a)(1)(i) 
of this section or the equation provided in paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this 
section. Both equations may be used if the actual year-to-year solid 
waste acceptance rate is known, as specified in paragraph (a)(1)(i), for 
part of the life of the landfill and the actual year-to-year solid waste 
acceptance rate is unknown, as specified in paragraph (a)(1)(ii), for 
part of the life of the landfill. The values to be used in both 
equations are 0.05 per year for k, 170 cubic meters per megagram for 
LO, and 4,000 parts per million by volume as hexane for the 
CNMOC. For landfills located in geographical areas with a 
thirty year annual average precipitation of less than 25 inches, as 
measured at the nearest representative official meteorologic site, the k 
value to be used is 0.02 per year.
    (i) The following equation shall be used if the actual year-to-year 
solid waste acceptance rate is known.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR12MR96.025

where,

MNMOC = Total NMOC emission rate from the landfill, megagrams 
          per year
k = methane generation rate constant, year-1
Lo = methane generation potential, cubic meters per megagram 
          solid waste
Mi = mass of solid waste in the ith section, 
          megagrams
ti = age of the ith section, years
CNMOC = concentration of NMOC, parts per million by volume as 
          hexane
3.6  x  10-9 = conversion factor

    The mass of nondegradable solid waste may be subtracted from the 
total mass of solid waste in a particular section of the landfill when 
calculating the value for Mi if documentation of the nature 
and amount of such wastes is maintained

    (ii) The following equation shall be used if the actual year-to-year 
solid waste acceptance rate is unknown.

MNMOC = 2Lo R (e-kc-e-kt) 
CNMOC (3.6  x  10-9)

Where:

MNMOC = mass emission rate of NMOC, megagrams per year
Lo = methane generation potential, cubic meters per megagram 
          solid waste
R = average annual acceptance rate, megagrams per year
k = methane generation rate constant, year-1
t = age of landfill, years
CNMOC = concentration of NMOC, parts per million by volume as 
          hexane
c = time since closure, years; for active landfill c = O and 
          e-kc1
3.6  x  10-9 = conversion factor

    The mass of nondegradable solid waste may be subtracted from the 
total mass of solid waste in a particular section of the landfill when 
calculating the value of R, if documentation of the nature and amount of 
such wastes is maintained.
    (2) Tier 1. The owner or operator shall compare the calculated NMOC 
mass emission rate to the standard of 50 megagrams per year.
    (i) If the NMOC emission rate calculated in paragraph (a)(1) of this 
section is less than 50 megagrams per year, then the landfill owner 
shall submit an emission rate report as provided in Sec. 60.757(b)(1), 
and shall recalculate the NMOC mass emission rate annually as required 
under Sec. 60.752(b)(1).
    (ii) If the calculated NMOC emission rate is equal to or greater 
than 50 megagrams per year, then the landfill

[[Page 241]]

