[Federal Register Volume 79, Number 226 (Monday, November 24, 2014)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 69763-69767]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2014-27634]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 49

[EPA-R10-OAR-2012-0557: FRL-9917-07-Region 10]


Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Swinomish 
Indian Tribal Community; Tribal Implementation Plan

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

[[Page 69764]]


ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving a 
Tribal implementation plan (TIP) submitted by the Swinomish Indian 
Tribal Community (SITC or the Tribe). The SITC TIP regulates open 
burning practices and establishes a Tribal regulatory program 
applicable to all persons within the exterior boundaries of the 
Swinomish Reservation (Reservation). The SITC TIP was submitted to the 
EPA on June 28, 2012, and supplementary submittals were received on 
September 24, 2013, November 18, 2013, and January 28, 2014. This 
action makes the approved portions of the SITC TIP federally 
enforceable under the Clean Air Act (CAA). Upon the effective date of 
this action, the SITC TIP will replace the Federal Implementation Plan 
(FIP) provisions that regulate open burning within the exterior 
boundaries of the Reservation.

DATES: This final rule is effective on December 24, 2014.

ADDRESSES: The EPA has established a docket for this action under 
Docket Identification No. EPA-R10-OAR-2012-0557. All documents in the 
docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although 
listed in the index, some information may not be publicly available, 
i.e., Confidential Business Information or other information the 
disclosure of which is restricted by statute. Certain other material, 
such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be 
publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket 
materials are available either electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at EPA Region 10, Office of Air, 
Waste, and Toxics, AWT-150, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 
98101. The EPA requests that you contact the person listed in the FOR 
FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to schedule your inspection. The 
Regional Office's official hours of business are Monday through Friday, 
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., excluding Federal holidays.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Claudia Vergnani Vaupel at (206) 553-
6121, vaupel.claudia@epa.gov, or the above EPA, Region 10 address.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Throughout this document, wherever ``we,'' 
``us,'' or ``our'' is used, it is intended to refer to the EPA.

I. Summary of the Proposed Action

    On May 2, 2014 (79 FR 25049), the EPA proposed to approve a TIP 
submitted by the SITC on June 28, 2012, and supplementary submittals 
received on September 24, 2013, November 18, 2013, and January 28, 
2014. The SITC TIP regulates open burning and establishes a Tribal 
regulatory program to maintain or improve ambient air quality related 
to open burning. The SITC TIP applies to all persons within the 
exterior boundaries of the Swinomish Reservation and includes 
regulations governing prohibited materials, burn bans, open burning 
permit requirements and fees, and provisions related to enforcement of 
the TIP. For a more detailed description of our evaluation of the SITC 
TIP and our rationale for the proposed action, please see the May 2, 
2014, proposed rule which can be found in the docket for today's 
action. No public comments were received on the proposed rule.

II. Final Action

    Under CAA sections 110(o), 110(k)(3) and 301(d), the EPA is taking 
final action to approve the TIP submission as discussed in our May 2, 
2014 proposal. Upon the effective date of this action, the SITC TIP for 
open burning will apply to all persons within the exterior boundaries 
of the Reservation and will replace the existing open burning 
provisions in the FIP for the Swinomish Reservation (40 CFR 49.10956(g) 
and 49.10960(g)). As discussed in the proposed rule, the EPA is 
approving, but not incorporating by reference into the CFR, the 
enforcement-related authorities in the SITC TIP.

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this 
action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' and therefore is not 
subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this 
reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, 
``Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action 
merely approves laws of an eligible Indian Tribe as meeting Federal 
requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those 
imposed by Tribal law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that 
this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 
601, et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements 
under Tribal law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty 
beyond that required by Tribal law, it does not contain any unfunded 
mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as 
described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).
    Executive Order 13175, entitled ``Consultation and Coordination 
with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), 
requires the EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure 
``meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of 
regulatory policies that have tribal implications.'' The EPA has 
concluded that this rule will have Tribal implications in that it will 
have substantial direct effects on the SITC. However, it will neither 
impose substantial direct compliance costs on Tribal governments, nor 
preempt Tribal law. The EPA is approving the SITC's TIP at the request 
of the Tribe. Tribal law will not be preempted as the SITC has already 
incorporated the TIP into Tribal Law on March 9, 2012. The Tribe has 
applied for, and fully supports, the approval of the TIP. This approval 
makes the TIP federally enforceable.
    The EPA worked with Tribal air program staff early in the process 
of developing the TIP to allow for meaningful and timely input into its 
development. To administer an approved TIP, Indian Tribes must be 
determined eligible (40 CFR part 49) for TAS for the purpose of 
administering a TIP. During the TAS eligibility process, the Tribe and 
the EPA worked together to ensure that the appropriate information was 
submitted to the EPA. The SITC and the EPA also worked together 
throughout the process of development and Tribal adoption of the TIP.
    This action also does not have Federalism implications because it 
does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the 
relationship between the national government and the States, or on the 
distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of 
government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 
10, 1999). This action merely approves a TIP covering areas within the 
exterior boundaries of the Swinomish Reservation, and does not alter 
the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities 
between States and the Federal government established in the Clean Air 
Act. This action does not provide the EPA with the discretionary 
authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or 
environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible 
methods, under Executive Order 12898, ``Federal Actions to Address 
Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income 
Populations'' (59 FR 7629, February 16,

[[Page 69765]]

