[Title 50 CFR ]
[Code of Federal Regulations (annual edition) - October 1, 2017 Edition]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page i]]

          
 
          Title 50

Wildlife and Fisheries


________________________

Part 17 (Secs. 17.1 to 17.95(a))

                         Revised as of October 1, 2017

          Containing a codification of documents of general 
          applicability and future effect

          As of October 1, 2017
                    Published by the Office of the Federal Register 
                    National Archives and Records Administration as a 
                    Special Edition of the Federal Register

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                            Table of Contents



                                                                    Page
  Explanation.................................................       v

  Title 50:
          Chapter I--United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 
          Department of the Interior (Continued)                     3
  Finding Aids:
      Table of CFR Titles and Chapters........................     517
      Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR......     537
      List of CFR Sections Affected...........................     547

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                     ----------------------------

                     Cite this Code:  CFR
                     To cite the regulations in 
                       this volume use title, 
                       part and section number. 
                       Thus, 50 CFR 17.1 refers 
                       to title 50, part 17, 
                       section 1.

                     ----------------------------

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                               EXPLANATION

    The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and 
permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided 
into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal 
regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the 
name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into 
parts covering specific regulatory areas.
    Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year 
and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16.................................as of January 1
Title 17 through Title 27..................................as of April 1
Title 28 through Title 41...................................as of July 1
Title 42 through Title 50................................as of October 1

    The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each 
volume.

LEGAL STATUS

    The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially 
noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie 
evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS

    The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual 
issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used 
together to determine the latest version of any given rule.
    To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its 
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EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

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inserted following the text.

OMB CONTROL NUMBERS

    The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires 
Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information 
collection request.

[[Page vi]]

Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as 
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are 
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PAST PROVISIONS OF THE CODE

    Provisions of the Code that are no longer in force and effect as of 
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for 1949-1963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, and 1986-2000.

``[RESERVED]'' TERMINOLOGY

    The term ``[Reserved]'' is used as a place holder within the Code of 
Federal Regulations. An agency may add regulatory information at a 
``[Reserved]'' location at any time. Occasionally ``[Reserved]'' is used 
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not accidentally dropped due to a printing or computer error.

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

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established by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the 
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This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force 
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Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when 
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    (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for 
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alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are also included in 
this volume.

[[Page vii]]

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    The e-CFR is a regularly updated, unofficial editorial compilation 
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    Oliver A. Potts,
    Director,
    Office of the Federal Register.
    October 1, 2017.

                                
                                      
                            

  

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                               THIS TITLE

    Title 50--Fish and Wildlife is composed of thirteen volumes. The 
parts in these volumes are arranged in the following order: Parts 1-16; 
part 17 (17.1 to 17.95(a)), part 17 (17.95(b)), part 17 (17.95(c) to 
(e)), part 17 (17.95(f) to end of 17.95), part 17 (17.96 to 17.98), part 
17 (17.99(a) to 17.99(h)), part 17 (17.99(i) to end of part 17), parts 
18-199, parts 200-227, parts 228-599, parts 600-659, and part 660 to 
end. The first nine volumes consist of parts 1-16, part 17 (17.1 to 
17.95(a)), part 17 (17.95(b)), part 17 (17.95(c) to (e)), part 17 
(17.95(f) to end of 17.95), part 17 (17.96 to 17.98), part 17 (17.99(a) 
to 17.99(h), part 17 (17.99(i) to end of part 17), and parts 18-199 and 
contain the current regulations issued under chapter I--United States 
Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior. The tenth volume 
(parts 200-227) contains the current regulations issued under chapter 
II--the National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration. The eleventh volume (parts 228-599) contains 
the remaining current regulations issued under chapter II--National 
Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, Department of Commerce; and the current regulations 
issued under chapter III--International Fishing and Related Activities, 
chapter IV--Joint Regulations (United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Department of the Interior and National Marine Fisheries Service, 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of 
Commerce); Endangered Species Committee regulations; and chapter V--
Marine Mammal Commission. The twelfth and thirteenth volumes (parts 600-
659 and part 660 to end) contain the current regulations issued under 
chapter VI--Fishery Conservation and Management, National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce. The contents of 
these volumes represent all current regulations codified under this 
title of the CFR as of October 1, 2017.

    Alphabetical listings of endangered and threatened wildlife and 
plants appear in Secs. 17.11 and 17.12.

    The OMB control numbers for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration appear in 15 CFR 902.1.

    For this volume, Cheryl E. Sirofchuck was Chief Editor. The Code of 
Federal Regulations publication program is under the direction of John 
Hyrum Martinez, assisted by Stephen J. Frattini.

[[Page 1]]



                    TITLE 50--WILDLIFE AND FISHERIES




          (This book contains part 17, Secs. 17.1 to 17.95(a))

  --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                    Part

chapter i--United States Fish and Wildlife Service, 
  Department of the Interior (Continued)....................          17

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 CHAPTER I--UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE 
                          INTERIOR (CONTINUED)




  --------------------------------------------------------------------

   SUBCHAPTER B--TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, 
 BARTER, EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED)
Part                                                                Page
17              Endangered and threatened wildlife and 
                    plants..................................           5

[[Page 5]]



SUBCHAPTER B_TAKING, POSSESSION, TRANSPORTATION, SALE, PURCHASE, BARTER, 
     EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED)





PART 17_ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS--Table of Contents



              Subpart A_Introduction and General Provisions

Sec.
17.1  Purpose of regulations.
17.2  Scope of regulations.
17.3  Definitions.
17.4  Pre-Act wildlife.
17.5  Alaska natives.
17.6  State cooperative agreements. [Reserved]
17.7  Raptor exemption.
17.8  Import exemption for threatened, CITES Appendix-II wildlife.
17.9  Permit applications and information collection requirements.

                             Subpart B_Lists

17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.
17.12  Endangered and threatened plants.

                      Subpart C_Endangered Wildlife

17.21  Prohibitions.
17.22  Permits for scientific purposes, enhancement of propagation or 
          survival, or for incidental taking.
17.23  Economic hardship permits.

                      Subpart D_Threatened Wildlife

17.31  Prohibitions.
17.32  Permits--general.
17.40  Special rules--mammals.
17.41  Special rules--birds.
17.42  Special rules--reptiles.
17.43  Special rules--amphibians.
17.44  Special rules--fishes.
17.45  Special rules--snails and clams. [Reserved]
17.46  Special rules--crustaceans.
17.47  Special rules--insects.
17.48  Special rules--common sponges and other forms. [Reserved]

                   Subpart E_Similarity of Appearance

17.50  General.
17.51  Treatment as endangered or threatened.
17.52  Permits--similarity of appearance.

                       Subpart F_Endangered Plants

17.61  Prohibitions.
17.62  Permits for scientific purposes or for the enhancement of 
          propagation or survival.
17.63  Economic hardship permits.

                       Subpart G_Threatened Plants

17.71  Prohibitions.
17.72  Permits--general.
17.73-17.78  [Reserved]

                   Subpart H_Experimental Populations

17.80  Definitions.
17.81  Listing.
17.82  Prohibitions.
17.83  Interagency cooperation.
17.84  Special rules--vertebrates.
17.85  Special rules--invertebrates.
17.86  Special rules--plants. [Reserved]

                    Subpart I_Interagency Cooperation

17.94  Critical habitats.
17.95  Critical habitat--fish and wildlife.

    Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1361-1407; 1531-1544; and 4201-4245, unless 
otherwise noted.

    Source: 40 FR 44415, Sept. 26, 1975, unless otherwise noted.



              Subpart A_Introduction and General Provisions



Sec. 17.1  Purpose of regulations.

    (a) The regulations in this part implement the Endangered Species 
Act of 1973, 87 Stat. 884, 16 U.S.C. 1531-1543, except for those 
provisions in the Act concerning the Convention on International Trade 
in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, for which regulations are 
provided in part 23 of this subchapter.
    (b) The regulations identify those species of wildlife and plants 
determined by the Director to be endangered or threatened with 
extinction under section 4(a) of the Act and also carry over the species 
and subspecies of wildlife designated as endangered under the Endangered 
Species Conservation Act of 1969 (83 Stat. 275, 16 U.S.C. 668cc-1 to 6) 
which are deemed endangered species under section 4(c)(3) of the Act.

[40 FR 44415, Sept. 26, 1975, as amended at 42 FR 10465, Feb. 22, 1977]

[[Page 6]]



Sec. 17.2  Scope of regulations.

    (a) The regulations of this part apply only to endangered and 
threatened wildlife and plants.
    (b) By agreement between the Service and the National Marine 
Fisheries Service, the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce has 
been specifically defined to include certain species, while jurisdiction 
is shared in regard to certain other species. Such species are footnoted 
in subpart B of this part, and reference is given to special rules of 
the National Marine Fisheries Service for those species.
    (c) The provisions in this part are in addition to, and are not in 
lieu of, other regulations of this subchapter B which may require a 
permit or prescribe additional restrictions or conditions for the 
importation, exportation, and interstate transportation of wildlife.
    (d) The examples used in this part are provided solely for the 
convenience of the public, and to explain the intent and meaning of the 
regulation to which they refer. They have no legal significance.
    (e) Certain of the wildlife and plants listed in Secs. 17.11 and 
17.12 as endangered or threatened are included in Appendix I, II or III 
to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild 
Fauna and Flora. The importation, exportation and reexportation of such 
species are subject to additional regulations provided in part 23 of 
this subchapter.

[40 FR 44415, Sept. 26, 1975, as amended at 42 FR 10465, Feb. 22, 1977]



Sec. 17.3  Definitions.

    In addition to the definitions contained in part 10 of this 
subchapter, and unless the context otherwise requires, in this part 17:
    Act means the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543; 
87 Stat. 884);
    Adequately covered means, with respect to species listed pursuant to 
section 4 of the ESA, that a proposed conservation plan has satisfied 
the permit issuance criteria under section 10(a)(2)(B) of the ESA for 
the species covered by the plan, and, with respect to unlisted species, 
that a proposed conservation plan has satisfied the permit issuance 
criteria under section 10(a)(2)(B) of the ESA that would otherwise apply 
if the unlisted species covered by the plan were actually listed. For 
the Services to cover a species under a conservation plan, it must be 
listed on the section 10(a)(1)(B) permit.
    Alaskan Native means a person defined in the Alaska Native Claims 
Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1603(b) (85 Stat. 588)) as a citizen of the 
United States who is of one-fourth degree or more Alaska Indian 
(including Tsimshian Indians enrolled or not enrolled in the Metlaktla 
Indian Community), Eskimo, or Aleut blood, or combination thereof. The 
term includes any Native, as so defined, either or both of whose 
adoptive parents are not Natives. It also includes, in the absence of 
proof of a minimum blood quantum, any citizen of the United States who 
is regarded as an Alaska Native by the Native village or town of which 
he claims to be a member and whose father or mother is (or, if deceased, 
was) regarded as Native by any Native village or Native town. Any 
citizen enrolled by the Secretary pursuant to section 5 of the Alaska 
Native Claims Settlement Act shall be conclusively presumed to be an 
Alaskan Native for purposes of this part;
    Authentic native articles of handicrafts and clothing means items 
made by an Indian, Aleut, or Eskimo that are composed wholly or in some 
significant respect of natural materials and are significantly altered 
from their natural form and are produced, decorated, or fashioned in the 
exercise of traditional native handicrafts without the use of 
pantographs, multiple carvers, or similar mass-copying devices. Improved 
methods of production utilizing modern implements such as sewing 
machines or modern techniques at a tannery registered pursuant to 
Sec. 18.23(c) of this subchapter (in the case of marine mammals) may be 
used as long as no large-scale mass production industry results. 
Traditional native handicrafts include, but are not limited to, weaving, 
carving, stitching, sewing, lacing, beading, drawing, and painting. The 
formation of traditional native groups, such as cooperatives, is 
permitted as

[[Page 7]]

long as no large-scale mass production results;
    Bred in captivity or captive-bred refers to wildlife, including 
eggs, born or otherwise produced in captivity from parents that mated or 
otherwise transferred gametes in captivity, if reproduction is sexual, 
or from parents that were in captivity when development of the progeny 
began, if development is asexual.
    Captivity means that living wildlife is held in a controlled 
environment that is intensively manipulated by man for the purpose of 
producing wildlife of the selected species, and that has boundaries 
designed to prevent animal, eggs or gametes of the selected species from 
entering or leaving the controlled environment. General characteristics 
of captivity may include but are not limited to artificial housing, 
waste removal, health care, protection from predators, and artificially 
supplied food.
    Changed circumstances means changes in circumstances affecting a 
species or geographic area covered by a conservation plan or agreement 
that can reasonably be anticipated by plan or agreement developers and 
the Service and that can be planned for (e.g., the listing of new 
species, or a fire or other natural catastrophic event in areas prone to 
such events).
    Conservation plan means the plan required by section 10(a)(2)(A) of 
the ESA that an applicant must submit when applying for an incidental 
take permit. Conservation plans also are known as ``habitat conservation 
plans'' or ``HCPs.''
    Conserved habitat areas means areas explicitly designated for 
habitat restoration, acquisition, protection, or other conservation 
purposes under a conservation plan.
    Convention means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered 
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, TIAS 8249.
    Enhance the propagation or survival, when used in reference to 
wildlife in captivity, includes but is not limited to the following 
activities when it can be shown that such activities would not be 
detrimental to the survival of wild or captive populations of the 
affected species:
    (a) Provision of health care, management of populations by culling, 
contraception, euthanasia, grouping or handling of wildlife to control 
survivorship and reproduction, and similar normal practices of animal 
husbandry needed to maintain captive populations that are self-
sustaining and that possess as much genetic vitality as possible;
    (b) Accumulation and holding of living wildlife that is not 
immediately needed or suitable for propagative or scientific purposes, 
and the transfer of such wildlife between persons in order to relieve 
crowding or other problems hindering the propagation or survival of the 
captive population at the location from which the wildlife would be 
removed; and
    (c) Exhibition of living wildlife in a manner designed to educate 
the public about the ecological role and conservation needs of the 
affected species.
    Endangered means a species of wildlife listed in Sec. 17.11 or a 
species of plant listed in Sec. 17.12 and designated as endangered.
    Harass in the definition of ``take'' in the Act means an intentional 
or negligent act or omission which creates the likelihood of injury to 
wildlife by annoying it to such an extent as to significantly disrupt 
normal behavioral patterns which include, but are not limited to, 
breeding, feeding, or sheltering. This definition, when applied to 
captive wildlife, does not include generally accepted:
    (1) Animal husbandry practices that meet or exceed the minimum 
standards for facilities and care under the Animal Welfare Act,
    (2) Breeding procedures, or
    (3) Provisions of veterinary care for confining, tranquilizing, or 
anesthetizing, when such practices, procedures, or provisions are not 
likely to result in injury to the wildlife.
    Harm in the definition of ``take'' in the Act means an act which 
actually kills or injures wildlife. Such act may include significant 
habitat modification or degradation where it actually kills or injures 
wildlife by significantly impairing essential behavioral patterns, 
including breeding, feeding or sheltering.
    Incidental taking means any taking otherwise prohibited, if such 
taking is

[[Page 8]]

incidental to, and not the purpose of, the carrying out of an otherwise 
lawful activity.
    Industry or trade in the definition of ``commercial activity'' in 
the Act means the actual or intended transfer of wildlife or plants from 
one person to another person in the pursuit of gain or profit;
    Native village or town means any community, association, tribe, clan 
or group;
    Operating conservation program means those conservation management 
activities which are expressly agreed upon and described in a 
conservation plan or its Implementing Agreement, if any, and which are 
to be undertaken for the affected species when implementing an approved 
conservation plan, including measures to respond to changed 
circumstances.
    Population means a group of fish or wildlife in the same taxon below 
the subspecific level, in common spatial arrangement that interbreed 
when mature;
    Properly implemented conservation plan means any conservation plan, 
Implementing Agreement and permit whose commitments and provisions have 
been or are being fully implemented by the permittee.
    Property owner with respect to agreements outlined under 
Secs. 17.22(c), 17.22(d), 17.32(c), and 17.32(d) means a person with a 
fee simple, leasehold, or other property interest (including owners of 
water or other natural resources), or any other entity that may have a 
property interest, sufficient to carry out the proposed management 
activities, subject to applicable State law, on non-Federal land.
    Specimen means any animal or plant, or any part, product, egg, seed 
or root of any animal or plant;
    Subsistence means the use of endangered or threatened wildlife for 
food, clothing, shelter, heating, transportation and other uses 
necessary to maintain the life of the taker of the wildlife, or those 
who depend upon the taker to provide them with such subsistence, and 
includes selling any edible portions of such wildlife in native villages 
and towns in Alaska for native consumption within native villages and 
towns;
    Threatened means a species of wildlife listed in Sec. 17.11 or plant 
listed in Sec. 17.12 and designated as threatened.
    Unforeseen circumstances means changes in circumstances affecting a 
species or geographic area covered by a conservation plan or agreement 
that could not reasonably have been anticipated by plan or agreement 
developers and the Service at the time of the conservation plan's or 
agreement's negotiation and development, and that result in a 
substantial and adverse change in the status of the covered species.
    Wasteful manner means any taking or method of taking which is likely 
to result in the killing or injury of endangered or threatened wildlife 
beyond those needed for subsistence purposes, or which results in the 
waste of a substantial portion of the wildlife, and includes without 
limitation the employment of a method of taking which is not likely to 
assure the capture or killing of the wildlife, or which is not 
immediately followed by a reasonable effort to retrieve the wildlife.

[40 FR 44415, Sept. 26, 1975, as amended at 42 FR 28056, June 1, 1977; 
44 FR 54006, Sept. 17, 1979; 46 FR 54750, Nov. 4, 1981; 47 FR 31387, 
July 20, 1982; 50 FR 39687, Sept. 30, 1985; 63 FR 8870, Feb. 23, 1998; 
63 FR 48639, Sept. 11, 1998; 69 FR 24092, May 3, 2004; 71 FR 46870, Aug. 
15, 2006]



Sec. 17.4  Pre-Act wildlife.

    (a) The prohibitions defined in subparts C and D of this part 17 
shall not apply to any activity involving endangered or threatened 
wildlife which was held in captivity or in a controlled environment on 
December 28, 1973: Provided,
    (1) That the purposes of such holding were not contrary to the 
purposes of the Act; and
    (2) That the wildlife was not held in the course of a commercial 
activity.

    Example 1. On January 25, 1974, a tourist buys a stuffed hawksbill 
turtle (an endangered species listed since June, 1970), in a foreign 
country. On December 28, 1973, the stuffed turtle had been on display 
for sale. The tourist imports the stuffed turtle into the United States 
on January 26, 1974. This is a violation of the Act since the stuffed 
turtle was held for commercial purposes on December 28, 1973.

[[Page 9]]

    Example 2. On December 27, 1973 (or earlier), a tourist buys a 
leopard skin coat (the leopard has been listed as endangered since March 
1972) for his wife in a foreign country. On January 5, he imports it 
into the United States. He has not committed a violation since on 
December 28, 1973, he was the owner of the coat, for personal purposes, 
and the chain of commerce had ended with the sale on the 27th. Even if 
he did not finish paying for the coat for another year, as long as he 
had possession of it, and he was not going to resell it, but was using 
it for personal purposes, the Act does not apply to that coat.
    Example 3. On or before December 28, 1973, a hunter kills a leopard 
legally in Africa. He has the leopard mounted and imports it into the 
United States in March 1974. The importation is not subject to the Act. 
The hunter has not engaged in a commercial activity, even though he 
bought the services of a guide, outfitters, and a taxidermist to help 
him take, preserve, and import the leopard. This applies even if the 
trophy was in the possession of the taxidermist on December 28, 1973.
    Example 4. On January 15, 1974, a hunter kills a leopard legally in 
Africa. He has the leopard mounted and imports it into the United States 
in June 1974. This importation is a violation of the Act since the 
leopard was not in captivity or a controlled environment on December 28, 
1973.

    (b) Service officers or Customs officers may refuse to clear 
endangered or threatened wildlife for importation into or exportation 
from the United States, pursuant to Sec. 14.53 of this subchapter, until 
the importer or exporter can demonstrate that the exemption referred to 
in this section applies. Exempt status may be established by any 
sufficient evidence, including an affidavit containing the following:
    (1) The affiant's name and address;
    (2) Identification of the affiant;
    (3) Identification of the endangered or threatened wildlife which is 
the subject of the affidavit;
    (4) A statement by the affiant that to the best of his knowledge and 
belief, the endangered or threatened wildlife which is the subject of 
the affidavit was in captivity or in a controlled environment on 
December 28, 1973, and was not being held for purposes contrary to the 
Act or in the course of a commercial activity;
    (5) A statement by the affiant in the following language:

    The foregoing is principally based on the attached exhibits which, 
to the best of my knowledge and belief, are complete, true and correct. 
I understand that this affidavit is being submitted for the purpose of 
inducing the Federal Government to recognize an exempt status regarding 
(insert description of wildlife), under the Endangered Species Act of 
1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543), and regulations promulgated thereunder, and 
that any false statements may subject me to the criminal penalties of 18 
U.S.C. 1001.

    (6) As an attachment, records or other available evidence to show:
    (i) That the wildlife in question was being held in captivity or in 
a controlled environment on December 28, 1973;
    (ii) The purpose for which the wildlife was being held; and
    (iii) The nature of such holding (to establish that no commercial 
activity was involved).
    (c) This section applies only to wildlife born on or prior to 
December 28, 1973. It does not apply to the progeny of any such wildlife 
born after December 28, 1973.



Sec. 17.5  Alaska natives.

    (a) The provisions of subpart C of this part relating to the 
importation or the taking of endangered wildlife, and any provision of 
subpart D of this part relating to the importation or the taking of 
threatened wildlife, shall not apply to:
    (1) Any Indian, Aleut, or Eskimo who is an Alaskan native and who 
resides in Alaska; or
    (2) Any non-native permanent resident of an Alaskan native village 
who is primarily dependent upon the taking of wildlife for consumption 
or for the creation and sale of authentic native articles of handicrafts 
and clothing:

If the taking is primarily for subsistence purposes, and is not 
accomplished in a wasteful manner.
    (b) Edible portions of endangered or threatened wildlife taken or 
imported pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section may be sold in native 
villages or towns in Alaska for native consumption within native 
villages and towns in Alaska.
    (c) Non-edible by-products of endangered or threatened wildlife 
taken or imported pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section may be sold 
in interstate commerce when made into authentic

[[Page 10]]

native articles of handicrafts and clothing.



Sec. 17.6  State cooperative agreements. [Reserved]



Sec. 17.7  Raptor exemption.

    (a) The prohibitions found in Secs. 17.21 and 17.31 do not apply to 
any raptor [a live migratory bird of the Order Falconiformes or the 
Order Strigiformes, other than a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) 
or a golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)] legally held in captivity or in a 
controlled environment on November 10, 1978, or to any of its progeny, 
which is:
    (1) Possessed and banded in compliance with the terms of a valid 
permit issued under part 21 of this chapter; and
    (2) Identified in the earliest applicable annual report required to 
be filed by a permittee under part 21 of this chapter as in a 
permittee's possession on November 10, 1978, or as the progeny of such a 
raptor.
    (b) This section does not apply to any raptor intentionally returned 
to the wild.

[48 FR 31607, July 8, 1983]



Sec. 17.8  Import exemption for threatened, CITES Appendix-II wildlife.

    (a) Except as provided in a special rule in Secs. 17.40 through 
17.48 or in paragraph (b) of this section, all provisions of Secs. 17.31 
and 17.32 apply to any specimen of a threatened species of wildlife that 
is listed in Appendix II of the Convention.
    (b) Import. Except as provided in a special rule in Secs. 17.40 
through 17.48, any live or dead specimen of a fish and wildlife species 
listed as threatened under this part may be imported without a 
threatened species permit under Sec. 17.32 provided all of the following 
conditions are met:
    (1) The specimen was not acquired in foreign commerce or imported in 
the course of a commercial activity;
    (2) The species is listed in Appendix II of the Convention.
    (3) The specimen is imported and subsequently used in accordance 
with the requirements of part 23 of this subchapter, except as provided 
in paragraph (b)(4) of this section.
    (4) Personal and household effects (see Sec. 23.5) must be 
accompanied by a CITES document.
    (5) At the time of import, the importer must provide to the FWS 
documentation that shows the specimen was not acquired in foreign 
commerce in the course of a commercial activity.
    (6) All applicable requirements of part 14 of this subchapter are 
satisfied.

[72 FR 48446, Aug. 23, 2007]



Sec. 17.9  Permit applications and information collection requirements.

    (a) Address permit applications for activities affecting species 
listed under the Endangered Species Act, as amended, as follows:
    (1) Address activities affecting endangered and threatened species 
that are native to the United States to the Regional Director for the 
Region in which the activity is to take place. You can find addresses 
for the Regional Directors in 50 CFR 2.2. Send applications for 
interstate commerce in native endangered and threatened species to the 
Regional Director with lead responsibility for the species. To determine 
the appropriate region, call the nearest Regional Office:

Region 1 (Portland, OR): 503-231-6241
Region 2 (Albuquerque, NM): 505-248-6920
Region 3 (Twin Cities, MN): 612-713-5343
Region 4 (Atlanta, GA): 404-679-7313
Region 5 (Hadley, MA): 413-253-8628
Region 6 (Denver, CO): 303-236-8155, ext 263
Region 7 (Anchorage, AK): 907-786-3620
Headquarters (Washington, DC): 703-358-2106

    (2) Submit permit applications for activities affecting native 
endangered and threatened species in international movement or commerce, 
and all activities affecting nonnative endangered and threatened 
species, to the attention of the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service, at the address listed for the Division of Management Authority 
at 50 CFR 2.1(b).
    (b) The Office of Management and Budget approved the information 
collection requirements contained in this part 17 under 44 U.S.C. 3507 
and assigned OMB Control Numbers 1018-0093 and 1018-0094. The Service 
may not conduct or sponsor, and you are not required to respond to, a 
collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB 
control number. We

[[Page 11]]

are collecting this information to provide information necessary to 
evaluate permit applications. We will use this information to review 
permit applications and make decisions, according to criteria 
established in various Federal wildlife conservation statutes and 
regulations, on the issuance, suspension, revocation, or denial of 
permits. You must respond to obtain or retain a permit. We estimate the 
public reporting burden for these reporting requirements to vary from 2 
to 2\1/2\ hours per response, including time for reviewing instructions, 
gathering and maintaining data, and completing and reviewing the forms. 
Direct comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of 
these reporting requirements to the Service's Information Collection 
Clearance Officer at the address provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b).

[63 FR 52635, Oct. 1, 1998. Redesignated at 72 FR 48446, Aug. 23, 2007, 
as amended at 79 FR 30417, May 27, 2014; 79 FR 43964, July 29, 2014]



                             Subpart B_Lists



Sec. 17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.

    (a) The list in paragraph (h) of this section contains the wildlife 
species determined by the Service or the National Marine Fisheries 
Service (NMFS) of the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (hereafter in this section referred to as 
``the Services'') to be endangered species or threatened species. It 
also contains the wildlife species treated as endangered species or 
threatened species because they are similar in appearance to and may be 
confused with endangered or threatened species (see Secs. 17.50 through 
17.52). The ``Common name,'' ``Scientific name,'' ``Where listed,'' and 
``Status'' columns provide regulatory information; together, they 
identify listed wildlife species within the meaning of the Act and 
describe where they are protected. When a taxon has more than one entry, 
the ``Where listed'' or ``Status'' column will identify its status in 
each relevant geographic area. The listing of a particular taxon 
includes all lower taxonomic units.
    (b) ``Common name'' column. Although common names are included, they 
cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, since they may 
vary greatly in local usage. In cases where confusion might arise, one 
or more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the ``Common name'' 
column. If a species has been listed as an Evolutionarily Significant 
Unit (ESU) or a Distinct Vertebrate Population Segment (DPS), the ESU or 
DPS names will be provided in brackets ``[ ]'' following the common 
name.
    (c) ``Scientific name'' column. The Services use the most recently 
accepted scientific name. In cases where confusion might arise, one or 
more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the ``Scientific name'' 
column. The Services rely, to the extent practicable, on the Integrated 
Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) to determine a species' scientific 
name. ITIS incorporates the naming principles established by the 
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (see paragraph (g) of this 
section). If the scientific name in ITIS differs from the scientific 
name adopted for use under the Convention on International Trade in 
Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the CITES 
nomenclature is provided in brackets ``[ ]'' within the ``Scientific 
name'' column following the ITIS nomenclature.
    (d) ``Where listed'' column. The ``Where listed'' column sets forth 
the geographic area where the species is listed for purposes of the Act. 
Except when providing a geographic description of a DPS or ESU, or an 
experimental population designation, ``Wherever found'' will be used to 
indicate the Act's protections apply to all individuals of the species, 
wherever found.
    (e) ``Status'' column. Within the ``Status'' column, the following 
abbreviations are used:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Regulatory status the abbreviation
           Abbreviation                          represents
------------------------------------------------------------------------
E................................  Endangered species.
T................................  Threatened species.
E (S/A)..........................  Endangered based on similarity of
                                    appearance to an existing listed
                                    species.
T (S/A)..........................  Threatened based on similarity of
                                    appearance to an existing listed
                                    species.
XE...............................  Essential experimental population
                                    (See subpart H of this part).
XN...............................  Nonessential experimental population
                                    (See subpart H of this part).
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 12]]

    (f) ``Listing Citations and Applicable Rules'' column. The ``Listing 
Citations and Applicable Rules'' column is nonregulatory in nature and 
is provided for informational and navigational purposes only.
    (1) Within the ``Listing Citations and Applicable Rules'' column, 
the following superscripts are used:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superscript                Description of citation or rule
------------------------------------------------------------------------
N...............................  NMFS listing citation (NMFS Lead).
J...............................  Both FWS and NMFS listing citation
                                   (Joint Jurisdiction).
CH..............................  Critical habitat rule.
4d..............................  Species-specific ``4(d)'' rule (a rule
                                   issued under the authority of section
                                   4(d) of the Act).
10j.............................  Species-specific ``10(j)'' rule (a
                                   rule issued under the authority of
                                   section 10(j) of the Act).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Listing citations contain the volume, document starting page 
number, and publication date of the Federal Register publication(s) in 
which a species was given status, listed, or reclassified. At least 
since 1973, these documents have included a statement indicating the 
basis for the listing, as well as the effective date(s) of the listing 
or other rules that changed how the species was identified in the List 
in paragraph (h) of this section.
    (3) ``Critical habitat'' and ``Species-specific'' rules superscripts 
provide cross-references to other sections in this part or part 222, 
223, or 226 of chapter II of this title where critical habitat and 
species-specific rules are found. The species-specific superscripts also 
identify experimental populations. Experimental populations (superscript 
``10j'') are a separate citation, with one of the following symbols in 
the ``Status'' column: ``XE'' for an essential experimental population 
and ``XN'' for a nonessential experimental population.
    (4) This column is for reference and navigational purposes only. All 
other appropriate rules in this part, parts 217 through 226 of chapter 
II of this title, and part 402 of chapter IV of this title apply, if no 
species-specific rules are referenced. In addition, other rules in this 
title could relate to such species (for example, port-of-entry 
requirements). The references in the ``Listing Citations and Applicable 
Rules'' column do not comprise a comprehensive list of all regulations 
that the Services might apply to the species or to the regulations of 
other Federal agencies or State or local governments.
    (g) The Services will rely to the extent practicable on ITIS (http:/
/www.itis.gov) and standard references adopted for CITES (http://
cites.org).
    (h) The ``List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife'' is provided 
in the table in this paragraph (h):

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                              Listing citations
           Common name                Scientific name        Where listed         Status    and applicable rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Mammals
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Addax............................  Addax nasomaculatus.  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 52319, 9/2/
                                                                                             2005.
Anoa, lowland....................  Bubalus               Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    depressicornis.                                          1970.
Anoa, mountain...................  Bubalus quarlesi....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24061, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Antelope, giant sable............  Hippotragus niger     Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24061, 6/14/
                                    variani.                                                 1976.
Antelope, Tibetan................  Panthalops hodgsonii  Wherever found......  E            71 FR 15620, 3/29/
                                                                                             2006.
Argali [All populations except     Ovis ammon..........  Wherever found        E            41 FR 24061, 6/14/
 Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and                                except Kyrgyzstan,                 1976;
 Tajikistan].                                             Mongolia, and                     57 FR 28014, 6/23/
                                                          Tajikistan.                        1992.
Argali [Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and  Ovis ammon..........  Kyrgyzstan,           T            41 FR 24061, 6/14/
 Tajikistan].                                             Mongolia, and                      1976;
                                                          Tajikistan.                       57 FR 28014, 6/23/
                                                                                             1992;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(j).\4d\
Armadillo, giant.................  Priodontes maximus..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24061, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Armadillo, pink fairy............  Chlamyphorus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    truncatus.                                               1970.
Ass, African wild................  Equus africanus.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            42 FR 15971, 3/24/
                                                                                             1977.
Ass, Asian wild..................  Equus hemionus......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Avahi............................  Avahi laniger         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=entire genus).                                         1970.
Aye-aye..........................  Daubentonia           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    madagascariensis.                                        1970.
Babirusa.........................  Babyrousa babyrussa.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24061, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Baboon, gelada...................  Theropithecus gelada  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Bandicoot, barred................  Perameles             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    bougainville.                                            1970.

[[Page 13]]

 
Bandicoot, desert................  Perameles eremiana..  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Bandicoot, lesser rabbit.........  Macrotis leucura....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Bandicoot, pig-footed............  Chaeropus ecaudatus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Bandicoot, rabbit................  Macrotis lagotis....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Banteng..........................  Bos javanicus.......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Bat, Bulmer's fruit (flying fox).  Aproteles bulmerae..  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                                                                             1984.
Bat, bumblebee...................  Craseonycteris        Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                    thonglongyai.                                            1984.
Bat, Florida bonneted............  Eumops floridanus...  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 61003, 10/2/
                                                                                             2013.
Bat, gray........................  Myotis grisescens...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 17736, 4/28/
                                                                                             1976.
Bat, Hawaiian hoary..............  Lasiurus cinereus     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    semotus.                                                 1970.
Bat, Indiana.....................  Myotis sodalis......  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Bat, lesser long-nosed...........  Leptonycteris         Wherever found......  E            53 FR 38456, 9/30/
                                    curasoae                                                 1988.
                                    yerbabuenae.
Bat, little Mariana fruit........  Pteropus tokudae....  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                                                                             1984.
Fruit Bat, Mariana (=fanihi,       Pteropus mariannus    Wherever found......  T            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
 Mariana flying fox).               mariannus.                                               1984;
                                                                                            70 FR 1190, 1/6/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Bat, Mexican long-nosed..........  Leptonycteris         Wherever found......  E            53 FR 38456, 9/30/
                                    nivalis.                                                 1988.
Bat, northern long-eared.........  Myotis                Wherever found......  T            80 FR 17973, 4/2/
                                    septentrionalis.                                         2015;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(o).\4d\
Bat, Ozark big-eared.............  Corynorhinus          Wherever found......  E            44 FR 69206, 11/30/
                                    (=Plecotus)                                              1979.
                                    townsendii ingens.
Bat, Pacific sheath-tailed         Emballonura           Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 (Mariana subspecies) (Payeyi,      semicaudata                                              2015.
 Paischeey).                        rotensis.
Bat, Pacific sheath-tailed (South  Emballonura           Wherever found......  E            81 FR 65466, 9/22/
 Pacific subspecies) (= peapea      semicaudata                                              2016.
 vai, American Samoa; = tagiti,     semicaudata.
 Samoa; = beka beka, Fiji).
Bat, Rodrigues fruit (flying fox)  Pteropus rodricensis  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                                                                             1984.
Bat, Singapore roundleaf           Hipposideros ridleyi  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
 horseshoe.                                                                                  1984.
Bat, Virginia big-eared..........  Corynorhinus          Wherever found......  E            44 FR 69206, 11/30/
                                    (=Plecotus)                                              1979;
                                    townsendii                                              50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
                                    virginianus.
Bear, Baluchistan................  Ursus thibetanus      Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                    gedrosianus.                                             1986.
Bear, brown [Italy]..............  Ursus arctos arctos.  Italy...............  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            41 FR 26019, 6/24/
                                                                                             1976.
Bear, brown......................  Ursus arctos          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    pruinosus.                                               1976.

[[Page 14]]

 
Bear, grizzly....................  Ursus arctos          U.S.A., conterminous  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    horribilis.           (lower 48) States,                 1967;
                                                          except: (1) Where                 35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                          listed as an                       1970;
                                                          experimental                      40 FR 31734, 7/28/
                                                          population; and (2)                1975;
                                                          that portion of                   72 FR 14866, 3/29/
                                                          Idaho that is east                 2007;
                                                          of Interstate                     82 FR 30502, 6/30/
                                                          Highway 15 and                     2017;
                                                          north of U.S.                     50 CFR 17.40(b)\4d\.
                                                          Highway 30; that
                                                          portion of Montana
                                                          that is east of
                                                          Interstate Highway
                                                          15 and south of
                                                          Interstate Highway
                                                          90; that portion of
                                                          Wyoming south of
                                                          Interstate U.S.
                                                          Highway 287 south
                                                          of Three Forks (at
                                                          the 220 and 287
                                                          intersection), and
                                                          north of Interstate
                                                          Highway 80 and U.S.
                                                          Highway 30.
Bear, grizzly....................  Ursus arctos          U.S.A., (portions of  XN           70 FR 69854; 11/17/
                                    horribilis.           ID and MT, see Sec.                2005, 50 CFR
                                                           17.84(l))..                       17.84(l)\10j\.
Bear, Mexican grizzly............  Ursus arctos........  Mexico..............  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Bear, polar......................  Ursus maritimus.....  Wherever found......  T            73 FR 28212, 5/15/
                                                                                             2008;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(q);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Beaver (Mongolia)................  Castor fiber birulai  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Bison, wood......................  Bison bison           Wherever found,       T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    athabascae.           except where listed                1970;
                                                          as an experimental                77 FR 26191, 5/3/
                                                          population.                        2012.
Bison, wood......................  Bison bison           U.S.A. (Alaska).....  XN           79 FR 26175, 5/7/
                                    athabascae.                                              2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(x).\10j\
Bobcat, Mexican..................  Lynx (=Felis) rufus   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    escuinapae.                                              1976.
Bontebok (antelope)..............  Damaliscus pygarus    Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=dorcas) dorcas.                                        1976.
Camel, Bactrian..................  Camelus bactrianus..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Caribou, woodland [Southern        Rangifer tarandus     Canada (southeastern  E            48 FR 1722, 1/14/
 Selkirk Mountains DPS].            caribou.              British Columbia                   1983;
                                                          bounded by the                    48 FR 49245, 10/25/
                                                          Canada-U.S. border,                1983;
                                                          Columbia River,                   49 FR 7390, 2/29/
                                                          Kootenay River,                    1984;
                                                          Kootenay Lake, and                50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
                                                          Kootenai River),
                                                          U.S. (ID, WA).
Cat, Andean......................  Felis jacobita......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Cat, Asian golden (=Temminck's)..  Catopuma (=Felis)     Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    temminckii.                                              1976.
Cat, black-footed................  Felis nigripes......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Cat, flat-headed.................  Prionailurus          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=Felis) planiceps.                                      1976.

[[Page 15]]

 
Cat, Iriomote....................  Prionailurus          Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    (=Felis)                                                 1979.
                                    bengalensis
                                    iriomotensis.
Cat, leopard.....................  Prionailurus          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=Felis)                                                 1976.
                                    bengalensis
                                    bengalensis.
Cat, marbled.....................  Pardofelis (=Felis)   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    marmorata.                                               1976.
Cat, Pakistan sand...............  Felis margarita       Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                    scheffeli.                                               1984.
Cat, tiger.......................  Leopardus (=Felis)    Wherever found......  E            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                    tigrinus.                                                1972.
Chamois, Apennine................  Rupicapra rupicapra   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    ornata.                                                  1976.
Cheetah..........................  Acinonyx jubatus....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                                                                             1972.
Chimpanzee.......................  Pan troglodytes.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            55 FR 9129, 3/12/
                                                                                             1990;
                                                                                            80 FR 34500, 6/16/
                                                                                             2015.
Chimpanzee, pygmy................  Pan paniscus........  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            55 FR 9129, 3/12/
                                                                                             1990.
Chinchilla.......................  Chinchilla            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    brevicaudata                                             1976.
                                    boliviana.
Civet, Malabar large-spotted.....  Viverra civettina     Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    (=megaspila c.).                                         1979.
Deer, Bactrian...................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    bactrianus.                                              1979.
Deer, Barbary....................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    barbarus.                                                1979.
Deer, Calamianes (=Philippine)...  Axis porcinus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    calamianensis.                                           1976.
Deer, Cedros Island mule.........  Odocoileus hemionus   Wherever found......  E            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                    cedrosensis.                                             1975.
Deer, Columbian white-tailed       Odocoileus            Columbia River        T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
 [Columbia River DPS].              virginianus           (Clark, Cowlitz,                   1967;
                                    leucurus.             Pacific, Skamania,                68 FR 43647, 7/24/
                                                          and Wahkiakum                      2003;
                                                          Counties, WA, and                 81 FR 71386, 10/17/
                                                          Clatsop, Columbia,                 2016;
                                                          and Multnomah                     50 CFR 17.40(i).\4d\
                                                          Counties, OR).
Deer, Corsican red...............  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    corsicanus.                                              1979.
Deer, Eld's brow-antlered........  Cervus eldi.........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Deer, Formosan sika..............  Cervus nippon         Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    taiouanus.                                               1979.
Deer, Indochina hog..............  Axis (=Cervus)        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    porcinus                                                 1976.
                                    annamiticus.
Deer, key........................  Odocoileus            Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    virginianus clavium.                                     1967.
Deer, Kuhl's (=Bawean)...........  Axis porcinus kuhli.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Deer, marsh......................  Blastocerus           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    dichotomus.                                              1970.
Deer, McNeill's..................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    macneilii.                                               1970.
Deer, musk.......................  Moschus spp. (all     Afghanistan, Bhutan,  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    species).             Burma, China                       1976.
                                                          (Tibet, Yunnan),
                                                          India, Nepal,
                                                          Pakistan, Sikkim.
Deer, North China sika...........  Cervus nippon         Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    mandarinus.                                              1979.
Deer, pampas.....................  Ozotoceros            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    bezoarticus.                                             1976.
Deer, Persian fallow.............  Dama mesopotamica     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=dama m.).                                              1970.
Deer, Ryukyu sika................  Cervus nippon         Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    keramae.                                                 1979.
Deer, Shansi sika................  Cervus nippon         Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    grassianus.                                              1979.
Deer, South China sika...........  Cervus nippon         Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    kopschi.                                                 1979.
Deer, swamp......................  Cervus duvauceli....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Deer, Visayan....................  Cervus alfredi......  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 33990, 9/1/
                                                                                             1988.
Deer, Yarkand....................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    yarkandensis.                                            1979.
Dhole............................  Cuon alpinus........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Dibbler..........................  Antechinus apicalis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Dog, African wild................  Lycaon pictus.......  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                                                                             1984.
Dolphin, Chinese river...........  Lipotes vexillifer..  Wherever found......  E            54 FR 22906, 5/30/
                                                                                             1989; \N\
                                                                                            54 FR 22905, 5/30/
                                                                                             1989.
Dolphin, South Asian River (Indus  Platanista gangetica  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 50835, 12/11/
 River subspecies).                 minor.                                                   1990; \N\
                                                                                            56 FR 1463, 1/14/
                                                                                             1991.
Drill............................  Mandrillus (=Papio)   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    leucophaeus.                                             1976.
Dugong...........................  Dugong dugon........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            68 FR 70185, 12/17/
                                                                                             2003.

[[Page 16]]

 
Duiker, Jentink's................  Cephalophus jentinki  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Eland, western giant.............  Taurotragus           Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    derbianus derbianus.                                     1979.
Elephant, African................  Loxodonta africana..  Wherever found......  T            43 FR 20499, 5/12/
                                                                                             1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(e).\4d\
Elephant, Asian..................  Elephas maximus.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Ferret, black-footed.............  Mustela nigripes....  Wherever found,       E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                          except where listed                1967;
                                                          as an experimental                35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                          population.                        1970;
                                                                                            56 FR 41473, 9/21/
                                                                                             1979;
                                                                                            59 FR 42682, 8/18/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            59 FR 42696, 8/18/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            61 FR 11320, 3/20/
                                                                                             1996;
                                                                                            63 FR 52824, 10/1/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            65 FR 60879, 10/13/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            68 FR 26498, 5/16/
                                                                                             2003;
                                                                                            80 FR 66821, 10/30/
                                                                                             2015.
Ferret, black-footed.............  Mustela nigripes....  U.S.A. (WY and        XN           56 FR 41473, 8/21/
                                                          specified portions                 1991;
                                                          of AZ, CO, MT, SD,                59 FR 42682, 8/18/
                                                          and UT, see Sec.                   1994;
                                                          17.84(g)(9)).                     59 FR 42696, 8/18/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            61 FR 11320, 3/20/
                                                                                             1996;
                                                                                            63 FR 52824, 10/1/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            65 FR 60879, 10/13/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            68 FR 26498, 5/16/
                                                                                             2003;
                                                                                            80 FR 66821, 10/30/
                                                                                             2015;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(g).\10j\
Fox, northern swift..............  Vulpes velox hebes..  Canada..............  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Fox, San Joaquin kit.............  Vulpes macrotis       Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    mutica.                                                  1967.
Fox, Santa Catalina Island.......  Urocyon littoralis    Wherever found......  T            69 FR 10335, 3/5/
                                    catalinae.                                               2004;
                                                                                            81 FR 53515, 8/12/
                                                                                             2016;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Fox, Simien......................  Canis simensis......  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Gazelle, Arabian.................  Gazella gazella.....  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Gazelle, Clark's.................  Ammodorcas clarkei..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gazelle, dama....................  Gazella dama........  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 52319, 9/2/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gazelle, Moroccan................  Gazella dorcas        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    massaesyla.                                              1970.
Gazelle, mountain (=Cuvier's)....  Gazella cuvieri.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gazelle, Pelzeln's...............  Gazella dorcas        Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    pelzelni.                                                1979.
Gazelle, sand....................  Gazella subgutturosa  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    marica.                                                  1979.
Gazelle, Saudi Arabian...........  Gazella dorcas        Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    saudiya.                                                 1979.
Gazelle, slender-horned..........  Gazella leptoceros..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gibbons..........................  Hylobates spp.        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (including Nomascus                                      1970;
                                    ).                                                      41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Goral............................  Nemorhaedus goral...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Gorilla..........................  Gorilla gorilla.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Hare, hispid.....................  Caprolagus hispidus.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Hartebeest, Swayne's.............  Alcelaphus            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    buselaphus swaynei.                                      1970;
                                                                                            41 FR 24062; 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Hartebeest, Tora.................  Alcelaphus            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    buselaphus tora.                                         1976.
Hog, pygmy.......................  Sus salvanius.......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Horse, Przewalski's..............  Equus przewalskii...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Huemul, north Andean.............  Hippocamelus          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    antisensis.                                              1976.
Huemul, south Andean.............  Hippocamelus          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    bisulcus.                                                1976.
Hutia, Cabrera's.................  Capromys              Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                    angelcabrerai.                                           1986.
Hutia, dwarf.....................  Capromys nana.......  Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                                                                             1986.
Hutia, large-eared...............  Capromys auritus....  Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                                                                             1986.
Hutia, little earth..............  Capromys              Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                    sanfelipensis.                                           1986.
Hyena, Barbary...................  Hyaena hyaena         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    barbara.                                                 1970.
Hyena, brown.....................  Parahyaena (=Hyaena)  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    brunnea.                                                 1970.
Ibex, Pyrenean...................  Capra pyrenaica       Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    pyrenaica.                                               1970.
Ibex, Walia......................  Capra walie.........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Impala, black-faced..............  Aepyceros melampus    Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    petersi.                                                 1970.
Indri............................  Indri indri (=entire  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    genus).                                                  1970.
Jaguar...........................  Panthera onca.......  Wherever found......  E            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                                                                             1972;
                                                                                            62 FR 39147, 7/22/
                                                                                             1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Jaguarundi, Guatemalan...........  Herpailurus (=Felis)  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    yagouaroundi                                             1976.
                                    fossata.
Jaguarundi, Gulf Coast...........  Herpailurus (=Felis)  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    yagouaroundi                                             1976.
                                    cacomitli.

[[Page 17]]

 
Jaguarundi, Panamanian...........  Herpailurus (=Felis)  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    yagouaroundi                                             1976.
                                    panamensis.
Jaguarundi, Sinaloan.............  Herpailurus (=Felis)  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    yagouaroundi                                             1976.
                                    tolteca.
Kangaroo rat, Fresno.............  Dipodomys             Wherever found......  E            50 FR 4222, 1/30/
                                    nitratoides exilis.                                      1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Kangaroo rat, giant..............  Dipodomys ingens....  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 283, 1/5/1987.
Kangaroo rat, Morro Bay..........  Dipodomys heermanni   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    morroensis.                                              1970;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Kangaroo rat, San Bernardino       Dipodomys merriami    Wherever found......  E            63 FR 3835, 1/27/
 Merriam's.                         parvus.                                                  1988;
                                                                                            63 FR 51005, 9/24/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Kangaroo rat, Stephens'..........  Dipodomys stephensi   Wherever found......  E            53 FR 38465, 9/30/
                                    (incl. D. cascus).                                       1988.
Kangaroo rat, Tipton.............  Dipodomys             Wherever found......  E            53 FR 25608, 7/8/
                                    nitratoides                                              1988.
                                    nitratoides.
Kangaroo, Tasmanian forester.....  Macropus giganteus    Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                    tasmaniensis.                                            1973.
Koala............................  Phascolarctos         Australia...........  T            65 FR 26762, 5/9/
                                    cinereus.                                                2000.
Kouprey..........................  Bos sauveli.........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Langur, capped...................  Trachypithecus        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=Presbytis)                                             1976.
                                    pileatus.
Langur, Douc.....................  Pygathrix nemaeus...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Langur, Francois'................  Trachypithecus        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    (=Presbytis)                                             1976.
                                    francoisi.
Langur, golden...................  Trachypithecus        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=Presbytis) geei.                                       1976.
Langur, gray (=entellus).........  Semnopithecus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=Presbytis)                                             1976.
                                    entellus.
Langur, long-tailed..............  Presbytis potenziani  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Langur, Pagi Island..............  Nasalis concolor....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Langur, purple-faced.............  Presbytis senex.....  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Lechwe, red......................  Kobus leche.........  Wherever found......  T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            45 FR 65132, 10/1/
                                                                                             1980.
Lemurs...........................  Lemuridae (incl.      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    genera Lemur,                                            1970;
                                    Phaner, Hapalemur,                                      41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    Lepilemur,                                               1976;
                                    Microcebus,                                             41 FR 26019, 6/24/
                                    Allocebus,                                               1976.
                                    Cheirogaleus,
                                    Varecia ).
Leopard..........................  Panthera pardus.....  Wherever found,       E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                          except where it is                 1970;
                                                          listed as                         37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                                          threatened.                        1972;
                                                                                            47 FR 4204, 1/28/
                                                                                             1982.
Leopard [Southern Africa           Panthera pardus.....  In Africa, in the     T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 populations].                                            wild, south of, and                1970;
                                                          including, the                    37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                                          following                          1972;
                                                          countries: Gabon,                 47 FR 4204, 1/28/
                                                          Congo, Zaire,                      1982;
                                                          Uganda, Kenya.                    50 CFR 17.40(f).\4d\
Leopard, clouded.................  Neofelis nebulosa...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Leopard, snow....................  Uncia (=Panthera)     Wherever found......  E            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                    uncia.                                                   1972.
Linsang, spotted.................  Prionodon pardicolor  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Lion.............................  Panthera leo leo....  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 79999, 12/23/
                                                                                             2015.
Lion.............................  Panthera leo          Wherever found......  T            80 FR 79999, 12/23/
                                    melanochaita.                                            2015;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(r).\4d\
Loris, lesser slow...............  Nycticebus pygmaeus.  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Lynx, Canada [Contiguous U.S.      Lynx canadensis.....  Where found within    T            65 FR 16053, 3/24/
 DPS].                                                    contiguous U.S.A..                 2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(k);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Lynx, Spanish....................  Felis pardina.......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Macaque, Formosan rock...........  Macaca cyclopis.....  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Macaque, Japanese................  Macaca fuscata......  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Macaque, lion-tailed.............  Macaca silenus......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.