owner shall either comply with Sec. 60.752(b)(2), or determine a site-
specific NMOC concentration and recalculate the NMOC emission rate using 
the procedures provided in paragraph (a)(3) of this section.
    (3) Tier 2. The landfill owner or operator shall determine the NMOC 
concentration using the following sampling procedure. The landfill owner 
or operator shall install at least two sample probes per hectare of 
landfill surface that has retained waste for at least 2 years. If the 
landfill is larger than 25 hectares in area, only 50 samples are 
required. The sample probes should be located to avoid known areas of 
nondegradable solid waste. The owner or operator shall collect and 
analyze one sample of landfill gas from each probe to determine the NMOC 
concentration using Method 25 or 25C of appendix A of this part. Method 
18 of appendix A of this part may be used to analyze the samples 
collected by the Method 25 or 25C sampling procedure. Taking composite 
samples from different probes into a single cylinder is allowed; 
however, equal sample volumes must be taken from each probe. For each 
composite, the sampling rate, collection times, beginning and ending 
cylinder vacuums, or alternative volume measurements must be recorded to 
verify that composite volumes are equal. Composite sample volumes should 
not be less than one liter unless evidence can be provided to 
substantiate the accuracy of smaller volumes. Terminate compositing 
before the cylinder approaches ambient pressure where measurement 
accuracy diminishes. If using Method 18, the owner or operator must 
identify all compounds in the sample and, as a minimum, test for those 
compounds published in the most recent Compilation of Air Pollutant 
Emission Factors (AP-42), minus carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and 
mercury. As a minimum, the instrument must be calibrated for each of the 
compounds on the list. Convert the concentration of each Method 18 
compound to CNMOC as hexane by multiplying by the ratio of 
its carbon atoms divided by six. If more than the required number of 
samples are taken, all samples must be used in the analysis. The 
landfill owner or operator must divide the NMOC concentration from 
Method 25 or 25C of appendix A of this part by six to convert from 
CNMOC as carbon to CNMOC as hexane. If the 
landfill has an active or passive gas removal system in place, Method 25 
or 25C samples may be collected from these systems instead of surface 
probes provided the removal system can be shown to provide sampling as 
representative as the two sampling probe per hectare requirement. For 
active collection systems, samples may be collected from the common 
header pipe before the gas moving or condensate removal equipment. For 
these systems, a minimum of three samples must be collected from the 
header pipe.
    (i) The landfill owner or operator shall recalculate the NMOC mass 
emission rate using the equations provided in paragraph (a)(1)(i) or 
(a)(1)(ii) of this section and using the average NMOC concentration from 
the collected samples instead of the default value in the equation 
provided in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
    (ii) If the resulting mass emission rate calculated using the site-
specific NMOC concentration is equal to or greater than 50 megagrams per 
year, then the landfill owner or operator shall either comply with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2), or determine the site-specific methane generation 
rate constant and recalculate the NMOC emission rate using the site-
specific methane generation rate using the procedure specified in 
paragraph (a)(4) of this section.
    (iii) If the resulting NMOC mass emission rate is less than 50 
megagrams per year, the owner or operator shall submit a periodic 
estimate of the emission rate report as provided in Sec. 60.757(b)(1) 
and retest the site-specific NMOC concentration every 5 years using the 
methods specified in this section.
    (4) Tier 3. The site-specific methane generation rate constant shall 
be determined using the procedures provided in Method 2E of appendix A 
of this part. The landfill owner or operator shall estimate the NMOC 
mass emission rate using equations in paragraph (a)(1)(i) or (a)(1)(ii) 
of this section and

[[Page 242]]

using a site-specific methane generation rate constant k, and the site-
specific NMOC concentration as determined in paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section instead of the default values provided in paragraph (a)(1) of 
this section. The landfill owner or operator shall compare the resulting 
NMOC mass emission rate to the standard of 50 megagrams per year.
    (i) If the NMOC mass emission rate as calculated using the site-
specific methane generation rate and concentration of NMOC is equal to 
or greater than 50 megagrams per year, the owner or operator shall 
comply with Sec. 60.752(b)(2).
    (ii) If the NMOC mass emission rate is less than 50 megagrams per 
year, then the owner or operator shall submit a periodic emission rate 
report as provided in Sec. 60.757(b)(1) and shall recalculate the NMOC 
mass emission rate annually, as provided in Sec. 60.757(b)(1) using the 
equations in paragraph (a)(1) of this section and using the site-
specific methane generation rate constant and NMOC concentration 
obtained in paragraph (a)(3) of this section. The calculation of the 
methane generation rate constant is performed only once, and the value 
obtained from this test shall be used in all subsequent annual NMOC 
emission rate calculations.
    (5) The owner or operator may use other methods to determine the 
NMOC concentration or a site-specific k as an alternative to the methods 
required in paragraphs (a)(3) and (a)(4) of this section if the method 
has been approved by the Administrator.
    (b) After the installation of a collection and control system in 
compliance with Sec. 60.755, the owner or operator shall calculate the 
NMOC emission rate for purposes of determining when the system can be 
removed as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(v), using the following 
equation:

MNMOC = 1.89  x  10-3 QLFG 
CNMOC

where,

MNMOC = mass emission rate of NMOC, megagrams per year
QLFG = flow rate of landfill gas, cubic meters per minute
CNMOC = NMOC concentration, parts per million by volume as 
          hexane

