[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 61 (Friday, March 29, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 19107-19125]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2013-07198]


=======================================================================
-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

Forest Service

36 CFR Part 242

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Fish and Wildlife Service

50 CFR Part 100

[Docket No. FWS-R7-SM-2011-0015; FXFR13350700640-134-FF07J00000]
RIN 1018-AX64


Subsistence Management Regulations for Public Lands in Alaska--
2013-14 and 2014-15 Subsistence Taking of Fish Regulations

AGENCY: Forest Service, Agriculture; Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Interior.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This final rule establishes regulations for seasons, harvest 
limits, methods, and means related to taking of fish for subsistence 
uses in Alaska during the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 regulatory years. The 
Federal Subsistence Board (Board) completes the biennial process of 
revising subsistence hunting and trapping regulations in even-numbered 
years and subsistence fishing and shellfish regulations in odd-numbered 
years; public proposal and review processes take place during the 
preceding year. The Board also addresses customary and traditional use 
determinations during the applicable biennial cycle. This rulemaking 
replaces the fish taking regulations that expire on March 31, 2013.

DATES: This rule is effective April 1, 2013.

ADDRESSES: The Board meeting transcripts are available for review at 
the Office of Subsistence Management, 1011 East Tudor Road, Mail Stop 
121, Anchorage, AK 99503, or on the Office of Subsistence Management 
Web site (http://alaska.fws.gov/asm/index.cfml).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Chair, Federal Subsistence Board, c/o 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Attention: Kathleen M. O'Reilly-Doyle, 
Office of Subsistence Management; (907) 786-3888 or 
subsistence@fws.gov. For questions specific to National Forest System 
lands, contact Steve Kessler, Subsistence Program Leader, USDA, Forest 
Service, Alaska Region, (907) 743-9461 or skessler@fs.fed.us.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    Under Title VIII of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation 
Act (ANILCA) (16 U.S.C. 3111-3126), the Secretary of the Interior and 
the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretaries) jointly implement the 
Federal Subsistence Management Program. This program provides a 
preference for take of fish and wildlife resources for subsistence uses 
on Federal public lands and waters in Alaska. The Secretaries published 
temporary regulations to carry out this program in the Federal Register 
on June 29, 1990 (55 FR 27114), and published final regulations in the 
Federal Register on May 29, 1992 (57 FR 22940). The Program has 
subsequently amended these regulations a number of times. Because this 
program is a joint effort between Interior and Agriculture, these 
regulations are located in two titles of the Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR): Title 36, ``Parks, Forests, and Public Property,'' 
and Title 50, ``Wildlife and Fisheries,'' at 36 CFR 242.1-242.28 and 50 
CFR 100.1-100.28, respectively. The regulations contain subparts as 
follows: Subpart A, General Provisions; Subpart B, Program Structure; 
Subpart C, Board Determinations; and Subpart D, Subsistence Taking of 
Fish and Wildlife.
    Consistent with subpart B of these regulations, the Secretaries 
established a Federal Subsistence Board to administer the Federal 
Subsistence Management

[[Page 19108]]

Program. The Board is currently made up of:
     A Chair appointed by the Secretary of the Interior with 
concurrence of the Secretary of Agriculture;
     Two public members appointed by the Secretary of the 
Interior with concurrence of the Secretary of Agriculture;
     The Alaska Regional Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife 
Service;
     The Alaska Regional Director, U.S. National Park Service;
     The Alaska State Director, U.S. Bureau of Land Management;
     The Alaska Regional Director, U.S. Bureau of Indian 
Affairs; and
     The Alaska Regional Forester, U.S. Forest Service.
    Through the Board, these agencies participate in the development of 
regulations for subparts C and D, which, among other things, set forth 
program eligibility and specific harvest seasons and limits.
    In administering the program, the Secretaries divided Alaska into 
10 subsistence resource regions, each of which is represented by a 
Regional Advisory Council. The Regional Advisory Councils provide a 
forum for rural residents with personal knowledge of local conditions 
and resource requirements to have a meaningful role in the subsistence 
management of fish and wildlife on Federal public lands in Alaska. The 
Council members represent varied geographical, cultural, and user 
interests within each region.
    The Board addresses customary and traditional use determinations 
during the applicable biennial cycle. Section ----.24 (customary and 
traditional use determinations) was originally published in the Federal 
Register on May 29, 1992 (57 FR 22940). The regulations at 36 CFR 242.4 
and 50 CFR 100.4 define ``customary and traditional use'' as ``a long-
established, consistent pattern of use, incorporating beliefs and 
customs which have been transmitted from generation to generation * * * 
.'' Since 1992, the Board has made a number of customary and 
traditional use determinations at the request of affected subsistence 
users. Those modifications, along with some administrative corrections, 
were published in the Federal Register as follows:

                     Modifications to Sec.   ----.24
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Rule made changes to
                                                        the following
  Federal Register citation    Date of publication   provisions of ----
                                                             .24
------------------------------------------------------------------------
59 FR 27462.................  May 27, 1994........  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
59 FR 51855.................  October 13, 1994....  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
60 FR 10317.................  February 24, 1995...  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
61 FR 39698.................  July 30, 1996.......  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
62 FR 29016.................  May 29, 1997........  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
63 FR 35332.................  June 29, 1998.......  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
63 FR 46148.................  August 28, 1998.....  Wildlife and Fish/
                                                     Shellfish.
64 FR 1276..................  January 8, 1999.....  Fish/Shellfish.
64 FR 35776.................  July 1, 1999........  Wildlife.
65 FR 40730.................  June 30, 2000.......  Wildlife.
66 FR 10142.................  February 13, 2001...  Fish/Shellfish.
66 FR 33744.................  June 25, 2001.......  Wildlife.
67 FR 5890..................  February 7, 2002....  Fish/Shellfish.
67 FR 43710.................  June 28, 2002.......  Wildlife.
68 FR 7276..................  February 12, 2003...  Fish/Shellfish.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: The Board met May 20-22, 2003, but did not make any additional
 customary and traditional use determinations.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
69 FR 5018..................  February 3, 2004....  Fish/Shellfish.
69 FR 40174.................  July 1, 2004........  Wildlife.
70 FR 13377.................  March 21, 2005......  Fish/Shellfish.
70 FR 36268.................  June 22, 2005.......  Wildlife.
71 FR 15569.................  March 29, 2006......  Fish/Shellfish.
71 FR 37642.................  June 30, 2006.......  Wildlife.
72 FR 12676.................  March 16, 2007......  Fish/Shellfish.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: The Board met December 11-13, 2007, but did not make any
 additional customary and traditional use determinations.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
72 FR 73426.................  December 27, 2007...  Wildlife/Fish.
73 FR 35726.................  June 26, 2008.......  Wildlife.
74 FR 14049.................  March 30, 2009......  Fish/Shellfish.
75 FR 37918.................  June 30, 2010.......  Wildlife.
76 FR 12564.................  March 8, 2011.......  Fish/Shellfish.
77 FR 35482.................  June 13, 2012.......  Wildlife.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Current Rule

    The Departments published a proposed rule on February 2, 2012 (77 
FR 5204), to amend the fish section of subparts C and D of 36 CFR part 
242 and 50 CFR part 100. The proposed rule opened a comment period, 
which closed on March 30, 2012. The Departments advertised the proposed 
rule by mail, radio, and newspaper. During that period, the Regional 
Councils met and, in addition to other Regional Council business, 
received suggestions for proposals from the public. The Board received 
a total of 25 proposals for changes to subparts C and D; this included 
3 proposals that the Board had deferred from previous regulatory 
cycles. After the comment period closed, the Board prepared a booklet 
describing the proposals and distributed it to the public. The 
proposals were also available online. The public then had an additional 
30 days in which to comment on the proposals for changes to the 
regulations.
    The 10 Regional Advisory Councils met again, received public 
comments, and formulated their recommendations

[[Page 19109]]

to the Board on proposals for their respective regions. The Regional 
Advisory Councils had a substantial role in reviewing the proposed rule 
and making recommendations for the final rule. Moreover, a Council 
Chair, or a designated representative, presented each Council's 
recommendations at the Board meeting of January 22-24, 2013. These 
final regulations reflect Board review and consideration of Regional 
Advisory Council recommendations and public comments. The public 
received extensive opportunity to review and comment on all changes.
    Of the 25 proposals, 21 were on the Board's regular agenda and 4 
were on the consensus agenda. The consensus agenda is made up of 
proposals for which there is agreement among the affected Subsistence 
Regional Advisory Councils, a majority of the Interagency Staff 
Committee members, and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game 
concerning a proposed regulatory action. Any Board member may request 
that the Board remove a proposal from the consensus agenda and place it 
on the non-consensus (regular) agenda. The Board votes en masse on the 
consensus agenda after deliberation and action on all other proposals. 
Of the proposals on the consensus agenda, the Board adopted one and 
rejected three. Analysis and justification for each action are 
available for review at the Office of Subsistence Management, 1011 East 
Tudor Road, Mail Stop 121, Anchorage, AK 99503, or on the Office of 
Subsistence Management Web site (http://alaska.fws.gov/asm/index.cfml). 
Of the proposals on the regular agenda, the Board adopted two; adopted 
five with modification; rejected six; deferred two; and took no action 
on six.

Summary of Non-Consensus Proposals Not Adopted by the Board

    The Board rejected, deferred, or took no action on 14 non-consensus 
proposals. The rejected proposals were recommended for rejection by one 
or more of the Regional Advisory Councils unless noted below.

Yukon-Northern Area

    The Board rejected a proposal to establish harvest and possession 
limits for northern pike in a section of the Yukon River. This action 
would have been unnecessarily restrictive to subsistence users and 
there are no conservation concerns to warrant harvest/possession 
limits. This action was supported by two Councils and contrary to the 
recommendations of two Councils.
    The Board took no action on six proposals dealing with customary 
trade in the Yukon-Northern Area. This decision was based on its 
earlier action on a customary trade proposal and to allow time to 
review the results of this action. The Board encouraged the Regional 
Advisory Councils and the public to continue to participate and work 
toward a solution on this important issue and is open to future 
proposals on this matter.

Kodiak

    The Board deferred a proposal to revise the definitions of king and 
Tanner crab pots, marking requirements, and crab pot limits per vessel 
in the Kodiak area. This action allows additional time for the Council 
and State to address new data and work to clarify and define affected 
areas.

Southeastern Alaska Area

    The Board rejected a proposal to reduce household limits for 
steelhead on the Klawock River in the Southeast Alaska Area based on 
its action on a similar proposal.
    The Board rejected a proposal to restrict designated fishers on the 
Klawock River in Southeast Alaska. This proposal was unnecessarily 
restrictive to subsistence users.
    The Board deferred a proposal, until January 2014, to eliminate the 
subsistence sockeye salmon annual guideline harvest level on the 
Stikine River in Southeast Alaska pending consideration by the 
Transboundary River Panel and the Pacific Salmon Commission.
    The Board rejected a proposal limiting gear types for eulachon in 
Southeast Alaska. This proposal was unnecessarily restrictive to 
subsistence users.
    The Board rejected a proposal establishing an annual harvest limit 
for eulachon in Southeast Alaska. This proposal was unnecessarily 
restrictive to subsistence users.
    The Board rejected a proposal to close Federal public waters to 
non-Federally qualified users in the Makhnati Island area to the 
harvest of herring and herring spawn. This closure was unnecessary for 
conservation concerns or to protect Federally qualified users.

Summary of Non-Consensus Proposals Adopted by the Board

    The Board adopted or adopted with modification seven non-consensus 
proposals. Modifications were suggested by the affected Regional 
Council(s), developed during the analysis process, or developed during 
the Board's public deliberations. All of the adopted proposals were 
recommended for adoption by at least one of the Regional Councils 
unless noted below.

Yukon Northern Area

    The Board adopted a proposal to rescind the permit requirement for 
Chinook salmon in the drift gillnet fishery within the Yukon River 
subdistricts 4B and 4C. This action was less restrictive to subsistence 
users and would align with other remote (non-road accessible) 
subsistence fisheries along the Yukon River.
    The Board adopted a proposal with modification to limit customary 
trade for Yukon River Chinook salmon. This action will restrict 
customary trade so that transactions may only occur between Federally 
qualified rural residents who have customary and traditional use of 
that resource as defined in Federal regulations (see 36 CFR 242.4 and 
50 CFR 100.4). This action only affects customary trade within this 
region. These modifications responded to recommendations made by a 
subcommittee composed of members of each of the three Councils that 
submitted proposals. Four Councils made recommendations on this 
proposal; two supported; one opposed; and one took no action.

Chignik Area

    The Board adopted with modification a proposal to revise the gear 
types, open areas, and require a Federal permit on the Chignik River. 
This action differed in approach, yet met the intent of the Council's 
recommendation.

Cook Inlet Area

    The Board adopted a proposal to rescind the expiration date for the 
Ninilchik community fish wheel fishery on the Kasilof River. This 
action provided additional opportunity for subsistence users.

Yakutat and Southeastern Alaska Area

    The Board adopted a proposal with modification to rescind the 
requirement to remove the tail fins of subsistence caught salmon in the 
Southeastern Alaska Area, but retained the requirement to clip fins in 
the Yakutat Area. This action was taken to reduce the burden on 
subsistence users.

Southeastern Alaska Area

    The Board adopted with modification a proposal limiting harvest on 
individual streams for steelhead within the Prince of Wales/Kosciusko 
Islands. This action was based on conservation concerns.
    The Board adopted a proposal with modification to expand the permit 
requirements for the harvest of eulachon to all of District 1. This 
action was taken to better track the harvest of eulachon.

[[Page 19110]]

    These final regulations reflect Board review and consideration of 
Regional Council recommendations and public and Tribal comments. 
Because this rule concerns public lands managed by an agency or 
agencies in both the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior, 
identical text will be incorporated into 36 CFR part 242 and 50 CFR 
part 100.

