[Federal Register Volume 69, Number 17 (Tuesday, January 27, 2004)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 3837-3852]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 04-1386]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

49 CFR Part 571

[Docket No. 03-16476; Notice 2]
RIN No. 2127-AJ30


Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Occupant Crash Protection

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Final rule, partial response to petitions for reconsideration.

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SUMMARY: This final rule temporarily permits compliance with Federal 
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 208, Occupant crash 
protection, according to the test procedures of that standard prior to 
the amendments made by the November 19, 2003, final rule.\1\ This 
document amends FMVSS No. 208 through the adoption of FMVSS 208a, which 
contains these ``old'' test procedures. This final rule permits the 
certification of motor vehicles under the ``old'' test procedures until 
August 31, 2004.
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    \1\ See, 68 Federal Register 65179.
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    The agency received seven petitions for reconsideration of the 
November 2003 final rule, requesting that NHTSA consider modifying 
certain requirements of the amended FMVSS No. 208. Specifically, 
petitioners asked that the agency reconsider: The seat positioning 
procedures for the barrier tests, low risk deployment tests, and other 
test procedures; the test procedure for positioning the left foot of 
the 5th percentile adult female test dummy (barrier test); the ``chin 
on rim'' low risk deployment test procedure; the dummy positioning 
procedure for the head-on-instrument panel low risk deployment test 
with the 6-year-old test dummy; the definition of Plane C and D in the 
dummy positioning procedure for low risk deployment; and the effective 
date and content of Appendix A.
    Petitioners have indicated that compliance with the amended 
requirements of FMVSS No. 208, prior to resolution of petitions for 
reconsideration, would cause substantial economic hardship because 
certification testing for the model year 2004 fleet has completed. This 
rulemaking partially responds to the petitions for reconsideration by 
permitting manufacturers to temporarily certify vehicles according to 
the test procedures required prior to the effective date of the 
November 2003 final rule.

DATES: This final rule becomes effective on January 27, 2004.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For non-legal issues, you may call 
Louis Molino, Office of Crashworthiness Standards, at (202) 366-2264, 
facsimile (202) 366-4329.
    For legal issues, you may contact Chris Calamita, Office of the 
Chief Counsel, at (202) 366-2992, facsimile (202) 366-3820.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents

I. Background
II. Petitions For Reconsideration
III. Final Rule
IV. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

I. Background

    FMVSS No. 208 specifies the performance requirements for the 
protection of vehicle occupants in crashes. On November 19, 2003, the 
agency published a final rule that responded, in part, to petitions for 
reconsideration of the amendments to detailed seat and dummy 
positioning procedures we made in December 2001 to our May 2000 
Advanced Air Bag Rule. In particular, we amended portions of FMVSS No. 
208 regarding seat positioning procedures when using the 5th percentile 
adult female test dummy in the barrier test and the low risk deployment 
test; when using the 3-year-old and 6-year-old test dummies in the low 
risk deployment test; the fore and aft seat location for rear facing 
child restraint systems (RFCRSs); and the seat track position for the 
low risk deployment test. We also responded to petitions for 
reconsideration regarding test dummy positioning procedure issues, 
specifically those addressing foot positioning of the 5th percentile 
adult female test dummy; positioning out-of-position test dummies; and 
positioning of test dummy hands. The November 2003 final rule amended 
the definitions of ``Plane C'' and ``Plane D'' as they relate to test 
dummy positioning, Point 1 under the low risk deployment tests, and 
addressed other reference points and definitions. The November 2003 
final rule also amended the list of child

[[Page 3838]]

restraint systems required for certain compliance testing.

II. Petitions for Reconsideration

    In response to the November 2003 final rule, the agency received 
seven petitions for reconsideration. Petitions were submitted by 
Evenflo Company, Inc. (Evenflo), Maserati S.p.A. (Maserati), Alliance 
for Automobile Manufacturers (Alliance), TRW Automotive (TRW), 
Automotive Occupant Restraint Council (AORC), American Honda Motor Co., 
Inc. (Honda), and Ferrari S.p.A. (Ferrari). Petitioners have asked the 
agency to reconsider the following issues.

A. Seat Positioning Procedures

    The Alliance has requested that the agency specify a vertical seat 
position when determining the seat cushion reference angle. 
Specifically, the Alliance requested that the seat be positioned in the 
full rear and full down position when determining the seat cushion 
reference angle. The Alliance also requested that S16.2.10.3.2 and 
S16.2.10.3.3 of FMVSS No. 208 be amended to specify that the reference 
point used in these sections is the seat cushion reference point.

B. Left foot--5th percentile adult female test dummy (Barrier test)

    The Alliance, Honda, and Ferrari petitioned to permit positioning 
of the left foot of the 5th percentile adult female test dummy in a 
manner more representative of a ``real world'' configuration. Ferrari 
and Honda requested that the left foot be permitted to rest on the foot 
rest. The Alliance requested that if spacer blocks are to be required, 
then the agency should specify the material properties of the spacer 
blocks for consistency in testing. Honda requested that the amendments 
for positioning the left foot of the 5th percentile adult female test 
dummy adopted in the November 2003 final rule be postponed until 
September 1, 2004. The Alliance requested that the amendments for 
positioning the left foot of the 5th percentile adult female test 
dummy, along with the rest of the November 2003 final rule, be 
postponed until September 1, 2005.

C. ``Chin on Rim'' Test Procedure

    The Alliance and Honda requested that the agency amend the chin on 
rim test procedure to provide for consistency and repeatability in 
testing out-of-position drivers. The Alliance requested that for 
vehicle models with adjustable and non-adjustable steering wheels, the 
adjustable steering wheel should be positioned as close as possible to 
the position of the non-adjustable steering wheel. When spacer blocks 
are required to position the dummy's chin on the steering wheel, Honda 
requested that the agency specify the shape of the blocks. Honda stated 
that the pre-test load applied to the neck can vary with the shape of 
the spacer blocks. Honda also requested that the amendments for the 
``chin on rim'' test procedure adopted in the November 2003 final rule 
be postponed until September 1, 2004.

D. Head-on-Instrument Panel Test Procedure

    Honda petitioned the agency to permit rotation of the lower legs 
when positioning the head of the six-year-old dummy on the instrument 
panel, in order to prevent bracing by the feet on the vehicle floor. 
Honda stated that this bracing prevents the torso from being rotated 
into position.
    Honda also requested that spacer blocks be permitted when space is 
present between the six-year-old dummy's feet and the vehicle floor. 
Honda stated that variation of the feet due to lack of contact with the 
floor results in variation in the force required to maintain the thigh 
angle. Again with regards to the six-year-old dummy, Honda requested 
that the head-on-instrument panel test procedure specify the point and 
direction for applying the 222 N force to prevent differences in dummy 
position.
    Honda further requested that the amendments for the head-on-
instrument-panel test procedure adopted in the November 2003 rule be 
postponed until September 1, 2004.

E. Definition of Planes C and D

    The Alliance, Maserati, and Ferrari requested clarification of the 
procedure for determining the volumetric centers of an uninflated and 
statically inflated air bag, which are used to define Planes C and D. 
Maserati stated that the new definition of Plane C may alter the 
positioning of the dummy in low risk deployment testing by 50 mm and 
that the effect of this altered position on compliance is unknown at 
this time. The Alliance stated that one of its members has reported 
that the redefined Plane C may alter the positioning of the dummy by 30 
mm.
    The Alliance requested that the effective date for the amended 
definitions of Planes C and D be postponed to September 1, 2005. 
Ferrari requested a two year lead time and Maserati requested a three 
year lead time. AORC has requested that the agency revert to the 
previous method for defining Planes C and D.

F. Appendix A

    Evenflo and TRW have requested that Appendix A be amended to 
reflect child restraint systems (CRSs) currently manufactured and 
available for retail purchase. Evenflo stated that several of the 
discontinued CRS models in Appendix A are no longer available. TRW 
petitioned the agency to create a separate Appendix to indicate which 
CRSs will be used in testing through at least 2006. To facilitate the 
use of automatic suppression systems based on weight detection, Honda 
petitioned the agency to limit the weight of CRSs. Honda also 
petitioned the agency to permit 18 months of lead time for the amended 
Appendix A.
    The Alliance requested that the agency develop a procedure for 
installing CRSs equipped with lower anchorages and tether attachments. 
The Alliance stated that artificially tight installations can cause 
some occupant classification systems to misclassify the occupant. The 
Alliance also requested the effective date for the revised Appendix A 
be postponed until September 1, 2005.

III. Final Rule

    The agency set a January 20, 2004 effective date for the amendments 
to the FMVSS No. 208 seat and dummy positioning procedures in the 
November 2003 final rule. The petitions filed by Evenflo, Maserati, the 
Alliance, TRW, AORC, Honda, and Ferrari have asked the agency to 
reconsider several aspects of that rulemaking. NHTSA is currently 
considering all seven petitions.
    Given that the January 20, 2004 effective date occurred mid-model 
year, the agency has determined that it is appropriate to first 
partially respond to petitions concerning the effective date of the 
November 2003 final rule. Manufacturers are currently required to 
certify at least 20 percent of all vehicles manufactured between 
September 1, 2003 and August 31, 2004 as fully complying with the 
advanced air bag requirements, unless advanced credits are utilized. 
These production dates roughly correspond with the model year 2004 
fleet. Much of the testing that manufacturers conduct to certify 
compliance of the 2004 model year fleet has already been done. Although 
we believe the new positioning procedures result in more accurate and 
repeatable dummy placement, the new procedures could result in a test 
dummy being placed differently relative to the air bag than it was 
during vehicle certification. As a result, it is possible that injury 
criteria could be exceeded under the new procedures, even though they 
were

[[Page 3839]]

not exceeded in certification testing. If so, manufacturers may need to 
make minor modifications to their designs to assure compliance with the 
new requirement. However, we note that no petitioner provided 
comparative test data between old and new dummy positions. Nor did any 
manufacturer state that they could not comply with the test 
requirements using the new dummy positions. Nonetheless, the agency is 
permitting compliance according to the testing procedures required by 
FMVSS No. 208 immediately prior to the November 2003 amendments.
    This document adopts FMVSS No. 208a, which contains the pre-
November 2003 final rule test procedures. Manufacturers may rely on the 
test procedures in FMVSS No. 208a until August 31, 2004, after which, 
the manufacturers will be required to meet the new requirements of 
FMVSS No. 208. (The November 2003 amendments to Appendix A already have 
an effective date of September 1, 2004.) If a manufacturer opts to 
certify a vehicle according to the procedures in FMVSS No. 208a, it 
must certify using all of the relevant seat and dummy positioning 
procedures in FMVSS No. 208a in place of the corresponding test 
procedures in FMVSS. No. 208. We have decided against any further 
extension of the old procedures because we believe the new positioning 
procedures should not require any more than minor modifications by 
affected manufacturers. Other issues raised in the petitions for 
reconsideration will be addressed by the agency in a separate document.
    The agency believes that a partial response to the petitions for 
reconsideration is necessary so motor vehicle manufacturers do not face 
substantial economic hardship associated with certain new requirements 
of the amended FMVSS No. 208. As discussed in the petitions, the 
updated requirements of FMVSS No. 208 may necessitate retesting and 
recertification of occupant protection systems. By permitting 
compliance according to the old test procedures until August 31, 2004, 
vehicle manufacturers may avoid mid-model year product changes that 
would otherwise result from the November 2003 final rule, which went 
into effect on January 20, 2004.
    NHTSA expects that all other issues raised in the petitions will be 
fully addressed prior to the new, September 1, 2004 effective date. In 
the event, however, that these issues have not been resolved, all 
affected manufacturers will be required to meet the new requirements. 
Effective dates of agency final rules are not stayed due to outstanding 
petitions for reconsideration of those rules.