    (1) The flow rate of landfill gas, QLFG, shall be 
determined by measuring the total landfill gas flow rate at the common 
header pipe that leads to the control device using a gas flow measuring 
device calibrated according to the provisions of section 4 of Method 2E 
of appendix A of this part.
    (2) The average NMOC concentration, CNMOC, shall be 
determined by collecting and analyzing landfill gas sampled from the 
common header pipe before the gas moving or condensate removal equipment 
using the procedures in Method 25C or Method 18 of appendix A of this 
part. If using Method 18 of appendix A of this part, the minimum list of 
compounds to be tested shall be those published in the most recent 
Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors (AP-42). The sample 
location on the common header pipe shall be before any condensate 
removal or other gas refining units. The landfill owner or operator 
shall divide the NMOC concentration from Method 25C of appendix A of 
this part by six to convert from CNMOC as carbon to 
CNMOC as hexane.
    (3) The owner or operator may use another method to determine 
landfill gas flow rate and NMOC concentration if the method has been 
approved by the Administrator.
    (c) When calculating emissions for PSD purposes, the owner or 
operator of each MSW landfill subject to the provisions of this subpart 
shall estimate the NMOC emission rate for comparison to the PSD major 
source and significance levels in Secs. 51.166 or 52.21 of this chapter 
using AP-42 or other approved measurement procedures.
    (d) For the performance test required in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii)(B), 
Method 25, 25C, or Method 18 of appendix A of this part must be used to 
determine compliance with the 98 weight-percent efficiency or the 20 
ppmv outlet concentration level, unless another method to demonstrate 
compliance has been approved by the Administrator as provided by 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B). Method 3 or 3A shall be used to determine 
oxygen for correcting the NMOC concentration as hexane to 3 percent. In 
cases where the outlet concentration is less than 50 ppm NMOC as carbon 
(8 ppm NMOC as hexane), Method 25A should be used in place of Method 25. 
If using Method 18

[[Page 243]]

of appendix A of this part, the minimum list of compounds to be tested 
shall be those published in the most recent Compilation of Air Pollutant 
Emission Factors (AP-42). The following equation shall be used to 
calculate efficiency:

Control Efficiency = (NMOCin - NMOCout)/
(NMOCin)

where,

NMOCin = mass of NMOC entering control device
NMOCout = mass of NMOC exiting control device
    (e) For the performance test required in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii)(A), 
the net heating value of the combusted landfill gas as determined in 
Sec. 60.18(f)(3) is calculated from the concentration of methane in the 
landfill gas as measured by Method 3C. A minimum of three 30-minute 
Method 3C samples are determined. The measurement of other organic 
components, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide is not applicable. Method 3C 
may be used to determine the landfill gas molecular weight for 
calculating the flare gas exit velocity under Sec. 60.18(f)(4).

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32751, June 16, 1998; 65 
FR 18908, Apr. 10, 2000; 65 FR 61778, Oct. 17, 2000; 71 FR 55127, Sept. 
21, 2006]



Sec. 60.755  Compliance provisions.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B), the specified 
methods in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(6) of this section shall be 
used to determine whether the gas collection system is in compliance 
with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii).
    (1) For the purposes of calculating the maximum expected gas 
generation flow rate from the landfill to determine compliance with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii)(A)(1), one of the following equations shall be 
used. The k and Lo kinetic factors should be those published 
in the most recent Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors (AP-42) 
or other site specific values demonstrated to be appropriate and 
approved by the Administrator. If k has been determined as specified in 
Sec. 60.754(a)(4), the value of k determined from the test shall be 
used. A value of no more than 15 years shall be used for the intended 
use period of the gas mover equipment. The active life of the landfill 
is the age of the landfill plus the estimated number of years until 
closure.
    (i) For sites with unknown year-to-year solid waste acceptance rate:

Qm = 2Lo R (e-kc - e-kt)

where,

Qm = maximum expected gas generation flow rate, cubic meters 
          per year
Lo = methane generation potential, cubic meters per megagram 
          solid waste
R = average annual acceptance rate, megagrams per year
k = methane generation rate constant, year-1
t = age of the landfill at equipment installation plus the time the 
          owner or operator intends to use the gas mover equipment or 
          active life of the landfill, whichever is less. If the 
          equipment is installed after closure, t is the age of the 
          landfill at installation, years
c = time since closure, years (for an active landfill c = O and 
          e-kc = 1)

    (ii) For sites with known year-to-year solid waste acceptance rate:
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR12MR96.026
    
where,

QM = maximum expected gas generation flow rate, cubic meters 
          per year
k = methane generation rate constant, year-1
Lo = methane generation potential, cubic meters per megagram 
          solid waste
Mi = mass of solid waste in the ith section, 
          megagrams
ti = age of the ith section, years

    (iii) If a collection and control system has been installed, actual 
flow data may be used to project the maximum expected gas generation 
flow rate instead of, or in conjunction with, the equations in 
paragraphs (a)(1) (i) and (ii) of this section. If the landfill is still 
accepting waste, the actual measured flow data will not equal the 
maximum expected gas generation rate, so calculations using the 
equations in paragraphs (a)(1) (i) or (ii) or other methods shall be 
used to predict the maximum expected gas generation rate over the 
intended period of use of the gas control system equipment.
    (2) For the purposes of determining sufficient density of gas 
collectors for

