[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 147 (Monday, August 1, 2011)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 45907-46081]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-17093]



[[Page 45907]]

Vol. 76

Monday,

No. 147

August 1, 2011

Part II





Department of Homeland Security





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Coast Guard





46 CFR Parts 1, 10, 11 et al.





Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention on 
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 
1978, and Changes to Domestic Endorsements; Proposed Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 76 , No. 147 / Monday, August 1, 2011 / 
Proposed Rules

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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Coast Guard

46 CFR Parts 1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15

[Docket No. USCG-2004-17914]
RIN 1625-AA16


Implementation of the Amendments to the International Convention 
on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 
1978, and Changes to Domestic Endorsements.

AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS.

ACTION: Supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking; notice of public 
meetings.

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SUMMARY: The Coast Guard proposes to amend the existing regulations 
that implement the International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended (STCW 
Convention), as well as the Seafarer's Training, Certification and 
Watchkeeping Code (STCW Code). The changes proposed in this 
Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (SNPRM) address the comments 
received from the public response to the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 
(NPRM), in most cases through revisions based on those comments, and 
propose to incorporate the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention that 
will come into force on January 1, 2012. In addition, this SNPRM 
proposes to make other non-STCW changes necessary to reorganize, 
clarify, and update these regulations.

DATES: Comments and related material must either be submitted to our 
online docket via http://www.regulations.gov on or before September 30, 
2011 or reach the Docket Management Facility by that date. Comments 
sent to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) on collection of 
information must reach OMB on or before September 30, 2011.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments identified by docket number USCG-
2004-17914 using any one of the following methods:
    (1) Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov.
    (2) Fax: 202-493-2251.
    (3) Mail: Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of 
Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001.
    (4) Hand delivery: Same as mail address above, between 9 a.m. and 5 
p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The telephone 
number is 202-366-9329.
    To avoid duplication, please use only one of these four methods. 
See the ``Public Participation and Request for Comments'' portion of 
the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section below for instructions on 
submitting comments.
    Collection of Information Comments: If you have comments on the 
collection of information discussed in section VIII.D of this NPRM, you 
must also send comments to the Office of Information and Regulatory 
Affairs (OIRA), Office of Management and Budget. To ensure that your 
comments to OIRA are received on time, the preferred methods are by e-
mail to [email protected] (include the docket number and 
``Attention: Desk Officer for Coast Guard, DHS'' in the subject line of 
the e-mail) or fax at 202-395-6566. An alternate, though slower, method 
is by U.S. mail to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, 
Office of Management and Budget, 725 17th Street NW., Washington, DC 
20503, ATTN: Desk Officer, U.S. Coast Guard.
    Viewing incorporation by reference material: You may inspect the 
material proposed for incorporation by reference at room 1210, U.S. 
Coast Guard Headquarters, 2100 Second Street SW., Washington, DC 20593-
0001 between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays. The telephone number is 202-372-1401. Copies of the material 
are available as indicated in the ``Incorporation by Reference'' 
section of this preamble.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this proposed 
rule, call or e-mail Ms. Zoe Goss, Maritime Personnel Qualifications 
Division, Coast Guard; telephone 202-372-1425, e-mail 
[email protected]. If you have questions on viewing or submitting 
material to the docket, call Renee V. Wright, Program Manager, Docket 
Operations, telephone 202-366-9826.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents for Preamble

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments
    A. Submitting Comments
    B. Viewing Comments and Documents
    C. Privacy Act
    D. Public Meeting
II. Abbreviations
III. Regulatory History
IV. Basis and Purpose
V. Background
VI. Discussion of Proposed Rule
    A. Overview
    B. Differences Between This SNPRM and the Coast Guard's Current 
Regulations
    C. Table of Proposed Changes
    D. Part 12 Re-Numbering
VII. Discussion of Comments on the NPRM
VIII. Incorporation by Reference
IX. Regulatory Analyses
    A. Regulatory Planning and Review
    B. Small Entities
    C. Assistance for Small Entities
    D. Collection of Information
    E. Federalism
    F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    G. Taking of Private Property
    H. Civil Justice Reform
    I. Protection of Children
    J. Indian Tribal Governments
    K. Energy Effects
    L. Technical Standards
    M. Environment

I. Public Participation and Request for Comments

    We encourage you to participate in this rulemaking by submitting 
comments and related materials. All comments received will be posted 
without change to http://www.regulations.gov and will include any 
personal information you have provided.

A. Submitting Comments

    If you submit a comment, please include the docket number for this 
rulemaking (USCG-2004-17914), indicate the specific section of this 
document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each 
suggestion or recommendation. You may submit your comments and material 
online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of 
these means. We recommend that you include your name and a mailing 
address, an e-mail address, or a phone number in the body of your 
document so that we can contact you if we have questions regarding your 
submission.
    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov, 
click on the ``submit a comment'' box, which will then become 
highlighted in blue. In the ``Document Type'' drop down menu select 
``Proposed Rule'' and insert ``USCG-2004-17914'' in the ``Keyword'' 
box. Click ``Search'' then click on the balloon shape in the 
``Actions'' column. If you submit your comments by mail or hand 
delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 8\1/2\; by 
11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit 
comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the Facility, 
please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope.
    We will consider all comments and material received during the 
comment

[[Page 45909]]

period and may change this proposed rule based on your comments.

B. Additional Request for Comments

    In addition to encouraging your comments on all of the proposals 
within this rulemaking, the Coast Guard seeks specific comment on the 
issues outlined below:
    1. The value of tonnage and route restrictions for engineer 
endorsements. Current regulations restrict Designated Duty Engineers 
(DDEs) with 1,000 horsepower (HP) and 4,000 HP limits to inland and 
near-coastal waters, and all DDEs to 500 gross register tons (GRT) 
vessels. Also, the limited series of engineer credentials authorize 
service on vessels less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 gross tonnage (GT), with 
two classes of chief engineer, one of which authorizes sailing only on 
near-coastal waters. The Coast Guard seeks comment from the public 
regarding the possible elimination or retention of these tonnage and 
route restrictions.
    2. Alternative or additional requirements for limiting engineer 
authority, such as maintaining current horsepower limits, adding 
equipment restrictions, or any other alternative requirements.
    3. Potential changes to the qualification requirements for a 
Designated Examiner (DE) for Towing Officer's Assessment Record (TOARs) 
to allow mariners to serve as DEs by virtue of their endorsement 
without any further approval process.
    4. Who, within the mariner population, will take advantage of the 
alternatives provided to meet the standards of competence, besides 
formal training, for an STCW endorsement.
    5. The extent to which changes to sea service requirements, 
particularly in Sec.  10.232, will increase the availability of 
mariners for service on ocean-going ships.
    6. Possible changes to fee payment options, as proposed in Sec.  
10.219, which would eliminate the ability to pay by cash or check.

C. Viewing Comments and Documents

    To view comments, as well as documents mentioned in this preamble 
as being available in the docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov, 
click on the ``read comments'' box, which will then become highlighted 
in blue. In the ``Keyword'' box insert ``USCG-2004-17914'' and click 
``Search.'' Click the ``Open Docket Folder'' in the ``Actions'' column. 
If you do not have access to the internet, you may view the docket 
online by visiting the Docket Management Facility in Room W12-140 on 
the ground floor of the Department of Transportation West Building, 
1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 
p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. We have an 
agreement with the Department of Transportation to use the Docket 
Management Facility.

D. Privacy Act

    Anyone can search the electronic form of comments received into any 
of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comment (or 
signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, 
business, labor union, etc.). You may review a Privacy Act notice 
regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008, issue of the 
Federal Register (73 FR 3316).

E. Public Meeting

    We plan to hold public meetings in Miami, New Orleans, Seattle, and 
Washington, DC.
    We will be providing the dates, times, and exact locations of those 
meetings by later Federal Register notice.

II. Abbreviations

A/B Able Seaman
ARPA Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
ATB Articulated Tug Barge
BCO Ballast Control Operator
BRM Bridge Resource Management
BS Barge Supervisor
BST Basic Safety Training
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
COI Certificate of Inspection
COLREGS International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea
CPR Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation
DC Damage Control
DDE Designated Duty Engineer
DE Designated Examiner
DL Dangerous Liquid
DOT Department of Transportation
ECDIS Electronic Chart Display Information System
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
ERM Engine Room Resource Management
FCC Federal Communications Commission
F.H. Food Handler
FR Federal Register
GMDSS Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
GRT Gross Register Tons
GT Gross Tonnage
HP Horsepower
IMDG The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
IMO International Maritime Organization
IR Interim Rule
IRFA Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act
ISM International Safety Management Code
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ISPS International Ship and Port Facility Security
ITB Integrated Tug Barge
ITC International Tonnage Convention on Tonnage Measurement of 
Ships, 1969
KUP Knowledge, Understanding, and Proficiency
kW Kilowatts
LG Liquefied Gas
MARAD Maritime Administration
MARPOL 73/78 International Convention for the Prevention of 
Pollution From Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978
MERPAC Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee
MMC Merchant Mariner Credential
MMD Merchant Mariner Document
MODU Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit
NAVSAC Navigation Safety Advisory Committee
NDR National Driver Register
NMC U.S. Coast Guard National Maritime Center
NEPA National Environment Policy Act of 1969
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NVIC Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular
OCMI Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection
OICEW Officer in Charge of an Engineering Watch
OICNW Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch
OIM Offshore Installation Manager
OIRA Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs
OJT On-the-job training
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OSV Offshore Supply Vessel
OUPV Operator of an Uninspected Passenger Vessel
PIC Person in Charge
PMS Preventive Maintenance System
PSC Proficiency in Survival Craft
QA Qualified Assessor
QMED Qualified Member of the Engineering Department
QSS Quality Standard Systems
REC Regional Examination Center
RFA Regulatory Flexibility Act
RFPEW Ratings Forming Part of an Engineering Watch
RFPNW Ratings Forming Part of a Navigational Watch
SHIP Seafarers' Health Improvement Program
SOLAS The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea 
(1974)
STCW Code Seafarer's Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code
STCW Convention International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification, and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended
STCW-F International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification, and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel
TOAR Towing Officer's Assessment Record
TRB Training Record Book
TSA Transportation Security Administration
TSAC Towing Safety Advisory Committee
UPV Uninspected Passenger Vessel
UTV Uninspected Towing Vessel
VSO Vessel Security Officer

III. Regulatory History

    The Coast Guard first published changes to the regulations 
governing the credentialing of merchant mariners serving on U.S. flag 
vessels with an Interim Rule (IR) on June 26, 1997 (62 FR 34505). The 
1997 IR ensured that

[[Page 45910]]

U.S. merchant mariner credentials would meet IMO standards, thereby 
reducing the possibility of U.S. ships being detained in a foreign port 
for non-compliance.
    In 2009, The Coast Guard proposed to update the changes made by the 
1997 IR through experience gained during the implementation of that 
rule. To that end, the Coast Guard published a Notice of Proposed 
Rulemaking (NPRM) on November 17, 2009 (74 FR 59354). The proposed rule 
sought to incorporate all effective amendments as of that publication 
date to the STCW Convention and Code. The Coast Guard determined, as a 
result of comments from the public and federal advisory committees 
(specifically the Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee 
(MERPAC)), that more information, including more detailed regulatory 
text, was required for the affected public, and incorporated those 
comments as proposals within the NPRM.
    Five public meetings were held to receive comments on the NPRM. 
These meetings were announced in the Federal Register on November 18, 
2009 (74 FR 59502). The comments received during these five meetings 
are discussed in the ``Discussion of Comments on the NPRM'' section of 
this preamble.

IV. Basis and Purpose

    The Coast Guard has identified two basic concerns with the existing 
mariner credentialing regulations that it intends to remedy with this 
supplemental proposal. First, the existing regulations, which combine 
domestic and international requirements, are confusing to mariners and 
others in the maritime industry. Second, in June 2010 the International 
Maritime Organization (IMO) amended the International Convention on 
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers 
(STCW), 1978. This proposal intends to clarify the Coast Guard's 
domestic and international mariner license endorsement regulations, and 
implement provisions related to the amended STCW Convention.
    The International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 as amended, sets 
forth minimum training and demonstrations of proficiency requirements 
for merchant mariners. The IMO adopted amendments to the STCW in 1995. 
Those amendments entered into force on February 1, 1997. In 2007, the 
IMO embarked on a comprehensive review of the entire STCW Convention 
and STCW Code, which sets forth provisions for implementing provisions 
from the STCW Convention. Five meetings were held at IMO headquarters 
in London on the comprehensive review, and the Parties developed draft 
2010 amendments to the Convention. The Parties adopted these amendments 
on June 25, 2010, at the STCW Diplomatic Conference in Manila, 
Philippines. They will enter into force for all ratifying countries on 
January 1, 2012. Because these amendments were not adopted until after 
the previous NPRM was published, they were not included in the NPRM's 
proposals.
    The Coast Guard is publishing this Supplemental Notice of Proposed 
Rulemaking (SNPRM) to implement amendments to the STCW, including the 
2010 amendments, and ensure that the U.S. is meeting its obligations 
under the Convention. The Coast Guard considered issuing a Final Rule 
implementing the 1995 amendments before issuing these proposals but 
determined it would be less confusing to the mariner to combine into 
one rule the lessons learned from the implementation of the 1995 
amendments and the 2010 amendments.
    In addition, the Coast Guard is issuing the SNPRM to respond to the 
comments, feedback, and concerns received from the public as a result 
of the NPRM. In order to address those comments and concerns, the SNPRM 
will: simplify domestic licensing requirements and separate them from 
STCW requirements; provide alternative means for demonstrating 
competence; clarify oversight requirements for approved courses; amend 
lifeboatmen requirements; allow for acceptance of sea service on 
vessels serving the Great Lakes and inland waters to meet STCW 
requirements; and permit acceptance of maritime academies' 
documentation in compliance with national accreditation bodies to meet 
STCW requirements. The SNPRM will also give the public an opportunity 
to comment on these changes.

V. Background

    In 2007, the IMO embarked on a comprehensive review of the entire 
STCW Convention and STCW Code. The Coast Guard held public meetings 
prior to each one of the IMO meetings in London for the review to 
determine what positions U.S. delegations should advocate and to 
exchange views about amendments to STCW that were under discussion. In 
addition, the Coast Guard also took advantage of advisory committee 
meetings, specifically MERPAC, to discuss developments and 
implementation of the requirements relating to the 2010 amendments. The 
2010 amendments resulting from that review were adopted on June 25, 
2010.
    The Convention is not self-implementing; therefore, the United 
States, as a signatory to the STCW Convention, must initiate regulatory 
changes to ensure full implementation of all amendments to the STCW 
Convention and STCW Code. The United States implements these provisions 
under the Convention and under the authority of United States domestic 
laws at United States Code titles 5, 14, 33 and 46, as cited with the 
proposed rule text under ``Authorities.''
    Parties to the STCW Convention have port state control authority to 
detain vessels that do not appear to be in compliance with the 
Convention. If U.S. regulations are non-compliant with the STCW 
Convention and STCW Code, there is a risk that U.S. ships will be 
detained in foreign ports by member nations and that U.S. mariners 
would not be able to seek employment on foreign flag vessels.

VI. Discussion of Proposed Rule

A. Overview

    This proposed rule is a result of ongoing work to ensure that U.S. 
mariners comply with the standards set forth in the STCW Convention and 
Code and to clarify and update the regulations of 46 CFR Subchapter B. 
In responding to the comments, feedback, and concerns received from the 
public as a result of the 2009 NPRM, and due to the adoption of the 
2010 amendments to the STCW Convention and STCW Code, the Coast Guard 
recognized a need to make substantial changes to the merchant mariner 
licensing and documentation credentialing program. Because of these 
substantial changes, we recognize the necessity of developing a more 
comprehensive rule, and of providing additional opportunity--through 
this SNPRM--for the public to comment on these changes.
    Most seagoing merchant mariners must comply with the requirements 
of the STCW Convention and STCW Code. The Coast Guard recognizes that 
the CFR regulations implementing the STCW Convention and STCW Code 
requirements have been the subject of different interpretations and 
that the requirements reflected in the CFR are not currently organized 
in a manner that is easy to read and understand. This SNPRM seeks to 
implement all of the provisions in the STCW Convention by taking full 
advantage of the flexibilities incorporated in the STCW Convention and 
of the robustness of an existing domestic licensing scheme, without 
compromising the safety, security and protection of mariners or the 
marine environment.

[[Page 45911]]

    This SNPRM also seeks to revise other sections of 46 CFR Subchapter 
B in order to clarify, address omissions in, and update these 
regulations.

B. Differences Between This SNPRM and the Coast Guard's Current 
Regulations

    This list provides a brief summary of the significant changes 
proposed in this SNPRM. The ``Table of Proposed Changes'' in part C of 
this section provides more detailed information and explanation of the 
key changes in the summarized listing below.
1. Separation of STCW and Domestic Endorsements
    The Coast Guard proposes to clearly separate the two licensing 
schemes for STCW and domestic endorsements. For STCW endorsements, this 
proposed rule incorporates the sea service, assessment and training 
requirements directly from the STCW Convention and STCW Code to ensure 
consistency and clarity. In addition, the Coast Guard has provided 
entry paths from domestic endorsements to the equivalent STCW 
endorsement. These proposed changes would make it easier for mariners 
to read and understand the requirements for each Merchant Mariner 
Credential (MMC) STCW endorsement.
2. Methods for Demonstrating Competence
    The Coast Guard proposes to accept various methods for assessment 
of competence as provided in the Tables of Competence in the STCW Code. 
This would allow the preservation of the ``hawsepipe'' program, which 
permits the use of on-the-job training (OJT) or practical experience, 
to obtain endorsements, and would foster career paths that were not 
previously available.
    Implementation of an assessment-based process would provide 
acceptance of the various methods for demonstrating competence, 
including, but not limited to: (1) On-the-job training and/or in-
service experience; (2) formal training (classroom or distance-
learning), including laboratory assessment; and (3) simulator training. 
The complete list of acceptable methods of demonstrating competence can 
be found in proposed Sec. Sec.  11.301, 12.601, and 13.601 accordingly.
3. Sea Service Credit for Great Lakes and Inland Mariners
    The Coast Guard proposes to add provisions to grant sea service 
credit towards STCW and domestic endorsements of unlimited tonnage for 
those mariners who provide proof of service on the Great Lakes or 
inland waters. A large portion of the skills and assessments that the 
STCW Code requires for its endorsements overlaps with the skills and 
techniques these officers are currently using as deck and engineer 
officers on the Great Lakes or inland waters. Applicants serving on 
Great Lakes waters will receive day-for-day credit. Applicants serving 
on inland waters will be credited 1 day of ocean service for every 2 
days of inland service for up to 50 percent of the total required 
service. The reason for the difference in service credit is based on 
the fact that Great Lakes service most closely resembles the length, 
breadth, equipment, and operation of ocean service.
4. Medical Examinations and Endorsements
    The Coast Guard proposes to add provisions regarding the issuance 
of medical endorsements for mariners to improve maritime safety and 
provide consistency with the 2010 STCW amendments. Medical endorsements 
issued to a mariner serving under the authority of an STCW endorsement 
would be issued for a maximum period of 2 years unless the mariner is 
under the age of 18, in which case the maximum period of validity would 
be 1 year, as stipulated in the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. 
Medical endorsements issued to a mariner who is serving as a first-
class pilot, or acting as a pilot under Sec.  15.812, would be issued 
for a maximum period of 1 year consistent with the already implemented 
requirement for a first-class pilot to complete an annual medical exam. 
All other mariners would be issued a medical certificate/endorsement 
valid for a maximum period of 5 years, consistent with the current 
practice and requirements.
    The Coast Guard proposes to revise the physical requirements for 
mariners applying for domestic and STCW credentials issued by the Coast 
Guard. These proposed changes include: annual submission of physical 
examination results by pilots, removal of some specific tests for color 
vision, revision of vision standards, revision of hearing standards, 
and clarification regarding demonstration of physical ability. These 
changes would provide the Coast Guard some flexibility in the 
acceptance of other tests, as well as serve as acknowledgement that 
some of the vision tests are no longer available. They would enable 
mariners and examining physicians to use a range of effective tests to 
demonstrate physical competence, rather than limit them to specific 
tests which may have become outdated or unavailable. They also 
implement the STCW requirement that mariners seeking an STCW 
endorsement demonstrate physical ability.
    In particular, the Coast Guard proposes to revise the vision 
standards for deck personnel with STCW endorsements by expanding the 
applicability of the vision standards from one eye to both eyes. This 
proposal would provide consistency with the 2010 amendments to the STCW 
Convention. Requirements for mariners who suffer from vision loss or 
lost vision in one eye remain the same. At the time of application for 
an endorsement, mariners must hold a valid medical certificate or 
endorsement, or they must submit an application for a medical 
certificate. Unless provided otherwise, mariners sailing onboard 
vessels to which STCW applies must hold a valid 2-year medical 
certificate.
5. Ceremonial License
    The Coast Guard proposes to add a provision for issuance of a 
ceremonial license, which reflects his or her existing domestic officer 
endorsements, and is suitable for framing. The addition of this 
optional license is being proposed in response to numerous requests 
from the public.
6. Quality Standards System (QSS)
    The Coast Guard proposes to add Quality Standards System (QSS) 
requirements for Coast Guard-approved courses. A QSS is a set of 
policies, procedures, processes, and data that help an organization 
fulfill its objectives. The use of a QSS by training providers helps in 
the oversight of courses, ensuring that mariners obtain the training 
that they need. This proposal would provide consistency with the 
obligation under the STCW Convention for approved training to be part 
of a QSS. This would also require providers of approved courses and 
training programs to be compliant with QSS provisions.
    To make it easier for training providers to meet the QSS 
requirements, the Coast Guard proposes to accept documentation from a 
National Academic accreditation body or from a national or 
international quality standard system as meeting one or more of the QSS 
requirements.
    The Coast Guard also proposes to clarify that Coast Guard-accepted 
QSS organizations may accept and monitor training on behalf of the 
Coast Guard. Coast Guard-accepted QSS organizations will need to have 
processes for reviewing, accepting, and monitoring training that are 
equal to the Coast Guard's course approval and oversight processes.

[[Page 45912]]

    Additionally, the Coast Guard proposes to introduce a grandfather 
provision to ensure that approved courses, programs, and training 
creditable towards an STCW endorsement approved prior to July 1, 2013 
must meet the requirements of this section at the next renewal.
7. Post-Dating of MMCs
    The Coast Guard proposes to add requirements for an applicant to 
request post-dating of his or her MMC upon submitting an application. 
These changes would provide flexibility to the mariner to post-date an 
MMC for up to 12 months allowing a mariner to start his or her 
application process early in case a problem arises or he or she has to 
return to sea. Their application can continue to be processed in their 
absence. This change will alleviate the situation where a mariner was 
not getting the benefit of the full 5-year credential.
8. New Towing Endorsements
    The Coast Guard proposes to add three new towing endorsements and 
the associated requirements to obtain them: Apprentice mate (steersman) 
of towing vessels (utility), Master of Towing Vessels (Utility), and 
Master of Towing Vessels (Harbor Assist). These endorsements are being 
proposed in response to recommendations from the Towing Safety Advisory 
Committee (TSAC) in its review of the towing vessel NVIC 04-01. TSAC 
recommended the addition of these three endorsements because some 
mariners were performing these functions without the proper authority, 
experience, and in some cases, qualifications.
    The Coast Guard is establishing a towing vessel (utility) 
progression, including apprentice mate (steersmen) and a Master of 
Towing Vessels (Utility) endorsement to cover Towing Vessels performing 
marine repair, construction, and other utility type services where a 
full, unlimited Master of Towing Vessels endorsement is inappropriate, 
and where some persons with Assistance Towing endorsements are 
currently working beyond the authority of their credentials.
    The Master of Towing Vessels (Utility) will authorize service to 
tow: (1) Barges not used for moving bulk cargo (commodities) for trade; 
(2) Barges associated with Marine Construction; (3) Dredges; and (4) 
Pile Drivers.
    The Master of Towing Vessels (Harbor Assist) endorsement authorizes 
service on towing vessels for escorting ships with limited propulsion 
or navigating capabilities in restricted waters, and for assisting 
ships to dock and undock in limited local areas. This endorsement may 
be added to a Master of Towing Vessels (Limited) endorsement after a 
period of service and the completion of a specified TOAR.
9. Bridge Resource Management (BRM), Leadership and Teamworking Skills, 
Leadership and Managerial Skills
    The Coast Guard proposes to change the name of Procedures for 
Bridge Team Work to Bridge Resource Management (BRM). BRM and 
leadership and teamworking skills would be required for the 
operational-level credential only; and leadership and managerial skills 
would be required for the management-level credential, as provided in 
the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. These requirements would 
allow for the approval of BRM courses or combined BRM and leadership 
and managerial skills courses.
10. Engine Room Resource Management (ERM), Leadership and Teamworking 
Skills, Leadership and Managerial Skills
    The Coast Guard proposes to require Engine room resource management 
(ERM) training for engineers seeking STCW endorsements. Basic ERM will 
be required for the operational-level credential, and leadership and 
managerial skills would be required for the management-level credential 
in accordance with the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. These 
requirements would allow for the approval of ERM courses or combined 
ERM and leadership and managerial skills courses.
11. Grandfathering and Transitional Provisions
    The Coast Guard proposes transitional and grandfathering provisions 
consistent with the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. The 2010 
amendments to the STCW Convention will enter into force on January 1, 
2012. However, STCW Regulation I/15 on transitional provisions, allows 
requirements to come into effect over a 5-year period in order to avoid 
disruption to the maritime industry. STCW Regulation I/15 also provides 
that a Party may continue, until January 1, 2017, to issue certificates 
(MMC) in accordance with the credentialing rules it has in place before 
the 2010 amendments come into force (January 1, 2012) only with respect 
to seafarers who begin their sea service or their approved maritime 
training before July 1, 2013. Candidates who begin their service or 
their training on or after July 1, 2013, will be subject to the full 
application of the revised STCW requirements. The Coast Guard has 
drafted this SNPRM to allow for this phase-in process. These provisions 
require any seafarer who holds an STCW endorsement prior to January 1, 
2012, to provide evidence of meeting the appropriate standard of 
competence for the applicable STCW endorsement by January 1, 2017.
    Domestic requirements provided in this proposed rule will be 
transitioned during a 5-year period (after the effective date of the 
final rule) to coincide with the renewal of existing domestic 
endorsements. Individuals seeking an original credential or raise of 
grade to an existing credential during this period, and who begin 
training or service before January 1, 2012, need only meet the 
requirements in place before that date. Those individuals who start 
training or service on or after January 1, 2012, must meet all 
provisions described in the final rule.
12. Tankerman Endorsements
    The Coast Guard proposes to add new STCW endorsements for basic and 
advanced tankerman for oil and chemical, and for basic and advanced 
tankerman for liquefied gas tanker cargo operations, as required by the 
2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. The Coast Guard proposes to use 
the domestic requirements for the tankerman endorsements as the means 
to qualify for an STCW tankerman endorsement. Candidates for an STCW 
endorsement will only need to complete the appropriate assessments of 
competence in accordance with the appropriate table of competence in 
the STCW Code.
    The Coast Guard proposes to include an STCW endorsement equivalent 
to the tankerman-PIC (barge).
    All of these changes are being proposed to ensure compliance with 
the 2010 amendments.
    The Coast Guard proposes to clarify and update the list of subjects 
that the tanker courses must cover by including tables of topics for 
each tanker course.
13. Lifeboatman and Proficiency in Survival Craft Endorsements
    In response to comments we received objecting to the use of the 
term ``survivalman'', the Coast Guard has withdrawn its proposed use 
and substitutes, in its place, the term ``lifeboatman-limited'' for the 
domestic endorsement. Regarding the STCW endorsement, the Coast Guard 
is proposing to use the term proficiency in survival craft and rescue 
boats other than lifeboats and fast rescue boats--limited (PSC--
limited), to ensure consistency with the STCW Convention.

[[Page 45913]]

    To ensure consistency and clarity, the Coast Guard is proposing to 
separate the domestic requirements for lifeboatman endorsements (found 
in Sec. Sec.  12.407 and 12.409) from the STCW Code requirements for 
proficiency in survival craft endorsements (found in Sec. Sec.  12.613 
and 12.615). Persons who meet the requirements for a domestic 
lifeboatman (lifeboatman or lifeboatman-limited) endorsement will be 
deemed to meet the requirements for an STCW endorsement for proficiency 
in survival craft (PSC or PSC-limited).
    Mariners holding an STCW endorsement will be required to prove that 
they have maintained the standard of competence every 5 years, in 
accordance with the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. This may be 
accomplished through a combination of drills and onboard training and 
experience, with shore-side assessments. The Coast Guard is proposing 
to accept proof of sea service, specifically one year in the last 5 
years, as proof of meeting the requirements for those components of the 
competence table that can be performed through drills and/or training 
on board vessels. For those components that cannot be performed onboard 
a ship, shore-side assessments must be successfully demonstrated.
14. Basic Safety Training (BST) and Advanced Firefighting
    The Coast Guard proposes to amend the BST and advanced firefighting 
requirements to require that mariners prove they have maintained the 
standard of competence every 5 years, in accordance with the 2010 
amendments to the STCW Convention and Code. This may be accomplished 
through a combination of drills and onboard training and experience, 
with shore-side assessments. The Coast Guard is proposing to retain the 
existing arrangement of acceptance of sea service, specifically one 
year in the last 5 years, as proof of meeting the requirements only for 
those components of the competence table that can be performed through 
drills and/or training on board vessels. For those components that 
cannot be performed onboard a ship, shore-side assessments must be 
successfully demonstrated.
15. Recognition of Certificates Issued by Other Parties to the STCW 
Convention
    The Coast Guard proposes to establish requirements and procedures 
for the recognition and endorsement of officer certificates of 
competence issued by other Parties signatory to the STCW Convention in 
accordance with the existing laws of the United States.
    46 U.S.C. 8103(b)(3)(A) waives the citizenship requirements (except 
for master) for offshore supply vessels (OSVs) operating from a foreign 
port. To ensure compliance with the STCW Convention, in the limited 
cases of OSVs, the U.S. needs to recognize seafarer competence 
certificates from other countries that have ratified the STCW 
Convention and are known to issue STCW certificates.
16. Work Hours and Rest Periods
    In accordance with the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention and 
Code, the Coast Guard proposes to amend the work and rest hours 
requirements as follows: (1) Expand the application for hours of work 
and rest periods for mariners to include all personnel with designated 
safety, prevention of pollution, and security duties onboard any 
vessel; (2) change the weekly rest hours requirements from 70 hours to 
77 hours; (3) require the recording of hours of rest; and (4) include 
flexibility from the rest hours requirements in exceptional 
circumstances.
17. Certification for Vessel Personnel With Security Duties and 
Security Awareness
    The Coast Guard is proposing that, after July 1, 2012, all 
personnel with designated security duties must hold a valid endorsement 
as vessel personnel with designated security duties or a certificate of 
course completion from an appropriate Coast Guard-accepted course 
meeting the requirements of 33 CFR 104.220. This requirement is 
consistent with the STCW 2010 amendments to ensure that all personnel 
hold a certificate of proficiency.
    The Coast Guard also is proposing that, after July 1, 2012, all 
other vessel personnel, including contractors, whether part-time, full-
time, temporary, or permanent, must hold a valid endorsement in 
security awareness, or a certificate of course completion from an 
appropriate Coast Guard-accepted course meeting the requirements of 33 
CFR 104.225. This requirement is consistent with the 2010 STCW 
amendments to ensure that personnel hold a certificate of proficiency.
    The training requirements for vessel personnel with designated 
security duties and for security awareness in compliance with the 2010 
amendments to the STCW Convention and Code will be part of a separate 
rulemaking.

C. Thirty Months of Training for Officer in Charge of an Engineering 
Watch (OICEW)/Designated Duty Engineer (DDE) Candidates

    The November 17, 2009, NPRM proposed to include a requirement for 
an OICEW or DDE candidate to complete approved education and training 
of at least 30 months in accordance with Regulation III/1 of the 1995 
amendments to the STCW requirements. The 2010 amendments deleted this 
requirement from regulation; therefore, this SNPRM does not include 
this provision.

D. Table of Proposed Changes

    The following table provides a more detailed summary of significant 
changes proposed in this SNPRM. The table includes the changes noted in 
the brief summary of the significant changes listed in part B above, 
``Differences between this SNPRM and the Coast Guard's current 
regulations''.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Cite under proposed       Summary of proposed     Explanation of and reasons
           Current cite                     rule                    changes              for proposed changes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Sec.   10.107....................  N/A..................  Removes definition of       Moved relevant information
                                                           Competent Person.           into part 13 to ensure
                                                                                       consistency, because
                                                                                       ``competent person''
                                                                                       deals with tankerman
                                                                                       endorsements.
Sec.   10.107....................  Sec.   10.107........  Revises the definition for  The definition is being
                                                           Coast Guard-accepted.       revised to provide
                                                                                       clarification on the
                                                                                       instances where something
                                                                                       may be approved by the
                                                                                       Coast Guard for use in
                                                                                       meeting a particular
                                                                                       requirement.

[[Page 45914]]

 
Sec.   10.107....................  Sec.   10.107........  Revises definition of Day.  References authorization
                                                                                       by the U.S. Code and the
                                                                                       two-watch system, in
                                                                                       accordance with part 15.
                                                                                       Adds clarification on
                                                                                       service on MODUs.
                                                                                      This will link the
                                                                                       definition to the U.S.
                                                                                       Code and provide further
                                                                                       clarification within the
                                                                                       regulations.
Sec.   10.107....................  Sec.   10.107........  Revises definition of       The definition was revised
                                                           Designated examiner.        to ensure that a DE
                                                                                       applies to the Towing
                                                                                       Officer Assessment Record
                                                                                       only, as DE previously
                                                                                       applied to all
                                                                                       qualification processes.
Sec.   10.107....................  Sec.   10.107........  Revises the definition of   Amends to include
                                                           Near-coastal.               exceptions for operator
                                                                                       of uninspected passenger
                                                                                       vessels (OUPVs) in order
                                                                                       to formalize a pre-
                                                                                       existing exception for
                                                                                       OUPVs.
Sec.   10.109....................  Sec.   10.109........  Revises list of             Adds new endorsements in
                                                           endorsements.               accordance with parts 11
                                                                                       and 12 to ensure that the
                                                                                       lists of endorsements are
                                                                                       consistent throughout the
                                                                                       regulations.
Sec.   10.209, 10.231............  Sec.   10.209, 10.231  Adds required               Adds a medical certificate
                                                           documentation for medical   issued by the Coast
                                                           examinations.               Guard.
                                                                                      This serves as documentary
                                                                                       proof of passing the
                                                                                       medical examination.
Sec.   10.215....................  Part 10, subpart C...  Transfer medical            Provides the Coast Guard
                                                           requirements to a new       some flexibility in the
                                                           subpart. Revises the        acceptance of other
                                                           physical requirements for   tests.
                                                           mariners applying for a    The requirement to
                                                           Coast Guard-issued          demonstrate physical
                                                           credential These changes    ability provides
                                                           include: annual             information required for
                                                           submission of physicals     those mariners serving on
                                                           by pilots, revision of      vessels to which STCW
                                                           vision standard, revision   applies.
                                                           of hearing standard,
                                                           clarification regarding
                                                           demonstration of physical
                                                           ability.
Sec.   10.215....................  Sec.   10.301........  Revises medical             Adds issuance of the new
                                                           certificate validity        medical certificates with
                                                           period.                     the following period of
                                                                                       validity:
                                                                                        (1) 2 years for STCW-
                                                                                         endorsed mariners,
                                                                                         unless the mariner is
                                                                                         under the age of 18, in
                                                                                         which case the maximum
                                                                                         period of validity
                                                                                         would be 1 year;
                                                                                        (2) 1 year for a mariner
                                                                                         who is serving as a
                                                                                         first-class pilot, or
                                                                                         acting as a pilot under
                                                                                         Sec.   15.812; and
                                                                                        (3) 5 years for all
                                                                                         other mariners,
                                                                                         consistent with the
                                                                                         current practice and
                                                                                         requirements.
Sec.   10.215....................  Sec.   10.305........  Vision requirements.......  The 2010 amendments have
                                                                                       expanded the
                                                                                       applicability of vision
                                                                                       standards from one eye to
                                                                                       both eyes for deck
                                                                                       personnel with STCW
                                                                                       endorsements.
Sec.   10.217....................  Sec.   10.217........  Removes reference to        Temporary permits are no
                                                           temporary permits..         longer issued.
                                                                                      Formalizes long-standing
                                                                                       Coast Guard practice.
Sec.   10.219....................  Sec.   10.219........  Amends the manner in which  This change would
                                                           user fees may be paid to    eliminate the ability of
                                                           credit card or electronic   a mariner to pay by cash
                                                           payment only.               and by attaching a check
                                                                                       or money order to their
                                                                                       application package.
                                                                                      This would update fee
                                                                                       payment practices by
                                                                                       permitting electronic
                                                                                       payment of fees.
Sec.  Sec.   10.227, 10.231......  Sec.  Sec.   10.227,   Revises renewal             Removes the requirement to
                                    10.231.                requirements for            submit an old, original
                                                           credentials.                credential in an
                                                                                       application for renewal.
                                                                                      This would permit mariners
                                                                                       to retain their previous
                                                                                       credentials.
Sec.   10.303....................  Sec.   10.410........  Removed QSS requirements    Adds QSS information into
                                                           from Sec.   10.303 and      a new section and adds
                                                           moved them into a new       requirement for training
                                                           Sec.   10.410.              providers to develop a
                                                                                       QSS.
                                                                                      This reflects the STCW
                                                                                       requirement to use a QSS.
                                                                                      Adds a grandfather
                                                                                       provision to ensure that
                                                                                       approved courses,
                                                                                       programs, and training
                                                                                       creditable towards an
                                                                                       STCW endorsement approved
                                                                                       prior to July 1, 2013
                                                                                       must meet the
                                                                                       requirements of this
                                                                                       section at the next
                                                                                       renewal.

[[Page 45915]]

 
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      Adding the definition will
                                                           Boundary line.              assist applicants in
                                                                                       understanding the limits
                                                                                       of the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          Provides mariners an MMC
                                                           Ceremonial license.         endorsement suitable for
                                                                                       framing.
                                                                                      This is in response to
                                                                                       mariner demand for a
                                                                                       ceremonial license.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of a    Adds definition regarding
                                                           Coast Guard-accepted        those organizations that
                                                           quality standards system    may conduct QSS
                                                           (QSS) organization.         activities in regard to
                                                                                       training, consistent with
                                                                                       STCW requirements.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          This is being done to add
                                                           Coastwise Voyage.           clarity to the boundaries
                                                                                       of these types of
                                                                                       voyages.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Deck     To clarify the functions
                                                           department.                 of this department.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          To clarify who can give
                                                           Designated medical          medical examinations to
                                                           examiner.                   mariners, establishing a
                                                                                       network of medical
                                                                                       examiners who have
                                                                                       demonstrated an
                                                                                       understanding of mariner
                                                                                       fitness.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To clarify that domestic
                                                           Domestic voyage.            service does not include
                                                                                       entering foreign waters.
                                                                                      This will assist those
                                                                                       operating small passenger
                                                                                       vessels in waters close
                                                                                       to or adjacent to foreign
                                                                                       waters in determining
                                                                                       whether the operator
                                                                                       would be required to hold
                                                                                       an STCW endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Dual-    To clarify what is
                                                           mode integrated tug barge.  included in the
                                                                                       operations and
                                                                                       configuration of this
                                                                                       type of ITB.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Engine   To clarify the functions
                                                           department.                 of this department.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Gross    Provides definition for
                                                           register tons (GRT).        term used in the proposed
                                                                                       rule and establishes an
                                                                                       abbreviation for the use
                                                                                       of this term throughout
                                                                                       this subchapter.
                                                                                      This will help the mariner
                                                                                       to readily distinguish
                                                                                       between GRT and gross
                                                                                       tonnage.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      This will provide
                                                           Gross tonnage (GT).         consistency with the STCW
                                                                                       Convention and simplify
                                                                                       the regulations by
                                                                                       establishing an
                                                                                       abbreviation for use
                                                                                       throughout this
                                                                                       subchapter.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          To specify and make clear
                                                           Integrated tug barge.       the features and
                                                                                       capabilities of this type
                                                                                       of tug barge combination.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To provide clarity and
                                                           Kilowatt (kW).              consistency, as the term
                                                                                       is used in conjunction
                                                                                       with the implementation
                                                                                       of the STCW Convention
                                                                                       and STCW Code.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To explain that master,
                                                           Management level.           chief mate, chief
                                                                                       engineer and first
                                                                                       assistant engineer
                                                                                       (second engineer officer)
                                                                                       are considered management
                                                                                       level under the STCW
                                                                                       Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Officer  To clarify that this
                                                           in Charge of a              endorsement is at the
                                                           Navigational Watch          operational level.
                                                           (OICEW).
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Officer  To clarify that this
                                                           in Charge of an             endorsement is at the
                                                           Engineering Watch (OICEW).  operational level.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      Provides that officer
                                                           Operational level.          endorsements other than
                                                                                       management level are
                                                                                       considered operational
                                                                                       level under the STCW
                                                                                       Convention.
                                                                                      This will provide
                                                                                       consistency with STCW.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      Provides clarity in the
                                                           Periodically unattended     application of the
                                                           engine room.                service requirements for
                                                                                       engineers.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To provide consistency
                                                           Propulsion power.           with the use of the term
                                                                                       ``propulsion power'' in
                                                                                       STCW and to encompass
                                                                                       methods of measurement,
                                                                                       such as horsepower (HP)
                                                                                       and kilowatts (kW).
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of Push-    To specify what is
                                                           mode ITBs.                  included in the
                                                                                       configuration of this tug
                                                                                       barge unit.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          To clarify the
                                                           Qualified Assessor.         qualifications for this
                                                                                       type of evaluator.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To ensure conformity with
                                                           Quality standard system     STCW requirements for use
                                                           (QSS).                      of a QSS and provide
                                                                                       clarification of what is
                                                                                       intended by this term
                                                                                       when used in this
                                                                                       subchapter.

[[Page 45916]]

 
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          Clarify for the mariner
                                                           Seagoing service.           what is included in this
                                                                                       type of service,
                                                                                       including Great Lakes and
                                                                                       inland service.
                                                                                      This is in response to
                                                                                       public comments
                                                                                       specifically requesting
                                                                                       credit for all waters.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To ensure the definition
                                                           Seagoing vessel.            captures all vessels to
                                                                                       which STCW Convention and
                                                                                       Code apply.
                                                                                      There is no commercial
                                                                                       vessels restriction, as
                                                                                       appears in the current 46
                                                                                       CFR 15.1101 definition,
                                                                                       because that would have
                                                                                       excluded vessels such as
                                                                                       yachts and government-
                                                                                       owned vessels, which are
                                                                                       required to be operated
                                                                                       by mariners holding an
                                                                                       STCW endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds definition of          To provide for a new
                                                           Lifeboatman-Limited.        endorsement for persons
                                                                                       serving in a position
                                                                                       similar to Lifeboatman
                                                                                       but on a vessel without a
                                                                                       lifeboat.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.107........  Adds the definition of      To provide clarity
                                                           Training program.           regarding what is
                                                                                       encompassed within
                                                                                       training programs.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.205(b)(i)..  Adds grandfathering         Clarifies that this
                                                           provision for existing      proposed rule does not
                                                           STCW endorsements.          require a mariner to meet
                                                                                       newly proposed
                                                                                       requirements in order to
                                                                                       retain a credential
                                                                                       already held.
                                                                                      This will provide mariners
                                                                                       with time to meet new
                                                                                       requirements, while still
                                                                                       being able to serve on
                                                                                       those credentials already
                                                                                       held.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.205(i).....  Adds provision regarding    To explain the process of
                                                           Document of Continuity.     replacing a Document of
                                                                                       Continuity with an MMC.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.209........  Adds ceremonial license...  Allows mariners to request
                                                                                       a ceremonial license when
                                                                                       renewing his or her
                                                                                       credential.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.405........  Adds requirements for       To ensure that qualified
                                                           qualification as a          individuals conduct
                                                           qualified assessor or       evaluations of mariners
                                                           designated examiner.        in conformity with the
                                                                                       STCW Convention. See
                                                                                       Section A-I/6 of the STCW
                                                                                       Code.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.409........  Adds requirements for       Requires organizations
                                                           approval as a Coast Guard-  wishing to accept and
                                                           accepted QSS organization.  monitor training to
                                                                                       submit application for
                                                                                       approval. Coast Guard-
                                                                                       accepted QSS
                                                                                       organizations will be
                                                                                       audited once every five
                                                                                       years.
                                                                                      This is to ensure
                                                                                       compliance with STCW and
                                                                                       to provide oversight of
                                                                                       these organizations.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.411........  Adds simulator performance  To provide consistency
                                                           standards.                  with existing
                                                                                       requirements and Section
                                                                                       A-I/12 of the STCW Code.
N/A..............................  Sec.   10.412........  Adds distance and e-        Adds a provision that will
                                                           learning.                   allow mariners to
                                                                                       complete certain approved
                                                                                       training via distance or
                                                                                       e-learning courses.
                                                                                      This will allow more
                                                                                       options for obtaining
                                                                                       training.
Sec.  Sec.   11.201, 11.205......  Sec.   11.201........  Re-organizes and            Consolidates all
                                                           consolidates all general    endorsement requirements
                                                           requirements applicable     from the various sections
                                                           to all domestic and STCW    (including Sec.  Sec.
                                                           officer endorsements.       11.201, 11.205) into a
                                                                                       general section with sub-
                                                                                       titles to allow for easy
                                                                                       reference.
Sec.   11.202....................  Sec.   15.817........  Moves section for GMDSS     This re-organizes the
                                                           competency.                 regulations to make them
                                                          Requires that all deck       easier to access and
                                                           officers serving on         follow.
                                                           vessels equipped with
                                                           Global Maritime Distress
                                                           and Safety System (GMDSS)
                                                           provide an endorsement
                                                           for GMDSS.
Sec.   11.202....................  Sec.   15.816........  Moves section for ARPA      This re-organizes the
                                                           competency.                 regulations to make them
                                                          Requires that all deck       easier to access and
                                                           officers serving on         follow.
                                                           vessels equipped with
                                                           ARPA prove competency.
Sec.   11.202, 11.205............  Sec.   11.301........  Re-organizes and            Consolidates all
                                                           consolidates all            endorsement requirements
                                                           requirements applicable     from various sections
                                                           to all STCW officer         (including Sec.  Sec.
                                                           endorsements.               11.202 and 11.205) into a
                                                                                       general section with sub-
                                                                                       titles to allow for easy
                                                                                       reference.
Sec.   11.202(c).................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Moves the requirement for   To place the requirement
                                    to 11.321.             automatic radar plotting    in the appropriate
                                                           aid (ARPA) from the         operational-level and
                                                           general section.            management-level
                                                                                       certificate.

[[Page 45917]]

 
Sec.   11.202(d).................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Moves the requirement for   Incorporates the GMDSS
                                    to 11.321.             the training and            requirement with the
                                                           assessment on Global        requirement for the
                                                           Maritime Distress and       appropriate operational-
                                                           Safety System (GMDSS)       level and management-
                                                           from the general section.   level certificate to
                                                                                       simplify and clarify the
                                                                                       GMDSS requirement.
Sec.   11.202(e).................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Changes the name of         The BRM will be required
                                    to 11.321.             Procedures for Bridge       for the operational level
                                                           Team Work to Bridge         credential and leadership
                                                           Resource Management (BRM).  and managerial skills
                                                                                       will be required for the
                                                                                       management level
                                                                                       credential.
                                                                                      This will provide
                                                                                       consistency with STCW.
Sec.   11.202(e).................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Moves the requirement for   Moves the BRM requirement
                                    to 11.321.             Bridge Resource             to the appropriate
                                                           Management.                 operational-level
                                                                                       certificate in order to
                                                                                       clarify and simplify the
                                                                                       requirement.
Sec.   11.202(b).................  Sec.   11.301(b).....  Moves requirements for      Adds requirements for BST,
                                                           Basic Safety Training       including the requirement
                                                           (BST)..                     to maintain the standard
                                                                                       of competence every 5
                                                                                       years through a
                                                                                       combination of drills and
                                                                                       onboard training and
                                                                                       experience with shore-
                                                                                       side assessments.
                                                                                      This will ensure mariners
                                                                                       maintain knowledge of
                                                                                       BST.
Sec.   11.202(f).................  Sec.   11.301(j) and   Moves exemptions and        Moves exemption and
                                    (k).                   relaxations for vessels     relaxation requirements
                                                           that are not subject to     applicable to vessels
                                                           further obligation.         that are exempt from the
                                                                                       requirements or that are
                                                                                       applicable because of
                                                                                       their special operating
                                                                                       condition as small
                                                                                       vessels in domestic
                                                                                       voyages.
                                                                                      This was done to simplify
                                                                                       the regulations by
                                                                                       placing all STCW
                                                                                       requirements in one
                                                                                       subpart.
Sec.   11.205(c).................  N/A..................  Letters of reference......  Removes the requirement to
                                                                                       submit letters of
                                                                                       reference because of the
                                                                                       depth of new background
                                                                                       investigation procedures
                                                                                       by both the Coast Guard
                                                                                       and the Transportation
                                                                                       Security Administration.
Sec.   11.205(d).................  Sec.   11.201(h).....  Reduces firefighting        Reduces the training from
                                                           training requirements for   basic and advanced
                                                           certain endorsements.       firefighting to basic
                                                                                       firefighting training for
                                                                                       vessels of less than 200
                                                                                       GRT in ocean services.
                                                                                      This will reduce the
                                                                                       burden on mariners
                                                                                       serving on these vessels.
Sec.   11.205(d).................  Sec.   11.201(h).....  Adds firefighting training  Mandates basic
                                                           requirements for certain    firefighting training for
                                                           endorsements.               some endorsements on non-
                                                                                       ocean services.
                                                                                      This is to ensure that
                                                                                       mariners with those
                                                                                       endorsements have basic
                                                                                       firefighting skills and
                                                                                       to improve overall
                                                                                       maritime safety.
Sec.  Sec.   11.211(a) and (b),    Sec.   10.232........  Creates new section for     Inserts new section to
 11.213.                                                   sea service.                discuss sea service
                                                                                       issues applicable to all
                                                                                       credentials, including
                                                                                       foreign sea service,
                                                                                       documentation to show
                                                                                       proof of sea service, and
                                                                                       sea service as a member
                                                                                       of the armed forces.
                                                                                      This is in response to
                                                                                       public comments
                                                                                       requesting further
                                                                                       clarification on sea
                                                                                       service requirements.
Sec.   11.211(d).................  Sec.   11.211(c).....  Expands sea service credit  The Coast Guard would
                                                           on Articulated Tug Barges   allow the service on ATBs
                                                           (ATBs).                     to qualify for unlimited
                                                                                       tonnage officer
                                                                                       endorsements.
                                                                                      This will reduce the
                                                                                       burden on the mariner
                                                                                       seeking to qualify for
                                                                                       these endorsements.
Sec.   11.301....................  Sec.   10.401........  Revises the applicability   Clarifies that the STCW
                                                           to include training         Convention covers all
                                                           programs.                   training used to pursue
                                                                                       certification, whether or
                                                                                       not it is part of an
                                                                                       approved course or
                                                                                       training program. See
                                                                                       Regulation \I/6\ of the
                                                                                       STCW Convention and
                                                                                       Section A-I/6 of the STCW
                                                                                       Code.
Sec.   11.302....................  Sec.   10.402........  Revises the credit that     Provides industry more
                                                           can be provided by course   flexibility to complete
                                                           approval to allow for       the requirements as
                                                           multiple purposes.          current regulations are
                                                                                       too confining.
Sec.   11.302....................  Sec.   10.402........  Revises the requirements    Incorporates previously
                                                           for the request for         issued guidance
                                                           course approval.            documents.
                                                                                      This is to assist industry
                                                                                       in understanding
                                                                                       otherwise vague
                                                                                       requirements.
Sec.   11.302....................  Sec.   10.402........  Clarifies the               Organizes the requirements
                                                           circumstances that could    for suspension of course
                                                           lead to the suspension of   approvals.
                                                           course approval for a
                                                           training course.

[[Page 45918]]

 
                                                                                      This is being done in
                                                                                       response to public
                                                                                       comments regarding course
                                                                                       approval suspensions.
Sec.   11.302....................  Sec.   10.402........  Revises the reasons for     Clarifies reasons for
                                                           withdrawal of course        withdrawal of course
                                                           approval.                   approval.
Sec.   11.303....................  Sec.   10.403........  Revises section to require  Ensures that the training
                                                           that each student           provided meets the
                                                           demonstrate practical       requirements of the STCW
                                                           skills appropriate for      Convention, i.e., not
                                                           the course.                 only ensuring applicant
                                                                                       knowledge, understanding
                                                                                       and proficiency (KUP),
                                                                                       but also requiring a
                                                                                       demonstration of skills.
                                                                                       See STCW Regulation \I/6\
                                                                                       of the STCW Convention.
Sec.   11.303....................  Sec.   10.403........  Revises the records and     Provides the Coast Guard
                                                           reports required for each   the ability to be
                                                           approved course.            consistent with
                                                                                       obligations under the
                                                                                       STCW Convention to
                                                                                       validate the training
                                                                                       received by merchant
                                                                                       mariners. See Regulation
                                                                                       I/8 of the STCW
                                                                                       Convention.
Sec.   11.303....................  Sec.   10.403........  Adds QSS requirements for   Provides consistency with
                                                           an approved course.         the obligation under the
                                                                                       STCW Convention for
                                                                                       approved training to be
                                                                                       part of a QSS. See
                                                                                       Regulation I/8 of the
                                                                                       STCW Convention.
Sec.   11.304....................  Sec.   10.404........  Revises the requirement to  Provides service credit
                                                           substitute all sea          for training programs,
                                                           service for successful      because they regularly
                                                           completion of an approved   provide more extensive
                                                           training program.           training situations and
                                                                                       broader opportunities to
                                                                                       demonstrate proficiency.
Sec.   11.305....................  N/A..................  Removes specific            Removes requirements now
                                                           requirements regarding      unnecessary due to other
                                                           radar-observer              proposed changes
                                                           certificates and            throughout this subpart.
                                                           qualifying courses.
Sec.   11.309....................  Sec.   10.409........  Revises section to reduce   Provides clarification
                                                           redundant language from     with reference to Sec.
                                                           other sections of this      10.402 for collecting the
                                                           subpart.                    necessary information.
Sec.   11.309....................  Sec.   10.409........  Adds QSS requirements for   Provides consistency with
                                                           accepted training.          the STCW Convention for
                                                                                       approved training to be
                                                                                       part of a QSS. See
                                                                                       Regulation I/8 of the
                                                                                       STCW Convention.
Sec.   11.401....................  N/A..................  Removes the requirement     Provides consistency with
                                                           for deck officers to        the STCW Convention that
                                                           obtain a qualification as   does not require a
                                                           able seaman.                qualification as able
                                                                                       seaman for seagoing deck
                                                                                       officers.
Sec.   11.402....................  Sec.   11.402........  Revises tonnage             Establishes a revised
                                                           limitations for an          minimum tonnage
                                                           unlimited officer           limitation. It was
                                                           endorsement by setting      previously possible to
                                                           the minimum to 2,000 GRT.   obtain a limitation of
                                                                                       less than 2,000 GRT.
                                                                                      This requirement eases the
                                                                                       burden on mariners
                                                                                       seeking removal of
                                                                                       tonnage limitations on
                                                                                       their licenses.
Sec.   11.400 et seq.............  Sec.   11.400 et seq.  Links domestic to deck      Provides better
                                                           STCW endorsements.          organization and
                                                                                       clarification by linking
                                                                                       the endorsements.
Sec.   11.463....................  Sec.   11.463(g).....  Adds a restriction to a     Adds provision for a
                                                           specific type of towing     towing vessel restriction
                                                           vessel and/or towing        such as harbor-assist or
                                                           operation. Adds the         articulated tug barge
                                                           requirement for towing      (ATB) vessels that do not
                                                           vessel officers serving     routinely perform all of
                                                           on seagoing vessels to      the tasks in the TOAR.
                                                           comply with the STCW
                                                           Convention.
                                                                                      Clarifies the regulations
                                                                                       and policy for officers
                                                                                       on towing vessels.
Sec.   11.463....................  Sec.   11.463........  Grandfathering provision..  Minimizes the burden on
                                                                                       mariners by re-opening
                                                                                       grandfathering provision
                                                                                       for those who met
                                                                                       training and service
                                                                                       requirements prior to May
                                                                                       21, 2001.
Sec.   11.465....................  Sec.   11.465........  Adds a time limit for       The TOAR must be completed
                                                           acceptance of TOARs.        within 5 years of
                                                                                       application for license
                                                                                       to be consistent with the
                                                                                       continued proficiency
                                                                                       requirements for the
                                                                                       renewal of a towing
                                                                                       endorsement.
Sec.   11.465....................  Sec.   11.465........  Endorsement for master of   New requirements for
                                                           towing vessels (Harbor      endorsement applicable to
                                                           assist).                    master of towing vessel
                                                                                       (limited) with service
                                                                                       and TOAR.
                                                                                      This endorsement was
                                                                                       established in response
                                                                                       to requests from industry
                                                                                       and recommendations from
                                                                                       the Towing Safety
                                                                                       Advisory Committee.
Sec.   11.465....................  Sec.   11.465........  Endorsement for master of   New requirements for
                                                           towing vessel (utility).    endorsement including
                                                                                       service and TOAR.

[[Page 45919]]

 
                                                                                      This endorsement was
                                                                                       established in response
                                                                                       to requests from industry
                                                                                       and recommendations from
                                                                                       the Towing Safety
                                                                                       Advisory Committee.
Sec.   11.466....................  Sec.   11.466........  Endorsement as apprentice   New requirements for
                                                           mate (steersman) of         endorsement including
                                                           towing vessels (utility).   service and examination.
                                                                                      This endorsement was
                                                                                       established in response
                                                                                       to requests from industry
                                                                                       and recommendations from
                                                                                       the Towing Safety
                                                                                       Advisory Committee.
Sec.   11.467....................  Sec.   11.467........  Adds the limitation to the  Clarifies that this
                                                           endorsement as operator     endorsement is limited to
                                                           of uninspected passenger    domestic near-coastal
                                                           vessels to not more than    waters not more than 100
                                                           100 nautical miles          nautical miles offshore.
                                                           offshore.
                                                                                      This makes clear that this
                                                                                       endorsement authorizes
                                                                                       only domestic voyages.
Sec.   11.482....................  Sec.   11.482........  Limitations for assistance  Clarifies and simplifies
                                                           towing endorsements.        the application of the
                                                                                       assistance towing
                                                                                       endorsement.
Sec.   11.493....................  Sec.   11.493........  Revises language for        Eliminates unnecessary
                                                           Master (OSV).               language and ensures
                                                                                       consistency with STCW
                                                                                       Convention and Code
                                                                                       requirements.
Sec.   11.495....................  Sec.   11.495........  Revises language for Chief  Eliminates unnecessary
                                                           Mate (OSV).                 language and ensures
                                                                                       consistency with STCW
                                                                                       Convention and Code
                                                                                       requirements.
Sec.   11.500 et seq.............  Sec.   11.500 et seq.  Links domestic to engineer  Simplifies the regulations
                                                           STCW endorsements.          by providing link to
                                                                                       appropriate section to
                                                                                       add engineer STCW
                                                                                       endorsement to existing
                                                                                       domestic endorsement.
Sec.   11.553....................  Sec.   11.553........  Revises language for Chief  Eliminates unnecessary
                                                           Engineer (OSV).             language and ensures
                                                                                       consistency with STCW
                                                                                       Convention and Code
                                                                                       requirements.
Sec.   11.555....................  Sec.   11.555........  Revises language for        Eliminates unnecessary
                                                           Assistant Engineer (OSV).   language and ensures
                                                                                       consistency with STCW
                                                                                       Convention and Code
                                                                                       requirements.
Sec.   11.901....................  Sec.   11.901........  Removes the list of         Amends section because the
                                                           endorsements requiring      list of endorsements was
                                                           STCW endorsement.           redundant and unnecessary
                                                                                       in this location.
Sec.   11.903....................  Sec.   11.903........  Revises the list of         Removes the endorsements
                                                           endorsements requiring      that do not require an
                                                           examination.                examination, based on a
                                                                                       change in policy and
                                                                                       progression consistent
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention,
                                                                                       i.e., master and second
                                                                                       mate.
Sec.   11.910....................  Sec.   11.910........  Revises table 11.910-1....  Clarifies and simplifies
                                                                                       the regulations by
                                                                                       reflecting the combined
                                                                                       endorsements at the
                                                                                       management and
                                                                                       operational levels.
Sec.   11.910....................  Sec.   11.910........  Revises table 11.910-2....  To revise the table of
                                                                                       subjects in order to
                                                                                       reflect combined
                                                                                       examinations at the
                                                                                       operational and
                                                                                       management levels and the
                                                                                       STCW Convention.
Sec.   11.950....................  Sec.   11.950........  Revised table 11.950 by     Clarifies and updates the
                                                           creating table for          table to reflect the
                                                           seagoing vessels and        combined endorsements at
                                                           another for Great Lakes     the management and
                                                           and inland waters.          operational levels and
                                                                                       the STCW Convention.
Sec.  Sec.   11.1001 to 11.1005..  N/A..................  Delete requirements for     To reflect the 2010 STCW
                                                           roll-on/roll-off            amendment changes to
                                                           passenger ships.            include requirements for
                                                                                       passenger ships.
                                                                                      This also simplifies the
                                                                                       regulations by merging
                                                                                       requirements from
                                                                                       subparts J and K.
Sec.   11.1103...................  Sec.   10.107........  Definition for passenger    Transferred definition
                                                           ship.                       from Sec.   11.1103 to
                                                                                       Sec.   10.107 for
                                                                                       consistency purposes.
Sec.   11.1105...................  Sec.   11.1105.......  Amend requirements for      Reflects the 2010 STCW
                                                           officers on passenger       amendment changes to
                                                           ships when in               include requirements for
                                                           international voyages.      passenger ships.
                                                                                      This also simplifies the
                                                                                       regulations by merging
                                                                                       requirements from
                                                                                       subparts J and K.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.301(a).....  Standard of Competence....  Adds alternative methods
                                                                                       of demonstrating
                                                                                       competence to provide
                                                                                       mariners with multiple
                                                                                       options, where allowed by
                                                                                       the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.301(d).....  Great Lakes and inland      Grants day-for-day
                                                           service.                    equivalency for Great
                                                                                       Lakes service and two-
                                                                                       for-one for inland
                                                                                       service.

[[Page 45920]]

 
                                                                                      This is in response to
                                                                                       public comments
                                                                                       requesting equivalency
                                                                                       for Great Lakes service.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.301(i).....  Grandfathering provisions.  These provisions will ease
                                                                                       the transition for
                                                                                       mariners with existing
                                                                                       endorsements.
                                                                                      Ensure consistency with
                                                                                       the 2010 amendments to
                                                                                       the STCW Convention and
                                                                                       Code.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.301(f).....  Rating service for          Service as rating not
                                                           management-level            acceptable for management-
                                                           endorsements.               level STCW endorsements.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.301(d).....  Service accrued on vessels  Service will be credited
                                                           with dual tonnages.         using the international
                                                                                       tonnage.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.301(c).....  Requirements for Advanced   Adds requirements for
                                                           Firefighting.               Advanced Firefighting
                                                                                       including the requirement
                                                                                       to maintain the standard
                                                                                       of competence every 5
                                                                                       years through a
                                                                                       combination of drills and
                                                                                       onboard training and
                                                                                       experience with shore-
                                                                                       side assessments.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.303........  List of STCW deck officer   List of endorsements
                                                           endorsements.               included in the
                                                                                       applicable subsequent
                                                                                       sections.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier for the mariner to
                                                                                       access.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.323........  List of STCW engineer       List of endorsements
                                                           officer endorsements.       included in the
                                                                                       applicable subsequent
                                                                                       sections.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier for the mariner to
                                                                                       access.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.303    Requirements for STCW deck  Includes the STCW
                                    to 11.321; Sec.        and engineer officer        Convention list of
                                    Sec.   11.323 to       endorsements.               requirements in order to
                                    11.335.                                            obtain the endorsement.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier for the mariner to
                                                                                       access.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Sea service requirements    Includes STCW Convention
                                    to 11.321; Sec.        for STCW deck and           language providing
                                    Sec.   11.325 to       engineer officer            various alternatives for
                                    11.335.                endorsements.               sea service.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier for the mariner to
                                                                                       access.
                                                                                      This also provides for
                                                                                       acceptance of various
                                                                                       modes of sea service.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Standard of competence      Provides a specific
                                    to 11.321; Sec.        from the STCW Code.         requirement to meet the
                                    Sec.   11.325 to                                   standard of competence
                                    11.335.                                            from the appropriate
                                                                                       tables in the STCW Code.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Requirement for training..  Includes STCW Convention
                                    to 11.325; Sec.                                    mandatory training.
                                    Sec.   11.323 to
                                    11.335.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Gap closing measures from   Includes training
                                    to 11.321; Sec.        the 2010 amendments.        necessary to comply with
                                    Sec.   11.325 to                                   the 2010 amendments.
                                    11.335.                                           This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Exemptions from the         Provides for exemptions
                                    to 11.321; Sec.        standard of competence.     from the tables of
                                    Sec.   11.325 to                                   competence based on
                                    11.335.                                            vessel type.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   11.305    Insert tables specifying    Describes various entry
                                    to 11.321; Sec.        entry paths from domestic   points to obtain an
                                    Sec.   11.325 to       endorsements to STCW        equivalent STCW
                                    11.335.                endorsements.               endorsement.
                                                                                      This provides a method of
                                                                                       determining which STCW
                                                                                       endorsements are
                                                                                       attainable for each
                                                                                       domestic endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.335........  Adds a new section          This ensures consistency
                                                           providing the               with the STCW Convention.
                                                           requirements for STCW       See regulation III/6 of
                                                           officer endorsement as      the STCW Convention and
                                                           electro-technical officer.  Section A-III/6 of the
                                                                                       STCW Code.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.335........  Equivalency accepted for    Allows for the issuance of
                                                           personnel serving in a      the STCW officer
                                                           similar capacity.           endorsement as electro-
                                                                                       technical officer to
                                                                                       personnel with equivalent
                                                                                       credentials and sea
                                                                                       service.
                                                                                      This makes it easier for
                                                                                       an applicant to obtain
                                                                                       this endorsement.

[[Page 45921]]

 
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.335........  Equivalency accepted for    Allows for the issuance of
                                                           engineer officers.          the STCW officer
                                                                                       endorsement as electro-
                                                                                       technical officer to
                                                                                       OICEW, second engineer
                                                                                       officer and chief
                                                                                       engineer officer.
                                                                                      This makes it easier for
                                                                                       an applicant to obtain
                                                                                       this endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   11.821........  High-speed craft..........  Establishes qualifications
                                                                                       for operating high-speed
                                                                                       craft.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Subpart J............  New section on recognition  Establishes requirements
                                                           of STCW officer             for the recognition of
                                                           endorsements issued by a    STCW Certificates issued
                                                           foreign government.         by foreign governments.
                                                                                       Recognition is restricted
                                                                                       to non-U.S. licensed
                                                                                       officers and mariners
                                                                                       with officer endorsements
                                                                                       (except masters) found in
                                                                                       Sec.   15.720(b).
                                                                                       Application for a
                                                                                       recognition certificate
                                                                                       via the employer.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   12.02-7...................  Sec.   15.401........  Moves this requirement to   Moves section to part 15
                                                           Sec.   15.401.              as it is a manning
                                                                                       requirement.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.02-17..................  Sec.   12.205(c).....  Amends provisions for re-   Amends waiting period
                                                           testing.                    after third failed
                                                                                       examination. Deletes
                                                                                       maximum waiting period of
                                                                                       30 days after initial
                                                                                       failure.
                                                                                      This allows applicants to
                                                                                       re-test earlier than the
                                                                                       current time period.
Sec.   12.03.....................  Subpart D (Sec.        Consolidates Coast Guard-   Reduces regulatory
                                    10.400 series).        accepted and approved       redundancy.
                                                           training into one subpart.
Sec.   12.05-1...................  Sec.   12.401........  Adds A/B seaman             Adds able seaman-fish, and
                                                           endorsements.               able seaman-sail.
                                                                                      This consolidates policy
                                                                                       into the regulations.
Sec.   12.05-1(a) and (b)........  Sec.   15.401........  Moves this requirement to   Moves paragraphs to part
                                                           Sec.   15.401.              15 as it is a manning
                                                                                       requirement.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.05-3...................  Sec.   12.401........  Revises the general         Clarifies the A/B
                                                           requirements to obtain an   requirement to allow
                                                           endorsement as able         being qualified for
                                                           seaman (A/B) to include     lifeboatman, and removes
                                                           holding or qualified to     the requirement to pass
                                                           hold an endorsement as      the lifeboatman exam if
                                                           lifeboatman.                the individual already
                                                                                       holds the appropriate
                                                                                       endorsement.
                                                                                      This eases the burden on
                                                                                       mariners seeking to
                                                                                       obtain this endorsement.
Sec.   12.05-3(a)(2), 12.15-5,     Sec.   12.401........  Moves requirement to Sec.   Consolidates general
 12.25-20.                                                  12.401.                    requirements for
                                                                                       certification.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier for the mariner to
                                                                                       access.
Sec.   12.05-3(b)................  Sec.   12.601(c).....  Moves requirements for      Adds requirements for BST,
                                                           Basic Safety Training       including the requirement
                                                           (BST).                      to maintain the standard
                                                                                       of competence every 5
                                                                                       years through a
                                                                                       combination of drills and
                                                                                       onboard training and
                                                                                       experience with shore-
                                                                                       side assessments.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   12.05-3(c)................  Sec.   12.605........  Adds a new section to       Provides requirements for
                                                           provide the requirements    RFPNW, required by the
                                                           for ratings forming part    STCW Convention, in one
                                                           of a navigational watch     location.
                                                           (RFPNW).                   This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   12.05-7...................  Sec.   12.403........  Adds service and training   Adds service and training
                                                           requirements for new        requirements for able
                                                           rating endorsements.        seaman-fish, and able
                                                                                       seaman-sail.
                                                                                      This consolidates policy
                                                                                       into the regulations.
Sec.   12.05-9...................  Sec.   12.405........  Adds requirement in         This consolidates existing
                                                           paragraphs (a) and (c) to   policy into the
                                                           show that the listed        regulations.
                                                           demonstrations have been
                                                           performed in a Coast
                                                           Guard-approved course.
Sec.   12.10-1...................  Sec.   15.401........  Moves this requirement to   Moves section to part 15
                                                           Sec.   15.401.              as it is a manning
                                                                                       requirement.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.10-3...................  Sec.   12.609........  Moves requirements to       Moves requirement to STCW
                                                           qualify for an STCW         section.
                                                           endorsement RFPEW.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.

[[Page 45922]]

 
Sec.   12.10-7...................  Sec.   15.404........  Moves this requirement to   Moves section to part 15
                                                           Sec.   15.404.              as it is a manning
                                                                                       requirement.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.10-9...................  Sec.   12.617........  Revises the requirements    Provides additional
                                                           for certificates of         information clarifying
                                                           proficiency in fast         the STCW Convention
                                                           rescue boats, adding the    requirements to obtain an
                                                           specific areas of           endorsement for
                                                           competence the STCW         proficiency in fast
                                                           Convention requires.        rescue boats.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   12.13-3...................  Sec.   12.619........  Revises the requirements    Provides additional
                                                           for certificates of         information clarifying
                                                           proficiency for medical     the STCW Convention
                                                           first-aid provider,         requirements to obtain an
                                                           adding the specific areas   endorsement for medical
                                                           of competence the STCW      first-aid provider.
                                                           Convention requires.       This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   12.13-3...................  Sec.   12.619........  Revises this basis-of-      Adds the additional
                                                           documentary-evidence        process to meet this
                                                           section to include those    requirement through the
                                                           persons who have            possession of a
                                                           alternative                 professional license or
                                                           qualifications.             alternative professional
                                                                                       qualification.
                                                                                      This opens up additional
                                                                                       options for mariners to
                                                                                       utilize in obtaining this
                                                                                       endorsement.
Sec.   12.13-3...................  Sec.   12.621........  Revises the requirements    Provides additional
                                                           for certificates of         information clarifying
                                                           proficiency for person-in-  the STCW Convention
                                                           charge of medical care,     requirements to obtain an
                                                           adding the specific areas   endorsement for person-in-
                                                           of competence the STCW      charge of medical care.
                                                           Convention requires.       This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   12.13-3...................  Sec.   12.621........  Revises this basis-of-      Adds the additional
                                                           documentary-evidence        process to meet this
                                                           section to include those    requirement through the
                                                           persons who have            possession of a
                                                           alternative                 professional license or
                                                           qualifications.             alternative professional
                                                                                       qualification.
                                                                                      This opens up additional
                                                                                       options for mariners to
                                                                                       utilize in obtaining this
                                                                                       endorsement.
Sec.   12.15-1...................  Sec.   15.401........  Moves this requirement to   Moves section to part 15
                                                           Sec.   15.401.              as it is a manning
                                                                                       requirement.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.15-3(e)................  Sec.   12.501........  Revises the rating forming  Removes the specific
                                                           part of an engineering      requirement for the STCW
                                                           watch (RFPEW) requirement   endorsement as RFPEW
                                                           for Qualified Member of     associated with QMED and
                                                           the Engineering             moves it to its own
                                                           Department (QMED).          section.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.15-3(e)................  Sec.   12.609........  Adds a new section to       Provides requirements for
                                                           provide the requirements    RFPEW, required by the
                                                           for RFPEW.                  STCW Convention, in one
                                                                                       location.
                                                                                      This re-organizes the
                                                                                       regulations to make them
                                                                                       easier to understand.
Sec.   12.15-7...................  Sec.   12.501........  Revises the requirement to  There is no need to
                                                           provide a more general      provide specific
                                                           requirement that a QMED     information regarding the
                                                           endorsement applicant       training programs and
                                                           must complete an            courses; this information
                                                           appropriate training        is included in the course
                                                           program.                    approval letters provided
                                                                                       to each training
                                                                                       provider.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   12.15-9...................  Sec.   12.501........  Reduces the number of QMED  Deletes deck engineer,
                                                           ratings from 9 to 5.        combines refrigerating
                                                                                       engineer with
                                                                                       electrician, and combines
                                                                                       pumpman and machinist.
                                                                                      This simplifies the
                                                                                       regulations by removing
                                                                                       several endorsements that
                                                                                       are no longer used and
                                                                                       combines several others.
Sec.   12.15-11..................  Sec.   12.505........  QMED rating endorsement     Revises the list of QMED
                                                           list.                       rating endorsements.
                                                                                       Deletes deck engineer,
                                                                                       combines refrigerating
                                                                                       engineer with
                                                                                       electrician, and combines
                                                                                       pumpman and machinist.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   12.15-13..................  N/A..................  Deletes deck engine         Deletes this rating for
                                                           mechanic rating as an MMC   new applicants; however,
                                                           endorsement.                companies that wish to
                                                                                       continue to employ
                                                                                       mariners in this rating
                                                                                       may do so.
                                                                                      This simplifies the
                                                                                       regulations by removing
                                                                                       several endorsements that
                                                                                       are rarely used and
                                                                                       combines several others.
Sec.   12.15-15..................  N/A..................  Deletes engineman rating    Deletes this rating for
                                                           as an MMC endorsement.      new applicants; however,
                                                                                       companies that wish to
                                                                                       continue to employ
                                                                                       mariners in this rating
                                                                                       may do so.

[[Page 45923]]

 
                                                                                      This simplifies the
                                                                                       regulations by removing
                                                                                       several endorsements that
                                                                                       are rarely used and
                                                                                       combines several others.
Sec.   12.25-1...................  Sec.   12.701........  Changes section title from  Revises for clarity.
                                                           ``Credentials required''
                                                           to ``Credentials required
                                                           for entry-level and
                                                           miscellaneous ratings''.
Sec.   12.25-10..................  Sec.   12.703........  Moves general requirements  Consolidates general
                                                                                       requirements for entry
                                                                                       level ratings.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   12.25-45..................  Sec.   15.818........  Moves section for GMDSS at- This re-organizes the
                                                           sea maintainer.             regulations to make them
                                                          Requires that anyone         easier to access and
                                                           serving as at-sea           follow.
                                                           maintainers on vessels
                                                           equipped with GMDSS must
                                                           provide documentary
                                                           evidence of competency.
Sec.   12.25-45..................  Sec.   12.623........  Revises section to provide  Specifies the methods of
                                                           more specific information   qualification allowed to
                                                           regarding the               obtain the endorsement.
                                                           qualification              This ensures consistency
                                                           requirements for an         with the STCW Convention
                                                           endorsement as GMDSS at-    and makes the regulations
                                                           sea maintainer.             easier to follow.
Sec.   12.30.....................  N/A..................  Deletes requirements for    Reflects the 2010 STCW
                                                           ro-ro passenger ships.      amendment changes to
                                                                                       include requirements for
                                                                                       passenger ships,
                                                                                       including ro-ro passenger
                                                                                       ships.
Sec.   12.35.....................  Sec.   12.905........  Amends requirements for     Reflects the 2010
                                                           ratings on passenger        amendment changes to
                                                           ships when in               include requirements for
                                                           international voyages.      passenger ships.
                                                                                      Merges requirements from
                                                                                       subparts 12.30 and 12.35.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.201........  Adds section with general   Consolidates all
                                                           requirements for domestic   requirements applicable
                                                           and STCW rating             to all rating
                                                           endorsements.               endorsements contained in
                                                                                       this part.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.203........  Adds section with           Provides information on
                                                           documentation of sea        where to find the
                                                           service for ratings.        requirements for
                                                                                       documentation and proof
                                                                                       of sea service for
                                                                                       ratings.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.409........  Adds new section with       This endorsement is for
                                                           requirements for            mariners who serve on
                                                           lifeboatman-limited         vessels without installed
                                                           endorsement.                lifeboats.
                                                                                      Mariners serving on
                                                                                       vessels without lifeboats
                                                                                       could not qualify for the
                                                                                       lifeboatman endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.601........  Adds section with general   Consolidates all
                                                           requirements applicable     requirements applicable
                                                           to STCW rating              to STCW endorsements in
                                                           endorsements.               this subpart. Establishes
                                                                                       list of STCW rating
                                                                                       endorsements.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.601........  Adds section with standard  Adds alternative methods
                                                           of Competence.              of demonstrating
                                                                                       competence.
                                                                                      This provides mariners
                                                                                       with multiple options,
                                                                                       where allowed by the STCW
                                                                                       Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.601........  Adds section with           Adds provisions for the
                                                           grandfathering provisions.  implementation of the
                                                                                       amendments to the
                                                                                       requirements, including
                                                                                       the 2010 amendments to
                                                                                       the STCW Convention and
                                                                                       Code.
                                                                                      This eases the burden on
                                                                                       mariners with existing
                                                                                       endorsements.
N/A..............................  Sec.  Sec.   12.603--  Insert tables specifying    Describes various entry
                                    12.609.                entry paths from domestic   points to obtain an
                                                           endorsements to STCW        equivalent STCW
                                                           endorsements.               endorsement.
                                                                                      This provides a method of
                                                                                       determining which STCW
                                                                                       endorsements are
                                                                                       attainable for each
                                                                                       domestic endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.603........  Adds new section with       Includes the STCW
                                                           requirements for STCW       Convention requirements
                                                           rating endorsement as       in order to obtain the
                                                           able seafarer-deck.         endorsement.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.605........  Adds new section providing  Provides specific
                                                           the requirements for        requirements for this
                                                           RFPNW.                      STCW endorsement.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.607........  Adds a new section with     Includes the STCW
                                                           requirements for STCW       Convention requirements
                                                           endorsement as able         in order to obtain the
                                                           seafarer-engine.            endorsement.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.

[[Page 45924]]

 
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.609........  Adds new section providing  Provides specific
                                                           the requirements for        requirements for this
                                                           RFPEW.                      STCW endorsement.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.611........  Adds a new section          Includes the STCW
                                                           providing the               Convention requirements
                                                           requirements for STCW       in order to obtain the
                                                           officer endorsement as      endorsement. See
                                                           electro-technical rating.   regulation III/7 of the
                                                                                       STCW Convention and
                                                                                       Section A-III/7 of the
                                                                                       STCW Code.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.611........  Equivalent arrangements     Allows for the issuance of
                                                           for personnel serving in    the STCW endorsement as
                                                           a similar capacity.         electro-technical rating
                                                                                       to personnel with
                                                                                       equivalent credentials
                                                                                       and sea service.
                                                                                      This provides applicants
                                                                                       with multiple paths to
                                                                                       obtain this endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.613........  Adds new section with       This ensures consistency
                                                           requirements for            with the STCW Convention.
                                                           Proficiency in survival
                                                           craft and rescue boats
                                                           other than fast rescue
                                                           boats (PSC).
                                                          Adds requirements to
                                                           maintain the standard of
                                                           competence every 5 years
                                                           through a combination of
                                                           drills and onboard
                                                           training and experience
                                                           with shore-side
                                                           assessments.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.615........  Adds new section to         Adds new section because
                                                           provide a new endorsement   there are individuals
                                                           for proficiency in          assigned to vessels
                                                           survival craft and rescue   without lifeboats who do
                                                           boats other than            not need to meet the full
                                                           lifeboats and fast rescue   requirements for
                                                           boats (PSC-limited).        proficiency in survival
                                                                                       craft and rescue boats
                                                                                       other than fast rescue
                                                                                       boats (PSC), but must
                                                                                       still meet the
                                                                                       proficiency in the
                                                                                       survival craft installed
                                                                                       on their vessels.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.615........  Adds new section with       This ensures consistency
                                                           requirements for            with the STCW Convention.
                                                           Proficiency in survival
                                                           craft and rescue boats
                                                           other than lifeboats and
                                                           fast rescue boats (PSC).
                                                          Adds requirements to
                                                           maintain the standard of
                                                           competence every 5 years
                                                           through a combination of
                                                           drills and onboard
                                                           training and experience
                                                           with shore-side
                                                           assessments.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.617........  Adds new section with       This ensures consistency
                                                           requirements for            with the STCW Convention.
                                                           Proficiency in fast
                                                           rescue boats.
                                                          Adds requirements to
                                                           maintain the standard of
                                                           competence every 5 years
                                                           through a combination of
                                                           drills and onboard
                                                           training and experience
                                                           with shore-side
                                                           assessments.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.625........  Adds new section with       Adds requirement for
                                                           requirements to qualify     certification of
                                                           for an STCW endorsement     personnel with security
                                                           as vessel personnel with    duties (except VSOs) in
                                                           designated security         accordance with the 2010
                                                           duties.                     amendments.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   12.627........  Adds new section with       Adds requirement for all
                                                           requirements to qualify     other personnel working
                                                           for an STCW endorsement     onboard the vessels, in
                                                           in security awareness.      accordance with the 2010
                                                                                       amendments.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   13.120....................  Sec.   13.120........  Amends the requirements     Clarifies the types of
                                                           for transfers for the       transfers required
                                                           renewal of tankerman        according to the type of
                                                           endorsements.               endorsement being
                                                                                       renewed.
                                                          Also adds requirements for
                                                           STCW certification valid
                                                           for tank vessels.
Sec.   13.121....................  Sec.   13.121........  Includes tables of topics   Clarifies and updates list
                                                           for each tanker course.     of subjects that the
                                                                                       tanker courses must
                                                                                       cover.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   13.127....................  Sec.   13.127........  Service requirements for    Clarifies information that
                                                           tankerman-engineer.         must be included in the
                                                                                       service letter for
                                                                                       tankerman-engineer.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   13.201....................  Sec.   13.201........  Moves the cargo course and  Clarifies existing
                                                           firefighting course         requirements.
                                                           requirements of this       This makes the regulations
                                                           section to Sec.   13.121.   easier to follow.