IV. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

A. Economic Impacts

    Executive Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review'' (58 FR 
51735, October 4, 1993), provides for making determinations whether a 
regulatory action is ``significant'' and therefore subject to Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) review and to the requirements of the 
Executive Order. The Order defines a ``significant regulatory action'' 
as one that is likely to result in a rule that may:
    (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or 
adversely affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the 
economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public 
health or safety, or State, local, or Tribal governments or 
communities;
    (2) Create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an 
action taken or planned by another agency;
    (3) Materially alter the budgetary impact of entitlements, grants, 
user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients 
thereof; or
    (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal 
mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles set forth in 
the Executive Order.
    This rulemaking document was not reviewed under Executive Order 
12866. It is not significant within the meaning of the DOT Regulatory 
Policies and Procedures. It does not impose any burden on manufacturers 
and effectively extends the compliance date for existing regulatory 
requirements for an additional seven months. The agency believes that 
this impact is so minimal as to not warrant the preparation of a full 
regulatory evaluation.

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, we have considered the 
impacts of this rulemaking action will have on small entities (5 U.S.C. 
601 et seq.). I certify that this rulemaking action will not have a 
significant economic impact upon a substantial number of small entities 
within the context of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. The following is 
our statement providing the factual basis for the certification (5 
U.S.C. 605(b)). This action will not have a significant economic impact 
on a substantial number of small businesses because it does not 
significantly change the requirements of the November 2003 final rule. 
Small organizations and small governmental units will not be 
significantly effected since the potential cost impacts associated with 
this rule remain unchanged from the November 2003 final rule.

C. Environmental Impacts

    We have not conducted an evaluation of the impacts of this final 
rule under the National Environmental Policy Act. This rulemaking 
action effectively extends the date by which the manufacturers must 
comply with the newly upgraded requirements of FMVSS No. 208. This 
rulemaking does not impose any change that would have any environmental 
impacts. Accordingly, no environmental assessment is required.

D. Executive Order 13132 (Federalism)

    E.O. 13132 requires NHTSA to develop an accountable process to 
ensure ``meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in 
the development of regulatory policies that have federalism 
implications.'' E.O. 13132 defines the term ``Policies that have 
federalism implications'' to include regulations that have 
``substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between 
the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.'' Under 
E.O. 13132, NHTSA may not issue a regulation that has federalism 
implication, that imposes substantial direct compliance costs, and that 
is not required by statute, unless the Federal government provides the 
funds necessary to pay the direct compliance costs incurred by State 
and local governments, or NHTSA consults with State and local officials 
early in the process of developing the proposed regulation.
    This final rule will not have substantial direct effects on the 
States, on the relationship between the national government and the 
States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of government as specified in E.O. 13132. Thus, the 
requirements of section 6 of the Executive Order do not apply to this 
rule.

E. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4) requires 
agencies to prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits and 
other effects of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate 
likely to result in the expenditure by State, local or tribal 
governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of more than 
$100

[[Page 3840]]

million annually. This action, which permits manufacturers to rely on 
test procedures required prior to the November 2003 upgrade for an 
additional seven months, will not result in additional expenditures by 
state, local or tribal governments or by any members of the private 
sector. Therefore, the agency has not prepared an economic assessment 
pursuant to the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

F. Paperwork Reduction Act

    There are no information collection requirements in this rule.

G. Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

    The Department of Transportation assigns a regulation identifier 
number (RIN) to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of 
Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center 
publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. You may 
use the RIN contained in the heading at the beginning of this document 
to find this action in the Unified Agenda.

H. Plain Language

    Executive Order 12866 requires each agency to write all rules in 
plain language. Application of the principles of plain language 
includes consideration of the following questions:

--Have we organized the material to suit the public's needs?
--Are the requirements in the rule clearly stated?
--Does the rule contain technical language or jargon that is not clear?
--Would a different format (grouping and order of sections, use of 
headings, paragraphing) make the rule easier to understand?
--Would more (but shorter) sections be better?
--Could we improve clarity by adding tables, lists, or diagrams?
--What else could we do to make the rule easier to understand?

    If you have any responses to these questions, please forward them 
to Chris Calamita, Office of Chief Counsel, National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590.

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    Under the National Technology and Transfer and Advancement Act of 
1995 (NTTAA) (Pub. L. 104-113), ``all Federal agencies and departments 
shall use technical standards that are developed or adopted by 
voluntary consensus standards bodies, using such technical standards as 
a means to carry out policy objectives or activities determined by the 
agencies and departments.'' This document permits temporary compliance 
with FMVSS No. 208 according to test procedures prior to amendments 
made in the November 2003 final rule. No new standards or procedures 
are adopted by this document.

J. Privacy Act

    Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments 
received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 70; Pages 19477-78), or you may visit 
http://dms.dot.gov.

List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 571

    Imports, Motor vehicle safety, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Tires.


0
In consideration of the foregoing, NHTSA amends 49 CFR Chapter V as 
follows:

PART 571--FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS

0
1. The authority citation for part 571 of title 49 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 322, 30111, 30115, 30117, and 30166; 
delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.50.


0
2. Part 571 is amended by adding Sec. 571.208a to read as follows:


571.208a  Optional test procedures for vehicles manufactured between 
January 27, 2004 and August 31, 2004.

    For vehicles manufactured between January 27, 2004 and August 31, 
2004, a manufacturer may, at its option, comply with certain 
requirements of Standard No. 208 in accordance with the test procedures 
set forth in this Sec. 571.208a instead of the corresponding test 
procedures in Sec. 571.208.
    S1 through S15 [Reserved] See Sec. 571.208, S1 through S15.
    S16. Test procedures for rigid barrier test requirements using 5th 
percentile adult female dummies.
    S16.1 General provisions. Crash testing to determine compliance 
with the requirements of S15 of this standard is conducted as specified 
in the following paragraphs (a) and (b).
    (a) Belted test. Place a 49 CFR part 572 subpart O 5th percentile 
adult female test dummy at each front outboard seating position of a 
vehicle, in accordance with the procedures specified in S16.3 of this 
standard. Impact the vehicle traveling longitudinally forward at any 
speed, up to and including 48 km/h (30 mph), into a fixed rigid barrier 
that is perpendicular within a tolerance of  5 
degrees to the line of travel of the vehicle under the applicable 
conditions of S16.2 of this standard.
    (b) Unbelted test. Place a 49 CFR part 572 subpart O 5th percentile 
adult female test dummy at each front outboard seating position of a 
vehicle, in accordance with the procedures specified in S16.3 of this 
standard, except S16.3.5. Impact the vehicle traveling longitudinally 
forward at any speed, from 32 km/h (20 mph) to 40 km/h (25 mph), 
inclusive, into a fixed rigid barrier that is perpendicular within a 
tolerance of  5 degrees to the line of travel of 
the vehicle under the applicable conditions of S16.2 of this standard.
    S16.2 Test conditions.
    S16.2.1 The vehicle, including test devices and instrumentation, is 
loaded as in S8.1.1 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S16.2.2 Movable vehicle windows and vents are placed in the fully 
closed position, unless the vehicle manufacturer chooses to specify a 
different adjustment position prior to the time the vehicle is 
certified.
    S16.2.3 Convertibles and open-body type vehicles have the top, if 
any, in place in the closed passenger compartment configuration.
    S16.2.4 Doors are fully closed and latched but not locked.
    S16.2.5 The dummy is clothed in form fitting cotton stretch 
garments with short sleeves and above the knee length pants. A size 
7\1/2\W shoe which meets the configuration and size specifications of 
MIL-S-21711E (see S4.7) or its equivalent is placed on each foot of the 
test dummy.
    S16.2.6 Limb joints are set at one g, barely restraining the weight 
of the limb when extended horizontally. Leg joints are adjusted with 
the torso in the supine position.
    S16.2.7 Instrumentation shall not affect the motion of dummies 
during impact.
    S16.2.8 The stabilized temperature of the dummy is at any level 
between 20.6 C and 22.2 C (69 
F to 72 F).
    S16.2.9 Steering wheel adjustment.
    S16.2.9.1 Adjust a tiltable steering wheel, if possible, so that 
the steering wheel hub is at the geometric center of its full range of 
driving positions.
    S16.2.9.2 If there is no setting detent at the mid-position, lower 
the steering wheel to the detent just below the mid-position.
    S16.2.9.3 If the steering column is telescoping, place the steering 
column

[[Page 3841]]

in the mid-position. If there is no mid-position, move the steering 
wheel rearward one position from the mid-position.
    S16.2.10 Driver and passenger seat set-up.
    S16.2.10.1 Lumbar support adjustment. Position adjustable lumbar 
supports so that the lumbar support is in its lowest, retracted or 
deflated adjustment position.
    S16.2.10.2 Other seat adjustments. Position any adjustable parts of 
the seat that provide additional support so that they are in the lowest 
or most open adjustment position.
    S16.2.10.3 Seat position adjustment. If the passenger seat does not 
adjust independently of the driver seat, the driver seat shall control 
the final position of the passenger seat.
    S16.2.10.3.1 If the seat is adjustable in the fore and aft and/or 
vertical directions, move the seat to the rearmost position at the full 
down height adjustment. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, 
independent of the seat back, set this adjustment to the full rearward 
position. If the seat cushion contains a height adjustment, independent 
of the seat back, set this adjustment to the full down position. Record 
a seat cushion reference angle.
    S16.2.10.3.2 Using only controls which move the seat fore and aft, 
move the seat to the full forward position. If seat adjustments other 
than fore-aft are present and the seat cushion reference angle changes 
from that measured in S16.2.10.3.1, use those adjustments to maintain 
as closely as possible the angle recorded in S16.2.10.3.1.
    S16.2.10.3.3 If the seat height is adjustable, determine the 
maximum and minimum heights at this position, while maintaining, as 
closely as possible, the angle recorded in S16.2.10.3.1. Set the seat 
at the midpoint height with the seat cushion reference angle set as 
closely as possible to the angle recorded in S16.2.10.3.1. Mark 
location of the seat for future reference.
    S16.3 Dummy seating positioning procedures. The 49 CFR part 572 
subpart O 5th percentile adult female test dummy is positioned as 
follows:
    S16.3.1 General provisions and definitions.
    S16.3.1.1 All angles are measured with respect to the horizontal 
plane unless otherwise stated.
    S16.3.1.2 The dummy's neck bracket is adjusted to align the zero 
degree index marks.
    S16.3.1.3 The term ``midsagittal plane'' refers to the vertical 
plane that separates the dummy into equal left and right halves.
    S16.3.1.4 The term ``vertical longitudinal plane'' refers to a 
vertical plane parallel to the vehicle's longitudinal centerline.
    S16.3.1.5 The term ``vertical plane'' refers to a vertical plane, 
not necessarily parallel to the vehicle's longitudinal centerline.
    S16.3.1.6 The term ``transverse instrumentation platform'' refers 
to the transverse instrumentation surface inside the dummy's skull 
casting to which the neck load cell mounts. This surface is 
perpendicular to the skull cap's machined inferior-superior mounting 
surface.
    S16.3.1.7 The term ``thigh'' refers to the femur between, but not 
including, the knee and the pelvis.
    S16.3.1.8 The term ``leg'' refers to the lower part of the entire 
leg including the knee.
    S16.3.1.9 The term ``foot'' refers to the foot including the ankle.
    S16.3.1.10 The longitudinal centerline of a bucket seat cushion is 
determined at the widest part of the seat cushion. Measure 
perpendicular to the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle.
    S16.3.1.11 For leg and thigh angles use the following references:
    S16.3.1.11.1 Thigh--a straight line on the thigh skin between the 
center of the \1/2\-13 UNC-2B tapped hole in the upper leg femur clamp 
(see drawings 880105-504 (left thigh) and 880105-505 (right thigh), 
upper leg femur clamp) and the knee pivot shoulder bolt (part 880105-
527 in drawing 880105-528R & 528L, sliding knee assy. w/o pot).
    S16.3.1.11.2 Leg--a straight line on the leg skin between the 
center of the ankle shell (parts 880105-609 & 633 in drawing 880105-
660, ankle assembly) and the knee pivot shoulder bolt (part 880105-527 
in drawing 880105-528R & 528L, sliding knee assy. w/o pot).
    S16.3.2 Driver dummy positioning.
    S16.3.2.1 Driver torso/head/seat back angle positioning.
    S16.3.2.1.1 With the seat in the position determined in S16.2.10, 
use only the controls which move the seat fore and aft to place the 
seat in the rearmost position, without adjusting independent height 
controls. If the seat cushion reference angle automatically changes as 
the seat is moved from the full forward position, maintain, as closely 
as possible, the seat cushion reference angle in S16.2.10.3.1, for the 
final forward position when measuring the pelvic angle as specified in 
S16.3.2.1.11.
    S16.3.2.1.2 Fully recline the seat back, if adjustable. Install the 
dummy into the driver's seat, such that when the legs are positioned 
120 degrees to the thighs, the calves of the legs are not touching the 
seat cushion.
    S16.3.2.1.3 Bucket seats. Center the dummy on the seat cushion so 
that its midsagittal plane is vertical and coincides with the vertical 
longitudinal plane through the center of the seat cushion.
    S16.3.2.1.4 Bench seats. Position the midsagittal plane of the 
dummy vertical and parallel to the vehicle's longitudinal centerline 
and aligned with the center of the steering wheel rim.
    S16.3.2.1.5 Hold the dummy's thighs down and push rearward on the 
upper torso to maximize the dummy's pelvic angle.
    S16.3.2.1.6 Place the legs at 120 degrees to the thighs. Set the 
initial transverse distance between the longitudinal centerlines at the 
front of the dummy's knees at 160 to 170 mm (6.3 to 6.7 in), with the 
thighs and legs of the dummy in vertical planes. Push rearward on the 
dummy's knees to force the pelvis into the seat so there is no gap 
between the pelvis and the seat back or until contact occurs between 
the back of the dummy's calves and the front of the seat cushion.
    S16.3.2.1.7 Gently rock the upper torso relative to the lower torso 
laterally in a side to side motion three times through a  5 degree arc (approximately 51 mm (2 in) side to side) 
to reduce friction between the dummy and the seat.
    S16.3.2.1.8 If needed, extend the legs slightly so that the feet 
are not in contact with the floor pan. Let the thighs rest on the seat 
cushion to the extent permitted by the foot movement. Keeping the leg 
and the thigh in a vertical plane, place the foot in the vertical 
longitudinal plane that passes through the centerline of the 
accelerator pedal. Rotate the left thigh outboard about the hip until 
the center of the knee is the same distance from the midsagittal plane 
of the dummy as the right knee  5 mm ( 0.2 in). Using only controls which move the seat fore 
and aft, attempt to return the seat to the full forward position. If 
either of the dummy's legs first contacts the steering wheel, then 
adjust the steering wheel, if adjustable, upward until contact with the 
steering wheel is avoided. If the steering wheel is not adjustable, 
separate the knees enough to avoid steering wheel contact. Proceed with 
moving the seat forward until either the leg contacts the vehicle 
interior or the seat reaches the full forward position. (The right foot 
may contact and depress the accelerator and/or change the angle of the 
foot with respect to the leg during seat movement.) If necessary to 
avoid contact with the vehicles brake or clutch