Conformance With Statutory and Regulatory Authorities

Administrative Procedure Act Compliance

    The Board has provided extensive opportunity for public input and 
involvement in compliance with Administrative Procedure Act 
requirements, including publishing a proposed rule in the Federal 
Register, participation in multiple Regional Council meetings, 
additional public review and comment on all proposals for regulatory 
change, and opportunity for additional public comment during the Board 
meeting prior to deliberation. Additionally, an administrative 
mechanism exists (and has been used by the public) to request 
reconsideration of the Board's decision on any particular proposal for 
regulatory change (36 CFR 242.20 and 50 CFR 100.20). Therefore, the 
Board believes that sufficient public notice and opportunity for 
involvement have been given to affected persons regarding Board 
decisions.
    In the more than 20 years the Program has been operating, no 
benefit to the public has been demonstrated by delaying the effective 
date of the subsistence regulations. A lapse in regulatory control 
could affect the continued viability of fish or wildlife populations 
and future subsistence opportunities for rural Alaskans, and would 
generally fail to serve the overall public interest. Therefore, the 
Board finds good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to make this rule 
effective upon the date set forth in DATES to ensure continued 
operation of the subsistence program.

National Environmental Policy Act Compliance

    A Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for developing a 
Federal Subsistence Management Program was distributed for public 
comment on October 7, 1991. That document described the major issues 
associated with Federal subsistence management as identified through 
public meetings, written comments, and staff analyses and examined the 
environmental consequences of four alternatives. Proposed regulations 
(subparts A, B, and C) that would implement the preferred alternative 
were included in the DEIS as an appendix. The DEIS and the proposed 
administrative regulations presented a framework for a regulatory cycle 
regarding subsistence hunting and fishing regulations (subpart D). The 
Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) was published on February 
28, 1992.
    Based on the public comments received, the analysis contained in 
the FEIS, and the recommendations of the Federal Subsistence Board and 
the Department of the Interior's Subsistence Policy Group, the 
Secretary of the Interior, with the concurrence of the Secretary of 
Agriculture, through the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Forest Service, 
implemented Alternative IV as identified in the DEIS and FEIS (Record 
of Decision on Subsistence Management for Federal Public Lands in 
Alaska (ROD), signed April 6, 1992). The DEIS and the selected 
alternative in the FEIS defined the administrative framework of a 
regulatory cycle for subsistence hunting and fishing regulations. The 
final rule for subsistence management regulations for public lands in 
Alaska, subparts A, B, and C, implemented the Federal Subsistence 
Management Program and included a framework for a regulatory cycle for 
the subsistence taking of wildlife and fish. The following Federal 
Register documents pertain to this rulemaking:

 Subsistence Management Regulations for Public Lands in Alaska, Subparts A, B, and C: Federal Register Documents
                                          Pertaining to the Final Rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     Federal Register citation         Date of publication          Category                   Details
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
57 FR 22940........................  May 29, 1992..........  Final Rule............  ``Subsistence Management
                                                                                      Regulations for Public
                                                                                      Lands in Alaska; Final
                                                                                      Rule'' was published in
                                                                                      the Federal Register.
64 FR 1276.........................  January 8, 1999.......  Final Rule............  Amended the regulations to
                                                                                      include subsistence
                                                                                      activities occurring on
                                                                                      inland navigable waters in
                                                                                      which the United States
                                                                                      has a reserved water right
                                                                                      and to identify specific
                                                                                      Federal land units where
                                                                                      reserved water rights
                                                                                      exist. Extended the
                                                                                      Federal Subsistence
                                                                                      Board's management to all
                                                                                      Federal lands selected
                                                                                      under the Alaska Native
                                                                                      Claims Settlement Act and
                                                                                      the Alaska Statehood Act
                                                                                      and situated within the
                                                                                      boundaries of a
                                                                                      Conservation System Unit,
                                                                                      National Recreation Area,
                                                                                      National Conservation
                                                                                      Area, or any new national
                                                                                      forest or forest addition,
                                                                                      until conveyed to the
                                                                                      State of Alaska or to an
                                                                                      Alaska Native Corporation.
                                                                                      Specified and clarified
                                                                                      the Secretaries' authority
                                                                                      to determine when hunting,
                                                                                      fishing, or trapping
                                                                                      activities taking place in
                                                                                      Alaska off the public
                                                                                      lands interfere with the
                                                                                      subsistence priority.
66 FR 31533........................  June 12, 2001.........  Interim Rule..........  Expanded the authority that
                                                                                      the Board may delegate to
                                                                                      agency field officials and
                                                                                      clarified the procedures
                                                                                      for enacting emergency or
                                                                                      temporary restrictions,
                                                                                      closures, or openings.
67 FR 30559........................  May 7, 2002...........  Final Rule............  Amended the operating
                                                                                      regulations in response to
                                                                                      comments on the June 12,
                                                                                      2001, interim rule. Also
                                                                                      corrected some inadvertent
                                                                                      errors and oversights of
                                                                                      previous rules.

[[Page 19111]]

 
68 FR 7703.........................  February 18, 2003.....  Direct Final Rule.....  Clarified how old a person
                                                                                      must be to receive certain
                                                                                      subsistence use permits
                                                                                      and removed the
                                                                                      requirement that Regional
                                                                                      Councils must have an odd
                                                                                      number of members.
68 FR 23035........................  April 30, 2003........  Affirmation of Direct   Because no adverse comments
                                                              Final Rule.             were received on the
                                                                                      direct final rule (67 FR
                                                                                      30559), the direct final
                                                                                      rule was adopted.
69 FR 60957........................  October 14, 2004......  Final Rule............  Clarified the membership
                                                                                      qualifications for
                                                                                      Regional Advisory Council
                                                                                      membership and relocated
                                                                                      the definition of
                                                                                      ``regulatory year'' from
                                                                                      subpart A to subpart D of
                                                                                      the regulations.
70 FR 76400........................  December 27, 2005.....  Final Rule............  Revised jurisdiction in
                                                                                      marine waters and
                                                                                      clarified jurisdiction
                                                                                      relative to military
                                                                                      lands.
71 FR 49997........................  August 24, 2006.......  Final Rule............  Revised the jurisdiction of
                                                                                      the subsistence program by
                                                                                      adding submerged lands and
                                                                                      waters in the area of
                                                                                      Makhnati Island, near
                                                                                      Sitka, AK. This allowed
                                                                                      subsistence users to
                                                                                      harvest marine resources
                                                                                      in this area under
                                                                                      seasons, harvest limits,
                                                                                      and methods specified in
                                                                                      the regulations.
72 FR 25688........................  May 7, 2007...........  Final Rule............  Revised nonrural
                                                                                      determinations.
75 FR 63088........................  October 14, 2010......  Final Rule............  Amended the regulations for
                                                                                      accepting and addressing
                                                                                      special action requests
                                                                                      and the role of the
                                                                                      Regional Advisory Councils
                                                                                      in the process.
76 FR 56109........................  September 12, 2011....  Final Rule............  Revised the composition of
                                                                                      the Federal Subsistence
                                                                                      Board by expanding the
                                                                                      Board by two public
                                                                                      members who possess
                                                                                      personal knowledge of and
                                                                                      direct experience with
                                                                                      subsistence uses in rural
                                                                                      Alaska.
77 FR 12477........................  March 1, 2012.........  Final Rule............  Extended the compliance
                                                                                      date for the final rule
                                                                                      (72 FR 25688) that revised
                                                                                      nonrural determinations
                                                                                      until the Secretarial
                                                                                      program review is complete
                                                                                      or in 5 years, whichever
                                                                                      comes first.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    An environmental assessment was prepared in 1997 on the expansion 
of Federal jurisdiction over fisheries and is available from the office 
listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. The Secretary of the 
Interior with the concurrence of the Secretary of Agriculture 
determined that the expansion of Federal jurisdiction did not 
constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting the human 
environment and, therefore, signed a Finding of No Significant Impact.

Section 810 of ANILCA

    An ANILCA section 810 analysis was completed as part of the FEIS 
process on the Federal Subsistence Management Program. The intent of 
all Federal subsistence regulations is to accord subsistence uses of 
fish and wildlife on public lands a priority over the taking of fish 
and wildlife on such lands for other purposes, unless restriction is 
necessary to conserve healthy fish and wildlife populations. The final 
section 810 analysis determination appeared in the April 6, 1992, ROD 
and concluded that the Program, under Alternative IV with an annual 
process for setting subsistence regulations, may have some local 
impacts on subsistence uses, but will not likely restrict subsistence 
uses significantly.
    During the subsequent environmental assessment process for 
extending fisheries jurisdiction, an evaluation of the effects of this 
rule was conducted in accordance with section 810. That evaluation also 
supported the Secretaries' determination that the rule will not reach 
the ``may significantly restrict'' threshold that would require notice 
and hearings under ANILCA section 810(a).

Paperwork Reduction Act

    An agency may not conduct or sponsor and you are not required to 
respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently 
valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. This rule 
does not contain any new collections of information that require OMB 
approval. OMB has reviewed and approved the following collections of 
information associated with the subsistence regulations at 36 CFR part 
242 and 50 CFR part 100: Subsistence hunting and fishing applications, 
permits, and reports, Federal Subsistence Regional Advisory Council 
Membership Application/Nomination and Interview Forms (OMB Control No. 
1018-0075).

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

    Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) in the Office of Management and Budget will 
review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that this rule is not 
significant.
    Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while 
calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote 
predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most 
innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. 
The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches 
that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for 
the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and 
consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further 
that regulations must be based on the best available science and that 
the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open

[[Page 19112]]

exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent 
with these requirements.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) 
requires preparation of flexibility analyses for rules that will have a 
significant effect on a substantial number of small entities, which 
include small businesses, organizations, or governmental jurisdictions. 
In general, the resources to be harvested under this rule are already 
being harvested and consumed by the local harvester and do not result 
in an additional dollar benefit to the economy. However, we estimate 
that two million pounds of meat are harvested by subsistence users 
annually and, if given an estimated dollar value of $3.00 per pound, 
this amount would equate to about $6 million in food value Statewide. 
Based upon the amounts and values cited above, the Departments certify 
that this rulemaking will not have a significant economic effect on a 
substantial number of small entities within the meaning of the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    Under the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act (5 
U.S.C. 801 et seq.), this rule is not a major rule. It does not have an 
effect on the economy of $100 million or more, will not cause a major 
increase in costs or prices for consumers, and does not have 
significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, 
productivity, innovation, or the ability of U.S.-based enterprises to 
compete with foreign-based enterprises.

Executive Order 12630

    Title VIII of ANILCA requires the Secretaries to administer a 
subsistence priority on public lands. The scope of this Program is 
limited by definition to certain public lands. Likewise, these 
regulations have no potential takings of private property implications 
as defined by Executive Order 12630.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Secretaries have determined and certify pursuant to the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this 
rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given 
year on local or State governments or private entities. The 
implementation of this rule is by Federal agencies and there is no cost 
imposed on any State or local entities or tribal governments.

Executive Order 12988

    The Secretaries have determined that these regulations meet the 
applicable standards provided in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive 
Order 12988, regarding civil justice reform.

Executive Order 13132

    In accordance with Executive Order 13132, the rule does not have 
sufficient Federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a 
federalism summary impact statement. Title VIII of ANILCA precludes the 
State from exercising subsistence management authority over fish and 
wildlife resources on Federal lands unless it meets certain 
requirements.

Executive Order 13175

    The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, Title VIII, 
does not provide specific rights to tribes for the subsistence taking 
of wildlife, fish, and shellfish. However, the Board will provide 
Federally recognized Tribes and Alaska Native corporations an 
opportunity to consult on this rule. Consultation with Alaska Native 
corporations are based on Public Law 108-199, div. H, Sec. 161, Jan. 
23, 2004, 118 Stat. 452, as amended by Public Law 108-447, div. H, 
title V, Sec. 518, Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3267, which provides that: 
``The Director of the Office of Management and Budget and all Federal 
agencies shall hereafter consult with Alaska Native corporations on the 
same basis as Indian tribes under Executive Order No. 13175.''
    The Secretaries, through the Board, will provide a variety of 
opportunities for consultation: Commenting on proposed changes to the 
existing rule; engaging in dialogue at the Regional Council meetings; 
engaging in dialogue at the Board's meetings; and providing input in 
person, by mail, email, or phone at any time during the rulemaking 
process.
    On January 22, 2013, the Board provided Federally recognized Tribes 
and Alaska Native Corporations a specific opportunity to consult on 
this rule prior to the start of its public regulatory meeting. 
Federally recognized Tribes and Alaska Native Corporations were 
notified by mail and telephone and were given the opportunity to attend 
in person or via teleconference.

Executive Order 13211

    This Executive Order requires agencies to prepare Statements of 
Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. However, this rule is 
not a significant regulatory action under E.O. 13211, affecting energy 
supply, distribution, or use, and no Statement of Energy Effects is 
required.

Drafting Information

    Theo Matuskowitz drafted these regulations under the guidance of 
Kathleen M. O'Reilly-Doyle of the Office of Subsistence Management, 
Alaska Regional Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, 
Alaska. Additional assistance was provided by
     Daniel Sharp, Alaska State Office, Bureau of Land 
Management;
     Sandy Rabinowitch and Nancy Swanton, Alaska Regional 
Office, National Park Service;
     Dr. Glenn Chen, Alaska Regional Office, Bureau of Indian 
Affairs;
     Jerry Berg and Jack Lorrigan, Alaska Regional Office, U.S. 
Fish and Wildlife Service; and
     Steve Kessler, Alaska Regional Office, U.S. Forest 
Service.

List of Subjects

36 CFR Part 242

    Administrative practice and procedure, Alaska, Fish, National 
forests, Public lands, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, 
Wildlife.

50 CFR Part 100

    Administrative practice and procedure, Alaska, Fish, National 
forests, Public lands, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, 
Wildlife.

Regulation Promulgation

    For the reasons set out in the preamble, the Federal Subsistence 
Board amends title 36, part 242, and title 50, part 100, of the Code of 
Federal Regulations, as set forth below.

