[Federal Register Volume 61, Number 67 (Friday, April 5, 1996)]
[Notices]
[Pages 15246-15251]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 96-8481]



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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

[FRL-5453-6]


Agency Information Collection Activities up for Renewal

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 
et seq.), this notice announces that EPA is planning to submit the 
following continuing Information Collection Request (ICR) to the Office 
of Management and Budget (OMB). Before submitting the ICR to OMB for 
review and approval, EPA is soliciting comments on specific aspects of 
the proposed information collection as described below.

DATES: Comments must be submitted on or before June 4, 1996.

ADDRESSES: Oil Program Center, 401 M Street SW (5203G), Washington, DC 
20460. Materials relevant to this ICR may be inspected from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, by visiting Public Docket No. 
SPCC-4, located at 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway (ground floor), 
Arlington, Virginia. A reasonable fee may be charged for copying docket 
material.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kevin Mould, (703) 603-8728. Facsimile 
number: (703) 603-9116. Electronic address: 
[email protected]. Note that questions but not comments will 
be accepted electronically.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Affected Entities

    The Oil Pollution Prevention regulation applies only to non-
transportation-related facilities that could reasonably be expected to 
discharge oil into or upon the navigable waters of the U.S. or 
adjoining shorelines, and that have: (1) A total underground buried 
storage capacity of more than 42,000 gallons; or (2) A total 
aboveground oil storage capacity of more than 1,320 gallons, or an 
aboveground oil storage capacity of more than 660 gallons in a single 
container.
    The specific private industry sectors expected to be affected by 
this action include: (1) large oil distribution (SIC 28/29/5171); (2) 
oil production (SIC 131); (3) transportation and utilities (SIC 401/
411/413/414/417/42/448/449/458/46/491); (4) other manufacturing (SIC 20 
- 39); (5) small oil distribution/auto services (SIC 554/5983/751); (6) 
mining and construction (SIC 12/14/15/16/17); (7) commercial and 
institutional services (SIC 801/802/803/804/805/806/807/821/822/97); 
(8) food manufacturing (SIC 20); and (9) farming (SIC 01/02).

Title

    ``Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans,'' OMB 
Control Number: 2050-0021. EPA Control Number: 328. Expiration Date: 
September 30, 1996.

Abstract

    Under Section 311 of the Clean Water Act, EPA's Oil Pollution 
Prevention regulation requires facilities to prepare and implement SPCC 
Plans to help ``minimize the potential for oil discharges.'' This 
regulation is codified at 40 CFR Part 112. The SPCC Plan must be ``a 
carefully thought-out plan, prepared in accordance with good 
engineering practices.'' Preparation of the SPCC Plan requires that a 
facility's staff analyze how the facility will prevent oil discharges, 
thereby encouraging appropriate facility design and operations. The 
information in the SPCC Plan also promotes efficient response in the 
event of a discharge. Finally, proper maintenance of the SPCC Plan will 
promote important spill-reducing measures, facilitate leak detection, 
and generally ensure that the facility is at peak capability for 
deterring discharges. The specific activities and reasons for the 
information collection are described below.

New Plan

    Preparation of the Plan, required under Sec. 112.3, involves 
several tasks, mostly conducted by the facility's technical personnel. 
These tasks include: field investigations to understand facility design 
and possible failures and to predict the flow paths of spilled oil and 
the potential harm that the spilled oil would have on nearby navigable 
waters; a regulatory review to ensure that personnel are fully aware of 
all requirements and limitations imposed in the rule; an evaluation of 
the current spill prevention and control practices employed by the 
facility; preparation of the Plan according to the specifications of 
Sec. 112.7; and certification by a Registered Professional Engineer 
(P.E.).

Modification of Plan

    Under Sec. 112.5(a), the SPCC Plan must be amended whenever there 
is a change in the facility's design, construction, operation, and 
maintenance that materially affects the facility's potential to 
discharge oil into navigable waters or onto adjoining shorelines. The 
amended Plan must also be certified by a P.E.

Triennial Review

    Under Sec. 112.5(b) owners or operators of regulated facilities 
must review and evaluate the Plan at least once every three years. This 
involves review of spill prevention and control procedures being 
implemented under the current Plan, as well as a regulatory review. 
Facility owners/operators must amend the SPCC Plan within six months of 
the review to include more effective prevention and control technology 
if: (1) such technology will significantly reduce the likelihood of a 
spill event; and (2) such technology has been field-

[[Page 15247]]
proven at the time of the review. If amended, the Plan must also be 
certified by a P.E.