[[Page 3842]]

pedal, rotate the test dummy's left foot about the leg. If there is 
still interference, rotate the left thigh outboard about the hip the 
minimum distance necessary to avoid pedal interference. If a dummy leg 
contacts the vehicle interior before the full forward position is 
attained, position the seat at the next detent where there is no 
contact. If the seat is a power seat, move the seat fore and aft to 
avoid contact while assuring that there is a maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) 
distance between the vehicle interior and the point on the dummy that 
would first contact the vehicle interior. If the steering wheel was 
moved, return it to the position described in S16.2.9. If the steering 
wheel contacts the dummy's leg(s) prior to attaining this position, 
adjust it to the next higher detent, or if infinitely adjustable, until 
there is 5 mm (0.2 in) clearance between the wheel and the dummy's 
leg(s).
    S16.3.2.1.9 For vehicles without adjustable seat backs, adjust the 
lower neck bracket to level the head as much as possible. For vehicles 
with adjustable seat backs, while holding the thighs in place, rotate 
the seat back forward until the transverse instrumentation platform of 
the head is level to within  0.5 degree, making 
sure that the pelvis does not interfere with the seat bight. Inspect 
the abdomen to ensure that it is properly installed. If the torso 
contacts the steering wheel, adjust the steering wheel in the following 
order until there is no contact: Telescoping adjustment, lowering 
adjustment, raising adjustment. If the vehicle has no adjustments or 
contact with the steering wheel cannot be eliminated by adjustment, 
position the seat at the next detent where there is no contact with the 
steering wheel as adjusted in S16.2.9. If the seat is a power seat, 
position the seat to avoid contact while assuring that there is a 
maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) distance between the steering wheel as 
adjusted in S16.2.9 and the point of contact on the dummy.
    S16.3.2.1.10 If it is not possible to achieve the head level within 
 0.5 degrees, minimize the angle.
    S16.3.2.1.11 Measure and set the dummy's pelvic angle using the 
pelvic angle gage (drawing TE-2504, incorporated by reference in 49 CFR 
part 572, subpart O, of this chapter). The angle shall be set to 20.0 
degrees  2.5 degrees. If this is not possible, 
adjust the pelvic angle as close to 20.0 degrees as possible while 
keeping the transverse instrumentation platform of the head as level as 
possible by adjustments specified in S16.3.2.1.9 and S16.3.2.1.10.
    S16.3.2.1.12 If the dummy is contacting the vehicle interior after 
these adjustments, move the seat rearward until there is a maximum of 5 
mm (0.2 in) between the contact point of the dummy and the interior of 
the vehicle or if it has a manual seat adjustment, to the next rearward 
detent position. If after these adjustments, the dummy contact point is 
more than 5 mm (0.2 in) from the vehicle interior and the seat is still 
not in its forwardmost position, move the seat forward until the 
contact point is 5 mm (0.2 in) or less from the vehicle interior, or if 
it has a manual seat adjustment, move the seat to the closest detent 
position without making contact, or until the seat reaches its 
forwardmost position, whichever occurs first.
    S16.3.2.2 Driver foot positioning.
    S16.3.2.2.1 If the vehicle has an adjustable accelerator pedal, 
adjust it to the full forward position. Rest the right foot of the test 
dummy on the undepressed accelerator pedal with the rearmost point of 
the heel on the floor pan in the plane of the pedal. If the foot cannot 
be placed on the accelerator pedal, set it initially perpendicular to 
the leg and then place it as far forward as possible in the direction 
of the pedal centerline with the rearmost point of the heel resting on 
the floor pan. If the vehicle has an adjustable accelerator pedal and 
the right foot is not touching the accelerator pedal when positioned as 
above, move the pedal rearward until it touches the right foot. If the 
accelerator pedal in the full rearward position still does not touch 
the foot, leave the pedal in that position.
    S16.3.2.2.2 If the ball of the foot does not contact the pedal, 
change the angle of the foot relative to the leg such that the toe of 
the foot contacts the undepressed accelerator pedal.
    S16.3.2.2.3 Place the left foot on the toe-board with the rearmost 
point of the heel resting on the floor pan as close as possible to the 
point of intersection of the planes described by the toe-board and 
floor pan, and not on the wheel-well projection or foot rest.
    S16.3.2.2.4 If the left foot cannot be positioned on the toe board, 
place the foot perpendicular to the lower leg centerline as far forward 
as possible with the heel resting on the floor pan.
    S16.3.2.2.5 If necessary to avoid contact with the vehicle's brake 
or clutch pedal, rotate the test dummy's left foot about the lower leg. 
If there is still pedal interference, rotate the left leg outboard 
about the hip the minimum distance necessary to avoid the pedal 
interference. If the left foot does not contact the floor pan, place 
the foot parallel to the floor and place the leg as perpendicular to 
the thigh as possible.
    S16.3.2.3 Driver arm/hand positioning.
    S16.3.2.3.1 Place the dummy's upper arms adjacent to the torso with 
the arm centerlines as close to a vertical longitudinal plane as 
possible.
    S16.3.2.3.2 Place the palms of the dummy in contact with the outer 
part of the steering wheel rim at its horizontal centerline with the 
thumbs over the steering wheel rim.
    S16.3.2.3.3 If it is not possible to position the thumbs inside the 
steering wheel rim at its horizontal centerline, then position them 
above and as close to the horizontal centerline of the steering wheel 
rim as possible.
    S16.3.2.3.4 Lightly tape the hands to the steering wheel rim so 
that if the hand of the test dummy is pushed upward by a force of not 
less than 9 N (2 lb) and not more than 22 N (5 lb), the tape releases 
the hand from the steering wheel rim.
    S16.3.3 Passenger dummy positioning.
    S16.3.3.1 Passenger torso/head/seat back angle positioning.
    S16.3.3.1.1 With the seat in the position determined in S16.2.10, 
use only the controls which move the seat fore and aft to place the 
seat in the rearmost position, without adjusting independent height 
controls. If the seat cushion reference angle automatically changes as 
the seat is moved from the full forward position, maintain as closely 
as possible the seat cushion reference angle in S16.2.10.3.1, for the 
final forward position when measuring the pelvic angle as specified in 
S16.3.3.1.11.
    S16.3.3.1.2 Fully recline the seat back, if adjustable. Install the 
dummy into the passenger's seat, such that when the legs are 120 
degrees to the thighs, the calves of the legs are not touching the seat 
cushion.
    S16.3.3.1.3 Bucket seats. Center the dummy on the seat cushion so 
that its midsagittal plane is vertical and coincides with the vertical 
longitudinal plane through the center of the seat cushion.
    S16.3.3.1.4 Bench seats. Position the midsagittal plane of the 
dummy vertical and parallel to the vehicle's longitudinal centerline 
and the same distance from the vehicle's longitudinal centerline as the 
midsagittal plane of the driver dummy.
    S16.3.3.1.5 Hold the dummy's thighs down and push rearward on the 
upper torso to maximize the dummy's pelvic angle.
    S16.3.3.1.6 Place the legs at 120 degrees to the thighs. Set the 
initial