[[Page 18]]

 
Macaque, stump-tailed............  Macaca arctoides....  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Macaque, Toque...................  Macaca sinica.......  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Manatee, Amazonian...............  Trichechus inunguis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Manatee, West African............  Trichechus            Wherever found......  T            44 FR 42910, 7/20/
                                    senegalensis.                                            1979.
Manatee, West Indian.............  Trichechus manatus..  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            82 FR 16668, 4/5/
                                                                                             2017;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.108(a);
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Mandrill.........................  Mandrillus (=Papio)   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    sphinx.                                                  1976.
Mangabey, Tana River.............  Cercocebus galeritus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    galeritus.                                               1970.
Mangabey, white-collared.........  Cercocebus torquatus  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976.
Margay...........................  Leopardus (=Felis)    Mexico southward....  E            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                    wiedii.                                                  1972.
Markhor, chiltan (=wild goat)....  Capra falconeri       Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=aegagrus)                                              1976.
                                    chiltanensis.
Markhor, straight-horned.........  Capra falconeri       Wherever found......  T            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    megaceros.                                               1976;
                                                                                            79 FR 60365,10/7/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(d).\4d\
Marmoset, buff-headed............  Callithrix flaviceps  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                                                                             1984.
Marmoset, cotton-top.............  Saguinus oedipus....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976.
Marmoset, Goeldi's...............  Callimico goeldii...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Marmoset, white-eared (=buffy      Callithrix aurita     Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
 tufted-ear).                       (=jacchus a.).                                           1986.
Marmot, Vancouver Island.........  Marmota               Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                    vancouverensis.                                          1984.
Marsupial, eastern jerboa........  Antechinomys laniger  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Marsupial-mouse, large desert....  Sminthopsis           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 6/2/
                                    psammophila.                                             1970.
Marsupial-mouse, long-tailed.....  Sminthopsis           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 6/2/
                                    longicaudata.                                            1970.
Marten, Formosan yellow-throated.  Martes flavigula      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    chrysospila.                                             1970.
Monkey, black colobus............  Colobus satanas.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976.
Monkey, black howler.............  Alouatta pigra......  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Monkey, Diana....................  Cercopithecus diana.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976.
Monkey, Guizhou snub-nosed.......  Rhinopithecus         Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39414, 9/27/
                                    brelichi.                                                1990.
Monkey, L'hoest's................  Cercopithecus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    lhoesti.                                                 1976.
Monkey, mantled howler...........  Alouatta palliata...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Monkey, Preuss' red colobus......  Procolobus            Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                    (=Colobus) preussi                                       1984.
                                    (=badius p.).
Monkey, proboscis................  Nasalis larvatus....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Monkey, red-backed squirrel......  Saimiri oerstedii...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Monkey, red-bellied..............  Cercopithecus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    erythrogaster.                                           1976.
Monkey, red-eared nose-spotted...  Cercopithecus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    erythrotis.                                              1976.
Monkey, Sichuan snub-nosed.......  Rhinopithecus         Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39414, 9/27/
                                    roxellana.                                               1990.
Monkey, spider...................  Ateles geoffroyi      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    frontatus.                                               1970.
Monkey, spider...................  Ateles geoffroyl      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    panamensis.                                              1970.
Monkey, Tana River red colobus...  Procolobus            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=Colobus)                                               1970.
                                    rufomitratus
                                    (=badius r.).
Monkey, Tonkin snub-nosed........  Rhinopithecus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                    avunculus.                                               1976;
                                                                                            55 FR 39414, 9/27/
                                                                                             1990.
Monkey, woolly spider............  Brachyteles           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    arachnoides.                                             1970.
Monkey, yellow-tailed woolly.....  Lagothrix flavicauda  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976.
Monkey, Yunnan snub-nosed........  Rhinopithecus bieti.  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39414, 9/27/
                                                                                             1990.
Monkey, Zanzibar red colobus.....  Procolobus            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=Colobus)                                               1970.
                                    pennantii (=kirki)
                                    kirki.
Mountain beaver, Point Arena.....  Aplodontia rufa       Wherever found......  E            56 FR 64716, 12/12/
                                    nigra.                                                   1991.
Mouse, Alabama beach.............  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  E            50 FR 23872, 6/6/
                                    polionotus                                               1985;
                                    ammobates.                                              50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Mouse, Anastasia Island beach....  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  E            54 FR 20598, 5/12/
                                    polionotus phasma.                                       1989.
Mouse, Australian native.........  Notomys aquilo......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Mouse, Australian native.........  Zyzomys pedunculatus  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Mouse, Choctawhatchee beach......  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  E            50 FR 23872, 6/6/
                                    polionotus                                               1985;
                                    allophrys.                                              50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Mouse, Field's...................  Pseudomys fieldi....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Mouse, Gould's...................  Pseudomys gouldii...  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Mouse, Key Largo cotton..........  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  E            48 FR 43040, 9/21/
                                    gossypinus                                               1983;
                                    allapaticola.                                           49 FR 34504, 8/31/
                                                                                             1984.
Mouse, New Holland...............  Pseudomys             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    novaehollandiae.                                         1970.
Mouse, New Mexico meadow jumping.  Zapus hudsonius       Wherever found......  E            79 FR 33119, 6/10/
                                    luteus.                                                  2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\

[[Page 19]]

 
Mouse, Pacific pocket............  Perognathus           Wherever found......  E            59 FR 5306, 2/3/
                                    longimembris                                             1994;
                                    pacificus.                                              59 FR 49752, 9/29/
                                                                                             1994.
Mouse, Perdido Key beach.........  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  E            50 FR 23872, 6/6/
                                    polionotus                                               1985;
                                    trissyllepsis.                                          50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Mouse, Preble's meadow jumping...  Zapus hudsonius       Wherever found......  T            63 FR 26517, 5/13/
                                    preblei.                                                 1998;
                                                                                            78 FR 31679, 5/24/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(l);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Mouse, salt marsh harvest........  Reithrodontomys       Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    raviventris.                                             1970.
Mouse, Shark Bay.................  Pseudomys praeconis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Mouse, Shortridge's..............  Pseudomys             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    shortridgei.                                             1970.
Mouse, smoky.....................  Pseudomys fumeus....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Mouse, southeastern beach........  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  T            54 FR 20598, 5/12/
                                    polionotus                                               1989.
                                    niveiventris.
Mouse, St. Andrew beach..........  Peromyscus            Wherever found......  E            63 FR 70053, 12/18/
                                    polionotus                                               1998;
                                    peninsularis.                                           50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Mouse, western...................  Pseudomys             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    occidentalis.                                            1970.
Muntjac, Fea's...................  Muntiacus feae......  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Native-cat, eastern..............  Dasyurus viverrinus.  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Numbat...........................  Myrmecobius           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    fasciatus.                                               1970;
                                                                                            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Ocelot...........................  Leopardus (=Felis)    Wherever found......  E            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                    pardalis.                                                1972;
                                                                                            47 FR 31670, 7/21/
                                                                                             1982.
Orangutan........................  Pongo pygmaeus......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Oryx, Arabian....................  Oryx leucoryx.......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Oryx, scimitar-horned............  Oryx dammah.........  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 52319, 9/2/
                                                                                             2005.
Otter, Cameroon clawless.........  Aonyx congicus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=congica) microdon.                                     1970.
Otter, giant.....................  Pteronura             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    brasiliensis.                                            1970.
Otter, long-tailed...............  Lontra (=Lutra)       Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    longicaudis (incl.                                       1970;
                                    platensis ).                                            41 FR 24062, 6/24/
                                                                                             1976.
Otter, marine....................  Lontra (=Lutra)       Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/24/
                                    felina.                                                  1976.
Otter, northern sea [Southwest     Enhydra lutris        Southwest Alaska,     T            70 FR 46366, 8/9/
 Alaska DPS].                       kenyoni.              from Attu Island to                2005;
                                                          Western Cook Inlet,               50 CFR 17.40(p);
                                                          including Bristol                  \4d\
                                                          Bay, the Kodiak                   50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
                                                          Archipelago, and
                                                          the Barren Islands.
Otter, southern river............  Lontra (=Lutra)       Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    provocax.                                                1976.
Otter, southern sea..............  Enhydra lutris        Wherever found......  T            42 FR 2965, 1/14/
                                    nereis.                                                  1977.
Panda, giant.....................  Ailuropoda            Wherever found......  E            49 FR 2779, 1/23/
                                    melanoleuca.                                             1984.
Pangolin, Temnick's ground.......  Manis temmincki.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Panther, Florida.................  Puma (=Felis)         Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    concolor coryi.                                          1967.
Planigale, little................  Planigale ingrami     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    subtilissima.                                            1970.
Planigale, southern..............  Planigale             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    tenuirostris.                                            1970.
Pocket gopher, Olympia...........  Thomomys mazama       Wherever found......  T            79 FR 19759, 4/9/
                                    pugetensis.                                              2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(a);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Pocket gopher, Roy Prairie.......  Thomomys mazama       Wherever found......  T            79 FR 19759, 4/9/
                                    glacialis.                                               2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(a).\4d\
Pocket gopher, Tenino............  Thomomys mazama       Wherever found......  T            79 FR 19759, 4/9/
                                    tumuli.                                                  2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(a);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Pocket gopher, Yelm..............  Thomomys mazama       Wherever found......  T            79 FR 19759, 4/9/
                                    yelmensis.                                               2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(a);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Porcupine, thin-spined...........  Chaetomys             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    subspinosus.                                             1970.
Porpoise, Gulf of California       Phocoena sinus......  Wherever found......  E            50 FR 1056, 1/9/
 harbor (cochito, vaquita).                                                                  1985; \N\
                                                                                            50 FR 1056, 1/9/
                                                                                             1985.
Possum, Leadbeater's.............  Gymnobelideus         Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                    leadbeateri.                                             1986.
Possum, mountain pygmy...........  Burramys parvus.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Possum, scaly-tailed.............  Wyulda squamicaudata  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Prairie dog, Mexican.............  Cynomys mexicanus...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Prairie dog, Utah................  Cynomys parvidens...  Wherever found......  T            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973;
                                                                                            49 FR 22330, 5/29/
                                                                                             1984;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(g).\4d\
Pronghorn, peninsular............  Antilocapra           Wherever found......  E            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                    americana                                                1975.
                                    peninsularis.

[[Page 20]]

 
Pronghorn, Sonoran...............  Antilocapra           Wherever found,       E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    americana             except where listed                1967;
                                    sonoriensis.          as an experimental                35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                          population.                        1970.
Pronghorn, Sonoran...............  Antilocapra           In Arizona, an area   XN           76 FR 25593, 5/5/
                                    americana             north of Interstate                2011;
                                    sonoriensis.          8 and south of                    50 CFR
                                                          Interstate 10,                     17.84(v).\10j\
                                                          bounded by the
                                                          Colorado River on
                                                          the west and
                                                          Interstate 10 on
                                                          the east; and an
                                                          area south of
                                                          Interstate 8,
                                                          bounded by Highway
                                                          85 on the west,
                                                          Interstates 10 and
                                                          19 on the east, and
                                                          the U.S.-Mexico
                                                          border on the south.
Pudu.............................  Pudu pudu...........  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Puma (=mountain lion)............  Puma (=Felis)         U.S.A. (FL).........  T(S/A)       56 FR 40265, 8/14/
                                    concolor (all                                            1991;
                                    subsp. except coryi                                     50 CFR 17.40(h).\4d\
                                    ).
Puma, Costa Rican................  Puma (=Felis)         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    concolor                                                 1976.
                                    costaricensis.
Puma (=cougar), eastern..........  Puma (=Felis)         Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                    concolor couguar.                                        1973.
Quokka...........................  Setonix brachyurus..  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Rabbit, Columbia Basin pygmy       Brachylagus           U.S.A. (WA--Douglas,  E            68 FR 10388, 3/5/
 [Columbia Basin DPS].              idahoensis.           Grant, Lincoln,                    2003.
                                                          Adams, Benton
                                                          Counties).
Rabbit, Lower Keys...............  Sylvilagus palustris  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 25588, 6/21/
                                    hefneri.                                                 1990.
Rabbit, riparian brush...........  Sylvilagus bachmani   Wherever found......  E            65 FR 8881, 2/23/
                                    riparius.                                                2000.
Rabbit, Ryukyu...................  Pentalagus furnessi.  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Rabbit, volcano..................  Romerolagus diazi...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rat, false water.................  Xeromys myoides.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rat, stick-nest..................  Leporillus conditor.  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1970.
Rat-kangaroo, brush-tailed.......  Bettongia             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    penicillata.                                             1970.
Rat-kangaroo, desert (=plain)....  Caloprymnus           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    campestris.                                              1970.
Rat-kangaroo, Gaimard's..........  Bettongia gaimardi..  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1970.
Rat-kangaroo, Lesuer's...........  Bettongia lesueur...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rat-kangaroo, Queensland.........  Bettongia tropica...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rhinoceros, black................  Diceros bicornis....  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 47352, 7/14/
                                                                                             1980.
Rhinoceros, great Indian.........  Rhinoceros unicornis  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rhinoceros, Javan................  Rhinoceros sondaicus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rhinoceros, northern white.......  Ceratotherium simum   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    cottoni.                                                 1970.
Rhinoceros, southern white.......  Ceratotherium simum   Wherever found......  T(S/A)       79 FR 28847, 5/20/
                                    simum.                                                   2014.
Rhinoceros, Sumatran.............  Dicerorhinus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    sumatrensis.                                             1970.
Rice rat [Lower FL Keys DPS].....  Oryzomys palustris    Lower FL Keys (west   E            56 FR 19809, 4/30/
                                    natator.              of Seven Mile                      1990;
                                                          Bridge).                          50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Saiga, Mongolian (antelope)......  Saiga tatarica        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    mongolica.                                               1976.
Saki, southern bearded...........  Chiropotes satanas    Wherever found......  E            51 FR 17977, 5/16/
                                    satanas.                                                 1986.
Saki, white-nosed................  Chiropotes albinasus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Sea lion, Steller [Western DPS]..  Eumetopias jubatus..  Western DPS--see 50   E            55 FR 13488, 4/10/
                                                          CFR 224.101.                       1990;
                                                                                            55 FR 50005, 12/4/
                                                                                             1990;
                                                                                            62 FR 24345, 5/5/
                                                                                             1997; \N\
                                                                                            62 FR 30772, 6/5/
                                                                                             1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.202; \CH\
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.103.
Seal, bearded [Beringia DPS].....  Erignathus barbatus   Beringia DPS--see 50  T            77 FR 76739, 12/28/
                                    nauticus.             CFR 223.102.                       2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.

[[Page 21]]

 
Seal, bearded [Okhotsk DPS]......  Erignathus barbatus   Okhotsk DPS--see 50   T            77 FR 76739, 12/28/
                                    nauticus.             CFR 223.102.                       2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Seal, Guadalupe fur..............  Arctocephalus         Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    townsendi.                                               1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            50 FR 51251, 12/16/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            55 FR 14051, 3/23/
                                                                                             1999; \N\
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.201.\4d\
Seal, Hawaiian monk..............  Neomonachus           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 51611, 11/23/
                                    schauinslandi                                            1976;
                                    (=Monachus                                              55 FR 14051, 3/23/
                                    schauinslandi).                                          1999; \N\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.201.\CH\
Seal, Mediterranean monk.........  Monachus monachus...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            55 FR 14051, 3/23/
                                                                                             1999.\N\
Seal, ringed (Arctic subspecies).  Phoca (=Pusa)         Wherever found......  T            77 FR 76705, 12/28/
                                    hispida hispida.                                         2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Seal, ringed (Baltic subspecies).  Phoca (=Pusa)         Wherever found......  T            77 FR 76705, 12/28/
                                    hispida botnica.                                         2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Seal, ringed (Ladoga subspecies).  Phoca (=Pusa)         Wherever found......  E            77 FR 76705, 12/28/
                                    hispida ladogensis.                                      2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Seal, ringed (Okhotsk subspecies)  Phoca (=Pusa)         Wherever found......  T            77 FR 76705, 12/28/
                                    hispida ochotensis.                                      2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Seal, ringed (Saimaa subspecies).  Phoca hispida         Wherever found......  E            58 FR 26920, 5/6/
                                    saimensis.                                               1993; \N\
                                                                                            58 FR 40538, 7/28/
                                                                                             1993.
Seal, spotted [Southern DPS].....  Phoca largha........  Southern DPS--see 50  T            75 FR 65239, 10/22/
                                                          CFR 223.102.                       2010; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.212.\4d\
Seledang.........................  Bos gaurus..........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Serow............................  Naemorhedus           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 26019, 6/24/
                                    (=Capricornis)                                           1976.
                                    sumatraensis.
Serval, Barbary..................  Leptailurus (=Felis)  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    serval constantina.                                      1970.
Shapo............................  Ovis vignei vignei..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 26019, 6/24/
                                                                                             1976.
Sheep, Peninsular bighorn          Ovis canadensis       U.S.A. (CA)           E            63 FR 13134, 3/18/
 [Peninsular CA DPS].               nelsoni.              Peninsular Ranges.                 1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Sheep, Sierra Nevada bighorn.....  Ovis canadensis       U.S.A. (CA)--Sierra   E            64 FR 19300, 4/20/
                                    sierrae.              Nevada.                            1999;
                                                                                            65 FR 20, 1/3/2000;
                                                                                            73 FR 45534, 8/5/
                                                                                             2008;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Shou.............................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    wallichi.                                                1970.
Shrew, Buena Vista Lake..........  Sorex ornatus         Wherever found......  E            67 FR 10101, 3/6/
                                    relictus.                                                2002;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Siamang..........................  Symphalangus          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    syndactylus.                                             1976.
Sifakas..........................  Propithecus spp.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Sloth, Brazilian three-toed......  Bradypus torquatus..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Solenodon, Cuban.................  Solenodon cubanus...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Solenodon, Haitian...............  Solenodon paradoxus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Squirrel, Carolina northern        Glaucomys sabrinus    Wherever found......  E            50 FR 26999, 7/1/
 flying.                            coloratus.                                               1985.
Squirrel, Mount Graham red.......  Tamiasciurus          Wherever found......  E            52 FR 20994, 6/3/
                                    hudsonicus                                               1987;
                                    grahamensis.                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Squirrel, northern Idaho ground..  Spermophilus          Wherever found......  T            65 FR 17780, 4/5/
                                    brunneus brunneus.                                       2000.
Stag, Barbary....................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    barbarus.                                                1970.
Stag, Kashmir....................  Cervus elaphus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    hanglu.                                                  1970.
Suni, Zanzibar...................  Neotragus moschatus   Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                    moschatus.                                               1979.
Tahr, Arabian....................  Hemitragus jayakari.  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Tamaraw..........................  Bubalus mindorensis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tamarin, golden-rumped...........  Leontopithecus spp..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tamarin, pied....................  Saguinus bicolor....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976.
Tamarin, white-footed............  Saguinus leucopus...  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\
Tapir, Asian.....................  Tapirus indicus.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Tapir, Central American..........  Tapirus bairdii.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tapir, mountain..................  Tapirus pinchaque...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tapir, South American              Tapirus terrestris..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 (=Brazilian).                                                                               1970.
Tarsier, Philippine..............  Tarsius syrichta....  Wherever found......  T            41 FR 45990, 10/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(c).\4d\

[[Page 22]]

 
Tiger............................  Panthera tigris.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
                                                                                             1972.
Tiger, Tasmanian.................  Thylacinus            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    cynocephalus.                                            1970.
Uakari (all species).............  Cacajao spp.........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Urial............................  Ovis musimon ophion.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Vicuna [Argentina, Bolivia, Chile  Vicugna vicugna.....  Wherever found,       T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 and Peru].                                               except Ecudator.                   1970;
                                                                                            67 FR 37695, 5/30/
                                                                                             2002;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(m).\4d\
Vicuna [Ecuador DPS].............  Vicugna vicugna.....  Ecuador.............  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            67 FR 37695, 5/30/
                                                                                             2002.
Vole, Amargosa...................  Microtus              Wherever found......  E            49 FR 45160, 11/15/
                                    californicus                                             1984;
                                    scirpensis.                                             50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Vole, Florida salt marsh.........  Microtus              Wherever found......  E            56 FR 1457, 1/14/
                                    pennsylvanicus                                           1991.
                                    dukecampbelli.
Wallaby, banded hare.............  Lagostrophus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    fasciatus.                                               1970.
Wallaby, brindled nail-tailed....  Onychogalea fraenata  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Wallaby, crescent nail-tailed....  Onychogalea lunata..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Wallaby, Parma...................  Macropus parma......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Wallaby, western hare............  Lagorchestes          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    hirsutus.                                                1970.
Wallaby, yellow-footed rock......  Petrogale xanthopus.  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Whale, beluga [Cook Inlet DPS]...  Delphinapterus        Cook Inlet DPS--see   E            73 FR 62919, 10/22/
                                    leucas.               50 CFR 224.101.                    2008; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.220.\CH\
Whale, blue......................  Balaenoptera          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    musculus.                                                1970.
Whale, bowhead...................  Balaena mysticetus..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Whale, false killer [Main          Pseudorca crassidens  Main Hawaiian         E            77 FR 70915, 11/28/
 Hawaiian Islands Insular DPS].                           Islands Insular                    2012; \N\
                                                          DPS--see 50 CFR                   79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                          224.101.                           2014.
Whale, finback...................  Balaenoptera          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    physalus.                                                1970.
Whale, gray [Western North         Eschrichtius          Western North         E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 Pacific DPS].                      robustus.             Pacific DPS--see 50                1970;
                                                          CFR 224.101.                      59 FR 31094, 6/16/
                                                                                             1994; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Whale, humpback [Arabian Sea DPS]  Megaptera             Arabian Sea DPS--see  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    novaeangliae.         50 CFR 224.101.                    1970;
                                                                                            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            81 FR 62260, 9/8/
                                                                                             2016\N\;
                                                                                            81 FR 93639, 12/21/
                                                                                             2016.
Whale, humpback [Cape Verde        Megaptera             Cape Verde Islands/   E            35 FR 8491, 6/0/
 Islands/Northwest Africa DPS].     novaeangliae.         Northwest Africa                   1970;
                                                          DPS--see 50 CFR                   35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                          224.101.                           1970;
                                                                                            81 FR 62260, 9/8/
                                                                                             2016\N\;
                                                                                            81 FR 93639, 12/21/
                                                                                             2016.
Whale, humpback [Central America   Megaptera             Central America DPS-- E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 DPS].                              novaeangliae.         see 50 CFR 224.101.                1970;
                                                                                            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            81 FR 62260, 9/8/
                                                                                             2016\N\;
                                                                                            81 FR 93639, 12/21/
                                                                                             2016.
Whale, humpback [Mexico DPS].....  Megaptera             Mexico DPS--see 50    T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    novaeangliae.         CFR 223.102.                       1970;
                                                                                            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            81 FR 62260, 9/8/
                                                                                             2016\N\;
                                                                                            81 FR 93639, 12/21/
                                                                                             2016;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.213;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.214.
Whale, humpback [Western North     Megaptera             Western North         E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 Pacific DPS].                      novaeangliae.         Pacific DPS--see 50                1970;
                                                          CFR 224.101.                      35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            81 FR 62260, 9/8/
                                                                                             2016\N\;
                                                                                            81 FR 93639, 12/21/
                                                                                             2016;
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.103.
Whale, killer [Southern Resident   Orcinus orca........  Southern Resident     E            70 FR 69903, 11/18/
 DPS].                                                    DPS--see 50 CFR                    2005; \N\
                                                          224.101.                          72 FR 16284, 4/4/
                                                                                             2007;
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            80 CFR 7380, 2/10/
                                                                                             2015; \N\
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.103;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.206.\CH\
Whale, North Atlantic right......  Eubalaena glacialis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            73 FR 12024, 3/6/
                                                                                             2008; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.103;
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.105;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.203.\CH\

[[Page 23]]

 
Whale, North Pacific right.......  Eubalaena japonica..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            73 FR 12024, 3/6/
                                                                                             2008; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.215.\CH\
Whale, sei.......................  Balaenoptera          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    borealis.                                                1970.
Whale, Southern right............  Eubalaena australis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            73 FR 12024, 3/6/
                                                                                             2008; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011.
Whale, sperm.....................  Physeter catodon      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=macrocephalus).                                        1970.
Wolf, gray.......................  Canis lupus.........   U.S.A.: All of AL,   E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                          AR, CA, CO, CT, DE,                1967;
                                                          FL, GA, IA, IN, IL,               38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                          KS, KY, LA, MA, MD,                1973;
                                                          ME, MI, MO, MS, NC,               41 FR 17736, 4/28/
                                                          ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV,                1976;
                                                          NY, OH, OK, PA, RI,               41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          SC, SD, TN, TX, VA,                1976;
                                                          VT, WI, and WV; and               43 FR 9607, 3/9/
                                                          portions of AZ, NM,                1978;
                                                           OR, UT, and WA as                80 FR 9218, 2/20/
                                                                follows:                     2015;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
                                     ..................     (1) Northern AZ
                                                             (that portion
                                                             north of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Interstate
                                                             Highway 40);.
                                     ..................     (2) Northern NM
                                                             (that portion
                                                             north of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Interstate
                                                             Highway 40);.
                                     ..................     (3) Western OR
                                                             (that portion of
                                                             OR west of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Highway 395 and
                                                             Highway 78 north
                                                             of Burns
                                                             Junction and
                                                             that portion of
                                                             OR west of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Highway 95 south
                                                             of Burns
                                                             Junction);.

[[Page 24]]

 
                                     ..................     (4) Most of Utah
                                                             (that portion of
                                                             UT south and
                                                             west of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Highway 84 and
                                                             that portion of
                                                             UT south of
                                                             Highway 80 from
                                                             Echo to the UT/
                                                             WY Stateline);
                                                             and.
                                     ..................     (5) Western WA
                                                             (that portion of
                                                             WA west of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Highway 97 and
                                                             Highway 17 north
                                                             of Mesa and that
                                                             portion of WA
                                                             west of the
                                                             centerline of
                                                             Highway 395
                                                             south of Mesa).
                                                             Mexico..
Wolf, gray [MN DPS]..............  Canis lupus.........  U.S.A. (MN).........  T            43 FR 9607, 3/9/
                                                                                             1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.40(d);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(a).\CH\
Wolf, maned......................  Chrysocyon            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    brachyurus.                                              1970.
Wolf, Mexican....................  Canis lupus baileyi.  Wherever found,       E            40 FR 17590, 4/21/
                                                          except where                       1975;
                                                          included in an                    80 FR 2488, 1/16/
                                                          experimental                       2015.
                                                          population as set
                                                          forth in Sec.
                                                          17.84(k).
Wolf, Mexican....................  Canis lupus baileyi.  U.S.A. (portions of   XN           63 FR 1752, 1/12/
                                                          AZ and NM)--see                    1998;
                                                          Sec.  17.84(k).                   80 FR 2512, 1/16/
                                                                                             2015;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(k).\10j\
Wolf, red........................  Canis rufus.........  Wherever found,       E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                          except where listed                1967;
                                                          as an experimental                51 FR 41790, 11/19/
                                                          population.                        1986;
                                                                                            56 FR 56325, 11/4/
                                                                                             1991;
                                                                                            60 FR 18941, 4/13/
                                                                                             1995.
Wolf, red........................  Canis rufus.........  U.S.A. (portions of   XN           51 FR 41790, 11/19/
                                                          NC and TN--see Sec.                1986;
                                                           17.84(c)(9)).                    56 FR 56325, 11/4/
                                                                                             1991;
                                                                                            60 FR 18941, 4/13/
                                                                                             1995;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(c).\10j\
Wombat, Queensland hairy-nosed     Lasiorhinus krefftii  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
 (incl. Barnard's).                 (formerly L.                                             1970;
                                    barnardi and L.                                         38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                    gillespiei ).                                            1973.
Woodrat, Key Largo...............  Neotoma floridana     Wherever found......  E            48 FR 43040, 9/21/
                                    smalli.                                                  1983;
                                                                                            49 FR 34504, 8/31/
                                                                                             1984.
Woodrat, riparian (San Joaquin     Neotoma fuscipes      Wherever found......  E            65 FR 8881, 2/23/
 Valley).                           riparia.                                                 2000.
Yak, wild........................  Bos mutus             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=grunniens m.).                                         1970.
Zebra, Grevy's...................  Equus grevyi........  Wherever found......  T            44 FR 49218, 8/21/
                                                                                             1979.
Zebra, Hartmann's mountain.......  Equus zebra           Wherever found......  T            44 FR 49218, 8/21/
                                    hartmannae.                                              1979;
                                                                                            46 FR 11665, 2/10/
                                                                                             1981.
Zebra, mountain..................  Equus zebra zebra...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            46 FR 11665, 2/10/
                                                                                             1981.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 25]]

 
                                                      Birds
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adjutant, greater................  Leptoptilos dubius..  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 50052, 8/11/
                                                                                             2011.
Akekee (honeycreeper)............  Loxops                Wherever found......  E            75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                    caeruleirostris.                                         2010;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Akepa, Hawaii....................  Loxops coccineus....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Akepa, Maui......................  Loxops ochraceus....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Akialoa, Kauai...................  Hemignathus           Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    stejnegeri.                                              1967.
Akiapolaau.......................  Hemignathus wilsoni.  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Akikiki (honeycreeper)...........  Oreomystis bairdi...  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                             2010;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Albatross, Amsterdam.............  Diomedea              Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    amsterdamensis.                                          1995.
Albatross, short-tailed..........  Phoebastria           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=Diomedea)                                              1970;
                                    albatrus.                                               65 FR 46643, 7/31/
                                                                                             2000.
Alethe, Thyolo...................  Alethe choloensis...  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Antpitta, brown-banded...........  Grallaria milleri...  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                             2013.
Antwren, black-hooded............  Formicivora           Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
                                    erythronotos.                                            2010.
Blackbird, yellow-shouldered.....  Agelaius xanthomus..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 51019, 11/19/
                                                                                             1976;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Bobwhite, masked (quail).........  Colinus virginianus   Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    ridgwayi.                                                1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Booby, Abbott's..................  Papasula (=Sula)      Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    abbotti.                                                 1976.
Bristlebird, western.............  Dasyornis             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    longirostris                                             1970.
                                    (=brachypterus l.).
Bristlebird, western rufous......  Dasyornis broadbenti  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    littoralis.                                              1976.
Bulbul, Mauritius olivaceous.....  Hypsipetes            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    borbonicus                                               1970.
                                    olivaceus.
Bullfinch, Sao Miguel (finch)....  Pyrrhula pyrrhula     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    murina.                                                  1970.
Bush-shrike, Ulugura.............  Malaconotus alius...  Wherever found......  T            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Bushwren, New Zealand............  Xenicus longipes....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Bustard, great Indian............  Ardeotis              Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=Choriotis)                                             1970.
                                    nigriceps.
Cahow............................  Pterodroma cahow....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Capercaillie, Cantabrian.........  Tetrao urogallus      Wherever found......  E            76 FR 50052, 8/11/
                                    cantabricus.                                             2011.
Caracara, crested, (Audubon's)     Polyborus plancus     U.S.A. (FL).........  T            52 FR 25229, 7/6/
 [FL DPS].                          audubonii.                                               1987.
Cinclodes, royal.................  Cinclodes aricomae..  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 43434, 7/24/
                                                                                             2012.
Cockatoo, Philippine.............  Cacatua               Wherever found......  E            79 FR 35870, 6/24/
                                    haematuropygia.                                          2014.
Cockatoo, salmon-crested.........  Cacatua moluccensis.  Wherever found......  T            76 FR 30758, 5/26/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.41(c).\4d\
Cockatoo, white..................  Cacatua alba........  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 35870, 6/24/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.41(c).\4d\
Cockatoo, yellow-crested.........  Cacatua sulphurea...  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 35870, 6/24/
                                                                                             2014.
Condor, Andean...................  Vultur gryphus......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Condor, California...............  Gymnogyps             U.S.A. only, except   E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    californianus.        where listed as an                 1967;
                                                          experimental                      61 FR 54045, 10/16/
                                                          population.                        1996;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Condor, California...............  Gymnogyps             U.S.A. (specific      XN           61 FR 54045, 10/16/
                                    californianus.        portions of                        1996;
                                                          Arizona, Nevada,                  50 CFR
                                                          and Utah)--see Sec.                17.84(j).\10j\
                                                           17.84(j).
Coot, Hawaiian...................  Fulica americana      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    alai.                                                    1970.
Cotinga, banded..................  Cotinga maculata....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Cotinga, white-winged............  Xipholena             Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    atropurpurea.                                            1976.
Courser, Jerdon's................  Rhinoptilus           Wherever found......  E            76 FR 50052, 8/11/
                                    bitorquatus.                                             2011.
Crane, black-necked..............  Grus nigricollis....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Crane, Cuba sandhill.............  Grus canadensis       Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    nesiotes.                                                1976.
Crane, hooded....................  Grus monacha........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Crane, Japanese..................  Grus japonensis.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Crane, Mississippi sandhill......  Grus canadensis       Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                    pulla.                                                   1973;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Crane, Siberian white............  Grus leucogeranus...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Crane, white-naped...............  Grus vipio..........  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Crane, whooping..................  Grus americana......  Wherever found,       E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                          except where listed                1967;
                                                          as an experimental                35 FR 8491, 3/9/
                                                          population.                        1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\

[[Page 26]]

 
Crane, whooping..................  Grus americana......  U.S.A. (AL, AR, CO,   XN           58 FR 5561, 1/22/
                                                          FL, GA, ID, IL, IN,                1993;
                                                          IA, KY, LA, MI, MN,               62 FR 38932, 7/21/
                                                          MS, MO, NC, NM, OH,                1997;
                                                          SC, TN, UT, VA, WI,               66 FR 33903, 6/26/
                                                          WV, western half of                2001;
                                                          WY).                              76 FR 6066, 2/3/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(h).\10j\
Creeper, Hawaii..................  Oreomystis mana.....  Wherever found......  E            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                                                                             1975.
Creeper, Molokai.................  Paroreomyza flammea.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Creeper, Oahu....................  Paroreomyza maculata  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Crow, Hawaiian...................  Corvus hawaiiensis..  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Crow, Mariana....................  Corvus kubaryi......  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                                                                             1984;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Crow, white-necked...............  Corvus                Wherever found......  E            56 FR 13598, 4/3/
                                    leucognaphalus.                                          1991.
Cuckoo, yellow-billed [Western     Coccyzus americanus.  Western DPS: U.S.A.   T            79 FR 59991, 10/3/
 DPS].                                                    (AZ, CA, CO                        2014.
                                                          (western), ID, MT
                                                          (western), NM
                                                          (western), NV, OR,
                                                          TX (western), UT,
                                                          WA, WY (western));
                                                          Canada (British
                                                          Columbia
                                                          (southwestern);
                                                          Mexico (Baja
                                                          California, Baja
                                                          California Sur,
                                                          Chihuahua, Durango
                                                          (western), Sinaloa,
                                                          Sonora).
Cuckoo-shrike, Mauritius.........  Coquus typicus......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Cuckoo-shrike, Reunion...........  Coquus newtoni......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Curassow, blue-billed............  Crax alberti........  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                             2013.
Curassow, razor-billed...........  Mitu mitu mitu......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Curassow, red-billed.............  Crax blumenbachii...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Curassow, Trinidad white-headed..  Pipile pipile pipile  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Curlew, Eskimo...................  Numenius borealis...  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Curlew, slender-billed...........  Numenius              Wherever found......  E            76 FR 50052, 8/11/
                                    tenuirostris.                                            2011.
Dove, cloven-feathered...........  Drepanoptila          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    holosericea.                                             1970.
Dove, Grenada gray-fronted.......  Leptotila rufaxilla   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    wellsi.                                                  1970.
Duck, Hawaiian...................  Anas wyvilliana.....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Duck, Laysan.....................  Anas laysanensis....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Duck, pink-headed................  Rhodonessa            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    caryophyllacea.                                          1976.
Duck, white-winged wood..........  Cairina scutulata...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Eagle, Greenland white-tailed....  Haliaeetus albicilla  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    groenlandicus.                                           1976.
Eagle, harpy.....................  Harpia harpyja......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Eagle, Madagascar sea............  Haliaeetus            Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    vociferoides.                                            1995.
Eagle, Madagascar serpent........  Eutriorchis astur...  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Eagle, Philippine................  Pithecophaga          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    jefferyi.                                                1970.
Eagle, Spanish imperial..........  Aquila heliaca        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    adalberti.                                               1970.
Egret, Chinese...................  Egretta eulophotes..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Eider, spectacled................  Somateria fischeri..  Wherever found......  T            58 FR 27474, 5/10/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Eider, Steller's [AK Breeding      Polysticta stelleri.  U.S.A. (AK breeding   T            62 FR 31748, 6/11/
 DPS].                                                    population only).                  1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Elepaio, Oahu....................  Chasiempis ibidis...  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 20760, 4/18/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Falcon, Eurasian peregrine.......  Falco peregrinus      Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    peregrinus.                                              1976.
Falcon, northern aplomado........  Falco femoralis       Wherever found,       E            51 FR 6686, 2/25/
                                    septentrionalis.      except where listed                1986.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Falcon, northern aplomado........  Falco femoralis       U.S.A. (AZ, NM).....  XN           71 FR 42298, 7/26/
                                    septentrionalis.                                         2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(p).\10j\

[[Page 27]]

 
Finch, Laysan (honeycreeper).....  Telespyza cantans...  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Finch, Nihoa (honeycreeper)......  Telespyza ultima....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Fire-eye, fringed-backed.........  Pyriglena atra......  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
                                                                                             2010.
Flamingo, Andean.................  Phoenicoparrus        Wherever found......  E            75 FR 50814, 8/17/
                                    andinus.                                                 2010.
Flycatcher, Euler's..............  Empidonax euleri      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    johnstonei.                                              1970.
Flycatcher, Seychelles paradise..  Terpsiphone corvina.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Flycatcher, southwestern willow..  Empidonax traillii    Wherever found......  E            60 FR 10695, 2/27/
                                    extimus.                                                 1995;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Flycatcher, Tahiti...............  Pomarea nigra.......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Fody, Mauritius..................  Foudia rubra........  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Fody, Rodrigues..................  Foudia flavicans....  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Fody, Seychelles (weaver-finch)..  Foudia sechellarum..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Francolin, Djibouti..............  Francolinus           Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    ochropectus.                                             1995.
Frigatebird, Andrew's............  Fregata andrewsi....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Gallinule, Hawaiian common (Alae   Gallinula chloropus   Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
 ula).                              (=galeata)                                               1967.
                                    sandvicensis.
Gnatcatcher, coastal California..  Polioptila            Wherever found......  T            58 FR 16742, 3/30/
                                    californica                                              1993;
                                    californica.                                            50 CFR 17.41(b);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Goose, Hawaiian..................  Branta (=Nesochen)    Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    sandvicensis.                                            1967.
Goshawk, Christmas Island........  Accipiter fasciatus   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    natalis.                                                 1970.
Goshawk, Queen Charlotte [British  Accipiter gentilis    British Columbia,     T            77 FR 45870, 8/1/
 Columbia DPS].                     laingi.               Canada.                            2012.
Grackle, slender-billed..........  Quisicalus palustris  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Grasswren, Eyrean (flycatcher)...  Amytornis goyderi...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Grebe, Alaotra...................  Tachybaptus           Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    rufoflavatus.                                            1995.
Grebe, Atitlan...................  Podilymbus gigas....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Grebe, Junin.....................  Podiceps              Wherever found......  E            77 FR 43434, 7/24/
                                    taczanowskii.                                            2012.
Greenshank, Nordmann's...........  Tringa guttifer.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Ground-cuckoo, southeastern        Neomorphus geoffroyi  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
 rufous-vented.                     dulcis.                                                  2010.
Ground-dove, friendly (= tuaimeo)  Gallicolumba stairi.  U.S.A. (AS).........  E            81 FR 65466, 9/22/
 (American Samoa DPS).                                                                       2016.
Guan, cauca......................  Penelope perspicax..  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                             2013.
Guan, horned.....................  Oreophasis derbianus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Guan, white-winged...............  Penelope albipennis.  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39858, 9/28/
                                                                                             1990.
Guineafowl, white-breasted.......  Agelastes             Wherever found......  T            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    meleagrides.                                             1995.
Gull, Audouin's..................  Larus audouinii.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gull, relict.....................  Larus relictus......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Hawk, Galapagos..................  Buteo galapagoensis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Hawk, Hawaiian...................  Buteo solitarius....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Hawk, Puerto Rican broad-winged..  Buteo platypterus     Wherever found......  E            59 FR 46710, 9/9/
                                    brunnescens.                                             1994.
Hawk, Puerto Rican sharp-shinned.  Accipiter striatus    Wherever found......  E            59 FR 46710, 9/9/
                                    venator.                                                 1994.
Hermit, hook-billed (hummingbird)  Ramphodon (=Glaucis)  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    dohrnii.                                                 1976.
Hermit, Margaretta's.............  Phaethornis malaris   Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
                                    margarettae.                                             2010.
Honeycreeper, crested (Akohekohe)  Palmeria dolei......  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Honeyeater, helmeted.............  Lichenostomus         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    melanops cassidix                                        1970.
                                    (=Meliphaga c.).
Hornbill, helmeted...............  Buceros (=Rhinoplax)  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    vigil.                                                   1976.
Hummingbird, Honduran emerald....  Amazilia luciae.....  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 45086, 7/29/
                                                                                             2015.
Ibis, giant......................  Pseudibis gigantea..  Wherever found......  E            73 FR 3146, 1/16/
                                                                                             2008.
Ibis, Japanese crested...........  Nipponia nippon.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Ibis, northern bald..............  Geronticus eremita..  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39858, 9/28/
                                                                                             1990.
Kagu.............................  Rhynochetos jubatus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Kakapo...........................  Strigops habroptilus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Kestrel, Mauritius...............  Falco punctatus.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Kestrel, Seychelles..............  Falco araea.........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Kingfisher, Guam Micronesian.....  Halcyon cinnamomina   Wherever found......  E            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                    cinnamomina.                                             1984;
                                                                                            69 FR 62943, 10/28/
                                                                                             2004;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Kite, Cuba hook-billed...........  Chondrohierax         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    uncinatus wilsonii.                                      1970.
Kite, Grenada hook-billed........  Chondrohierax         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    uncinatus mirus.                                         1970.
Kite, snail (Everglade)..........  Rostrhamus            U.S.A. (FL).........  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    sociabilis plumbeus.                                     1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Knot, rufa red...................  Calidris canutus      Wherever found......  T            79 FR 73705, 12/11/
                                    rufa.                                                    2014.

[[Page 28]]

 
Kokako (wattlebird)..............  Callaeas cinerea....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Lark, Raso.......................  Alauda razae........  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Lark, streaked horned............  Eremophila alpestris  Wherever found......  T            78 FR 61451, 10/3/
                                    strigata.                                                2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.41(a);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Macaw, blue-throated.............  Ara glaucogularis...  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 61208, 10/3/
                                                                                             2013.
Macaw, glaucous..................  Anodorhynchus         Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    glaucus.                                                 1976.
Macaw, great green...............  Ara ambiguus........  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59975, 10/2/
                                                                                             2015.
Macaw, indigo....................  Anodorhynchus leari.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Macaw, little blue...............  Cyanopsitta spixii..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Macaw, military..................  Ara militaris.......  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59975, 10/2/
                                                                                             2015.
Magpie-robin, Seychelles (thrush)  Copsychus             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    sechellarum.                                             1970.
Malimbe, Ibadan..................  Malimbus ibadanensis  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Malkoha, red-faced (cuckoo)......  Phaenicophaeus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    pyrrhocephalus.                                          1970.
Mao (= maomao) (honeyeater)......  Gymnomyza samoensis.  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 65466, 9/22/
                                                                                             2016.
Megapode, Maleo..................  Macrocephalon maleo.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Megapode, Micronesian (=La         Megapodius laperouse  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 Perouse's).                                                                                 1970.
Merganser, Brazilian.............  Mergus octosetaceus.  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
                                                                                             2010.
Millerbird, Nihoa (old world       Acrocephalus          Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
 warbler).                          familiaris kingi.                                        1967.
Mockingbird, Socorro.............  Mimus Graysoni......  Wherever found......  E            73 FR 3146, 1/16/
                                                                                             2008.
Moorhen, Mariana common..........  Gallinula chloropus   Wherever found......  E            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                    guami.                                                   1984.
Murrelet, marbled [CA, OR, WA      Brachyramphus         U.S.A. (CA, OR, WA).  T            57 FR 45337, 10/1/
 DPS].                              marmoratus.                                              1992;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Nightjar, Puerto Rican...........  Caprimulgus           Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                    noctitherus.                                             1973.
Nukupuu, Kauai...................  Hemignathus hanapepe  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Nukupuu, Maui....................  Hemignathus affinis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Nuthatch, Algerian...............  Sitta ledanti.......  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
`O`o, Kauai (honeyeater).........  Moho braccatus......  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Ostrich, Arabian.................  Struthio camelus      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    syriacus.                                                1970.
Ostrich, West African............  Struthio camelus      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    spatzi.                                                  1970.
`O`u (honeycreeper)..............  Psittirostra          Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    psittacea.                                               1967.
Owl, Anjouan scops...............  Otus rutilus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    capnodes.                                                1970.
Owl, giant scops.................  Mimizuku (=Otus)      Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    gurneyi.                                                 1976.
Owl, Madagascar red..............  Tyto soumagnei......  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39858, 9/28/
                                                                                             1990.
Owl, Mexican spotted.............  Strix occidentalis    Wherever found......  T            58 FR 14248, 3/16/
                                    lucida.                                                  1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Owl, northern spotted............  Strix occidentalis    Wherever found......  T            55 FR 26114, 6/26/
                                    caurina.                                                 1990;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Owl, Seychelles scops............  Otus magicus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=insularis)                                             1970.
                                    insularis.
Owlet, Morden's..................  Otus ireneae........  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Oystercatcher, Canarian black....  Haematopus            Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    meadewaldoi.                                             1995.
Palila (honeycreeper)............  Loxioides bailleui..  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Paradise-flycatcher, caerulean...  Eutrichomyias         Wherever found......  E            73 FR 3146, 1/16/
                                    rowleyi.                                                 2008.
Parakeet, blue-throated (=ochre-   Pyrrhura cruentata..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 marked).                                                                                    1970.
Parakeet, Forbes'................  Cyanoramphus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    auriceps forbesi.                                        1970.
Parakeet, golden.................  Aratinga guarouba...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Parakeet, golden-shouldered......  Psephotus             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    chrysopterygius.                                         1970.
Parakeet, Mauritius..............  Psittacula echo.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Parakeet, Norfolk Island.........  Cyanoramphus cookii   Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39858, 9/28/
                                    (=novaezelandiae                                         1990.
                                    c.).
Parakeet, orange-bellied.........  Neophema              Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    chrysogaster.                                            1970.
Parakeet, paradise...............  Psephotus             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    pulcherrimus.                                            1970.
Parrot, Bahaman or Cuban.........  Amazona leucocephala  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Parrot, ground...................  Pezoporus wallicus..  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Parrot, imperial.................  Amazona imperialis..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Parrot, night (=Australian)......  Geopsittacus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    occidentalis.                                            1970.
Parrot, Puerto Rican.............  Amazona vittata.....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Parrot, red-browed...............  Amazona rhodocorytha  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Parrot, red-capped...............  Pionopsitta pileata.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Parrot, red-necked...............  Amazona arausiaca...  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 37124, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979.
Parrot, red-spectacled...........  Amazona pretrei       Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    pretrei.                                                 1976.
Parrot, red-tailed...............  Amazona brasiliensis  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39858, 9/28/
                                                                                             1990.
Parrot, Seychelles lesser vasa...  Coracopsis nigra      Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    barklyi.                                                 1995.
Parrot, St. Vincent..............  Amazona guildingii..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.

[[Page 29]]

 
Parrot, St. Lucia................  Amazona versicolor..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Parrot, thick-billed.............  Rhynchopsitta         Mexico..............  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    pachyrhyncha.                                            1970.
Parrot, vinaceous-breasted.......  Amazona vinacea.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Parrot, yellow-billed............  Amazona collaria....  Wherever found......  T            78 FR 15624, 3/12/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.41(c).\4d\
Parrotbill, Maui (Kiwikiu).......  Pseudonestor          Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    xanthophrys.                                             1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Penguin, African.................  Spheniscus demersus.  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 59645, 9/28/
                                                                                             2010.
Penguin, erect-crested...........  Eudyptes sclateri...  Wherever found......  T            75 FR 45497, 8/3/
                                                                                             2010.
Penguin, Fiordland crested.......  Eudyptes              Wherever found......  T            75 FR 45497, 8/3/
                                    pachyrhynchus.                                           2010.
Penguin, Galapagos...............  Spheniscus            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    mendiculus.                                              1970.
Penguin, Humboldt................  Spheniscus humboldti  Wherever found......  T            75 FR 45497, 8/3/
                                                                                             2010.
Penguin, southern rockhopper [New  Eudyptes chrysocome.  New Zealand-          T            76 FR 9681, 2/22/
 Zealand-Australia DPS].                                  Australia DPS,                     2011.
                                                          associated with the
                                                          Campbell Plateau
                                                          and Macquarie
                                                          Island.
Penguin, white-flippered.........  Eudyptula minor       Wherever found......  T            75 FR 45497, 8/3/
                                    albosignata.                                             2010.
Penguin, yellow-eyed.............  Megadyptes antipodes  Wherever found......  T            75 FR 45497, 8/3/
                                                                                             2010.
Petrel, Chatham..................  Pterodroma axillaris  Wherever found......  E            74 FR 46914, 9/14/
                                                                                             2009.
Petrel, Fiji.....................  Pseudobulweria        Wherever found......  E            74 FR 46914, 9/14/
                                    macgillivrayi.                                           2009.
Petrel, Galapagos................  Pterodroma            Wherever found......  T            75 FR 235, 1/5/2010.
                                    phaeopygia.
Petrel, Hawaiian.................  Pterodroma            Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    sandwichensis.                                           1967.
Petrel, Madeira..................  Pterodroma madeira..  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Petrel, magenta..................  Pterodroma magentae.  Wherever found......  E            74 FR 46914, 9/14/
                                                                                             2009.
Petrel, Mascarene black..........  Pterodroma aterrima.  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Pheasant, bar-tailed.............  Syrmaticus humaie...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, Blyth's tragopan.......  Tragopan blythii....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, brown eared............  Crossoptilon          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    mantchuricum.                                            1970.
Pheasant, Cabot's tragopan.......  Tragopan caboti.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, cheer..................  Catreus wallichii...  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 39858, 9/28/
                                                                                             1990.
Pheasant, Chinese monal..........  Lophophorus lhuysii.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, Edward's...............  Lophura edwardsi....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, Elliot's...............  Syrmaticus ellioti..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Pheasant, imperial...............  Lophura imperialis..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, Mikado.................  Syrmaticus mikado...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, Palawan peacock........  Polyplectron          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    emphanum.                                                1970.
Pheasant, Sclater's monal........  Lophophorus sclateri  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, Swinhoe's..............  Lophura swinhoii....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Pheasant, western tragopan.......  Tragopan              Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    melanocephalus.                                          1970.
Pheasant, white eared............  Crossoptilon          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                    crossoptilon.                                            1970.
Pigeon, Azores wood..............  Columba palumbus      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    azorica.                                                 1970.
Pigeon, Chatham Island...........  Hemiphaga             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    novaeseelandiae                                          1970.
                                    chathamensis.
Pigeon, Marquesan imperial.......  Ducula galeata......  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 50052, 8/11/
                                                                                             2011.
Pigeon, Mindoro imperial (=zone-   Ducula mindorensis..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
 tailed).                                                                                    1976.
Pigeon, pink.....................  Columba mayeri......  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Pigeon, Puerto Rican plain.......  Columba inornata      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    wetmorei.                                                1970.
Pigeon, white-tailed laurel......  Columba junoniae....  Wherever found......  T            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Piping-guan, black-fronted.......  Pipile jacutinga....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Pitta, Gurney's..................  Pitta gurneyi.......  Wherever found......  E            73 FR 3146, 1/16/
                                                                                             2008.
Pitta, Koch's....................  Pitta kochi.........  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Plantcutter, Peruvian............  Phytotoma raimondii.  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 43434, 7/24/
                                                                                             2012.
Plover, New Zealand shore........  Thinornis             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    novaeseelandiae.                                         1970.
Plover, piping [Great Lakes        Charadrius melodus..  Great Lakes,          E            50 FR 50726, 12/11/
 watershed DPS].                                          watershed in States                1985;
                                                          of IL, IN, MI, MN,                50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
                                                          NY, OH, PA, and WI
                                                          and Canada (Ont.).
Plover, piping [Atlantic Coast     Charadrius melodus..  Wherever found,       T            50 FR 50726, 12/11/
 and Northern Great Plains                                except those areas                 1985;
 populations].                                            where listed as                   50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
                                                          endangered.