Oil Discharge

    Under Sec. 112.4, in the event of certain oil discharges, facility 
owner/operators must submit information to the Regional Administrator 
within 60 days. Discharges of oil that trigger the reporting 
requirements are: (1) a single spill event of more than 1,000 U.S. 
gallons into navigable waters; or (2) two or more spills (in a 12 month 
period) of harmful quantities as defined in 40 CFR Part 110.
    Submitting a Plan after a discharge involves time to collect the 
required information, as well as time for review by management. The 
facility must also submit a copy of this information to the appropriate 
state agency in charge of water pollution control activities. After the 
Regional Administrator and the appropriate state agency have reviewed 
the Plan, the Regional Administrator may require amendment of the SPCC 
Plan. The amended Plan must be certified by a P.E. prior to 
implementation. Facilities may appeal a decision made by the Regional 
Administrator requiring an amendment to an SPCC Plan.

Recordkeeping

    Under Sec. 112.3, the facility owner/operator must maintain a copy 
of the SPCC Plan at the facility, or under certain circumstances, at 
the nearest field office. The Plan must be available for review during 
normal working hours. In addition, facilities must maintain (and 
update) records of Plan-specific inspections as outlined under 
Sec. 112.7(e).

Purpose of Data Collection

    EPA does not collect the information required by the Oil Pollution 
Prevention regulation (i.e., the SPCC Plan) on a routine basis. 
Preparation, implementation, and maintenance of the SPCC Plan by the 
facility help prevent oil discharges, and mitigate the environmental 
damage caused by such discharges. Therefore, the primary user of the 
data is the facility itself. For example:
    (i) As facility staff accumulate the necessary data, they must 
analyze the facility's capability to prevent oil discharges, facilitate 
safety awareness, and promote appropriate modifications to facility 
design and operations;
    (ii) Because facility staff keep the required information in a 
single document, they can respond efficiently in the event of a 
discharge;
    (iii) To implement the Plan according to the specifications of 
Sec. 112.7, the facility must meet certain design and operational 
standards that reduce the likelihood of an oil discharge;
    (iv) Inspection records help facilities to promote important 
maintenance, facilitate leak detection, and demonstrate compliance with 
the SPCC requirements; and
    (v) When facility staff review the Plan every three years, they 
ensure the implementation of more effective spill prevention control 
technology.
    Although the facility is the primary data user, EPA also uses the 
data in certain situations. EPA primarily uses SPCC plan data to ensure 
that facilities comply with the regulation, including design and 
operation specifications and inspection requirements. EPA reviews SPCC 
Plans: (1) when facilities submit the Plans because of oil discharges, 
and (2) as part of EPA's inspection program. State and local 
governments also use the data, which is not necessarily available 
elsewhere and can greatly assist local emergency preparedness planning 
efforts. Coordination with state governments is facilitated when, after 
certain spill events, a facility sends a copy of the SPCC Plan and 
additional information on the spill to the relevant state agency.
    EPA recognizes that additional data would help to better 
demonstrate the effectiveness of the program and better understand the 
nature of the threat of oil pollution posed by facilities regulated 
under the SPCC program. As such, in 1995 EPA surveyed a random sample 
of potentially regulated facilities that represent the diverse range of 
facilities that produce, use, or store oil products. EPA is currently 
analyzing the survey results related to facility-specific information, 
such as the size, type, and location of the facility; the size, number 
and type of storage tanks; spill prevention systems; and the number and 
size of oil discharges.
    The survey results should provide data to address a number of 
program issues, including:
    (i) The verification of general information about the regulated 
community, such as the number and type of facilities subject to the 
regulation; and
    (ii) The estimation of the extent to which spills vary with 
characteristics of facilities.
    The survey should provide data to characterize the difference in 
spill rates and volumes released from various categories of facilities.
    The results of this characterization, combined with data on 
regulatory compliance costs, should help the Agency to evaluate the 
effectiveness of the SPCC program and to consider appropriate revisions 
to regulatory requirements. Also, survey data may help to address 
important analytical issues, such as the extent to which secondary 
containment systems (e.g., dikes) prevent spills from reaching 
navigable waters.\1\