[[Page 3843]]

transverse distance between the longitudinal centerlines at the front 
of the dummy's knees at 160 to 170 mm (6.3 to 6.7 in), with the thighs 
and legs of the dummy in vertical planes. Push rearward on the dummy's 
knees to force the pelvis into the seat so there is no gap between the 
pelvis and the seat back or until contact occurs between the back of 
the dummy's calves and the front of the seat cushion.
    S16.3.3.1.7 Gently rock the upper torso relative to the lower torso 
laterally side to side three times through a  5 
degree arc (approximately 51 mm (2 in) side to side).
    S16.3.3.1.8 If needed, extend the legs slightly so that the feet 
are not in contact with the floor pan. Let the thighs rest on the seat 
cushion to the extent permitted by the foot movement. With the feet 
perpendicular to the legs, place the heels on the floor pan. If a heel 
will not contact the floor pan, place it as close to the floor pan as 
possible. Using only controls which move the seat fore and aft, attempt 
to return the seat to the full forward position. If a dummy leg 
contacts the vehicle interior before the full forward position is 
attained, position the seat at the next detent where there is no 
contact. If the seats are power seats, position the seat to avoid 
contact while assuring that there is a maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) 
distance between the vehicle interior and the point on the dummy that 
would first contact the vehicle interior.
    S16.3.3.1.9 For vehicles without adjustable seat backs, adjust the 
lower neck bracket to level the head as much as possible. For vehicles 
with adjustable seat backs, while holding the thighs in place, rotate 
the seat back forward until the transverse instrumentation platform of 
the head is level to within  0.5 degrees, making 
sure that the pelvis does not interfere with the seat bight. Inspect 
the abdomen to insure that it is properly installed.
    S16.3.3.1.10 If it is not possible to orient the head level within 
 0.5 degrees, minimize the angle.
    S16.3.3.1.11 Measure and set the dummy's pelvic angle using the 
pelvic angle gage (drawing TE-2504, incorporated by reference in 49 CFR 
part 572, subpart O, of this chapter). The angle shall be set to 20.0 
degrees  2.5 degrees. If this is not possible, 
adjust the pelvic angle as close to 20.0 degrees as possible while 
keeping the transverse instrumentation platform of the head as level as 
possible as specified in S16.3.3.1.9 and S16.3.3.1.10.
    S16.3.3.1.12 If the dummy is contacting the vehicle interior after 
these adjustments, move the seat rearward until there is a maximum of 5 
mm (0.2 in) between the contact point of the dummy and the interior of 
the vehicle or if it has a manual seat adjustment, to the next rearward 
detent position. If after these adjustments the dummy contact point is 
more than 5 mm (0.2 in) from the vehicle interior and the seat is still 
not in its forward most position, move the seat forward until the 
contact point is 5 mm (0.2 in) or less from the vehicle interior, or if 
it has a manual seat adjustment, move the seat to the closest detent 
position without making contact, or until the seat reaches its forward 
most position, whichever occurs first.
    S16.3.3.2 Passenger foot positioning.
    S16.3.3.2.1 Place the passenger's feet flat on the toe board.
    S16.3.3.2.2 If the feet cannot be placed flat on the toe board, set 
them perpendicular to the leg center lines and place them as far 
forward as possible with the heels resting on the floor pan.
    S16.3.3.3 Passenger arm/hand positioning.
    S16.3.3.3.1 Place the dummy's upper arms in contact with the seat 
back and the torso.
    S16.3.3.3.2 Place the palms of the dummy in contact with the 
outside of the thighs.
    S16.3.3.3.3 Place the little fingers in contact with the seat 
cushion.
    S16.3.4 Driver and passenger adjustable head restraints.
    S16.3.4.1 If the head restraint has an automatic adjustment, leave 
it where the system positions the restraint after the dummy is placed 
in the seat.
    S16.3.4.2 Adjust each head restraint to its lowest position.
    S16.3.4.3 Measure the vertical distance from the top most point of 
the head restraint to the bottom most point. Locate a horizontal plane 
through the midpoint of this distance. Adjust each head restraint 
vertically so that this horizontal plane is aligned with the center of 
gravity (CG) of the dummy head.
    S16.3.4.4 If the above position is not attainable, move the 
vertical center of the head restraint to the closest detent below the 
center of the head CG.
    S16.3.4.5 If the head restraint has a fore and aft adjustment, 
place the restraint in the forwardmost position or until contact with 
the head is made, whichever occurs first.
    S16.3.5 Driver and passenger manual belt adjustment (for tests 
conducted with a belted dummy)
    S16.3.5.1 If an adjustable seat belt D-ring anchorage exists, place 
it in the manufacturer's design position for a 5th percentile adult 
female with the seat in the position specified in S16.2.10.3.
    S16.3.5.2 Place the Type 2 manual belt around the test dummy and 
fasten the latch.
    S16.3.5.3 Ensure that the dummy's head remains as level as 
possible, as specified in S16.3.2.1.9 and S16.3.2.1.10 and S16.3.3.1.9 
and S16.3.3.1.10.
    S16.3.5.4 Remove all slack from the lap belt. Pull the upper torso 
webbing out of the retractor and allow it to retract; repeat this 
operation four times. Apply a 9 N (2 lbf) to 18 N (4 lbf) tension load 
to the lap belt. If the belt system is equipped with a tension-
relieving device, introduce the maximum amount of slack into the upper 
torso belt that is recommended by the manufacturer. If the belt system 
is not equipped with a tension-relieving device, allow the excess 
webbing in the shoulder belt to be retracted by the retractive force of 
the retractor.
    S17 through S19 [Reserved] See Sec. 571.208, S17 through S19.
    S20 Test procedure for S19 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S20.1 General provisions.
    S20.1.1 Tests specifying the use of a car bed, a rear facing child 
restraint, or a convertible child restraint may be conducted using any 
such restraint listed in sections A, B, and C of Appendix A of FMVSS 
No. 208 respectively. The car bed, rear facing child restraint, or 
convertible child restraint may be unused or have been previously used 
only for automatic suppression tests. If it has been used, there shall 
not be any visible damage prior to the test.
    S20.1.2 Each vehicle certified to this option shall comply in tests 
conducted with the right front outboard seating position, if adjustable 
fore and aft, at full rearward, middle, and full forward positions. If 
the child restraint or dummy contacts the vehicle interior, move the 
seat rearward to the next detent that provides clearance. If the seat 
is a power seat, move the seat rearward while assuring that there is a 
maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) clearance.
    S20.1.3 If the car bed, rear facing child restraint, or convertible 
child restraint is equipped with a handle, the vehicle shall comply in 
tests conducted with the handle at both the child restraint 
manufacturer's recommended position for use in vehicles and in the 
upright position.
    S20.1.4 If the car bed, rear facing child restraint, or convertible 
child restraint is equipped with a sunshield, the vehicle shall comply 
in tests conducted with the sunshield both fully open and fully closed.
    S20.1.5 The vehicle shall comply in tests with the car bed, rear 
facing child restraint, or convertible child restraint

[[Page 3844]]

uncovered and in tests with a towel or blanket weighing up to 1.0 kg 
(2.2 lb) placed on or over the restraint in any of the following 
positions:
    (a) with the blanket covering the top and sides of the restraint, 
and
    (b) with the blanket placed from the top of the vehicle's seat back 
to the forwardmost edge of the restraint.
    S20.1.6 Except as otherwise specified, if the car bed, rear facing 
child restraint, or convertible child restraint has an anchorage system 
as specified in S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213 and is tested in a vehicle with a 
right front outboard vehicle seat that has an anchorage system as 
specified in FMVSS No. 225, the vehicle shall comply with the belted 
test conditions with the restraint anchorage system attached to the 
vehicle seat anchorage system and the vehicle seat belt unattached. It 
shall also comply with the belted test conditions with the restraint 
anchorage system unattached to the vehicle seat anchorage system and 
the vehicle seat belt attached. The vehicle shall comply with the 
unbelted test conditions with the restraint anchorage system unattached 
to the vehicle seat anchorage system.
    S20.1.7 If the car bed, rear facing child restraint, or convertible 
child restraint comes equipped with a detachable base, the vehicle 
shall comply in tests conducted with the detachable base attached to 
the child restraint and with the detachable base unattached to the 
child restraint.
    S20.1.8 Do not attach any tethers.
    S20.1.9 Seat set-up. Unless otherwise stated,
    S20.1.9.1 Lumbar support adjustment. Position adjustable lumbar 
supports so that the lumbar support is in its lowest, retracted or 
deflated adjustment position.
    S20.1.9.2 Other seat adjustments. Position any adjustable parts of 
the seat that provide additional support so that they are in the lowest 
or most open adjustment position.
    S20.1.9.3 If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, independent of 
the seat back, set this adjustment to the full rearward position.
    S20.1.9.4 If the seat height is adjustable, determine the maximum 
and minimum heights at the full rearward, middle, and full forward 
positions. Set the seat at the mid-point height for each of the three 
fore-aft test positions.
    S20.1.9.5 The seat back angle, if adjustable, is set at the 
manufacturer's nominal design seat back angle for a 50th percentile 
adult male as specified in S8.1.3 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S20.1.9.6 If adjustable, set the head restraint at the full down 
and full forward position.
    S20.1.10 The longitudinal centerline of a bucket seat cushion is 
determined at the widest part of the seat cushion. Measure 
perpendicular to the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle.
    S20.2 Static tests of automatic suppression feature which shall 
result in deactivation of the passenger air bag. Each vehicle that is 
certified as complying with S19.2 of FMVSS No. 208 shall meet the 
following test requirements.
    S20.2.1 Belted rear facing and convertible child restraints.
    S20.2.1.1 The vehicle shall comply in tests using any child 
restraint specified in section B and section C of Appendix A of FMVSS 
No. 208.
    S20.2.1.2 Locate a vertical plane through the longitudinal 
centerline of the child restraint. This will be referred to as 
``Plane.''
    S20.2.1.3 For bucket seats, ``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane 
parallel to the vehicle longitudinal centerline through the 
longitudinal centerline of the right front outboard vehicle seat 
cushion. For bench seats, ``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane 
through the right front outboard vehicle seat parallel to the vehicle 
longitudinal centerline the same distance from the longitudinal 
centerline of the vehicle as the center of the steering wheel.
    S20.2.1.4 Facing rear.
    (a) The vehicle shall comply in both of the following positions, if 
applicable:
    (1) Without attaching the child restraint anchorage system as 
specified in S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213 to a vehicle seat anchorage system 
specified in FMVSS No. 225, align the child restraint system facing 
rearward such that Plane A is aligned with Plane B.
    (2) If the child restraint is certified to S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213, 
and the vehicle seat has an anchorage system as specified in FMVSS No. 
225, attach the child restraint to the vehicle seat anchorage instead 
of aligning the planes. Do not attach the vehicle safety belt.
    (b) While maintaining the child restraint positions achieved in 
S20.2.1.4(a), secure the child restraint by following, to the extent 
possible, the child restraint manufacturer's directions regarding 
proper installation of the restraint in the rear facing mode.
    (c) Place any adjustable seat belt anchorages at the vehicle 
manufacturer's nominal design position for a 50th percentile adult male 
occupant. Cinch the vehicle belts to any tension from zero up to 134 N 
(30 lb) to secure the child restraint. Measure belt tension in a flat, 
straight section of the lap belt between the child restraint belt path 
and the contact point with the belt anchor or vehicle seat, on the side 
away from the buckle (to avoid interference from the shoulder portion 
of the belt).
    (d) Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart R 12-month-old CRABI dummy 
in the child restraint by following, to the extent possible, the 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the child restraint for 
seating infants.
    (e) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and close all 
vehicle doors. Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is 
deactivated.
    S20.2.1.5 Facing forward (convertible restraints only).
    (a) The vehicle shall comply in both of the following positions, if 
applicable:
    (1) Without attaching the child restraint anchorage system as 
specified in S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213 to a vehicle seat anchorage system 
specified in FMVSS No. 225, align the child restraint system facing 
forward such that Plane A is aligned with Plane B.
    (2) If the child restraint is certified to S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213, 
and the vehicle seat has an anchorage system as specified in FMVSS No. 
225, attach the child restraint to the vehicle seat anchorage instead 
of aligning the planes. Do not attach the vehicle safety belt.
    (b) While maintaining the child restraint positions achieved in 
S20.2.1.5(a), secure the child restraint by following, to the extent 
possible, the child restraint manufacturer's directions regarding 
proper installation of the restraint in the forward facing mode.
    (c) Place any adjustable seat belt anchorages at the vehicle 
manufacturer's nominal design position for a 50th percentile adult male 
occupant. Cinch the vehicle belts to any tension from zero up to 134 N 
(30 lb) to secure the child restraint. Measure belt tension in a flat, 
straight section of the lap belt between the child restraint belt path 
and the contact point with the belt anchor or vehicle seat, on the side 
away from the buckle (to avoid interference from the shoulder portion 
of the belt).
    (d) Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart R 12-month-old CRABI dummy 
in the child restraint by following, to the extent possible, the 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the child restraint for 
seating infants.
    (e) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and close all 
vehicle doors. Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is 
deactivated.