[[Page 45925]]

 
Sec.   13.301....................  Sec.   13.301........  Moves the cargo course and  Clarifies existing
                                                           firefighting course         requirements.
                                                           requirements of this       This makes the regulations
                                                           section to Sec.   13.121.   easier to follow.
Sec.   13.307, Sec.   13.309.....  Sec.   13.121........  Moves the firefighting and  Provides firefighting and
                                                           cargo course requirements   cargo training course
                                                           of this section to Sec.     subjects in the
                                                           13.121.                     appropriate table.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   13.401....................  Sec.   13.401........  Amends Tankerman-Assistant  This ensures that an
                                                           requirements.               applicant has the
                                                                                       necessary knowledge to
                                                                                       obtain this endorsement.
                                                          Adds an examination
                                                           requirement for mariners
                                                           who qualify for the
                                                           endorsement on sea
                                                           service alone.
Sec.   13.407, Sec.   13.409.....  Sec.   13.121........  Moves the firefighting and  Provides firefighting and
                                                           cargo course requirements   cargo training course
                                                           of this section to Sec.     subjects in the
                                                           13.121.                     appropriate table.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
Sec.   13.501....................  Sec.   13.501........  Moves the cargo course and  Clarifies existing
                                                           firefighting course         requirements.
                                                           requirements of this       This makes the regulations
                                                           section to Sec.   13.121.   easier to follow.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.601........  Adds new section with       This opens additional
                                                           alternative methods of      paths of demonstrating
                                                           demonstrating competence    competence.
                                                           to provide mariners with
                                                           multiple options, where
                                                           allowed by the STCW
                                                           Convention.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.603........  Adds new section for STCW   This ensures consistency
                                                           endorsement for advanced    with the STCW Convention.
                                                           tankerman.                 This also ases the
                                                          Adds new STCW endorsement    transition for mariners
                                                           for advanced oil and        with similar endorsement.
                                                           chemical tanker cargo
                                                           operations, in accordance
                                                           with the 2010 amendments.
                                                           Includes grandfathering
                                                           provisions.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.603........  Adds new section with       Uses existing domestic
                                                           requirements to qualify     endorsements as
                                                           for an endorsement for      ``Tankerman PIC'' to
                                                           advanced oil tanker cargo   qualify for STCW
                                                           operations and basic        endorsements.
                                                           chemical tanker cargo      This ensures consistency
                                                           operations.                 with the STCW Convention.
                                                                                      This also eases the
                                                                                       transition for mariners
                                                                                       with similar endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.605........  Adds new section with STCW  This ensures consistency
                                                           endorsement for advanced    with the STCW Convention.
                                                           liquefied gas tanker       This also eases the
                                                           cargo operations.           transition for mariners
                                                          Adds new STCW endorsement    with similar endorsement.
                                                           for advanced liquefied
                                                           gas tanker cargo
                                                           operations, in accordance
                                                           with the 2010 amendments.
                                                           Includes grandfathering
                                                           provisions.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.605........  Adds new section with       Uses existing domestic
                                                           requirements to qualify     endorsements as
                                                           for an endorsement for      ``Tankerman PIC'' to
                                                           advanced liquefied gas      qualify for STCW
                                                           tanker cargo operations.    endorsements.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
                                                                                      This also eases the
                                                                                       transition for mariners
                                                                                       with similar endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.607........  Adds new section with STCW  This ensures consistency
                                                           endorsement for basic oil   with the STCW Convention.
                                                           and chemical tanker cargo  This also eases the
                                                           operations.                 transition for mariners
                                                          Adds new STCW endorsement    with similar endorsement.
                                                           for basic oil and
                                                           chemical tanker cargo
                                                           operations, in accordance
                                                           with the 2010 amendments.
                                                           Includes grandfathering
                                                           provisions.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.607........  Adds new section with       Uses existing domestic
                                                           requirements to qualify     endorsements as
                                                           for an endorsement for      ``Tankerman-assistant''
                                                           basic oil tanker cargo      and ``Tankerman-
                                                           operations and basic        engineer'' to qualify for
                                                           chemical tanker cargo       STCW endorsements.
                                                           operations.                This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
                                                                                      This also eases the
                                                                                       transition for mariners
                                                                                       with similar endorsement.
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.609........  Adds new section for STCW   This ensures consistency
                                                           endorsement for basic       with the STCW Convention.
                                                           liquefied gas tanker       This also eases the
                                                           cargo operations.           transition for mariners
                                                                                       with similar endorsement.
                                                          Adds new STCW endorsement   Includes grandfathering
                                                           for basic liquefied gas     provisions
                                                           tanker cargo operations,
                                                           in accordance with the
                                                           2010 amendments..

[[Page 45926]]

 
N/A..............................  Sec.   13.609........  Adds new section with       Uses existing domestic
                                                           requirements to qualify     endorsements as
                                                           for and endorsement basic   ``Tankerman-assistant''
                                                           liquefied gas tanker        and ``Tankerman-
                                                           cargo operations.           engineer'' to qualify for
                                                                                       STCW endorsements.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
                                                                                      This also eases the
                                                                                       transition for mariners
                                                                                       with similar endorsement.
Sec.   14.309....................  Sec.   14.309........  Expands options for         In order to reflect
                                                           payment of wages upon       current practices for
                                                           discharge of a mariner.     electronic fund transfer
                                                                                       for payment of wages, the
                                                                                       Coast Guard proposes to
                                                                                       allow companies to
                                                                                       provide, instead of
                                                                                       payment, a statement of
                                                                                       wages due and when wages
                                                                                       will be deposited.
Sec.   15.103....................  Sec.   15.105........  Adds clarification that a   Provides uninspected
                                                           safe manning certificate    vessels on international
                                                           may be issued to            voyages the necessary
                                                           uninspected vessels on an   information they will
                                                           international voyage.       need to provide Port
                                                                                       State Control Officers in
                                                                                       foreign ports.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   15.515....................  Sec.   15.515........  Clarifies the requirement   Provides clarification to
                                                           regarding passenger         assist in understanding
                                                           vessels.                    manning requirements
                                                                                       because existing language
                                                                                       is confusing.
Sec.   15.605....................  Sec.   15.605........  Adds the requirement that   UPVs operating on near-
                                                           individuals serving on      coastal domestic voyages
                                                           uninspected passenger       are held to be
                                                           vessels (UPVs) on           substantially in
                                                           international voyages       compliance with the STCW
                                                           must comply with the STCW   Convention. However, the
                                                           Convention.                 STCW Convention requires
                                                                                       all individuals to be in
                                                                                       compliance with the STCW
                                                                                       Convention when on
                                                                                       international voyages.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
                                                                                      This also makes it clear
                                                                                       that operators on UPVs on
                                                                                       international voyages
                                                                                       must obtain the
                                                                                       appropriate STCW
                                                                                       endorsement.
Sec.   15.805....................  Sec.   15.805........  Provides for all UPVs on    Provides consistency with
                                                           international voyages to    the STCW Convention,
                                                           be under the control of     which requires that all
                                                           an individual holding a     vessels on an
                                                           license or endorsement as   international voyage,
                                                           master.                     including UPVs, must be
                                                                                       operated by an individual
                                                                                       who complies with the
                                                                                       STCW Convention.
Sec.   15.845....................  Sec.   15.845........  Adds manning provision for  Provides an alternative
                                                           new lifeboatman-limited     for those vessels without
                                                           rating.                     lifeboats and sets the
                                                                                       provisions to use the
                                                                                       lifeboatman-limited
                                                                                       endorsement instead of
                                                                                       the lifeboatman
                                                                                       endorsement.
Sec.   15.1101...................  Sec.   15.1101.......  Moves definitions of this   This makes the regulations
                                                           section to Sec.   10.107,   easier to follow.
                                                           and this section now
                                                           provides a list of
                                                           vessels exempt from
                                                           having to comply with the
                                                           STCW Convention. Also
                                                           provides for certificates
                                                           for a single
                                                           international voyage for
                                                           persons serving on
                                                           vessels exempted under
                                                           this section.
Sec.   15.1103...................  Sec.   15.1103.......  Adds requirement for        All mariners must have a
                                                           medical certificate as a    medical certificate. The
                                                           condition of employment.    2010 amendments to the
                                                                                       STCW Convention require a
                                                                                       2-year medical
                                                                                       certificate for all
                                                                                       seafarers holding STCW
                                                                                       endorsements.
                                                          In addition, provides an    This ensures consistency
                                                           extension, not to exceed    with the STCW Convention.
                                                           90 days, if the
                                                           certificate expires
                                                           during a voyage.
Sec.   15.1111...................  Sec.   15.1111.......  Revises hours of work and   The following changes are
                                                           rest periods for mariners.  included as part of the
                                                                                       2010 amendments: 1)
                                                                                       expanded the application
                                                                                       for hours of rest periods
                                                                                       for mariners; 2) amended
                                                                                       the weekly rest hour
                                                                                       requirements from 70
                                                                                       hours to 77 hours; 3)
                                                                                       recording of hours of
                                                                                       rest and 4) included
                                                                                       flexibility from the rest
                                                                                       hour requirements in
                                                                                       exceptional
                                                                                       circumstances.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the STCW Convention.
Sec.   15.1111...................  Sec.   15.1111.......  Adds requirements for       This ensures consistency
                                                           persons to hold an STCW     with the STCW Convention.
                                                           endorsement for personnel
                                                           with security duties.

[[Page 45927]]

 
                                                          Adds requirement for
                                                           persons with security
                                                           duties to hold an STCW
                                                           endorsement for personnel
                                                           with security duties.
                                                           This requirement has
                                                           already been implemented
                                                           with regards to VSOs.
Sec.   15.1111...................  Sec.   15.1111.......  Adds requirements for       This ensures consistency
                                                           persons to hold an STCW     with the STCW Convention.
                                                           endorsement in security
                                                           awareness.
                                                          Adds requirement for all
                                                           other personnel working
                                                           on board the vessels to
                                                           hold an STCW endorsement
                                                           in security awareness, in
                                                           accordance with the 2010
                                                           amendments.
N/A..............................  Sec.   15.403........  Adds new section to         Requires mariners serving
                                                           establish when              on vessels over 100 GRT
                                                           credentials for ratings     to produce the
                                                           are required.               appropriate credential
                                                                                       for the position sought.
                                                                                      This ensures consistency
                                                                                       with the U.S. Code.
N/A..............................  Sec.   15.404........  Adds new section to         Explains specific
                                                           provide the various         endorsements required and
                                                           endorsements required for   covered under these
                                                           service.                    manning requirements.
                                                                                      This makes the regulations
                                                                                       easier to follow.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E. Part 12 Re-numbering

    Part 12, Requirements for Rating Endorsements, was largely 
rewritten to incorporate the rating requirements of the STCW 
Convention. In addition, the numbering of part 12 was changed to 
reflect the numbering of the remainder of 46 CFR subchapter B.
    Below is a quick-reference table showing the subparts and sections 
of the previous part 12 that were renumbered, revised, and inserted 
into the new part 12.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Old reference                   NPRM reference                        New reference
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Subpart 12.01:                         Subpart A:               Subpart A:
    Sec.   12.01-1...................     Sec.   12.101.......     Sec.   12.101
    Sec.   12.01-3...................     Sec.   12.103.......     Sec.   12.103
    Sec.   12.01-9...................     Sec.   12.105.......     Sec.   12.105
Subpart 12.02:                         Subpart B/Others:        Subpart B/Others:
    Sec.   12.02-7...................     Sec.   15.403.......     Sec.   15.401
    Sec.   12.02-11..................     Sec.   12.201.......     Sec.   12.201
    Sec.   12.02-17..................     Sec.   12.203.......     Sec.   12.205(c)
Subpart 12.03:                         Subpart C:               Subpart D:
    Sec.   12.03-1...................     Sec.   10.300 series     Sec.   10.400 series
Subpart 12.05:                         Subpart D/Others:        Subpart D/F:
    Sec.   12.05-1...................     Sec.   12.401.......     Sec.   12.401
    Sec.   12.05-3...................     Sec.   12.412.......     Sec.   12.401
    Sec.   12.05-3(c)................     Sec.   12.420.......     Sec.   12.605
    Sec.   12.05-7...................     Sec.   12.414.......     Sec.   12.403
    Sec.   12.05-7(a)(5).............     Sec.   12.420.......     Sec.   12.605
    Sec.   12.05-9...................     Sec.   12.416.......     Sec.   12.405
    Sec.   12.05-11..................     Sec.   12.418.......     Sec.   12.401
Subpart 12.10:                         --Various--:             --Various--:
    Sec.   12.10-1...................     Sec.   15.403.......     Sec.   15.401
    Sec.   12.10-3...................     Sec.   12.610.......     Sec.   12.407
    Sec.   12.10-5...................     Sec.   12.610.......     Sec.   12.407
    Sec.   12.10-7...................     Sec.   12.414.......     Sec.   12.404
    Sec.   12.10-9...................     Sec.   12.620.......     Sec.   12.617
Subpart 12.13:                         Subpart F/Others:        Subpart F:
    Sec.   12.13-1...................     Sec.   15.403.......     Sec.   12.619
    Sec.   12.13-3...................     Sec.   12.640.......     Sec.   12.619
Subpart 12.15:                         Subpart E/Others:        --Various--:
    Sec.   12.15-1...................     Sec.   15.825.......     Sec.   15.401
    Sec.   12.15-3...................     Sec.   12.510.......     Sec.   12.501
    Sec.   12.15-3(c)................     Sec.   12.510.......     Sec.   12.609
    Sec.   12.15-5...................     Sec.   12.512.......     Sec.   12.501
    Sec.   12.15-7...................     Sec.   12.514.......     Sec.   12.503
    Sec.   12.15-7(c)................     Sec.   12.530.......     Sec.   12.609
    Sec.   12.15-9...................     Sec.   12.516.......     Sec.   12.505
    Sec.   12.15-11..................     Sec.   12.518.......     Sec.   12.505
    Sec.   12.15-13..................     Sec.   12.520.......     N/A (rating removed)
    Sec.   12.15-15..................     Sec.   12.522.......     N/A (rating removed)
Subpart 12.25:                         Subpart G/F:             --Various--:
    Sec.   12.25-1...................     Sec.   12.702.......     Sec.   12.701
    Sec.   12.25-10..................     Sec.   12.704.......     Sec.   12.703
    Sec.   12.25-20..................     Sec.   12.706.......     Sec.   12.201
    Sec.   12.25-25..................     Sec.   12.710.......     Sec.   12.705

[[Page 45928]]

 
    Sec.   12.25-30..................     Sec.   12.720.......     Sec.   12.707
    Sec.   12.25-35..................     Sec.   12.730.......     Sec.   12.709
    Sec.   12.25-40..................     Sec.   12.740.......     Sec.   12.711
    Sec.   12.25-45..................     Sec.   12.650.......     Sec.   12.623
Subpart 12.30:                         Part 15-Subpt J:         N/A (combined with Subpart I):
    Sec.   12.30-1...................     Sec.   15.1103 (d)..     N/A
    Sec.   12.30-5...................     Sec.   15.1103 (d)..     N/A
Subpart 12-35:                         Part 15-Subpt J:         Subpart I:
    Sec.   12.35-1...................     Sec.   15.1103 (d)..     Sec.   12.905
    Sec.   12.35-1...................     Sec.   15.1103 (d)..     Sec.   12.905
Subpart 12.40:                         Subpart H:               Subpart H:
    Sec.   12.40-1...................     Sec.   12.801.......     Sec.   12.801
    Sec.   12.40-5...................     Sec.   12.803.......     Sec.   12.803
    Sec.   12.40-7...................     Sec.   12.805.......     Sec.   12.805
    Sec.   12.40-9...................     Sec.   12.807.......     Sec.   12.807
    Sec.   12.40-11..................     Sec.   12.809.......     Sec.   12.809
    Sec.   12.40-13..................     Sec.   12.811.......     Sec.   12.811
    Sec.   12.40-15..................     Sec.   12.813.......     Sec.   12.813
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

VII. Discussion of Comments on the NPRM

    The Coast Guard received more than 1,200 comments in response to 
the NPRM published on November 17, 2009. These comments consist of 
letters to the docket, remarks at the public meetings in Miami, New 
Orleans, Seattle, Washington, DC, and New York, and comments submitted 
by MERPAC. The following paragraphs contain an analysis of comments 
received and an explanation of any changes made in the rule as 
proposed.
    Several comments noted grammatical and non-substantive errors in 
the NPRM. The Coast Guard has incorporated these comments, where 
appropriate, without further discussion.

Project Title

    One commenter states that this rulemaking is incorrectly titled, 
introduced, and described. The commenter feels the title implies that 
the only changes are as a result of STCW and that there are many 
changes that seriously impact domestic vessels. The commenter says this 
project should be restricted to only STCW implementation or a correctly 
titled and described rulemaking should be republished.
    The Coast Guard agrees that the title of this rulemaking project is 
no longer an accurate reflection of the changes being proposed, which 
include changes to domestic licensing. Accordingly, this SNPRM 
appropriately changes the title to include changes to domestic 
endorsements in addition to implementation of the 1995 STCW Amendments.

Applicability

    Two commenters state that the STCW Convention requirements should 
be applied to mariners serving on all U.S. vessels on both inland and 
seagoing waters.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The STCW Convention applies to mariners 
serving on seagoing ships (except pleasure craft, fishing vessels, and 
ships entitled to sovereign immunity such as warships). Article II of 
the Convention defines a seagoing ship as a ship other than one that 
``navigates exclusively in inland waters or in waters within, or 
closely adjacent to, sheltered waters or areas where port regulations 
apply.'' The provisions in this SNPRM which would implement amendments 
to the STCW Convention only apply to commercial vessels operating 
seaward of the boundary line, as specified in 46 CFR part 7. As stated 
in Article III of the STCW Convention, the Convention ``shall apply to 
seafarers serving on board seagoing ships entitled to fly the flag of a 
Party * * *'' \1\ Article II of the Convention defines ``seagoing 
ship'' as a ship other than those navigating exclusively in inland 
waters or waters within or adjacent to sheltered waters. The Coast 
Guard does not intend to apply strict international standards upon our 
domestic mariners in this regard. As such, the Coast Guard would apply 
the STCW provisions only to vessels operating beyond the boundary line.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Article III lays out four exceptions to its application: 
``(a) warships, naval auxiliaries or other ships owned or operated 
by a State and engaged only on governmental non-commercial service * 
* *; (b) fishing vessels; (c) pleasure yachts not engaged in trade; 
or (d) wooden ships of primitive build.'' International Convention 
on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for 
Seafarers, 1978.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Two commenters note that the preamble to the NPRM states ``* * *our 
entire scheme of licensing, testing, inspection and continued oversight 
for inland water and Great Lakes provides a level of safety equivalent 
to the STCW convention.'' The commenter asks why this thinking should 
not extend to vessels that sail beyond the boundary or on short, 
international voyages and therefore why the Coast Guard does not make 
those vessels exempt from the STCW provisions.
    STCW is not applicable to inland waters. The Coast Guard has chosen 
not to extend STCW requirements to inland waters but recognizes that as 
a signatory to the Convention, we must ensure our rules are consistent 
with the requirements for ships on seagoing voyages. In accordance with 
Article I of the STCW Convention and as signatory to the Convention, 
the United States is obliged to give the Convention full and complete 
effect to ensure that, from the point of view of safety of life and 
property at sea and the protection of the marine environment, seafarers 
onboard ships are qualified and fit for their duties. Therefore, the 
Coast Guard is not able to exempt seagoing ships on the grounds that 
they operate on short international voyages.

Delay Implementation and Extend Public Comment Period

    Ninety-two commenters request that the Coast Guard delay 
implementation of the NPRM because of the significant impact of the 
regulatory content on merchant mariners. Many of those commenters also 
request that the Coast Guard withdraw the NPRM and combine its contents 
with proposed regulations forthcoming as a result of the International 
Maritime Organization (IMO) 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention and 
Code, which were completed in June 2010. Many of these commenters also 
requested that the Coast Guard extend the comment period beyond the 90 
days given in the NPRM.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has decided to publish this SNPRM, which

[[Page 45929]]

describes proposed changes from the NPRM published on November 17, 
2009, and includes the new proposed regulations, which address the IMO 
2010 amendments to the STCW Convention and Code. To accommodate 
requests for an additional comment opportunity, the Coast Guard has 
issued this SNPRM with a 60-day comment period.

Definitions

    Two commenters state that in proposed Sec.  10.107, the definition 
of ``Quality Standard System or QSS'' provides no guidance as to what 
training institutions in the field will be required to do.
    The QSS requirements are contained in Sec.  10.410. The provisions 
include: (1) Documentation that includes a quality policy and 
objectives and a quality manual; (2) internal audits; and (3) an 
external audit to be conducted by the Coast Guard.
    One commenter asks how the Coast Guard determines whether a 
vessel's operating schedule is ``inappropriate'' in determining the 
length of a day, as described in the definition for ``day'' provided in 
the proposed Sec.  10.107.
    The Coast Guard will review vessel manning requirements and 
applicable laws and regulations to determine if the vessel is 
authorized to operate under a two-watch system. The Coast Guard will 
also review vessel operation schedule to determine if a 12-hour day is 
practiced.
    One commenter writes that the Coast Guard's definition of 
``coastwise voyage'' is unclear. The commenter asks if a vessel with 
such an endorsement would be permitted to attend a stacked MODU, or a 
MODU that is moving between locations on the U.S. Outer Continental 
Shelf, which is not engaged in Oil and Gas activities and is not 
considered to be a ``port or place in the United States'' for the 
purposes of Customs laws.
    Such a vessel would be considered to be on a coastwise voyage if 
the vessel, prior to attending the MODU, departed from, and returns to, 
a port in the United States or its possessions.
    Twenty-one commenters remark that the definition of ``chief mate'' 
describes precisely the role and responsibility of a mate on a vessel 
that is permitted to work a two-watch system, yet the person serving in 
that position may not be required to hold an endorsement as chief mate. 
The commenters feel any requirement for service as chief mate will be 
impossible to meet on vessels that have no manning requirement for a 
chief mate. The commenters recommend that the phrase ``and who holds a 
valid officer endorsement as chief mate'' be deleted.
    The Coast Guard agrees with the proposal and has made this 
revision. However, if a mariner, serving as a chief mate onboard a 
vessel that is not required to have a chief mate, wants sea service 
credit, he or she must provide proper documentation.
    One commenter writes that the definition of ``horsepower'' should 
be clarified.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition to read: 
``Horsepower or HP means, for the purpose of this subchapter, the total 
maximum continuous shaft horsepower of all of the vessel's main 
propulsion machinery as determined by the manufacturer. This term is 
used when describing a vessel's propulsion power and also when placing 
limitations on an engineer officer license or endorsement. One 
horsepower equals 0.75 kW.''
    Six commenters interpret the definition of ``first assistant 
engineer'' as requiring the second in charge of the engine department 
to hold a first assistant engineer endorsement, thereby creating a de-
facto manning requirement that does not fit smaller vessels.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition to say: 
``First assistant engineer means the engineer officer next in rank to 
the chief engineer and upon whom the responsibility for the mechanical 
propulsion and the operation of maintenance of the mechanical and 
electrical installation of the vessel will fall in the event of the 
incapacity of the chief engineer.''
    Three commenters state that the term ``near-coastal'' is defined as 
waters off the U.S. not more than 200 miles offshore, but the 
definition of ``international voyage'' includes the words, 
``territories of the U.S.'' The commenters feel it would be useful to 
have a better description of what the waters of the U.S. are, and 
whether they include Puerto Rico, Guam, Saipan, and the U.S. Virgin 
Islands for the purposes of defining routes on a credential.
    The Coast Guard recognizes that these two definitions, which were 
included in the NPRM, have caused confusion; therefore, we have decided 
to retain in the SNPRM only a definition for near coastal voyages. The 
definition has been clarified to preserve the intent of Regulation I/5 
of the STCW Convention, which states that individual governments may 
establish their own near-coastal provisions. Near-coastal means ocean 
waters not more than 200 miles offshore from the U.S. and its 
territories.
    Four commenters comment that the definition of ``OICEW'' includes 
DDE and defines it as ``operational level,'' but the wording of Sec.  
15.915(a)(2) gives the designated duty engineer (DDE) authority as 
chief on certain seagoing vessels. Moreover, the commenters remark that 
the definition of ``DDE'' says they may serve as the sole engineer, 
which implies authority as a chief engineer. The commenters assert that 
the definitions need to be revised to make them consistent with the 
other provisions of Sec.  15.915. The commenters suggest that we 
provide a different endorsement wording for DDE credentials that carry 
chief engineer authority on seagoing vessels, such as ``chief engineer 
on vessels of not more than 500 GRT.''
    The Coast Guard concurs with the comments. The STCW officer 
endorsement provisions in this SNPRM take the commenters' views into 
consideration and clearly state for which STCW endorsements the DDE is 
eligible. It also notes that DDE endorsements will be limited to 500 
GRT in addition to a particular horsepower limitation.
    One commenter states that the definition of ``second engineer 
officer'' is an STCW term equivalent to the U.S. endorsement as first 
assistant and that the Coast Guard should make that clear.
    This SNPRM contains definitions for both domestic first assistant 
engineer endorsement and the STCW second engineer officer endorsement. 
Although they both belong to different endorsement schemes, it can be 
readily seen that they are roughly equivalent in their respective 
systems.
    Two commenters recommend amending the definition of ``seagoing 
service'' to be aligned with the intent of the STCW Convention and 
therefore less restrictive than current Coast Guard interpretation. 
Seagoing service can include all service aboard appropriate vessels, 
whether beyond the boundary line or not, particularly for those vessels 
that do not operate exclusively on inland waters or sheltered waters.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has adopted the STCW definition of 
seagoing service.
    One commenter says sea service should be defined in Sec.  10.107 in 
such a way that BST renewals would not require 1 year of seagoing 
service during the last 5 years.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. As mandated by the 2010 amendments to 
the STCW Convention and Code, the Coast Guard will not only require 1 
year of seagoing service, but it will also require the applicant to 
provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence for those parts 
of BST that cannot be safely or reasonably

[[Page 45930]]

completed onboard a vessel during the 12 months of seagoing service.
    Four commenters state there is no sound reason to limit qualifying 
service for STCW endorsements to service exclusively gained beyond the 
boundary line or to limit qualifying service based upon geographic 
location.
    The Coast Guard agrees, and the proposed definition for ``seagoing 
service'' in this SNPRM would accept service on the Great Lakes and 
inland waters.
    One commenter suggests that we amend the definition of ``designated 
duty engineer'' (DDE) to recognize the typical manning of towing vessel 
engine rooms because a great majority of engine rooms on towing vessels 
are automated, but not to specific Coast Guard or ABS standards for 
``unattended engine'' rooms. The commenter suggests that the Coast 
Guard either modify the definition of DDE to explicitly allow service 
on towing vessels or provide guidance on what constitutes a 
``periodically unattended engine room'' that is specific to the 
operations and characteristics of towing vessels.
    The definition of ``DDE'' would allow the engineer to sail on 
towing vessels under current regulations for uninspected vessels. The 
term ``periodically unattended'' is not meant to be an official term 
designating Coast Guard or American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) 
compliance, but a general expression of a machinery space where 
constant conventional watches are not stood.
    Ten commenters disagree with the definition of ``domestic voyage'' 
and, when coupled with NVIC 7-00, believe it would exclude U.S. flag 
workboats from operating outside U.S. waters since most crewmember 
credentials are for near-coastal or near-coastal domestic voyages.
    The definition provided in the NPRM for ``domestic voyage'' 
represents a universally accepted method of defining domestic voyages. 
Regulation I/3 of the STCW Convention provides that each Administration 
sets its own near coastal limits, and allows for the use of near-
coastal endorsements in other Administrations' waters provided those 
Administrations determine that the near-coastal endorsements are 
equivalent to their own.
    Eight commenters expressed belief that the definition of 
``international voyage,'' when coupled with NVIC 7-00, would exclude 
workboats from operating outside U.S. waters since most workboat 
mariner credentials are for near-coastal or near-coastal, domestic 
routes.
    The definition of ``international voyage'' has been removed. The 
near-coastal domestic restriction on credentials is intended for use in 
waters over which the United States has authority. While a near-coastal 
STCW endorsement does not preclude its use in another Administration's 
near-coastal waters, that endorsement is limited to the near-coastal 
waters as determined and accepted by the local administration.
    One commenter says the Coast Guard needs to add a definition for 
``Great Lakes voyage,'' and without this definition, this type of 
voyage may be considered an international voyage and could impose 
additional crew requirements when making stops in Canada.
    The Coast Guard disagrees with the comment. It is unnecessary to 
define a Great Lakes voyage, as this is already a route established on 
credentials.
    Two commenters suggest removing the definition of ``competent 
person'' from Sec.  10.107 and place the term within the applicable 
sections in Part 13.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has made this change.
    One commenter states the definition of ``tankship'' is confusing 
and incomplete and recommends adding to the end of the proposed 
definition, ``excluding an Offshore Supply Vessel as defined in 46 
U.S.C. 2101.''
    The Coast Guard disagrees. This is an existing definition. This 
definition only applies for the credentialing of seafarers and is not 
applicable to vessels.
    Two commenters disagree with the inclusion of ``those waters 
specified in 33 CFR 89.25'' in the definition of ``Western rivers.''
    The Coast Guard has reformatted this definition to include a 
numbering system to the different sections of the Western rivers. The 
reference to 33 CFR 89.25, as well as the remainder of the definition 
remains unchanged from existing text.
    One commenter asks the Coast Guard to include a definition for the 
term ``barge.''
    The Coast Guard agrees, and has included a definition in Sec.  
10.107.
    One commenter asks that the definition of ``disabled vessel'' be 
modified to add the following: ``[t]his includes, but is not limited 
to, a vessel that needs support or aid from another vessel (or vessels) 
to achieve completion of a maneuver or a portion of a transit safely, 
or when vessel safety is at risk such as mechanical difficulty, weather 
conditions, port/waterway congestion, or vessel maneuvering 
constraints.''
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended the definition of ``disabled 
vessel'' to include the commenter's suggestion.
    One commenter asks that the definitions of ``on location'' and 
``underway'' be revised to consider the advent of MODU's dynamic 
positioning capability. Specifically, they recommend the following 
definition for ``on location'': ``On location means that a mobile 
offshore drilling unit is bottom bearing, moored with anchors placed in 
the drilling configuration, or, when utilizing dynamic positioning, is 
maintaining station at the drilling location.'' For ``underway,'' the 
commenter recommends the following: ``Underway means that a vessel is 
not at anchor, made fast to the shore, or aground. When referring to a 
mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU), underway means that the MODU is 
not bottom bearing, moored with anchors placed in the drilling 
configuration, or in laid-up status. It includes those periods of time 
during which a MODU is deploying or recovering its mooring system or 
when it is utilizing its dynamic positioning system.''
    The Coast Guard disagrees that we can or should change these 
definitions. The International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions 
at Sea (COLREGS) and the Inland Navigation Rules define ``underway'' as 
``not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.'' The COLREGS 
are incorporated in Chapter 30 of Title 33 of the U.S. Code and 
implemented via 33 CFR part 81. The Inland Navigation Rules are 
incorporated in Chapter 34 of Title 33 of the U.S. Code and implemented 
via 33 CFR part 83. A vessel using dynamic positioning to drill or 
conduct production operations would be considered ``underway'' under 
those rules. Even if we could alter these definitions, doing so would 
be beyond the scope of this rulemaking project.
    Two commenters assert that the definitions for ``dual mode ITB,'' 
``ITB,'' and ``push mode ITB'' should reflect current industry 
practices and include reference to Articulated Tug Barge units (ATBs). 
The commenter recommends that sea time on ATBs be credited based upon 
the combined tonnage of the tug and barge unit when connected through 
articulated means.
    The Coast Guard agrees in part and has added a definition for ATB: 
Articulated Tug Barge or ATB means any tug-barge combination which 
through the use of an articulated or ``hinged'' connection system 
between the tug and barge allows movement in one axis, or plane in the 
critical area of fore and aft pitch. Definitions for the other 
configurations remain unchanged from the NPRM. Furthermore the Coast

[[Page 45931]]

Guard amended the service requirements to provide credit for service on 
ATBs.

Implementation of the Training Requirements and Grandfathering 
Provisions

    Forty-four commenters express concern about the time it will take 
to implement the training requirements in the NPRM.
    The Coast Guard recognizes the potential problems associated with 
the time it will take to implement the training requirements and has 
included a 5-year transitional period for the implementation of the 
requirements. This SNPRM provides transitional and grandfathering 
provisions consistent with the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention. 
The 2010 amendments to STCW come into force on January 1, 2012. 
However, STCW Regulation I/15 on transitional provisions, allows 
requirements to come into effect over a 5-year period in order to avoid 
disruption to the maritime industry. STCW Regulation I/15 also provides 
that a Party may continue, until January 1, 2017, to issue certificates 
(in the U.S., this would be the MMC) in accordance with the 
credentialing rules it has in place before the 2010 amendments come 
into force (January 1, 2012) only with respect to seafarers who begin 
their sea service or their approved maritime training before July 1, 
2013. Candidates who begin their sea service or their approved maritime 
training on or after July 1, 2013 will be subject to the full 
application of the revised STCW requirements. The Coast Guard has 
drafted this SNPRM to allow for this phase-in process. These provisions 
require any seafarer who holds an STCW endorsement prior to January 1, 
2012, to provide evidence of meeting the appropriate standard of 
competence for the applicable STCW endorsement by January 1, 2017.
    Domestic requirements provided in this proposed rule will be 
transitioned during a 5-year period (after the effective date of the 
final rule) to coincide with the renewal of existing domestic 
endorsements. Individuals seeking an original endorsement or raise of 
grade during this period, and who begin training or service before 
January 1, 2012, need only meet the requirements in place before that 
date. Those individuals who start training or service on or after 
January 1, 2012, must meet all provisions described in the final rule.

Separation of STCW and Domestic Endorsements

    Thirty commenters express the feeling that, in order to remove 
confusion, the Coast Guard needs to separate the domestic standards 
from the STCW standards.
    The Coast Guard agrees and, in this proposed rulemaking, has 
clearly separated the two schemes for the STCW and domestic 
endorsements. For STCW endorsements, this proposed rulemaking 
incorporates the sea service and training requirements from the STCW 
Convention and Code to ensure consistency and clarity. In addition, the 
Coast Guard has provided entry paths from each domestic endorsement to 
the equivalent STCW endorsement.

Methods for Demonstrating Competence

    Sixty-four commenters object to the Coast Guard requiring 
formalized training as the sole method of proving competency in order 
to obtain an STCW endorsement.
    The Coast Guard agrees. This SNPRM proposes to allow different 
methods for demonstrating competence as permitted by the STCW and 
appropriate to each individual competency. This will allow the 
preservation of a ``hawsepipe'' program, which allows the use of 
practical experience to demonstrate competence, and foster career paths 
that were not provided for in the previous NPRM.
    One commenter notes many mariners may not obtain their seagoing 
experience in an organized progressive sequence, such as that provided 
by maritime academies. By not allowing sea time from prior service to 
be credited toward upgrades or endorsements, the Coast Guard prevents 
``hawsepipe'' mariners from using their considerable and valuable 
experience to progress in their careers.
    The Coast Guard recognizes the benefits of a ``hawsepipe'' process 
for the creation of licensed mariners. This SNPRM provides multiple 
methods of demonstrating competence, which should ensure the continued 
existence of this process.

Creditable Service on Great Lakes and Inland Waters

    Ten commenters request that the Coast Guard grant day-for-day 
credit for applicants providing service on Great Lakes and inland 
waters. The commenters state that a large portion of the skills and 
assessments which STCW requires for its endorsements overlaps with the 
skills and techniques these officers are currently using as deck 
officers on the Great Lakes and inland waters.
    The Coast Guard agrees and in this SNPRM proposes to grant sea 
service on other than ocean waters for STCW endorsements as follows: 
Those serving on Great Lakes waters will receive day-for-day credit; 
and those serving on inland waters will receive 1 day of ocean service 
credit for every 2 days of service for up to 50 percent of the total 
service. Given the wide variety of ship operations and career patterns 
in United States waters, and the movement of personnel from one segment 
of industry to another, we have found it appropriate to take into 
account the interchangeability or transferability of skills and 
experience when candidates apply for a credential. The service from 
experience obtained in the Great Lakes most closely resembles the 
knowledge and skill which are required for operating a seagoing ship. 
Service in inland waters does not always resemble operating a seagoing 
ship. However, the Coast Guard recognizes that many of the inland 
navigable waters are of such length and/or breadth that they have the 
characteristics of ocean or near coastal waters.

Creditable Service for Sailing School Vessels

    Ten commenters recommend that the Coast Guard grant one and one-
half days sea service credit for every day served on sailing school 
vessels. The commenter recommends recognizing the special operations of 
sailing school vessels in the practice and training of seamanship.
    As part of an approved program, the Coast Guard may grant 
additional credit for service on vessels if that program is shown to 
exceed the experience normally received during the same number of days 
on a commercial vessel that is not part of a program and merits such 
credit. The Coast Guard will not grant this credit outside of an 
approved program.

Seagoing Service

    One commenter writes that the endorsement for 200 GRT/500 GT near-
coastal mate (for international voyages) will require 3 years of sea 
time for an original issue, which the commenter notes is three times 
longer than the current requirement. The commenter feels the Coast 
Guard needs to establish an appropriate level of training for small 
vessels that is appropriate for the duty on these vessels. The 
commenter suggests the current 1-year sea service requirement should be 
retained.
    The Coast Guard agrees with the comment and has amended Sec.  
11.321. Seafarers holding a domestic endorsement as mate near coastal 
of less

[[Page 45932]]

than 200 GRT/500 GT may qualify for an STCW endorsement as OICNW of 
less than 200 GRT/500 GT with 6 months of sea service under the 
authority of the domestic endorsement. This provision is consistent 
with Regulation II/3, paragraph 4 of the STCW Convention.
    Three commenters note that proposed Sec.  11.430(e) requires 
applicants for officer endorsements with a tonnage limit over 200 GRT/
500 GT to have qualification as an able seaman. In light of the fact 
that many applicants will have qualifying service on vessels not 
required by law to carry able seamen, the commenters believe this 
provision serves as either a barrier to entry or an unnecessary step 
and recommend dropping it as a prerequisite.
    The Coast Guard has removed the requirement to qualify as able 
seaman from the requirements to obtain this domestic endorsement.
    One commenter opposes not allowing service as a rating to count 
toward a management-level certificate. The commenter feels this 
unfairly penalizes mariners who have had to sail as a rating rather 
than as an officer because of current economic conditions.
    This SNPRM continues to accept service as a rating towards renewal 
of a management-level endorsement. However, it would not be appropriate 
to allow rating or unlicensed service to be creditable towards an 
upgrade to a management-level endorsement. The STCW requirements for 
management-level endorsements specify the minimum amount of service to 
be accrued while serving under the authority of an operational level 
credential. For example, to qualify for a master and chief mate on 
vessels of 3,000 GT or more (Regulation II/2), it requires that the 
candidate meets the OICNW requirements and have 12 months approved 
seagoing service in that capacity.

Tonnage Limitations and Qualifying Service

    Eighty-three commenters suggest the Coast Guard lower the minimum 
vessel tonnage threshold for qualifying experience for STCW 
endorsements.
    The Coast Guard is adopting the STCW language for seagoing service, 
which allows us to accept service appropriate to the credential sought, 
regardless of the tonnage. The domestic officer endorsement 
requirements will not be changed.
    Twenty-two commenters suggest expanding the table of tonnage 
equivalents to assist in determining qualifying service. The commenters 
believe this will permit reasonable benefit for mariners serving aboard 
limited tonnage seagoing vessels who are seeking qualified seagoing 
service relevant to the issues of certification and qualification for 
STCW endorsements.
    As mentioned above, the Coast Guard is adopting the STCW language 
for seagoing service, which allows us to accept service appropriate to 
the credential sought, regardless of the tonnage. In addition, the 
Coast Guard has removed the tonnage equivalency table because of its 
potential to generate confusion.
    One commenter states that the proposed rulemaking would require 
changes to the United States Code (U.S.C.), particularly to 46 U.S.C. 
subtitle II, part J, chapter 143 on ``Convention Measurement.'' Chapter 
143 implements the provisions of the International Convention on 
Tonnage Measurement of Ships.
    The NPRM and the current SNPRM do not alter the underlying law 
affecting how tonnage is measured. The Coast Guard has also removed the 
tonnage equivalency table. It should be noted that the equivalent 
measurements are now being retained only for STCW endorsements at the 
200 GRT/500 GT and 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT levels.
    Two commenters raise concerns regarding placement of tonnage 
limitations on unlimited tonnage licenses when the applicants fail to 
provide the service required within the regulations.
    The Coast Guard notes that this has existed for many years and that 
the NPRM did not propose to change this provision. Current regulations 
provide, and we will retain authority, for the Coast Guard to place 
limitations on domestic officer endorsements when an applicant does not 
present sufficient evidence of service on vessels over 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT.
    Two commenters write that master or mate on vessels of less than 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT upon oceans appears to be the only lower-level 
option for an ocean-endorsed license for international voyages. The 
commenters think this severely discriminates against mariners and 
vessels of the smaller tonnages who wish to sail upon ocean routes to 
foreign destinations.
    The Coast Guard agrees and will retain a credentialing regime that 
will provide for persons serving on vessels of smaller tonnage on ocean 
routes.

Military Sea Service

    Three commenters remark that, while the military, especially the 
Navy, is a good source of experienced members with a good work ethic, 
individuals that cross over from the military should be deemed 
proficient with some form of testing to keep the standards of the U.S. 
merchant marine elevated.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has added provisions for military 
members with qualifying sea service to obtain a domestic or STCW 
endorsement at either the operational or management level after 
satisfactory completion of the appropriate training and assessments, in 
accordance with the STCW Code. The provisions for ``sea service as a 
member of the armed forces'' were moved to proposed Sec.  10.232.
    One commenter asks if a military petty officer who qualified as 
engineering officer of the watch can qualify for an endorsement as QMED 
oiler and/or RFPEW. However, see our response above regarding new 
provisions for military members.
    In evaluating a mariner's qualifications, we consider the unique 
qualifications of the applicant. As such, we are unable to provide a 
definitive response to this situation based on the information 
provided.

Foreign Sea Service

    Four commenters request that the Coast Guard accept service on 
foreign flag vessels to establish recency for license or endorsement 
renewals.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has added new Sec.  10.232 to address 
this topic and to accept this type of sea service for original, 
renewals, and raise-in-grade of endorsements.

International Voyages

    One commenter notes that the NPRM adds additional endorsements for 
officers on seagoing ships (Medical PIC/Medical first-aid provider). 
The commenter asks if these endorsements are required only when 
operating on international voyages or if it will include domestic and 
Great Lakes voyages if the vessel is considered a seagoing vessel by 
definition and allowed to proceed beyond the boundary line on its 
Certificate of Inspection.
    The medical first-aid provider endorsement and person in charge of 
medical care endorsement are STCW endorsements available to both 
officer and ratings positions. Except as provided in the requirements 
for OICNW and OICEW, neither of these endorsements is mandatory unless 
the person has been designated by his or her employer to act in one of 
those capacities.

Domestic Near-Coastal Voyages

    Three commenters state that NPRM Sec.  11.401(a)(10) says that 200 
GRT masters/mates on near-coastal routes

[[Page 45933]]

must meet Regulation II/3 of the STCW Convention, but that the 
footnotes (as well as the first sentence) appear to exempt those 
vessels.
    Proposed Sec.  11.301(j) provides that masters, mates, or engineers 
endorsed for service on seagoing vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT 
(other than passenger vessels subject to subchapter H of this chapter) 
are entitled to hold an STCW endorsement corresponding to the service 
or other limitations of the license or officer endorsements on the MMC. 
These vessels are not subject to further obligation under the STCW 
because of their special operating conditions as small vessels engaged 
in domestic, near-coastal voyages.
    Five commenters state that there are a number of exceptions and 
exemptions that have been issued by local Captains of the Port (COTP) 
for vessels on short international voyages, allowing voyages to 
Canadian, Bahamian, British Virgin, and Mexican waters, and assert that 
the Coast Guard should determine how these exemptions will be affected 
by these changes.
    The Coast Guard recognizes the variances that were issued by the 
local COTPs to address individual operational needs. These variances 
have been incorporated into the regulations to the extent possible 
consistent with the STCW Convention. Therefore, exemptions issued by 
the OCMI/COTP will no longer be valid. In the future, any additional 
variances will need to be consistent with the regulations found in 
subchapter B of 46 CFR.
    Four commenters recommend that proposed Sec.  11.463(d) make clear 
that the authority to make a near-coastal international voyage be 
included in the endorsements in Sec. Sec.  11.423 and 11.424, as well 
as by a 500 GRT master/mate credential issued based on service obtained 
prior to the effective date.
    46 CFR 11.301(j) (of the SNPRM) allows for an STCW and officer 
endorsement as master or mate of self-propelled seagoing vessels of 
less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-coastal waters, including 
masters and mates of towing vessels, to be valid for service on self-
propelled, seagoing vessels engaged on international voyages, and on 
passenger vessels of 100 GRT/250 GT or more on domestic, near-coastal 
voyages.
    One commenter states the small passenger vessel exemption in the 
existing text of Sec.  15.105 should not change.
    We have kept the exemption for small vessels and have retained the 
provisions restricting such exemptions to waters over which the U.S. 
has jurisdiction in 46 CFR 15.105. One commenter requests that the 
Coast Guard add the St. Lawrence Seaway and the St. Lawrence River to 
the list of waters exempted in Sec.  11.202(d)(4).
    These waters are not seaward of the boundary line. Therefore, STCW 
is not applicable to them and no exemption is needed.
    One commenter states that limiting OUPVs to domestic voyages has a 
considerable impact with no return on the cost and that a near-coastal 
OUPV can travel 100 miles out to sea. The commenter notes that this 
distance is well into the Bahamian waters from the U.S. and that from 
the Virgin Islands, a mariner can easily reach a number of other 
countries.
    The Coast Guard notes that the STCW Convention does not allow 
mariners with OUPV endorsements to serve on vessels on international 
voyages.

Deck Officer Endorsements

    Seventy-three commenters disagree with the Coast Guard's stated 
intention to stop issuing original domestic endorsements for deck 
officers serving on vessels of not more than 500 GRT/1,200 GT. The 
commenters state that requiring applicants to comply with the 
requirements to obtain an endorsement for service on vessels of more 
than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT was excessive for the smaller vessels.
    The Coast Guard agrees and will continue to issue original 
endorsements for deck officers serving on vessels of not more than 500 
GRT. However, mariners need to be aware that STCW requirements for all 
deck officers serving on vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more are the 
same; that is, there are no additional tonnage breakpoints. To address 
the breakpoint differences between the STCW endorsements and the 
domestic endorsements, the Coast Guard has included entry paths (both 
operational and management) for deck officers serving on vessels of not 
more than 500 GRT into the STCW endorsements for officers serving on 
vessels of 1,600 GRT/3000 GT.
    Several of these commenters also express concern that the Coast 
Guard intends to do away with the endorsement for officers serving on 
vessels of not more than 200 GRT/500 GT.
    The Coast Guard has not proposed the elimination of this 
endorsement, and it will be retained.
    Seventeen commenters object to the proposed provisions of Sec.  
11.404, which would allow third mates with 36 months of service on 
self-propelled seagoing vessels to advance directly to master after 
completing the training, education, and assessment requirements.
    This path was intended for progression under the STCW Convention; 
that is, when progressing from OICNW to master on seagoing ships. Since 
the Coast Guard's goal is to harmonize its requirements for mariners 
serving on seagoing ships with the STCW requirements and not impose 
stricter requirements on U.S. mariners, this proposed method of 
advancement will be retained in this SNPRM.
    Five commenters note that the proposed Sec.  11.407(a)(1) requires 
an applicant to hold an STCW endorsement as RFPNW as a component of the 
qualification standards for a deck officer endorsement. The commenters 
recommend deleting that provision as the qualification provisions for 
OICNW in STCW do not mention RFPNW.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the requirement that OICNW 
applicants must hold an endorsement as RFPNW. Mariners who hold an 
OICNW endorsement wishing to obtain the RFPNW endorsement will have to 
meet the requirements for RFPNW.
    One commenter asks if there is an endorsement for OICNW for service 
on vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT engaged in ocean service.
    All seagoing vessels operating beyond the boundary line are subject 
to the STCW Convention. Vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT are not 
subject to any further obligation under the STCW because of their 
special operating condition as small vessels engaged in domestic trade. 
Therefore, persons serving on seagoing vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 
GT operating beyond the boundary line will be issued an STCW 
endorsement corresponding to the service and limitation of the domestic 
officer endorsement without any further obligation.
    One commenter notes that proposed Sec.  11.413 does not have a 
service requirement for chief mate of ocean and near coastal vessels of 
less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, implying that a person could qualify for 
this endorsement by meeting the OICNW requirement and completing 
management-level training.
    The Coast Guard has corrected this oversight by adding a 
requirement for 12 months of service as mate before advancing to chief 
mate.
    Two commenters recommend removing certain training topics at the 
management level from the proposed Sec.  11.413(b) list of training 
topics because the associated competencies were acquired by mariners at 
the operational level.
    The Coast Guard recognizes that certain management competencies may 
have been acquired by the mariner at the operational level; therefore 
the Coast

[[Page 45934]]

Guard is changing the approach to implementing the STCW competency 
requirements to ensure assessment of competence is in accordance with 
the level of proficiency required for each level. All the lists of 
training topics for all STCW requirements were removed from this SNPRM. 
Applicants for an STCW endorsement will be required to meet the 
standards of competence in the STCW Code for the appropriate 
endorsement. The Coast Guard will accept the various methods included 
in the STCW Convention for meeting the standards of competence, 
including training, on-the-job training, in-service experience, etc. 
All approved training courses and programs meeting the various 
standards of competence must include topics in accordance with the 
level of proficiency required for each level.
    Two commenters state the requirement in proposed Sec.  11.412 for 
service as chief mate to acquire a master 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT oceans/
near-coastal license should be deleted because towing vessels and many 
small seagoing vessels do not have a position as chief mate.
    The requirements in Sec.  11.412 were removed from this SNPRM, 
since the Coast Guard revised the approach to implement the STCW 
Convention requirements by separating the domestic requirements from 
the STCW requirements. This revised approach provides entry paths from 
domestic endorsements to STCW endorsements in order to ensure career 
progression. For example, a mariner with a Master Towing vessel ocean 
or near coastal endorsement may qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
chief mate on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more by completing 12 
months of sea service; meeting the standard of competence in Section A-
II/2; and completing training in search and rescue, ARPA (if required), 
GMDSS (if required), and management of medical care.
    Eight commenters state that Sec. Sec.  11.423 and 11.424 provide a 
way for an individual to receive an endorsement for international 
voyages on vessels under 200 GRT/500 GT, but the proposed process is so 
lengthy, difficult, and costly to qualify for these endorsements, the 
provision is of limited value.
    The requirements in Sec.  11.423 and 11.424 were removed from this 
SNPRM since the Coast Guard revised the approach to implement the STCW 
Convention requirements. The revised approach includes: (1) Accepting 
seagoing, Great Lakes and inland service to qualify for the 
endorsement; (2) accepting other methods, besides training, for meeting 
the standard of competence; and (3) requiring some training that is 
necessary for the credential.
    One commenter remarks there should be an endorsement for OICNW on 
vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
    The STCW Convention does not provide for an OICNW endorsement for 
service on vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT. The STCW OICNW endorsement is divided between vessels of less 
than 200 GRT/500 GT and those above. However, the Coast Guard is 
providing a path for the domestic endorsements as mate, ocean or near 
coastal, less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT and for mate, ocean or near 
coastal, not more than 500 GRT.
    One commenter notes that Sec.  11.414 appears to offer no provision 
for an ocean endorsement at the operational level for limited tonnage 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
    Section 11.319 in this SNPRM proposes a provision for an 
endorsement at the operational level for mariners serving on seagoing 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
    Three commenters write that any new credentialing structure must 
include oceans endorsements for officer endorsements of all tonnages.
    The Coast Guard agrees with the comment. This proposed rulemaking 
has taken this into account and provides for the credentialing for 
vessels of all tonnages.
    One commenter states that STCW regulations require a candidate for 
OICNW to obtain one year of approved seagoing service as part of an 
approved training program. Otherwise, mariners pursuing OICNW 
qualification are required to obtain three years of approved seagoing 
service in addition to numerous required training courses for 
certification. The commenter recommends that the Coast Guard re-balance 
these requirements for OICNW for limited-tonnages. The commenter also 
recommends that the Coast Guard permit OICNW certification for 
qualified mariners who obtain 2 years of approved seagoing service in 
concert with the completion of a combination of in-service training, 
practical assessment, and approved seagoing service. The commenters 
believe that this type of hybrid program could achieve the necessary 
standards of competency and provide the KUP for the OICNW 
qualification.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. STCW allows for two methods of 
qualifying for OICNW, either completion of an approved program with one 
year of service, or three years outside of an approved program. A 
hybrid program as suggested is not authorized in the STCW in relation 
to approved seagoing service. However, the hybrid program may be used 
to meet the required standard of competency.
    One commenter asks if those with operational deck officer 
endorsements wishing to renew will be required to take management-level 
courses.
    No. The requirement to complete management-level courses is only 
applicable for original endorsements at the management-level.
    One commenter suggests that mariners with a master 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT near-coastal or ocean endorsement have the opportunity to progress 
directly to the unlimited tonnage master endorsement after completion 
of courses, assessments, and testing with 3 years of service, with at 
least half of the time on vessels of 1,500 GRT or 2,500 GT ITC.
    This rulemaking has provided a path from master limited to master 
unlimited through evidence of completing 6 months of sea service under 
the authority of the limited endorsement, and any assessments, 
training, and/or examinations not previously completed.

Engineering Officer Endorsements

    Three commenters note that, in Table A-III, Sections 1-4 of the 
STCW Code, there is language allowing for near-coastal limitations, but 
not mandating it.
    The formerly proposed 10,000 HP near-coastal domestic endorsement 
has been removed in this SNPRM, and the Coast Guard will retain the 
current system of domestic engineering endorsements. The Coast Guard 
has added the option of restrictions if an applicant is not able to 
complete performance measures for steam evaporators and auxiliary/waste 
heat boilers since an STCW party may vary the requirements for the 
near-coastal KUPs for all STCW engineering endorsements.
    Five commenters recommend removing geographic limitations from 
engineering licenses. The commenters believe that Sec. Sec.  11.510 
through 11.514 impose near-coastal limitations on various engineering 
licenses at the 10,000 HP and 4,000 HP levels.
    The Coast Guard is considering this and is seeking further public 
comment on this issue.
    Three commenters point out that STCW language requires that a 
candidate for OICEW must obtain 30 months of training, which includes 
onboard training documented in an approved training record book, but 
perceives that proposed Sec.  11.950(b) does not allow for this onboard 
training.

[[Page 45935]]

    As a result of the 2010 amendments to the STCW, the 30-month 
requirement has been eliminated to bring the deck and engine 
requirements in line with each other. Program approval will be based on 
content and must include not less than 6 months approved seagoing 
service in the engine department as specified in Regulation III/1 of 
the STCW Convention.
    Three commenters note that proposed Sec.  11.501(j)(1) provides 
that holders of engineer (limited) and DDE endorsements can ``continue 
to serve under the authority of those credentials until first renewal * 
* *.'' The commenters recommend that, in order to ensure that future 
readers understand what authority is being continued, the Coast Guard 
change those words to read as follows: ``Continue to serve on those 
credentials with the authority that was in force under the rules in 
effect prior to the effective date until the * * *. ''
    The Coast Guard agrees, and has amended the text in Sec. Sec.  
11.301 and 11.323, accordingly, in this SNPRM.
    One commenter states that the training requirements to obtain a 
motor engineer license/endorsement should include all equipment that 
may be found on a vessel.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and believes that this would be 
unnecessary and excessively burdensome. In many cases, mariners sail 
only on vessels without steam evaporators or waste heat/auxiliary 
boilers and do not have the opportunity to access this equipment. In 
this case, a corresponding restriction will be placed on the mariner's 
credential. Should a mariner wish to remove the restriction(s), he or 
she would be required to perform the demonstration on a vessel that 
carries that equipment.
    One commenter seeks clarification on the three DDE horsepower 
levels and the waters on which they authorize service.
    DDEs limited to 1,000 HP and 4,000 HP may sail only on inland and 
near-coastal waters. STCW endorsements are needed at either horsepower 
level if the endorsement holder wishes to sail near-coastal. DDE 
unlimited horsepower endorsement holders may sail upon any waters and 
require STCW endorsements for near-coastal and ocean voyages.
    Twelve commenters offer various opinions on the NPRM's proposed 
10,000 HP domestic engineer officer endorsement, along with suggestions 
for revised training and areas of competency demonstration.
    The NPRM's proposed provisions for 10,000 HP credentials have been 
removed from this SNPRM. The main propulsion power level is included in 
the unlimited horsepower category. Training and sea service 
requirements are, therefore, the same for the unlimited path, as well 
as for all five of the STCW engineer officer endorsements. This SNPRM 
splits the engineer requirements into the Sec.  11.300 series for STCW 
endorsements and into the Sec.  11.500 series for domestic 
endorsements.
    One commenter states that engineers holding DDE or limited tonnage 
endorsements would be restricted to domestic voyages.
    This SNPRM provides, in parts 11 and 12, information on entry 
points for domestic mariners to be eligible for an STCW endorsement. 
Additionally, this SNPRM incorporates the changes proposed in the 
comprehensive review of the STCW, adopting the 2010 amendments that 
make the requirements for engineering qualification similar to those 
for deck officers. This will result in a process which does not require 
the 30 months of training that had been proposed in the NPRM. As a 
result, this will impose less burden on these engineers.
    One commenter points out that an engineer on a small passenger 
vessel will be the sole engineer crew member on the vessel and that 
requiring the mariner to first sail as an RFPEW is an unreasonable 
burden.
    It is impractical to issue an officer endorsement for any HP or 
tonnage level without the candidate having had some sailing experience 
at a lesser, non-officer capacity. Unless the small passenger vessel 
fleet, and other one-engineer-per-boat fleets open entry-level 
positions to train their future engineer officers, the only source for 
these officers will be either the maritime academies or those 
transferring from other fleets.
    Four commenters remark that proposed Sec.  15.820 would create 
unnecessary manning requirements for a chief engineer where none exist 
today and suggest adding, at the end of paragraph (a), the words ``on 
international voyages.''
    The Coast Guard has decided to retain the existing text for Sec.  
15.820 with some additional non-substantative changes. The manning 
requirements remain unchanged.
    Two commenters do not support the Coast Guard's proposal to stop 
issuing STCW endorsements for DDE.
    The STCW defines DDE differently than in current regulations. In 
the U.S., DDE means an engineer on a vessel not more than 500 GRT and 
is issued in three propulsion power levels: 1,000, 4,000 and any 
horsepower. STCW defines DDE as the person designated to perform duties 
in a periodically unmanned engine room. The Coast Guard does not intend 
to remove the three current DDE endorsements from our domestic 
structure. However, if a mariner holding a domestic DDE wishes to be 
qualified to sail on a vessel of unlimited horsepower of not more than 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, he or she must obtain endorsements as assistant 
engineer-limited and chief engineer-limited.
    One commenter states that the proposed language found in Sec. Sec.  
15.820 and 15.825, establishing that only seagoing vessels more than 
200 GRT/500 GT are required to carry licensed engineers, must be 
retained. The commenter believes that such a requirement should not be 
imposed upon seagoing towing vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
    The Coast Guard agrees. The proposed Sec. Sec.  15.820 and 15.825 
are essentially unchanged. The manning requirements likewise remain 
unchanged.
    One commenter writes if unlicensed personnel are voluntarily 
assigned to stand engine room watches on seagoing towing vessels 
operating beyond the boundary line, Sec.  12.530 will require them to 
hold RFPEW. The commenter recommends that the same tonnage limit of 200 
GRT/500 GT stated in proposed Sec. Sec.  15.820 and 15.825 be included.
    Proposed Sec.  12.609 contains the requirements for the RFPEW 
endorsement. The manning requirement for which vessels must carry such 
a credentialed person are found in the current regulations at Sec.  
15.1103(c).
    One commenter recommends that the Coast Guard consider the DDE 
endorsement as equivalent to the chief engineer endorsement on towing 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT engaged in international voyages.
    DDEs are authorized to sail as chief engineers on international 
voyages, but only unlimited DDEs are authorized to sail as chief 
engineers on international voyages (other than near-coastal), provided 
they hold an STCW endorsement as chief engineer.
    Two commenters recommend that the Coast Guard allow credit for QMED 
service toward a chief engineer officer endorsement. One commenter 
recommends that Sec.  11.506 be revised to allow sea service time as a 
QMED to be credited toward an endorsement as chief engineer for 
seagoing service with an STCW endorsement as chief engineer officer.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. Service using a rating endorsement will 
not be accepted to upgrade to an officer endorsement as chief engineer 
or second engineer officer.

[[Page 45936]]

    One commenter recommends existing DDEs be allowed to advance to 
chief engineer with appropriate service.
    As indicated in Figure 11.505, this SNPRM proposes to retain the 
current regulations with regard to advancement to Chief Engineer. The 
current path allows a progression with appropriate service and testing. 
The DDE can act as Chief Engineer within the limitations on the 
license/officer endorsement. However, the other `chief engineer' 
endorsements are for Limited, MODU or unlimited categories. The Coast 
Guard welcomes comments on this new proposal; please be specific as to 
where cross-over points should be and what length of service is being 
recommended.
    Two commenters recommend revising crossover points to qualify for 
officer endorsements for different tonnages, horsepower, and/or 
propulsion modes. The commenter believes that in order to provide 
crossover points more appropriate to the level of training and 
expertise engineers possess and the scope of their work, several paths 
should include 10,000 HP.
    The proposed 10,000 HP credentials have been removed. This SNPRM 
retains the current engineer officer endorsement structure, as 
illustrated in Figure 11.505.
    One commenter asks how a mariner can get an assessment for 
maintaining a boiler watch without being employed on a steamship.
    It is possible to demonstrate steam competencies as part of an 
approved course or on a simulator. Not all persons are required to hold 
steam endorsements because a mariner may sail in any capacity by being 
limited to motor or gas turbine vessels only.
    One commenter remarks that certain existing ratings are able to 
upgrade with assessment and training, but that the NPRM does not 
elaborate on what that training and assessment includes.
    Required training and assessments are specified for each STCW 
endorsement in part 11, subpart C and part 12, subpart F of this SNPRM. 
This SNPRM also includes tables that indicate which domestic 
endorsements are eligible for certain STCW endorsements.
    Four commenters recommend the Coast Guard raise the propulsion 
power threshold for first assistant engineers without an STCW 
endorsement because Sec.  11.521 provides that first assistant 
engineers without an STCW endorsement may serve on seagoing vessels of 
less than 1,000 HP. One commenter recommends the Coast Guard raise this 
limit to at least 4,000 HP.
    Once a vessel passes the boundary line, STCW regulations apply. 
These regulations require engineers on vessels of 750 kW/1,000 HP or 
more to hold STCW endorsements. Therefore, the Coast Guard cannot 
unilaterally raise this limit to 3,000 kW/4,000 HP. Regulation III/3 
does allow for reduced requirements for chief engineers and second 
engineer officers on ships powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP.
    One commenter points out that Figure 11.505(a) has multiple 
inconsistencies with the text describing the route and service from 
chief engineer limited oceans and near-coastal to chief engineer, chief 
engineer 10,000 HP, and first assistant engineer 10,000 HP.
    In this SNPRM, the Coast Guard retains the current regulations for 
domestic officer endorsements and has revised the figure accordingly.
    One commenter asks the Coast Guard to remove management skills from 
the list of training topics required at the management level in Sec.  
11.511.
    The Coast Guard cannot. Although the list has been removed from 
this SNPRM, the Coast Guard has retained the requirement to comply with 
the STCW standards of competence and is also proposing to retain the 
domestic scheme. In addition, the 2010 amendments to the STCW 
Convention include a new competence for ``leadership and managerial 
skills'' in Section A-III/2 of the STCW Code.

Deck Rating Endorsements

    Three commenters point out that Sec.  12.420 requires an RFPNW 
applicant to show 6 months of service, which can be reduced if the 
person has completed an approved course. The commenters note that 
courses are difficult to find and expensive to attend.
    The Coast Guard recognizes that courses for RFPNW are difficult to 
find and are also costly; therefore we have revised the approach to 
implement the STCW Convention requirements. In the case of an RFPNW, 
the new approach would allow two paths: (1) a candidate may obtain six 
months of service (seagoing, Great Lakes and/or inland service) and 
meet the standard of competence through other methods, besides training 
(including in-service experience documented by the completion of 
assessments); or (2) a candidate may complete approved training that 
includes not less than 2 months of approved service.
    Three commenters assert the NPRM is requiring all vessels to carry 
able seamen in proposed Sec.  15.403(c).
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The STCW Convention requires that anyone 
who is part of a navigational watch must hold an RFPNW endorsement. 
Section 15.403(c) explains that if a mariner has duties that include 
standing a navigational watch on a seagoing vessel, he or she must hold 
the proper endorsement (RFPNW).
    One commenter finds that Sec.  15.840 appears to require able 
seaman ratings on vessels that have never had this requirement imposed 
before. The commenter feels this requirement conflicts with U.S. 
manning and licensing standards.
    The Coast Guard is not changing manning requirements. Any vessel 
not required to have able seamen will not be required to have them 
under this proposal.
    One commenter requests that the Coast Guard allow for one RFPNW 
position to be filled by a specially trained ordinary seaman (OS) 
restricted to lookout duties. This will allow the OS to acquire sea 
service toward an RFPNW endorsement. The commenter recommends an OS 
have a minimum of 180 days of service to become a lookout and minimum 
of 365 days to become an AB/RFPNW.
    All members of the navigational watch (including Specially Trained 
Ordinary Seamen), must be qualified as RFPNW. In addition, when a 
vessel's manning document allows for a Specially Trained Ordinary 
Seamen, it is in lieu of and not in addition to the normal complement 
of Able Seamen.
    The Coast Guard agrees with the commenter's proposal that the OS 
may qualify for an RFPNW with 180 days of service. This is consistent 
with the STCW Convention requirements, and an applicant may obtain an 
able seaman-special endorsement provided within this SNPRM. One 
commenter recommends that the Coast Guard retain the progression path 
from entry level to specially trained OS/RFPNW (lookout duties only) to 
AB/RFPNW without restriction.
    This SNPRM includes training requirements for RFPNW and for able 
seafarer-deck consistent with the STCW Convention provision. Seafarers 
serving on board vessels that proceed beyond the boundary line that 
serve as lookouts are required to meet the certification requirements 
for RFPNW. This SNPRM does not limit the attainment of the endorsement 
as RFPNW with no restriction to able seafarer-deck, but rather allows 
any mariner who demonstrates proficiency to obtain that endorsement. 
Seafarers serving as an able seaman on board vessels that proceed 
beyond the boundary line are required to meet the certification 
requirements for able seafarer-deck. It is the Coast Guard's view that 
these

[[Page 45937]]

requirements allow for the progression path from entry level to 
specially trained OS, and then to AB, provided the mariner meets the 
applicable requirements for the endorsement.
    Eleven commenters note that, although able seaman-Sail is an 
existing rating, it is not mentioned in the CFR alongside other AB 
ratings, and they recommend that able seaman-sail be included in the 
regulations.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has inserted able seaman-sail as well as 
able seaman-fishing industry in proposed Sec.  12.401.

Engine Rating Endorsements

    One commenter suggests that endorsements of GMDSS operator and 
Electronic Technician should be unlicensed endorsements.
    The endorsement of GMDSS operator and GMDSS maintainer may be 
obtained by any officer or rating. The Electronic Technician 
endorsement proposed in the NPRM has been removed in favor of two new 
STCW endorsements: electro-technical officer and electro-technical 
rating.
    One commenter points out that there is no mention of an 
``engineman'' as a QMED endorsement.
    This SNPRM proposes to eliminate ``Engineman,'' as a rating 
endorsement. The rating endorsement of ``junior engineer'' may be used 
to cover the qualifications if that position is continued on some 
vessels.

Ratings Forming Part of an Engineering Watch (RFPEW)

    One commenter notes that many vessels less than 200 GRT/500 GT meet 
the requirements for the service and assessments for RFPEW, but lack a 
qualified assessor to sign off on the control sheets. The commenter 
suggests that a mariner who can meet the QMED Fireman/Oiler/Watertender 
(FOWT) sea service requirements should be deemed to have met the RFPEW 
requirements.
    Sea service requirements for RFPEW (6 months) are the same for 
FOWT. The STCW requires an assessment of whether the mariner has 
achieved the specified standard of competence. If there is not a 
qualified engineer onboard, the only alternative is to attend training 
or go to another facility at which they can be assessed. The Coast 
Guard cannot mandate that a company put assessors on board a vessel.
    One commenter states the requirement of a licensed engineer aboard 
vessels of 750 kW/1,000 HP propulsion power or more would put a burden 
on high performance small vessels. The commenter believes adding a 
third crew member or training the existing crew members would add an 
unnecessary burden.
    This rulemaking does not change the manning requirements for this 
type of vessel. Unless an engineer is required by the manning 
certificate, there is no requirement for an individual holding an 
engineering endorsement.

Basic Safety Training (BST)

    Two commenters want the Coast Guard to require that all engineers 
on inspected vessels on both domestic and international voyages receive 
basic safety training as well as adequate vocational training.
    The BST requirements of the STCW Convention already apply to a 
portion of our domestic fleet by virtue that they trade in near-coastal 
voyages. Personnel working non-STCW vessels (including inland vessels) 
are required to be familiar with the vessel characteristics, including 
fire-fighting and lifesaving equipment as indicated in Sec.  15.405. 
Officers and able seamen on inland vessels also must take firefighting 
and be qualified as lifeboatmen. We believe the existing requirements 
applicable to non-STCW vessels provide an equivalent level of safety to 
the requirements of the STCW Convention.
    One commenter asks if crew members on all vessels, including 
uninspected passenger vessels, operating beyond the boundary line are 
required to complete BST training.
    All applicants seeking an STCW officer endorsement must provide 
evidence, with their application, of meeting the standard of competence 
for basic safety training as described. However, operators of 
uninspected passenger vessels, as defined in 46 U.S.C. 2101(42)(B), are 
not subject to this requirement because of their special operating 
conditions as small vessels engaged in domestic, near-coastal voyages.
    One commenter notes that small passenger vessels subject to 
Subchapter T or K of Title 46 of the CFR, vessels of less than 200 GRT/
500 GT (other than passenger vessels subject to Subchapter H), and 
uninspected passenger vessels on domestic near-coastal voyages are 
exempt from the BST requirements in Sec.  15.1101(a)(2). He also states 
that Sec.  15.1105(c) requires all crewmembers on seagoing vessels to 
complete BST training. The commenter recommends that Sec.  15.1105(c) 
be amended to exempt those vessels already exempted in Sec.  
15.1101(a)(2).
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended Sec.  15.1105(c) by adding 
``except as noted in Sec.  15.1101(a)(2) of this subpart,'' after the 
word ``vessel''.

Lifeboatman Requirements

    One commenter writes that mariners would experience difficulty in 
complying with the requirement in proposed Sec.  12.630(c)(2) to 
participate in 12 rescue boat, liferaft, or other drills involving 
lifesaving apparatus, 4 of which include a rescue boat being placed in 
the water.
    The Coast Guard has deleted the requirement to participate in 
drills from the SNPRM. The lifeboatman requirements are contained in 
Sec.  12.409 in this SNPRM.
    Fifteen commenters object to the use of the term ``survivalman'' 
for those mariners serving on vessels without installed lifeboats.
    The Coast Guard has withdrawn its proposed use of the term 
survivalman and substitutes in its place, lifeboatman-limited for the 
domestic endorsement. Regarding the STCW endorsement, the Coast Guard 
is proposing to use the term proficiency in survival craft and rescue 
boats other than lifeboats and fast rescue boats--limited (PSC--
limited), to ensure consistency with the Convention.
    Two commenters request that the Coast Guard lower the minimum 
threshold for qualifying tonnage for lifeboatman to 15 GRT.
    The Coast Guard notes that there is presently no minimum qualifying 
tonnage for this endorsement.
    One commenter says Sec. Sec.  12.610 and 12.630 permit completion 
of an approved program instead of the drills, and that there are no 
approved programs for these ratings. The commenter recommends changing 
``program'' to ``course'' in both instances and allowing completion of 
a course in proficiency in Survival Craft to also be accepted.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended the text in Sec.  12.407 to 
use the term ``course'' instead of ``program''. One commenter says that 
the Coast Guard did not intend to make the survivalman requirement in 
Sec.  15.404 apply to every person employed on a vessel and recommends 
that the Coast Guard remove the words ``Every person employed'' and 
add, in its place, the words ``Every person assigned duties''.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended the text in Sec.  15.404.

Flashing Light

    Twenty-two commenters state mariners should not be required to pass 
a flashing light examination required in proposed Sec.  11.401(i), 
since that method of communication is not used anymore.
    The Coast Guard notes that exhibiting flashing light competence is 
still required for STCW deck officer endorsements on vessels in ocean

[[Page 45938]]

service of 200 GRT/500 GT or more. However, the Coast Guard proposes, 
in this SNPRM, to remove the flashing light examination requirement for 
all domestic licenses and for all raises in grade of unlimited tonnage 
licenses.
    Seven commenters remark that the requirement in proposed Sec.  
11.401(i) that certain officers ``must pass a practical signaling 
examination,'' imposes a higher performance standard than required by 
the STCW Code, which says only that an officer must demonstrate 
competence by ``assessment of evidence from practical instruction.'' 
The commenters recommend that the evidence be in the form of questions 
on the navigation general module of the required examinations.
    The Coast Guard disagrees with the proposed recommendation. The 
intent of the STCW Code is clear that candidates must demonstrate 
competency by practical instruction and/or simulation. In this SNPRM, 
we have changed the requirement to completion of an approved course. It 
should also be noted that the 2010 amendments to the STCW have lowered 
the required knowledge, understanding, and proficiency (KUP), and the 
Coast Guard will allow approved course offerers to modify their courses 
consistent with the amendments.

Radar Renewals

    One commenter states that the requirement to take a radar observer 
recertification course every 5 years is no longer necessary for deck 
officers with recent shipboard experience on vessels over 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT as written in Table 11.480. If it is determined that the U.S. 
will continue to require a 5-year radar recertification, the commenter 
recommends that training include ARPA to be more in line with today's 
actual operating conditions.
    The Coast Guard disagrees that recertification training for radar 
observer is no longer valid or necessary. The Coast Guard agrees with 
the suggestion that the training be revised to include collision 
avoidance functions but does not believe that it is appropriate to 
include this recommendation into regulation because not all vessels are 
equipped with ARPA. The suggestion will be considered when approving 
courses meeting the radar requirements.

Pilots

    One commenter writes that pilot vessels, which sometimes operate 
beyond the boundary line in the pursuit of their vessel pilotage 
duties, should be exempted from the requirement in Sec. Sec.  15.103(e) 
and 15.1101(a)(1) to carry the appropriate STCW endorsement.
    These requests will be handled on a case-by-case basis by the Coast 
Guard, in accordance with 46 CFR 6.01.

Vessel Manning

    One commenter says it is unreasonable to expect every crewmember to 
be familiar with all of the vessel familiarization items listed in 
Sec.  15.405 and suggests adding language to clarify that every 
crewmember must become familiar with only the relevant characteristics 
of the vessel as they pertain to the crewmember's position.
    The Coast Guard agrees and is proposing to retain the existing text 
that provides for the familiarization to be appropriate to the 
crewmember's position.
    One commenter asks if the intention of Sec.  15.404 is to increase 
manning requirements on the small passenger vessel industry.
    The provisions in Sec.  15.404 are not intended to increase 
manning, but to ensure personnel working on board vessels have the 
appropriate credential to work on board. Furthermore, they provide the 
relationship between domestic and STCW endorsements.
    Two commenters state the proposed revision in Sec.  15.515(b) could 
affect the number of crewmembers required to be carried aboard. The 
commenter believes that the Coast Guard needs to recognize that there 
are numerous reasons why a crew member may be off of the vessel when 
passengers are on board, and that the Coast Guard needs to clarify how 
the crew can complete their required tasks, as well as being able to 
step off the vessel for personal time without violating the COI.
    The Coast Guard has amended Sec.  15.515(b) to indicate that the 
master of the vessel may allow reduced crew for limited or special 
operating conditions, subject to the approval of the Officer in Charge, 
Marine Inspection in whose zone the vessel is operating or on the 
vessel's COI.
    One commenter urges the Coast Guard to clarify that implementation 
of the STCW requirements is not meant to establish new manning 
requirements and to clarify that there is no requirement for vessels 
under 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT to carry a chief mate.
    The Coast Guard agrees that implementation of the STCW requirements 
is not meant to establish new manning requirements. Therefore, we are 
maintaining the definition of ``chief mate'' as it appears in the 
existing regulations, rather than the definition proposed in the NPRM.
    One commenter asserts that certain manning requirements in this 
revision will supersede the interpretation of NVIC 4-97, which states 
that foreign Port State Control officers may look for compliance with 
the STCW standards. The commenter notes that prior to this, it was left 
up to the Port State Control to enforce standards.
    It is the United States' responsibility to ensure that its 
seafarers have met the international standards to which we are 
signatory. Whether a Port State Control officer checks a vessel for 
compliance is up to the individual Port State.

General Provisions

    Three commenters ask the Coast Guard to retain the existing 
regulations in Sec. Sec.  11.407 and 11.516 that specifically mention 
that graduation from a marine service academy, a maritime academy, or a 
3-year apprentice training program be accepted as qualification for a 
domestic third mate or third assistant engineer endorsement.
    The Coast Guard agrees. As this SNPRM separates the requirements 
for STCW and domestic officer endorsements, we have retained the 
current verbiage.
    One commenter notes that in the event a mariner's TWIC becomes 
invalid, his or her credential also becomes invalid.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. There are multiple reasons why a TWIC 
may become invalid and/or revoked, including but not limited to, 
illegal drug use, medical incapacitation, and felony convictions. A 
mariner's due process rights, however, preclude automatic invalidation 
of his or her MMC. By law, a formal hearing is required to proceed 
against a mariner's credential. In instances where the Coast Guard 
learns that a mariner's TWIC has been invalidated, proceedings will 
then commence against the mariner's MMC in due course. These 
proceedings will take place before an Administrative Law Judge pursuant 
to 33 CFR part 20. Because a valid TWIC is typically a condition of 
employment and must be produced to gain unescorted access to secure 
areas, invalidation of the TWIC will be enough to preclude a mariner 
from working onboard vessels. Appeals procedures can be found at 33 CFR 
20.1001 through 20.1003 and 49 CFR part 825.

Applications

    One commenter recommends that screening for disorders that are 
associated with excessive daytime sleepiness be included as a required 
element of the medical examination for

[[Page 45939]]

mariners, similar to the medical examination of pilots.
    The Coast Guard provides guidance for the completion of medical 
examinations for mariners, which includes medical conditions that may 
cause daytime sleepiness. Additionally, the new medical examination 
form (CG-719K) provides a place where the medical examiner may note 
such diagnosis.
    One commenter notes that proposed Sec.  10.217 makes it appear as 
though the Coast Guard intends for applicants to submit their 
application packages directly to the NMC without first submitting it to 
the RECs.
    The proposed Sec.  10.217, which allows applicants to submit a 
package to any REC or any other location designated by the Coast Guard, 
will remain unchanged. The Coast Guard will establish a policy offering 
guidance about alternative locations where an applicant can submit his 
or her application package. The current policy is to send all 
applications to an REC.
    One commenter asks if an STCW endorsement goes into continuity when 
a mariner replaces his or her domestic endorsement with a Document of 
Continuity.
    Domestic endorsements go into continuity, while STCW endorsements 
do not. However, by virtue of the STCW endorsement's relationship with 
the domestic endorsement, the STCW endorsement will be re-instated with 
the domestic endorsement upon application, subject to all other renewal 
requirements. The Coast Guard proposes to amend Sec.  10.227(g) to 
specify that only domestic credentials will be issued for continuity.
    One commenter asserts that the minimum age for issuing a rating or 
STCW endorsement should be 15.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The Department of Labor has determined 
that the maritime industry is especially hazardous and that individuals 
under the age of 16 should not be allowed to work in this environment. 
However, the Coast Guard may recognize training and experience prior to 
age 16 in certain situations and within approved programs.
    Two commenters ask the Coast Guard to explain the provision in 
Sec.  11.205(b)(2).
    The provision in Sec.  11.205(b)(2) was moved to Sec.  10.232. In 
this provision, the Coast Guard is pointing out that it does not intend 
to impose greater requirements or restrictions on naturalized citizens 
than it does on U.S.-born citizens. This is existing text.
    One commenter says that Sec.  11.205(f)(2) advises applicants to 
take an examination as soon as possible, which seems to be unnecessary 
and may not be advisable. The commenter suggests that applicants should 
be reminded that applications are only good for a year.
    This specific provision in Sec.  11.205(f)(2) was moved to Sec.  
11.201(j)(2). The Coast Guard agrees with the comment and has amended 
the text to clarify that the validity of the application period is 1 
year.
    Three commenters remark that proposed Sec.  11.205(e)(3) is unclear 
and seems to require applicants for 200-ton credentials and towing 
vessel mate/master to complete a higher level of medical training.
    The provisions for CPR training in Sec.  11.205(e) were transferred 
to Sec.  11.201(i). The proposed text in Sec.  11.205(e)(3) of the NPRM 
was deleted from this SNPRM. The proposed requirements in Sec.  
11.201(i) state that all applicants for an original officer endorsement 
must take at least first-aid and CPR courses, except those specifically 
exempted in Sec. Sec.  11.429, 11.456, and 11.467, which include some 
masters of not more than 100 GRT and OUPVs. All applicants for officer 
endorsements above 100 GRT on oceans routes must comply with this 
provision.