[[Page 30]]

 
Plover, western snowy [Pacific     Charadrius            Pacific Coast         T            58 FR 12864, 3/5/
 Coast population DPS].             alexandrinus          population DPS--                   1993;
                                    nivosus.              U.S.A. (CA, OR,                   50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
                                                          WA), Mexico (within
                                                          50 miles of Pacific
                                                          coast).
Pochard, Madagascar..............  Aythya innotata.....  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Po`ouli (honeycreeper)...........  Melamprosops          Wherever found......  E            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                    phaeosoma.                                               1975.
Prairie-chicken, Attwater's        Tympanuchus cupido    Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
 greater.                           attwateri.                                               1967.
Puffleg, black-breasted..........  Eriocnemis            Wherever found......  E            75 FR 43844, 7/27/
                                    nigrivestis.                                             2010.
Quail, Merriam's Montezuma.......  Cyrtonyx montezumae   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    merriami.                                                1976.
Quetzel, resplendent.............  Pharomachrus mocinno  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Rail, Aukland Island.............  Rallus pectoralis     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    muelleri.                                                1970.
Rail, California clapper.........  Rallus longirostris   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    obsoletus.                                               1970.
Rail, Guam.......................  Rallus owstoni......  Wherever found,       E            49 FR 14354, 4/11/
                                                          except where listed                1984;
                                                          as an experimental                49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                                          population.                        1984;
                                                                                            54 FR 43966, 10/30/
                                                                                             1989.
Rail, Guam.......................  Rallus owstoni......  Rota................  XN           54 FR 43966, 10/30/
                                                                                             1989;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(f).\10j\
Rail, Junin......................  Laterallus tuerosi..  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 43434, 7/24/
                                                                                             2012.
Rail, light-footed clapper.......  Rallus longirostris   U.S.A. only.........  E            34 FR 5034, 3/8/
                                    levipes.                                                 1969;
                                                                                            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Rail, Lord Howe wood.............  Gallirallus           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=Tricholimnas)                                          1976.
                                    sylvestris.
Rail, Yuma clapper...............  Rallus longirostris   U.S.A. only.........  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    yumanensis.                                              1967.
Rhea, lesser (incl. Darwin's)....  Rhea (=Pterocnemia)   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    pennata.                                                 1970.
Robin, Chatham Island............  Petroica traversi...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Robin, dappled mountain..........  Arcanator             Wherever found......  T            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    orostruthus.                                             1995.
Robin, scarlet-breasted            Petroica multicolor   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 (flycatcher).                      multicolor.                                              1970.
Rockfowl, grey-necked............  Picathartes oreas...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Rockfowl, white-necked...........  Picathartes           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    gymnocephalus.                                           1970.
Roller, long-tailed ground.......  Uratelornis chimaera  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Sage-grouse, Gunnison............  Centrocercus minimus  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 69191, 11/20/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Scrub-bird, noisy................  Atrichornis clamosus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Scrub-jay, Florida...............  Aphelocoma            Wherever found......  T            52 FR 20715, 6/3/
                                    coerulescens.                                            1987.
Shama, Cebu black (thrush).......  Copsychus niger       Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    cebuensis.                                               1970.
Shearwater, Heinroth's...........  Puffinus heinrothi..  Wherever found......  T            75 FR 235, 1/5/2010.
Shearwater, Newell's Townsend's..  Puffinus auricularis  Wherever found......  T            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                    newelli.                                                 1975.
Shrike, San Clemente loggerhead..  Lanius ludovicianus   Wherever found......  E            42 FR 40682, 8/11/
                                    mearnsi.                                                 1977.
Siskin, red......................  Carduelis cucullata.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Sparrow, Cape Sable seaside......  Ammodramus maritimus  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    mirabilis.                                               1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Sparrow, Florida grasshopper.....  Ammodramus            Wherever found......  E            51 FR 27492, 7/31/
                                    savannarum                                               1986.
                                    floridanus.
Sparrow, San Clemente sage.......  Amphispiza belli      Wherever found......  T            42 FR 40682, 8/11/
                                    clementeae.                                              1977.
Sparrowhawk, Anjouan Island......  Accipiter francesii   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    pusillus.                                                1970.
Starling, Ponape mountain........  Aplonis pelzelni....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Starling, Rothschild's (myna)....  Leucopsar             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    rothschildi.                                             1970.
Stilt, black.....................  Himantopus            Wherever found......  E            73 FR 3146, 1/16/
                                    novaezelandiae.                                          2008.
Stilt, Hawaiian..................  Himantopus mexicanus  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    (=himantopus)                                            1970.
                                    knudseni.
Stork, oriental white............  Ciconia boyciana      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=ciconia b.).                                           1970.
Stork, wood [Southeast U.S. DPS].  Mycteria americana..  U.S.A. (AL, FL, GA,   T            49 FR 7332, 2/28/
                                                          MS, NC, SC).                       1984;
                                                                                            79 FR 37077, 6/30/
                                                                                             2014.
Storm-petrel, band-rumped (Hawaii  Oceanodroma castro..  U.S.A. (HI).........  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
 DPS).                                                                                       2016.
Sunbird, Marungu.................  Nectarinia            Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    prigoginei.                                              1995.
Swiftlet, Mariana gray...........  Aerodramus            Wherever found......  E            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                    vanikorensis                                             1984.
                                    bartschi.
Tanager, cherry-throated.........  Nemosia rourei......  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
                                                                                             2010.
Teal, Campbell Island flightless.  Anas aucklandica      Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    nesiotis.                                                1976.
Tern, California least...........  Sterna antillarum     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    browni.                                                  1970;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.

[[Page 31]]

 
Tern, least [Interior DPS].......  Sterna antillarum...  U.S.A. (AR, CO, IA,   E            50 FR 21784, 5/28/
                                                          IL, IN, KS, KY, LA--               1985.
                                                          Miss. R. and tribs.
                                                          N of Baton Rouge,
                                                          MS--Miss. R., MO,
                                                          MT, ND, NE, NM, OK,
                                                          SD, TN, TX--except
                                                          within 50 miles of
                                                          coast).
Tern, roseate [Northeast U.S.      Sterna dougallii      U.S.A. (Atlantic      E            52 FR 42064, 11/2/
 nesting population DPS].           dougallii.            Coast south to NC),                1987.
                                                          Canada (Newf., N.S,
                                                          Que.), Bermuda.
Tern, roseate [Western Hemisphere  Sterna dougallii      Western Hemisphere    T            52 FR 42064, 11/2/
 DPS].                              dougallii.            and adjacent                       1987.
                                                          oceans, incl.
                                                          U.S.A. (FL, PR,
                                                          VI), where not
                                                          listed as
                                                          endangered.
Thicketbird, long-legged.........  Trichocichla rufa...  Wherever found......  E            73 FR 3146, 1/16/
                                                                                             2008.
Thrasher, white-breasted.........  Ramphocinclus         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    brachyurus.                                              1970.
Thrush, large Kauai..............  Myadestes             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    myadestinus.                                             1970.
Thrush, Molokai..................  Myadestes lanaiensis  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    rutha.                                                   1970.
Thrush, New Zealand (wattlebird).  Turnagra capensis...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Thrush, small Kauai..............  Myadestes palmeri...  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Thrush, St. Lucia forest.........  Cichlherminia         Wherever found......  E            75 FR 50814, 8/17/
                                    lherminieri                                              2010.
                                    sanctaeluciae.
Thrush, Taita....................  Turdus olivaceous     Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    helleri.                                                 1995.
Tinamou, solitary................  Tinamus solitarius..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Tit-spinetail, white-browed......  Leptasthenura         Wherever found......  E            77 FR 43434, 7/24/
                                    xenothorax.                                              2012.
Tit-tyrant, ash-breasted.........  Anairetes alpinus...  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 43434, 7/24/
                                                                                             2012.
Tody-tyrant, Kaempfer's..........  Hemitriccus           Wherever found......  E            75 FR 81794, 12/28/
                                    kaempferi.                                               2010.
Towhee, Inyo California..........  Pipilo crissalis      Wherever found......  T            52 FR 28780, 8/3/
                                    eremophilus.                                             1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Tree-finch, medium...............  Camarhynchus pauper.  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 43853, 7/27/
                                                                                             2010.
Trembler, Martinique (thrasher)..  Cinclocerthia         Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    ruficauda                                                1970.
                                    gutturalis.
Turaco, Bannerman's..............  Tauraco bannermani..  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Turtle-dove, Seychelles..........  Streptopelia          Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    picturata rostrata.                                      1995.
Vanga, Pollen's..................  Xenopirostris         Wherever found......  T            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    polleni.                                                 1995.
Vanga, Van Dam's.................  Xenopirostris damii.  Wherever found......  T            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Vireo, black-capped..............  Vireo atricapillus..  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 37420, 10/6/
                                                                                             1987.
Vireo, least Bell's..............  Vireo bellii          Wherever found......  E            51 FR 16474, 5/2/
                                    pusillus.                                                1986;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
Wanderer, plain (collared-         Pedionomous           Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
 hemipode).                         torquatus.                                               1973.
Warbler, Aldabra (old world        Nesillas aldabranus.  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
 warbler).                                                                                   1995.
Warbler (wood), Bachman's........  Vermivora bachmanii.  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Warbler (wood), Barbados yellow..  Dendroica petechia    Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    petechia.                                                1970.
Warbler, elfin-woods.............  Setophaga angelae...  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 40534, 6/22/
                                                                                             2016;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.41(e).\4d\
Warbler (wood), golden-cheeked...  Dendroica             Wherever found......  E            55 FR 18844, 5/4/
                                    chrysoparia.                                             1990;
                                                                                            55 FR 53153, 12/27/
                                                                                             1990.
Warbler (wood), Kirtland's.......  Dendroica kirtlandii  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Warbler, Eiao Marquesas reed-....  Acrocephalus          Wherever found......  E            76 FR 50052, 8/11/
                                    percernis aquilonis.                                     2011.
Warbler, nightingale reed, (old    Acrocephalus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 world warbler).                    luscinia.                                                1970;
                                                                                            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Warbler, Rodrigues (old world      Bebrornis             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 warbler).                          rodericanus.                                             1970.
Warbler (wood), Semper's.........  Leucopeza semperi...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Warbler, Seychelles (old world     Bebrornis             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 warbler).                          sechellensis.                                            1970.
Wattle-eye, banded...............  Platysteira           Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                    laticincta.                                              1995.

[[Page 32]]

 
Weaver, Clarke's.................  Ploceus golandi.....  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 2899, 1/12/
                                                                                             1995.
Whipbird, western................  Psophodes             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    nigrogularis.                                            1970.
White-eye, bridled...............  Zosterops             Wherever found......  E            49 FR 33881, 8/27/
                                    conspicillatus                                           1984.
                                    conspicillatus.
White-eye, Norfolk Island........  Zosterops             Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    albogularis.                                             1976.
White-eye, Ponape greater........  Rukia longirostra...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
White-eye, Rota bridled..........  Zosterops rotensis..  Wherever found......  E            69 FR 3022, 1/22/
                                                                                             2004;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(b).\CH\
White-eye, Seychelles............  Zosterops modesta...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Woodpecker, imperial.............  Campephilus           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    imperialis.                                              1970.
Woodpecker, ivory-billed.........  Campephilus           Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    principalis.                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Woodpecker, red-cockaded.........  Picoides borealis...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Woodpecker, Tristam's............  Dryocopus javensis    Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    richardsi.                                               1970.
Wood-quail, gorgeted.............  Odontophorus          Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                    strophium.                                               2013.
Woodstar, Chilean................  Eulidia yarrellii...  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 50814, 8/17/
                                                                                             2010.
Woodstar, Esmeraldas.............  Chaetocercus          Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                    berlepschi.                                              2013.
Wren, Guadeloupe house...........  Troglodytes aedon     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    guadeloupensis.                                          1970.
Wren, St. Lucia house............  Troglodytes aedon     Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    mesoleucus.                                              1970.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Reptiles
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alligator, American..............  Alligator             Wherever found......  T(S/A)       32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    mississippiensis.                                        1967;
                                                                                            40 FR 44412, 9/26/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            42 FR 2071, 1/10/
                                                                                             1977;
                                                                                            44 FR 37130, 6/25/
                                                                                             1979;
                                                                                            44 FR 59080, 10/12/
                                                                                             1979;
                                                                                            46 FR 40664, 8/10/
                                                                                             1981;
                                                                                            48 FR 46332, 10/12/
                                                                                             1983;
                                                                                            50 FR 25672, 6/20/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            52 FR 21059, 6/4/
                                                                                             1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(a).\4d\
Alligator, Chinese...............  Alligator sinensis..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Anole, Culebra Island giant......  Anolis roosevelti...  Wherever found......  E            42 FR 37371, 7/21/
                                                                                             1977;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Boa, Jamaican....................  Epicrates subflavus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Boa, Mona........................  Epicrates monensis    Wherever found......  T            43 FR 4618, 2/3/
                                    monensis.                                                1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Boa, Puerto Rican................  Epicrates inornatus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Boa, Round Island (unnamed)......  Bolyeria              Wherever found......  E            45 FR 18009, 3/20/
                                    multocarinata.                                           1980.
Boa, Round Island (unnamed)......  Casarea dussumieri..  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 18009, 3/20/
                                                                                             1980.
Boa, Virgin Islands tree.........  Epicrates monensis    Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    granti.                                                  1970;
                                                                                            44 FR 70677, 12/7/
                                                                                             1979.
Caiman, Apaporis River...........  Caiman crocodilus     Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    apaporiensis.                                            1976.
Caiman, black....................  Melanosuchus niger..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Caiman, broad-snouted [Bolivia,    Caiman latirostris..  Bolivia, Brazil,      E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
 Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay DPS].                          Paraguay, Uruguay.                 1976.
Caiman, broad-snouted [Argentina   Caiman latirostris..  Argentina...........  T            78 FR 38162, 6/25/
 DPS].                                                                                       2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(c).\4d\
Caiman, brown....................  Caiman crocodilus     Wherever found......  T(S/A)       65 FR 25867, 5/4/
                                    fuscus (includes                                         2000;
                                    Caiman crocodilus                                       50 CFR 17.42(c).\4d\
                                    chiapasius ).
Caiman, common...................  Caiman crocodilus     Wherever found......  T(S/A)       65 FR 25867, 5/4/
                                    crocodilus.                                              2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(c).\4d\
Caiman, yacare...................  Caiman yacare.......  Wherever found......  T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            65 FR 25867, 5/4/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(c).\4d\
Chuckwalla, San Esteban Island...  Sauromalus varius...  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 18009, 3/20/
                                                                                             1980.
Crocodile, African dwarf.........  Osteolaemus           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    tetraspis tetraspis.                                     1976.
Crocodile, African slender-        Crocodylus            Wherever found......  E            37 FR 6476, 3/30/
 snouted.                           cataphractus.                                            1972.
Crocodile, American [Non-U.S.      Crocodylus acutus...  Wherever found,       E            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
 populations].                                            except in U.S.A.                   1975;
                                                          (FL).                             44 FR 75074, 12/18/
                                                                                             1979;
                                                                                            72 FR 13027, 3/20/
                                                                                             2007.
Crocodile, American [FL DPS].....  Crocodylus acutus...  U.S.A. (FL).........  T            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            72 FR 13027, 3/20/
                                                                                             2007;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\

[[Page 33]]

 
Crocodile, Ceylon mugger.........  Crocodylus palustris  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    kimbula.                                                 1976.
Crocodile, Congo dwarf...........  Osteolaemus           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    tetraspis osborni.                                       1976.
Crocodile, Cuban.................  Crocodylus rhombifer  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Crocodile, mugger................  Crocodylus palustris  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    palustris.                                               1976.
Crocodile, Nile..................  Crocodylus niloticus  Wherever found......  T            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            52 FR 23148, 6/17/
                                                                                             1987;
                                                                                            53 FR 38451, 9/30/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            58 FR 49870, 9/23/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            61 FR 32356, 6/24/
                                                                                             1996;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(c).\4d\
Crocodile, Orinoco...............  Crocodylus            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    intermedius.                                             1970.
Crocodile, Philippine............  Crocodylus            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    novaeguineae                                             1976.
                                    mindorensis.
Crocodile, saltwater [All          Crocodylus porosus..  Wherever found,       E            44 FR 75074, 12/18/
 populations except Papua New                             except Papua New                   1979;
 Guinea and Australia].                                   Guinea and                        61 FR 32356, 6/24/
                                                          Australia.                         1996.
Crocodile, saltwater [Australia    Crocodylus porosus..  Australia...........  T            44 FR 75074, 12/18/
 DPS].                                                                                       1979;
                                                                                            61 FR 32356, 6/24/
                                                                                             1996;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(c).\4d\
Crocodile, Siamese...............  Crocodylus siamensis  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/4/
                                                                                             1976.
Gartersnake, narrow-headed.......  Thamnophis            Wherever found......  T            79 FR 38677, 7/8/
                                    rufipunctatus.                                           2014.
Gartersnake, northern Mexican....  Thamnophis eques      Wherever found......  T            79 FR 38677, 7/8/
                                    megalops.                                                2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(g).\4d\
Gavial...........................  Gavialis gangeticus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gecko, day.......................  Phelsuma              Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    edwardnewtoni.                                           1970.
Gecko, Monito....................  Sphaerodactylus       Wherever found......  E            47 FR 46090, 10/15/
                                    micropithecus.                                           1982;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Gecko, Round Island day..........  Phelsuma guentheri..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Gecko, Serpent Island............  Cyrtodactylus         Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    serpensinsula.                                           1983.
Iguana, Acklins ground...........  Cyclura rileyi        Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    nuchalis.                                                1983.
Iguana, Allen's Cay..............  Cyclura cychlura      Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    inornata.                                                1983.
Iguana, Andros Island ground.....  Cyclura cychlura      Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    cychlura.                                                1983.
Iguana, Anegada ground...........  Cyclura pinguis.....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Iguana, Barrington land..........  Conolophus pallidus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Iguana, Cayman Brac ground.......  Cyclura nubila        Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    caymanensis.                                             1983.
Iguana, Cuban ground.............  Cyclura nubila        Wherever found        T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    nubila.               (exluding                          1983.
                                                          population
                                                          introduced in
                                                          Puerto Rico).
Iguana, Exuma Island.............  Cyclura cychlura      Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    figginsi.                                                1983.
Iguana, Fiji banded..............  Brachylophus          Wherever found......  E            45 FR 18009, 3/20/
                                    fasciatus.                                               1980.
Iguana, Fiji crested.............  Brachylophus          Wherever found......  E            45 FR 18009, 3/20/
                                    vitiensis.                                               1980.
Iguana, Grand Cayman blue........  Cyclura lewisi......  Wherever found......  E            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                                                                             1983.
Iguana, Jamaican.................  Cyclura collei......  Wherever found......  E            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                                                                             1983.
Iguana, Mayaguana................  Cyclura carinata      Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    bartschi.                                                1983.
Iguana, Mona ground..............  Cyclura stejnegeri..  Wherever found......  T            43 FR 4618, 2/3/
                                                                                             1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Iguana, Turks and Caicos.........  Cyclura carinata      Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    carinata.                                                1983.
Iguana, Watling Island ground....  Cyclura rileyi        Wherever found......  E            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    rileyi.                                                  1983.
Iguana, White Cay ground.........  Cyclura rileyi        Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                    cristata.                                                1983.
Lizard, blunt-nosed leopard......  Gambelia silus......  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Lizard, Coachella Valley fringe-   Uma inornata........  Wherever found......  T            45 FR 63812, 9/25/
 toed.                                                                                       1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Lizard, Hierro giant.............  Gallotia simonyi      Wherever found......  E            49 FR 7394, 2/29/
                                    simonyi.                                                 1984.
Lizard, Ibiza wall...............  Podarcis pityusensis  Wherever found......  T            49 FR 7394, 2/29/
                                                                                             1984.
Lizard, Maria Island ground......  Cnemidophorus vanzoi  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49469, 9/30/
                                                                                             1991.
Lizard, St. Croix ground.........  Ameiva polops.......  Wherever found......  E            42 FR 28543, 6/3/
                                                                                             1977;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Monitor, desert..................  Varanus griseus.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Monitor, Indian (=Bengal)........  Varanus bengalensis.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Monitor, Komodo Island...........  Varanus komodoensis.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Monitor, yellow..................  Varanus flavescens..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Pinesnake, black.................  Pituophis             Wherever found......  T            80 FR 60467, 10/6/
                                    melanoleucus                                             2015;
                                    lodingi.                                                50 CFR 17.42(h).\4d\
Python, Indian...................  Python molurus        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    molurus.                                                 1976.
Rattlesnake, Aruba Island........  Crotalus unicolor...  Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                                                                             1983.
Rattlesnake, eastern massasauga..  Sistrurus catenatus.  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 67193, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Rattlesnake, New Mexican ridge-    Crotalus willardi     Wherever found......  T            43 FR 34476, 8/4/
 nosed.                             obscurus.                                                1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\

[[Page 34]]

 
Sea snake, dusky.................  Aipysurus fuscus....  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 60560, 10/7/
                                                                                             2015.\N\
Sea turtle, green [Central North   Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 Pacific DPS].                                            originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Central North                 50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          Pacific Ocean,                    50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          bounded by the                    50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          following
                                                          coordinates: 41 N.,
                                                          169 E. in the
                                                          northwest; 41 N.,
                                                          143 W. in the
                                                          northeast; 9 N.,
                                                          125 W. in the
                                                          southeast; and 9
                                                          N., 175 W. in the
                                                          southwest Pacific
                                                          coast of Mexico.
Sea turtle, green [Central South   Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     E            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 Pacific DPS].                                            originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Central South                 50 CFR 224.104.
                                                          Pacific Ocean,
                                                          bounded by the
                                                          following
                                                          coordinates: 9 N.,
                                                          175 W. in the
                                                          northwest; 9 N.,
                                                          125 W. in the
                                                          northeast; 40 S.,
                                                          96 W. in the
                                                          southeast; 40 S.,
                                                          176 E. in the
                                                          southwest; and 13
                                                          S., 171 E. in the
                                                          west.
Sea turtle, green [Central West    Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     E            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 Pacific DPS].                                            originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Central West                  50 CFR 224.104.
                                                          Pacific Ocean,
                                                          bounded by the
                                                          following
                                                          coordinates: 41 N.,
                                                          146 E. in the
                                                          northwest; 41 N.,
                                                          169 E. in the
                                                          northeast; 9 N.,
                                                          175 W. in the east;
                                                          13 S., 171 E. in
                                                          the southeast;
                                                          along the northern
                                                          coast of the island
                                                          of New Guinea; and
                                                          4.5 N., 129 E. in
                                                          the west.

[[Page 35]]

 
Sea turtle, green [East Indian--   Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 West Pacific DPS].                                       originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Eastern Indian                50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          and Western Pacific                \4d\
                                                          Oceans, bounded by                50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          the following lines               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          and coordinates: 41               50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          N. Lat. in the
                                                          north, 41 N., 146
                                                          E. in the
                                                          northeast; 4.5 N.,
                                                          129 E. in the
                                                          southeast; along
                                                          the southern coast
                                                          of the island of
                                                          New Guinea; along
                                                          the western coast
                                                          of Australia (west
                                                          of 142 E. Long.);
                                                          40 S. Lat. in the
                                                          south; and 84 E.
                                                          Long. in the east.
Sea turtle, green [East Pacific    Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 DPS].                                                    originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the East Pacific                  50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          Ocean, bounded by                  \4d\
                                                          the following lines               50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          and coordinates: 41               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          N., 143 W. in the                 50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          northwest; 41 N.
                                                          Lat. in the north;
                                                          along the western
                                                          coasts of the
                                                          Americas; 40 S.
                                                          Lat. in the south;
                                                          and 40 S., 96 W. in
                                                          the southwest.
Sea turtle, green [Mediterranean   Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     E            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 DPS].                                                    originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Mediterranean                 50 CFR 224.104.
                                                          Sea, bounded by 5.5
                                                          W. Long. in the
                                                          west.

[[Page 36]]

 
Sea turtle, green [North Atlantic  Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 DPS].                                                    originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the North Atlantic                50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          Ocean, bounded by                  \4d\
                                                          the following lines               50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          and coordinates: 48               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          N. Lat. in the                    50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          north, along the
                                                          western coasts of
                                                          Europe and Africa
                                                          (west of 5.5 W.
                                                          Long.); north of 19
                                                          N. Lat. in the
                                                          east; bounded by 19
                                                          N., 65.1 W. to 14
                                                          N., 65.1 W. then 14
                                                          N., 77 W. in the
                                                          south and west; and
                                                          along the eastern
                                                          coasts of the
                                                          Americas (north of
                                                          7.5 N., 77 W.).
Sea turtle, green [North Indian    Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 DPS].                                                    originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the North Indian                  50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          Ocean, bounded by:                 \4d\
                                                          Africa and Asia in                50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          the west and north;               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          84 E. Long. in the                50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          east; and the
                                                          equator in the
                                                          south.
Sea turtle, green [South Atlantic  Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 DPS].                                                    originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the South Atlantic                50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          Ocean, bounded by                  \4d\
                                                          the following lines               50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          and coordinates:                  50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          along the northern                50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          and eastern coasts
                                                          of South America
                                                          (east of 7.5 N., 77
                                                          W.); 14 N., 77 W.
                                                          to 14 N., 65.1 W.
                                                          to 19 N., 65.1 W.
                                                          in the north and
                                                          west; 19 N. Lat. in
                                                          the northeast; 40
                                                          S., 19 E. in the
                                                          southeast; and 40
                                                          S. Lat. in the
                                                          south.

[[Page 37]]

 
Sea turtle, green [Southwest       Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 Indian DPS].                                             originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Southwest                     50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          Indian Ocean,                      \4d\
                                                          bounded by the                    50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          following lines:                  50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          the equator to the                50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          north; 84 E. Long.
                                                          to the east; 40 S.
                                                          Lat. to the south;
                                                          and 19 E. Long (and
                                                          along the eastern
                                                          coast of Africa) in
                                                          the west.
Sea turtle, green [Southwest       Chelonia mydas......  Green sea turtles     T            81 FR 20057, 4/6/
 Pacific DPS].                                            originating from                   2016; \J\
                                                          the Southwest                     50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          Pacific Ocean,                     \4d\
                                                          bounded by the                    50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          following lines and               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          coordinates: along                50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          the southern coast
                                                          of the island of
                                                          New Guinea and the
                                                          Torres Strait (east
                                                          of 142 E Long.); 13
                                                          S., 171 E. in the
                                                          northeast; 40 S.,
                                                          176 E. in the
                                                          southeast; and 40
                                                          S., 142 E. in the
                                                          southwest.
Sea turtle, hawksbill............  Eretmochelys          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    imbricata.                                               1970; \J\
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.104; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c);
                                                                                             \CH\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.209.\CH\
Sea turtle, Kemp's ridley........  Lepidochelys kempii.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 18319, 12/2/
                                                                                             1970; \J\
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
Sea turtle, leatherback..........  Dermochelys coriacea  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970; \J\
                                                                                            50 CFR 224.104; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c);
                                                                                             \CH\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.207.\CH\
Sea turtle, loggerhead             Caretta caretta.....  Mediterranean Sea     E            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 [Mediterranean Sea DPS].                                 DPS--Loggerhead sea                2011; \J\
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
                                                          from the
                                                          Mediterranean Sea
                                                          east of 536 W. Long.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [North      Caretta caretta.....  North Indian Ocean    E            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Indian Ocean DPS].                                       DPS--Loggerhead sea                2011; \J\
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
                                                          from the North
                                                          Indian Ocean north
                                                          of the equator and
                                                          south of 30 N. Lat.

[[Page 38]]

 
Sea turtle, loggerhead [North      Caretta caretta.....  North Pacific Ocean   E            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Pacific Ocean DPS].                                      DPS--Loggerhead sea                2011; \J\
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
                                                          from the North
                                                          Pacific north of
                                                          the equator and
                                                          south of 60 N. Lat.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Northeast  Caretta caretta.....  Northeast Atlantic    E            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Atlantic Ocean DPS].                                     Ocean DPS--                        2011; \J\
                                                          Loggerhead sea                    50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
                                                          turtles originating
                                                          from the Northeast
                                                          Atlantic Ocean
                                                          north of the
                                                          equator, south of
                                                          60 N. Lat., and
                                                          east of 40 W.
                                                          Long., except in
                                                          the vicinity of the
                                                          Strait of Gibraltar
                                                          where the eastern
                                                          boundary is 536 W.
                                                          Long.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Northwest  Caretta caretta.....  Northwest Atlantic    T            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Atlantic Ocean DPS].                                     Ocean DPS--                        2011; \J\
                                                          Loggerhead sea                    50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          from the Northwest                50 CFR 223.207;
                                                          Atlantic Ocean                    50 CFR 17.95(c);
                                                          north of the                       \CH\
                                                          equator, south of                 50 CFR 226.223.\CH\
                                                          60 N. Lat., and
                                                          west of 40 W. Long..
Sea turtle, loggerhead [South      Caretta caretta.....  South Atlantic Ocean  T            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Atlantic Ocean DPS].                                     DPS--Loggerhead sea                2011; \J\
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          from the South                    50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          Atlantic Ocean                    50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          south of the
                                                          equator, north of
                                                          60 S. Lat., west of
                                                          20 E. Long., and
                                                          east of 67 W. Long.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [South      Caretta caretta.....  South Pacific Ocean   E            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Pacific Ocean DPS].                                      DPS--Loggerhead sea                2011; \J\
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
                                                          from the South
                                                          Pacific south of
                                                          the equator, north
                                                          of 60 S. Lat., west
                                                          of 67 W. Long., and
                                                          east of 141 E. Long.

[[Page 39]]

 
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Southeast  Caretta caretta.....  Southeast Indo-       T            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Indo-Pacific Ocean DPS].                                 Pacific Ocean DPS--                2011; \J\
                                                          Loggerhead sea                    50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          from the Southeast                50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          Indian Ocean south
                                                          of the equator,
                                                          north of 60 S.
                                                          Lat., and east of
                                                          80 E. Long.; South
                                                          Pacific Ocean south
                                                          of the equator,
                                                          north of 60 S.
                                                          Lat., and west of
                                                          141 E. Long.
Sea turtle, loggerhead [Southwest  Caretta caretta.....  Southwest Indian      T            76 FR 58868, 9/22/
 Indian Ocean DPS].                                       Ocean DPS--                        2011; \J\
                                                          Loggerhead sea                    50 CFR 223.205;
                                                          turtles originating               50 CFR 223.206;
                                                          from the Southwest                50 CFR 223.207.
                                                          Indian Ocean north
                                                          of the equator,
                                                          south of 30 N.
                                                          Lat., east of 20 E.
                                                          Long., and west of
                                                          80 E. Long.
Sea turtle, olive ridley [Pacific  Lepidochelys          Breeding colony       E            43 FR 32800, 7/28/
 coast of Mexico breeding DPS].     olivacea.             populations on                     1978; \J\
                                                          Pacific coast of                  50 CFR 224.104.\4d\
                                                          Mexico.
Sea turtle, olive ridley.........  Lepidochelys          Wherever found        T            43 FR 32800, 7/28/
                                    olivacea.             except when listed                 1978; \J\
                                                          as endangered under               50 CFR 17.42(b);
                                                          50 CFR 224.101.                    \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.205;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.206;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.207.
Skink, blue-tail mole............  Eumeces egregius      Wherever found......  T            52 FR 42658, 11/6/
                                    lividus.                                                 1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(b).\4d\
Skink, Round Island..............  Leiolopisma telfairi  Wherever found......  T            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                                                                             1983.
Skink, sand......................  Neoseps reynoldsi...  Wherever found......  T            52 FR 42658, 11/6/
                                                                                             1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(b).\4d\
Skink, Slevin's (Gualiik           Emoia slevini.......  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 halumtanu, Gholuuf).                                                                        2015.
Snake, Atlantic salt marsh.......  Nerodia clarkii       Wherever found......  T            42 FR 60743, 11/29/
                                    taeniata.                                                1977.
Snake, copperbelly water           Nerodia               U.S.A. (IN north of   T            62 FR 4183, 1/29/
 [Northern DPS].                    erythrogaster         40 N. Lat., MI, OH).               1997.
                                    neglecta.
Snake, eastern indigo............  Drymarchon corais     Wherever found......  T            43 FR 4026, 1/31/
                                    couperi.                                                 1978.
Snake, giant garter..............  Thamnophis gigas....  Wherever found......  T            58 FR 54053, 10/20/
                                                                                             1993.
Snake, Maria Island..............  Liophus ornatus.....  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49469, 9/30/
                                                                                             1991.
Snake, San Francisco garter......  Thamnophis sirtalis   Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    tetrataenia.                                             1967.
Tartaruga........................  Podocnemis expansa..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Terrapin, river..................  Batagur baska.......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tomistoma........................  Tomistoma schlegelii  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Tortoise, angulated..............  Geochelone yniphora.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Tortoise, Bolson.................  Gopherus              Wherever found......  E            44 FR 23062, 4/17/
                                    flavomarginatus.                                         1979.
Tortoise, desert [Mojave DPS]....  Gopherus agassizii..  Wherever found,       T            45 FR 55654, 8/20/
                                                          except AZ south and                1980;
                                                          east of Colorado                  54 FR 32326, 8/4/
                                                          R., and Mexico.                    1989;
                                                                                            55 FR 12178, 4/2/
                                                                                             1990;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Tortoise, desert.................  Gopherus agassizii..  AZ south and east of  T(S/A)       55 FR 12178, 4/2/
                                                          Colorado R., and                   1990;
                                                          Mexico, when found                50 CFR 17.42(e).\4d\
                                                          outside of Mexico
                                                          or said range in AZ.

[[Page 40]]

 
Tortoise, Galapagos..............  Geochelone nigra      Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    (=elephantopus).                                         1970.
Tortoise, gopher [West of Mobile   Gopherus polyphemus.  Wherever found west   T            52 FR 25376, 7/7/
 and Tombigbee Rivers DPS].                               of Mobile and                      1987.
                                                          Tombigbee Rivers in
                                                          AL, MS, and LA.
Tortoise, Madagascar radiated....  Geochelone radiata..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tracaja..........................  Podocnemis unifilis.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Tuatara..........................  Sphenodon punctatus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            65 FR 16053, 3/24/
                                                                                             2000.
Tuatara, Brother's Island........  Sphenodon guntheri..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            65 FR 16053, 3/24/
                                                                                             2000.
Turtle, Alabama redbellied.......  Pseudemys             Wherever found......  E            52 FR 22939, 6/16/
                                    alabamensis.                                             1987.
Turtle, aquatic box..............  Terrapene coahuila..  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Turtle, black softshell..........  Trionyx nigricans...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, bog (=Muhlenberg)          Clemmys muhlenbergii  Wherever found,       T            62 FR 59605, 11/4/
 [Northen DPS].                                           except GA, NC, SC,                 1997.
                                                          TN, VA.
Turtle, bog (=Muhlenberg)........  Clemmys muhlenbergii  U.S.A. (GA, NC, SC,   T(S/A)       62 FR 59605, 11/4/
                                                          TN, VA).                           1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.42(f).\4d\
Turtle, Brazilian sideneck.......  Phrynops hogei......  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49469, 9/30/
                                                                                             1991.
Turtle, Burmese peacock..........  Morenia ocellata....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, Cat Island...............  Trachemys terrapen..  Cat Island in the     E            56 FR 49469, 9/30/
                                                          Bahamas.                           1991.
Turtle, Central American river...  Dermatemys mawii....  Wherever found......  E            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                                                                             1983.
Turtle, Cuatro Cienegas softshell  Trionyx ater........  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, flattened musk [Black      Sternotherus          Black Warrior R.      T            52 FR 22418, 6/11/
 Warrior River DPS].                depressus.            system upstream                    1987.
                                                          from Bankhead Dam.
Turtle, geometric................  Psammobates           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    geometricus.                                             1976.
Turtle, Inagua Island............  Trachemys stejnegeri  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49469, 9/30/
                                    malonei.                                                 1991.
Turtle, Indian sawback...........  Kachuga tecta tecta.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, Indian softshell.........  Trionyx gangeticus..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, peacock softshell........  Trionyx hurum.......  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, Plymouth redbelly........  Pseudemys             Wherever found......  E            45 FR 21828, 4/2/
                                    rubriventris bangsi.                                     1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
Turtle, ringed map...............  Graptemys oculifera.  Wherever found......  T            51 FR 45907, 12/23/
                                                                                             1986.
Turtle, short-necked or western    Pseudemydura umbrina  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
 swamp.                                                                                      1970.
Turtle, South American red-lined.  Trachemys scripta     Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49469, 9/30/
                                    callirostris.                                            1991.
Turtle, spotted pond.............  Geoclemys hamiltonii  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Turtle, three-keeled Asian.......  Melanochelys          Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    tricarinata.                                             1976.
Turtle, yellow-blotched map......  Graptemys             Wherever found......  T            56 FR 1459, 1/14/
                                    flavimaculata.                                           1991.
Viper, Lar Valley................  Vipera latifii......  Wherever found......  E            48 FR 28460, 6/22/
                                                                                             1983.
Whipsnake, Alameda (=striped       Masticophis           Wherever found......  T            62 FR 64306, 12/5/
 racer).                            lateralis                                                1997;
                                    euryxanthus.                                            50 CFR 17.95(c).\CH\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   Amphibians
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coqui, golden....................  Eleutherodactylus     Wherever found......  T            42 FR 58756, 11/11/
                                    jasperi.                                                 1977;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Coqui, llanero...................  Eleutherodactylus     Wherever found......  E            77 FR 60777, 10/4/
                                    juanariveroi.                                            2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Frog, California red-legged......  Rana draytonii......  Wherever found......  T            61 FR 25813, 5/23/
                                                                                             1996;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.43(b);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Frog, Chiricahua leopard.........  Rana chiricahuensis.  Wherever found......  T            67 FR 40790, 6/13/
                                                                                             2002;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.43(b).\4d\
Frog, dusky gopher...............  Rana sevosa (=        Wherever found......  E            66 FR 63002, 12/4/
                                    Lithobates sevosus).                                     2001;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Frog, Goliath....................  Conraua goliath.....  Wherever found......  T            59 FR 63261, 12/8/
                                                                                             1994.
Frog, Israel painted.............  Discoglossus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    nigriventer.                                             1970.
Frog, mountain yellow-legged       Rana muscosa........  Northern California   E            79 FR 24255, 4/29/
 [Northern California DPS].                               DPS--U.S.A.,                       2014;
                                                          northern California.              50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\

[[Page 41]]

 
Frog, mountain yellow-legged       Rana muscosa........  Southern California   E            67 FR 44382, 7/2/
 [Southern California DPS].                               DPS--U.S.A.,                       2002;
                                                          southern California.              50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Frog, Oregon spotted.............  Rana pretiosa.......  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 51657, 8/29/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Frog, Panamanian golden..........  Atelopus varius       Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    zeteki.                                                  1976.
Frog, Sierra Nevada yellow-legged  Rana sierrae........  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 24255, 4/29/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Frog, Stephen Island.............  Leiopelma hamiltoni.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Guajon...........................  Eleutherodactylus     Wherever found......  T            62 FR 31757, 6/11/
                                    cooki.                                                   1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Hellbender, Ozark................  Cryptobranchus        Wherever found......  E            76 FR 61956, 10/6/
                                    alleganiensis                                            2011.
                                    bishopi.
Salamander, Austin blind.........  Eurycea               Wherever found......  E            78 FR 51277, 8/20/
                                    waterlooensis.                                           2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Barton Springs.......  Eurycea sosorum.....  Wherever found......  E            62 FR 23377, 4/30/
                                                                                             1997.
Salamander, California tiger       Ambystoma             Santa Barbara County  E            65 FR 3109, 1/19/
 [Santa Barbara County DPS].        californiense.        DPS--U.S.A. (CA-                   2000;
                                                          Santa Barbara                     65 FR 57242, 9/21/
                                                          County).                           2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, California tiger       Ambystoma             Central California    T            69 FR 47248, 8/4/
 [Central California DPS].          californiense.        DPS--U.S.A. (CA-                   2004;
                                                          Central California).              50 CFR 17.43(c);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, California tiger       Ambystoma             Sonoma County DPS--   E            67 FR 47739, 7/22/
 [Sonoma County DPS].               californiense.        U.S.A. (CA-Sonoma                  2002;
                                                          County).                          68 FR 13520, 3/19/
                                                                                             2003;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Cheat Mountain.......  Plethodon nettingi..  Wherever found......  T            54 FR 34464, 8/18/
                                                                                             1989.
Salamander, Chinese giant........  Andrias davidianus    Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=davidianus d.).                                        1976.
Salamander, desert slender.......  Batrachoseps aridus.  Wherever found......  E            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973.
Salamander, frosted flatwoods....  Ambystoma cingulatum  Wherever found......  T            64 FR 15691, 4/1/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Georgetown...........  Eurycea naufragia...  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 20107, 4/11/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.43(e).\4d\
Salamander, Japanese giant.......  Andrias japonicus     Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    (=davidianus j.).                                        1976.
Salamander, Jemez Mountains......  Plethodon             Wherever found......  E            78 FR 55599, 9/10/
                                    neomexicanus.                                            2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Jollyville Plateau...  Eurycea tonkawae....  Wherever found......  T            78 FR 51277, 8/20/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Red Hills............  Phaeognathus          Wherever found......  T            41 FR 53032, 12/3/
                                    hubrichti.                                               1976.
Salamander, reticulated flatwoods  Ambystoma bishopi...  Wherever found......  E            74 FR 6700, 2/10/
                                                                                             2009;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Salado...............  Eurycea               Wherever found......  T            79 FR 20107, 4/11/
                                    chisholmensis.                                           2014.
Salamander, San Marcos...........  Eurycea nana........  Wherever found......  T            45 FR 47355, 7/14/
                                                                                             1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.43(a);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Salamander, Santa Cruz long-toed.  Ambystoma             Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    macrodactylum                                            1967.
                                    croceum.
Salamander, Shenandoah...........  Plethodon shenandoah  Wherever found......  E            54 FR 34464, 8/18/
                                                                                             1989.
Salamander, Sonoran tiger........  Ambystoma tigrinum    Wherever found......  E            62 FR 665, 1/6/1997.
                                    stebbinsi.
Salamander, Texas blind..........  Typhlomolge rathbuni  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Toad, arroyo (=arroyo              Anaxyrus              Wherever found......  E            59 FR 64859, 12/16/
 southwestern).                     californicus.                                            1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Toad, Cameroon...................  Bufo superciliaris..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Toad, Houston....................  Bufo houstonensis...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Toad, Monte Verde golden.........  Bufo periglenes.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Toad, Puerto Rican crested.......  Peltophryne lemur...  Wherever found......  T            52 FR 28828, 8/4/
                                                                                             1987.
Toad, Wyoming....................  Bufo hemiophrys       Wherever found......  E            49 FR 1992, 1/17/
                                    baxteri.                                                 1984.
Toad, Yosemite...................  Anaxyrus canorus....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 24255, 4/29/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(d).\CH\
Toads, African viviparous........  Nectophrynoides spp.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Fishes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ala Balik (trout)................  Salmo platycephalus.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Angelshark, common...............  Squatina squatina...  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 50394, 8/1/
                                                                                             2016.\N\

[[Page 42]]

 
Angelshark, sawback..............  Squatina aculeata...  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 50394, 8/1/
                                                                                             2016.\N\
Angelshark, smoothback...........  Squatina oculata....  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 50394, 8/1/
                                                                                             2016.\N\
Ayumodoki (loach)................  Hymenophysa curta...  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Blindcat, Mexican (catfish)......  Prietella             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    phreatophila.                                            1970.
Bocaccio [Puget Sound-Georgia      Sebastes paucispinis  Puget Sound-Georgia   E            75 FR 22276, 4/28/
 Basin DPS].                                              Basin DPS--see 50                  2010; \N\
                                                          CFR 224.101.                      76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.224.\CH\
Bonytongue, Asian................  Scleropages formosus  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Cardinalfish, Banggai............  Pterapogon kauderni.  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 3023, 1/20/
                                                                                             2016.\N\
Catfish (Thailand)...............  Pangasius             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    sanitwongsei.                                            1970.
Catfish, Thailand giant..........  Pangasianodon gigas.  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Catfish, Yaqui...................  Ictalurus pricei....  Wherever found......  T            49 FR 34490, 8/31/
                                                                                             1984;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(h);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Cavefish, Alabama................  Speoplatyrhinus       Wherever found......  E            42 FR 45526, 9/9/
                                    poulsoni.                                                1977;
                                                                                            53 FR 37968, 9/28/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Cavefish, Ozark..................  Amblyopsis rosae....  Wherever found......  T            49 FR 43965, 11/1/
                                                                                             1984.
Chub, bonytail...................  Gila elegans........  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 27710, 4/23/
                                                                                             1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, Borax Lake.................  Gila boraxobius.....  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 35821, 5/28/
                                                                                             1980;
                                                                                            47 FR 43957, 10/5/
                                                                                             1982;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, Chihuahua..................  Gila nigrescens.....  Wherever found......  T            48 FR 46053, 10/11/
                                                                                             1983;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(g).\4d\
Chub, Gila.......................  Gila intermedia.....  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 66664, 11/2/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, humpback...................  Gila cypha..........  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, Hutton tui.................  Gila bicolor ssp....  Wherever found......  T            50 FR 12302, 3/28/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(j).\4d\
Chub, Mohave tui.................  Gila bicolor          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    mohavensis.                                              1970.
Chub, Owens tui..................  Gila bicolor snyderi  Wherever found......  E            50 FR 31592, 8/5/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, Pahranagat roundtail.......  Gila robusta jordani  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Chub, slender....................  Erimystax cahni.....  Wherever found,       T            42 FR 45526, 9/9/
                                                          except where listed                1977;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.44(c);
                                                          population.                        \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, slender....................  Erimystax cahni.....  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.84(sr).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.84(s)(1)(i)).
Chub, Sonora.....................  Gila ditaenia.......  Wherever found......  T            51 FR 16042, 4/30/
                                                                                             1986;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(o);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, spotfin....................  Erimonax monachus...  Wherever found,       T            42 FR 45526, 9/9/
                                                          except where listed                1977;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.44(c);
                                                          population.                        \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, spotfin....................  Erimonax monachus...  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           67 FR 52420, 8/12/
                                                          specified portions                 2002;
                                                          of the Tellico                    50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.84(m).\10j\
                                                          17.84(m)  (1)(i)).
Chub, spotfin....................  Erimonax monachus...  U.S.A. (AL, TN--      XN           70 FR 1286, 1/6/
                                                          specified portions                 2005;
                                                          of Shoal Creek; see               50 CFR
                                                          Sec.  17.84(m)(1)(i                17.84(m).\10j\
                                                          i)).

[[Page 43]]

 
Chub, spotfin....................  Erimonax monachus...  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.84(m).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.  17.84(m)
                                                          (1)(iii)).
Chub, Virgin River...............  Gila robusta          Wherever found......  E            54 FR 35305, 8/24/
                                    semidnuda.                                               1989;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Chub, Yaqui......................  Gila purpurea.......  Wherever found......  E            49 FR 34490, 8/31/
                                                                                             1984;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Cicek (minnow)...................  Acanthorutilus        Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    handlirschi.                                             1970.
Coelacanth, African [Tanzanian     Latimeria chalumnae.  Tanzanian DPS--see    T            81 FR 17398, 3/29/
 DPS].                                                    50 CFR 223.102.                    2016.\N\
Cui-ui...........................  Chasmistes cujus....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Dace, Ash Meadows speckled.......  Rhinichthys osculus   Wherever found......  E            47 FR 19995, 5/10/
                                    nevadensis.                                              1982;
                                                                                            48 FR 608, 1/5/1983;
                                                                                            48 FR 40178, 9/2/
                                                                                             1983;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Dace, blackside..................  Phoxinus              Wherever found......  T            52 FR 22580, 6/12/
                                    (=Chrosomus),                                            1987.
                                    cumberlandensis.
Dace, Clover Valley speckled.....  Rhinichthys osculus   Wherever found......  E            54 FR 41448, 10/10/
                                    oligoporus.                                              1989.
Dace, desert.....................  Eremichthys acros...  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            50 FR 50304, 12/10/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(m);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e);
                                                                                             \CH\
Dace, Foskett speckled...........  Rhinichthys osculus   Wherever found......  T            50 FR 12302, 3/28/
                                    ssp..                                                    1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(j).\4d\
Dace, Independence Valley          Rhinichthys osculus   Wherever found......  E            54 FR 41448, 10/10//
 speckled.                          lethoporus.                                              1989;
                                                                                            54 FR 47861, 11/17/
                                                                                             1989.
Dace, Kendall Warm Springs.......  Rhinichthys osculus   Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    thermalis.                                               1970.
Dace, laurel.....................  Chrosomus saylori...  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 48722, 8/9/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Dace, Moapa......................  Moapa coriacea......  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Darter, amber....................  Percina antesella...  Wherever found......  E            50 FR 31597, 8/5/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, bayou....................  Etheostoma rubrum...  Wherever found......  T            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(b).\4d\
Darter, bluemask.................  Etheostoma akatulo..  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 68480, 12/27/
                                                                                             1993.
Darter, boulder..................  Etheostoma wapiti...  Wherever found,       E            53 FR 33996, 9/1/
                                                          except where listed                1988.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Darter, boulder..................  Etheostoma wapiti...  Shoal Creek (from     XN           70 FR 1286, 1/6/
                                                          Shoal Creek mile                   2005;
                                                          41.7 (66.7 km)) at                50 CFR
                                                          the mouth of Long                  17.84(o).\10j\
                                                          Branch, Lawrence
                                                          County, TN,
                                                          downstream to the
                                                          backwaters of
                                                          Wilson Reservoir
                                                          (Shoal Creek mile
                                                          14 (22 km)) at
                                                          Goose Shoals,
                                                          Lauderdale County,
                                                          AL, including the
                                                          lower 5 miles (8
                                                          km) of all
                                                          tributaries that
                                                          enter this reach.
Darter, Cherokee.................  Etheostoma scotti...  Wherever found......  T            59 FR 65505, 12/20/
                                                                                             1994.
Darter, Cumberland...............  Etheostoma susanae..  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 48722, 8/9/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\

[[Page 44]]

 
Darter, diamond..................  Crystallaria          Wherever found......  E            78 FR 45074, 7/26/
                                    cincotta.                                                2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, duskytail................  Etheostoma percnurum  Wherever found,       E            58 FR 25758, 4/27/
                                                          except where listed                1993.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Darter, duskytail................  Etheostoma percnurum  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           67 FR 52420, 8/12/
                                                          specified portions                 2002;
                                                          of the Tellico                    50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.84(q).\10j\
                                                          17.84(p)(1)(i)).
Darter, duskytail................  Etheostoma percnurum  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.84(q).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.84(q)(1)(ii)).
Darter, Etowah...................  Etheostoma etowahae.  Wherever found......  E            59 FR 65505, 12/20/
                                                                                             1994.
Darter, fountain.................  Etheostoma fonticola  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, goldline.................  Percina aurolineata.  Wherever found......  T            57 FR 14786, 4/22/
                                                                                             1992.
Darter, Kentucky arrow...........  Etheostoma spilotum.  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 68963, 10/5/
                                                                                             2016;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(p);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, leopard..................  Percina pantherina..  Wherever found......  T            43 FR 3711, 1/27/
                                                                                             1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(d);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, Maryland.................  Etheostoma sellare..  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, Niangua..................  Etheostoma nianguae.  Wherever found......  T            50 FR 24649, 6/12/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(k);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, Okaloosa.................  Etheostoma okaloosae  Wherever found......  T            38 FR 14678, 6/4/
                                                                                             1973;
                                                                                            76 FR 18087, 4/1/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.44(bb).\4d\
Darter, relict...................  Etheostoma chienense  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 68480, 12/27/
                                                                                             1993.
Darter, rush.....................  Etheostoma            Wherever found......  E            76 FR 48722, 8/9/
                                    phytophilum.                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, slackwater...............  Etheostoma boschungi  Wherever found......  T            42 FR 45526, 9/9/
                                                                                             1977;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(c);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, snail....................  Percina tanasi......  Wherever found......  T            40 FR 47505, 10/9/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            49 FR 27510, 7/5/
                                                                                             1984.
Darter, vermilion................  Etheostoma chermocki  Wherever found......  E            66 FR 59367, 11/28/
                                                                                             2001;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Darter, watercress...............  Etheostoma nuchale..  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Darter, yellowcheek..............  Etheostoma moorei...  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 48722, 8/9/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Eulachon [Southern DPS]..........  Thaleichthys          Southern DPS--see 50  T            75 FR 13012, 3/18/
                                    pacificus.            CFR 223.102.                       2010; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.222.\CH\
Gambusia, Big Bend...............  Gambusia gaigei.....  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Gambusia, Clear Creek............  Gambusia heterochir.  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Gambusia, Pecos..................  Gambusia nobilis....  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970.
Gambusia, San Marcos.............  Gambusia georgei....  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 47355, 7/14/
                                                                                             1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Goby, tidewater..................  Eucyclogobius         Wherever found......  E            59 FR 5494, 2/4/
                                    newberryi.                                               1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Grouper, Nassau..................  Epinephelus striatus  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 42268, 6/29/
                                                                                             2016.\N\
Logperch, Conasauga..............  Percina jenkinsi....  Wherever found......  E            50 FR 31597, 8/5/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Logperch, Roanoke................  Percina rex.........  Wherever found......  E            54 FR 34468, 8/18/
                                                                                             1989.
Madtom, Chucky...................  Noturus crypticus...  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 48722, 8/9/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Madtom, Neosho...................  Noturus placidus....  Wherever found......  T            55 FR 21148, 5/22/
                                                                                             1990.
Madtom, pygmy....................  Noturus stanauli....  Wherever found,       E            58 FR 25758, 4/27/
                                                          except where listed                1993.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.

[[Page 45]]

 
Madtom, pygmy....................  Noturus stanauli....  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.84(t).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.84(t)(1)(i)).
Madtom, Scioto...................  Noturus trautmani...  Wherever found......  E            40 FR 44149, 9/25/
                                                                                             1975.
Madtom, smoky....................  Noturus baileyi.....  Wherever found,       E            49 FR 43065, 10/26/
                                                          except where listed                1984;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
                                                          population.
Madtom, smoky....................  Noturus baileyi.....  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           67 FR 52420, 8/12/
                                                          specified portions                 2002;
                                                          of the Tellico                    50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.84(r).\10j\
                                                          17.84(r)(1)(i)).
Madtom, yellowfin................  Noturus flavipinnis.  Wherever found,       T            42 FR 45526, 9/9/
                                                          except where listed                1977;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.44(c);
                                                          population.                        \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Madtom, yellowfin................  Noturus flavipinnis.  U.S.A. (TN, VA--      XN           53 FR 29335, 8/4/
                                                          specified portions                 1988;
                                                          of the Holston                    50 CFR
                                                          River and                          17.84(e).\10j\
                                                          watershed; see Sec.
                                                           17.84(e)(1)(i)).
Madtom, yellowfin................  Noturus flavipinnis.  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           67 FR 52420, 8/12/
                                                          specified portions                 2002;
                                                          of the Tellico                    50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.84(e).\10j\
                                                          17.84(e)(1)(ii)).
Madtom, yellowfin................  Noturus flavipinnis.  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.84(e).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.84(e)(1)(iii)).
Minnow, Devils River.............  Dionda diaboli......  Wherever found......  T            64 FR 56596, 10/20/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Minnow, loach....................  Rhinichthys cobitis.  Wherever found......  E            51 FR 39468, 10/28/
                                                                                             1986;
                                                                                            77 FR 10810, 2/23/
                                                                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Minnow, Rio Grande silvery.......  Hybognathus amarus..  Wherever found,       E            59 FR 36988, 7/20/
                                                          except where listed                1994;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
                                                          population.
Minnow, Rio Grande silvery.......  Hybognathus amarus..  Rio Grande, from      XN           73 FR 74357, 12/8/
                                                          Little Box Canyon                  2008;
                                                          (approximately 10.4               50 CFR
                                                          river miles                        17.84(u).\10j\
                                                          downstream of Fort
                                                          Quitman, TX) to
                                                          Amistad Dam; and on
                                                          the Pecos River,
                                                          from its confluence
                                                          with Independence
                                                          Creek to its
                                                          confluence with the
                                                          Rio Grande.
Nekogigi (catfish)...............  Coreobagrus           Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    ichikawai.                                               1970.