[[Page 3845]]

    S20.2.2 Unbelted rear facing and convertible child restraints.
    S20.2.2.1 The vehicle shall comply in tests using any child 
restraint specified in section B and section C of Appendix A of FMVSS 
No. 208.
    S20.2.2.2 Locate a vertical plane through the longitudinal 
centerline of the child restraint. This will be referred to as ``Plane 
A''.
    S20.2.2.3 For bucket seats, ``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane 
parallel to the vehicle longitudinal centerline through the 
longitudinal centerline of the right front outboard vehicle seat 
cushion. For bench seats, ``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane 
through the right front outboard seat parallel to the vehicle 
longitudinal centerline the same distance from the longitudinal 
centerline of the vehicle as the center of the steering wheel.
    S20.2.2.4 Facing rear.
    (a) Align the child restraint system facing rearward such that 
Plane A is aligned with Plane B and the child restraint is in contact 
with the seat back.
    (b) Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart R 12-month-old CRABI dummy 
in the child restraint by following, to the extent possible, the 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the child restraint for 
seating infants.
    (c) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and close all 
vehicle doors. Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is 
deactivated.
    S20.2.2.5 Facing forward.
    (a) Align the child restraint system facing forward such that Plane 
A is aligned with Plane B and the child restraint is in contact with 
the seat back.
    (b) Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart R 12-month-old CRABI dummy 
in the child restraint by following, to the extent possible, the 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the child restraint for 
seating infants.
    (c) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and close all 
vehicle doors. Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is 
deactivated.
    S20.2.3 Tests with a belted car bed.
    S20.2.3.1 The vehicle shall comply in tests using any car bed 
specified in section A of Appendix A of FMVSS No. 208.
    S20.2.3.2(a) Install the car bed by following, to the extent 
possible, the car bed manufacturer's directions regarding proper 
installation of the car bed.
    (b) Place any adjustable seat belt anchorages at the vehicle 
manufacturer's nominal design position for a 50th percentile adult male 
occupant. Cinch the vehicle belts to secure the car bed.
    (c) Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart K Newborn Infant dummy in 
the car bed by following, to the extent possible, the car bed 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the car bed for positioning 
infants.
    (d) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and close all 
vehicle doors. Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is 
deactivated.
    S20.3 Static tests of automatic suppression feature which shall 
result in activation of the passenger air bag system.
    S20.3.1 Each vehicle certified to this option shall comply in tests 
conducted with the right front outboard seating position, if adjustable 
fore and aft, at the full rearward, middle, and, subject to 
S16.3.3.1.8, full forward positions. All tests are conducted with the 
seat height, if adjustable, in the mid-height position.
    S20.3.2 Place a 49 CFR part 572 subpart O 5th percentile adult 
female test dummy at the right front outboard seating position of the 
vehicle, in accordance with procedures specified in S16.3.3 of this 
standard, except as specified in S20.3.1, subject to the fore-aft seat 
positions in S20.3.1. Do not fasten the seat belt.
    S20.3.3 Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the 
``on'' position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and 
then close all vehicle doors.
    S20.3.4 Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag system is 
activated.
    S20.4 Low risk deployment test. Each vehicle that is certified as 
complying with S19.3 of FMVSS No. 208 shall meet the following test 
requirements.
    S20.4.1 Position the right front outboard vehicle seat in the full 
forward seat track position, adjust the seat height (if adjustable) to 
the mid-height position, and adjust the seat back (if adjustable) to 
the nominal design position for a 50th percentile adult male as 
specified in S8.1.3 of FMVSS No. 208. Position adjustable lumbar 
supports so that the lumbar support is in its lowest, retracted or 
deflated adjustment position. Position any adjustable parts of the seat 
that provide additional support so that they are in the lowest or most 
open adjustment position. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, 
independent of the seat back, set this adjustment to the full rearward 
position. If adjustable, set the head restraint at the full down 
position. If the child restraint or dummy contacts the vehicle 
interior, move the seat rearward to the next detent that provides 
clearance. If the seat is a power seat, move the seat rearward while 
assuring that there is a maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) clearance.
    S20.4.2 The vehicle shall comply in tests using any child restraint 
specified in section B and section C of Appendix A to FMVSS No. 208.
    S20.4.3 Locate a vertical plane through the longitudinal centerline 
of the child restraint. This will be referred to as ``Plane A''.
    S20.4.4 For bucket seats, ``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane 
parallel to the vehicle longitudinal centerline through the geometric 
center of the right front outboard seat cushion. For bench seats, 
``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane through the right front outboard 
seat parallel to the vehicle longitudinal centerline that is the same 
distance from the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle as the center 
of the steering wheel.
    S20.4.5 Align the child restraint system facing rearward such that 
Plane A is aligned with Plane B.
    S20.4.6 If the child restraint is certified to S5.9 of FMVSS No. 
213, and the vehicle seat has an anchorage system as specified in FMVSS 
No. 225, attach the child restraint to the vehicle seat anchorage 
instead of aligning the planes. Do not attach the vehicle safety belt.
    S20.4.7 While maintaining the child restraint position achieved in 
S20.4.5, secure the child restraint by following, to the extent 
possible, the child restraint manufacturer's directions regarding 
proper installation of the restraint in the rear facing mode. Place any 
adjustable seat belt anchorages at the manufacturer's nominal design 
position for a 50th percentile adult male occupant. Cinch the vehicle 
belts to any tension from zero up to 134 N (30 lb) to secure the child 
restraint. Measure belt tension in a flat, straight section of the lap 
belt between the child restraint belt path and the contact point with 
the belt anchor or vehicle seat, on the side away from the buckle (to 
avoid interference from the shoulder portion of the belt).
    S20.4.8 Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart R 12-month-old CRABI 
dummy in the child restraint by following, to the extent possible, the 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the child restraint for 
seating infants.
    S20.4.9 Deploy the right front outboard frontal air bag system. If 
the air bag system contains a multistage inflator, the vehicle shall be 
able to comply at any stage or combination of stages or time delay 
between successive stages that could occur in the presence of an infant 
in a rear facing child restraint and a 49 CFR part 572, subpart

[[Page 3846]]

R 12-month-old CRABI dummy positioned according to S20.4 in a rigid 
barrier crash test at speeds up to 64 km/h (40 mph).
    S21 [Reserved] See Sec. 571.208, S21.
    S22 Test procedure for S21 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S22.1 General provisions and definitions.
    S22.1.1 Tests specifying the use of a forward facing child 
restraint, including a booster seat where applicable, may be conducted 
using any such restraint listed in section C and section D of Appendix 
A of FMVSS No. 208, respectively. The child restraint may be unused or 
have been previously used only for automatic suppression tests. If it 
has been used, there shall not be any visible damage prior to the test. 
Booster seats are to be used in the manner appropriate for a 3-year-old 
child of the same height and weight as the 3-year-old child dummy.
    S22.1.2 Unless otherwise specified, each vehicle certified to this 
option shall comply in tests conducted with the right front outboard 
seating position at the full rearward, middle, and the full forward 
positions. If the dummy contacts the vehicle interior, move the seat 
rearward to the next detent that provides clearance. If the seat is a 
power seat, move the seat rearward while assuring that there is a 
maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) clearance.
    S22.1.3 Except as otherwise specified, if the child restraint has 
an anchorage system as specified in S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213 and is tested 
in a vehicle with a right front outboard vehicle seat that has an 
anchorage system as specified in FMVSS No. 225, the vehicle shall 
comply with the belted test conditions with the restraint anchorage 
system attached to the vehicle seat anchorage system and the vehicle 
seat belt unattached. It shall also comply with the belted test 
conditions with the restraint anchorage system unattached to the 
vehicle seat anchorage system and the vehicle seat belt attached.
    S22.1.4 Do not attach any tethers.
    S22.1.5 The definitions provided in S16.3.1 through S16.3.10 apply 
to the tests specified in S22.
    S22.1.6 For leg and thigh angles use the following references:
    (a) Thigh--a straight line on the thigh skin between the center of 
the \5/16\ x \1/2\ in. screw (part 9001024, item 10 in drawing 210-0000 
sheet 2 of 7, complete assembly (HYB III 3 YR OLD)) and the knee bolt 
(part 210-5301 in drawing 210-5000-1 & -1, leg assembly).
    (b) Leg--a straight line on the leg skin between the center of the 
ankle bolt (part 210-5701 in drawing 210-5000-1 & -2, leg assembly) and 
the knee bolt (part 210-5301 in drawing 210-5000-1 & -2, leg assembly).
    S22.1.7 Seat set-up. Unless otherwise stated,
    S22.1.7.1 Lumbar support adjustment. Position adjustable lumbar 
supports so that the lumbar support is in its lowest, retracted or 
deflated adjustment position.
    S22.1.7.2 Other seat adjustments. Position any adjustable parts of 
the seat that provide additional support so that they are in the lowest 
or most open adjustment position.
    S22.1.7.3 If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, independent of 
the seat back, set this adjustment to the full rearward position.
    S22.1.7.4 If the seat height is adjustable, determine the maximum 
and minimum heights at the full rearward seat track position, the 
middle seat track position, and the full forward seat track position. 
Set the seat at the mid-point height for each of the three fore-aft 
test positions.
    S22.1.7.5 The seat back angle, if adjustable, is set at the 
manufacturer's nominal design seat back angle for a 50th percentile 
adult male as specified in S8.1.3 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S22.1.7.6 If adjustable, set the head restraint at the full down 
and full forward position.
    S22.2 Static tests of automatic suppression feature which shall 
result in deactivation of the passenger air bag. Each vehicle that is 
certified as complying with S21.2 of FMVSS No. 208 shall meet the 
following test requirements:
    S22.2.1 Belted test with forward facing child restraints or booster 
seats.
    S22.2.1.1 Install the restraint in the right front outboard seat in 
accordance, to the extent possible, with the child restraint 
manufacturer's instructions provided with the seat for use by children 
with the same height and weight as the 3-year-old child dummy.
    S22.2.1.2 Locate a vertical plane through the longitudinal 
centerline of the child restraint. This will be referred to as ``Plane 
A''.
    S22.2.1.3 For bucket seats, ``Plane B'' refers to a vertical 
longitudinal plane through the longitudinal centerline of the seat 
cushion of the right front outboard vehicle seat. For bench seats, 
``Plane B'' refers to a vertical plane through the right front outboard 
vehicle seat parallel to the vehicle longitudinal centerline the same 
distance from the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle as the center 
of the steering wheel.
    22.2.1.4 The vehicle shall comply in both of the following 
positions, if applicable:
    (a) Without attaching the child restraint anchorage system as 
specified in S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213 to a vehicle seat anchorage system 
specified in FMVSS No. 225 and without attaching any tethers, align the 
child restraint system facing forward such that Plane A is aligned with 
Plane B.
    (b) If the child restraint is certified to S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213, 
and the vehicle seat has an anchorage system as specified in FMVSS No. 
225, attach the child restraint to the vehicle seat anchorage instead 
of aligning the planes. Do not attach the vehicle safety belt.
    S22.2.1.5 Forward facing child restraint.
    S22.2.1.5.1 Place any adjustable seat belt anchorages at the 
vehicle manufacturer's nominal design position for a 50th percentile 
adult male occupant. Cinch the vehicle belts to any tension from zero 
up to 134 N (30 lb) to secure the child restraint. Measure belt tension 
in a flat, straight section of the lap belt between the child restraint 
belt path and the contact point with the belt anchor or vehicle seat, 
on the side away from the buckle (to avoid interference from the 
shoulder portion of the belt).
    S22.2.1.5.2 Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart P 3-year-old child 
dummy in the child restraint such that the dummy's lower torso is 
centered on the child restraint and the dummy's spine is against the 
seat back of the child restraint. Place the arms at the dummy's sides.
    S22.2.1.5.3 Attach all belts that come with the child restraint 
that are appropriate for a child of the same height and weight as the 
3-year-old child dummy, if any, by following, to the extent possible, 
the manufacturer's instructions provided with the child restraint for 
seating children.
    S22.2.1.6 Booster seat.
    S22.2.1.6.1 Place any adjustable seat belt anchorages at the 
vehicle manufacturer's nominal design position for a 50th percentile 
adult male occupant. For booster seats designed to be secured to the 
vehicle seat even when empty, cinch the vehicle belts to any tension 
from zero up to 134 N (30 lb) to secure the booster seat. Measure belt 
tension in a flat, straight section of the lap belt between the child 
restraint belt path and the contact point with the belt anchor or 
vehicle seat, on the side away from the buckle (to avoid interference 
from the shoulder portion of the belt).
    S22.2.1.6.2 Position the 49 CFR part 572 subpart P 3-year-old child 
dummy