Course Approvals

    Thirteen commenters disagree with the proposed requirement for 
training institutions to offer approved training courses every 12 
months or lose approval for that course.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the proposal in this SNPRM.
    Six commenters disagree with the proposed requirement that company 
owners, as well as students, fill out and submit questionnaires upon 
employees' completion of approved training.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the proposal in this SNPRM.
    Five commenters disagree with the proposed requirement that a 
course approval expires when there is a change in the ``management'' of 
the training provider.
    The Coast Guard agrees and proposes to retain the current 
requirement that a course approval expires when there is an ownership 
change in the training institution.
    Thirteen commenters object to the proposed requirement that each 
training institution submit an annual report for each course. The 
commenters feel this requirement should be limited to educational and/
or training institutions with individually approved courses only, and 
not to educational and/or training institutions with approved programs 
containing multiple courses which are already subject to the U.S. Coast 
Guard's approval process, independent and internal audits under a QSS.
    The Coast Guard agrees. This proposed requirement was not intended 
to apply to individual courses within approved training programs, which 
typically have several approved courses embedded in them. In this case, 
one annual report would cover all of the embedded courses within a 
training program.
    One commenter disagrees with proposed Sec.  10.302(b)(5)(i), which 
requires that instructors at training institutions have either recent 
experience or training in effective instructional techniques (within 
the past 5 years).
    The Coast Guard disagrees. If an instructor does not teach within 5 
years, he or she risks losing proficiency. As such, Sec.  
10.302(b)(5)(i) will remain unchanged.
    Three commenters disagree with proposed Sec.  10.303(a)(4), which 
states that schools must ``require each student to successfully 
demonstrate practical skills appropriate to the course material and 
equal to the endorsement for which the course is required.'' The 
commenters feel that this is the responsibility of the Coast Guard.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The course approval will determine and 
state the authority and scope of the requirements, which will become 
the responsibility of the training institution. Some courses are 
required to include practical demonstration of skills as part of the 
approval.
    One commenter writes Sec.  10.303(a)(7)(i) seems out of place. 
There is a need for clarification on this topic to make it both fair 
and workable.
    The Coast Guard deleted the text for Sec.  10.303(a)(7)(i) from 
this SNPRM.
    One commenter asks what is meant by ``Follow-up activities'' as 
written in Sec.  10.302(b)(7)(ii)(E).
    The Coast Guard has amended the text to clarify the statement to 
indicate that the lesson plans should include homework, reading 
assignments, and any other activity to be performed after the lesson 
has been presented. This requirement is now found in Sec.  
10.402(b)(7)(ii)(E).
    One commenter asks why visual aids must be ``modern'' as written in 
Sec.  10.303.
    The Coast Guard notes that this requirement currently exists. 
Nonetheless, in this SNPRM the Coast Guard proposes to omit the word 
``modern.''
    Two commenters request clarification for the phrase ``deviating 
from course-

[[Page 45940]]

approved curricula'' as written in Sec.  10.302(g)(2)(ii).
    The Coast Guard believes the proposed rule is sufficiently clear 
and does not need revision. When a training institution submits a 
course approval package, part of that package is a course curriculum, 
which explains how the course will be presented (instructors, printed 
material, use of simulators, examinations, etc.). Once the course has 
been approved by the Coast Guard, training institutions may not deviate 
from, or make any changes to, the curriculum without submitting a 
request for a change to the course approval.
    One commenter recommends the Coast Guard amend the approved 
curriculum reporting requirement (in Sec.  10.303 of the NPRM) that 
training institutions provide an annual report to the NMC to include a 
summary for each of the provider's approved courses as it may likely 
add hardship to small entity operations.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the requirement for training 
institutions to provide an annual report to the NMC to include a 
summary for each of the provider's approved courses. The general 
standards requirements for schools with approved courses and programs 
are now found in Sec.  10.403 in this SNPRM.
    One commenter asks the Coast Guard to consider computer-based 
distance learning training for theory portions of courses and for 
courses not requiring an instructor.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has added a new Sec.  10.412 regarding 
distance and e-learning.
    Six commenters note that the proposed regulation in Sec.  
10.303(a)(5) would require each school with an approved course to 
maintain physical or electronic records for at least 5 years after the 
end of each student's enrollment. The commenters request that this 
provision be kept at the current 1-year requirement.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. Since all parties to the STCW Convention 
may, at any time, request documentary proof of a mariner's 
qualifications and training, documentary evidence of such training and 
qualifications must be retained for the life of the mariner's 
credential (5 years). Therefore, the Coast Guard is retaining this 
proposed requirement.
    One commenter says Sec.  10.303(a)(5) needs to be clarified and 
asks what part of the student record that must actually be maintained.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and the proposed regulations in 46 CFR 
10.403(a)(6) clearly state what is required to be maintained in a 
student record.
    One commenter is concerned that the wording of the proposed Sec.  
11.401(j) could impact a mariner with current credentials who has been 
teaching Coast Guard-approved courses at a training institution when 
seeking renewal or upgrade to that credential.
    The Coast Guard partially agrees. The SNPRM includes an existing 
provision in Sec.  10.232(e) that allows the Coast Guard to accept 
evidence of employment in a position closely related to the operation, 
construction, or repair of vessels (either deck or engineer, as 
appropriate) as meeting the sea service requirements for renewal under 
Sec.  10.227(e)(1)(iv). This service may be creditable for service for 
raise of grade of an engineer or deck officer endorsement; however, it 
may not be used for obtaining an original STCW management-level 
endorsement.
    One commenter suggests that in Sec.  10.227, the phrase ``position 
closely related to the operation * * *'' is being inconsistently 
applied to applicants for renewal who are instructors, examiners, port 
engineers, and port captains.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. We have a long history of accepting such 
closely related service and have made all efforts to do so in a 
consistent fashion. If the commenter has specific examples of 
inconsistency, he or she may send those examples to the Office of 
Vessel Activities (CG-543) and the Coast Guard will take appropriate 
action.
    Five commenters remark there is a need for greater specificity on 
the qualification requirements for instructors in Coast Guard-approved 
courses.
    The Coast Guard agrees that this information is beneficial, but 
also feels this detail is better provided by a Navigation and Vessel 
Inspection Circular (NVIC) or similar guidance document, which we plan 
on issuing after publication of a Final Rule.
    One commenter states instructors with expired credentials or 
military personnel with the appropriate experience should be allowed to 
act as instructors of approved training courses or programs.
    Acceptance of instructors is conducted on a case-by-case basis and 
considers the whole of the prospective instructor's experience. Lack of 
a current merchant mariner credential will not necessarily disqualify a 
candidate.
    Two commenters note that proposed Sec.  12.630(d) offers the 
alternative for an applicant to complete an approved training program. 
Because of differing interpretations of this phrase, the commenters 
believe it would be better to use the words ``approved training'' as in 
Sec.  11.407(a)(2).
    The Coast Guard disagrees. An ``approved training program'' is more 
comprehensive and includes sea service training and assessment, while 
``approved training'' may only include a single course and/or 
assessment.
    One commenter raises concerns with the use of the terms ``Coast 
Guard accepted'' and ``Coast Guard approved'' in regards to training 
and recommends removing all reference to ``approved training.''
    The Coast Guard is cognizant that the terms may cause confusion, 
but disagrees with eliminating ``approved training.'' In this SNPRM, we 
have clarified the definitions. In general, ``Coast Guard approved'' 
refers to training that is approved by the Coast Guard through the 
process outlined in regulation. ``Coast Guard accepted'' refers to 
training that is approved by and/or provided by other entities and do 
not go through the Coast Guard approval process. Currently, the only 
Coast Guard-accepted training is first aid, CPR, fishing vessel safety 
instructor, and VSO.

Examinations

    Two commenters express concern over the Coast Guard substituting a 
Coast Guard-prepared examination for one used in an approved course, 
unless the course is approved to substitute for a Coast Guard 
examination for a merchant mariner credential.
    The Coast Guard agrees. It was our intent to limit this provision 
to courses approved to substitute for a Coast Guard exam, and we have 
revised the wording of this requirement to make this more apparent.
    Three commenters suggest that the standard for approval of a course 
to substitute for the Coast Guard-administered examination for an 
officer or rating endorsement be changed to require only that the 
course's exam be equivalent to that given by the Coast Guard.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and does not propose to amend this 
requirement from its present form.
    One commenter suggests removing the word ``written'' from Sec.  
10.303(a)(3). The commenter says some training institutions are 
providing online examinations, which are not written examinations and 
that there may be a situation where the evaluation is based on a 
simulator examination.
    The Coast Guard agrees with the intent of the comment to provide 
flexibility for the various means for examination (written or 
electronic) and has amended the text to reflect this

[[Page 45941]]

change. The requirement was moved to Sec.  10.403(a)(4).
    One commenter states Sec.  11.430(d), which requires international 
rule outside the COLREGS line but within the boundary, will be an 
administrative nightmare and asks how the NMC reviewer would know if 
the international rules exam was taken by someone who took an inland/
Great Lakes course.
    The Coast Guard notes that this requirement has existed for many 
years and is found in the current Sec.  11.430. If the course approval 
states that it covers Great Lakes and inland waters and that it 
includes both inland and international rules of the road examination 
questions, no COLREGS limitation is placed on the credential. If an 
applicant tests at an REC, the Coast Guard assigns the module that 
covers both inland and international waters. If the mariner states he 
or she wants only an inland rules examination, the Coast Guard gives 
the applicant an inland rules module, and a COLREGS limitation is 
placed on the MMC.

Quality Standard System (QSS)

    Seven commenters express confusion and disagreement with their 
interpretation that the Coast Guard is removing itself as one of the 
QSS monitors for Coast Guard-approved courses and training programs. 
The commenters believe that this will require training institutions to 
spend large amounts of money for an independent organization to help 
them develop and monitor a QSS for their organizations.
    It was not the intent of the Coast Guard to remove itself from the 
monitoring of courses. The Coast Guard has amended the text in 46 CFR 
part 10, subpart D by providing two options. The first option is a 
Coast Guard-approved course for which the Coast Guard also provides the 
QSS monitoring. The second option is using a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization that approves and monitors a course. Under the second 
option, the Coast Guard monitors the Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization. The Coast Guard will continue to perform oversight of all 
approved courses and training programs.
    Five commenters recommend that the proposed regulations in 
Sec. Sec.  10.308 and 10.303 permit the maritime academies to 
demonstrate compliance with the QSS provisions in Regulation 1/8 of the 
STCW Convention and those items specifically listed in Sec.  
10.303(b)(1)(i)(x) through existing recognized academic accreditation, 
where accredited degree programs and license/STCW courses which make up 
an approved program are linked.
    The Coast Guard partially agrees with the comment. The STCW 
Convention requires that the training is monitored by a QSS, however 
the Convention also allows for the acceptance of a QSS as part of an 
accreditation body provided it covers the Convention training 
requirements. The Coast Guard recognizes that academic accreditation 
bodies address some (not all) of the STCW Convention requirements and 
have amended the text to allow acceptance of the accreditation 
documentation for one or more of the QSS required items.
    One commenter suggests that the federal and state maritime 
academies be subject to the same QSS requirements and instructor 
qualification standards as other schools offering Coast Guard-approved 
courses.
    The Coast Guard agrees in part. The proposed QSS requirements will 
apply to all organizations with Coast Guard-approved courses or 
programs, including the maritime academies. However, the Coast Guard 
notes that specific application of these requirements will vary as the 
maritime academies are also regulated by the Maritime Administration in 
46 CFR part 310.
    One commenter requests that the Coast Guard remove the requirement 
in proposed Sec.  10.303(a)(8) for an annual internal audit of each 
individual approved course as this requirement is overly burdensome. If 
this requirement cannot be removed, the commenter believes that 
training facilities that maintain full ISO 9001 certification by a USCG 
recognized QSS organization should be exempt from this requirement.
    The Coast Guard partially agrees. Section 10.303(a)(8) of the NPRM 
proposed that a training institution conduct an internal audit midway 
through the term of the course's approval and submitted to the NMC. 
Course approvals are typically good for 5 years, so the midway point is 
at two-and-a-half years. The Coast Guard is using accepted quality 
practices that require companies to implement internal auditing 
functions.
    If, as part of its ISO certification, a training institution is 
required to conduct an annual internal audit, that same documentation 
can be utilized for the required QSS audit. Also, the school is only 
required to conduct a single internal audit of the QSS regardless of 
how many individually approved courses the institution offers.
    Seven commenters request that the Coast Guard delete the 
requirement in proposed Sec.  10.303(a)(10) for a QSS.
    A QSS is required by the STCW and will remain a requirement for 
training courses required to obtain an STCW endorsement. Schools that 
do not offer STCW courses will not be required to have a QSS.
    One commenter notes that Sec.  10.303(b)(1)(vii) states that the 
QSS must define the provider's responsibility for ``enabling mariner 
completion of Coast Guard applications * * *.'' The commenter further 
states that a school's primary purpose is to provide training, rather 
than to deal with application paperwork. Although training institutions 
may provide assistance with application preparation, that service is an 
ancillary feature and, as such, is not an appropriate component to be 
addressed by a rulemaking. The commenter recommends that this 
requirement be deleted from the proposed regulations.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has deleted that language from Sec.  
10.403.
    One commenter recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  
10.303(b)(1)(vii), which requires that course providers assist students 
in the preparation of their Coast Guard MMC applications.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has deleted that language from Sec.  
10.303(b).

Training Record Book (TRB)

    Three commenters state the additional Training Record Book (TRB) 
entries proposed in Sec.  10.304 exceed the current requirements given 
the one-time use of the TRB for original license application only. The 
commenters believe requiring dual signatures in the TRB does nothing to 
enhance safety and is an enormous documentation burden with no added 
value.
    The Coast Guard partially agrees. We agree that the TRBs are made 
to be used for onboard training and assessment as part of a training 
program. Therefore, the requirements have been amended to reflect that. 
The Coast Guard disagrees that the signatures do not add any value. We 
believe that the signatures are necessary to establish when and to whom 
the prospective officer has demonstrated that he or she has achieved 
the standard of competence. This requirement is consistent with Section 
B-II/1, paragraph 9 of the STCW Convention.

Designated Examiner (DE)/Qualified Assessor (QA)

    Six commenters disagree with the proposed definition of designated 
examiner. The commenters believe that the DE is not qualified to 
evaluate

[[Page 45942]]

whether an applicant has achieved the level of competence required to 
hold an endorsement on an MMC.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised its definition for 
designated examiner to make it specific to towing vessels and removed 
references for determining competence. We have further added a 
definition for qualified assessor for those individuals conducting STCW 
assessments and the assessor's skills and/or training would be focused 
on conducting assessments instead of training.
    Three commenters express concern over the requirement that a 
designated examiner must have experience and/or training in assessment 
techniques and feel that this would impose an additional burden on 
mariners who conduct STCW assessments that will negatively impact 
mariners' willingness to serve assessors.
    The commenters appear to have confused a qualified assessor, who 
witnesses a demonstration of skill for STCW purposes, with a designated 
examiner, who assesses the competence of candidates for towing vessel 
licenses and who is required to be approved by the Coast Guard. The 
requirement for experience and/or training in assessment techniques was 
not changed in the NPRM or this SNPRM. The proposed amendments to this 
definition were limited to the use of the term strictly with regard to 
the towing vessel TOAR.
    One commenter notes a disparity between Sec.  10.305(a)(3), which 
allows a DE to assess anyone seeking an endorsement lesser than or 
equal to the endorsement the DE possesses, and Policy Letter 14-02, 
which requires a RFPNW be assessed by an unlimited second mate or 
master. The commenter recommends that the standard stated in the NPRM 
be followed immediately, and into the future.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The provisions for DE training in Sec.  
10.305 were transferred to Sec.  10.405. As previously noted, a 
``designated examiner'' differs from a ``qualified assessor,'' and the 
proposed Sec.  10.405(a)(3) describes the qualifications of a 
designated examiner, it does not specify what assessments they can 
conduct.
    Four commenters express concern that the proposed rule would impose 
an additional burden on mariners who conduct STCW assessments that will 
negatively impact their willingness to serve as assessors.
    A qualified assessor witnesses a demonstration of skill for STCW, 
while a designated examiner assesses the competence of candidates for 
towing vessel licenses that is required to be approved by the Coast 
Guard. Also, as used in the proposed rule at Sec.  10.405(a), ``must 
have * * *'' refers to the requirements to qualify for Coast Guard 
approval as a designated examiner; it does not impose a burden for the 
designated examiner or qualified assessor to carry documentation of the 
experience.

Subjects for Deck and Engine Officer Endorsements

    One commenter recommends that the format of proposed Table 11.901-2 
(Deck), Tables 11.950-1 and 2 (Engineer) and Table 12.516(B) (Ratings) 
be harmonized and amended to more clearly identify the degree of 
expertise required at different levels.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has harmonized the tables.

Towing

    Two commenters question the training schedule to receive an STCW 
endorsement, saying it is overly burdensome to the marine assistance 
operators. The commenters suggest that if the industry cannot be 
exempt, a shortened program designed for their needs is necessary to 
alleviate this burden.
    Assistance towing vessels operating within the jurisdictional 
waters of the United States will not be required to undergo additional 
training and assessment beyond what is already required for a domestic 
endorsement. Those vessels operating beyond the boundary line must meet 
the STCW requirements.
    Three commenters point out that proposed Sec.  10.304(f)(5) states 
that a TOAR must have a space for an instructor or officer to document 
that the applicant has received the training needed to perform the task 
or skills. The commenters believe the TOARs posted by the Coast Guard 
as part of NVIC 4-01 on towing endorsements do not have space for 
documenting this training, even though that requirement appears in the 
current rules. The commenters recommend that the requirement for 
documentation of training be dropped from this section.
    The Coast Guard is taking necessary steps to revise the NVIC to 
include a space for the designated examiner's signature. However, the 
Coast Guard still believes there is value in documenting that an 
individual has determined that an applicant has achieved the level of 
proficiency required to hold a towing vessel endorsement.

Tankerman

    One commenter remarks that the proposed requirement to not allow 
sea service granted for attendance at a Coast Guard-approved course to 
meet requirements for sea service recency for renewal of a tankerman 
endorsement conflicts with renewal requirements in Sec.  13.120.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The regulations concerning renewal of a 
tankerman endorsement specifically allow completion of a Coast Guard-
approved course as an alternative to recent sea service on tank vessels 
for renewal of a tankerman endorsement.
    Three commenters ask that the proposed rule be revised to retain 
the ability for a mariner holding an endorsement as tankerman-PIC 
(barge) to qualify for an STCW endorsement.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the proposed rule to allow 
mariners who hold a tankerman-PIC (barge) endorsement to qualify for a 
corresponding STCW endorsement. The STCW endorsement will be restricted 
to ``non-self propelled vessels.''

Offshore Supply Vessels (OSVs)

    One commenter notes there needs to be a clearly defined pathway out 
of the OSV licensing structure to the non-trade restricted licenses.
    The Coast Guard agrees and will issue guidance to describe the 
difference in required competence between OSV credentials and non-trade 
restricted credentials.
    Six commenters note that the NPRM proposes that applicants for OSV 
officer endorsements on seagoing vessels must complete a Coast Guard 
approved program of training, assessment, and sea service that meets 
the requirements of the STCW regulations. The commenters recommend that 
the final OSV credential rules retain the more flexible language to 
insure the continuity of an alternate qualifying method for vessels of 
limited tonnage on domestic voyages.
    The Coast Guard has revised the proposed requirements to allow for 
the use of the various methods for meeting the STCW standard of 
competence for both STCW and domestic endorsements.
    One commenter states application of the STCW to mariners serving on 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT in the OSV industry should be held 
to the same standard as the deep sea industry.
    The Coast Guard agrees, and these regulations ensure that mariners 
in all near-coastal and ocean industries, including the OSV industry, 
will comply with the STCW Convention.

[[Page 45943]]

MODUs

    One commenter points out that the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management 
Regulation and Enforcement no longer approves courses, specifically the 
blowout prevention and well control training program, and recommends 
that the rulemaking be revised to reflect this change in the 
regulations.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has made the change.
    Two commenters feel that the Coast Guard is issuing credentials for 
mariners on MODUs, such as chief engineer MODU, assistant engineer 
MODU, and able-bodied seaman MODU, but that the Coast Guard fails to 
include them in the appropriate portions of the CFR, instead listing 
them in an obscure volume of the Marine Safety Manual, which is a 
guidance publication.
    Some of the requirements for MODU endorsements are already 
contained in the regulations in the previous Sec.  10.540 series for 
engineer officers and in the previous Sec.  10.470 series for deck 
officers. They now appear in Sec. Sec.  11.540-11.544 for engineer 
officers and in Sec. Sec.  11.468-11.474 for deck officers. The Coast 
Guard has proposed in the regulations those endorsements which we have 
statutory authority to issue.

Small Passenger Vessels

    One commenter asks the Coast Guard to exempt small passenger 
vessels subject to subchapter T or K of Title 46, CFR from having to 
comply with subpart J.
    The Coast Guard partially agrees. The STCW Convention requires that 
small passenger vessels on seagoing voyages comply with the STCW 
Convention and Code. The Coast Guard maintains that individuals serving 
on such vessels on domestic voyages are in substantive compliance with 
STCW and will not have further obligations under this rule. However, 
those same individuals, when operating in the waters of another nation, 
must meet the STCW Convention requirements.

Economic Comments--Training Requirements

    Nine commenters express concern about costs for STCW training 
requirements that are absorbed not by mariners, but their employers and 
state that companies will have a direct and significant impact from the 
proposed requirements because, to a large extent, companies pay for the 
training their employees will obtain under collective bargaining 
agreements where contributions are made to a pooled training fund.
    The NPRM does not directly require companies or maritime employers 
to pay for the proposed training requirements for affected mariners. 
However, the Coast Guard acknowledges that some companies employing 
mariners might be indirectly impacted in the future. The Coast Guard 
understands there are companies that have made the business decision to 
help pay for mariner training. In recognition of this possibility, 
Coast Guard has modified the analysis of impacts on small entities in 
the Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis to include a sensitivity 
analysis showing the impact of additional training costs on small 
entities. In addition, under the SNPRM, the Coast Guard would accept 
various methods for demonstrating competence that would reduce the 
costs of training requirements proposed in the November 17, 2009 NPRM, 
a significant cost relief to companies or maritime employers. Please 
see the discussion under ``Methods for demonstrating competence'' for 
additional details.
    Twelve commenters suggest that proposed training requirements may 
create or exacerbate shortages of qualified mariners due to excessively 
high personal and financial costs imposed on mariners, and present 
challenges to owners and operators in manning vessels due to higher 
compensation requirements for a shrinking pool of qualified mariners.
    The Coast Guard is cognizant that additional training requirements 
can have an impact on the mariner pool available to man the vessels. 
The Coast Guard does not believe that the proposed training 
requirements in this SNPRM will create or exacerbate shortages of 
qualified mariners. In response to public comments received after the 
publication of the November 17, 2009 NPRM, the SNPRM would permit the 
Coast Guard to accept various methods for demonstrating competence, 
such as on the job training. These methods would significantly reduce 
the costs of training requirements proposed in the NPRM. Furthermore, 
the Coast Guard would allow for the preservation of the ``hawsepipe'' 
program and foster career paths that were not previously available. The 
Coast Guard would also grant sea service towards STCW endorsements and 
for domestic endorsements of unlimited tonnage when those mariners 
provide proof of service on the Great Lakes or inland waters. Finally, 
the Coast Guard proposes to remove the requirement proposed in the 
November 17, 2009 NPRM for an OICEW or DDE candidate to complete 
approved education and training of at least 30 months.

Economic Comments--QSS Requirements

    Four commenters state that the NPRM requires training schools to 
use a non-governmental entity QSS organization or employ professional 
outside consultants. They add that the costs of using a third-party 
organization or consultants should be included in the regulatory 
analysis. Further, one commenter says that the magnitude of these costs 
may break the budgets of many mariners and their employers.
    The Coast Guard included a range of costs to develop a QSS program 
for an entire organization (not for individual courses) of $4,320 to 
$12,240. This range is sufficiently broad to include the possibility 
that a training provider hires a professional outside consultant, uses 
a non-governmental entity QSS organization, or develops its own QSS 
using its internal human resources at lower costs.

Economic Comments--Small Entities

    Six commenters express concern about the cost impact of proposed 
STCW training requirements on small entities that would not be able to 
pay for their mariners' training or compensate them with higher wages 
they may request after obtaining additional training.
    The Coast Guard concurs that small entities may be impacted by the 
training requirements and has revised the Regulatory Flexibility 
Analysis to assess the impact of training costs on small entities. 
However, as mentioned in the previous responses, the alternative 
methods for demonstrating competence proposed by the Coast Guard in 
this SNPRM would significantly reduce the cost impact of the training 
requirements.

Response to Comments From MERPAC

    Below, the Coast Guard responds to comments received from the 
MERPAC. Several of MERPAC's comments noted non-substantive, editorial 
errors in the NPRM. The Coast Guard has incorporated these comments 
where appropriate, without further discussion.
    MERPAC recommends that this rulemaking be merged to include the 
results of the comprehensive review adopting the 2010 amendments to the 
STCW Convention and STCW Code, which was concluded by the International 
Maritime Organization (IMO) in June 2010.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has decided to publish this SNPRM, which 
describes proposed changes from the NPRM published on November 17, 
2009, and includes the new proposed regulations which address the IMO 
2010

[[Page 45944]]

amendments to the STCW Convention and Code.
    MERPAC believes sea service should be accepted based on the 
applicability to the credential being sought rather than for a 
geographical area. For example, service on a large vessel on the Great 
Lakes should be deemed equivalent to service on a large vessel on the 
open ocean.
    The Coast Guard agrees and proposes to grant sea service for STCW 
endorsements as follows: Great Lakes: day-for-day; and inland waters: 2 
days of inland service equals 1 day of ocean service. The reason for 
the difference in service credit is based on the fact that Great Lakes 
service most closely resembles the length, breadth, equipment, and 
operation of ocean service.
    MERPAC recommends that the medical certificate described in the 
2010 amendments should only apply to those required to hold an STCW 
endorsement, which are valid for 2 years.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has included the medical certificate in 
Sec.  10.301. It will be valid for a 2-year period for those mariners 
to which STCW applies and for a 5-year period for all other mariners. 
The sole exception to this is pilots, and their medical certificates 
will be valid for a 1-year period per the existing requirement. 
Mariners will need a valid medical certificate to apply for a 
credential.
    MERPAC recommends that all methods for demonstrating competence 
listed in column three of the tables in Part A of the STCW Code should 
be accepted, not just training.
    The Coast Guard agrees and proposes to amend the requirements in 
parts 11, 12, and 13 to accept different methods for demonstrating 
competence in accordance with the STCW competency tables, as 
appropriate for each competence. This will allow the preservation of 
the ``hawsepipe'' path and retain existing career paths.
    MERPAC believes the Coast Guard needs to ensure that those 
implementing these regulations be involved in the process to make sure 
the new regulations can be implemented.
    The Coast Guard agrees; representatives from the National Maritime 
Center and the Office of Vessel Activities, both of which will carry 
responsibility for implementing these proposed regulations, have been 
closely involved in the development of the implementation process for 
this rulemaking.
    MERPAC recommends that the amended STCW Code be used as the base 
language for the new regulations and amended as needed to fit U.S. 
needs.
    The Coast Guard partially agrees. The Coast Guard has used STCW 
language for STCW endorsement requirements but has retained the current 
language for domestic requirements.
    MERPAC recommends that the following changes be made to the 
definitions section of this rulemaking:
    In the definition of ``assistance towing'', MERPAC feels the 
addition of ``for hire'' is not clarifying as intended and should be 
deleted.
    The Coast Guard agrees, and the definition has been revised.
    Regarding the definition of ``chief mate'', MERPAC expresses 
concern regarding the two-watch system. MERPAC feels that the language 
is too specific to large vessels with multiple mates and that many 
smaller vessels do not actually carry a chief mate, which causes myriad 
of problems, including truncated career paths. MERPAC recommends 
removing the new language.
    The Coast Guard agrees, and is retaining the existing definition.
    MERPAC suggests that the Coast Guard add ``competent'' to the list 
of definitions.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and believes that the definition of 
``competent'' alone would be redundant, given that we define 
``competent person''.
    Regarding the definition of ``competent person'', MERPAC believes 
all definitions should be spelled out in the CFR part in which the term 
is used, not referenced to another section.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed this definition and included 
the relevant information in part 13.
    Regarding the definition of ``day'', MERPAC suggests that the 
policy of issuing 1\1/2\-day credit for a 12-hour work day should be 
extended to all mariners.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and sees no reason to revise the 
definition published in the NPRM, as it already allows for this credit, 
if appropriate.
    MERPAC feels the definition of ``designated examiner'' should state 
``observed demonstration of proficiency and other assessments required 
for MMC's'', and that the Coast Guard should strike the words 
``training or'' and retain the words ``of assessment''.
    The term ``designated examiner'' (DE) has been revised and now 
refers only to the person assessing proficiency aboard towing vessels 
in a TOAR. The Coast Guard has developed a new term and definition, 
``qualified assessor'' (QA), for assessment of practical demonstration 
of proficiency on other vessels. The Coast Guard disagrees with the 
removal of the words ``training or'' because DEs and QAs often first 
act as teachers before acting as assessors of a candidate's practical 
demonstrations.
    MERPAC feels that the definition of ``domestic voyage'' does not 
allow for voyages from one United States port to another that enter 
Canadian/Mexican waters. MERPAC believes Great Lakes voyages need to be 
included here as well.
    The Coast Guard disagrees with the comment. The definition of 
``domestic voyage'' is consistent with the application of the STCW 
near-coastal provisions, which requires that vessels operating in 
another country's waters meet the STCW requirements. Furthermore, the 
STCW Convention does not apply to vessels operating in the Great Lakes; 
therefore, mariners operating in these waters can use the U.S. domestic 
credential specifically created for this area. It is unnecessary to 
include Great Lakes voyages in the definition, as this is already a 
route established on credentials.
    MERPAC believes the definitions of ``dual mode/ATB'' and ``dual 
mode/ITB'' do not add clarification about which type of vessel is 
intended, and suggests that the Coast Guard use industry verbiage.
    The Coast Guard agrees, but did not revise the definitions. The 
Coast Guard is seeking comments on this issue, to include specific 
suggestions of the proper definitions to be included in the definition.
    In the definition of ``first assistant engineer'', MERPAC suggests 
deleting second engineer officer. MERPAC feels that the effort to 
harmonize domestic and international terminology and standards is only 
causing more confusion.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has made only minor changes to the 
definition currently in the regulations. The proposed definition for 
``first assistant engineer'' is as follows: ``First assistant 
engineer'' means the engineer officer next in rank to the chief 
engineer and upon whom the responsibility for the mechanical propulsion 
and the operation of maintenance of the mechanical and electrical 
installations of the vessel will fall in the event of the incapacity of 
the chief engineer.'' This would change ``next in seniority,'' as used 
in the existing definition, to ``next in rank.'' It would also add 
responsibility for ``the operation of maintenance of the mechanical and 
electrical installations of the vessel.''
    MERPAC believes the definitions of ``horsepower'' and ``propulsion 
power'' should state that the manufacturer's

[[Page 45945]]

rating of the engine refers to the continuous-rated output.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition.
    MERPAC feels that the Coast Guard has not specified when a 
credential is ``valid'' or ``invalid''.
    The Coast Guard term ``invalid credential'' is clearly defined in 
existing text within Sec.  10.107.
    MERPAC believes that the term ``lifeboatman'' should be deleted and 
that the term ``survival craft operator'' would be more appropriate. 
MERPAC believes two levels of ``survival craft operator'' should be 
created for all survival craft or limited to those vessels without 
lifeboats.
    The term lifeboatman must be retained because it is mandated in the 
law at 46 U.S.C. 7316. The Coast Guard is proposing the following 
domestic endorsements: Lifeboatman; and lifeboatman-limited. The Coast 
Guard is also proposing two STCW endorsements: Proficiency in survival 
craft and rescue boats other than fast rescue boats (PSC); and 
Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than lifeboats and 
fast rescue boats--limited (PSC--limited).
    MERPAC feels that since the term ``lower level'' is only used to 
assess fees, the Coast Guard should either delete this term or find a 
more appropriate, less demeaning term.
    The terms ``upper level'' and ``lower level'' were used in Sec.  
10.219. The Coast Guard has replaced the term ``upper level'' with the 
term ``unlimited'' (which means credentials authorizing service on 
vessels of any gross tons/unlimited tonnage or unlimited propulsion 
power). The Coast Guard has also replaced the term ``lower level'' with 
the term ``limited'' (which means credentials authorizing service on 
vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT).
    MERPAC believes the term ``management level'' means ``a level of 
responsibility within STCW'' and should state as much.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition consistent 
with this recommendation.
    Regarding the term ``near-coastal'', MERPAC suggests the Coast 
Guard add the words ``and its possessions'' after the words ``waters 
off the United States.''
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition.
    MERPAC believes the definition of ``operational level'' should say 
``vessel'' not ``ship'' to be inclusive of all vessels affected by 
STCW. MERPAC feels the Coast Guard should be consistent throughout the 
document, removing other references to ``ship''.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed references to the term 
``ship''.
    Regarding the definition for ``orally assisted examination'', 
MERPAC believes that only Coast Guard personnel at an REC, approved and 
trained to administer these tests, should provide an oral exam. MERPAC 
does not believe the language ``by Coast Guard examiner'' captures the 
intent and that it needs to assure that this cannot be interpreted to 
include ``Coast Guard-approved examiner''.
    The Coast Guard agrees that special training is needed to properly 
administer an oral examination, but does not think it necessary to make 
the suggested revision, as the phrase, ``Coast Guard,'' is not the same 
as saying ``Coast Guard-approved''.
    In the definition for ``qualified rating'', MERPAC feels that 
``lifeboatman'' should be noted as an endorsement and should be removed 
from the definition.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition.
    MERPAC feels that the second sentence in the definition of ``QSS'' 
should be removed.
    The Coast Guard modified the definition as follows: ``QSS means a 
set of policies, procedures, processes and data required to establish 
and fulfill the organization's objectives.''
    MERPAC suggests revising the definition of ``rest'' by removing the 
language regarding administrative tasks.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The language regarding administrative 
tasks clarifies the definition. This is an existing definition that was 
transferred from part 15.
    MERPAC suggests harmonizing the definition of ``seagoing service'' 
with the definition in the STCW Convention.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has adopted the STCW definition of 
seagoing service.
    MERPAC believes the Coast Guard should add the words ``on file at 
the Coast Guard'' into the definition of ``senior company official''.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and has removed this language as 
signatures are no longer kept on file at the Coast Guard.
    MERPAC suggests breaking the tables of exam topics into STCW versus 
applicable to all, or somehow designate with an asterisk to eliminate 
confusion. MERPAC also suggests that the Coast Guard review the 
contents for true harmonization with the STCW concepts of operational 
and management levels.
    The Coast Guard agrees in part and has conducted a review of 
examination topics to ensure they are up to date and reflect both 
domestic and STCW requirements at both operational and management 
levels.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete the word ``ratings'' 
in Sec.  10.109(b) that are endorsements. For example, a lifeboatman is 
not a person and is not a rating; it is an endorsement applied to a 
credential held by a person.
    The term ``rating'' in Sec.  10.109 is used to identify a type of 
endorsement. Every position listed in Sec.  10.109(b) can be 
independently held; therefore they are endorsements.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard separate the domestic 
endorsements from the STCW endorsements.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has clearly separated the two 
endorsement schemes to ease the reading of the requirements.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard amend Sec.  10.219(d)(3) to 
say that cash is no longer accepted, but checks, certified checks, and 
money orders are accepted.
    The Coast Guard agrees that cash payments should not be accepted, 
but disagrees that checks, certified checks, and money orders should be 
acceptable methods of payment. Eliminating payment by those means 
reduces costs and administrative burden, including audit requirements 
and the necessity for specially trained personnel to handle these types 
of transactions. Additionally, movement to all-electronic records and 
payment systems is expected to produce significant efficiency 
improvements and cost reductions.
    MERPAC recommends that in Sec.  10.225(b)(2), the Coast Guard 
should delete the requirement that applicants provide proof that they 
have applied for a TWIC within the past 30 days. Proof of holding/
applying for a TWIC should be sufficient. MERPAC believes it is not the 
mariner's fault if the TSA takes longer than 30 days to provide 
mariners with the document.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The language to hold a valid TWIC is 
necessary for mariners who may apply for a change in their existing 
credential. These mariners are already TWIC holders.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  10.225(b)(7), the Coast Guard 
retain the previous language of ``Coast Guard-approved form'' when an 
applicant submits an MMC application. MERPAC believes this will allow 
mariners to submit other forms as appropriate.
    The Coast Guard disagrees, and believes that the specific Coast 
Guard form, which is the only form accepted

[[Page 45946]]

by the Coast Guard, should be specified in lieu of the more general 
verbiage of the current regulation.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  10.227(e)(1)(iv), the Coast Guard 
add elaborating language to the phrase ``position closely related to 
the operation * * *'' for applicants to provide proof of meeting 
professional requirements for MMC renewals, as the current language is 
insufficient. MERPAC expresses concern that instructors/examiners as 
well as port captains/port engineers may not be approved as providing 
``closely related service''.
    The Coast Guard disagrees and feels that the language is adequate 
as proposed. Individual circumstances will be evaluated on a case-by-
case basis.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard clarify Sec.  10.227(g) with 
regard to Documents of Continuity. Specifically, MERPAC wants to know 
which document/endorsement goes into continuity. MERPAC believes that 
the license is in continuity but the STCW certificate/endorsement goes 
away completely and that domestic endorsements go into continuity, 
while STCW endorsements do not. However, MERPAC points out, by virtue 
of the STCW endorsement's relationship with the domestic endorsement, 
the STCW endorsement will be re-instituted with the domestic 
endorsement upon application, subject to all other renewal 
requirements.
    The Coast Guard proposes to amend Sec.  10.227(g) to specify that 
only domestic credentials will be issued for continuity. A new Sec.  
10.227(g)(3) will discuss STCW endorsements tied to domestic 
credentials, which go into continuity. Domestic endorsements go into 
continuity, while STCW endorsements do not. However, by virtue of the 
STCW endorsement's relationship with the domestic endorsement, the STCW 
endorsement will be re-instated with the domestic endorsement upon 
application, subject to all other renewal requirements.
    MERPAC recommends that Sec.  10.235(d) should read, in part, as 
follows: ``* * * will be issued a replacement MMC reflecting the 
remaining endorsements''.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. We have not proposed any changes to this 
paragraph from the existing text, and we believe that the current 
language is sufficiently clear.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  10.302(d)(2), the Coast Guard 
remove the requirement that a course must be offered every 12 months or 
its approval will expire.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed this requirement in this 
SNPRM.
    MERPAC believes that clarification is needed in Sec.  10.302(d)(5) 
and that the Coast Guard should create a new section to address change 
in management and name change of school, notifying NMC of changes.
    The Coast Guard agrees in part, and we propose in this SNPRM to 
retain the current regulation that a course approval expires when there 
is an ownership change in the training institution.
    MERPAC recommends that, the Coast Guard delete the words ``and 
employers'' from the requirement in Sec.  10.302(b)(7)(iii) to complete 
surveys after completion of approved courses.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the proposed requirement 
that mariners' employers be required to complete course evaluation 
surveys.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard amend Sec.  10.303(a)(3) to 
read as follows: ``Give written examinations to each student 
appropriate for the course material and should be equivalent in scope 
and difficulty of an examination prepared by the Coast Guard based upon 
the knowledge requirements of the position or endorsement for which the 
student is being trained.''
    The Coast Guard agrees in part and has amended the proposed 
requirement to clarify that the reference to an examination prepared by 
the Coast Guard is only for courses that are approved to substitute for 
a Coast Guard examination for an officer or rating endorsement.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete the words ``including 
the substitution of an applicable Coast Guard exam'' from Sec.  
10.303(a)(9)(iv).
    The Coast Guard agrees in part. It was our intent to limit this 
provision to courses approved to substitute for a Coast Guard exam, and 
we have revised the wording of this requirement to make this more 
apparent.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  
10.303(b)(1)(vii), which requires that course providers assist students 
in the preparation of their Coast Guard MMC applications.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has deleted that language from Sec.  
10.303(b).
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard amend Sec.  10.304(b) as it 
conflicts with current practice and needs to be corrected. MERPAC 
believes there are exceptions to the statement that recency 
requirements may not be achieved by service granted as a result of 
successful completion of approved training or by training on a 
simulator. For example, applicants for renewal of their tankerman-PIC 
endorsements can take a course in lieu of service to satisfy recency 
requirements.
    The Coast Guard agrees that there are some exceptions to the 
requirement and has amended this section accordingly.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  10.304(c) which 
states, ``Unless otherwise allowed, training obtained before receiving 
an endorsement may not be used for subsequent raises of grade, 
increases in scope, or renewals.''
    The Coast Guard disagrees and has retained the proposed language. 
There are some exceptions to the statement, including establishing 
continued professional competence by means of training.
    MERPAC feels that the requirements put forth in Sec.  10.304(d)(2) 
and (3) are redundant with the STCW Code and should be deleted. MERPAC 
believes the Coast Guard should insert language that says the training 
record book will cover the knowledge, training, and proficiency in 
accordance with Part A of the STCW Code.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. The training record book should be used 
to document training and assessment which will be performed on board a 
vessel. It is expected that not all training and assessment will be 
conducted onboard, therefore there is a need to differentiate between 
what is conducted on board and what is conducted ashore.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard revise Sec.  10.304, and 
suggests an entire rewrite of the proposed section.
    In this SNPRM, the Coast Guard has utilized some of MERPAC's 
recommendations in revising Sec.  10.404 of the NPRM.
    MERPAC feels that the language in Sec.  11.213 is too restrictive 
and does not give credit that is needed to allow military officers to 
utilize quality training and sea service. MERPAC recommends that the 
Coast Guard develop an equivalency table for military personnel to 
demonstrate equivalent service. The table, MERPAC believes, will need 
to be sufficiently detailed to establish job tasks and actual underway 
time for application.
    The Coast Guard agrees that the language in the NPRM is too 
restrictive and has retained the existing text. The provisions for 
``sea service as a member of the armed forces'' were moved to proposed 
Sec.  10.232. However, the Coast Guard disagrees that there is a need 
for a table showing equivalencies for military personnel because they 
are subject to the same STCW requirements set out in 46 CFR parts 11 
and 12.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete the term 
``practical'' from

[[Page 45947]]

Sec.  11.401(i), which requires that, ``An applicant for his or her 
first deck officer endorsement authorizing service on vessels of 200 
GRT/500 GT or more on ocean or near-coastal waters must pass a 
practical signaling examination (flashing light).''
    In this SNPRM, we are proposing that mariners demonstrate their 
competence in practical signaling by completing a Coast Guard approved 
course. This change is consistent with the STCW Code, which specifies 
practical instruction as the only acceptable method of demonstrating 
competence.
    MERPAC recommends that in Sec.  11.407(a)(1), ``seagoing'' vessels 
should be deleted, because the language in this provision does not meet 
the language of the STCW Code. MERPAC believes it also exceeds the 
requirement of the STCW Code that requires 6 months of bridge 
watchkeeping duties. MERPAC also recommends that the Coast Guard delete 
the requirement of 6 months of service while holding an A/B endorsement 
or hold the rating of RFPNW.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended the text accordingly. The 
Coast Guard separated the domestic and STCW licensing schemes into 
separate requirements. The STCW requirements are in the Sec.  11.300 
series and the domestic officer endorsements are in the Sec.  11.400 
series.
    MERPAC recommends that OUPV applicants serving in the near vicinity 
of Puerto Rico, as stated in Sec.  11.467(g) should be required to know 
standard maritime phrases and communications in English.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. OUPVs are not required to meet the 
requirements of STCW and would not be required to meet the IMO Standard 
Marine Communication Phrases, which is found in the requirements in the 
STCW Code and was adopted by the 22d IMO Assembly in November 2001.
    MERPAC feels there is an error in Figure 11.505(a) and suggests the 
Coast Guard add a path from DDE and assistant engineer into ships of 
3,000 kW/4,000 HP. MERPAC also suggests adding a path into ships of 
7,500 kW/10,000 HP and to invoke Article IX of the STCW Convention to 
resolve career path problems.
    The STCW endorsements have been separated from the domestic 
endorsements in this SNPRM, and a table of entry paths is provided for 
each of the five STCW engineering levels. The 7,500 kW/10,000 HP 
domestic endorsement has been removed. Figure 11.505(a) is revised to 
reflect these changes.
    MERPAC feels Sec.  11.507 is too detailed.
    The Coast Guard has removed the subject list from Sec.  11.507 and 
now references the appropriate section of the STCW Code.
    MERPAC believes there should be consistency and a harmonization of 
standards between deck and engine requirements that does not currently 
exist.
    The Coast Guard has separated STCW and domestic endorsements and 
has harmonized the language with the STCW Convention. Deck and engine 
endorsements, while not completely identical, have been harmonized as 
far as practicable to ensure consistency.
    MERPAC feels that Sec.  11.520 needs some reference to non-STCW 
endorsements.
    The STCW endorsements have been separated from the domestic 
endorsements in this SNPRM.
    MERPAC recommends that Sec.  11.551 be clarified in the preamble on 
the intent of meeting the language of Sec.  11.553(b).
    The Coast Guard has revised the sections on OSV endorsements to 
allow for the use of the various methods for meeting the STCW standard 
of competence for both STCW and domestic endorsements.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete the words, ``through 
practical demonstration of professional skills'' from Sec.  11.901(c), 
which deals with subjects of examinations and practical demonstrations 
of competence.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has made this revision.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard add requirements for all 
classifications of A/B endorsements listed in the U.S. Code.
    The Coast Guard agrees and this SNPRM proposes to amend Part 12 to 
include all A/B endorsements included in the U.S. Code.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete the term 
``survivalman'' from Sec.  12.412(f), which discusses general 
requirements for able seaman endorsements.
    The Coast Guard has withdrawn its proposed use of the term 
``survivalman'' and substitutes, in its place, lifeboatman-limited for 
the domestic endorsement. Regarding the STCW endorsement, the Coast 
Guard is proposing to use the term proficiency in survival craft and 
rescue boats other than lifeboats and fast rescue boats--limited (PSC--
limited), to ensure consistency with the Convention.
    MERPAC feels that, in Sec.  12.420, the Coast Guard is imposing 
difficulties on applicants by requiring service to be only on seagoing 
vessels.
    The Coast Guard agrees and proposes to grant sea service on other 
than ocean waters for STCW endorsements as follows: Great Lakes: Day-
for-Day; and inland waters: 2 days of inland service equals 1 day of 
ocean service. The reason for the difference in service credit is based 
on the fact that Great Lakes service most closely resembles the length, 
breadth, equipment, and operation of ocean service.
    MERPAC suggests that, in Sec.  12.420, the term ``seagoing 
service'' needs clarification. MERPAC recommends that it should be re-
phrased to read ``service onboard a ship relevant to the issue of a 
certificate or other qualification.''
    The Coast Guard agrees and has revised the definition in Sec.  
10.107.
    MERPAC recommends that Sec.  12.420(c)(1)(ii) be deleted. MERPAC 
notes that this section requires at least one-half of the required 
experience (to obtain RFPNW certification) be obtained on vessels of at 
least 200 GRT/500 GT.
    The Coast Guard has amended this section and is adopting the STCW 
language for seagoing service.
    MERPAC recommends that the number of abandon ship drills required 
in Sec.  12.610 be reduced, as 24 is excessive.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the requirement from this 
SNPRM because weekly abandon ship drills are built into the sea service 
requirements.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  12.610(c)(2), 
which requires participation in abandon ship drills that must include 
the boat being placed in the water and being exercised in all means of 
propulsion.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed this requirement from the 
SNPRM.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  12.620(c), 
which requires participation in drills that must include a fast rescue 
boat being placed in the water and the applicant performing man-
overboard recovery drills.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the requirement from the 
SNPRM.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  12.630(c)(2), 
which requires participation in rescue boat, liferaft, or other drills 
involving lifesaving apparatus, and include a rescue boat being placed 
in the water and the mariner being exercised in rescue boat drills.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has removed the requirement from the 
SNPRM because weekly abandon ship

[[Page 45948]]

drills are built into the sea service requirements.
    MERPAC believes that Sec.  12.630(d) should read ``course/program * 
* * that includes a prescribed period of sea service and BST''.
    The Coast Guard is proposing to separate the domestic requirements 
for lifeboatman endorsements (found in Sec. Sec.  12.407 and 12.409) 
from the STCW requirements for proficiency in survival craft 
endorsements (found in Sec. Sec.  12.613 and 12.615). The Coast Guard 
partially agrees with the inclusion of the word ``course'' and has 
amended Sec.  12.409 accordingly to replace the word ``program'' with 
``course''. The Coast Guard agrees with the inclusion of the BST 
element in the requirements for the STCW endorsement and has amended 
Sec.  12.615 accordingly.
    MERPAC recommends that steward department should be added as an 
additional rating in Sec.  12.704.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended Sec.  12.704 accordingly.
    MERPAC recommends that the text of Sec. Sec.  15.1103(b), 
15.403(c), and 15.404(a), read as follows: ``All require a person 
serving as RFPNW to hold an STCW endorsement attesting to his or her 
qualifications to perform those functions. Those qualifications require 
6 months of service, which can be reduced to a minimum of 60 days if 
the person has completed an approved course.''
    The Coast Guard disagrees. Qualifications for RFPNW are found in 
Sec.  12.605, and it is not appropriate to put them in part 15, which 
consists of manning requirements.
    MERPAC notes that, adding to the barriers created by the STCW 
standards are interpretations imposed by the Coast Guard in Policy 
Letter 14-02 (which would be codified in proposed Sec.  12.420) that 
require at least one-half the sea time to be on vessels of at least 200 
GRT/500 GT. Beyond that, MERPAC believes the assessments for helm 
commands must now be performed on vessels of at least 100 GRT. These 
provisions mean that individuals who already have considerable 
experience on smaller vessels cannot use their service to qualify as 
RFPNW and apply for positions on larger vessels. Because qualifying 
service must be on seagoing vessels, mariners from the inland segment 
of the U.S. merchant marine are denied the opportunity to move offshore 
without having to go through the convoluted qualification process. STCW 
states in Chapter I under definitions that ``Seagoing service means 
service on board a ship relevant to the issue of a certificate or other 
qualification''. Thus, according to MERPAC, it is clear that the 
Administration can decide what is or is not relevant. MERPAC says its 
members have seen too many careers thwarted or never started due to the 
interpretations and language used. Many other countries provide liberal 
interpretations and thus promote seagoing opportunities and careers. 
Recognizing the difficulties presented by these provisions and other 
aspects of the 1995 amendments, the Secretary of Transportation at the 
time of the implementation of the current regulations declared that the 
Coast Guard would utilize the flexibility afforded by the Convention to 
mitigate some of the adverse effects. To that end, the Coast Guard 
stated that tonnages in the Convention would be applied as gross 
register tonnage for vessels in U.S. domestic service. MERPAC notes 
that the ``trigger tonnage'' of 500 gross tonnage for applicability of 
Regulation II/4 was to be interpreted as 500 GRT, citing a 1999 letter 
from the Chief of Marine Personnel, which states:

    * * * vessels of not more than 500 gross register tons on near 
coastal, domestic voyages will not be required to have seamen 
qualified as ratings forming part of a navigational watch because 
that STCW rating does not apply to vessels of less than 500 gross 
tons.

    In view of the above, MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard honor 
the agreement reached in 1999 and make the requirements for RFPNW 
applicable to vessels over 500 GRT/1,200 GT in domestic service. 
Vessels in international service will be bound by the STCW standard set 
at 200 GRT/500 GT.
    The Coast Guard recognizes that the regulations and policies 
implementing the STCW requirements have been the subject of different 
interpretations, and is therefore issuing this SNPRM to ensure clarity 
of the regulations. This SNPRM proposes a new approach to implement the 
STCW Convention requirements. The SNPRM proposes to allow different 
methods for demonstrating competence as permitted by the STCW and 
appropriate to each individual competence.
    Also, the Coast Guard proposes to grant sea service on other than 
ocean waters for STCW endorsements as follows: Those serving on Great 
Lakes waters will receive day-for-day credit. Those serving on inland 
waters will receive 1 day of ocean service credit for every 2 days of 
service.
    Also, in order to align the regulations with the intent of the STCW 
Convention, we have adopted the STCW definition of ``seagoing 
service.''
    With regard to the recommendation that the Coast Guard make the 
requirements for RFPNW applicable to vessels over 200 GRT/500 GT in 
domestic service, the Convention is clear in its application as it is 
stated in Regulation II/4, paragraph 1--``Every rating forming part of 
a navigational watch on a seagoing ship of 500 gross tonnage or more* * 
*''. Therefore, the Coast Guard must apply the requirements for RFPNW 
endorsements to service on vessels of 200 GRT or more.
    MERPAC recommends that Sec.  12.420(c)(ii) be deleted, that the 
assessment of helm commands be permitted on any vessel of more than 50 
GRT, and that service on inland waters be acceptable to qualify for an 
assessment.
    The Coast Guard agrees and has amended the requirements accordingly 
for an applicant for an endorsement as RFPNW. The RFPNW requirements in 
this SNPRM are contained in Sec.  12.605.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  15.405, the term ``crewmember'' be 
deleted and that the term ``credentialed crewmember'' be used in its 
place.
    The Coast Guard is retaining the existing text with some minor 
amendments. The existing text uses the term ``credentialed,'' and it is 
being retained in this SNPRM.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  15.530(a), the Coast Guard add 
language to ensure that the citation stays current by amending the 
paragraph as follows: ``ILO Convention or subsequent convention* * *'' 
MERPAC believes there must be a means of referencing the latest 
amendments to the Coast Guard's version of such international 
conventions without going through a laborious rulemaking processes.
    By regulation, an incorporation by reference cannot incorporate 
successors to it. 1 CFR 51.1, which regulates how references are 
incorporated into regulations, states that incorporations by reference 
are limited to the edition of a publication that is approved for 
incorporation. It explicitly states, ``Future amendments or revisions 
of the publication are not included.''
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  15.805(a)(5), the Coast Guard 
replace the phrase ``under the command of'' with the phrase ``command 
as Master''.
    The Coast Guard disagrees. Subparagraph (5) must be read in 
conjunction with paragraph (a), which states that a master with the 
appropriate endorsement must be in command.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  15.815, the Coast Guard clarify 
the term ``valid'' endorsement for radar. MERPAC also believes that a 
school should be able to send proof of course completion.

[[Page 45949]]

    The Coast Guard is retaining the existing text and adding a new 
paragraph to clarify the term ``readily available''. It is the 
responsibility of the mariner or his or her company to make the 
certificate of training available to the Coast Guard. The text does not 
prevent the mariner or company from obtaining the document from the 
school.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard delete Sec.  15.1101(c) that 
states that ``A vessel with a valid Safety Management Certificate and a 
copy of a Document of Compliance issued for that vessel under 46 U.S.C. 
3205 is presumed to comply with the STCW Convention.''
    The Coast Guard agrees and proposes to remove this section.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  15.1111, the Coast Guard change 
the title to read ``Rest Periods'', and that the Coast Guard should 
delete the words ``Work hours'' from the title as work hours are 
already addressed in Sec.  15.701.
    The Coast Guard disagrees, as this section addresses both work and 
rest periods.
    MERPAC asks if, in Sec.  15.1105, it is the master's obligation to 
check competency.
    Section 15.1105 states that ``no person may assign any person to 
perform shipboard duties* * * and no person may perform those duties, 
unless the person performing them has received training, sufficient 
familiarization, or instruction.'' Ultimately, the master is the person 
responsible for ensuring that the person performing these duties has 
received the necessary training, sufficient familiarization, and 
instruction.
    MERPAC recommends that, in Sec.  15.1105(b)(2), the Coast Guard 
change the phrase ``relevant to his or her routine or emergency duties 
or responsibilities'' to ``relevant to his or her routine and emergency 
duties or responsibilities.''
    The Coast Guard agrees and has made this change.
    MERPAC recommends that the Coast Guard amend the title of part 10, 
subpart C to ``Approved courses and programs.''
    The Coast Guard partially agrees and has amended the text to read 
``Training courses and programs.'' It would be inappropriate to use 
``approved'' in the title since the Subpart also includes requirements 
for ``Coast Guard-accepted courses.''
    MERPAC recommends certain topics for the operational level in the 
7,500 kW/10,000 HP category be added.
    The 7,500 kW/10,000 HP domestic endorsement has been removed in 
this SNPRM.
    MERPAC recommends that certain changes to the topic list be made 
for the engineering management level in Sec.  11.511.
    The specific list for these endorsements has been removed and now 
references the appropriate section in the STCW Code.
    MERPAC recommends specific qualification standards for the various 
levels of domestic engineering endorsements of 7,500 kW/10,000 HP.
    The 7,500 kW/10,000 HP domestic endorsement has been removed in 
this SNPRM.
    MERPAC recommends three conversion provisions for persons holding 
chief engineer-limited oceans, chief engineer-limited near-coastal, and 
DDE unlimited horsepower to the proposed 7,500 kW/10,000 HP 
endorsements.
    The 7,500 kW/10,000 HP domestic endorsement has been removed in 
this SNPRM.
    The Coast Guard received comments in the following areas that 
address subjects beyond the scope of the revisions proposed in the 
NPRM. The Coast Guard does not discuss these comments in detail: 
Increasing user fees for oral examinations; Definition of ``invalid 
credential;'' Medical NVIC; Medical examination forms/requirements; 
Developing minimum standards for qualification; requirements for 
approved instructors; VSO course requirements; Adding tonnage to 
endorsements; language on COIs, Safety Management Certificates and 
SOLAS Passenger Safety Certificates; MMC issues (consolidating the 
MMC); Marine Safety Manual issues; TWIC issues; specific course 
content; and manning requirements.

VIII. Incorporation by Reference

    Material proposed for incorporation by reference appears in 
Sec. Sec.  10.103, 11.102, 12.103, 13.103, and 15.103. You may inspect 
this material at U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters where indicated under 
ADDRESSES. Copies of the material are available from the sources listed 
in Sec. Sec.  10.103, 11.102, 12.103, 13.103, and 15.103.
    Before publishing a binding rule, we will submit this material to 
the Director of the Federal Register for approval of the incorporation 
by reference.

IX. Regulatory Analyses

    We developed this proposed rule after considering numerous statutes 
and executive orders related to rulemaking. Below we summarize our 
analyses based on 13 of these statutes or executive orders.

A. Regulatory Planning and Review

    This proposed rule is a ``significant regulatory action'' under 
section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review, 
and requires an assessment of potential costs and benefits under 
section 6(a)(3) of that Order. The Office of Management and Budget has 
reviewed it under that Order.
    A combined ``Preliminary Regulatory Analysis and Initial Regulatory 
Flexibility Analysis'' report is available in the docket as indicated 
under the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. A summary of the report 
follows:
    This proposed rule would ensure that U.S. mariners comply with the 
standards set forth in the STCW Convention and Code. This proposed rule 
would implement all amendments under the Convention, including the 2010 
amendments previously discussed. In addition, the Coast Guard is 
issuing the SNPRM to respond to the comments, feedback, and concerns 
received from the public as a result of the NPRM. In order to address 
those comments and concerns, the SNPRM would simplify domestic 
licensing requirements and separate them from STCW requirements; 
provide alternative means for demonstrating competence; clarify 
oversight requirements for approved courses; amend lifeboatmen 
requirements; and allow for acceptance of sea service on vessels 
serving the Great Lakes and inland waters to meet STCW requirements 
(see ``Discussion of Proposed Rule'' for additional details).
    The changes in this SNPRM that result in additional impacts involve 
the following categories of provisions:
    (1) Medical Examinations and Endorsements--The medical certificate 
would be reduced from a maximum period of validity of 5 years to 2 
years for mariners serving on board STCW vessels in accordance with the 
2010 amendments to the STCW Convention.
    (2) Leadership and Managerial Skills--The proposed rule would 
require leadership and managerial skills for the management-level 
credential in accordance with the 2010 amendments to the STCW 
Convention.
    (3) Engine Room Resource Management (ERM)--The proposed rule would 
require ERM training for engineers seeking operational-level 
credential, and leadership and managerial skills for the management-
level credential in accordance with the 2010 amendments to the STCW 
Convention.
    (4) Tankerman Endorsements--The proposed rule would add new STCW 
endorsements for basic and advanced

[[Page 45950]]

oil and chemical tanker cargo operations, and for basic and advanced 
liquefied gas tanker cargo operations, in accordance with the STCW 2010 
amendments.
    (5) Safety Refresher Training Requirements--The proposed rule would 
require safety refresher training for all STCW-endorsed mariners 
holding a credential in Basic Safety Training (BST), Advanced 
Firefighting, Proficiency in Survival Craft and Rescue Boats Other than 
Fast Rescue Boats (PSC), or Proficiency in Fast Rescue Boats every 5 
years, in accordance with the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention 
and Code.
    (6) Able Seafarer deck and engine--The proposed rule would require 
that personnel serving on STCW vessels as able seafarer meet the 
requirements for certification in order to comply with the STCW 2010 
amendments.

Costs

    We estimate that this proposed rule would affect approximately 
60,000 affected mariners and 316 owners and operators of 1,044 vessels 
with additional costs. Each of the proposed requirements would affect a 
different subset of these mariner and owner/operator populations. We 
used Coast Guard's data on mariners, publicly available information on 
training costs and mariner wages, and other available industry 
information to develop the estimates of potential costs to affected 
mariners and to the owners and operators employing affected mariners 
for each proposed requirement.
    This proposed rule would also affect approximately 141 STCW 
training providers by requiring them to implement a quality standards 
system (QSS) and write and maintain a QSS manual; be subject to 
internal and external audit requirements of each Coast Guard-approved 
course, and extend the time period for which they must keep a paper or 
electronic record on each student completing a course.
    The costs of the SNPRM are presented in Table 1. We estimate the 
total present value cost over the 10-year period of analysis to be 
$230.7 million at a 7 percent discount rate ($274.3 million at a 3 
percent discount rate). Over the same 10-year period of analysis, we 
estimate the annualized costs to be about $32.8 million at a 7 percent 
discount rate ($32.2 million at a 3 percent discount rate).

        Table 1--Summary of Present Value Costs of Proposed Rule
                               [$Millions]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Discount rate
                         Year                          -----------------
                                                           7%       3%
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.....................................................    $18.8    $19.5
2.....................................................     39.0     42.1
3.....................................................     36.4     40.8
4.....................................................     34.0     39.7
5.....................................................     31.8     38.5
6.....................................................     29.8     37.4
7.....................................................     11.3     14.7
8.....................................................     10.6     14.3
9.....................................................      9.9     13.8
10....................................................      9.2     13.4
                                                       -----------------
  Total*..............................................    230.7    274.3
                                                       =================
Annualized............................................     32.8     32.2
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Totals may not sum due to rounding.

    We estimate the mariner training requirements are the primary cost 
driver throughout the 10-year period of analysis. See Table 2 for a 
summary of annualized costs by requirement category.

      Table 2--Summary of the Annualized Costs of the Proposed Rule
                               [$Millions]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                           Annualized*
                       Category                        -----------------
                                                           7%       3%
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mariner Training**....................................   $27.06   $26.40
2-Year Medical Examination............................     3.99     3.99
Sea Service...........................................     1.04     1.04
Training Providers....................................     0.74     0.72
                                                       -----------------
  Total...............................................    32.83    32.15
------------------------------------------------------------------------
** Includes changes for officer, engineer and rating endorsements.

    The proposed changes to mariner training make up about 82% of the 
costs throughout the 10-year period of analysis. Table 3 below presents 
a summary of the costs by requirement as a percentage of the total 
annualized costs of the proposed rule.

      Table 3--Summary of Costs by Requirement of the Proposed Rule
                  [As a percentage of annualized cost]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Annualized
                        Requirements                           cost  %
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mariner Training...........................................           82
2-Year Medical Examination.................................           13
Sea Service................................................            3
Training Providers.........................................            2
                                                            ------------
  Total....................................................          100
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We believe that the training costs discussed above would likely be 
high estimates as the SNPRM provides flexibility in choosing 
alternative methods if these are more cost effective to the mariners, 
owners and operators (see the ``Economic comments--training 
requirements'' section for more detail).
    In the absence of additional information, such as the choice of 
alternative methods by company size and time differences to complete 
one alternative compared to another, we estimate potential regulatory 
compliance costs by assuming that mariners and their employers would 
fulfill these requirements through classroom training. This results in 
upper-bound monetized costs for these training provisions.

Benefits

    This SNPRM would implement all amendments to the STCW and ensure 
that the U.S. is meeting its obligations under the STCW Convention. The 
STCW Convention sets the standards of competence for mariners 
internationally, bringing U.S. mariners in line with training, 
certification and medical standards developed by the International 
Maritime Organization (IMO). In addition to the primary benefit of 
improving marine safety and a decrease in the risk of shipping 
accidents, additional benefits of this SNPRM are expected to accrue to 
the U.S. economy in the form of: (1) Preventing and mitigating 
accidents on STCW Convention-compliant foreign vessels in U.S. waters; 
(2) Maintaining U.S. status on the ``White List'' and avoiding the 
detention of U.S. vessels in foreign ports due to non-compliance with 
the STCW Convention; (3) Ensuring U.S. mariners can compete in the 
global workforce market; and (4) Providing consistent international 
performance standards based on international consensus and IMO 
convention, which minimizes variation in standards of training and 
watchkeeping.
    One benefit of the proposed rule is an increase in vessel safety 
and a resulting decrease in the risk of shipping casualties. According 
to one study on the Review and Analysis of Accident Databases by the 
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), the human element is involved in 80 
percent of shipping casualties, with 45 percent of the casualties 
primarily due to human error, and another 35 percent in which humans 
failed to adequately respond.\2\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ Clifford C. Baker and Denise B. McCafferty. 2004. ABS Review 
and Analysis of Accident Databases. American Bureau of Shipping. 
Accessed at http://www.slc.ca.gov/Division_Pages/MFD/Prevention_First/Documents/2004/Human%20and%20Organizational%20Factors/McCafferty%20paper.pdf.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 45951]]

    The proposed rule seeks to decrease human error and improve 
responsiveness through a three pronged approach--increased training and 
service requirements, consistency of training, and enhanced medical 
evaluation and reporting.
    Lack of mariner competence in situational awareness and assessment 
are primary causes of human error. The enhanced competency and service 
requirements of the STCW Convention are expected to increase mariners' 
situational awareness and situational assessment. Mariners are also 
expected to be able to better respond to potential hazards.
    The requirements for training providers to develop and follow a 
quality standard system help to ensure that the STCW training given to 
mariners is of consistent quality. Unidentified medical conditions can 
also impair a mariner's ability to perform tasks and respond, thus 
contributing to the human element of casualties. The proposed rule 
would require more frequent medical exams for STCW mariners, thus 
reducing the potential impacts of medical conditions on human error. In 
combination, the provisions of the proposed rule are expected to reduce 
potential for vessels accidents, both those with small and large 
consequences.
    Based on data and information from the Coast Guard's Marine 
Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) database system, 
between 2002 and 2009, there were an average of 11 fatalities and 126 
injuries (ranging in severity) per year on U.S. flag SOLAS vessels that 
are the baseline damages that could be prevented or mitigated by this 
rulemaking. Likewise, pollution from incidents involving U.S. flag 
SOLAS vessels resulted in an annual average of 285,152 gallons of oil 
spilled per year that are the baseline damages that could be prevented 
or otherwise mitigated by this rulemaking. Table 4 summarizes the 
annual damages associated with fatalities, injuries, and oil spills for 
U.S. flag SOLAS vessels.
    These estimates do not include quantified measures of secondary 
impacts that result from vessel accidents.

   Table 4--Annual Baseline of Fatalities, Industries, Oil Spills, and
                             Property Damage
                               [2002-2009]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 Impact                               SOLAS
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fatalities.............................  11.
Injuries...............................  126.
Oil Spills.............................  169.
Amount of Oil Spilled..................  285,152 gallons.
Property Damage........................  $25.7 million.
Congestion and Delays..................  Not quantified.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The training, sea service and QSS provisions of the proposed rule 
would most likely reduce the risk of accident-related consequences such 
as fatalities, injuries, and pollution. Estimating the precise 
reduction in risk from improved training and sea service requirements 
is difficult given existing information. We found limited information 
on how STCW, or other competency-based marine transportation training, 
quantitatively increases marine safety by reducing the risk of 
accidents.
    We did find research conducted for other industries on the impact 
of training programs on outcomes and behaviors. This research found a 
wide range of potential reductions in risk: from a low of no impact to 
a high of approximately 87 percent. See the ``Regulatory Analysis and 
Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis'' report available on the 
docket for more information.
    If the annual costs of $28.1 million we estimate for the cost of 
training and sea service requirements (exclusive of the QSS training 
provider requirements) are compared against the accident-related 
baseline damages for SOLAS vessels including fatalities, injuries, 
property damage and oil spilled, the proposed rule would have to reduce 
damages by 23.5 percent to reach break even. If fatalities only are 
included, the proposed rule would need to prevent approximately 4.6 
fatalities per year to break even, out of about 11 total fatalities per 
year on SOLAS vessels. Accident-related fatalities represent 
approximately 20 percent of the total baseline damages.
    The annualized cost of the training and sea service requirements 
(exclusive of the QSS training provider requirements) is approximately 
$28.1 million per year at a 7 percent discount rate (See Table 2 for a 
summary of annualized costs by requirement category). Based on the 
distribution of potential risk reduction derived from the studies 
described above applied to the baseline consequences of accident-
related damages for U.S.-flagged, SOLAS vessels, we estimate the 
discounted, annualized benefits of the proposed rule could be about 
$24.3 million, with a range of $23.7 million to $29.4 million.
    The medical examination requirements will also reduce risk-- both 
for fatalities due to medical conditions and for the accident-related 
fatalities and oil spills. The incapacitation of mariners on vessels 
due to some medical and/or physical conditions causes public safety 
risks.
    Data from the trucking industry indicates that certain medical 
conditions can increase the risk of accidents. For example, truck 
drivers with diabetes have a 19 percent higher risk of causing an 
accident. Similarly, drivers with cardio-vascular disease have a 43 
percent greater risk of causing an accident.\3\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ Source: Final Rule Regulatory Evaluation, ``Medical 
Certification Requirements as Part of the Commercial Driver's 
License'', Final Rule, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 
July 2008 (FMCSA-1997-2210-0211.1).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The more frequent medical exams can help ensure that medical 
conditions that could impair performance and increase the risk of an 
incident are identified and treated earlier, thus reducing the symptoms 
and side-effects that could cause decreased performance and increased 
risk of accidents.
    The annual costs of the medical-related requirements are 
approximately $3.99 million at a 7 percent discount rate. If we compare 
this cost with the value of the 5 fatalities related to medical 
conditions, the proposed rule would need to result in a 12.7 percent 
reduction in risk to break even.
    To summarize, we estimate the monetized annualized costs of the 
proposed rule to be about $32.8 million (at a 7 percent discount rate). 
However, we believe that this may likely be a high cost estimate as the 
SNPRM provides flexibility in choosing alternative methods of 
demonstrating competency if these are more cost effective to the 
mariners, owners and operators.
    We considered four alternatives to this proposed rule:
     Alternative 1: Maintain the current STCW Convention 
interim rule
     Alternative 2: Implement the NPRM Proposed Requirements
     Alternative 3: Implement the SNPRM STCW-Related Proposed 
Requirements Only
     Alternative 4: Implement NPRM with Separate Rulemaking for 
2010 STCW Amendments
    The first alternative is not feasible as it would not meet all U.S. 
responsibilities as a party to the Convention. The second alternative 
would partially meet U.S.

[[Page 45952]]

responsibility, but would not implement the 2010 STCW amendments. The 
third alternative would meet the U.S. responsibilities under the STCW 
Convention, but would not provide clarifications and modification to 
domestic endorsements. The fourth alternative might not meet U.S. STCW 
responsibilities if the time and resources of a separate rulemaking 
extend beyond the deadline. Furthermore, Alternative 4 may not be 
efficient, as it would require multiple rulemaking efforts that amend 
the same requirements.
    The ``Preliminary Regulatory Analysis and Initial Regulatory 
Flexibility Analysis'' report available on the docket provides 
additional detail on the alternatives, costs, and benefits of this 
rulemaking.
    At this time, based on available information, we expect that this 
rulemaking would not be economically significant under Executive Order 
12866 (e.g., have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or 
more). The Coast Guard urges interested parties to submit comments that 
specifically address the economic impacts of this rulemaking. Comments 
can be made as indicated in the ADDRESSES section.

B. Small Entities

    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612), we have 
considered whether this proposed rule would have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities. The term ``small 
entities'' comprises small businesses, not-for-profit organizations 
that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their 
fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations of less than 
50,000.
    An initial regulatory flexibility analysis (IRFA) discussing the 
impact of this proposed rule on small entities is included within the 
preliminary Regulatory Analysis document and is available in the docket 
where indicated under the ADDRESSES section of this preamble. A summary 
of the analysis follows:
    The proposed rule would directly regulate mariners and training 
providers. Individuals, such as the mariners regulated by this rule are 
not small entities under the definition of a small entity in the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA).
    The proposed rule includes audit and quality system requirements 
for training providers. Based on the Coast Guard data, approximately 84 
percent of the STCW training providers that are affected by this 
proposed rule are small by the (SBA) size standards.
    While we do not expect training providers to offer new training 
programs unless it is beneficial to their business model, we have 
estimated the impact of the proposed rule to training providers as if 
they would not pass any of their costs to mariners. Therefore, the 
revenue impacts to the small training providers discussed below may be 
overestimates.
    We found that this proposed rule would have a significant economic 
impact (more than 1 percent impact on revenue) on 67 percent of small 
training providers in the first year. After the first year, we found 
that the proposed rule would have a significant economic impact on 40 
percent of small training providers.
    As previously discussed in the ``Economic comments--training 
requirements'' section, we received comments about costs for STCW 
training requirements that are absorbed not by mariners, but their 
employers. The proposed rule does not directly require companies or 
maritime employers to pay for the proposed training requirements for 
affected mariners. However, we acknowledge that some marine employers 
fund training and might be indirectly impacted. In recognition of this 
possibility, we have modified the analysis of impacts on small entities 
in the Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis to include a sensitivity 
analysis showing the impact of additional training costs on employers 
of mariners.
    Based on this sensitivity analysis, we found that about 80 percent 
of the vessel owners and operators affected by this rule would be small 
entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act and the Small Business 
Administration (SBA) size standards. We estimate that the proposed rule 
would have a more than 1 percent cost impact on annual revenue for 69 
to 83 percent of the small vessel owners and operators affected by this 
rulemaking, depending on the year.
    However, under the SNPRM, the Coast Guard would accept various, 
flexible methods for demonstrating competence that would reduce the 
costs of training requirements proposed in the November 17, 2009 NPRM, 
a potential cost relief to maritime employers that fund training.
    We are interested in the potential impacts from this proposed rule 
on small businesses and we request public comment on these potential 
impacts. If you think that your business, organization, or governmental 
jurisdiction qualifies as a small entity and that this rulemaking would 
have a significant economic impact on it, please submit a comment to 
the Docket Management Facility at the address under ADDRESSES. In your 
comment, explain why you think it qualifies and how and to what degree 
this rule would economically affect it.

C. Assistance for Small Entities

    Under section 213(a) of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), we want to assist small 
entities in understanding this proposed rule so that they can better 
evaluate its effects on them and participate in the rulemaking. If the 
proposed rule would affect your small business, organization, or 
governmental jurisdiction and you have questions concerning its 
provisions or options for compliance, please consult Ms. Zoe Goss, 
Maritime Personnel Qualifications Division, Coast Guard; telephone 202-
372-1425. The Coast Guard will not retaliate against small entities 
that question or complain about this rule or any policy or action of 
the Coast Guard.
    Small businesses may send comments on the actions of Federal 
employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal 
regulations to the Small Business and Agriculture Regulatory 
Enforcement Ombudsman and the Regional Small Business Regulatory 
Fairness Boards. The Ombudsman evaluates these actions annually and 
rates each agency's responsiveness to small business. If you wish to 
comment on actions by employees of the Coast Guard, call 1-888-REG-FAIR 
(1-888-734-3247).

D. Collection of Information

    This proposed rule would call for modifications to collections of 
information under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-
3520). It would modify two existing Office of Management and Budget 
(OMB) Collection of Information: OMB Control Number 1625-0028, ``Course 
Approvals for Merchant Marine Training Schools''; and, OMB Control 
Number 1625-0079, ``Standards of Training, Certification and 
Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1995 and 1997 Amendments to the 
International Convention''.
    As defined in 5 CFR 1320.3(c), ``collection of information'' 
comprises reporting, recordkeeping, monitoring, posting, labeling, and 
other, similar actions. The title and description of the information 
collections, a description of those who must collect the information, 
and an estimate of the total annual burden follow. The estimate covers 
the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing sources of 
data,

[[Page 45953]]

gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing 
the collection.
    This proposed rule would add to recordkeeping requirements of 
training providers and credentialed merchant mariners.
    Title: Course Approval and Records for Merchant Mariner Training 
Schools.
    OMB Control Number: 1625-0028
    Title 46 United States Code (U.S.C.) 7315 authorizes a license or 
document applicant to substitute the completion of an approved course 
for a portion of the required sea service. Title 46 Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) 10.402 specifies the information that must be 
submitted for the Coast Guard to evaluate and approve each course. 
Title 46 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 10.403 specifies 
recordkeeping requirements that a school teaching approved courses must 
meet for each student taking each course.
    Under the proposed rule, training providers that teach STCW 
Convention courses would: (1) Develop and maintain a QSS, including 
writing and maintaining a QSS manual; (2) Undergo an internal audit and 
undergo an external audit every 5 years and keep the audit records for 
Coast Guard inspection as needed; and (3) Store student course records 
for an additional 4 years.
    Since training providers are currently required to store student 
records for 1 year and many of them store records for several years 
more, the burden of the new requirement that would extend recordkeeping 
from 1 year to 5 years is small.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: A licensed mariner is 
authorized to substitute the completion of an approved course for a 
portion of the required sea service. Training providers must submit 
specific information to the Coast Guard to evaluate and approve each 
course.
    The proposed rule would require training providers to write and 
maintain a QSS manual and arrange two internal audits of STCW 
Convention courses within 5 years.
    Need for Information: The information is necessary to show evidence 
that training providers meet the quality, minimum standard and 
recordkeeping requirements of each STCW Convention course as 
established by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
    Proposed Use of Information: The Coast Guard would use this 
information to document that the training level of mariners meets 
international requirements.
    Description of the Respondents: The respondents are the mariner 
training schools that would be required to complete form CG-719B.
    Number of Respondents: According to the US Coast Guard national 
Maritime Center (NMC), there are approximately 285 training schools. 
However, only 141 training providers teach STCW courses. The number of 
respondents is 141 STCW training providers in the first year and 
recurring annually.
    Frequency of Response: Respondents are required to write a QSS 
manual in the first year and modify it as needed. They would also 
arrange internal audits on their STCW courses every two and a half 
years.
    Burden of Response: Writing a QSS manual would take a training 
provider approximately 206 hours in the first year (205 hours for 
reporting and 1 hour for recordkeeping), and modifying it would take 9 
hours every year (8 hours for reporting and 1 hour recordkeeping). We 
estimate that it would take 10 hours for each respondent to complete an 
internal audit twice every 5 years (9 hours for reporting and 1 hour 
for recordkeeping.
    Estimate of Total Annual Burden: The existing OMB-approved total 
annual burden, as adjusted in January 2009, is 97,260 hours. This rule 
would increase the burden for 141 training providers by approximately 
225 hours each. The total additional hours requested for this 
rulemaking is 31,725 [141 x (206 + 9 +10)]. The new annual burden for 
the first year is 29,046 hours and about 1,833 hours each year after 
the first year.
    Title: Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for 
Seafarers (STCW), 1995 and 1997 Amendments to the International 
Convention.
    OMB Control Number: 1625-0079
    The International Convention for Standards of Training, 
Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) sets qualifications 
for masters, officers and watchkeeping personnel on seagoing merchant 
ships. The United States is a signatory to these conventions, which 
define standards of competence necessary to protect safety of life at 
sea and the marine environment and address the responsibilities of all 
State-Parties to ensure seafarers meet defined standards of competence 
and quality. The information collection requirements are necessary to 
implement the amendments to this important international convention.
    This proposed regulation is making three changes which impact this 
collection. This proposed regulation would: (1) Change the medical exam 
requirements for STCW credentialed mariner from once every five years 
to once every two years; (2) Require documented evidence of security 
training or awareness for 2 groups of mariners--personnel with security 
duties (except Vessel Security Officers, VSO) and all other mariners 
working aboard a vessel; and, (3) Recognize STCW endorsements issued by 
foreign governments.
    For changes in medical examination requirements, mariners would be 
required to submit to NMC form CG-719K as filled out by a physician. 
For documented evidence of security training or awareness for 
personnel, vessel owners/operators would need to provide documentary 
evidence that personnel with security duties other than VSOs meet 
requirements set forth in 33 CFR 104.220, provide documentary evidence 
of meeting the requirements of 33 CFR 104.225 for all other personnel 
working on a vessel. Additionally the proposed rule allows for the 
recognition of STCW endorsements issued by foreign governments given 
proper documentation is submitted by a vessel owner/operator.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: The STCW Convention sets 
qualifications for mariners on seagoing merchant ships. As a signatory 
party, information must be collected to provide documentary evidence 
that demonstrates requirements described in this important 
international treaty are being met.
    This proposed regulation, which adopts 2010 amendments to the STCW 
convention, requires STCW mariners to provide documentation of a 
medical exam occurring once every two years; establishes the need for 
documentary evidence certifying security training or awareness for 
personnel; and, provides the means to recognize STCW endorsements 
issued by foreign governments.
    Need for Information: The collection of information is needed to 
ensure that mariners have completed training and medical assessment 
necessary to receive STCW certification or endorsement. Collection of 
information is also needed to demonstrate to the International Maritime 
Organization that the United States has in place certain specific 
regulations that implement the international requirements and related 
amendments to the STCW convention.
    Proposed Use of Information: The information collected will help to 
ensure compliance with international requirements and to maintain 
acceptable quality in activities associated with training and 
assessment of merchant mariners.

[[Page 45954]]

    Description of the Respondents: The respondents would be merchant 
mariners holding STCW endorsements who need to update their medical 
records with NMC and the vessel owner/operators employing STCW endorsed 
mariners.
    Number of Respondents: According to Coast Guard NMC data, an 
estimated 60,000 merchant mariners hold STCW endorsements. Of those 
mariners, approximately 12,000 submit medical examination forms each 
year. Since the proposed regulation requires medical exams every two 
years, the number of additional mariners needing to respond each year 
would be 18,000.
    This proposed rule would also require employers of STCW endorsed 
mariners to submit documentary evidence of security training or 
awareness. Approximately 316 employers would need to submit this one-
time requirement for 23,413 mariners--12,020 mariners who fall under 33 
CFR 104.220 and for 11,393 mariners who fall under 33 CFR 104.225.
    Additionally, approximately 105 owner/operators and approximately 
1,800 mariners holding STCW endorsements issued by foreign governments 
would need to respond.
    Frequency of Response: For medical examination requirements, 
mariners are required to respond every two years. We would assume half 
of the mariner population to respond annually. Mariners would need to 
make a one-time response that includes the proof of meeting the 
security training or knowledge requirement. Credentials for mariners 
holding foreign-issue STCW endorsements are valid for 5 years and 
response would be once every 5 years.
    Burden of Response: For medical examinations, filling out form CG-
719K takes approximately 20 minutes to complete and submitting that 
form by the mariner would take approximately 5 minutes. Total response 
burden would be approximately 25 minutes.
    For personnel with security training, we estimate it would take 
employers 15 minutes per mariner to provide documentary evidence of 
security training or awareness.
    For mariners with STCW endorsements issued by foreign governments, 
filling out form CG-719B takes approximately 15 minutes to complete.
    Estimate of Total Annual Burden: For medical examinations, existing 
OMB-approved total annual burden, as adjusted in July 2009, is 22,440 
hours. This rule would increase the annual burden by 7,950 hours (7,500 
hrs. for medical exams + 450 hrs. for foreign-issued STCW 
endorsements). Additionally, this proposed rule would impose a one-time 
burden of 5,853 hours on owner/operators to provide documentary 
evidence of training.
    This proposed rule would increase the annual burden on 18,000 
respondents submitting medical examination forms by approximately 25 
minutes each. The total additional hours requested for this rulemaking 
is 7,500 [18,000 x (25/60)]. For the approximately 1,800 mariners 
holding STCW endorsements issued by foreign governments, this proposed 
rule would increase the annual burden by 105 respondents by 
approximately 15 minutes each. The total additional hours requested for 
this rulemaking is 450 [1,800 x (15/60)]. For other personnel with 
security training or awareness, this one-time requirement would impose 
a burden on 316 respondents by 15 minutes each, or approximately 5,853 
hours [23,413 mariners x (15/60)].
    As required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 
3507(d)), we will submit a copy of this proposed rule to the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) for its review of the collection of 
information.
    We ask for public comment on the proposed collections of 
information to help us determine how useful the information is; whether 
it can help us perform our functions better; whether it is readily 
available elsewhere; how accurate our estimate of the burden of each 
collection is; how valid our methods for determining burden are; how we 
can improve the quality, usefulness, and clarity of the information; 
and how we can minimize the burden of collection.
    If you submit comments on the collection of information, submit 
them to both OMB and to the Docket Management Facility where indicated 
under ADDRESSES, by the date under DATES.
    You need not respond to a collection of information unless it 
displays a currently valid control number from OMB. Before the Coast 
Guard could enforce the collection of information requirements in this 
proposed rule, OMB would need to approve the Coast Guard's request to 
collect this information.