PART------SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR PUBLIC LANDS IN 
ALASKA

0
1. The authority citation for both 36 CFR part 242 and 50 CFR part 100 
continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  16 U.S.C. 3, 472, 551, 668dd, 3101-3126; 18 U.S.C. 
3551-3586; 43 U.S.C. 1733.

Subpart D--Subsistence Taking of Fish and Wildlife

0
4. In subpart D of 36 CFR part 242 and 50 CFR part 100, Sec.  ----.27 
is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  --.27  Subsistence taking of fish.

    (a) Applicability. (1) Regulations in this section apply to the 
taking of fish or their parts for subsistence uses.
    (2) You may take fish for subsistence uses at any time by any 
method unless you are restricted by the subsistence

[[Page 19113]]

fishing regulations found in this section. The harvest limit specified 
in this section for a subsistence season for a species and the State 
harvest limit set for a State season for the same species are not 
cumulative, except as modified by regulations in paragraph (e) of this 
section. This means that if you have taken the harvest limit for a 
particular species under a subsistence season specified in this 
section, you may not, after that, take any additional fish of that 
species under any other harvest limit specified for a State season.
    (3) You may not possess, transport, give, receive, or barter 
subsistence-taken fish or their parts that have been taken contrary to 
Federal law or regulation or State law or regulation (unless superseded 
by regulations in this part).
    (b) Methods, means, and general restrictions. (1) Unless otherwise 
specified in this section or under terms of a required subsistence 
fishing permit (as may be modified by regulations in this section), you 
may use the following legal types of gear for subsistence fishing:
    (i) A set gillnet;
    (ii) A drift gillnet;
    (iii) A purse seine;
    (iv) A hand purse seine;
    (v) A beach seine;
    (vi) Troll gear;
    (vii) A fish wheel;
    (viii) A trawl;
    (ix) A pot;
    (x) A longline;
    (xi) A fyke net;
    (xii) A lead;
    (xiii) A herring pound;
    (xiv) A dip net;
    (xv) Jigging gear;
    (xvi) A mechanical jigging machine;
    (xvii) A handline;
    (xviii) A cast net;
    (xix) A rod and reel; and
    (xx) A spear.
    (2) You must include an escape mechanism on all pots used to take 
fish or shellfish. The escape mechanisms are as follows:
    (i) A sidewall, which may include the tunnel, of all shellfish and 
bottomfish pots must contain an opening equal to or exceeding 18 inches 
in length, except that in shrimp pots the opening must be a minimum of 
6 inches in length. The opening must be laced, sewn, or secured 
together by a single length of untreated, 100 percent cotton twine, no 
larger than 30 thread. The cotton twine may be knotted at each end 
only. The opening must be within 6 inches of the bottom of the pot and 
must be parallel with it. The cotton twine may not be tied or looped 
around the web bars. Dungeness crab pots may have the pot lid tie-down 
straps secured to the pot at one end by a single loop of untreated, 100 
percent cotton twine no larger than 60 thread, or the pot lid must be 
secured so that, when the twine degrades, the lid will no longer be 
securely closed.
    (ii) All king crab, Tanner crab, shrimp, miscellaneous shellfish 
and bottomfish pots may, instead of complying with paragraph (b)(2)(i) 
of this section, satisfy the following: a sidewall, which may include 
the tunnel, must contain an opening at least 18 inches in length, 
except that shrimp pots must contain an opening at least 6 inches in 
length. The opening must be laced, sewn, or secured together by a 
single length of treated or untreated twine, no larger than 36 thread. 
A galvanic timed-release device, designed to release in no more than 30 
days in saltwater, must be integral to the length of twine so that, 
when the device releases, the twine will no longer secure or obstruct 
the opening of the pot. The twine may be knotted only at each end and 
at the attachment points on the galvanic timed-release device. The 
opening must be within 6 inches of the bottom of the pot and must be 
parallel with it. The twine may not be tied or looped around the web 
bars.
    (3) For subsistence fishing for salmon, you may not use a gillnet 
exceeding 50 fathoms in length, unless otherwise specified in this 
section. The gillnet web must contain at least 30 filaments of equal 
diameter or at least 6 filaments, each of which must be at least 0.20 
millimeter in diameter.
    (4) Except as otherwise provided for in this section, you may not 
obstruct more than one-half the width of any stream with any gear used 
to take fish for subsistence uses.
    (5) You may not use live nonindigenous fish as bait.
    (6) You must have your first initial, last name, and address 
plainly and legibly inscribed on the side of your fish wheel facing 
midstream of the river.
    (7) You may use kegs or buoys of any color but red on any permitted 
gear, except in the following areas where kegs or buoys of any color, 
including red, may be used:
    (i) Yukon-Northern Area; and
    (ii) Kuskokwim Area.
    (8) You must have your first initial, last name, and address 
plainly and legibly inscribed on each keg, buoy, stakes attached to 
gillnets, stakes identifying gear fished under the ice, and any other 
unattended fishing gear which you use to take fish for subsistence 
uses.
    (9) You may not use explosives or chemicals to take fish for 
subsistence uses.
    (10) You may not take fish for subsistence uses within 300 feet of 
any dam, fish ladder, weir, culvert or other artificial obstruction, 
unless otherwise indicated.
    (11) Transactions between rural residents. Rural residents may 
exchange in customary trade subsistence-harvested fish, their parts, or 
their eggs, legally taken under the regulations in this part, for cash 
from other rural residents. The Board may recognize regional 
differences and regulates customary trade differently for separate 
regions of the State.
    (i) Bristol Bay Fishery Management Area--The total cash value per 
household of salmon taken within Federal jurisdiction in the Bristol 
Bay Fishery Management Area and exchanged in customary trade to rural 
residents may not exceed $500.00 annually.
    (ii) Upper Copper River District--The total number of salmon per 
household taken within the Upper Copper River District and exchanged in 
customary trade to rural residents may not exceed 50 percent of the 
annual harvest of salmon by the household. No more than 50 percent of 
the annual household limit may be sold under paragraphs (b)(11) and 
(12) of this section when taken together. These customary trade sales 
must be immediately recorded on a customary trade recordkeeping form. 
The recording requirement and the responsibility to ensure the 
household limit is not exceeded rests with the seller.
    (iii) Customary trade of Yukon River Chinook salmon may only occur 
between Federally qualified rural residents with a current customary 
and traditional use determination for Yukon River Chinook salmon.
    (12) Transactions between a rural resident and others. In customary 
trade, a rural resident may exchange fish, their parts, or their eggs, 
legally taken under the regulations in this part, for cash from 
individuals other than rural residents if the individual who purchases 
the fish, their parts, or their eggs uses them for personal or family 
consumption. If you are not a rural resident, you may not sell fish, 
their parts, or their eggs taken under the regulations in this part. 
The Board may recognize regional differences and regulates customary 
trade differently for separate regions of the State.
    (i) Bristol Bay Fishery Management Area--The total cash value per 
household of salmon taken within Federal jurisdiction in the Bristol 
Bay Fishery Management Area and exchanged in customary trade between 
rural residents and individuals other

[[Page 19114]]

than rural residents may not exceed $400.00 annually. These customary 
trade sales must be immediately recorded on a customary trade 
recordkeeping form. The recording requirement and the responsibility to 
ensure the household limit is not exceeded rest with the seller.
    (ii) Upper Copper River District--The total cash value of salmon 
per household taken within the Upper Copper River District and 
exchanged in customary trade between rural residents and individuals 
other than rural residents may not exceed $500.00 annually. No more 
than 50 percent of the annual household limit may be sold under 
paragraphs (b)(11) and (12) of this section when taken together. These 
customary trade sales must be immediately recorded on a customary trade 
recordkeeping form. The recording requirement and the responsibility to 
ensure the household limit is not exceeded rest with the seller.
    (iii) Customary trade of Yukon River Chinook salmon may only occur 
between Federally qualified rural residents with a current customary 
and traditional use determination for Yukon River Chinook salmon.
    (13) No sale to, nor purchase by, fisheries businesses. (i) You may 
not sell fish, their parts, or their eggs taken under the regulations 
in this part to any individual, business, or organization required to 
be licensed as a fisheries business under Alaska Statute AS 43.75.011 
(commercial limited-entry permit or crew license holders excluded) or 
to any other business as defined under Alaska Statute 43.70.110(1) as 
part of its business transactions.
    (ii) If you are required to be licensed as a fisheries business 
under Alaska Statute AS 43.75.011 (commercial limited-entry permit or 
crew license holders excluded) or are a business as defined under 
Alaska Statute 43.70.110(1), you may not purchase, receive, or sell 
fish, their parts, or their eggs taken under the regulations in this 
part as part of your business transactions.
    (14) Except as provided elsewhere in this section, you may not take 
rainbow/steelhead trout.
    (15) You may not use fish taken for subsistence use or under 
subsistence regulations in this part as bait for commercial or sport 
fishing purposes.
    (16) Unless specified otherwise in this section, you may use a rod 
and reel to take fish without a subsistence fishing permit. Harvest 
limits applicable to the use of a rod and reel to take fish for 
subsistence uses shall be as follows:
    (i) If you are required to obtain a subsistence fishing permit for 
an area, that permit is required to take fish for subsistence uses with 
rod and reel in that area. The harvest and possession limits for taking 
fish with a rod and reel in those areas are the same as indicated on 
the permit issued for subsistence fishing with other gear types.
    (ii) Except as otherwise provided for in this section, if you are 
not required to obtain a subsistence fishing permit for an area, the 
harvest and possession limits for taking fish for subsistence uses with 
a rod and reel are the same as for taking fish under State of Alaska 
subsistence fishing regulations in those same areas. If the State does 
not have a specific subsistence season and/or harvest limit for that 
particular species, the limit shall be the same as for taking fish 
under State of Alaska sport fishing regulations.
    (17) Unless restricted in this section, or unless restricted under 
the terms of a subsistence fishing permit, you may take fish for 
subsistence uses at any time.
    (18) Provisions on ADF&G subsistence fishing permits that are more 
restrictive or in conflict with the provisions contained in this 
section do not apply to Federal subsistence users.
    (19) You may not intentionally waste or destroy any subsistence-
caught fish or shellfish; however, you may use for bait or other 
purposes, whitefish, herring, and species for which harvest limits, 
seasons, or other regulatory methods and means are not provided in this 
section, as well as the head, tail, fins, and viscera of legally taken 
subsistence fish.
    (20) The taking of fish from waters within Federal jurisdiction is 
authorized outside of published open seasons or harvest limits if the 
harvested fish will be used for food in traditional or religious 
ceremonies that are part of funerary or mortuary cycles, including 
memorial potlatches, provided that:
    (i) Prior to attempting to take fish, the person (or designee) or 
Tribal Government organizing the ceremony contacts the appropriate 
Federal fisheries manager to provide the nature of the ceremony, the 
parties and/or clans involved, the species and the number of fish to be 
taken, and the Federal waters from which the harvest will occur;
    (ii) The taking does not violate recognized principles of fisheries 
conservation, and uses the methods and means allowable for the 
particular species published in the applicable Federal regulations (the 
Federal fisheries manager will establish the number, species, or place 
of taking if necessary for conservation purposes);
    (iii) Each person who takes fish under this section must, as soon 
as practical, and not more than 15 days after the harvest, submit a 
written report to the appropriate Federal fisheries manager, specifying 
the harvester's name and address, the number and species of fish taken, 
and the date and locations of the taking; and
    (iv) No permit is required for taking under this section; however, 
the harvester must be eligible to harvest the resource under Federal 
regulations.
    (c) Fishing permits and reports. (1) You may take salmon only under 
the authority of a subsistence fishing permit, unless a permit is 
specifically not required in a particular area by the subsistence 
regulations in this part, or unless you are retaining salmon from your 
commercial catch consistent with paragraph (d) of this section.
    (2) If a subsistence fishing permit is required by this section, 
the following permit conditions apply unless otherwise specified in 
this section:
    (i) You may not take more fish for subsistence use than the limits 
set out in the permit;
    (ii) You must obtain the permit prior to fishing;
    (iii) You must have the permit in your possession and readily 
available for inspection while fishing or transporting subsistence-
taken fish;
    (iv) If specified on the permit, you must record, prior to leaving 
the fishing site, daily records of the catch, showing the number of 
fish taken by species, location and date of catch, and other such 
information as may be required for management or conservation purposes; 
and
    (v) If the return of catch information necessary for management and 
conservation purposes is required by a fishing permit and you fail to 
comply with such reporting requirements, you are ineligible to receive 
a subsistence permit for that activity during the following calendar 
year, unless you demonstrate that failure to report was due to loss in 
the mail, accident, sickness, or other unavoidable circumstances. You 
must also return any tags or transmitters that have been attached to 
fish for management and conservation purposes.
    (d) Relation to commercial fishing activities. (1) If you are a 
Federally qualified subsistence user who also commercial fishes, you 
may retain fish for subsistence purposes from your lawfully-taken 
commercial catch.
    (2) When participating in a commercial and subsistence fishery at 
the same time, you may not use an

