[Federal Register Volume 77, Number 218 (Friday, November 9, 2012)]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2012-27373]
This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.
Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 218 / Friday, November 9, 2012 /
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
Federal Aviation Administration
14 CFR Part 25
[Docket No. FAA-2012-1200; Notice No. 25-12-07-SC]
Special Conditions: Embraer S.A., Model EMB-550 Airplane;
Hydrophobic Coatings in Lieu of Windshield Wipers
AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.
ACTION: Notice of proposed special conditions.
SUMMARY: This action proposes special conditions for the Embraer S.A.,
Model EMB-550 airplane. This airplane will have a novel or unusual
design feature(s) associated with hydrophobic coatings. The applicable
airworthiness regulations do not contain adequate or appropriate safety
standards for this design feature. These proposed special conditions
contain the additional safety standards that the Administrator
considers necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that
established by the existing airworthiness standards.
DATES: Send your comments on or before December 24, 2012.
ADDRESSES: Send comments identified by docket number [FAA-2012-1200]
using any of the following methods:
Federal eRegulations Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/ and follow the online instructions for sending
your comments electronically.
Mail: Send comments to Docket Operations, M-30, U.S.
Department of Transportation (DOT), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Room
W12-140, West Building Ground Floor, Washington, DC, 20590-0001.
Hand Delivery or Courier: Take comments to Docket
Operations in Room W12-140 of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200
New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday
through Friday, except federal holidays.
Fax: Fax comments to Docket Operations at 202-493-2251.
Privacy: The FAA will post all comments it receives, without
change, to http://www.regulations.gov/, including any personal
information the commenter provides. Using the search function of the
docket Web site, anyone can find and read the electronic form of all
comments received into any FAA docket, including the name of the
individual sending the comment (or signing the comment for an
association, business, labor union, etc.). DOT's complete Privacy Act
Statement can be found in the Federal Register published on April 11,
2000 (65 FR 19477-19478), as well as at http://DocketsInfo.dot.gov/.
Docket: Background documents or comments received may be read at
http://www.regulations.gov/ at any time. Follow the online instructions
for accessing the docket or go to the Docket Operations in Room W12-140
of the West Building Ground Floor at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE.,
Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,
except federal holidays.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paul Bernado, FAA, Airplane and Flight
Crew Interface Branch, ANM-111, Transport Airplane Directorate,
Aircraft Certification Service, 1601 Lind Avenue SW., Renton,
Washington, 98057-3356; telephone 425-227-1209; facsimile 425-227-1320.
We invite interested people to take part in this rulemaking by
sending written comments, data, or views. The most helpful comments
reference a specific portion of the special conditions, explain the
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data.
We will consider all comments we receive on or before the closing
date for comments. We may change these special conditions based on the
comments we receive.
On May 14, 2009, Embraer S.A. applied for a type certificate for
their new Model EMB-550 airplane. The Model EMB-550 airplane is the
first of a new family of jet airplanes designed for corporate flight,
fractional, charter, and private owner operations. The aircraft has a
conventional configuration with low wing and T-tail empennage. The
primary structure is metal with composite empennage and control
surfaces. The Model EMB-550 airplane is designed for 8 passengers, with
a maximum of 12 passengers. It is equipped with two Honeywell HTF7500-E
medium bypass ratio turbofan engines mounted on aft fuselage pylons.
Each engine produces approximately 6,540 pounds of thrust for normal
takeoff. The primary flight controls consist of hydraulically powered
fly-by-wire elevators, aileron and rudder, controlled by the pilot or
The Model EMB-550 airplane will use a hydrophobic coating on the
windshield in lieu of windshield wipers. The existing regulation, Title
14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 25.773(b)(1), requires a means
to maintain a sufficiently clear portion of the windshield for both
pilots to have sufficiently extensive view along the flight path during
precipitation conditions in heavy rain at speeds up to 1.5
VSR1. The heavy rain and high speed conditions in the rule
do not necessarily represent the limiting condition for this new
technology. For example, airflow over the windshield may be necessary
to remove moisture, but may not be adequate to maintain a sufficiently
clear area of the windshield in low speed flight or during surface
operations. Alternatively, airflow over the windshield may be disturbed
during critical times such as the approach to land, where the airplane
is at higher-than-normal pitch angle.
Type Certification Basis
Under the provisions of 14 CFR 21.17, Embraer S.A. must show that
the Model EMB-550 airplane meets the applicable provisions of part 25,
as amended by Amendments 25-1 through 25-127 thereto.
If the Administrator finds that the applicable airworthiness
regulations (i.e., 14 CFR part 25) do not contain adequate or
appropriate safety standards for the Model EMB-550 airplane because of
a novel or unusual design feature, special conditions are prescribed
under the provisions of Sec. 21.16.