[[Page 244]]

compliance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii)(A)(2), the owner or operator shall 
design a system of vertical wells, horizontal collectors, or other 
collection devices, satisfactory to the Administrator, capable of 
controlling and extracting gas from all portions of the landfill 
sufficient to meet all operational and performance standards.
    (3) For the purpose of demonstrating whether the gas collection 
system flow rate is sufficient to determine compliance with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii)(A)(3), the owner or operator shall measure gauge 
pressure in the gas collection header at each individual well, monthly. 
If a positive pressure exists, action shall be initiated to correct the 
exceedance within 5 calendar days, except for the three conditions 
allowed under Sec. 60.753(b). If negative pressure cannot be achieved 
without excess air infiltration within 15 calendar days of the first 
measurement, the gas collection system shall be expanded to correct the 
exceedance within 120 days of the initial measurement of positive 
pressure. Any attempted corrective measure shall not cause exceedances 
of other operational or performance standards. An alternative timeline 
for correcting the exceedance may be submitted to the Administrator for 
approval.
    (4) Owners or operators are not required to expand the system as 
required in paragraph (a)(3) of this section during the first 180 days 
after gas collection system startup.
    (5) For the purpose of identifying whether excess air infiltration 
into the landfill is occurring, the owner or operator shall monitor each 
well monthly for temperature and nitrogen or oxygen as provided in 
Sec. 60.753(c). If a well exceeds one of these operating parameters, 
action shall be initiated to correct the exceedance within 5 calendar 
days. If correction of the exceedance cannot be achieved within 15 
calendar days of the first measurement, the gas collection system shall 
be expanded to correct the exceedance within 120 days of the initial 
exceedance. Any attempted corrective measure shall not cause exceedances 
of other operational or performance standards. An alternative timeline 
for correcting the exceedance may be submitted to the Administrator for 
approval.
    (6) An owner or operator seeking to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii)(A)(4) through the use of a collection system not 
conforming to the specifications provided in Sec. 60.759 shall provide 
information satisfactory to the Administrator as specified in 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(C) demonstrating that off-site migration is being 
controlled.
    (b) For purposes of compliance with Sec. 60.753(a), each owner or 
operator of a controlled landfill shall place each well or design 
component as specified in the approved design plan as provided in 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i). Each well shall be installed no later than 60 days 
after the date on which the initial solid waste has been in place for a 
period of:
    (1) 5 years or more if active; or
    (2) 2 years or more if closed or at final grade.
    (c) The following procedures shall be used for compliance with the 
surface methane operational standard as provided in Sec. 60.753(d).
    (1) After installation of the collection system, the owner or 
operator shall monitor surface concentrations of methane along the 
entire perimeter of the collection area and along a pattern that 
traverses the landfill at 30 meter intervals (or a site-specific 
established spacing) for each collection area on a quarterly basis using 
an organic vapor analyzer, flame ionization detector, or other portable 
monitor meeting the specifications provided in paragraph (d) of this 
section.
    (2) The background concentration shall be determined by moving the 
probe inlet upwind and downwind outside the boundary of the landfill at 
a distance of at least 30 meters from the perimeter wells.
    (3) Surface emission monitoring shall be performed in accordance 
with section 4.3.1 of Method 21 of appendix A of this part, except that 
the probe inlet shall be placed within 5 to 10 centimeters of the 
ground. Monitoring shall be performed during typical meteorological 
conditions.
    (4) Any reading of 500 parts per million or more above background at 
any location shall be recorded as a monitored exceedance and the actions 
specified in paragraphs (c)(4) (i) through (v) of this section shall be 
taken. As long as the specified actions are taken, the

[[Page 245]]

