[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 185 (Monday, September 24, 2012)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 58782-58785]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-23498]

Proposed Rules
                                                Federal Register

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of 
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these 
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in 
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.


Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 185 / Monday, September 24, 2012 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 58782]]


U.S. Customs and Border Protection

8 CFR Part 100

19 CFR Part 101

[Docket No. USCBP-2012-0037]

Closing of the Jamieson Line, NY Border Crossing

AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection; DHS.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.


SUMMARY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is proposing to close 
the Jamieson Line, New York border crossing. The proposed change is 
part of CBP's continuing program to more efficiently utilize its 
personnel, facilities, and resources, and to provide better service to 
carriers, importers, and the general public.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before November 23, 2012.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by docket number USCBP-
2012-0037, by one of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Border Security Regulations Branch, Regulations and 
Rulings, Office of International Trade, Customs and Border Protection, 
799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20229-1179.
    Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name 
and docket title for this rulemaking, and must reference docket number 
USCBP-2012-0037. All comments received will be posted without change to 
http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information 
provided. For detailed instructions on submitting comments and 
additional information on the rulemaking process, see the ``Public 
Participation'' heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of the 
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov. Submitted comments 
may also be inspected during regular business days between the hours of 
9 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. at the Office of International Trade, Customs and 
Border Protection, 799 9th Street NW., 5th Floor, Washington, DC. 
Arrangements to inspect submitted comments should be made in advance by 
calling Mr. Joseph Clark at (202) 325-0118.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Roger Kaplan, Director, Office of 
Field Operations, Programs and Policy, (202) 325-4543 (not a toll-free 
number) or by email at [email protected].


 I. Public Participation

    Interested persons are invited to participate in this rulemaking by 
submitting written data, views, or arguments on all aspects of the 
proposed rule. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) also invites 
comments that relate to the economic, environmental, or federalism 
effects that might result from this proposed rule. Comments that will 
provide the most assistance will reference a specific portion of the 
proposed rule, explain the reason for any recommended change, and 
include data, information, or authority that support such recommended 

II. Background

    CBP ports of entry are locations where CBP officers and employees 
are assigned to accept entries of merchandise, clear passengers, 
collect duties, and enforce the various provisions of customs, 
immigration, agriculture and related U.S. laws at the border. The term 
``port of entry'' is used in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) in 
title 8 for immigration purposes and in title 19 for customs 
purposes.\1\ A ``Customs station'' is any place, other than a port of 
entry, at which CBP officers or employees are stationed to enter and 
clear vessels, accept entries of merchandise, collect duties, and 
enforce the various provisions of the customs and navigation laws of 
the United States. Jamieson Line, New York (referred to in Sec.  
101.4(c) of title 19 (19 CFR 101.4(c)) as ``Jamieson's Line'') is 
designated as a Customs station with Trout River, New York as its 
supervisory port of entry.

    \1\ For customs purposes, CBP regulations list designated CBP 
ports of entry in Sec.  101.3(b)(1) of title 19 (19 CFR 

    For immigration purposes, CBP regulations list ports of entry for 
aliens arriving by vessel and land transportation in Sec.  100.4(a) of 
title 8 (8 CFR 100.4(a)). These ports are listed according to location 
by districts and are designated as Class A, B, or C. Jamieson Line, New 
York (referred to in 8 CFR 100.4(a) as ``Jamison's Line'') is included 
in this list, in District No. 7, as a Class B port of entry. For ease 
of reference, in this document, we will refer to the crossing at 
Jamieson Line, New York as a border crossing.
    On August 23, 2010, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) 
notified CBP of its intent to close the Jamieson's Line port of entry 
in Quebec, Canada. The corresponding U.S. border crossing is the 
Jamieson Line crossing in New York located approximately 150 feet to 
the south. CBSA closed the Jamieson's Line port in Quebec, Canada on 
April 1, 2011. This decision created a situation where travelers from 
Canada may continue to enter the United States at the Jamieson Line 
border crossing in New York but travelers leaving the United States for 
Canada must do so at a port other than at Jamieson's Line port in 
    The Jamieson Line border crossing in New York is one of CBP's least 
trafficked border crossings. The crossing has processed an average of 
less than six privately owned vehicles per day and had the eighth 
lowest traffic volume of all CBP land border crossings in 2010. The 
volume of traffic at the border crossing has dropped by 20.8% from 2008 
to 2011. The facility currently has five full time staff, with only two 
CBP officers assigned per shift. Redirecting the nominal traffic volume 
to alternative crossings will have minimal impact on the town closest 
to the crossing, the town of Burke, with a population of 1,359.
    The facility was built in 1945 and has not undergone renovation 
since 1962. The facility has one primary lane, no secondary lane, and 
commercial vehicle inspections must occur in the roadway. We have 
determined that the facility does not have the infrastructure to meet 
modern operational, safety, and technological demands for border