[[Page 3847]]

in the booster seat such that the dummy's lower torso is centered on 
the booster seat cushion and the dummy's back is parallel to and in 
contact with the booster seat back or, if there is no booster seat 
back, the vehicle seat back. Place the arms at the dummy's sides.
    S22.2.1.6.3 If applicable, attach all belts that come with the 
child restraint that are appropriate for a child of the same height and 
weight as the 3-year-old child dummy, if any, by following, to the 
extent possible, the manufacturer's instructions provided with the 
child restraint for seating children.
    S22.2.1.6.4 If applicable, place the Type 2 manual belt around the 
test dummy and fasten the latch. Remove all slack from the lap belt 
portion. Pull the upper torso webbing out of the retractor and allow it 
to retract; repeat this four times. Apply a 9 to 18 N (2 to 4 lb) 
tension load to the lap belt. Allow the excess webbing in the upper 
torso belt to be retracted by the retractive force of the retractor.
    S22.2.1.7 Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the 
``on'' position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and 
then close all vehicle doors.
    S22.2.1.8 Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is 
deactivated.
    S22.2.2 Unbelted tests with dummies. Place the 49 CFR part 572 
subpart P 3-year-old child dummy on the right front outboard seat in 
any of the following positions (without using a child restraint or 
booster seat or the vehicle's seat belts):
    S22.2.2.1 Sitting on seat with back against seat back
    (a) Position the dummy in the seated position and place it on the 
right front outboard seat.
    (b) In the case of vehicles equipped with bench seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline as the center of the steering wheel. In the 
case of vehicles equipped with bucket seats, position the midsagittal 
plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with the 
longitudinal centerline of the seat cushion. Position the torso of the 
dummy against the seat back. Position the dummy's thighs against the 
seat cushion.
    (c) Allow the legs of the dummy to extend off the surface of the 
seat.
    (d) Rotate the dummy's upper arms down until they contact the seat 
back.
    (e) Rotate the dummy's lower arms until the dummy's hands contact 
the seat cushion.
    (f) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (g) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.2.2.2 Sitting on seat with back against reclined seat back. 
Repeat the test sequence in S22.2.2.1 with the seat back angle 25 
degrees rearward of the manufacturer's nominal design position for the 
50th percentile adult male. If the seat will not recline 25 degrees 
rearward of the nominal design position, use the closest position that 
does not exceed 25 degrees.
    S22.2.2.3 Sitting on seat with back not against seat back.
    (a) Position the dummy in the seated position and place it on the 
right front outboard seat.
    (b) In the case of vehicles equipped with bench seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline as the center of the steering wheel. In the 
case of vehicles equipped with bucket seats, position the midsagittal 
plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with the 
longitudinal centerline of the seat cushion. Position the dummy with 
the spine vertical so that the horizontal distance from the dummy's 
back to the seat back is no less than 25 mm (1.0 in) and no more than 
150 mm (6.0 in), as measured along the dummy's midsagittal plane at the 
mid-sternum level. To keep the dummy in position, a material with a 
maximum breaking strength of 311 N (70 lb) may be used to hold the 
dummy.
    (c) Position the dummy's thighs against the seat cushion.
    (d) Allow the legs of the dummy to extend off the surface of the 
seat.
    (e) Position the upper arms parallel to the spine and rotate the 
dummy's lower arms until the dummy's hands contact the seat cushion.
    (f) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (g) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.2.2.4 Sitting on seat edge, spine vertical, hands by the 
dummy's sides.
    (a) In the case of vehicles equipped with bench seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline as the center of the steering wheel. In the 
case of vehicles equipped with bucket seats, position the midsagittal 
plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with the 
longitudinal centerline of the seat cushion.
    (b) Position the dummy in the seated position forward in the seat 
such that the legs are vertical and the back of the legs rest against 
the front of the seat with the spine vertical. If the dummy's feet 
contact the floor pan, rotate the legs forward until the dummy is 
resting on the seat with the feet positioned flat on the floor pan and 
the dummy spine vertical. To keep the dummy in position, a material 
with a maximum breaking strength of 311 N (70 lb) may be used to hold 
the dummy.
    (c) Place the upper arms parallel to the spine.
    (d) Lower the dummy's lower arms such that they contact the seat 
cushion.
    (e) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (f) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.2.2.5 Standing on seat, facing forward.
    (a) In the case of vehicles equipped with bench seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline as the center of the steering wheel rim. In the 
case of vehicles equipped with bucket seats, position the midsagittal 
plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with the 
longitudinal centerline of the seat cushion. Position the dummy in a 
standing position on the right front outboard seat cushion facing the 
front of the vehicle while placing the heels of the dummy's feet in 
contact with the seat back.
    (b) Rest the dummy against the seat back, with the arms parallel to 
the spine.
    (c) If the head contacts the vehicle roof, recline the seat so that 
the head is no longer in contact with the vehicle roof, but allow no 
more than 5 mm (0.2 in) distance between the head and the roof. If the 
seat does not sufficiently recline to allow clearance, omit the test.
    (d) If necessary use a material with a maximum breaking strength of 
311 N (70 lb) or spacer blocks to keep the dummy in position.
    (e) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (f) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.2.2.6 Kneeling on seat, facing forward.

[[Page 3848]]

    (a) In the case of vehicles equipped with bench seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline as the center of the steering wheel. In the 
case of vehicles equipped with bucket seats, position the midsagittal 
plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with the 
longitudinal centerline of the seat cushion.
    (b) Position the dummy in a kneeling position in the right front 
outboard seat with the dummy facing the front of the vehicle with its 
toes at the intersection of the seat back and seat cushion. Position 
the dummy so that the spine is vertical. Push down on the legs so that 
they contact the seat as much as possible and then release. Place the 
arms parallel to the spine.
    (c) If necessary use a material with a maximum breaking strength of 
311 N (70 lb) or spacer blocks to keep the dummy in position.
    (d) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (e) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.2.2.7 Kneeling on seat, facing rearward.
    (a) In the case of vehicles equipped with bench seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's 
longitudinal centerline as the center of the steering wheel. In the 
case of vehicles equipped with bucket seats, position the midsagittal 
plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with the 
longitudinal centerline of the seat cushion.
    (b) Position the dummy in a kneeling position in the right front 
outboard seat with the dummy facing the rear of the vehicle. Position 
the dummy such that the dummy's head and torso are in contact with the 
seat back. Push down on the legs so that they contact the seat as much 
as possible and then release. Place the arms parallel to the spine.
    (c) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (d) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.2.2.8 Lying on seat. This test is performed only in vehicles 
with 3 designated front seating positions.
    (a) Lay the dummy on the right front outboard seat such that the 
following criteria are met:
    (1) The midsagittal plane of the dummy is horizontal,
    (2) The dummy's spine is perpendicular to the vehicle's 
longitudinal axis,
    (3) The dummy's arms are parallel to its spine,
    (4) A plane passing through the two shoulder joints of the dummy is 
vertical,
    (5) The anterior of the dummy is facing the vehicle front,
    (6) The head of the dummy is positioned towards the passenger door, 
and
    (7) The horizontal distance from the topmost point of the dummy's 
head to the vehicle door is 50 to 100 mm (2-4 in).
    (8) The dummy is as far back in the seat as possible.
    (b) Rotate the thighs as much as possible toward the chest of the 
dummy and rotate the legs as much as possible against the thighs.
    (c) Move the dummy's upper left arm parallel to the vehicle's 
transverse plane and the lower left arm 90 degrees to the upper arm. 
Rotate the lower left arm about the elbow joint and toward the dummy's 
head until movement is obstructed.
    (d) Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' 
position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and then close 
all vehicle doors.
    (e) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S22.3 Static tests of automatic suppression feature which shall 
result in activation of the passenger air bag system.
    S22.3.1 Each vehicle certified to this option shall comply in tests 
conducted with the right front outboard seating position at the full 
rearward, middle, and, subject to S16.3.3.1.8, full forward positions. 
All tests are conducted with the seat height, if adjustable, in the 
mid-height position.
    S22.3.2 Place a 49 CFR part 572 subpart O 5th percentile adult 
female test dummy at the right front outboard seating position of the 
vehicle, in accordance with procedures specified in S16.3.3 of this 
standard, except as specified in S22.3.1. Do not fasten the seat belt.
    S22.3.3 Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the 
``on'' position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and 
then close all vehicle doors.
    S22.3.4 Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag system is 
activated.
    S22.4 Low risk deployment tests.
    S22.4.1 Each vehicle that is certified as complying with S21.4 
shall meet the following test requirements with the 49 CFR part 572, 
subpart P 3-year-old child dummy in both of the following positions: 
Position 1 (S22.4.2) and Position 2 (S22.4.3).
    S22.4.1.1 Locate and mark a point on the front of the dummy's chest 
jacket on the midsaggital plane which is 114 mm (4.5 in)  3 mm ( 0.1 in) along the surface 
of the skin from the top of the skin at the neck line. This is referred 
to as ``Point 1.''
    S22.4.1.2 Locate the vertical plane parallel to the vehicle 
longitudinal centerline through the geometric center of the opening 
through which the right front air bag deploys into the occupant 
compartment. This is referred to as ``Plane D.''
    S22.4.1.3 Locate the horizontal plane through the geometric center 
of the opening through which the right front air bag deploys into the 
occupant compartment. This is referred to as ``Plane C.''
    S22.4.2 Position 1 (chest on instrument panel).
    S22.4.2.1 If a seat is adjustable in the fore and aft and/or 
vertical directions, move the seat to the rear-most seating position 
and full-down height adjustment. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and 
aft, independent of the entire seat, adjust the seat cushion to the 
full-rearward position. If the seat back is adjustable, place the seat 
back at the manufacturer's nominal design seat back angle for a 50th 
percentile adult male as specified in S8.1.3 of FMVSS No. 208. Position 
any adjustable parts of the seat that provide additional support so 
that they are in the lowest or most open adjustment position. If 
adjustable, set the head restraint in the lowest position.
    S22.4.2.2 Place the dummy in the front passenger seat such that:
    S22.4.2.2.1 The midsagittal plane is coincident with Plane D.
    S22.4.2.2.2 The legs are initially vertical to the floor pan. The 
legs and thighs shall be adjusted to the extent necessary for the head/
torso to contact the instrument panel as specified in S22.4.2.3.
    S22.4.2.2.3 The upper arms are parallel to the torso and the hands 
are in contact with the thighs.
    S22.4.2.3 Without changing the seat position and with the dummy's 
thorax instrument cavity rear face vertical, move the dummy forward 
until the dummy head/torso contacts the instrument panel. If the dummy 
loses contact with the seat cushion because of the forward movement, 
maintain the height of the dummy and the angle of the thigh with 
respect to the torso. Once contact is made, raise the dummy vertically 
until Point 1 lies in Plane C. If the dummy's head contacts the 
windshield and keeps Point 1 from