E. Federalism

    A rule has implications for federalism under Executive Order 13132, 
Federalism, if it has a substantial direct effect on State or local 
governments and would either preempt State law or impose a substantial 
direct cost of compliance on them.
    It is well settled that States may not regulate in categories 
reserved for regulation by the Coast Guard. It is also well settled 
that all of the categories covered in 46 U.S.C. 3306, 3703, 7101, and 
8101 (design, construction, alteration, repair, maintenance, operation, 
equipping, personnel qualification, and manning of vessels), as well as 
the reporting of casualties and any other category in which Congress 
intended the Coast Guard to be the sole source of a vessel's 
obligations, are within the field foreclosed from regulation by the 
States. (See the decision of the Supreme Court in the consolidated 
cases of United States v. Locke and Intertanko v. Locke, 529 U.S. 89, 
120 S.Ct. 1135 (March 6, 2000).)
    This proposed rule would not extend Federal jurisdiction into those 
areas of pilotage that are reserved to the States in 46 U.S.C. 8501. 
Section 8501 provides for State regulation of pilots in the bays, 
rivers, harbors, and ports of the U.S. unless the law specifies 
otherwise. This proposed rule would change the requirements for the 
credentialing of mariners and would impact manning. In United States v. 
Locke, the Supreme Court references the STCW Convention as evidence 
that such areas are exclusively Federal, stating: ``That training is a 
field reserved to the Federal Government is further confirmed by the 
circumstance that the STCW Convention addresses crew `training' and 
`qualification' requirements, and that the United States has enacted 
crew training regulations.'' United States v. Locke and Intertanko v. 
Locke, 529 U.S. 89, 120 S.Ct. 1135 (March 6, 2000). Because the States 
may not regulate within these categories, preemption under Executive 
Order 13132 is not an issue.

F. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1531-1538) 
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary 
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may 
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or tribal government, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for 
inflation) or more in any one year. Though this proposed rule would not 
result in such an expenditure, we do discuss the effects of this rule 
elsewhere in this preamble.

G. Taking of Private Property

    This proposed rule would not cause a taking of private property or 
otherwise have taking implications under Executive Order 12630, 
Governmental Actions and Interference with Constitutionally Protected 
Property Rights.

[[Page 45955]]

H. Civil Justice Reform

    This proposed rule meets applicable standards in sections 3(a) and 
3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform, to minimize 
litigation, eliminate ambiguity, and reduce burden.

I. Protection of Children

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13045, 
Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety 
Risks. This rule is not an economically significant rule and would not 
create an environmental risk to health or risk to safety that might 
disproportionately affect children.

J. Indian Tribal Governments

    This proposed rule does not have tribal implications under 
Executive Order 13175, Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal 
Governments, because it would not have a substantial direct effect on 
one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal 
Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.

K. Energy Effects

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Executive Order 13211, 
Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, 
Distribution, or Use. We have determined that it is not a ``significant 
energy action'' under that order. Though it is a ``significant 
regulatory action'' under Executive Order 12866, it is not likely to 
have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use 
of energy. The Administrator of the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs has not designated it as a significant energy 
action. Therefore, it does not require a Statement of Energy Effects 
under Executive Order 13211.

L. Technical Standards

    The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) (15 
U.S.C. 272 note) directs agencies to use voluntary consensus standards 
in their regulatory activities unless the agency provides Congress, 
through the Office of Management and Budget, with an explanation of why 
using these standards would be inconsistent with applicable law or 
otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical 
standards (e.g., specifications of materials, performance, design, or 
operation; test methods; sampling procedures; and related management 
systems practices) that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus 
standards bodies.
    This proposed rule does not use technical standards. Therefore, we 
did not consider the use of voluntary consensus standards.

M. Environment

    We have analyzed this proposed rule under Department of Homeland 
Security Management Directive 023-01 and Commandant Instruction 
M16475.lD, which guide the Coast Guard in complying with the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) (42 U.S.C. 4321-4370f), and 
have made a preliminary determination that this action is one of a 
category of actions that do not individually or cumulatively have a 
significant effect on the human environment. A preliminary 
environmental analysis checklist supporting this determination is 
available in the docket where indicated under the ``Public 
Participation and Request for Comments'' section of this preamble. This 
rule involves regulations that are procedural and the training of 
maritime personnel. We seek any comments or information that may lead 
to the discovery of a significant environmental impact from this 
proposed rule.

List of Subjects

46 CFR Part 1

    Administrative practice and procedure, Organization and functions 
(Government agencies), Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

46 CFR Part 10

    Incorporation by reference, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Schools, Seamen.

46 CFR Part 11

    Incorporation by reference, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Schools, Seamen, Transportation Worker Identification 
Card.

46 CFR Part 12

    Incorporation by reference, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Seamen.

46 CFR Part 13

    Cargo vessels, Incorporation by reference, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements, Seamen.

46 CFR Part 14

    Oceanographic research vessels, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Seamen.

46 CFR Part 15

    Incorporation by reference, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Seamen, Vessels.

    For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Coast Guard proposes 
to amend 46 CFR parts 1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 as follows:

TITLE 46 CFR--SHIPPING

PART 1--ORGANIZATION, GENERAL COURSE AND METHODS GOVERNING MARINE 
SAFETY FUNCTIONS

    1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  5 U.S.C. 552; 14 U.S.C. 633; 46 U.S.C. 7701; 46 
U.S.C. Chapter 93; Pub. L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135; Department of 
Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1; Sec.  1.01-35 also issued 
under the authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507.


Sec.  1.03-40   [Amended]

    2. In Sec.  1.03-40, after the words ``make a formal appeal of that 
decision or action'', remove the text ``, via the NMC,''.

PART 10--MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL

    3. Revise the authority citation for part 10 to read as follows:

    Authority: 14 U.S.C. 633; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 
2110; 46 U.S.C. chapter 71; 46 U.S.C. chapter 73; 46 U.S.C. chapter 
75; 46 U.S.C. 2104; 46 U.S.C. 7701, 8903, 8904, and 70105; Executive 
Order 10173; Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.

    4. Amend Sec.  10.101 as follows:
    a. Revise the heading to read as set down below;
    b. In paragraph (b), remove the word ``their'' and add, in its 
place, the words ``his or her''; and
    c. In paragraph (d), remove the words ``holder of'' and add, in 
their place, the words ``applicant for''.


Sec.  10.101  Purpose.

* * * * *


Sec.  10.103  [Amended]

    5. Amend Sec.  10.103 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (b)(1), after the words ``incorporation by 
reference approved for'' remove the section numbers ``Sec. Sec.  
10.107, 10.109, and 10.231'' and add, in their place, the section 
numbers ``Sec. Sec.  10.107, 10.109, 10.201, and 10.410''; and
    b. In paragraph (b)(2), after the words ``incorporation by 
reference approved for'' remove the section numbers ``Sec. Sec.  
10.107, 10.109, 10.227, and 10.231'' and add, in their place, the 
section numbers ``Sec. Sec.  10.107, 10.109, 10.201, 10.404, 10.411, 
and 10.412''.

[[Page 45956]]

    6. Revise Sec.  10.107 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.107  Definitions in subchapter B.

    (a) With respect to part 16 of this subchapter only, if the 
definitions in paragraph (b) of this section differ from those set 
forth in Sec.  16.105, the definition set forth in Sec.  16.105 
applies.
    (b) As used in this subchapter, the following terms apply only to 
merchant marine personnel credentialing and the manning of vessels 
subject to the manning provisions in the navigation and shipping laws 
of the United States:
    Apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels means a mariner 
qualified to perform watchkeeping on the bridge, while in training 
onboard a towing vessel under the direct supervision and in the 
continuous presence of a master or mate (pilot) of towing vessels.
    Apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels (utility) means a 
mariner qualified to perform watchkeeping on the bridge, while in 
training onboard a towing vessel under the direct supervision and in 
the continuous presence of a master or mate (pilot) of towing vessels 
or a master of towing vessels (utility).
    Approved means approved by the Coast Guard.
    Approved training means training that is approved by the Coast 
Guard or meets the requirements of Sec.  10.408 of this part.
    Articulated tug barge or ATB means any tug-barge combination which 
through the use of an articulated or ``hinged'' connection system 
between the tug and barge allows movement in one axis, or plane in the 
critical area of fore and aft pitch.
    Assistance towing means towing a disabled vessel for consideration.
    Assistant engineer, for domestic endorsements, means a qualified 
officer in the engine department other than the chief engineer.
    Authorized official includes, but is not limited to, a Federal, 
State, or local law enforcement officer.
    Ballast control operator or BCO means an officer restricted to 
service on mobile offshore drilling units (MODUs) whose duties involve 
the operation of the complex ballast system found on many MODUs. When 
assigned to a MODU, a ballast control operator is equivalent to a mate 
on a conventional vessel.
    Barge means a non-self-propelled vessel as defined in 46 U.S.C. 
102.
    Barge supervisor or BS means an officer restricted to service on 
MODUs whose duties involve support to the offshore installation manager 
(OIM) in marine-related matters including, but not limited to, 
maintaining watertight integrity, inspecting and maintaining mooring 
and towing components, and maintaining emergency and other marine-
related equipment. A barge supervisor, when assigned to a MODU, is 
equivalent to a mate on a conventional vessel.
    Boatswain means the leading seaman and immediate supervisor of deck 
crew who supervises the maintenance of deck gear.
    Boundary lines are specified in 46 CFR part 7.
    Cargo engineer means a person holding an officer endorsement on a 
dangerous-liquid tankship or a liquefied-gas tankship whose primary 
responsibility is maintaining the cargo system and cargo-handling 
equipment.
    Ceremonial license means a document that reflects a mariner's 
existing domestic officer endorsement and is suitable for framing, but 
is not valid for use as a Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC).
    Chief engineer means the senior engineer responsible for the 
mechanical propulsion and the operation and maintenance of the 
mechanical and electrical installations of the vessel.
    Chief mate means the deck officer next in rank to the master and 
upon whom the command of the vessel will fall in the event of 
incapacity of the master.
    Coast Guard-accepted means:
    (1) That the Coast Guard has officially acknowledged in writing 
that the material or process at issue meets the applicable 
requirements;
    (2) That the Coast Guard has issued an official policy statement 
listing or describing the material or process as meeting the applicable 
requirements; or
    (3) That an entity acting on behalf of the Coast Guard under a 
Memorandum of Agreement has determined that the material or process 
meets the applicable requirements.
    Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization means an entity that has been 
approved by the Coast Guard to accept and monitor training on behalf of 
the Coast Guard.
    Coastwise seagoing vessel means a vessel that is authorized by its 
Certificate of Inspection to proceed beyond the Boundary Line 
established in part 7 of this chapter.
    Coastwise voyage is a domestic voyage and means a voyage in which a 
vessel proceeds:
    (1) From one port or place in the United States to another port or 
place in the United States;
    (2) From a port or place in a United States possession to another 
port or place in the same possession, and passes outside the line 
dividing inland waters from the high seas; or
    (3) From a port or place in the United States or its possessions 
and passes outside the line dividing inland waters from the high seas 
and navigates on the high seas, and then returns to the same port or 
place.
    Conviction means that the applicant for a merchant mariner 
credential has been found guilty, by judgment or plea by a court of 
record of the United States, the District of Columbia, any State, 
territory, or possession of the United States, a foreign country, or 
any military court, of a criminal felony or misdemeanor or of an 
offense described in section 205 of the National Driver Register Act of 
1982, as amended (49 U.S.C. 30304). If an applicant pleads guilty or no 
contest, is granted deferred adjudication, or is required by the court 
to attend classes, make contributions of time or money, receive 
treatment, submit to any manner of probation or supervision, or forgo 
appeal of a trial court's conviction, then the Coast Guard will 
consider the applicant to have received a conviction. A later 
expungement of the conviction will not negate a conviction unless the 
Coast Guard is satisfied that the expungement is based upon a showing 
that the court's earlier conviction was in error.
    Credential means any or all of the following:
    (1) Merchant mariner's document.
    (2) License.
    (3) STCW endorsement.
    (4) Certificate of registry.
    (5) Merchant Mariner Credential.
    Criminal record review means the process or action taken by the 
Coast Guard to determine whether an applicant for, or holder of, a 
credential is a safe and suitable person to be issued such a credential 
or to be employed on a vessel under the authority of such a credential.
    Dangerous drug means a narcotic drug, a controlled substance, or a 
controlled-substance analogue (as defined in section 102 of the 
Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Control Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 802)).
    Dangerous liquid or DL means a liquid listed in 46 CFR 153.40 of 
this chapter that is not a liquefied gas as defined in this part. 
Liquid cargoes in bulk listed in 46 CFR part 153, Table 2, of this 
chapter are not dangerous-liquid cargoes when carried by non-oceangoing 
barges.
    Day means, for the purpose of complying with the service 
requirements of this subchapter, 8 hours of watchstanding or day-
working not to include overtime. On vessels authorized by 46 U.S.C. 
8104 and 46 CFR 15.705, to operate a two-watch system, a 12-hour 
working day may be creditable as

[[Page 45957]]

1 \1/2\ days of service. On vessels of less than 100 GRT, a day is 
considered as 8 hours unless the Coast Guard determines that the 
vessel's operating schedule makes this criteria inappropriate; in no 
case will this period be less than 4 hours. When computing service on 
MODUs for any endorsement, a day of MODU service must be a minimum of 4 
hours, and no additional credit is received for periods served over 8 
hours.
    Deck crew (excluding individuals serving under their officer 
endorsement) means, as used in 46 U.S.C. 8702, only the following 
members of the deck department: able seamen, boatswains, and ordinary 
seamen.
    Deck department means the department aboard a ship responsible for 
navigation, cargo, command, and control functions.
    Designated areas means those areas within pilotage waters for which 
first-class pilot's endorsements are issued under part 11, subpart G, 
of this chapter, by the Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI). 
The areas for which first-class pilot's endorsements are issued within 
a particular Marine Inspection Zone and the specific requirements to 
obtain them may be obtained from the OCMI concerned.
    Designated duty engineer or DDE means a qualified engineer, who may 
be the sole engineer on vessels with a periodically unmanned engine 
room.
    Designated examiner or DE means a person who has been trained or 
instructed in techniques of training or assessment on towing vessels 
and is otherwise qualified to evaluate whether an applicant has 
achieved the level of proficiency required to hold a towing vessel 
endorsement on a merchant mariner credential (MMC). This person may be 
approved by the Coast Guard or by a Coast Guard-approved or -accepted 
program of training.
    Designated medical examiner means a licensed physician, licensed 
physician's assistant, or licensed nurse practitioner who has been 
trained and approved to conduct medical and physical examinations of 
merchant mariners on behalf of the U.S. Coast Guard and may be 
delegated limited authority to grant waivers and approve physical/
medical suitability for service.
    Directly supervised (only when referring to issues related to 
tankermen) means being in the direct line of sight of the person-in-
charge or maintaining direct, two-way communications by a convenient, 
reliable means, such as a predetermined working frequency over a 
handheld radio.
    Disabled vessel means a vessel that needs assistance, whether 
docked, moored, anchored, aground, adrift, or underway, but does not 
mean a barge or any other vessel not regularly operated under its own 
power. This includes, but is not limited to, a vessel that needs 
support or aid from another vessel (or vessels) to achieve completion 
of a maneuver or a portion of a transit safely, or when vessel safety 
is at risk such as mechanical difficulty, weather conditions, port/
waterway congestion, or vessel maneuvering constraints.
    Document of Continuity means a document issued by the Coast Guard 
to seafarers who are unwilling or otherwise unable to meet the 
requirements of Sec.  10.227 for the sole purpose of maintaining an 
individual's eligibility for renewal of an endorsement.
    Domestic officer endorsement means an annotation on a merchant 
mariner credential that allows a mariner to serve in the capacities 
listed in Sec.  10.109(a) of this part. The officer endorsement serves 
as the license and/or certificate of registry pursuant to 46 U.S.C. 
subtitle II part E.
    Domestic rating endorsement means an annotation on a merchant 
mariner credential that allows a mariner to serve in those capacities 
set out in Sec.  10.109(b) and (c) of this part. The rating endorsement 
serves as the merchant mariner's document pursuant to 46 U.S.C. 
subtitle II part E.
    Domestic voyage means a voyage from one United States port to 
another United States port, without entering waters under the 
jurisdiction of another country. This includes a voyage to nowhere that 
returns to the originating port.
    Drug test means a chemical test of an individual's urine for 
evidence of dangerous drug use.
    Dual-mode integrated tug barge means an Integrated Tug Barge (ITB) 
involving an articulated (flexible) coupling system where the towing 
unit rolls and heaves (articulates) about a horizontal pivot point. 
Dual mode units resemble a conventional tug and are capable of towing 
in other configurations (astern or alongside).
    Employment assigned to means the total period of time a person is 
assigned to work on MODUs, including time spent ashore as part of 
normal crew rotation.
    Endorsement is a statement of a mariner's qualifications, which may 
include the categories of officer, staff officer, ratings, and/or STCW 
appearing on a merchant mariner credential.
    Engine department means the department aboard a ship responsible 
for the main propulsion and auxiliary systems, and other mechanical, 
electrical, hydraulic, and refrigeration systems, including deck 
machinery and cargo-handling equipment.
    Entry-level mariner means a mariner holding no rating other than 
ordinary seaman, wiper, steward's department, or steward's department 
food handler (F.H.).
    Evaluation means processing an application, from the point of 
receipt to approval or denial of the application, including review of 
all documents and records submitted with an application as well as 
those obtained from public records and databases.
    Fails a chemical test for dangerous drugs means that the result of 
a chemical test conducted under 49 CFR part 40 was reported as 
``positive'' by a Medical Review Officer because the chemical test 
indicated the presence of a dangerous drug at a level equal to or 
exceeding the levels established in 49 CFR part 40.
    First assistant engineer means the engineer officer next in rank to 
the chief engineer and upon whom the responsibility for the mechanical 
propulsion and the operation of maintenance of the mechanical and 
electrical installations of the vessel will fall in the event of the 
incapacity of the chief engineer.
    Great Lakes for the purpose of calculating service requirements for 
an endorsement, means the Great Lakes and their connecting and 
tributary waters, including the Calumet River as far as the Thomas J. 
O'Brien Lock and Controlling Works (between miles 326 and 327), the 
Chicago River as far as the east side of the Ashland Avenue Bridge 
(between miles 321 and 322), and the Saint Lawrence River as far east 
as the lower exit of Saint Lambert Lock. For purposes of requiring 
merchant mariner credentials with rating endorsements, the connecting 
and tributary waters are not part of the Great Lakes.
    Gross register tons or GRT means the gross ton measurement of the 
vessel under 46 U.S.C. chapter 145, Regulatory Measurement.
    Gross tonnage or GT means the gross tonnage measurement of the 
vessel under 46 U.S.C. chapter 143, Convention Measurement.
    Harbor assist means the use of a towing vessel during maneuvers to 
dock, undock, moor, or unmoor a vessel, or to escort a vessel with 
limited maneuverability. This term refers to towing vessels assisting 
ships rather than to assistance towing vessels assisting yachts and 
recreational boats.
    Horsepower or HP means, for the purpose of this subchapter, the 
total maximum continuous shaft horsepower of the entire vessel's main 
propulsion

[[Page 45958]]

machinery as determined by the manufacturer. This term is used when 
describing a vessel's propulsion power and also when placing 
limitations on an engineer officer license or endorsement. One 
horsepower equals 0.75 kW.
    IMO means the International Maritime Organization.
    Increase in scope means additional authority added to an existing 
credential.
    Inland waters means the navigable waters of the United States 
shoreward of the Boundary Lines as described in part 7 of this chapter, 
excluding the Great Lakes, and, for towing vessels, excluding the 
Western Rivers. For establishing credit for sea service, the waters of 
the Inside Passage between Puget Sound and Cape Spencer, Alaska, are 
inland waters.
    Integrated Tug Barge or ITB means any tug-barge combination which, 
through the use of special design features or a specially designed 
connection system, has increased seakeeping capabilities relative to a 
tug and barge in the conventional pushing mode. An ITB can be divided 
into either a dual-mode ITB or a push-mode ITB. The definitions for 
those categories can be found elsewhere in this section.
    Invalid credential means a Merchant Mariner Credential, merchant 
mariner's document, merchant mariner's license, STCW endorsement, or 
Certificate of Registry that has been suspended or revoked, or has 
expired.
    Kilowatt or kW means 1\1/3\ horsepower. This term is used when 
describing a vessel's propulsion power and also when placing 
limitations on an engineer officer license or endorsement.
    Large passenger vessel, for the purposes of subpart H of part 12, 
means a vessel of more than 70,000 gross tons, as measured under 46 
U.S.C. 14302 and documented under the laws of the United States, with 
capacity for at least 2,000 passengers and a coastwise endorsement 
under 46 U.S.C. chapter 121.
    Lifeboatman means a mariner who is qualified to take charge of, 
lower, and operate survival craft and related survival equipment on a 
vessel.
    Lifeboatman-Limited means a mariner who is qualified to take charge 
of, lower, and operate liferafts, rescue boats, and other survival 
equipment on vessels where lifeboats are not installed.
    Limited means an annotation on a merchant mariner credential which 
limits the operational authority of a particular endorsement to a 
limited tonnage, portions of a route, means of propulsion, or equipment 
(such as liferafts).
    Liquefied gas or LG means a cargo that has a vapor pressure of 172 
kPa (25 psia) or more at 37.8[deg]C (100[deg]F).
    Liquid cargo in bulk means a liquid or liquefied gas listed in 
Sec.  153.40 of this chapter and carried as a liquid cargo or liquid-
cargo residue in integral, fixed, or portable tanks, except a liquid 
cargo carried in a portable tank actually loaded and discharged from a 
vessel with the contents intact.
    Management level means the level of responsibility associated with 
serving as master, chief mate, chief engineer officer or second 
engineer officer onboard vessels to which STCW applies.
    Marine chemist means a person certificated by the National Fire 
Protection Association.
    Master means the officer having command of a vessel.
    Mate means a qualified officer in the deck department other than 
the master.
    Merchant Mariner Credential or MMC means a credential issued by the 
Coast Guard under 46 CFR part 10. It combines the individual merchant 
mariner's document, license, and certificate of registry enumerated in 
46 U.S.C. subtitle II part E as well as the STCW endorsement into a 
single credential that serves as the mariner's qualification document, 
certificate of identification, and certificate of service.
    MMC application means the application for the MMC, as well as the 
application for any endorsement on an MMC.
    Mobile offshore drilling unit or MODU means a vessel capable of 
engaging in drilling operations for the exploration for or exploitation 
of subsea resources. MODU designs include the following:
    (1) Bottom bearing units, which include:
    (i) Self-elevating (or jack-up) units with moveable, bottom bearing 
legs capable of raising the hull above the surface of the sea; and
    (ii) Submersible units of ship-shape, barge-type, or novel hull 
design, other than a self-elevating unit, intended for operating while 
bottom bearing.
    (2) Surface units with a ship-shape or barge-type displacement hull 
of single or multiple hull construction intended for operating in a 
floating condition, including semi-submersibles and drill ships.
    Month means 30 days, for the purpose of complying with the service 
requirements of this subchapter.
    National Driver Register or NDR means the nationwide repository of 
information on drivers maintained by the National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration under 49 U.S.C. chapter 303.
    NDR-listed convictions means a conviction of any of the following 
motor vehicle-related offenses or comparable offenses:
    (1) Operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of, or 
impaired by, alcohol or a controlled substance; or
    (2) A traffic violation arising in connection with a fatal traffic 
accident, reckless driving, or racing on the highways.
    Near-coastal means ocean waters not more than 200 miles offshore 
from the U.S. and its possessions, except for MMCs endorsed as Operator 
of Uninspected Passenger Vessel for which near-coastal is limited to 
waters not more than 100 miles offshore from the U.S. and its 
possessions.
    Non-resident alien, for the purposes of subchapter H of part 12, 
means an individual who is not a citizen or alien lawfully admitted to 
the United States for permanent residence, but who is employable in the 
United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 
et seq.), including an alien crewman described in section 
101(a)(15)(D)(i) of that Act who meets the requirements of 46 U.S.C. 
8103(k)(3)(A).
    Oceans means the waters seaward of the Boundary Lines as described 
in 46 CFR part 7. For the purposes of establishing sea service credit, 
the waters of the Inside Passage between Puget Sound and Cape Spencer, 
Alaska, and the inland waters of another country are not considered 
oceans.
    Officer endorsement means an annotation on a merchant mariner 
credential that allows a mariner to serve in the capacities listed in 
Sec.  10.109 of this part.
    Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection or OCMI means, for the 
purposes of this subchapter, the commanding officer of the National 
Maritime Center, or any person designated as such by the Commandant, in 
accordance with 46 CFR 1.01-15(b).
    Officer in charge of an engineering watch in a manned engine room 
or designated duty engineer in a periodically unmanned engine room or 
OICEW means an engineering officer qualified at the operational level.
    Officer in charge of a navigational watch or OICNW means a deck 
officer qualified at the operational level.
    Offshore installation manager or OIM means an officer restricted to 
service on MODUs. An assigned offshore installation manager is 
equivalent to a master on a conventional vessel and is the person 
designated by the owner or operator to be in complete and ultimate 
command of the unit.

[[Page 45959]]

    On location means that a mobile offshore drilling unit is bottom 
bearing or moored with anchors placed in the drilling configuration.
    Operate, operating, or operation (as applied to the manning 
requirements of vessels carrying passengers) refers to a vessel any 
time passengers are embarked whether the vessel is underway, at anchor, 
made fast to shore, or aground.
    Operational level means the level of responsibility associated with 
serving as officer in charge of a navigational or engineering watch or 
as designated duty engineer for periodically unmanned machinery spaces 
or as Global Maritime Distress and Safety System radio operator onboard 
ships to which STCW applies.
    Operator means an individual qualified to operate certain 
uninspected vessels.
    Orally assisted examination means an examination as described in 46 
CFR, part 11, subpart I of this subchapter administered verbally and 
documented by a Coast Guard examiner.
    Overriding operational condition means circumstances in which 
essential shipboard work cannot be delayed due to safety or 
environmental reasons, or could not have reasonably been anticipated at 
the commencement of the voyage.
    Participation, when used with regard to the service on transfers 
required for tankerman by Sec. Sec.  13.120, 13.203, or 13.303 of this 
subchapter, means either actual participation in the transfers or close 
observation of how the transfers are conducted and supervised.
    Passes a chemical test for dangerous drugs means that the result of 
a chemical test conducted according to 49 CFR part 40 is reported as 
``negative'' by a Medical Review Officer according to that part.
    Periodically unattended engine room means a space containing main 
propulsion and associated machinery and all sources of main electrical 
supply which is not at all times manned under all operating conditions, 
including maneuvering.
    PIC means a person in charge.
    Pilot of towing vessels means a qualified officer of a towing 
vessel operated only on inland routes.
    Pilotage waters means the navigable waters of the United States, 
including all inland waters and offshore waters to a distance of 3 
nautical miles from the baseline from which the Territorial Sea is 
measured.
    Practical demonstration means the performance of an activity under 
the direct observation of a designated examiner or qualified assessor 
for the purpose of establishing that the performer is sufficiently 
proficient in a practical skill to meet a specified standard of 
competence or other objective criterion.
    Propulsion power means the total maximum continuous-rated output 
power of the main propulsion machinery of a vessel determined by the 
manufacturer, in either kilowatts or horsepower, which appears on the 
ship's Certificate of Registry or other official document and excludes 
thrusters and other auxiliary machinery.
    Public vessel means a vessel that:
    (1) Is owned, or demise chartered, and operated by the United 
States Government or a government of a foreign country; and
    (2) Is not engaged in commercial service.
    Push-mode ITBs means those ITBs that involve a rigid coupling 
system and, when not coupled to the barge, are incapable of conducting 
towing in any other configuration (such as astern or alongside) 
because, by themselves, they have very limited seakeeping capability. 
The propelling unit moves as one with the barge unit.
    Qualified Assessor or QA means a person who is qualified to 
evaluate whether an applicant has demonstrated the level of proficiency 
required to hold a required endorsement on an MMC. This person may be 
approved by the Coast Guard or by a Coast Guard-approved or -accepted 
program of training.
    Qualified instructor means a person who has been trained or 
instructed in instructional techniques and is otherwise qualified to 
provide required training to candidates for an MMC endorsement. A 
faculty member employed at a State maritime academy or the U.S. 
Merchant Marine Academy operated under 46 CFR part 310 and instructing 
in a navigation or engineering course is qualified to serve as a 
qualified instructor in his or her area of specialization without 
individual evaluation by the Coast Guard.
    Qualified rating means various categories of able seaman, qualified 
member of the engine department, or tankerman endorsements issued on 
merchant mariner credentials.
    Quality Standard System or QSS means a set of policies, procedures, 
processes, and data required to establish and fulfill the 
organization's objectives.
    Raise of grade means an increase in the level of authority and 
responsibility associated with an officer or rating endorsement.
    Rating endorsement is an annotation on a merchant mariner 
credential that allows a mariner to serve in those capacities set out 
in Sec.  10.109 of this part.
    Regional examination center or REC means a field office of the 
National Maritime Center that receives and screens credential 
applications, conducts approved course oversight, and administers Coast 
Guard examinations as required by this subchapter.
    Rest means a period of time during which the person concerned is 
off duty, is not performing work (which includes administrative tasks 
such as chart correction or preparation of port-entry documents), and 
is allowed to sleep without interruption.
    Restricted means when a restriction is placed on an MMC, which 
restricts the authority of an endorsement to specific cargoes, 
equipment, vessel or vessels, employers, activities, particular 
geographic or local areas, formal camps, yacht clubs, educational 
institutions, or marinas.
    Restricted tankerman endorsement means a valid tankerman 
endorsement on an MMC restricting its holder as the Coast Guard deems 
appropriate. For instance, the endorsement may restrict the holder to 
one or a combination of the following: a specific cargo or cargoes; a 
specific vessel or vessels; a specific facility or facilities; a 
specific employer or employers; a specific activity or activities (such 
as loading or unloading in a cargo transfer); or a particular area of 
water.
    Rivers means a river, canal, or other similar body of water 
designated as such by the Coast Guard.
    Safe and suitable person means a person whose prior record, 
including but not limited to criminal record and/or NDR record, 
provides no information indicating that his or her character and habits 
of life would support the belief that permitting such a person to serve 
under the MMC and/or endorsement sought would clearly be a threat to 
the safety of life or property detrimental to good discipline, or 
adverse to the interests of the United States. See 46 CFR 10.211 and 
10.213 for the regulations associated with this definition.
    Seagoing service means service onboard a ship/vessel relevant to 
the issue of a credential or other qualification.
    Seagoing vessel means a self-propelled vessel that operates beyond 
the boundary line specified in 46 CFR part 7.
    Second engineer officer means an engineer officer next in rank to 
the chief engineer officer and upon whom the responsibility for the 
mechanical

[[Page 45960]]

propulsion and the operation and maintenance of the mechanical and 
electrical installations of the ship will fall in the event of the 
incapacity of the chief engineer officer.
    Self-propelled has the same meaning as the terms ``propelled by 
machinery'' and ``mechanically propelled.'' This term includes vessels 
fitted with sails or mechanical propulsion.
    Self-propelled tank vessel means a tank vessel propelled by 
machinery other than a tankship.
    Senior company official means the president, vice president, vice 
president for personnel, personnel director, or similarly titled or 
responsible individual, or a lower-level employee designated in writing 
by one of these individuals for the purpose of certifying employment.
    Service (as used when computing the required service for 
endorsements) means the time period, in days, a person is assigned to 
work. On MODUs, this excludes time spent ashore as part of crew 
rotation.
    Ship means a self-propelled vessel using any mode of propulsion, 
including sail and auxiliary sail.
    Simulated transfer means a transfer practiced in a course meeting 
the requirements of Sec.  13.121 of this subchapter that uses 
simulation supplying part of the service on transfers required for 
tankerman by Sec. Sec.  13.203 or 13.303 of this subchapter.
    Staff officer means a person who holds an MMC with an officer 
endorsement listed in Sec.  10.109(a)(40) through (a)(47) of this part.
    Standard of competence means the level of proficiency to be 
achieved for the proper performance of duties onboard vessels according 
to national and international criteria.
    Steward's department means the department that includes 
entertainment personnel and all service personnel, including wait 
staff, housekeeping staff, and galley workers, as defined in the vessel 
security plan approved by the Secretary under 46 U.S.C. 70103(c). These 
personnel may also be referred to as members of the hotel department on 
a large passenger vessel.
    STCW means the International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  10.103 of this subpart).
    STCW Code means the Seafarer's Training, Certification and 
Watchkeeping Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  10.103 of this 
subpart).
    STCW endorsement means an annotation on an MMC that allows a 
mariner to serve in those capacities under Sec.  10.109(d) of this 
subpart. The STCW endorsement serves as evidence that a mariner has met 
the requirements of the STCW Convention.
    Support level means the level of responsibility associated with 
serving as able seafarer deck or engine, rating forming part of the 
navigational or engineering watch or as electro-technical rating.
    Tank barge means a non-self-propelled tank vessel.
    Tank vessel means a vessel that is constructed or adapted to carry, 
or that carries, oil or hazardous material in bulk as cargo or cargo 
residue, and that:
    (1) Is a vessel of the United States;
    (2) Operates on the navigable waters of the United States; or
    (3) Transfers oil or hazardous material in a port or place subject 
to the jurisdiction of the United States.
    Tankerman assistant means a person holding a valid ``Tankerman-
Assistant'' endorsement on his or her MMC.
    Tankerman engineer means a person holding a valid ``Tankerman-
Engineer'' endorsement on his or her MMC.
    Tankerman PIC means a person holding a valid ``Tankerman-PIC'' 
endorsement on his or her MMC.
    Tankerman PIC (Barge) means a person holding a valid ``Tankerman-
PIC (Barge)'' endorsement on his or her MMC.
    Tankship means any self-propelled tank vessel constructed or 
adapted primarily to carry oil or hazardous material in bulk as cargo 
or as cargo residue.
    Training program means a combination of training, practical 
assessment, and service which provides an individual with all or part 
of the necessary knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required for 
a specific qualification.
    Transfer means any movement of fuel, dangerous liquid, or liquefied 
gas as cargo in bulk or as cargo residue to or from a vessel by means 
of pumping, gravitation, or displacement.
    Transportation Worker Identification Credential or TWIC means an 
identification credential issued by the Transportation Security 
Administration under 49 CFR part 1572.
    Underway means that a vessel is not at anchor, made fast to the 
shore, or aground. When referring to a mobile offshore drilling unit 
(MODU), underway means that the MODU is not in an on-location or laid-
up status and includes that period of time when the MODU is deploying 
or recovering its mooring system.
    Undocumented vessel means a vessel not required to have a 
certificate of documentation issued under the laws of the United 
States.
    Utility towing means:
    (1) Towing a barge with equipment performing marine construction, 
repair, and other types of marine utility services; or
    (2) Assisting yachts and recreational boats with limited 
maneuverability to dock, undock, moor, or unmoor.
    Vessel personnel with security duties means a person, excluding the 
designated security officer (e.g., Company Security Officer (CSO) and 
Vessel Security Officer (VSO)), holding a license or MMC officer 
endorsement, and/or an STCW endorsement; and persons in charge for the 
loading and unloading of cargo, passengers, and vessel stores.
    Vessel Security Officer or VSO means a person onboard the vessel 
accountable to the Master, designated by the Company as responsible for 
security of the vessel, including implementation and maintenance of the 
Vessel's Security Plan, and for liaison with the Facility Security 
Officer and the vessel's Company Security Officer.
    Western rivers means:
    (1) The Mississippi River;
    (2) The Mississippi River's tributaries, South Pass, and Southwest 
Pass, to the navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from 
harbors, rivers, and other inland waters of the United States;
    (3) The Port Allen-Morgan City Alternate Route;
    (4) That part of the Atchafalaya River above its junction with the 
Port Allen-Morgan City Alternate Route, including the Old River and the 
Red River; and
    (5) Those waters specified in 33 CFR 89.25.
    Year means 360 days for the purpose of complying with the service 
requirements of this subchapter.
    7. Revise Sec.  10.109 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.109  Classification of endorsements.

    (a) Domestic officer endorsements. The following domestic officer 
endorsements are established in part 11 of this subchapter. The 
endorsements indicate that an individual holding a valid MMC with this 
endorsement is qualified to serve in that capacity and the endorsement 
has been issued under the requirements contained in part 11 of this 
subchapter:
    (1) Master;
    (2) Chief mate;
    (3) Second mate;
    (4) Third mate;
    (5) Mate;
    (6) Master of towing vessels;
    (7) Master of towing vessels, limited;
    (8) Master of towing vessels, utility;
    (9) Mate (pilot) of towing vessels;
    (10) Apprentice mate (Steersman);
    (11) Apprentice mate (Steersman), limited;

[[Page 45961]]

    (12) Apprentice mate (Steersman), utility;
    (13) Master of towing vessels (Harbor Assist);
    (14) Assistance towing;
    (15) Offshore installation manager (OIM);
    (16) Barge supervisor (BS);
    (17) Ballast control operator (BCO);
    (18) Operator of uninspected passenger vessels (OUPV);
    (19) Master of uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (20) Mate of uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (21) Master of offshore supply vessels;
    (22) Chief mate of offshore supply vessels;
    (23) Mate of offshore supply vessels;
    (24) Chief engineer;
    (25) Chief engineer (limited-ocean);
    (26) Chief engineer (limited-near-coastal);
    (27) First assistant engineer;
    (28) Second assistant engineer;
    (29) Third assistant engineer;
    (30) Assistant engineer (limited);
    (31) Designated duty engineer (DDE);
    (32) Chief engineer offshore supply vessel;
    (33) Engineer offshore supply vessels;
    (34) Chief engineer MODU;
    (35) Assistant engineer MODU;
    (36) Chief engineer uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (37) Assistant engineer uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (38) Radio officer;
    (39) First-class pilot;
    (40) Chief purser;
    (41) Purser;
    (42) Senior assistant purser;
    (43) Junior assistant purser;
    (44) Medical doctor;
    (45) Professional nurse;
    (46) Marine physician assistant;
    (47) Hospital corpsman; and
    (48) Radar observer.
    (b) Domestic rating endorsements. The following domestic rating 
endorsements are established in part 12 of this subchapter. The 
endorsements indicate that an individual holding a valid MMC with this 
endorsement is qualified to serve in that capacity and the endorsement 
has been issued under the requirements contained in part 12 of this 
subchapter:
    (1) Able seaman:
    (i) Any waters, unlimited;
    (ii) Limited;
    (iii) Special;
    (iv) Special (OSV);
    (v) Sail; and
    (vi) Fishing industry.
    (2) Ordinary seaman;
    (3) Qualified member of the engine department (QMED), including the 
following specialty endorsements:
    (i) Oiler;
    (ii) Watertender/Fireman;
    (iii) Junior engineer;
    (iv) Pumpman/Machinist; and
    (v) Electrician/Refrigerating engineer.
    (4) Lifeboatman;
    (5) Lifeboatman-Limited;
    (6) Wiper;
    (7) Steward's department;
    (8) Steward's department (F.H.);
    (9) Cadet (deck or engineer);
    (10) Student observer;
    (11) Apprentice engineer; and
    (12) Apprentice mate.
    (c) The following ratings are established in part 13 of this 
subchapter. The endorsements indicate that an individual holding a 
valid MMC with this endorsement is qualified to serve in that capacity 
and the endorsement has been issued under the requirements contained in 
part 13 of this subchapter:
    (1) Tankerman-PIC;
    (2) Tankerman-PIC (Barge);
    (3) Tankerman-PIC restricted;
    (4) Tankerman-PIC (Barge) restricted;
    (5) Tankerman assistant; and
    (6) Tankerman engineer.
    (d) STCW endorsements. The following STCW endorsements are issued 
according to the STCW Convention, the STCW Code, and parts 11, 12, and 
13 of this subchapter. The endorsements indicate that an individual 
holding a valid MMC with this endorsement is qualified to serve in that 
capacity and the endorsement has been issued under the requirements 
contained in parts 11, 12, or 13 of this subchapter as well as the STCW 
Convention and STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  10.103 
of this subpart):
    (1) Master;
    (2) Chief mate;
    (3) Officer in charge of a navigational watch (OICNW);
    (4) Chief engineer officer;
    (5) Second engineer officer;
    (6) Officer in charge of an engineering watch in a manned 
engineroom or designated duty engineer in a periodically unmanned 
engineroom (OICEW);
    (7) Electro-technical officer (ETO);
    (8) Rating forming part of a navigational watch (RFPNW);
    (9) Able seafarer-deck;
    (10) Rating forming part of a watch in a manned engineroom or 
designated to perform duties in a periodically unmanned engineroom 
(RFPEW);
    (11) Able seafarer-engine;
    (12) Electro-technical rating;
    (13) Basic safety training (BST);
    (14) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast 
rescue boats (PSC);
    (15) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast 
rescue boats--limited (PSC--limited);
    (16) Proficiency in fast rescue boats;
    (17) Person in charge of medical care;
    (18) Medical first-aid provider;
    (19) GMDSS at-sea maintainer;
    (20) GMDSS operator;
    (21) Advanced oil tanker cargo operation;
    (22) Advanced chemical tanker cargo operation;
    (23) Advanced liquefied gas tanker cargo operation;
    (24) Basic oil and chemical tanker cargo operation;
    (25) Basic liquefied gas tanker cargo operation;
    (26) Vessel Security Officer;
    (27) Vessel personnel with designated security duties; and
    (28) Security awareness.


Sec.  10.201  [Amended]

    8. Amend Sec.  10.201 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ``incorporated by reference 
in Sec.  10.103'' and add, in their place, the words ``(incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  10.103 of this part)''; and
    b. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``National Maritime Center or 
at any Regional Examination Center during usual business hours, or 
through the mail'' and add, in their place, the words ``Coast Guard''.


Sec.  10.203  [Amended]

    9. In Sec.  10.203(c) and (d), after the words ``when requested by 
an authorized official'', remove the words ``as identified in 33 CFR 
101.515(d)''.
    10. Amend Sec.  10.205 as follows:
    a. Revise paragraph (a) to read as set down below;
    b. In paragraph (b), after the words ``All endorsements'', add the 
words ``, unless otherwise noted,'';
    c. In paragraph (c), remove the word ``one'' and add, in its place, 
the number ``1'' and remove the text ``Sec.  10.227(f) and add, in its 
place, the text ``Sec.  10.227(h)'';
    d. In paragraph (d), after the words ``in accordance with Sec.  
10.227'', add the words ``of this part'';
    e. Remove paragraph (f), and redesignate paragraphs (g) and (h) as 
paragraphs (f) and (g), respectively; and
    f. Add new paragraph (h) to read as follows:


Sec.  10.205  Validity of a merchant mariner credential.

    (a) An MMC is valid for a term of 5 years from the date of 
issuance. Upon the written request of the applicant, the Coast Guard 
may post-date the issuance of an MMC up to 12 months from the date that 
the Coast Guard accepts a complete application as defined in this part.
* * * * *

[[Page 45962]]

    (h) When a Document of Continuity is replaced with an MMC re-issued 
in accordance with Sec.  10.227 of this part, the Document of 
Continuity that has been replaced becomes invalid. In the event that 
not all endorsements on a Document of Continuity are activated, a new 
Document of Continuity will be issued for the remaining endorsements.


Sec.  10.207  [Amended]

    11. In Sec.  10.207, after the words ``a unique serial number'', 
add the words ``, called the mariner reference number,''.
    12. Revise Sec.  10.209 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.209  General application procedures.

    (a) The applicant for an MMC, whether for an original, renewal, 
duplicate, raise of grade, or a new endorsement on a previously issued 
MMC, must establish that he or she satisfies all the requirements for 
the MMC and endorsements sought before the Coast Guard will issue the 
MMC. This section contains the general requirements for all applicants. 
Additional requirements for duplicates, renewals, new endorsements, and 
raises of grade appear later in this part.
    (b) The Coast Guard may refuse to process an incomplete MMC 
application. The requirements for a complete application for an 
original MMC are contained in Sec.  10.225 of this part, the 
requirements for a renewal MMC application are contained in Sec.  
10.227 of this part, the requirements for a duplicate MMC application 
are contained in Sec.  10.229 of this part, and the requirements for an 
application for a new endorsement or raise of grade are contained in 
Sec.  10.231 of this part.
    (c) Applications are valid for 12 months from the date that the 
Coast Guard approves the application.
    (d) The portions of the application that may be submitted in 
person, by mail, fax, or other electronic means may include:
    (1) The application, consent for National Driver Register (NDR) 
check, and notarized oath on Coast Guard-furnished forms, and the 
evaluation fee required by Sec.  10.219 of this part;
    (2) The applicant's continuous discharge book, certificate of 
identification, MMD, MMC, license, STCW endorsement, Certificate of 
Registry (COR), or, if it has not expired, a photocopy of the 
credential, including the back and all attachments;
    (3) Proof, documented on CG-719K or CG-719K/E, as appropriate, 
provided by the Coast Guard, that the applicant passed the applicable 
vision, hearing, medical or physical exam as required by subpart C of 
this part, or an unexpired medical certificate/endorsement issued by 
the Coast Guard;
    (4) If the applicant desires a credential with a radar-observer 
endorsement in accordance with Sec.  11.480 of this subchapter, either 
the radar-observer certificate or a certified copy;
    (5) Evidence of, or acceptable substitute for, sea service, if 
required;
    (6) For an endorsement as a medical doctor or professional nurse as 
required in Sec.  11.807 of this subchapter, evidence that the 
applicant holds a currently valid, appropriate license as physician, 
surgeon, or registered nurse, issued under the authority of a state or 
territory of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the 
District of Columbia. Any MMC issued will retain any limitation 
associated with the medical license;
    (7) Any certificates or other supplementary materials required to 
show that the mariner meets the mandatory requirements for the specific 
endorsement sought, as established in parts 11, 12, or 13 of this 
subchapter; and
    (8) An open-book exercise, in accordance with Sec.  10.227(e)(1) of 
this part.
    (e) The following requirements must be satisfied before an original 
or renewal MMC, or new endorsement or a raise of grade added to a 
previously issued MMC, will be issued. These materials will be added to 
the individual's record by the Coast Guard:
    (1) Determination of safety and suitability. No MMC will be issued 
as an original or reissued with a new expiration date, and no new 
officer endorsement will be issued if the applicant fails the criminal 
record review as set forth in Sec.  10.211 of this part;
    (2) NDR review. No MMC will be issued as an original or reissued 
with a new expiration date, and no new officer endorsement will be 
issued if the applicant fails the NDR review as set forth in Sec.  
10.213 of this part; and
    (3) Information supplied by the Transportation Security 
Administration (TSA). No MMC or endorsement will be issued until the 
Coast Guard receives the following information from the applicant's 
TWIC application: the applicant's fingerprints, FBI number and criminal 
record (if applicable), photograph, proof of citizenship, or 
Nationality with proof of legal resident status (if applicable). If the 
information is not available from TSA, the mariner may be required to 
visit a Regional Exam Center to provide this information.
    (f) Upon determining that the applicant satisfactorily meets all 
requirements for an MMC or an endorsement thereon, the Coast Guard will 
issue the properly endorsed MMC to the applicant. The Coast Guard will 
not issue an MMC until it has received proof that the mariner holds a 
valid TWIC.
    (g) When a new MMC is issued, the mariner must return the 
previously issued MMC, license, MMD, COR, or STCW endorsement to the 
Coast Guard, unless the new MMC is being issued to replace a lost or 
stolen credential.
    (h) No MMC will be issued if the applicant fails a chemical test 
for dangerous drugs as required in Sec. Sec.  10.225(b)(5), 
10.227(d)(5), and 10.231(c)(6).
    (i) Ceremonial licenses. A mariner may obtain a ceremonial license 
when applying for his or her credential or Document of Continuity.
    13. Amend Sec.  10.211 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (a), after the words ``written disclosure of all'', 
add the word ``prior'';
    b. In paragraph (b), after the words ``a duplicate MMC under Sec.  
10.229'', add the words ``of this part'';
    c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``Beginning April 15, 2009, 
the'' and add, in their place, the word ``The''; and after the words 
``This information'', remove the words ``, or the fingerprints taken by 
the Coast Guard at an REC,'';
    d. In paragraph (d), remove the word ``disapproved'' and add, in 
its place, the word ``denied'';
    e. In paragraph (e), remove the word ``disapproved'' and add, in 
its place, the word ``denied''; and remove the word ``disapproval'' and 
add, in its place, the word ``denial'';
    f. In paragraph (g), after the words ``The Coast Guard will use 
table 10.211(g)'', add the words ``of this section'';
    g. Revise table 10.211(g) to read as set down below;
    h. In paragraphs (h) and (i), after the words ``table 10.211(g)'' 
wherever they appear, add the words ``of this section'';
    i. In paragraph (j), after the words ``If a person with a criminal 
conviction submits'', remove the word ``their'' and add, in its place, 
the words ``his or her''; and remove the word ``disapprove'' in the 
last sentence, and add, in its place, the word ``deny''; and
    j. In paragraph (k), after the words ``If a person with a criminal 
conviction submits'', remove the word ``their'' and add, in its place, 
the words ``his or her'', and after the words ``in table 10.211(g)'' 
wherever they appear, add the words ``of this section''.


Sec.  10.211  Criminal Record Review.

* * * * *

[[Page 45963]]



 Table 10.211(g)--Guidelines for Evaluating Applicants for MMCs Who Have
                          Criminal Convictions
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Assessment periods
            Crime \1\             --------------------------------------
                                         Minimum            Maximum
------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Assessment Periods for Officer and Rating Endorsement
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Crimes Against Persons:            ..................  .................
    Homicide (intentional).......  7 years...........  20 years.
    Homicide (unintentional).....  5 years...........  10 years.
    Assault (aggravated).........  5 years...........  10 years.
    Assault (simple).............  1 year............  5 years.
    Sexual Assault (rape, child    5 years...........  10 years.
     molestation).
    Robbery......................  5 years...........  10 years.
Other crimes against persons.\2\
Vehicular Crimes:
    Conviction involving fatality  1 year............  5 years.
    Reckless Driving.............  1 year............  2 years.
    Racing on the Highways.......  1 year............  2 years.
Other vehicular crimes \2\
Crimes Against Public Safety:
    Destruction of Property......  5 years...........  10 years.
Other crimes against public
 safety \2\
Dangerous Drug Offenses: 3 4 5
    Trafficking (sale,             5 years...........  10 years.
     distribution, transfer).
    Dangerous drugs (Use or        1 year............  10 years.
     possession).
Other dangerous drug
 convictions.\6\
Criminal Violations of
 Environmental Laws:
    Criminal violations of         1 year............  10 years.
     environmental laws involving
     improper handling of
     pollutants or hazardous
     materials.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Assessment Periods for Officer
        Endorsements Only
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Crimes Against Property:
    Burglary.....................  3 years...........  10 years.
    Larceny (embezzlement).......  3 years...........  5 years.
Other crimes against property.\2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Conviction of attempts, solicitations, aiding and abetting,
  accessory after the fact, and conspiracies to commit the criminal
  conduct listed in this table carry the same minimum and maximum
  assessment periods provided in the table.
\2\ Other crimes will be reviewed by the Coast Guard to determine the
  minimum and maximum assessment periods depending on the nature of the
  crime.
\3\ Applicable to original applications only. Any applicant who has ever
  been the user of, or addicted to the use of, a dangerous drug must
  meet the requirements of paragraph (f) of this section. Note:
  Applicants for reissue of an MMC with a new expiration date including
  a renewal or additional endorsement(s), who have been convicted of a
  dangerous drug offense while holding a license, MMC, MMD, STCW
  endorsement or COR, may have their application withheld until
  appropriate action has been completed by the Coast Guard under the
  regulations which appear in 46 CFR part 5 governing the administrative
  actions against merchant mariner credentials.
\4\ The Coast Guard may consider dangerous drug convictions more than 10
  years old only if there has been another dangerous drug conviction
  within the past 10 years.
\5\ Applicants must demonstrate rehabilitation under paragraph (l) of
  this section, including applicants with dangerous drug use convictions
  more than 10 years old.
\6\ Other dangerous drug convictions will be reviewed by the Coast Guard
  on a case by case basis to determine the appropriate assessment period
  depending on the nature of the offense.

* * * * *
    14. Revise Sec.  10.213 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.213  National Driver Register.

    (a) No MMC will be issued as an original or reissued with a new 
expiration date, and no new officer endorsement will be issued, unless 
the applicant consents to a check of the NDR for offenses described in 
section 205(a)(3)(A) or (B) of the NDR Act (i.e., operation of a motor 
vehicle while under the influence of, or impaired by, alcohol or a 
controlled substance; and any traffic violations arising in connection 
with a fatal traffic accident, reckless driving, or racing on the 
highways).
    (b) The Coast Guard will not consider NDR-listed civil convictions 
that are more than 3 years old from the date of request unless that 
information relates to a current suspension or revocation of the 
applicant's license to operate a motor vehicle. The Coast Guard may 
determine minimum and maximum assessment periods for NDR-listed 
criminal convictions using table 10.213(c) of this section. An 
applicant conducting simultaneous MMC transactions is subject to only 
one NDR check.
    (c) The guidelines in table 10.213(c) will be used by the Coast 
Guard in evaluating applicants who have drug or alcohol related NDR-
listed convictions. Non-drug or alcohol related NDR-listed convictions 
will be evaluated by the Coast Guard under table 10.211(g) of Sec.  
10.211 of this part as applicable. The Coast Guard may consider non-
drug or alcohol related NDR-listed convictions that are more than 3 
years old from the date of the request when the information relates to 
a current suspension or revocation of the applicant's license to 
operate a motor vehicle.

[[Page 45964]]



 Table 10.213(c)--Guidelines for Evaluating Applicants for MMCs Who Have
 NDR Motor Vehicle Convictions Involving Dangerous Drugs or Alcohol \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Date of
    Number of  convictions          conviction       Assessment period
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.............................  Less than 1 year.  1 year from date of
                                                    conviction.
1.............................  More than 1, less  Application will be
                                 than 3 years.      processed, unless
                                                    suspension, or
                                                    revocation \2\ is
                                                    still in effect.
                                                    Applicant will be
                                                    advised that
                                                    additional
                                                    conviction(s) may
                                                    jeopardize merchant
                                                    mariner credentials.
1.............................  More than 3 years  Application will be
                                 old.               processed.
2 or more.....................  Any less than 3    1 year since last
                                 years old.         conviction and at
                                                    least 3 years from
                                                    2nd most recent
                                                    conviction, unless
                                                    suspension or
                                                    revocation is still
                                                    in effect.
2 or more.....................  All more than 3    Application will be
                                 years old.         processed unless
                                                    suspension or
                                                    revocation is still
                                                    in effect.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Any applicant who has ever been the user of, or addicted to the use
  of, a dangerous drug must meet the requirements of paragraph (f) of
  this section.
\2\ Suspension or revocation, when referred to in table 10.213, means a
  State suspension or revocation of a motor vehicle operator's license.

    (d) Any application may be denied if information from the NDR check 
leads the Coast Guard to determine that the applicant cannot be 
entrusted with the duties and responsibilities of the endorsement for 
which the application is made. If an application is denied, the Coast 
Guard will notify the applicant in writing of the reason(s) for denial 
and advise the applicant that the appeal procedures in subpart 1.03 of 
part 1 of this chapter apply. No examination will be given pending 
decision on appeal.
    (e) Before denying an application because of information received 
from the NDR, the Coast Guard will make the information available to 
the applicant for review and written comment. The applicant may submit 
records from the applicable State concerning driving record and 
convictions to the Coast Guard Regional Examination Center (REC) 
processing the application. The REC will hold an application with NDR-
listed convictions pending the completion of the evaluation and 
delivery by the individual of the underlying State records.
    (f) If an applicant has one or more alcohol or dangerous drug-
related criminal or NDR-listed convictions, if the applicant has ever 
been the user of, or addicted to the use of, a dangerous drug, or if 
the applicant applies before the minimum assessment period for his or 
her conviction has elapsed, the Coast Guard may consider the following 
factors, as applicable, in assessing the applicant's suitability to 
hold an MMC. This list is intended as a guide for the Coast Guard. The 
Coast Guard may consider other factors which it judges appropriate to a 
particular applicant, such as:
    (1) Proof of completion of an accredited alcohol or drug abuse 
rehabilitation program;
    (2) Active membership in a rehabilitation or counseling group, such 
as Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous;
    (3) Character references from persons who can attest to the 
applicant's sobriety, reliability, and suitability for employment in 
the merchant marine, including parole or probation officers;
    (4) Steady employment; and
    (5) Successful completion of all conditions of parole or probation.


Sec.  10.214  [Amended]

    15. In Sec.  10.214, remove the words ``Until April 15, 2009, the'' 
and add, in their place, the word ``The''.


Sec.  10.215  [Removed]

    16. Remove Sec.  10.215
    17. Revise Sec.  10.217 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.217  Merchant mariner credential application and examination 
locations.

    (a) Applicants for an MMC may apply to any of the Regional 
Examination Centers (RECs) or any other location designated by the 
Coast Guard. Applicants may contact the National Maritime Center at 100 
Forbes Drive, Martinsburg, WV 25404, by telephone 1-888-427-5662 or 
304-433-3400, or by e-mail at [email protected]. A list of locations 
approved for application submittal is available through the Coast Guard 
Web site at http://www.uscg.mil/nmc.
    (b) Exam Locations. (1) Coast Guard units abroad may conduct exams 
for ratings at locations other than the RECs, but are not prepared to 
conduct practical examinations.
    (2) The Coast Guard may designate additional exam facilities/
locations to provide services to applicants for MMCs.
    18. Revise Sec.  10.219 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.219  Fees.

    (a) Use table 10.219(a) of this section to calculate the mandatory 
fees for MMCs and associated endorsements.

                                              Table 10.219(a)--Fees
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 And you need
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      If you apply for        Evaluation then the fee is   Examination then the fee   Issuance then the fee is .
                                         . . .                     is . . .                       . .
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MMC with officer
 endorsement:
Original:...................
    Unlimited \1\...........  $100......................  $110......................  $45
    Limited \2\.............  $100......................  $95.......................  $45
    Renewal.................  $50.......................  $45.......................  $45
    Raise of grade..........  $100......................  $45.......................  $45
    Modification or removal   $50.......................  $45.......................  $45
     of limitation or scope.
Radio officer endorsement:
    Original................  $50.......................  $45.......................  $45
    Renewal.................  $50.......................  n/a.......................  $45
Staff officer endorsements:
    Original................  $90.......................  n/a.......................  $45

[[Page 45965]]

 
    Renewal.................  $50.......................  n/a.......................  $45
MMC with rating endorsement:
    Original endorsement for  $95.......................  n/a.......................  $45
     ratings other than
     qualified ratings.
    Original endorsement for  $95.......................  $140......................  $45
     qualified rating.
    Upgrade or raise of       $95.......................  $140......................  $45
     Grade.
    Renewal endorsement for   $50.......................  n/a.......................  $45
     ratings other than
     qualified ratings.
    Renewal endorsement for   $50.......................  $45.......................  $45
     qualified rating.
    Modification or removal   $50.......................  $45.......................  $45
     of limitation or scope.
STCW endorsement:
    Original................  No fee....................  No fee....................  No fee
    Renewal.................  No fee....................  No fee....................  No fee
    Reissue, replacement,     n/a.......................  n/a.......................  $45 \3\
     and duplicate.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Unlimited means credentials authorizing service on vessels of any gross tons/unlimited tonnage or unlimited
  propulsion power.
\2\ Limited means credentials authorizing service on vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
\3\ Duplicate for MMC lost as result of marine casualty--No Fee.

    (b) Fee payment procedures. Applicants may pay:
    (1) All fees required by this section at the time the application 
is submitted; or
    (2) A fee for each phase at the following times:
    (i) An evaluation fee when the application is submitted.
    (ii) An examination fee before the first examination section is 
taken.
    (iii) An issuance fee before receipt of the MMC.
    (c) If the examination is administered at a place other than a 
Regional Examination Center (REC), the examination fee must be paid to 
the REC at least one week before the scheduled examination date.
    (d) Fee payments must be for the exact amount and made by credit 
card or by electronic payment in a manner specified by the Coast Guard. 
For information regarding current forms of electronic payment, go to 
http://www.uscg.mil/stcw/ldcr-userfees.htm.
    (e) Unless otherwise specified in this part, when two or more 
endorsements are processed on the same application, the fees will be as 
follows:
    (1) Evaluation fees. If an applicant simultaneously applies for a 
rating endorsement and a deck or engineer officer's endorsement, only 
the evaluation fee for the officer's endorsement will be charged. If an 
applicant simultaneously applies for a staff officer or radio officer 
endorsement along with the deck or engineer officer endorsement, only 
the evaluation fee for the deck or engineer officer's endorsement will 
be charged. No evaluation fee is charged for an STCW endorsement.
    (2) Examination fees. One examination fee will be charged for each 
exam or series of exams for an original, raise of grade, or renewal of 
an endorsement on an MMC taken within 1 year from the date of the 
application approval. An examination fee will also be charged to 
process an open-book exercise used to renew an MMC. If an officer 
endorsement examination under part 11 of this chapter also fulfills the 
examination requirements in part 12 of this chapter for rating 
endorsements, only the fee for the officer endorsement examination is 
charged.
    (3) Issuance fees. Only one issuance fee will be charged for each 
MMC issued, regardless of the number of endorsements placed on the 
credential. There is no fee for a Document of Continuity.
    (f) The Coast Guard may assess additional charges to anyone to 
recover collection and enforcement costs associated with delinquent 
payments or failure to pay a fee. The Coast Guard will not provide 
credentialing services to a mariner who owes money for credentialing 
services previously provided.
    (g) Anyone who fails to pay a fee or charge established under this 
section is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty 
of not more than $6,500 for each violation.
    (h) No-fee MMC for certain applicants. For the purpose of this 
section, a no-fee MMC applicant is a person who is a volunteer, or a 
part-time or full-time employee of an organization that is:
    (1) Charitable in nature;
    (2) Not for profit; and
    (3) Youth-oriented.
    (i) Determination of eligibility. (1) An organization may submit a 
written request to U.S. Coast Guard National Maritime Center, 100 
Forbes Drive, Martinsburg, WV 25404, in order to be considered an 
eligible organization under the criteria set forth in paragraph (h)(1) 
of this section. With the written request, the organization must 
provide evidence of its status as a youth-oriented, not-for-profit, 
charitable organization.
    (2) The following organizations are accepted by the Coast Guard as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (h)(1) of this section and need 
not submit evidence of their status: Boy Scouts of America, Sea 
Explorer Association, Girl Scouts of the United States of America, and 
Young Men's Christian Association of the United States of America.
    (j) A letter from an organization determined eligible under 
paragraph (h)(2) of this section must also accompany the person's MMC 
application to the Coast Guard. The letter must state that the purpose 
of the person's application is solely to further the conduct of the 
organization's maritime activities. The applicant will then be eligible 
under this section to obtain a no-fee MMC if other requirements for the 
MMC are met.
    (k) An MMC issued to a person under this section will be endorsed 
restricting its use to vessels owned or operated by the sponsoring 
organization.
    (l) The holder of a no-fee MMC issued under this section may have 
the restriction removed by paying the appropriate evaluation, 
examination, and issuance fees that would have otherwise applied.
    19. Amend Sec.  10.221 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (a)(1), remove the word ``part'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``subchapter'';
    b. In paragraph (a)(2), remove the section number ``Sec.  12.40-
11'' and add, in its place, the section number ``Sec.  12.809''; and
    c. Revise paragraph (b) to read as follows:

[[Page 45966]]

Sec.  10.221  Citizenship.

* * * * *
    (b) Proof of citizenship or alien status must be submitted to the 
Transportation Security Administration (TSA) with the applicant's TWIC 
application in accordance with 49 CFR 1572.17(a)(11). If appropriate 
proof of citizenship or alien status is not submitted to TSA when 
applying for a TWIC, applicants may be required to appear at an REC to 
provide proof of citizenship.
* * * * *
    20. Amend Sec.  10.223 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (c)(2), remove the words ``Beginning April 15, 
2009, proof'' and add, in their place, the word ``Proof'';
    b. In paragraphs (c)(3)(i), (c)(3)(ii), and (c)(3)(iii), remove the 
word ``chapter'' and add, in its place, the word ``subchapter''; and
    c. Revise paragraph (c)(3)(iv) to read as set down below.


Sec.  10.223  Modification or removal of limitations or scope.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (iv) The mandatory requirements for STCW endorsements are contained 
in parts 11, 12, and 13 of this subchapter.
* * * * *
    21. Revise Sec.  10.225 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.225  Requirements for original merchant mariner credentials.

    (a) An applicant must apply as an original if the MMC sought is:
    (1) The first credential issued to the applicant;
    (2) The first credential issued to applicants after their previous 
credential has expired and they do not hold a Document of Continuity 
under Sec.  10.227(g) of this part or an equivalent unexpired 
continuity endorsement on their license or MMD; or
    (3) The first credential issued to applicants after their previous 
credential was revoked pursuant to Sec.  10.235 of this part.
    (b) A complete application for an original MMC must contain the 
following:
    (1) A completed, signed application;
    (2) Proof that the mariner either holds a valid TWIC or has applied 
for a TWIC;
    (3) All supplementary materials required to show that the mariner 
meets the mandatory requirements for all endorsements sought as 
follows:
    (i) The mandatory requirements for officer endorsements are 
contained in part 11 of this subchapter;
    (ii) The mandatory requirements for rating endorsements are 
contained in part 12 of this subchapter;
    (iii) The mandatory requirements for tanker rating endorsements are 
contained in part 13 of this subchapter; and/or
    (iv) The mandatory requirements for STCW endorsements are contained 
in parts 11, 12, and 13 of this subchapter.
    (4) The appropriate fee as set forth in Sec.  10.219 of this part;
    (5) Evidence of having passed a chemical test for dangerous drugs 
or of qualifying for an exemption from testing in Sec.  16.220 of this 
subchapter;
    (6) Where sea service is required, documentary evidence in 
accordance with Sec.  10.232 of this part;
    (7) Proof, documented on CG-719-K or CG-719-K/E, as appropriate, 
that the applicant passed all applicable vision, hearing, medical, and/
or physical exams as required by subpart C of this part or a valid 
medical certificate/endorsement issued by the Coast Guard;
    (8) Consent to a Coast Guard check of the NDR for offenses 
described in section 205(a)(3)(A) or (B) of the National Driver 
Register Act of 1982, as amended; and
    (9) The oath as required in paragraph (c) of this section.
    (c) Oath. Every person who receives an original MMC must first take 
an oath, before an official authorized to give such an oath, that he or 
she will faithfully and honestly, according to his or her best skill 
and judgment, without concealment or reservation, perform all the 
duties required by law and obey all lawful orders of superior officers. 
An oath may be administered by any Coast Guard-designated individual or 
any person legally permitted to administer oaths in the jurisdiction 
where the person taking the oath resides. An oath administered at a 
location other than the Coast Guard must be verified in writing by the 
administering official and submitted to the same Regional Examination 
Center (REC) where the applicant applied for his or her MMC. This oath 
remains binding for any subsequently issued MMC and endorsements added 
to the MMC, unless specifically renounced in writing.
    22. Revise Sec.  10.227 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.227  Requirements for renewal.

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (g) of this section, an 
applicant for renewal of a credential must establish possession of all 
of the necessary qualifications before the MMC will be renewed.
    (b) A credential may be renewed at any time during its validity and 
for 1 year after expiration.
    (c) No credential will be renewed if it has been suspended without 
probation or revoked as a result of action under part 5 of this chapter 
or if facts that would render a renewal improper have come to the 
attention of the Coast Guard.
    (d) Except as provided in paragraph (g) of this section, a complete 
application for renewal must contain the following:
    (1) A completed, signed application;
    (2) Proof that the mariner holds a valid TWIC;
    (3) The appropriate fee as set forth in Sec.  10.219 of this part;
    (4) Any uncanceled MMD, MMC, license, STCW endorsement, Certificate 
of Registry (COR), or Document of Continuity held by the applicant. If 
one or more of these credentials are still valid at the time of 
application, a photocopy--front, back, and all attachments--will 
satisfy this requirement;
    (5) Evidence of having passed a chemical test for dangerous drugs 
or of qualifying for an exemption from testing in Sec.  16.220 of this 
subchapter;
    (6) Proof, documented on CG-719K or CG-719K/E, as appropriate, that 
the applicant passed all applicable vision, hearing, medical, and/or 
physical exams as required by subpart C of this part or a valid medical 
certificate/endorsement issued by the Coast Guard; and
    (7) Consent to a Coast Guard check of the NDR for offenses 
described in section 205(a)(3)(A) or (B) of the National Driver 
Register Act of 1982, as amended.
    (e) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(8) of this section and 46 
CFR 13.120, the applicant must meet the following professional 
requirements for renewal:
    (1) The applicant must either--
    (i) Present evidence of at least 1 year of sea service during the 
past 5 years;
    (ii) Pass a comprehensive, open-book exercise covering the general 
subject matter contained in appropriate sections of subpart I of this 
part;
    (iii) Complete an approved refresher training course; or
    (iv) Present evidence of employment in a position closely related 
to the operation, construction, or repair of vessels (either deck or 
engineer as appropriate) for at least 3 years during the past 5 years. 
An applicant for a deck license or officer endorsement with this type 
of employment must also demonstrate knowledge on an applicable Rules of 
the Road open-book exercise.
    (2) The qualification requirements for renewal of radar observer 
endorsement are in Sec.  11.480 of this subchapter.
    (3) Additional qualification requirements for renewal of an officer 
endorsement as first-class pilot are contained in Sec.  11.713 of this 
subchapter.

[[Page 45967]]

    (4) An applicant for renewal of a radio officer's endorsement must, 
in addition to meeting the requirements of this section, present a copy 
of a currently valid license as first- or second-class radiotelegraph 
operator issued by the Federal Communications Commission.
    (5) An applicant for renewal of an endorsement as medical doctor or 
professional nurse must, in addition to meeting the requirements of 
this section, present evidence that he or she holds a currently valid, 
appropriate license as physician, surgeon, or registered nurse issued 
under the authority of a State or territory of the United States, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia. Any such 
renewal will retain the limitations placed upon the medical license by 
the issuing body. There are no professional requirements for renewal of 
an endorsement as marine physician assistant or hospital corpsman.
    (6) An applicant for renewal of an endorsement as master or mate 
(pilot) of towing vessels, in addition to the other requirements in 
this paragraph, must also submit satisfactory evidence of:
    (i) Having completed a practical demonstration of maneuvering and 
handling a towing vessel to the satisfaction of a designated examiner; 
or
    (ii) Ongoing participation in training and drills during the 
validity of the license or MMC being renewed.
    (7) An applicant seeking to renew a tankerman endorsement must meet 
the additional requirements listed in Sec.  13.120 of this subchapter.
    (8) There are no professional requirements for renewal for the 
following endorsements:
    (i) Staff officers (all types);
    (ii) Ordinary seaman;
    (iii) Wiper;
    (iv) Steward's department;
    (v) Steward's department (F.H.);
    (vi) Cadet;
    (vii) Student observer;
    (viii) Apprentice engineer;
    (ix) Apprentice mate (issued under part 12 of this subchapter);
    (x) Person in charge of medical care;
    (xi) Medical first-aid provider;
    (xii) GMDSS at-sea maintainer; and
    (xiii) GMDSS operator.
    (f) Except as otherwise provided, each candidate for a renewal of 
an STCW endorsement must meet the applicable requirements of part 11, 
subpart C, and/or part 12, subpart F.
    (g) Document of Continuity. (1) Applicants for renewal of domestic 
endorsements, who are unwilling or otherwise unable to meet the 
requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, including but not 
limited to the medical and physical standards of subpart C of this 
part, suitability standards of Sec.  10.211 of this part, drug tests, 
professional requirements, and TWIC, may apply for a Document of 
Continuity issued by the Coast Guard. Documents of Continuity do not 
expire and are issued solely to maintain an individual's eligibility 
for renewal. A Document of Continuity does not entitle an individual to 
serve as a merchant mariner. A holder of a Document of Continuity may 
obtain a properly endorsed, valid MMC at any time by satisfying the 
requirements for renewal as provided in paragraph (d) of this section. 
When a valid MMC is issued to replace a previously held Document of 
Continuity, the previously issued Document of Continuity becomes void.
    (2) Applications for a Document of Continuity must include:
    (i) The endorsements to be placed into continuity; and
    (ii) An application, including a signed statement from the 
applicant, attesting to an awareness of the limited purpose of the 
Document of Continuity, his or her inability to serve, and the 
requirements to obtain an MMC.
    (3) If not all MMC endorsements are to be converted into a Document 
of Continuity, a new MMC will be issued with the active endorsements. 
Once the new MMC and/or Document of Continuity is issued the previous 
MMC is no longer valid and must be returned to the Coast Guard.
    (4) STCW endorsements may not be placed in continuity. If an 
individual continues to maintain a valid MMC while placing specific 
domestic endorsements into continuity, those STCW endorsements 
associated with the domestic endorsements that were placed in 
continuity are no longer valid. A holder of a Document of Continuity 
may obtain a properly endorsed, valid MMC, including STCW endorsements, 
at any time by satisfying the requirements for renewal as provided in 
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (5) No credential expired beyond the 12-month administrative grace 
period in paragraph (h) of this section can be converted into a 
Document of Continuity.
    (h) Administrative grace period. Except as provided herein, a 
credential may not be renewed more than 12 months after it has expired. 
For a credential to be re-issued by the Coast Guard more than 12 months 
after its expiration, an applicant must comply with the requirements of 
paragraph (i) of this section. When an applicant's credential expires 
during a time of service with the Armed Forces and there is no 
reasonable opportunity for renewal, including by mail, this period may 
be extended. The period of military service following the date of 
expiration which precluded renewal may be added to the 12-month grace 
period. The 12-month grace period and any extensions do not affect the 
expiration date of the credential. A license, MMD, COR, STCW 
endorsement, MMC, and any endorsements thereon, are not valid for use 
after the expiration date.
    (i) Re-issuance of expired credentials. (1) If an applicant applies 
for re-issuance of an endorsement as deck officer, engineer officer, or 
qualified rating more than 12 months after its expiration, instead of 
the requirements of paragraph (e) of this section, the applicant must 
demonstrate continued professional knowledge by completing a course 
approved for this purpose, or by passing the complete examination for 
original issue of the endorsement. The examination may be oral-assisted 
if the expired credential was awarded based on the results of an oral 
exam. The fees set forth in Sec.  10.219 of this part apply to these 
examinations. In the case of an expired radio officer's endorsement, 
the endorsement may be issued upon presentation of a valid first- or 
second-class radiotelegraph operator license issued by the Federal 
Communications Commission.
    (2) An endorsement for chief purser, purser, senior assistant 
purser, junior assistant purser, hospital corpsman, marine physician 
assistant, medical doctor, or professional nurse that has been expired 
for more than 12 months must be renewed in the same way as a current 
endorsement of that type. There are no additional requirements for re-
issuing endorsements for chief purser, purser, senior assistant purser, 
junior assistant purser, hospital corpsman, marine physician assistant, 
medical doctor, or professional nurse that have been expired for more 
than 12 months.
    (3) Applicants applying for re-issuance of an endorsement as master 
or mate (pilot) of towing vessels more than 12 months after expiration 
of the previous endorsement must complete the practical demonstration 
of maneuvering and handling a towing vessel required under (e)(6)(i) of 
this section.
    (4) Applicants applying for re-issuance of an endorsement as any 
tankerman rating more than 12 months after expiration of the previous 
endorsement must meet the requirements in Sec.  13.117 of this 
subchapter.
    23. Amend Sec.  10.229 as follows:
    a. Revise the section heading to read as set down below;

[[Page 45968]]

    b. Revise paragraph (a) to read as set down below;
    c. In paragraph (b), in the first sentence, after the words ``The 
duplicate'', add the word ``credential'' and remove the second 
sentence;
    d. In paragraph (c), after the words ``a duplicate'', add the word 
``credential''; and
    e. In paragraph (d), after the words ``the appropriate fees set out 
in Sec.  10.219'', add the words ``of this part''.


Sec.  10.229  Replacement of lost merchant mariner credentials.

    (a) A mariner may be issued a duplicate credential upon request, 
and without examination, after submitting an application with an 
affidavit describing the circumstances of the loss. The Coast Guard 
will only issue the duplicate credential, MMC and/or medical 
certificate/endorsement, after confirming the validity of the mariner's 
credential and the validity of the mariner's TWIC.
* * * * *
    24. Revise Sec.  10.231 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.231  Requirements for raises of grade or new endorsements.

    (a) This section applies to applicants who already hold a valid 
credential and want to make the following transactions:
    (1) Add a new endorsement; or
    (2) Raise of grade of an existing endorsement.
    (b) New endorsements or raises of grade of existing endorsements on 
an MMC under this section will not change the expiration date of the 
MMC unless the applicant renews all endorsements that appear on the MMC 
under Sec.  10.227 of this part.
    (c) A complete application for a new endorsement or raise of grade 
must contain the following:
    (1) A completed, signed application;
    (2) Proof that the mariner holds or has applied for a valid TWIC;
    (3) All supplementary materials required to show that the mariner 
meets the mandatory requirements for the new endorsements sought as 
follows:
    (i) The mandatory requirements for officer endorsements are 
contained in part 11 of this subchapter and paragraph (d) of this 
section;
    (ii) The mandatory requirements for rating endorsements are 
contained in part 12 of this subchapter;
    (iii) The mandatory requirements for tankerman rating endorsements 
are contained in part 13 of this subchapter; and/or
    (iv) The mandatory requirements for STCW endorsements are contained 
in parts 11, 12, and 13 of this subchapter.
    (4) The appropriate fee as set forth in Sec.  10.219 of this part;
    (5) Any uncanceled MMD, MMC, license, STCW endorsement, or COR held 
by the applicant. If one or more of these credentials are still valid 
at the time of application, a photocopy--front, back, and all 
attachments--will satisfy this requirement;
    (6) Applicants for the following endorsements must produce evidence 
of having passed a chemical test for dangerous drugs or of qualifying 
for an exemption from testing in Sec.  16.220 of this subchapter:
    (i) Any officer endorsement; and
    (ii) The first endorsement as able seaman, lifeboatman, 
lifeboatman-limited, qualified member of the engine department, or 
tankerman.
    (7) Where sea service is required, documentary evidence in 
accordance with Sec.  10.232 of this part;
    (8) Proof, documented on CG-719-K or CG-719-K/E, as appropriate, 
that the applicant passed all applicable vision, hearing, medical, and/
or physical exams as required by subpart C of this part or a valid 
medical certificate/endorsement issued by the Coast Guard; and
    (9) Consent to a Coast Guard check for offenses described in 
section 205(a)(3)(A) or (B) of the National Driver Register Act of 
1982, as amended.
    (d) Additional requirements for an applicant seeking a raise of 
grade of an officer endorsement:
    (1) Sea service acquired before the issuance of an officer 
endorsement is generally not accepted as any part of the service 
required for a raise of grade of that endorsement. However, service 
acquired before issuance of an officer endorsement will be accepted for 
certain crossovers, endorsements, or increases in scope of an MMC, as 
appropriate. In the limited tonnage categories for deck officers, total 
accumulated service is a necessary criterion for most raises of grade; 
therefore service acquired before the issuance of such officer 
endorsements will be accepted.
    (2) An applicant remains eligible for a raise of grade while on 
probation as a result of action under part 5 of this chapter. A raise 
of grade issued to a person on probation will be subject to the same 
probationary conditions imposed against his or her other credentials. 
The offense for which he or she was placed on probation will be 
considered on the merits of the case in determining fitness to hold the 
endorsement applied for. No applicant will be examined for a raise of 
grade during any period when a suspension without probation or a 
revocation imposed under part 5 of this chapter is effective against 
his or her credential or while an appeal from these actions is pending.
    (3) Professional examination. (i) When the Coast Guard finds an 
applicant's experience and training for raise of grade is satisfactory, 
and the applicant is eligible in all other respects, the Coast Guard 
will authorize a professional examination.
    (ii) Oral-assisted examinations may be administered in accordance 
with Sec.  11.201(j) of this subchapter.
    (iii) The general instructions for administration of examinations 
and the lists of subjects for all endorsements are found in part 11, 
subpart I; part 12, subpart E; and part 13, subpart A of this 
subchapter.
    25. Add Sec.  10.232 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.232  Sea service.

    (a) Documenting sea service. (1) Sea service may be documented in 
various forms such as certificates of discharge, pilotage service and 
billing forms, and service letters or other official documents from 
marine companies signed by the owner, operator, master, or chief 
engineer of the vessel. The Coast Guard must be satisfied as to the 
authenticity and acceptability of all evidence of experience or 
training presented.
    (2) The documentary evidence produced by the applicant must contain 
the following information:
    (i) Vessel name(s) and official numbers listed on the registration, 
certificate, or document issued;
    (ii) Gross tonnage of the vessel;
    (iii) Propulsion power and mode of propulsion of the vessel;
    (iv) The amount and nature (e.g., chief mate, assistant engineer, 
etc.) of the applicant's experience;
    (v) Applicable dates of service for each vessel, and the ports or 
terminals, if applicable; and
    (vi) The routes upon which the experience was acquired.
    (3) An MMC endorsement, in certain cases, may be considered as 
satisfactory evidence of any qualifying experience for obtaining other 
endorsements.
    (4) For service on vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT, owners of 
vessels may attest to their own service and provide proof of ownership. 
Those who do not own a vessel must obtain letters or other evidence 
from licensed personnel or the owners of the vessels listed.
    (5) If the required sea service is associated with watchkeeping 
functions and the performance of duties, as required in Sec. Sec.  
11.323, 11.328, 11.333, and 11.470, 11.474, and 11.482 of this 
subchapter, the service must be documented as having been carried out 
under the direct supervision of the appropriate person.