[[Page 58783]]

crossings and that major renovations would be required if the Jamieson 
Line border crossing were to continue operations. The costs of such 
renovations are discussed in Section IV of this document.
    The two ports of entry closest to Jamieson Line are the ports of 
Trout River, New York and Chateaugay, New York. Trout River is located 
about 9 road miles west of Jamieson Line and Chateaugay, about 6 road 
miles east of Jamieson Line. If the border crossing at Jamieson Line is 
closed, the traffic normally seen at that crossing will be processed at 
these two ports.
    In view of the closure of the adjacent Canadian port of Jamieson's 
Line, the limited usage of the border crossing of Jamieson Line, New 
York, the location of the alternative ports, and the analysis of the 
net benefit of the border crossing closure discussed in Section IV of 
this document (including the cost of necessary renovations were the 
crossing to remain open), CBP is proposing to close the Jamieson Line, 
New York border crossing. This action would further CBP's ongoing goal 
of more efficiently utilizing its personnel, facilities, and resources.

III. Congressional Notification

    On May 31, 2011, the Commissioner of CBP notified Congress of CBP's 
intention to close the border crossing at Jamieson Line, fulfilling the 
congressional notification requirements of 19 U.S.C. 2075(g)(2) and 
section 417 of the Homeland Security Act (6 U.S.C. 217).

IV. Regulatory Requirements

A. Signing Authority

    The signing authority for this document falls under 19 CFR 0.2(a). 
Accordingly, this notice of proposed rulemaking is signed by the 
Secretary of Homeland Security.

B. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

    Executive Orders 13563 and 12866 direct agencies to assess the 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive 
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and 
benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting 
flexibility. This rule is not a ``significant regulatory action,'' 
under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, the Office of 
Management and Budget has not reviewed this regulation.
1. Baseline Conditions
    The Jamieson Line crossing averaged 2,202 cars and 63 trucks a year 
from 2008 through 2011. CBP assigns five full time staff to the 
crossing, costing about $559,000 per year, including benefits. In 
addition, CBP spends about $28,000 a year on operating expenses such as 
utilities and maintenance. The total annual cost of operating the 
crossing is about $587,000. DHS has determined that the Jamieson Line 
crossing requires significant renovation and expansion, requiring an 
estimated $6.5 million to build facilities that meet all current safety 
and security standards. Since this construction is the only alternative 
to closing the crossing, CBP would need to spend $7,087,000 the first 
year (construction plus operating costs) and $587,000 each subsequent 
year if the crossing were to remain open.

       Option 1: Keep crossing open         First year         years
Staffing Expenses.......................        $559,000        $559,000
Operating Expenses......................          28,000          28,000
Crossing Facility Renovation Costs......       6,500,000  ..............
    Total Cost to Keep Crossing Open....       7,087,000         587,000