exceedance is not a violation of the operational requirements of 
Sec. 60.753(d).
    (i) The location of each monitored exceedance shall be marked and 
the location recorded.
    (ii) Cover maintenance or adjustments to the vacuum of the adjacent 
wells to increase the gas collection in the vicinity of each exceedance 
shall be made and the location shall be re-monitored within 10 calendar 
days of detecting the exceedance.
    (iii) If the re-monitoring of the location shows a second 
exceedance, additional corrective action shall be taken and the location 
shall be monitored again within 10 days of the second exceedance. If the 
re-monitoring shows a third exceedance for the same location, the action 
specified in paragraph (c)(4)(v) of this section shall be taken, and no 
further monitoring of that location is required until the action 
specified in paragraph (c)(4)(v) has been taken.
    (iv) Any location that initially showed an exceedance but has a 
methane concentration less than 500 ppm methane above background at the 
10-day re-monitoring specified in paragraph (c)(4) (ii) or (iii) of this 
section shall be re-monitored 1 month from the initial exceedance. If 
the 1-month remonitoring shows a concentration less than 500 parts per 
million above background, no further monitoring of that location is 
required until the next quarterly monitoring period. If the 1-month 
remonitoring shows an exceedance, the actions specified in paragraph 
(c)(4) (iii) or (v) shall be taken.
    (v) For any location where monitored methane concentration equals or 
exceeds 500 parts per million above background three times within a 
quarterly period, a new well or other collection device shall be 
installed within 120 calendar days of the initial exceedance. An 
alternative remedy to the exceedance, such as upgrading the blower, 
header pipes or control device, and a corresponding timeline for 
installation may be submitted to the Administrator for approval.
    (5) The owner or operator shall implement a program to monitor for 
cover integrity and implement cover repairs as necessary on a monthly 
basis.
    (d) Each owner or operator seeking to comply with the provisions in 
paragraph (c) of this section shall comply with the following 
instrumentation specifications and procedures for surface emission 
monitoring devices:
    (1) The portable analyzer shall meet the instrument specifications 
provided in section 3 of Method 21 of appendix A of this part, except 
that ``methane'' shall replace all references to VOC.
    (2) The calibration gas shall be methane, diluted to a nominal 
concentration of 500 parts per million in air.
    (3) To meet the performance evaluation requirements in section 3.1.3 
of Method 21 of appendix A of this part, the instrument evaluation 
procedures of section 4.4 of Method 21 of appendix A of this part shall 
be used.
    (4) The calibration procedures provided in section 4.2 of Method 21 
of appendix A of this part shall be followed immediately before 
commencing a surface monitoring survey.
    (e) The provisions of this subpart apply at all times, except during 
periods of start-up, shutdown, or malfunction, provided that the 
duration of start-up, shutdown, or malfunction shall not exceed 5 days 
for collection systems and shall not exceed 1 hour for treatment or 
control devices.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32752, June 16, 1998]



Sec. 60.756  Monitoring of operations.

    Except as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B),
    (a) Each owner or operator seeking to comply with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii)(A) for an active gas collection system shall 
install a sampling port and a thermometer, other temperature measuring 
device, or an access port for temperature measurements at each wellhead 
and:
    (1) Measure the gauge pressure in the gas collection header on a 
monthly basis as provided in Sec. 60.755(a)(3); and
    (2) Monitor nitrogen or oxygen concentration in the landfill gas on 
a monthly basis as provided in Sec. 60.755(a)(5); and
    (3) Monitor temperature of the landfill gas on a monthly basis as 
provided in Sec. 60.755(a)(5).
    (b) Each owner or operator seeking to comply with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii) using an enclosed combustor shall calibrate,

[[Page 246]]

maintain, and operate according to the manufacturer's specifications, 
the following equipment.
    (1) A temperature monitoring device equipped with a continuous 
recorder and having a minimum accuracy of [1 percent of the temperature 
being measured expressed in degrees Celsius or [0.5 degrees Celsius, 
whichever is greater. A temperature monitoring device is not required 
for boilers or process heaters with design heat input capacity equal to 
or greater than 44 megawatts.
    (2) A device that records flow to or bypass of the control device. 
The owner or operator shall either:
    (i) Install, calibrate, and maintain a gas flow rate measuring 
device that shall record the flow to the control device at least every 
15 minutes; or
    (ii) Secure the bypass line valve in the closed position with a car-
seal or a lock-and-key type configuration. A visual inspection of the 
seal or closure mechanism shall be performed at least once every month 
to ensure that the valve is maintained in the closed position and that 
the gas flow is not diverted through the bypass line.
    (c) Each owner or operator seeking to comply with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii) using an open flare shall install, calibrate, 
maintain, and operate according to the manufacturer's specifications the 
following equipment:
    (1) A heat sensing device, such as an ultraviolet beam sensor or 
thermocouple, at the pilot light or the flame itself to indicate the 
continuous presence of a flame.
    (2) A device that records flow to or bypass of the flare. The owner 
or operator shall either:
    (i) Install, calibrate, and maintain a gas flow rate measuring 
device that shall record the flow to the control device at least every 
15 minutes; or
    (ii) Secure the bypass line valve in the closed position with a car-
seal or a lock-and-key type configuration. A visual inspection of the 
seal or closure mechanism shall be performed at least once every month 
to ensure that the valve is maintained in the closed position and that 
the gas flow is not diverted through the bypass line.
    (d) Each owner or operator seeking to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii) using a device other than an open flare or an 
enclosed combustor shall provide information satisfactory to the 
Administrator as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B) describing the 
operation of the control device, the operating parameters that would 
indicate proper performance, and appropriate monitoring procedures. The 
Administrator shall review the information and either approve it, or 
request that additional information be submitted. The Administrator may 
specify additional appropriate monitoring procedures.
    (e) Each owner or operator seeking to install a collection system 
that does not meet the specifications in Sec. 60.759 or seeking to 
monitor alternative parameters to those required by Secs. 60.753 through 
60.756 shall provide information satisfactory to the Administrator as 
provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i) (B) and (C) describing the design and 
operation of the collection system, the operating parameters that would 
indicate proper performance, and appropriate monitoring procedures. The 
Administrator may specify additional appropriate monitoring procedures.
    (f) Each owner or operator seeking to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.755(c), shall monitor surface concentrations of methane 
according to the instrument specifications and procedures provided in 
Sec. 60.755(d). Any closed landfill that has no monitored exceedances of 
the operational standard in three consecutive quarterly monitoring 
periods may skip to annual monitoring. Any methane reading of 500 ppm or 
more above background detected during the annual monitoring returns the 
frequency for that landfill to quarterly monitoring.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32752, June 16, 1998; 65 
FR 18909, Apr. 10, 2000]