[[Page 45969]]

    (b) Service toward an oceans, near-coastal, or STCW endorsement 
will be credited as follows:
    (1) Service on the Great Lakes will be credited on a day-for-day 
basis.
    (2) Service on inland waters, other than Great Lakes, that are 
navigable waters of the United States, may be substituted for up to 50 
percent of the total required service.
    (c) Sea service as a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
States and civilian service on vessels owned by the United States as 
required experience. (1) Sea service as a member of the Armed Forces of 
the United States will be accepted as required experience for an 
original, raise of grade, renewal, or increase in scope of all 
endorsements. In most cases, military sea service will have been 
performed upon ocean waters; however, inland service, as may be the 
case on smaller vessels, will be credited in the same manner as 
conventional evaluations. The applicant must submit an official 
transcript of sea service or history of assignments as verification of 
the service claimed when the application is submitted. A DD-214 is not 
acceptable evidence of sea service. The applicant must also provide the 
Coast Guard with other necessary information as to tonnage, routes, 
propulsion power, percentage of time underway, and assigned duties upon 
the vessels which he or she served. Such service will be evaluated by 
the Coast Guard for a determination of its equivalence to sea service 
acquired on merchant vessels and the appropriate grade, class, and 
limit of endorsement for which the applicant is eligible. Normally, 60 
percent of the total time onboard is considered equivalent underway 
service; however, the periods of operation of each vessel may be 
evaluated separately. In order to be eligible for a master's or chief 
engineer's unlimited endorsement, the applicant must have acquired 
military service in the capacity of commanding officer or engineer 
officer, respectively.
    (2) Applicants for management-level, operational-level, or support-
level STCW endorsements must demonstrate competence in accordance with 
part 11, subpart C; part 12, subpart F; and part 13, subpart F of this 
subchapter.
    (3) Service in deck ratings on military vessels such as seaman 
apprentice, seaman, boatswain's mate, quartermaster, or Radarman/
Operations Specialist are considered deck service for the purposes of 
this part. Service in other ratings may be considered if the applicant 
establishes that his or her duties required a watchstanding presence on 
or about the bridge of a vessel. Service in engineer ratings on 
military vessels such as fireman apprentice, fireman, engineman, 
machinists, mate, machinery technician, or boiler tender are considered 
engineer service for the purposes of this part. There are also other 
ratings such as electrician, hull technician, or damage controlman, 
which may be credited when the applicant establishes that his or her 
duties required watchstanding duties in an operating engine room.
    (4) In addition to service on vessels that get underway regularly, 
members of the Armed Forces may obtain creditable service for 
assignment to vessels that get underway infrequently, such as tenders 
and repair vessels. Normally, a 25-percent factor is applied to these 
time periods. This experience can be equated with general shipboard 
familiarity, training, ship's business, and other related duties.
    (5) Sea service obtained on submarines is creditable, as if it were 
surface vessel service, for deck and engineer officer and qualified 
ratings endorsements under the provision of paragraph (a) of this 
section. For application for deck officer and qualified ratings 
endorsements, submarine service may be creditable if at least 25 
percent of all service submitted for the endorsement was obtained on 
surface vessels (e.g., if 4 years' total service were submitted for an 
original officer endorsement, at least 1 year must have been obtained 
on surface craft in order for the submarine service to be eligible for 
evaluation).
    (6) Service gained in a civilian capacity as commanding officer, 
master, mate, engineer, or pilot, etc., of any vessel owned and 
operated by the United States, in any service in which a license or 
officer endorsement as master, mate, engineer, or pilot was not 
required at the time of such service, will be evaluated by the Coast 
Guard for a determination of equivalence.
    (d) Sea service on vessels that do not get underway. This 
requirement applies to service obtained on vessels mandated by the 
Certificate of Inspection (COI) which are in operation but do not get 
underway or occasionally get underway for short voyages. Service while 
the vessel is not underway must be credited as follows:
    (1) Engineering department. Service may be credited day-for-day for 
up to 50 percent of the service credit for renewal, raise in grade, and 
original issue for each day the engineering plant is operational.
    (2) Deck department. Service may be credited as follows:
    (i) Original issue and raise in grade. Service is creditable on a 
3-for-1 basis (12 months of experience equals 4 months of creditable 
service) for up to 6 months of service credit.
    (ii) Renewal. Service in any capacity in the deck department is 
creditable as closely related service under Sec.  10.227(e)(1)(iv). 
When submitted in combination with underway service, service is 
creditable on a 3-for-1 basis (12 months of experience equals 4 months 
of creditable service) for up to 6 months of service credit.
    (e) Foreign sea service. (1) Experience and service acquired on 
foreign vessels is creditable for establishing eligibility for an 
original or renewal of an officer, rating, or STCW endorsement, subject 
to evaluation by the Coast Guard to determine that it is a fair and 
reasonable equivalent to service acquired on merchant vessels of the 
United States with respect to grade, tonnage, horsepower, waters, and 
operating conditions. This experience and service is also creditable to 
meet recency requirements.
    (2) Experience and service acquired on foreign vessels while 
holding a valid U.S. endorsement is creditable for establishing 
eligibility for a raise of grade of an officer, rating, or STCW 
endorsement, subject to evaluation as specified in paragraph (d)(1) of 
this section. This experience and service is also creditable to meet 
recency requirements.
    (3) An applicant who has obtained qualifying experience on foreign 
vessels must submit satisfactory documentary evidence of such service 
(including any necessary official translation to the English language) 
in accordance with paragraph (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section.
    (f) Closely related service. The Coast Guard may accept evidence of 
employment in a position closely related to the operation, 
construction, or repair of vessels (either deck or engineer as 
appropriate) as meeting the sea service requirements for renewal under 
Sec.  10.227(e)(1)(iv). Service as port engineer, port captain, 
shipyard superintendent experience, instructor service, or similar 
related service may be creditable for service for raise of grade of an 
engineer or deck officer endorsement; however, it may not be used for 
obtaining an original management-level endorsement. The service is 
creditable as follows:
    (1) Port engineer, port captain or shipyard superintendent 
experience is creditable on a 3-for-1 basis for a raise of grade. (12 
months of experience equals 4 months of creditable service.)
    (2) Service as a bona fide instructor in Coast Guard-approved 
courses or a training program is creditable on a 2-for-1 basis for a 
raise of grade. (12 months

[[Page 45970]]

of experience equals 6 months of creditable service.)
    (g) Day. (1) Except as noted otherwise, for the purpose of 
calculating service in this subchapter, a day is equal to 8 hours of 
watchstanding or day-working not to include overtime.
    (2) On vessels authorized by 46 U.S.C. 8104 and 46 CFR 15.705, to 
operate a two-watch system, a 12-hour working day may be creditable as 
1\1/2\ days of service.
    (3) On vessels of less than 100 GRT, a day is considered as 8 hours 
unless the Coast Guard determines that the vessel's operating schedule 
makes this criterion inappropriate; in no case will this period be less 
than 4 hours.
    (4) When computing service on MODUs for any endorsement, a day of 
MODU service must be a minimum of 4 hours, and no additional credit is 
received for periods served over 8 hours.
    26. Amend Sec.  10.235 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (d), after the words ``of those endorsements are 
suspended or revoked,'', remove the words ``the mariner'' and add, in 
their place, the words ``he or she'', and after the words ``will be 
issued'', add the words ``, without payment of a fee,'';
    b. In paragraph (e), after the words ``has been suspended'', add 
the words ``without probation'';
    c. Redesignate paragraphs (f) through (h) as paragraphs (g) through 
(i);
    d. Add new paragraph (f) to read as set down below;
    e. In new paragraph (g), remove the text ``Sec.  
10.227(d)(8)(vi)(A)'' and add, in its place, the words ``Sec.  
10.227(e)(6)(i) of this subpart'';
    f. In new paragraph (h), remove the words ``Beginning April 15, 
2009, if'' and add, in their place, the word ``If''; and
    g. In new paragraph (i), remove the words ``Beginning April 15, 
2009, a'' and add, in their place, the letter ``A''.


Sec.  10.235  Suspension or revocation of merchant mariner credentials.

* * * * *
    (f) When applying for an original endorsement on an MMC, pursuant 
to paragraph (d) of this section, an individual's existing service and 
training may be considered by the Coast Guard when determining the 
grade of the endorsement to be issued.
* * * * *
    27. Revise Sec.  10.239 to read as follows:


Sec.  10.239  Quick reference table for MMC requirements.

    Table 10.239 of this section provides a guide to the requirements 
for officer endorsements. Provisions in the reference section are 
controlling.

                                                                                        Table 10.239--Quick Reference Table for MMC Requirements
                                                                                             [For tankerman endorsements, see table 13.129]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                    Recommendations                                            Demonstration of
      Endorsement category            Minimum age         Citizenship         Medical and         Experience         and character       Firefighting      Professional exam     professional     Recency of service   First aid and CPR
                                                                             physical exam                               check                                                      ability
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Master, mates...................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  46 CFR Part 11--    N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.201(h)..  Sec.   11.201(j);   N/A...............  original Sec.       Sec.  Sec.
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1)Sec.                        Subpart D.         Note exceptions in                       Sec.   11.903;                          11.201(c)(2).       11.201(i)
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)                        Sec.   11.910.                         renewal Sec.        Note: exceptions
                                                                                                                   for original                           Note: Sec.                               10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW                        11.903(b).
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
OUPV............................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  Sec.                Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.   11.467(c);   N/A.:.............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.201(j);   N/A...............  original Sec.       Sec.  Sec.
                                  Note: exceptions     10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       (d); (e); (f);     Note exceptions in                       Sec.   11.903;                          11.201(c)(2).       11.201(i):
                                   here and in Sec.      11.201(d).                            (g).                Sec.   11.201(g)                        Sec.   11.910.                         renewal Sec.        Note exceptions
                                    11.201(l).                                                                     for original                                                                    10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
STCW Deck Officer endorsements..  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  46 CFR Part 11--    N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.301(c)..  N/A...............  Master Sec.         original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       Subpart C.         Note exceptions in  Renewal: Sec.                            11.305; .311;       11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)    11.301(c)(2); (3).                      .315; .317.        renewal Sec.
                                                                                                                   for original                                               Chief Mate Sec.      10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW                                            11.307; .313;
                                                                                                                   endorsements.                                               OICNW Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                               11.309; .319;
                                                                                                                                                                               .321.
Officer on a passenger ship when  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Sec.   11.1105(c).  N/A
 on an international voyage.                                                                                                                                                   11.1105(a)(1);
                                                                                                                                                                               (2).
Engineers (original)............  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  46 CFR Part 11--    N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.201(h)..  Sec.   11.201(j);   N/A...............  original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       Subpart E.         Note exceptions in                       Sec.   11.903;                          11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)                        Sec.   11.950.                         renewal Sec.
                                                                                                                   for original                           Note: Sec.                               10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW                        11.903(b).
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
STCW Engineering Officer          Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  46 CFR Part 11--    N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.301(c)..  N/A...............  Chief Sec.          original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
 endorsements.                    Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       Subpart C.         Note exceptions in  Renewal: Sec.                            11.325; Sec.        11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)    11.301(c)(2); (3).                      11.331; 2nd        renewal Sec.
                                                                                                                   for original                                                engineer officer;   10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW                                            Sec.   11.327;
                                                                                                                   endorsements.                                               Sec.   11.333.
                                                                                                                                                                              OICEW/DDE Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                               11.329.

[[Page 45971]]

 
Domestic Designated Duty          Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.   11.524(b)..  N/A.:.............  Sec.                Sec.   11.903.....  N/A...............  original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
 Engineer (DDE).                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                                          Note exceptions in   11.201(h)(1)(iv).                                           11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)                                                               renewal Sec.
                                                                                                                   for original                                                                    10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
Electro-technical officer.......  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A.:.............  Sec.                N/A...............  Sec.                                    Sec.
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       11.335(a)(1).      Note exceptions in   11.335(a)(3)(ii).                       11.335(a)(2), (3).                      11.335(a)(3)(i)
                                                         11.201(d).                           note exception in    Sec.   11.201(g)                                           note exception
                                                                                               Sec.   11.335(b)    for original                                                Sec.   in
                                                                                               & Sec.              domestic or STCW                                            11.335(b) & (c).
                                                                                               11.335(c).          endorsements.
Pilot...........................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a);   Sec.   11.703;      N/A.:.............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.707;      Sec.   11.705.....  Sec.   11.705(e),   Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.   Sec.   11.709.      Sec.   11.705.     Note exceptions in                       Sec.   11.903;                          Sec.   11.713.
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)                        Sec.   11.910.
                                                                                                                   for original
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
Towing vessels..................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  46 CFR Part 11--    N/A.:.............  Sec.                Sec.   11.201(j);   Sec.   11.464;      original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       Subpart D.         Note exceptions in   11.201(h)(1)(ii).   Sec.   11.903;      Sec.   11.465.      11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)   Sec.                 Sec.   11.910.                         renewal Sec.
                                                                                                                   for original        11.201(h)(2)(ii).                                           10.227(e).
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW   Note: exceptions..
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
Offshore Supply Vessels.........  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Master Sec.         N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.201(h)..  Sec.   11.201(j);.  Master Sec.         original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       11.493.            Note exceptions in                      Master Sec.          11.493.             11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                           Chief Mate Sec.      Sec.   11.201(g)                        11.493.            Chief Mate Sec.     renewal Sec.
                                                                                               11.495.             for original                           Chief Mate Sec.      11.495.             10.227(e).
                                                                                              Mate Sec.   11.497   domestic or STCW                        11.495.            Mate Sec.   11.497
                                                                                               C/E Sec.   11.553.  endorsements.                          Mate Sec.   11.497   C/E Sec.   11.553.
                                                                                              Asst Engineer Sec.                                           C/E Sec.           Asst Engineer Sec.
                                                                                                 11.555.                                                   11.553; Sec.          11.555.
                                                                                                                                                           11.903.
                                                                                                                                                          Asst. Eng Sec.
                                                                                                                                                           11.555; Sec.
                                                                                                                                                           11.903.
MODU licenses...................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  OIM: Sec.   11.470  N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.201(h):.  Sec.   11.201(j);   N/A...............  original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                      B.S.: Sec.          Note exceptions in  note exceptions...   Sec.   11.903;                          11.201 (c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                            11.472.             Sec.   11.201(g)                        Sec.   11.920.                         renewal Sec.
                                                                                              BCO: Sec.   11.474   for original                                                                    10.227(e).
                                                                                              ChEng: Sec.          domestic or STCW
                                                                                               11.542.             endorsements.
                                                                                              Asst. Eng: Sec.
                                                                                               11.544.
Uninspected fishing industry      Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Deck: Sec.          N/A.:.............  Sec.   11.201(h)..  Sec.   11.201(j);   N/A...............  original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
 vessels.                         Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       11.462(c); (d);.   Note exceptions in  Note: exceptions..   Sec.   11.903;                          11.201(c)(2).
                                                         11.201(d).                           Engine: Sec.         Sec.   11.201(g)                        Sec.   11.910.                         renewal Sec.
                                                                                               11.530(c); (d);     for original                                                                    10.227(e).
                                                                                               (e).                domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
Radio officer...................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  N/A...............  N/A.:.............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.603.....  N/A...............  Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                                          Note exceptions in
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)
                                                                                                                   for original
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
GMDSS Operator..................  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.604.....  N/A...............  N/A
Officer raises of grade.........  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.   10.231(c);   N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   10.231(d);   Part 11, subparts   3 months in past 3  N/A
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       Part 11, subparts                                           Sec.   11.903;      D and E.            years, Sec.
                                                         11.201(d).                            D and E.                                                    Sec.   11.910;                          11.201(c)(2).
                                                                                                                                                           Sec.   11.920;
                                                                                                                                                           Sec.   11.950.
Officer renewals................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.   10.227(d)    N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Towing officers,    1 year in past 5,   N/A
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                       and (e).                                                                        Sec.   10.227(d)    Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                         11.201(d).                           Note: exceptions..                                                               and (e).            and (f).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Note: alternative.
Staff officer...................  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.   11.807.....  N/A.:.............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.807.....  N/A...............  Sec.   11.201(i)
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.                                          Note exceptions in
                                                         11.201(d).                                                Sec.   11.201(g)
                                                                                                                   for original
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.

[[Page 45972]]

 
Staff officer renewals..........  Sec.   11.201(e)..  U.S., Sec.          Sec.   10.302(a)..  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A
                                  Note: exceptions..   10.221(a)(1) Sec.
                                                         11.201(d).
Able seaman.....................  Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a),   Sec.   12.403.....  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Sec.                Renewal only, 1     N/A
                                   12.401(c)(1).       admitted for        Sec.                                                                            12.401(c)(5).       12.401(c)(6) Sec.   year in past 5,
                                                       permanent           12.401(c)(2).                                                                                         12.405.           Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Able-seafarer deck..............  Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
                                   12.603(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.603(a)(3).                                                                   12.603(a)(2) Sec.   year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                 12.603(a)(4)      Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                         Sec.                and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                           12.603(a)(5).      Note: alternative.
Ratings for forming a             Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
 navigational watch.               12.605(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.605(a)(2).                                                                   12.605(a)(3).       year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Qualified members of engine       Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.   12.503.....  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   12.505.....  N/A...............  Renewal only, 1     N/A
 department.                       12.501(c)(1).       admitted for                                                                                                                                year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Able-seafarer engine............  Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
                                   12.607(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.607(a)(3).                                                                   12.607(a)(2); (4)   year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                               Sec.   12.607(b);   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                         (c).                and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Ratings for forming an            Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
 engineering watch.                12.609(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.609(a)(2).                                                                   12.609(a)(3).       year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Electro-technical rating........  Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
                                   12.611(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.611(a)(2).                                                                   12.611(a)(3);       year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                               Sec.   12.611(b);   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                         (c).                and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Entry level ratings.............  N/A...............  U.S. or alien       N/A; note           N/A                 N/A                 N/A                 N/A                 N/A                 N/A                 N/A
                                                       admitted for        exception in Sec.
                                                       permanent             12.811(a)(2).
                                                       residence, Sec.    Note: Food Handler
                                                       10.221(a)(2) Sec.   (F.H.)
                                                         12.803; Sec.      requirements in
                                                       12.809.             Table Sec.
                                                                           10.302(a)(xiii)
                                                                           Sec.   10.302(a)
                                                                           (xiv).
Lifeboatman.....................  N/A...............  U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Sec.                Renewal only, 1     N/A
                                                       admitted for                            12.407(b)(1).                                               12.407(b)(2); (4).  12.407(b)(2); (3).  year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Lifeboat- man-- Limited.........  N/A...............  U.S. or alien       Sec.   10.302(a)..  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Sec.                Renewal only, 1     N/A
                                                       admitted for                            12.409(b)(1).                                               12.409(b)(2); (4).  12.409(b)(2); (3).  year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
Proficiency in fast rescue boats  Sec.                U.S. or alien       N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
                                   12.617(a)(1).       admitted for                                                                                                            12.617(a)(2);       year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                               (3); (4).           Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Renewal Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   12.617(b)(2).

[[Page 45973]]

 
Proficiency in survival craft     Sec.                U.S. or alien       N/A...............  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
 and rescue boats other than       12.613(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.613(a)(2).                                                                   12.613(a)(3).       year in past 5,
 fast rescue boats.                                    permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Renewal: Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   12.613(b)(2).
Proficiency in survival craft     Sec.                U.S. or alien       N/A...............  Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     Sec.   12.601(c)
 and rescue boats other than       12.615(a)(1).       admitted for                            12.615(a)(2).                                                                   12.615(a)(3).       year in past 5,
 lifeboats and fast rescue boats-                      permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
 limited.                                              residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (e).
                                                       10.221(a)(2).                                                                                                                              Note: alternative.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Renewal: Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   12.615(b)(2).
Assistance Towing endorsement...  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.482.....  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.482.....  Sec.   11.482.....  original Sec.       N/A
                                                                                                                                                                                                   11.201(c)(2).
Radar Observer endorsement......  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.480(d);   N/A...............  N/A
                                                                                                                                                                               (h).
Vessel Security Officer.........  Sec.   11.811(a)..  U.S. or alien       Sec.  Sec.          Sec.   11.811(a)..  N/A.:.............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   11.811(a)..  original Sec.       Sec.   11.201(i)
                                                       admitted for        10.302(a).                             Note exceptions in                                                               11.201(c)(2).
                                                       permanent                                                   Sec.   11.201(g)                                                               renewal Sec.
                                                       residence, Sec.                                             for original                                                                    10.227(e).
                                                       10.221(a)(1) Sec.                                           domestic or STCW
                                                         10.221(a)(2).                                             endorsements.
High Speed Craft................  N/A...............  U.S. Sec.           N/A...............  Sec.                N/A.:.............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal: Sec.       N/A
                                                       10.221(a)(1).                           11.821(a)(1) Sec.  Note exceptions in                                           11.821(a)(2).       11.821(d).
                                                                                                 11.821(b).        Sec.   11.201(g)
                                                                                                                   for original
                                                                                                                   domestic or STCW
                                                                                                                   endorsements.
GMDSS at sea maintainer.........  Sec.   12.623(a)..  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   12.623(b)..  N/A...............  N/A
Medical first-aid provider......  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   12.619(b)..  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                N/A...............  Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                               12.619(a)(1); (2).                      12.619(a)(1)
Person in charge of medical care  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   12.621(b)..  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                N/A...............  Sec.
                                                                                                                                                                               12.621(a)(1); (2).                      12.621(a)(1)
Vessel personnel with designated  Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.                Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     N/A
 security duties.                  12.625(a)(1).       admitted for        12.625(a)(2).       12.625(a)(1).                                                                   12.625(a)(1).       year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2) Sec.                                                                                                                          Note: alternative.
                                                         12.803.
Security awareness..............  Sec.                U.S. or alien       Sec.                Sec.                N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.                Renewal only, 1     N/A
                                   12.627(a)(1).       admitted for        12.627(a)(2).       12.627(a)(1).                                                                   12.627(a)(1).       year in past 5,
                                                       permanent                                                                                                                                   Sec.   10.227(e)
                                                       residence, Sec.                                                                                                                             and (f).
                                                       10.221(a)(2) Sec.                                                                                                                          Note: alternative.
                                                         12.803.
Ratings serving on passenger      N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  N/A...............  Sec.   12.905(a);   Renewal Sec.        N/A
 ships on international voyages.                                                                                                                                               (b).                12.905(d).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    28. Add subpart C, consisting of Sec. Sec.  10.301 through 10.306, 
to read as follows:

Subpart C--Medical Certification

Sec.
10.301 General requirements.
10.302 Medical and physical requirements.
10.303 Medical waivers.
10.304 General medical exam.
10.305 Vision requirements.
10.306 Hearing requirements.


Sec.  10.301  General requirements.

    (a) The Coast Guard will issue a medical certificate/endorsement to 
a mariner meeting the medical and physical standards for merchant 
mariners. The medical certificate/endorsement will be issued for 
various periods of time based upon the endorsements the mariner holds. 
If the Coast Guard, after reviewing all relevant supporting medical 
documents and consultation with an examining medical professional as 
provided in Sec.  10.302(b),

[[Page 45974]]

determines that an applicant's condition may directly impact safety, 
and therefore does not meet the required medical and/or physical 
standard, the Coast Guard may place an operational limitation on the 
medical certificate/endorsement, issue a medical waiver, or deny a 
medical certificate.
    (b) Except as otherwise noted, medical certificates/endorsements 
will be issued for the following periods of time:
    (1) Medical certificates/endorsements issued to a mariner serving 
under the authority of an STCW endorsement will be issued for a maximum 
period of 2 years unless the mariner is under the age of 18, in which 
case the maximum period of validity will be 1 year.
    (2) Medical certificates/endorsements issued to a mariner who is 
serving as a first-class pilot, or acting as a pilot under Sec.  15.812 
of this subchapter, will be issued for a maximum period of 1 year.
    (3) Medical certificates/endorsements issued to all other mariners 
will be issued for a maximum period of 5 years.
    (4) Applicants seeking additional MMC endorsements holding a 
current medical endorsement/certificate do not need to submit a new 
medical physical exam if their existing medical endorsement/
certification meets all of the requirements of this section for the 
endorsement sought.
    (c) Individuals holding no endorsement other than a staff officer 
endorsement need not meet the medical and physical requirements of this 
section.


Sec.  10.302  Medical and physical requirements.

    (a) To qualify for an MMC, a mariner must provide evidence of 
meeting the medical and physical standards in this section on a CG-719-
K or CG-719-K/E, as appropriate. The Coast Guard retains final 
authority for determining whether a mariner is medically and physically 
qualified. Columns 2 through 5 of Table 10.302(a) of this section 
provide the specific exam, test, or demonstrations required to obtain 
the corresponding credential listed in column 1. Further clarifications 
of the requirements contained in the table are found throughout this 
subpart.

                   Table 10.302(a)--Medical and Physical Requirements for Mariner Endorsements
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   Demonstration
                       Credential                           Vision      Hearing       General       of physical
                                                             test        test      medical exam       ability
1                                                                  2           3               4               5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(i) Deck officer, including pilot.......................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(a)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(ii) Engineering officer................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(iii) Radio officer.....................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(iv) Offshore installation manager, barge supervisor, or        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
 ballast control operator...............................   10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(v) Able seaman.........................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(a)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(vi) QMED...............................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(vii) Able seafarer deck................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(a)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(viii) RFPNW............................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(a)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(ix) Able seafarer engine...............................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(a)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(x) RFPEW...............................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(xi) Electro-technical rating...........................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(xii) Tankerman.........................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(xiii) Lifeboatman and Proficiency in survival craft and        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
 rescue boats other than fast rescue boats (PSC)........   10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(xiv) Lifeboatman-Limited and Proficiency in survival           Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
 craft and rescue boats other than fast rescue boats-      10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
 limited (PSC-limited)..................................
(xv) Fast Rescue Boat...................................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(b)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
(xvi)Food handler serving on vessels to which STCW does                                     Sec.
 not apply..............................................                               10.304(b)
(xvii) Food handler serving on vessels to which STCW                                        Sec.            Sec.
 applies................................................                               10.304(b)       10.304(d)
(xviii) Ratings, including entry level, serving on                                                          Sec.
 vessels to which STCW applies, other than those listed                                                10.304(d)
 above..................................................
(xix) Ratings, including entry level, serving on vessels
 to which STCW does not apply, other than those listed
 above..................................................
(xx) Vessel security officer............................        Sec.        Sec.            Sec.            Sec.
                                                           10.305(a)      10.306       10.304(a)       10.304(d)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (b) Any required test, exam, or demonstration must have been 
performed, witnessed, or reviewed by a licensed medical doctor, 
licensed physician assistant, licensed nurse practitioner, or a 
designated medical examiner. Medical examinations for Great Lakes 
Pilots must be conducted by a licensed medical doctor in accordance 
with the physical exam requirements in 46 CFR 402.210.


Sec.  10.303  Medical waivers.

    (a) The Coast Guard may grant a waiver if, after review of all 
relevant supporting medical documents and consultation with the 
examining physician, as needed, an applicant does not possess the 
vision, hearing, or general physical condition necessary; and 
extenuating circumstances warrant special consideration. An applicant 
may submit to the Coast Guard additional correspondence, records, and 
reports in support of a waiver. In this regard, recommendations from 
agencies of the Federal Government operating government vessels, as 
well as owners and operators of private vessels, made on behalf of 
their employees, will be given full consideration.
    (b) In general, medical waivers are approved for medical conditions 
and medications when objective medical evidence indicates that the 
condition is sufficiently controlled and the effects of medication pose 
no significant risk to maritime and public safety. The Coast Guard 
retains final authority for the issuance of medical waivers.
    (c) Medical waivers may be granted for specific conditions to which 
the applicant must adhere, such as more frequent medical monitoring of 
the medical conditions, submission of medical exams and/or tests at 
varying intervals to track the ongoing status of the medical condition, 
or operational limitations in the manner the applicant may serve under 
the MMC. Medical waivers will not be reflected in the

[[Page 45975]]

medical certificate/endorsement. The waiver information will be issued 
separately and must be readily available upon request.
    (d) The Coast Guard may place an operational limitation based on 
medical and physical conditions. Any operational limitations will be 
reflected in the medical certificate/endorsement.


Sec.  10.304  General medical exam.

    (a) The general medical exam must be documented and of such scope 
to ensure that there are no conditions that pose significant risk of 
sudden incapacitation or debilitating complication. This exam must also 
document any condition requiring medication that impairs cognitive 
ability, judgment, or reaction time. Examples of physical impairment or 
medical conditions that could lead to disqualification include, but are 
not limited to, poorly controlled diabetes, symptomatic coronary artery 
disease, placement of cardiac defibrillators, symptomatic psychiatric 
disorders, and convulsive disorders.
    (b) Food handlers are not required to submit to a general medical 
exam, but must obtain a statement from a licensed physician, physician 
assistant, or nurse practitioner attesting that they are free of 
communicable diseases.
    (c) The Coast Guard will provide guidance on the conduct of general 
medical exams. Examiners should be familiar with the content and 
recommended medical evaluation data compiled in the medical guidelines.
    (d) Demonstration of physical ability. (1) A demonstration of 
physical ability is required only if the medical practitioner 
conducting the general medical exam is concerned that:
    (i) The medical practitioner conducting the general medical exam is 
concerned that an applicant's physical ability may impact maritime 
safety; or
    (ii) Table 10.302(a) of Sec.  10.302 of this subpart shows that the 
mariner must pass a demonstration of physical ability. Guidance on 
demonstration of physical ability is contained in the relevant Coast 
Guard guidance for the conduct of general medical exams.
    (2) For an applicant to satisfactorily pass a demonstration of 
physical ability, the examiner must be satisfied that the applicant:
    (i) Has no disturbance in the sense of balance;
    (ii) Is able, without assistance, to climb up and down vertical 
ladders and inclined stairs;
    (iii) Would be able, without assistance, to step over a door sill 
or coaming;
    (iv) Is able to move through a restricted opening of 24-by-24 
inches (61-by-61 centimeters);
    (v) Would be able to grasp, lift, and manipulate various common 
shipboard tools; move hands and arms to open and close valve wheels in 
vertical and horizontal directions; and rotate wrists to turn handles;
    (vi) Does not have any impairment or disease that could prevent 
normal movement and physical activities;
    (vii) Is able to stand and walk for extended periods of time;
    (viii) Does not have any impairment or disease that could prevent 
response to a visual or audible alarm; and
    (ix) Is capable of normal conversation.
    (e) Reports of medical and physical exams, demonstrations, and 
tests. These reports must be submitted within 12 months from the date 
signed by the licensed medical professional. When submitted with a 
complete application package, these reports remain valid for 12 months 
from the date the Coast Guard accepts a complete application.


Sec.  10.305  Vision requirements.

    (a) Deck standard. (1) A mariner must have correctable vision to at 
least 20/40 in one eye and uncorrected vision of at least 20/200 in the 
same eye. The color sense must be determined to be satisfactory when 
tested by any of the following methods or an alternative test 
acceptable to the Coast Guard, without the use of color-sensing lenses:
    (i) Pseudoisochromatic Plates (Dvorine, 2nd Edition; AOC; revised 
edition or AOC-HRR; Ishihara 14-, 24-, or 38-plate editions).
    (ii) Farnsworth Lantern.
    (iii) Titmus Vision Tester/OPTEC 2000.
    (iv) Optec 900.
    (v) Richmond Test, 2nd and 4th edition.
    (2) After January 1, 2017, applicants for an STCW endorsement must 
have correctable vision to at least 20/40 in both eyes and uncorrected 
vision of at least 20/200 in both eyes. A mariner who meets these 
requirements and who suffers loss of vision in one eye after being 
issued an MMC is subject to the requirements of paragraphs (c), (d), 
and (e) of this section, as applicable. A mariner holding an MMC prior 
to January 1, 2017, must continue to meet the requirements of paragraph 
(a) (1) of this section.
    (b) Engineering, radio officer, tankerman, and MODU standard. A 
mariner must have correctable vision to at least 20/50 in one eye and 
uncorrected vision of at least 20/200 in the same eye and need only the 
ability to distinguish the colors red, green, blue, and yellow. The 
color sense must be determined to be satisfactory when tested by any 
color-vision test listed in paragraph (a) of this section, with the 
exception of the Farnsworth Lantern, or an alternative test acceptable 
to the Coast Guard, without the use of color-sensing lenses.
    (c) Vision waiver. Any applicant whose uncorrected vision does not 
meet the 20/200 standard and is correctable to listed standards above 
may be granted a medical waiver in accordance with Sec.  10.303 of this 
subpart. If a vision waiver is granted, a limitation will be placed on 
his or her MMC indicating the mariner may not serve under the authority 
of the endorsement unless corrective lenses are worn and spare lenses 
are carried onboard a vessel. Waivers are not normally granted to an 
applicant whose corrected vision in the better eye is not at least 20/
40 for deck officers or 20/50 for engineer officers.
    (d) Vision operational limitation. If corrective lenses are 
required in order to meet the vision standards above, a mariner may not 
serve under the authority of the endorsement unless corrective lenses 
are worn and spare lenses are carried onboard a vessel. This 
operational limitation will be placed on his or her MMC.
    (e) Loss of vision. A mariner having lost vision in one eye must 
wait 6 months from the date of the vision loss before submitting any 
application, and must provide a statement of demonstrated ability on 
his or her medical examination.


Sec.  10.306  Hearing requirements.

    (a) If the medical practitioner conducting the general medical exam 
has concerns that an applicant's ability to hear may impact maritime 
safety, the examining medical practitioner must refer the applicant to 
an audiologist or other hearing specialist to conduct an audiometer 
test and a speech discrimination test, as appropriate.
    (b) The audiometer test must include testing at the following 
thresholds: 500 Hz; 1,000 Hz; 2,000 Hz; and 3,000 Hz. The frequency 
responses for each ear must be averaged to determine the measure of an 
applicant's hearing ability. Applicants must demonstrate an unaided 
threshold of 30 decibels or less in at least one ear.
    (c) The functional speech discrimination test must be carried out 
at a level of 55 decibels. For issuance of an original MMC or 
endorsement the applicant must demonstrate functional speech 
discrimination of at least 90 percent. For renewal or raise of grade, 
the applicant must demonstrate

[[Page 45976]]

functional speech discrimination of at least 80 percent.
    (d) Hearing waivers. An applicant who is unable to meet the hearing 
standards of the audiometer test, but who can pass the functional 
speech discrimination test or who requires hearing aids to meet the 
hearing standards, may be eligible for a medical waiver in accordance 
with Sec.  10.303 of this part.
    (e) Hearing operational limitation. If hearing aids are required in 
order to meet the hearing standards above, a mariner may not serve 
under the authority of the endorsement unless hearing aids are worn in 
the operational mode, and spare batteries are carried onboard a vessel. 
This operational limitation will be placed on his or her MMC.
    29. Add subpart D, consisting of Sec. Sec.  10.401 through 10.412, 
to read as follows:

Subpart D--Training Courses and Programs

Sec.
10.401 Applicability.
10.402 Course approval.
10.403 General standards.
10.404 Substitution of training for required service, use of 
training-record books (TRBs), and use of towing officer assessment 
records (TOARs).
10.405 Qualification as qualified assessor (QA) and designated 
examiner (DE) for towing officer assessment records (TOARs).
10.406 Approved courses.
10.407 Coast Guard-approved training program requirements for STCW 
endorsements.
10.408 Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses and 
programs.
10.409 Coast Guard-accepted Quality Standard System (QSS) 
organizations.
10.410 Quality Standard System (QSS) requirements.
10.411 Simulator performance standards.
10.412 Distance and e-learning.


Sec.  10.401  Applicability.

    This subpart prescribes the general requirements applicable to 
offerors of all approved courses and training programs which may be 
accepted instead of service experience or examination required by the 
Coast Guard, or which satisfy course completion requirements.


Sec.  10.402  Course approval.

    (a) Categories. Courses may be approved to fulfill the following 
requirements:
    (1) Instead of service experience;
    (2) Instead of examinations required by the Coast Guard;
    (3) Professional competency requirements; and
    (4) Regulatory requirements.
    (b) Request for approval. Organizations desiring course approval by 
the Coast Guard must submit a written request and a complete curriculum 
package to the National Maritime Center, either by mail or 
electronically. The curriculum package must include:
    (1) A cover letter. The cover letter must contain:
    (i) The name of the course;
    (ii) The locations where it will be held;
    (iii) A general description and overview of the course;
    (iv) The category of acceptance being sought as listed in paragraph 
(a) of this section; and
    (v) Individual major components of the course.
    (2) A goal statement(s). The goal statement should describe:
    (i) The specific performance behaviors to be measured;
    (ii) The conditions under which the performance behaviors will be 
exhibited; and
    (iii) The level of performance behaviors that is to be achieved.
    (3) Performance objectives. Performance objectives are statements 
which identify the specific knowledge, skill, or ability the student 
should gain and display as a result of the training or instructional 
activity. A performance objective is made up of three elements: 
expected student performance, condition, and criterion.
    (4) Assessment instruments. Assessment instruments are any tools 
used to determine whether the student has achieved the desired level of 
knowledge, understanding, or proficiency.
    (5) Instructor information. Each instructor must:
    (i) Have either experience, training, or evidence of instruction in 
effective instructional techniques within the past 5 years;
    (ii) Be qualified in the task for which the training is being 
conducted and have relevant experience; and
    (iii) Hold a license, endorsement, or other professional credential 
that provides proof of having attained a level of qualification equal 
or superior to the relevant level of knowledge, skills, and abilities 
described in the performance objective. A Document of Continuity may be 
used to meet this requirement.
    (6) Site information. Site information must include a description 
of the facility or facilities at which the training will be held. 
Authority to teach at an alternative site requires approval by the 
National Maritime Center.
    (7) A teaching syllabus. A detailed teaching syllabus providing the 
following information:
    (i) Instructional strategy. Aspects of instructional strategies 
should include:
    (A) The order of presentation;
    (B) The level of interaction, including the student-to-teacher 
ratio;
    (C) Feedback;
    (D) Remediation;
    (E) Testing strategies; and
    (F) Media used to present information.
    (ii) Instructional materials, including lesson plans containing:
    (A) Pre-instructional activities;
    (B) Content presentation;
    (C) Student participation;
    (D) Assessment processes; and
    (E) Other instructional activities, such as homework and reading 
assignments.
    (iii) Course surveys on the relevance and effectiveness of the 
training completed by students.
    (iv) Course schedule, including the duration and order of lessons, 
and an indication as to whether each lesson is:
    (A) A classroom lecture;
    (B) A practical demonstration;
    (C) A simulator exercise;
    (D) An examination; or
    (E) Another method of instructional reinforcement.
    (8) Course completion certificate. A sample course completion 
certificate.
    (c) Approval notification. The Coast Guard will notify each 
applicant for course approval when an approval is granted or denied. If 
the Coast Guard denies a request for approval, the Coast Guard will 
inform the applicant of the reasons for the denial and describe the 
corrections required for granting an approval.
    (d) Validity of course approval. Unless surrendered, suspended, or 
withdrawn, an approval for a course is valid for up to a maximum of 5 
years after issuance, unless:
    (1) The school ceases operation;
    (2) The school gives notice that it will no longer offer the 
course;
    (3) The owner or operator fails to submit any required report; or
    (4) Any change occurs in the ownership of the school to which the 
approval was issued.
    (e) Changes to the course approval. (1) Any changes to the course 
approval or the content of the course will be handled as a request for 
renewal of an approval (as specified in paragraph (f) of this section), 
or as a request for an original approval (as specified in paragraph (b) 
of this section), depending on the nature and scope of the change.
    (2) The Coast Guard may not accept course completion certificates 
if the course does not follow the conditions of the course approval.
    (f) Renewal of course approval. If the owner or operator of a 
training school

[[Page 45977]]

desires to have a course's approval renewed, the owner or operator must 
submit a request to the NMC accompanied by the information from 
paragraphs (b)(1), (b)(5), (b)(6), and (b)(7) of this section. If 
satisfied that the content and quality of instruction remain 
satisfactory, the Coast Guard will approve the request. The renewed 
approval is valid as detailed in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (g) Suspension of approval. (1) The Coast Guard may suspend the 
approval, require the holder to surrender the certificate of approval, 
and may direct the holder to cease claiming the course is Coast Guard-
approved, if it determines that a specific course does not comply with 
the:
    (i) Applicable provisions of 46 CFR parts 11, 12, or 13;
    (ii) Requirements specified in the course's approval; or
    (iii) Course's curriculum package as submitted for approval.
    (2) The Coast Guard will notify the approval holder in writing of 
the intent to suspend course approval and the reasons for suspension. 
If the approval holder fails to correct the conditions leading to 
suspension, the course will be suspended. The Coast Guard will notify 
the approval holder that the specific course fails to meet applicable 
requirements and explain how the deficiencies can be corrected;
    (3) The Coast Guard may grant the approval holder up to 90 days to 
correct the deficiencies; and
    (4) Course completion certificates will not be accepted if dated 
during a period of suspension or expiration.
    (h) Withdrawal of approval. The Coast Guard may withdraw approval 
for any course:
    (1) When the approval holder fails to correct the deficiencies of a 
suspended course within 90 days; or
    (2) Upon determining that the approval holder has demonstrated a 
pattern or history of:
    (i) Failing to comply with the applicable regulations or the course 
approval requirements;
    (ii) Deviating from approved course curricula;
    (iii) Presenting courses in a manner that does not achieve the 
learning objectives; or
    (iv) Falsifying any document required and integral to the conduct 
of the course, including, but not limited to, attendance records, 
written test grades, course completion grades, or assessment of 
practical demonstrations.
    (i) Appeals of suspension or withdrawal of approval. Anyone 
directly affected by a decision to suspend or withdraw an approval may 
appeal the decision to the Commandant as provided in Sec.  1.03-40 of 
this chapter.


Sec.  10.403  General standards.

    (a) Each school with an approved course must:
    (1) Have a well-maintained facility that accommodates the students 
in a safe and comfortable environment conducive to learning;
    (2) Have visual aids for realism, including simulators where 
appropriate, sufficient for the number of students to be accommodated, 
and support the objectives of the course;
    (3) Administer training entirely in the English language unless 
specifically approved to be presented in another language;
    (4) Administer written examinations to each student appropriate for 
the course material and the knowledge requirements of the position or 
endorsement for which the student is being trained. For a course 
approved to substitute for a Coast Guard-administered examination, the 
courses must be of such a degree of difficulty that a student who 
successfully completes them would most likely pass, on the first 
attempt, an examination prepared by the Coast Guard;
    (5) Require each student to successfully demonstrate practical 
skills appropriate for the course material and equal to the level of 
endorsement for which the course is approved;
    (6) Effective July 1, 2013, keep physical or electronic copies of 
the following records for at least 5 years after the end of each 
student's completion or disenrollment from a course or program:
    (i) A copy of each student's examination answers;
    (ii) A copy of each examination or, in the case of a practical 
test, a report of such test;
    (iii) A record of each student's classroom attendance;
    (iv) A copy of each student's course completion certificate or 
program completion certificate, as appropriate;
    (v) A summary of changes or modification to the last course 
submittal;
    (vi) A list of all locations at which the training course was 
presented and the number of times it was presented at each location;
    (vii) The name(s) of the instructor(s) who taught the course;
    (viii) The number of students who began the training;
    (ix) The number of students who successfully completed the 
training;
    (x) The number of students who were required to retest;
    (xi) The number of students who were required to retake the entire 
course; and
    (xii) The number of students who were required to retake a portion 
of the course.
    (7) Not change its approved curriculum without approval from the 
NMC as specified in Sec.  10.402(e) of this subpart;
    (8) Conduct an internal audit midway through the term of the 
course's approval and maintain the results of the audit for a period of 
not less than 5 years. The audit will evaluate whether:
    (i) Records are being maintained according to these regulations;
    (ii) The course is being presented in accordance with the approval 
letter; and
    (iii) Surveys from students indicate that the course is meeting 
their needs; and
    (9) At any time, allow the Coast Guard to:
    (i) Inspect its facilities, equipment, and records, including 
scholastic records;
    (ii) Conduct interviews and surveys of students to aid in course 
evaluation and improvement;
    (iii) Assign personnel to observe or participate in the course of 
instruction; and
    (iv) Supervise or administer the required examinations or practical 
demonstrations, including the substitution of an applicable Coast Guard 
examination in a course approved to substitute for a Coast Guard-
administered examination.


Sec.  10.404  Substitution of training for required service, use of 
training-record books (TRBs), and use of towing officer assessment 
records (TOARs).

    (a) Substitution of training for required service. (1) Satisfactory 
completion of an approved training course may be substituted for a 
portion of the required service on deck or in the engine department for 
deck or engineer endorsements. Satisfactory completion of an approved 
training program which includes sea service may be substituted for a 
portion of or all of the required service on deck or in the engine 
department, except as limited by law for ratings. The list of all 
currently approved courses and programs, including the equivalent 
service and applicable endorsements, is maintained by the NMC.
    (2) Unless otherwise allowed, recency requirements may not be 
achieved by service granted as a result of successful completion of 
approved training or by training on a simulator; however, underway 
service obtained as a portion of an approved course or program may be 
used for this purpose.
    (3) Unless otherwise allowed, training obtained before receiving an

[[Page 45978]]

endorsement may not be used for subsequent raises of grade, increases 
in scope, or renewals.
    (b) Use of training-record books (TRBs). (1) Approved training 
programs for STCW endorsements for OICNW and OICEW must maintain a TRB 
for each student where training and/or assessments of competence are 
conducted onboard the ship. The TRB must contain at least the following 
information:
    (i) The name of the applicant;
    (ii) The tasks to be performed or the skills to be demonstrated, 
with reference to the standards of competence set forth in the tables 
of the appropriate sections in part A of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  10.103 of this part);
    (iii) The method for demonstrating competence to be used in 
determining that the tasks or skills have been performed properly, with 
reference to the standards of competence set forth in the tables of 
competence in the appropriate sections in part A of the STCW Code;
    (iv) A place for a qualified instructor to indicate by his or her 
initials that the applicant has received training in the proper 
performance of the task or skill;
    (v) A place for a qualified assessor (QA) to indicate by his or her 
initials that the applicant has successfully completed a practical 
demonstration and has proved competent in the task or skill under the 
criteria, when assessment of competence is to be documented in the 
record books;
    (vi) The printed name of each qualified instructor, including any 
MMC endorsements held, and the instructor's signature; and
    (vii) The printed name of each qualified assessor, when any 
assessment of competence is recorded, including any MMC endorsement, 
license, or document held by the assessor, and the assessor's signature 
confirming that his or her initials certify that he or she has 
witnessed the practical demonstration of a particular task or skill by 
the applicant.
    (2) The TRB referred to in paragraph (b) of this section may be 
maintained electronically, provided the electronic record meets Coast 
Guard-accepted standards for accuracy, integrity, and availability.
    (3) The Coast Guard may accept other forms of documentation as 
meeting the requirements to maintain the training-record book.
    (c) Use of towing officer assessment records (TOARs). (1) Each 
applicant for an endorsement as master or mate (pilot) of towing 
vessels, and each master or mate of self-propelled vessels of 200 GRT/
500 GT or more, seeking an endorsement for towing vessels, must 
complete a TOAR approved by the Coast Guard that contains at least the 
following:
    (i) Identification of the applicant, including his or her full 
name, and reference number;
    (ii) Objectives of the training and assessment;
    (iii) Tasks to perform or skills to demonstrate;
    (iv) Criteria to use in determining that the tasks or skills have 
been performed properly;
    (v) A means for a designated examiner (DE) to attest that the 
applicant has successfully completed a practical demonstration and has 
proved proficient in the task or skill under the criteria; and
    (vi) Identification of each DE by his or her full name and 
reference number, job title, ship name and official number, and serial 
number of the MMC, license, or document held, and printed name and 
signature confirming that his or her initials certify that he or she 
has witnessed the practical demonstration of a particular task or skill 
by the applicant.


Sec.  10.405  Qualification as qualified assessor (QA) and designated 
examiner (DE).

    (a) To become a QA, an applicant must have documentary evidence to 
establish:
    (1) Experience, training, or instruction in assessment techniques;
    (2) Qualifications in the task for which the assessment is being 
conducted; and
    (3) Possession of the level of endorsement, or other professional 
credential, which provides proof that he or she has attained a level of 
qualification equal or superior to the relevant level of knowledge, 
skills, and abilities described in the training objectives.
    (b) To become a DE for towing officer assessment records (TOARs), 
an applicant must have documentary evidence to establish:
    (1) Experience, training, or instruction in assessment techniques 
on towing vessels;
    (2) Qualifications on towing vessels in the task for which the 
assessment is being conducted; and
    (3) Possession of the level of endorsement on towing vessels, or 
other professional credential, which provides proof that he or she has 
attained a level of qualification equal or superior to the relevant 
level of knowledge, skills, and abilities described in the training 
objectives.
    (c) Documentary evidence may be in the form of performance 
evaluations, which include an evaluation of effectiveness in on-the-job 
organization and delivery of training, and/or a certificate of 
successful completion from a ``train-the-trainer'' course. A ``train-
the-trainer'' course must be based on the International Maritime 
Organization's (IMO) model course 6.09 (Training Course for 
Instructors), or on another Coast Guard-accepted syllabus.


Sec.  10.406  Approved courses.

    The NMC maintains the list of training organizations and the 
approvals given to the training they offer. This information is 
available online at www.uscg.mil/nmc.


Sec.  10.407  Coast Guard-approved training program requirements for 
STCW endorsements.

    Training programs approved to qualify a mariner to hold an STCW 
endorsement must meet the same standards as those found in Sec. Sec.  
10.402 and 10.403 of this subpart.


Sec.  10.408  Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses 
and programs.

    (a) When the training and assessment of competence required by this 
part are not subject to Coast Guard approval under Sec. Sec.  10.402 
and 10.407 of this subpart, but are used to qualify a mariner to hold 
an endorsement, the offeror of the course or program must ensure that 
such training and assessment meets the same standards as those found in 
Sec. Sec.  10.402 and 10.403 of this subpart.
    (b) The Coast Guard will accept courses approved and monitored by a 
Coast Guard-accepted Quality Standard System (QSS) organization. The 
Coast Guard maintains a list of training organizations conducting 
accepted training and that are independently monitored by a Coast 
Guard-accepted QSS organization. The Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization must comply with the following requirements:
    (1) Submit a certificate of acceptance of training to the Coast 
Guard;
    (2) Submit an updated certificate of acceptance to the Coast Guard 
if the terms of acceptance have been changed; and
    (3) Sign each certificate to the training organization owner or 
operator, or its authorized representative(s), stating that the 
training fully complies with the requirements of this section, and 
identifying the Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization being used for 
independent monitoring.
    (c) The training must be audited periodically in accordance with 
the requirements of Sec.  10.409(e)(7) of this

[[Page 45979]]

subpart. If the Coast Guard determines, on the basis of observations or 
conclusions either of its own or by the Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization, that the particular training does not satisfy one or more 
of the conditions described in paragraph (a) of this section:
    (1) The Coast Guard or Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization will 
so notify the offeror of the training by letter, enclosing a report of 
the observations and conclusions;
    (2) The offeror may, within a period of time specified in the 
notice, either appeal the observations or conclusions to the Commandant 
(CG-543) or bring the training into compliance; and
    (3) If the appeal is denied--or if the deficiency is not corrected 
in the allotted time, or within any additional time period judged by 
the Coast Guard to be appropriate, considering progress toward 
compliance--the Coast Guard will remove the training from the list 
maintained under paragraph (b) of this section until it can verify full 
compliance. The Coast Guard may deny applications for endorsements 
based, in whole or in part, on training not on the list, until 
additional training or assessment is documented.


Sec.  10.409  Coast Guard-accepted Quality Standard System (QSS) 
organizations.

    (a) Organizations wishing to serve as a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization, to accept and monitor training on behalf of the Coast 
Guard, should apply to the National Maritime Center. An organization 
submitting an application may not act as a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization until it has received its letter of acceptance.
    (b) Validity of acceptance. Organizations meeting the requirements 
in paragraph (e) of this section will be issued a letter of acceptance 
valid for a maximum period of 5 years from the date of issuance.
    (c) An organization wishing to become a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization must have processes for reviewing, accepting, and 
monitoring training that are equal to the Coast Guard's course approval 
and oversight processes in Sec. Sec.  10.402 through 10.410 of this 
subpart.
    (d) Each person conducting evaluation and monitoring of the 
training must be knowledgeable about the subjects being evaluated or 
monitored and about the national and international requirements that 
apply to the training, and must not be involved in the training and 
assessment of students.
    (e) The documentation submitted to the Coast Guard must contain the 
information listed below. An organization approved as a recognized 
classification society in accordance with 46 CFR part 8, subpart B, 
need not present evidence of compliance with paragraphs (e)(1) and 
(e)(8) of this section.
    (1) Identification of the organization: Name of the organization, 
address, contact information, and organizational structure (including 
the QSS department).
    (2) Scope of approval: Training and assessment the organization 
wishes to accept and monitor.
    (3) Background of the organization: Historical information 
outlining the organization's experience reviewing and accepting 
training and/or assessment activities.
    (4) Staffing and support infrastructure, including:
    (i) Names and qualifications of the individuals who will be 
involved in the review, acceptance, and monitoring of training and 
assessment;
    (ii) Description of the training given to individuals who will be 
conducting review, acceptance, and monitoring activities; and
    (iii) Technical and support resources within the organization that 
support the review, acceptance, and monitoring activities.
    (5) Submission guidelines: Information for client organizations to 
submit courses for review and acceptance, including criteria for course 
design, instructor/assessor qualifications, syllabi, equipment, and 
facilities.
    (6) Review and acceptance procedures. (i) Descriptions of the 
methods of evaluation of the physical, administrative, and 
infrastructure support aspects of client organizations;
    (ii) Descriptions of the methods of evaluation of the instructors, 
designated examiners of a client organization and the maintenance of 
their records;
    (iii) Descriptions of format for accepting training material;
    (iv) Descriptions of the methods by which the course acceptance 
process responds to the client organization modifications to the 
training curriculum, changes to instructors or examiners, changes to 
the infrastructure support; and
    (v) Descriptions of the renewal procedures.
    (7) Audit procedures: Description of the methods for auditing 
accepted courses. Client organizations must be audited once in a 5-year 
period.
    (8) Quality commitment: Provide evidence of having a quality 
management system that includes the following elements:
    (i) A documented statement of a quality policy and quality 
objectives;
    (ii) A quality manual;
    (iii) Documented procedures and records; and
    (iv) Documents, including records, determined by the organization 
to be necessary to ensure the effective planning, operation, and 
control of its processes.
    (f) Coast Guard-accepted QSS organizations must notify the NMC of 
the training they have accepted within 14 days of the acceptance date. 
The notification must include the name and address of the institution, 
the course title and the requirement the course meets, and a one-
paragraph description of the course's content.
    (g) Audits. (1) A Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization must 
conduct internal audits at least once in 5 years with a minimum of 2 
years between reviews. Results of the internal audits must be available 
upon request to the Coast Guard within 60 days of completion.
    (2) Each Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization may be audited by 
the Coast Guard at least once every 5 years. The results of the audit 
will be available to the Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization within 
60 days of completion of the audit.
    (3) Results of Coast Guard-accepted QSS organizations' audits to 
client organizations must be available upon request to the Coast Guard 
within 60 days of completion.
    (h) Disenrollment. (1) A Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization must 
give each client organization it serves a 180-day notice of its 
intention to cease to function as a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization.
    (2) If the Coast Guard determines that a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization is not meeting its obligations to review, accept, and 
monitor training and assessment, the NMC will notify the organization 
in writing and will enclose information about the events that led to 
this determination. The organization will then have a specified period 
of time to correct the deficiencies or appeal the conclusions to the 
Commandant (CG-54). If the organization appeals, and the appeal is 
denied, or the deficiencies are not corrected within the allotted time, 
the NMC will withdraw the acceptance of the Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization. The NMC will notify all client organizations affected by 
this decision so that they may make arrangements to transfer to another 
Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization or seek NMC approval for their 
training.

[[Page 45980]]

    (i) A Coast Guard-accepted QSS organization may not approve courses 
provided by client organizations.


Sec.  10.410  Quality Standard System (QSS) requirements.

    (a) Providers of Coast Guard-approved courses, programs, training, 
and Coast Guard-accepted training creditable towards an STCW 
endorsement must establish and maintain a Quality Standard System 
(QSS), in accordance with Regulation I/8 of the STCW Convention 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  10.103 of this part).
    (b) The QSS must be monitored by the Coast Guard or monitored 
through a third party that is designated as a Coast Guard-accepted QSS 
organization.
    (c) The Coast Guard-monitored QSS must:
    (1) Have a documented quality policy and quality objectives that 
align with the commitment by the training institution to achieve its 
missions and goals;
    (2) Maintain a manual that documents the objectives, authorities, 
and responsibilities that are essential controls for the implementation 
of the QSS, including:
    (i) The core procedures required to meet the missions and goals of 
the institution;
    (ii) The documents necessary for effective design, planning, 
operation, and control for the delivery of courses meeting the 
regulatory requirements;
    (iii) The filing and archiving of records so they are retrievable 
and legible;
    (iv) Action taken to stop recurrence of system, process, and 
product nonconformity; and
    (v) Auditing, reviewing, and improving the performance of the 
training management system; and
    (3) Arrange for a Coast Guard audit to be conducted twice in a 5-
year period.
    (d) Documentation from a National Academic Accreditation body may 
be accepted by the Coast Guard as meeting one or more of the 
requirements listed in paragraph (c) of this section. The documentation 
must be readily available for inspection upon request.
    (e) The Coast Guard will accept documentation from a training 
institution certified under a national or international Quality 
Management System Standard as meeting one or more of the requirements 
listed in paragraph (c) of this section. The documentation must be 
readily available for inspection upon request.
    (f) Coast Guard-approved courses, programs, and training creditable 
towards an STCW endorsement approved prior to July 1, 2013 must meet 
the requirements of this section at the next renewal.


Sec.  10.411  Simulator performance standards.

    Simulators used in assessment of competence must meet the 
appropriate performance standards set out in Section A-I/12 of the STCW 
Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  10.103 of this part). 
However, a simulator installed or brought into use before February 1, 
2002, need not meet those standards if it fulfills the objectives of 
the assessment of competence or demonstration of proficiency.


Sec.  10.412  Distance and e-learning.

    The Coast Guard may allow the training of mariners by means of 
methods of distance learning and e-learning in accordance with the 
standards of training and assessment set forth in section A-I/6 
(Training and assessment) of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  10.103 of this part).
    30. Revise part 11 to read as follows:

PART 11--REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICER ENDORSEMENTS

Subpart A--General
Sec.
11.101 Purpose of regulations.
11.102 Incorporation by reference.
11.107 Paperwork approval.
Subpart B--General Requirements for Officer Endorsements
11.201 General requirements for domestic and STCW officer 
endorsements.
11.211 Creditable service and equivalents for domestic and STCW 
officer endorsements.
11.217 Examination procedures and denial of officer endorsements.
Subpart C--STCW Officer Endorsements
11.301 Requirements for STCW officer endorsements.
11.303 STCW deck officer endorsements.
11.305 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master on 
vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more (management level).
11.307 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief mate 
on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more (management level).
11.309 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Officer in 
Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT 
or more (operational level).
11.311 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master of 
vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT 
(management level).
11.313 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief mate 
of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT (management level).
11.315 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master of 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT (management level).
11.317 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master of 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-coastal waters 
(management level).
11.319 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Officer in 
Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of less than 200 
GRT/500 GT (operational level).
11.321 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Officer in 
Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of less than 200 
GRT/500 GT limited to near-coastal waters (operational level).
11.323 STCW engineer officer endorsements.
11.325 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more (management level).
11.327 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as second 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
3,000kW/4,000HP propulsion power or more (management level).
11.329 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Officer in 
Charge of an Engineering Watch (OICEW) in a manned engineroom or 
designated duty engineer in a periodically unmanned engineroom on 
vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP 
propulsion power or more (operational level).
11.331 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power 
(management level).
11.333 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as second 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750kW/1,000HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power 
(management level).
11.335 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as an 
electro-technical officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP or more (operational level).
Subpart D--Professional Requirements for Domestic Deck Officer 
Endorsements
11.401 Ocean and near-coastal domestic officer endorsements.
11.402 Tonnage requirements for domestic ocean or near-coastal 
endorsements for vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.
11.403 Structure of domestic deck officer endorsements.
11.404 Service requirements for domestic master of ocean or near-
coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.
11.405 Service requirements for domestic chief mate of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

[[Page 45981]]

11.406 Service requirements for domestic second mate of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.
11.407 Service requirements for domestic third mate of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.
11.410 Requirements for domestic deck officer endorsements for 
vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
11.412 Service requirements for domestic master of ocean or near-
coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
11.414 Service requirements for domestic mate of ocean self-
propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
11.416 Service requirements for domestic mate of near-coastal self-
propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
11.418 Service requirements for domestic master of ocean or near-
coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.
11.420 Service requirements for domestic mate of ocean self-
propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.
11.421 Service requirements for domestic mate of near-coastal self-
propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.
11.422 Tonnage limitations and qualifying requirements for domestic 
endorsements as master or mate of vessels of less than 200 GRT.
11.424 Requirements for domestic master of ocean self-propelled 
vessels of less than 200 GRT.
11.426 Requirements for domestic master of self-propelled seagoing 
vessels of less than 200 GRT limited to domestic voyages upon near-
coastal waters.
11.427 Requirements for domestic mate of self-propelled seagoing 
vessels of less than 200 GRT limited to domestic voyages upon near-
coastal waters.
11.428 Requirements for domestic master of self-propelled, seagoing 
vessels of less than 100 GRT limited to domestic voyages upon near-
coastal waters.
11.429 Requirements for a domestic limited master of self-propelled, 
seagoing vessels of less than 100 GRT limited to domestic voyages 
upon near-coastal waters.
11.430 Endorsements for the Great Lakes and inland waters.
11.431 Tonnage requirements for Great Lakes and inland domestic 
endorsements for vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.
11.433 Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.
11.435 Requirements for domestic master of inland self-propelled 
vessels of unlimited tonnage.
11.437 Requirements for domestic mate of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.
11.442 Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
11.444 Requirements for domestic mate of Great lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
11.446 Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.
11.448 Requirements for domestic mate of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.
11.450 Tonnage limitations and qualifying requirements for domestic 
endorsements as master or mate of Great Lakes and inland vessels of 
less than 200 GRT.
11.452 Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
11.454 Requirements for domestic mate of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
11.455 Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 100 GRT.
11.456 Requirements for domestic limited master of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of less than 100 GRT.
11.457 Requirements for domestic master of inland self-propelled 
vessels of less than 100 GRT.
11.459 Requirements for domestic master or mate of rivers.
11.462 Endorsements for domestic master or mate of uninspected 
fishing industry vessels.
11.463 General requirements for domestic endorsements as master, 
mate (pilot), and apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels.
11.464 Requirements for domestic endorsements as master of towing 
vessels.
11.465 Requirements for domestic endorsements as mate (pilot) of 
towing vessels.
11.466 Requirements for domestic endorsements as apprentice mate 
(steersman) of towing vessels.
11.467 Requirements for a domestic endorsement as operator of 
uninspected passenger vessels of less than 100 GRT.
11.468 Domestic officer endorsements for mobile offshore drilling 
units (MODUs).
11.470 Domestic officer endorsements as offshore installation 
manager.
11.472 Domestic officer endorsements as barge supervisor.
11.474 Domestic officer endorsements as ballast control operator.
11.480 Radar observer.
11.482 Assistance towing.
11.491 Domestic officer endorsements for service on offshore supply 
vessels.
11.493 Master (OSV).
11.495 Chief Mate (OSV).
11.497 Mate (OSV).
Subpart E--Professional Requirements for Domestic Engineer Officer 
Endorsements
11.501 Grades and types of domestic engineer endorsements issued.
11.502 General requirements for domestic engineer endorsements.
11.503 Propulsion power limitations for domestic endorsements.
11.504 Application of deck service for domestic limited engineer 
endorsements.
11.505 Domestic engineer officer endorsements.
11.510 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as chief 
engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled vessels.
11.512 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as first 
assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.
11.514 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as second 
assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.
11.516 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as third 
assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.
11.518 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as chief 
engineer (limited oceans) of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-
propelled vessels.
11.520 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as chief 
engineer (limited near-coastal) of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-
propelled vessels.
11.522 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as assistant 
engineer (limited oceans) of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-
propelled vessels.
11.524 Service requirements for domestic endorsement as designated 
duty engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled vessels.
11.530 Endorsements for domestic engineers of uninspected fishing 
industry vessels.
11.540 Endorsements for domestic engineers of mobile offshore 
drilling units (MODU).
11.542 Endorsement as domestic chief engineer (MODU).
11.544 Endorsement as domestic assistant engineer (MODU).
11.551 Endorsements for service on offshore supply vessels.
11.553 Chief engineer (OSV).
11.555 Assistant engineer (OSV).
Subpart F--Credentialing of Radio Officers
11.601 Applicability.
11.603 Requirements for radio officers' endorsements.
11.604 Requirements for an STCW endorsement for Global Maritime 
Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) radio operators.
Subpart G--Professional Requirements for Pilots
11.701 Scope of pilot endorsements.
11.703 Service requirements.
11.705 Route familiarization requirements.
11.707 Examination requirements.
11.709 Annual physical examination requirements.
11.711 Tonnage requirements.
11.713 Requirements for maintaining current knowledge of waters to 
be navigated.
Subpart H--Registration of Staff Officers and Miscellaneous 
Endorsements
11.801 Applicability.
11.805 General requirements.
11.807 Experience requirements for registry.
11.811 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as vessel 
security officer.
11.821 High-speed craft type rating.
Subpart I--Subjects of Examinations
11.901 General provisions.

[[Page 45982]]

11.903 Officer endorsements requiring examinations.
11.910 Subjects for deck officer endorsements.
11.920 Subjects for MODU endorsements.
11.950 Examination subjects for engineer officer endorsements.
Subpart J--Recognition of Other Parties' STCW certificates
11.1001 Purpose of rules.
11.1003 General requirements.
11.1005 Employer application requirements.
11.1007 Basis for denial.
11.1009 Restrictions.
Subpart K--Officers on a Passenger Ship When on an International Voyage
11.1101 Purpose of rules.
11.1103 Definitions.
11.1105 General requirements for officer endorsements.

    Authority:  14 U.S.C. 633; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 
and 2110; 46 U.S.C. chapter 71; 46 U.S.C. 7502, 7505, 7701, 8906, 
and 70105; Executive Order 10173; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 0170.1. Section 11.107 is also issued under the 
authority of 44 U.S.C. 3507.

Subpart A--General


Sec.  11.101  Purpose of regulations.

    (a) The purpose of this part is to provide:
    (1) A means of determining the qualifications an applicant must 
possess to be eligible for an officer endorsement as a staff officer, 
deck officer, engineer officer, pilot, or radio officer on merchant 
vessels, or for an endorsement to operate uninspected passenger 
vessels; and
    (2) A means of determining that an applicant is competent to serve 
as a master, chief mate, officer in charge of a navigational watch, 
chief engineer officer, second engineer officer (first assistant 
engineer), officer in charge of an engineering watch, designated duty 
engineer, or Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) radio 
operator, in accordance with the provisions of the International 
Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for 
Seafarers, 1978, as amended (the STCW Convention or STCW), and other 
laws, and to receive the appropriate endorsement as required by STCW.
    (b) With few exceptions, these regulations do not specify or 
restrict officer endorsements to particular types of service such as 
tankships, freight vessels, or passenger vessels. However, each officer 
credentialed under this part must become familiar with the relevant 
characteristics of a vessel prior to assuming their duties as required 
in the provisions of Sec.  15.405 of this subchapter.
    (c) The regulations in subpart C of this part that prescribed the 
requirements applicable to approved training courses, training for a 
particular officer endorsement, and training and assessment associated 
with meeting the standards of competence established by the STCW 
Convention have been moved to 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C.


Sec.  11.102  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part 
with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 
U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a notice of 
change in the Federal Register and the material must be available to 
the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to 
http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. Also, it is available for inspection 
at the Coast Guard, Office of Operating and Environmental Standards 
(CG-5221), 2100 2nd St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593-7126, 
202-372-1405 and is available from the sources indicated in this 
section.
    (b) International Maritime Organization (IMO), 4 Albert Embankment, 
London SE1 7SR, England.
    (1) The International Convention on Standards of Training, 
Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended (the 
STCW Convention or the STCW), incorporation by reference approved for 
Sec. Sec.  11.201, 11.426, 11.427, 11.428, 11.429, 11.1101, 11.1105, 
and 11.1117.
    (2) The Seafarers' Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code, 
as amended (the STCW Code), incorporation by reference approved for 
Sec. Sec.  11.201, 11.301, 11.305, 11.309, 11.311, 11.313, 11.315, 
11.317, 11.319, 11.321, 11.325, 11.327, 11.329, 11.333, 11.335, 11.901, 
and 11.1105.
    (3) The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 
1974 (SOLAS), incorporation by reference approved for Sec.  11.601.


Sec.  11.107  Paperwork approval.

    (a) This section lists the control numbers assigned by the Office 
of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 
1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) for the reporting and recordkeeping requirements 
in this part.
    (b) The following control numbers have been assigned to the 
sections indicated:
    (1) OMB 1625-0040-46 CFR 11.201, 11.202, 11.205, 11.470, 11.472, 
11.474, 11.542, and 11.544.
    (2) OMB 1625-028-46 CFR 11.480.

Subpart B--General Requirements for Officer Endorsements


Sec.  11.201  General requirements for domestic and STCW officer 
endorsements.

    (a) General. In addition to the requirements of part 10 of this 
subchapter, the applicant for an officer endorsement, whether original, 
renewal, duplicate, or raise of grade, must establish to the 
satisfaction of the Coast Guard that he or she possesses all the 
qualifications necessary (including but not limited to age, experience, 
character, physical health, citizenship, approved training, passage of 
a professional examination, a test for dangerous drugs), before the 
Coast Guard will issue him or her a merchant mariner credential (MMC).
    (b) English language requirements. Except as provided in Sec.  
11.467(h) of this part, an applicant for an officer endorsement must 
demonstrate an ability to speak and understand English as found in the 
navigation rules, aids to navigation publications, emergency equipment 
instructions, machinery instructions, and radiotelephone communications 
instructions.
    (c) Experience and Service. (1) Applicants for officer endorsements 
should refer to Sec.  10.232 of this subchapter for information 
regarding requirements for documentation and proof of sea service.
    (2) An applicant for an officer endorsement must have at least 3 
months of required service on vessels of appropriate tonnage or 
horsepower within the 3 years immediately preceding the date of 
application.
    (3) No original officer or STCW endorsement may be issued to any 
naturalized citizen based on less experience in any grade or capacity 
than would have been required of a citizen of the United States by 
birth.
    (4) Experience and service acquired on foreign vessels is 
creditable for establishing eligibility for an officer or STCW 
endorsement, subject to evaluation by the Coast Guard to determine that 
it is a fair and reasonable equivalent to service acquired on merchant 
vessels of the United States, with respect to grade, tonnage, 
horsepower, waters, and operating conditions. An applicant who has 
obtained qualifying experience on foreign vessels must submit 
satisfactory

[[Page 45983]]

documentary evidence of such service (including any necessary 
translation into English) in accordance with Sec.  10.232 of this 
subchapter.
    (5) No applicant for an original officer endorsement who is a 
naturalized citizen and who has obtained experience on foreign vessels 
will be given an original officer endorsement in a grade higher than 
that upon which he or she has actually served while acting under the 
authority of a foreign credential.
    (6) Experience acquired while the applicant was less than 16 years 
of age is generally not creditable. Compelling circumstances and unique 
experiences acquired before the applicant reaches 16 years of age will 
be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
    (d) Citizenship. No officer endorsement may be issued to any person 
who is not a citizen of the United States with the exception of 
operators of uninspected passenger vessels that are not documented 
under the laws of the United States.
    (e) Age. Except as specified in this paragraph, no officer 
endorsement may be issued to a person who has not attained the age of 
21 years. The required evidence of age may be established using any of 
the items submitted to establish citizenship set out in 49 CFR 1572.17:
    (1) An endorsement may be granted to an applicant who has reached 
the age of 19 years as:
    (i) Master of near-coastal, Great Lakes and inland, or river 
vessels of 25-200 GRT/500 GT;
    (ii) Third mate;
    (iii) Third assistant engineer;
    (iv) Mate of vessels of between 200 GRT/500 GT and 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT;
    (v) Ballast control operator (BCO);
    (vi) Assistant engineer (MODU);
    (vii) Assistant engineer of fishing industry vessels;
    (viii) Mate (pilot) of towing vessels;
    (ix) Radio officer;
    (x) Assistant engineer (limited); or
    (xi) Designated duty engineer of vessels of less than 4,000 HP/
3,000 kW.
    (2) An endorsement may be granted to an applicant who has reached 
the age of 18 years as:
    (i) Limited master of near-coastal vessels of less than 100 GRT;
    (ii) Limited master of Great Lakes and inland vessels of less than 
100 GRT;
    (iii) Mate of Great Lakes and inland vessels of 25-200 GRT/500 GT;
    (iv) Mate of near-coastal vessels of 25-200 GRT/500 GT;
    (v) Operator of uninspected passenger vessels (OUPV);
    (vi) Designated duty engineer of vessels of less than 1,000 HP/750 
kW; or
    (vii) Apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels.
    (f) Physical examination. (1) Persons serving or intending to serve 
in the merchant marine service are encouraged to take the earliest 
opportunity to ascertain, through examination, whether their visual 
acuity, color vision, hearing, and general physical condition, are such 
as to qualify them for service in that profession. Any physical 
impairment or medical condition that would render an applicant 
incompetent to perform the ordinary duties required of an officer is 
cause for denial of an officer endorsement.
    (2) Applications for an original officer endorsement, raises of 
grade, and extensions of route, must be current and up to date with 
respect to service and the physical examination, as appropriate. 
Physical examinations and applications are valid for 12 months from the 
date the application is approved.
    (g) Character check. (1) An individual may apply for an original 
officer endorsement, or officer or STCW endorsement of a different 
type, while on probation as a result of administrative action under 
part 5 of this chapter. The offense for which the applicant was placed 
on probation will be considered in determining his or her fitness to 
hold the endorsement applied for. An officer or STCW endorsement issued 
to an applicant on probation will be subject to the same probationary 
conditions as were imposed against the applicant's other credential. An 
applicant may not take an examination for an officer or STCW 
endorsement during any period of time when a suspension without 
probation or a revocation is effective against the applicant's 
currently held license, MMD, or MMC, or while an appeal from these 
actions is pending.
    (2) If an original license, certificate of registry, or officer 
endorsement has been issued, when information about the applicant's 
habits of life and character is brought to the attention of the Coast 
Guard, if such information warrants the belief that the applicant 
cannot be entrusted with the duties and responsibilities of the 
license, certificate of registry, or officer endorsement issued, or if 
such information indicates that the application for the license, 
certificate of registry, or officer endorsement was false or 
incomplete, the Coast Guard may notify the holder in writing that the 
license, certificate of registry, or officer endorsement is considered 
null and void, direct the holder to return the credential to the Coast 
Guard, and advise the holder that, upon return of the credential, the 
appeal procedures of Sec.  10.237 of this subchapter apply.
    (h) Firefighting certificate. Applicants for an original officer 
endorsement in the following categories must present a certificate of 
completion from a firefighting course of instruction that has been 
approved by the Coast Guard. The course must have been completed within 
5 years before the date of application for the officer endorsement 
requested.
    (1) Mariners who completed a firefighting course within the 
previous 5 years must provide evidence of maintaining the standard of 
competence in accordance with the firefighting requirements for the 
credential sought.
    (2) The following categories must meet the requirements for basic 
and advanced firefighting in Regulations VI/1 and VI/3 of the STCW 
Convention and Tables A-VI/1-2 and A-VI/3 of the STCW Code (both 
incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part):
    (i) Domestic officer endorsements as master or mate on seagoing 
vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more;
    (ii) All domestic officer endorsements for master or mate (pilot) 
of towing vessels, except apprentice mate (steersman) of the vessels, 
on oceans;
    (iii) All domestic officer endorsements for MODUs;
    (iv) All domestic officer endorsements for engineers;
    (v) All domestic officer endorsements for OSVs; and
    (vi) All STCW officer endorsements.
    (3) The following categories must meet the requirements for basic 
firefighting in Regulation VI/1 of the STCW Convention and Table A-VI/
1-2 of the STCW Code (both incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 
of this part):
    (i) Officer endorsement as master on vessels of less than 200 GRT/
500 GT in ocean service; and
    (ii) All officer endorsements for master or mate (pilot) of towing 
vessels, except utility towing and apprentice mate (steersman) of 
towing vessels, in all services except oceans.
    (i) First aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) course 
certificates. All applicants for an original officer endorsement, 
except as provided in Sec. Sec.  11.429, 11.456, and 11.467 of this 
part, must present to the Coast Guard:
    (1) Evidence of continued competency in STCW basic safety training 
or a certificate indicating completion of a first-aid course not more 
than 1 year from the date of application from:
    (i) The American National Red Cross Standard First Aid course or 
American National Red Cross Community First Aid & Safety course; or
    (ii) A Coast Guard-approved first-aid course; and

[[Page 45984]]

    (2) A currently valid certificate of completion of a CPR course 
from either:
    (i) The American National Red Cross;
    (ii) The American Heart Association; or
    (iii) A Coast Guard-approved CPR course.
    (j) Professional Examination. (1) When the Coast Guard finds the 
applicant's experience and training to be satisfactory, and the 
applicant is eligible in all other respects, the Coast Guard will 
authorize examination in accordance with the following requirements:
    (i) Except for an endorsement required by the STCW Convention, any 
applicant for a deck or engineer officer endorsement limited to vessels 
less than 200 GRT/500 GT, or an officer endorsement limited to 
uninspected fishing industry vessels, may request an orally assisted 
examination instead of any written or other textual examination. If 
there are textual questions that the applicant has difficulty reading 
and understanding, the Coast Guard will offer the orally assisted 
examination. Each officer endorsement based on an orally assisted 
examination is limited to the specific route and type of vessel upon 
which the applicant obtained the majority of service.
    (ii) The general instructions for administration of examinations 
and the lists of subjects for all officer endorsements appear in 
subpart I of this part. The Coast Guard will place in the applicant's 
file a record indicating the subjects covered.
    (iii) An applicant enrolled in a comprehensively approved program 
of training, service, and assessment may be authorized for an 
examination not more than 3 months prior to completion of the program 
provided that all applicable sea service requirements are completed 
prior to the examination.
    (iv) The examination, whether administered orally or by other 
means, must be conducted only in the English language.
    (2) When the application has been approved for examination, the 
applicant should take the required examination as soon as practicable; 
however, approved examinations are valid for 1 year.
    (3) An examination is not required for a staff officer or radio 
officer endorsement.
    (k) Radar observer. Applicants for an endorsement as radar observer 
must present a certificate of completion from a radar observer course 
as required by Sec.  11.480 of this part.
    (l) Restrictions. The Coast Guard may modify the service and 
examination requirements in this part to satisfy the unique 
qualification requirements of an applicant or distinct group of 
mariners. The Coast Guard may also lower the age requirement for OUPV 
applicants. The authority granted by an officer endorsement will be 
restricted to reflect any modifications made under the authority of 
this paragraph. These restrictions may not be removed without the 
approval of the Coast Guard.


Sec.  11.211  Creditable service and equivalents for domestic and STCW 
officer endorsements.

    (a) Applicants for officer endorsements should refer to Sec.  
10.232 of this subchapter for information regarding requirements for 
documentation and proof of sea service.
    (b) Service toward an oceans, near-coastal, or STCW endorsement 
will be credited as follows:
    (1) Service on the Great Lakes will be credited on a day-for-day 
basis.
    (2) Service on inland waters, other than Great Lakes, that are 
navigable waters of the United States, may be substituted for up to 50 
percent of the total required service.
    (c) Service on mobile offshore drilling units. (1) MODU service is 
creditable for raise of grade of officer endorsement. Evidence of 1 
year of service on MODUs as mate or equivalent while holding an officer 
endorsement or license as third mate, or as engineering officer of the 
watch or equivalent while holding an officer endorsement or license as 
third assistant engineer, is acceptable for a raise of grade to second 
mate or second assistant engineer, respectively. However, any 
subsequent raises of grade of unlimited, non-restricted officer 
licenses or endorsements must include a minimum of 6 months of service 
on conventional vessels.
    (2) Service on dynamically positioned MODUs, maintaining station by 
means of dynamic positioning, may be credited as service on 
conventional vessels for any raise in grade; however, time more than 8 
hours each day will not be credited.
    (3) A day of MODU service must be a minimum of 4 hours, and no 
additional credit will be granted for service periods of more than 8 
hours.
    (4) Creditable MODU service excludes time spent ashore due to crew 
rotation.
    (d) Service on ATBs and ITBs. Service on Articulated Tug Barge 
(ATB) or Dual Mode Integrated Tug Barge (ITB) units is creditable for 
an original deck officer endorsement or raise of grade of any deck 
officer endorsement. Service on an ATB or Dual Mode ITB with an 
aggregate tonnage of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more is creditable on a two-
for-one basis (2 days experience equals 1 day of creditable service) 
for up to 50 percent of the total service on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT or more required for an unlimited officer endorsement. The remaining 
required service on vessels of more than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT must be 
obtained on conventional vessels or Push Mode ITBs.
    (e) Individuals obtaining sea service as part of an approved 
training curriculum pursuant to either Sec.  11.407(a)(2) or Sec.  
11.516(a)(3) must do so in the capacity of cadet (deck) or cadet 
(engine), as appropriate, notwithstanding any other rating endorsements 
the individual may hold or any other capacity in which the individual 
may have served.
    (f) Other experience. Other experience in a marine-related area, 
other than at sea, or sea service performed on unique vessels, will be 
evaluated by the Coast Guard for a determination of equivalence to 
traditional service.


Sec.  11.217  Examination procedures and denial of officer 
endorsements.

    (a) The examination fee set out in Table 10.219(a) in Sec.  10.219 
of this subchapter must be paid before the applicant may take the first 
examination section. If an applicant fails three or more sections of 
the examination, a complete re-examination must be taken. On the 
subsequent exam, if the applicant again fails three or more sections, 
at least 3 months must lapse before another complete examination is 
attempted, and a new examination fee is required. If an applicant fails 
one or two sections of an examination, the applicant may be retested 
twice on these sections during the next 3 months. If the applicant does 
not successfully complete these sections within the 3-month period, a 
complete re-examination must be taken after a lapse of at least 3 
months from the date of the last retest, and a new examination fee is 
required. The 3-month retest period may be extended by the Coast Guard 
if the applicant presents evidence documenting sea time that prevented 
the taking of a retest during the 3-month period. The retest period may 
not be extended beyond 7 months from the initial examination. All 
examinations and retests must be completed within 1 year of approval 
for examination.
    (b) If the Coast Guard refuses to grant an applicant the 
endorsement applied for due to the applicant's failure to pass a 
required examination, the Coast Guard will provide the applicant with a 
written statement setting forth the portions of the examination that 
must be retaken and the date by which the examination must be 
completed.

[[Page 45985]]

Subpart C--STCW Officer Endorsements


Sec.  11.301  Requirements for STCW officer endorsements.