[[Page 46]]

 
Pikeminnow, Colorado.............  Ptychocheilus lucius  Wherever found,       E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                          except where listed                1967;
                                                          as an experimental                50 FR 30188, 7/24/
                                                          population.                        1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Pikeminnow, Colorado.............  Ptychocheilus lucius  Salt and Verde R.     XN           50 FR 30188, 7/24/
                                                          drainages, AZ.                     1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(b).\10j\
Poolfish, Pahrump................  Empetrichthys latos.  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Pupfish, Ash Meadows Amargosa....  Cyprinodon            Wherever found......  E            47 FR 19995, 5/10/
                                    nevadensis                                               1982;
                                    mionectes.                                              48 FR 608, 1/5/1983;
                                                                                            48 FR 40178, 9/2/
                                                                                             1983;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Pupfish, Comanche Springs........  Cyprinodon elegans..  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Pupfish, desert..................  Cyprinodon            Wherever found......  E            51 FR 10842, 3/31/
                                    macularius.                                              1986;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Pupfish, Devils Hole.............  Cyprinodon diabolis.  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Pupfish, Leon Springs............  Cyprinodon bovinus..  Wherever found......  E            45 FR 54678, 8/15/
                                                                                             1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Pupfish, Owens...................  Cyprinodon radiosus.  Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967.
Pupfish, Warm Springs............  Cyprinodon            Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    nevadensis                                               1970.
                                    pectoralis.
Rockfish, canary [Puget Sound-     Sebastes pinniger...  Puget Sound-Georgia   T            75 FR 22276, 4/28/
 Georgia Basin DPS].                                      Basin DPS--see 50                  2010; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.224.\CH\
Rockfish, yelloweye [Puget Sound-  Sebastes ruberrimus.  Puget Sound-Georgia   T            75 FR 22276, 4/28/
 Georgia Basin DPS].                                      Basin DPS--see 50                  2010; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.224.\CH\
Salmon, Atlantic [Gulf of Maine    Salmo salar.........  Gulf of Maine DPS--   E            65 FR 69459, 11/17/
 DPS].                                                    see 50 CFR 224.101.                2000; \J\
                                                                                            74 FR 29344, 6/19/
                                                                                             2009; \J\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.217.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [California        Oncorhynchus          California Coastal    T            64 FR 50394, 9/16/
 Coastal ESU].                      tshawytscha.          ESU--see 50 CFR                    1999; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          64 FR 72960, 12/29/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Central Valley    Oncorhynchus          Central Valley        T            64 FR 50394, 9/16/
 spring-run ESU].                   tshawytscha.          spring-run ESU--see                1999; \N\
                                                          50 CFR 223.102.                   64 FR 72960, 12/29/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Central Valley    Oncorhynchus          Central Valley        XN           78 FR 79622, 12/31/
 spring-run ESU--XN].               tshawytscha.          spring-run ESU-XN--                2013; \N\
                                                          see 50 CFR 223.102.               79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.301.\10j\
Salmon, Chinook [Lower Columbia    Oncorhynchus          Lower Columbia River  T            64 FR 14308, 3/24/
 River ESU].                        tshawytscha.          ESU--see 50 CFR                    1999; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Puget Sound ESU]  Oncorhynchus          Puget Sound ESU--see  T            64 FR 14308, 3/24/
                                    tshawytscha.          50 CFR 223.102.                    1999; \N\
                                                                                            64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\

[[Page 47]]

 
Salmon, Chinook [Sacramento River  Oncorhynchus          Sacramento River      E            55 FR 12191, 4/2/
 winter-run ESU].                   tshawytscha.          winter-run ESU--see                1990; \N\
                                                          50 CFR 224.101.                   55 FR 12831, 4/6/
                                                                                             1990;
                                                                                            55 FR 46515, 11/4/
                                                                                             1990; \N\
                                                                                            55 FR 49623, 11/30/
                                                                                             1990;
                                                                                            59 FR 440, 1/4/1994;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            59 FR 13836, 3/23/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.204.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Snake River fall- Oncorhynchus          Snake River fall-run  T            57 FR 14653, 4/22/
 run ESU].                          tshawytscha.          ESU--see 50 CFR                    1992; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          58 FR 49880, 9/23/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            59 FR 42529, 8/18/
                                                                                             1994; \N\
                                                                                            59 FR 54840, 11/2/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.205.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Snake River       Oncorhynchus          Snake River spring/   T            57 FR 14653, 4/22/
 spring/summer-run ESU].            tshawytscha.          summer-run ESU--see                1992; \N\
                                                          50 CFR 223.102.                   58 FR 49880, 9/23/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            59 FR 42529, 8/18/
                                                                                             1994; \N\
                                                                                            59 FR 54840, 11/2/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.205.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Upper Columbia    Oncorhynchus          Upper Columbia River  E            64 FR 14308, 3/24/
 River spring-run ESU].             tshawytscha.          spring-run ESU--see                1999; \N\
                                                          50 CFR 224.101.                   64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, Chinook [Upper Columbia    Oncorhynchus          Upper Columbia River  XN           79 FR 40004, 7/11/
 River spring-run ESU-XN].          tshawytscha.          spring-run ESU-XN--                2014; \N\
                                                          see 50 CFR 223.102.               79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.301.\10j\
Salmon, Chinook [Upper Willamette  Oncorhynchus          Upper Willamette      T            64 FR 14308, 3/24/
 River ESU].                        tshawytscha.          River ESU--see 50                  1999; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, chum [Columbia River ESU]  Oncorhynchus keta...  Columbia River ESU--  T            64 FR 14508, 3/25/
                                                          see 50 CFR 223.102.                1999; \N\
                                                                                            64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, chum [Hood Canal summer-   Oncorhynchus keta...  Hood Canal summer-    T            64 FR 14508, 3/25/
 run ESU].                                                run ESU--see 50 CFR                1999; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, coho [Central California   Oncorhynchus kisutch  Central California    E            61 FR 56138, 10/31/
 Coast ESU].                                              Coast ESU--see 50                  1996; \N\
                                                          CFR 224.101.                      61 FR 59028, 11/20/
                                                                                             1996;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            77 FR 19552, 4/2/
                                                                                             2012; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.210.\CH\
Salmon, coho [Lower Columbia       Oncorhynchus kisutch  Lower Columbia River  T            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
 River ESU].                                              ESU--see 50 CFR                    2005; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\

[[Page 48]]

 
Salmon, coho [Oregon Coast ESU]..  Oncorhynchus kisutch  Oregon Coast ESU--    T            75 FR 29489, 5/26/
                                                          see 50 CFR 223.102.                2010; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            76 FR 35755, 6/20/
                                                                                             2011; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, coho [Southern Oregon-     Oncorhynchus kisutch  Southern Oregon--     T            62 FR 24588, 5/6/
 Northern California Coast ESU].                          Northern California                1997; \N\
                                                          Coast ESU--see 50                 62 FR 33038, 6/18/
                                                          CFR 223.102.                       1997;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.210.\CH\
Salmon, sockeye [Ozette Lake ESU]  Oncorhynchus nerka..  Ozette Lake ESU--see  T            64 FR 14528, 3/25/
                                                          50 CFR 223.102.                    1999; \N\
                                                                                            64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Salmon, sockeye [Snake River ESU]  Oncorhynchus nerka..  Snake River ESU--see  E            56 FR 58619, 11/20/
                                                          50 CFR 224.101.                    1991; \N\
                                                                                            57 FR 212, 1/3/1992;
                                                                                            70 FR 37160, 6/28/
                                                                                             2005; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.205.\CH\
Sawfish, dwarf...................  Pristis clavata.....  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 73978, 12/12/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 3914, 1/26/
                                                                                             2015.
Sawfish, green...................  Pristis zijsron.....  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 73978, 12/12/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 3914, 1/26/
                                                                                             2015.
Sawfish, largetooth..............  Pristis pristis       Wherever found......  E            76 FR 40822, 9/12/
                                    (formerly Pristis                                        2011; \N\
                                    perotteti, Pristis                                      79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                    pristis, and                                             2014;
                                    Pristis microdon).                                      79 FR 73978, 12/12/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 3914, 1/26/
                                                                                             2015.
Sawfish, narrow..................  Anoxypristis          Wherever found......  E            79 FR 73978, 12/12/
                                    cuspidata.                                               2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 3914, 1/26/
                                                                                             2015.
Sawfish, smalltooth [Non-U.S.      Pristis pectinata...  Non-U.S. DPS--        E            79 FR 73978, 12/12/
 DPS].                                                    Smalltooth sawfish                 2014; \N\
                                                          originating from                  79 FR 3914, 1/26/
                                                          non-U.S. waters.                   2015.
Sawfish, smalltooth [U.S. DPS]...  Pristis pectinata...  U.S. DPS--Smalltooth  E            68 FR 15674, 4/1/
                                                          sawfish originating                2003; \N\
                                                          from U.S. waters.                 70 FR 69464, 11/16/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.218.\CH\
Sculpin, grotto..................  Cottus specus.......  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 58938, 9/25/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sculpin, pygmy...................  Cottus pygmaeus.....  Wherever found......  T            54 FR 39846, 9/28/
                                                                                             1989;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(u).\4d\
Shark, scalloped hammerhead        Sphyrna lewini......  Central & SW          T            79 FR 38214, 7/3/
 [Central & SW Atlantic DPS].                             Atlantic DPS--see                  2014; \N\
                                                          50 CFR 223.102.                   79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead        Sphyrna lewini......  Eastern Atlantic      E            79 FR 38214, 7/3/
 [Eastern Atlantic DPS].                                  DPS--see 50 CFR                    2014; \N\
                                                          224.101.                          79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead        Sphyrna lewini......  Eastern Pacific DPS-- E            79 FR 38214, 7/3/
 [Eastern Pacific DPS].                                   see 50 CFR 224.101.                2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Shark, scalloped hammerhead [Indo- Sphyrna lewini......  Indo-West Pacific     T            79 FR 38214, 7/3/
 West Pacific DPS].                                       DPS--see 50 CFR                    2014; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Shiner, Arkansas River [Arkansas   Notropis girardi....  Arkansas River Basin  T            63 FR 64772, 11/23/
 River Basin DPS].                                        (AR, KS, NM, OK,                   1998;
                                                          TX).                              50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Shiner, beautiful................  Cyprinella formosa..  Wherever found......  T            49 FR 34490, 8/31/
                                                                                             1984;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(h);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Shiner, blue.....................  Cyprinella caerulea.  Wherever found......  T            57 FR 14786, 4/22/
                                                                                             1992.
Shiner, Cahaba...................  Notropis cahabae....  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 42961, 10/25/
                                                                                             1990.
Shiner, Cape Fear................  Notropis              Wherever found......  E            52 FR 36034, 9/25/
                                    mekistocholas.                                           1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Shiner, palezone.................  Notropis              Wherever found......  E            58 FR 25758, 4/27/
                                    albizonatus..                                            1993.

[[Page 49]]

 
Shiner, Pecos bluntnose..........  Notropis simus        Wherever found......  T            52 FR 5295, 2/20/
                                    pecosensis.                                              1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(r);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Shiner, sharpnose................  Notropis oxyrhynchus  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 45273, 8/4/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Shiner, smalleye.................  Notropis buccula....  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 45273, 8/4/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Shiner, Topeka...................  Notropis topeka.....  Wherever found,       E            63 FR 69008, 12/15/
                                                          except where listed                1998;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
                                                          population.
Shiner, Topeka...................  Notropis topeka.....  U.S.A. (MO--          XN           78 FR 42702, 7/17/
                                                          specified portions                 2013;
                                                          of Little Creek,                  50 CFR
                                                          Big Muddy Creek,                   17.84(d).\10j\
                                                          and Spring Creek
                                                          watersheds in
                                                          Adair, Gentry,
                                                          Harrison, Putnam,
                                                          Sullivan, and Worth
                                                          Counties; see Sec.
                                                          17.84(d)(1)(i)).
Silverside, Waccamaw.............  Menidia extensa.....  Wherever found......  T            52 FR 11277, 4/8/
                                                                                             1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(s);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Smelt, delta.....................  Hypomesus             Wherever found......  T            58 FR 12854, 3/5/
                                    transpacificus.                                          1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Spikedace........................  Meda fulgida........  Wherever found......  E            51 FR 23769, 7/1/
                                                                                             1986;
                                                                                            77 FR 10810, 2/23/
                                                                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Spinedace, Big Spring............  Lepidomeda            Wherever found......  T            50 FR 12298, 3/28/
                                    mollispinis                                              1985;
                                    pratensis.                                              50 CFR 17.44(i);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Spinedace, Little Colorado.......  Lepidomeda vittata..  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                                                                             1970;
                                                                                            52 FR 35034, 9/16/
                                                                                             1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(t);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Spinedace, White River...........  Lepidomeda            Wherever found......  E            50 FR 37194, 9/12/
                                    albivallis.                                              1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Springfish, Hiko White River.....  Crenichthys baileyi   Wherever found......  E            50 FR 39123, 9/27/
                                    grandis.                                                 1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Springfish, Railroad Valley......  Crenichthys nevadae.  Wherever found......  T            51 FR 10857, 3/31/
                                                                                             1986;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(n);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Springfish, White River..........  Crenichthys baileyi   Wherever found......  E            50 FR 39123, 9/27/
                                    baileyi.                                                 1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Steelhead [California Central      Oncorhynchus mykiss.  California Central    T            63 FR 13347, 3/19/
 Valley DPS].                                             Valley DPS--see 50                 1998; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Steelhead [Central California      Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Central California    T            62 FR 43937, 8/18/
 Coast DPS].                                              Coast DPS--see 50                  1997; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Steelhead [Lower Columbia River    Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Lower Columbia River  T            63 FR 13347, 3/19/
 DPS].                                                    DPS--see 50 CFR                    1998; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\

[[Page 50]]

 
Steelhead [Middle Columbia River   Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Middle Columbia       T            64 FR 14517, 3/25/
 DPS].                                                    River DPS--see 50                  1999; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Steelhead [Middle Columbia River   Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Middle Columbia       XN           78 FR 2893, 1/15/
 DPS--XN].                                                River DPS--XN--see                 2013; \N\
                                                          50 CFR 223.102.                   79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.301.\10j\
Steelhead [Northern California     Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Northern California   T            65 FR 36075, 6/7/
 DPS].                                                    DPS--see 50 CFR                    2000; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          65 FR 54177, 9/7/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Steelhead [Puget Sound DPS]......  Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Puget Sound DPS--see  T            72 FR 26722, 5/11/
                                                          50 CFR 223.102.                    2007; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Steelhead [Snake River Basin DPS]  Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Snake River Basin     T            62 FR 43937, 8/18/
                                                          DPS--see 50 CFR                    1997; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Steelhead [South Central           Oncorhynchus mykiss.  South-Central         T            62 FR 43937, 8/18/
 California Coast DPS].                                   California Coast                   1997; \N\
                                                          DPS--see 50 CFR                   63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                          223.102.                           1998;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Steelhead [Southern California     Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Southern California   E            62 FR 43937, 8/18/
 DPS].                                                    DPS--see 50 CFR                    1997; \N\
                                                          224.101.                          63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.211.\CH\
Steelhead [Upper Columbia River    Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Upper Columbia River  T            62 FR 43937, 8/18/
 DPS].                                                    DPS--see 50 CFR                    1997; \N\
                                                          223.102.                          63 FR 32996, 6/17/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Steelhead [Upper Willamette River  Oncorhynchus mykiss.  Upper Willamette      T            64 FR 14517, 3/25/
 DPS].                                                    River DPS--see 50                  1999; \N\
                                                          CFR 223.102.                      64 FR 41835, 8/2/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            71 FR 834, 1/5/2006;
                                                                                             \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.203; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.212.\CH\
Stickleback, unarmored threespine  Gasterosteus          Wherever found......  E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    aculeatus                                                1970.
                                    williamsoni.
Sturgeon, Adriatic...............  Acipenser naccarii..  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 31222, 6/2/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, Alabama................  Scaphirhynchus        Wherever found......  E            65 FR 26438, 5/5/
                                    suttkusi.                                                2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic       Acipenser oxyrinchus  Carolina DPS--see 50  E            77 FR 5914, 2/6/
 subspecies)[Carolina DPS].         oxyrinchus.           CFR 224.101.                       2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic       Acipenser oxyrinchus  Chesapeake Bay DPS--  E            77 FR 5880, 2/6/
 subspecies)[Chesapeake Bay DPS].   oxyrinchus.           see 50 CFR 224.101.                2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic       Acipenser oxyrinchus  Gulf of Maine DPS--   T            77 FR 5880, 2/6/
 subspecies)[Gulf of Maine DPS].    oxyrinchus.           see 50 CFR 223.102.                2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.211.\4d\

[[Page 51]]

 
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic       Acipenser oxyrinchus  New York Bight DPS--  E            77 FR 5880, 2/6/
 subspecies)[New York Bight DPS].   oxyrinchus.           see 50 CFR 224.101.                2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic       Acipenser oxyrinchus  South Atlantic DPS--  E            77 FR 5914, 2/6/
 subspecies)[South Atlantic DPS].   oxyrinchus.           see 50 CFR 224.101.                2012; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Gulf           Acipenser oxyrinchus  Wherever found......  T            56 FR 49653, 9/30/
 subspecies).                       desotoi.                                                 1991; \N\
                                                                                            56 FR 49658, 9/30/
                                                                                             1991;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e);
                                                                                             \CH\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.214.\CH\
Sturgeon, beluga.................  Huso huso...........  Wherever found......  T            69 FR 18499, 4/8/
                                                                                             2004;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(y).\4d\
Sturgeon, Chinese................  Acipenser sinensis..  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 31222, 6/2/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, European...............  Acipenser sturio....  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 31222, 6/2/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, green [Southern DPS]...  Acipenser             Southern DPS--see 50  T            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    medirostris.          CFR 223.102.                       2006;
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.210; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.219.\CH\
Sturgeon, Kaluga.................  Huso dauricus.......  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 31222, 6/2/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, pallid.................  Scaphirhynchus albus  Wherever found......  E            55 FR 36641, 9/6/
                                                                                             1990.
Sturgeon, Sakhalin...............  Acipenser mikadoi...  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 31222, 6/2/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 52576, 9/4/
                                                                                             2014.
Sturgeon, shortnose..............  Acipenser             Wherever found......  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    brevirostrum.                                            1967.
Sturgeon, shovelnose.............  Scaphirhynchus        Wherever found......  T (S/A)      75 FR 53598, 9/1/
                                    platorynchus.                                            2010;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.44(aa).\4d\
Sturgeon, white [Kootenai River    Acipenser             Kootenai River DPS--  E            59 FR 45989, 9/6/
 DPS].                              transmontanus.        U.S.A. (ID, MT),                   1994;
                                                          Canada (BC),                      50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
                                                          (Kootenai R.
                                                          system).
Sucker, June.....................  Chasmistes liorus...  Wherever found......  E            51 FR 10851, 3/31/
                                                                                             1986;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sucker, Lost River...............  Deltistes luxatus...  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 27130, 7/18/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sucker, razorback................  Xyrauchen texanus...  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 54957, 10/23/
                                                                                             1991;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sucker, Santa Ana [Three CA river  Catostomus santaanae  Los Angeles River     T            65 FR 19686, 4/12/
 basins DPS].                                             basin, San Gabriel                 2000;
                                                          River basin, Santa                50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
                                                          Ana River basin.
Sucker, shortnose................  Chasmistes            Wherever found......  E            53 FR 27130, 7/18/
                                    brevirostris.                                            1988;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sucker, Warner...................  Catostomus            Wherever found......  T            50 FR 39117, 9/27/
                                    warnerensis.                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(l);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sucker, Zuni bluehead............  Catostomus            Wherever found......  E            79 FR 43131, 7/24/
                                    discobolus yarrowi.                                      2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Sunfish, spring pygmy............  Elassoma alabamae...  Wherever found......  T            78 FR 60766, 10/2/
                                                                                             2013.
Tango, Miyako (Tokyo bitterling).  Tanakia tanago......  Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                                                                             1970.
Temoleh, Ikan (minnow)...........  Probarbus jullieni..  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Topminnow, Gila (incl. Yaqui)....  Poeciliopsis          U.S.A. only.........  E            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    occidentalis.                                            1967.
Totoaba (seatrout or weakfish)...  Cynoscion macdonaldi  Wherever found......  E            44 FR 29478, 5/21/
                                                                                             1979.
Trout, Apache....................  Oncorhynchus apache.  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            40 FR 29863, 7/16/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(a).\4d\
Trout, bull [Lower 48 States DPS]  Salvelinus            U.S.A., coterminous   T            63 FR 31647, 6/10/
                                    confluentus.          (lower 48 states),                 1998;
                                                          except where listed               63 FR 42757, 8/11/
                                                          as an experimental                 1998;
                                                          population.                       64 FR 17110, 4/8/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            64 FR 58910, 11/1/
                                                                                             1999;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(w);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(x);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\

[[Page 52]]

 
Trout, bull......................  Salvelinus            Clackamas River       XN           76 FR 35979, 6/21/
                                    confluentus.          subbasin and the                   2011;
                                                          mainstem Willamette               50 CFR
                                                          River, from                        17.84(v).\10j\
                                                          Willamette Falls to
                                                          its points of
                                                          confluence with the
                                                          Columbia River,
                                                          including Multnomah
                                                          Channel.
Trout, Gila......................  Oncorhynchus gilae..  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                                                                             1967;
                                                                                            71 FR 40657, 7/18/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(z).\4d\
Trout, greenback cutthroat.......  Oncorhynchus clarkii  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    stomias.                                                 1967;
                                                                                            43 FR 16343, 4/18/
                                                                                             1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(f).\4d\
Trout, Lahontan cutthroat........  Oncorhynchus clarkii  Wherever found......  T            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    henshawi.                                                1970;
                                                                                            40 FR 29863, 7/16/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(a).\4d\
Trout, Little Kern golden........  Oncorhynchus          Wherever found......  T            43 FR 15427, 4/13/
                                    aguabonita whitei.                                       1978;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(e);
                                                                                             \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Trout, Paiute cutthroat..........  Oncorhynchus clarkii  Wherever found......  T            32 FR 4001, 3/11/
                                    seleniris.                                               1967;
                                                                                            40 FR 29863, 7/16/
                                                                                             1975;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.44(a).\4d\
Woundfin.........................  Plagopterus           Wherever found,       E            35 FR 16047, 10/13/
                                    argentissimus.        except where listed                1970;
                                                          as an experimental                50 FR 30188, 7/24/
                                                          population.                        1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(e).\CH\
Woundfin.........................  Plagopterus           Gila R. drainage,     XN           50 FR 30188, 7/24/
                                    argentissimus.        AZ, NM.                            1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR
                                                                                             17.84(b).\10j\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Clams
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Acornshell, southern.............  Epioblasma            Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                    othcaloogensis.                                          1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Bankclimber, purple..............  Elliptoideus          Wherever found......  T            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                    sloatianus.                                              1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Bean, Choctaw....................  Villosa choctawensis  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                                                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Bean, Cumberland.................  Villosa trabalis....  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Bean, Cumberland.................  Villosa trabalis....  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Bean, Cumberland.................  Villosa trabalis....  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Bean, Purple.....................  Villosa perpurpurea.  Wherever found......  E            62 FR 1647, 1/10/
                                                                                             1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Blossom, green...................  Epioblasma torulosa   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    gubernaculum.                                            1976.
Blossom, tubercled...............  Epioblasma torulosa   Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    torulosa.             except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Blossom, tubercled...............  Epioblasma torulosa   U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                    torulosa.             specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).

[[Page 53]]

 
Blossom, turgid..................  Epioblasma turgidula  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Blossom, turgid..................  Epioblasma turgidula  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Blossom, yellow..................  Epioblasma            Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    florentina            except where listed                1976.
                                    florentina.           as an experimental
                                                          population.
Blossom, yellow..................  Epioblasma            U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                    florentina            specified portions                 2001;
                                    florentina.           of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Purple cat's paw (pearlymussel)..  Epioblasma obliquata  Wherever found,       E            55 FR 28209, 7/10/
                                    obliquata.            except where listed                1990.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Purple cat's paw (pearlymussel)..  Epioblasma obliquata  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                    obliquata.            specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Catspaw, white (pearlymussel)....  Epioblasma obliquata  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    perobliqua.                                              1976.
Clubshell........................  Pleurobema clava....  Wherever found,       E            58 FR 5638, 1/22/
                                                          except where listed                1993.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Clubshell........................  Pleurobema clava....  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Clubshell, black.................  Pleurobema curtum...  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 11162, 4/7/
                                                                                             1987.
Clubshell, ovate.................  Pleurobema perovatum  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Clubshell, southern..............  Pleurobema decisum..  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Combshell, Cumberlandian.........  Epioblasma brevidens  Wherever found,       E            62 FR 1647, 1/10/
                                                          except where listed                1997;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
                                                          population.
Combshell, Cumberlandian.........  Epioblasma brevidens  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Combshell, Cumberlandian.........  Epioblasma brevidens  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1).
Combshell, southern..............  Epioblasma            Wherever found......  E            52 FR 11162, 4/7/
                                    (=Dysnomia) penita.                                      1987.
Combshell, upland................  Epioblasma            Wherever found......  E            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                    metastriata.                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Ebonyshell, round................  Fusconaia rotulata..  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Elktoe, Appalachian..............  Alasmidonta           Wherever found......  E            59 FR 60324, 11/23/
                                    raveneliana.                                             1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\

[[Page 54]]

 
Elktoe, Cumberland...............  Alasmidonta           Wherever found......  E            62 FR 1647, 1/10/
                                    atropurpurea.                                            1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Fanshell.........................  Cyprogenia stegaria.  Wherever found,       E            55 FR 25591, 6/21/
                                                          except where listed                1990.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Fanshell.........................  Cyprogenia stegaria.  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Fatmucket, Arkansas..............  Lampsilis powelli...  Wherever found......  T            55 FR 12797, 4/5/
                                                                                             1990.
Heelsplitter, inflated...........  Potamilus inflatus..  Wherever found......  T            55 FR 39868, 9/28/
                                                                                             1990.
Heelsplitter, Carolina...........  Lasmigona decorata..  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 34926, 6/30/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Higgins eye (pearlymussel).......  Lampsilis higginsii.  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Kidneyshell, fluted..............  Ptychobranchus        Wherever found......  E            78 FR 59269, 9/26/
                                    subtentus.                                               2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Kidneyshell, southern............  Ptychobranchus        Wherever found......  E            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                    jonesi.                                                  2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Kidneyshell, triangular..........  Ptychobranchus        Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                    greenii.                                                 1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Lampmussel, Alabama..............  Lampsilis virescens.  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Lampmussel, Alabama..............  Lampsilis virescens.  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Lilliput, pale...................  Toxolasma             Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    cylindrellus.                                            1976.
Mapleleaf, winged (mussel).......  Quadrula fragosa....  Wherever found,       E            56 FR 28345, 6/20/
                                                          except where listed                1991.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Mapleleaf, winged (mussel).......  Quadrula fragosa....  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Moccasinshell, Alabama...........  Medionidus            Wherever found......  T            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                    acutissimus.                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Moccasinshell, Coosa.............  Medionidus parvulus.  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Moccasinshell, Gulf..............  Medionidus            Wherever found......  E            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                    penicillatus.                                            1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Moccasinshell, Ochlockonee.......  Medionidus            Wherever found......  E            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                    simpsonianus.                                            1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Moccasinshell, Suwannee..........  Medionidus walkeri..  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 69417, 10/6/
                                                                                             2016.
Monkeyface, Appalachian            Quadrula sparsa.....  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
 (pearlymussel).                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Monkeyface, Appalachian            Quadrula sparsa.....  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
 (pearlymussel).                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Monkeyface, Cumberland...........  Quadrula intermedia.  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.

[[Page 55]]

 
Monkeyface, Cumberland...........  Quadrula intermedia.  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Monkeyface, Cumberland...........  Quadrula intermedia.  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Mucket, Neosho...................  Lampsilis             Wherever found......  E            78 FR 57076, 9/17/
                                    rafinesqueana.                                           2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Mucket, orangenacre..............  Lampsilis perovalis.  Wherever found......  T            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Mucket, pink (pearlymussel)......  Lampsilis abrupta...  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Mussel, oyster...................  Epioblasma            Wherever found,       E            62 FR 1647, 1/10/
                                    capsaeformis.         except where listed                1997;
                                                          as an experimental                50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
                                                          population.
Mussel, oyster...................  Epioblasma            U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                    capsaeformis.         specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Mussel, oyster...................  Epioblasma            U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                    capsaeformis.         specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Mussel, rayed bean...............  Villosa fabalis.....  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 8632, 2/14/
                                                                                             2012.
Mussel, scaleshell...............  Leptodea leptodon...  Wherever found......  E            66 FR 51322, 10/9/
                                                                                             2001.
Pearlshell, Alabama..............  Margaritifera         Wherever found......  E            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                    marrianae.                                               2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pearlshell, Louisiana............  Margaritifera         Wherever found......  T            53 FR 3567, 2/5/
                                    hembeli.                                                 1988;
                                                                                            58 FR 49935, 9/24/
                                                                                             1993.
Pearlymussel, birdwing...........  Lemiox rimosus......  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pearlymussel, birdwing...........  Lemiox rimosus......  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Pearlymussel, birdwing...........  Lemiox rimosus......  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pearlymussel, cracking...........  Hemistena lata......  Wherever found,       E            54 FR 39850, 9/28/
                                                          except where listed                1989.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pearlymussel, cracking...........  Hemistena lata......  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).

[[Page 56]]

 
Pearlymussel, cracking...........  Hemistena lata......  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pearlymussel, Curtis.............  Epioblasma            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    florentina curtisii.                                     1976.
Pearlymussel, dromedary..........  Dromus dromas.......  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pearlymussel, dromedary..........  Dromus dromas.......  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Pearlymussel, dromedary..........  Dromus dromas.......  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pearlymussel, littlewing.........  Pegias fabula.......  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 45861, 11/14/
                                                                                             1988.
Pearlymussel, Nicklin's..........  Megalonaias           Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    nicklineana.                                             1976.
Pearlymussel, slabside...........  Pleuronaia            Wherever found......  E            78 FR 59269, 9/26/
                                    dolabelloides.                                           2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pearlymussel, Tampico............  Cyrtonaias            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    tampicoensis                                             1976.
                                    tecomatensis.
Pigtoe, Cumberland...............  Pleurobema gibberum.  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 21084, 5/7/
                                                                                             1991.
Pigtoe, dark.....................  Pleurobema furvum...  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pigtoe, finerayed................  Fusconaia cuneolus..  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pigtoe, finerayed................  Fusconaia cuneolus..  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Pigtoe, finerayed................  Fusconaia cuneolus..  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pigtoe, flat.....................  Pleurobema marshalli  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 11162, 4/7/
                                                                                             1987.
Pigtoe, fuzzy....................  Pleurobema            Wherever found......  T            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                    strodeanum.                                              2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pigtoe, Georgia..................  Pleurobema            Wherever found......  E            75 FR 67512, 11/2/
                                    hanleyianum.                                             2010;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pigtoe, heavy....................  Pleurobema taitianum  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 11162, 4/7/
                                                                                             1987.
Pigtoe, narrow...................  Fusconaia escambia..  Wherever found......  T            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                                                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pigtoe, oval.....................  Pleurobema pyriforme  Wherever found......  E            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pigtoe, rough....................  Pleurobema plenum...  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.

[[Page 57]]

 
Pigtoe, rough....................  Pleurobema plenum...  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pigtoe, shiny....................  Fusconaia cor.......  Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pigtoe, shiny....................  Fusconaia cor.......  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Pigtoe, shiny....................  Fusconaia cor.......  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pigtoe, southern.................  Pleurobema            Wherever found......  E            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                    georgianum.                                              1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pigtoe, tapered..................  Fusconaia burkei....  Wherever found......  T            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                                                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pimpleback, orangefoot...........  Plethobasus           Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    cooperianus.          except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pimpleback, orangefoot...........  Plethobasus           U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                    cooperianus.          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pink, ring.......................  Obovaria retusa.....  Wherever found,       E            54 FR 40109, 9/29/
                                                          except where listed                1989.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Pink, ring.......................  Obovaria retusa.....  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Pocketbook, fat..................  Potamilus capax.....  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                                                                             1976.
Pocketbook, finelined............  Lampsilis altilis...  Wherever found......  T            58 FR 14330, 3/17/
                                                                                             1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Rock-pocketbook, Ouachita........  Arkansia wheeleri...  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 54950, 10/23/
                                                                                             1991.
Pocketbook, shinyrayed...........  Lampsilis             Wherever found......  E            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                    subangulata.                                             1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Pocketbook, speckled.............  Lampsilis streckeri.  Wherever found......  E            54 FR 8339, 2/28/
                                                                                             1989.
Rabbitsfoot......................  Quadrula cylindrica   Wherever found......  T            78 FR 57076, 9/17/
                                    cylindrica.                                              2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Rabbitsfoot, rough...............  Quadrula cylindrica   Wherever found......  E            62 FR 1647, 1/10/
                                    strigillata.                                             1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Riffleshell, northern............  Epioblasma torulosa   Wherever found......  E            58 FR 5638, 1/22/
                                    rangiana.                                                1993.
Riffleshell, tan.................  Epioblasma            Wherever found......  E            42 FR 42351, 8/23/
                                    florentina walkeri                                       1977.
                                    (=E. walkeri).
Sandshell, southern..............  Hamiota australis...  Wherever found......  T            77 FR 61663, 10/10/
                                                                                             2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Sheepnose........................  Plethobasus cyphyus.  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 14914, 3/13/
                                                                                             2012.
Slabshell, Chipola...............  Elliptio              Wherever found......  T            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                    chipolaensis.                                            1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Snuffbox (mussel)................  Epioblasma triquetra  Wherever found......  E            77 FR 8632, 2/14/
                                                                                             2012.

[[Page 58]]

 
Spectaclecase....................  Cumberlandia          Wherever found......  E            77 FR 14914, 3/13/
                                    monodonta.                                               2012.
Spinymussel, Altamaha............  Elliptio spinosa....  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 62928, 10/11/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Spinymussel, James...............  Pleurobema collina..  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 27689, 7/22/
                                                                                             1988.
Spinymussel, Tar River...........  Elliptio              Wherever found......  E            50 FR 26572, 6/27/
                                    steinstansana.                                           1985.
Stirrupshell.....................  Quadrula stapes.....  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 11162, 4/7/
                                                                                             1987.
Threeridge, fat..................  Amblema neislerii...  Wherever found......  E            63 FR 12664, 3/16/
                                                                                             1998;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Wartyback, white.................  Plethobasus           Wherever found,       E            41 FR 24062, 6/14/
                                    cicatricosus.         except where listed                1976.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Wartyback, white.................  Plethobasus           U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                    cicatricosus.         specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Wedgemussel, dwarf...............  Alasmidonta           Wherever found......  E            55 FR 9447, 3/14/
                                    heterodon.                                               1990.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Snails
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Abalone, Black...................  Haliotis cracherodii  Wherever found......  E            74 FR 1937, 1/14/
                                                                                             2009; \N\
                                                                                            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.221.\CH\
Abalone, white...................  Haliotis sorenseni..  Wherever found......  E            66 FR 29054, 5/29/
                                                                                             2001; \N\
                                                                                            70 FR 69464, 11/16/
                                                                                             2005.
Ambersnail, Kanab................  Oxyloma haydeni       Wherever found......  E            56 FR 37668, 8/8/
                                    kanabensis.                                              1991;
                                                                                            57 FR 13657, 4/17/
                                                                                             1992;
                                                                                            57 FR 44340, 9/25/
                                                                                             1992.
Campeloma, slender...............  Campeloma decampi...  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 10033, 2/25/
                                                                                             2000.
Cavesnail, Tumbling Creek........  Antrobia culveri....  Wherever found......  E            67 FR 52879, 8/14/
                                                                                             2002;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Elimia, lacy.....................  Elimia crenatella...  Wherever found......  T            63 FR 57610, 10/28/
                                                                                             1998.
Hornsnail, rough.................  Pleurocera foremani.  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 67512, 11/2/
                                                                                             2010;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Limpet, Banbury Springs..........  Lanx sp.............  Wherever found......  E            57 FR 59244, 12/14/
                                                                                             1992.
Lioplax, cylindrical.............  Lioplax               Wherever found......  E            63 FR 57610, 10/28/
                                    cyclostomaformis.                                        1998.
Marstonia, armored (snail).......  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            65 FR 10033, 2/25/
                                    (=Marstonia)                                             2000.
                                    pachyta.
Marstonia, royal.................  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            59 FR 17994, 4/15/
                                    ogmorhaphe.                                              1994.
Pebblesnail, flat................  Lepyrium showalteri.  Wherever found......  E            63 FR 57610, 10/28/
                                                                                             1998.
Pecos assiminea..................  Assiminea pecos.....  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 33036, 6/7/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Riversnail, Anthony's............  Athearnia anthonyi..  Wherever found,       E            59 FR 17994, 4/15/
                                                          except where listed                1994.
                                                          as an experimental
                                                          population.
Riversnail, Anthony's............  Athearnia anthonyi..  U.S.A. (AL--          XN           66 FR 32250, 6/14/
                                                          specified portions                 2001;
                                                          of the Tennessee                  50 CFR
                                                          River; see Sec.                    17.85(a).\10j\
                                                          17.85(a)(1)).
Riversnail, Anthony's............  Athearnia anthonyi..  U.S.A. (TN--          XN           72 FR 52434, 9/13/
                                                          specified portions                 2007;
                                                          of the French Broad               50 CFR
                                                          and Holston Rivers;                17.85(b).\10j\
                                                          see Sec.
                                                          17.85(b)(1)).
Rocksnail, interrupted...........  Leptoxis foremani...  Wherever found......  E            75 FR 67512, 11/2/
                                                                                             2010;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Rocksnail, painted...............  Leptoxis taeniata...  Wherever found......  T            63 FR 57610, 10/28/
                                                                                             1998.
Rocksnail, plicate...............  Leptoxis plicata....  Wherever found......  E            63 FR 57610, 10/28/
                                                                                             1998.
Rocksnail, round.................  Leptoxis ampla......  Wherever found......  T            63 FR 57610, 10/28/
                                                                                             1998.
Snail, Bliss Rapids..............  Taylorconcha          Wherever found......  T            57 FR 59244, 12/14/
                                    serpenticola.                                            1992.
Snail, Chittenango ovate amber...  Succinea              Wherever found......  T            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
                                    chittenangoensis.                                        1978.
Snail, flat-spired three-toothed.  Triodopsis            Wherever found......  T            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
                                    platysayoides.                                           1978.

[[Page 59]]

 
Snail, fragile tree (Akaleha       Samoana fragilis....  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 dogas, Denden).                                                                             2015.
Snail, Guam tree (Akaleha,         Partula radiolata...  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 Denden).                                                                                    2015.
Snail, humped tree (Akaleha,       Partula gibba.......  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 Denden).                                                                                    2015.
Snail, Iowa Pleistocene..........  Discus macclintocki.  Wherever found......  E            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
                                                                                             1978.
Snail, Lanai tree................  Partulina             Wherever found......  E            78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                    semicarinata.                                            2013.
Snail, Lanai tree................  Partulina variabilis  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                             2013.
Snail, Langford's tree (Akaleha,   Partula langfordi...  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 Denden).                                                                                    2015.
Snail, Manus Island tree.........  Papustyla             Wherever found......  E            35 FR 8491, 6/2/
                                    pulcherrima.                                             1970.
Snail, Morro shoulderband          Helminthoglypta       Wherever found......  E            59 FR 64613, 12/15/
 (=Banded dune).                    walkeriana.                                              1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Snail, Newcomb's.................  Erinna newcombi.....  Wherever found......  T            65 FR 4162, 1/26/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Snail, Newcomb's tree............  Newcombia cumingi...  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Snail [no common name]...........  Eua zebrina.........  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 65466, 9/22/
                                                                                             2016.
Snail [no common name]...........  Ostodes strigatus...  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 65466, 9/22/
                                                                                             2016.
Snail, noonday...................  Mesodon clarki        Wherever found......  T            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
                                    nantahala.                                               1978.
Snail, painted snake coiled        Anguispira picta....  Wherever found......  T            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
 forest.                                                                                     1978.
Snail, Snake River physa.........  Physa natricina.....  Wherever found......  E            57 FR 59244, 12/14/
                                                                                             1992.
Snail, Stock Island tree.........  Orthalicus reses      Wherever found......  T            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
                                    (not incl.                                               1978.
                                    nesodryas ).
Snail, tulotoma..................  Tulotoma magnifica..  Wherever found......  T            56 FR 797, 1/9/1991;
                                                                                            76 FR 31866, 6/2/
                                                                                             2011.
Snail, Virginia fringed mountain.  Polygyriscus          Wherever found......  E            43 FR 28932, 7/3/
                                    virginianus.                                             1978.
Snails, Oahu tree................  Achatinella spp.....  Wherever found......  E            46 FR 3178, 1/13/
                                                                                             1981;
                                                                                            46 FR 40025, 8/6/
                                                                                             1981.
Springsnail, Alamosa.............  Tryonia alamosae....  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49646, 9/30/
                                                                                             1991.
Springsnail, Bruneau Hot.........  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            58 FR 5938, 1/25/
                                    bruneauensis.                                            1993.
Springsnail, Chupadera...........  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            77 FR 41088, 7/12/
                                    chupaderae.                                              2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Springsnail, Koster's............  Juturnia kosteria...  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 33036, 6/7/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Springsnail, Phantom.............  Pyrgulopsis texana..  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 41227, 7/9/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Springsnail, Roswell.............  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            76 FR 33036, 6/7/
                                    roswellensis.                                            2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Springsnail, San Bernardino......  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  T            77 FR 23060, 4/17/
                                    bernardina.                                              2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Springsnail, Socorro.............  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            56 FR 49646, 9/30/
                                    neomexicana.                                             1991.
Springsnail, Three Forks.........  Pyrgulopsis           Wherever found......  E            77 FR 23060, 4/17/
                                    trivialis.                                               2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Tryonia, Diamond.................  Pseudotryonia         Wherever found......  E            78 FR 41227, 7/9/
                                    adamantina.                                              2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Tryonia, Gonzales................  Tryonia               Wherever found......  E            78 FR 41227, 7/9/
                                    circumstriata.                                           2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
Tryonia, Phantom.................  Tryonia cheatumi....  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 41227, 7/9/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(f).\CH\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Insects
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bee, bumble, rusty patched.......  Bombus affinis......  Wherever found......  E            82 FR 3186, 1/11/
                                                                                             2017.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus anthracinus.  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus assimulans..  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus facilis.....  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus hilaris.....  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus kuakea......  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus longiceps...  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Bee, yellow-faced................  Hylaeus mana........  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Beetle, American burying.........  Nicrophorus           Entire, except where  E            54 FR 29652, 7/13/
                                    americanus.           listed as an                       1989.
                                                          experimental
                                                          population.
Beetle, American burying.........  Nicrophorus           In southwestern       XN           77 FR 16712, 3/22/
                                    americanus.           Missouri, the                      2012;
                                                          counties of Cedar,                50 CFR
                                                          St. Clair, Bates,                  17.85(c).\10j\
                                                          and Vernon.
Beetle, Casey's June.............  Dinacoma caseyi.....  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 58954, 9/22/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\

[[Page 60]]

 
Beetle, Coffin Cave mold.........  Batrisodes texanus..  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            58 FR 43818, 8/18/
                                                                                             1993.
Beetle, Comal Springs dryopid....  Stygoparnus           Wherever found......  E            62 FR 66295, 12/18/
                                    comalensis.                                              1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, Comal Springs riffle.....  Heterelmis            Wherever found......  E            62 FR 66295, 12/18/
                                    comalensis.                                              1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, delta green ground.......  Elaphrus viridis....  Wherever found......  T            45 FR 52807, 8/8/
                                                                                             1980;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, Helotes mold.............  Batrisodes venyivi..  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 69854, 11/17/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, Hungerford's crawling      Brychius hungerfordi  Wherever found......  E            59 FR 10580, 3/7/
 water.                                                                                      1994.
Beetle, Kretschmarr Cave mold....  Texamaurops reddelli  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            58 FR 43818, 8/18/
                                                                                             1993.
Beetle, Miami tiger..............  Cicindelidia          U.S.A. (FL).........  E            81 FR 68985, 10/5/
                                    floridana.                                               2016.
Beetle, Mount Hermon June........  Polyphylla barbata..  Wherever found......  E            62 FR 3616, 1/24/
                                                                                             1997.
Beetle, (no common name).........  Rhadine exilis......  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 69854, 11/17/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, (no common name).........  Rhadine infernalis..  Wherever found......  E            70 FR 69854, 11/17/
                                                                                             2005;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, Northeastern beach tiger.  Cicindela dorsalis    Wherever found......  T            55 FR 32088, 8/7/
                                    dorsalis.                                                1990.
Beetle, Ohlone tiger.............  Cicindela ohlone....  Wherever found......  E            66 FR 50340, 8/3/
                                                                                             2001.
Beetle, Puritan tiger............  Cicindela puritana..  Wherever found......  T            55 FR 32088, 8/7/
                                                                                             1990.
Beetle, Salt Creek tiger.........  Cicindela nevadica    Wherever found......  E            70 FR 58335, 10/6/
                                    lincolniana.                                             2005;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Beetle, Tooth Cave ground........  Rhadine persephone..  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                                                                             1988.
Beetle, valley elderberry          Desmocerus            Wherever found......  T            45 FR 52803, 8/8/
 longhorn.                          californicus                                             1980;
                                    dimorphus.                                              50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Bartram's scrub-        Strymon acis          Wherever found......  E            79 FR 47221, 8/12/
 hairstreak.                        bartrami.                                                2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, bay checkerspot.......  Euphydryas editha     Wherever found......  T            52 FR 35366, 9/18/
                                    bayensis.                                                1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Behren's silverspot...  Speyeria zerene       Wherever found......  E            62 FR 64306, 12/5/
                                    behrensii.                                               1997.
Butterfly, callippe silverspot...  Speyeria callippe     Wherever found......  E            62 FR 64306, 12/5/
                                    callippe.                                                1997.
Butterfly, cassius blue..........  Leptotes cassius      Coastal south and     T (S/A)      77 FR 20948, 4/6/
                                    theonus.              central FL.                        2012.
Butterfly, ceraunus blue.........  Hemiargus ceraunus    Coastal south and     T (S/A)      77 FR 20948, 4/6/
                                    antibubastus.         central FL.                        2012.
Butterfly, Corsican swallowtail..  Papilio hospiton....  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 4356, 1/14/
                                                                                             1993.
Butterfly, El Segundo blue.......  Euphilotes battoides  Wherever found......  E            41 FR 22041, 6/14/
                                    allyni.                                                  1976.
Butterfly, Fender's blue.........  Icaricia icarioides   Wherever found......  E            65 FR 3875, 1/25/
                                    fenderi.                                                 2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Florida leafwing......  Anaea troglodyta      Wherever found......  E            79 FR 47221, 8/12/
                                    floridalis.                                              2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Homerus swallowtail...  Papilio homerus.....  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 4356, 1/14/
                                                                                             1993.
Butterfly, Karner blue...........  Lycaeides melissa     Wherever found......  E            57 FR 59236, 12/14/
                                    samuelis.                                                1992.
Butterfly, Lange's metalmark.....  Apodemia mormo        Wherever found......  E            41 FR 22041, 6/14/
                                    langei.                                                  1976.
Butterfly, lotis blue............  Lycaeides             Wherever found......  E            41 FR 22041, 6/14/
                                    argyrognomon lotis.                                      1976.
Butterfly, Luzon peacock           Papilio chikae......  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 4356, 1/14/
 swallowtail.                                                                                1993.
Butterfly, Mariana eight-spot      Hypolimnas octocula   Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 (Ababbang, Libweibwogh).           marianensis.                                             2015.
Butterfly, Mariana wandering       Vagrans egistina....  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 (Ababbang, Libweibwogh).                                                                    2015.
Butterfly, Miami blue............  Cyclargus thomasi     Wherever found......  E            77 FR 20948, 4/6/
                                    bethunebakeri.                                           2012.
Butterfly, mission blue..........  Icaricia icarioides   Wherever found......  E            41 FR 22041, 6/14/
                                    missionensis.                                            1976.
Butterfly, Mitchell's satyr......  Neonympha mitchellii  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 28825, 6/25/
                                    mitchellii.                                              1991;
                                                                                            57 FR 21564, 5/20/
                                                                                             1992.
Butterfly, Mount Charleston blue.  Icaricia (Plebejus)   Wherever found......  E            78 FR 57749, 9/19/
                                    shasta                                                   2013;
                                    charlestonensis.                                        50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Myrtle's silverspot...  Speyeria zerene       Wherever found......  E            57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                    myrtleae.                                                1992.
Butterfly, nickerbean blue.......  Cyclargus ammon.....  Coastal south and     T (S/A)      77 FR 20948, 4/6/
                                                          central FL.                        2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.47(a).\4d\
Butterfly, Oregon silverspot.....  Speyeria zerene       Wherever found,       T            45 FR 44935, 7/2/
                                    hippolyta.            except where listed                1980; 50 CFR
                                                          as an experimental                 17.95(i).\CH\
                                                          population.

[[Page 61]]

 
Butterfly, Oregon silverspot.....  Speyeria zerene       U.S.A. (OR--          XN           82 FR 28567; 06/23/
                                    hippolyta.            specified portions                 2017.
                                                          of Clatsop and
                                                          Tillamook Counties;
                                                          see Sec.  17.85(d)).
Butterfly, Palos Verdes blue.....  Glaucopsyche          Wherever found......  E            45 FR 44935, 7/2/
                                    lygdamus                                                 1980;
                                    palosverdesensis.                                       50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Queen Alexandra's       Troides alexandrae..  Wherever found......  E            54 FR 38950, 9/21/
 birdwing.                                                                                   1989.
Butterfly, Quino checkerspot.....  Euphydryas editha     Wherever found......  E            62 FR 2313, 1/16/
                                    quino.                                                   1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Saint Francis' satyr..  Neonympha mitchellii  Wherever found......  E            59 FR 18324, 4/18/
                                    francisci.                                               1994;
                                                                                            60 FR 5264, 1/26/
                                                                                             1995.
Butterfly, San Bruno elfin.......  Callophrys mossii     Wherever found......  E            41 FR 22041, 6/14/
                                    bayensis.                                                1976.
Butterfly, Schaus swallowtail....  Heraclides            Wherever found......  E            41 FR 17736, 4/28/
                                    aristodemus                                              1976;
                                    ponceanus.                                              49 FR 34501, 8/31/
                                                                                             1984.
Butterfly, Smith's blue..........  Euphilotes enoptes    Wherever found......  E            41 FR 22041, 6/14/
                                    smithi.                                                  1976.
Butterfly, Taylor's checkerspot..  Euphydryas editha     Wherever found......  E            78 FR 61451, 10/3/
                                    taylori.                                                 2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Butterfly, Uncompahgre fritillary  Boloria acrocnema...  Wherever found......  E            56 FR 28712, 6/24/
                                                                                             1991.
Damselfly, blackline Hawaiian....  Megalagrion           Wherever found......  E            77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                    nigrohamatum                                             2012;
                                    nigrolineatum.                                          50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Damselfly, crimson Hawaiian......  Megalagrion           Wherever found......  E            77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                    leptodemas.                                              2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Damselfly, flying earwig Hawaiian  Megalagrion nesiotes  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 21481, 6/5/
                                                                                             1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Damselfly, oceanic Hawaiian......  Megalagrion           Wherever found......  E            77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                    oceanicum.                                               2012;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Damselfly, orangeblack Hawaiian..  Megalagrion           Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                    xanthomelas.                                             2016.
Damselfly, Pacific Hawaiian......  Megalagrion           Wherever found......  E            52 FR 21481, 6/5/
                                    pacificum.                                               1987;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Damselfly, Rota blue (Dulalas      Ischnura luta.......  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 59423, 10/1/
 Luta, Dulalas Luuta).                                                                       2015.
Dragonfly, Hine's emerald........  Somatochlora hineana  Wherever found......  E            60 FR 5267, 1/26/
                                                                                             1995;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Delhi Sands flower-loving...  Rhaphiomidas          Wherever found......  E            58 FR 49881, 9/23/
                                    terminatus                                               1993.
                                    abdominalis.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila aglaia...  Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila differens  Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila digressa.  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                             2013.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila hemipeza.  Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    heteroneura.                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    montgomeryi.                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila mulli....  Wherever found......  T            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    musaphilia.                                              2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    neoclavisetae.                                           2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila obatai...  Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    ochrobasis.                                              2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila sharpi...  Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                                                                             2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    substenoptera.                                           2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wing.......  Drosophila            Wherever found......  E            71 FR 26835, 5/9/
                                    tarphytrichia.                                           2006;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Grasshopper, Zayante band-winged.  Trimerotropis         Wherever found......  E            62 FR 3616, 1/24/
                                    infantilis.                                              1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Moth, Blackburn's sphinx.........  Manduca blackburni..  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 4770, 2/1/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Moth, Kern primrose sphinx.......  Euproserpinus         Wherever found......  T            45 FR 24088, 4/8/
                                    euterpe.                                                 1980.
Naucorid, Ash Meadows............  Ambrysus amargosus..  Wherever found......  T            50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                                                                             1985;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\

[[Page 62]]

 
Skipper, Carson wandering........  Pseudocopaeodes       U.S.A., (Lassen       E            67 FR 51116, 8/7/
                                    eunus obscurus.       County, CA; Washoe                 2002.
                                                          County, NV).
Skipper, Dakota..................  Hesperia dacotae....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 63671, 10/24/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i);
                                                                                             \CH\
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.47(b).\4d\
Skipper, Laguna Mountains........  Pyrgus ruralis        Wherever found......  E            62 FR 2313, 1/16/
                                    lagunae.                                                 1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
Skipper, Pawnee montane..........  Hesperia leonardus    Wherever found......  T            52 FR 36176, 9/25/
                                    montana.                                                 1987.
Skipperling, Poweshiek...........  Oarisma poweshiek...  Wherever found......  E            79 FR 63671, 10/24/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(i).\CH\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Arachnids
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Harvestman, Bee Creek Cave.......  Texella reddelli....  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            58 FR 43818, 8/18/
                                                                                             1993.
Harvestman, Bone Cave............  Texella reyesi......  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                                                                             1988;
                                                                                            58 FR 43818, 8/18/
                                                                                             1993.
Harvestman, Cokendolpher cave....  Texella               Wherever found......  E            65 FR 69624, 11/17/
                                    cokendolpheri.                                           2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Meshweaver, Braken Bat Cave......  Circurina venii.....  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 69624, 11/17/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Meshweaver, Government Canyon Bat  Circurina vespera...  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 69624, 11/17/
 Cave.                                                                                       2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Meshweaver, Madla Cave...........  Cicurina madla......  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 69624, 11/17/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Meshweaver, Robber Baron Cave....  Cicurina baronia....  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 69624, 11/17/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Pseudoscorpion, Tooth Cave.......  Tartarocreagris       Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                    texana.                                                  1988.
Spider, Government Canyon Bat      Neoleptoneta microps  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 69624, 11/17/
 Cave.                                                                                       2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Spider, Kauai cave wolf..........  Adelocosa anops.....  Wherever found......  E            65 FR 2348, 1/14/
                                                                                             2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Spider, spruce-fir moss..........  Microhexura           Wherever found......  E            60 FR 6968, 2/6/
                                    montivaga.                                               1995;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(g).\CH\
Spider, Tooth Cave...............  Neoleptoneta myopica  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 36029, 9/16/
                                                                                             1988.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   Crustaceans
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Amphipod, diminutive.............  Gammarus              Wherever found......  E            78 FR 41227, 7/9/
                                    hyalleloides.                                            2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Amphipod, Hay's Spring...........  Stygobromus hayi....  Wherever found......  E            47 FR 5425, 2/5/
                                                                                             1982.
Amphipod, Illinois Cave..........  Gammarus              Wherever found......  E            63 FR 46900, 9/3/
                                    acherondytes.                                            1998.
Amphipod, Kauai cave.............  Spelaeorchestia       Wherever found......  E            65 FR 2348, 1/14/
                                    koloana.                                                 2000;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Amphipod, Noel's.................  Gammarus desperatus.  Wherever found......  E            76 FR 33036, 6/7/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Amphipod, Peck's cave............  Stygobromus           Wherever found......  E            62 FR 66295, 12/18/
                                    (=Stygonectes)                                           1997;
                                    Pecki.                                                  50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Amphipod, Pecos..................  Gammarus pecos......  Wherever found......  E            78 FR 41227, 7/9/
                                                                                             2013;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Crayfish, Big Sandy..............  Cambarus callainus..  Wherever found......  T            81 FR 20449, 4/7/
                                                                                             2016.
Crayfish, cave...................  Cambarus aculabrum..  Wherever found......  E            58 FR 25742, 4/27/
                                                                                             1993.
Crayfish, cave...................  Cambarus zophonastes  Wherever found......  E            52 FR 11170, 4/7/
                                                                                             1987.
Crayfish, Guyandotte River.......  ambarus veteranus...  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 20449, 4/7/
                                                                                             2016.
Crayfish, Nashville..............  Orconectes shoupi...  Wherever found......  E            51 FR 34410, 9/3/
                                                                                             1986.
Crayfish, Shasta.................  Pacifastacus fortis.  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 38460, 9/30/
                                                                                             1988.
Fairy shrimp, Conservancy........  Branchinecta          Wherever found......  E            59 FR 48136, 9/19/
                                    conservatio.                                             1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Fairy shrimp, longhorn...........  Branchinecta          Wherever found......  E            59 FR 48136, 9/19/
                                    longiantenna.                                            1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Fairy shrimp, Riverside..........  Streptocephalus       Wherever found......  E            58 FR 41384, 8/3/
                                    woottoni.                                                1993;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Fairy shrimp, San Diego..........  Branchinecta          Wherever found......  E            62 FR 4925, 2/3/
                                    sandiegonensis.                                          1997;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Fairy shrimp, vernal pool........  Branchinecta lynchi.  Wherever found......  E            59 FR 48136, 9/19/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Isopod, Lee County cave..........  Lirceus usdagalun...  Wherever found......  E            57 FR 54722, 11/20/
                                                                                             1992.
Isopod, Madison Cave.............  Antrolana lira......  Wherever found......  T            47 FR 43699, 10/4/
                                                                                             1982;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.46(a).\4d\
Isopod, Socorro..................  Thermosphaeroma       Wherever found......  E            43 FR 12690, 3/27/
                                    thermophilus.                                            1978.