    \1\ See pages 3-3 to 3-5 of the ``Regulatory Impact Analysis of 
the Proposed Revisions to the Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation 
(40 CFR Part 112)'' (Emergency Response Division, EPA, February 
1993) for a discussion about the quality of the oil spill data 
provided by ERNS and the uncertainties in using these data.
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    As part of the Agency's efforts to reduce the overall paperwork 
burden on regulated facilities, EPA would like to solicit comments on 
how the Agency could best reduce the total paperwork burden hours for 
this rule while maintaining an effective level of environmental 
protection.
    EPA would also like to solicit public comments to:
    (i) Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is 
necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Agency, 
including whether the information will have practical utility;
    (ii) Evaluate the accuracy of the Agency's estimate of the burden 
of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of 
the methodology and assumptions used;
    (iii) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information 
to be collected; and
    (iv) Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those 
who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques, 
or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic 
submission of responses.

Burden Statement

    This notice first presents the estimated number of existing and new 
storage and production facilities regulated under the Oil Pollution 
Prevention Regulation. Next, the estimated burden hours and costs to 
facilities to perform required actions are presented. Finally, the 
estimated total annual burden hours and costs for all facilities to 
comply with the requirements of this regulation are presented. The 
burden hours shown for each action represent the hours in both the 
existing ICR and the ICR renewal, since the renewal of the request does 
not change the burden hours associated with each activity. Costs have 
been updated to December 31, 1995 dollars.

[[Page 15248]]

    As of January 1996, approximately 459,000 existing facilities are 
assumed to be regulated under the SPCC program with approximately 4,590 
new facilities joining the program in 1996. These numbers are based on 
the previous ICR estimate of 450,630 facilities. A one percent annual 
growth rate in the number of facilities is assumed.\2\ For purposes of 
this ICR, all facilities were grouped into two distinct categories: 
production facilities (facilities whose operations and oil storage 
activities are exclusively limited to oil production) and storage 
facilities (all other SPCC-regulated facilities whose operations do not 
include oil production). This categorization of facilities reflects 
differences in the estimated burden of compliance activities depending 
on the nature of the facility's operations.

    \2\ ``Renewal of Information Collection Request for the Oil 
Pollution Prevention Regulation (40 CFR Part 112),'' 1994.
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    The current ICR assumes that storage facilities make up 61 percent 
of small facilities, 38 percent of medium facilities, and all large 
facilities, production facilities make up 39 percent of small 
facilities and 62 percent of medium facilities. The definitions of a 
small, medium, and large facility are based on oil storage capacity and 
are defined as follows based on the Agency's 1991 SPCC Facilities Study 
\3\:

    \3\ ``SPCC Facilities Study,'' January 1991.
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    (i) Small facility--a facility that has aboveground storage 
capacity greater than 1,320 gallons (or 660 gallons in a single 
container), but less than or equal to 42,000 gallons;
    (ii) Medium facility--a facility that has total (aboveground or 
underground) storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons but less than 
or equal to one million gallons; and
    (iii) Large facility--a facility that has total storage capacity 
greater than one million gallons.
    The estimated number of existing and new storage and production 
facilities in 1996 are shown in Exhibits 1 and 2.

           Exhibit 1.--Estimated Number of Existing Facilities          
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Small      Medium     Large      Total  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage.....................    227,749     30,909      4,791    263,449
Production..................    145,272     50,691          0    195,963
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total.................    373,021     81,600      4,791    459,412
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             Exhibit 2.--Estimated Number of New Facilities             
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Small      Medium     Large      Total  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage.....................      2,277        309         48      2,634
Production..................      1,453        507          0      1,960
                             -------------------------------------------
      Total.................      3,730        816         48      4,594
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The facility cost estimates for each category of activities are 
based on hourly wage rates for managerial ($38.72), technical ($28.37), 
and clerical ($17.48) work. Each exhibit presents separate burden 
estimates for small, medium, and large storage and production 
facilities.
    Exhibits 3 through 8 summarize the estimated facility burden 
associated with performing each separate task associated with an SPCC 
Plan. Not all of the activities will be performed on an annual basis by 
all facilities.

New Plan

    Exhibit 3 presents the estimated burden and costs for a facility to 
perform the activities associated with preparing an SPCC Plan. All new 
facilities must prepare and implement an SPCC Plan.