Sec. 60.757  Reporting requirements.

    Except as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B),
    (a) Each owner or operator subject to the requirements of this 
subpart shall submit an initial design capacity report to the 
Administrator.
    (1) The initial design capacity report shall fulfill the 
requirements of the notification of the date construction is

[[Page 247]]

commenced as required by Sec. 60.7(a)(1) and shall be submitted no later 
than:
    (i) June 10, 1996, for landfills that commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction on or after May 30, 1991 but before 
March 12, 1996 or
    (ii) Ninety days after the date of commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction for landfills that commence 
construction, modification, or reconstruction on or after March 12, 
1996.
    (2) The initial design capacity report shall contain the following 
information:
    (i) A map or plot of the landfill, providing the size and location 
of the landfill, and identifying all areas where solid waste may be 
landfilled according to the permit issued by the State, local, or tribal 
agency responsible for regulating the landfill.
    (ii) The maximum design capacity of the landfill. Where the maximum 
design capacity is specified in the permit issued by the State, local, 
or tribal agency responsible for regulating the landfill, a copy of the 
permit specifying the maximum design capacity may be submitted as part 
of the report. If the maximum design capacity of the landfill is not 
specified in the permit, the maximum design capacity shall be calculated 
using good engineering practices. The calculations shall be provided, 
along with the relevant parameters as part of the report. The State, 
Tribal, local agency or Administrator may request other reasonable 
information as may be necessary to verify the maximum design capacity of 
the landfill.
    (3) An amended design capacity report shall be submitted to the 
Administrator providing notification of an increase in the design 
capacity of the landfill, within 90 days of an increase in the maximum 
design capacity of the landfill to or above 2.5 million megagrams and 
2.5 million cubic meters. This increase in design capacity may result 
from an increase in the permitted volume of the landfill or an increase 
in the density as documented in the annual recalculation required in 
Sec. 60.758(f).
    (b) Each owner or operator subject to the requirements of this 
subpart shall submit an NMOC emission rate report to the Administrator 
initially and annually thereafter, except as provided for in paragraphs 
(b)(1)(ii) or (b)(3) of this section. The Administrator may request such 
additional information as may be necessary to verify the reported NMOC 
emission rate.
    (1) The NMOC emission rate report shall contain an annual or 5-year 
estimate of the NMOC emission rate calculated using the formula and 
procedures provided in Sec. 60.754(a) or (b), as applicable.
    (i) The initial NMOC emission rate report may be combined with the 
initial design capacity report required in paragraph (a) of this section 
and shall be submitted no later than indicated in paragraphs 
(b)(1)(i)(A) and (B) of this section. Subsequent NMOC emission rate 
reports shall be submitted annually thereafter, except as provided for 
in paragraphs (b)(1)(ii) and (b)(3) of this section.
    (A) June 10, 1996, for landfills that commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction on or after May 30, 1991, but before 
March 12, 1996, or
    (B) Ninety days after the date of commenced construction, 
modification, or reconstruction for landfills that commence 
construction, modification, or reconstruction on or after March 12, 
1996.
    (ii) If the estimated NMOC emission rate as reported in the annual 
report to the Administrator is less than 50 megagrams per year in each 
of the next 5 consecutive years, the owner or operator may elect to 
submit an estimate of the NMOC emission rate for the next 5-year period 
in lieu of the annual report. This estimate shall include the current 
amount of solid waste-in-place and the estimated waste acceptance rate 
for each year of the 5 years for which an NMOC emission rate is 
estimated. All data and calculations upon which this estimate is based 
shall be provided to the Administrator. This estimate shall be revised 
at least once every 5 years. If the actual waste acceptance rate exceeds 
the estimated waste acceptance rate in any year reported in the 5-year 
estimate, a revised 5-year estimate shall be submitted to