[[Page 3849]]

reaching Plane C, lower the dummy until there is no more than 5 mm (0.2 
in) clearance between the head and the windshield. (The dummy shall 
remain in contact with the instrument panel while being raised or 
lowered, which may change the dummy's fore-aft position.)
    S22.4.2.4 If possible, position the legs of the dummy so that the 
legs are vertical and the feet rest flat on the floor pan of the 
vehicle. If the positioning against the instrument panel does not allow 
the feet to be on the floor pan, the feet shall be parallel to the 
floor pan.
    S22.4.2.5 If necessary, material with a maximum breaking strength 
of 311 N (70 lb) and spacer blocks may be used to support the dummy in 
position. The material should support the torso rather than the head. 
Support the dummy so that there is minimum interference with the full 
rotational and translational freedom for the upper torso of the dummy 
and the material does not interfere with the air bag.
    S22.4.3 Position 2 (head on instrument panel).
    S22.4.3.1 Place the passenger seat in the full rearward seating 
position. Place the seat back at the manufacturer's nominal design seat 
back angle for a 50th percentile adult male as specified in S8.1.3 of 
FMVSS No. 208. If adjustable in the vertical direction, place the seat 
in the mid-height position. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, 
independent of the entire seat, adjust the seat cushion to the full 
rearward position. Position any adjustable parts of the seat that 
provide additional support so that they are in the lowest or most open 
adjustment position. If adjustable, set the head restraint in the 
lowest position.
    S22.4.3.2 Place the dummy in the front passenger seat such that:
    S22.4.3.2.1 The midsagittal plane is coincident with Plane D.
    S22.4.3.2.2 The legs are vertical to the floor pan, the back of the 
legs are in contact with the seat cushion, and the dummy's thorax 
instrument cavity rear face is vertical. If it is not possible to 
position the dummy with the legs in the prescribed position, rotate the 
legs forward until the dummy is resting on the seat with the feet 
positioned flat on the floor pan, and the back of the legs are in 
contact with the front of the seat cushion. Set the transverse distance 
between the longitudinal centerlines at the front of the dummy's knees 
at 86 to 91 mm (3.4 to 3.6 in), with the thighs and the legs of the 
dummy in vertical planes.
    S22.4.3.2.3 The upper arms are parallel to the torso and the hands 
are in contact with the thighs.
    S22.4.3.3 Move the seat forward, while maintaining the thorax 
instrument cavity rear face orientation until any part of the dummy 
contacts the vehicle's instrument panel.
    S22.4.3.4 If dummy contact has not been made with the vehicle's 
instrument panel at the full forward seating position of the seat, 
slide the dummy forward until contact is made. Maintain the thorax 
instrument cavity rear face vertical orientation, the height of the 
dummy, and the angle of the thigh with respect to the horizontal.
    S22.4.3.5 If head/torso contact with the instrument panel has not 
been made, maintain the angle of the thighs with respect to the 
horizontal while applying a force towards the front of the vehicle on 
the spine of the dummy between the shoulder joints until the head or 
torso comes into contact with the vehicle's instrument panel.
    S22.4.3.6 If necessary, material with a maximum breaking strength 
of 311 N (70 lb) and spacer blocks may be used to support the dummy in 
position. The material should support the torso rather than the head. 
Support the dummy so that there is minimum interference with the full 
rotational and translational freedom for the upper torso of the dummy 
and the material does not interfere with the air bag.
    S22.4.4 Deploy the right front outboard frontal air bag system. If 
the frontal air bag system contains a multistage inflator, the vehicle 
shall be able to comply with the injury criteria at any stage or 
combination of stages or time delay between successive stages that 
could occur in a rigid barrier crash test at or below 26 km/h (16 mph), 
under the test procedure specified in S22.5.
    S22.5 Test procedure for determining stages of air bag systems 
subject to low risk deployment (low speed crashes) test requirement.
    S22.5.1 The test described in S22.5.2 shall be conducted with an 
unbelted 50th percentile adult male test dummy in the driver seating 
position according to S8 of FMVSS No. 208 as it applies to that seating 
position and an unbelted 5th percentile adult female test dummy either 
in the right front seating position according to S16 as it applies to 
that seating position or at any fore-aft seat position on the passenger 
side.
    S22.5.2 Impact the vehicle traveling longitudinally forward at any 
speed, up to and including 26 km/h (16 mph) into a fixed rigid barrier 
that is perpendicular  5 degrees to the line of 
travel of the vehicle under the applicable conditions of S8 and S10 of 
FMVSS No. 208, and S16 of this standard excluding S10.7, S10.8 and 
S10.9 of FMVSS No. 208 and S16.3.5 of this standard.
    S22.5.3 Determine which inflation stage or combination of stages 
are fired and determine the time delay between successive stages. That 
stage or combination of stages, with time delay between successive 
stages, shall be used in deploying the air bag when conducting the low 
risk deployment tests described in S22.4, S24.4, and S26.
    S22.5.4 If the air bag does not deploy in the impact described in 
S22.5.2, the low risk deployment tests described in S22.4, S24.4, and 
S26 shall be conducted with all stages using the maximum time delay 
between stages.
    S23 [Reserved] See Sec. 571.208, S23.
    S24 Test procedure for S23 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S24.1 General provisions and definitions.
    S24.1.1 Tests specifying the use of a booster seat may be conducted 
using any such restraint listed in section D of Appendix A of FMVSS No. 
208. The booster seat may be unused or have been previously used only 
for automatic suppression. If it has been used, there shall not be any 
visible damage prior to the test. Booster seats are to be used in the 
manner appropriate for a 6-year-old child of the same height and weight 
as the 6-year-old child dummy.
    S24.1.2 Unless otherwise specified, each vehicle certified to this 
option shall comply in tests conducted with the right front outboard 
seating position at the full rearward seat track position, the middle 
seat track position, and the full forward seat track position. If the 
dummy contacts the vehicle interior, move the seat rearward to the next 
detent that provides clearance. If the seat is a power seat, move the 
seat rearward while assuring that there is a maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) 
distance between the vehicle interior and the point on the dummy that 
would first contact the vehicle interior. All tests are conducted with 
the seat height, if adjustable, in the mid-height position, and with 
the seat back angle, if adjustable, at the manufacturer's nominal 
design seat back angle for a 50th percentile adult male as specified in 
S8.1.3 of FMVSS No. 208.
    S24.1.3 Except as otherwise specified, if the booster seat has an 
anchorage system as specified in S5.9 of FMVSS No. 213 and is tested in 
a vehicle with a right front outboard vehicle seat that has an 
anchorage system as specified in FMVSS No. 225, the vehicle shall 
comply with the belted test conditions with the restraint anchorage 
system attached to the vehicle seat anchorage system and the vehicle 
seat belt unattached. It shall also

[[Page 3850]]

comply with the belted test conditions with the restraint anchorage 
system unattached to the vehicle seat anchorage system and the vehicle 
seat belt attached. The vehicle shall comply with the unbelted test 
conditions with the restraint anchorage system unattached to the 
vehicle seat anchorage system.
    S24.1.4 Do not attach any tethers.
    S24.1.5 The definitions provided in S16.3.1 through S16.3.10 apply 
to the tests specified in S24.
    S24.1.6 For leg and thigh angles, use the following references:
    S24.1.6.1 Thigh--a straight line on the thigh skin between the 
center of the 5/16-18 UNC-2B threaded access hole in the upper leg 
clamp (drawing 127-4004, 6 YR H3--upper leg clamp) and the knee screw 
(part 9000248 in drawing 127-4000-1 & -2, leg assembly).
    S24.1.6.2 Leg--a straight line on the leg skin between the center 
of the lower leg screw (part 9001170 in drawing 127-4000-1 & -2, leg 
assembly) and the knee screw (part 9000248 in drawing 127-4000-1 & -2, 
leg assembly).
    S24.2 Static tests of automatic suppression feature which shall 
result in deactivation of the passenger air bag. Each vehicle that is 
certified as complying with S23.2 of FMVSS No. 208 shall meet the 
following test requirements.
    S24.2.1 Except as provided in S24.2.2, conduct all tests as 
specified in S22.2, except that the 49 CFR part 572 subpart N 6-year-
old child dummy shall be used.
    S24.2.2 Exceptions. The tests specified in the following paragraphs 
of S22.2 need not be conducted: S22.2.1.5, S22.2.2.3, S22.2.2.5, 
S22.2.2.6, S22.2.2.7, and S22.2.2.8.
    S24.2.3 Sitting back in the seat and leaning on the right front 
passenger door.
    (a) Position the dummy in the seated position and place the dummy 
in the right front outboard seat. For bucket seats, position the 
midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically such that it coincides with 
the longitudinal center line of the seat cushion. For bench seats, 
position the midsagittal plane of the dummy vertically and parallel to 
the vehicle's longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the 
longitudinal centerline of the vehicle as the center of the steering 
wheel.
    (b) Place the dummy's back against the seat back and rest the 
dummy's thighs on the seat cushion.
    (c) Allow the legs and feet of the dummy to extend off the surface 
of the seat. If this positioning of the dummy's legs is prevented by 
contact with the instrument panel, move the seat rearward to the next 
detent that provides clearance. If the seat is a power seat, move the 
seat rearward, while assuring that there is a maximum of 5 mm (0.2 in) 
distance between the vehicle interior and the part of the dummy that 
was in contact with the vehicle interior.
    (d) Rotate the dummy's upper arms toward the seat back until they 
make contact.
    (e) Rotate the dummy's lower arms down until they contact the seat.
    (f) Close the vehicle's passenger-side door and then start the 
vehicle engine or place the ignition in the ``on'' position, whichever 
will turn on the suppression system.
    (g) Push against the dummy's left shoulder to lean the dummy 
against the door; close all remaining doors.
    (h) Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag is deactivated.
    S24.3 Static tests of automatic suppression feature which shall 
result in activation of the passenger air bag system.
    S24.3.1 Each vehicle certified to this option shall comply in tests 
conducted with the right front outboard seating position at the full 
rearward seat track position, the middle seat track position, and, 
subject to S16.3.3.1.8, the full forward seat track position. All tests 
are conducted with the seat height, if adjustable, in the mid-height 
position.
    S24.3.2 Place a 49 CFR part 572 subpart O 5th percentile adult 
female test dummy at the right front outboard seating position of the 
vehicle, in accordance with procedures specified in S16.3.3 of this 
standard, except as specified in S24.3.1. Do not fasten the seat belt.
    S24.3.3 Start the vehicle engine or place the ignition in the 
``on'' position, whichever will turn on the suppression system, and 
then close all vehicle doors.
    S24.3.4 Wait 10 seconds, then check whether the air bag system is 
activated.
    S24.4 Low risk deployment tests.
    S24.4.1 Each vehicle that is certified as complying with S23.4 of 
FMVSS No. 208 shall meet the following test requirements with the 49 
CFR part 572 subpart N 6-year-old child dummy in both of the following 
positions: Position 1 (S24.4.2) or Position 2 (S24.4.3).
    S24.4.1.1 Locate and mark a point on the front of the dummy's chest 
jacket on the midsagittal plane which is 139 mm (5.5 in)  3 mm ( 0.1 in) along the surface 
of the skin from the top of the skin at the neckline. This is referred 
to as ``Point 1.''
    S24.4.1.2 Locate the vertical plane parallel to the vehicle 
longitudinal centerline through the geometric center of the opening 
through which the right front air bag deploys into the occupant 
compartment. This is referred to as ``Plane D.''
    S24.4.1.3 Locate the horizontal plane through the geometric center 
of the opening through which the right front air bag deploys into the 
occupant compartment. This is referred to as ``Plane C.''
    S24.4.2 Position 1 (chest on instrument panel).
    S24.4.2.1 If a seat is adjustable in the fore and aft and/or 
vertical directions, move the seat to the rearmost seating position and 
full down height adjustment. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, 
independent of the entire seat, adjust the seat cushion to the full 
rearward position. If the seat back is adjustable, place the seat back 
at the manufacturer's nominal design seat back angle for a 50th 
percentile adult male as specified in S8.1.3. Position any adjustable 
parts of the seat that provide additional support so that they are in 
the lowest or most open adjustment position. Position an adjustable 
head restraint in the lowest position.
    S24.4.2.2 Remove the legs of the dummy at the pelvic interface.
    S24.4.2.3 Place the dummy in the front passenger seat such that:
    (a) The midsagittal plane is coincident with Plane D.
    (b) The upper arms are parallel to the torso and the hands are next 
to where the thighs would be.
    (c) Without changing the seat position and with the dummy's thorax 
instrument cavity rear face 6 degrees forward of the vertical, move the 
dummy forward until the dummy head/torso contacts the instrument panel. 
If the dummy loses contact with the seat cushion because of the forward 
movement, maintain the height of the dummy while moving the dummy 
forward. If the head contacts the windshield before head/torso contact 
with the instrument panel, maintain the thorax instrument cavity angle 
and move the dummy forward such that the head is following the angle of 
the windshield until there is head/torso contact with the instrument 
panel. Once contact is made, raise or lower the dummy vertically until 
Point 1 lies in Plane C. If the dummy's head contacts the windshield 
and keeps Point 1 from reaching Plane C, lower the dummy until there is 
no more than 5 mm (0.2 in) clearance between the head and the 
windshield. (The dummy shall remain in contact with the instrument 
panel while being raised or lowered which may change the dummy's fore-
aft position.)
    S24.4.2.4 If necessary, material with a maximum breaking strength 
of 311 N