Special conditions are initially applicable to the model for which
they are issued. Should the type certificate for that model be amended
later to include any other model that incorporates the same or similar
novel or unusual design feature, the special
conditions would also apply to the other model under Sec. 21.101.
In addition to the applicable airworthiness regulations and special
conditions, the Embraer S.A. Model EMB-550 airplane must comply with
the fuel vent and exhaust emission requirements of 14 CFR part 34 and
the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36 and the FAA must
issue a finding of regulatory adequacy under Sec. 611 of Public Law
92-574, the ``Noise Control Act of 1972.''
The FAA issues special conditions, as defined in 14 CFR 11.19, in
accordance with Sec. 11.38, and they become part of the type-
certification basis under Sec. 21.17(a)(2).
Novel or Unusual Design Features
The Embraer S.A. Model EMB-550 airplane will incorporate the
following novel or unusual design features: The Model EMB-550 airplane
has a hydrophobic coating on the windshield to provide adequate pilot
compartment view in precipitation in lieu of windshield wipers.
14 CFR 25.773(b)(1) requires a means to maintain a clear portion of
the windshield for both pilots to have a sufficiently extensive view
along the flight path during precipitation conditions. The regulations
require this means to maintain such an area during precipitation in
heavy rain at speeds up to 1.5 VSR1. The requirement that
the means to maintain a clear area of forward vision must function at
high speeds and high precipitation rates is based on the use of
windshield wipers as the means to maintain an adequate area of clear
vision in precipitation conditions. The requirement in 14 CFR
121.313(b), and in 14 CFR 125.213(b), to provide ``a windshield wiper
or equivalent for each pilot station'' has remained unchanged since at
The effectiveness of windshield wipers to maintain an area of clear
vision normally degrades as airspeed and precipitation rates increase.
It is assumed that because high speeds and high precipitation rates
represent limiting conditions for windshield wipers, they will also be
effective at lower speeds and precipitation levels. Accordingly, Sec.
25.773(b)(1)(i) does not require maintenance of a clear area of forward
vision at lower speeds or lower precipitation rates.
A forced airflow blown directly over the windshield has also been
used to maintain an area of clear vision in precipitation. The limiting
conditions for this technology are comparable to those for windshield
wipers. Accordingly, introduction of this technology did not present a
need for special conditions to maintain the level of safety embodied in
the existing regulations.
Hydrophobic windshield coatings may depend to some degree on
airflow directly over the windshield to maintain a clear vision area.
The heavy rain and high-speed conditions specified in the current rule
do not necessarily represent the limiting conditions for this new
technology. For example, airflow over the windshield, which may be
necessary to remove moisture from the windshield, may not be adequate
to maintain a sufficiently clear area of the windshield in low speed
flight or during ground operations. Alternatively, airflow over the
windshield may be disturbed during such critical times as the approach
to land, where the airplane is at a higher than normal pitch attitude.
In these cases, areas of airflow disturbance or separation on the
windshield could cause failure to maintain a clear vision area on the
In addition to potentially depending on airflow to function
effectively, hydrophobic coatings may also be dependent on water
droplet size for effective precipitation removal. For example,
precipitation in the form of a light mist may not be sufficient for the
coating's properties to result in maintaining a clear area of vision.
In summary, the current regulations identify speed and
precipitation rate requirements that represent limiting conditions for
windshield wipers and blowers, but not for hydrophobic coatings, so it
is necessary to issue special conditions to maintain the level of
safety represented by the current regulations.
These special conditions provide an appropriate safety standard for
the hydrophobic coating technology as the means to maintain a clear
area of vision by requiring it to be effective at low speeds and
precipitation rates as well as the higher speeds and precipitation
rates identified in the current regulation.
As discussed above, these special conditions are applicable to the
Embraer S.A. Model EMB-550 airplane. Should Embraer S.A. apply at a
later date for a change to the type certificate to include another
model incorporating the same novel or unusual design feature, the
special conditions would apply to that model as well.
This action affects only certain novel or unusual design features
on one model of airplanes. It is not a rule of general applicability.
List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 25
Aircraft, Aviation safety, Reporting and recordkeeping
The authority citation for these special conditions is as follows:
Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701, 44702, 44704.
The Proposed Special Conditions
Accordingly, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) proposes the
following special conditions as part of the type certification basis
for Embraer S.A. Model EMB-550 airplanes.
Hydrophobic Coatings in Lieu of Windshield Wipers
The airplane must have a means to maintain a clear portion of the
windshield, during precipitation conditions, enough for both pilots to
have a sufficiently extensive view along the ground or flight path in
normal taxi and flight attitudes of the airplane. This means must be
designed to function, without continuous attention on the part of the
flightcrew, in conditions from light misting precipitation to heavy
rain at speeds from fully stopped in still air, to 1.5 VSR1
with lift and drag devices retracted.
Issued in Renton, Washington, on November, 5, 2012.
Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification
[FR Doc. 2012-27373 Filed 11-8-12; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P