2. Costs of Closing the Crossing
    The costs of the proposed closure fall into three categories--the 
cost to CBP to physically close the crossing, the cost to U.S. 
travelers to drive to the next nearest crossing, and the cost to the 
economy of lost revenue resulting from potential decreased Canadian 
travel. CBP estimates that it will cost approximately $205,000 to 
physically close the crossing, which involves building road barricades, 
stabilizing the building, and fencing.
    In addition to the cost to the government of closing the crossing, 
we must examine the impact of this proposed closure on U.S. travelers 
(per guidance provided in OMB Circular A-4, this analysis is focused on 
costs and benefits to U.S. entities). Approximately 2,250 vehicles and 
3,200 passengers cross from Canada into the United States each year at 
Jamieson Line. If the crossing is closed, these travelers would need to 
travel to an alternate port, which could cost them both time and money.
    As noted, the two ports closest to Jamieson Line are Chateaugay, 
which is about 6 miles east, and Trout River, which is about 9 miles 
west. The alternate port travelers choose to use will depend on their 
point of origin and their destination. In general, the closer the point 
of origin or destination is to Jamieson Line, the more the traveler 
will be affected by the closure. Because CBP does not collect data on 
either of these points, for the purposes of this analysis we will 
assume the worst case scenario--that all crossers begin their trip on 
the Canadian side of the border at a point just across from Jamieson 
Line and have to travel through an alternate port of entry to arrive at 
their ultimate destination at a point adjacent to Jamieson Line on the 
U.S. side of the border. We estimate that such a detour would add 40 
minutes and 20 miles to the crossers' trips each way. Since it is 
unlikely that all crossings at Jamieson Line originate and end 
immediately at the border, this methodology likely overstates the cost 
to travelers.
    In 2007, Industrial Economics, Inc. (IEc) conducted a study for CBP 
to develop ``an approach for estimating the monetary value of changes 
in time use for application in [CBP's] analyses of the benefits and 
costs of major regulations''.\2\ We follow the three-step approach 
detailed in IEc's 2007 analysis to monetize the increase in travel time 
resulting from the closure of Jamieson Line: (1) Determine the local 
wage rate, (2) determine the purpose of the trip, and (3) determine the 
value of the travel delay as a result of this rule. We start

[[Page 58784]]

by using the median hourly wage rate for Northern New York of $14.88 
per hour, as the effects of the rule are local.\3\ We next determine 
the purpose of the trip. For the purposes of this analysis, we assume 
this travel will be personal travel and will be local travel. We 
identify the value of time multiplier recommended by the U.S. 
Department of Transportation (DOT) for personal, local travel, as 
0.5.\4\ Finally, we account for the value of the travel delay. Since 
the added time spent traveling is considered more inconvenient than the 
baseline travel, we account for this using a factor that weighs time 
inconvenienced more heavily than baseline travel time. This factor, 
1.47, is multiplied by the average wage rate and the DOT value of time 
multiplier for personal, local travel for a travel time value of $10.94 
per traveler ($14.88 x 0.5 x 1.47).\5\

    \2\ Robinson, Lisa A. 2007. ``Value of Time.''Submitted to US 
Customs and Border Protection on February 15, 2007. The paper is 
contained in its entirely as Appendix D in the Regulatory Assessment 
for the April 2008 final rule for the Western Hemisphere Travel 
Initiative requirements in the land environment (73 FR 18384; April 
3, 2008). See www.regulations.gov document numbers USCBP-2007-0061-
0615 and USCBP-2007-0061-0616.
    \3\ Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2010. Occupational 
Employment Statistics Query System. Capital/Northern New York 
nonmetropolitan area. http://data.bls.gov/oes/datatype.do.
    \4\ U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), The Value of Time 
Savings: Departmental Guidance for Conducting Economic Evaluations 
Revision 2, (Memorandum from Polly Trottenberg), September 28, 2011, 
Tables 1. http://ostpxweb.dot.gov/policy/reports/vot_guidance_092811c.pdf.
    \5\ Wardman, M., ``A Review of British Evidence on Time and 
Service Quality Valuations,'' Transportation Research Part E, Vol. 
37, 2001, pp. 107-128.

    We next multiply the estimated number of travelers entering the 
U.S. through Jamieson Line in a year (3,200) by the average delay (40 
minutes) to arrive at the number of additional hours travelers would be 
delayed as a result of this rule--2,133 hours. We multiply this by the 
value of wait time ($10.94) to arrive at the value of the additional 
driving time for travelers arriving in the United States once Jamieson 
Line is closed. Finally, we double this to account for round trip costs 
to reach a total time cost of $46,670.
    Besides the cost of additional travel time, we must consider the 
vehicle costs of a longer trip. We must first estimate the number of 
miles the closure of Jamieson Line would add to travelers' trips. The 
annual traffic arriving at Jamieson Line is 2,250 vehicles. Since we 
assume that the closure will add 20 miles to each crossing, the closure 
will add a total of 45,000 miles to travelers' trips each year. We next 
monetize the delay by applying the IRS's standard mileage rate for 
business travel of $0.555 \6\ to these vehicles, which includes fuel 
costs, wear-and-tear, and depreciation of the vehicle. Because this is 
an estimate for business travel, it may slightly overstate costs for 
leisure travelers using their vehicles on leisure activities. Finally, 
we double the costs to account for the return trip. We estimate that a 
closure of Jamieson Line will cost U.S. citizens of $50,000 in 
additional vehicular costs.