[[Page 63]]

 
Shrimp, Alabama cave.............  Palaemonias alabamae  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 34696, 9/7/
                                                                                             1988.
Shrimp, anchialine pool..........  Procaris hawaiana...  Wherever found......  E            81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                             2016.
Shrimp, anchialine pool..........  Vetericaris           Wherever found......  E            78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                    chaceorum.                                               2013.
Shrimp, California freshwater....  Syncaris pacifica...  Wherever found......  E            53 FR 43884, 10/31/
                                                                                             1988.
Shrimp, Kentucky cave............  Palaemonias ganteri.  Wherever found......  E            48 FR 46337, 10/12/
                                                                                             1983;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
Shrimp, Squirrel Chimney cave....  Palaemonetes          Wherever found......  T            55 FR 25588, 6/21/
                                    cummingi.                                                1990.
Tadpole shrimp, vernal pool......  Lepidurus packardi..  Wherever found......  E            59 FR 48136, 9/19/
                                                                                             1994;
                                                                                            50 CFR 17.95(h).\CH\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Corals
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora globiceps..  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora              Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                    jacquelineae.                                            2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora lokani.....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora pharaonis..  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora retusa.....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora rudis......  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora speciosa...  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Acropora tenella....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Anacropora spinosa..  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Cantharellus noumeae  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 60560, 10/7/
                                                                                             2015.\ N\
Coral, (no common name)..........  Euphyllia paradivisa  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Isopora               Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                    crateriformis.                                           2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Montipora             Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                    australiensis.                                           2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Pavona diffluens....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Porites napopora....  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Seriatopora aculeata  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, (no common name)..........  Siderastrea glynni..  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 60560, 10/7/
                                                                                             2015.\ N\
Coral, (no common name)..........  Tubastraea floreana.  Wherever found......  E            80 FR 60560, 10/7/
                                                                                             2015.\ N\
Coral, boulder star..............  Orbicella franksi...  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, elkhorn...................  Acropora palmata....  Wherever found......  T            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.208; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.216.\CH\
Coral, lobed star................  Orbicella annularis.  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, mountainous star..........  Orbicella faveolata.  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, pillar....................  Dendrogyra cylindrus  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, rough cactus..............  Mycetophyllia ferox.  Wherever found......  T            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014.
Coral, staghorn..................  Acropora cervicornis  Wherever found......  T            76 FR 20558, 4/13/
                                                                                             2011;
                                                                                            79 FR 42687, 7/23/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            79 FR 53852, 9/10/
                                                                                             2014; \N\
                                                                                            79 FR 67356, 11/13/
                                                                                             2014;
                                                                                            50 CFR 223.208; \4d\
                                                                                            50 CFR 226.216.\CH\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 64]]


[81 FR 51556, Aug. 4, 2016, as amended at 81 FR 53332, Aug. 12, 2016; 81 
FR 59090, Aug. 26, 2016; 81 FR 62659, Sept. 12, 2016; 81 FR 65507, Sept. 
22, 2016; 81 FR 67214, 67856, Sept. 30, 2016; 81 FR 68984, 69007, Oct. 
5, 2016; 81 FR 69425, Oct. 6, 2016; 81 FR 76313, Nov. 2, 2016; 81 FR 
93640, Dec. 21, 2016; 82 FR 3208, Jan 11, 2017; 82 FR 16540, 16704, Apr. 
5, 2017; 82 FR 20284, May 1, 2017; 82 FR 28577, 28588, June 23, 2017; 82 
FR 30632, June 30, 2017]

    Effective Date Notes:  1. At 82 FR 43885, Sept. 20, 2017, 
Sec. 17.11(h) was amended in the table by adding an entry for ``Iiwi 
(honeycreeper)'' to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in 
alphabetical order under BIRDS, effective Oct. 20, 2017. For the 
convenience of the user, the added text is set forth as follows:



Sec. 17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.

                                * * * * *

    (h) * * *

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                          Listing citations and
           Common name              Scientific name       Where listed        Status         applicable rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
              BIRDS
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
Iiwi (honeycreeper).............  Drepanis coccinea..  Wherever found....            T   82 FR 43873, 9/20/2017.
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2. At 82 FR 43896, Sept. 20, 2017, Sec. 17.11(h) was amended in the 
table by adding an entry for ``Darter, Pearl'' to the List of Endangered 
and Threatened Wildlife in alphabetical order under ``FISHES'', 
effective Oct. 20, 2017. For the convenience of the user, the added text 
is set forth as follows:



Sec. 17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.

                                * * * * *

    (h) * * *

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           Listing citations and
          Common name              Scientific name      Where listed          Status         applicable rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
             FISHES
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
Darter, Pearl..................  Percina aurora....  Wherever found....               T   82 FR 43885, 9/20/
                                                                                           2017.
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    3. At 82 FR 43907, Sept. 20, 2017, Sec. 17.11(h) was amended in the 
section by adding an entry for ``Turtle, Sonoyta mud'' to the List of 
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in alphabetical order under REPTILES, 
effective Oct. 20, 2017. For the convenience of the user, the added text 
is set forth as follows:



Sec. 17.11  Endangered and threatened wildlife.

                                * * * * *

    (h) * * *

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                               Listing citations
           Common name              Scientific name      Where listed           Status          and applicable
                                                                                                     rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
            REPTILES
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
Turtle, Sonoyta mud.............  Kinosternon.......  Wherever found....  E.................  82 FR 43907, 9/20/
                                  sonoriense                                                   2017.
                                   longifemorale.
 
*                  *                  *                  *                  *                  *
                                                        *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 65]]

                                * * * * *



Sec. 17.12  Endangered and threatened plants.

    (a) The list in paragraph (h) of this section contains the plant 
species determined by the Service or the National Marine Fisheries 
Service (NMFS) of the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (hereafter in this section referred to as 
``the Services'') to be endangered species or threatened species. It 
also contains the plant species treated as endangered or threatened 
because they are similar in appearance to and may be confused with 
endangered or threatened species (see Secs. 17.50 through 17.52). The 
``Common name,'' ``Scientific name,'' ``Where listed,'' and ``Status'' 
columns provide regulatory information; together, they identify listed 
plant species within the meaning of the Act and describe where they are 
protected. When a taxon has more than one entry, the ``Where listed'' or 
``Status'' column will identify its status in each relevant geographic 
area. The listing of a particular taxon includes all lower taxonomic 
units.
    (b) ``Scientific name'' column. The Services use the most recently 
accepted scientific name. In cases where confusion might arise, one or 
more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the ``Scientific name'' 
column. The Services will rely to the extent practicable on the 
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) to determine a species' 
scientific name. ITIS incorporates the naming principles established by 
the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (see 
paragraph (g) of this section). If the scientific name in ITIS differs 
from the scientific name adopted for use under the Convention on 
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 
(CITES), the CITES nomenclature will be provided in brackets ``[ ]'' 
within the ``Scientific name'' column following the ITIS nomenclature.
    (c) ``Common name'' column. Although common names are included, they 
cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, since they may 
vary greatly in local usage. In cases where confusion might arise, one 
or more synonyms are provided in parentheses within the ``Common name'' 
column.
    (d) ``Where listed'' column. The ``Where listed'' column sets forth 
the geographic area where the species is listed for purposes of the Act. 
Except when providing a geographic description of an experimental 
population designation, ``Wherever found'' will be used to indicate the 
Act's protections apply to all individuals of the species, wherever 
found.
    (e) ``Status'' column. Within the ``Status'' column, the following 
abbreviations are used:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Abbreviation        Regulatory status the abbreviation represents
------------------------------------------------------------------------
E........................  Endangered species.
T........................  Threatened species.
E (S/A)..................  Endangered based on similarity of appearance
                            to an existing listed species.
T (S/A)..................  Threatened based on similarity of appearance
                            to an existing listed species.
XE.......................  Essential experimental population (See
                            subpart H of this part).
XN.......................  Nonessential experimental population (See
                            subpart H of this part).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (f) ``Listing Citations and Applicable Rules'' column. The ``Listing 
Citations and Applicable Rules'' column is nonregulatory in nature and 
is provided for informational and navigational purposes only. Please 
note that the sections of part 17 that include designations of critical 
habitat for plants are organized by family name. A link to the 
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), which displays the 
taxonomic hierarchy of a species, including its family name, is provided 
on each species' profile page accessible through the Service's Web site 
(http://www.fws.gov/endangered/) or information is available directly 
through the ITIS (http://www.itis.gov/).
    (1) Within the ``Listing Citations and Applicable Rules'' column, 
the following superscripts are used:

[[Page 66]]



------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Superscript                Description of citation or rule
------------------------------------------------------------------------
N........................  NMFS listing citation (NMFS Lead).
J........................  Both FWS and NMFS listing citation (Joint
                            Jurisdiction).
CH.......................  Critical habitat rule.
4d.......................  Species-specific ``4(d)'' rule (a rule issued
                            under the authority of section 4(d) of the
                            Act).
10j......................  Species-specific ``10(j)'' rule (a rule
                            issued under the authority of section 10(j)
                            of the Act).
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Listing citations contain the volume, document starting page 
number, and publication date of the Federal Register publication(s) in 
which a species' status was assessed. At least since 1973, these 
documents have included a statement indicating the basis for the listing 
or reclassification, as well as the effective date(s) of the listing or 
other rules that changed how the species was identified in the list in 
paragraph (h) of this section.
    (3) ``Critical habitat'' and ``Species-specific'' rules superscripts 
provide cross-references to other sections in part 17 or part 222, 223, 
or 226 of chapter II of this title where critical habitat and species-
specific rules are found. The species-specific superscripts also 
identify experimental populations. Experimental populations (superscript 
``10j'') are a separate citation, with one of the following symbols in 
the ``Status'' column: ``XE'' for an essential experimental population 
and ``XN'' for a nonessential experimental population.
    (4) This column is for reference and navigational purposes only. All 
other appropriate rules in part 17, parts 217 through 226 of chapter II 
of this title, and part 402 of chapter IV of this title apply, if no 
species-specific rules are referenced. In addition, other rules in this 
title could relate to such species (for example, port-of-entry 
requirements). The references in the ``Listing Citations and Applicable 
Rules'' column do not comprise a comprehensive list of all regulations 
that the Services might apply to the species or to the regulations of 
other Federal agencies or State or local governments.
    (g) The Services will rely to the extent practicable on ITIS (http:/
/www.itis.gov) and standard references adopted for CITES (http://
cites.org).
    (h) The ``List of Endangered and Threatened Plants'' is provided in 
the table in this paragraph (h):

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                              Listing citations
         Scientific name               Common name          Where listed         Status         and applicable
                                                                                                    rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Flowering Plants
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Abronia macrocarpa...............  Large-fruited sand-  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 37975, 9/28/
                                    verbena.                                                  1988.
Abutilon eremitopetalum..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47686, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991.
Abutilon menziesii...............  Ko`oloa`ula........  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 34412, 9/26/
                                                                                              1986.
Abutilon sandwicense.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Acaena exigua....................  Liliwai............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Acanthomintha ilicifolia.........  San Diego thornmint  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 54938, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Acanthomintha obovata ssp.         San Mateo thornmint  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 37858, 9/18/
 duttonii.                                                                                    1985.
Achyranthes mutica...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Achyranthes splendens var.         Round-leaved chaff-  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 10518, 3/26/
 rotundata.                         flower.                                                   1986;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Acmispon dendroideus var.          San Clemente Island  Wherever found.....  T               42 FR 40685, 8/11/
 traskiae.                          lotus.                                                    1977.
Aconitum noveboracense...........  Northern wild        Wherever found.....  T               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                    monkshood.                                                1978.
Aeschynomene virginica...........  Sensitive joint-     Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 21569, 5/20/
                                    vetch.                                                    1992.
Agalinis acuta...................  Sandplain gerardia.  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 34701, 9/7/
                                                                                              1988.
Agave eggersiana.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 53303, 9/9/
                                                                                              2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Alectryon macrococcus............  Mahoe..............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c) ;
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e) );
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\

[[Page 67]]

 
Allium munzii....................  Munz's onion.......  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 54975, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Alopecurus aequalis var.           Sonoma alopecurus..  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
 sonomensis.                                                                                  1997.
Amaranthus brownii...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 43178, 8/21/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(g).\CH\
Amaranthus pumilus...............  Seabeach amaranth..  Wherever found.....  T               58 FR 18035, 4/7/
                                                                                              1993.
Ambrosia cheiranthifolia.........  South Texas          Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 43648, 8/24/
                                    ambrosia.                                                 1994.
Ambrosia pumila..................  San Diego ambrosia.  Wherever found.....  E               67 FR 44372, 7/2/
                                                                                              2002;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.96.\CH\
Amorpha crenulata................  Crenulate lead-      Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 29345, 7/18/
                                    plant.                                                    1985.
Amphianthus pusillus.............  Little amphianthus.  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 3560, 2/5/
                                                                                              1988.
Amsinckia grandiflora............  Large-flowered       Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 19374, 5/8/
                                    fiddleneck.                                               1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Amsonia kearneyana...............  Kearney's blue-star  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 2131, 1/19/
                                                                                              1989.
Ancistrocactus tobuschii.........  Tobusch fishhook     Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 64736, 11/7/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Apios priceana...................  Price's potato-bean  Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 429, 1/5/
                                                                                              1990.
Arabis georgiana.................  Georgia rockcress..  Wherever found.....  T               79 FR 54627, 9/12/
                                                                                              2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Arabis hoffmannii................  Hoffmann's rock-     Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    cress.                                                    1997.
Arabis mcdonaldiana..............  McDonald's rock-     Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 44810, 9/28/
                                    cress.                                                    1978.
Arabis (=Boechera) perstellata...  Braun's Rock-cress.  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 56, 1/3/1995;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Arabis serotina..................  Shale barren rock-   Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 29655, 7/13/
                                    cress.                                                    1989.
Arctomecon humilis...............  Dwarf bear-poppy...  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 64250, 11/6/
                                                                                              1979.
Arctostaphylos confertiflora.....  Santa Rosa Island    Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    manzanita.                                                1997.
Arctostaphylos franciscana.......  Franciscan           Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 54434, 9/5/
                                    manzanita.                                                2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Arctostaphylos glandulosa ssp.     Del Mar manzanita..  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 52370, 10/7/
 crassifolia.                                                                                 1996.
Arctostaphylos hookeri var.        Presidio manzanita.  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 61910, 10/26/
 ravenii.                                                                                     1979.
Arctostaphylos morroensis........  Morro manzanita....  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 64613, 12/15/
                                                                                              1994.
Arctostaphylos myrtifolia........  Ione manzanita.....  Wherever found.....  T               64 FR 28403, 5/26/
                                                                                              1999.
Arctostaphylos pallida...........  Pallid manzanita...  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 19842, 4/22/
                                                                                              1998.
Arenaria cumberlandensis.........  Cumberland sandwort  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 23745, 6/23/
                                                                                              1988.
Arenaria paludicola..............  Marsh sandwort.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 41378, 8/3/
                                                                                              1993.
Arenaria ursina..................  Bear Valley          Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
                                    sandwort.                                                 1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Argemone pleiacantha ssp.          Sacramento prickly-  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 35302, 8/24/
 pinnatisecta.                      poppy.                                                    1989.
Argyroxiphium kauense............  Mauna Loa            Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 18029, 4/7/
                                    silversword.                                              1993;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Argyroxiphium sandwicense ssp.     `Ahinahina.........  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
 macrocephalum.                                                                               1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Argyroxiphium sandwicense ssp.     `Ahinahina.........  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 9814, 3/1/
 sandwicense.                                                                                 1986.
Argythamnia blodgettii...........  Blodgett's           Wherever found.....  T               81 FR 66842, 9/29/
                                    silverbush.                                               2016.
Aristida chaseae.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25755, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Aristida portoricensis...........  Pelos del diablo...  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 32255, 8/8/
                                                                                              1990.
Asclepias meadii.................  Mead's milkweed....  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 33992, 9/1/
                                                                                              1988.
Asclepias welshii................  Welsh's milkweed...  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 41435, 10/28/
                                                                                              1987;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Asimina tetramera................  Four-petal pawpaw..  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 34415, 9/26/
                                                                                              1986.
Astelia waialealae...............  Painiu.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Astragalus albens................  Cushenbury milk-     Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 43652, 8/24/
                                    vetch.                                                    1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus ampullarioides........  Shivwits milkvetch.  Wherever found.....  E               66 FR 49560, 9/28/
                                                                                              2001;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus applegatei............  Applegate's milk-    Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 40547, 7/28/
                                    vetch.                                                    1993.
Astragalus bibullatus............  Guthrie's (=Pyne's)  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 48748, 9/26/
                                    ground-plum.                                              1991.
Astragalus brauntonii............  Braunton's milk-     Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 4172, 1/29/
                                    vetch.                                                    1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus clarianus.............  Clara Hunt's milk-   Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                    vetch.                                                    1997.
Astragalus cremnophylax var.       Sentry milk-vetch..  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 50184, 12/5/
 cremnophylax.                                                                                1990.
Astragalus desereticus...........  Deseret milkvetch..  Wherever found.....  T               64 FR 56590, 10/20/
                                                                                              1999.
Astragalus holmgreniorum.........  Holmgren milkvetch.  Wherever found.....  E               66 FR 49560, 9/28/
                                                                                              2001;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\

[[Page 68]]

 
Astragalus humillimus............  Mancos milk-vetch..  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 26568, 6/27/
                                                                                              1985.
Astragalus jaegerianus...........  Lane Mountain milk-  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 53596, 10/6/
                                    vetch.                                                    1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus lentiginosus var.       Coachella Valley     Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 53596, 10/6/
 coachellae.                        milk-vetch.                                               1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus lentiginosus var.       Fish Slough milk-    Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 53596, 10/6/
 piscinensis.                       vetch.                                                    1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus magdalenae var.         Peirson's milk-      Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 53596, 10/6/
 peirsonii.                         vetch.                                                    1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus montii................  Heliotrope           Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 42652, 11/6/
                                    milkvetch.                                                1987;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus osterhoutii...........  Kremmling Osterhout  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 29658, 7/13/
                                    milkvetch.                                                1989.
Astragalus phoenix...............  Ash Meadows milk-    Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                    vetch.                                                    1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus pycnostachyus var.      Ventura Marsh milk-  Wherever found.....  E               66 FR 27901, 5/21/
 lanosissimus.                      vetch.                                                    2001;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Astragalus robbinsii var. jesupi.  Jesup's milk-vetch.  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 21481, 6/5/
                                                                                              1987.
Astragalus tener var. titi.......  Coastal dunes milk-  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 43100, 8/12/
                                    vetch.                                                    1998.
Astragalus tricarinatus..........  Triple-ribbed milk-  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 53596, 10/6/
                                    vetch.                                                    1998.
Astrophytum asterias.............  Star cactus........  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 53804, 10/18/
                                                                                              1993.
Atriplex coronata var. notatior..  San Jacinto Valley   Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 54975, 10/13/
                                    crownscale.                                               1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Auerodendron pauciflorum.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9935, 3/2/
                                                                                              1994.
Ayenia limitaris.................  Tamaulipan           Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 43648, 8/24/
                                    Kidneypetal.                                              1994.
Baccharis vanessae...............  Encinitas baccharis  Wherever found.....  T               61 FR 52370, 10/7/
                                                                                              1996.
Banara vanderbiltii..............  Palo de Ramon......  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 1459, 1/14/
                                                                                              1987.
Baptisia arachnifera.............  Hairy rattleweed...  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                                                                              1978.
Berberis nevinii.................  Nevin's barberry...  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 54956, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Berberis pinnata ssp. insularis..  Island barberry....  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                                                                              1997.
Betula uber......................  Virginia round-leaf  Wherever found.....  T               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                    birch.                                                    1978;
                                                                                             59 FR 59173, 11/16/
                                                                                              1994.
Bidens amplectens................  Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Bidens campylotheca ssp.           Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
 pentamera.                                                                                   2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Bidens campylotheca ssp.           Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
 waihoiensis.                                                                                 2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Bidens conjuncta.................  Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Bidens hillebrandiana ssp.         Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
 hillebrandiana.                                                                              2013.
Bidens micrantha ssp. ctenophylla  Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Bidens micrantha ssp. kalealaha..  Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Bidens wiebkei...................  Kookoolau..........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Blennosperma bakeri..............  Sonoma sunshine....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 61173, 12/2/
                                                                                              1991.
Boltonia decurrens...............  Decurrent false      Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 45858, 11/14/
                                    aster.                                                    1988.
Bonamia grandiflora..............  Florida bonamia....  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 42068, 11/2/
                                                                                              1987.
Bonamia menziesii................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(k);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Brickellia mosieri...............  Florida Brickell-    Wherever found.....  ..............  79 FR 52567, 9/4/
                                    bush.                                                     2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Brighamia insignis...............  Olulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(2).\CH\
Brighamia rockii.................  Pua ala............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Brodiaea filifolia...............  Thread-leaved        Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 54975, 10/13/
                                    brodiaea.                                                 1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Brodiaea pallida.................  Chinese Camp         Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49022, 9/14/
                                    brodiaea.                                                 1998.
Bulbophyllum guamense............  Siboyas halumtanu,   Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                    Siboyan halom tano.                                       2015.

[[Page 69]]

 
Buxus vahlii.....................  Vahl's boxwood.....  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 32572, 8/13/
                                                                                              1985.
Calamagrostis hillebrandii.......  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Callicarpa ampla.................  Capa rosa..........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 14782, 4/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Callirhoe scabriuscula...........  Texas poppy-mallow.  Wherever found.....  E               46 FR 3184, 1/13/
                                                                                              1981;
                                                                                             46 FR 40025, 8/6/
                                                                                              1981.
Calochortus tiburonensis.........  Tiburon mariposa     Wherever found.....  T               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                    lily.                                                     1995.
Calyptranthes thomasiana.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 8138, 2/18/
                                                                                              1994.
Calyptridium pulchellum..........  Mariposa pussypaws.  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49022, 9/14/
                                                                                              1998.
Calyptronoma rivalis.............  Palma de manaca....  Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 4157, 2/6/
                                                                                              1990.
Calystegia stebbinsii............  Stebbins' morning-   Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 54346, 10/18/
                                    glory.                                                    1996.
Camissonia benitensis............  San Benito evening-  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 5755, 2/12/
                                    primrose.                                                 1985.
Campanula robinsiae..............  Brooksville          Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 31190, 7/27/
                                    bellflower.                                               1989.
Canavalia molokaiensis...........  Awikiwiki..........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Canavalia napaliensis............  Awikiwiki..........  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Canavalia pubescens..............  Awikiwiki..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Calamagrostis expansa............  Maui reedgrass.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Cardamine micranthera............  Small-anthered       Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 38947, 9/21/
                                    bittercress.                                              1989.
Carex albida.....................  White sedge........  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                                                                              1997.
Carex lutea......................  Golden sedge.......  Wherever found.....  E               67 FR 3120, 1/23/
                                                                                              2002;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Carex specuicola.................  Navajo sedge.......  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 19370, 5/8/
                                                                                              1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Castilleja affinis ssp. neglecta.  Tiburon paintbrush.  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                                                                              1995.
Castilleja campestris ssp.         Fleshy owl's-clover  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
 succulenta.                                                                                  1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Castilleja cinerea...............  Ash-gray Indian      Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
                                    paintbrush.                                               1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Castilleja grisea................  San Clemente Island  Wherever found.....  E               42 FR 40682, 8/11/
                                    paintbrush.                                               1977.
Castilleja levisecta.............  Golden paintbrush..  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 31740, 6/11/
                                                                                              1997.
Castilleja mollis................  Soft-leaved          Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    paintbrush.                                               1997.
Catesbaea melanocarpa............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 13116, 3/17/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Caulanthus californicus..........  California           Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 29361, 7/19/
                                    jewelflower.                                              1990.
Ceanothus ferrisae...............  Coyote ceanothus...  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                                                                              1995.
Ceanothus ophiochilus............  Vail Lake ceanothus  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 54956, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Ceanothus roderickii.............  Pine Hill ceanothus  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 54346, 10/18/
                                                                                              1996.
Cenchrus agrimonioides...........  Kamanomano.........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Centaurium namophilum............  Spring-loving        Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                    centaury.                                                 1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Cercocarpus traskiae.............  Catalina Island      Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 42692, 8/8/
                                    mountain-mahogany.                                        1997.
Cereus eriophorus var. fragrans..  Fragrant prickly-    Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 45618, 11/1/
                                    apple.                                                    1985.
Chamaecrista glandulosa var.       No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 12788, 4/5/
 mirabilis.                                                                                   1990.
Chamaecrista lineata var.          Big Pine partridge   Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 66842, 9/29/
 keyensis.                          pea.                                                      2016.
Chamaesyce deltoidea ssp.          Deltoid spurge.....  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 29345, 7/18/
 deltoidea.                                                                                   1985.
Chamaesyce deltoidea ssp.          Wedge spurge.......  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 66842, 9/29/
 serpyllum.                                                                                   2016.
Chamaesyce garberi...............  Garber's spurge....  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 29345, 7/18/
                                                                                              1985.
Chamaesyce hooveri...............  Hoover's spurge....  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                                                                              1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Chamaesyce skottsbergii var.       Akoko (Ewa Plains    Wherever found.....  E               47 FR 36846, 8/24/
 skottsbergii.                      akoko).                                                   1982;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Charpentiera densiflora..........  Papala.............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Chionanthus pygmaeus.............  Pygmy fringe-tree..  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                                                                              1987.
Chlorogalum purpureum............  Purple amole         Wherever found.....  T               65 FR 14878, 3/20/
                                    (Camatta Canyon                                           2000;
                                    amole).                                                  50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Chorizanthe howellii.............  Howell's             Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                    spineflower.                                              1992.

[[Page 70]]

 
Chorizanthe orcuttiana...........  Orcutt's             Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 52370, 10/7/
                                    spineflower.                                              1996.
Chorizanthe pungens var.           Ben Lomond           Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 5499, 2/4/
 hartwegiana.                       spineflower.                                              1994.
Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens.  Monterey             Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 5499, 2/4/
                                    spineflower.                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Chorizanthe robusta var.           Scotts Valley        Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 5499, 2/4/
 hartwegii.                         spineflower.                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Chorizanthe robusta var. robusta.  Robust spineflower.  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 5499, 2/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(b).\CH\
Chorizanthe valida...............  Sonoma spineflower.  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Chromolaena frustrata............  Cape Sable           Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 63795, 10/24/
                                    thoroughwort.                                             2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.96(a);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(h).\CH\
Chrysopsis floridana.............  Florida golden       Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 17974, 5/16/
                                    aster.                                                    1986.
Cirsium fontinale var. fontinale.  Fountain thistle...  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                                                                              1995.
Cirsium fontinale var. obispoense  Chorro Creek bog     Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 64613, 12/15/
                                    thistle.                                                  1994.
Cirsium hydrophilum var.           Suisun thistle.....  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 61916, 11/20/
 hydrophilum.                                                                                 1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Cirsium loncholepis..............  La Graciosa thistle  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 14888, 3/20/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Cirsium pitcheri.................  Pitcher's thistle..  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 27137, 7/18/
                                                                                              1988.
Cirsium vinaceum.................  Sacramento           Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 22933, 6/16/
                                    Mountains thistle.                                        1987.
Clarkia franciscana..............  Presidio clarkia...  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                                                                              1995.
Clarkia imbricata................  Vine Hill clarkia..  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                                                                              1997.
Clarkia speciosa ssp. immaculata.  Pismo clarkia......  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 64613, 12/15/
                                                                                              1994.
Clarkia springvillensis..........  Springville clarkia  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49022, 9/14/
                                                                                              1998.
Clematis morefieldii.............  Morefield's leather- Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 21562, 5/20/
                                    flower.                                                   1992.
Clematis socialis................  Alabama leather-     Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 34420, 9/26/
                                    flower.                                                   1986.
Clermontia drepanomorpha.........  Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Clermontia lindseyana............  Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Clermontia oblongifolia ssp.       Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
 brevipes.                                                                                    1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Clermontia oblongifolia ssp.       Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
 mauiensis.                                                                                   1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Clermontia peleana...............  Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Clermontia pyrularia.............  Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Clermontia samuelii..............  Oha wai............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Clitoria fragrans................  Pigeon wings.......  Wherever found.....  T               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Colubrina oppositifolia..........  Kauila.............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Conradina brevifolia.............  Short-leaved         Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 37432, 7/12/
                                    rosemary.                                                 1993.
Conradina etonia.................  Etonia rosemary....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 37432, 7/12/
                                                                                              1993.
Conradina glabra.................  Apalachicola         Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 37432, 7/12/
                                    rosemary.                                                 1993.
Conradina verticillata...........  Cumberland rosemary  Wherever found.....  T               56 FR 60937, 11/29/
                                                                                              1991.
Consolea corallicola.............  Cactus, Florida      Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 63795, 10/24/
                                    semaphore.                                                2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Cordia bellonis..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 1645, 1/10/
                                                                                              1997.
Cordylanthus maritimus ssp.        Salt marsh bird's-   Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 44810, 9/28/
 maritimus.                         beak.                                                     1978.
Cordylanthus mollis ssp. mollis..  Soft bird's-beak...  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 61916, 11/20/
                                                                                              1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Cordylanthus palmatus............  Palmate-bracted      Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 23765, 7/1/
                                    bird's-beak.                                              1986.
Cordylanthus tenuis ssp.           Pennell's bird's-    Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
 capillaris.                        beak.                                                     1995.
Cornutia obovata.................  Palo de nigua......  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 11610, 4/7/
                                                                                              1988.
Coryphantha minima...............  Nellie's cory        Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 64738, 11/7/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Coryphantha ramillosa............  Bunched cory cactus  Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 64247, 11/6/
                                                                                              1979.
Coryphantha robbinsorum..........  Cochise pincushion   Wherever found.....  T               51 FR 952, 1/9/
                                    cactus.                                                   1986.

[[Page 71]]

 
Coryphantha scheeri var.           Pima pineapple       Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 49875, 9/23/
 robustispina.                      cactus.                                                   1993.
Coryphantha sneedii var. leei....  Lee pincushion       Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 61554, 10/25/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Coryphantha sneedii var. sneedii.  Sneed pincushion     Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 64741, 11/7/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Cranichis ricartii...............  None...............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 60933, 11/29/
                                                                                              1991.
Crescentia portoricensis.........  Higuero de Sierra..  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 46085, 12/4/
                                                                                              1987.
Crotalaria avonensis.............  Avon Park harebells  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Cryptantha crassipes.............  Terlingua Creek      Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 49634, 9/30/
                                    cats-eye.                                                 1991.
Cucurbita okeechobeensis ssp.      Okeechobee gourd...  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 37432, 7/12/
 okeechobeensis.                                                                              1993.
Cyanea acuminata.................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea asarifolia................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Cyanea asplenifolia..............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea calycina..................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea copelandii ssp. copelandii  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994.
Cyanea copelandii ssp.             Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
 haleakalaensis.                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea crispa....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea dolichopoda...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Cyanea dunbariae.................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53130, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyanea duvalliorum...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea eleeleensis...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Cyanea gibsonii..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47686, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991.
Cyanea glabra....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea grimesiana ssp. grimesiana  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea grimesiana ssp. obatae....  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 32932, 6/27/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea hamatiflora ssp. carlsonii  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyanea hamatiflora ssp.            Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
 hamatiflora.                                                                                 1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea horrida...................  Haha nui...........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea humboltiana...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea kauaulaensis..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Cyanea kolekoleensis.............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Cyanea koolauensis...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea kuhihewa..................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Cyanea kunthiana.................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea lanceolata................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea lobata....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea longiflora................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea magnicalyx................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea mannii....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyanea maritae...................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea marksii...................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.

[[Page 72]]

 
Cyanea mauiensis.................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013.
Cyanea mceldowneyi...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea munroi....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyanea obtusa....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyanea pinnatifida...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea platyphylla...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyanea procera...................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyanea profuga...................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyanea purpurellifolia...........  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012.
Cyanea recta.....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  T               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Cyanea remyi.....................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Cyanea shipmanii.................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyanea solanacea.................  Popolo.............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyanea st.-johnii................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea stictophylla..............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyanea superba...................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 46235, 9/11/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea tritomantha...............  Aku................  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Cyanea truncata..................  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyanea undulata..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47695, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Cycladenia humilis var. jonesii..  Jones cycladenia...  Wherever found.....  T               51 FR 16526, 5/5/
                                                                                              1986.
Cycas micronesica................  Fadang, Faadang....  Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Cyperus fauriei..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyperus neokunthianus............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Cyperus pennatiformis............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(g);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyperus trachysanthos............  Puukaa.............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Cyrtandra crenata................  Ha`iwale...........  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994.
Cyrtandra cyaneoides.............  Mapele.............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Cyrtandra dentata................  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra ferripilosa............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyrtandra filipes................  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyrtandra giffardii..............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyrtandra gracilis...............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra hematos................  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Cyrtandra kaulantha..............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra limahuliensis..........  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Cyrtandra munroi.................  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyrtandra nanawaleensis..........  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.

[[Page 73]]

 
Cyrtandra oenobarba..............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Cyrtandra oxybapha...............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Cyrtandra paliku.................  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Cyrtandra polyantha..............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra sessilis...............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra subumbellata...........  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra tintinnabula...........  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Cyrtandra viridiflora............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyrtandra wagneri................  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Cyrtandra waiolani...............  Haiwale............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Dalea foliosa....................  Leafy prairie-       Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 19953, 5/1/
                                    clover.                                                   1991.
Daphnopsis hellerana.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 23740, 6/23/
                                                                                              1988.
Deeringothamnus pulchellus.......  Beautiful pawpaw...  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 34415, 9/26/
                                                                                              1986.
Deeringothamnus rugelii..........  Rugel's pawpaw.....  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 34415, 9/26/
                                                                                              1986.
Deinandra (= Hemizonia) conjugens  Otay tarplant......  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 54938, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Deinandra increscens ssp. villosa  Gaviota tarplant...  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 14888, 3/20/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Delissea rhytidosperma...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Delissea rivularis...............  Haha...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             68 FR 9115, 2/27/
                                                                                              2003;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Delissea subcordata..............  Oha................  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Delissea undulata................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53124, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Delphinium bakeri................  Baker's larkspur...  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 4156, 1/26/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Delphinium luteum................  Yellow larkspur....  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 4156, 1/26/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Delphinium variegatum ssp.         San Clemente Island  Wherever found.....  E               42 FR 40682, 8/11/
 kinkiense.                         larkspur.                                                 1977.
Dendrobium guamense..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Dicerandra christmanii...........  Garrett's mint.....  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 45621, 11/1/
                                                                                              1985;
                                                                                             54 FR 38946, 9/21/
                                                                                              1989.
Dicerandra cornutissima..........  Longspurred mint...  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 45621, 11/1/
                                                                                              1985.
Dicerandra frutescens............  Scrub mint.........  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 45621, 11/1/
                                                                                              1985;
                                                                                             54 FR 38946, 9/21/
                                                                                              1989.
Dicerandra immaculata............  Lakela's mint......  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 20212, 5/15/
                                                                                              1985.
Diplacus vandenbergensis.........  Vandenberg           Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 50844, 8/26/
                                    monkeyflower.                                             2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Dodecahema leptoceras............  Slender-horned       Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 36265, 9/28/
                                    spineflower.                                              1987.
Dubautia herbstobatae............  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Dubautia imbricata ssp. imbricata  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Dubautia kalalauensis............  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Dubautia kenwoodii...............  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Dubautia latifolia...............  Koholapehu.........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20580, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Dubautia pauciflorula............  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47695, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Dubautia plantaginea ssp. humilis  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Dubautia plantaginea ssp.          Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
 magnifolia.                                                                                  2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Dubautia waialealae..............  Naenae.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\

[[Page 74]]

 
Dudleya abramsii ssp. parva......  Conejo dudleya.....  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 4172, 1/29/
                                                                                              1997.
Dudleya cymosa ssp. marcescens...  Marcescent dudleya.  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 4172, 1/29/
                                                                                              1997.
Dudleya cymosa ssp. ovatifolia...  Santa Monica         Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 4172, 1/29/
                                    Mountains dudleya.                                        1997.
Dudleya nesiotica................  Santa Cruz Island    Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    dudleya.                                                  1997.
Dudleya setchellii...............  Santa Clara Valley   Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                    dudleya.                                                  1995.
Dudleya stolonifera..............  Laguna Beach         Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 54938, 10/13/
                                    liveforever.                                              1998.
Dudleya traskiae.................  Santa Barbara        Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                    Island liveforever.                                       1978.
Dudleya verityi..................  Verity's dudleya...  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 4172, 1/29/
                                                                                              1997.
Echinacea laevigata..............  Smooth coneflower..  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46340, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992.
Echinocactus horizonthalonius      Nichol's Turk's      Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 61927, 10/26/
 var. nicholii.                     head cactus.                                              1979.
Echinocereus chisoensis var.       Chisos hedgehog      Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 38453, 9/30/
 chisoensis.                        cactus.                                                   1988.
Echinocereus fendleri var.         Kuenzler hedgehog    Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 61924, 10/26/
 kuenzleri.                         cactus.                                                   1979.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var.    Black lace cactus..  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 61918, 10/26/
 albertii.                                                                                    1979.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var.  Arizona hedgehog     Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 61556, 10/25/
 arizonicus.                        cactus.                                                   1979.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var.     Davis's green        Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 64738, 11/7/
 davisii.                           pitaya.                                                   1979.
Echinomastus erectocentrus var.    Acuna cactus.......  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 60607, 10/1/
 acunensis.                                                                                   2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Echinomastus mariposensis........  Lloyd's Mariposa     Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 64247, 11/6/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Enceliopsis nudicaulis var.        Ash Meadows sunray.  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
 corrugata.                                                                                   1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eragrostis fosbergii.............  Fosberg's love       Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                    grass.                                                    1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Eremalche kernensis..............  Kern mallow........  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 29361, 7/19/
                                                                                              1990.
Eriastrum densifolium ssp.         Santa Ana River      Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 36265, 9/28/
 sanctorum.                         woolly-star.                                              1987.
Erigeron decumbens...............  Willamette daisy...  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 3875, 1/25/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.96.\CH\
Erigeron parishii................  Parish's daisy.....  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 43652, 8/24/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Erigeron rhizomatus..............  Zuni fleabane......  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 16680, 4/26/
                                                                                              1985.
Eriodictyon altissimum...........  Indian Knob          Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 64613, 12/15/
                                    mountain balm.                                            1994.
Eriodictyon capitatum............  Lompoc yerba santa.  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 14888, 3/20/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eriogonum apricum (incl. var.      Ione (incl. Irish    Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 28403, 5/26/
 prostratum).                       Hill) buckwheat.                                          1999.
Eriogonum codium.................  Umtanum desert       Wherever found.....  T               78 FR 23983, 4/23/
                                    buckwheat.                                                2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eriogonum gypsophilum............  Gypsum wild-         Wherever found.....  T               46 FR 5730, 1/19/
                                    buckwheat.                                                1981;
                                                                                             46 FR 40025, 8/6/
                                                                                              1981;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eriogonum kennedyi var.            Southern mountain    Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
 austromontanum.                    wild-buckwheat.                                           1998;
                                                                                              50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eriogonum longifolium var.         Scrub buckwheat....  Wherever found.....  T               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
 gnaphalifolium.                                                                              1993.
Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum  Cushenbury           Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 43652, 8/24/
                                    buckwheat.                                                1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eriogonum ovalifolium var.         Steamboat buckwheat  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 24669, 7/8/
 williamsiae.                                                                                 1986.
Eriogonum pelinophilum...........  Clay-loving wild     Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 28562, 7/13/
                                    buckwheat.                                                1984;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Eriophyllum latilobum............  San Mateo woolly     Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                    sunflower.                                                1995.
Eryngium aristulatum var.          San Diego button-    Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 41384, 8/3/
 parishii.                          celery.                                                   1993.
Eryngium constancei..............  Loch Lomond coyote-  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 31187, 8/1/
                                    thistle.                                                  1985;
                                                                                             51 FR 45904, 12/23/
                                                                                              1986.
Eryngium cuneifolium.............  Snakeroot..........  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                                                                              1987.

[[Page 75]]

 
Erysimum capitatum var.            Contra Costa         Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
 angustatum.                        wallflower.                                               1978;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Erysimum menziesii...............  Menzies' wallflower  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Erysimum teretifolium............  Ben Lomond           Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 5499, 2/4/
                                    wallflower.                                               1994.
Erythronium propullans...........  Minnesota dwarf      Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 10521, 3/26/
                                    trout lily.                                               1986.
Eugenia bryanii..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Eugenia haematocarpa.............  Uvillo.............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 60565, 11/25/
                                                                                              1994.
Eugenia koolauensis..............  Nioi...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Eugenia woodburyana..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 46715, 9/9/
                                                                                              1994.
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce)            Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
 celastroides var. kaenana.                                                                   1991;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) deppeana.  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce)            Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
 eleanoriae.                                                                                  2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Euphorbia haeleeleana............  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) halemanui  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20580, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) herbstii.  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) kuwaleana  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) remyi var  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
 . kauaiensis.                                                                                2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) remyi var  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 15609, 5/5/
 . remyi.                                                                                     2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Euphorbia (=Chamaesyce) rockii...  Akoko..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Euphorbia telephioides...........  Telephus spurge....  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 19813, 5/8/
                                                                                              1992.
Eutrema penlandii................  Mosquito Range       Wherever found.....  T               58 FR 40539, 7/28/
                                    mustard.                                                  1993.
Exocarpos luteolus...............  Heau...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Exocarpos menziesii..............  Heau...............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Festuca hawaiiensis..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Festuca molokaiensis.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Flueggea neowawraea..............  Mehamehame.........  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Fremontodendron californicum ssp.  Pine Hill            Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 54346, 10/18/
 decumbens.                         flannelbush.                                              1996.
Fremontodendron mexicanum........  Mexican flannelbush  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 54956, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Fritillaria gentneri.............  Gentner's            Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 69195, 12/10/
                                    fritillary.                                               1999.
Galactia smallii.................  Small's milkpea....  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 29345, 7/18/
                                                                                              1985.
Galium buxifolium................  Island bedstraw....  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                                                                              1997.
Galium californicum ssp. sierrae.  El Dorado bedstraw.  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 54346, 10/18/
                                                                                              1996.
Gardenia brighamii...............  Hawaiian gardenia    Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 33728, 8/21/
                                    (Na`u).                                                   1985.
Gardenia mannii..................  Nanu...............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Gardenia remyi...................  Nanu...............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Gaura neomexicana ssp.             Colorado butterfly   Wherever found.....  T               65 FR 62302, 10/18/
 coloradensis.                      plant.                                                    2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Geocarpon minimum................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 22930, 6/16/
                                                                                              1987.
Geranium arboreum................  Nohoanu............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20589, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Geranium hanaense................  Nohoanu............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\

[[Page 76]]

 
Geranium hillebrandii............  Nohoanu............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Geranium kauaiense...............  Nohoanu............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Geranium multiflorum.............  Nohoanu............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Gesneria pauciflora..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               60 FR 12483, 3/7/
                                                                                              1995.
Geum radiatum....................  Spreading avens....  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 12793, 4/5/
                                                                                              1990.
Gilia tenuiflora ssp. arenaria...  Monterey gilia.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Gilia tenuiflora ssp. hoffmannii.  Hoffmann's slender-  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    flowered gilia.                                           1997.
Goetzea elegans..................  Beautiful goetzea    Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 15564, 4/19/
                                    or matabuey.                                              1985.
Gonocalyx concolor...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 53303, 9/9/
                                                                                              2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Gouania hillebrandii.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 44753, 11/19/
                                                                                              1984;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(2);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Gouania meyenii..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Gouania vitifolia................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 32932, 6/27/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Grindelia fraxino-pratensis......  Ash Meadows          Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                    gumplant.                                                 1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Hackelia venusta.................  Showy stickseed....  Wherever found.....  E               67 FR 5515, 2/6/
                                                                                              2002.
Halophila johnsonii..............  Johnson's seagrass.  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49035, 9/14/
                                                                                              1998; \N\
                                                                                             64 FR 28392, 5/26/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR 226.213.\CH\
Haplostachys haplostachya........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 62468, 10/30/
                                                                                              1979.
Harperocallis flava..............  Harper's beauty....  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 56862, 10/2/
                                                                                              1979.
Harrisia aboriginum..............  Prickly-apple,       Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 63795, 10/24/
                                    aboriginal.                                               2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Harrisia portoricensis...........  Higo chumbo........  Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 32252, 8/8/
                                                                                              1990.
Hedeoma todsenii.................  Todsen's pennyroyal  Wherever found.....  E               46 FR 5730, 1/19/
                                                                                              1981;
                                                                                             46 FR 40025, 8/6/
                                                                                              1981;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Hedyotis cookiana................  Awiwi..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Hedyotis megalantha..............  Pau dedu, Pao doodu  Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Hedyotis purpurea var. montana...  Roan Mountain bluet  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 12793, 4/5/
                                                                                              1990.
Helenium virginicum..............  Virginia sneezeweed  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 59239, 11/3/
                                                                                              1998.
Helianthemum greenei.............  Island rush-rose...  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                                                                              1997.
Helianthus paradoxus.............  Pecos (=puzzle,      Wherever found.....  T               64 FR 56583, 10/20/
                                    =paradox)                                                 1999;
                                    sunflower.                                               50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Helianthus schweinitzii..........  Schweinitz's         Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 21087, 5/7/
                                    sunflower.                                                1991.
Helianthus verticillatus.........  Whorled sunflower..  Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 44712, 8/1/
                                                                                              2014.
Helonias bullata.................  Swamp pink.........  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 35076, 9/9/
                                                                                              1988.
Heritiera longipetiolata.........  Ufa halumtanu, Ufa   Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                    halom tano.                                               2015.
Hesperolinon congestum...........  Marin dwarf-flax...  Wherever found.....  T               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                                                                              1995.
Hesperomannia arborescens........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Hesperomannia arbuscula..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Hesperomannia lydgatei...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47695, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Hexastylis naniflora.............  Dwarf-flowered       Wherever found.....  T               54 FR 14964, 4/14/
                                    heartleaf.                                                1989.
Hibiscadelphus distans...........  Kauai hau kuahiwi..  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 15903; 4/29/
                                                                                              1986.
Hibiscadelphus giffardianus......  Hau kuahiwi........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Hibiscadelphus hualalaiensis.....  Hau kuahiwi........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Hibiscadelphus woodii............  Hau kuahiwi........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\

[[Page 77]]

 
Hibiscus arnottianus ssp.          Kokio keokeo.......  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
 immaculatus.                                                                                 1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Hibiscus brackenridgei...........  Mao hau hele.......  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 5633, 11/11/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(2);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Hibiscus clayi...................  Clay's hibiscus....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Hibiscus dasycalyx...............  Neches River rose-   Wherever found.....  T               78 FR 56025, 9/11/
                                    mallow.                                                   2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Hibiscus waimeae ssp. hannerae...  Kokio keokeo.......  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Hoffmannseggia tenella...........  Slender rush-pea...  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 45621, 11/1/
                                                                                              1985.
Holocarpha macradenia............  Santa Cruz tarplant  Wherever found.....  T               65 FR 14898, 3/20/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Howellia aquatilis...............  Water howellia.....  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 35860, 7/14/
                                                                                              1994.
Hudsonia montana.................  Mountain golden      Wherever found.....  T               45 FR 69360, 10/20/
                                    heather.                                                  1980;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Hymenoxys herbacea...............  Lakeside daisy.....  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 23742, 6/23/
                                                                                              1988.
Hymenoxys texana.................  Texas prairie dawn-  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 8681, 3/13/
                                    flower.                                                   1986.
Hypericum cumulicola.............  Highlands scrub      Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                    hypericum.                                                1987.
Ilex cookii......................  Cook's holly.......  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 22936, 6/16/
                                                                                              1986.
Ilex sintenisii..................  None...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 14782, 4/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Iliamna corei....................  Peter's Mountain     Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 17343, 5/12/
                                    mallow.                                                   1986.
Ipomopsis polyantha..............  Pagosa skyrocket...  Wherever found.....  E               76 FR 45053, 7/27/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Ipomopsis sancti-spiritus........  Holy Ghost           Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 13836, 3/23/
                                    ipomopsis.                                                1994.
Iris lacustris...................  Dwarf lake iris....  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 37972, 9/28/
                                                                                              1988.
Ischaemum byrone.................  Hilo ischaemum.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Isodendrion hosakae..............  Aupaka.............  Wherever found.....  T               56 FR 1454, 1/14/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Isodendrion laurifolium..........  Aupaka.............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Isodendrion longifolium..........  Aupaka.............  Wherever found.....  T               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Isodendrion pyrifolium...........  Wahine noho kula...  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Isotria medeoloides..............  Small whorled        Wherever found.....  T               47 FR 39827, 9/9/
                                    pogonia.                                                  1982;
                                                                                             59 FR 50852, 10/6/
                                                                                              1994.
Ivesia kingii var. eremica.......  Ash Meadows ivesia.  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                                                                              1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Ivesia webberi...................  Webber's ivesia....  Wherever found.....  T               79 FR 31878, 6/3/
                                                                                              2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Jacquemontia reclinata...........  Beach jacquemontia.  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 62046, 11/24/
                                                                                              1993.
Jatropha costaricensis...........  Costa Rican          Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 30199, 7/27/
                                    jatropha.                                                 1984.
Joinvillea ascendens ssp.          Ohe................  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
 ascendens.                                                                                   2016.
Juglans jamaicensis..............  Nogal or West        Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 1691, 1/13/
                                    Indian walnut.                                            1997.
Justicia cooleyi.................  Cooley's water-      Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 31190, 7/27/
                                    willow.                                                   1989.
Kadua cordata ssp. remyi.........  Kopa...............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                                                                              1999.
Kadua coriacea...................  Kioele.............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Kadua degeneri...................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Kadua fluviatilis................  Kamapuaa...........  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Kadua haupuensis.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Kadua laxiflora..................  Pilo...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\