[[Page 248]]

the Administrator. The revised estimate shall cover the 5-year period 
beginning with the year in which the actual waste acceptance rate 
exceeded the estimated waste acceptance rate.
    (2) The NMOC emission rate report shall include all the data, 
calculations, sample reports and measurements used to estimate the 
annual or 5-year emissions.
    (3) Each owner or operator subject to the requirements of this 
subpart is exempted from the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) 
of this section, after the installation of a collection and control 
system in compliance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2), during such time as the 
collection and control system is in operation and in compliance with 
Secs. 60.753 and 60.755.
    (c) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions of 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i) shall submit a collection and control system design 
plan to the Administrator within 1 year of the first report required 
under paragraph (b) of this section in which the emission rate equals or 
exceeds 50 megagrams per year, except as follows:
    (1) If the owner or operator elects to recalculate the NMOC emission 
rate after Tier 2 NMOC sampling and analysis as provided in 
Sec. 60.754(a)(3) and the resulting rate is less than 50 megagrams per 
year, annual periodic reporting shall be resumed, using the Tier 2 
determined site-specific NMOC concentration, until the calculated 
emission rate is equal to or greater than 50 megagrams per year or the 
landfill is closed. The revised NMOC emission rate report, with the 
recalculated emission rate based on NMOC sampling and analysis, shall be 
submitted within 180 days of the first calculated exceedance of 50 
megagrams per year.
    (2) If the owner or operator elects to recalculate the NMOC emission 
rate after determining a site-specific methane generation rate constant 
(k), as provided in Tier 3 in Sec. 60.754(a)(4), and the resulting NMOC 
emission rate is less than 50 Mg/yr, annual periodic reporting shall be 
resumed. The resulting site-specific methane generation rate constant 
(k) shall be used in the emission rate calculation until such time as 
the emissions rate calculation results in an exceedance. The revised 
NMOC emission rate report based on the provisions of Sec. 60.754(a)(4) 
and the resulting site-specific methane generation rate constant (k) 
shall be submitted to the Administrator within 1 year of the first 
calculated emission rate exceeding 50 megagrams per year.
    (d) Each owner or operator of a controlled landfill shall submit a 
closure report to the Administrator within 30 days of waste acceptance 
cessation. The Administrator may request additional information as may 
be necessary to verify that permanent closure has taken place in 
accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR 258.60. If a closure report 
has been submitted to the Administrator, no additional wastes may be 
placed into the landfill without filing a notification of modification 
as described under Sec. 60.7(a)(4).
    (e) Each owner or operator of a controlled landfill shall submit an 
equipment removal report to the Administrator 30 days prior to removal 
or cessation of operation of the control equipment.
    (1) The equipment removal report shall contain all of the following 
items:
    (i) A copy of the closure report submitted in accordance with 
paragraph (d) of this section;
    (ii) A copy of the initial performance test report demonstrating 
that the 15 year minimum control period has expired; and
    (iii) Dated copies of three successive NMOC emission rate reports 
demonstrating that the landfill is no longer producing 50 megagrams or 
greater of NMOC per year.
    (2) The Administrator may request such additional information as may 
be necessary to verify that all of the conditions for removal in 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(v) have been met.
    (f) Each owner or operator of a landfill seeking to comply with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2) using an active collection system designed in 
accordance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii) shall submit to the Administrator 
annual reports of the recorded information in (f)(1) through (f)(6) of 
this paragraph. The initial annual report shall be submitted within 180 
days of installation and start-up of the collection and control system, 
and shall include the initial performance

[[Page 249]]