    \6\ Internal Revenue Service, July 1, 2011. IRS Standard Mileage 
Rates. http://www.irs.gov/taxpros/article/0,,id=156624,00.html.

    The final cost we must consider is the cost to the economy of lost 
revenue resulting from potential decreased Canadian travel. Because of 
the lack of data on the nature of travel through Jamieson Line and its 
effect on the local economy, we are unable to monetize or quantify 
these costs. We therefore discuss this qualitatively.
    Since both U.S. and foreign travelers will be inconvenienced by the 
closure of the crossing of Jamieson Line, it is possible that fewer 
foreign travelers will choose to cross the border into the United 
States. To the extent that these visitors were spending money in the 
United States, local businesses would lose revenue. Since fewer than 
seven vehicles a day entered the United States at Jamieson Line, this 
effect is likely to be very small. Also, it could be mitigated by those 
U.S. citizens who would now choose to remain in the United States. We 
believe that the total impacts on the economy due to decreased travel 
to the United States are negligible.
    In summary, the closure of the crossing of Jamieson would cost CBP 
$205,000 in direct closure costs in the first year, and U.S. travelers 
$46,670 in time costs and $50,000 in vehicle costs annually. Total 
quantifiable costs to close the crossing are thus approximately 
$302,000 in the first year and $97,000 each following year.

         Option 2: Close crossing           First year         years
U.S. Traveler Time Costs................         $46,670         $46,670
U.S. Traveler Vehicle Costs.............          50,000          50,000
Crossing Facility Closure Cost..........         205,000  ..............
    Total Cost to Close Crossing........         301,670          96,670

3. Net Effect of Closure
    The costs to CBP of leaving the crossing of Jamieson Line open are 
$7,087,000 the first year and $587,000 each following year. The cost of 
closing the crossing are $301,670 the first year and $96,670 each 
following year. Thus, the net benefit of the crossing closure is 
$6,785,330 the first year and $490,330 each year after that.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    This section examines the impact of the rule on small entities as 
required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 603), as amended 
by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement and Fairness Act of 1996. 
A small entity may be a small business (defined as any independently 
owned and operated business not dominant in its field that qualifies as 
a small business per the Small Business Act); a small not-for-profit 
organization; or a small governmental jurisdiction (locality with fewer 
than 50,000 people). Individuals are not defined as small entities 
under the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
    Because CBP does not collect data on the number of small businesses 
that use the crossing of Jamieson Line, we cannot estimate how many 
would be affected by this rule. However, an average of fewer than seven 
vehicles cross into the United States at Jamieson Line each day, and 
the total cost of the rule to U.S. travelers is only about $97,000 a 
year, even assuming the longest possible detour for all traffic. DHS 
does not believe that this cost rises to the level of a significant 
economic impact. DHS thus believes that this rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
DHS welcomes any comments regarding this assessment. If it does not 
receive any comments contradicting this finding, DHS will certify that 
this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities at the final rule stage.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

    This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and 
tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the

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private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will 
not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no 
actions are necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates 
Reform Act of 1995.

E. Executive Order 13132

    The rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on 
the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on 
the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels 
of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive 
Order 13132, this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications 
to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.

V. Authority

    This change is proposed under the authority of 5 U.S.C. 301, 6 
U.S.C. 112, 203 and 211, 8 U.S.C. 1103 and 19 U.S.C. 2, 66 and 1624.

VI. Proposed Amendment to Regulations

    If the proposed closure of the border crossing of Jamieson Line, 
New York is adopted, CBP will amend the lists of CBP Customs stations 
at 19 CFR 101.4(c) and the CBP ports of entry at 8 CFR 100.4(a) to 
reflect this change.

    Dated: September 19, 2012.
 Janet Napolitano,
[FR Doc. 2012-23498 Filed 9-21-12; 8:45 am]