                      Exhibit 3.--Estimated Burden Hours and Costs--Preparation of New Plan                     
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                                                              Burden hours                                      
                                                ---------------------------------------    Burden               
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours         Cost   
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          6.0         25.0          4.0         35.0       $1,012
    Medium.....................................          6.0         44.0          6.0         56.0        1,586
    Large......................................          6.0         76.0          8.0         90.0        2,528
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          6.0         28.0          4.0         38.0        1,097
    Medium.....................................          6.0         46.0          6.0         58.0        1,642
    Large......................................          6.0         77.0          8.0         90.0        2,557
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Modification of Plan

    Exhibit 4 presents the burden hours and costs for a facility to 
revise an SPCC Plan after any modification that materially affects the 
facility's potential to discharge oil into navigable waters. An 
estimated ten percent of facilities will need to modify their SPCC 
Plans each year.

[[Page 15249]]


                    Exhibit 4.--Estimated Annual Burden Hours and Costs--Modification of Plan                   
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                                                              Burden hours                                      
                                                ---------------------------------------    Burden               
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours         Cost   
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          0.0          4.5          1.0          5.5         $145
    Medium.....................................          0.0          4.5          1.0          5.5          145
    Large......................................          0.0          4.5          1.0          5.5          145
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          0.0          4.5          1.0          5.5          145
    Medium.....................................          0.0          4.5          1.0          5.5          145
    Large......................................          0.0          4.5          1.0          5.5          145
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Triennial Review

    Exhibits 5 and 6 present the estimated burden hours and costs for a 
facility to complete a triennial review, with and without amendment. As 
a result of the review process, the facility may need to amend its 
Plan, incurring additional costs. Annual burdens and costs per facility 
are one-third of the values in Exhibits 5 and 6. An estimated three 
percent of all existing facilities will need to amend their Plans each 
year.

                  Exhibit 5.--Estimated Burden Hours and Costs--Triennial Review--No Amendment                  
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                                                              Burden hours                                      
                                                ---------------------------------------    Burden               
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours         Cost   
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          1.0          2.5          0.5          4.0         $118
    Medium.....................................          1.0          4.5          1.0          6.5          184
    Large......................................          1.0          9.0          1.0         10.0          283
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          1.0          3.5          0.5          5.0          147
    Medium.....................................          1.0          5.5          1.0          7.5          212
    Large......................................          1.0          8.0          1.0         11.0          312
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                    Exhibit 6.--Estimated Burden Hours and Costs--Triennial Review--Amendment                   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Burden hours                                      
                                                ---------------------------------------    Burden               
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours         Cost   
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          1.0          7.0          2.0         10.0         $272
    Medium.....................................          1.0          9.0          2.0         12.0          329
    Large......................................          1.0         12.5          2.0         15.5          428
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          1.0          8.0          2.0         11.0          301
    Medium.....................................          1.0         10.0          2.0         13.0          357
    Large......................................          1.0         13.5          2.0         16.5          457
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Oil Discharge

    Exhibit 7 presents estimated burden hours and costs for a facility 
to submit information to the Regional Administrator in the event of 
certain discharges of oil into navigable waters. It is assumed that the 
probability of a facility having such a spill in any given year is 0.15 
percent.

                           Exhibit 7.--Estimated Burden Hours and Costs--Oil Discharge                          
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                                                              Burden hours                                      
                                                ---------------------------------------    Burden               
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours         Cost   
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          1.0          1.0          0.0          2.0          $67
    Medium.....................................          1.0          1.0          0.0          2.0           67
    Large......................................          1.0          1.0          0.0          2.0           67
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          1.0          1.0          0.0          2.0           67
    Medium.....................................          1.0          1.0          0.0          2.0           67

[[Page 15250]]
                                                                                                                
    Large......................................          1.0          1.0          0.0          2.0           67
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Recordkeeping

    Exhibit 8 presents the burden hours and costs for a facility to 
perform Plan maintenance and Plan-specific recordkeeping activities. 
All regulated facilities are subject to these requirements.