test report required under Sec. 60.8. For enclosed combustion devices 
and flares, reportable exceedances are defined under Sec. 60.758(c).
    (1) Value and length of time for exceedance of applicable parameters 
monitored under Sec. 60.756(a), (b), (c), and (d).
    (2) Description and duration of all periods when the gas stream is 
diverted from the control device through a bypass line or the indication 
of bypass flow as specified under Sec. 60.756.
    (3) Description and duration of all periods when the control device 
was not operating for a period exceeding 1 hour and length of time the 
control device was not operating.
    (4) All periods when the collection system was not operating in 
excess of 5 days.
    (5) The location of each exceedance of the 500 parts per million 
methane concentration as provided in Sec. 60.753(d) and the 
concentration recorded at each location for which an exceedance was 
recorded in the previous month.
    (6) The date of installation and the location of each well or 
collection system expansion added pursuant to paragraphs (a)(3), (b), 
and (c)(4) of Sec. 60.755.
    (g) Each owner or operator seeking to comply with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii) shall include the following information with the 
initial performance test report required under Sec. 60.8:
    (1) A diagram of the collection system showing collection system 
positioning including all wells, horizontal collectors, surface 
collectors, or other gas extraction devices, including the locations of 
any areas excluded from collection and the proposed sites for the future 
collection system expansion;
    (2) The data upon which the sufficient density of wells, horizontal 
collectors, surface collectors, or other gas extraction devices and the 
gas mover equipment sizing are based;
    (3) The documentation of the presence of asbestos or nondegradable 
material for each area from which collection wells have been excluded 
based on the presence of asbestos or nondegradable material;
    (4) The sum of the gas generation flow rates for all areas from 
which collection wells have been excluded based on nonproductivity and 
the calculations of gas generation flow rate for each excluded area; and
    (5) The provisions for increasing gas mover equipment capacity with 
increased gas generation flow rate, if the present gas mover equipment 
is inadequate to move the maximum flow rate expected over the life of 
the landfill; and
    (6) The provisions for the control of off-site migration.

[61 FR 9919, Mar. 12, 1996, as amended at 63 FR 32752, June 16, 1998; 65 
FR 18909, Apr. 10, 2000]



Sec. 60.758  Recordkeeping requirements.

    (a) Except as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B), each owner or 
operator of an MSW landfill subject to the provisions of Sec. 60.752(b) 
shall keep for at least 5 years up-to-date, readily accessible, on-site 
records of the design capacity report which triggered Sec. 60.752(b), 
the current amount of solid waste in-place, and the year-by-year waste 
acceptance rate. Off-site records may be maintained if they are 
retrievable within 4 hours. Either paper copy or electronic formats are 
acceptable.
    (b) Except as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B), each owner or 
operator of a controlled landfill shall keep up-to-date, readily 
accessible records for the life of the control equipment of the data 
listed in paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(4) of this section as measured 
during the initial performance test or compliance determination. Records 
of subsequent tests or monitoring shall be maintained for a minimum of 5 
years. Records of the control device vendor specifications shall be 
maintained until removal.
    (1) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(ii):
    (i) The maximum expected gas generation flow rate as calculated in 
Sec. 60.755(a)(1). The owner or operator may use another method to 
determine the maximum gas generation flow rate, if the method has been 
approved by the Administrator.
    (ii) The density of wells, horizontal collectors, surface 
collectors, or other gas extraction devices determined using the 
procedures specified in Sec. 60.759(a)(1).

[[Page 250]]

    (2) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii) 
through use of an enclosed combustion device other than a boiler or 
process heater with a design heat input capacity equal to or greater 
than 44 megawatts:
    (i) The average combustion temperature measured at least every 15 
minutes and averaged over the same time period of the performance test.
    (ii) The percent reduction of NMOC determined as specified in 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii)(B) achieved by the control device.
    (3) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with 
Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii)(B)(1) through use of a boiler or process heater 
of any size: a description of the location at which the collected gas 
vent stream is introduced into the boiler or process heater over the 
same time period of the performance testing.
    (4) Where an owner or operator subject to the provisions of this 
subpart seeks to demonstrate compliance with Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(iii)(A) 
through use of an open flare, the flare type (i.e., steam-assisted, air-
assisted, or nonassisted), all visible emission readings, heat content 
determination, flow rate or bypass flow rate measurements, and exit 
velocity determinations made during the performance test as specified in 
Sec. 60.18; continuous records of the flare pilot flame or flare flame 
monitoring and records of all periods of operations during which the 
pilot flame of the flare flame is absent.
    (c) Except as provided in Sec. 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B), each owner or 
operator of a controlled landfill subject to the provisions of this 
subpart shall keep for 5 years up-to-date, readily accessible continuous 
records of the equipment operating parameters specified to be monitored 
in Sec. 60.756 as well as up-to-date, readily accessible records for 
periods of operation during which the parameter boundaries established 
during the most recent performance test are exceeded.
    (1) The following constitute exceedances that shall be recorded and 
reported under Sec. 60.757(f):
    (i) For enclosed combustors except for boilers and process heaters 
with design heat input capacity of 44 megawatts (150 million British 
thermal unit per hour) or greater, all 3-hour periods of operation 
during which the average combustion temperature wa