    (a) Standard of competence. (1) The Coast Guard will accept one or 
more methods to demonstrate meeting the standard of competence in this 
subpart. The Coast Guard will accept the following as evidence for each 
one of the methods required in Column 3--Methods for demonstrating 
competence--of the Tables of Competence in the STCW Code (incorporated 
by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part):
    (i) In-service experience: documentation of successful completion 
of assessments, approved or accepted by the Coast Guard, and signed by 
a designated examiner (DE) or seafarer with a higher credential--deck 
or engineering--as appropriate, than the assessment related to the 
credential sought by the applicant.
    (ii) Training ship experience: documentation of successful 
completion of an approved training program involving formal training 
and assessment onboard a training ship.
    (iii) Simulator training: documentation of successful completion of 
training and assessment from a Coast Guard-approved course involving 
maritime simulation.
    (iv) Laboratory equipment training: documentation of successful 
completion of training and assessments from an approved training course 
or facility.
    (v) Practical training or instruction:
    (A) Documentation of successful completion of assessment as part of 
a structured/formal training or instruction provided by an organization 
or company as part of an accepted safety or quality management system; 
or
    (B) Documentation of successful completion of an approved training 
course from a school or facility.
    (vi) Specialist training: documentation of successful completion of 
assessment as part of a company training or specialized training 
provided by a maritime or equipment specialist.
    (vii) Workshop skills training: documentation of successful 
completion of assessments or completion certificate from an approved 
training program, school or facility.
    (viii) Training program: documentation of successful completion of 
an approved training program.
    (ix) Training on a manned scale ship model: documentation of 
successful completion of assessment as part of a structured/formal 
training or instruction provided by an approved training school or 
facility.
    (x) Practical demonstration and practical demonstration of 
competence: documentation of successful completion of assessments 
approved or accepted by the Coast Guard.
    (xi) Practical test and practical experience: documentation of 
successful completion of assessments approved or accepted by the Coast 
Guard.
    (xii) Examination: successful completion of a Coast Guard 
examination.
    (xiii) Instruction or course: documentation of successful 
completion of a course of instruction offered by an approved training 
school or facility.
    (2) Knowledge components may be documented by:
    (i) Successful completion of the Coast Guard examination for the 
associated officer endorsement;
    (ii) Successful completion of an approved course; or
    (iii) Successful completion of an approved program.
    (3) The Coast Guard will publish assessment guidelines that should 
be used to document assessments that demonstrate meeting the standard 
of competence, as required by paragraph (a)(1) of this section. 
Organizations may develop alternative assessment documentation for 
demonstrations of competence; however, it must be approved by the Coast 
Guard prior to its use and submittal with an application.
    (b) Basic Safety Training. (1) Applicants seeking an STCW officer 
endorsement must provide evidence, with their application, of meeting 
the standard of competence for basic safety training as described 
below:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code.
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code.
    (iii) Elementary first aid as set out in Table A-VI/1-3 of the STCW 
Code.
    (iv) Personal safety and social responsibilities as set out in 
Table A-VI/1-4 of the STCW Code.
    (2) Every 5 years seafarers qualified in accordance with paragraph 
(e) of this section must provide evidence of maintaining the standard 
of competence for Basic Safety Training.
    (3) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements for Basic Safety Training of paragraph (e)(2) 
of this section for the following areas:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code:
    (A) Don a lifejacket;
    (B) Board a survival craft from the ship, while wearing a 
lifejacket;
    (C) Take initial actions on boarding a lifeboat to enhance chance 
of survival;
    (D) Stream a lifeboat drogue or sea-anchor;
    (E) Operate survival craft equipment; and
    (F) Operate location devices, including radio equipment.
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code:
    (A) Use self-contained breathing apparatus; and
    (B) Effect a rescue in a smoke-filled space, using an approved 
smoke-generating device aboard, while wearing a breathing apparatus.
    (iii) Elementary first aid as set out in Table A-VI/1-3 of the STCW 
Code.
    (iv) Personal safety and social responsibilities as set out in 
Table A-VI/1-4 of the STCW Code.
    (4) The Coast Guard will only accept evidence of approved 
assessments conducted ashore as meeting the requirements for Basic 
Safety Training of paragraph (e)(2) of this section for the following 
areas:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code:
    (A) Don and use an immersion suit;
    (B) Safely jump from a height into the water;
    (C) Right an inverted liferaft while wearing a lifejacket;
    (D) Swim while wearing a lifejacket; and
    (E) Keep afloat without a lifejacket.
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code:
    (A) Use various types of portable fire extinguishers;
    (B) Extinguish smaller fires, e.g., electrical fires, oil fires, 
and propane fires;
    (C) Extinguish extensive fires with water, using jet and spray 
nozzles;
    (D) Extinguish fires with foam, powder, or any other suitable 
chemical agent;
    (E) Fight fire in smoke-filled enclosed spaces wearing self-
contained breathing apparatus;
    (F) Extinguish fire with water fog or any other suitable 
firefighting agent in an accommodation room or simulated engineroom 
with fire and heavy smoke; and
    (G) Extinguish oil fire with fog applicator and spray nozzles, dry 
chemical powder, or foam applicators.
    (5) Applicants who cannot meet the requirement for 1 year of sea 
service within the last 5 years, as described in paragraph (b)(3) of 
this section, will be

[[Page 45986]]

required to meet the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (c) Advanced Firefighting. (1) Applicants seeking an STCW officer 
endorsement must provide evidence, with their application, of meeting 
the standard of competence as set out in Table A-VI/3 of the STCW Code. 
Applicants for an original STCW officer endorsement, who met the 
requirements of Sec.  11.201(h)(1) of this subpart will be deemed to 
have met the requirement of this paragraph.
    (2) Every 5 years seafarers qualified in accordance with paragraph 
(1) of this section must provide evidence of maintaining the standard 
of competence as set out in Table A-VI/3 of the STCW Code.
    (3) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (c)(2) of this section for the 
following areas as set out in Table A-VI/3 of the STCW Code:
    (i) Control firefighting operations aboard ships;
    (A) Firefighting procedures at sea and in port, with particular 
emphasis on organization, tactics and command;
    (B) Communication and coordination during firefighting operations;
    (C) Ventilation control, including smoke extraction;
    (D) Control of fuel and electrical systems;
    (E) Fire-fighting process hazards (dry distillation, chemical 
reactions, boiler uptake);
    (F) Fire precautions and hazards associated with the storage and 
handling of materials;
    (G) Management and control of injured persons; and
    (H) Procedures for coordination with shore-based fire fighters; and
    (ii) Inspect and service fire-detection and extinguishing systems 
and equipment;
    (A) Requirements for statutory and classification.
    (4) The Coast Guard will only accept evidence of assessments 
conducted ashore as meeting the requirements of paragraph (c)(2) of 
this section for the following areas as set out in Table A-VI/3 of the 
STCW Code.
    (i) Control fire-fighting operations aboard ships:
    (A) Use of water for fire-extinguishing, the effect on ship 
stability, precautions, and corrective procedures; and
    (B) Firefighting involving dangerous goods;
    (ii) Organize and train fire parties;
    (iii) Inspect and service fire-detection and extinguishing systems 
and equipment;
    (A) Fire-detection. Fire-detection systems; fixed fire-
extinguishing systems; portable and mobile fire-extinguishing 
equipment, including appliances, pumps and rescue; salvage; life-
support; personal protective and communication equipment; and
    (iv) Investigate and compile reports on incidents involving fire.
    (d) Service. (1) Service as a rating will not be accepted to 
upgrade from the operational-level to management-level STCW 
endorsements.
    (2) Service on the Great Lakes will be credited on a day-for-day 
basis.
    (3) Service on inland waters other than Great Lakes, which are 
navigable waters of the United States, will be credited 1 day of ocean 
service for every 2 days of inland service for up to 50 percent of the 
total required service.
    (4) Service accrued onboard vessels with dual tonnages (both 
domestic and international) will be credited using the international 
tonnage for the credential sought.
    (5) Applicants who cannot meet the requirement for 1 year of sea 
service within the last 5 years as described in paragraph (c)(3) of 
this section, will be required to meet the requirements of paragraph 
(c)(1) of this section.
    (e) Operational-level endorsement. Applicants holding domestic 
officer endorsements, who seek to add an STCW endorsement at the 
operational level, must provide evidence of meeting the STCW 
requirements found in this subpart, including:
    (1) Meeting the service requirements for the operational-level STCW 
endorsement;
    (2) Satisfactory completion of the STCW operational-level standards 
of competence; and
    (3) Satisfactory completion of the STCW operational-level training 
as required in this part.
    (f) Management-level endorsement. Applicants holding domestic 
officer endorsements as master, chief mate, chief engineer, or first 
assistant engineer, who seek to add an STCW endorsement at the 
management level, must provide evidence of meeting the STCW 
requirements found in this subpart, including:
    (1) Meeting the service requirements for the management-level STCW 
endorsement;
    (2) Satisfactory completion of the STCW operational- and 
management-level standards of competence; and
    (3) Satisfactory completion of the STCW operational- and 
management-level training as required in this part.
    (g) Training and assessment for Automatic Radar Plotting Aids 
(ARPA), Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS), or 
Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS). Training and 
assessment in the use of ARPA, ECDIS, or GMDSS is not required for 
those who serve exclusively on ships not fitted with ARPA, ECDIS, or 
GMDSS. For ARPA and ECDIS, this limitation must be reflected in the 
endorsement issued to the seafarer concerned. The GMDSS endorsement 
will only be added if the applicant qualifies for it.
    (h) Exemptions and Limitations. (1) The Coast Guard may exempt an 
applicant from meeting any individual knowledge, understanding, and 
proficiency required in the appropriate table of competence in the STCW 
Code. These exemptions must be approved by the Coast Guard based upon 
vessel type. Under these circumstances, the certificate may include a 
corresponding limitation.
    (2) A seafarer may have a limitation removed by providing the Coast 
Guard with evidence of having completed the individual knowledge, 
understanding, and proficiency required.
    (i) Grandfathering. (1) Except as noted otherwise, each candidate 
who applies for a credential based on approved or accepted training or 
approved seagoing service that was started on or after July 1, 2013, or 
who applies for the MMC endorsement on or after January 1, 2017, must 
meet the requirements of these regulations.
    (2) Except as noted by this subpart, seafarers holding an STCW 
endorsement prior to July 1, 2013, will not be required to complete any 
additional training required under this part to retain the STCW 
endorsements.
    (3) Except as noted otherwise, candidates who apply for a 
credential based on approved or accepted training or approved seagoing 
service that was obtained before July 1, 2013 will be required to 
comply with the requirements of this part existing before the 
publication of these regulations on [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS RULE]. This 
includes the assessments published prior to the date of publication of 
these regulations on [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS RULE], as well as the 
additional requirements for the STCW endorsement section.
    (4) Except as noted by this subpart, the Coast Guard will continue 
to issue STCW endorsements to candidates meeting the requirements of 
this part existing before the publication of these regulations on 
[EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS RULE], for seafarers identified in paragraph 
(i)(3) of this section, until January 1, 2017.
    (j) Notwithstanding Sec.  11.901 of this part, each mariner found 
qualified to

[[Page 45987]]

hold any of the following domestic officer endorsements will also be 
entitled to hold an STCW endorsement corresponding to the service or 
other limitations of the license or officer endorsements on the MMC. 
The vessels concerned are not subject to further obligation under STCW 
because of their special operating conditions as small vessels engaged 
in domestic, near-coastal voyages:
    (1) Masters, mates, or engineers endorsed for service on small 
passenger vessels that are subject to subchapter T or K of this chapter 
and that operate beyond the boundary line; and
    (2) Masters, mates, or engineers endorsed for service on seagoing 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT, other than passenger vessels 
subject to subchapter H of this chapter.
    (k) No mariner serving on, and no owner or operator of any of the 
following vessels, need hold an STCW endorsement, because they are 
exempt from application of STCW:
    (1) Fishing vessels as defined in 46 U.S.C. 2101(11)(a);
    (2) Fishing vessels used as fish-tender vessels as defined in 46 
U.S.C. 2101(11)(c);
    (3) Barges as defined in 46 U.S.C. 102, including non-self-
propelled mobile offshore drilling units; and
    (4) Vessels operating exclusively on the Great Lakes or on the 
inland waters of the U.S. in the Straits of Juan de Fuca or on the 
Inside Passage between Puget Sound and Cape Spencer.
    (l) No mariner serving on, and no owner or operators of uninspected 
passenger vessels as defined in 46 U.S.C. 2101(42)(B), need to hold an 
STCW endorsement. The vessels concerned are not subject to further 
obligation under STCW because of their special operating conditions as 
small vessels engaged in domestic, near-coastal voyages.


Sec.  11.303  STCW deck officer endorsements.

    (a) Specific requirements for all STCW deck officer endorsements 
are detailed in the applicable sections in this part.
    (1) Master on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more (management 
level).
    (2) Chief mate on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more (management 
level).
    (3) Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more (operational level).
    (4) Master of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT (management level).
    (5) Chief mate of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT (management level).
    (6) Master of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT (management 
level).
    (7) Master of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-
coastal waters (management level).
    (8) OICNW of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT (operational 
level).
    (9) OICNW of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-
coastal waters (operational level).


Sec.  11.305  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master 
on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more (management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as master, an applicant 
must--
    (1) Provide evidence of 36 months of service as OICNW on vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more operating in oceans, near-coastal and/or Great 
Lakes. However, this period may be reduced to not less than 24 months 
if the applicant served as chief mate for not less than 12 months. 
Service on inland, waters that are navigable waters of the United 
States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of the total required 
service. Experience gained in the engine department on vessels may be 
creditable for up to 3 months of the service requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Search and rescue;
    (ii) ARPA, if required;
    (iii) GMDSS, if required; and
    (iv) Management of medical care.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more, to be valid on or after 
January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of 
competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers holding an STCW endorsement as masters of vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, in accordance 
with Sec.  11.311 of this subpart, are eligible to apply for the 
endorsement as master on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more upon 
completion of 6 months of sea service, under the authority of the 
endorsement; and complete any items in paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) of 
this section not previously satisfied.
    (e) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

              Table 11.305(e)--STCW Endorsement as Master on Vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/2 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Master ocean or near-coastal,    .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 unlimited tonnage.
Master OSV.....................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.


[[Page 45988]]

Sec.  11.307  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief 
mate on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more (management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief mate, an applicant 
must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 12 months of service as OICNW on vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more operating in oceans, near-coastal and/or Great 
Lakes. Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are navigable 
waters of the United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of 
the total required service. Experience gained in the engine department 
on vessels may be creditable for up to 1 month of the service 
requirements;
    (2) Meet the standard of competence specified in Section A-II/2 of 
the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this 
part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Search and rescue;
    (ii) ARPA, if required;
    (iii) GMDSS, if required; and
    (iv) Management of medical care.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as chief 
mate of vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more, to be valid on or after 
January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of 
competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers holding an STCW endorsement as chief mate of vessels 
of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, in 
accordance with Sec.  11.313 of this subpart, are eligible to apply for 
the endorsement as chief mate on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more 
upon completion of 6 months of sea service, under the authority of the 
endorsement; and complete any items in paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) of 
this section not previously satisfied.
    (e) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

            Table 11.307(e)--STCW Endorsement as Chief Mate on Vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or More
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/2 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chief Mate ocean or near-        .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 coastal, unlimited tonnage.
Master ocean or near-coastal,    12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT.
Chief mate OSV.................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Master Towing Vessel ocean or    12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.309  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of 200 
GRT/500 GT or more (operational level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as OICNW, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of seagoing service as follows:
    (i) Thirty-six months of seagoing service in the deck department on 
vessels operating in oceans, near-coastal and/or Great Lakes. Service 
on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are navigable waters of the 
United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of the total 
required service; or
    (ii) Twelve months of seagoing service as part of an approved 
training program, which includes onboard training that meets the 
requirements of Section A-II/1 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (2) Provide evidence of having performed, during the required 
seagoing service, bridge watchkeeping duties, under the supervision of 
an officer holding the STCW endorsement as master, chief mate, second 
mate, or OICNW, for a period of not less than 6 months;
    (3) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/1 of the STCW Code; and
    (4) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Medical first-aid provider;
    (ii) Radar observer;
    (iii) IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP);
    (iv) Search and rescue;
    (v) Basic and advanced firefighting;
    (vi) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast 
rescue boats;
    (vii) Visual Signaling;
    (viii) Bridge Resource Management (BRM);
    (ix) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment;
    (xi) GMDSS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment; and
    (xii) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Experience gained in the engine department on vessels may be 
creditable for up to 3 months of the service requirements in paragraph 
(a)(1)(i) of this section.
    (c) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as OICNW of 
vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more, to be valid on or after January 1, 
2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence in 
the following:
    (1) Leadership and teamworking skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (d) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/1 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (e) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

[[Page 45989]]



                 Table 11.309(e)--STCW Endorsement as OICNW on Vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or More
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/1 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mate ocean or near-coastal,      .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 unlimited tonnage.
Mate ocean or near-coastal,      .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
Mate ocean or near-coastal, NMT  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 500 GRT.
Mate OSV.......................  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
Mate Towing Vessel ocean or      6 months.................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(4) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.311  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT 
(management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as master, an applicant 
must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 36 months of service as OICNW on vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more, operating in oceans, near-coastal waters and/or 
Great Lakes. However, this period may be reduced to not less than 24 
months if the applicant served as chief mate for not less than 12 
months. Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are navigable 
waters of the United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of 
the total required service. Experience gained in the engine department 
on vessels may be creditable for up to 3 months of the service 
requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Search and rescue;
    (ii) Management of medical care;
    (iii) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment; and
    (iv) GMDSS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
to be valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of 
meeting the standard of competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.311(d)--STCW Endorsement as Master on Vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or More and Less Than 1,600 GRT/3,000
                                                       GT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/3 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Master oceans or near-coastal,   .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
Master OSV.....................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Master oceans or near-coastal,   12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT.
Master Towing Vessel oceans or   12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.313  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief 
mate of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT (management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief mate, an applicant 
must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 12 months of service as OICNW on vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more, operating in oceans, near-coastal waters and/or 
Great Lakes. Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are 
navigable waters of the United States may be substituted for up to 50 
percent of the total required service. Experience gained in the engine 
department on vessels may be creditable for up to 1 month of the 
service requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Search and rescue;
    (ii) Management of medical care;
    (iii) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment; and
    (iv) GMDSS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as chief 
mate of vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT, to be valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of 
meeting the standard of competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these

[[Page 45990]]

circumstances, the certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

  Table 11.313(d)--STCW Endorsement as Chief Mate on Vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or More and Less Than 1,600 GRT/
                                                    3,000 GT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/2 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chief mate OSV.................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Master oceans or near-coastal,   6 months.................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT.
Master Towing Vessel oceans or   6 months.................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.315  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT (management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as master, an applicant 
must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 36 months of seagoing service as OICNW on 
vessels operating in oceans, near-coastal waters and/or Great Lakes; 
however, this period may be reduced to not less than 24 months if not 
less than 12 months of such seagoing service has been served as OICNW. 
Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are navigable waters of 
the United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of the total 
required service. Experience gained in the engine department may be 
creditable for up to 3 months of the service requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Search and rescue;
    (ii) Management of medical care;
    (iii) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment; and
    (iv) GMDSS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT, to be valid on or after January 
1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence in 
the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

               Table 11.315(d)--STCW Endorsement as Master of Vessels of Less Than 200 GRT/500 GT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                  endorsement*                 II/3 **                   section***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Master oceans or near-coastal,   .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT.
Master Towing Vessel oceans or   .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
Master oceans or near-coastal,   12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.317  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-costal waters 
(management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief mate, an applicant 
must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 12 months of service as OICNW on vessels of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more, operating in oceans, near-coastal waters and/or 
Great Lakes. Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are 
navigable waters of the United States may be substituted for up to 50 
percent of the total required service. Experience gained in the engine 
department on vessels may be creditable for up to 1 month of the 
service requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Medical first-aid provider;
    (ii) Basic and advanced firefighting;
    (iii) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than 
fast rescue boats;
    (iv) Radar observer, if required; and
    (v) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as master 
of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-coastal waters, 
to be valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of 
meeting the standard of competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and

[[Page 45991]]

proficiency required in Section A-II/3 of the STCW Code. These 
exemptions must be approved by the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. 
Under these circumstances, the certificate may include a corresponding 
limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

   Table 11.317(d)--STCW Endorsement as Master of Vessels of Less Than 200 GRT/500 GT Limited to Near-Coastal
                                                     Waters
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                  endorsement*                 II/3 **                   section***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mate oceans or near-coastal,     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT.
Mate towing vessel oceans or     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
Master oceans or near-coastal,   6 months.................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
Mate oceans or near-coastal,     12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.319  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of less 
than 200 GRT/500 GT (operational level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as OICNW, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 36 months of service in the deck department 
on vessels operating in oceans, near-coastal waters, and/or Great 
Lakes. Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are navigable 
waters of the United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of 
the required service. Experience gained in the engine department may be 
creditable for up to 3 months of the service requirements; or
    (2) Provide evidence of not less than 12 months of seagoing service 
as part of an approved training program that includes onboard training 
that meets the requirements of Section A-II/1 of the STCW Code 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having performed during the required 
seagoing service, bridge watchkeeping duties, under the supervision of 
an officer holding the STCW endorsement as master, chief mate, or 
OICNW, for a period of not less than 6 months. The Coast Guard will 
accept service on vessels as boatswain, able seaman, or quartermaster 
while holding the appropriate deck watchkeeping rating endorsement, 
which may be accepted on a two-for-one basis to a maximum allowable 
substitution of 3 months (6 months of experience equals 3 months of 
creditable service);
    (4) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/3 of the STCW Code; and
    (5) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Medical first-aid provider;
    (ii) Radar observer;
    (iii) IMO SMCP;
    (iv) Basic and advanced firefighting;
    (v) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast 
rescue boats;
    (vi) Visual signaling;
    (vii) Bridge Resource Management (BRM);
    (viii) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment;
    (ix) GMDSS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment; and
    (x) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as OICNW of 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT, to be valid on or after January 1, 
2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence in 
the following:
    (1) Leadership and teamworking skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/3 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.319(d)--STCW Endorsement as Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of Vessels of Less Than
                                                 200 GRT/500 GT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/3 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mate oceans or near-coastal,     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT O/NC.
Mate towing vessel oceans or     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
Master oceans or near-coastal,   6 months.................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
Mate oceans or near-coastal,     12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.


[[Page 45992]]

Sec.  11.321  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
Officer in Charge of a Navigational Watch (OICNW) of vessels of less 
than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-coastal waters (operational level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as OICNW, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of seagoing service as follows:
    (i) Twenty four months of seagoing service in the deck department 
on vessels operating in oceans, near-coastal, and/or Great Lakes. 
Service on inland waters, bays, or sounds that are navigable waters of 
the United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of the total 
required service. Experience gained in the engine department may be 
creditable for up to 3 months of the service requirements; or
    (ii) Successful completion of an approved training program that 
includes seagoing service as required by the Coast Guard; or
    (iii) Successful completion of approved training for this section 
and obtain 12 months of seagoing service;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-II/3 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Medical first-aid provider;
    (ii) Basic and advanced firefighting;
    (iii) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than 
fast rescue boats;
    (iv) Bridge Resource Management (BRM);
    (v) Radar observer, if required; and
    (vi) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as OICNW of 
vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to near-coastal waters, to 
be valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting 
the standard of competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and teamworking skills; and
    (2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/3 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

Table 11.321(d)--STCW Endorsement as OICNW of Vessels of Less Than 200 GRT/500 GT Limited to Near-Coastal Waters
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Sea service under
    Entry path from domestic          authority of the      Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 endorsement *                 II/3 **                  section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mate oceans or near-coastal      .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 500 GRT.
Mate Towing Vessel oceans or     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 near-coastal.
Master oceans or near-coastal,   .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT.
Mate oceans or near-coastal,     6 months.................  Yes......................  Yes.
 less than 200 GRT.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.323  STCW engineer officer endorsements.

    (a) Specific requirements for all STCW engineer officer 
endorsements are detailed in the applicable sections in this part.
    (1) Chief engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more (management 
level).
    (2) Second engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more (management 
level).
    (3) Officer in Charge of an Engineering Watch (OICEW) in a manned 
engineroom or designated duty engineer in a periodically unmanned 
engineroom on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 750 kW/
1,000 HP propulsion power or more (operational level).
    (4) Chief engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion 
power (management level).
    (5) Second engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP to 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power 
(management level).
    (6) Electro-technical officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP or more (operational level).
    (b) Limitations. (1) STCW engineer officer endorsements issued in 
accordance with Sec. Sec.  11.325, 11.327, 11.329, 11.331, 11.333, and 
11.335 of this subpart will be restricted to specific propulsion modes 
for steam, motor, or gas turbine-propelled as appropriate.
    (2) STCW engineer officer endorsements issued in accordance with 
Sec. Sec.  11.325, 11.327, 11.329, 11.331, 11.333, and 11.335 of this 
subpart for motor or gas turbine-propelled propulsion modes may be 
endorsed as limited to serve on vessels without auxiliary boilers, 
waste-heat boilers, or distilling plants. An applicant may qualify for 
removal of any of these limitations by completing Coast Guard-approved 
or -accepted training.
    (c) An engineer officer who does not hold an STCW endorsement may 
serve on seagoing vessels propelled by machinery of less than 1,000 HP/
750 kW, the vessels specified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) of this 
subchapter, and vessels operating on the Great Lakes or inland waters 
of the United States.
    (d) An officer endorsement issued in the grade of chief engineer 
(limited) or assistant engineer (limited) allows the holder to serve 
within any propulsion power limitations on vessels of unlimited tonnage 
on inland waters, on vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT in Great 
Lakes service, and on the vessels specified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) 
of this subchapter.
    (e) An officer endorsement issued after [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS 
RULE] in any grade of a designated duty engineer (DDE) authorizes the 
holder to serve within stated propulsion power limitations on vessels 
of less than 500 GRT on the Great Lakes or inland waters, and on 
vessels of less than 500 GRT as specified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) of 
this subchapter.

[[Page 45993]]

Sec.  11.325  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more (management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief engineer officer, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of not less than 36 months of service as OICEW 
on ships powered by main propulsion machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP 
propulsion power or more; however, this period may be reduced to not 
less than 24 months if the applicant has served for not less than 12 
months as second engineer officer on ships powered by propulsion 
machinery of 3,000 kW/4,000 HP or more;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-III/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in maintaining the safety and security of the vessel, crew, 
and passengers.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more, to be valid on or after 
January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of 
competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) Management of electrical and electronic control equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.325(d)--STCW Endorsement as Chief Engineer Officer on Vessels Powered by Main Propulsion Machinery of
                                    3,000kW/4,000HP Propulsion Power or More
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Entry path from domestic                                Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 Sea service *                 III/2 **                 section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chief engineer.................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Chief engineer (limited--near-   12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 coastal).
Chief engineer (limited--        12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 oceans).
Chief engineer (MODU)..........  12 months/24 months \1\..  Yes......................  Yes.
Chief engineer (OSV)...........  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Designated Duty Engineer, any    24 months as DDE.........  Yes......................  Yes.
 horsepower \2\.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.
\1\ Depending on the type of sea service used to obtain chief engineer (MODU) (refer to Sec.   11.542 of this
  part).
\2\ STCW certificate should be limited to vessels less than 500 GRT.

Sec.  11.327  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as second 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
3,000kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more (management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as second engineer officer, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of not less than 12 months of service as OICEW 
on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 750kW or more; or 12 
months of sea service as a chief engineer on vessels powered by 
propulsion machinery of vessels between 750k W/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/
4,000 HP;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-III/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in maintaining the safety and security of the vessel, crew, 
and passengers.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as second 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power or more, to be valid on or after 
January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the standard of 
competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) Management of electrical and electronic control equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.327(d)--STCW Endorsement as Second Engineer Officer on Vessels Powered by Main Propulsion Machinery of
                                   3,000 kW/4,000 HP Propulsion Power or More
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Entry path from domestic                                Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 Sea service *                 III/2 **                 section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
First assistant engineer.......  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Second assistant engineer......  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Third assistant engineer.......  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.

[[Page 45994]]

 
Assistant engineer (limited-     12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 oceans).
Chief engineer MODU............  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
Chief engineer OSV.............  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Designated Duty Engineer,        12 months as DDE.........  Yes......................  Yes.
 unlimited \1\.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.
\1\ STCW certificate should be limited to vessels less than 500 GRT.

Sec.  11.329  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
Officer in Charge of an Engineering Watch (OICEW) in a manned 
engineroom or designated duty engineer in a periodically unmanned 
engineroom on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 750 kW/
1,000 HP propulsion power or more (operational level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as OICEW, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of seagoing service as follows:
    (i) Thirty-six months of seagoing service in the engine department; 
or
    (ii) Successful completion of an approved training program, which 
includes a combination of workshop skill training and seagoing service 
of not less than 12 months, and that meets the requirements of Section 
A-III/1 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 
of this part);
    (2) Provide evidence of having performed during the required 
seagoing service, engine room watchkeeping duties, under the 
supervision of an officer holding the STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer or as a qualified engineer officer, for a period of 
not less than 6 months;
    (3) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-III/1 of the STCW Code; and
    (4) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Medical first-aid provider;
    (ii) Basic and advanced firefighting; and
    (iii) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than 
fast rescue boats.
    (b) Experience gained in the deck department may be creditable for 
up to 3 months of the service requirements in paragraph (a)(1)(i) of 
this section.
    (c) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as OICEW, 
to be valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of 
meeting the standard of competence in leadership and teamworking skills 
at the operational level.
    (d) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/1 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (e) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.329(e)--STCW Endorsement as OICEW in a Manned Engineroom or Designated Duty Engineer in a Periodically
 Unmanned Engineroom on Vessels Powered by Main Propulsion Machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP Propulsion Power or More
                                               (Operational Level)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Entry path from domestic                                Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 Sea service *                 III/1 **                 section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Third assistant engineer any     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 horsepower.
Second assistant engineer any    .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 horsepower.
Assistant engineer (limited)...  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Designated duty engineer,        .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 unlimited) (less than 500 GRT).
Assistant engineer (MODU)......  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Engineer (OSV).................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Designated Duty Engineer, 1,000  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 kW/4,000 HP \1\.
Designated Duty Engineer, 750    24 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 kW/1,000 HP \1\.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(4) of this section not previously satisfied.
\1\ STCW certificate should be limited to vessels less than 500 GRT.

Sec.  11.331  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power 
(management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as chief engineer officer, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of meeting the requirements for certification 
as OICEW, and have not less than 24 months of service on seagoing 
vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of not less than 750 kW/
1,000 HP, of which not less than 12 months must be served while 
qualified to serve as second engineer officer. Experience gained in the 
deck department may be creditable for up to 2 months of the total 
service requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-III/3 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and

[[Page 45995]]

    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in maintaining the safety and security of the vessel, crew, 
and passengers.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as chief 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power, to be 
valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the 
standard of competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) Management of electrical and electronic control equipment.
    (c) An engineer officer qualified to serve as second engineer 
officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 3,000 kW/
4,000 HP or more, may serve as chief engineer officer on vessels 
powered by main propulsion machinery of between 750 kW/1000 HP and 
3,000 kW/4000 HP provided the certificate is so endorsed.
    (d) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/3 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (e) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.331(e)--STCW Endorsement as Chief Engineer Officer on Vessels Powered by Main Propulsion Machinery of
                         Between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP Propulsion Power
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Entry path from domestic                                Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 Sea service *                 III/2 **                 section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chief engineer.................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
First assistant engineer.......  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Chief engineer (limited-near-    .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 coastal).
Chief engineer (limited-oceans)  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Chief engineer OSV.............  .........................  Yes......................  Yes
Chief engineer MODU............  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
Designated Duty Engineer, 1,000  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 kW/4,000 HP.
Designated Duty Engineer, 750    24 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
 kW/1,000 HP.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

Sec.  11.333  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as second 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power 
(management level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as second engineer officer, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of meeting the requirements for certification 
as OICEW, as well as serving not less than 12 months as assistant 
engineer officer or engineer officer on vessels powered by main 
propulsion machinery of not less than 750 kW/1,000 HP. Experience 
gained in the deck department may be creditable for up to 1 month of 
the total service requirements;
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-III/3 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in maintaining the safety and security of the vessel, crew, 
and passengers.
    (b) Each candidate for a renewal of an STCW endorsement as second 
engineer officer on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP propulsion power, to be 
valid on or after January 1, 2017, must provide evidence of meeting the 
standard of competence in the following:
    (1) Leadership and managerial skills; and
    (2) Management of electrical and electronic control equipment.
    (c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/3 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (d) Seafarers with one of the following domestic officer 
endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion 
of the requirements in the table below:

 Table 11.333(d)--STCW Endorsement as Second Engineer Officer on Vessels Powered by Main Propulsion Machinery of
                         Between 750 kW/1,000 HP and 3,000 kW/4,000 HP Propulsion Power.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Entry path from domestic                                Competence--STCW table  A- Training required by this
          endorsements                 Sea service *                 III/2 **                 section ***
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
First assistant engineer.......  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Second assistant engineer......  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Third assistant engineer.......  12 months................  Yes......................  Yes.
Assistant engineer (limited-     .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
 oceans).
Engineer OSV...................  .........................  Yes......................  Yes.
Assistant engineer MODU........  12 months \1\............  Yes......................  Yes.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

[[Page 45996]]

 
\1\ Depending on the type of sea service used to obtain chief engineer (MODU) (refer to Sec.   11.542 of this
  part).

Sec.  11.335  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as an 
electro-technical officer on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP or more (operational level).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as an electro-technical 
officer, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of 36 months combined workshop skills training 
and approved seagoing service of which not less than 30 months will be 
seagoing service in the engine department of vessels. Experience gained 
in the deck department may be creditable for up to 3 months of the 
service requirements; or completion of an approved training program, 
which includes a combination of workshop skill training and seagoing 
service of not less than 12 months, and that meets the requirements of 
Section A-III/6 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  
11.102 of this part);
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Section A-III/6 of the STCW Code; and
    (3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in the following subject areas:
    (i) Medical first-aid provider;
    (ii) Basic and advanced firefighting; and
    (iii) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than 
fast rescue boats.
    (b) Any applicant who has served in a relevant capacity onboard a 
vessel for a period of not less than 12 months within the last 60 
months and meets the standards of competence specified in Section A-
III/6 of the STCW Code is considered by the Coast Guard to be suitably 
qualified but must provide evidence of:
    (1) Twelve months of seagoing service; and
    (2) Having achieved the standards of competence specified in 
Section A-III/6 of the STCW Code.
    (c) An applicant who holds an STCW endorsement as OICEW, second 
engineer officer, or chief engineer officer issued on or after July 1, 
2013, and who has served onboard a seagoing vessel powered by main-
propulsion machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP or more acting under the 
authority of the STCW endorsements, for a period of not less than 12 
months in the previous 60 months, will qualify for this endorsement 
without additional training, service, or assessment.
    (d) An applicant who holds an STCW endorsement as OICEW, second 
engineer officer, or chief engineer officer issued prior to July 1, 
2013, must complete the assessment and training described in paragraph 
(a)(2) of this section, in order to qualify for this endorsement 
without additional training, service, or assessment.
    (e) An applicant who does not hold any other domestic or STCW 
endorsement will be issued the electro-technical officer endorsement 
without any corresponding domestic endorsement.

Subpart D--Professional Requirements for Domestic Deck Officer 
Endorsements


Sec.  11.401  Ocean and near-coastal domestic officer endorsements.

    (a) Subject to the provisions of Sec. Sec.  11.464(g) and 11.465(b) 
of this subpart, any license or MMC endorsement for service as master 
or mate on ocean waters qualifies the mariner to serve in the same 
grade on any waters, except towing vessels upon western rivers subject 
to the limitations of the endorsement.
    (b) Subject to the provisions of Sec. Sec.  11.464(g) and 11.465(b) 
of this subpart, any license or MMC endorsement issued for service as 
master or mate on near-coastal waters qualifies the mariner to serve in 
the same grade on Great Lakes and inland waters, except towing vessels 
upon western rivers subject to the limitations of the endorsement.
    (c) Near-coastal endorsements for unlimited tonnage require the 
same number of years of service as the ocean-unlimited endorsements. 
The primary differences in these endorsements are the nature of the 
service and the scope of the required training, examination, and 
assessment.
    (d) A master or mate on vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more, and a 
master or mate on vessels under 200 GRT/500 GT, may be endorsed for 
sail or auxiliary sail as appropriate. The applicant must present the 
equivalent total service required for conventional officer 
endorsements, including at least 1 year of deck experience on that 
specific type of vessel. For example, for an officer endorsement as 
master of vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT endorsed for 
auxiliary sail, the applicant must meet the total experience 
requirements for the conventional officer endorsement, including time 
as mate, and the proper tonnage experience, including at least 1 year 
of deck service, on appropriately sized auxiliary sail vessels. For an 
endorsement to serve on vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT, see the 
individual endorsement requirements.


Sec.  11.402  Tonnage requirements for domestic ocean or near-coastal 
endorsements for vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.

    (a) To qualify for a domestic ocean or near-coastal endorsement for 
service on vessels of unlimited tonnage:
    (1) All the required experience must be obtained on vessels of 100 
GRT or more; and
    (2) At least one-half of the required experience must be obtained 
on vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.
    (b) If an applicant for a domestic endorsement as master or mate of 
unlimited tonnage does not have the service on vessels of 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT or more as required by paragraph (a)(2) of this section, a 
tonnage limitation will be placed on the MMC based on the applicant's 
qualifying experience. The endorsement will be limited to the maximum 
tonnage on which at least 25 percent of the required experience was 
obtained, or 150 percent of the maximum tonnage on which at least 50 
percent of the service was obtained, whichever is higher. However, the 
minimum tonnage limitation calculated according to this paragraph will 
be 2,000 GRT. Limitations are in multiples of 1,000 GRT using the next 
higher figure when an intermediate tonnage is calculated. When the 
calculated limitation equals or exceeds 10,000 GRT/GT, the applicant is 
issued an unlimited tonnage endorsement.
    (c) Tonnage limitations imposed under paragraph (b) of this section 
may be raised or removed in the following manner:
    (1) When the applicant provides evidence of 6 months of service on 
vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more in the highest grade endorsed, 
all tonnage limitations will be removed;
    (2) When the applicant provides evidence of 6 months of service on 
vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more in any capacity as an officer 
other than the highest grade for which he or she is endorsed, all 
tonnage limitations for the grade in which the service is performed 
will be removed and the next higher grade endorsement will be raised to 
the tonnage of the vessel on which the majority of the service was 
performed. The total cumulative service before and after issuance of 
the limited license or MMC officer endorsement may be considered in 
removing all tonnage limitations; or
    (3) When the applicant has 12 months of service as able seaman on 
vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more while holding a license or 
endorsement as

[[Page 45997]]

third mate, all tonnage limitations on the third mate's license or MMC 
officer endorsement will be removed.
    (d) No applicant holding any domestic endorsement as master or mate 
of vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, less than 500 GRT, or less 
than 25-200 GRT may use the provisions of paragraph (c) of this section 
to increase the tonnages of his or her license or endorsement.


Sec.  11.403  Structure of domestic deck officer endorsements.

    The following diagram illustrates the domestic deck officer 
endorsement structure, including crossover points. The section numbers 
on the diagram refer to the specific requirements applicable.

[[Page 45998]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP01AU11.000

Sec.  11.404  Service requirements for domestic master of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled vessels 
of unlimited tonnage is:
    (1) One year of service as chief mate on ocean self-propelled 
vessels; or
    (2) One year of service on ocean self-propelled vessels of 
unlimited tonnage while holding a license or MMC endorsement as chief 
mate of ocean self-propelled vessels as follows:
    (i) A minimum of 6 months of service as chief mate; and
    (ii) Service as officer in charge of a navigational watch accepted 
on a two-for-one basis (12 months as second or

[[Page 45999]]

third mate equals 6 months of creditable service).
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.305 of this part.
    (c) An individual holding an endorsement or license as master of 
Great Lakes and inland, self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage, or 
master of inland, self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage, may 
obtain an endorsement as master of oceans or near-coastal, self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage by providing evidence of sea 
service of not less than 24 months under the authority of the 
credential and by completing the prescribed examination in subpart I of 
this part.


Sec.  11.405  Service requirements for domestic chief mate of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as chief mate of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled 
vessels of unlimited tonnage is 1 year of service as officer in charge 
of a navigational watch on ocean self-propelled vessels while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as second mate.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.307 of this part.


Sec.  11.406  Service requirements for domestic second mate of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for a 
domestic endorsement as second mate of ocean or near-coastal self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage is:
    (1) One year of service as officer in charge of a navigational 
watch on ocean self-propelled vessels while holding a license or 
endorsement as third mate; or
    (2) While holding a license or MMC endorsement as third mate of 
ocean self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage, 12 months of service 
on deck as follows:
    (i) A minimum of 6 months service as officer in charge of a deck 
watch on ocean self-propelled vessels;
    (ii) Service on ocean self-propelled vessels as boatswain, able 
seaman, or quartermaster while holding a certificate or MMC endorsement 
as able seaman, which may be accepted on a two-for-one basis to a 
maximum allowable substitution of six months (12 months of experience 
equals 6 months of creditable service); or
    (iii) If an individual holds an endorsement or license as master of 
Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage or 
master of inland self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage, he or she 
may obtain an endorsement as second mate of ocean or near-coastal self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage by completing the prescribed 
examination in subpart I of this part.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.309 of this part.


Sec.  11.407  Service requirements for domestic third mate of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service or training required to qualify an 
applicant for a domestic endorsement as third mate of ocean or near-
coastal self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage is:
    (1) Three years of service in the deck department on ocean self-
propelled vessels, 6 months of which must have been as able seaman, 
boatswain, or quartermaster. Experience gained in the engine department 
on vessels of appropriate tonnage may be creditable for up to 3 months 
of the service requirements for this officer endorsement; or
    (2) Graduation from:
    (i) The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (deck curriculum);
    (ii) The U.S. Coast Guard Academy with qualification as an underway 
officer in charge of a navigational watch, underway officer of the 
deck, or deck watch officer;
    (iii) The U.S. Naval Academy with qualification as an underway 
officer in charge of a navigational watch, underway officer of the 
deck, or deck watch officer; or
    (iv) The deck class of a maritime academy approved by and conducted 
under rules prescribed by the Maritime Administrator and listed in part 
310 of this title, including the ocean option program in the deck class 
of the Great Lakes Maritime Academy; or
    (3) Satisfactory completion of a 3-year apprentice mate training 
program approved by the Coast Guard.
    (b) Graduation from the deck class of the Great Lakes Maritime 
Academy with no ocean sea service will qualify the graduate to be 
examined for an endorsement as third mate near-coastal self-propelled 
vessels of unlimited tonnage.
    (c) While holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of ocean 
or near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
1 year of service as master on vessels of more than 200 GRT/500 GT 
operating on ocean or near-coastal waters will qualify the applicant 
for an endorsement as third mate of ocean or near-coastal self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.
    (d) An individual holding an endorsement or license as mate of 
Great Lakes and inland, self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage, or 
master of inland, self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage, may 
obtain an endorsement as third mate of oceans or near-coastal, self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage by completing the prescribed 
examination in subpart I of this part.
    (e) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.309 of this part.


Sec.  11.410  Requirements for domestic deck officer endorsements for 
vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.

    (a) Endorsements as master and mate of vessels of less than 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT are issued in the following tonnage categories:
    (1) Less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT;
    (2) Less than 500 GRT; or
    (3) Between 25 and 200 GRT in 50-ton increments and with 
appropriate mode of propulsion such as self-propelled, sail, or 
auxiliary sail.
    (b) Experience gained in the engine department on vessels of 
appropriate tonnage may be creditable for up to 90 days of the service 
requirements for any master or mate endorsement in this category.
    (c) An officer's endorsement in this category obtained with an 
orally assisted examination will be limited to 500 GRT. In order to 
raise that tonnage limit to 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, the written examination 
and service requirements must be satisfied.


Sec.  11.412  Service requirements for domestic master of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled vessels 
of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT is:
    (1) Four years total service on ocean or near-coastal waters. 
Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 2 
years of the required service. Two years of the required service must 
have been on vessels of more than 100 GRT. Two years of the required 
service must have been as a master, mate, master or mate (pilot) of 
towing vessels, or equivalent position while holding a license or MMC 
endorsement as master, mate, or master or mate (pilot) of towing 
vessels. One year of the service as master, mate, master or mate 
(pilot) of towing vessels, or equivalent position

[[Page 46000]]

must have been on vessels of more than 100 GRT.
    (b) An applicant holding a license or MMC endorsement as chief mate 
or second mate of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled vessels of 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT or more is eligible for this endorsement upon completion 
of a limited examination.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.311 of this part.


Sec.  11.414  Service requirements for domestic mate of ocean self-
propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT is:
    (1) Three years of total service in the deck department of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels.
    (i) Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up 
to 18 months of the required service.
    (ii) One year of the required service must have been on vessels of 
more than 100 GRT.
    (iii) One year of the required service must have been as a master, 
mate, master or mate (pilot) of towing vessels, or equivalent position 
while holding a license or MMC endorsement as master, mate, or master 
or mate (pilot) of towing vessels. Six months of the required service 
as master, mate, master or mate (pilot) of towing vessels, or 
equivalent position must have been on vessels of more than 100 GRT; or
    (2) Three years of total service in the deck department on ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels of more 
than 200 GRT/500 GT. Six months of the required service must have been 
as able seaman.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.309 of this part.


Sec.  11.416  Service requirements for domestic mate of near-coastal 
self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT is 2 years of total service in the deck department 
of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail 
vessels. Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up 
to 1 year of the required service. One year of the required service 
must have been on vessels of more than 100 GRT. Six months of the 
required service must have been as able seaman, boatswain, 
quartermaster, or equivalent position on vessels of more than 100 GRT 
while holding a certificate or endorsement as able seaman.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.309 of this part.


Sec.  11.418  Service requirements for domestic master of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled vessels 
of less than 500 GRT is:
    (1) Three years total of service on ocean or near-coastal waters. 
Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 18 
months of the required service. Two years of the required service must 
have been as a master, mate, or equivalent position while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as master, mate, or operator of uninspected 
passenger vessels. One year of the required service as master, mate, or 
equivalent position must have been on vessels of more than 50 GRT.
    (b) The holder of a license or MMC endorsement as master or mate 
(pilot) of towing vessels authorizing service on oceans or near-coastal 
routes is eligible for an endorsement as master of ocean or near-
coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT after both 1 year 
of service as master or mate of towing vessels on oceans or near-
coastal routes and completion of a examination.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.307, 11.311, 11.313, and 11.315 
of this part.


Sec.  11.420  Service requirements for domestic mate of ocean self-
propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of ocean self-propelled vessels of less than 500 
GRT is 2 years of total service in the deck department of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels. Service 
on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 1 year of the 
required service. One year of the required service must have been as a 
master, mate, or equivalent position while holding a license or 
endorsement as master, mate, or operator of uninspected passenger 
vessels. Six months of the required service as master, mate, or 
equivalent position must have been on vessels of more than 50 GRT.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.309, 11.317, 11.319, and 11.321 
of this part.


Sec.  11.421  Service requirements for domestic mate of near-coastal 
self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 
500 GRT is 2 years of total service in the deck department of ocean or 
near-coastal self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels. Service 
on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 1 year of the 
required service. One year of the required service must have been on 
vessels of more than 50 GRT. Three months of the required service must 
have been as able seaman, boatswain, quartermaster, or equivalent 
position on vessels of more than 50 GRT while holding a certificate or 
endorsement as able seaman.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.309, 11.317, 11.319, and 11.321 
of this part.


Sec.  11.422  Tonnage limitations and qualifying requirements for 
domestic endorsements as master or mate of vessels of less than 200 
GRT.

    (a) Each domestic endorsement as master or mate of vessels of less 
than 200 GRT is issued with a tonnage limitation based on the 
applicant's qualifying experience. The tonnage limitation will be 
issued at the 25, 50, 100, or 200 GRT level. The endorsement will be 
limited to the maximum GRT on which at least 25 percent of the required 
experience was obtained, or 150 percent of the maximum GRT on which at 
least 50 percent of the service was obtained, whichever is higher. 
Limitations are as stated above, using the next higher figure when an 
intermediate tonnage is calculated. If more than 75 percent of the 
qualifying experience is obtained on vessels of 5 GRT or less, the MMC 
will automatically be limited to vessels of less than 25 GRT.
    (b) The tonnage limitation may be raised as follows:
    (1) For an endorsement as mate, with at least 45 days of additional 
service on deck of a vessel in the highest tonnage increment authorized 
by the officer endorsement;
    (2) For an endorsement as master, with at least 90 days of 
additional service on deck of a vessel in the highest tonnage increment 
authorized by the master endorsement;
    (3) With additional service, which, when combined with all 
previously accumulated service, will qualify the applicant for a higher 
tonnage officer endorsement under the basic formula

[[Page 46001]]

specified in paragraph (a) of this section; or
    (4) With six months additional service in the deck department on 
vessels within the highest tonnage increment on the officer's license 
or MMC endorsement. In this case, the tonnage limitation may be raised 
one increment.
    (c) When the service is obtained on vessels upon which no personnel 
need an officer endorsement or license, the Coast Guard must be 
satisfied that the nature of this required service (i.e., size of 
vessel, route, equipment, etc.) is a reasonable equivalent to the 
duties performed on vessels which are required to engage individuals 
with officer endorsements.
    (d) Service gained in the engine room on vessels of 200 GRT may be 
creditable for up to 90 days of the deck service requirements for mate.


Sec.  11.424  Requirements for domestic master of ocean self-propelled 
vessels of less than 200 GRT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
officer endorsement as master of ocean self-propelled vessels of less 
than 200 GRT is:
    (1) Three years of total service on ocean or near-coastal waters. 
Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 18 
months of the required service. Two years of the required service must 
have been as master, mate, or equivalent position while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as master, as mate, or as operator of 
uninspected passenger vessels; or
    (2) Two years of total service as a master or mate of ocean or 
near-coastal towing vessels. Completion of an examination is also 
required.
    (b) In order to obtain a domestic officer endorsement for sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels, the applicant must submit evidence of 12 months 
of service on sail or auxiliary sail vessels. The required 12 months of 
service may have been obtained prior to issuance of the master's 
license or MMC endorsement.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.315, 11.317, 11.319, and 11.321 
of this part.


Sec.  11.426  Requirements for domestic master of self-propelled 
seagoing vessels of less than 200 GRT limited to domestic voyages upon 
near-coastal waters.

    (a) Within the limitations specified, this endorsement is valid for 
service only on the vessels identified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) of 
this subchapter. The minimum service required to qualify for a master 
of near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less than 200 gross tons is:
    (1) Two years total service on ocean or near-coastal waters. 
Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 1 
year of the required service. One year of the required service must 
have been as a master, mate, or equivalent position while holding a 
license or endorsement as master, mate, or operator of uninspected 
passenger vessels; or
    (2) One year of total service as master or mate of towing vessels 
on oceans or near-coastal routes. Completion of an examination is also 
required.
    (b) To obtain this domestic officer endorsement for sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels, the applicant must submit evidence of 12 months 
of service on sail or auxiliary sail vessels. These 12 months of 
experience may have been obtained before qualifying for an officer 
endorsement.
    (c) Holders of this endorsement are considered to be in compliance 
with the STCW Convention (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 
of this part) while operating within the limitations of this 
endorsement, and they may be issued an STCW endorsement without further 
obligation.


Sec.  11.427  Requirements for domestic mate of self-propelled seagoing 
vessels of less than 200 GRT limited to domestic voyages upon near-
coastal waters.

    (a) Within the limitations specified, this endorsement is valid for 
service on the vessels identified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) of this 
subchapter. The minimum service required to qualify for the endorsement 
as mate of near-coastal, self-propelled vessels of less than 200 gross 
tons is:
    (1) Twelve months of total service in the deck department of ocean 
or near-coastal self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels. 
Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may substitute for up to 6 
months of the required service; or
    (2) Three months of service in the deck department of self-
propelled vessels operating on ocean, near-coastal, Great Lakes, or 
inland waters while holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of 
inland self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels of less than 200 
GRT/500 GT.
    (b) The holder of a license or MMC endorsement as operator of 
uninspected passenger vessels with a near-coastal route endorsement may 
obtain this endorsement by successfully completing an examination on 
rules and regulations for small passenger vessels.
    (c) To obtain this domestic officer endorsement for sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels, the applicant must submit evidence of 6 months 
of deck service on sail or auxiliary sail vessels.
    (d) A license or MMC endorsement as master of near-coastal self-
propelled vessels may be endorsed as mate of sail or auxiliary sail 
vessels upon presentation of 3 months of service on sail or auxiliary 
sail vessels.
    (e) To obtain a tonnage endorsement for 100 GRT or more, the 
applicant must complete the additional examination topics indicated in 
subpart I of this part.
    (f) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.317, 11.319, and 11.321 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.428  Requirements for domestic master of self-propelled, 
seagoing vessels of less than 100 GRT limited to domestic voyages upon 
near-coastal waters.

    (a) Within the limitations specified, this endorsement is valid for 
service on the vessels identified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) of this 
subchapter. The minimum service required to qualify for the endorsement 
as master of self-propelled, seagoing vessels of less than 100 GRT 
limited to domestic voyages upon near-coastal waters is 2 years of 
service in the deck department of a self-propelled vessel on ocean or 
near-coastal waters. Service on Great Lakes and inland waters may 
substitute for up to 1 year of the required service.
    (b) To obtain an endorsement for sail or auxiliary sail vessels, 
the applicant must submit evidence of 12 months of service on sail or 
auxiliary-sail vessels. This required service may have been obtained 
before issuance of the license or MMC.
    (c) Holders of this endorsement are considered to be in compliance 
with the STCW Convention (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 
of this part) while operating within the limitations of this 
endorsement, and they may be issued an STCW endorsement without further 
obligation.


Sec.  11.429  Requirements for a domestic limited master of self-
propelled, seagoing vessels of less than 100 GRT limited to domestic 
voyages upon near-coastal waters.

    (a) Within the limitations specified, this domestic endorsement is 
valid for service on the vessels identified in Sec.  15.103(f) and (g) 
of this subchapter. A limited masters' endorsement for service on near-
coastal waters on vessels of less than 100 GRT may be issued to an 
applicant to be employed by organizations such as yacht clubs, marinas, 
formal camps, and educational institutions. A domestic endorsement 
issued under this section is limited to the specific activity and the 
locality of the yacht club, marina, or camp. To

[[Page 46002]]

obtain this restricted endorsement, an applicant must:
    (1) Have 4 months of service on any waters in the operation of the 
type of vessel for which the endorsement is requested;
    (2) Satisfactorily complete a safe boating course approved by the 
National Association of State Boating Law Administrators, or a safe 
boating course conducted by the U.S. Power Squadron or the American Red 
Cross, or a Coast Guard-approved course. This course must have been 
completed within 5 years before the date of application; and
    (3) Pass an examination appropriate for the activity to be 
conducted and the route authorized.
    (b) The first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) course 
certificates required by Sec.  11.201(i) of this part will only be 
required when, in the opinion of the Coast Guard, the geographic area 
over which service is authorized precludes obtaining medical services 
within a reasonable time.
    (c) To obtain an endorsement for sail or auxiliary sail vessels, 
the applicant must submit evidence of 4 months of service on sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels. The required 4 months of service may have been 
obtained prior to issuance of the license or MMC endorsement.
    (d) Holders of this domestic endorsement are considered to be in 
compliance with the STCW Convention (incorporated by reference, see 
Sec.  11.102 of this part) while operating within the limitations of 
this endorsement.


Sec.  11.430  Endorsements for the Great Lakes and inland waters.

    (a) Any officer endorsement issued for service on Great Lakes and 
inland waters self-propelled vessels, excluding towing vessels, is 
valid on all of the inland waters of the United States as defined in 
Sec.  10.107 of this subchapter.
    (b) Any officer endorsement issued for service on inland waters 
self-propelled vessels, excluding towing vessels, is valid for the 
inland waters of the United States, excluding the Great Lakes.
    (c) Any officer endorsement issued for service on inland waters or 
an inland route is valid for service on the sheltered waters of the 
Inside Passage between Puget Sound and Cape Spencer, Alaska.
    (d) As these officer endorsements authorize service on waters 
seaward of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at 
Sea (COLREGS) demarcation lines, as defined in 33 CFR part 80, the 
applicant must complete an examination on the COLREGS or the 
endorsement will exclude such waters.
    (e) To obtain a master or mate endorsement with a tonnage limit of 
200 GRT/500 GT or more, whether an original, raise-in-grade, or 
increase in the scope of authority, the applicant must meet the 
training requirements in Sec.  11.201(h) and (i) of this part and 
successfully complete radar observer training in Sec.  11.480 of this 
part.
    (f) The following diagram (Figure 11.430(f)) illustrates the deck 
officer endorsement structure, including crossover points, for Great 
Lakes and inland waters service. The section numbers on the diagram 
refer to the specific requirements that are applicable.
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P

[[Page 46003]]

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BILLING CODE 9110-04-C


Sec.  11.431  Tonnage requirements for Great Lakes and inland domestic 
endorsements for vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.

    (a) All required experience for Great Lakes and inland unlimited 
endorsements must be obtained on vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more. At 
least one-half of the required experience must be obtained on vessels 
of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.
    (b) Tonnage limitations may be imposed on these endorsements in 
accordance with Sec.  11.402(b) and (c) of this subpart.

[[Page 46004]]

Sec.  11.433  Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels 
of unlimited tonnage is:
    (1) One year of service as a mate or first-class pilot while acting 
in the capacity of first mate of Great Lakes self-propelled vessels of 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more while holding a license or MMC endorsement 
as mate inland or first-class pilot of Great Lakes and inland self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage; or
    (2) Two years of service as master of self-propelled vessels of 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more on inland waters, excluding the Great Lakes; 
or
    (3) One year of service upon Great Lakes waters while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as mate or first-class pilot of Great Lakes 
and inland self-propelled vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more. A 
minimum of 6 months of this service must have been in the capacity of 
first mate. Service as second mate is accepted for the remainder on a 
two-for-one basis to a maximum of 6 months (12 months of service equals 
6 months of creditable service).
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.305, 11.307, and 11.311 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.435  Requirements for domestic master of inland self-propelled 
vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage on 
inland waters, excluding the Great Lakes is:
    (1) One year of service as first-class pilot (of other than canal 
and small lakes routes) or mate of Great Lakes or inland self-propelled 
vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more while holding a license or MMC 
endorsement as mate inland or first-class pilot of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage; or
    (2) Two years of service as wheelsman or quartermaster while 
holding a mate/first-class pilot license or MMC endorsement.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.307 of this part.


Sec.  11.437  Requirements for domestic mate of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels of 
unlimited tonnage is:
    (1) Three years of service in the deck department of self-propelled 
vessels, at least 3 months of which must have been on vessels on inland 
waters and at least 6 months of which must have been as able seaman, 
inland mate, boatswain, wheelsman, quartermaster, or equivalent 
position;
    (2) Graduation from the deck class of the Great Lakes Maritime 
Academy; or
    (3) While holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of Great 
Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT, 1 year of service as master on vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more. A 
tonnage limitation may be placed on this license in accordance with 
Sec.  11.431 of this subpart.
    (b) Service gained in the engine department on vessels of 
appropriate tonnage may be creditable for up to 6 months of the service 
requirements under paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec.  11.309 of this part.


Sec.  11.442  Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels 
of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT is:
    (1) Three years of total service on vessels. Eighteen months of the 
required service must have been on vessels of 100 GRT or more. One year 
of the required service must have been as a master, mate, or equivalent 
position on vessels of 100 GRT or more while holding a license or MMC 
endorsement as master, mate, or master of towing vessels; or
    (2) Six months of service as operator on vessels of 100 GRT or more 
while holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of towing vessels.


Sec.  11.444  Requirements for domestic mate of Great lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels of 
less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT is:
    (1) Two years of total service in the deck department of self-
propelled vessels. One year of the required service must have been on 
vessels of 100 GRT or more. Six months of the required service must 
have been as able seaman, boatswain, quartermaster, or equivalent 
position on vessels of 100 GRT or more while holding a certificate or 
endorsement as able seaman; or
    (2) One year of total service as master of self-propelled, sail, or 
auxiliary sail vessels, or operator of uninspected passenger vessels of 
50 GRT or more, while holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of 
self-propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT or OUPV; or
    (3) Six months of total service as mate (pilot) of towing vessels 
on vessels of 100 GRT or more.


Sec.  11.446   Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels 
of less than 500 GRT is:
    (1) Three years of total service on vessels. One year of the 
required service must have been as a master, mate, or equivalent 
position on vessels of 50 GRT or more while holding a license or MMC 
endorsement as master, mate, or OUPV.
    (2) [Reserved]
    (b) An applicant holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of 
ocean, near-coastal, or Great Lakes and inland towing vessels is 
eligible for this endorsement after 6 months of service as master of 
towing vessels and completion of an examination. This requires 3\1/2\ 
years of service. Two years of this service must have been served while 
holding a license or MMC endorsement as master or mate (pilot) of 
towing vessels, or mate.


Sec.  11.448   Requirements for domestic mate of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 500 GRT.

    The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels of 
less than 500 GRT is 2 years of total service in the deck department of 
self-propelled vessels. One year of the required service must have been 
on vessels of 50 GRT or more. Three months of the required service must 
have been as able seaman, boatswain, quartermaster, or equivalent 
position on vessels of 50 GRT or more while holding an endorsement as 
able seaman.


Sec.  11.450   Tonnage limitations and qualifying requirements for 
domestic endorsements as master or mate of Great Lakes and inland 
vessels of less than 200 GRT.

    (a) Except as noted in paragraph (d) of this section, all 
endorsements issued for master or mate of vessels of less than 200 GRT 
are issued in 50 GRT

[[Page 46005]]

increments based on the applicant's qualifying experience in accordance 
with the provisions of Sec.  11.422 of this subpart.
    (b) Service gained in the engineroom on vessels of less than 200 
GRT may be creditable for up to 25 percent of the deck service 
requirements for mate.
    (c) When the service is obtained on vessels upon which personnel 
with licenses or endorsements are not required, the Coast Guard must be 
satisfied that the nature of this required service (i.e., size of 
vessel, route, equipment, etc.) is a reasonable equivalent to the 
duties performed on vessels which are required to engage individuals 
with endorsements.
    (d) If more than 75 percent of the qualifying experience is 
obtained on vessels of 5 GRT or less, the license will automatically be 
limited to vessels of less than 25 GRT.


Sec.  11.452   Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement or license as master of Great Lakes and inland self-
propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT is 1 year of service on vessels. 
Six months of the required service must have been as master, mate, or 
equivalent position while holding a license or endorsement as master, 
mate, master or mate (pilot) of towing vessels, or OUPV. To obtain 
authority to serve on the Great Lakes, 3 months of the required service 
must have been on Great Lakes waters; otherwise the endorsement will be 
limited to the inland waters of the United States (excluding the Great 
Lakes).
    (b) To obtain an endorsement for sail or auxiliary sail vessels, 
the applicant must have 6 months of service on sail or auxiliary sail 
vessels. This required service may have been obtained prior to issuance 
of the master's license or MMC endorsement.


Sec.  11.454   Requirements for domestic mate of Great Lakes and inland 
self-propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as mate of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels of 
less than 200 GRT/500 GT is 6 months of service in the deck department 
of self-propelled vessels. To obtain authority to serve on the Great 
Lakes, 3 months of the required service must have been on Great Lakes 
waters; otherwise the endorsement will be limited to the inland waters 
of the United States (excluding the Great Lakes).
    (b) To obtain an endorsement for sail or auxiliary sail vessels, 
the applicant must submit evidence of 3 months of service on sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels.
    (c) A mariner holding an endorsement as master of self-propelled 
vessels may be endorsed as mate of sail or auxiliary sail vessels upon 
presentation of 3 months service on sail or auxiliary sail vessels.
    (d) The holder of a license or MMC endorsement as operator of 
inland uninspected passenger vessels may obtain this endorsement by 
successfully completing an examination on rules and regulations for 
small passenger vessels. To obtain authority to serve on the Great 
Lakes, 3 months of the required service must have been on Great Lakes 
waters; otherwise the endorsement will be limited to the inland waters 
of the United States (excluding the Great Lakes).
    (e) To obtain a tonnage endorsement for 100 GRT or more, the 
applicant must complete the additional examination topics indicated in 
subpart I of this part.


Sec.  11.455   Requirements for domestic master of Great Lakes and 
inland self-propelled vessels of less than 100 GRT.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as master of Great Lakes and inland self-propelled vessels 
of less than 100 GRT is 1 year of total service in the deck department 
of self-propelled, sail, or auxiliary sail vessels. To obtain authority 
to serve on the Great Lakes, 3 months of the required service must have 
been on Great Lakes waters; otherwise the endorsement will be limited 
to the inland waters of the United States (excluding the Great Lakes).
    (b) To obtain an endorsement for sail or auxiliary sail vessels, 
the applicant must submit evidence of 6 months of service on sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels. The required 6 months of service may have been 
obtained prior to issuance of the endorsement.


Sec.  11.456   Requirements for domestic limited master of Great Lakes 
and inland self-propelled vessels of less than 100 GRT.

    (a) An endorsement as limited master for vessels of less than 100 
GRT upon Great Lakes and inland waters may be issued to an applicant to 
be employed by organizations such as formal camps, educational 
institutions, yacht clubs, and marinas with reduced service 
requirements. An endorsement issued under this paragraph is limited to 
the specific activity and the locality of the camp, yacht club, or 
marina. To obtain this restricted endorsement, an applicant must:
    (1) Have 4 months of service in the operation of the type of vessel 
for which the endorsement is requested; and
    (2) Satisfactorily complete a safe boating course approved by the 
National Association of State Boating Law Administrators, a public 
education course conducted by the U.S. Power Squadron or the American 
Red Cross, or a Coast Guard-approved course. This course must have been 
completed within 5 years before the date of application; and
    (3) Pass an examination appropriate for the activity to be 
conducted and the route authorized.
    (b) The first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) course 
certificates required by Sec.  11.201(i) of this part will only be 
required when, in the opinion of the Coast Guard, the geographic area 
over which service is authorized precludes obtaining medical services 
within a reasonable time.


Sec.  11.457  Requirements for domestic master of inland self-propelled 
vessels of less than 100 GRT.

    (a) An applicant for an endorsement as master of inland self-
propelled vessels of less than 100 GRT must present 1 year of service 
on any waters. In order to raise the tonnage limitation to more than 
100 GRT, the examination topics indicated in subpart I of this part 
must be completed in addition to satisfying the experience requirements 
of Sec.  11.452(a) of this subpart.
    (b) To obtain an endorsement for sail or auxiliary sail vessels, 
the applicant must submit evidence of 6 months of service on sail or 
auxiliary sail vessels. The required 6 months of service may have been 
obtained prior to issuance of the license or MMC endorsement.


Sec.  11.459   Requirements for domestic master or mate of rivers.

    (a) An applicant for an endorsement as master of river self-
propelled vessels of unlimited tonnage must meet the same service 
requirements as master of inland self-propelled vessels of unlimited 
tonnage.
    (b) An applicant for an endorsement as master or mate of river 
self-propelled vessels, with a limitation of 25 to 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
must meet the same service requirements as those required by this 
subpart for the corresponding tonnage Great Lakes and inland self-
propelled endorsement. Service on the Great Lakes is not, however, 
required.


Sec.  11.462   Endorsements for domestic master or mate of uninspected 
fishing industry vessels.

    (a) This section applies to endorsements for masters and mates of 
all vessels, however propelled,

[[Page 46006]]

navigating the high seas, which are documented to engage in the fishing 
industry, with the exception of:
    (1) Wooden ships of primitive build;
    (2) Unrigged vessels; and
    (3) Vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
    (b) Endorsements as master or mate of uninspected fishing industry 
vessels are issued for either ocean or near-coastal routes, depending 
on the examination completed. To qualify for an uninspected fishing 
industry vessel endorsement, the applicant must satisfy the training 
and examination requirements of Sec.  11.201(h)(1) of this part.
    (c) An applicant for an endorsement as master of uninspected 
fishing industry vessels must have 4 years of total service on ocean or 
near-coastal routes. Service on Great Lakes or inland waters may 
substitute for up to 2 years of the required service. One year of the 
required service must have been as master, mate, or equivalent position 
while holding a license or MMC endorsement as master, mate, master or 
mate (pilot) of towing vessels, or OUPV.
    (1) To qualify for an endorsement for less than 500 GRT, at least 2 
years of the required service, including the 1 year as master, mate or 
equivalent, must have been on vessels of 50 GRT or more.
    (2) To qualify for an endorsement for less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
at least 2 years of the required service, including the 1 year as 
master, mate, or equivalent, must have been on vessels of 100 GRT or 
more.
    (3) To qualify for an endorsement for more than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
but not more than 5,000 GRT/GT, the vessel tonnage upon which the 4 
years of required service was obtained will be used to compute the 
tonnage. The endorsement is limited to the maximum tonnage on which at 
least 25 percent of the required service was obtained or 150 percent of 
the maximum tonnage on which at least 50 percent of the service was 
obtained, whichever is higher. Limitations are in multiples of 1,000 
GRT, using the next higher figure when an intermediate tonnage is 
calculated. An endorsement as master of uninspected fishing industry 
vessels authorizing service on vessels more than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT 
also requires 1 year as master, mate, or equivalent on vessels of 100 
GRT or more.
    (4) The tonnage limitation for this endorsement may be raised using 
one of the following methods but cannot exceed 5,000 GRT/GT. 
Limitations are in multiples of 1,000 GRT, using the next higher figure 
when an intermediate tonnage is calculated.
    (i) Three months of service as master on a vessel results in a 
limitation in that capacity equal to the tonnage of that vessel rounded 
up to the next multiple of 1,000 GRT;
    (ii) Six months of service as master on a vessel results in a 
limitation in that capacity equal to 150 percent of the tonnage of that 
vessel;
    (iii) Six months of service as master on vessels more than 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT results in raising the limitation to 5,000 GRT/GT;
    (iv) Six months of service as mate on vessels more than 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT results in raising the limitation for master to the tonnage on 
which at least 50 percent of the service was obtained;
    (v) Two years of service as a deckhand on a vessel while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as master results in a limitation on the MMC 
equal to 150 percent of the tonnage of that vessel up to 5,000 GRT/GT; 
or
    (vi) One year of service as deckhand on a vessel while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as master results in a limitation on the MMC 
equal to the tonnage of that vessel.
    (d) An applicant for an endorsement as mate of uninspected fishing 
industry vessels must have 3 years of total service on ocean or near-
coastal routes. Service on Great Lakes or inland waters may substitute 
for up to 18 months of the required service.
    (1) To qualify for an endorsement of less than 500 GRT, at least 1 
year of the required service must have been on vessels of 50 GRT or 
more.
    (2) To qualify for an endorsement of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
at least 1 year of the required service must have been on vessels of 
100 GRT or more.
    (3) To qualify for an endorsement of more than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, 
but not more than 5,000 GRT/GT, the vessel tonnage upon which the 3 
years of required service was obtained will be used to compute the 
tonnage. The endorsement is limited to the maximum tonnage on which at 
least 25 percent of the required service was obtained, or 150 percent 
of the maximum tonnage on which at least 50 percent of the service was 
obtained, whichever is higher. Limitations are in multiples of 1,000 
GRT, using the next higher figure when an intermediate tonnage is 
calculated.
    (4) The tonnage limitation on this endorsement may be raised using 
one of the following methods, but cannot exceed 5,000 GRT/GT. 
Limitations are in multiples of 1,000 GRT, using the next higher figure 
when an intermediate tonnage is calculated.
    (i) Three months of service as mate on a vessel results in a 
limitation in that capacity equal to the tonnage of that vessel rounded 
up to the next multiple of 1,000 GRT;
    (ii) Six months of service as mate on a vessel results in a 
limitation in that capacity equal to 150 percent of the tonnage of that 
vessel;
    (iii) Six months of service as mate on vessels more than 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT results in raising the limitation to 5,000 GRT/GT;
    (iv) One year of service as deckhand on vessels more than 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT while holding a license or MMC endorsement as mate, 
results in raising the limitation on the MMC to 5,000 GRT/GT;
    (v) Two years of service as a deckhand on a vessel while holding a 
license or MMC endorsed as mate results in a limitation on the MMC 
equal to 150 percent of the tonnage of that vessel up to 5,000 GRT/GT; 
or
    (vi) One year of service as deckhand on a vessel while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as mate results in a limitation on the MMC 
equal to the tonnage of that vessel.
    (e) Applicants may request an oral examination on the subjects 
listed in subpart I of this part.


Sec.  11.463   General requirements for domestic endorsements as 
master, mate (pilot), and apprentice mate (steersman) of towing 
vessels.

    (a) The Coast Guard issues the following endorsements for towing 
vessels:
    (1) Master of towing vessels;
    (2) Master of towing vessels, limited;
    (3) Master of towing vessels, utility;
    (4) Mate (pilot) of towing vessels;
    (5) Apprentice mate (steersman);
    (6) Apprentice mate (steersman), limited;
    (7) Master of towing vessels (Harbor assist); and
    (8) Apprentice mate, (steersman) utility.
    (b) An endorsement as master of towing vessels means an endorsement 
to operate towing vessels not restricted to local areas designated by 
OCMIs. This also applies to a mate (pilot) of towing vessels.
    (c) For this section, ``limited'' means an endorsement to operate a 
towing vessel of less than 200 GRT/500 GT limited to a local area 
within the Great Lakes, inland waters, or Western Rivers designated by 
the OCMI.
    (d) For this section, utility towing is limited to a local area 
within the Great Lakes, inland or near-coastal waters, or Western 
Rivers designated by the OCMI.
    (e) Mariners who met the training and service requirements for 
towing vessels before May 21, 2001 and have maintained a valid Coast 
Guard-issued

[[Page 46007]]

credential may obtain a towing endorsement if they meet the following:
    (1) Demonstrate at least 90 days of towing service before May 21, 
2001;
    (2) Provide evidence of successfully completing the apprentice mate 
exam, its predecessor exam, or a superior exam; and
    (3) Meet the renewal requirements in Sec.  10.227(e)(6).
    (f) Deck officers who serve on the following seagoing vessels must 
comply with the requirements of Sec. Sec.  11.412 and 11.414 of this 
subpart for the appropriate STCW endorsement:
    (1) A towing vessel on an ocean's voyage operating beyond near-
coastal waters;
    (2) A towing vessel on an international voyage; and
    (3) A towing vessel of 200 GRT/500 GT or more on a domestic, near-
coastal voyage.
    (g) Endorsements as mate (pilot) or master of towing vessels may be 
issued with a restriction to specific types of towing vessels and/or 
towing operations such as harbor-assist or articulated tug barge (ATB) 
vessels that do not routinely perform all of the tasks identified in 
the Towing Officer Assessment Record (TOAR).
    (h) The following diagram (Figure 11.463(h)) illustrates the towing 
officer endorsement structure, including crossover points. The section 
numbers on the diagram refer to the specific requirements applicable.
BILLING CODE 9110-04-P

[[Page 46008]]

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BILLING CODE 9110-04-C


Sec.  11.464  Requirements for domestic endorsements as master of 
towing vessels.

    (a) If you would like to obtain an endorsement as master of towing 
vessels with a route listed in column 1 of Table 11.464(a) of this 
section, then you must complete the service requirements indicated in 
columns 2 through 5. You may serve on the subordinate routes listed in 
column 5 without further endorsement.

[[Page 46009]]



                  Table 11.464(a)--Requirements for Endorsement as Master of Towing Vessels \1\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       TOS \3\ on  T/    TOS \3\ on
            Route endorsed             Total  service     V as mate      particular       Sub-ordinate  route
                                             \2\         (pilot) \4\        route              authorized
1                                                   2               3               4  5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Oceans (O)...........................              48              18               3  NC, GL-I.
Near-Coastal (NC)....................              48              18               3  GL-I.
Great Lakes--Inland (GL-I)...........              48              18               3  None.
Western Rivers (WR)..................              48              18               3  None.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ The holder of an endorsement as master of towing vessels may have an endorsement--as mate (pilot) of towing
  vessels for a route superior to the current route on which the holder has no operating experience--placed on
  the MMC after passing an examination for that additional route. After the holder completes 90 days of
  experience and completes a Towing Officer Assessment Record (TOAR) on that route, the Coast Guard will add it
  to the holder's endorsement as master of towing vessels and remove the endorsement for mate (pilot) of towing
  vessels.
\2\ Service is in months.
\3\ TOS is time of service.
\4\ A maximum of 6 months of harbor assist can be used to qualify as mate (pilot).

    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.307, 11.311, 11.313, and 11.315 
of this part.
    (c) To obtain an endorsement as master of towing vessels (limited), 
applicants must complete the requirements listed in columns 2 through 5 
of Table 11.464(c) of this section.

                    Table 11.464(c)--Requirements for Endorsement as Master of Towing Vessels
                                                    [Limited]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      TOS \2\ on T/V as                             TOS \2\ on
          Route endorsed             Total service    limited apprentice    TOAR or an approved     particular
                                          \1\          mate (steersman)            course              route
1                                                2  3....................  4....................               5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Limited Local Area (LLA)..........              36  18...................  Yes..................               3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Service is in months.
\2\ TOS is time of service.

    (d) To obtain an endorsement as master of towing vessels (harbor 
assist), applicants must hold an endorsement as master of towing vessel 
(limited) officer endorsement and complete the requirements in columns 
2-5 of Table 11.464(d) of this section.

                    Table 11.464(d)--Requirements for Endorsement as Master of Towing Vessels
                                                 [Harbor Assist]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Current                      TOS \2\ on TV
            Route endorsed               endorsement   Total  service     as Master       TOAR or an approved
                                           status            \1\            (LLA)                course
1                                                   2               3               4  5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Harbor Assist (LLA)..................    Master (LLA)               3               3  Yes.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Service is in months.
\2\ TOS is time of service.

    (e) To obtain an endorsement as master of towing vessels (utility), 
applicants must complete the requirements listed in columns 2 through 5 
of Table 11.464(e) of this section.

                    Table 11.464(e)--Requirements for Endorsement as Master of Towing Vessels
                                                    [Utility]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         TOS \2\ on T/V
                                    Current endorsement   Total service   as apprentice    TOAR or an approved
          Route endorsed                  status               \1\         (steersman)            course
                                                                             utility
1                                  2...................               3               4  5
----------------------------------
Limited Local Area (LLA).........  Apprentice utility..              18              12  Yes.

[[Page 46010]]

 
Limited Local Area (LLA).........  Master Steam/Motor                12               0  Yes plus exam.
                                    vessels less than
                                    200 GRT.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Service is in months.
\2\ TOS is time of service.

    (f) Those holding a license or MMC endorsement as mate (pilot) of 
towing vessels, may have master of towing vessels (limited) added to 
their MMC for a limited local area within the scope of their current 
route.
    (g) Before serving as master of towing vessels on the Western 
Rivers, mariners must possess 90 days of observation and training and 
their MMC must include an endorsement for Western Rivers.
    (h) Each company must maintain evidence that every vessel it 
operates is under the direction and control of a mariner with the 
appropriate endorsement and experience, including 30 days of 
observation and training on the intended route other than Western 
Rivers.
    (i) Those holding a license or MMC endorsement as a master of self-
propelled vessels of more than 200 GRT/500 GT, may operate towing 
vessels within any restrictions on their endorsement if they:
    (1) Have a minimum of 30 days of training and observation on towing 
vessels for the route being assessed, except as noted in paragraph (h) 
of this section; and
    (2) Either:
    (i) Hold a completed Towing Officer Assessment Record (TOAR) 
described in Sec.  10.404(c) of this subchapter that shows evidence of 
assessment of practical demonstration of skills; or
    (ii) Complete an approved training course.
    (j) A license or MMC does not need to include a towing endorsement 
if mariners hold a TOAR or complete an approved training course.


Sec.  11.465  Requirements for domestic endorsements as mate (pilot) of 
towing vessels.

    (a) To obtain an endorsement as mate (pilot) of towing vessels 
endorsed with a route listed in column 1 of Table 11.465(a) of this 
section, applicants must complete the service in columns 2 through 5. 
Mariners holding a license or MMC endorsement as master of towing 
vessels (limited) wishing to upgrade it to mate (pilot) of towing 
vessels must complete the service in columns 5 and 6. An endorsement 
with a route endorsed in column 1 authorizes service on the subordinate 
routes listed in column 7 without further endorsement. Time of service 
requirements as an apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels may be 
reduced by an amount equal to the time specified in the approval letter 
for the completed Coast Guard-approved training programs.

                                   Table 11.465(a)--Requirements for Endorsement as Mate (Pilot \1\) of Towing Vessels
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  TOS \3\ on T/V
                                                   as apprentice    TOS \3\ on                          30 days of observation and
         Route endorsed            Total service       mate         particular       TOAR \4\ or an       training while holding      Subordinate  route
                                        \2\         (steersman)        route        approved course    master (limited) and pass an       authorized
                                                        \5\                                                     examination
1                                              2               3               4  5..................  6...........................  7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Oceans (O)......................              30              12               3  Yes................  Yes.........................  NC, GL-I.
Near-Coastal (NC)...............              30              12               3  Yes................  Yes.........................  GL-I.
Great Lakes-Inland (GL-I).......              30              12               3  Yes................  Yes.........................  ...................
Western Rivers (WR).............              30              12               3  Yes................  No (90 days service           ...................
                                                                                                        required).
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\For all inland routes, as well as Western Rivers, the endorsement as pilot of towing vessels is equivalent to that as mate of towing vessels. All
  qualifications and equivalencies are the same.
\2\ Service is in months unless otherwise indicated.
\3\ TOS is time of service.
\4\ TOAR is a Towing Officer Assessment Record completed within the previous 5 years.
\5\ Time of service requirements as an apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels may be reduced by an amount equal to the time specified in the
  approval letter for a completed Coast Guard-approved training program.

    (b) Before serving as mate (pilot) of towing vessels on the Western 
Rivers, mariners must possess 90 days of observation and training and 
have your MMC include an endorsement for Western Rivers.
    (c) Each company must maintain evidence that every vessel it 
operates is under the direction and control of a mariner with the 
appropriate endorsement and experience, including 30 days of 
observation and training on the intended route other than Western 
Rivers.
    (d) Those holding a license or MMC endorsement as a mate of 
inspected, self-propelled vessels of more than 200 GRT/500 GT or one as 
first-class pilot, may operate towing vessels within any restrictions 
on their credential if they:
    (1) Have a minimum of 30 days of training and observation on towing 
vessels for the route being assessed,

[[Page 46011]]

except as noted in paragraph (b) of this section; and
    (2) Hold a completed Towing Officer Assessment Record (TOAR) 
described in Sec.  10.404(c) of this subchapter that shows evidence of 
assessment of practical demonstration of skills.
    (e) A or MMC does not need to include a towing endorsement if you 
hold a TOAR or a course completion certificate.
    (f) Those holding any endorsement as a master of self-propelled 
vessels of any tonnage that is less than 200 GRT, except for the 
limited masters endorsements specified in Sec. Sec.  11.429 and 11.456 
of this subpart, may obtain an endorsement as mate (pilot) of towing 
vessels by meeting the following requirements:
    (1) Providing proof of 36 months of service as a master under the 
authority of an endorsement described in this paragraph;
    (2) Successfully completing the appropriate TOAR;
    (3) Successfully completing the appropriate apprentice mate exam; 
and
    (4) Having a minimum of 30 days of training and observation on 
towing vessels for the route being assessed, except as noted in 
paragraph (b) of this section.
    (g) An approved training course for mate (pilot) of towing vessels 
must include formal instruction and practical demonstration of 
proficiency either onboard a towing vessel or at a shoreside training 
facility before a designated examiner, and must cover the material 
(dependent upon route) required by Table 11.910-2 in Sec.  11.910 of 
this part for apprentice mate (steersman), towing vessels on ocean and 
near-coastal routes; apprentice mate (steersman), towing vessels on 
Great Lakes and inland routes; or steersman, towing vessels on Western 
Rivers routes.
    (h) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.309, 11.317, 11.319, and 11.321 
of this part.


Sec.  11.466  Requirements for domestic endorsements as apprentice mate 
(steersman) of towing vessels.

    (a) As Table 11.466(a) shows, to obtain an endorsement as 
apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels listed in column 1, 
endorsed with a route listed in column 2, mariners must complete the 
service requirements indicated in columns 3 through 6.

         Table 11.466(a)--Requirements for Endorsement as Apprentice Mate (Steersman) of Towing Vessels
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  TOS \2\ on
         Endorsement            Route endorsed   Total service  TOS \2\ on T/V    particular          Pass
                                                      \1\                            route       examination \3\
1                              2..............               3               4               5  6
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Apprentice Mate (Steersman)..  Oceans (0).....              18              12               3  Yes.
                               Near-Coastal                 18              12               3  Yes.
                                (NC).
                               Great Lakes....              18              12               3  Yes.
                               Inland (GL-I)..              18              12               3  Yes.
                               Western Rivers               18              12               3  Yes.
                                (WR).
Apprentice Mate (Steersman)    Not Applicable.              18              12               3  Yes.
 (Limited).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Service is in months.
\2\ TOS is time of service.
\3\ The examination for apprentice mate is specified in subpart I of this part.
\4\ For all inland routes, as well as Western Rivers, the endorsement as steersman is equivalent to that as
  apprentice mate. All qualifications and equivalencies are the same.