[[Page 78]]

 
Kadua parvula....................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Kadua (=Hedyotis) st.-johnii.....  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 49639, 9/30/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Kanaloa kahoolawensis............  Kohe malama malama   Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                    o kanaloa.                                                1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(2).\CH\
Keysseria erici..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Keysseria helenae................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Kokia cookei.....................  Cooke's koki`o.....  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 62470, 10/30/
                                                                                              1979;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Kokia drynarioides...............  Koki`o.............  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 47397, 12/4/
                                                                                              1984;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Kokia kauaiensis.................  Koki`o.............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Korthalsella degeneri............  Hulumoa............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Labordia cyrtandrae..............  Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Labordia helleri.................  Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Labordia lydgatei................  Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47695, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Labordia pumila..................  Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Labordia tinifolia var.            Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
 lanaiensis.                                                                                  1999.
Labordia lorenciana..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Labordia tinifolia var.            Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
 wahiawaensis.                                                                                1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Labordia triflora................  Kamakahala.........  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Lasthenia burkei.................  Burke's goldfields.  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 61173, 12/2/
                                                                                              1991.
Lasthenia conjugens..............  Contra Costa         Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 33029, 6/18/
                                    goldfields.                                               1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Layia carnosa....................  Beach layia........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Leavenworthia crassa.............  fleshy-fruit         Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 44712, 8/1/
                                    gladecress.                                               2014.
Leavenworthia exigua               Kentucky glade       Wherever found.....  T               79 FR 25683, 5/6/
 var.laciniata.                     cress.                                                    2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Leavenworthia texana.............  Texas golden         Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 56025, 9/11/
                                    gladecress.                                               2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Lembertia congdonii..............  San Joaquin wooly-   Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 29361, 7/19/
                                    threads.                                                  1990.
Lepanthes eltoroensis............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 60933, 11/29/
                                                                                              1991.
Lepidium arbuscula...............  Anaunau............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lepidium barnebyanum.............  Barneby ridge-cress  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 39860, 9/28/
                                                                                              1990.
Lepidium papilliferum............  Slickspot            Wherever found.....  T               74 FR 52013, 10/8/
                                    peppergrass.                                              2009;
                                                                                             81 FR 55058, 8/17/
                                                                                              2016.
Lepidium orbiculare..............  Anaunau............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Leptocereus grantianus...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 11550, 2/26/
                                                                                              1993.
Lespedeza leptostachya...........  Prairie bush-clover  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 781, 1/9/
                                                                                              1987.
Lesquerella congesta.............  Dudley Bluffs        Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 4152, 2/6/
                                    bladderpod.                                               1990.
Lesquerella kingii ssp.            San Bernardino       Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 43652, 8/24/
 bernardina.                        Mountains                                                 1994;
                                    bladderpod.                                              50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Lesquerella lyrata...............  Lyrate bladderpod..  Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 39864, 9/28/
                                                                                              1990.
Lesquerella pallida..............  White bladderpod...  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 7424, 3/11/
                                                                                              1987.
Lesquerella perforata............  Spring Creek         Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 67493, 12/23/
                                    bladderpod.                                               1996.
Lesquerella thamnophila..........  Zapata bladderpod..  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 63745, 11/22/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Lesquerella tumulosa.............  Kodachrome           Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 52027, 10/6/
                                    bladderpod.                                               1993.
Lessingia germanorum (=L. g. var.  San Francisco        Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 33368, 6/19/
 germanorum).                       lessingia.                                                1997.
Liatris helleri..................  Heller's             Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 44397, 11/19/
                                    blazingstar.                                              1987.
Liatris ohlingerae...............  Scrub blazingstar..  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 31190, 7/27/
                                                                                              1989.
Lilaeopsis schaffneriana var.      Huachuca water-      Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 665, 1/6/
 recurva.                           umbel.                                                    1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Lilium occidentale...............  Western lily.......  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 42171, 8/17/
                                                                                              1994.
Lilium pardalinum ssp. pitkinense  Pitkin Marsh lily..  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                                                                              1997.
Limnanthes floccosa ssp.           Butte County         Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 24192, 6/8/
 californica.                       meadowfoam.                                               1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\

[[Page 79]]

 
Limnanthes floccosa ssp.           large-flowered       Wherever found.....  E               67 FR 68004, 11/7/
 grandiflora.                       woolly meadowfoam.                                        2002;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Limnanthes vinculans.............  Sebastopol           Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 61173, 12/2/
                                    meadowfoam.                                               1991.
Lindera melissifolia.............  Pondberry..........  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 27495, 7/31/
                                                                                              1986.
Linum arenicola..................  Sand flax..........  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 66842, 9/29/
                                                                                              2016.
Linum carteri var. carteri.......  Carter's small-      Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 52567, 9/4/
                                    flowered flax.                                            2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Lipochaeta fauriei...............  Nehe...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Lipochaeta lobata var.             Nehe...............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
 leptophylla.                                                                                 1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lipochaeta micrantha.............  Nehe...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Lipochaeta venosa................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 62468, 10/30/
                                                                                              1979.
Lipochaeta waimeaensis...........  Nehe...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Lithophragma maximum.............  San Clemente Island  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 42692, 8/8/
                                    woodland-star.                                            1997.
Lobelia (gaudichaudii ssp.)        No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
 koolauensis.                                                                                 1996;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lobelia monostachya..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lobelia niihauensis..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lobelia oahuensis................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lomatium bradshawii..............  Bradshaw's desert-   Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 38448, 9/30/
                                    parsley.                                                  1988.
Lomatium cookii..................  Cook's lomatium      Wherever found.....  E               67 FR 68004, 11/7/
                                    (Cook's desert                                            2002;
                                    parsley).                                                50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Lupinus aridorum.................  Scrub lupine.......  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 11172, 4/7/
                                                                                              1987.
Lupinus nipomensis...............  Nipomo Mesa lupine.  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 14888, 3/20/
                                                                                              2000.
Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii  Kincaid's lupine...  Wherever found.....  T               65 FR 3875, 3/25/
                                                                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.96.\CH\
Lupinus tidestromii..............  Clover lupine......  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27848, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Lyonia truncata var. proctorii...  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25755, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Lysimachia asperulaefolia........  Rough-leaved         Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 22585, 6/12/
                                    loosestrife.                                              1987.
Lysimachia daphnoides............  Lehua makanoe......  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Lysimachia filifolia.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Lysimachia iniki.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Lysimachia lydgatei..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Lysimachia maxima................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53130, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Lysimachia pendens...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Lysimachia scopulensis...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Lysimachia venosa................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Macbridea alba...................  White birds-in-a-    Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 19813, 5/8/
                                    nest.                                                     1992.
Maesa walkeri....................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Malacothamnus clementinus........  San Clemente Island  Wherever found.....  E               42 FR 40682, 8/11/
                                    bush-mallow.                                              1977.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus var.    Santa Cruz Island    Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
 nesioticus.                        bushmallow.                                               1997.
Malacothrix indecora.............  Santa Cruz Island    Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    malacothrix.                                              1997.
Malacothrix squalida.............  Island malacothrix.  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                                                                              1997.
Manihot walkerae.................  Walker's manioc....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 49850, 10/2/
                                                                                              1991.
Marshallia mohrii................  Mohr's Barbara's     Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 34698, 9/7/
                                    buttons.                                                  1988.
Melanthera kamolensis............  Nehe...............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Melanthera tenuifolia............  Nehe...............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope adscendens..............  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 62346, 12/5/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\

[[Page 80]]

 
Melicope balloui.................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 62346, 12/5/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Melicope christophersenii........  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope degeneri................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Melicope haupuensis..............  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Melicope hiiakae.................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope knudsenii...............  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Melicope lydgatei................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope makahae.................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope mucronulata.............  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Melicope munroi..................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 48307, 9/3/
                                                                                              1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Melicope ovalis..................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 62346, 12/5/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Melicope pallida.................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope paniculata..............  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Melicope puberula................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Melicope quadrangularis..........  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994.
Melicope reflexa.................  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Melicope saint-johnii............  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Melicope zahlbruckneri...........  Alani..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Mentzelia leucophylla............  Ash Meadows blazing- Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                    star.                                                     1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Mezoneuron kavaiense.............  Uhi uhi............  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 24672, 7/8/
                                                                                              1986.
Mimulus michiganensis (=Mimulus    Michigan monkey-     Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 25596, 6/21/
 glabratus var. michiganensis ).    flower.                                                   1990;
                                                                                             75 FR 55686, 9/14/
                                                                                              2010.
Mirabilis macfarlanei............  MacFarlane's four-   Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 61912, 10/26/
                                    o'clock.                                                  1979;
                                                                                             61 FR 10693, 3/15/
                                                                                              1996.
Mitracarpus maxwelliae...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 46715, 9/9/
                                                                                              1994.
Mitracarpus polycladus...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 46715, 9/9/
                                                                                              1994.
Monardella viminea...............  Willowy monardella.  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 54938, 10/13/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Mucuna sloanei var.persericea....  Sea bean...........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Myrcia paganii...................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 8138, 2/18/
                                                                                              1994.
Myrsine fosbergii................  Kolea..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Myrsine juddii...................  Kolea..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Myrsine knudsenii................  Kolea..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Myrsine linearifolia.............  Kolea..............  Wherever found.....  T               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Myrsine mezii....................  Kolea..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Myrsine vaccinioides.............  Kolea..............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Navarretia fossalis..............  Spreading            Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 54975, 10/13/
                                    navarretia.                                               1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Navarretia leucocephala ssp.       Few-flowered         Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 33029, 6/18/
 pauciflora (=N. pauciflora).       navarretia.                                               1997.
Navarretia leucocephala ssp.       Many-flowered        Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 33029, 6/18/
 plieantha.                         navarretia.                                               1997.
Neostapfia colusana..............  Colusa grass.......  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                                                                              1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\

[[Page 81]]

 
Neraudia angulata................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Neraudia ovata...................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Neraudia sericea.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(2).\CH\
Nervilia jacksoniae..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Nesogenes rotensis...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               69 FR 10335, 3/5/
                                                                                              2004.
Nitrophila mohavensis............  Amargosa niterwort.  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 20777, 5/20/
                                                                                              1985;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Nolina brittoniana...............  Britton's beargrass  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Nothocestrum breviflorum.........  Aiea...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Nothocestrum latifolium..........  Aiea...............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Nothocestrum peltatum............  Aiea...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Nototrichium humile..............  Kului..............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Ochrosia haleakalae..............  Holei..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Ochrosia kilaueaensis............  Holei..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994.
Oenothera avita ssp. eurekensis..  Eureka Valley        Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                    evening-primrose.                                         1978.
Oenothera deltoides ssp. howellii  Antioch Dunes        Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                    evening-primrose.                                         1978;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Opuntia treleasei................  Bakersfield cactus.  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 29361, 7/19/
                                                                                              1990.
Orcuttia californica.............  California Orcutt    Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 41384, 8/3/
                                    grass.                                                    1993.
Orcuttia inaequalis..............  San Joaquin Valley   Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                    Orcutt grass.                                             1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Orcuttia pilosa..................  Hairy Orcutt grass.  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                                                                              1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Orcuttia tenuis..................  Slender Orcutt       Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                    grass.                                                    1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Orcuttia viscida.................  Sacramento Orcutt    Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                    grass.                                                    1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Osmoxylon mariannense............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               69 FR 10335, 3/5/
                                                                                              2004.
Ottoschulzia rhodoxylon..........  Palo de rosa.......  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 13488, 4/10/
                                                                                              1990.
Oxypolis canbyi..................  Canby's dropwort...  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 6690, 2/25/
                                                                                              1986.
Oxytheca parishii var.             Cushenbury oxytheca  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 43652, 8/24/
 goodmaniana.                                                                                 1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Oxytropis campestris var.          Fassett's locoweed.  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 37970, 9/28/
 chartacea.                                                                                   1988.
Panicum fauriei var. carteri.....  Carter's panicgrass  Wherever found.....  E               48 FR 46328, 10/12/
                                                                                              1983;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Panicum niihauense...............  Lau ehu............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Paronychia chartacea.............  Papery whitlow-wort  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                                                                              1987.
Parvisedum leiocarpum............  Lake County          Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 33029, 6/18/
                                    stonecrop.                                                1997.
Pedicularis furbishiae...........  Furbish lousewort..  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                                                                              1978.
Pediocactus bradyi...............  Brady pincushion     Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 61784, 10/26/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Pediocactus despainii............  San Rafael cactus..  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 34914, 9/16/
                                                                                              1987.
Pediocactus knowltonii...........  Knowlton cactus....  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 62244, 10/29/
                                                                                              1979.
Pediocactus peeblesianus var.      Fickeisen plains     Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 60607, 10/1/
 fickeiseniae.                      cactus.                                                   2013.
Pediocactus peeblesianus var.      Fickeisen plains     Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 60607, 10/1/
 fickeiseniae.                      cactus.                                                   2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Pediocactus sileri...............  Siler pincushion     Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 61786, 10/26/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979;
                                                                                             58 FR 68476, 12/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Pediocactus winkleri.............  Winkler cactus.....  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 44587, 8/20/
                                                                                              1998.
Penstemon debilis................  Parachute            Wherever found.....  T               76 FR 45053, 7/27/
                                    beardtongue.                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Penstemon haydenii...............  Blowout penstemon..  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 32926, 9/1/
                                                                                              1987.
Penstemon penlandii..............  Kremmling            Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 29658, 7/13/
                                    beardtongue.                                              1989.
Pentachaeta bellidiflora.........  White-rayed          Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                    pentachaeta.                                              1995.
Pentachaeta lyonii...............  Lyon's pentachaeta.  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 4172, 1/29/
                                                                                              1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Peperomia subpetiolata...........  Alaala wai nui.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Peperomia wheeleri...............  Wheeler's peperomia  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 1459, 1/14/
                                                                                              1987.

[[Page 82]]

 
Peucedanum sandwicense...........  Makou..............  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Phacelia argillacea..............  Clay phacelia......  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 44810, 9/28/
                                                                                              1978.
Phacelia formosula...............  North Park phacelia  Wherever found.....  E               47 FR 38540, 9/1/
                                                                                              1982.
Phacelia insularis ssp. insularis  Island phacelia....  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                                                                              1997.
Phacelia submutica...............  DeBeque phacelia...  Wherever found.....  T               76 FR 45053, 7/27/
                                                                                              2011;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Phlox hirsuta....................  Yreka phlox........  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 5268, 2/3/
                                                                                              2000.
Phlox nivalis ssp. texensis......  Texas trailing       Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 49636, 9/30/
                                    phlox.                                                    1991.
Phyllanthus saffordii............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Phyllostegia bracteata...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Phyllostegia brevidens...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Phyllostegia floribunda..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Phyllostegia glabra var.           No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47686, 9/20/
 lanaiensis.                                                                                  1991.
Phyllostegia haliakalae..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Phyllostegia helleri.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Phyllostegia hirsuta.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Phyllostegia hispida.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               74 FR 11319, 3/17/
                                                                                              2009;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Phyllostegia kaalaensis..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Phyllostegia knudsenii...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Phyllostegia mannii..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Phyllostegia mollis..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1)\CH\;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Phyllostegia parviflora..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Phyllostegia pilosa..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Phyllostegia racemosa............  Kiponapona.........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Phyllostegia renovans............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Phyllostegia stachyoides.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Phyllostegia velutina............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Phyllostegia waimeae.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Phyllostegia warshaueri..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Phyllostegia wawrana.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Physaria douglasii subsp.          White Bluffs         Wherever found.....  T               78 FR 23983, 4/23/
 tuplashensis.                      bladderpod.                                               2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Physaria filiformis (=             Missouri bladderpod  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 679, 1/8/
 Lesquerella f.).                                                                             1987;
                                                                                             68 FR 59337, 10/15/
                                                                                              2003;
                                                                                             75 FR 55686, 9/14/
                                                                                              2010.
Physaria globosa.................  Short's bladderpod.  Wherever found.....  E               79 FR 44712, 8/1/
                                                                                              2014.
Physaria obcordata...............  Dudley Bluffs        Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 4152, 2/6/
                                    twinpod.                                                  1990.
Pilosocereus robinii.............  Key tree-cactus....  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 29234, 7/19/
                                                                                              1984.
Pinguicula ionantha..............  Godfrey's            Wherever found.....  T               58 FR 37432, 7/12/
                                    butterwort.                                               1993.
Piperia yadonii..................  Yadon's piperia....  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 43100, 8/12/
                                                                                              1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Pittosporum halophilum...........  Hoawa..............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Pittosporum hawaiiense...........  Hoawa, haawa.......  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Pittosporum napaliense...........  Hoawa..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Pityopsis ruthii.................  Ruth's golden aster  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 29341, 7/18/
                                                                                              1985.

[[Page 83]]

 
Plagiobothrys hirtus.............  Rough popcornflower  Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 3866, 1/25/
                                                                                              2000.
Plagiobothrys strictus...........  Calistoga allocarya  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                                                                              1997.
Plantago hawaienis...............  Laukahi kuahiwi....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Plantago princeps................  Laukahi kuahiwi....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Platanthera holochila............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Platanthera integrilabia.........  White fringeless     Wherever found.....  T               81 FR 62826, 9/13/
                                    orchid.                                                   16.
Platanthera leucophaea...........  Eastern prairie      Wherever found.....  T               54 FR 39857, 9/28/
                                    fringed orchid.                                           1989.
Platanthera praeclara............  Western prairie      Wherever found.....  T               54 FR 39857, 9/28/
                                    fringed orchid.                                           1989.
Platydesma cornuta var. cornuta..  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Platydesma cornuta var. decurrens  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Platydesma remyi.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Platydesma rostrata..............  Pilo kea lau lii...  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Pleodendron macranthum...........  Chupacallos........  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 60565, 11/25/
                                                                                              1994.
Pleomele fernaldii...............  Hala pepe..........  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013.
Pleomele forbesii................  Hala pepe..........  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Pleomele hawaiiensis.............  Hala pepe..........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Poa atropurpurea.................  San Bernardino       Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
                                    bluegrass.                                                1998;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Poa mannii.......................  Mann's bluegrass...  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56330, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Poa napensis.....................  Napa bluegrass.....  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                                                                              1997.
Poa sandvicensis.................  Hawaiian bluegrass.  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20580, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Poa siphonoglossa................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20580, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Pogogyne abramsii................  San Diego mesa mint  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 44810, 9/28/
                                                                                              1978.
Pogogyne nudiuscula..............  Otay mesa mint.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 41384, 8/3/
                                                                                              1993.
Polygala lewtonii................  Lewton's polygala..  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Polygala smallii.................  Tiny polygala......  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 29345, 7/18/
                                                                                              1985.
Polygonella basiramia............  Wireweed...........  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                                                                              1987.
Polygonella myriophylla..........  Sandlace...........  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Polygonum hickmanii..............  Scotts Valley        Wherever found.....  E               68 FR 16979, 4/8/
                                    polygonum.                                                2003;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Polyscias (=Tetraplasandra)        No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
 bisattenuata.                                                                                2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Polyscias (=Tetraplasandra)        No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
 flynnii.                                                                                     2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Polyscias (=Tetraplasandra)        Oheohe.............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 14482, 3/28/
 gymnocarpa.                                                                                  1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Polyscias (=Tetraplasandra)        No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
 lydgatei.                                                                                    2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Polyscias (=Munroidendron)         No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
 racemosa (=racemosum).                                                                       1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Portulaca sclerocarpa............  Poe................  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Portulaca villosa................  Ihi................  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Potamogeton clystocarpus.........  Little Aguja         Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 57844, 11/14/
                                    pondweed.                                                 1991.
Potentilla hickmanii.............  Hickman's            Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 43100, 8/12/
                                    potentilla.                                               1998.
Primula maguirei.................  Maguire primrose...  Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 33731, 8/21/
                                                                                              1985.
Pritchardia affinis..............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994.
Pritchardia aylmer-robinsonii....  Wahane.............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 41020, 8/7/
                                                                                              1996.
Pritchardia bakeri...............  Baker's loulu......  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.

[[Page 84]]

 
Pritchardia hardyi...............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010.
Pritchardia kaalae...............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996.
Pritchardia lanigera.............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Pritchardia maideniana...........  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994.
Pritchardia munroi...............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992.
Pritchardia napaliensis..........  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996.
Pritchardia remota...............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 43178, 8/21/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(g).\CH\
Pritchardia schattaueri..........  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996.
Pritchardia viscosa..............  Loulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996.
Prunus geniculata................  Scrub plum.........  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                                                                              1987.
Pseudobahia bahiifolia...........  Hartweg's golden     Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 5542, 2/6/
                                    sunburst.                                                 1997.
Pseudobahia......................  San Joaquin adobe    Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 5542, 2/6/
                                    sunburst.                                                 1997.
Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium     Enaena.............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
 var. molokaiense.                                                                            2016.
Psychotria grandiflora...........  Kopiko.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Psychotria hexandra ssp.           Kopiko.............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
 oahuensis.                                                                                   2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Psychotria hobdyi................  Kopiko.............  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Psychotria malaspinae............  Aplokating palaoan.  Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Pteralyxia kauaiensis............  Kaulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Pteralyxia macrocarpa............  Kaulu..............  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Ptilimnium nodosum...............  Harperella.........  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 37978, 9/28/
                                                                                              1988.
Purshia subintegra...............  Arizona cliffrose..  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 22326, 5/29/
                                                                                              1984.
Quercus hinckleyi................  Hinckley's oak.....  Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 32824, 8/26/
                                                                                              1988.
Ranunculus acriformis var.         Autumn buttercup...  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 30550, 7/21/
 aestivalis.                                                                                  1989.
Ranunculus hawaiensis............  Makou..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Ranunculus mauiensis.............  Makou..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Remya kauaiensis.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 1450, 1/14/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Remya mauiensis..................  Maui remya.........  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 1450, 1/14/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Remya montgomeryi................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 1450, 1/14/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi  Leedy's roseroot...  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 14649, 4/22/
 (= Sedum integrifolium ssp. l. ).                                                            1992;
                                                                                             75 FR 55686, 9/14/
                                                                                              2010.
Rhododendron chapmanii...........  Chapman              Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 24248, 4/24/
                                    rhododendron.                                             1979.
Rhus michauxii...................  Michaux's sumac....  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 39850, 9/28/
                                                                                              1989.
Rhynchospora knieskernii.........  Knieskern's beaked-  Wherever found.....  T               56 FR 32978, 7/18/
                                    rush.                                                     1991.
Ribes echinellum.................  Miccosukee           Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 29338, 7/18/
                                    gooseberry.                                               1985.
Rorippa gambellii................  Gambel's watercress  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 41378, 8/3/
                                                                                              1993.
Sagittaria fasciculata...........  Bunched arrowhead..  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 43700, 7/25/
                                                                                              1979.
Sagittaria secundifolia..........  Kral's water-        Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 13907, 4/13/
                                    plantain.                                                 1990.
Sanicula mariversa...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Sanicula purpurea................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Sanicula sandwicensis............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Santalum haleakalae var.lanaiense  Lanai sandalwood or  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 3182, 1/24/
                                    iliahi.                                                   1986;
                                                                                             78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Santalum involutum...............  Iliahi.............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Sarracenia oreophila.............  Green pitcher-plant  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 54922, 9/21/
                                                                                              1979;
                                                                                             45 FR 18929, 3/24/
                                                                                              1980.
Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis  Alabama canebrake    Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 10150, 3/10/
                                    pitcher-plant.                                            1989.
Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii....  Mountain sweet       Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 38470, 9/30/
                                    pitcher-plant.                                            1988.
Scaevola coriacea................  Dwarf naupaka......  Wherever found.....  E               51 FR 17971, 5/16/
                                                                                              1986.
Schenkia sebaeoides..............  Awiwi..............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\

[[Page 85]]

 
Schiedea adamantis...............  Diamond Head         Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 6099, 2/17/
                                    schiedea.                                                 1984.
Schiedea apokremnos..............  Maolioli...........  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 49639, 9/30/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea attenuata...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Schiedea diffusa ssp. diffusa....  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Schiedea diffusa ssp.macraei.....  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Schiedea haleakalensis...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Schiedea hawaiiensis.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.
Schiedea helleri.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea hookeri.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Schiedea jacobii.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Schiedea kaalae..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Schiedea kauaiensis..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea kealiae.................  Maolioli...........  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Schiedea laui....................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Schiedea (=Alsinidendron)          Kuawawaenohu.......  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
 lychnoides.                                                                                  1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea lydgatei................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Schiedea membranacea.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea nuttallii...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53108, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Schiedea obovata.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Schiedea pubescens...............  Maolioli...........  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Schiedea salicaria...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Schiedea sarmentosa..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53130, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Schiedea spergulina var. leiopoda  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea spergulina var.           No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
 spergulina.                                                                                  1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea stellarioides...........  Laulihilihi          Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
                                    (=Maolioli).                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schiedea trinervis...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Schiedea verticillata............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 43178, 8/21/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(g).\CH\
Schiedea (=Alsinidendron) viscosa  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
 (=viscosum).                                                                                 1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Schoenocrambe argillacea.........  Clay reed-mustard..  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 1398, 1/14/
                                                                                              1992.
Schoenocrambe barnebyi...........  Barneby reed-        Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 1398, 1/14/
                                    mustard.                                                  1992.
Schoenocrambe suffrutescens......  Shrubby reed-        Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 37416, 10/6/
                                    mustard.                                                  1987.
Schoepfia arenaria...............  None...............  Wherever found.....  T               56 FR 16021, 4/19/
                                                                                              1991.
Schwalbea americana..............  American chaffseed.  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 44703, 9/29/
                                                                                              1992.
Scirpus ancistrochaetus..........  Northeastern         Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 21091, 5/7/
                                    bulrush.                                                  1991.
Sclerocactus brevispinus.........  Pariette cactus....  Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 58868, 10/11/
                                                                                              1979;
                                                                                             74 FR 47112, 9/15/
                                                                                              2009.
Sclerocactus glaucus.............  Colorado hookless    Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 58868, 10/11/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979;
                                                                                             74 FR 47112, 9/15/
                                                                                              2009.
Sclerocactus mesae-verdae........  Mesa Verde cactus..  Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 62471, 10/30/
                                                                                              1979.
Sclerocactus wetlandicus.........  Uinta Basin          Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 58868, 10/11/
                                    hookless cactus.                                          1979;
                                                                                             74 FR 47112, 9/15/
                                                                                              2009.
Sclerocactus wrightiae...........  Wright fishhook      Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 58866, 10/11/
                                    cactus.                                                   1979.
Scutellaria floridana............  Florida skullcap...  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 19813, 5/8/
                                                                                              1992.

[[Page 86]]

 
Scutellaria montana..............  Large-flowered       Wherever found.....  T               51 FR 22521, 6/20/
                                    skullcap.                                                 1986;
                                                                                             67 FR 1662, 1/14/
                                                                                              2002.
Senecio franciscanus.............  San Francisco Peaks  Wherever found.....  T               48 FR 52743, 11/22/
                                    ragwort.                                                  1983;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Senecio layneae..................  Layne's butterweed.  Wherever found.....  T               61 FR 54346, 10/18/
                                                                                              1996.
Serianthes nelsonii..............  Hayun lagu (Guam),   Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 4907, 2/18/
                                    Tronkon guafi                                             1987;
                                    (Rota).                                                  52 FR 6651, 5/4/
                                                                                              1987.
Sesbania tomentosa...............  Ohai...............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(g);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Sibara filifolia.................  Santa Cruz Island    Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 42692, 8/8/
                                    rock-cress.                                               1997.
Sicyos albus (=alba).............  Anunu..............  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996,
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Sicyos lanceoloideus.............  Anunu..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Sicyos macrophyllus..............  Anunu..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Sidalcea keckii..................  Keck's               Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 7757, 2/16/
                                    checkermallow.                                            2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Sidalcea nelsoniana..............  Nelson's checker-    Wherever found.....  T               58 FR 8235, 2/12/
                                    mallow.                                                   1993.
Sidalcea oregana var. calva......  Wenatchee Mountains  Wherever found.....  E               64 FR 71680, 12/22/
                                    checker-mallow.                                           1999;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Sidalcea oregana ssp. valida.....  Kenwood Marsh        Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                    checker-mallow.                                           1997.
Sidalcea pedata..................  Pedate checker-      Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 34497, 8/31/
                                    mallow.                                                   1984.
Silene alexandri.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Silene hawaiiensis...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Silene lanceolata................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Silene perlmanii.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Silene polypetala................  Fringed campion....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 1932, 1/18/
                                                                                              1991.
Silene spaldingii................  Spalding's catchfly  Wherever found.....  T               66 FR 51597, 10/10/
                                                                                              2001.
Sisyrinchium dichotomum..........  White irisette.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 48752, 9/26/
                                                                                              1991.
Solanum drymophilum..............  Erubia.............  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 32827, 8/26/
                                                                                              1988.
Solanum guamense.................  Biringenas           Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                    halumtanu,                                                2015.
                                    Birengenas halom
                                    tano.
Solanum incompletum..............  Popolo ku mai......  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 10/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Solanum nelsonii.................  Popolo.............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Solanum sandwicense..............  Aiakeakua, popolo..  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Solidago houghtonii..............  Houghton's           Wherever found.....  T               53 FR 27134, 7/18/
                                    goldenrod.                                                1988.
Solidago shortii.................  Short's goldenrod..  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 36085, 9/5/
                                                                                              1985.
Solidago spithamaea..............  Blue Ridge           Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 12306, 3/28/
                                    goldenrod.                                                1985.
Spermolepis hawaiiensis..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c)\CH\;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Sphaeralcea gierischii...........  Gierisch mallow....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 49149, 8/13/
                                                                                              2013.
Spigelia gentianoides............  Gentian pinkroot...  Wherever found.....  E               55 FR 49046, 11/26/
                                                                                              1990.
Spiraea virginiana...............  Virginia spiraea...  Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 24241, 6/15/
                                                                                              1990.
Spiranthes delitescens...........  Canelo Hills         Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 665, 1/6/
                                    ladies'-tresses.                                          1997.
Spiranthes diluvialis............  Ute ladies'-tresses  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 2048, 1/17/
                                                                                              1992.
Spiranthes parksii...............  Navasota ladies'-    Wherever found.....  E               47 FR 19539, 5/6/
                                    tresses.                                                  1982.
Stahlia monosperma...............  Cobana negra.......  Wherever found.....  T               55 FR 12790, 4/5/
                                                                                              1990.
Stenogyne angustifolia var.        No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               44 FR 62468, 10/30/
 angustifolia.                                                                                1979.
Stenogyne bifida.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Stenogyne campanulata............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20580, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Stenogyne cranwelliae............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 64637, 10/29/
                                                                                              2013.

[[Page 87]]

 
Stenogyne kaalae ssp. sherffii...  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Stenogyne kanehoana..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20592, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Stenogyne kauaulaensis...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Stenogyne kealiae................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Stephanomeria malheurensis.......  Malheur wire-        Wherever found.....  E               47 FR 50881, 11/10/
                                    lettuce.                                                  1982;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Streptanthus albidus ssp. albidus  Metcalf Canyon       Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                    jewelflower.                                              1995.
Streptanthus niger...............  Tiburon jewelflower  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 6671, 2/3/
                                                                                              1995.
Styrax portoricensis.............  Palo de jazmfn.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 14782, 4/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Styrax texanus...................  Texas snowbells....  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 40035, 10/12/
                                                                                              1984.
Suaeda californica...............  Sea-blite,           Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 64613, 12/15/
                                    California.                                               1994.
Swallenia alexandrae.............  Eureka Dune grass..  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                                                                              1978.
Tabernaemontana rotensis.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Taraxacum californicum...........  California           Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
                                    taraxacum.                                                1988;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Ternstroemia luquillensis........  Palo colorado......  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 14782, 4/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Ternstroemia subsessilis.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 14782, 4/22/
                                                                                              1992.
Tetramolopium arenarium..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994.
Tetramolopium capillare..........  Pamakani...........  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 49860, 9/30/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Tetramolopium filiforme..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Tetramolopium lepidotum ssp.       No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
 lepidotum.                                                                                   1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Tetramolopium remyi..............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47686, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Tetramolopium rockii.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 46325, 10/8/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Thalictrum cooleyi...............  Cooley's meadowrue.  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 5935, 2/7/
                                                                                              1989.
Thelypodium howellii ssp.          Howell's             Wherever found.....  T               64 FR 28393, 5/26/
 spectabilis.                       spectacular                                               1999.
                                    thelypody.
Thelypodium stenopetalum.........  Slender-petaled      Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 34497, 8/31/
                                    mustard.                                                  1984.
Thlaspi californicum.............  Kneeland Prairie     Wherever found.....  E               65 FR 6332, 2/9/
                                    penny-cress.                                              2000;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Thymophylla tephroleuca..........  Ashy dogweed.......  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 29232, 7/19/
                                                                                              1984.
Thysanocarpus conchuliferus......  Santa Cruz Island    Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 40954, 7/31/
                                    fringepod.                                                1997.
Tinospora homosepala.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Townsendia aprica................  Last Chance          Wherever found.....  T               50 FR 33734, 8/21/
                                    townsendia.                                               1985.
Trematolobelia singularis........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Trichilia triacantha.............  Bariaco............  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 3565, 2/5/
                                                                                              1988.
Trichostema austromontanum ssp.    Hidden Lake          Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
 compactum.                         bluecurls.                                                1998.
Trifolium amoenum................  Showy Indian clover  Wherever found.....  E               62 FR 54791, 10/22/
                                                                                              1997.
Trifolium stoloniferum...........  Running buffalo      Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 21478, 6/5/
                                    clover.                                                   1987.
Trifolium trichocalyx............  Monterey clover....  Wherever found.....  E               63 FR 43100, 8/12/
                                                                                              1998.
Trillium persistens..............  Persistent trillium  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                                                                              1978.
Trillium reliquum................  Relict trillium....  Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 10879, 4/4/
                                                                                              1988.
Tuberolabium guamense............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               80 FR 59423, 10/1/
                                                                                              2015.
Tuctoria greenei.................  Greene's tuctoria..  Wherever found.....  T               62 FR 14338, 3/26/
                                                                                              1997;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Tuctoria mucronata...............  Solano grass.......  Wherever found.....  T               43 FR 44810, 9/28/
                                                                                              1978;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Urera kaalae.....................  Opuhe..............  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Varronia rupicola................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  T               79 FR 53303, 9/9/
                                                                                              2014;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Verbena californica..............  Red Hills vervain..  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 49006, 9/14/
                                                                                              1998.
Verbesina dissita................  Big-leaved           Wherever found.....  T               61 FR 52370, 10/7/
                                    crownbeard.                                               1996.
Vernonia proctorii...............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25755, 4/27/
                                                                                              1993.
Vicia menziesii..................  Hawaiian vetch.....  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                                                                              1978.
Vigna o-wahuensis................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(2);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\

[[Page 88]]

 
Viola chamissoniana ssp.           Pamakani...........  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
 chamissoniana.                                                                               1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Viola helenae....................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47695, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Viola kauaiensis var.              Nani waialeale.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53070, 10/10/
 wahiawaensis.                                                                                1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Viola lanaiensis.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 47686, 9/20/
                                                                                              1991.
Viola oahuensis..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53089, 10/10/
                                                                                              1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Warea amplexifolia...............  Wide-leaf warea....  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 15501, 4/29/
                                                                                              1987.
Warea carteri....................  Carter's mustard...  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 2227, 1/21/
                                                                                              1987.
Wikstroemia skottsbergiana.......  Akia...............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Wikstroemia villosa..............  Akia...............  Wherever found.....  E               78 FR 32013, 5/28/
                                                                                              2013;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Wilkesia hobdyi..................  Dwarfiliau.........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27859, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Xylosma crenatum.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20580, 5/13/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Xyris tennesseensis..............  Tennessee yellow-    Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 34151, 7/26/
                                    eyed grass.                                               1991.
Yermo xanthocephalus.............  Desert yellowhead..  Wherever found.....  T               67 FR 11442, 3/14/
                                                                                              2002;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Zanthoxylum dipetalum var.         Ae.................  Wherever found.....  E               61 FR 53137, 10/10/
 tomentosum.                                                                                  1996;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Zanthoxylum hawaiiense...........  Ae.................  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 10305, 3/4/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Zanthoxylum oahuense.............  Ae.................  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Zanthoxylum thomasianum..........  St. Thomas prickly-  Wherever found.....  E               50 FR 51867, 12/20/
                                    ash.                                                      1985.
Zizania texana...................  Texas wild-rice....  Wherever found.....  E               43 FR 17910, 4/26/
                                                                                              1978;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.96(a).\CH\
Ziziphus celata..................  Florida ziziphus...  Wherever found.....  E               54 FR 31190, 7/27/
                                                                                              1989.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Conifers
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Abies guatemalensis..............  Guatemalan fir       Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 65002, 11/8/
                                    (=pinabete).                                              1979.
Cupressus goveniana ssp.           Gowen cypress......  Wherever found.....  T               63 FR 43100, 8/12/
 goveniana.                                                                                   1998.
Fitzroya cupressoides............  Alerce or Chilean    Wherever found.....  T               44 FR 64730, 11/7/
                                    false larch.                                              1979.
Hesperocyparis abramsiana........  Santa Cruz cypress.  Wherever found.....  T               52 FR 675, 1/8/
                                                                                              1987;
                                                                                             81 FR 8408, 2/19/
                                                                                              2016.
Torreya taxifolia................  Florida torreya....  Wherever found.....  E               49 FR 2783, 1/23/
                                                                                              1984.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Ferns and Allies
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adenophorus periens..............  Pendent kihi fern..  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Adiantum vivesii.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 32308, 6/9/
                                                                                              1993.
Asplenium dielerectum............  Asplenium-leaved     Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 56333, 11/10/
                                    diellia.                                                  1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Asplenium diellaciniatum.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Asplenium (=Diellia) dielfalcatum  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               56 FR 55770, 10/29/
 (=falcate).                                                                                  1991;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Asplenium (=Diellia) dielmannii    No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
 (=mannii).                                                                                   2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Asplenium (=Diellia) dielpallicum  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 9304, 2/25/
 (=pallida).                                                                                  1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a)(1).\CH\
Asplenium peruvianum var.          No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 49025, 9/26/
 insulare.                                                                                    1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(k).\CH\
Asplenium scolopendrium var.       American hart's-     Wherever found.....  T               54 FR 29726, 7/14/
 americanum.                        tongue fern.                                              1989.

[[Page 89]]

 
Asplenium (=Diellia) unisorum      No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 32932, 6/27/
 (=unisora).                                                                                  1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Ctenitis squamigera..............  Pauoa..............  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 49025, 9/26/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Cyathea dryopteroides............  Elfin tree fern....  Wherever found.....  E               52 FR 22936, 6/16/
                                                                                              1987.
Cyclosorus boydiae...............  Kupukupu makalii...  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Deparia kaalaana.................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Diplazium molokaiense............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 49025, 9/26/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(a)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Doryopteris angelica.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
                                                                                              2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Doryopteris takeuchii............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               77 FR 57647, 9/18/
                                                                                              2012;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Dryopteris glabra var. pusilla...  Hohiu..............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Dryopteris crinalis var.           Palapalai aumakua..  Wherever found.....  E               75 FR 18960, 4/13/
 podosorus.                                                                                   2010;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(a).\CH\
Elaphoglossum serpens............  None...............  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 32308, 6/9/
                                                                                              1993.
Huperzia mannii..................  Wawae`iole.........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(e)(1).\CH\
Huperzia nutans..................  Wawaeiole..........  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 20772, 5/15/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Huperzia stemmermanniae..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
                                                                                              2016.
Hypolepis hawaiiensis var.         Olua...............  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
 mauiensis.                                                                                   2016.
Isoetes louisianensis............  Louisiana quillwort  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 48741, 10/28/
                                                                                              1992.
Isoetes melanospora..............  Black-spored         Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 3560, 2/5/
                                    quillwort.                                                1988.
Isoetes tegetiformans............  Mat-forming          Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 3560, 2/5/
                                    quillwort.                                                1988.
Marsilea villosa.................  Ihiihi.............  Wherever found.....  E               57 FR 27863, 6/22/
                                                                                              1992;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(c);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(i).\CH\
Microlepia strigosa var.           No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               81 FR 67786, 9/30/
 mauiensis.                                                                                   2016.
Polystichum aleuticum............  Aleutian shield-     Wherever found.....  E               53 FR 4626, 2/17/
                                    fern.                                                     1988.
Polystichum calderonense.........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 32308, 6/9/
                                                                                              1993.
Pteris lidgatei..................  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               59 FR 49025, 9/26/
                                                                                              1994;
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(e)(1);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR 17.99(i);
                                                                                              \CH\
                                                                                             50 CFR
                                                                                              17.99(c).\CH\
Tectaria estremerana.............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 32308, 6/9/
                                                                                              1993.
Thelypteris inabonensis..........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 35887, 7/2/
                                                                                              1993.
Thelypteris pilosa var.            Alabama streak-      Wherever found.....  T               57 FR 30164, 7/8/
 alabamensis.                       sorus fern.                                               1992.
Thelypteris verecunda............  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 35887, 7/2/
                                                                                              1993.
Thelypteris yaucoensis...........  No common name.....  Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 35887, 7/2/
                                                                                              1993.
Trichomanes punctatumssp.          Florida bristle      Wherever found.....  E               80 FR 60439, 10/6/
 floridanum.                        fern.                                                     2015.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Lichens
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cladonia perforata...............  Florida perforate    Wherever found.....  E               58 FR 25746, 4/27/
                                    cladonia.                                                 1993.
Gymnoderma lineare...............  Rock gnome lichen..  Wherever found.....  E               60 FR 3557, 1/18/
                                                                                              1995.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[81 FR 51583, Aug. 4, 2016, as amended at 81 FR 55301, Aug. 18, 2016; 81 
FR 62832, Sept. 13, 2016; 81 FR 66864, Sept. 29, 2016; 81 FR 67857, 
Sept. 30, 2016; 81 FR 70059, Oct. 11, 2016]

    Effective Date Note: At 82 FR 42259, Sept. 7, 2017, Sec. 17.12 was 
amended by adding an entry for Festuca ligulata to the List of 
Endangered and Threatened Plants in alphabetical order under FLOWERING 
PLANTS, effective Oct. 10, 2017. For the convenience of the user, the 
added text is set forth as follows:



Sec. 17.12  Endangered and threatened plants.

                                * * * * *

[[Page 90]]

    (h) * * *

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                           Listing citations and
        Scientific name             Common name        Where listed          Status          applicable rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Flowering Plants
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
           *              *              *              *              *              *              *
Festuca ligulata...............  Guadalupe fescue.  Wherever found...  E................  82 FR 42245, September
                                                                                           7, 2017
 
           *              *              *              *              *              *              *
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



                      Subpart C_Endangered Wildlife



Sec. 17.21  Prohibitions.

    (a) Except as provided in subpart A of this part, or under permits 
issued pursuant to Sec. 17.22 or Sec. 17.23, it is unlawful for any 
person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to commit, to 
attempt to commit, to solicit another to commit or to cause to be 
committed, any of the acts described in paragraphs (b) through (f) of 
this section in regard to any endangered wildlife.
    (b) Import or export. It is unlawful to import or to export any 
endangered wildlife. Any shipment in transit through the United States 
is an importation and an exportation, whether or not it has entered the 
country for customs purposes.
    (c) Take. (1) It is unlawful to take endangered wildlife within the 
United States, within the territorial sea of the United States, or upon 
the high seas. The high seas shall be all waters seaward of the 
territorial sea of the United States, except waters officially 
recognized by the United States as the territorial sea of another 
country, under international law.
    (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this section, any person may 
take endangered wildlife in defense of his own life or the lives of 
others.
    (3) Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this section, any employee 
or agent of the Service, any other Federal land management agency, the 
National Marine Fisheries Service, or a State conservation agency, who 
is designated by his agency for such purposes, may, when acting in the 
course of his official duties, take endangered wildlife without a permit 
if such action is necessary to:
    (i) Aid a sick, injured or orphaned specimen; or
    (ii) Dispose of a dead specimen; or
    (iii) Salvage a dead specimen which may be useful for scientific 
study; or
    (iv) Remove specimens which constitute a demonstrable but 
nonimmediate threat to human safety, provided that the taking is done in 
a humane manner; the taking may involve killing or injuring only if it 
has not been reasonably possible to eliminate such threat by live-
capturing and releasing the specimen unharmed, in a remote area.
    (4) Any taking under paragraphs (c)(2) and (3) of this section must 
be reported in writing to the Office of Law Enforcement, at the address 
provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b), within 5 days. The specimen may only be 
retained, disposed of, or salvaged under directions from the Office of 
Law Enforcement.
    (5) Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this section, any qualified 
employee or agent of a State Conservation Agency which is a party to a 
Cooperative Agreement with the Service in accordance with section 6(c) 
of the Act, who is designated by his agency for such purposes, may, when 
acting in the course of his official duties take those endangered 
species which are covered by an approved cooperative agreement for 
conservation programs in accordance with the Cooperative Agreement, 
provided that such taking is not reasonably anticipated to result in:
    (i) The death or permanent disabling of the specimen;
    (ii) The removal of the specimen from the State where the taking 
occurred;
    (iii) The introduction of the specimen so taken, or of any progeny 
derived from such a specimen, into an area beyond the historical range 
of the species; or

[[Page 91]]

    (iv) The holding of the specimen in captivity for a period of more 
than 45 consecutive days.
    (6) Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this section, any person 
acting under a valid migratory bird rehabilitation permit issued 
pursuant to Sec. 21.31 of this subchapter may take endangered migratory 
birds without an endangered species permit if such action is necessary 
to aid a sick, injured, or orphaned endangered migratory bird, provided 
the permittee:
    (i) Notifies the issuing Migratory Bird Permit Office immediately 
upon receipt of such bird (contact information for your issuing office 
is listed on your permit and on the Internet at http://offices.fws.gov); 
and
    (ii) Disposes of or transfers such birds, or their parts or 
feathers, as directed by the Migratory Bird Permit Office.
    (7) Notwithstanding paragraph (c)(1) of this section, persons exempt 
from the permit requirements of Sec. 21.12(c) and (d) of this subchapter 
may take sick and injured endangered migratory birds without an 
endangered species permit in performing the activities authorized under 
Sec. 21.12(c) and (d).
    (d) Possession and other acts with unlawfully taken wildlife. (1) It 
is unlawful to possess, sell, deliver, carry, transport, or ship, by any 
means whatsoever, any endangered wildlife which was taken in violation 
of paragraph (c) of this section.

    Example. A person captures a whooping crane in Texas and gives it to 
a second person, who puts it in a closed van and drives thirty miles, to 
another location in Texas. The second person then gives the whooping 
crane to a third person, who is apprehended with the bird in his 
possession. All three have violated the law--the first by illegally 
taking the whooping crane; the second by transporting an illegally taken 
whooping crane; and the third by possessing an illegally taken whooping 
crane.

    (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, Federal and 
State law enforcement officers may possess, deliver, carry, transport or 
ship any endangered wildlife taken in violation of the Act as necessary 
in performing their official duties.
    (3) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, any person 
acting under a valid migratory bird rehabilitation permit issued 
pursuant to Sec. 21.31 of this subchapter may possess and transport 
endangered migratory birds without an endangered species permit when 
such action is necessary to aid a sick, injured, or orphaned endangered 
migratory bird, provided the permittee:
    (i) Notifies the issuing Migratory Bird Permit Office immediately 
upon receipt of such bird (contact information for your issuing office 
is listed on your permit and on the Internet at http://offices.fws.gov); 
and
    (ii) Disposes of or transfers such birds, or their parts or 
feathers, as directed by the Migratory Bird Permit Office.
    (4) Notwithstanding paragraph (d)(1) of this section, persons exempt 
from the permit requirements of Sec. 21.12(c) and (d) of this subchapter 
may possess and transport sick and injured endangered migratory bird 
species without an endangered species permit in performing the 
activities authorized under Sec. 21.12(c) and (d).
    (e) Interstate or foreign commerce. It is unlawful to deliver, 
receive, carry transport, or ship in interstate or foreign commerce, by 
any means whatsoever, and in the course of a commercial activity, any 
endangered wildlife.
    (f) Sale or offer for sale. (1) It is unlawful to sell or to offer 
for sale in interstate or foreign commerce any endangered wildlife.
    (2) An advertisement for the sale of endangered wildlife which 
carries a warning to the effect that no sale may be consummated until a 
permit has been obtained from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service shall 
not be considered an offer for sale within the meaning of this section.
    (g) Captive-bred wildlife. (1) Notwithstanding paragraphs (b), (c), 
(e) and (f) of this section, any person may take; export or re-import; 
deliver, receive, carry, transport or ship in interstate or foreign 
commerce, in the course of a commercial activity; or sell or offer for 
sale in interstate or foreign commerce any endangered wildlife that is 
bred in captivity in the United States provided either that the wildlife 
is of a taxon listed in paragraph (g)(6) of this section, or that the 
following conditions are met:

[[Page 92]]

    (i) The wildlife is of a species having a natural geographic 
distribution not including any part of the United States, or the 
wildlife is of a species that the Director has determined to be eligible 
in accordance with paragraph (g)(5) of this section;
    (ii) The purpose of such activity is to enhance the propagation or 
survival of the affected species;
    (iii) Such activity does not involve interstate or foreign commerce, 
in the course of a commercial activity, with respect to non-living 
wildlife;
    (iv) Each specimen of wildlife to be re-imported is uniquely 
identified by a band, tattoo or other means that was reported in writing 
to an official of the Service at a port of export prior to export from 
the United States; and
    (v) Any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States who 
engages in any of the activities authorized by this paragraph does so in 
accordance with paragraphs (g) (2), (3) and (4) of this section, and 
with all other applicable regulations in this Subchapter B.
    (2) Any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States 
seeking to engage in any of the activities authorized by this paragraph 
must first register with the Service's Division of Management Authority 
at the address provided at 50 CFR 2.1(b). Requests for registration must 
be submitted on an official application form (Form 3-200-41) provided by 
the Service, and must include the following information:
    (i) The types of wildlife sought to be covered by the registration, 
identified by common and scientific name to the taxonomic level of 
family, genus or species;
    (ii) A description of the applicant's experience in maintaining and 
propagating the types of wildlife sought to be covered by the 
registration, and when appropriate, in conducting research directly 
related to maintaining and propagating such wildlife;
    (iii) Photograph(s) or other evidence clearly depicting the 
facilities where such wildlife will be maintained; and
    (iv) a copy of the applicant's license or registration, if any, 
under the animal welfare regulations of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture (9 CFR part 2).
    (3) Upon receipt of a complete application for registration, or the 
renewal or amendment of an existing registration, under this section, 
the Service will publish notice of the application in the Federal 
Register. Each notice will invite the submission from interested 
parties, within 30 days after the date of the notice, of written data, 
views, or arguments with respect to the application. All information 
received as part of each application will be made available to the 
public, upon request, as a matter of public record at every stage of the 
proceeding, including, but not limited to, information needed to assess 
the eligibility of the applicant, such as the original application, 
materials, any intervening renewal applications documenting a change in 
location or personnel, and the most recent annual report.
    (i) At the completion of this comment period, the Director will 
decide whether to approve the registration. In making this decision, the 
Director will consider, in addition to the general criteria in 
Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, whether the expertise, facilities, or 
other resources available to the applicant appear adequate to enhance 
the propagation or survival of the affected wildlife. Public education 
activities may not be the sole basis to justify issuance of a 
registration or to otherwise establish eligibility for the exception 
granted in paragraph (g)(1) of this section.
    (ii) If the Director approves the registration, the Service will 
publish notice of the decision in the Federal Register that the 
registration was applied for in good faith, that issuing the 
registration will not operate to the disadvantage of the species for 
which registration was sought, and that issuing the registration will be 
consistent with the purposes and policy set forth in section 2 of the 
Act.
    (iii) Each person so registered must maintain accurate written 
records of activities conducted under the registration and allow 
reasonable access to Service agents for inspection purposes as set forth 
in Secs. 13.46 and 13.47 of this chapter. Each person so registered

[[Page 93]]

must also submit to the Director an individual written annual report of 
activities, including all births, deaths, and transfers of any type.
    (4) Any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States 
seeking to export or conduct foreign commerce in captive-bred endangered 
wildlife that will not remain under the care of that person must first 
obtain approval by providing written evidence to satisfy the Director 
that the proposed recipient of the wildlife has expertise, facilities or 
other resources adequate to enhance the propagation or survival of such 
wildlife and that the proposed recipient will use such wildlife for 
purposes of enhancing the propagation or survival of the affected 
species.
    (5)(i) The Director will use the following criteria to determine if 
wildlife of any species having a natural geographic distribution that 
includes any part of the United States is eligible for the provisions of 
this paragraph:
    (A) Whether there is a low demand for taking of the species from 
wild populations, either because of the success of captive breeding or 
because of other reasons, and
    (B) Whether the wild populations of the species are effectively 
protected from unauthorized taking as a result of the inaccessibility of 
their habitat to humans or as a result of the effectiveness of law 
enforcement.
    (ii) The Director will follow the procedures set forth in the Act 
and in the regulations thereunder with respect to petitions and 
notification of the public and governors of affected States when 
determining the eligibility of species for purposes of this paragraph.
    (iii) In accordance with the criteria in paragraph (g)(5)(i) of this 
section, the Director has determined the following species to be 
eligible for the provisions of this paragraph:

Laysan duck (Anas laysanensis).