[[Page 19115]]

amount of combined fishing gear in excess of that allowed under the 
appropriate commercial fishing regulations.
    (e) Fishery management area restrictions. (1) Kotzebue Area. The 
Kotzebue Area includes all waters of Alaska between the latitude of the 
westernmost tip of Point Hope and the latitude of the westernmost tip 
of Cape Prince of Wales, including those waters draining into the 
Chukchi Sea.
    (i) You may take fish for subsistence purposes without a permit.
    (ii) You may take salmon only by gillnets, beach seines, or a rod 
and reel.
    (iii) In the Kotzebue District, you may take sheefish with gillnets 
that are not more than 50 fathoms in length, nor more than 12 meshes in 
depth, nor have a stretched-mesh size larger than 7 inches.
    (iv) You may not obstruct more than one-half the width of a stream, 
creek, or slough with any gear used to take fish for subsistence uses, 
except from May 15 to July 15 and August 15 to October 31 when taking 
whitefish or pike in streams, creeks, or sloughs within the Kobuk River 
drainage and from May 15 to October 31 in the Selawik River drainage. 
Only one gillnet 100 feet or less in length with a stretched-mesh size 
from 2\1/2\ to 4\1/2\ inches may be used per site. You must check your 
net at least once in every 24-hour period.
    (2) Norton Sound-Port Clarence Area. The Norton Sound-Port Clarence 
Area includes all waters of Alaska between the latitude of the 
westernmost tip of Cape Prince of Wales and the latitude of Point 
Romanof, including those waters of Alaska surrounding St. Lawrence 
Island and those waters draining into the Bering Sea.
    (i) Unless otherwise restricted in this section, you may take fish 
at any time in the Port Clarence District.
    (ii) In the Norton Sound District, you may take fish at any time 
except as follows:
    (A) In Subdistricts 2 through 6, if you are a commercial fishermen, 
you may not fish for subsistence purposes during the weekly closures of 
the State commercial salmon fishing season, except that from July 15 
through August 1, you may take salmon for subsistence purposes 7 days 
per week in the Unalakleet and Shaktoolik River drainages with gillnets 
which have a stretched-mesh size that does not exceed 4\1/2\ inches, 
and with beach seines;
    (B) In the Unalakleet River from June 1 through July 15, you may 
take salmon only from 8:00 a.m. Monday until 8:00 p.m. Saturday.
    (C) Federal public waters of the Unalakleet River, upstream from 
the mouth of the Chirosky River, are closed to the taking of Chinook 
salmon from July 1 to July 31, by all users. The BLM field manager is 
authorized to open the closed area to Federally qualified subsistence 
users or to all users when run strength warrants.
    (iii) You may take salmon only by gillnets, beach seines, fish 
wheel, or a rod and reel.
    (iv) You may take fish other than salmon by set gillnet, drift 
gillnet, beach seine, fish wheel, pot, long line, fyke net, jigging 
gear, spear, lead, or a rod and reel.
    (v) In the Unalakleet River from June 1 through July 15, you may 
not operate more than 25 fathoms of gillnet in the aggregate nor may 
you operate an unanchored gillnet.
    (3) Yukon-Northern Area. The Yukon-Northern Area includes all 
waters of Alaska between the latitude of Point Romanof and the latitude 
of the westernmost point of the Naskonat Peninsula, including those 
waters draining into the Bering Sea, and all waters of Alaska north of 
the latitude of the westernmost tip of Point Hope and west of 141[deg] 
West longitude, including those waters draining into the Arctic Ocean 
and the Chukchi Sea.
    (i) Unless otherwise restricted in this section, you may take fish 
in the Yukon-Northern Area at any time. In those locations where 
subsistence fishing permits are required, only one subsistence fishing 
permit will be issued to each household per year. You may subsistence 
fish for salmon with rod and reel in the Yukon River drainage 24 hours 
per day, 7 days per week, unless rod and reel are specifically 
otherwise restricted in paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
    (ii) For the Yukon River drainage, Federal subsistence fishing 
schedules, openings, closings, and fishing methods are the same as 
those issued for the subsistence taking of fish under Alaska Statutes 
(AS 16.05.060), unless superseded by a Federal Special Action.
    (iii) In the following locations, you may take salmon during the 
open weekly fishing periods of the State commercial salmon fishing 
season and may not take them for 24 hours before the opening of the 
State commercial salmon fishing season:
    (A) In District 4, excluding the Koyukuk River drainage;
    (B) In Subdistricts 4B and 4C from June 15 through September 30, 
salmon may be taken from 6:00 p.m. Sunday until 6:00 p.m. Tuesday and 
from 6:00 p.m. Wednesday until 6:00 p.m. Friday;
    (C) In District 6, excluding the Kantishna River drainage, salmon 
may be taken from 6:00 p.m. Friday until 6:00 p.m. Wednesday.
    (iv) During any State commercial salmon fishing season closure of 
greater than 5 days in duration, you may not take salmon during the 
following periods in the following districts:
    (A) In District 4, excluding the Koyukuk River drainage, salmon may 
not be taken from 6:00 p.m. Friday until 6:00 p.m. Sunday;
    (B) In District 5, excluding the Tozitna River drainage and 
Subdistrict 5D, salmon may not be taken from 6:00 p.m. Sunday until 
6:00 p.m. Tuesday.
    (v) Except as provided in this section, and except as may be 
provided by the terms of a subsistence fishing permit, you may take 
fish other than salmon at any time.
    (vi) In Districts 1, 2, 3, and Subdistrict 4A, excluding the 
Koyukuk and Innoko River drainages, you may not take salmon for 
subsistence purposes during the 24 hours immediately before the opening 
of the State commercial salmon fishing season.
    (vii) In Districts 1, 2, and 3:
    (A) After the opening of the State commercial salmon fishing season 
through July 15, you may not take salmon for subsistence for 18 hours 
immediately before, during, and for 12 hours after each State 
commercial salmon fishing period;
    (B) After July 15, you may not take salmon for subsistence for 12 
hours immediately before, during, and for 12 hours after each State 
commercial salmon fishing period.
    (viii) In Subdistrict 4A after the opening of the State commercial 
salmon fishing season, you may not take salmon for subsistence for 12 
hours immediately before, during, and for 12 hours after each State 
commercial salmon fishing period; however, you may take Chinook salmon 
during the State commercial fishing season, with drift gillnet gear 
only, from 6:00 p.m. Sunday until 6:00 p.m. Tuesday and from 6:00 p.m. 
Wednesday until 6:00 p.m. Friday.
    (ix) You may not subsistence fish in the following drainages 
located north of the main Yukon River:
    (A) Kanuti River upstream from a point 5 miles downstream of the 
State highway crossing;
    (B) Bonanza Creek;
    (C) Jim River including Prospect and Douglas Creeks.
    (x) You may not subsistence fish in the Delta River.
    (xi) In Beaver Creek downstream from the confluence of Moose Creek, 
a gillnet with mesh size not to exceed 3-inches

[[Page 19116]]

stretch-measure may be used from June 15 through September 15. You may 
subsistence fish for all non-salmon species but may not target salmon 
during this time period (retention of salmon taken incidentally to non-
salmon directed fisheries is allowed). From the mouth of Nome Creek 
downstream to the confluence of Moose Creek, only rod and reel may be 
used. From the mouth of Nome Creek downstream to the confluence of 
O'Brien Creek, the daily harvest and possession limit is 5 grayling; 
from the mouth of O'Brien Creek downstream to the confluence of Moose 
Creek, the daily harvest and possession limit is 10 grayling. The Nome 
Creek drainage of Beaver Creek is closed to subsistence fishing for 
grayling.
    (xii) You may not subsistence fish in the Toklat River drainage 
from August 15 through May 15.
    (xiii) You may take salmon only by gillnet, beach seine, fish 
wheel, or rod and reel, subject to the restrictions set forth in this 
section.
    (A) In the Yukon River drainage, you may not take salmon for 
subsistence fishing using gillnets with stretched mesh larger than 7.5 
inches.
    (B) [Reserved]
    (xiv) In District 4, if you are a commercial fisherman, you may not 
take salmon for subsistence purposes during the State commercial salmon 
fishing season using gillnets with stretched-mesh larger than 6 inches 
after a date specified by ADF&G emergency order issued between July 10 
and July 31.
    (xv) In Districts 4, 5, and 6, you may not take salmon for 
subsistence purposes by drift gillnets, except as follows:
    (A) In Subdistrict 4A upstream from the mouth of Stink Creek, you 
may take Chinook salmon by drift gillnets less than 150 feet in length 
from June 10 through July 14, and chum salmon by drift gillnets after 
August 2;
    (B) In Subdistrict 4A downstream from the mouth of Stink Creek, you 
may take Chinook salmon by drift gillnets less than 150 feet in length 
from June 10 through July 14;
    (C) In the Yukon River mainstem, Subdistricts 4B and 4C you may 
take Chinook salmon during the weekly subsistence fishing opening(s) by 
drift gillnets no more than 150 feet long and no more than 35 meshes 
deep, from June 10 through July 14.
    (xvi) Unless otherwise specified in this section, you may take fish 
other than salmon by set gillnet, drift gillnet, beach seine, fish 
wheel, long line, fyke net, dip net, jigging gear, spear, lead, or rod 
and reel, subject to the following restrictions, which also apply to 
subsistence salmon fishing:
    (A) During the open weekly fishing periods of the State commercial 
salmon fishing season, if you are a commercial fisherman, you may not 
operate more than one type of gear at a time, for commercial, personal 
use, and subsistence purposes.
    (B) You may not use an aggregate length of set gillnet in excess of 
150 fathoms and each drift gillnet may not exceed 50 fathoms in length.
    (C) In Districts 4, 5, and 6, you may not set subsistence fishing 
gear within 200 feet of other operating commercial use, personal use, 
or subsistence fishing gear except that, at the site approximately 1 
mile upstream from Ruby on the south bank of the Yukon River between 
ADF&G regulatory markers containing the area known locally as the 
``Slide,'' you may set subsistence fishing gear within 200 feet of 
other operating commercial or subsistence fishing gear, and in District 
4, from Old Paradise Village upstream to a point 4 miles upstream from 
Anvik, there is no minimum distance requirement between fish wheels.
    (D) During the State commercial salmon fishing season, within the 
Yukon River and the Tanana River below the confluence of the Wood 
River, you may use drift gillnets and fish wheels only during open 
subsistence salmon fishing periods.
    (E) In Birch Creek, gillnet mesh size may not exceed 3-inches 
stretch-measure from June 15 through September 15.
    (xvii) In District 4, from September 21 through May 15, you may use 
jigging gear from shore ice.
    (xviii) You must possess a subsistence fishing permit for the 
following locations:
    (A) For the Yukon River drainage from the mouth of Hess Creek to 
the mouth of the Dall River;
    (B) For the Yukon River drainage from the upstream mouth of 22 Mile 
Slough to the U.S.-Canada border;
    (C) Only for salmon in the Tanana River drainage above the mouth of 
the Wood River.
    (xix) Only one subsistence fishing permit will be issued to each 
household per year.
    (xx) In Districts 1, 2, and 3, from June 1 through July 15, you may 
not possess Chinook salmon taken for subsistence purposes unless both 
tips (lobes) of the tail fin have been removed before the person 
conceals the salmon from plain view or transfers the salmon from the 
fishing site.
    (xxi) In the Yukon River drainage, Chinook salmon must be used 
primarily for human consumption and may not be targeted for dog food. 
Dried Chinook salmon may not be used for dog food anywhere in the Yukon 
River drainage. Whole fish unfit for human consumption (due to disease, 
deterioration, deformities), scraps, and small fish (16 inches or less) 
may be fed to dogs. Also, whole Chinook salmon caught incidentally 
during a subsistence chum salmon fishery in the following time periods 
and locations may be fed to dogs:
    (A) After July 10 in the Koyukuk River drainage;
    (B) After August 10, in Subdistrict 5D, upstream of Circle City.
    (4) Kuskokwim Area. The Kuskokwim Area consists of all waters of 
Alaska between the latitude of the westernmost point of Naskonat 
Peninsula and the latitude of the southernmost tip of Cape Newenham, 
including the waters of Alaska surrounding Nunivak and St. Matthew 
Islands and those waters draining into the Bering Sea.
    (i) Unless otherwise restricted in this section, you may take fish 
in the Kuskokwim Area at any time without a subsistence fishing permit.
    (ii) For the Kuskokwim area, Federal subsistence fishing schedules, 
openings, closings, and fishing methods are the same as those issued 
for the subsistence taking of fish under Alaska Statutes (AS 
16.05.060), unless superseded by a Federal Special Action.
    (iii) In District 1, Kuskokuak Slough, from June 1 through July 31 
only, you may not take salmon for 16 hours before and during each State 
open commercial salmon fishing period in the district.
    (iv) In Districts 4 and 5, from June 1 through September 8, you may 
not take salmon for 16 hours before or during, and for 6 hours after 
each State open commercial salmon fishing period in each district.
    (v) In District 2, and anywhere in tributaries that flow into the 
Kuskokwim River within that district, from June 1 through September 8 
you may not take salmon by net gear or fish wheel for 16 hours before 
or during, and for 6 hours after each open commercial salmon fishing 
period in the district. You may subsistence fish for salmon with rod 
and reel 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, unless rod and reel are 
specifically restricted by paragraph (e)(4) of this section.
    (vi) You may not take subsistence fish by nets in the Goodnews 
River east of a line between ADF&G regulatory markers placed near the 
mouth of the Ufigag River and an ADF&G regulatory marker placed near 
the mouth of the Tunulik River 16 hours before or during,