    (b) Those holding a license or endorsement as apprentice mate 
(steersman) of towing vessels, may obtain a restricted endorsement as 
apprentice mate (steersman) (limited). This endorsement will go on the 
mariner's MMC after passing an examination for a route that is not 
included in the current endorsements and on which the mariner has no 
operating experience. Upon completion of 3 months of experience on that 
route, mariners may have the restriction removed.
    (c) To obtain an endorsement as apprentice mate (steersman) of 
towing vessels (utility), mariners must complete the requirements 
listed in columns 2 through 5 of Table 11.466(c) of this section.

            Table 11.466(c)--Requirements for Endorsement as Apprentice (Steersman) of Towing Vessels
                                                    [Utility]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                           TOS \2\ on T/V
          Route endorsed             Current endorsement    Total service   or assistance      Exam (utility)
                                            status               \1\        towing vessel
1                                   2....................               3               4  5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Limited Local Area (LLA)..........  None.................               6               6  Yes.
Limited Local Area (LLA)..........  OUPV.................               6               6  Yes.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Service is in months.
\2\ TOS is time of service.

Sec.  11.467  Requirements for a domestic endorsement as operator of 
uninspected passenger vessels of less than 100 GRT.

    (a) This section applies to an applicant for the endorsement to 
operate an uninspected vessel of less than 100 GRT, equipped with 
propulsion machinery of any type, carrying six or fewer passengers.
    (b) A domestic endorsement as OUPV for near-coastal waters limits 
the holder to service on domestic, near-coastal waters not more than 
100 miles offshore, the Great Lakes, and all inland

[[Page 46012]]

waters. Endorsements issued for inland waters include all inland waters 
except the Great Lakes. Endorsements may be issued for a particular 
local area under paragraph (f) or paragraph (g) of this section.
    (c) For an endorsement as OUPV on near-coastal waters, an applicant 
must have a minimum of 12 months of experience in the operation of 
vessels, including at least 3 months of service on vessels operating on 
ocean or near-coastal waters.
    (d) For an endorsement as OUPV on the Great Lakes and inland 
waters, an applicant must have 12 months of service on Great Lakes or 
inland waters, including at least 3 months of service operating vessels 
on Great Lakes waters.
    (e) For an endorsement as OUPV on inland waters, an applicant must 
have a minimum of 12 months of experience in the operation of vessels.
    (f) A limited OUPV endorsement may be issued to an applicant to be 
employed by organizations such as formal camps, yacht clubs, 
educational institutions, and marinas. An endorsement issued under this 
paragraph will be limited to the specific activity and the locality of 
the camp, yacht club, or marina. In order to obtain this restricted 
endorsement, an applicant must:
    (1) Have 3 months of service in the operation of the type of vessel 
for which the endorsement is requested;
    (2) Satisfactorily complete a safe-boating course approved by the 
National Association of State Boating Law Administrators, or those 
public education courses conducted by the U.S. Power Squadron or the 
American National Red Cross, or a Coast Guard-approved course; and
    (3) Pass an examination appropriate for the activity to be 
conducted and the route authorized.
    (g) The first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) course 
certificates required by Sec.  11.201(i) of this part will only be 
required when, in the opinion of the Coast Guard, the geographic area 
over which service is authorized precludes obtaining medical services 
within a reasonable time.
    (h) Restricted OUPV endorsements may be issued to applicants to be 
employed on inland navigable waters. An endorsement under this 
paragraph will be limited to specific bodies of water that have been 
approved by the cognizant OCMI. In order to obtain this endorsement, 
the applicant must be qualified for the endorsement under this section; 
however, the OCMI may modify the service and examination requirements 
as follows:
    (1) At least 3 months of service in the operation of the type of 
vessel and on each body of water for which the endorsement is 
requested; and
    (2) Satisfactorily pass an examination appropriate for the activity 
to be conducted and the waters authorized.
    (i) An applicant for an officer endorsement as OUPV who speaks 
Spanish, but not English, may be issued an officer endorsement 
restricted to the navigable waters of the United States in the vicinity 
of Puerto Rico.


Sec.  11.468  Domestic officer endorsements for mobile offshore 
drilling units (MODUs).

    Officer endorsements for service on mobile offshore drilling units 
(MODUs) authorize service on units of unlimited tonnage upon ocean 
waters while on location or while underway, as restricted on the 
endorsement, except when moving independently under their own power.


Sec.  11.470  Domestic officer endorsements as offshore installation 
manager.

    (a) Officer endorsements as offshore installation manager (OIM) 
include:
    (1) OIM Unrestricted;
    (2) OIM Surface Units on Location;
    (3) OIM Surface Units Underway;
    (4) OIM Bottom Bearing Units on Location; or
    (5) OIM Bottom Bearing Units Underway.
    (b) To qualify for an endorsement as OIM unrestricted, an applicant 
must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) Four years of employment assigned to MODUs, including at least 
1 year of service as driller, assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant 
toolpusher, barge supervisor, mechanical supervisor, electrician, crane 
operator, ballast control operator, or equivalent supervisory position 
on MODUs, with a minimum of 14 days of that supervisory service on 
surface units; or
    (ii) A degree from a program in engineering or engineering 
technology which is accredited by the Accreditation Board for 
Engineering and Technology (ABET). The National Maritime Center will 
give consideration to accepting education credentials from programs 
having other than ABET accreditation. An applicant qualifying through a 
degree program must also have at least 168 days of service as driller, 
assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant toolpusher, barge supervisor, 
mechanical supervisor, electrician, crane operator, ballast control 
operator, or equivalent supervisory position on MODUs, with a minimum 
of 14 days of that supervisory service on surface units;
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved stability course 
approved for OIM unrestricted;
    (ii) A certificate from a Coast Guard approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course;
    (iii) Documentation consistent with those required by the Bureau of 
Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) 
demonstrating that the applicant has completed training in well control 
and blowout prevention necessary to perform the duties of an OIM; and
    (iv) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part; and
    (3) Provide a recommendation signed by a senior company official 
which:
    (i) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
qualifications;
    (ii) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, two rig moves each 
of surface units and of bottom bearing units; and
    (iii) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(b)(3)(ii) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding date 
of application.
    (c) An applicant for an endorsement as OIM unrestricted who holds 
an unlimited license or MMC endorsement as master or chief mate must 
satisfy the requirements in paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(3) of this 
section and have at least 84 days of service on surface units and at 
least 28 days of service on bottom bearing units.
    (d) To qualify for an endorsement as OIM surface units on location, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) Four years of employment assigned to MODUs, including at least 
1 year of service as driller, assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant 
toolpusher, barge supervisor, mechanical supervisor, electrician, crane 
operator, ballast control operator, or equivalent supervisory position 
on MODUs, with a minimum of 14 days of that supervisory service on 
surface units; or
    (ii) A degree from a program in engineering or engineering 
technology which is accredited by ABET. The National Maritime Center 
will give consideration to accepting education credentials from 
programs having other than ABET accreditation. An applicant qualifying 
through a degree program must also have at least 168 days of service as 
driller, assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant toolpusher, barge 
supervisor, mechanical supervisor, electrician, crane operator, ballast 
control operator, or equivalent

[[Page 46013]]

supervisory position of MODUs, with a minimum of 14 days of that 
supervisory service on surface units; and
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved stability course 
approved for a license or MMC endorsement as OIM surface units;
    (ii) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course;
    (iii) A letter or certificate from the applicant's employer or a 
training provider certifying that the applicant has completed well 
control and blowout prevention training necessary to perform the duties 
of an OIM; and
    (iv) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (e) An applicant for an endorsement as OIM surface units on 
location who holds an unlimited license or MMC endorsement as master or 
chief mate must satisfy the requirements of paragraph (d)(2) of this 
section and have at least 84 days of service on surface units.
    (f) To qualify for an endorsement as OIM surface units underway, an 
applicant must:
    (1) Provide the following:
    (i) Evidence of the experience described in paragraph (d)(1) of 
this section and a recommendation signed by a senior company official 
which:
    (A) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
qualifications;
    (B) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, three rig moves of 
surface units; and
    (C) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(f)(1)(i)(B) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding date 
of application; or
    (ii) A recommendation signed by a senior company official which:
    (A) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
company qualifications program completed;
    (B) Certifies that the applicant has witnessed ten rig moves either 
as an observer in training or as a rig mover under supervision;
    (C) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, five rig moves of 
surface units; and
    (D) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(f)(1)(ii)(C) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding the 
date of application; and
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved stability course 
approved for an OIM surface units endorsement;
    (ii) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course; and
    (iii) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (g) An applicant for endorsement as OIM surface units underway who 
holds an unlimited license or MMC endorsement as master or chief mate 
must satisfy the requirements in paragraph (f)(2) of this section and 
provide a company recommendation signed by a senior company official 
which:
    (1) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
qualifications;
    (2) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, three rig moves on 
surface units; and
    (3) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(g)(2) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding the date 
of application.
    (h) To qualify for an endorsement as OIM bottom bearing units on 
location, an applicant must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) Four years of employment assigned to MODUs, including at least 
1 year of service as driller, assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant 
toolpusher, barge supervisor, mechanical supervisor, electrician, crane 
operator, ballast control operator, or equivalent supervisory position 
on MODUs; or
    (ii) A degree from a program in engineering or engineering 
technology that is accredited by ABET. The National Maritime Center 
will give consideration to accepting education credentials from 
programs having other than ABET accreditation. An applicant qualifying 
through a degree program must also have at least 168 days of service as 
driller, assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant toolpusher, barge 
supervisor, mechanical supervisor, electrician, crane operator, ballast 
control operator, or equivalent supervisory position on MODUs; and
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course;
    (ii) A letter or certificate from the applicant's employer or a 
training provider certifying that the applicant has completed well 
control and blowout prevention training necessary to perform the duties 
of an OIM; and
    (iii) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (i) An applicant for an endorsement as OIM bottom bearing units on 
location who holds an unlimited license or MMC endorsement as master or 
chief mate must satisfy paragraph (h)(2) of this section and have at 
least 28 days of service on bottom bearing units.
    (j) To qualify for an endorsement as OIM bottom bearing units 
underway, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide the following:
    (i) Evidence of the experience described in paragraph (h)(1) of 
this section with a recommendation signed by a senior company official 
which:
    (A) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
qualifications;
    (B) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, three rig moves of 
bottom bearing units; and
    (C) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(j)(1)(i)(B) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding date 
of application; or
    (ii) A recommendation signed by a senior company official which:
    (A) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
company qualifications program completed;
    (B) Certifies that the applicant has witnessed ten rig moves either 
as an observer in training or as a rig mover under supervision;
    (C) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, five rig moves of 
bottom bearing units; and
    (D) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(j)(1)(ii)(C) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding 
date of application; and
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved stability course 
approved for a license or MMC endorsement as OIM bottom bearing units;
    (ii) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course; and
    (iii) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (k) An applicant for endorsement as OIM bottom bearing units 
underway who holds an unlimited license or MMC endorsement as master or 
chief mate must satisfy the requirements in paragraph (j)(2) of this 
section and provide a company recommendation signed by a senior company 
official, which:

[[Page 46014]]

    (1) Provides a description of the applicant's experience and 
qualifications;
    (2) Certifies that the individual has successfully directed, while 
under the supervision of an experienced rig mover, three rig moves of 
bottom bearing units; and
    (3) Certifies that one of the rig moves required under paragraph 
(k)(2) of this section was completed within 1 year preceding the date 
of application.


Sec.  11.472  Domestic officer endorsements as barge supervisor.

    (a) To qualify for an endorsement as barge supervisor (BS), an 
applicant must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) Three years of employment assigned to MODUs, including at least 
168 days of service as driller, assistant driller, toolpusher, 
assistant tool pusher, mechanic, electrician, crane operator, subsea 
specialist, ballast control operator, or equivalent supervisory 
position on MODUs. At least 84 days of that service must have been as a 
ballast control operator or barge supervisor trainee; or
    (ii) A degree from a program in engineering or engineering 
technology that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for 
Engineering and Technology (ABET). The National Maritime Center will 
give consideration to accepting education credentials from programs 
having other than ABET accreditation. An applicant qualifying through a 
degree program must also have at least 168 days of service as driller, 
assistant driller, toolpusher, assistant toolpusher, mechanic, 
electrician, crane operator, subsea specialist, ballast control 
operator, or equivalent supervisory position on MODUs. At least 84 days 
of that service must have been as a ballast control operator or barge 
supervisor trainee; and
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved stability course 
approved for barge supervisor;
    (ii) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course; and
    (iii) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (b) An applicant for an endorsement as barge supervisor who holds 
an unlimited license or MMC endorsement as master or mate must satisfy 
the requirements in paragraph (a)(2) of this section and have at least 
84 days of service as ballast control operator or barge supervisor 
trainee.


Sec.  11.474  Domestic officer endorsements as ballast control 
operator.

    (a) To qualify for an endorsement as ballast control operator 
(BCO), an applicant must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) One year of employment assigned to MODUs, including at least 28 
days of service as a trainee under the supervision of an individual 
holding a license or MMC endorsement as ballast control operator; or
    (ii) A degree from a program in engineering or engineering 
technology that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for 
Engineering and Technology (ABET). The National Maritime Center will 
give consideration to accepting education credentials from programs 
having other than ABET accreditation. An applicant qualifying through a 
degree program must also have at least 28 days of service as a trainee 
under the supervision of an individual holding a license or MMC 
endorsement as ballast control operator; and
    (2) Present evidence of training course completion as follows:
    (i) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved stability course 
approved for barge supervisor or ballast control operator;
    (ii) A certificate from a Coast Guard-approved survival suit and 
survival craft training course; and
    (iii) A certificate from a firefighting training course as required 
by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (b) An applicant for an endorsement as BCO who holds an unlimited 
license or MMC endorsement as master, mate, chief engineer, or 
assistant engineer must satisfy the requirements in paragraph (a)(2) of 
this section and have at least 28 days of service as a trainee under 
the supervision of an individual holding an endorsement as BCO.


Sec.  11.480  Radar observer.

    (a) This section contains the requirements that an applicant must 
meet to qualify as a radar observer (part 15 of this subchapter 
specifies who must qualify as a radar observer).
    (b) If an applicant meets the requirements of this section, one of 
the following radar observer endorsements will be added to his or her 
MMC:
    (1) Radar observer (unlimited).
    (2) Radar observer (inland waters and Gulf Intercoastal waterways 
(GIWW)).
    (3) Radar observer (rivers).
    (c) Radar observer (unlimited) is valid on all waters. Radar 
observer (inland waters and GIWW) is valid only for those waters other 
than the Great Lakes covered by the Inland Navigational Rules. Radar 
observer (rivers) is valid only on any river, canal, or similar body of 
water designated by the OCMI, but not beyond the boundary line.
    (d) Except as provided by paragraph (e) of this section, each 
applicant for a radar observer endorsement or for renewal of an 
endorsement must complete the appropriate course approved by the Coast 
Guard, receive the appropriate certificate of training, and present the 
certificate to the Coast Guard.
    (e) A radar observer endorsement issued under this section is valid 
for 5 years from the date of issuance of the certificate of training 
from a course approved by the Coast Guard.
    (f) A mariner may maintain the validity of a radar observer 
endorsement by completing a refresher or re-certification course 
approved for that purpose.
    (g) An applicant for renewal of a license or MMC that does not need 
a radar observer endorsement may renew without meeting the requirements 
for the endorsement. However, a radar endorsement will not be placed on 
the MMC unless the mariner submits a course completion certificate from 
an approved radar course.
    (h) An applicant seeking to raise the grade of a license or MMC 
endorsement or increase its scope, where the increased grade or scope 
requires a radar observer certificate, may use an expired certificate 
to fulfill that requirement. However, a radar endorsement will not be 
placed on the MMC unless the mariner submits a course completion 
certificate from an approved radar course.


Sec.  11.482  Assistance towing.

    (a) This section contains the requirements to qualify for an 
endorsement authorizing a mariner to engage in assistance towing. 
Except as noted in this paragraph, holders of MMC officer and OUPV 
endorsements must have an assistance towing endorsement to engage in 
assistance towing. Holders of endorsements as master or mate (pilot) of 
towing vessels or master or mate endorsements authorizing service on 
inspected vessels of 200 GRT/500 GT or more do not need the assistance 
towing endorsement.
    (b) An applicant for an assistance towing endorsement must pass a 
written examination or complete a Coast Guard-approved course 
demonstrating his or her knowledge of assistance towing safety, 
equipment, and procedures.
    (c) The holder of a license or MMC for master, mate, or operator 
endorsed for assistance towing is authorized to engage in assistance 
towing on any

[[Page 46015]]

vessel within the scope of the license or MMC.
    (d) The period of validity of the endorsement is the same as the 
license or MMC on which it is included, and it may be renewed with the 
MMC.


Sec.  11.491  Domestic officer endorsements for service on offshore 
supply vessels.

    Each officer endorsement for service on offshore supply vessels 
(OSVs) authorizes service on OSVs as defined in 46 U.S.C. 2101(19) and 
as interpreted under 46 U.S.C. 14104(b), subject to any restrictions 
placed on the license or MMC.


Sec.  11.493  Master (OSV).

    (a) An endorsement for service on an offshore supply vessel (OSV) 
may be issued as master. To qualify for a domestic endorsement for 
service as master (OSV), an applicant must:
    (1) Meet the requirements for an STCW endorsement, according to 
Sec.  11.305 of this part; and
    (2) Complete the appropriate examination described in subpart I of 
this part.
    (b) A person holding an endorsement as master (OSV) qualifies for 
an STCW endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.305 and 11.311 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.495  Chief Mate (OSV).

    (a) An endorsement for service on an offshore supply vessel (OSV) 
may be issued as chief mate. To qualify for a domestic endorsement for 
service as chief mate (OSV), an applicant must:
    (1) Meet the requirements for an STCW endorsement, according to 
Sec.  11.307 of this part; and
    (2) Complete the appropriate examination described in subpart I of 
this part.
    (b) A person holding an endorsement as chief mate (OSV) qualifies 
for an STCW endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.307 and 11.313 of 
this part.


Sec.  11.497  Mate (OSV).

    (a) An endorsement for service on an offshore supply vessel (OSV) 
may be issued as mate. To qualify for a domestic endorsement for 
service as mate (OSV), an applicant must:
    (1) Meet the requirements for an STCW endorsement, according to 
Sec.  11.309 of this part; and
    (2) Complete the appropriate examination described in subpart I of 
this part.
    (b) A person holding an endorsement as mate (OSV) qualifies for an 
STCW endorsement, according to Sec.  11.309 of this part.

Subpart E--Professional Requirements for Domestic Engineer Officer 
Endorsements


Sec.  11.501  Grades and types of domestic engineer endorsements 
issued.

    (a) Domestic engineer endorsements are issued in the grades of:
    (1) Chief engineer;
    (2) First assistant engineer;
    (3) Second assistant engineer;
    (4) Third assistant engineer;
    (5) Chief engineer (limited);
    (6) Assistant engineer (limited);
    (7) Designated duty engineer;
    (8) Chief engineer uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (9) Assistant engineer uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (10) Chief engineer (MODU);
    (11) Assistant engineer (MODU);
    (12) Chief engineer (OSV); and
    (13) Engineer (OSV).
    (b) Engineer endorsements issued in the grades of chief engineer 
(limited) and assistant engineer (limited) of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels allow the holder to serve within any 
propulsion power limitations on vessels of unlimited tonnage on inland 
waters and of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT in ocean, near-coastal, or 
Great Lakes service in the following manner:
    (1) Assistant engineer (limited--oceans) may serve on ocean waters;
    (2) Chief engineer (limited--near-coastal) may serve on near-
coastal waters; and
    (3) Chief engineer (limited--oceans) may serve on ocean waters.
    (c) Engineer licenses or MMC endorsements issued in the grades of 
designated duty engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels allow the holder to serve within stated propulsion power 
limitations on vessels of less than 500 GRT in the following manner:
    (1) Designated duty engineers limited to vessels of less than 1,000 
HP or 4,000 HP may serve only on near-coastal or inland waters; and
    (2) Designated duty engineers--unlimited may serve on any waters.
    (d) An engineer officer's license or MMC endorsement authorizes 
service on steam, motor, or gas turbine-propelled vessels or may 
authorize all modes of propulsion.
    (e) A person holding an engineer license or MMC endorsement that is 
restricted to near-coastal waters may serve within the limitations of 
the license or MMC upon near-coastal, Great Lakes, and inland waters.


Sec.  11.502  General requirements for domestic engineer endorsements.

    (a) For all original and raise of grade of engineer endorsements, 
at least one-third of the minimum service requirements must have been 
obtained on the particular mode of propulsion for which applied.
    (b) If an applicant desires to add a propulsion mode (steam, motor, 
or gas turbine) to his or her endorsement, the following alternative 
methods, while holding a license or MMC officer endorsement in that 
grade, are acceptable:
    (1) Four months of service as an observer on vessels of the new 
propulsion mode;
    (2) Four months of service as an engineer officer at the 
operational level on vessels of the new propulsion mode;
    (3) Six months of service as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer 
on vessels of the new propulsion mode; or
    (4) Completion of a Coast Guard-approved training course for this 
endorsement.
    (c) Merchant Mariner Credential (MMC) officer endorsements issued 
in accordance with Sec. Sec.  11.510, 11.512, 11.514, 11.516, 11.518, 
11.520, 11.522, and 11.524 of this subpart for motor or gas turbine 
propulsion modes may be endorsed as limited to serve on vessels without 
auxiliary boilers, waste-heat boilers, or distilling plants. An 
applicant may qualify for removal of any of these limitations by 
completing Coast Guard-approved or -accepted training.


Sec.  11.503  Propulsion power limitations for domestic endorsements.

    (a) Engineer endorsements of all grades and types may be subject to 
propulsion power limitations. Other than as provided in Sec.  11.524 of 
this subpart for the designated duty engineer (DDE), the propulsion 
power limitation placed on a license or MMC endorsement is based on the 
applicant's qualifying experience considering the total shaft 
propulsion power of each vessel on which the applicant has served.
    (b) When an applicant for an original or raise of grade of an 
engineer endorsement, other than a DDE, has not obtained at least 50 
percent of the required experience on vessels of 4,000 or more 
horsepower, a horsepower limitation is placed on the MMC based on the 
applicant's qualifying experience. The endorsement is limited to the 
maximum propulsion power on which at least 25 percent of the required 
experience was obtained, or 150 percent of the maximum propulsion power 
on which at least 50 percent of the service was obtained, whichever is 
higher. Limitations are in multiples of 1,000 HP/750 kW, using the next 
higher figure when an intermediate horsepower is

[[Page 46016]]

calculated. When the limitation as calculated equals or exceeds 10,000 
HP/7,500 kW, an unlimited horsepower endorsement is issued.
    (c) The following service on vessels of 4,000 HP/3,000 kW or more 
will be considered qualifying for raising or removing the propulsion 
power limitations placed on an engineer endorsement:
    (1) Six months of service in the highest-grade endorsed: removal of 
all propulsion power limitations.
    (2) Six months of service as an engineer officer in any capacity 
other than the highest grade for which the applicant is licensed or 
endorsed: removal of all propulsion power limitations for the grade in 
which service is performed and raise to the next higher grade 
endorsement to the propulsion power of the vessel on which service was 
performed. The total cumulative service before and after issuance of 
the limited engineer endorsement may be considered in removing all 
propulsion power limitations.
    (3) Twelve months of service as oiler or junior engineer while 
holding a license or MMC endorsement as third assistant engineer or 
assistant engineer (limited oceans): removal of all propulsion power 
limitations on third assistant engineer or assistant engineer's 
(limited oceans) endorsement.
    (4) Six months of service as oiler or junior engineer while holding 
a license or MMC endorsement as second assistant engineer: removal of 
all propulsion power limitations on third assistant engineer's 
endorsement.
    (d) Raising or removing propulsion power limitations based on 
service required by paragraph (c) of this section may be granted 
without further written examination, if the Coast Guard considers 
further examination unnecessary.


Sec.  11.504  Application of deck service for domestic limited engineer 
endorsements.

    Service gained in the deck department on vessels of appropriate 
tonnage may substitute for up to 25 percent or 6 months, whichever is 
less, of the service requirement for an endorsement as chief engineer 
(limited), assistant engineer (limited), or DDE.


Sec.  11.505  Domestic engineer officer endorsements.

    (a) The following diagram illustrates the domestic engineering 
endorsement structure, including crossover points.
BILLING CODE 91108-04-P

[[Page 46017]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP01AU11.003

BILLING CODE 91108-04-C
    (b) [Reserved]


Sec.  11.510  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as chief 
engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as chief engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-
propelled vessels is:
    (1) One year of service as first assistant engineer; or
    (2) One year of service while holding a license or MMC endorsement 
as first assistant engineer. A minimum of 6 months of this service must 
have been as first assistant engineer. Service as an assistant engineer 
is accepted on a two-for-one basis to a maximum of 6 months (12 months 
of service as a second or third assistant engineer equals 6 months of 
creditable service).
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.325 and 11.331 of this part.


Sec.  11.512  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as first 
assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as first assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels is 1 year of service as an assistant 
engineer, while holding a license or MMC endorsement as second 
assistant engineer.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.327, 11.331, and 11.333 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.514  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as second 
assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as second assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels is:

[[Page 46018]]

    (1) One year of service as an assistant engineer, while holding a 
license or MMC endorsement as third assistant engineer; or
    (2) One year of service while holding a license or MMC endorsement 
as third assistant engineer, which includes:
    (i) A minimum of 6 months of service as third assistant engineer; 
and
    (ii) Additional service as a qualified member of the engine 
department, calculated on a two-for-one basis; or
    (3) One year of service as chief engineer (limited-oceans) of self-
propelled vessels, and completing the appropriate examination described 
in subpart I of this part.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.327, 11.329, and 11.333 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.516  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as third 
assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as third assistant engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels is:
    (1) Three years of service in the engineroom of vessels, 2 years of 
which must have been as a qualified member of the engine department;
    (2) Three years of service as an apprentice to the machinist trade 
engaged in the construction or repair of marine, locomotive, or 
stationary engines, together with 1 year of service in the engineroom 
as oiler, watertender, or junior engineer;
    (3) Graduation from:
    (i) The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (engineering curriculum);
    (ii) The U.S. Coast Guard Academy and completion of an onboard 
engineer officer qualification program required by the service;
    (iii) The U.S. Naval Academy and completion of an onboard engineer 
officer qualification program required by the service; or
    (iv) The engineering class of a Maritime Academy approved by and 
conducted under the rules prescribed by the Maritime Administrator and 
listed in part 310 of this title;
    (4) Graduation from the marine engineering course of a school of 
technology accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and 
Technology, together with 3 months of service in the engine department 
of steam, motor, or gas turbine-propelled vessels;
    (5) Graduation from the mechanical or electrical engineering course 
of a school of technology accredited by the Accreditation Board for 
Engineering and Technology, together with 6 months of service in the 
engine department of steam, motor or gas turbine-propelled vessels;
    (6) Satisfactory completion of a 3-year apprentice engineers 
training program approved by the Coast Guard; or
    (7) One year of service as chief engineer (limited-near-coastal) of 
self-propelled vessels and completion of the appropriate examination 
described in subpart I of this part.
    (b) Experience gained in the deck department on vessels of 100 GRT 
or more can be credited for up to 3 months of the service requirements 
under paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.327, 11.329, and 11.333 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.518  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as chief 
engineer (limited oceans) of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-propelled 
vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as chief engineer (limited oceans) of steam, motor, and/or 
gas turbine-propelled vessels is 5 years of total service in the 
engineroom of vessels. Two years of this service must have been as an 
engineer officer while holding an engineer officer endorsement. Thirty 
months of the service must have been as a qualified member of the 
engine department (QMED) or equivalent position.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.325 and 11.331 of this part.


Sec.  11.520  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as chief 
engineer (limited near-coastal) of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-
propelled vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as chief engineer (limited near-coastal) of steam, motor, 
and/or gas turbine-propelled vessels is 4 years of total service in the 
engineroom of vessels. One year of this service must have been as an 
engineer officer while holding an engineer officer endorsement. Two 
years of the service must have been as a QMED or equivalent position.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.325 and 11.331 of this part.


Sec.  11.522  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as 
assistant engineer (limited oceans) of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for 
endorsement as assistant engineer (limited oceans) of steam, motor, 
and/or gas turbine-propelled vessels is 3 years of service in the 
engineroom of vessels. Eighteen months of this service must have been 
as a QMED or equivalent position.
    (b) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.327, 11.329, and 11.333 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.524  Service requirements for domestic endorsement as 
designated duty engineer (DDE) of steam, motor, and/or gas turbine-
propelled vessels.

    (a) DDE endorsements are issued in three levels of propulsion power 
limitations dependent upon the total service of the applicant and 
completion of an appropriate examination. These endorsements are 
limited to vessels of less than 500 GRT on certain waters as specified 
in Sec.  11.501 of this subpart.
    (b) The service requirements for endorsements as DDE are:
    (1) For designated duty engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels of unlimited propulsion power, the applicant 
must have 3 years of service in the engineroom. Eighteen months of this 
service must have been as a qualified member of the engine department 
or equivalent position.
    (2) For designated duty engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels of less than 4,000 HP/3,000 kW, the applicant 
must have 2 years of service in the engineroom. One year of this 
service must have been as a qualified member of the engine department 
or equivalent position.
    (3) For designated duty engineer of steam, motor, and/or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels of less than 1,000 HP/750 kW, the applicant 
must have 1 year of service in the engineroom. Six months of this 
service must have been as a qualified member of the engine department 
or equivalent position.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.325, 11.327, 11.329, and 11.331 
of this part.


Sec.  11.530  Endorsements for domestic engineers of uninspected 
fishing industry vessels.

    (a) This section applies to endorsements for chief and assistant 
engineers of all vessels, however propelled, which are documented to 
engage in the fishing industry, with the exception of:
    (1) Wooden ships of primitive build;
    (2) Unrigged vessels; and
    (3) Vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT.
    (b) Endorsements as chief engineer and assistant engineer of 
uninspected fishing industry vessels are issued for

[[Page 46019]]

ocean waters and with propulsion power limitations in accordance with 
the provisions of Sec.  11.503 of this subpart.
    (c) For an endorsement as chief engineer, the applicant must have 
served 4 years in the engineroom of vessels. One year of this service 
must have been as an assistant engineer officer or equivalent position.
    (d) For an endorsement as assistant engineer, an applicant must 
have served 3 years in the engine room of vessels.
    (e) Two-thirds of the service required under this section must have 
been on motor vessels.
    (f) Applicants may request an orally assisted examination on the 
subjects listed in subpart I of this part.


Sec.  11.540  Endorsements for domestic engineers of mobile offshore 
drilling units (MODUs).

    Endorsements as domestic chief engineer (MODU) or assistant 
engineer (MODU) authorize service on certain self-propelled or non-
self-propelled units of unlimited propulsion power where authorized by 
the vessel's certificate of inspection.


Sec.  11.542  Endorsement as domestic chief engineer (MODU).

    (a) To qualify for an endorsement as domestic chief engineer (MODU) 
an applicant must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) Six years of employment assigned to MODUs, including 3 years of 
employment as mechanic, motorman, subsea engineer, electrician, barge 
engineer, toolpusher, unit superintendent, crane operator, or 
equivalent. Eighteen months of that employment must have been assigned 
to self-propelled or propulsion-assisted units; or
    (ii) Two years of employment assigned to MODUs as an assistant 
engineer (MODU). Twelve months of that employment must have been 
assigned to self-propelled or propulsion-assisted units; and
    (2) Present evidence of completion of a firefighting training 
course as required by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (b) If an applicant successfully completes an examination and 
possesses the total required sea service for an endorsement as chief 
engineer (MODU), but does not possess the required sea service onboard 
self-propelled or propulsion-assisted units, the Coast Guard may issue 
the applicant an endorsement limited to non-self-propelled units. The 
Coast Guard may remove the limitation upon presentation of satisfactory 
evidence of the required self-propelled sea service and completion of 
any additional required examination.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.325, 11.327, and 11.331 of this 
part.


Sec.  11.544  Endorsement as domestic assistant engineer (MODU).

    (a) To qualify for an endorsement as domestic assistant engineer 
(MODU) an applicant must:
    (1) Present evidence of the following experience:
    (i) Three years of employment assigned to MODUs, including 18 
months of employment as mechanic, motorman, subsea engineer, 
electrician, barge engineer, toolpusher, unit superintendent, crane 
operator, or equivalent. Nine months of that employment must have been 
assigned to self-propelled or propulsion-assisted units;
    (ii) Three years of employment in the machinist trade engaged in 
the construction or repair of diesel engines and 1 year of employment 
assigned to MODUs in the capacity of mechanic, motorman, oiler, or 
equivalent. Nine months of that employment must have been assigned to 
self-propelled or propulsion-assisted units; or
    (iii) A degree from a program in marine, mechanical, or electrical 
engineering technology that is accredited by the Accreditation Board 
for Engineering and Technology (ABET). The National Maritime Center 
will give consideration to accepting education credentials from 
programs having other than ABET accreditation. An applicant qualifying 
through a degree program must also have at least 6 months of employment 
in any of the capacities listed in paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section 
aboard self-propelled or propulsion-assisted units; and
    (2) Present evidence of completion of a firefighting training 
course as required by Sec.  11.201(h) of this part.
    (b) If an applicant successfully completes an examination and 
possesses the total required sea service for an endorsement as an 
assistant engineer (MODU), but does not possess the required sea 
service onboard self-propelled or propulsion assisted units, the Coast 
Guard may issue the applicant an endorsement limited to non-self-
propelled units. The Coast Guard may remove the limitation upon 
presentation of the satisfactory evidence of the required self-
propelled sea service and completion of any additional required 
examination.
    (c) A person holding this endorsement may qualify for an STCW 
endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.329 and 11.333 of this part.


Sec.  11.551  Endorsements for service on offshore supply vessels.

    Each endorsement for service on OSVs as chief engineer (OSV) or 
engineer (OSV) authorizes service on OSVs as defined in 46 U.S.C. 
2101(19) and as interpreted under 46 U.S.C. 14104(b), subject to any 
restrictions placed on the MMC.


Sec.  11.553  Chief engineer (OSV).

    (a) An endorsement for service on an offshore supply vessel (OSV) 
may be issued as chief engineer. To qualify for a domestic endorsement 
for service as chief engineer (OSV), an applicant must:
    (1) Meet the requirements for an STCW endorsement, according to 
Sec.  11.325 of this part; and
    (2) Complete the appropriate examination described in subpart I of 
this part.
    (b) A person holding an endorsement as chief engineer (OSV) 
qualifies for an STCW endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.325, 
11.327, and 11.331 of this part.


Sec.  11.555  Assistant engineer (OSV).

    (a) An endorsement for service on an offshore supply vessel (OSV) 
may be issued as assistant engineer. To qualify for a domestic 
endorsement for service as assistant engineer (OSV), an applicant must:
    (1) Meet the requirements for an STCW endorsement, according to 
Sec.  11.329 of this part; and
    (2) Complete the appropriate examination described in subpart I of 
this part.
    (b) A person holding an endorsement as assistant engineer (OSV) 
qualifies for an STCW endorsement, according to Sec. Sec.  11.329 and 
11.333 of this part.

Subpart F--Credentialing of Radio Officers


Sec.  11.601  Applicability.

    This subpart provides for endorsement as radio officers for 
employment on vessels, and for the issue of STCW endorsements for those 
qualified to serve as radio operators on vessels subject to the 
provisions on the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) of 
Chapter IV of SOLAS (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of 
this part).


Sec.  11.603  Requirements for radio officers' endorsements.

    (a) Each applicant for an original endorsement or renewal of 
license must present a current first- or second-class radiotelegraph 
operator license issued

[[Page 46020]]

by the Federal Communications Commission. The applicant must enter on 
the endorsement application form the number, class, and date of 
issuance of his or her Federal Communications Commission license.


Sec.  11.604  Requirements for an STCW endorsement for Global Maritime 
Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) radio operators.

    Each applicant for an original endorsement must present a 
certificate of completion from a Coast Guard-approved course for 
operator of radio in the GMDSS, meeting the requirements of Section A-
IV/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of 
this part).

Subpart G--Professional Requirements for Pilots


Sec.  11.701  Scope of pilot endorsements.

    (a) An applicant for an endorsement as first-class pilot need not 
hold any other officer endorsement issued under this part.
    (b) The issuance of an endorsement as first-class pilot to an 
individual qualifies that individual to serve as pilot over the routes 
specified on the endorsement, subject to any limitations imposed under 
paragraph (c) of this section.
    (c) The OCMI issuing an endorsement as first-class pilot imposes 
appropriate limitations commensurate with the experience of the 
applicant, with respect to class or type of vessel, tonnage, route, and 
waters.
    (d) A license or MMC endorsement issued for service as a master, 
mate, or operator of uninspected towing vessels authorizes service as a 
pilot under the provisions of Sec.  15.812 of this subchapter. 
Therefore, first-class pilot endorsements will not be issued with 
tonnage limitations of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or less.


Sec.  11.703  Service requirements.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify an applicant for an 
endorsement as first-class pilot is predicated upon the nature of the 
waters for which pilotage is desired.
    (1) General routes (routes not restricted to rivers, canals, and 
small lakes). The applicant must have at least 36 months of service in 
the deck department of self-propelled vessels navigating on oceans, 
coastwise, and Great Lakes, or bays, sounds, and lakes other than the 
Great Lakes, as follows:
    (i) Eighteen months of the 36 months of service must be as 
quartermaster, wheelsman, able seaman, apprentice pilot, or in an 
equivalent capacity, standing regular watches at the wheel or in the 
pilothouse as part of routine duties.
    (ii) At least 12 months of the 18 months of service required in 
paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section must be on vessels operating on the 
class of waters for which pilotage is desired.
    (2) River routes. The applicant must have at least 36 months of 
service in the deck department of any vessel, including at least 12 
months of service on vessels operating on the waters of rivers while 
the applicant is serving in the capacity of quartermaster, wheelsman, 
apprentice pilot, or deckhand who stands watches at the wheel as part 
of routine duties.
    (3) Canal and small lakes routes. The applicant must have at least 
24 months of service in the deck department of any vessel, including at 
least 8 months of service on vessels operating on canals or small 
lakes.
    (b) A graduate of the Great Lakes Maritime Academy in the deck 
class meets the service requirements of this section for a license as 
first-class pilot on the Great Lakes.
    (c) Completion of an approved or accepted pilot training course may 
be substituted for a portion of the service requirements of this 
section in accordance with Sec.  10.404 of this subchapter. 
Additionally, roundtrips made during this training may apply toward the 
route familiarization requirements of Sec.  11.705 of this subpart. An 
individual using substituted service must have at least 9 months of 
shipboard service.
    (d) An individual holding a license or MMC endorsement as master or 
mate of inspected self-propelled vessels of more than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT meets the service requirements of this section for an endorsement as 
first-class pilot.


Sec.  11.705   Route familiarization requirements.

    (a) The Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI) has 
jurisdiction and determines within the range limitations specified in 
this section, the number of roundtrips required to qualify an applicant 
for a particular route, considering the following:
    (1) The geographic configuration of the waterway;
    (2) The type and size of vessels using the waterway;
    (3) The abundance or absence of aids to navigation;
    (4) The background lighting effects;
    (5) The known hazards involved, including waterway obstructions or 
constrictions such as bridges, narrow channels, or sharp turns; and
    (6) Any other factors unique to the route that the OCMI deems 
appropriate.
    (b) An applicant holding no other deck officer endorsement seeking 
an endorsement as first-class pilot must furnish evidence of having 
completed a minimum number of roundtrips, while serving as 
quartermaster, wheelsman, able seaman, apprentice pilot, or in an 
equivalent capacity, standing regular watches at the wheel or in the 
pilot house as part of routine duties, over the route sought. Evidence 
of having completed a minimum number of roundtrips while serving as an 
observer, properly certified by the master and/or pilot of the vessel, 
is also acceptable. The range of roundtrips for an endorsement is a 
minimum of 12 roundtrips and a maximum of 20 roundtrips. An applicant 
may have additional routes added to the first-class pilot endorsement 
by meeting the requirements in paragraph (c) of this section.
    (c) An applicant who currently holds a deck officer license or MMC 
endorsement seeking an endorsement as first-class pilot for a 
particular route must furnish evidence of having completed the number 
of roundtrips over the route, specified by the OCMI, within the range 
limitations of this paragraph, for the particular grade of existing 
license or MMC endorsement held. The range of roundtrips for an 
endorsement is a minimum of eight roundtrips and a maximum of 15 
roundtrips.
    (d) Unless determined impracticable by the OCMI, 25 percent of the 
roundtrips required by the OCMI under this section must be made during 
the hours of darkness.
    (e) One of the roundtrips required by the OCMI under this section 
must be made over the route within the 6 months immediately preceding 
the date of application.
    (f) For an endorsement of unlimited tonnage, applicants must meet 
tonnage requirements for roundtrips specified in Sec.  11.711(c) of 
this subpart.


Sec.  11.707   Examination requirements.

    (a) An applicant for an endorsement as first-class pilot, except as 
noted in paragraph (b) of this section, is required to pass the 
examination described in subpart I of this part.
    (b) An applicant for an extension of route, or an applicant holding 
a license or MMC endorsement as master or mate authorized to serve on 
vessels of more than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT seeking an endorsement as 
first-class pilot, is required to pass those portions of the 
examination described in subpart I of this part that concern the 
specific route for which endorsement is sought.

[[Page 46021]]

Sec.  11.709   Annual physical examination requirements.

    (a) This section applies only to an individual who pilots a vessel 
of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT and more.
    (b) Every person holding a license or MMC endorsement as first-
class pilot must have a thorough physical examination each year.
    (c) Each annual physical examination must meet the requirements 
specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C and be recorded on a CG-719-K.
    (d) An individual's first-class pilot endorsement becomes invalid 
on the first day of the month following the first anniversary of the 
individual's most recent physical examination satisfactorily completed; 
the individual may not operate under the authority of that endorsement 
until a physical examination has been satisfactorily completed.


Sec.  11.711   Tonnage requirements.

    (a) In order to obtain a first-class pilot endorsement authorizing 
service on vessels of unlimited tonnage over a particular route, the 
applicant must have sufficient experience on vessels of more than 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT.
    (b) For purposes of this section, an applicant is considered to 
have sufficient experience if the applicant has 18 months of experience 
as master, mate, quartermaster, wheelsman, able seaman, apprentice 
pilot, or in an equivalent capacity, standing regular watches at the 
wheel or in the pilothouse as part of routine duties, on vessels of 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more, and two-thirds of the minimum number of 
roundtrips required for the route have been on vessels of 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT or more.
    (c) If an applicant does not have sufficient experience on vessels 
of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more, the endorsement will be for a limited 
tonnage until the applicant completes the 18 months of sea service, as 
mentioned in paragraph (b) of this section, on vessels of 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT or more.
    (d) For purposes of this section, for experience with respect to 
tonnage on towing vessels, the combined gross tonnage of the towing 
vessels and the vessels towed will be considered. However, the Coast 
Guard may require that all or a portion of the required number of 
roundtrips be obtained on self-propelled vessels of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT 
or more, when the Coast Guard determines that due to the nature of the 
waters and the overall experience of the applicant, self-propelled 
vessel experience is necessary to obtain a first-class pilot 
endorsement that is not restricted to tug and barge combinations.


Sec.  11.713   Requirements for maintaining current knowledge of waters 
to be navigated.

    (a) If a first-class pilot has not served over a particular route 
within the past 60 months, that person's license or MMC endorsement is 
invalid for that route, and remains invalid until the individual has 
made one re-familiarization round trip over that route, except as 
provided in paragraph (b) of this section. Whether this requirement is 
satisfied or not has no effect on the renewal of a license or MMC 
endorsement. Roundtrips made within the 90-day period preceding renewal 
will be valid for the duration of the renewed license or MMC 
endorsement.
    (b) For certain long or extended routes, the OCMI may, at his or 
her discretion, allow the re-familiarization requirement to be 
satisfied by reviewing appropriate navigation charts, coast pilots tide 
and current tables, local Notices to Mariners, and any other materials 
that would provide the pilot with current knowledge of the route. 
Persons using this method of re-familiarization must certify, when 
applying for renewal of their license or MMC endorsement, the material 
they have reviewed and the dates on which this was accomplished. Review 
within the 90-day period preceding renewal is valid for the duration of 
the renewed MMC endorsement.

Subpart H--Registration of Staff Officers and Miscellaneous 
Endorsements


Sec.  11.801   Applicability.

    This subpart provides for the registration of staff officers for 
employment on vessels documented or numbered under the laws of the 
United States. Staff officers must be registered if serving on most 
vessels in ocean service or on the Great Lakes.


Sec.  11.805   General requirements.

    (a) The applicant for an endorsement as staff officer is not 
required to take any examination; however, the applicant must present 
to the Coast Guard a letter justifying the need for the endorsement.
    (b) An applicant for a higher grade in the staff department must 
apply in the same manner as for an original endorsement and must 
surrender the previous Coast Guard-issued credentials upon issuance of 
the new MMC. A staff officer may serve in a lower grade of service for 
which he or she is registered.
    (c) Title 46 U.S.C. 8302 addresses uniforms for staff officers who 
are members of the Naval Reserve.
    (d) A duplicate MMC may be issued by the Coast Guard. (See Sec.  
10.229 of this subchapter.)
    (e) An MMC is valid for a term of 5 years from the date of 
issuance. Procedures for renewing endorsements are found in Sec.  
10.227 of this subchapter.
    (f) Each applicant for an original or a higher grade of 
endorsement, as described in paragraph (b) of this section, must 
produce evidence of having passed a chemical test for dangerous drugs 
or of qualifying for an exception from testing in Sec.  16.220 of this 
subchapter. An applicant who fails a chemical test for dangerous drugs 
will not be issued an MMC.


Sec.  11.807   Experience requirements for registry.

    (a) The applicant for a certificate of registry as staff officer 
must submit evidence of experience as follows:
    (1) Chief purser. Two years of service aboard vessels performing 
duties relating to work in the purser's office.
    (2) Purser. One year of service aboard vessels performing duties 
relating to work in the purser's office.
    (3) Senior assistant purser. Six months of service aboard vessels 
performing duties relating to work in the purser's office.
    (4) Junior assistant purser. Previous experience not required.
    (5) Medical doctor. A valid license as physician or surgeon issued 
under the authority of a state or territory of the United States, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia.
    (6) Professional nurse. A valid license as a registered nurse 
issued under authority of a state or territory of the United States, 
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia.
    (7) Marine physician assistant. Successful completion of an 
accredited course of instruction for a physician's assistant or nurse 
practitioner program.
    (8) Hospital corpsman. A rating of at least hospital corpsman or 
health services technician, first class in the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast 
Guard, U.S. Marine Corps, or an equivalent rating in the U.S. Army (not 
less than staff sergeant, Medical Department, U.S.A.), or in the U.S. 
Air Force (not less than technical sergeant, Medical Department, 
U.S.A.F.), and a period of satisfactory service of at least 1 month in 
a military hospital or U.S. Public Health Service Hospital.
    (b) Employment on shore in connection with a vessel's business may 
be accepted instead of service aboard vessels. Related shore employment 
is

[[Page 46022]]

accepted in the ratio of 2 months of shore service to count as 1 month 
of service aboard vessels.
    (c) In computing the length of service required of an applicant for 
an endorsement, service of one season on vessels on the Great Lakes is 
counted as service of 1 year.
    (d) In the event an applicant for an endorsement, other than 
medical doctor or professional nurse, presents evidence of other 
qualifications that, in the opinion of the Coast Guard, is equivalent 
to the experience requirements of this section and is consistent with 
the duties of a staff officer, the Coast Guard may issue the MMC.


Sec.  11.811   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
vessel security officer.

    (a) The applicant for an endorsement as vessel security officer 
must present satisfactory documentary evidence in accordance with the 
requirements in 33 CFR 104.215.
    (b) All applicants for an endorsement must meet the physical 
examination requirements in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C.
    (c) All applicants for an endorsement must meet the safety and 
suitability requirements and the National Driver Registry review 
requirements in Sec.  10.209(e) of this subchapter, unless they have 
met these requirements within the previous 5 years in connection with 
another endorsement.


Sec.  11.821   High-speed craft type rating.

    (a) To qualify for a high speed craft type rating certificate 
(TRC), an applicant must:
    (1) Hold a valid officer endorsement for vessels of commensurate 
grade, tonnage, route, and/or horsepower; and
    (2) Present evidence of successful completion of a Coast Guard-
approved type rating training program.
    (b) A separate TRC will be issued for each type and class of high 
speed craft. The original route will be as specified in the approved 
type rating program. Additional routes may be added to an existing TRC 
by completing at least 12 roundtrips over each route under the 
supervision of a type-rated master on the class of high speed craft the 
TRC will be valid for. Six of the trips must be made during the hours 
of darkness or a ``daylight only'' restriction will be imposed.
    (c) A TRC will be valid for 2 years. The expiration date of a TRC 
will not be changed due to the addition of additional routes.
    (d) To renew a TRC, an applicant must provide evidence of:
    (1) At least 6 months of service in the appropriate position on the 
type crafts to which the TRC applies during the preceding 2 years, 
including at least 12 roundtrips over each route, together with 
evidence of a completed revalidation assessment; or
    (2) Completion of an approved revalidation training program.

Subpart I--Subjects of Examinations


Sec.  11.901   General provisions.

    (a) Where required by Sec.  11.903 of this subpart, each applicant 
for an endorsement listed in that section must pass an examination on 
the appropriate subjects listed in this subpart.
    (b) If the endorsement is to be limited in a manner that would 
render any of the subject matter unnecessary or inappropriate, the 
examination may be amended accordingly by the Coast Guard. Limitations 
that may affect the examination content are as follows:
    (1) Restricted routes for reduced service officer endorsements 
(master or mate of vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT, OUPV, or master 
or mate (pilot) of towing vessels).
    (2) Limitations to a certain class or classes of vessels.
    (c) Simulators used in assessments of competence required by 
subpart C of this part must meet the appropriate performance standards 
set out in Section A-I/12 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  11.102 of this part). However, simulators installed or 
brought into use before February 1, 2002, need not meet these 
performance standards if they fulfill the objective of the assessment 
of competence or demonstration of proficiency.


Sec.  11.903  Officer endorsements requiring examinations.

    (a) The following officer endorsements require examinations for 
issuance:
    (1) Chief mate of ocean or near-coastal, self-propelled vessels of 
unlimited tonnage (examined at the management level);\1\
    (2) Third mate of ocean or near-coastal, self-propelled vessels of 
unlimited tonnage (examined at the operational level);\1\
    (3) Chief mate of ocean or near-coastal, self-propelled vessels of 
less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT;\1\
    (4) Mate of ocean or near-coastal, self-propelled vessels of less 
than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT;\1\
    (5) Master of near-coastal vessels less than 200 GRT/500 GT;
    (6) Mate of near-coastal vessels less than 100 GRT;
    (7) Master of Great Lakes and inland vessels of unlimited tonnage;
    (8) Mate of Great Lakes and inland vessels of unlimited tonnage;
    (9) Master of inland vessels of unlimited tonnage;
    (10) Master of river vessels of unlimited tonnage;
    (11) Master of Great Lakes and inland/river vessels less than 500 
GRT or less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT;
    (12) Mate of Great Lakes and inland/river vessels less than 500 GRT 
or less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT;
    (13) Mate of Great Lakes and inland/river vessels less than 200 
GRT/500 GT;
    (14) Master of Great Lakes and inland/river vessels less than 100 
GRT;
    (15) First-class pilot;
    (16) Apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels;
    (17) Apprentice mate (steersman) of towing vessels, limited;
    (18) Operator of uninspected passenger vessels;
    (19) Master of uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (20) Mate of uninspected fishing industry vessels;
    (21) Master (OSV);
    (22) Chief mate (OSV);
    (23) Mate (OSV);
    (24) Chief engineer for service on Great Lakes and inland vessels 
(limited or unlimited propulsion power);
    (25) First assistant engineer (limited or unlimited propulsion 
power);
    (26) Second assistant engineer for service on Great Lakes and 
inland vessels (limited or unlimited propulsion power);
    (27) Third assistant engineer (limited or unlimited propulsion 
power);
    (28) Chief engineer (limited) steam/motor vessels;
    (29) Assistant engineer (limited) steam/motor vessels;
    (30) Designated duty engineer steam/motor vessels;
    (31) Chief engineer (uninspected fishing industry vessels);
    (32) Assistant engineer (uninspected fishing industry vessels);
    (33) Chief engineer (OSV); and
    (34) Assistant engineer (OSV).
    \1\ Examinations will vary depending on route desired.
    (b) The following officer endorsements do not require examinations:
    (1) Master of seagoing vessels of unlimited tonnage when upgrading 
from MMC officer endorsements, or a license and STCW endorsement as 
chief mate of seagoing vessels of unlimited tonnage, provided the 
applicant has already been examined at the management level;
    (2) Master of seagoing vessels of unlimited tonnage when adding an

[[Page 46023]]

endorsement as offshore installation manager (OIM);
    (3) Master of ocean or near-coastal, self-propelled vessels of less 
than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, when upgrading from an MMC officer/STCW 
endorsement or a license and STCW endorsement as chief mate of seagoing 
vessels of less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT, provided that the applicant 
has already been examined at the management level;
    (4) Master of ocean or near-coastal self-propelled vessels of less 
than 200 GRT/500 GT, when upgrading from mate of near-coastal self-
propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT. Master of ocean self-
propelled vessels of less than 200 GRT/500 GT would, however, require 
an examination in celestial navigation;
    (5) Second mate of seagoing vessels when upgrading from third mate 
of seagoing vessels, provided the applicant has already been examined 
at the operational level;
    (6) Master of Great Lakes and inland vessels, or river vessels of 
less than 200 GRT/500 GT when upgrading from mate of less than 200 GRT/
500 GT on the same route;
    (7) Chief engineer unlimited, provided the applicant has already 
been examined at the management level;
    (8) Chief engineer limited to service on steam, motor, or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels of less than 10,000 HP/7,500 kW on near-
coastal routes, provided the applicant has already been examined at the 
management level;
    (9) Chief engineer limited to service on steam, motor, or gas 
turbine-propelled vessels of less than 4,000 HP/3,000 kW on near-
coastal routes, provided the applicant has already been examined at the 
management level; and
    (10) Second assistant engineer when upgrading from third assistant 
engineer, provided the applicant has already been examined at the 
operational level.


Sec.  11.910   Subjects for deck officer endorsements.

    Table 11.910-1 gives the codes used in Table 11.910-2 for all deck 
officers. Table 11.910-2 indicates the examination subjects for each 
endorsement, by code number. Figures in the body of Table 11.910-2, in 
place of the letter ``x'', refer to notes.
    Table 11.910-1: Codes for Deck Officer Endorsements
    Deck Officer Endorsements:
    1. Master/chief mate, oceans/near-coastal, unlimited tonnage.
    2. Master/chief mate, oceans/near-coastal, less than 1,600 GRT/
3,000 GT.
    3. Second mate/third mate/mate, oceans/near-coastal, unlimited 
tonnage.
    4. Master, oceans/near-coastal, and mate, near-coastal, less than 
200 GRT/500 GT (includes master, near-coastal, less than 100 GRT).
    5. Operator, uninspected passenger vessels, near-coastal.
    6. Operator, uninspected passenger vessels, Great Lakes/inland.
    7. Apprentice mate, towing vessels, ocean (domestic trade) and 
near-coastal routes.
    8. Apprentice mate (steersman), towing vessels, Great Lakes, and 
inland routes.
    9. Steersman, towing vessels, Western Rivers.
    10. Master, Great Lakes/inland, or master, inland, unlimited 
tonnage.
    11. Mate, Great Lakes/inland, unlimited tonnage.
    12. Master, Great Lakes/inland, less than 500 GRT and less than 
1,600 GRT/3,000 GT.
    13. Mate, Great Lakes/inland, less than 500 GRT and less than 1,600 
GRT/3,000 GT.
    14. Master or mate, Great Lakes/inland, less than 200 GRT/500 GT 
(includes master, Great Lakes/inland, less than 100 GRT).
    15. Master, rivers, unlimited tonnage.
    16. Master, rivers, less than 500 GRT and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT.
    17. Mate, rivers, less than 500 GRT and less than 1,600 GRT/3,000 
GT.
    18. Master or mate, rivers, less than 200 GRT/500 GT (includes 
master, rivers, less than 100 GRT).
    19. Master, uninspected fishing industry vessels, oceans/near-
coastal.
    20. Mate, uninspected fishing industry vessels, oceans/near-
coastal.
    21. First-class pilot.
    22. Master (OSV).
    23. Chief mate (OSV).
    24. Mate (OSV).

                                                        Table 11.910-2--Deck Officer Endorsements
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Examination topics          1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Navigation and position
 determination:
    Ocean Track Plotting:
        Middle Latitude Sailing.   1    1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...   1    1    1
        Mercator Sailing........   X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
        Great Circle Sailing....   1    1    1    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...   1    1    1
        Parallel Sailing........   1    1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...   1    1    1
        ETA.....................   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    1    1    X    X    1
    Piloting:
        Distance Off............   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
        Bearing Problems........   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
        Fix or Running Fix......   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
        Chart Navigation........   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    2    X    X    X    X    X    2    2    2    2    X    X    X    X    X    X
        Dead Reckoning..........   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
    Celestial Observations:
        Latitude by Polaris.....   1    1    1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...   1    1    1
        Latitude by Meridian       1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...   1    1   ...
         Transit (Any Body).....
        Latitude by Meridian      ...  ...   1    1   ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...   1
         Transit (Sun Only).....
        Fix or Running Fix (Any    1    1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...   1    1    1
         Body)..................
        Fix or Running Fix (Sun   ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...
         Only)..................
        Star Identification.....   1    1    1   ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...   1    1    1
        Star Selection..........   1    1    1   ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...   1    1    1
    Times of Celestial
     Phenomena:
        Time of Meridian Transit   1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...   1    1   ...
         (Any Body).............
        Time of Meridian Transit  ...  ...   1    1   ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...   1
         (Sun Only).............
        Zone Time of Sun Rise/     1    1    1    1   ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...   1    1    1
         Set/Twilight...........
Speed by RPM....................   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   3   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
Fuel Conservation...............   X    X   ...   1   ...  ...   1   ...  ...   3   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
Electronic Navigation...........   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
Instruments & Accessories.......   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
Aids to Navigation..............   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
Charts, Navigation Publication,    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
 & Notices to Mariners..........
Nautical Astronomy & Navigation    1    1    1    1   ...  ...   1   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...   1    1    1
 Definitions....................
Chart Sketch....................  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   4   ...  ...  ...

[[Page 46024]]

 
Seamanship:
    Marlinspike Seamanship......  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X
    Purchases, Blocks, & Tackle.  ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X   ...   X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X
Watchkeeping:
    COLREGS.....................   X    X    X    X    X    5    X    5   ...   5    5    5    5    5   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    5    X    X    X
    Inland Navigational Rules...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
    Basic Principles,              X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
     Watchkeeping...............
    Navigation Safety              X   ...   X   ...  ...  ...   X   X X   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...   6    6    6    6    6    6
     Regulations (33 CFR 164)...
Compass--Magnetic & Gyro:
    Principles, Operation, and     X    X    X    7   ...  ...   1   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    7    X   ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Maintenance of Gyro Compass
    Principles of Magnetic         X    X    X    X    X    3    X    3    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
     Compass....................
    Gyro Compass Error/            X    X    X    7   ...  ...   1    X   ...   X    X    X    X    7    X   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
     Correction.................
    Magnetic Compass Error/        X    X    X    X    X    3    X    3    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
     Correction.................
    Determination of Compass
     Error:
        Azimuth (Any Body)......   X    X    X    7   ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
        Azimuth (Sun Only)......  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   3   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...
        Amplitude (Any Body)....   X    X    X    7   ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
        Amplitude (Sun Only)....  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   3   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   1    1   ...  ...  ...  ...
        Terrestrial Observation.   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
Meteorology and Oceanography:     ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
    Characteristics of Weather     X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Systems....................
    Ocean Current Systems.......   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X   ...
    Weather Charts and Reports..   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Tides and Tidal Currents:
        Terms and Definitions...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
        Publications............   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
        Calculations............   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
Vessel Maneuvering and Handling:
    Approaching Pilot Vessel or    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...
     Station....................
    Vessel Handling in Rivers &    X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...
     Estuaries..................
    Maneuvering in Shallow Water   X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...
    Interaction with Bank/         X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...
     Passing Ship...............
    Berthing and Unberthing.....   X    X   ...   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...
    Anchoring and Mooring.......   X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X
    Dragging of, Clearing Fouled   X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Anchors....................
    Heavy Weather Operations....   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   3    3    3    3    3   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Maneuvering for Launching of   X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...   3   ...   3   ...   3   ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
     Lifeboats and Liferafts in
     Heavy Weather..............
    Receiving Survivors From       X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
     Lifeboats/Liferafts........
    General: Turn Circle, Pivot   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X
     Point, Advance and Transfer
    Determine Maneuvering          X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   3   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
     Characteristics of Major
     Vessel Types...............
    Wake Reduction..............   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
    Ice Operations/Ice             X    X    X   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    3    X    3   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Navigation.................
    Towing Vessel Operations....  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
Stability, Construction, and
 Damage Control:
    Principles of Vessel           X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    3    X    X    3    X    3    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Construction...............
    Trim and Stability..........   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    3    X    3    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Damage Trim and Stability...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Stability, Trim, and Stress    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
     Calculation................
    Vessel Structural Members...   X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    3    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
    IMO Ship Stability             X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
     Recommendations............
    Damage Control..............   X    X    X    7   ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Change in Draft Due to         X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
     Density....................
Vessel Power Plants:
    Marine Power Plant Operating   X    X   ...   7   ...  ...   X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...   7    X    X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
     Principles.................
    Vessel's Auxiliary Machinery   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Marine Engineering Terms....   X    X    X    7   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Small Engine Operations and   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
     Maintenance................
Cargo Handling and Stowage:
    Cargo Stowage and Security,    X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     including Cargo Gear.......
    Loading and Discharging        X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Operations.................
    International Regulations      X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
     for Cargoes, especially
     IMDG.......................
    Dangerous/Hazardous Cargo      X    X    X   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Regulations................
    Tank Vessel and Fuel Oil       X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Operations.................
    Cargo Piping and Pumping      ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Systems....................
    Cargo Oil Terms and           ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Definitions................
    Barge Regulations             ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
     (Operations)...............
Fire Prevention and Firefighting
 Appliances:
    Organization of Fire Drills.   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Classes and Chemistry of       X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Fire.......................
    Firefighting Systems........   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
    Firefighting Equipment &       X    X    X    7   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    X    X    X
     Regulations................
    Firefighting Equipment &      ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
     Regulations for T-Boats....
    Basic Firefighting and         X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
     Prevention.................
Emergency Procedures:
        Ship Beaching              X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Precautions............
        Actions Prior to/after     X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Grounding, Including
         Refloating.............
        Collision...............   X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
        Temporary Repairs.......   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
        Passenger/Crew Safety in   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
         Emergencies............

[[Page 46025]]

 
        Fire or Explosion.......   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
        Abandon Ship Procedures.   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
        Emergency Steering......   X    X    X    7   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X   ...   X    X    X
        Rescuing Survivors from    X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
         Ship/Aircraft in
         Distress...............
        Man Overboard Procedures   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
        Emergency Towing........   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
Medical Care:
    Knowledge and use of:
        International Medical      X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Guide for Ships........
        Ship's Medical Chest &     X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Medical Aid at Sea.....
        Medical Section,           X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
         International Code of
         Signals................
Maritime Law:
    International Maritime Law:
        International Convention   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
         on Load Lines..........
        SOLAS...................   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
        MARPOL 73/78............   X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
        International Health       X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Regulations............
        Other International        X    X   ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Instruments for Ship/
         Passenger/Crew/ Cargo
         Safety.................
    National Maritime Law:
        Load Lines..............   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X   ...   3    3    3    3    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
        Certification &            X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Documentation of
         Vessels................
        Rules & Regulations for    X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
         Inspected Vessels......
        Rules & Regulations for   ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
         Inspected T-Boats......
        Rules and Regulations     ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...
         for Uninspected Vessels
        Pollution Prevention       X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
         Regulations............
        Pilotage................   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X   ...
        Licensing &                X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
         Certification of Seamen
        Shipment and Discharge,    X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
         Manning................
        Title 46, U.S. Code.....   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
        Captain of the Port       ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...  ...
         Regulations, Vessel
         Traffic Service
         Procedures for the
         Route Desired..........
Shipboard Management and
 Training:
    Personnel Management........   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Shipboard Organization......   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Required Crew Training......   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Ship Sanitation.............   X    X   ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...   X    X    X   ...   X    X   ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Vessel Alteration/Repair Hot   X    X    X    X   ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Work.......................
    Safety......................   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
Ship's Business:
    Charters....................   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Liens and Salvage...........   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Insurance...................   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Entry and Clearance.........   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...  ...   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    ISM and Safety Management      X    X    X   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Systems....................
    Certificates and Documents     X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Required...................
Communications:
    Radiotelephone                 X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X
     Communications.............
    GMDSS.......................   X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...
    Signals:....................
    Storm/Wreck/Distress/          X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Special....................
    International Code of          X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Signals....................
    IMO Standard Maritime          X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Communication Phrases......
Lifesaving:
    Survival at Sea.............   X    X    X    X    X   ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X   ...   X    X    X
    Lifesaving Appliance           X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
     Regulations................
    Lifesaving Appliance          ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
     Regulations for T-Boats....
    Lifesaving Appliance           X    X    X    7    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    7    X    X    X    7    X    X   ...   X    X    X
     Operation..................
    Lifesaving Appliance          ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...   9   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
     Operations for T-Boats.....
Search and Rescue:
    Search and Rescue Procedures   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...   X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X   ...  ...   X    X    X
    AMVER and IAMSAR............   X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...   X    X    X
Sail/Auxiliary Sail Vessels        X    X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...   X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X    X   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...
 Addendum (8)...................
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For ocean routes only.
\2\ River chart navigation only.
\3\ Only on Great Lakes specific modules taken for ``Great Lakes and Inland'' routes.
\4\ Including recommended courses, distances, prominent aids to navigation, depths of waters in channels and over hazardous shoals, and other important
  features of the route, such as character of the bottom. The Coast Guard may accept chart sketching of only a portion or portions of the route for long
  or extended routes.
\5\ COLREGS required if endorsement is not limited to non-COLREGS waters.
\6\ For officer endorsements of 1,600 GRT/3,000 GT or more.
\7\ Only for officer endorsements of 100 GRT or more.
\8\ Sail vessel safety precautions, rules of the road, operations, heavy weather procedures, navigation, maneuvering, and sailing terminology.
  Applicants for sail/auxiliary sail endorsements to master, mate or operator of uninspected passenger vessels are also tested in the subjects contained
  in this addendum.
\9\ For officer endorsements of less than 100 GRT.

Sec.  11.920  Subjects for MODU endorsements.

    Table 11.920-1 gives the codes used in Table 11.920-2 for MODU 
endorsements. Table 11.920-2 indicates the examination subjects for 
each endorsement by the code number.
Table 11.920-1 Codes for MODU Endorsements
    1. OIM/Unrestricted
    2. OIM/Surface Units Underway

[[Page 46026]]

    3. OIM/Surface Units on Location
    4. OIM/Bottom Bearing Units Underway
    5. OIM/Bottom Bearing Units on Location
    6. Barge Supervisor
    7. Ballast Control Operator

                                   Table 11.920-2--Subjects for MODU Licenses
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Examination topics                  1         2         3         4         5         6         7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Watchkeeping:
    COLREGS...............................        X         X   ........        X   ........        X   ........
    ``Basic Principles for Navigational           X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
     Watch''..............................
    MODU obstruction lights...............        X   ........        X   ........        X         X   ........
Meteorology and oceanography:
    Synoptic chart weather forecasting....        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Characteristics of weather systems....        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Ocean current systems.................        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Tide and tidal current publications...        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
Stability, ballasting, construction and
 damage control:
    Principles of ship construction,              X         X         X         X         X         X         X
     structural members...................
    Trim and stability....................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Damaged trim and stability                    X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
     countermeasures......................
    Stability and trim calculations.......        X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
    Load line requirements................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
Operating manual:
    Rig characteristics and limitations...        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Hydrostatics data.....................        X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
    Tank tables...........................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    KG limitations........................        X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
    Severe storm instructions.............        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Transit instructions..................        X         X   ........        X   ........        X         X
    On-station instructions...............        X   ........        X   ........        X         X         X
    Unexpected list or trim...............        X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
    Ballasting procedures.................        X         X         X   ........  ........        X         X
    Operation of bilge system.............        X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
    Leg loading calculations..............        X   ........  ........        X         X   ........  ........
    Completion of variable load form......        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Evaluation of variable load form......        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Emergency procedures..................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
Maneuvering and handling:
    Anchoring and anchor handling.........        X         X         X   ........  ........        X   ........
    Heavy weather operations..............        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Mooring, positioning..................        X         X         X         X   ........        X         X
    Moving, positioning...................        X         X   ........        X   ........        X   ........
Fire prevention and firefighting
 appliances:
    Organization of fire drills...........        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Classes and chemistry of fire.........        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Firefighting systems..................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Firefighting equipment and regulations        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Basic firefighting and prevention of          X         X         X         X         X         X         X
     fires................................
Emergency procedures and contingency
 plans:
    Temporary repairs.....................        X         X         X         X   ........        X   ........
    Fire or explosion.....................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Abandon unit..........................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Man overboard.........................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Heavy weather.........................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Collision.............................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Failure of ballast control system.....        X         X         X   ........  ........        X         X
    Mooring emergencies...................        X   ........        X   ........  ........        X         X
    Blowouts..............................        X   ........        X   ........        X         X         X
    H2S safety............................        X   ........        X   ........        X         X         X
General Engineering--Power plants and
 auxiliary systems:
    Marine engineering terminology........        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Engineering equipment, operations and         X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
     failures.............................
    Offshore drilling operations..........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........        X
Deck seamanship--general:
    Transfer of personnel.................        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Support boats/helicopters.............        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Cargo stowage and securing............        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Hazardous materials/dangerous goods           X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
     precautions..........................
    Mooring equipment.....................        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Crane use procedures and inspections..        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
Medical care:
    Knowledge and use of:
        First aid.........................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
        First response medical action.....        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
Maritime law and regulation:

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    National maritime law:
        Certification and documentation of        X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
         vessels..........................
        Ship sanitation...................        X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
        Regulations for vessel inspection.        X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
        Pollution prevention regulations..        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
        Credentialing regulations.........        X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
        Rules and regulations for MODUs...        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    International Maritime law:             ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
        International Maritime                    X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
         Organization.....................
        International Convention on Load          X         X         X         X   ........  ........        X
         Lines............................
        MARPOL 73/78......................        X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
Personnel Management and Training:
    Ship's business including:
        Required logs and record keeping..        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
        Casualty reports and records......        X         X         X         X         X   ........  ........
Communications:
    Radio communications and FCC permit...        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
    Radiotelephone procedures.............        X         X         X         X         X         X   ........
Lifesaving/Survival:
    Lifesaving appliance operation                X         X         X         X         X         X         X
     (launching, boat handling)...........
    Procedures/rules for lifeboats,               X         X         X         X         X         X         X
     survival suits, PFDs, life rafts and
     emergency signals....................
    Emergency radio transmissions.........        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
    Survival at sea.......................        X         X         X         X         X         X         X
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sec.  11.950  Examination subjects for engineer officer endorsements.

Table 11.950-1:--Codes for engineer officer endorsements
    1. Chief engineer (unlimited).
    2. First assistant engineer (unlimited).
    3. Second assistant engineer (unlimited).
    4. Third assistant engineer (unlimited).
    5. Chief engineer (limited).
    6. Assistant engineer (limited).
    7. Designated duty engineer (unlimited).
    8. Designated duty engineer (4,000 HP).
    9. Designated duty engineer (1,000 HP).
    10. Chief engineer (uninspected fishing industry vessels).
    11. Assistant engineer (uninspected fishing industry vessels).
    12. Chief engineer (MODU).
    13. Assistant engineer (MODU).
    14. Chief engineer (OSV unlimited).
    15. Assistant engineer (OSV unlimited).
    16. Chief engineer (OSV 4,000 HP).
    17. Assistant engineer (OSV 4,000 HP).
    18. Electro-technical officer.
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BILLING CODE 9110-04-C

Subpart J--Recognition of Other Parties' STCW Certificates


Sec.  11.1001  Purpose of rules.

    (a) The rules in this subpart implement Regulation I/10 of the 
International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and 
Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 as amended (STCW) by establishing 
requirements and procedures for the recognition and endorsement of 
officer certificates of competence issued by other Parties to STCW 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part).
    (b) Specific regulations on the use of non-U.S. credentialed 
officers and mariners with officer endorsements (except those of 
master) are found in Sec.  15.720 of this subchapter.


Sec.  11.1003  General requirements.

    (a) The Coast Guard recognizes certificates only from countries 
that the United States has assured itself comply with requirements of 
the STCW Convention and STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  
11.102 of this part).
    (b) The Coast Guard will publish a list of countries whose 
certificates it will recognize.
    (c) The Coast Guard will issue a ``Certificate attesting 
recognition'' to an applicant after ensuring the validity and 
authenticity of the credential (certificate of competency) issued by 
his or her country of origin.
    (d) No application from a non-U.S. citizen for a ``Certificate 
attesting recognition'' issued pursuant to this subpart will be 
accepted unless the applicant's employer satisfies the requirements of 
Sec.  11.1105 of this subpart.


Sec.  11.1005  Employer application requirements.

    (a) The employer must submit the following to the Coast Guard, as a 
part of the applicant's application for a ``Certificate attesting 
recognition'', on behalf of the applicant:
    (1) A signed report that contains all material disciplinary actions 
related to the applicant, such as, but not limited to, violence or 
assault, theft, drug and alcohol policy violations, and sexual 
harassment, along with an explanation of the criteria used by the 
employer to determine the materiality of those actions; and
    (2) A signed report regarding an employer-conducted background 
check. The report must contain:
    (i) A statement that the applicant has successfully undergone an 
employer-conducted background check;
    (ii) A description of the employer-conducted background check; and
    (iii) All information derived from the employer-conducted 
background check.
    (b) If a ``Certificate attesting recognition'' is issued to the 
applicant, the employer must maintain a detailed record of the seaman's 
total service on all authorized U.S. flag vessels, and must make that 
information available to the Coast Guard upon request.
    (c) In addition to the initial material disciplinary actions report 
and the initial employer-conducted background check specified in 
paragraph (a) of this section, the employer must submit an annual 
material disciplinary actions report to update whether there have been 
any material disciplinary actions related to the applicant since the 
last material disciplinary actions report was submitted to the Coast 
Guard.
    (d) The employer must also submit to the Coast Guard the 
applicant's copy of the following:
    (1) Base credential (certificate of competency), as well as any 
other documentary evidence of proficiency (such as Basic Safety 
Training, Basic/Advanced Firefighting, Survival Craft, etc.) to verify 
that the applicant meets the manning requirements. The documentation 
must include any necessary official translation into the English 
language;
    (2) Valid medical certificate; and
    (3) Valid identification document, such as a passport or Seaman's 
Identity Document (SID).
    (e) The employer is subject to the civil penalty provisions 
specified in 46 U.S.C. 8103(f) for any violation of this section.


Sec.  11.1007  Basis for denial.

    An applicant for a ``Certificate attesting recognition'' of an 
officer certificate issued by another party must:
    (a) Have no record of material disciplinary actions during 
employment on any U.S. flag vessel of the employer, as verified in 
writing by the owner or managing operator of the U.S. flag vessels on 
which the applicant will be employed; and
    (b) Have successfully completed an employer-conducted background 
check, to the satisfaction of both the employer and the Coast Guard.


Sec.  11.1009  Restrictions.

    (a) A ``certificate attesting recognition'' of an STCW certificate 
issued by another party to a non-resident alien under this subpart 
authorizes service only on vessels owned and/or operated in accordance 
with Sec.  15.720 of this subchapter.
    (b) The certificate will be issued for service only in the 
department for which the application was submitted.
    (c) No other certificate is authorized, unless all applicable 
requirements of this subpart and the STCW Convention (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  11.102 of this part) are met, and the employer 
makes subsequent application for a new endorsement.
    (d) This certificate is not valid for service on U.S. vessels 
operating in U.S. waters.

Subpart K--Officers on a Passenger Ship When on an International 
Voyage


Sec.  11.1101  Purpose of rules.

    The rules in this subpart establish requirements for officers 
serving on passenger ships as defined in Sec.  11.1103 of this subpart.


Sec.  11.1103  Definitions.

    ``Passenger ship'' in this subpart means a ship carrying more than 
12 passengers when on an international voyage.


Sec.  11.1105  General requirements for officer endorsements.

    (a) To serve on a passenger vessel on international voyages, 
masters, deck officers, chief engineers and engineer officers, must:
    (1) Meet the appropriate requirements of the STCW Regulation V/2 
and of Section A-V/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see 
Sec.  11.102 of this part); and
    (2) Hold documentary evidence as proof of meeting these 
requirements through approved or accepted training.
    (b) Seafarers who are required to be trained in accordance with 
paragraph (a) of this section must at intervals not exceeding 5 years, 
provide evidence of maintaining the standard of competence.
    (c) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section.
    (d) Personnel serving onboard small passenger vessels engaged in 
domestic, near-coastal voyages, as defined in Sec.  11.301(j) of this 
subchapter, are not subject to any further obligation for the purpose 
of this STCW requirement.
    31. Revise part 12 to read as follows:

PART 12--REQUIREMENTS FOR RATING ENDORSEMENTS

Subpart A--General
Sec.
12.101 Purpose.
12.103 Incorporation by reference.

[[Page 46047]]

12.105 Paperwork approval.
Subpart B-General Requirements for Rating Endorsements
12.201 General requirements for domestic and STCW rating 
endorsements.
12.203 Creditable service and equivalents for domestic and STCW 
ratings endorsements.
12.205 Examination procedures and denial of rating and STCW 
endorsements.
Subpart C--[Reserved]
Subpart D--Requirements for Domestic Deck Rating Endorsements
12.401 General requirements for able seaman (A/B) endorsements.
12.403 Service or training requirements for able seaman (A/B) 
endorsements.
12.405 Examination and demonstration of ability for able seaman (A/
B) endorsements.
12.407 General requirements for lifeboatman endorsements.
12.409 General requirements for lifeboatman-limited endorsements.
Subpart E--Requirements for Domestic Engineer Rating Endorsements
12.501 General requirements for a qualified member of the engine 
department (QMED).
12.503 Service or training requirements.
12.505 Examination requirements.
Subpart F--Requirements for STCW rating endorsements
12.601 General requirements for STCW rating endorsements.
12.603 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as able 
seafarer-deck.
12.605 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as ratings 
forming part of a navigational watch (RFPNW).
12.607 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as ratings as 
able seafarer-engine.
12.609 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Ratings 
Forming Part of an Engineering Watch (RFPEW).
12.611 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as electro-
technical rating on vessels powered by main propulsion machinery of 
750 kW/1,000 HP or more.
12.613 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement in 
proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast 
rescue boats (PSC).
12.615 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement in 
proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than lifeboats 
and fast rescue boats--limited (PSC--limited).
12.617 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement in 
proficiency in fast rescue boats.
12.619 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as medical 
first-aid provider.
12.621 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as person in 
charge of medical care.
12.623 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Global 
Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) at-sea maintainer.
12.625 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as vessel 
personnel with designated security duties.
12.627 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement for security 
awareness.
Subpart G--Entry-Level Domestic Ratings and Miscellaneous Ratings
12.701 Credentials required for entry-level and miscellaneous 
ratings.
12.703 General requirements for entry-level ratings.
12.705 Endorsements for persons enrolled in a Maritime 
Administration approved training program.
12.707 Student observers.
12.709 Apprentice engineers.
12.711 Apprentice mate.
Subpart H--Non-resident Alien Members of the Steward's Department on 
U.S. Flag Large Passenger Vessels
12.801 Purpose.
12.803 General requirements.
12.805 Employer requirements.
12.807 Basis for denial.
12.809 Citizenship and identity.
12.811 Restrictions.
12.813 Alternative means of compliance.
Subpart I--Crewmembers on a Passenger Ship on an International Voyage
12.901 Purpose of rules.
12.903 Definition.
12.905 General requirements.

    Authority:  31 U.S.C. 9701; 46 U.S.C. 2101, 2103, 2110, 7301, 
7302, 7503, 7505, 7701, and 70105; Department of Homeland Security 
Delegation No. 0170.1.

Subpart A--General


Sec.  12.101  Purpose.

    (a) The purpose of this part is to provide--
    (1) A comprehensive and adequate means of determining and verifying 
the professional qualifications an applicant must possess to be 
eligible for certification to serve on merchant vessels of the United 
States; and
    (2) A means of determining that an applicant is qualified to 
receive the endorsement required by the International Convention on 
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 
1978, as amended (the STCW Convention or STCW).
    (b) The requirements applicable to approved and accepted training, 
training for a particular rating endorsement, and training and 
assessment associated with meeting the standards of competence 
established by the STCW Convention have been moved to part 10, subpart 
D.


Sec.  12.103  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part 
with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 
U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a notice of 
change in the Federal Register and the material must be available to 
the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to 
http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. Also, it is available for inspection 
at the Coast Guard, Office of Operating and Environmental Standards 
(CG-5221), 2100 Second Street SW, Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593-7126, 
and is available from the sources indicated in this section.
    (b) International Maritime Organization (IMO), 4 Albert Embankment, 
London SE1 7SR, England.
    (1) The Seafarers' Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code as 
amended (the STCW Code), incorporation by reference approved for 
Sec. Sec.  12.601, 12.603, 12.605, 12.607, 12.609, 12.611, 12.613, 
12.615, 12.617, 12.619, 12.621, 12.623, 12.811, and 12.905.
    (2) [Reserved]


Sec.  12.105  Paperwork approval.

    (a) This section lists the control numbers assigned by the Office 
of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 
(Pub. L. 96-511) for the reporting and record-keeping requirements in 
this part.
    (b) The following control numbers have been assigned to the 
sections indicated:
    (1) OMB 1625-0079--46 CFR 12.217 and 12.301.
    (2) [Reserved]

Subpart B--General Requirements for Rating Endorsements


Sec.  12.201  General requirements for domestic and STCW rating 
endorsements.

    (a) General. (1) An MMC issued to a deck or engineer officer will 
be endorsed for all entry-level ratings and any other ratings for which 
they qualify under this part.
    (2) The authorized holder of any valid rating endorsement may serve 
in any capacity in the staff department of a vessel, except in those 
capacities requiring a staff officer; except that whenever the service 
includes the handling of food, no person may be so employed unless his 
or her credential bears the food handler's endorsement ``(F.H.)''.

[[Page 46048]]

    (3) When an applicant meets the requirements for certification set 
forth in this part, the Coast Guard will issue the appropriate 
endorsement.
    (b) Physical and medical requirements. The physical and medical 
requirements applicable to the endorsements in this subpart are found 
in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C.


Sec.  12.203  Creditable service and equivalents for domestic and STCW 
ratings endorsements.

    Applicants for endorsements should refer to Sec.  10.232 of this 
subchapter for information regarding requirements for documentation and 
proof of sea service.


Sec.  12.205  Examination procedures and denial of rating and STCW 
endorsements.

    (a) The examination fee set out in Table 10.219(a) in Sec.  10.219 
of this subchapter must be paid before the applicant may take the first 
examination section.
    (b) Upon receipt of application for a rating endorsement, the Coast 
Guard will give any required examination as soon as practicable after 
determining that the applicant is otherwise qualified for the 
endorsement.
    (c) An applicant for a rating endorsement who has been duly 
examined and failed the examination may seek reexamination at any time 
after the initial examination. However, an applicant who fails an 
examination for the third time must wait 90 days before re-testing. All 
examinations and retests must be completed within 1 year of approval 
for examination.
    (d) Upon receipt of an application for an STCW endorsement, the 
Coast Guard will evaluate the applicant's qualifications. The Coast 
Guard will issue the appropriate endorsement after determining that the 
applicant satisfactorily meets all requirements for any requested STCW 
rating or qualification.