                           Exhibit 8.--Estimated Burden Hours and Costs--Recordkeeping                          
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                                                              Burden hours                                      
                                                ---------------------------------------    Burden               
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours         Cost   
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.                          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          0.0          2.0          0.5          2.5          $65
    Medium.....................................          0.0          4.5          0.5          5.0          136
    Large......................................          0.0          9.5          0.5         10.0          278
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          0.0          3.0          0.5          3.5           94
    Medium.....................................          0.0          3.0          0.5          3.5           94
    Large......................................          0.0          3.0          0.5          3.5           94
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Annual Expected Facility Burden

    The total annual burden per facility reflects the sum of the annual 
burdens incurred by the facility for each category of activities 
outlined above. The estimated annual burden for an existing facility is 
shown in Exhibit 9. Exhibit 10 presents the estimated annual burden for 
a new facility.

                 Exhibit 9.--Estimated Burden Hours and Costs per Facility--Existing Facilities                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Annual burden hours                                   
                                                ---------------------------------------    Total                
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      burden    Annual cost
                                                  $38.72/hr.   $28.37/hr.   $17.48/hr.     hours                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          0.3          3.3          0.8          4.4         $121
    Medium.....................................          0.3          6.5          0.9          7.7          214
    Large......................................          0.3         12.7          0.9         13.9          389
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          0.3          4.7          0.8          5.8          159
    Medium.....................................          0.3          5.3          0.9          6.5          181
    Large......................................          0.3          6.5          0.9          7.7          214
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                Exhibit 10.--Estimated Annual Burden Hours and Costs per Facility--New Facilities               
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Annual burden hours                                   
                                                ---------------------------------------    Total                
                Type of facility                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      burden    Annual cost
                                                  $38.72/hr    $28.37/hr    $17.48/hr      hours                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................          6.0         27.5          4.6         38.1       $1,092
    Medium.....................................          6.0         49.0          6.6         61.6        1,737
    Large......................................          6.0         86.0          8.6        100.6        2,821
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................          6.0         31.5          4.6         42.1        1,205
    Medium.....................................          6.0         49.5          6.6         62.1        1,751
    Large......................................          6.0         80.5          8.6         95.1        2,665
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total Annual Expected Facility Burdens

    The total annual burdens for all existing facilities and all new 
facilities are shown in Exhibits 11 and 12. The approximately 459,000 
existing facilities will incur a combined burden of about 2.5 million 
hours and $68 million. In addition, around 4,590 new facilities will 
incur a combined burden of 207,000 hours and $5.8 million. The total 
annual reporting and recordkeeping burden to the regulated community as 
a result of the SPCC Program is estimated to be approximately 2.7 
million hours at a cost of about $74 million.

[[Page 15251]]


                  Exhibit 11.--Estimated Annual Burden Hours and Costs--All Existing Facilities                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Annual burden hours              Total                
                Type of facility                ---------------------------------------    burden    Annual cost
                                                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................       75,157      758,404       17,644    1,013,485  $27,581,027
    Medium.....................................       10,200      200,909       29,054      240,163    6,607,489
    Large......................................        1,581       60,654        4,504       66,739    1,862,563
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................       47,940      676,968      113,312      838,220   23,088,383
    Medium.....................................       16,728      270,183       47,650      334,561    9,158,414
    Large......................................            0            0            0            0            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total....................................      151,606    1,967,118      212,164    2,493,168   68,297,876
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                    Exhibit 12.--Estimated Annual Burden Hours and Costs--All New Facilities                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Annual burden hours              Total                
                Type of facility                ---------------------------------------    burden    Annual cost
                                                  Managerial   Technical     Clerical      hours                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Storage:                                                                                                        
    Small......................................       13,662       62,504       10,474       86,640   $2,486,233
    Medium.....................................        1,854       15,126        2,039       19,019      536,768
    Large......................................          288        4,126          413        4,827      135,181
Production:                                                                                                     
    Small......................................        8,718       45,697        6,684       61,099    1,750,741
    Medium.....................................        3,042       25,071        3,346       31,459      887,491
    Large......................................            0            0            0            0            0
                                                ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Total....................................       27,564      152,524       22,956      203,044    5,796,414
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    No person is required to respond to a collection of information 
unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB 
control numbers for EPA's regulations are displayed at 40 CFR Part 9.
    Send comments regarding these matters, or any other aspects of the 
information collection, including suggestions for reducing the burden, 
to the address listed above under ADDRESSES near the top of this 
Notice.

    Dated: April 1, 1996.
Elaine F. Davies,
Acting Director, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response.
[FR Doc. 96-8481 Filed 4-4-96; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P