[[Page 19117]]

and for 6 hours after each State open commercial salmon fishing period.
    (vii) You may not take subsistence fish by nets in the Kanektok 
River upstream of ADF&G regulatory markers placed near the mouth 16 
hours before or during, and for 6 hours after each State open 
commercial salmon fishing period.
    (viii) You may not take subsistence fish by nets in the Arolik 
River upstream of ADF&G regulatory markers placed near the mouth 16 
hours before or during, and for 6 hours after each State open 
commercial salmon fishing period.
    (ix) You may only take salmon by gillnet, beach seine, fish wheel, 
or rod and reel subject to the restrictions set out in this section, 
except that you may also take salmon by spear in the Kanektok, and 
Arolik River drainages, and in the drainage of Goodnews Bay.
    (x) You may not use an aggregate length of set gillnets or drift 
gillnets in excess of 50 fathoms for taking salmon.
    (xi) You may take fish other than salmon by set gillnet, drift 
gillnet, beach seine, fish wheel, pot, long line, fyke net, dip net, 
jigging gear, spear, lead, handline, or rod and reel.
    (xii) You must attach to the bank each subsistence gillnet operated 
in tributaries of the Kuskokwim River and fish it substantially 
perpendicular to the bank and in a substantially straight line.
    (xiii) Within a tributary to the Kuskokwim River in that portion of 
the Kuskokwim River drainage from the north end of Eek Island upstream 
to the mouth of the Kolmakoff River, you may not set or operate any 
part of a set gillnet within 150 feet of any part of another set 
gillnet.
    (xiv) The maximum depth of gillnets is as follows:
    (A) Gillnets with 6-inch or smaller stretched-mesh may not be more 
than 45 meshes in depth;
    (B) Gillnets with greater than 6-inch stretched-mesh may not be 
more than 35 meshes in depth.
    (xv) You may not use subsistence set and drift gillnets exceeding 
15 fathoms in length in Whitefish Lake in the Ophir Creek drainage. You 
may not operate more than one subsistence set or drift gillnet at a 
time in Whitefish Lake in the Ophir Creek drainage. You must check the 
net at least once every 24 hours.
    (xvi) You may take rainbow trout only in accordance with the 
following restrictions:
    (A) You may take rainbow trout only by the use of gillnets, dip 
nets, fyke nets, handline, spear, rod and reel, or jigging through the 
ice;
    (B) You may not use gillnets, dip nets, or fyke nets for targeting 
rainbow trout from March 15 through June 15;
    (C) If you take rainbow trout incidentally in other subsistence net 
fisheries and through the ice, you may retain them for subsistence 
purposes;
    (D) There are no harvest limits with handline, spear, rod and reel, 
or jigging.
    (5) Bristol Bay Area. The Bristol Bay Area includes all waters of 
Bristol Bay, including drainages enclosed by a line from Cape Newenham 
to Cape Menshikof.
    (i) Unless restricted in this section, or unless under the terms of 
a subsistence fishing permit, you may take fish at any time in the 
Bristol Bay area.
    (ii) In all State commercial salmon districts, from May 1 through 
May 31 and October 1 through October 31, you may subsistence fish for 
salmon only from 9:00 a.m. Monday until 9:00 a.m. Friday. From June 1 
through September 30, within the waters of a commercial salmon 
district, you may take salmon only during State open commercial salmon 
fishing periods.
    (iii) In the Egegik River from 9:00 a.m. June 23 through 9:00 a.m. 
July 17, you may take salmon only during the following times: from 9:00 
a.m. Tuesday to 9:00 a.m. Wednesday and from 9:00 a.m. Saturday to 9:00 
a.m. Sunday.
    (iv) You may not take fish from waters within 300 feet of a stream 
mouth used by salmon.
    (v) You may not subsistence fish with nets in the Tazimina River 
and within one-fourth mile of the terminus of those waters during the 
period from September 1 through June 14.
    (vi) Within any district, you may take salmon, herring, and capelin 
by set gillnets only.
    (vii) Outside the boundaries of any district, unless otherwise 
specified, you may take salmon by set gillnet only.
    (A) You may also take salmon by spear in the Togiak River, 
excluding its tributaries.
    (B) You may also use drift gillnets not greater than 10 fathoms in 
length to take salmon in the Togiak River in the first two river miles 
upstream from the mouth of the Togiak River to the ADF&G regulatory 
markers.
    (C) You may also take salmon without a permit in Lake Clark and its 
tributaries by snagging (by handline or rod and reel), using a spear, 
bow and arrow, or capturing by bare hand.
    (D) You may also take salmon by beach seines not exceeding 25 
fathoms in length in Lake Clark, excluding its tributaries.
    (E) You may also take fish (except rainbow trout) with a fyke net 
and lead in tributaries of Lake Clark and the tributaries of Sixmile 
Lake within and adjacent to the exterior boundaries of Lake Clark 
National Park and Preserve unless otherwise prohibited.
    (1) You may use a fyke net and lead only with a permit issued by 
the Federal in-season manager.
    (2) All fyke nets and leads must be attended at all times while in 
use.
    (3) All materials used to construct the fyke net and lead must be 
made of wood and be removed from the water when the fyke net and lead 
is no longer in use.
    (viii) The maximum lengths for set gillnets used to take salmon are 
as follows:
    (A) You may not use set gillnets exceeding 10 fathoms in length in 
the Egegik River;
    (B) In the remaining waters of the area, you may not use set 
gillnets exceeding 25 fathoms in length.
    (ix) You may not operate any part of a set gillnet within 300 feet 
of any part of another set gillnet.
    (x) You must stake and buoy each set gillnet. Instead of having the 
identifying information on a keg or buoy attached to the gillnet, you 
may plainly and legibly inscribe your first initial, last name, and 
subsistence permit number on a sign at or near the set gillnet.
    (xi) You may not operate or assist in operating subsistence salmon 
net gear while simultaneously operating or assisting in operating 
commercial salmon net gear.
    (xii) During State closed commercial herring fishing periods, you 
may not use gillnets exceeding 25 fathoms in length for the subsistence 
taking of herring or capelin.
    (xiii) You may take fish other than salmon, herring and capelin by 
gear listed in this part unless restricted under the terms of a 
subsistence fishing permit.
    (xiv) You may take salmon only under authority of a State 
subsistence salmon permit (permits are issued by ADF&G) except when 
using a Federal permit for fyke net and lead.
    (xv) Only one State subsistence fishing permit for salmon and one 
Federal permit for use of a fyke net and lead for all fish (except 
rainbow trout) may be issued to each household per year.
    (xvi) In the Togiak River section and the Togiak River drainage:
    (A) You may not possess coho salmon taken under the authority of a 
subsistence fishing permit unless both lobes of the caudal fin (tail) 
or the dorsal fin have been removed.
    (B) You may not possess salmon taken with a drift gillnet under the 
authority of a subsistence fishing permit unless both lobes of the 
caudal fin (tail) or the dorsal fin have been removed.

[[Page 19118]]

    (xvii) You may take rainbow trout only by rod and reel or jigging 
gear. Rainbow trout daily harvest and possession limits are two per 
day/two in possession with no size limit from April 10 through October 
31 and five per day/five in possession with no size limit from November 
1 through April 9.
    (xviii) If you take rainbow trout incidentally in other subsistence 
net fisheries, or through the ice, you may retain them for subsistence 
purposes.
    (6) Aleutian Islands Area. The Aleutian Islands Area includes all 
waters of Alaska west of the longitude of the tip of Cape Sarichef, 
east of 172[deg] East longitude, and south of 54[deg]36' North 
latitude.
    (i) You may take fish other than salmon, rainbow/steelhead trout, 
or char at any time unless restricted under the terms of a subsistence 
fishing permit. If you take rainbow/steelhead trout incidentally in 
other subsistence net fisheries, you may retain them for subsistence 
purposes.
    (ii) In the Unalaska District, you may take salmon for subsistence 
purposes from 6:00 a.m. until 9:00 p.m. from January 1 through December 
31, except as may be specified on a subsistence fishing permit.
    (iii) In the Adak, Akutan, Atka-Amlia, and Umnak Districts, you may 
take salmon at any time.
    (iv) You may not subsistence fish for salmon in the following 
waters:
    (A) The waters of Unalaska Lake, its tributaries and outlet stream;
    (B) The waters of Summers and Morris Lakes and their tributaries 
and outlet streams;
    (C) All streams supporting anadromous fish runs that flow into 
Unalaska Bay south of a line from the northern tip of Cape Cheerful to 
the northern tip of Kalekta Point;
    (D) Waters of McLees Lake and its tributaries and outlet stream;
    (E) All fresh water on Adak Island and Kagalaska Island in the Adak 
District.
    (v) You may take salmon by seine and gillnet, or with gear 
specified on a subsistence fishing permit.
    (vi) In the Unalaska District, if you fish with a net, you must be 
physically present at the net at all times when the net is being used.
    (vii) You may take fish other than salmon by gear listed in this 
part unless restricted under the terms of a subsistence fishing permit.
    (viii) You may take salmon, trout, and char only under the terms of 
a subsistence fishing permit, except that you do not need a permit in 
the Akutan, Umnak, and Atka-Amlia Islands Districts.
    (ix) You may take no more than 250 salmon for subsistence purposes 
unless otherwise specified on the subsistence fishing permit, except 
that in the Unalaska and Adak Districts, you may take no more than 25 
salmon plus an additional 25 salmon for each member of your household 
listed on the permit. You may obtain an additional permit.
    (x) You must keep a record on the reverse side of the permit of 
subsistence-caught fish. You must complete the record immediately upon 
taking subsistence-caught fish and must return it no later than October 
31.
    (7) Alaska Peninsula Area. The Alaska Peninsula Area includes all 
waters of Alaska on the north side of the Alaska peninsula southwest of 
a line from Cape Menshikof (57[deg]28.34' North latitude, 
157[deg]55.84' West longitude) to Cape Newenham (58[deg]39.00' North 
latitude, 162[deg] West longitude) and east of the longitude of Cape 
Sarichef Light (164[deg]55.70' West longitude) and on the south side of 
the Alaska Peninsula from a line extending from Scotch Cape through the 
easternmost tip of Ugamak Island to a line extending 135[deg] southeast 
from Kupreanof Point (55[deg]33.98' North latitude, 159[deg]35.88' West 
longitude).
    (i) You may take fish, other than salmon, rainbow/steelhead trout, 
or char, at any time unless restricted under the terms of a subsistence 
fishing permit. If you take rainbow/steelhead trout incidentally in 
other subsistence net fisheries or through the ice, you may retain them 
for subsistence purposes.
    (ii) You may take salmon, trout, and char only under the authority 
of a subsistence fishing permit.
    (iii) You must keep a record on the reverse side of the permit of 
subsistence-caught fish. You must complete the record immediately upon 
taking subsistence-caught fish and must return it no later than October 
31.
    (iv) You may take salmon at any time, except in those districts and 
sections open to commercial salmon fishing where salmon may not be 
taken during the 24 hours before and 12 hours following each State open 
weekly commercial salmon fishing period, or as may be specified on a 
subsistence fishing permit.
    (v) You may not subsistence fish for salmon in the following 
waters:
    (A) Russell Creek and Nurse Lagoon and within 500 yards outside the 
mouth of Nurse Lagoon;
    (B) Trout Creek and within 500 yards outside its mouth.
    (vi) You may take salmon by seine, gillnet, rod and reel, or with 
gear specified on a subsistence fishing permit. You may also take 
salmon without a permit by snagging (by handline or rod and reel), 
using a spear, bow and arrow, or capturing by bare hand.
    (vii) You may take fish other than salmon by gear listed in this 
part unless restricted under the terms of a subsistence fishing permit.
    (viii) You may not use a set gillnet exceeding 100 fathoms in 
length.
    (ix) You may take no more than 250 salmon for subsistence purposes 
unless otherwise specified on your subsistence fishing permit.
    (8) Chignik Area. The Chignik Area includes all waters of Alaska on 
the south side of the Alaska Peninsula bounded by a line extending 
135[deg] southeast for 3 miles from a point near Kilokak Rocks at 
57[deg]10.34' North latitude, 156[deg]20.22' West longitude (the 
longitude of the southern entrance to Imuya Bay) then due south, and a 
line extending 135[deg] southeast from Kupreanof Point at 55[deg]33.98' 
North latitude, 159[deg]35.88' West longitude.
    (i) You may take fish other than salmon, rainbow/steelhead trout, 
or char at any time, except as may be specified by a subsistence 
fishing permit. For salmon, Federal subsistence fishing openings, 
closings and fishing methods are the same as those issued for the 
subsistence taking of fish under Alaska Statutes (AS 16.05.060), unless 
superseded by a Federal Special Action. Within the Chignik Area, 
depending upon the area that you may fish, in addition to a State 
subsistence fishing permit, you may be required to also have a Federal 
subsistence permit.
    If you take rainbow/steelhead trout incidentally in other 
subsistence net fisheries, you may retain them for subsistence 
purposes.
    (ii) You may take salmon in the Chignik River, with rod and reel, 
from a point 300 feet upstream of the ADF&G weir to Chignik Lake from 
January 1 through August 9, with no daily harvest or possession limit 
under the authority of a Federal subsistence fishing permit. You may 
take salmon by gillnet in Black Lake or any tributary to Black or 
Chignik Lakes with a Federal subsistence fishing permit. You may take 
salmon in the waters of Clark River and Home Creek from their 
confluence with Chignik Lake upstream 1 mile. In the open waters of 
Clark River and Home Creek you may take salmon by snagging (handline or 
rod and reel), spear, bow and arrow, or capture by hand without a 
permit. The daily harvest and possession limits using these methods are 
five per day and five in possession.
    (iii) You may take salmon, trout, and char only under the authority 
of a subsistence fishing permit unless