Subpart C--[Reserved]

Subpart D--Requirements for Domestic Deck Rating Endorsements


Sec.  12.401  General requirements for able seaman (A/B) endorsements.

    (a) General. An able seaman (A/B) is any person below officer and 
above the ordinary seaman who holds an MMC or MMD endorsed as A/B by 
the Coast Guard.
    (b) Categories. The following categories of able seaman 
endorsements are established:
    (1) Able seaman--any waters, unlimited.
    (2) Able seaman--limited.
    (3) Able seaman--special.
    (4) Able seaman--offshore supply vessels.
    (5) Able seaman--sail.
    (6) Able seaman--fishing industry.
    (c) Requirements for certification. To qualify for an endorsement 
as able seaman, an applicant must:
    (1) Be at least 18 years of age;
    (2) Pass the prescribed physical and medical examination 
requirements specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C;
    (3) Present evidence of having passed a chemical test for dangerous 
drugs or of qualifying for an exemption from testing described in Sec.  
16.220 of this subchapter;
    (4) Meet the sea service or training requirements set forth in this 
part;
    (5) Pass an examination for able seaman;
    (6) Qualify for an endorsement as lifeboatman or lifeboatman-
limited; and
    (7) Speak and understand the English language as would be required 
in performing the general duties of able seaman and during an emergency 
aboard ship.
    (d) Additional requirements. (1) The holder of an MMC or MMD 
endorsed for the rating of A/B may serve in any rating in the deck 
department without obtaining an additional endorsement, provided:
    (i) That the holder possesses the appropriate A/B endorsement for 
the service of the vessel; and
    (ii) That the holder possesses the appropriate STCW endorsement 
when serving as an able seafarer-deck or Ratings Forming Part of the 
Navigational Watch (RFPNW) on a seagoing ship of 200 GRT/500 GT or 
more.
    (2) After [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS RULE] any MMC endorsed as A/B 
will also be endorsed as lifeboatman or lifeboatman-limited, as 
appropriate.
    (3) The A/B endorsement will clearly describe the type of rating 
that it represents (See paragraph (a) of this section).


Sec.  12.403  Service or training requirements for able seaman (A/B) 
endorsements.

    (a) The minimum service required to qualify for the various 
categories of endorsement as able seaman is:
    (1) Able seaman--any waters, unlimited. Three years of service on 
deck on vessels operating on oceans or the Great Lakes.
    (2) Able seaman--limited. Eighteen months of service on deck on 
vessels of 100 GRT or more which operate in a service not exclusively 
confined to the rivers and smaller inland lakes of the United States.
    (3) Able seaman--special. Twelve months of service on deck on 
vessels operating on oceans or the navigable waters of the United 
States, including the Great Lakes.
    (4) Able seaman--offshore supply vessels. Six months of service on 
deck on vessels operating on oceans or the navigable waters of the 
United States, including the Great Lakes.
    (5) Able seaman--sail. Six months of service on deck on sailing 
school vessels, oceanographic research vessels powered primarily by 
sail, or equivalent sailing vessels operating on oceans or navigable 
waters of the United States, including the Great Lakes.
    (6) Able seaman--fishing industry. Six months of service on deck, 
not as a processor, onboard vessels operating on oceans or navigable 
waters of the United States, including the Great Lakes.
    (b) Approved training programs may be substituted for the required 
periods of service on deck as follows:
    (1) A graduate of a school ship may be qualified for a rating 
endorsement as A/B, without further service, upon satisfactory 
completion of the course of instruction. For this purpose, school ship 
is interpreted to mean an institution that offers a complete approved 
course of instruction, including a period of at-sea training, in the 
skills appropriate to the rating of A/B.
    (2) Training programs, other than those classified as a school 
ship, may be substituted for up to one-third of the required service on 
deck. The service/training ratio for each program is determined by the 
Coast Guard, which may allow a maximum of 3 days of deck service credit 
for each day of instruction.


Sec.  12.405  Examination and demonstration of ability for able seaman 
(A/B) endorsements.

    (a) Before an applicant is issued an endorsement as an A/B, he or 
she must prove to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard, by oral or other 
means of examination, and by actual demonstration in a Coast Guard-
approved course, his or her knowledge of seamanship and the ability to 
carry out effectively all the duties that may be required of an A/B, 
including those of a lifeboatman or lifeboatman-limited.
    (b) The examination, whether administered orally or by other means, 
must be conducted only in the English language and must consist of 
questions regarding:
    (1) The applicant's knowledge of nautical terms, use of the compass 
for navigation, running lights, passing signals, and fog signals for 
vessels on the high seas, inland waters, or Great Lakes, and distress 
signals; and

[[Page 46049]]

    (2) The applicant's knowledge of commands in handling the wheel by 
obeying orders passed to him or her as helmsman, and knowledge of the 
use of the engineroom telegraph.
    (c) The applicant must demonstrate knowledge of the principal 
knots, bends, splices, and hitches in common use by actually making 
them as part of a Coast Guard-approved course.
    (d) The applicant must demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the 
Coast Guard, knowledge of pollution laws and regulations, procedures 
for discharge containment and cleanup, and methods for disposal of 
sludge and waste material from cargo and fueling operations.


Sec.  12.407  General requirements for lifeboatman endorsements.

    (a) General. Every person serving under the authority of a rating 
endorsement as lifeboatman on any United States vessel requiring 
lifeboatman must hold an endorsement as lifeboatman. No endorsement as 
lifeboatman is required of any person employed on any unrigged vessel, 
except on a seagoing barge and on a tank barge navigating waters other 
than rivers and/or canals.
    (b) Requirements for Certification. (1) To qualify for an 
endorsement as lifeboatman, an applicant must:
    (i) Be at least 18 years of age;
    (ii) Pass the prescribed physical and medical examination 
requirements specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C; and
    (iii) Present evidence of having passed a chemical test for 
dangerous drugs or qualifying for an exemption for testing described in 
Sec.  16.220 of this subchapter.
    (2) To be eligible for an endorsement as lifeboatman, an applicant 
must meet one of the following sea service requirements:
    (i) At least 12 months of sea service in any department of vessels 
on ocean, coastwise, inland, and Great Lakes; or
    (ii) At least 6 months of sea service in any department of vessels 
and successful completion of an approved course.
    (3) Before an applicant is issued an endorsement as a lifeboatman, 
he or she must prove to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard by oral or 
other means of examination, and by actual practical demonstration of 
abilities, his or her knowledge of seamanship and the ability to carry 
out effectively all the duties that may be required of a lifeboatman.
    (4) The practical demonstration must consist of a demonstration of 
the applicant's ability to:
    (i) Take charge of a survival craft or rescue boat during and after 
launch;
    (ii) Operate a survival craft engine;
    (iii) Demonstrate the ability to row by actually pulling an oar in 
the boat;
    (iv) Manage a survival craft and survivors after abandoning ship;
    (v) Safely recover survival craft and rescue boats; and
    (vi) Use locating and communication devices.
    (5) The examination, whether administered orally or by other means, 
must be conducted only in the English language and must consist of 
questions regarding:
    (i) Lifeboats and liferafts, the names of their essential parts, 
and a description of the required equipment;
    (ii) The clearing away, swinging out, and lowering of lifeboats and 
liferafts, the handling of lifeboats under oars and sails, including 
questions relative to the proper handling of a boat in a heavy sea; and
    (iii) The operation and functions of commonly used types of davits.
    (6) An applicant, to be eligible for an endorsement as lifeboatman, 
must be able to speak and understand the English language as would be 
required in the rating of lifeboatman and in an emergency aboard ship.


Sec.  12.409  General requirements for lifeboatman-limited 
endorsements.

    (a) General. Every person serving onboard vessels fitted with 
liferafts, but not fitted with lifeboats, must hold an MMC or MMD 
endorsed as lifeboatman or as lifeboatman-limited. No endorsement as 
lifeboatman or lifeboatman-limited is required of any person employed 
on any unrigged vessel, except on a seagoing barge and on a tank barge 
navigating waters other than rivers and/or canals.
    (b) Requirements for Certification. (1) To qualify for an 
endorsement as lifeboatman-limited, an applicant must:
    (i) Be at least 18 years of age;
    (ii) Pass the prescribed physical and medical examination 
requirements specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C; and
    (iii) Present evidence of having passed a chemical test for 
dangerous drugs or qualifying for an exemption for testing described in 
Sec.  16.220 of this subchapter.
    (2) An applicant to be eligible for an endorsement as lifeboatman-
limited must meet one of the following sea service requirements:
    (i) At least 12 months of sea service in any department of vessels 
on ocean, coastwise, inland, and Great Lakes; or
    (ii) At least 6 months of sea service in any department of vessels 
and successful completion of an approved course.
    (3) Before an applicant is issued an endorsement as a lifeboatman, 
he or she must prove to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard by oral or 
other means of examination, and by actual practical demonstration of 
abilities, his or her knowledge of seamanship and the ability to carry 
out effectively all the duties that may be required of a lifeboatman-
limited.
    (4) The practical demonstration must consist of a demonstration of 
the applicant's ability to:
    (i) Take charge of a rescue boat, liferaft, or other lifesaving 
apparatus during and after launch;
    (ii) Operate a rescue boat engine;
    (iii) Manage a survival craft and survivors after abandoning ship;
    (iv) Safely recover rescue boats; and
    (v) Use locating and communication devices.
    (5) The examination, whether administered orally or by other means, 
must be conducted only in the English language and must consist of 
questions regarding:
    (i) Liferafts, rescue boats, and other survival craft except 
lifeboats, the names of their essential parts, and a description and 
use of the required equipment;
    (ii) The clearing away, launching, and handling of rescue craft 
except lifeboats; and
    (iii) The operation and functions of commonly used launching 
devices for rescue boats and survival craft other than lifeboats.
    (6) An applicant, to be eligible for an endorsement as lifeboatman-
limited, must be able to speak and understand the English language as 
would be required in the rating of lifeboatman-limited and in an 
emergency aboard ship.

Subpart E--Requirements for Domestic Engineer Rating Endorsements


Sec.  12.501  General requirements for a qualified member of the engine 
department (QMED).

    (a) General. A qualified member of the engine department (QMED) is 
any person below officer and above the rating of coal passer or wiper 
who holds an MMC or MMD endorsed as QMED by the Coast Guard.
    (b) Categories. (1) Each QMED rating must be endorsed separately, 
unless the applicant qualifies for all QMED ratings, in which case the 
endorsement will read ``QMED--any rating.'' The ratings are:
    (i) Watertender/Fireman;
    (ii) Oiler;
    (iii) Junior engineer;
    (iv) Electrician/Refrigerating engineer; and
    (v) Pumpman/Machinist.

[[Page 46050]]

    (2) The Coast Guard will no longer issue new endorsements for deck 
engineer, deck/engine mechanic, or engineman, as well as individual 
endorsements for refrigerating engineer, machinist, electrician, and 
pumpman. However, a mariner who holds any of these endorsements may 
continue to renew it as long as he or she is otherwise qualified.
    (3) If the holder of an endorsement as:
    (i) Pumpman only or machinist only, seeks the combined endorsement 
of pumpman/machinist, the mariner must pass the examination described 
in Table 12.505(c) of this subpart.
    (ii) Electrician only or refrigerating engineer only, seeks the 
combined endorsement of electrician/refrigerating engineer, the mariner 
must pass the examination described in Table 12.505(c) of this subpart.
    (c) Requirements for certification. To qualify for any endorsement 
as QMED, an applicant must:
    (1) Be at least 18 years of age;
    (2) Pass the prescribed physical and medical examination 
requirements specified in 46 CFR, part 10, subpart C;
    (3) Present evidence of having passed a chemical test for dangerous 
drugs or of qualifying for an exemption from testing described in Sec.  
16.220 of this subchapter;
    (4) Meet the sea service or training requirements in Sec.  12.503 
of this subpart;
    (5) Pass an examination as QMED; and
    (6) Speak and understand the English language as would be required 
in performing the general duties of QMED and during an emergency aboard 
ship.


Sec.  12.503  Service or training requirements.

    (a) An applicant for an endorsement as QMED must furnish the Coast 
Guard proof of qualification based on 6 months of service in a rating 
at least equal to that of wiper or coal passer.
    (b) Approved training programs may be substituted for the required 
periods of service as follows:
    (1) A graduate of a school ship may qualify for a rating 
endorsement as QMED, without further service, upon satisfactory 
completion of the course of instruction. For this purpose, school ship 
is interpreted to mean an institution that offers a complete approved 
course of instruction, including a period of at-sea training, in the 
skills appropriate to the rating of QMED.
    (2) Training programs, other than those classified as a school 
ship, may be substituted for up to one-half of the required service. 
The service/training ratio for each program is determined by the Coast 
Guard.


Sec.  12.505  Examination requirements.

    (a) Before an applicant is issued an endorsement as QMED in the 
rating of oiler, watertender/fireman, junior engineer, pumpman/
machinist, or electrician/refrigerating engineer, he or she must prove 
to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard, by oral or other means of 
examination, his or her knowledge of the subjects listed in paragraph 
(c) of this section.
    (b) The examination, whether administered orally or by other means, 
must be conducted only in the English language.
    (c) List of subjects required:

                                                 Table 12.505(c)--Examination Subjects for QMED Ratings
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                        Electrician/
                           Subjects                                 Pumpman/          Fireman/            Oiler         refrigerating    Junior engineer
                                                                    machinist        watertender                          engineer
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
General subjects:
    Auxiliary machinery.......................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Basic safety procedures...................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Bearings..................................................                X   ................                X                 X                 X
    Care of equipment and machine parts.......................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Deck machinery............................................                X   ................  ................                X                 X
    Drawings and tables.......................................                X   ................  ................                X                 X
    Heat exchangers...........................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Hydraulic principles......................................                X   ................  ................                X                 X
    Instrumentation principles................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Lubrication principles....................................                X   ................                X                 X                 X
    Maintenance procedures....................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Measuring instruments.....................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Pipes, fittings, and valves...............................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Pollution prevention......................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Properties of fuel........................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Pumps, fans, and blowers..................................                X   ................  ................                X                 X
    Refrigeration principles..................................  ................  ................                X                 X                 X
    Remote control equipment..................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Use of hand/power tools...................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Watch duties..............................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
Electrical subjects:
    A/C circuits..............................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Batteries.................................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Calculations..............................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Communication devices.....................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    D/C circuits..............................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Distribution systems......................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Electronic principles.....................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Generation equipment......................................  ................  ................                X                 X                 X
    Maintenance...............................................  ................  ................                X                 X                 X
    Measuring devices.........................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Motor controllers.........................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Motors....................................................  ................  ................                X                 X                 X
    Safety....................................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Troubleshooting...........................................  ................  ................  ................                X   ................
Safety and environmental protection subjects:
    Communications............................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X

[[Page 46051]]

 
    Damage control............................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Elementary first aid......................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Emergency equipment.......................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Environmental awareness...................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Fire prevention...........................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Firefighting equipment....................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Firefighting principles...................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    General safety............................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Hazardous materials.......................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
Shipboard equipment and systems subjects:
    Air conditioning..........................................  ................  ................  ................                X                 X
    Ballast...................................................                X                 X                 X   ................                X
    Bilge.....................................................                X                 X                 X   ................                X
    Compressed air............................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Desalination..............................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Fuel oil storage/transfer.................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Fuel treatment............................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Heating/ventilation.......................................                X   ................  ................                X                 X
    Lubrication...............................................                X   ................                X                 X                 X
    Potable water.............................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Refrigeration.............................................  ................  ................                X                 X                 X
    Sanitary/sewage...........................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Steering..................................................  ................  ................                X                 X                 X
Steam propulsion subjects:
    Auxiliary turbines........................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Boiler fundamentals.......................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Combustion principles.....................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Condensate systems........................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Drive systems.............................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Feedwater systems.........................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Fuel service systems......................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
    Maintenance...............................................                X                 X                 X   ................                X
    Safety....................................................                X                 X                 X                 X                 X
    Steam fundamentals........................................                X                 X                 X   ................                X
    Turbine fundamentals......................................  ................                X                 X   ................                X
Motor propulsion subjects:
    Air-charge systems........................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Cooling water systems.....................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Diesel engine principles..................................                X   ................                X   ................                X
    Drive systems.............................................                X   ................                X   ................                X
    Fuel service systems......................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Intake/exhaust............................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Lubrication systems.......................................                X   ................                X   ................                X
    Starting systems..........................................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
    Waste heat/auxiliary boiler...............................  ................  ................                X   ................                X
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Subpart F--Requirements for STCW Rating Endorsements


Sec.  12.601  General requirements for STCW rating endorsements.

    (a) General. The Coast Guard will issue this endorsement to 
qualified applicants for any of the following ratings or 
qualifications:
    (i) Able seafarer-deck;
    (ii) Ratings forming part of a navigational watch (RFPNW);
    (iii) Able seafarer-engine;
    (iv) Ratings forming part of a watch in a manned engineroom or 
designated to perform duties in a periodically unmanned engine room 
(RFPEW);
    (v) Electro-technical rating on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP or more;
    (vi) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats, other than 
fast rescue boats (PSC);
    (vii) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats, other than 
lifeboats and fast rescue boats (PSC-limited);
    (viii) Proficiency in fast rescue boats;
    (ix) Medical first-aid provider;
    (x) Person-in-charge of medical care;
    (xi) GMDSS at-sea maintainer;
    (xii) Vessel personnel with designated security duties; or
    (xiii) Security awareness.
    (b) Standard of competence. (1) The Coast Guard will accept one or 
more methods to demonstrate meeting the standard of competence in this 
subpart. The Coast Guard will accept the following as evidence for each 
one of the methods required in Column 3--Methods for demonstrating 
competence--of the Tables of Competence in the STCW Code (incorporated 
by reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this part):
    (i) In-service experience: documentation of successful completion 
of assessments, approved or accepted by the Coast Guard, and signed by 
a seafarer with a higher credential, deck or engineering, as 
appropriate, than the assessment related to the credential sought by 
the applicant.
    (ii) Training ship experience: documentation of successful 
completion of an approved training program involving formal training 
and assessment onboard a training ship.
    (iii) Simulator training: documentation of successful completion

[[Page 46052]]

of training and assessment from a Coast Guard-approved course involving 
maritime simulation.
    (iv) Laboratory equipment training: documentation of successful 
completion of training and assessments from an approved training course 
or completion certificate from an approved training school or facility.
    (v) Practical training or instruction:
    (A) Documentation of successful completion of assessment as part of 
structured/formal training or instruction provided by an organization 
or company as part of an accepted safety or quality management system; 
or
    (B) Documentation of successful completion of an approved training 
course from a school or facility.
    (vi) Specialist training: documentation of successful completion of 
assessment as part of a company training or specialized training 
provided by a maritime or equipment specialist.
    (vii) Workshop skills training: documentation of successful 
completion of assessments or completion certificate from an approved 
training program, school or facility.
    (viii) Training program: documentation of successful completion of 
an approved training program.
    (ix) Practical demonstration and practical demonstration of 
competence: documentation of successful completion of assessments 
approved or accepted by the Coast Guard.
    (x) Practical test and practical experience: documentation of 
successful completion of assessments approved or accepted by the Coast 
Guard.
    (xi) Examination: Successful completion of a Coast Guard 
examination.
    (xii) Instruction or course: documentation of successful completion 
of a course of instruction offered by an approved training school or 
facility.
    (2) Knowledge components may be documented by:
    (i) Successful completion of the Coast Guard examination for the 
associated rating endorsement;
    (ii) Successful completion of an approved course; or
    (iii) Successful completion of an approved program.
    (3) The Coast Guard will publish assessment guidelines that should 
be used to document assessments that demonstrate meeting the standard 
of competence, as required by paragraph (b)(1) of this section. 
Organizations may develop alternative assessment documentation for 
demonstrations of competence; however, it must be approved by the Coast 
Guard prior to their use and submittal with an application.
    (c) Basic Safety Training (BST). (1) Applicants seeking an STCW 
rating endorsement must provide evidence, with their application, of 
meeting the standard of competence for basic safety training as 
described below:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code;
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code;
    (iii) Elementary first aid as set out in Table A-VI/1-3 of the STCW 
Code; and
    (iv) Personal safety and social responsibilities as set out in 
Table A-VI/1-4 of the STCW Code.
    (2) Seafarers qualified in accordance with paragraph (c) of this 
section must provide evidence of maintaining the standard of competence 
every 5 years for the following elements of BST:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code.
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code.
    (3) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements for BST of paragraph (c)(2) of this section 
for the following areas:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code:
    (A) Don a lifejacket;
    (B) Board a survival craft from the ship, while wearing a 
lifejacket;
    (C) Take initial actions on boarding a lifeboat to enhance chance 
of survival;
    (D) Stream a lifeboat drogue or sea-anchor;
    (E) Operate survival craft equipment; and
    (F) Operate location devices, including radio equipment.
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code:
    (A) Use self-contained breathing apparatus; and
    (B) Effect a rescue in a smoke-filled space, using an approved 
smoke-generating device aboard, while wearing a breathing apparatus.
    (4) The Coast Guard will only accept evidence of approved 
assessments conducted ashore as meeting the requirements for BST of 
paragraph (c)(2) of this section for the following areas:
    (i) Personal survival techniques as set out in Table A-VI/1-1 of 
the STCW Code:
    (A) Don and use an immersion suit;
    (B) Safely jump from a height into the water;
    (C) Right an inverted liferaft while wearing a lifejacket;
    (D) Swim while wearing a lifejacket; and
    (E) Keep afloat without a lifejacket.
    (ii) Fire prevention and firefighting as set out in Table A-VI/1-2 
of the STCW Code:
    (A) Use various types of portable fire extinguishers;
    (B) Extinguish smaller fires, e.g., electrical fires, oil fires, 
and propane fires;
    (C) Extinguish extensive fires with water, using jet and spray 
nozzles;
    (D) Extinguish fires with foam, powder, or any other suitable 
chemical agent;
    (E) Fight fire in smoke-filled enclosed spaces wearing self-
contained breathing apparatus;
    (F) Extinguish fire with water fog or any other suitable 
firefighting agent in an accommodation room or simulated engineroom 
with fire and heavy smoke; and
    (G) Extinguish oil fire with fog applicator and spray nozzles, dry 
chemical powder, or foam applicators.
    (5) Applicants who cannot meet the 1 year of sea service within the 
last 5 years, as described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, will be 
required to meet the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (d) Grandfathering. (1) Except as noted otherwise, each candidate 
who applies for a credential based on approved or accepted training or 
approved seagoing service that was started on or after July 1, 2013, or 
who applies for the MMC endorsement on or after January 1, 2017, must 
meet the requirements of these regulations.
    (2) Except as noted by this subpart, seafarers holding an STCW 
endorsement prior to July 1, 2013 will not be required to complete any 
additional training required under this part to retain the STCW 
endorsements.
    (3) Except as noted otherwise, candidates who commence Coast Guard-
approved or -accepted training or approved seagoing service before July 
1, 2013 will be required to comply with the requirements of this part 
existing before the publication of these regulations [EFFECTIVE DATE OF 
THE RULE]. This includes the assessments published prior to the date of 
publication of these regulations [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE RULE], as well 
as the additional requirements for the STCW endorsement section.
    (4) Except as noted by this subpart, the Coast Guard will continue 
to issue STCW endorsements meeting the requirements of this part 
existing before the publication of these regulations [EFFECTIVE DATE OF 
THE RULE], for

[[Page 46053]]

seafarers identified in paragraph (d)(3) of this section, until January 
1, 2017.


Sec.  12.603  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as able 
seafarer-deck.

    (a) To qualify for this endorsement as able seafarer-deck, an 
applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 18 years of age;
    (2) Meet the requirements for certification as a RFPNW;
    (3) While qualified as an RFPNW, have seagoing service in the deck 
department of:
    (i) Not less than 18 months; or
    (ii) Not less than 12 months and have completed approved training;
    (4) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Table A-II/5 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  12.103 of this part); and
    (5) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved 
training in:
    (i) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast 
rescue boats (PSC); or
    (ii) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats, other than 
lifeboats or fast rescue boats-limited (PSC-limited), as appropriate.
    (b) Until January 1, 2017, seafarers may be considered to have met 
the requirements of this section if they have served as a watchstanding 
A/B, or as an RFPNW for a period of not less than 12 months within the 
60 months prior to application.
    (c) Seafarers holding a rating endorsement as able seaman, before 
January 1, 2017, will be eligible for this endorsement upon showing 
evidence of:
    (1) Holding an endorsement as an RFPNW; and
    (2) Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats, other than fast 
rescue boats (PSC).
    (d) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/5 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (e) Seafarers with the following domestic rating endorsements will 
be eligible for this endorsement upon completion of the requirements 
designated in this section:

                             Table 12.603(e)--STCW Endorsement as Able Seafarer-Deck
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     Training
      Entry path from domestic          Sea service under    Competence--STCW  Competence--STCW    required by
            endorsements                authority of the     table  A-II/4 **    table  A-II/5     this section
                                          endorsement *                               ***              ****
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A/B Unlimited, any waters..........  ......................                Y                 Y                N
A/B Limited........................  ......................                Y                 Y                N
A/B Special........................  6 months..............                Y                 Y                N
A/B-Offshore supply vessels........  12 months \1\.........                Y                 Y                N
A/B Sail...........................  12 months \1\.........                Y                 Y                N
A/B-Fishing Industry...............  12 months \1\.........                Y                 Y                N
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements
  of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.
*** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(4) of this section not previously satisfied.
**** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(5) of this section not previously satisfied.
\1\ The service may be reduced to 6 months if training has been completed as part of an approved training
  program meeting the requirements of (a)(3)(ii) of this section.

Sec.  12.605  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
ratings forming part of a navigational watch (RFPNW).

    (a) To qualify for this endorsement as an RFPNW on a seagoing 
vessel of 200 GRT/500 GT or more, an applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 16 years of age;
    (2) Provide evidence of service as follows:
    (i) Six months of seagoing service, which includes training and 
experience associated with navigational watchkeeping functions, and 
involves the performance of duties carried out under the supervision of 
the master, mate, or qualified STCW deck rating; or
    (ii) Proof of successful completion of Coast Guard-approved or -
accepted training, which includes not less than 2 months of approved 
seagoing service; and
    (3) The applicant must provide evidence of meeting standards of 
competence prescribed in Table A-II/4 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this part).
    (b) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-II/4 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (c) Seafarers with the following domestic rating endorsements will 
be eligible for this endorsement upon completion of requirements 
designated in this section:

               Table 12.605(c)--STCW Endorsement as RFPNW
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Sea service under
     Entry path from domestic        authority of the   Competence--STCW
           endorsements               endorsement *     table  A-II/4 **
------------------------------------------------------------------------
A/B Unlimited, any waters........  ...................                Y
A/B Limited......................
A/B Special......................  ...................                Y
A/B-Offshore supply vessels......  ...................                Y
A/B Sail.........................
A/B-Fishing Industry.............  ...................                Y
Ordinary seaman..................  6 mo...............                Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the
  seafarer in order to meet the requirements of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously
  satisfied.


[[Page 46054]]

Sec.  12.607  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as rating 
as able seafarer-engine.

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as an able seafarer-engine, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 18 years of age;
    (2) Meet the requirements for certification as a ratings forming 
part of an engineering watch (RFPEW);
    (3) While qualified as an RFNEW, have seagoing service in the 
engine department of:
    (i) Not less than 12 months; or
    (ii) Not less than 6 months and have completed approved training; 
and
    (4) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Table A-III/5 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  12.103 of this part).
    (b) Until January 1, 2017, seafarers may be considered to have met 
the requirements of this section if they have served as a watchstanding 
QMED in the engine department, or an RFPEW for a period of not less 
than 12 months within the last 60 months prior to application.
    (c) Seafarers holding a rating endorsement as Qualified Member of 
the Engine Department (QMED) before January 1, 2017 will be eligible 
for this endorsement upon showing evidence of holding an endorsement as 
an RFPEW.
    (d) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/5 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (e) Seafarers with the following domestic rating endorsements will 
be eligible for this endorsement upon completion of requirements 
designated in this section:

        Table 12.607(e)--STCW Endorsement As Able Seafarer-Engine
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Sea service
                                             under      Competence--STCW
 Entry path from domestic endorsements   authority of    table  A-III/5
                                              the              **
                                         endorsement *
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Oiler.................................  ..............                Y
Fireman/watertender...................  ..............                Y
Junior engineer.......................  ..............                Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the
  seafarer in order to meet the requirements of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(4) of this section not previously
  satisfied.

Sec.  12.609  Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as Rating 
Forming Part of an Engineering Watch (RFPEW).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as an RFPEW in a manned 
engineroom or designated to perform duties in a periodically unmanned 
engineroom, an applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 16 years of age;
    (2) Provide evidence of service as follows:
    (i) Six months of seagoing service, which includes training and 
experience associated with engineroom functions, and involves the 
performance of duties carried out under the supervision of an engineer 
officer or a qualified STCW rating; or
    (ii) Proof of successful completion of a Coast Guard-approved or -
accepted training, which includes not less than 2 months approved 
seagoing service; and
    (3) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence as 
specified in Table A-III/4 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  12.103 of this part).
    (b) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any 
individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in 
Section A-III/4 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by 
the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the 
certificate may include a corresponding limitation.
    (c) Seafarers with the following domestic rating endorsements will 
be eligible for this endorsement upon completion of requirements 
designated in this section:


               Table 12.609(c)--STCW Endorsement as RFPEW
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Sea service under   Competence--STCW
     Entry path from domestic        authority of the    table  A-III/4
           endorsements               endorsement *            **
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Any QMED.........................  ...................              Y
Wiper............................  6 months...........              Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the
  seafarer in order to meet the requirements of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously
  satisfied.

Sec.  12.611   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
electro-technical rating on vessels powered by main propulsion 
machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP or more.

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as an electro-technical 
rating, an applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 18 years of age;
    (2) Provide evidence of:
    (i) Twelve months of seagoing service that includes training and 
experience associated with engineroom watchkeeping functions and 
involves the performance of duties carried out under the supervision of 
an engineer officer, electro-technical officer, or a qualified STCW 
rating;
    (ii) Proof of successful completion of a Coast Guard-approved or -
accepted course, which includes not less than 6 months of approved 
seagoing service; or
    (iii) Qualifications meeting the standard of competence specified 
in Table A-III/7 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  
12.103 of this part) and approved seagoing service of not less than 3 
months; and
    (3) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Table A-III/7 of the STCW Code.
    (b) An applicant who holds an STCW endorsement as able seafarer-
engine and

[[Page 46055]]

domestic rating endorsements as electrician, electrician/refrigerating 
engineer, or junior engineer issued on or after July 1, 2013, and who 
has served in a relevant capacity onboard a seagoing ship powered by 
main-propulsion machinery of 750 kW/1,000 HP for a period of not less 
than 12 months in the previous 60 months, will qualify for this 
endorsement without additional training, service, or assessment.
    (c) An applicant who holds an STCW endorsement as able seafarer-
engine and domestic rating endorsements as electrician, electrician/
refrigerating engineer, or junior engineer issued before July 1, 2013, 
and who has completed the assessment and training described in 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section, will qualify for this endorsement 
without additional training, service, or assessment.
    (d) Seafarers with the following domestic rating endorsement will 
be eligible for this endorsement upon completion of the requirements 
designated in this section:

               Table 12.609(d)--STCW Endorsement as RFPEW
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Sea service
                                             under      Competence--STCW
 Entry path from domestic endorsements   authority of    table  A-III/4
                                              the              **
                                         endorsement *
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Electrician/Refrigerating engineer....  ..............                Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This column provides the minimum additional service required of the
  seafarer in order to meet the requirements of this section.
** Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously
  satisfied.

Sec.  12.613   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement in 
proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast rescue 
boats (PSC).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement in proficiency in survival 
craft and rescue boats other than fast rescue boats (PSC), the 
applicant must:
    (1) Be at least 18 years of age;
    (2) Meet the requirements for a lifeboatman endorsement in Sec.  
12.407 of this part; and
    (3) Complete BST, found in Sec.  12.601(c) of this subpart.
    (b) Continued Professional Competence. (1) Seafarers qualified in 
accordance with paragraph (a) of this section must provide evidence of 
maintaining the standard of competence as set out in Table A-VI/2-1 of 
the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this 
part) every 5 years.
    (2) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section for the 
following areas as set out in Table A-VI/2-1 of the STCW Code:
    (i) Take charge of a survival craft or rescue boat during and after 
launch:
    (A) Interpret the markings on survival craft as to the number of 
persons they are intended to carry;
    (B) Give correct commands for launching and boarding survival 
craft, clearing the ship, and handling and disembarking persons from 
survival craft;
    (C) Prepare and safely launch survival craft and clear the ship's 
side quickly; and
    (D) Safely recover survival craft and rescue boats.
    (ii) Manage survivors and survival craft after abandoning ship:
    (A) Row and steer a boat and steer by compass;
    (B) Use individual items of equipment of survival crafts, except 
for pyrotechnics; and
    (C) Rig devices to aid location.
    (iii) Use locating devices, including communication and signaling 
apparatus:
    (A) Use of portable radio equipment for survival craft.
    (iv) Apply first aid to survivors.
    (3) The Coast Guard will only accept evidence of assessments 
conducted from ashore as meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) 
of this section for the areas not included in paragraph (b)(2) of this 
section as set out in Table A-VI/2-1 of the STCW Code.
    (c) Seafarers holding an MMD or MMC endorsement as lifeboatman 
before January 1, 2017 will be eligible for this endorsement upon 
showing evidence of sea service of not less than 12 months within the 
last 60 months. The sea service must be completed prior to January 1, 
2017.


Sec.  12.615   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement in 
proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than lifeboats and 
fast rescue boats--limited (PSC--limited).

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement in proficiency in survival 
craft and rescue boats other than lifeboats and fast rescue boats--
limited (PSC--limited)--the applicant must:
    (1) Be at least 18 years of age;
    (2) Meet the requirements for a lifeboatman-limited endorsement in 
Sec.  12.409 of this part; and
    (3) Complete BST, found in Sec.  12.601(c) of this subpart.
    (b) Continued Professional Competence. (1) Seafarers qualified in 
accordance with paragraph (a) of this section must provide evidence of 
maintaining the standard of competence as set out in Table A-VI/2-1 of 
the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this 
part) every 5 years.
    (2) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section for the 
following areas as set out in Table A-VI/2-1 of the STCW Code:
    (i) Take charge of a survival craft or rescue boat during and after 
launch:
    (A) Interpret the markings on survival craft as to the number of 
persons they are intended to carry;
    (B) Give correct commands for launching and boarding rescue boats 
and survival craft other than lifeboats, clearing the ship, and 
handling and disembarking persons from survival craft;
    (C) Prepare and safely launch rescue boats and survival craft other 
than lifeboats and clear the ship's side quickly; and
    (D) Safely recover rescue boats.
    (ii) Manage survivors and survival craft after abandoning ship:
    (A) Steer a rescue boat and steer by compass;
    (B) Use individual items of equipment of survival crafts other than 
lifeboats, except for pyrotechnics; and
    (C) Rig devices to aid location.
    (iii) Use locating devices, including communication and signaling 
apparatus:
    (A) Use of portable radio equipment for rescue boats and survival 
craft.
    (iv) Apply first aid to survivors.
    (2) The Coast Guard will only accept evidence of assessments 
conducted from ashore as meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) 
of this section for the areas not included in paragraph (b)(2) of this 
section as set out in Table A-VI/2-1 of the STCW Code.

[[Page 46056]]

Sec.  12.617   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement in 
proficiency in fast rescue boats.

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement in proficiency in fast 
rescue boats, an applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 18 years of age;
    (2) Hold an endorsement in proficiency in survival craft and rescue 
boats other than fast rescue boats (PSC) or in proficiency in survival 
craft and rescue boats other than lifeboats and fast rescue boats--
limited (PSC--limited)--under this subpart;
    (3) Provide evidence of successful completion of a Coast Guard-
approved or -accepted course; and
    (4) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Table A-VI/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, 
see Sec.  12.103 of this part).
    (b) Continued Professional Competence. (1) Seafarers qualified in 
accordance with paragraph (a) of this section must provide evidence of 
maintaining the standard of competence as set out in Table A-VI/2-2 of 
the STCW Code every 5 years.
    (2) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section for the 
following areas as set out in Table A-VI/2-2 of the STCW Code:
    (i) Take charge of a fast rescue boat during and after launch:
    (A) Control safe launching and recovery of a fast rescue boat;
    (B) Handle a fast rescue boat in prevailing weather and sea 
conditions;
    (C) Use communication and signaling equipment between the fast 
rescue boat and a helicopter and a ship;
    (D) Use the emergency equipment carried; and
    (E) Carry out search patterns, taking account of environmental 
factors.
    (3) The Coast Guard will only accept evidence of assessments 
conducted ashore as meeting the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of 
this section for the areas not included in paragraph (b)(2) of this 
section as set out in Table A-VI/2-2 of the STCW Code.


Sec.  12.619   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
medical first-aid provider.

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as medical first-aid 
provider, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of successful completion of an approved course 
in medical first aid; and
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Table A-VI/4-1 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this part).
    (b) An applicant holding any of the following credentials is 
qualified for an endorsement as medical first-aid provider:
    (1) A valid professional license listed in Sec.  11.807(a)(5) or 
(a)(6) of this subchapter, without restriction or limitation placed 
upon it by the issuing State; or
    (2) A rating listed in Sec.  11.807(a)(7) or (a)(8) of this 
subchapter.


Sec.  12.621   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
person in charge of medical care.

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as person in charge of 
medical care, an applicant must:
    (1) Provide evidence of successful completion of an approved course 
in medical care; and
    (2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence 
specified in Table A-VI/4-2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by 
reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this part).
    (b) An applicant holding any of the following credentials is 
qualified for an endorsement as person-in-charge of medical care:
    (1) A valid professional license listed in Sec.  11.807(a)(5) or 
(a)(6) of this subchapter, without restriction or limitation placed 
upon it by the issuing State; or
    (2) A rating listed in Sec.  11.807(a)(7) or (a)(8) of this 
subchapter.


Sec.  12.623   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) at-sea maintainer.

    (a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as GMDSS at-sea maintainer, 
an applicant must:
    (1) Be not less than 18 years of age;
    (2) Provide evidence of:
    (i) Successful completion of a training program that covers at 
least the scope and content of the training outlined in Section B-IV/2 
of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this 
part); or
    (ii) Passing an approved GMDSS at-sea maintainer course; and
    (3) Hold a valid Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 
certificate as GMDSS at-sea maintainer.


Sec.  12.625   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as 
vessel personnel with designated security duties.

    (a) An applicant for an STCW endorsement as vessel personnel with 
designated security duties must:
    (1) Present satisfactory documentary evidence of meeting the 
requirements in 33 CFR 104.220;
    (2) Meet the physical examination requirements in 46 CFR, part 10, 
subpart C; and
    (3) Meet the safety and suitability requirements and the National 
Driver Registry review requirements in Sec.  10.209(e) of this 
subchapter, unless they have met these requirements within the previous 
5 years in connection with another endorsement.


Sec.  12.627   Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement for 
security awareness.

    (a) An applicant for an endorsement for security awareness must:
    (1) Present satisfactory documentary evidence of meeting the 
requirements in 33 CFR 104.225;
    (2) Meet the physical examination requirements in 46 CFR, part 10, 
subpart C; and
    (3) Meet the safety and suitability requirements and the National 
Driver Registry review requirements in Sec.  10.209(e) of this 
subchapter, unless they have met these requirements within the previous 
5 years in connection with another endorsement.

Subpart G--Entry-level Domestic Ratings and Miscellaneous Ratings


Sec.  12.701   Credentials required for entry-level and miscellaneous 
ratings.

    Every person employed in a rating other than able seaman (A/B) or 
QMED aboard U.S. flag vessels requiring such persons, must produce an 
MMC or MMD with the appropriate endorsement to the master or person in 
charge (PIC), if appropriate, before signing shipping articles.


Sec.  12.703   General requirements for entry-level ratings.

    (a) Rating endorsements will be issued without professional 
examination to applicants in capacities other than able seaman, 
lifeboatman, lifeboatman-limited, tankerman, or QMED, including:
    (1) Ordinary seaman;
    (2) Wiper;
    (3) Steward's department; and
    (4) Steward's department (F.H.).
    (b) Holders of MMCs or MMDs endorsed as ordinary seaman may serve 
in any unqualified rating in the deck or steward's department except as 
a food handler.
    (c) Holders of MMCs or MMDs endorsed as wiper may serve in any 
unqualified rating in the engine or steward's department except as a 
food handler.
    (d) Only MMCs or MMDs endorsed as steward's department (F.H.) will 
authorize the holder's service in any capacity in the steward's 
department, including food handler.

[[Page 46057]]

Sec.  12.705   Endorsements for persons enrolled in a Maritime 
Administration approved training program.

    MMCs issued to individuals obtaining sea service as part of an 
approved training curriculum while enrolled at either the United States 
Merchant Marine Academy or a deck or engineering class of a Maritime 
Academy approved by and conducted under the rules prescribed by the 
Maritime Administrator and listed in part 310 of this title will 
include an endorsement of cadet (deck) or cadet (engine), as 
appropriate, and lifeboatman. Individuals obtaining sea service as part 
of such an approved training curriculum must do so in the capacity of 
cadet (deck) or cadet (engine), as appropriate, notwithstanding any 
other rating endorsements the individual may hold or any other capacity 
in which the individual may have previously served.


Sec.  12.707   Student observers.

    Students in technical schools who are enrolled in courses in marine 
management, naval architecture, and ship operations, and who present a 
letter or other documentary evidence that they are enrolled, will be 
issued an MMC endorsed as ``student observer--any department'' and may 
be signed on ships as such. Students holding these endorsements will 
not take the place of any of the crew, or replace any of the regular 
required crew.


Sec.  12.709   Apprentice engineers.

    (a) Persons enrolled in an apprentice engineer training program 
approved by the Coast Guard, and who present a letter or other 
documentary evidence that they are enrolled, may be issued an MMC 
endorsed as apprentice engineer and may be signed on ships as such. The 
endorsement as apprentice engineer may be in addition to other 
endorsements; however, this endorsement does not authorize the holder 
to replace any of the regular required crew.
    (b) Persons holding the endorsement as apprentice engineer are 
deemed to be seamen.


Sec.  12.711   Apprentice mate.

    (a) A person enrolled in an apprentice mate training program 
approved by the Coast Guard, and who presents a letter or other 
documentary evidence that he or she is enrolled, may be issued an MMC 
rating endorsement as apprentice mate and may be signed on a vessel in 
this capacity. The rating endorsement as apprentice mate may be in 
addition to other endorsements; however, this endorsement does not 
authorize the holder to replace any of the regular required crew.
    (b) Persons holding the endorsement as apprentice mate are deemed 
to be seamen.

Subpart H--Non-resident Alien Members of the Steward's Department 
on U.S. Flag Large Passenger Vessels


Sec.  12.801   Purpose.

    The rules in this subpart implement 46 U.S.C. 8103(k) by 
establishing requirements for the issuance of MMCs, valid only for 
service in the steward's department of U.S. flag large passenger 
vessels, to non-resident aliens.


Sec.  12.803   General requirements.

    (a) Unless otherwise specified in this subpart, non-resident alien 
applicants for Coast Guard-issued MMCs are subject to all applicable 
requirements contained in this subchapter.
    (b) No application for an MMC from a non-resident alien issued 
pursuant to this subpart will be accepted unless the applicant's 
employer satisfies all of the requirements of Sec.  12.805 of this 
subpart.


Sec.  12.805   Employer requirements.

    (a) The employer must submit the following to the Coast Guard, as a 
part of the applicant's MMC application, on behalf of the applicant:
    (1) A signed report that contains all material disciplinary actions 
related to the applicant, such as, but not limited to, violence or 
assault, theft, drug and alcohol policy violations, and sexual 
harassment, along with an explanation of the criteria used by the 
employer to determine the materiality of those actions;
    (2) A signed report regarding an employer-conducted background 
check. The report must contain:
    (i) A statement that the applicant has successfully undergone an 
employer-conducted background check;
    (ii) A description of the employer-conducted background check, 
including all databases and records searched. The background check 
must, at a minimum, show that the employer has reviewed all information 
reasonably and legally available to the owner or managing operator, 
including the review of available court and police records in the 
applicant's country of citizenship, and any other country in which the 
applicant has received employment referrals, or resided, for the past 
20 years prior to the date of application; and
    (iii) All information derived from the employer-conducted 
background check; and
    (3) An employer-conducted background check, which must be conducted 
to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard for an MMC to be issued to the 
applicant.
    (b) If an MMC is issued to the applicant, the report and 
information required in paragraph (a)(2) of this section must be 
securely kept by the employer on the U.S. flag large passenger vessel, 
or U.S. flag large passenger vessels, on which the applicant is 
employed. The report and information must remain on the last U.S. flag 
large passenger vessel on which the applicant was employed until such 
time as the MMC is returned to the Coast Guard in accordance with 
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (c) If an MMC or a transportation worker identification credential 
(TWIC) is issued to the applicant, each MMC and TWIC must be securely 
kept by the employer on the U.S. flag large passenger vessel on which 
the applicant is employed. The employer must maintain a detailed record 
of the seaman's total service on all authorized U.S. flag large 
passenger vessels, and must make that information available to the 
Coast Guard upon request, to demonstrate that the limitations of Sec.  
12.811(c) of this subpart have not been exceeded.
    (d) In the event that the seaman's MMC and/or TWIC expires, the 
seaman's visa status terminates, the seaman serves onboard the U.S. 
flag large passenger vessel(s) for 36 months in the aggregate as a 
nonimmigrant crewman, the employer terminates employment of the seaman, 
or, if the seaman otherwise ceases working with the employer, the 
employer must return the MMC to the Coast Guard and/or the TWIC to the 
Transportation Security Administration (TSA) within 10 days of the 
event.
    (e) In addition to the initial material disciplinary actions report 
and the initial employer-conducted background check specified in 
paragraph (a) of this section, the employer must:
    (1) Submit to the National Maritime Center an annual material 
disciplinary actions report to update whether there have been any 
material disciplinary actions related to the applicant since the last 
material disciplinary actions report was submitted to the Coast Guard. 
The annual material disciplinary actions report must:
    (i) Be submitted to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard in 
accordance with the same criteria set forth in paragraph (a)(1) of this 
section, except that the period of time examined for the material 
disciplinary actions report need only extend back to the date of the 
last material disciplinary actions report; and

[[Page 46058]]

    (ii) Be submitted to the Coast Guard on or before the anniversary 
of the issuance date of the MMC; and
    (2) Conduct a background check each year that the MMC is valid to 
search for any changes that might have occurred since the last 
employer-conducted background check was performed. The annual 
background check must:
    (i) Be conducted to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard in 
accordance with the same criteria set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this 
section, except that the period of time examined during the annual 
background check need only extend back to the date of the last 
background check; and
    (ii) Be submitted to the Coast Guard on or before the anniversary 
of the issuance date of the MMC.
    (f) The employer is subject to the civil penalty provisions 
specified in 46 U.S.C. 8103(f) for any violation of this section.


Sec.  12.807  Basis for denial.

    In addition to the requirements for an MMC established elsewhere in 
this subchapter, and the basis for denial established in Sec. Sec.  
10.209, 10.211, and 10.213 of this subchapter, an applicant for an MMC 
issued pursuant to this subpart must:
    (a) Have been employed for a period of at least 1 year on a foreign 
flag passenger vessel that is under the same common ownership or 
control as the U.S. flag large passenger vessel, on which the applicant 
will be employed upon issuance of an MMC under this subpart;
    (b) Have no record of material disciplinary actions during the 
employment required under paragraph (a) of this section, as verified in 
writing by the owner or managing operator of the U.S. flag large 
passenger vessel on which the applicant will be employed;
    (c) Have successfully completed an employer-conducted background 
check to the satisfaction of both the employer and the Coast Guard; and
    (d) Meet the citizenship and identity requirements of Sec.  12.809 
of this subpart.


Sec.  12.809  Citizenship and identity.

    (a) Instead of the requirements of Sec.  10.221 of this subchapter, 
a non-resident alien may apply for a Coast Guard-issued MMC, endorsed 
and valid only for service in the steward's department of a U.S. flag 
large passenger vessel, as defined in 46 U.S.C. 8103(k)(5)(B), if he or 
she is employable in the United States under the Immigration and 
Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101, et seq.), including an alien crewman 
described in section 101(a)(15)(D)(i) of that Act.
    (b) To meet the citizenship and identity requirements of this 
subpart, an applicant must present an unexpired passport issued by the 
government of the country of which the applicant is a citizen or 
subject; and either a valid U.S. C-1/D Crewman Visa or other valid U.S. 
visa or authority deemed acceptable by the Coast Guard.
    (c) Any non-resident alien applying for an MMC under this subpart 
may not be a citizen of, or a temporary or permanent resident of, a 
country designated by the Department of State as a ``State Sponsor of 
Terrorism'' pursuant to section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act 
of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)) or section 620A of the Foreign 
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371).


Sec.  12.811  Restrictions.

    (a) An MMC issued to a non-resident alien under this subpart 
authorizes service only in the steward's department of the U.S. flag 
large passenger vessel(s), that is/are under the same common ownership 
and control as the foreign flag passenger vessel(s), on which the non-
resident alien served to meet the requirements of Sec.  12.807(a) of 
this subpart:
    (1) The MMC will be endorsed for service in the steward's 
department in accordance with Sec.  12.703 of this part;
    (2) The MMC may also be endorsed for service as a food handler if 
the applicant meets the requirements of Sec.  12.703 of this part; and
    (3) No other rating or endorsement is authorized, except 
lifeboatman or lifeboatman-limited, in which case all applicable 
requirements of this subchapter and the STCW Convention and STCW Code 
(incorporated by reference, see Sec.  12.103 of this part) must be met.
    (b) The following restrictions must be printed on the MMC, or be 
listed in an accompanying Coast Guard letter, or both:
    (1) The name and official number of all U.S. flag vessels on which 
the non-resident alien may serve. Service is not authorized on any 
other U.S. flag vessel;
    (2) Upon issuance, the MMC must remain in the custody of the 
employer at all times;
    (3) Upon termination of employment, the MMC must be returned to the 
Coast Guard within 10 days in accordance with Sec.  12.805 of this 
subpart;
    (4) A non-resident alien issued an MMC under this subpart may not 
perform watchstanding, engineroom duty watch, or vessel navigation 
functions; and
    (5) A non-resident alien issued an MMC under this subpart may 
perform emergency-related duties, provided:
    (i) The emergency-related duties do not require any other rating or 
endorsement, except lifeboatman or lifeboatman-limited as specified in 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section;
    (ii) The non-resident alien has completed familiarization and basic 
safety training (BST), as required in Sec.  15.1105 of this subchapter;
    (iii) That if the non-resident alien serves as a lifeboatman or 
lifeboatman-limited, he or she must have the necessary lifeboatman or 
lifeboatman-limited endorsement; and
    (iv) The non-resident alien has completed the training for 
crewmembers on passenger ships performing duties involving safety or 
care for passengers, as required in Sec.  15.1103 of this subchapter.
    (c) A non-resident alien may only serve for an aggregate period of 
36 months of actual service on all authorized U.S. flag large passenger 
vessels combined under the provisions of this subpart.
    (d) Once this 36-month limitation is reached, the MMC becomes 
invalid and must be returned to the Coast Guard under Sec.  12.805(d) 
of this subpart, and the non-resident alien is no longer authorized to 
serve in a position requiring an MMC on any U.S. flag large passenger 
vessel.
    (e) An individual who successfully adjusts his or her immigration 
status to become either an alien lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence to the United States, or citizen of the United States, may 
apply for an MMC, subject to the requirements of Sec.  10.221 of this 
subchapter, without any restrictions or limitations imposed by this 
subpart.


Sec.  12.813  Alternative means of compliance.

    (a) The owner or managing operator of a U.S. flag large passenger 
vessel seeking to employ non-resident aliens issued MMCs under this 
subpart may submit a plan to the Coast Guard, which, if approved, will 
serve as an alternative means of complying with the requirements of 
this subpart.
    (b) The plan must address all the elements contained in this 
subpart, as well as the related elements contained in Sec.  15.530 of 
this subchapter, to the satisfaction of the Coast Guard.

Subpart I--Crewmembers on a Passenger Ship on an International 
Voyage


Sec.  12.901  Purpose of rules.

    The rules in this subpart establish requirements for the 
qualification of

[[Page 46059]]

ratings serving on passenger ships as defined in Sec.  12.903 of this 
part.


Sec.  12.903  Definitions.

    Passenger ship in this subpart means a ship carrying more than 12 
passengers when on an international voyage.


Sec.  12.905  General requirements.

    (a) Any seafarer may serve on a passenger vessel on an 
international voyage and perform duties that involve safety or care for 
passengers, only after:
    (1) Meeting the appropriate requirements of the STCW Regulation V/2 
and of section A-V/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see 
Sec.  12.103 of this part); and
    (2) Holding documentary evidence to show that the mariner meets 
these requirements through approved or accepted training.
    (b) Seafarers who are required to be trained in accordance with 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section must, at intervals not exceeding 5 
years, provide evidence of maintaining the standard of competence.
    (c) The Coast Guard will accept onboard training and experience, 
through evidence of 1 year of sea service within the last 5 years, as 
meeting the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
    (d) Personnel serving onboard small passenger vessels engaged in 
domestic, near-coastal voyages, as defined in Sec.  15.103 of this 
subchapter, are not subject to any further obligation for the purpose 
of this STCW requirement.

PART 13--CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMAN

    32. The authority citation for part 13 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 44 U.S.C. 3507; 46 U.S.C. 3703, 7317, 8703, 9102; 
Department of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1.
    33. Revise Sec.  13.101 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.101  Purpose.

    This part describes the various tankerman endorsements issued by 
the Coast Guard on a merchant mariner credential (MMC).
    (a) This part prescribes the requirements for the following 
endorsements:
    (1) Tankerman-PIC;
    (2) Tankerman-PIC (Barge);
    (3) Tankerman-assistant; and
    (4) Tankerman-engineer.
    (b) This part prescribes the requirements for the following STCW 
endorsements:
    (1) Advanced oil tanker cargo operation;
    (2) Advanced chemical tanker cargo operation;
    (3) Advanced liquefied gas tanker cargo operation;
    (4) Basic oil and chemical tanker cargo operation; and
    (5) Basic liquefied gas tanker cargo operation.
    34. Add Sec.  13.103 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.103  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Certain material is incorporated by reference into this part 
with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register under 5 
U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. To enforce any edition other than that 
specified in this section, the Coast Guard must publish a notice of 
change in the Federal Register and the material must be available to 
the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to 
http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. Also, it is available for inspection 
at the Coast Guard, Office of Operating and Environmental Standards 
(CG-5221), 2100 2nd St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593-7126, 
202-372-1405, and is available from the sources indicated in this 
section.
    (b) International Maritime Organization (IMO), 4 Albert Embankment, 
London SE1 7SR, England:
    (1) The Seafarers' Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Code, 
as amended (the STCW Code), approved for incorporation by reference in 
Sec. Sec.  13.601, 13.603, 13.605, 13.607, and 13.609; and
    (2) [Reserved]


Sec.  13.106  [Amended]

    35. In Sec.  13.106, remove the word ``chapter'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``subchapter''.
    36. Amend Sec.  13.107 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (a), remove the words ``OCMI at an REC'' and add, 
in their place, the words ``Coast Guard''; remove the words 
````Tankerman-PIC'''' and add, in their place, the words ``tankerman-
PIC''; and remove the words ``Tankerman-Engineer'' and add, in their 
place, the words ``tankerman-engineer'';
    b. In paragraph (b), remove the words ``OCMI at an REC'' and add, 
in their place, the words ``Coast Guard''; and remove the words 
````Tankerman-PIC (Barge)'''' and add, in their place, the words 
``tankerman-PIC (barge)'';
    c. In paragraph (c), remove the words ``OCMI at an REC'' and add, 
in their place, the words ``Coast Guard''; remove the words 
````Tankerman-Assistant'''' and add, in their place, the words 
``tankerman-assistant''; and remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must'';
    d. Revise paragraphs (d) and (e) to read as set down below; and
    e. Remove paragraphs (f) and (g).


Sec.  13.107  Tankerman endorsement: General.

* * * * *
    (d) If an applicant meets the requirements of subpart E of this 
part, the Coast Guard may endorse his or her MMC as tankerman-engineer. 
No person holding this endorsement may act as a PIC or tankerman-
assistant of any transfer of liquid cargo in bulk, or of cargo-tank 
cleaning unless he or she also holds an endorsement authorizing such 
service. A person holding this endorsement and acting in this capacity 
has the primary responsibility, on his or her self-propelled tank 
vessel carrying dangerous liquid (DL) or liquefied gas (LG), for 
maintaining both the cargo systems and equipment for transfer of 
liquids in bulk; and for maintaining and operating the bunkering 
systems and equipment, including the loading of fuel oil. No person 
licensed or credentialed under part 11 of this chapter may serve as a 
chief engineer, first assistant engineer, or cargo engineer aboard an 
inspected self-propelled tank vessel when liquid cargo in bulk or cargo 
residue is carried unless he or she holds this endorsement or 
equivalent.
    (e) If an applicant meets the requirements of Sec.  13.111 of this 
subpart, the Coast Guard may place on his or her MMC an endorsement as 
a tankerman-PIC restricted according to the definitions of ``restricted 
tankerman endorsement'' in Sec.  10.107 of this subchapter.


Sec.  13.109  [Amended]

    37. Amend Sec.  13.109 as follows:
    a. In paragraph (a), after the words ``described in Sec.  13.107'', 
add the words ``, except for Sec.  13.107(d)''; and
    b. Remove paragraph (c).
    38. Revise Sec.  13.111 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.111  Restricted tankerman endorsement.

    (a) An applicant may apply for a tankerman endorsement restricted 
to specific cargoes, specific vessels, or groups of vessels (such as 
uninspected towing vessels and Oil Spill Response Vessels), specific 
facilities, and/or specific employers. The Coast Guard will evaluate 
each application and may modify the applicable requirements for the 
endorsement, allowing for special circumstances and for whichever 
restrictions the endorsement will state.

[[Page 46060]]

    (b) To qualify for a restricted tankerman-PIC endorsement, an 
applicant must meet Sec. Sec.  13.201 (excluding paragraph (c)(4)), 
13.203, and 13.205 of this part.
    (1) Twenty-five percent of the service described in Sec.  13.203(a) 
of this part must have occurred within the past 5 years.
    (2) Two of the transfers described in Sec.  13.203(b) of this part 
must have occurred within the past 5 years.
    (c) To qualify for a restricted tankerman-PIC (barge) endorsement, 
an applicant must meet Sec. Sec.  13.301 (excluding paragraph (c)(4)), 
13.303, and 13.305 of this part.
    (1) Twenty-five percent of the service described in Sec.  13.303(a) 
of this part must have occurred within the past 5 years.
    (2) Two of the transfers described in Sec.  13.303(b) of this part 
must have occurred within the past 5 years.
    (d) To qualify for a restricted tankerman-PIC (barge) endorsement 
restricted to a tank-cleaning and gas-freeing facility, an applicant 
must--
    (1) Be at least 18 years old;
    (2) Apply on a form provided by the Coast Guard;
    (3) Present evidence of passing a physical and medical examination 
according to Sec.  13.125 of this part;
    (4) Present evidence in the form of a letter, which must be dated 
within the 5 years prior to the application of the credential, on 
company letterhead from the operator of the facility stating that OSHA 
considers the applicant a ``competent person (as designated under 29 
CFR 1915.7)'' for the facility and that the applicant has the knowledge 
necessary to supervise tank-cleaning and gas-freeing; and
    (5) Be capable of speaking and understanding, in English, all 
instructions needed to commence, conduct, and complete a transfer of 
cargo, and of reading and understanding the English found in the 
Declaration of Inspection, vessel response plans, and Cargo Information 
Cards.
    (e) The restricted tankerman-PIC (barge) endorsement restricted to 
a tank-cleaning and gas-freeing facility is valid only while the 
applicant is employed by the operator of the facility that provided the 
letter of service required by paragraph (d)(4) of this section, and 
this and any other appropriate restrictions will appear in the 
endorsement.
    (f) A restricted tankerman-PIC endorsement limited to operation on 
vessels inside the boundary line is not valid where STCW certification 
is required.
    39. Add Sec.  13.115 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.115  Chemical testing requirements.

    Each applicant for an original tankerman endorsement must provide 
evidence of having passed a chemical test for dangerous drugs or of 
qualifying for an exemption from testing in Sec.  16.220 of this 
chapter as specified in Sec.  10.225(b)(5) of this subchapter.
    40. Add Sec.  13.117 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.117  Re-issuance of expired tankerman endorsements

    Whenever an applicant applies for re-issuance of an endorsement as 
any tankerman rating more than 12 months after expiration of the 
previous endorsement, the applicant must meet the requirements for an 
original endorsement.
    41. Revise Sec.  13.120 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.120  Renewal of tankerman endorsement.

    An applicant seeking renewal of a tankerman endorsement or an STCW 
endorsement valid for service on tank vessels must meet the 
requirements of Sec.  10.227 of this subchapter, except Sec.  
10.227(e)(1), for renewing an MMC and meet the following additional 
requirements:
    (a) For endorsements as tankerman-PIC, advanced oil and chemical 
tanker cargo operation; and advanced liquefied gas tanker cargo 
operations, present evidence of:
    (1) At least 90 days of service during the preceding 5 years 
onboard a tank vessel for which the endorsement is valid, performing 
duties appropriate to the tankerman endorsement held; and
    (2) Participation in at least two transfers of liquid cargo in bulk 
of the type for which the endorsement is valid within the preceding 5 
years; or
    (3) Completion of an approved course for Tankship: Dangerous 
Liquids or Tankship: Liquefied Gases, appropriate for the endorsement 
to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.
    (b) For endorsements as tankerman-assistant, basic oil and chemical 
tanker cargo operation; and basic liquefied gas tanker cargo 
operations, present evidence of:
    (1) At least 90 days of service during the preceding 5 years 
onboard a tank vessel for which the endorsement is valid, performing 
duties appropriate to the tankerman endorsement held; or
    (2) Completion of an approved course for Tankship: Dangerous 
Liquids or Tankship: Liquefied Gases, appropriate for the endorsement 
to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.
    (c) For endorsements as tankerman-PIC (Barge), present evidence of:
    (1) Participation in at least two transfers of liquid cargo in bulk 
of the type for which the endorsement is valid, within the preceding 5 
years; or
    (2) Completion of a course approved for this purpose, appropriate 
for the endorsement to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.
    (d) For endorsements as tankerman-engineer, present evidence of:
    (1) At least 90 days of service during the preceding 5 years 
onboard a tank vessel for which the endorsement is valid, performing 
duties appropriate to the tankerman endorsement held; or
    (2) Completion of a course approved for this purpose, appropriate 
for the endorsement to be renewed, within the previous 5 years.
    42. Revise Sec.  13.121 to read as follows:


Sec.  13.121  Courses for tankerman endorsements.

    (a) This section prescribes the requirements, beyond those in 
Sec. Sec.  10.302 and 10.304 of this subchapter, applicable to schools 
offering courses required for a tankerman endorsement and courses that 
are a substitute for experience with transfers of liquid cargo in bulk 
required for the endorsement.
    (b) A course that uses simulated transfers to train students in 
loading and discharging tank vessels may replace up to two loadings and 
two discharges, one commencement and one completion of loading, and one 
commencement and one completion of discharge required for a tankerman-
PIC or tankerman-PIC (barge) endorsement. The request for approval of 
the course must specify those segments of a transfer that the course 
will simulate. The letter from the Coast Guard approving the course 
will state the number and kind of segments that the course will 
replace.
    (c) The course in liquid cargo required for an endorsement as--
    (1) Tankerman-PIC DL is Tankship: Dangerous Liquids;
    (2) Tankerman-PIC (barge) DL is Tank Barge: Dangerous Liquids;
    (3) Tankerman-PIC LG is Tankship: Liquefied Gases;
    (4) Tankerman-PIC (barge) LG is Tank Barge: Liquefied Gases;
    (5) Tankerman assistant DL is Tankship: Familiarization (Dangerous 
Liquids);
    (6) Tankerman assistant LG is Tankship: Familiarization (Liquefied 
Gases);
    (7) Tankerman-engineer DL is Tankship: Dangerous Liquids; and
    (8) Tankerman-engineer LG is Tankship: Liquefied Gases.
    (d) The course in firefighting required for an endorsement as--
    (1) Tankerman-PIC (barge) is Tank Barge: Firefighting; and

[[Page 46061]]

    (2) Tankerman-PIC, tankerman-assistant, and tankerman-engineer is 
basic firefighting.
    (e) The Coast Guard will evaluate and approve the curricula of 
courses to ensure adequate coverage of the required subjects. Training 
may employ classroom instruction, demonstrations, or simulated or 
actual operations.
    (1) The course curricula for Tankship Familiarization must consist 
of the topics identified in Table 1 to Sec.  13.121.
    (2) The course curricula for tankerman-PIC, tankerman-PIC (barge), 
and tankerman-engineer endorsements must consist of the topics 
identified in Table 2 to Sec.  13.121.
    (3) The course curricula for firefighting courses must consist of 
the topics identified in Table 3 to Sec.  13.121.

                        Table 1 to Sec.   13.121
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Tankerman-assistant topics                     1    2
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Basic knowledge of tankers:
  Types of oil and chemical vessels or liquefied gas tanker      X    X
   vessels....................................................
  General arrangement and construction........................   X    X
Basic knowledge of cargo operations:
  Piping systems and valves...................................   X    X
  Cargo pumps and cargo handling equipment....................   X    X
  Loading and unloading and care in transit...................   X    X
  Tank cleaning, purging, gas-freeing and inerting............   X    X
Basic knowledge of the physical properties of oil and
 chemicals:
  Pressure and temperature, including vapor pressure/            X
   temperature relationship...................................
  Types of electrostatic charge generation....................   X
  Chemical symbols............................................   X
Basic knowledge of the physical properties of liquefied gases,
 including:
  Properties and characteristics..............................        X
  Pressure and temperature, including vapor pressure/                 X
   temperature relationship...................................
  Types of electrostatic charge generation....................        X
  Chemical symbols............................................        X
Knowledge and understanding of tanker safety culture and         X    X
 safety management............................................
Basic knowledge of the hazards associated with tanker
 operations, including:
  Health hazards..............................................   X    X
  Environmental hazards.......................................   X    X
  Reactivity hazards..........................................   X    X
  Corrosion hazards...........................................   X    X
  Explosion and flammability hazards..........................   X    X
  Sources of ignition.........................................   X    X
  Electrostatic hazards.......................................   X    X
  Toxicity hazards............................................   X    X
  Vapor leaks and clouds......................................   X    X
  Extremely low temperatures..................................        X
  Pressure hazards............................................        X
Basic knowledge of hazard controls:
  Inerting, water padding, drying agents and monitoring          X    X
   techniques.................................................
  Anti-static measures........................................   X    X
  Ventilation.................................................   X    X
  Segregation.................................................   X    X
  Cargo inhibition............................................   X    X
  Importance of cargo compatibility...........................   X    X
  Atmospheric control.........................................   X    X
  Gas testing.................................................   X    X
Understanding of information on a Material Safety Data Sheet     X    X
 (MSDS).......................................................
Function and proper use of gas-measuring instruments and         X    X
 similar equipment............................................
Proper use of safety equipment and protective devices,
 including:
  Breathing apparatus and tank-evacuating equipment...........   X    X
  Protective clothing and equipment...........................   X    X
  Resuscitators...............................................   X    X
  Rescue and escape equipment.................................   X    X
Basic knowledge of safe working practices and procedures in
 accordance with legislation and industry guidelines and
 personal shipboard safety relevant to oil and chemical
 tankers, including:
  Precautions to be taken when entering enclosed spaces.......   X    X
  Precautions to be taken before and during repair and           X    X
   maintenance work...........................................
  Safety measures for hot and cold work.......................   X    X
  Electrical safety...........................................   X    X
  Ship/shore safety checklist.................................   X    X
Basic knowledge of first aid with reference to a Material        X    X
 Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).....................................
Basic knowledge of emergency procedures, including emergency     X    X
 shutdown.....................................................
Basic knowledge of the effects of oil and chemical pollution     X    X
 on human and marine life.....................................
Basic knowledge of shipboard procedures to prevent pollution..   X    X
Basic knowledge of measures to be taken in the event of
 spillage, including the need to:
  Report relevant information to the responsible persons......   X    X
  Assist in implementing shipboard spill-containment             X    X
   procedures.................................................
  Prevent brittle fracture....................................        X
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Column 1--Tankerman-Assistant DL.
Column 2--Tankerman-Assistant LG.


[[Page 46062]]


                        Table 2 to Sec.   13.121
------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Tankerman-PIC and tankerman-PIC (Barge) course
                       topics                          1    2    3    4
------------------------------------------------------------------------
General characteristics, compatibility, reaction,
 firefighting procedures, and safety precautions for
 the cargoes of:
    Bulk liquids defined as Dangerous Liquids in 46    X    X   ...  ...
     CFR Part 13....................................
    Bulk liquefied gases & their vapors defined as    ...  ...   X    X
     Liquefied Gases in 46 CFR Part 13..............
    Knowledge and understanding of the physical and    X   ...  ...  ...
     chemical properties of oil and chemical cargoes
Physical phenomena of liquefied gas, including:
    Basic concept...................................  ...  ...   X    X
    Compression and expansion.......................  ...  ...   X    X
    Mechanism of heat transfer......................  ...  ...   X    X
Potential hazards of liquefied gas, including:
    Chemical and physical properties................  ...  ...   X    X
    Combustion characteristics......................  ...  ...   X    X
    Results of gas release to the atmosphere........  ...  ...   X    X
    Health hazards (skin contact, inhalation, and     ...  ...   X    X
     ingestion).....................................
    Control of flammability range with inert gas....  ...  ...   X    X
    Thermal stress in structure and piping of vessel  ...  ...   X    X
Cargo systems, including:
    Principles of containment systems...............   X    X    X    X
    Construction, materials, coating, & insulation    ...  ...   X    X
     of cargo tanks.................................
    General arrangement of cargo tanks..............   X    X    X    X
    Venting and vapor-control systems...............   X    X    X    X
Cargo-handling systems, including:
    Piping systems, valves, pumps, and expansion       X    X    X    X
     systems........................................
    Operating characteristics.......................   X    X    X    X
Instrumentation systems, including:
    Cargo-level indicators..........................   X    X    X    X
    Gas-detecting systems...........................   X   ...   X    X
    Temperature-monitoring systems, cargo...........   X   ...   X    X
    Temperature-monitoring systems, hull............  ...  ...   X    X
    Automatic-shutdown systems......................   X   ...   X    X
Auxiliary systems, including:
    Ventilation, inerting...........................   X    X    X    X
Valves, including:
        Quick-closing...............................   X    X    X    X
        Remote-control..............................   X    X    X    X
        Pneumatic...................................   X    X    X    X
        Excess-flow.................................   X    X    X    X
        Safety-relief...............................   X    X    X    X
        Pressure-vacuum.............................   X    X    X    X
    Heating-systems: cofferdams & ballast tanks.....  ...  ...   X    X
Operations connected with the loading and
 discharging of cargo, including:
    Lining up the cargo and vapor-control systems...   X    X    X    X
    Pre-transfer inspections and completion of the     X    X    X    X
     Declaration of Inspection......................
    Hooking up of cargo hose, loading arms, and        X    X    X    X
     grounding-strap................................
    Starting of liquid flow.........................   X    X    X    X
    Calculation of loading rates....................   X   ...   X   ...
    Discussion of loading...........................   X    X    X    X
    Ballasting and deballasting.....................   X    X    X    X
    Topping off of the cargo tanks..................   X    X    X    X
    Discussion of discharging.......................   X    X    X    X
    Stripping of the cargo tanks....................   X    X   ...  ...
    Monitoring of transfers.........................   X    X    X    X
    Gauging of cargo tanks..........................   X    X    X    X
    Disconnecting of cargo hoses or loading arms....   X    X    X    X
    Cargo-tank-cleaning procedures and precautions..   X    X   ...  ...
    Slop arrangements...............................   X   ...  ...  ...
    Ship-to-ship transfers..........................   X   ...  ...  ...
Operating procedures and sequence for:
    Inerting of cargo tanks and void spaces.........   X    X    X    X
    Cooldown and warmup of cargo tanks..............  ...  ...   X    X
    Gas-freeing.....................................   X    X    X    X
    Loaded or ballasted voyages.....................   X   ...   X   ...
    Testing of cargo-tank atmospheres for oxygen &     X    X    X    X
     cargo vapor....................................
Stability and stress considerations connected with     X    X    X    X
 loading and discharging of cargo...................
Loadline, draft, and trim...........................   X    X    X    X
Disposal of boil-off, including:
    System design...................................  ...  ...   X    X
    Safety features.................................  ...  ...   X    X
Stability-letter requirements.......................   X   ...   X   ...
Emergency procedures, including notice to
 appropriate authorities, for:
    Fire............................................   X    X    X    X
    Collision.......................................   X    X    X    X
    Grounding.......................................   X    X    X    X

[[Page 46063]]

 
    Equipment failure...............................   X    X    X    X
    Leaks and spills................................   X    X    X   ...
    Structural failure..............................   X    X    X    X
    Emergency discharge of cargo....................   X    X    X    X
    Entering cargo tanks............................   X    X    X    X
    Emergency shutdown of cargo-handling............   X    X    X    X
    Emergency systems for closing cargo tanks.......   X    X   ...  ...
Rules & regulations (international and Federal, for    X    X    X    X
 all tank vessels) on conducting operations and
 preventing pollution...............................
Pollution prevention, including:
    Procedures to prevent air and water pollution...   X    X    X    X
    Measures to take in event of spillage...........   X    X    X    X
    Danger from drift of vapor cloud................   X    X    X    X
    Environmental protection equipment, including      X   ...  ...  ...
     oil discharge monitoring equipment.............
Terminology for tankships carrying oil and chemicals   X   ...  ...  ...
Terminology for tank barges carrying oil and          ...   X   ...  ...
 chemicals..........................................
Terminology for tankships carrying liquefied gases..  ...  ...   X   ...
Terminology for tank barges carrying liquefied gases  ...  ...  ...   X
Principles & procedures of crude-oil-washing (COW)
 systems, including:
    Purpose.........................................   X   ...  ...  ...
    Equipment and design............................   X   ...  ...  ...
    Operations......................................   X   ...  ...  ...
    Safety precautions..............................   X   ...  ...  ...
    Maintenance of plant and equipment..............   X   ...  ...  ...
Principles & procedures of the inert-gas systems
 (IGSs), including:
    Purpose.........................................   X   ...   X   ...
    Equipment and design............................   X   ...   X   ...
    Operations......................................   X   ...   X   ...
    Safety precautions..............................   X   ...   X   ...
    Maintenance of plant and equipment..............   X   ...   X   ...
Principles & procedures of vapor-control systems,
 including:
    Purpose.........................................   X    X    X    X
    Principles......................................   X    X    X    X
    Coast Guard regulations.........................   X    X    X    X
    Hazards.........................................   X    X    X    X
    Active system components........................   X    X    X    X
    Passive system components.......................   X    X    X    X
Operating procedures, including:
    Testing and inspection requirements.............   X    X    X    X
    Pre-transfer procedures.........................   X    X    X    X
    Connecting sequence.............................   X    X    X    X
    Start-up sequence...............................   X    X    X    X
    Normal operations...............................   X    X    X    X
    Loading and unloading plans.....................   X   ...  ...  ...
Emergency procedures................................   X    X    X    X
Cargo-hazard-information systems....................   X    X    X    X
Safe entry into confined spaces, including:
    Testing tank atmospheres for oxygen &              X    X   ...  ...
     hydrocarbon vapors.............................
    Definition and hazards of confined spaces.......   X    X    X    X
    Cargo tanks and pumprooms.......................   X    X    X    X
    Evaluation and assessment of risks and hazards..   X    X    X    X
    Safety precautions and procedures...............   X    X    X    X
    Enclosed space rescue...........................   X   ...  ...  ...
    Personnel protective equipment (PPE) and           X    X    X    X
     clothing.......................................
    Maintenance of PPE..............................   X    X    X    X
    Dangers of skin contact.........................   X    X    X    X
    Inhalation of vapors............................   X    X   ...  ...
    Electricity and static electricity--hazards and    X    X    X    X
     precautions....................................
    Emergency procedures............................   X    X    X    X
    Federal regulations, national standards &          X    X    X    X
     industry guidelines............................
    Inspections by marine chemists & competent         X    X    X    X
     persons, including hot-work permits &
     procedures.....................................
Vessel response plans:
    Purpose, content, and location of information...   X    X    X    X
    Procedures for notice and mitigation of spills..   X    X    X    X
    Geographic-specific appendices..................   X    X    X    X
    Vessel-specific appendices......................   X    X    X    X
    Emergency-action checklist......................   X    X    X    X
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Column 1--Tankship: Dangerous Liquids.
Column 2--Tank Barge: Dangerous Liquids.
Column 3--Tankship: Liquefied Gases.
Column 4--Tank Barge: Liquefied Gases.


[[Page 46064]]


                        Table 3 to 1 Sec.   3.121
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Firefighting course topics                     1    2
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Elements of fire (Fire triangle):
  Fuel........................................................   X    X
  Source of ignition..........................................   X    X
  Oxygen......................................................   X    X
Ignition sources (general):
  Chemical....................................................  ...   X
  Biological..................................................  ...   X
  Physical....................................................  ...   X
Ignition sources applicable to barges.........................   X   ...
Definitions of flammability and combustibility:
  Flammability................................................   X    X
  Ignition point..............................................   X    X
  Burning temperature.........................................   X    X
  Burning speed...............................................  ...   X
  Thermal value...............................................  ...   X
  Lower flammable limit.......................................   X    X
  Upper flammable limit.......................................   X    X
  Flammable range.............................................   X    X
  Inerting....................................................  ...   X
  Static electricity..........................................   X    X
  Flash point.................................................   X    X
  Auto-ignition...............................................   X    X
Spread of fire:
  By radiation................................................   X    X
  By convection...............................................   X    X
  By conduction...............................................   X    X
Reactivity....................................................   X    X
Fire classifications and applicable extinguishing agents......   X    X
Main causes of fires:
  Oil leakage.................................................   X    X
  Smoking.....................................................   X    X
  Overheating pumps...........................................   X    X
  Galley appliances...........................................  ...   X
  Spontaneous ignition........................................   X    X
  Hot work....................................................   X    X
  Electrical apparatus........................................  ...   X
  Reaction, self-heating, and auto-ignition...................  ...   X
Fire prevention:
  General.....................................................   X    X
  Fire hazards of DL and LG...................................   X    X
Fire detection:
Fire- and smoke-detection systems.............................  ...   X
    Automatic fire alarms.....................................  ...   X
Firefighting equipment:
    Fire mains, hydrants......................................  ...   X
    International shore-connection............................  ...   X
    Smothering-installations, carbon dioxide (CO2), foam......  ...   X
    Halogenated hydrocarbons..................................  ...   X
    Pressure-water spray system in special-category spaces....  ...   X
    Automatic sprinkler system................................  ...   X
    Emergency fire pump, emergency generator..................  ...   X
    Chemical-powder applicants................................  ...   X
    General outline of required and mobile apparatus..........  ...   X
    Fireman's outfit, personal equipment......................  ...   X
    Breathing apparatus.......................................  ...   X
    Resuscitation apparatus...................................  ...   X
    Smoke helmet or mask......................................  ...   X
    Fireproof life-line and harness...........................  ...   X
    Fire hose, nozzles, connections, and fire axes............  ...   X
    Fire blankets.............................................  ...   X
    Portable fire extinguishers...............................   X    X
    Limitations of portable and semiportable extinguishers....   X    X
Emergency procedures:
  Arrangements:
    Escape routes.............................................   X    X
    Means of gas-freeing tanks................................   X    X
    Class A, B, and C divisions...............................  ...   X
    Inert-gas system..........................................  ...   X
  Ship firefighting organization:
    General alarms............................................  ...   X
    Fire-control plans, muster stations, and duties...........  ...   X
    Communications............................................  ...   X

[[Page 46065]]

 
    Periodic shipboard drills.................................  ...   X
    Patrol system.............................................  ...   X
  Basic firefighting techniques:
    Sounding alarm............................................   X    X
    Locating and isolating fires..............................   X    X
    Stopping leakage of cargo.................................   X    X
    Jettisoning...............................................  ...   X
    Inhibiting................................................  ...   X
    Cooling...................................................  ...   X
    Smothering................................................  ...   X
    Sizing up situation.......................................   X   ...
    Locating information on cargo.............................   X   ...
    Extinguishing.............................................   X    X
    Extinguishing with portable units.........................   X    X
    Setting reflash watch.....................................   X    X
    Using additional personnel................................   X    X
  Firefighting extinguishing-agents:
    Water (solid jet, spray, fog, and flooding)...............  ...   X
    Foam (high, medium and low expansion).....................  ...   X
    Carbon dioxide (CO2)......................................   X    X
    Halon.....................................................  ...   X
    Aqueous-film-forming foam (AFFF)..........................  ...   X
    Dry chemicals.............................................   X    X
  Use of extinguisher on:
    Flammable and combustible liquids.........................   X    X
    Manifold-flange fire......................................   X    X
    Drip-pan fire.............................................   X    X
    Pump fire.................................................   X    X
  Drills for typical fires on barges..........................   X   ...
Field exercises:
  Extinguish small fires using portable extinguishers:
    Electrical................................................   X    X
    Manifold-flange...........................................   X    X
    Drip-pan..................................................   X    X
    Pump......................................................   X    X
  Use self-contained breathing apparatus......................  ...   X
  Extinguish extensive fires with water.......................  ...   X
  Extinguish fires with foam, or chemical.....................  ...   X
  Fight fire in smoke-filled enclosed space wearing SCBA......  ...   X
  Extinguish fire with water fog in an enclosed space with      ...   X
   heavy smoke................................................
  Extinguish oil fire with fog applicator and spray nozzles,    ...   X
   dry-chemical, or foam applicators..........................
  Effect a rescue in a smoke-filled space while wearing         ...   X
   breathing apparatus........................................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Tankerman-PIC (Barge).
(2) Tankerman-PIC, tankerman-engineer, and tankerman-assistant.

Sec.  13.123  [Amended]

    43. In Sec.  13.123, remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''; remove the symbol ``%'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``percent''; and remove the word ``five'' and add, in 
its place, the number ``5''.


Sec.  13.125  [Amended]

    44. In Sec.  13.125, remove the word ``shall'' and add, in its 
place, the word ``must''; and after the words ``physical requirements 
of'', remove the words ``Sec.  10.215 of this chapter, excluding 
paragraph (d)(2) of that section'' and add, in their place, the words 
``part 10, subpart C''.
    45. Amend Sec.  13.127 as follows:
    a. Revise paragraph (a) to read as set down below;
    b. In paragraph (b) introductory text, remove the words ``paragraph 
(a)(2)'' and add, in their place, the words ``paragraph (a)(3)'';
    c. In paragraphs (b)(2) and (b)(5), remove the word ``four'' and 
add, in its place, the number ``4'';
    d. In paragraph (b)(4), after the word ``one discharge'', remove 
the word ``a'' and add, in its place, the words ``conducted during 
each'';
    e. In paragraph (b)(6), remove the word ``cargo'' wherever it 
appears;
    f. In paragraph (b)(7), after the words ``Declaration of 
Inspection, the connection of'', remove the word ``cargo''; and after 
the words ``the start of the'', remove the wo