    (6) Exemption from registration requirement. (i) If the conditions 
in paragraph (g)(6)(ii) of this section are met, then any person subject 
to the jurisdiction of the United States seeking to engage in any of the 
activities authorized by paragraph (g)(1) of this section may do so 
without first registering with the Service with respect to the following 
species:
    (A) The bar-tailed pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae), Elliot's pheasant 
(S. ellioti), Mikado pheasant (S. mikado), brown eared pheasant 
(Crossoptilon mantchuricum), white eared pheasant (C. crossoptilon), 
cheer pheasant (Catreus wallichii), Edward's pheasant (Lophura 
edwardsi), Swinhoe's pheasant (L. swinhoii), Chinese monal (Lophophorus 
lhuysii), and Palawan peacock pheasant (Polyplectron emphanum);
    (B) Parakeets of the species Neophema pulchella and N. splendida;
    (C) The Laysan duck (Anas laysanensis); and
    (D) The white-winged wood duck (Cairina scutulata).
    (ii) Conditions for exemption to register. The following conditions 
must exist for persons dealing with the species listed in paragraph 
(g)(6)(i) of this section to be eligible for exemption from the 
requirement to register with the Service:
    (A) The purpose of the activity is to enhance the propagation or 
survival of the affected exempted species.
    (B) Such activity does not involve interstate or foreign commerce, 
in the course of a commercial activity, with respect to nonliving 
wildlife.
    (C) Each specimen to be reimported is uniquely identified by a band, 
tattoo, or other means that was reported in writing to an official of 
the Service at a port of export prior to export of the specimen from the 
United States.
    (D) No specimens of the taxa in paragraph (g)(6)(i) of this section 
that were taken from the wild may be imported for breeding purposes 
absent a definitive showing that the need for new bloodlines can be met 
only by wild specimens, that suitable foreign-bred, captive individuals 
are unavailable, and that wild populations can sustain limited taking. 
In addition, an import permit must be issued under Sec. 17.22.
    (E) Any permanent exports of such specimens meet the requirements of 
paragraph (g)(4) of this section.
    (F) Each person claiming the benefit of the exception in paragraph 
(g)(1) of this section must maintain accurate written records of 
activities, including births, deaths, and transfers of specimens, and 
make those records accessible to Service agents for inspection

[[Page 94]]

at reasonable hours as set forth in Secs. 13.46 and 13.47 of this 
chapter.
    (h) U.S. captive-bred scimitar-horned oryx, addax, and dama gazelle. 
Notwithstanding paragraphs (b), (c), (e), and (f) of this section, any 
person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States may take; export 
or re-import; deliver, receive, carry, transport or ship in interstate 
or foreign commerce, in the course of a commercial activity; or sell or 
offer for sale in interstate or foreign commerce live wildlife, 
including embryos and gametes, and sport-hunted trophies of scimitar-
horned oryx (Oryx dammah), addax (Addax nasomaculatus), and dama gazelle 
(Gazella dama) provided:
    (1) The purpose of such activity is associated with the management 
or transfer of live wildlife, including embryos and gametes, or sport 
hunting in a manner that contributes to increasing or sustaining captive 
numbers or to potential reintroduction to range countries;
    (2) The specimen was captive-bred, in accordance with Sec. 17.3, 
within the United States;
    (3) All live specimens of that species held by the captive-breeding 
operation are managed in a manner that prevents hybridization of the 
species or subspecies;
    (4) All live specimens of that species held by the captive-breeding 
operation are managed in a manner that maintains genetic diversity;
    (5) Any export of or foreign commerce in a specimen meets the 
requirements of paragraph (g)(4) of this section, as well as parts 13, 
14, and 23 of this chapter;
    (6) Each specimen to be re-imported is uniquely identified by a 
tattoo or other means that is reported on the documentation required 
under paragraph (h)(5) of this section; and
    (7) Each person claiming the benefit of the exception of this 
paragraph (h) must maintain accurate written records of activities, 
including births, deaths, and transfers of specimens, and make those 
records accessible to Service officials for inspection at reasonable 
hours set forth in Secs. 13.46 and 13.47 of this chapter.
    (8) The sport-hunted trophy consists of raw or tanned parts, such as 
bones, hair, head, hide, hooves, horns, meat, skull, rug, taxidermied 
head, shoulder, or full body mount, of a specimen that was taken by the 
hunter during a sport hunt for personal use. It does not include 
articles made from a trophy, such as worked, manufactured, or handicraft 
items for use as clothing, curios, ornamentation, jewelry, or other 
utilitarian items for commercial purposes.

[40 FR 44415, Sept. 26, 1975, as amended at 40 FR 53400, Nov. 18, 1975; 
41 FR 19226, May 11, 1976; 44 FR 31580, May 31, 1979; 44 FR 54007, Sept. 
17, 1979; 58 FR 68325, Dec. 27, 1993; 63 FR 48640, Sept. 11, 1998; 68 FR 
2919, Jan. 22, 2003; 68 FR 61136, Oct. 27, 2003; 70 FR 52318, Sept. 2, 
2005; 77 FR 438, Jan. 5, 2012; 77 FR 43175, July 24, 2012; 79 FR 15252, 
Mar. 19, 2014; 79 FR 30418, May 27, 2014; 79 FR 43965, July 29, 2014; 81 
FR 19930, Apr. 6, 2016]



Sec. 17.22  Permits for scientific purposes, enhancement of propagation
or survival, or for incidental taking.

    Upon receipt of a complete application, the Director may issue a 
permit authorizing any activity otherwise prohibited by Sec. 17.21, in 
accordance with the issuance criteria of this section, for scientific 
purposes, for enhancing the propagation or survival, or for the 
incidental taking of endangered wildlife. Such permits may authorize a 
single transaction, a series of transactions, or a number of activities 
over a specific period of time. (See Sec. 17.32 for permits for 
threatened species.) The Director shall publish notice in the Federal 
Register of each application for a permit that is made under this 
section. Each notice shall invite the submission from interested 
parties, within 30 days after the date of the notice, of written data, 
views, or arguments with respect to the application. The 30-day period 
may be waived by the Director in an emergency situation where the life 
or health of an endangered animal is threatened and no reasonable 
alternative is available to the applicant. Notice of any such waiver 
shall be published in the Federal Register within 10 days following 
issuance of the permit.
    (a)(1) Application requirements for permits for scientific purposes 
or for the enhancement of propagation or survival. A person wishing to 
get a permit for an activity prohibited by Sec. 17.21 submits

[[Page 95]]

an application for activities under this paragraph. The Service provides 
Form 3-200 for the application to which all of the following must be 
attained:
    (i) The common and scientific names of the species sought to the 
covered by the permit, as well as the number, age, and sex of such 
species, and the activity sought to be authorized (such as taking, 
exporting, selling in interstate commerce);
    (ii) A statement as to whether, at the time of application, the 
wildlife sought to be covered by the permit (A) is still in the wild, 
(B) has already been removed from the wild, or (C) was born in 
captivity;
    (iii) A resume of the applicant's attempts to obtain the wildlife 
sought to be covered by the permit in a manner which would not cause the 
death or removal from the wild of such wildlife;
    (iv) If the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit has already 
been removed from the wild, the country and place where such removal 
occurred; if the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit was born in 
captivity, the country and place where such wildlife was born;
    (v) A complete description and address of the institution or other 
facility where the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit will be 
used, displayed, or maintained;
    (vi) If the applicant seeks to have live wildlife covered by the 
permit, a complete description, including photographs or diagrams, of 
the facilities to house and/or care for the wildlife and a resume of the 
experience of those person who will be caring for the wildlife;
    (vii) A full statement of the reasons why the applicant is justified 
in obtaining a permit including the details of the activities sought to 
be authorized by the permit;
    (viii) If the application is for the purpose of enhancement of 
propagation, a statement of the applicant's willingness to participate 
in a cooperative breeding program and to maintain or contribute data to 
a studbook;
    (2) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance with paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not a permit should be issued. In making this 
decision, the Director shall consider, in addition to the general 
criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, the following factors:
    (i) Whether the purpose for which the permit is required is adequate 
to justify removing from the wild or otherwise changing the status of 
the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit;
    (ii) The probable direct and indirect effect which issuing the 
permit would have on the wild populations of the wildlife sought to be 
covered by the permit;
    (iii) Whether the permit, if issued, would in any way, directly or 
indirectly, conflict with any known program intended to enhance the 
survival probabilities of the population from which the wildlife sought 
to be covered by the permit was or would be removed;
    (iv) Whether the purpose for which the permit is required would be 
likely to reduce the threat of extinction facing the species of wildlife 
sought to be covered by the permit;
    (v) The opinions or views of scientists or other persons or 
organizations having expertise concerning the wildlife or other matters 
germane to the application; and
    (vi) Whether the expertise, facilities, or other resources available 
to the applicant appear adequate to successfully accomplish the 
objectives stated in the application.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to the general conditions set 
forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued under this 
paragraph shall be subject to the special condition that the escape of 
living wildlife covered by the permit shall be immediately reported to 
the Service office designated in the permit.
    (4) Duration of permits. The duration of permits issued under this 
paragraph shall be designated on the face of the permit.
    (b)(1) Application requirements for permits for incidental taking. A 
person wishing to get a permit for an activity prohibited by 
Sec. 17.21(c) submits an application for activities under this 
paragraph. The Service provides Form 3-200 for the application to which 
all of the following must be attached:
    (i) A complete description of the activity sought to be authorized;

[[Page 96]]

    (ii) The common and scientific names of the species sought to be 
covered by the permit, as well as the number, age, and sex of such 
species, if known;
    (iii) A conservation plan that specifies:
    (A) The impact that will likely result from such taking;
    (B) What steps the applicant will take to monitor, minimize, and 
mitigate such impacts, the funding that will be available to implement 
such steps, and the procedures to be used to deal with unforeseen 
circumstances;
    (C) What alternative actions to such taking the applicant considered 
and the reasons why such alternatives are not proposed to be utilized; 
and
    (D) Such other measures that the Director may require as being 
necessary or appropriate for purposes of the plan;
    (2) Issuance criteria. (i) Upon receiving an application completed 
in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not a permit should be issued. The Director shall 
consider the general issuance criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this 
subchapter, except for Sec. 13.21(b)(4), and shall issue the permit if 
he or she finds that:
    (A) The taking will be incidental;
    (B) The applicant will, to the maximum extent practicable, minimize 
and mitigate the impacts of such takings;
    (C) The applicant will ensure that adequate funding for the 
conservation plan and procedures to deal with unforeseen circumstances 
will be provided;
    (D) The taking will not appreciably reduce the likelihood of the 
survival and recovery of the species in the wild;
    (E) The measures, if any, required under paragraph (b)(1)(iii)(D) of 
this section will be met; and
    (F) He or she has received such other assurances as he or she may 
require that the plan will be implemented.
    (ii) In making his or her decision, the Director shall also consider 
the anticipated duration and geographic scope of the applicant's planned 
activities, including the amount of listed species habitat that is 
involved and the degree to which listed species and their habitats are 
affected.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to the general conditions set 
forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued under this 
paragraph shall contain such terms and conditions as the Director deems 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the permit and the 
conservation plan including, but not limited to, monitoring and 
reporting requirements deemed necessary for determining whether such 
terms and conditions are being complied with. The Director shall rely 
upon existing reporting requirements to the maximum extent practicable.
    (4) Duration of permits. The duration of permits issued under this 
paragraph shall be sufficient to provide adequate assurances to the 
permittee to commit funding necessary for the activities authorized by 
the permit, including conservation activities and land use restrictions. 
In determining the duration of a permit, the Director shall consider the 
duration of the planned activities, as well as the possible positive and 
negative effects associated with permits of the proposed duration on 
listed species, including the extent to which the conservation plan will 
enhance the habitat of listed species and increase the long-term 
survivability of such species.
    (5) Assurances provided to permittee in case of changed or 
unforeseen circumstances. The assurances in this paragraph (b)(5) apply 
only to incidental take permits issued in accordance with paragraph 
(b)(2) of this section where the conservation plan is being properly 
implemented, and apply only with respect to species adequately covered 
by the conservation plan. These assurances cannot be provided to Federal 
agencies. This rule does not apply to incidental take permits issued 
prior to March 25, 1998. The assurances provided in incidental take 
permits issued prior to March 25, 1998 remain in effect, and those 
permits will not be revised as a result of this rulemaking.
    (i) Changed circumstances provided for in the plan. If additional 
conservation and mitigation measures are deemed necessary to respond to 
changed circumstances and were provided for in the plan's operating 
conservation program, the permittee will implement the measures 
specified in the plan.
    (ii) Changed circumstances not provided for in the plan. If 
additional conservation and mitigation measures are deemed necessary to 
respond to

[[Page 97]]

changed circumstances and such measures were not provided for in the 
plan's operating conservation program, the Director will not require any 
conservation and mitigation measures in addition to those provided for 
in the plan without the consent of the permittee, provided the plan is 
being properly implemented.
    (iii) Unforeseen circumstances. (A) In negotiating unforeseen 
circumstances, the Director will not require the commitment of 
additional land, water, or financial compensation or additional 
restrictions on the use of land, water, or other natural resources 
beyond the level otherwise agreed upon for the species covered by the 
conservation plan without the consent of the permittee.
    (B) If additional conservation and mitigation measures are deemed 
necessary to respond to unforeseen circumstances, the Director may 
require additional measures of the permittee where the conservation plan 
is being properly implemented, but only if such measures are limited to 
modifications within conserved habitat areas, if any, or to the 
conservation plan's operating conservation program for the affected 
species, and maintain the original terms of the conservation plan to the 
maximum extent possible. Additional conservation and mitigation measures 
will not involve the commitment of additional land, water or financial 
compensation or additional restrictions on the use of land, water, or 
other natural resources otherwise available for development or use under 
the original terms of the conservation plan without the consent of the 
permittee.
    (C) The Director will have the burden of demonstrating that 
unforeseen circumstances exist, using the best scientific and commercial 
data available. These findings must be clearly documented and based upon 
reliable technical information regarding the status and habitat 
requirements of the affected species. The Director will consider, but 
not be limited to, the following factors:
    (1) Size of the current range of the affected species;
    (2) Percentage of range adversely affected by the conservation plan;
    (3) Percentage of range conserved by the conservation plan;
    (4) Ecological significance of that portion of the range affected by 
the conservation plan;
    (5) Level of knowledge about the affected species and the degree of 
specificity of the species' conservation program under the conservation 
plan; and
    (6) Whether failure to adopt additional conservation measures would 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery of the 
affected species in the wild.
    (6) Nothing in this rule will be construed to limit or constrain the 
Director, any Federal, State, local, or Tribal government agency, or a 
private entity, from taking additional actions at its own expense to 
protect or conserve a species included in a conservation plan.
    (7) Discontinuance of permit activity. Notwithstanding the 
provisions of Sec. 13.26 of this subchapter, a permittee under this 
paragraph (b) remains responsible for any outstanding minimization and 
mitigation measures required under the terms of the permit for take that 
occurs prior to surrender of the permit and such minimization and 
mitigation measures as may be required pursuant to the termination 
provisions of an implementing agreement, habitat conservation plan, or 
permit even after surrendering the permit to the Service pursuant to 
Sec. 13.26 of this subchapter. The permit shall be deemed canceled only 
upon a determination by the Service that such minimization and 
mitigation measures have been implemented. Upon surrender of the permit, 
no further take shall be authorized under the terms of the surrendered 
permit.
    (8) Criteria for revocation. A permit issued under paragraph (b) of 
this section may not be revoked for any reason except those set forth in 
Sec. 13.28(a)(1) through (4) of this subchapter or unless continuation 
of the permitted activity would be inconsistent with the criterion set 
forth in 16 U.S.C. 1539(a)(2)(B)(iv) and the inconsistency has not been 
remedied.
    (c)(1) Application requirements for permits for the enhancement of 
survival through Safe Harbor Agreements. The applicant must submit an 
application for a permit under this paragraph (c) to the appropriate 
Regional Director, U.S.

[[Page 98]]

Fish and Wildlife Service, for the Region where the applicant resides or 
where the proposed activity is to occur (for appropriate addresses, see 
50 CFR 10.22), if the applicant wishes to engage in any activity 
prohibited by Sec. 17.21. The applicant must submit an official Service 
application form (3-200.54) that includes the following information:
    (i) The common and scientific names of the listed species for which 
the applicant requests incidental take authorization;
    (ii) A description of how incidental take of the listed species 
pursuant to the Safe Harbor Agreement is likely to occur, both as a 
result of management activities and as a result of the return to 
baseline; and
    (iii) A Safe Harbor Agreement that complies with the requirements of 
the Safe Harbor policy available from the Service.
    (2) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not to issue a permit. The Director shall consider the 
general issuance criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, except 
for Sec. 13.21(b)(4), and may issue the permit if he or she finds:
    (i) The take will be incidental to an otherwise lawful activity and 
will be in accordance with the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement;
    (ii) The implementation of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement is 
reasonably expected to provide a net conservation benefit to the 
affected listed species by contributing to the recovery of listed 
species included in the permit, and the Safe Harbor Agreement otherwise 
complies with the Safe Harbor policy available from the Service;
    (iii) The probable direct and indirect effects of any authorized 
take will not appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery 
in the wild of any listed species;
    (iv) Implementation of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement is 
consistent with applicable Federal, State, and Tribal laws and 
regulations;
    (v) Implementation of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement will 
not be in conflict with any ongoing conservation or recovery programs 
for listed species covered by the permit; and
    (vi) The applicant has shown capability for and commitment to 
implementing all of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to any applicable general permit 
conditions set forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued 
under this paragraph (c) is subject to the following special conditions:
    (i) A requirement for the participating property owner to notify the 
Service of any transfer of lands subject to a Safe Harbor Agreement;
    (ii) When appropriate, a requirement for the permittee to give the 
Service reasonable advance notice (generally at least 30 days) of when 
he or she expects to incidentally take any listed species covered under 
the permit. Such notification will provide the Service with an 
opportunity to relocate affected individuals of the species, if possible 
and appropriate; and
    (iii) Any additional requirements or conditions the Director deems 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the permit and the 
Safe Harbor Agreement.
    (4) Permit effective date. Permits issued under this paragraph (c) 
become effective the day of issuance for species covered by the Safe 
Harbor Agreement.
    (5) Assurances provided to permittee. (i) The assurances in 
paragraph (c)(5) (ii) of this section (c)(5) apply only to Safe Harbor 
permits issued in accordance with paragraph (c)(2) of this section where 
the Safe Harbor Agreement is being properly implemented, and apply only 
with respect to species covered by the Agreement and permit. These 
assurances cannot be provided to Federal agencies. The assurances 
provided in this section apply only to Safe Harbor permits issued after 
July 19, 1999.
    (ii) The Director and the permittee may agree to revise or modify 
the management measures set forth in a Safe Harbor Agreement if the 
Director determines that such revisions or modifications do not change 
the Director's prior determination that the Safe Harbor Agreement is 
reasonably expected to provide a net conservation benefit to

[[Page 99]]

the listed species. However, the Director may not require additional or 
different management activities to be undertaken by a permittee without 
the consent of the permittee.
    (6) Additional actions. Nothing in this rule will be construed to 
limit or constrain the Director, any Federal, State, local or Tribal 
government agency, or a private entity, from taking additional actions 
at its own expense to protect or conserve a species included in a Safe 
Harbor Agreement.
    (7) Criteria for revocation. The Director may not revoke a permit 
issued under paragraph (c) of this section except as provided in this 
paragraph. The Director may revoke a permit for any reason set forth in 
Sec. 13.28(a)(1) through (4) of this subchapter. The Director may revoke 
a permit if continuation of the permitted activity would either 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery in the wild 
of any listed species or directly or indirectly alter designated 
critical habitat such that it appreciably diminishes the value of that 
critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of a listed species. 
Before revoking a permit for either of the latter two reasons, the 
Director, with the consent of the permittee, will pursue all appropriate 
options to avoid permit revocation. These options may include, but are 
not limited to: extending or modifying the existing permit, capturing 
and relocating the species, compensating the landowner to forgo the 
activity, purchasing an easement or fee simple interest in the property, 
or arranging for a third-party acquisition of an interest in the 
property.
    (8) Duration of permits. The duration of permits issued under this 
paragraph (c) must be sufficient to provide a net conservation benefit 
to species covered in the enhancement of survival permit. In determining 
the duration of a permit, the Director will consider the duration of the 
planned activities, as well as the positive and negative effects 
associated with permits of the proposed duration on covered species, 
including the extent to which the conservation activities included in 
the Safe Harbor Agreement will enhance the survival and contribute to 
the recovery of listed species included in the permit.
    (d)(1) Application requirements for permits for the enhancement of 
survival through Candidate Conservation Agreements with Assurances 
(CCAAs). The applicant must submit an application for a permit under 
this paragraph (d) to the appropriate Regional Director, U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service, for the Region where the applicant resides or where 
the proposed activity is to occur (for appropriate addresses, see 50 CFR 
10.22). When a species covered by a (CCAA) is listed as endangered and 
the applicant wishes to engage in activities identified in the Agreement 
and otherwise prohibited by Sec. 17.31, the applicant must apply for an 
enhancement of survival permit for species covered by the Agreement. The 
permit will become valid if and when covered proposed, candidate or 
other unlisted species is listed as an endangered species. The applicant 
must submit an official Service application form (3-200.54) that 
includes the following information:
    (i) The common and scientific names of the species for which the 
applicant requests incidental take authorization;
    (ii) A description of the land use or water management activity for 
which the applicant requests incidental take authorization; and
    (iii) A CCAA that complies with the requirements of the CCAA with 
Assurances policy available from the Service.
    (2) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance with paragraph (d)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not to issue a permit. The Director shall consider the 
general issuance criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, except 
for Sec. 13.21(b)(4), and may issue the permit if he or she finds:
    (i) The take will be incidental to an otherwise lawful activity and 
will be in accordance with the terms of the CCAA;
    (ii) The implementation of the terms of the CCAA is reasonably 
expected to provide a net conservation benefit to the affected covered 
species by contributing to the conservation of the species included in 
the permit, and the CCAA otherwise complies with the Candidate 
Conservation Agreement with Assurances policy available from the 
Service;

[[Page 100]]

    (iii) The probable direct and indirect effects of any authorized 
take will not appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery 
in the wild of any species;
    (iv) Implementation of the terms of the CCAA is consistent with 
applicable Federal, State, and Tribal laws and regulations;
    (v) Implementation of the terms of the CCAA will not be in conflict 
with any ongoing conservation programs for species covered by the 
permit; and
    (vi) The applicant has shown capability for and commitment to 
implementing all of the terms of the CCAA.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to any applicable general permit 
conditions set forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued 
under this paragraph (d) is subject to the following special conditions:
    (i) A requirement for the property owner to notify the Service of 
any transfer of lands subject to a CCAA;
    (ii) When appropriate, a requirement for the permittee to give the 
Service reasonable advance notice (generally at least 30 days) of when 
he or she expects to incidentally take any listed species covered under 
the permit. Such notification will provide the Service with an 
opportunity to relocate affected individuals of the species, if possible 
and appropriate; and
    (iii) Any additional requirements or conditions the Director deems 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the permit and the 
CCAA.
    (4) Permit effective date. Permits issued under this paragraph (d) 
become effective for a species covered by a CCAA on the effective date 
of a final rule that lists a covered species as endangered.
    (5) Assurances provided to permittee in case of changed or 
unforeseen circumstances. The assurances in this paragraph (d)(5) apply 
only to permits issued in accordance with paragraph (d)(2) where the 
(CCAA) is being properly implemented, and apply only with respect to 
species adequately covered by the CCAA. These assurances cannot be 
provided to Federal agencies.
    (i) Changed circumstances provided for in the Agreement. If the 
Director determines that additional conservation measures are necessary 
to respond to changed circumstances and these measures were set forth in 
the Agreement, the permittee will implement the measures specified in 
the Agreement.
    (ii) Changed circumstances not provided for in the Agreement. If the 
Director determines that additional conservation measures not provided 
for in the Agreement are necessary to respond to changed circumstances, 
the Director will not require any conservation measures in addition to 
those provided for in the Agreement without the consent of the 
permittee, provided the Agreement is being properly implemented.
    (iii) Unforeseen circumstances. (A) In negotiating unforeseen 
circumstances, the Director will not require the commitment of 
additional land, water, or financial compensation or additional 
restrictions on the use of land, water, or other natural resources 
beyond the level otherwise agreed upon for the species covered by the 
Agreement without the consent of the permittee.
    (B) If the Director determines additional conservation measures are 
necessary to respond to unforeseen circumstances, the Director may 
require additional measures of the permittee where the Agreement is 
being properly implemented, but only if such measures maintain the 
original terms of the Agreement to the maximum extent possible. 
Additional conservation measures will not involve the commitment of 
additional land, water, or financial compensation or additional 
restrictions on the use of land, water, or other natural resources 
otherwise available for development or use under the original terms of 
the Agreement without the consent of the permittee.
    (C) The Director will have the burden of demonstrating that 
unforeseen circumstances exist, using the best scientific and commercial 
data available. These findings must be clearly documented and based upon 
reliable technical information regarding the status and habitat 
requirements of the affected species. The Director will consider, but 
not be limited to, the following factors:
    (1) Size of the current range of the affected species;
    (2) Percentage of range adversely affected by the Agreement;

[[Page 101]]

    (3) Percentage of range conserved by the Agreement;
    (4) Ecological significance of that portion of the range affected by 
the Agreement;
    (5) Level of knowledge about the affected species and the degree of 
specificity of the species' conservation program under the Agreement; 
and
    (6) Whether failure to adopt additional conservation measures would 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery of the 
affected species in the wild.
    (6) Additional actions. Nothing in this rule will be construed to 
limit or constrain the Director, any Federal, State, local or Tribal 
government agency, or a private entity, from taking additional actions 
at its own expense to protect or conserve a species included in a CCAA.
    (7) Criteria for revocation. The Director may not revoke a permit 
issued under paragraph (d) of this section except as provided in this 
paragraph. The Director may revoke a permit for any reason set forth in 
Sec. 13.28(a)(1) through (4) of this subchapter. The Director may revoke 
a permit if continuation of the permitted activity would either 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery in the wild 
of any listed species or directly or indirectly alter designated 
critical habitat such that it appreciably diminishes the value of that 
critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of a listed species. 
Before revoking a permit for either of the latter two reasons, the 
Director, with the consent of the permittee, will pursue all appropriate 
options to avoid permit revocation. These options may include, but are 
not limited to: extending or modifying the existing permit, capturing 
and relocating the species, compensating the landowner to forgo the 
activity, purchasing an easement or fee simple interest in the property, 
or arranging for a third-party acquisition of an interest in the 
property.
    (8) Duration. The duration of a CCAA covered by a permit issued 
under this paragraph (d) must be sufficient to achieve a net 
conservation benefit to the species covered by the permit and the 
Agreement and otherwise comply with the Candidate Conservation Agreement 
with Assurances policy available from the Service.
    (e) Objection to permit issuance. (1) In regard to any notice of a 
permit application published in the Federal Register, any interested 
party that objects to the issuance of a permit, in whole or in part, 
may, during the comment period specified in the notice, request 
notification of the final action to be taken on the application. A 
separate written request shall be made for each permit application. Such 
a request shall specify the Service's permit application number and 
state the reasons why that party believes the applicant does not meet 
the issuance criteria contained in Secs. 13.21 and 17.22 of this 
subchapter or other reasons why the permit should not be issued.
    (2) If the Service decides to issue a permit contrary to objections 
received pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this section, then the Service 
shall, at least ten days prior to issuance of the permit, make 
reasonable efforts to contact by telephone or other expedient means, any 
party who has made a request pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section and inform that party of the issuance of the permit. However, 
the Service may reduce the time period or dispense with such notice if 
it determines that time is of the essence and that delay in issuance of 
the permit would: (i) Harm the specimen or population involved; or (ii) 
unduly hinder the actions authorized under the permit.
    (3) The Service will notify any party filing an objection and 
request for notice under paragraph (c)(1) of this section of the final 
action taken on the application, in writing. If the Service has reduced 
or dispensed with the notice period referred to in paragraph (c)(2) of 
this section, it will include its reasons therefore in such written 
notice.

[50 FR 39687, Sept. 30, 1985, as amended at 63 FR 8871, Feb. 23, 1998; 
63 FR 52635, Oct. 1, 1998; 64 FR 32711, June 17, 1999; 64 FR 52676, 
Sept. 30, 1999; 69 FR 24092, May 3, 2004; 69 FR 29670, May 25, 2004; 69 
FR 71731, Dec. 10, 2004; 81 FR 95055, Dec. 27, 2016]



Sec. 17.23  Economic hardship permits.

    Upon receipt of a complete application, the Director may issue a 
permit

[[Page 102]]

authorizing any activity otherwise prohibited by Sec. 17.21, in 
accordance with the issuance criteria of this section in order to 
prevent undue economic hardship. The Director shall publish notice in 
the Federal Register of each application for a permit that is made under 
this section. Each notice shall invite the submission from interested 
parties, within 30 days after the date of the notice, of written data, 
views, or arguments with respect to the application. The 30-day period 
may be waived by the Director in an emergency situation where the life 
or health of an endangered animal is threatened and no reasonable 
alternative is available to the applicant. Notice of any such waiver 
shall be published in the Federal Register within 10 days following 
issuance of the permit.
    (a) Application requirements. Applications for permits under this 
section must be submitted to the Director by the person allegedly 
suffering undue economic hardship because his desired activity is 
prohibited by Sec. 17.21. Each application must be submitted on an 
official application form (Form 3-200) provided by the Service, and must 
include, as an attachment, all of the information required in Sec. 17.22 
plus the following additional information:
    (1) The possible legal, economic or subsistence alternatives to the 
activity sought to be authorized by the permit;
    (2) A full statement, accompanied by copies of all relevant 
contracts and correspondence, showing the appli- cant's involvement with 
the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit (as well as his 
involvement with similar wildlife), including, where applicable, that 
portion of applicant's income derived from the taking of such wildlife, 
or the subsistence use of such wildlife, during the calendar year 
immediately preceding either the notice in the Federal Register of 
review of the status of the species or of the proposal to list such 
wildlife as endangered, whichever is earliest;
    (3) Where applicable, proof of a contract or other binding legal 
obligation which:
    (i) Deals specifically with the wildlife sought to be covered by the 
permit;
    (ii) Became binding prior to the date when the notice of a review of 
the status of the species or the notice of proposed rulemaking proposing 
to list such wildlife as endangered was published in the Federal 
Register, whichever is earlier; and
    (iii) Will cause monetary loss of a given dollar amount if the 
permit sought under this section is not granted.
    (b) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance with paragraph (a) of this section, the Director will decide 
whether or not a permit should be issued under any of the three 
categories of economic hardship, as defined in section 10(b)(2) of the 
Act. In making his decisions, the Director shall consider, in addition 
to the general criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, the 
following factors:
    (1) Whether the purpose for which the permit is being requested is 
adequate to justify removing from the wild or otherwise changing the 
status of the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit;
    (2) The probable direct and indirect effect which issuing the permit 
would have on the wild populations of the wildlife sought to be covered 
by the permit;
    (3) The economic, legal, subsistence, or other alternatives or 
relief available to the applicant;
    (4) The amount of evidence that the applicant was in fact party to a 
contract or other binding legal obligation which;
    (i) Deals specifically with the wildlife sought to be covered by the 
permit; and
    (ii) Became binding prior to the date when the notice of a review of 
the status of the species or the notice of proposed rulemaking proposing 
to list such wildlife as endangered was published in the Federal 
Register, whichever is earlier.
    (5) The severity of economic hardship which the contract or other 
binding legal obligation referred to in paragraph (b)(4) of this section 
would cause if the permit were denied;
    (6) Where applicable, the portion of the applicant's income which 
would be lost if the permit were denied, and the relationship of that 
portion to the balance of his income;

[[Page 103]]

    (7) Where applicable, the nature and extent of subsistence taking 
generally by the applicant; and
    (8) The likelihood that applicant can reasonably carry out his 
desired activity within one year from the date a notice is published in 
the Federal Register to review status of such wildlife, or to list such 
wildlife as endangered, whichever is earlier.
    (c) Permit conditions. In addition to the general conditions set 
forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued under this 
section shall be subject to the following special conditions:
    (1) In addition to any reporting requirements contained in the 
permit itself, the permittee shall also submit to the Director a written 
report of his activities pursuant to the permit. Such report must be 
postmarked or actually delivered no later than 10 days after completion 
of the activity.
    (2) The death or escape of all living wildlife covered by the permit 
shall be immediately reported to the Service's office designated in the 
permit.
    (d) Duration of permits issued under this section shall be 
designated on the face of the permit. No permit issued under this 
section, however, shall be valid for more than one year from the date a 
notice is published in the Federal Register to review status of such 
wildlife, or to list such wildlife as endangered, whichever is earlier.

[40 FR 44415, Sept. 26, 1975, as amended at 40 FR 53400, Nov. 18, 1975; 
40 FR 58307, Dec. 16, 1975; 50 FR 39688, Sept. 30, 1985]



                      Subpart D_Threatened Wildlife



Sec. 17.31  Prohibitions.

    (a) Except as provided in subpart A of this part, or in a permit 
issued under this subpart, all of the provisions in Sec. 17.21 shall 
apply to threatened wildlife, except Sec. 17.21(c)(5).
    (b) In addition to any other provisions of this part 17, any 
employee or agent of the Service, of the National Marine Fisheries 
Service, or of a State conservation agency which is operating a 
conservation program pursuant to the terms of a Cooperative Agreement 
with the Service in accordance with section 6(c) of the Act, who is 
designated by his agency for such purposes, may, when acting in the 
course of his official duties, take those threatened species of wildlife 
which are covered by an approved cooperative agreement to carry out 
conservation programs.
    (c) Whenever a special rule in Secs. 17.40 to 17.48 applies to a 
threatened species, none of the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of 
this section will apply. The special rule will contain all the 
applicable prohibitions and exceptions.

[43 FR 18181, Apr. 28, 1978, as amended at 44 FR 31580, May 31, 1979; 70 
FR 10503, Mar. 4, 2005]



Sec. 17.32  Permits--general.

    Upon receipt of a complete application the Director may issue a 
permit for any activity otherwise prohibited with regard to threatened 
wildlife. Such permit shall be governed by the provisions of this 
section unless a special rule applicable to the wildlife, appearing in 
Secs. 17.40 to 17.48, of this part provides otherwise. Permits issued 
under this section must be for one of the following purposes: Scientific 
purposes, or the enhancement of propagation or survival, or economic 
hardship, or zoological exhibition, or educational purposes, or 
incidental taking, or special purposes consistent with the purposes of 
the Act. Such permits may authorize a single transaction, a series of 
transactions, or a number of activities over a specific period of time.
    (a)(1) Application requirements for permits for scientific purposes, 
or the enhancement of propagation or survival, or economic hardship, or 
zoological exhibition, or educational purposes, or special purposes 
consistent with the purposes of the Act. A person wishing to get a 
permit for an activity prohibited by Sec. 17.31 submits an application 
for activities under this paragraph. The Service provides Form 3-200 for 
the application to which as much of the following information relating 
to the purpose of the permit must be attached:
    (i) The Common and scientific names of the species sought to be 
covered by the permit, as well as the number, age, and sex of such 
species, and the activity sought to be authorized (such as taking, 
exporting, selling in interstate commerce);
    (ii) A statement as to whether, at the time of application, the 
wildlife sought

[[Page 104]]

to be covered by the permit (A) is still in the wild, (B) has already 
been removed from the wild, or (C) was born in captivity;
    (iii) A resume of the applicant's attempts to obtain the wildlife 
sought to be covered by the permit in a manner which would not cause the 
death or removal from the wild of such wildlife;
    (iv) If the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit has already 
been removed from the wild, the country and place where such removal 
occurred; if the wildlife sought to be covered by permit was born in 
captivity, the country and place where such wildlife was born;
    (v) A complete description and address of the institution or other 
facility where the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit will be 
used, displayed, or maintained;
    (vi) If the applicant seeks to have live wildlife covered by the 
permit, a complete description, including photographs or diagrams, of 
the facilities to house and/or care for the wildlife and a resume of the 
experience of those persons who will be caring for the wildlife;
    (vii) A full statement of the reasons why the applicant is justified 
in obtaining a permit including the details of the activities sought to 
be authorized by the permit;
    (viii) If the application is for the purpose of enhancement of 
propagation, a statement of the applicant's willingness to participate 
in a cooperative breeding program and to maintain or contribute data to 
a studbook;
    (2) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance with paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not a permit should be issued. In making this 
decision, the Director shall consider, in addition to the general 
criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, the following factors:
    (i) Whether the purpose for which the permit is required is adequate 
to justify removing from the wild or otherwise changing the status of 
the wildlife sought to be covered by the permit;
    (ii) The probable direct and indirect effect which issuing the 
permit would have on the wild populations of the wildlife sought to be 
covered by the permit;
    (iii) Whether the permit, if issued, would in any way, directly or 
indirectly, conflict with any known program intended to enhance the 
survival probabilities of the population from which the wildlife sought 
to be covered by the permit was or would be removed;
    (iv) Whether the purpose for which the permit is required would be 
likely to reduce the threat of extinction facing the species of wildlife 
sought to be covered by the permit;
    (v) The opinions or views of scientists or other persons or 
organizations having expertise concerning the wildlife or other matters 
germane to the application; and
    (vi) Whether the expertise, facilities, or other resources available 
to the applicant appear adequate to successfully accomplish the 
objectives stated in the application.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to the general conditions set 
forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued under this 
paragraph shall be subject to the special condition that the escape of 
living wildlife covered by the permit shall be immediately reported to 
the Service office designated in the permit.
    (4) Duration of permits. The duration of permits issued under this 
paragraph shall be designated on the face of the permit.
    (b)(1) Application requirements for permits for incidental taking. 
(i) A person wishing to get a permit for an activity prohibited by 
Sec. 17.31 submits an application for activities under this paragraph.
    (ii) The director shall publish notice in the Federal Register of 
each application for a permit that is made under this section. Each 
notice shall invite the submission from interested parties, within 30 
days after the date of the notice, of written data, views, or arguments 
with respect to the application.
    (iii) Each application must be submitted on an official application 
(Form 3-200) provided by the Service, and must include as an attachment, 
all of the following information:
    (A) A complete description of the activity sought to be authorized;
    (B) The common and scientific names of the species sought to be 
covered by

[[Page 105]]

the permit, as well as the number, age, and sex of such species, if 
known;
    (C) A conservation plan that specifies:
    (1) The impact that will likely result from such taking;
    (2) What steps the applicant will take to monitor, minimize, and 
mitigate such impacts, the funding that will be available to implement 
such steps, and the procedures to be used to deal with unforeseen 
circumstances;
    (3) What alternative actions to such taking the applicant considered 
and the reasons why such alternatives are not proposed to be utilized; 
and
    (4) Such other measures that the Director may require as being 
necessary or appropriate for purposes of the plan.
    (2) Issuance criteria. (i) Upon receiving an application completed 
in accordance with paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not a permit should be issued. The Director shall 
consider the general issuance criteria in 13.21(b) of this subchapter, 
except for 13.21(b)(4), and shall issue the permit if he or she finds 
that:
    (A) The taking will be incidental;
    (B) The applicant will, to the maximum extent practicable, minimize 
and mitigate the impacts of such takings;
    (C) The applicant will ensure that adequate funding for the 
conservation plan and procedures to deal with unforeseen circumstances 
will be provided;
    (D) The taking will not appreciably reduce the likelihood of the 
survival and recovery of the species in the wild;
    (E) The measures, if any, required under paragraph (b)(1)(iii)(D) of 
this section will be met; and
    (F) He or she has received such other assurances as he or she may 
require that the plan will be implemented.
    (ii) In making his or her decision, the Director shall also consider 
the anticipated duration and geographic scope of the applicant's planned 
activities, including the amount of listed species habitat that is 
involved and the degree to which listed species and their habitats are 
affected.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to the general conditions set 
forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued under this 
paragraph shall contain such terms and conditions as the Director deems 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the permit and the 
conservation plan including, but not limited to, monitoring and 
reporting requirements deemed necessary for determining whether such 
terms and conditions are being complied with. The Director shall rely 
upon existing reporting requirements to the maximum extent practicable.
    (4) Duration of permits. The duration of permits issued under this 
paragraph shall be sufficient to provide adequate assurances to the 
permittee to commit funding necessary for the activities authorized by 
the permit, including conservation activities and land use restrictions. 
In determining the duration of a permit, the Director shall consider the 
duration of the planned activities, as well as the possible positive and 
negative effects associated with permits of the proposed duration on 
listed species, including the extent to which the conservation plan will 
enhance the habitat of listed species and increase the long-term 
survivability of such species.
    (5) Assurances provided to permittee in case of changed or 
unforeseen circumstances. The assurances in this paragraph (b)(5) apply 
only to incidental take permits issued in accordance with paragraph 
(b)(2) of this section where the conservation plan is being properly 
implemented, and apply only with respect to species adequately covered 
by the conservation plan. These assurances cannot be provided to Federal 
agencies. This rule does not apply to incidental take permits issued 
prior to March 25, 1998. The assurances provided in incidental take 
permits issued prior to March 25, 1998 remain in effect, and those 
permits will not be revised as a result of this rulemaking.
    (i) Changed circumstances provided for in the plan. If additional 
conservation and mitigation measures are deemed necessary to respond to 
changed circumstances and were provided for in the plan's operating 
conservation program, the permittee will implement the measures 
specified in the plan.
    (ii) Changed circumstances not provided for in the plan. If 
additional conservation and mitigation measures are deemed necessary to 
respond to changed circumstances and such measures were not provided for 
in the plan's

[[Page 106]]

operating conservation program, the Director will not require any 
conservation and mitigation measures in addition to those provided for 
in the plan without the consent of the permittee, provided the plan is 
being properly implemented.
    (iii) Unforeseen circumstances. (A) In negotiating unforeseen 
circumstances, the Director will not require the commitment of 
additional land, water, or financial compensation or additional 
restrictions on the use of land, water, or other natural resources 
beyond the level otherwise agreed upon for the species covered by the 
conservation plan without the consent of the permittee.
    (B) If additional conservation and mitigation measures are deemed 
necessary to respond to unforeseen circumstances, the Director may 
require additional measures of the permittee where the conservation plan 
is being properly implemented, but only if such measures are limited to 
modifications within conserved habitat areas, if any, or to the 
conservation plan's operating conservation program for the affected 
species, and maintain the original terms of the conservation plan to the 
maximum extent possible. Additional conservation and mitigation measures 
will not involve the commitment of additional land, water or financial 
compensation or additional restrictions on the use of land, water, or 
other natural resources otherwise available for development or use under 
the original terms of the conservation plan without the consent of the 
permittee.
    (C) The Director will have the burden of demonstrating that such 
unforeseen circumstances exist, using the best scientific and commercial 
data available. These findings must be clearly documented and based upon 
reliable technical information regarding the status and habitat 
requirements of the affected species. The Director will consider, but 
not be limited to, the following factors:
    (1) Size of the current range of the affected species;
    (2) Percentage of range adversely affected by the conservation plan;
    (3) Percentage of range conserved by the conservation plan;
    (4) Ecological significance of that portion of the range affected by 
the conservation plan;
    (5) Level of knowledge about the affected species and the degree of 
specificity of the species' conservation program under the conservation 
plan; and
    (6) Whether failure to adopt additional conservation measures would 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery of the 
affected species in the wild.
    (6) Nothing in this rule will be construed to limit or constrain the 
Director, any Federal, State, local, or Tribal government agency, or a 
private entity, from taking additional actions at its own expense to 
protect or conserve a species included in a conservation plan.
    (7) Discontinuance of permit activity. Notwithstanding the 
provisions of Sec. 13.26 of this subchapter, a permittee under this 
paragraph (b) remains responsible for any outstanding minimization and 
mitigation measures required under the terms of the permit for take that 
occurs prior to surrender of the permit and such minimization and 
mitigation measures as may be required pursuant to the termination 
provisions of an implementing agreement, habitat conservation plan, or 
permit even after surrendering the permit to the Service pursuant to 
Sec. 13.26 of this subchapter. The permit shall be deemed canceled only 
upon a determination by the Service that such minimization and 
mitigation measures have been implemented. Upon surrender of the permit, 
no further take shall be authorized under the terms of the surrendered 
permit.
    (8) Criteria for revocation. A permit issued under paragraph (b) of 
this section may not be revoked for any reason except those set forth in 
Sec. 13.28(a)(1) through (4) of this subchapter or unless continuation 
of the permitted activity would be inconsistent with the criterion set 
forth in 16 U.S.C. 1539(a)(2)(B)(iv) and the inconsistency has not been 
remedied.
    (c)(1) Application requirements for permits for the enhancement of 
survival through Safe Harbor Agreements. The applicant must submit an 
application for a permit under this paragraph (c) to the appropriate 
Regional Director, U.S.

[[Page 107]]

Fish and Wildlife Service, for the Region where the applicant resides or 
where the proposed action is to occur (for appropriate addresses, see 50 
CFR 10.22), if the applicant wishes to engage in any activity prohibited 
by Sec. 17.31. The applicant must submit an official Service application 
form (3-200.54) that includes the following information:
    (i) The common and scientific names of the listed species for which 
the applicant requests incidental take authorization;
    (ii) A description of how incidental take of the covered species 
pursuant to the Safe Harbor Agreement is likely to occur, both as a 
result of management activities and as a result of the return to 
baseline;
    (iii) A Safe Harbor Agreement that complies with the requirements of 
the Safe Harbor policy available from the Service; and
    (iv) The Director must publish notice in the Federal Register of 
each application for a permit that is made under this paragraph (c). 
Each notice must invite the submission from interested parties within 30 
days after the date of the notice of written data, views, or arguments 
with respect to the application. The procedures included in 
Sec. 17.22(e) for permit objection apply to any notice published by the 
Director under this paragraph (c).
    (2) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the Director will 
decide whether or not to issue a permit. The Director shall consider the 
general issuance criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, except 
for Sec. 13.21(b)(4), and may issue the permit if he or she finds:
    (i) The take will be incidental to an otherwise lawful activity and 
will be in accordance with the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement;
    (ii) The implementation of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement is 
reasonably expected to provide a net conservation benefit to the 
affected listed species by contributing to the recovery of listed 
species included in the permit, and the Safe Harbor Agreement otherwise 
complies with the Safe Harbor policy available from the Service;
    (iii) The probable direct and indirect effects of any authorized 
take will not appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery 
in the wild of any listed species;
    (iv) Implementation of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement is 
consistent with applicable Federal, State, and Tribal laws and 
regulations;
    (v) Implementation of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement will 
not be in conflict with any ongoing conservation or recovery programs 
for listed species covered by the permit; and
    (vi) The applicant has shown capability for and commitment to 
implementing all of the terms of the Safe Harbor Agreement.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to any applicable general permit 
conditions set forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued 
under this paragraph (c) is subject to the following special conditions:
    (i) A requirement for the participating property owner to notify the 
Service of any transfer of lands subject to a Safe Harbor Agreement;
    (ii) When appropriate, a requirement for the permittee to give the 
Service reasonable advance notice (generally at least 30 days) of when 
he or she expects to incidentally take any listed species covered under 
the permit. Such notification will provide the Service with an 
opportunity to relocate affected individuals of the species, if possible 
and appropriate; and
    (iii) Any additional requirements or conditions the Director deems 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the permit and the 
Safe Harbor Agreement.
    (4) Permit effective date. Permits issued under this paragraph (c) 
become effective the day of issuance for species covered by the Safe 
Harbor Agreement.
    (5) Assurances provided to permittee. (i) The assurances in 
subparagraph (ii) of this paragraph (c)(5) apply only to Safe Harbor 
permits issued in accordance with paragraph (c)(2) of this section where 
the Safe Harbor Agreement is being properly implemented, and apply only 
with respect to species covered by the Agreement and permit. These 
assurances cannot be provided to Federal agencies. The assurances 
provided in this section apply only to Safe Harbor permits issued after 
July 19, 1999.

[[Page 108]]

    (ii) The Director and the permittee may agree to revise or modify 
the management measures set forth in a Safe Harbor Agreement if the 
Director determines that such revisions or modifications do not change 
the Director's prior determination that the Safe Harbor Agreement is 
reasonably expected to provide a net conservation benefit to the listed 
species. However, the Director may not require additional or different 
management activities to be undertaken by a permittee without the 
consent of the permittee.
    (6) Additional actions. Nothing in this rule will be construed to 
limit or constrain the Director, any Federal, State, local or Tribal 
government agency, or a private entity, from taking additional actions 
at its own expense to protect or conserve a species included in a Safe 
Harbor Agreement.
    (7) Criteria for revocation. The Director may not revoke a permit 
issued under paragraph (c) of this section except as provided in this 
paragraph. The Director may revoke a permit for any reason set forth in 
Sec. 13.28(a)(1) through (4) of this subchapter. The Director may revoke 
a permit if continuation of the permitted activity would either 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery in the wild 
of any listed species or directly or indirectly alter designated 
critical habitat such that it appreciably diminishes the value of that 
critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of a listed species. 
Before revoking a permit for either of the latter two reasons, the 
Director, with the consent of the permittee, will pursue all appropriate 
options to avoid permit revocation. These options may include, but are 
not limited to: extending or modifying the existing permit, capturing 
and relocating the species, compensating the landowner to forgo the 
activity, purchasing an easement or fee simple interest in the property, 
or arranging for a third-party acquisition of an interest in the 
property.
    (8) Duration of permits. The duration of permits issued under this 
paragraph (c) must be sufficient to provide a net conservation benefit 
to species covered in the enhancement of survival permit. In determining 
the duration of a permit, the Director will consider the duration of the 
planned activities, as well as the positive and negative effects 
associated with permits of the proposed duration on covered species, 
including the extent to which the conservation activities included in 
the Safe Harbor Agreement will enhance the survival and contribute to 
the recovery of listed species included in the permit.
    (d)(1) Application requirements for permits for the enhancement of 
survival through Candidate Conservation Agreements with Assurances 
(CCAAs). The applicant must submit an application for a permit under 
this paragraph (d) to the appropriate Regional Director, U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service, for the Region where the applicant resides or where 
the proposed activity is to occur (for appropriate addresses, see 50 CFR 
10.22). When a species covered by a CCAA is listed as threatened and the 
applicant wishes to engage in activities identified in the Agreement and 
otherwise prohibited by Sec. 17.31, the applicant must apply for an 
enhancement of survival permit for species covered by the Agreement. The 
permit will become valid if and when covered proposed, candidate or 
other unlisted species is listed as a threatened species. The applicant 
must submit an official Service application form (3-200.54) that 
includes the following information:
    (i) The common and scientific names of the species for which the 
applicant requests incidental take authorization;
    (ii) A description of the land use or water management activity for 
which the applicant requests incidental take authorization; and
    (iii) A CCAA that complies with the requirements of the CCAA with 
Assurances policy available from the Service.
    (iv) The Director must publish notice in the Federal Register of 
each application for a permit that is made under this paragraph (d). 
Each notice must invite the submission from interested parties within 30 
days after the date of the notice of written data, views, or arguments 
with respect to the application. The procedures included in 
Sec. 17.22(e) for permit objection apply to any notice published by the 
Director under this paragraph (d).
    (2) Issuance criteria. Upon receiving an application completed in 
accordance

[[Page 109]]

with paragraph (d)(1) of this section, the Director will decide whether 
or not to issue a permit. The Director shall consider the general 
issuance criteria in Sec. 13.21(b) of this subchapter, except for 
Sec. 13.21(b)(4), and may issue the permit if he or she finds:
    (i) The take will be incidental to an otherwise lawful activity and 
will be in accordance with the terms of the CCAA;
    (ii) The implementation of the terms of the CCAA is reasonably 
expected to provide a net conservation benefit to the affected covered 
species by contributing to the conservation of the species included in 
the permit, and the CCAA otherwise complies with the Candidate 
Conservation Agreement with Assurances policy available from the 
Service;
    (iii) The probable direct and indirect effects of any authorized 
take will not appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery 
in the wild of any species;
    (iv) Implementation of the terms of the CCAA is consistent with 
applicable Federal, State, and Tribal laws and regulations;
    (v) Implementation of the terms of the CCAA will not be in conflict 
with any ongoing conservation programs for species covered by the 
permit; and
    (vi) The applicant has shown capability for and commitment to 
implementing all of the terms of the Candidate Conservation Agreement.
    (3) Permit conditions. In addition to any applicable general permit 
conditions set forth in part 13 of this subchapter, every permit issued 
under this paragraph (d) is subject to the following special conditions:
    (i) A requirement for the property owner to notify the Service of 
any transfer of lands subject to a CCAA;
    (ii) When appropriate, a requirement for the permittee to give the 
Service reasonable advance notice (generally at least 30 days) of when 
he or she expects to incidentally take any listed species covered under 
the permit. Such notification will provide the Service with an 
opportunity to relocate affected individuals of the species, if possible 
and appropriate; and
    (iii) Any additional requirements or conditions the Director deems 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the permit and the 
CCAA.
    (4) Permit effective date. Permits issued under this paragraph (d) 
become effective for a species covered by a CCAA on the effective date 
of a final rule that lists a covered species as threatened.
    (5) Assurances provided to permittee in case of changed or 
unforeseen circumstances. The assurances in this paragraph (d)(5) apply 
only to permits issued in accordance with paragraph (d)(2) where the 
CCAA is being properly implemented, and apply only with respect to 
species adequately covered by the CCAA. These assurances cannot be 
provided to Federal agencies.
    (i) Changed circumstances provided for in the Agreement. If the 
Director determines that additional conservation measures are necessary 
to respond to changed circumstances and these measures were set forth in 
the Agreement, the permittee will implement the measures specified in 
the Agreement.
    (ii) Changed circumstances not provided for in the Agreement. If the 
Director determines that additional conservation measures not provided 
for in the Agreement are necessary to respond to changed circumstances, 
the Director will not require any conservation measures in addition to 
those provided for in the Agreement without the consent of the 
permittee, provided the Agreement is being properly implemented.
    (iii) Unforeseen circumstances. (A) In negotiating unforeseen 
circumstances, the Director will not require the commitment of 
additional land, water, or financial compensation or additional 
restrictions on the use of land, water, or other natural resources 
beyond the level otherwise agreed upon for the species covered by the 
Agreement without the consent of the permittee.
    (B) If the Director determines additional conservation measures are 
necessary to respond to unforeseen circumstances, the Director may 
require additional measures of the permittee where the Agreement is 
being properly implemented, but only if such measures maintain the 
original terms of the Agreement to the maximum extent possible. 
Additional conservation

[[Page 110]]

measures will not involve the commitment of additional land, water, or 
financial compensation or additional restrictions on the use of land, 
water, or other natural resources otherwise available for development or 
use under the original terms of the Agreement without the consent of the 
permittee.
    (C) The Director will have the burden of demonstrating that 
unforeseen circumstances exist, using the best scientific and commercial 
data available. These findings must be clearly documented and based upon 
reliable technical information regarding the status and habitat 
requirements of the affected species. The Director will consider, but 
not be limited to, the following factors:
    (1) Size of the current range of the affected species;
    (2) Percentage of range adversely affected by the Agreement;
    (3) Percentage of range conserved by the Agreement;
    (4) Ecological significance of that portion of the range affected by 
the Agreement;
    (5) Level of knowledge about the affected species and the degree of 
specificity of the species' conservation program under the Agreement; 
and
    (6) Whether failure to adopt additional conservation measures would 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery of the 
affected species in the wild.
    (6) Additional actions. Nothing in this rule will be construed to 
limit or constrain the Director, any Federal, State, local or Tribal 
government agency, or a private entity, from taking additional actions 
at its own expense to protect or conserve a species included in a CCAA.
    (7) Criteria for revocation. The Director may not revoke a permit 
issued under paragraph (d) of this section except as provided in this 
paragraph. The Director may revoke a permit for any reason set forth in 
Sec. 13.28(a)(1) through (4) of this subchapter. The Director may revoke 
a permit if continuation of the permitted activity would either 
appreciably reduce the likelihood of survival and recovery in the wild 
of any listed species or directly or indirectly alter designated 
critical habitat such that it appreciably diminishes the value of that 
critical habitat for both the survival and recovery of a listed species. 
Before revoking a permit for either of the latter two reasons, the 
Director, with the consent of the permittee, will pursue all appropriate 
options to avoid permit revocation. These options may include, but are 
not limited to: extending or modifying the existing permit, capturing 
and relocating the species, compensating the landowner to forgo the 
activity, purchasing an easement or fee simple interest in the property, 
or arranging for a third-party acquisition of an interest in the 
property.
    (8) Duration. The duration of a CCAA covered by a permit issued 
under this paragraph (d) must be sufficient to achieve a net 
conservation benefit to the species covered by the permit and the 
Agreement and otherwise comply with the Candidate Conservation Agreement 
with Assurances policy available from the Service.