[[Page 19119]]

otherwise indicated in this section or as noted in the permit 
conditions.
    (iv) You must keep a record on your permit of subsistence-caught 
fish. You must complete the record immediately upon taking subsistence-
caught fish and must return it no later than the due date listed on the 
permit.
    (v) If you hold a commercial fishing license, you may only 
subsistence fish for salmon as specified on a subsistence fishing 
permit.
    (vi) You may take salmon by seines, gillnets, rod and reel, or with 
gear specified on a subsistence fishing permit, except that in Chignik 
Lake, you may not use purse seines. You may also take salmon without a 
permit by snagging (by handline or rod and reel), using a spear, bow 
and arrow, or capturing by bare hand.
    (vii) You may take fish other than salmon by gear listed in this 
part unless restricted under the terms of a subsistence fishing permit.
    (viii) You may take no more than 250 salmon for subsistence 
purposes unless otherwise specified on the subsistence fishing permit.
    (9) Kodiak Area. The Kodiak Area includes all waters of Alaska 
south of a line extending east from Cape Douglas (58[deg]51.10' North 
latitude), west of 150[deg] West longitude, north of 55[deg]30.00' 
North latitude, and north and east of a line extending 135[deg] 
southeast for three miles from a point near Kilokak Rocks at 
57[deg]10.34' North latitude, 156[deg]20.22' West longitude (the 
longitude of the southern entrance of Imuya Bay), then due south.
    (i) You may take fish other than salmon, rainbow/steelhead trout, 
char, bottomfish, or herring at any time unless restricted by the terms 
of a subsistence fishing permit. If you take rainbow/steelhead trout 
incidentally in other subsistence net fisheries, you may retain them 
for subsistence purposes.
    (ii) You may take salmon for subsistence purposes 24 hours a day 
from January 1 through December 31, with the following exceptions:
    (A) From June 1 through September 15, you may not use salmon seine 
vessels to take subsistence salmon for 24 hours before or during, and 
for 24 hours after any State open commercial salmon fishing period. The 
use of skiffs from any type of vessel is allowed.
    (B) From June 1 through September 15, you may use purse seine 
vessels to take salmon only with gillnets, and you may have no other 
type of salmon gear on board the vessel.
    (iii) You may not subsistence fish for salmon in the following 
locations:
    (A) Womens Bay closed waters--All waters inside a line from the tip 
of the Nyman Peninsula (57[deg]43.23' North latitude, 152[deg]31.51' 
West longitude), to the northeastern tip of Mary's Island 
(57[deg]42.40' North latitude, 152[deg]32.00' West longitude), to the 
southeastern shore of Womens Bay at 57[deg]41.95' North latitude, 
152[deg]31.50' West longitude.
    (B) Buskin River closed waters--All waters inside of a line running 
from a marker on the bluff north of the mouth of the Buskin River at 
approximately 57[deg]45.80' North latitude, 152[deg]28.38' West 
longitude, to a point offshore at 57[deg]45.35' North latitude, 
152[deg]28.15' West longitude, to a marker located onshore south of the 
river mouth at approximately 57[deg]45.15' North latitude, 
152[deg]28.65' West longitude.
    (C) All waters closed to commercial salmon fishing within 100 yards 
of the terminus of Selief Bay Creek.
    (D) In Afognak Bay north and west of a line from the tip of Last 
Point to the tip of River Mouth Point.
    (E) From August 15 through September 30, all waters 500 yards 
seaward of the terminus of Little Kitoi Creek.
    (F) All fresh water systems of Afognak Island.
    (iv) You must have a subsistence fishing permit for taking salmon, 
trout, and char for subsistence purposes. You must have a subsistence 
fishing permit for taking herring and bottomfish for subsistence 
purposes during the State commercial herring sac roe season from April 
15 through June 30.
    (v) The annual limit for a subsistence salmon fishing permit holder 
is as follows:
    (A) In the Federal public waters of Kodiak Island, east of the line 
from Crag Point south to the westernmost point of Saltery Cove, 
including the waters of Woody and Long Islands, and the salt waters 
bordering this area within 1 mile of Kodiak Island, excluding the 
waters bordering Spruce Island, 25 salmon for the permit holder plus an 
additional 25 salmon for each member of the same household whose names 
are listed on the permit: an additional permit may be obtained upon 
request.
    (B) In the remainder of the Kodiak Area not described in paragraph 
(e)(9)(v)(A) of this section, there is no annual harvest limit for a 
subsistence salmon fishing permit holder.
    (vi) You must record on your subsistence permit the number of 
subsistence fish taken. You must record all harvested fish prior to 
leaving the fishing site, and must return the permit by the due date 
marked on permit.
    (vii) You may take fish other than salmon by gear listed in this 
part unless restricted under the terms of a subsistence fishing permit.
    (viii) You may take salmon only by gillnet, rod and reel, or seine.
    (ix) You must be physically present at the net when the net is 
being fished.
    (10) Cook Inlet Area. The Cook Inlet Area includes all waters of 
Alaska enclosed by a line extending east from Cape Douglas 
(58[deg]51.10' N. Lat.) and a line extending south from Cape Fairfield 
(148[deg]50.25' W. Long.).
    (i) Unless restricted in this section, or unless restricted under 
the terms of a subsistence fishing permit, you may take fish at any 
time in the Cook Inlet Area. If you take rainbow/steelhead trout 
incidentally in subsistence net fisheries, you may retain them for 
subsistence purposes, unless otherwise prohibited or provided for in 
this section. With jigging gear through the ice or rod and reel gear in 
open waters there is an annual limit of two rainbow/steelhead trout 20 
inches or longer, taken from Kenai Peninsula fresh waters.
    (ii) You may take fish by gear listed in this part unless 
restricted in this section or under the terms of a subsistence fishing 
permit (as may be modified by this section). For all fish that must be 
marked and recorded on a permit in this section, they must be marked 
and recorded prior to leaving the fishing site. The fishing site 
includes the particular Federal public waters and/or adjacent shoreline 
from which the fish were harvested.
    (iii) You may not take grayling or burbot for subsistence purposes.
    (iv) You may take only salmon, trout, Dolly Varden, and other char 
under authority of a Federal subsistence fishing permit. Seasons, 
harvest and possession limits, and methods and means for take are the 
same as for the taking of those species under Alaska sport fishing 
regulations (5 AAC 56 and 5 AAC 57) unless modified herein. 
Additionally for Federally managed waters of the Kasilof and Kenai 
River drainages:
    (A) Residents of Ninilchik may take sockeye, Chinook, coho, and 
pink salmon through a dip net and a rod and reel fishery on the upper 
mainstem of the Kasilof River from a Federal regulatory marker on the 
river below the outlet of Tustumena Lake downstream to a marker on the 
river approximately 2.8 miles below the Tustumena Lake boat ramp. 
Residents using rod and reel gear may fish with up to two baited single 
or treble hooks. Other species incidentally caught during the dip net 
and rod and reel fishery may be retained for subsistence uses, 
including up to 200 rainbow/steelhead trout taken through August 15. 
After 200 rainbow/steelhead trout have been taken in this

[[Page 19120]]

fishery or after August 15, all rainbow/steelhead trout must be 
released unless otherwise provided for in this section. Before leaving 
the fishing site, all retained fish must be recorded on the permit and 
marked by removing the dorsal fin. Harvests must be reported within 72 
hours to the Federal fisheries manager upon leaving the fishing site.
    (1) Fishing for sockeye and Chinook salmon will be allowed June 16-
August 15.
    (2) Fishing for coho and pink salmon will be allowed June 16-
October 31.
    (3) Fishing for sockeye, Chinook, coho, or pink salmon will end 
prior to regulatory end dates if the annual total harvest limit for 
that species is reached or superseded by Federal special action.
    (4) Each household may harvest their annual sockeye, Chinook, coho, 
or pink salmon limits in one or more days, and each household member 
may fish with a dip net or a rod and reel during this time. Salmon 
taken in the Kenai River system dip net and rod and reel fishery will 
be included as part of each household's annual limit for the Kasilof 
River.
    (i) For sockeye salmon--annual total harvest limit of 4,000; annual 
household limits of 25 for each permit holder and 5 additional for each 
household member;
    (ii) For Chinook salmon--annual harvest limit of 500; annual 
household limit of 10 for each permit holder and 2 additional for each 
household member;
    (iii) For coho salmon--annual total harvest limit of 500; annual 
household limits of 10 for each permit holder and 2 additional for each 
household member; and
    (iv) For pink salmon--annual total harvest limit of 500; annual 
household limits of 10 for each permit holder and 2 additional for each 
household member.
    (B) In addition to the dip net and rod and reel fishery on the 
upper mainstem of the Kasilof River described under paragraph 
(e)(10)(iv)(A) of this section, residents of Ninilchik may also take 
coho and pink salmon through a rod and reel fishery in Tustumena Lake. 
Before leaving the fishing site, all retained salmon must be recorded 
on the permit and marked by removing the dorsal fin. Seasons, areas, 
harvest and possession limits, and methods and means for take are the 
same as for the taking of these species under Alaska sport fishing 
regulations (5 AAC 56), except for the following methods and means, and 
harvest and possession limits:
    (1) Fishing will be allowed with up to two baited single or treble 
hooks.
    (2) For coho salmon 16 inches and longer, the daily harvest and 
possession limits are four per day and four in possession.
    (3) For pink salmon 16 inches and longer, daily harvest and 
possession limits are six per day and six in possession.
    (C) Resident fish species including lake trout, rainbow/steelhead 
trout, and Dolly Varden/Arctic char may be harvested in Federally 
managed waters of the Kasilof River drainage. Resident fish species 
harvested in the Kasilof River drainage under the conditions of a 
Federal subsistence permit must be marked by removing the dorsal fin 
immediately after harvest and recorded on the permit prior to leaving 
the fishing site.
    (1) Lake trout may be harvested with rod and reel gear the entire 
year. For fish 20 inches or longer, daily harvest and possession limits 
are four per day and four in possession. For fish less than 20 inches, 
daily harvest and possession limits are 15 per day and 15 in 
possession.
    (2) Dolly Varden/Arctic char may be harvested with rod and reel 
gear the entire year. In flowing waters, daily harvest and possession 
limits are four per day and four in possession. In lakes and ponds, 
daily harvest and possession limits are 10 fish per day and 10 in 
possession.
    (3) Rainbow trout may be harvested with rod and reel gear the 
entire year for fish less than 20 inches in length. In flowing waters, 
daily harvest and possession limits are two per day and two in 
possession. In lakes and ponds, daily harvest and possession limits are 
five per day and five in possession.
    (4) You may fish in Tustumena Lake with a gillnet, no longer than 
10 fathoms, fished under the ice or jigging gear used through the ice 
under authority of a Federal subsistence fishing permit. The total 
annual harvest quota for this fishery is 200 lake trout, 200 rainbow 
trout, and 500 Dolly Varden/Arctic char. The use of a gillnet will be 
prohibited by special action after the harvest quota of any species has 
been met. For the jig fishery, annual household limits are 30 fish in 
any combination of lake trout, rainbow trout or Dolly Varden/Arctic 
char.
    (i) You may harvest fish under the ice only in Tustumena Lake. 
Gillnets are not allowed within a \1/4\ mile radius of the mouth of any 
tributary to Tustumena Lake, or the outlet of Tustumena Lake.
    (ii) Permits will be issued by the Federal fisheries manager or 
designated representative, and will be valid for the winter season, 
unless the season is closed by special action.
    (iii) All harvests must be reported within 72 hours to the Federal 
fisheries manager upon leaving the fishing site. Reported information 
must include number of each species caught; number of each species 
retained; length, depth (number of meshes deep) and mesh size of 
gillnet fished; fishing site; and total hours fished. Harvest data on 
the permit must be filled out before transporting fish from the fishing 
site.
    (iv) The gillnet must be checked at least once in every 48-hour 
period.
    (v) For unattended gear, the permittee's name and address must be 
plainly and legibly inscribed on a stake at one end of the gillnet.
    (vi) Incidentally caught fish may be retained and must be recorded 
on the permit before transporting fish from the fishing site.
    (vii) Failure to return the completed harvest permit by May 31 may 
result in issuance of a violation notice and/or denial of a future 
subsistence permit.
    (D) Residents of Hope, Cooper Landing, and Ninilchik may take only 
sockeye salmon through a dip net and a rod and reel fishery at one 
specified site on the Russian River, and sockeye, late-run Chinook, 
coho, and pink salmon through a dip net/rod and reel fishery at two 
specified sites on the Kenai River below Skilak Lake and as provided in 
this section. For Ninilchik residents, salmon taken in the Kasilof 
River Federal subsistence fish wheel, and dip net/rod and reel fishery 
will be included as part of each household's annual limit for the Kenai 
and Russian Rivers' dip net and rod and reel fishery. For both Kenai 
River fishing sites below Skilak Lake, incidentally caught fish may be 
retained for subsistence uses, except for early-run Chinook salmon 
(unless otherwise provided for), rainbow trout 18 inches or longer, and 
Dolly Varden 18 inches or longer, which must be released. For the 
Russian River fishing site, incidentally caught fish may be retained 
for subsistence uses, except for early- and late-run Chinook salmon, 
coho salmon, rainbow trout, and Dolly Varden, which must be released. 
Before leaving the fishing site, all retained fish must be recorded on 
the permit and marked by removing the dorsal fin. Harvests must be 
reported within 72 hours to the Federal fisheries manager upon leaving 
the fishing site, and permits must be returned to the manager by the 
due date listed on the permit. Chum salmon that are retained are to be 
included within the annual limit for sockeye salmon. Only residents of 
Cooper Landing, Hope, and Ninilchik