[[Page 3851]]

(70 lb) and spacer blocks may be used to support the dummy in position. 
The material should support the torso rather than the head. Support the 
dummy so that there is minimum interference with the full rotational 
and translational freedom for the upper torso of the dummy and the 
material does not interfere with the air bag.
    S24.4.3 Position 2 (head on instrument panel).
    S24.4.3.1 Place the passenger seat in the full rearward seating 
position. Place the seat back at the manufacturer's nominal design seat 
back angle for a 50th percentile adult male as specified in S8.1.3 of 
FMVSS No. 208. If adjustable in the vertical direction, place the seat 
in the mid-height position. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, 
independent of the entire seat, adjust the seat cushion to the full 
rearward position. Position any adjustable parts of the seat that 
provide additional support so that they are in the lowest or most open 
adjustment position. Position an adjustable head restraint in the 
lowest position.
    S24.4.3.2 Place the dummy in the front passenger seat such that:
    (a) The midsagittal plane is coincident with Plane D.
    (b) The legs are perpendicular to the floor pan, the back of the 
legs are in contact with the seat cushion, and the dummy's thorax 
instrument cavity rear face is 6 degrees forward of vertical. If it is 
not possible to position the dummy with the legs in the prescribed 
position, rotate the legs forward until the dummy is resting on the 
seat with the feet positioned flat on the floor pan and the back of the 
legs are in contact with the front of the seat cushion. Set the 
transverse distance between the longitudinal centerlines at the front 
of the dummy's knees at 112 to 117 mm (4.4. to 4.6 in), with the thighs 
and the legs of the dummy in vertical planes.
    (c) The upper arms are parallel to the torso and the hands are in 
contact with the thighs. S24.4.3.3 Move the seat forward, while 
maintaining the thorax instrument cavity rear face orientation until 
any part of the dummy contacts the vehicle's instrument panel.
    S24.4.3.4 If dummy contact has not been made with the vehicle's 
instrument panel at the full forward seating position of the seat, 
slide the dummy forward on the seat until contact is made. Maintain the 
thorax instrument cavity rear face orientation, the height of the 
dummy, and the angle of the thigh with respect to the horizontal.
    S24.4.3.5 If head/torso contact has not been made with the 
instrument panel, maintain the angle of the thighs with respect to the 
horizontal while applying a force towards the front of the vehicle on 
the spine of the dummy between the shoulder joints until the head/torso 
comes into contact with the vehicle's instrument panel.
    S24.4.3.6 If necessary, material with a maximum breaking strength 
of 311 N (70 lb) and spacer blocks may be used to support the dummy in 
position. Material should support the torso rather than the head. 
Support the dummy so that there is minimum interference with the full 
rotational and translational freedom for the upper torso of the dummy 
and the material does not interfere with the air bag.
    S24.4.4 Deploy the right front outboard frontal air bag system. If 
the frontal air bag system contains a multistage inflator, the vehicle 
shall be able to comply with the injury criteria at any stage or 
combination of stages and at any time delay between successive stages 
that could occur in a rigid barrier crash at speeds up to 26 km/h (16 
mph) under the test procedure specified in S22.5.
    S25 [Reserved] See Sec. 571.208, S25.
    S26 Procedure for low risk deployment tests of driver air bag.
    S26.1 Each vehicle that is certified as complying with S25.3 of 
FMVSS No. 208 shall meet the requirements of S25.3 and S25.4 with the 
49 CFR part 572 subpart O 5th percentile adult female dummy in both of 
the following positions: Driver position 1 (S26.2) and Driver position 
2 (S26.3).
    S26.2 Driver position 1 (chin on module).
    S26.2.1 Adjust the steering controls so that the steering wheel hub 
is at the geometric center of the locus it describes when it is moved 
through its full range of driving positions. If there is no setting at 
the geometric center, position it one setting lower than the geometric 
center. Set the rotation of the steering wheel so that the vehicle 
wheels are pointed straight ahead.
    S26.2.2 Locate the vertical plane parallel to the vehicle 
longitudinal axis which passes through the geometric center of the 
opening through which the driver air bag deploys into the occupant 
compartment. This is referred to as ``Plane E.''
    S26.2.3 Place the seat in the full rearward seating position. If 
adjustable in the vertical direction, place the seat in the mid-height 
position. If the seat cushion adjusts fore and aft, independent of the 
entire seat, adjust the seat cushion to the full rearward position. If 
the seat back is adjustable, place the seat back at the manufacturer's 
nominal design seat back angle for a 50th percentile adult male as 
specified in S8.1.3 of FMVSS No. 208. If the seat cushion contains an 
independent seat cushion angle adjustment mechanism, adjust the seat 
cushion angle to the middle of the range of seat cushion angles. 
Position any adjustable parts of the seat that provide additional 
support so that they are in the lowest or most open adjustment 
position. Position an adjustable head restraint in the lowest position.
    S26.2.4 Place the dummy in the driver's seat such that:
    S26.2.4.1 The midsagittal plane is coincident with Plane E.
    S26.2.4.2 The legs are perpendicular to the floor pan and the back 
of the legs are in contact with the seat cushion. The legs may be 
adjusted if necessary to achieve the final head position.
    S26.2.4.3 The dummy's thorax instrument cavity rear face is 6 
degrees forward (toward the front of the vehicle) of the steering wheel 
angle (i.e., if the steering wheel angle is 25 degrees from vertical, 
the thorax instrument cavity rear face angle is 31 degrees).
    S26.2.4.4 The initial transverse distance between the longitudinal 
centerlines at the front of the dummy's knees is 160 to 170 mm (6.3 to 
6.7 in), with the thighs and legs of the dummy in vertical planes.
    S26.2.4.5 The upper arms are parallel to the torso and the hands 
are in contact with the thighs.
    S26.2.5 Maintaining the spine angle, slide the dummy forward until 
the head/torso contacts the steering wheel.
    S26.2.6 While maintaining the spine angle, adjust the height of the 
dummy so that the bottom of the chin is in the same horizontal plane as 
the highest point of the air bag module cover (dummy height can be 
adjusted using the seat height adjustments and/or spacer blocks). If 
the seat prevents the bottom of the chin from being in the same 
horizontal plane as the module cover, adjust the dummy height to as 
close to the prescribed position as possible.
    S26.2.7 If necessary, material with a maximum breaking strength of 
311 N (70 lb) and spacer blocks may be used to support the dummy in 
position. The material should support the torso rather than the head. 
Support the dummy so that there is minimum interference with the full 
rotational and translational freedom for the upper torso of the dummy 
and the material does not interfere with the air bag.
    S26.3 Driver position 2 (chin on rim).
    S26.3.1 Place the seat in the full rearward seating position. If 
adjustable in the vertical direction, place the seat in the mid-height 
position. If the seat

[[Page 3852]]

cushion adjusts fore and aft, independent of the entire seat, adjust 
the seat cushion to the full rearward position. If the seatback is 
adjustable, place the seat back at the manufacturer's nominal design 
seat back angle for a 50th percentile adult male as specified in S8.1.3 
of FMVSS No. 208. If the seat cushion contains an independent seat 
cushion angle adjustment mechanism, adjust the seat cushion angle to 
the middle of the range of seat cushion angles. Position any adjustable 
parts of the seat that provide additional support so that they are in 
the lowest or most open adjustment position. Position an adjustable 
head restraint in the lowest position.
    S26.3.2 Adjust the steering controls so that the steering wheel hub 
is at the geometric center of the locus it describes when it is moved 
through its full range of driving positions. If there is no setting at 
the geometric center, position it one setting lower than the geometric 
center. Set the rotation of the steering wheel so that the vehicle 
wheels are pointed straight ahead.
    S26.3.3 Locate the vertical plane parallel to the vehicle 
longitudinal axis which passes through the geometric center of the 
opening through which the driver air bag deploys into the occupant 
compartment. This is referred to as ``Plane E.''
    S26.3.4 Place the dummy in the driver's seat position such that:
    S26.3.4.1 The midsagittal plane is coincident with Plane E.
    S26.3.4.2 The legs are perpendicular to the floor pan and the back 
of the legs are in contact with the seat cushion. The legs may be 
adjusted if necessary to achieve the final head position.
    S26.3.4.3 The dummy's thorax instrument cavity rear face is 6 
degrees forward (toward the front of the vehicle) of the steering wheel 
angle (i.e., if the steering wheel angle is 25 degrees from vertical, 
the thorax instrument cavity rear face angle is 31 degrees).
    S26.3.4.4 The initial transverse distance between the longitudinal 
centerlines at the front of the dummy's knees is 160 to 170 mm (6.3 to 
6.7 in), with the thighs and legs of the dummy in vertical planes.
    S26.3.4.5 The upper arms are parallel to the torso and the hands 
are in contact with the thighs.
    S26.3.5 Maintaining the spine angle, slide the dummy forward until 
the head/torso contacts the steering wheel.
    S26.3.6 While maintaining the spine angle, position the dummy so 
that a point on the chin 40 mm below the center of the mouth (chin 
point) is in contact with the rim of the uppermost portion of the 
steering wheel. If the dummy's head contacts the vehicle windshield or 
upper interior before the prescribed position can be obtained, lower 
the dummy until there is no more than 5 mm (0.2 in) clearance between 
the vehicle's windshield or upper interior, as applicable.
    S26.3.7 If the steering wheel can be adjusted so that the chin 
point can be in contact with the rim of the uppermost portion of the 
steering wheel, adjust the steering wheel to that position and readjust 
the spine angle to coincide with the steering wheel angle. Position the 
dummy so that the chin point is in contact with the rim of the 
uppermost portion of the steering wheel.
    S26.3.8 If necessary, material with a maximum breaking strength of 
311 N (70 lb) and spacer blocks may be used to support the dummy in 
position. The material should support the torso rather than the head. 
Support the dummy so that there is minimum interference with the full 
rotational and translational freedom for the upper torso of the dummy 
and the material does not interfere with the air bag.
    S26.4 Deploy the left front outboard frontal air bag system. If the 
air bag system contains a multistage inflator, the vehicle shall be 
able to comply with the injury criteria at any stage or combination of 
stages or time delay between successive stages that could occur in a 
rigid barrier crash at speeds up to 26 km/h (16 mph) under the test 
procedure specified in S22.5.
    S27 through S29 [Reserved] See Sec. 571.208, S27 through S29.s

    Issued on: January 16, 2004.
Jeffrey W. Runge,
Administrator.
[FR Doc. 04-1386 Filed 1-21-04; 5:06 pm]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P