[50 FR 39689, Sept. 30, 1985, as amended at 63 FR 8871, Feb. 23, 1998; 
63 FR 52635, Oct. 1, 1998; 64 FR 32714, June 17, 1999; 64 FR 52676, 
Sept. 30, 1999; 69 FR 24093, May 3, 2004; 69 FR 29670, May 25, 2004; 69 
FR 71731, Dec. 10, 2004; 81 FR 95055, Dec. 27, 2016]



Sec. 17.40  Special rules--mammals.

    (a) Mazama pocket gophers (Olympia, Roy Prairie, Tenino, and Yelm) 
(Thomomys mazama pugetensis, glacialis, tumuli, and yelmensis)--(1) 
Which populations of the Mazama pocket gopher are covered by this 
special rule? This special rule covers the four Thurston/Pierce 
subspecies of the Mazama pocket gopher (Olympia, Roy Prairie, Tenino, 
and Yelm) (Thomomys mazama pugetensis, glacialis, tumuli, and yelmensis) 
wherever they occur.
    (2) What activities are prohibited? Except as noted in paragraphs 
(a)(3) through (7) of this section, all prohibitions of Sec. 17.31 apply 
to the Olympia, Roy Prairie, Tenino, and Yelm pocket gophers.
    (3) What activities are allowed on civilian airports? Incidental 
take of the Olympia, Roy Prairie, Tenino, and Yelm pocket gophers will 
not be a violation of section 9 of the Act, if the incidental take 
results from non-Federal routine maintenance activities in or adjacent 
to Mazama pocket gopher

[[Page 111]]

habitat and associated with airport operations on civilian airports. 
Routine maintenance activities include the following:
    (i) Routine management, repair, and maintenance of runways, roads, 
and taxiways (does not include upgrades, or construction of new runways, 
roads, or taxiways, or new development at airports);
    (ii) Hazing of hazardous wildlife;
    (iii) Management of forage, water, and shelter to reduce the 
attractiveness of the area around airports for hazardous wildlife; and
    (iv) Control or other management of noxious weeds and invasive 
plants through mowing, discing, herbicide and fungicide application, 
fumigation, or burning. Use of herbicides, fungicides, fumigation, and 
burning must occur in such a way that nontarget plants are avoided to 
the maximum extent practicable.
    (4) What agricultural activities are allowed on non-Federal lands? 
Incidental take of the Olympia, Roy Prairie, Tenino, and Yelm pocket 
gophers will not be a violation of section 9 of the Act, if the 
incidental take results from agricultural or horticultural (farming) 
practices implemented on such lands consistent with State laws on non-
Federal lands. For the purposes of this special rule, farm means any 
facility, including land, buildings, watercourses, and appurtenances, 
used in the commercial production of crops, nursery or orchard stock, 
the propagation and raising of nursery or orchard stock, livestock or 
poultry, or livestock or poultry products.
    (i) For the purposes of this special rule, an agricultural (farming) 
practice means a mode of operation on a farm that:
    (A) Is or may be used on a farm of a similar nature;
    (B) Is a generally accepted, reasonable, and prudent method for the 
operation of the farm to obtain a profit in money;
    (C) Is or may become a generally accepted, reasonable, and prudent 
method in conjunction with farm use;
    (D) Complies with applicable State laws;
    (E) Is done in a reasonable and prudent manner.
    (ii) Accepted agricultural or horticultural (farming) practices 
include:
    (A) Grazing;
    (B) Routine installation, management, and maintenance of stock water 
facilities such as stock ponds, berms, troughs, and tanks, pipelines and 
watering systems to maintain water supplies;
    (C) Routine maintenance or construction of fencing;
    (D) Planting, harvest, fertilization, harrowing, tilling, or 
rotation of crops (Disturbance to the soils shall not exceed a 12-inch 
(30.5-cm) depth. All activities that do not disturb the soil surface are 
also allowed, such as haying, baling, some orchard and berry plant 
management activities, etc.);
    (E) Maintenance of livestock management facilities such as corrals, 
sheds, and other ranch outbuildings;
    (F) Repair and maintenance of unimproved agricultural roads (This 
exemption does not include improvement, upgrade, or construction of new 
roads.);
    (G) Placement of mineral supplements, plant nutrients, or soil 
amendments;
    (H) Harvest, control, or other management of noxious weeds and 
invasive plants through mowing, discing, herbicide and fungicide 
application, fumigation, or burning (Use of herbicides, fungicides, 
fumigation, and burning must occur in such a way that nontarget plants 
are avoided to the maximum extent practicable.); and
    (I) Deep tillage (usually at depths of 18-36 inches (45.7-91.4 cm), 
for compaction reduction purposes) occurring between September 1 and 
February 28, no more often than once in 10 years.
    (5) What noncommercial activities are allowed on single-family 
residential private land? Incidental take of the Olympia, Roy Prairie, 
Tenino, and Yelm pocket gophers will not be a violation of section 9 of 
the Act, if the incidental take results from noncommercial activities 
that occur in or adjacent to Mazama pocket gopher habitat on existing 
single-family residential properties. These activities include the 
following:
    (i) Harvest, control, or other management of noxious weeds and 
invasive plants through mowing, herbicide and fungicide application, 
fumigation, or

[[Page 112]]

burning. Use of herbicides, fungicides, fumigation, and burning must 
occur in such a way that nontarget plants are avoided to the maximum 
extent practicable;
    (ii) Construction and placement of fencing, garden plots, or play 
equipment; and
    (iii) Construction and placement of dog kennels, carports, or 
storage sheds less than 120 ft\2\ (11.15 m\2\) in size.
    (6) What noxious weed and invasive plant control activities are 
allowed on non-Federal lands? Incidental take of the Olympia, Roy 
Prairie, Tenino, and Yelm pocket gophers will not be a violation of 
section 9 of the Act, if the incidental take results from routine 
removal or other management of noxious weeds and invasive plants. 
Routine removal or other management of noxious weeds and invasive plants 
are limited to the following, and must be conducted in a way that 
impacts to nontarget plants are avoided to the maximum extent 
practicable:
    (i) Mowing;
    (ii) Discing;
    (iii) Herbicide and fungicide application;
    (iv) Fumigation; and
    (v) Burning.
    (7) What roadside right-of-way maintenance activities are allowed on 
Federal and non-Federal lands? Incidental take of the Olympia, Roy 
Prairie, Tenino, and Yelm pocket gophers will not be a violation of 
section 9 of the Act, if the incidental take results from routine 
maintenance of roadside rights-of-way on Federal and non-Federal lands. 
Routine maintenance activities of roadside rights-of-way of highways and 
roads are limited to the following, and must be conducted in a way that 
impacts to nontarget plants are avoided to the maximum extent 
practicable:
    (i) Mowing;
    (ii) Mechanical removal of noxious weeds or invasive plants;
    (iii) Selective application of herbicides for removal of noxious 
weeds or invasive plants; and
    (iv) Repair or maintenance of fences.
    (b) Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis)--(1) Prohibitions. The 
following prohibitions apply to the grizzly bear:
    (i) Taking. (A) Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(1)(i)(B) 
through (F) of this section, no person shall take any grizzly bear in 
the 48 conterminous states of the United States.
    (B) Grizzly bears may be taken in self-defense or in defense of 
others, but such taking shall be reported by the individual who has 
taken the bear or his designee within 5 days of occurrence to the 
Resident Agent in Charge, Office of Law Enforcement, U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service, 2900 4th Avenue North, Suite 301, Billings, MT 59101 
(406-247-7355), if occurring in Montana or Wyoming, or the Special Agent 
in Charge, Office of Law Enforcement, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 
P.O. Box 9, Sherwood, OR 97140 (503-521-5300), if occurring in Idaho or 
Washington, and to appropriate State and Tribal authorities. Grizzly 
bears taken in self-defense or in defense of others, including the parts 
of such bears, shall not be possessed, delivered, carried, transported, 
shipped, exported, received, or sold, except by Federal, State, or 
Tribal authorities.
    (C) Removal of nuisance bears. A grizzly bear consituting a 
demonstrable but non immediate threat to human safety or committing 
significant depredations to lawfully present livestock, crops, or 
beehives may be taken, but only if:
    (1) It has not been reasonably possible to eliminate such threat or 
depredation by live-capturing and releasing unharmed in a remote area 
the grizzly bear involved; and
    (2) The taking is done in a humane manner by authorized Federal, 
State, or Tribal authorities, and in accordance with current interagency 
guidelines covering the taking of such nuisance bears; and
    (3) The taking is reported within 5 days of occurrence to the 
appropriate U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service law enforcement office, as 
indicated in paragraph (b)(1)(i)(B) of this section, and to appropriate 
State and Tribal authorities.
    (D) Federal, State, or Tribal scientific or research activities. 
Federal, State, or Tribal authorities may take grizzly bears for 
scientific or research purposes, but only if such taking does not result 
in death or permanent injury to the bears involved. Such taking must

[[Page 113]]

be reported within 5 days of occurrence to the appropriate U.S. Fish and 
Wildlife Service law enforcement office, as indicated in paragraph 
(b)(1)(i)(B) of this section, and to appropriate State and Tribal 
authorities.
    (E) [Reserved]
    (F) National Parks. The regulations of the National Park Service 
shall govern all taking of grizzly bears in National Parks.
    (ii) Unlawfully taken grizzly bears. (A) Except as provided in 
paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(B) and (iv) of this section, no person shall 
possess, deliver, carry, transport, ship, export, receive, or sell any 
unlawfully taken grizzly bear. Any unlawful taking of a grizzly bear 
shall be reported within 5 days of occurrence to the appropriate U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service law enforcement office, as indicated in 
paragraph (b)(1)(i)(B) of this section, and to appropriate State and 
Tribal authorities.
    (B) Authorized Federal, State, or Tribal employees, when acting in 
the course of their official duties, may, for scientific or research 
purposes, possess, deliver, carry, transport, ship, export, or receive 
unlawfully taken grizzly bears.
    (iii) Import or export. Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(1)(iii) 
(A) and (B) and (iv) of this section, no person shall import any grizzly 
bear into the United States.
    (A) Federal, State, or Tribal scientific or research activities. 
Federal, State, or Tribal authorities may import grizzly bears into the 
United States for scientific or research purposes.
    (B) Public zoological institution. Public zoological institutions 
(see 50 CFR 10.12) may import grizzly bears into the United States.
    (iv) Commercial transactions. (A) Except as provided in paragraph 
(b)(1)(iv)(B) of this section, no person shall, in the course of 
commercial activity, deliver, receive, carry, transport, or ship in 
interstate or foreign commerce any grizzly bear.
    (B) A public zoological institution (see 50 CFR 10.12) dealing with 
other public zoological institutions may sell grizzly bears or offer 
them for sale in interstate or foreign commerce, and may, in the course 
of commercial activity, deliver, receive, carry, transport, or ship 
grizzly bears in interstate or foreign commerce.
    (v) Other violations. No person shall attempt to commit, cause to be 
committed, or solicit another to commit any act prohibited by paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section.
    (2) Definitions. As used in paragraph (b) of this section:
    Grizzly bear means any member of the species Ursus arctos horribilis 
of the 48 conterminous States of the United States, including any part, 
offspring, dead body, part of a dead body, or product of such species.
    Grizzly bear accompanied by young means any grizzly bear having 
offspring, including one or more cubs, yearlings, or 2-year-olds, in its 
immediate vicinity.
    Identified means permanently marked or documented so as to be 
identifiable by law enforcement officials at a subsequent date.
    State, Federal or Tribal authority means an employee of State, 
Federal, or Indian Tribal government who, as part of his/her official 
duties, normally handles grizzly bears.
    Young grizzly bear means a cub, yearling, or 2-year-old grizzly 
bear.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TC01JN91.000

    (c) Primates. (1) Except as noted in paragraph (c)(2) of this 
section, all provisions of Sec. 17.31 apply to the lesser

[[Page 114]]

slow loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus); Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta); 
white-footed tamarin (Saguinus leucopus); black howler monkey (Alouatta 
pigra); stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides); gelada baboon 
(Theropithecus gelada); Formosan rock macaque (Macaca cyclopis); 
Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata); Toque macaque (Macaca sinica); long-
tailed langur (Presbytis potenziani); and purple-faced langur (Presbytis 
senex).
    (2) The prohibitions referred to above do not apply to any live 
member of such species held in captivity in the United States on the 
effective date of the final rulemaking, or to the progeny of such 
animals, or to the progeny of animals legally imported into the United 
States after the effective date of the final rulemaking, Provided, That 
the person wishing to engage in any activity which would otherwise be 
prohibited must be able to show satisfactory documentary or other 
evidence as to the captive status of the particular member of the 
species on the effective date of this rulemaking or that the particular 
member of the species was born in captivity in the United States after 
the effective date of this rulemaking. Identification of the particular 
member to a record in the International Species Inventory System (ISIS), 
or to a Federal, State or local government permit, shall be deemed to be 
satisfactory evidence. Records in the form of studbooks or inventories, 
kept in the normal course of business, shall be acceptable as evidence, 
provided that a notarized statement is inserted in such record to the 
effect that:
    (i) The records were kept in the normal course of business prior to 
November 18, 1976, and accurately identify (by use of markers, tags, or 
other acceptable marking devices) individual animals; or
    (ii) That the individual animal identified by the records was born 
in captivity on ____(Date).

The notarized statement in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section, shall be 
acceptable only if the notarization is dated on or before January 3, 
1977. The notarized statement in paragraph (c)(2)(ii), of this section, 
shall be acceptable only if the notarization is dated within 15 days of 
the date of birth of the animal.
    (d) Gray wolf (Canis lupus) in Minnesota.
    (1) Zones. For purposes of these regulations, the State of Minnesota 
is divided into the following five zones:
    (i) Zone 1--4,488 square miles. Beginning at the point of 
intersection of United States and Canadian boundaries in Section 22, 
Township 71 North, Range 22 West, in Rainy Lake, then proceeding along 
the west side of Sections 22, 27, and 34 in said Township and Sections 
3, 10, 15, 22, 27 and 34 in Township 70 North, Range 22 West and 
Sections 3 and 10 in Township 69 North, Range 22 West; then east along 
the south boundaries of Sections 10, 11, and 12 in said Township; then 
south along the Koochiching and St. Louis counties line to Highway 53; 
thence southeasterly along State Highway 53 to the junction with County 
Route 765; thence easterly along County Route 765 to the junction with 
Kabetogama Lake in Ash River Bay; thence along the south boundary of 
Section 33 in Township 69 North, Range 19 West, to the junction with the 
Moose River; thence southeasterly along the Moose River to Moose Lake; 
thence along the western shore of Moose Lake to the river between Moose 
Lake and Long Lake; thence along the said river to Long Lake; thence 
along the east shore of Long Lake to the drainage on the southeast side 
of Long Lake in NE\1/4\, Section 18, Township 67 North, Range 18 West; 
thence along the said drainage southeasterly and subsequently 
northeasterly to Marion Lake, the drainage being in Sections 17 and 18, 
Township 67 North, Range 18 West; thence along the west shoreline of 
Marion Lake proceeding southeasterly to the Moose Creek; thence along 
Moose Creek to Flap Creek; thence southeasterly along Flap Creek to the 
Vermilion River; thence southerly along the Vermilion River to Vermilion 
Lake; thence along the Superior National Forest boundary in a 
southeasterly direction through Vermilion Lake passing these points: Oak 
Narrows, Muskrat Channel, South of Pine Island, to Hoodo Point and the 
junction with County Route 697; thence southeasterly on County Route 697 
to the junction with State Highway 169;

[[Page 115]]

thence easterly along State Highway 169 to the junction with State 
Highway 1; thence easterly along State Highway 1 to the junction with 
the Erie Railroad tracks at Murphy City; thence easterly along the Erie 
Railroad tracks to the junction with Lake Superior at Taconite Harbor; 
thence northeasterly along the North Shore of Lake Superior to the 
Canadian Border; thence westerly along the Canadian Border to the point 
of beginning in Rainy Lake.
    (ii) Zone 2--1,856 square miles. Beginning at the intersection of 
the Erie Mining Co. Railroad and State Highway 1 (Murphy City); thence 
southeasterly on State Highway 1 to the junction with County Road 4; 
thence southwesterly on County Road 4 to the State Snowmobile Trail 
(formerly the Alger-Smith Railroad); thence southwesterly to the 
intersection of the Old Railroad Grade and Reserve Mining Co. Railroad 
in Section 33 of Township 56 North, Range 9 West; thence northwesterly 
along the Railroad to Forest Road 107; thence westerly along Forest Road 
107 to Forest Road 203; thence westerly along Forest Road 203 to the 
junction with County Route 2; thence in a northerly direction on County 
Route 2 to the junction with Forest Road 122; thence in a westerly 
direction along Forest Road 122 to the junction with the Duluth, 
Missable and Iron Range Railroad; thence in a southwesterly direction 
along the said railroad tracks to the junction with County Route 14; 
thence in a northwesterly direction along County Route 14 to the 
junction with County Route 55; thence in a westerly direction along 
County Route 55 to the junction with County Route 44; thence in a 
southerly direction along County Route 44 to the junction with County 
Route 266; thence in a southeasterly direction along County Route 266 
and subsequently in a westerly direction to the junction with County 
Road 44; thence in a northerly direction on County Road 44 to the 
junction with Township Road 2815; thence westerly along Township Road 
2815 to Alden Lake; thence northwesterly across Alden Lake to the inlet 
of the Cloquet River; thence northerly along the Cloquet River to the 
junction with Carrol Trail-State Forestry Road; thence west along the 
Carrol Trail to the junction with County Route 4 and County Route 49; 
thence west along County Route 49 to the junction with the Duluth, 
Winnipeg and Pacific Railroad; thence in a northerly direction along 
said Railroad to the junction with the Whiteface River; thence in a 
northeasterly direction along the Whiteface River to the Whiteface 
Reservoir; thence along the western shore of the Whiteface Reservoir to 
the junction with County Route 340; thence north along County Route 340 
to the junction with County Route 16; thence east along County Route 16 
to the junction with County Route 346; thence in a northerly direction 
along County Route 346 to the junction with County Route 569; thence 
along County Route 569 to the junction with County Route 565; thence in 
a westerly direction along County Route 565 to the junction with County 
Route 110; thence in a westerly direction along County Route 110 to the 
junction with County Route 100; thence in a north and subsequent west 
direction along County Route 100 to the junction with State Highway 135; 
thence in a northerly direction along State Highway 135 to the junction 
with State Highway 169 at Tower; thence in an easterly direction along 
the southern boundary of Zone 1 to the point of beginning of Zone 2 at 
the junction of the Erie Railroad Tracks and State Highway 1.
    (iii) Zone 3--3,501 square miles. Beginning at the junction of State 
Highway 11 and State Highway 65; thence southeasterly along State 
Highway 65 to the junction with State Highway 1; thence westerly along 
State Highway 1 to the junction with State Highway 72; thence north 
along State Highway 72 to the junction with an un-numbered township road 
beginning in the northeast corner of Section 25, Township 155 North, 
Range 31 West; thence westerly along the said road for approximately 
seven (7) miles to the junction with SFR 95: Thence westerly along SFR 
95 and continuing west through the southern boundary of Sections 36 
through 31, Township 155 North, Range 33 West, through Sections 36 
through 31, Township 155 North, Range 34 West, through Sections 36 
through 31, Township 155 North, Range 35 West, through Sections 36 and 
35, Township 155 North,

[[Page 116]]

Range 36 West to the junction with State Highway 89, thence 
northwesterly along State Highway 89 to the junction with County Route 
44; thence northerly along County Route 44 to the junction with County 
Route 704; thence northerly along County 704 to the junction with SFR 
49; thence northerly along SFR 49 to the junction with SFR 57; thence 
easterly along SFR 57 to the junction with SFR 63: Thence south along 
SFR 63 to the junction with SFR 70; thence easterly along SFR 70 to the 
junction with County Route 87; thence easterly along County Route 87 to 
the junction with County Route 1; thence south along County Route 1 to 
the junction with County Route 16; thence easterly along County Route 16 
to the junction with State Highway 72; thence south on State Highway 72 
to the junction with a gravel road (un-numbered County District Road) on 
the north side of Section 31, Township 158 North, Range 30 West; thence 
east on said District Road to the junction with SFR 62; thence easterly 
on SFR 62 to the junction with SFR 175; thence south on SFR 175 to the 
junction with County Route 101; thence easterly on County Route 101 to 
the junction with County Route 11; thence easterly on County Route 11 to 
the junction with State Highway 11; thence easterly on State Highway 11 
to the junction with State Highway 65, the point of beginning.
    (iv) Zone 4--20,883 square miles. Excluding Zones 1, 2 and 3, all 
that part of Minnesota north and east of a line beginning on State Trunk 
Highway 48 at the eastern boundary of the state; thence westerly along 
Highway 48 to Interstate Highway 35; thence northerly on I-35 to State 
Highway 23, thence west one-half mile on Highway 23 to State Trunk 
Highway 18; thence westerly along Highway 18 to State Trunk Highway 65, 
thence northerly on Highway 65 to State Trunk Highway 210; thence 
westerly along Highway 210 to State Trunk Highway 6; thence northerly on 
State Trunk Highway 6 to Emily; thence westerly along County State Aid 
Highway (CSAH) 1, Crow Wing County, to CSAH 2, Cass County; thence 
westerly along CSAH 2 to Pine River; thence northwesterly along State 
Trunk Highway 371 to Backus; thence westerly along State Trunk Highway 
87 to U.S. Highway 71; thence northerly along U.S. 71 to State Trunk 
Highway 200; thence northwesterly along Highway 200, to County State Aid 
Highway (CSAH) 2, Clearwater County; thence northerly along CSAH 2 to 
Shevlin; thence along U.S. Highway 2 to Bagley; thence northerly along 
State Trunk Highway 92 to Gully; thence northerly along CSAH 2, Polk 
County, to CSAH 27, Pennington County; thence along CSAH 27 to State 
Trunk Highway 1; thence easterly on Highway 1 to CSAH 28, Pennington 
County; thence northerly along CSAH 28 to CSAH 54, Marshall County, 
thence northerly along CSAH 54 to Grygla; thence west and northerly 
along Highway 89 to Roseau; thence northerly along State Truck Highway 
310 to the Canadian border.
    (v) Zone 5--54,603 square miles. All that part of Minnesota south 
and west of the line described as the south and west border of Zone 4.
    (vi) Map of regulatory zones follows:

[[Page 117]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR20FE15.004

    (2) Prohibitions. The following prohibitions apply to the gray wolf 
in Minnesota.
    (i) Taking. Except as provided in this paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this 
section, no person may take a gray wolf in Minnesota.
    (A) Any person may take a gray wolf in Minnesota in defense of his 
own life or the lives of others.
    (B) Any employee or agent of the Service, any other Federal land 
management agency, or the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, who 
is designated by his/her agency for such purposes, may, when acting in 
the course of his or her official duties, take a gray wolf in Minnesota 
without a permit if such action is necessary to:
    (1) Aid a sick, injured or orphaned specimen; or
    (2) Dispose of a dead specimen; or
    (3) Salvage a dead specimen which may be useful for scientific 
study.

[[Page 118]]

    (C) Designated employees or agents of the Service or the Minnesota 
Department of Natural Resources may take a gray wolf without a permit in 
Minnesota, in zones 2, 3, 4, and 5, as delineated in paragraph (d)(l) of 
this section, in response to depredations by a gray wolf on lawfully 
present domestic animals: Provided, that such taking must occur within 
one-half mile of the place where such depredation occurred and must be 
performed in a humane manner: And provided further, that any young of 
the year taken on or before August 1 of that year must be released.
    (D) Any taking pursuant to paragraph (d)(2)(i)(A), (d)(2)(i)(B), or 
(d)(2)(i)(C) of this section must be reported in writing to the Twin 
Cities Ecological Service Field Office, 4101 American Boulevard East, 
Bloomington, Minnesota, 55425, or by facsimile (612) 725-3609 within 5 
days. The specimen may only be retained, disposed of, or salvaged in 
accordance with directions from the Service.
    (E) Any employee or agent of the Service or the Minnesota Department 
of Natural Resources, when operating under a Cooperative Agreement with 
the Service signed in accordance with section 6(c) of the Endangered 
Species Act of 1973, who is designated by the Service or the Minnesota 
Department of Natural Resources for such purposes, may, when acting in 
the course of his or her official duties, take a gray wolf in Minnesota 
to carry out scientific research or conservation programs.
    (ii) Export and commercial transactions. Except as may be authorized 
by a permit issued under Sec. 17.32, no person may sell or offer for 
sale in interstate commerce, import or export, or in the course of a 
commercial activity transport, ship, carry, deliver, or receive any 
Minnesota gray wolf.
    (iii) Unlawfully taken wolves. No person may possess, sell, deliver, 
carry, transport, or ship, by any means whatsoever, a gray wolf taken 
unlawfully in Minnesota, except that an employee or agent of the 
Service, or any other Federal land management agency, or the Minnesota 
Department of Natural Resources, who is designated by his/her agency for 
such purposes, may, when acting in the course of his official duties, 
possess, deliver, carry, transport, or ship a gray wolf taken unlawfully 
in Minnesota.
    (3) Permits. All permits available under Sec. 17.32 (General 
Permits--Threatened Wildlife) are available with regard to the gray wolf 
in Minnesota. All the terms and provisions of Sec. 17.32 apply to such 
permits issued under the authority of this paragraph (d)(3).
    (e) African elephant (Loxodonta africana). This paragraph (e) 
applies to any specimen of the species Loxodonta africana whether live 
or dead, including any part or product thereof. The African Elephant 
Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4201 et. seq.), and any moratorium under 
that act, also applies. Except as provided in paragraphs (e)(2) through 
(9) of this section, all of the prohibitions and exceptions in 
Secs. 17.31 and 17.32 apply to the African elephant. Persons seeking to 
benefit from the exceptions provided in this paragraph (e) must 
demonstrate that they meet the criteria to qualify for the exceptions.
    (1) Definitions. In this paragraph (e), antique means any item that 
meets all four criteria under section 10(h) of the Endangered Species 
Act (16 U.S.C. 1539(h)). Ivory means any African elephant tusk and any 
piece of an African elephant tusk. Raw ivory means any African elephant 
tusk, and any piece thereof, the surface of which, polished or 
unpolished, is unaltered or minimally carved. Worked ivory means any 
African elephant tusk, and any piece thereof, that is not raw ivory.
    (2) Live animals and parts and products other than ivory and sport-
hunted trophies. Live African elephants and African elephant parts and 
products other than ivory and sport-hunted trophies may be imported into 
or exported from the United States; sold or offered for sale in 
interstate or foreign commerce; and delivered, received, carried, 
transported, or shipped in interstate or foreign commerce in the course 
of a commercial activity without a threatened species permit issued 
under Sec. 17.32, provided the requirements in 50 CFR parts 13, 14, and 
23 have been met.
    (3) Interstate and foreign commerce of ivory. Except for antiques 
and certain manufactured or handcrafted items containing de minimis 
quantities of ivory, sale or offer for sale of ivory in

[[Page 119]]

interstate or foreign commerce and delivery, receipt, carrying, 
transport, or shipment of ivory in interstate or foreign commerce in the 
course of a commercial activity is prohibited. Except as provided in 
paragraphs (e)(5)(iii) and (e)(6) through (8) of this section, 
manufactured or handcrafted items containing de minimis quantities of 
ivory may be sold or offered for sale in interstate or foreign commerce 
and delivered, received, carried, transported, or shipped in interstate 
or foreign commerce in the course of a commercial activity without a 
threatened species permit issued under Sec. 17.32, provided they meet 
all of the following criteria:
    (i) If the item is located within the United States, the ivory was 
imported into the United States prior to January 18, 1990, or was 
imported into the United States under a Convention on International 
Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) pre-
Convention certificate with no limitation on its commercial use;
    (ii) If the item is located outside the United States, the ivory was 
removed from the wild prior to February 26, 1976;
    (iii) The ivory is a fixed or integral component or components of a 
larger manufactured or handcrafted item and is not in its current form 
the primary source of the value of the item, that is, the ivory does not 
account for more than 50 percent of the value of the item;
    (iv) The ivory is not raw;
    (v) The manufactured or handcrafted item is not made wholly or 
primarily of ivory, that is, the ivory component or components do not 
account for more than 50 percent of the item by volume;
    (vi) The total weight of the ivory component or components is less 
than 200 grams; and
    (vii) The item was manufactured or handcrafted before July 6, 2016.
    (4) Import/export of raw ivory. Except as provided in paragraphs 
(e)(6) through (9) of this section, raw ivory may not be imported into 
or exported from the United States.
    (5) Import/export of worked ivory. Except as provided in paragraphs 
(e)(6) through (9) of this section, worked ivory may not be imported 
into or exported from the United States unless it is contained in a 
musical instrument, or is part of a traveling exhibition, household 
move, or inheritance, and meets the following criteria:
    (i) Musical instrument. Musical instruments that contain worked 
ivory may be imported into and exported from the United States without a 
threatened species permit issued under Sec. 17.32 of this part provided:
    (A) The ivory was legally acquired prior to February 26, 1976;
    (B) The instrument containing worked ivory is accompanied by a valid 
CITES musical instrument certificate or equivalent CITES document;
    (C) The instrument is securely marked or uniquely identified so that 
authorities can verify that the certificate corresponds to the musical 
instrument in question; and
    (D) The instrument is not sold, traded, or otherwise disposed of 
while outside the certificate holder's country of usual residence.
    (ii) Traveling exhibition. Worked ivory that is part of a traveling 
exhibition may be imported into and exported from the United States 
without a threatened species permit issued under Sec. 17.32 provided:
    (A) The ivory was legally acquired prior to February 26, 1976;
    (B) The item containing worked ivory is accompanied by a valid CITES 
traveling exhibition certificate (see the requirements for traveling 
exhibition certificates at 50 CFR 23.49) or equivalent CITES document;
    (C) The item containing ivory is securely marked or uniquely 
identified so that authorities can verify that the certificate 
corresponds to the item in question; and
    (D) The item containing worked ivory is not sold, traded, or 
otherwise disposed of while outside the certificate holder's country of 
usual residence.
    (iii) Household move or inheritance. Worked ivory may be imported 
into or exported from the United States without a threatened species 
permit issued under Sec. 17.32 for personal use as part of a household 
move or as part of an inheritance if the ivory was legally acquired 
prior to February 26, 1976, and the item is accompanied by a valid

[[Page 120]]

CITES pre-Convention certificate. It is unlawful to sell or offer for 
sale in interstate or foreign commerce or to deliver, receive, carry, 
transport, or ship in interstate or foreign commerce and in the course 
of a commercial activity any African elephant ivory imported into the 
United States as part of a household move or inheritance. The exception 
in paragraph (e)(3) of this section regarding manufactured or 
handcrafted items containing de minimis quantities of ivory does not 
apply to items imported or exported under this paragraph (e)(5)(iii) as 
part of a household move or inheritance.
    (6) Sport-hunted trophies. (i) African elephant sport-hunted 
trophies may be imported into the United States provided:
    (A) The trophy was legally taken in an African elephant range 
country that declared an ivory export quota to the CITES Secretariat for 
the year in which the trophy animal was killed;
    (B) A determination is made that the killing of the trophy animal 
will enhance the survival of the species and the trophy is accompanied 
by a threatened species permit issued under Sec. 17.32;
    (C) The trophy is legibly marked in accordance with 50 CFR part 23;
    (D) The requirements in 50 CFR parts 13, 14, and 23 have been met; 
and
    (E) No more than two African elephant sport-hunted trophies are 
imported by any hunter in a calendar year.
    (ii) It is unlawful to sell or offer for sale in interstate or 
foreign commerce or to deliver, receive, carry, transport, or ship in 
interstate or foreign commerce and in the course of a commercial 
activity any sport-hunted African elephant trophy. The exception in 
paragraph (e)(3) of this section regarding manufactured or handcrafted 
items containing de minimis quantities of ivory does not apply to ivory 
imported or exported under this paragraph (e)(6) as part of a sport-
hunted trophy.
    (iii) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(9) of this section, raw 
ivory that was imported as part of a sport-hunted trophy may not be 
exported from the United States. Except as provided in paragraphs 
(e)(5), (e)(7), (e)(8), and (e)(9) of this section, worked ivory 
imported as a sport-hunted trophy may not be exported from the United 
States. Parts of a sport-hunted trophy other than ivory may be exported 
from the United States without a threatened species permit issued under 
Sec. 17.32, provided the requirements of 50 CFR parts 13, 14, and 23 
have been met.
    (7) Import/export of ivory for law enforcement purposes. Raw or 
worked ivory may be imported into and worked ivory may be exported from 
the United States by an employee or agent of a Federal, State, or tribal 
government agency for law enforcement purposes, without a threatened 
species permit issued under Sec. 17.32, provided the requirements of 50 
CFR parts 13, 14, and 23 have been met. It is unlawful to sell or offer 
for sale in interstate or foreign commerce and to deliver, receive, 
carry, transport, or ship in interstate or foreign commerce and in the 
course of a commercial activity any African elephant ivory that was 
imported into or exported from the United States for law enforcement 
purposes. The exception in paragraph (e)(3) of this section regarding 
manufactured or handcrafted items containing de minimis quantities of 
ivory does not apply to ivory imported or exported under this paragraph 
(e)(7) for law enforcement purposes.
    (8) Import/export of ivory for genuine scientific purposes. (i) Raw 
or worked ivory may be imported into and worked ivory may be exported 
from the United States for genuine scientific purposes that will 
contribute to the conservation of the African elephant, provided:
    (A) It is accompanied by a threatened species permit issued under 
Sec. 17.32; and
    (B) The requirements of 50 CFR parts 13, 14, and 23 have been met.
    (ii) It is unlawful to sell or offer for sale in interstate or 
foreign commerce and to deliver, receive, carry, transport, or ship in 
interstate or foreign commerce and in the course of a commercial 
activity any African elephant ivory that was imported into or exported 
from the United States for genuine scientific purposes. The exception in 
paragraph (e)(3) of this section regarding manufactured or handcrafted 
items containing de minimis quantities

[[Page 121]]

of ivory does not apply to ivory imported or exported under this 
paragraph (e)(8) for genuine scientific purposes.
    (9) Antique ivory. Antiques (as defined in paragraph (e)(1) of this 
section) are not subject to the provisions of this rule. Antiques 
containing or consisting of ivory may, therefore, be imported into or 
exported from the United States without a threatened species permit 
issued under Sec. 17.32, provided the requirements of 50 CFR parts 13, 
14, and 23 have been met. Nevertheless, nothing in this rule interprets 
or changes any provisions or prohibitions that may apply under the 
African Elephant Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4201 et seq.), regardless 
of the age of the item. Antiques that consist of or contain raw or 
worked ivory may similarly be sold or offered for sale in interstate or 
foreign commerce and delivered, received, carried, transported, or 
shipped in interstate or foreign commerce in the course of a commercial 
activity without a threatened species permit issued under Sec. 17.32.
    (f) Leopard (Panthera pardus) (1) Except as noted in paragraph 
(f)(2) of this section, all prohibitions of Sec. 17.31 of this part and 
exemptions of Sec. 17.32 of this part shall apply to the leopard 
populations occurring in southern Africa to the south of a line running 
along the borders of the following countries: Gabon/Rio Muni; Gabon/
Cameroon; Congo/Cameroon; Congo/Central African Republic; Zaire/Central 
African Republic; Zaire/Sudan; Uganda/Sudan; Kenya/Sudan; Kenya/
Ethiopia; Kenya/Somalia.
    (2) A sport-hunted leopard trophy legally taken after the effective 
date of this rulemaking, from the area south of the line delineated 
above, may be imported into the United States without a Threatened 
Species permit pursuant to Sec. 17.32 of this part, provided that the 
applicable provisions of 50 CFR part 23 have been met.
    (g) Utah prairie dog (Cynomys parvidens).
    (1) Except as noted in paragraphs (g)(2) through (g)(6) of this 
section, all prohibitions of Sec. 17.31(a) and (b) and exemptions of 
Sec. 17.32 apply to the Utah prairie dog.
    (2) A Utah prairie dog may be directly or intentionally taken as 
described in paragraphs (g)(3) and (4) of this section on agricultural 
lands, properties within 0.8 kilometers (km) (0.5 miles (mi)) of 
conservation lands, and areas where prairie dogs create serious human 
safety hazards or disturb the sanctity of significant human cultural or 
human burial sites.
    (3) Agricultural lands and properties near conservation lands. When 
permitted by the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources (UDWR), or other 
parties as authorized in writing by the Service, direct or intentional 
take is allowed on private properties that are located within 0.8 km 
(0.5 mi) of conservation land, and on agricultural land. Records on 
permitted take will be maintained by the State (or other parties as 
authorized in writing by the Service), and made available to the Service 
upon request.
    (i) Agricultural land. (A) Take may be permitted only on 
agricultural land being physically or economically affected by Utah 
prairie dogs, and only when the spring count on the agricultural lands 
is seven or more individuals, and only during the period of June 15 to 
December 31; and
    (B) The land must:
    (1) Meet the general classification of irrigated, dryland, grazing 
land, orchard, or meadow;
    (2) Be capable of producing crops or forage;
    (3) Be at least 2 contiguous hectares (5 contiguous acres) in area 
(smaller parcels may qualify where devoted to agricultural use in 
conjunction with other eligible acreage under identical legal 
ownership);
    (4) Be managed in such a way that there is a reasonable expectation 
of profit;
    (5) Have been devoted to agricultural use for at least 2 successive 
years immediately preceding the year in which application is made; and
    (6) Meet State average annual (per-acre) production requirements.
    (ii) Private property near conservation land. (A) Take may be 
permitted on private properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of Utah prairie 
dog conservation land during the period of June 15 to December 31.

[[Page 122]]

    (B) Conservation lands are defined as non-Federal areas set aside 
for the preservation of Utah prairie dogs and are managed specifically 
or primarily toward that purpose. Conservation lands may include, but 
are not limited to, properties set aside as conservation banks, fee-
title purchased properties, properties under conservation easements, and 
properties subject to a safe harbor agreement (see Sec. 17.22). 
Conservation lands do not include Federal lands.
    (iii) Amount of permitted take on agricultural lands and private 
property near conservation land. (A) The UDWR, or other parties as 
authorized in writing by the Service, will ensure that permitted take on 
agricultural lands and properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of conservation 
lands does not exceed 10 percent of the estimated rangewide population 
annually.
    (B) On agricultural lands, the UDWR, or other parties as authorized 
in writing by the Service, will limit permitted take to 7 percent of the 
estimated annual rangewide population and will limit within-colony take 
to one-half of a colony's estimated annual production. The UDWR, or 
other parties as authorized in writing by the Service, will spatially 
distribute the 7 percent allowed take on agricultural lands across the 
three Recovery Units, based on the distribution of the total annual 
population estimate within each Recovery Unit.
    (C) In setting take limits on properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of 
conservation lands, the UDWR, or other parties as authorized in writing 
by the Service, will consider the amount of take that occurs on 
agricultural lands. The State, or other parties as authorized in writing 
by the Service, will restrict the remaining permitted take (the amount 
that would bring the total take up to 10 percent of the estimated annual 
rangewide population) on properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of 
conservation lands to animals in excess of the baseline population. The 
baseline population of these lands is determined in accordance with 
paragraph (g)(3)(iii)(D) of this section.
    (D) Take on properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of conservation lands 
is restricted to prairie dogs in excess of the baseline population. The 
baseline population is the highest estimated total (summer) population 
size on that property during the 5 years prior to the establishment of 
the conservation property, except that if no UDWR surveys to determine 
population size on a property were conducted during such 5-year period, 
the baseline population is the estimated total (summer) population size 
on that property as determined in the first survey conducted after the 
establishment of the conservation property. The baseline population will 
be established by the UDWR, or other parties as authorized in writing by 
the Service.
    (E) Translocated Utah prairie dogs will count toward the take limits 
in paragraphs (g)(3)(iii)(A) through (D) of this section.
    (iv) Methods of allowed direct take on agricultural lands and 
private properties near conservation land. Methods for controlling Utah 
prairie dogs on agricultural lands and properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) 
of conservation lands are limited to activities associated with 
translocation efforts by trained and permitted individuals complying 
with current Service-approved guidance, trapping intended for lethal 
removal, and shooting. Actions intended to drown or poison Utah prairie 
dogs and the use of gas cartridges, anticoagulants, and explosive 
devices are prohibited.
    (4) Human safety hazards and significant human cultural or human 
burial sites. (i) Nonlethal take is allowed where Utah prairie dogs 
create serious human safety hazards or disturb the sanctity of 
significant human cultural or human burial sites, if approved in writing 
by the Service. To reduce hazards, prairie dog burrows may be filled 
with dirt if they are directly creating human hazards or disturbing the 
sanctity of significant human cultural or human burial sites. Utah 
prairie dogs also may be translocated from these sites to approved 
translocation sites by properly trained personnel using Service-approved 
translocation protocols.
    (ii) Direct or intentional lethal take is allowed where Utah prairie 
dogs create serious human safety hazards or disturb the sanctity of 
significant human cultural or human burial sites,

[[Page 123]]

but only after all practicable measures to resolve the conflict are 
implemented, and only as approved in writing by the Service. A permit is 
not required to allow take under these conditions.
    (A) All practicable measures means, with respect to these 
situations:
    (1) Construction of prairie-dog-proof fence, above and below grade 
to specifications approved by the Service, around the area in which 
there is concern.
    (2) Translocation of Utah prairie dogs out of the fenced area in 
which there is a concern must be conducted prior to allowing lethal 
take. Lethal take is allowed only to remove prairie dogs that remain in 
these areas after the measures to fence and translocate are successfully 
carried out.
    (3) Continued maintenance or modification of the fence as needed to 
preclude Utah prairie dogs from entering the fenced sites.
    (B) There are no restrictions on the amount, timing, or methods of 
lethal take allowed on lands where Utah prairie dogs create serious 
human safety hazards or disturb the sanctity of significant human 
cultural or human burial sites, as long as all qualifications in 
paragraphs (g)(4)(ii)(A)(1)through (3) of this section are met.
    (C) The amount of take in areas where Utah prairie dogs create 
serious human safety hazards or disturb the sanctity of significant 
human cultural or human burial sites does not contribute to the upper 
permitted take limits described above for agricultural lands and private 
properties within 0.8 km (0.5 mi) of conservation lands.
    (5) Incidental take associated with agriculture. Utah prairie dogs 
may be taken when take is incidental to otherwise-legal activities 
associated with legal and standard agricultural practices on 
legitimately operating agricultural lands. Acceptable practices include 
plowing to depths that do not exceed 46 cm (18 in.), discing, harrowing, 
irrigating crops, mowing, harvesting, and bailing, as long as the 
activities are not intended to eradicate Utah prairie dogs. There is no 
numeric limit established for incidental take associated with standard 
agricultural practices. Incidental take is in addition to, and does not 
contribute to, the take limits described in paragraphs (g)(2) through 
(4) of this section. A permit is not required for incidental take 
associated with agricultural practices.
    (6) If the Service receives evidence that take pursuant to 
paragraphs (g)(2) through (5) of this section is having an effect that 
is inconsistent with the conservation of the Utah prairie dog, the 
Service may immediately prohibit or restrict such take as appropriate 
for the conservation of the species. The Service will notify the 
permitting entities in writing if take restrictions are necessary.
    (h) Mountain lion (Felis concolor). (1) Except as allowed in 
paragraphs (h)(2), (h)(3), and (h)(4) of this section, no person shall 
take any free-living mountain lion (Felis concolor) in Florida.
    (2) A mountain lion (Felis concolor) may be taken in this area under 
a valid threatened species permit issued pursuant to 50 CFR 17.52.
    (3) A mountain lion (Felis concolor) may be taken in Florida by an 
employee or designated agent of the Service or the Florida Game and 
Fresh Water Fish Commission for taxonomic identification or other 
reasons consistent with the conservation of the endangered Florida 
panther (Felis concolor coryi). When it has been established by the 
Service, in consultation with the State, that an animal in question is 
not a Florida panther (Felis concolor coryi) or an eastern cougar (Felis 
concolor couguar), such animals may be removed from the wild. The 
disposition of animals so taken shall be at the discretion of the 
Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, with the concurrence of 
the Fish and Wildlife Service.
    (4) Take for reasons of human safety is allowed as specified under 
50 CFR 17.21(c)(2) and 17.21(c)(3)(iv).
    (5) Any take pursuant to paragraph (h)(4) of this section must be 
reported in writing to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Law 
Enforcement, 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, LE-3000, Arlington, VA 22203, within 
5 days. The specimen may only be retained, disposed of, or salvaged in 
accordance with directions from the Service.
    (i) Columbian white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)

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(CWTD), the Columbia River distinct population segment. (1) General 
requirements. Other than as expressly provided at paragraph (i)(3) of 
this section, the provisions of Sec. 17.31(a) apply to the CWTD.
    (2) Definitions. For the purposes of this entry:
    (i) CWTD means the Columbia River distinct population segment (DPS) 
of Columbian white-tailed deer or individual specimens of CWTD.
    (ii) Intentional harassment means an intentional act which creates 
the likelihood of injury to wildlife by annoying it to such an extent as 
to significantly disrupt normal behavior patterns which include, but are 
not limited to, breeding, feeding, or sheltering. Intentional harassment 
may include prior purposeful actions to attract, track, wait for, or 
search out CWTD, or purposeful actions to deter CWTD.
    (iii) Problem CWTD means an individual specimen of CWTD that has 
been identified in writing by a State conservation agency or the Service 
as meeting the following criteria:
    (A) The CWTD is causing more than de minimus negative economic 
impact to a commercial crop;
    (B) Previous efforts to alleviate the damage through nonlethal 
methods have been ineffective; and
    (C) There is a reasonable certainty that additional property losses 
will occur in the near future if a lethal control action is not 
implemented.
    (iv) Commercial crop means commercially raised horticultural, 
agricultural, or forest products.
    (v) State conservation agency means the State agency in Oregon or 
Washington operating a conservation program for CWTD pursuant to the 
terms of a cooperative agreement with the Service in accordance with 
section 6(c) of the Endangered Species Act.
    (3) Allowable forms of take of CWTD. Take of CWTD resulting from the 
following legally conducted activities is allowed:
    (i) Intentional harassment not likely to cause mortality. A State 
conservation agency may issue permits to landowners or their agents to 
harass CWTD on lands they own, rent, or lease if the State conservation 
agency determines in writing that such action is not likely to cause 
mortality of CWTD. The techniques employed in this harassment must occur 
only as specifically directed or restricted by the State permit in order 
to avoid causing CWTD mortality.
    (ii) Take of problem CWTD resulting in mortality. Take of problem 
CWTD is authorized under the following circumstances:
    (A) Any employee or agent of the Service or the State conservation 
agency, who is designated by their agency for such purposes, may, when 
acting in the course of their official duties, take problem CWTD. This 
take must occur in compliance with all other applicable Federal, State, 
and local laws and regulations.
    (B) The State conservation agency may issue a permit to landowners 
or their agents to take problem CWTD on lands they own, rent, or lease. 
Such take must be implemented only as directed and allowed in the permit 
obtained from the State conservation agency.
    (iii) Accidental take of CWTD when carrying out State-permitted 
black-tailed deer damage control. Take of CWTD in the course of carrying 
out black-tailed deer damage control will be a violation of this rule 
unless the taking was accidental; reasonable care was practiced to avoid 
such taking; and the person causing the take was in possession of a 
valid black-tailed deer damage control permit from a State conservation 
agency. When issuing black-tailed deer damage control permits, the State 
conservation agency will provide education regarding identification of 
target species. The exercise of reasonable care includes, but is not 
limited to, the review of the educational material provided by the State 
conservation agency and identification of the target before shooting.
    (iv) Accidental take of CWTD when carrying out State-permitted 
black-tailed deer hunting. Take of CWTD in the course of hunting black-
tailed deer will be a violation of this rule unless the take was 
accidental; the take was in the course of hunting black-tailed deer 
under a lawful State permit; and reasonable due care was exercised to 
avoid such taking. The State conservation agency will provide 
educational

[[Page 125]]

material to hunters regarding identification of target species when 
issuing hunting permits. The exercise of reasonable care includes, but 
is not limited to, the review of the educational materials provided by 
the State conservation agency and identification of the target before 
shooting.
    (4) Take limits. The amount of take of CWTD allowed for the 
activities in paragraphs (i)(3)(ii), (iii), and (iv) of this section 
will not exceed 5 percent of the CWTD population during any calendar 
year, as determined by the Service. By December 31 of each year, the 
Service will use the most current annual DPS population estimate to set 
the maximum allowable take for these activities for the following 
calendar year. If take exceeds 2 percent of the DPS population in a 
given calendar year, the Service will convene a meeting with the Oregon 
Department of Fish and Wildlife and the Washington Department of Fish 
and Wildlife to discuss CWTD management and strategies to minimize 
further take from these activities for the rest of the year. If take 
exceeds 5 percent of the CWTD population in any given calendar year, no 
further take under paragraphs (i)(3)(ii), (iii), and (iv) will be 
allowed during that year and any further take that does occur may be 
subject to prosecution under the Endangered Species Act.
    (5) Reporting and disposal requirements. Any injury or mortality of 
CWTD associated with the actions authorized under paragraphs (i)(3), 
(6), and (7) of this section must be reported to the Service within 72 
hours, and specimens may be disposed of only in accordance with 
directions from the Service. Reports should be made to the Service's Law 
Enforcement Office at (503) 231-6125, or the Service's Oregon Fish and 
Wildlife Office at (503) 231-6179. The Service may allow additional 
reasonable time for reporting if access to these offices is limited due 
to closure.
    (6) Additional taking authorizations for Tribal employees, State and 
local law enforcement officers, and State-licensed wildlife 
rehabilitation facilities. (i) Tribal employees and State and local 
government law enforcement officers. When acting in the course of their 
official duties, both Tribal employees designated by the Tribe for such 
purposes, and State and local government law enforcement officers 
working in the States of Oregon or Washington, may take CWTD for the 
following purposes:
    (A) Aiding or euthanizing sick, injured, or orphaned CWTD;
    (B) Disposing of a dead specimen; and
    (C) Salvaging a dead specimen that may be used for scientific study.
    (ii) Such take must be reported to the Service within 72 hours, and 
specimens may be disposed of only in accordance with directions from the 
Service.
    (7) Wildlife rehabilitation facilities licensed by the States of 
Oregon or Washington. When acting in the course of their official 
duties, a State-licensed wildlife rehabilitation facility may take CWTD 
for the purpose of aiding or euthanizing sick, injured, or orphaned 
CWTD. Such take must be reported to the Service within 72 hours as 
required by paragraph (i)(5) of this section, and specimens may be 
retained and disposed of only in accordance with directions from the 
Service.
    (8) Take authorized by permits. Any person with a valid permit 
issued by the Service under Sec. 17.32 may take CWTD, pursuant to the 
special terms and conditions of the permit.
    (j) Argali (Ovis ammon) in Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan. (1) 
Except as noted in paragraph (j)(2) of this section, all prohibitions of 
Sec. 17.31 of this part and exemptions of Sec. 17.32 of this part shall 
apply to this species in Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan

    (Note. In all othe