[[Page 19121]]

may retain incidentally caught resident species.
    (1) The household dip net and rod and reel gear fishery is limited 
to three sites:
    (i) At the Kenai River Moose Range Meadows site, dip netting is 
allowed only from a boat from a Federal regulatory marker on the Kenai 
River at about river mile 29 downstream approximately 2.5 miles to 
another marker on the Kenai River at about river mile 26.5. Residents 
using rod and reel gear at this fishery site may fish from boats or 
from shore with up to two baited single or treble hooks June 15-August 
31. Seasonal riverbank closures and motor boat restrictions are the 
same as those listed in State of Alaska fishing regulations (5 AAC 56 
and 5 AAC 57 and 5 AAC 77.540).
    (ii) At the Kenai River Mile 48 site, dip netting is allowed while 
either standing in the river or from a boat, from Federal regulatory 
markers on both sides of the Kenai River at about river mile 48 
(approximately 2 miles below the outlet of Skilak Lake) downstream 
approximately 2.5 miles to a marker on the Kenai River at about river 
mile 45.5. Residents using rod and reel gear at this fishery site may 
fish from boats or from shore with up to two baited single or treble 
hooks June 15-August 31. Seasonal riverbank closures and motor boat 
restrictions are the same as those listed in State of Alaska fishing 
regulations (5 AAC 56, 5 AAC 57, and 5 AAC 77.540).
    (iii) At the Russian River Falls site, dip netting is allowed from 
a Federal regulatory marker near the upstream end of the fish ladder at 
Russian River Falls downstream to a Federal regulatory marker 
approximately 600 yards below Russian River Falls. Residents using rod 
and reel gear at this fishery site may not fish with bait at any time.
    (2) Fishing seasons are as follows:
    (i) For sockeye salmon at all fishery sites: June 15-August 15;
    (ii) For late-run Chinook, pink, and coho salmon at both Kenai 
River fishery sites only: July 16-September 30; and
    (iii) Fishing for sockeye, late-run Chinook, coho, or pink salmon 
will close by special action prior to regulatory end dates if the 
annual total harvest limit for that species is reached or superseded by 
Federal special action.
    (3) Each household may harvest their annual sockeye, late-run 
Chinook, coho, or pink salmon limits in one or more days, and each 
household member may fish with a dip net or rod and reel during this 
time. Salmon taken in the Kenai River system dip net and rod and reel 
fishery by Ninilchik households will be included as part of those 
household's annual limits for the Kasilof River.
    (i) For sockeye salmon--annual total harvest limit of 4,000 
(including any retained chum salmon); annual household limits of 25 for 
each permit holder and 5 additional for each household member;
    (ii) For late-run Chinook salmon--annual total harvest limit of 
1,000; annual household limits of 10 for each permit holder and 2 
additional for each household member;
    (iii) For coho salmon--annual total harvest limit of 3,000; annual 
household limits of 20 for each permit holder and 5 additional for each 
household member; and
    (iv) For pink salmon--annual total harvest limit of 2,000; annual 
household limits of 15 for each permit holder and 5 additional for each 
household member.
    (E) For Federally managed waters of the Kenai River and its 
tributaries, in addition to the dip net and rod and reel fisheries on 
the Kenai and Russian rivers described under paragraph (e)(10)(iv)(D) 
of this section, residents of Hope, Cooper Landing, and Ninilchik may 
take sockeye, Chinook, coho, pink, and chum salmon through a separate 
rod and reel fishery in the Kenai River drainage. Before leaving the 
fishing site, all retained fish must be recorded on the permit and 
marked by removing the dorsal fin. Permits must be returned to the 
Federal fisheries manager by the due date listed on the permit. 
Incidentally caught fish, other than salmon, are subject to regulations 
found in paragraphs (e)(10)(iv)(F) and (G) of this section. Seasons, 
areas (including seasonal riverbank closures), harvest and possession 
limits, and methods and means (including motor boat restrictions) for 
take are the same as for the taking of these salmon species under State 
of Alaska fishing regulations (5 AAC 56, 5 AAC 57 and 5 AAC 77.54), 
except for the following harvest and possession limits:
    (1) In the Kenai River below Skilak Lake, fishing is allowed with 
up to two baited single or treble hooks June 15-August 31.
    (2) For early-run Chinook salmon less than 46 inches or 55 inches 
or longer, daily harvest and possession limits are two per day and two 
in possession.
    (3) For late-run Chinook salmon 20 inches and longer, daily harvest 
and possession limits are two per day and two in possession.
    (4) Annual harvest limits for any combination of early- and late-
run Chinook salmon are four for each permit holder.
    (5) For other salmon 16 inches and longer, the combined daily 
harvest and possession limits are six per day and six in possession, of 
which no more than four per day and four in possession may be coho 
salmon, except for the Sanctuary Area and Russian River, for which no 
more than two per day and two in possession may be coho salmon.
    (F) For Federally managed waters of the Kenai River and its 
tributaries below Skilak Lake outlet at river mile 50, residents of 
Cooper Landing, Hope, and Ninilchik may take resident fish species 
including lake trout, rainbow trout, and Dolly Varden/Arctic char with 
jigging gear through the ice or rod and reel gear in open waters. 
Resident fish species harvested in the Kenai River drainage under the 
conditions of a Federal subsistence permit must be marked by removal of 
the dorsal fin immediately after harvest and recorded on the permit 
prior to leaving the fishing site. Seasons, areas (including seasonal 
riverbank closures), harvest and possession limits, and methods and 
means (including motor boat restrictions) for take are the same as for 
the taking of these resident species under State of Alaska fishing 
regulations (5 AAC 56, 5 AAC 57, and 5 AAC 77.54), except for the 
following harvest and possession limits:
    (1) For lake trout 20 inches or longer, daily harvest and 
possession limits are four per day and four in possession. For fish 
less than 20 inches, daily harvest and possession limits are 15 per day 
and 15 in possession.
    (2) In flowing waters, daily harvest and possession limits for 
Dolly Varden/Arctic char less than 18 inches in length are one per day 
and one in possession. In lakes and ponds, daily harvest and possession 
limits are two per day and two in possession. Only one of these fish 
can be 20 inches or longer.
    (3) In flowing waters, daily harvest and possession limits for 
rainbow/steelhead trout are one per day and one in possession and must 
be less than 18 inches in length. In lakes and ponds, daily harvest and 
possession limits are two per day and two in possession of which only 
one fish 20 inches or longer may be harvested daily.
    (G) For Federally managed waters of the upper Kenai River and its 
tributaries above Skilak Lake outlet at river mile 50, residents of 
Cooper Landing, Hope, and Ninilchik may take resident fish species 
including lake trout, rainbow trout, and Dolly Varden/Arctic char with 
jigging gear through the ice or rod and reel gear in open waters. 
Resident fish species harvested in the Kenai River drainage under the 
conditions of a Federal subsistence permit must be marked by removal of 
the dorsal fin

[[Page 19122]]

immediately after harvest and recorded on the permit prior to leaving 
the fishing site. Seasons, areas (including seasonal riverbank 
closures), harvest and possession limits, and methods and means 
(including motor boat restrictions) for take are the same as for the 
taking of these resident species under Alaska fishing regulations (5 
AAC 56, 5 AAC 57, 5 AAC 77.54), except for the following harvest and 
possession limits:
    (1) For lake trout 20 inches or longer, daily harvest and 
possession limits are four per day and four in possession. For fish 
less than 20 inches, daily harvest and possession limits are 15 fish 
per day and 15 in possession. For Hidden Lake, daily harvest and 
possession limits are two per day and two in possession regardless of 
size.
    (2) In flowing waters, daily harvest and possession limits for 
Dolly Varden/Arctic char less than 16 inches are one per day and one in 
possession. In lakes and ponds, daily harvest and possession limits are 
two per day and two in possession of which only one fish 20 inches or 
longer may be harvested daily.
    (3) In flowing waters, daily harvest and possession limits for 
rainbow/steelhead trout are one per day and one in possession and it 
must be less than 16 inches in length. In lakes and ponds, daily 
harvest and possession limits are two per day and two in possession of 
which only one fish 20 inches or longer may be harvested daily.
    (H) Residents of Ninilchik may harvest sockeye, Chinook, coho, and 
pink salmon through a fish wheel fishery in the Federal public waters 
of the upper mainstem of the Kasilof River. Residents of Ninilchik may 
retain other species incidentally caught in the Kasilof River except 
for rainbow/steelhead trout, which must be released and returned 
unharmed to the water.
    (1) Only one fish wheel can be operated on the Kasilof River. The 
fish wheel must have a live box, must be monitored when fishing, must 
be stopped from fishing when it is not being monitored or used, and 
must be installed and operated in compliance with any regulations and 
restrictions for its use within the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge.
    (2) One registration permit will be available and will be awarded 
by the Federal in-season fishery manager, in consultation with the 
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge manager, based on the merits of the 
operation plan. The registration permit will be issued to an 
organization that, as the fish wheel owner, will be responsible for its 
construction, installation, operation, use, and removal in consultation 
with the Federal fishery manager. The owner may not rent or lease the 
fish wheel for personal gain. As part of the permit, the organization 
must:
    (i) Prior to the season, provide a written operation plan to the 
Federal fishery manager including a description of how fishing time and 
fish will be offered and distributed among households and residents of 
Ninilchik;
    (ii) During the season, mark the fish wheel with a wood, metal, or 
plastic plate at least 12 inches high by 12 inches wide that is 
permanently affixed and plainly visible, and that contains the 
following information in letters and numerals at least 1 inch high: 
registration permit number; organization's name and address; and 
primary contact person name and telephone number;
    (iii) After the season, provide written documentation of required 
evaluation information to the Federal fishery manager including, but 
not limited to, person or households operating the gear, hours of 
operation, and number of each species caught and retained or released.
    (3) People operating the fish wheel must:
    (i) Have a valid Federal subsistence fishing permit in their 
possession;
    (ii) If they are not the fish wheel owner, attach an additional 
wood, metal, or plastic plate at least 12 inches high by 12 inches wide 
to the fish wheel that is plainly visible, and that contains their 
fishing permit number, name, and address in letters and numerals at 
least 1 inch high;
    (iii) Remain on site to monitor the fish wheel and remove all fish 
at least every hour;
    (iv) Before leaving the site, mark all retained fish by removing 
their dorsal fin and record all retained fish on their fishing permit; 
and
    (v) Within 72 hours of leaving the site, report their harvest to 
the Federal fisheries manager.
    (4) The fish wheel owner (organization) may operate the fish wheel 
for subsistence purposes on behalf of residents of Ninilchik by 
requesting a subsistence fishing permit that:
    (i) Identifies a person who will be responsible for operating the 
fish wheel;
    (ii) Includes provisions for recording daily catches, the household 
to whom the catch was given, and other information determined to be 
necessary for effective resource management by the Federal fishery 
manager.
    (5) Fishing will be allowed from June 16 through October 31 on the 
Kasilof River unless closed or otherwise restricted by Federal special 
action.
    (6) Salmon taken in the fish wheel fishery will be included as part 
of dip net/rod and reel fishery annual total harvest limits for the 
Kasilof River and as part of dip net/rod and reel household annual 
limits of participating households.
    (7) Fishing for each salmon species will end and the fishery will 
be closed by Federal special action prior to regulatory end dates if 
the annual total harvest limit for that species is reached or 
superseded by Federal special action.
    (8) You may take smelt with dip nets in fresh water only from April 
1-June 15. There are no harvest or possession limits for smelt.
    (9) Gillnets may not be used in fresh water, except for the taking 
of whitefish in the Tyone River drainage and as otherwise provided for 
in this Cook Inlet section.
    (11) Prince William Sound Area. The Prince William Sound Area 
includes all waters and drainages of Alaska between the longitude of 
Cape Fairfield and the longitude of Cape Suckling.
    (i) You may take fish, other than rainbow/steelhead trout, in the 
Prince William Sound Area only under authority of a subsistence fishing 
permit, except that a permit is not required to take eulachon. You make 
not take rainbow/steelhead trout, except as otherwise provided for in 
paragraph (e)(11) of this section.
    (A) In the Prince William Sound Area within Chugach National Forest 
and in the Copper River drainage downstream of Haley Creek you may 
accumulate Federal subsistence fishing harvest limits with harvest 
limits under State of Alaska sport fishing regulations provided that 
accumulation of fishing harvest limits does not occur during the same 
day.
    (B) You may accumulate harvest limits of salmon authorized for the 
Copper River drainage upstream from Haley Creek with harvest limits for 
salmon authorized under State of Alaska sport fishing regulations.
    (ii) You may take fish by gear listed in paragraph (b)(1) of this 
section unless restricted in this section or under the terms of a 
subsistence fishing permit.
    (iii) If you catch rainbow/steelhead trout incidentally in other 
subsistence net fisheries, you may retain them for subsistence 
purposes, unless restricted in this section.
    (iv) In the Copper River drainage, you may take salmon only in the 
waters of the Upper Copper River District, or in the vicinity of the 
Native Village of Batzulnetas.
    (v) In the Upper Copper River District, you may take salmon only by 
fish wheels, rod and reel, or dip nets.

[[Page 19123]]

    (vi) Rainbow/steelhead trout and other freshwater fish caught 
incidentally to salmon by fish wheel in the Upper Copper River District 
may be retained.
    (vii) Freshwater fish other than rainbow/steelhead trout caught 
incidentally to salmon by dip net in the Upper Copper River District 
may be retained. Rainbow/steelhead trout caught incidentally to salmon 
by dip net in the Upper Copper River District must be released unharmed 
to the water.
    (viii) You may not possess salmon taken under the authority of an 
Upper Copper River District subsistence fishing permit, or rainbow/
steelhead trout caught incidentally to salmon by fish wheel, unless the 
anal fin has been immediately removed from the fish. You must 
immediately record all retained fish on the subsistence permit. 
Immediately means prior to concealing the fish from plain view or 
transporting the fish more than 50 feet from where the fish was removed 
from the water.
    (ix) You may take salmon in the Upper Copper River District from 
May 15 through September 30 only.
    (x) The total annual harvest limit for subsistence salmon fishing 
permits in combination for the Glennallen Subdistrict and the Chitina 
Subdistrict is as follows:
    (A) For a household with 1 person, 30 salmon, of which no more than 
5 may be Chinook salmon taken by dip net and no more than 5 Chinook 
taken by rod and reel;
    (B) For a household with 2 persons, 60 salmon, of which no more 
than 5 may be Chinook salmon taken by dip net and no more than 5 
Chinook taken by rod and reel, plus 10 salmon for each additional 
person in a household over 2 persons, except that the household's limit 
for Chinook salmon taken by dip net or rod and reel does not increase;
    (C) Upon request, permits for additional salmon will be issued for 
no more than a total of 200 salmon for a permit issued to a household 
with 1 person, of which no more than 5 may be Chinook salmon taken by 
dip net and no more than 5 Chinook taken by rod and reel, or no more 
than a total of 500 salmon for a permit issued to a household with 2 or 
more persons, of which no more than 5 may be Chinook salmon taken by 
dip net and no more than 5 Chinook taken by rod and reel.
    (xi) The following apply to Upper Copper River District subsistence 
salmon fishing permits:
    (A) Only one subsistence fishing permit per subdistrict will be 
issued to each household per year. If a household has been issued 
permits for both subdistricts in the same year, both permits must be in 
your possession and readily available for inspection while fishing or 
transporting subsistence-taken fish in either subdistrict. A qualified 
household may also be issued a Batzulnetas salmon fishery permit in the 
same year;
    (B) Multiple types of gear may be specified on a permit, although 
only one unit of gear may be operated at any one time;
    (C) You must return your permit no later than October 31 of the 
year in which the permit is issued, or you may be denied a permit for 
the following year;
    (D) A fish wheel may be operated only by one permit holder at one 
time; that permit holder must have the fish wheel marked as required by 
paragraph (e)(11) of this section and during fishing operations;
    (E) Only the permit holder and the authorized member(s) of the 
household listed on the subsistence permit may take salmon;
    (F) You must personally operate your fish wheel or dip net;
    (G) You may not loan or transfer a subsistence fish wheel or dip 
net permit except as permitted.
    (xii) If you are a fish wheel owner:
    (A) You must register your fish wheel with ADF&G or the Federal 
Subsistence Board;
    (B) Your registration number and a wood, metal, or plastic plate at 
least 12 inches high by 12 inches wide bearing either your name and 
address, or your Alaska driver's license number, or your Alaska State 
identification card number in letters and numerals at least 1 inch 
high, must be permanently affixed and plainly visible on the fish wheel 
when the fish wheel is in the water;
    (C) Only the current year's registration number may be affixed to 
the fish wheel; you must remove any other registration number from the 
fish wheel;
    (D) You must check your fish wheel at least once every 10 hours and 
remove all fish;
    (E) You are responsible for the fish wheel; you must remove the 
fish wheel from the water at the end of the permit period;
    (F) You may not rent, lease, or otherwise use your fish wheel used 
for subsistence fishing for personal gain.
    (xiii) If you are operating a fish wheel:
    (A) You may operate only one fish wheel at any one time;
    (B) You may not set or operate a fish wheel within 75 feet of 
another fish wheel;
    (C) No fish wheel may have more than two baskets;
    (D) If you are a permittee other than the owner, you must attach an 
additional wood, metal, or plastic plate at least 12 inches high by 12 
inches wide, bearing your name and address in letters and numerals at 
least 1 inch high, to the fish wheel so that the name and address are 
plainly visible.
    (xiv) A subsistence fishing permit may be issued to a village 
council, or other similarly qualified organization whose members 
operate fish wheels for subsistence purposes in the Upper Copper River 
District, to operate fish wheels on behalf of members of its village or 
organization. The following additional provisions apply to subsistence 
fishing permits issued under this paragraph (e)(11)(xiv) of this 
section:
    (A) The permit will list all households and household members for 
whom the fish wheel is being operated. The permit will identify a 
person who will be responsible for each fish wheel in a similar manner 
to a fish wheel owner as described in paragraph (e)(11)(xii) of this 
section;
    (B) The allowable harvest may not exceed the combined seasonal 
limits for the households listed on the permit; the permittee will 
notify the ADF&G or Federal Subsistence Board when households are added 
to the list, and the seasonal limit may be adjusted accordingly;
    (C) Members of households listed on a permit issued to a village 
council or other similarly qualified organization are not eligible for 
a separate household subsistence fishing permit for the Upper Copper 
River District;
    (D) The permit will include provisions for recording daily catches 
for each fish wheel; location and number of fish wheels; full legal 
name of the individual responsible for the lawful operation of each 
fish wheel as described in paragraph (e)(11)(xii) of this section; and 
other information determined to be necessary for effective resource 
management.
    (xv) You may take salmon in the vicinity of the former Native 
village of Batzulnetas only under the authority of a Batzulnetas 
subsistence salmon fishing permit available from the National Park 
Service under the following conditions:
    (A) You may take salmon only in those waters of the Copper River 
between National Park Service regulatory markers located near the mouth 
of Tanada Creek and approximately one-half mile downstream from that 
mouth and in Tanada Creek between National Park Service regulatory 
markers identifying the open waters of the creek;
    (B) You may use only fish wheels, dip nets, and rod and reel on the 
Copper River and only dip nets, spears, fyke

[[Page 19124]]

nets, and rod and reel in Tanada Creek. One fyke net and associated 
lead may be used in Tanada Creek upstream of the National Park Service 
weir;
    (C) You may take salmon only from May 15 through September 30 or 
until the season is closed by special action;
    (D) You may retain Chinook salmon taken in a fish wheel in the 
Copper River. You must return to the water unharmed any Chinook salmon 
caught in Tanada Creek;
    (E) You must return the permit to the National Park Service no 
later than October 15 of the year the permit was issued;
    (F) You may only use a fyke net after consultation with the in-
season manager. You must be present when the fyke net is actively 
fishing. You may take no more than 1,000 sockeye salmon in Tanada Creek 
with a fyke net;
    (xvi) You may take pink salmon for subsistence purposes from fresh 
water with a dip net from May 15 through September 30, 7 days per week, 
with no harvest or possession limits in the following areas:
    (A) Green Island, Knight Island, Chenega Island, Bainbridge Island, 
Evans Island, Elrington Island, Latouche Island, and adjacent islands, 
and the mainland waters from the outer point of Granite Bay located in 
Knight Island Passage to Cape Fairfield;
    (B) Waters north of a line from Porcupine Point to Granite Point, 
and south of a line from Point Lowe to Tongue Point.
    (12) Yakutat Area. The Yakutat Area includes all waters and 
drainages of Alaska between the longitude of Cape Suckling and the 
longitude of Cape Fairweather.
    (i) Unless restricted in this section or unless restricted under 
the terms of a subsistence fishing permit, you may take fish at any 
time in the Yakutat Area.
    (ii) You may take salmon, trout (other than steelhead), and char 
only under authority of a subsistence fishing permit. You may take 
steelhead trout only in the Situk and Ahrnklin Rivers and only under 
authority of a Federal subsistence fishing permit.
    (iii) If you take salmon, trout, or char incidentally by gear 
operated under the terms of a subsistence permit for salmon, you may 
retain them for subsistence purposes. You must report any salmon, 
trout, or char taken in this manner on your permit calendar.
    (iv) You may take fish by gear listed in this part unless 
restricted in this section or under the terms of a subsistence fishing 
permit. In areas where use of rod and reel is allowed, you may use 
artificial fly, lure, or bait when fishing with rod and reel, unless 
restricted by Federal permit. If you use bait, you must retain all 
Federally regulated fish species caught, and they apply to your 
applicable daily and annual harvest limits for that species. For 
streams with steelhead, once your daily or annual limit of steelhead is 
harvested, you may no longer fish with bait for any species.
    (v) In the Situk River, each subsistence salmon fishing permit 
holder shall attend his or her gillnet at all times when it is being 
used to take salmon.
    (vi) You may block up to two-thirds of a stream with a gillnet or 
seine used for subsistence fishing.
    (vii) You must immediately remove both lobes of the caudal (tail) 
fin from subsistence-caught salmon when taken.
    (viii) You may not possess subsistence-taken and sport-taken salmon 
on the same day.
    (ix) You must possess a subsistence fishing permit to take Dolly 
Varden. The daily harvest and possession limit is 10 Dolly Varden of 
any size.
    (13) Southeastern Alaska Area. The Southeastern Alaska Area 
includes all waters between a line projecting southwest from the 
westernmost tip of Cape Fairweather and Dixon Entrance.
    (i) Unless restricted in this section or under the terms of a 
subsistence fishing permit, you may take fish other than salmon, trout, 
grayling, and char in the Southeastern Alaska Area at any time.
    (ii) You must possess a subsistence fishing permit to take salmon, 
trout, grayling, or char. You must possess a subsistence fishing permit 
to take eulachon from any freshwater stream flowing into fishing 
District 1.
    (iii) In the Southeastern Alaska Area, a rainbow trout is defined 
as a fish of the species Oncorhyncus mykiss less than 22 inches in 
overall length. A steelhead is defined as a rainbow trout with an 
overall length of 22 inches or larger.
    (iv) In areas where use of rod and reel is allowed, you may use 
artificial fly, lure, or bait when fishing with rod and reel, unless 
restricted by Federal permit. If you use bait, you must retain all 
Federally regulated fish species caught, and they apply to your 
applicable daily, seasonal, and annual harvest limits for that species.
    (A) For streams with steelhead, once your daily, seasonal, or 
annual limit of steelhead is harvested, you may no longer fish with 
bait for any species.
    (B) Unless otherwise specified in this paragraph (e)(13) of this 
section, allowable gear for salmon or steelhead is restricted to gaffs, 
spears, gillnets, seines, dip nets, cast nets, handlines, or rod and 
reel.
    (v) Unless otherwise specified in this paragraph (e)(13) of this 
section, you may use a handline for snagging salmon or steelhead.
    (vi) You may fish with a rod and reel within 300 feet of a fish 
ladder unless the site is otherwise posted by the USDA Forest Service. 
You may not fish from, on, or in a fish ladder.
    (vii) You may not accumulate Federal subsistence harvest limits 
authorized for the Southeastern Alaska Area with any harvest limits 
authorized under any State of Alaska fishery with the following 
exception: Annual or seasonal Federal subsistence harvest limits may be 
accumulated with State sport fishing harvest limits provided that 
accumulation of harvest limits does not occur during the same day.
    (viii) If you take salmon, trout, or char incidentally with gear 
operated under terms of a subsistence permit for other salmon, they may 
be kept for subsistence purposes. You must report any salmon, trout, or 
char taken in this manner on your subsistence fishing permit.
    (ix) No permits for the use of nets will be issued for the salmon 
streams flowing across or adjacent to the road systems within the city 
limits of Petersburg, Wrangell, and Sitka.
    (x) You may not possess subsistence-taken and sport-taken fish of a 
given species on the same day.
    (xi) If a harvest limit is not otherwise listed for sockeye in 
paragraph (e)(13) of this section, the harvest limit for sockeye salmon 
is the same as provided for in adjacent State subsistence or personal 
use fisheries. If a harvest limit is not established for the State 
subsistence or personal use fisheries, the possession limit is 10 
sockeye and the annual harvest limit is 20 sockeye per household for 
that stream.
    (xii) The Sarkar River system above the bridge is closed to the use 
of all nets by both Federally qualified and non-Federally qualified 
users.
    (xiii) You may take Chinook, sockeye, and coho salmon in the 
mainstem of the Stikine River only under the authority of a Federal 
subsistence fishing permit. Each Stikine River permit will be issued to 
a household. Only dip nets, spears, gaffs, rod and reel, beach seine, 
or gillnets not exceeding 15 fathoms in length may be used. The maximum 
gillnet mesh size is 5\1/2\ inches, except during the Chinook season 
when the maximum gillnet mesh size is 8 inches.
    (A) You may take Chinook salmon from May 15 through June 20. The 
annual limit is 5 Chinook salmon per household.

[[Page 19125]]

    (B) You may take sockeye salmon from June 21 through July 31. The 
annual limit is 40 sockeye salmon per household.
    (C) You may take coho salmon from August 1 through October 1. The 
annual limit is 20 coho salmon per household.
    (D) You may retain other salmon taken incidentally by gear operated 
under terms of this permit. The incidentally taken salmon must be 
reported on your permit calendar.
    (E) The total annual guideline harvest level for the Stikine River 
fishery is 125 Chinook, 600 sockeye, and 400 coho salmon. All salmon 
harvested, including incidentally taken salmon, will count against the 
guideline for that species.
    (xiv) You may take coho salmon with a Federal salmon fishing 
permit. There is no closed season. The daily harvest limit is 20 coho 
salmon per household. Only dip nets, spears, gaffs, handlines, and rod 
and reel may be used. There are specific rules to harvest any salmon on 
the Stikine River, and you must have a separate Stikine River 
subsistence salmon fishing permit to take salmon on the Stikine River.
    (xv) Unless noted on a Federal subsistence harvest permit, there 
are no harvest limits for pink or chum salmon.
    (xvi) Unless otherwise specified in paragraph (e)(13) of this 
section, you may take steelhead under the terms of a subsistence 
fishing permit. The open season is January 1 through May 31. The daily 
household harvest and possession limit is one with an annual household 
limit of two. You may only use a dip net, gaff, handline, spear, or rod 
and reel. The permit conditions and systems to receive special 
protection will be determined by the local Federal fisheries manager in 
consultation with ADF&G.
    (xvii) You may take steelhead trout on Prince of Wales and 
Kosciusko Islands under the terms of Federal subsistence fishing 
permits. You must obtain a separate permit for the winter and spring 
seasons.
    (A) The winter season is December 1 through the last day of 
February, with a harvest limit of two fish per household, however, only 
1 steelhead may be harvested by a household from a particular drainage. 
You may use only a dip net, handline, spear, or rod and reel. You must 
return your winter season permit within 15 days of the close of the 
season and before receiving another permit for a Prince of Wales/
Kosciusko steelhead subsistence fishery. The permit conditions and 
systems to receive special protection will be determined by the local 
Federal fisheries manager in consultation with ADF&G.
    (B) The spring season is March 1 through May 31, with a harvest 
limit of five fish per household, however, only 2 steelhead may be 
harvested by a household from a particular drainage. You may use only a 
dip net, handline, spear, or rod and reel. You must return your spring 
season permit within 15 days of the close of the season and before 
receiving another permit for a Prince of Wales/Kosciusko steelhead 
subsistence fishery. The permit conditions and systems to receive 
special protection will be determined by the local Federal fisheries 
manager in consultation with ADF&G.
    (xviii) In addition to the requirement for a Federal subsistence 
fishing permit, the following restrictions for the harvest of Dolly 
Varden, brook trout, grayling, cutthroat, and rainbow trout apply:
    (A) The daily household harvest and possession limit is 20 Dolly 
Varden; there is no closed season or size limit;
    (B) The daily household harvest and possession limit is 20 brook 
trout; there is no closed season or size limit;
    (C) The daily household harvest and possession limit is 20 
grayling; there is no closed season or size limit;
    (D) The daily household harvest limit is 6 and the household 
possession limit is 12 cutthroat or rainbow trout in combination; there 
is no closed season or size limit;
    (E) You may only use a rod and reel;
    (F) The permit conditions and systems to receive special protection 
will be determined by the local Federal fisheries manager in 
consultation with ADF&G.
    (xix) There is no subsistence fishery for any salmon on the Taku 
River.

    Dated: March 13. 2013.
Kathleen M. O'Reilly-Doyle,
Acting, Assistant Regional Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Acting Chair, Federal Subsistence Board.
    Dated: March 15. 2013.
 Steve Kessler,
 Subsistence Program Leader, USDA--Forest Service.
[FR Doc. 2013-07198 Filed 3-28-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-11-P; 4310-55-P