1994). This action also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 
``Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety 
Risks'' (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically 
significant.
    In reviewing TIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve an 
eligible Indian Tribe's submission, provided that it meets the criteria 
of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior 
existing requirement for the Indian Tribe to use voluntary consensus 
standards (VCS), the EPA has no authority to disapprove a TIP 
submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with 
applicable law for the EPA, when it reviews a TIP submission, to use 
VCS in place of a TIP submission that otherwise satisfies the 
provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 
12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) 
of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply to this action.
    This rule does not impose an information collection burden under 
the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 
et seq.).
    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this action and 
other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior 
to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot 
take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal 
Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 
804(2).
    Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for 
judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court 
of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by January 23, 2015. Only an 
objection to this final action that was raised with reasonable 
specificity during the public comment period can be raised during 
judicial review. Upon request, adequately supported, the Administrator 
may convene a proceeding for reconsideration of this final action. 
Filing a petition requesting that the Administrator reconsider this 
final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes 
of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition 
for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the 
effectiveness of such rule or action. (See CAA section 307(b)(1).) This 
action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its 
requirements. (See CAA section 307(b)(2).)

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 49

    Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, 
Air pollution control, Incorporation by reference, Indians, 
Intergovernmental relations, Particulate matter, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

    Dated: September 8, 2014.
Dennis J. Mclerran,
Regional Administrator, Region 10.
    For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Environmental 
Protection Agency amends 40 CFR part 49 as follows:

PART 49--INDIAN COUNTRY: AIR QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT

0
1. The authority citation for Part 49 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

0
2. Section 49.10952 is revised to read as follows:


Sec.  49.10952  Approval status.

    The implementation plan for the Swinomish Reservation includes the 
EPA-approved Tribal rules and measures identified in Sec.  49.10957.
0
3. Section 49.10956 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (g) 
and by adding new paragraph (l) to read as follows:


Sec.  49.10956  Contents of implementation plan.

* * * * *
    (g) [Reserved]
* * * * *
    (l) The EPA-approved Tribal open burning rules and measures 
approved in Sec.  49.10957.
    (1) Title, authority, jurisdiction, definitions.
    (2) Open burning.
    (3) Public involvement.
    (4) Appeals.
    (5) Repealer, severability and effective date.
    (6) Enforcement.
    (7) Hearings, appeals, computation of time and law applicable.

0
4. Section 49.10957 is added to read as follows:


Sec.  49.10957  EPA-approved Tribal rules and plans.

    (a) Purpose and scope. This section contains the EPA-approved 
Tribal rules and measures in the open burning tribal implementation 
plan (TIP) for the Swinomish Indians. The open burning TIP consists of 
a program, procedures, and regulations that cover prohibited materials, 
burn bans, open burning permit requirements and fees, and enforcement.
    (b) Incorporation by reference. (1) Material listed in paragraph 
(c) of this section was approved for incorporation by reference by the 
Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 
1 CFR part 51. The material is incorporated as it exists on the date of 
the approval and notice of any change in the material will be published 
in the Federal Register.
    (2) The EPA Region 10 certifies that the rules/regulations provided 
by the EPA in the Tribal implementation plan (TIP) compilation at the 
addresses in paragraph (b)(3) of this section are an exact duplicate of 
the officially promulgated Tribal rules/regulations which have been 
approved as part of the TIP as of August 4, 2014.
    (3) Copies of the materials incorporated by reference may be 
inspected at the EPA Region 10 Office at 1200 Sixth Avenue, Seattle WA, 
98101; the EPA, Air and Radiation Docket and Information Center, EPA 
Headquarters Library, Infoterra Room (Room Number 3334), EPA West 
Building, 1301 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC; or the National 
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the 
availability of this material at NARA, call (202) 741-6030, or go to: 
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
    (c) EPA-approved regulations.

[[Page 69766]]



               EPA-Approved Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation Washington Regulations
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Tribal
        Tribal citation            Title/subject     effective   EPA approval date          Explanations
                                                        date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Swinomish Tribal Code Title 19 Environmental Protection, Chapter 2--Clean Air Act (Swinomish TIP for Open
                                                Burning Part II)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.020......................  Title Authority..       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.030......................  Jurisdiction.....       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.040......................  Definitions......       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Subchapter II--Open Burning
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.080......................  Applicability of        3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Subchapter.                     Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.090......................  General Rules for       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  Except D
                                  Open Burning.                   Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.100......................  Burn Bans........       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.110......................  Open Burn Permits       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.120......................  Special Use             3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Permits.                        Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.130......................  Open Burn and           3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  Except B.
                                  Special Use                     Federal Register
                                  Permit Fees.                    citation].
19-02.140......................  Standard Permit         3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Conditions.                     Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.150......................  Additional Permit       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Conditions.                     Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.160......................  Burn Notification       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  and Inspection.                 Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       Subchapter III--Public Involvement
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.170......................  Public                  3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Information.                    Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.180......................  Public Hearings..       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Subchapter V--Appeals
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.240......................  Sovereign               3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Immunity.                       Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Subchapter VI--Repealer, Severability and Effective Date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.250......................  Repealer.........       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.260......................  Severability.....       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.270......................  Effective Date...       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) [Reserved]
    (e) EPA-approved nonregulatory provisions and quasi-regulatory 
measures.

EPA-Approved Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation Washington 
Nonregulatory Provisions and Quasi-Regulatory Measures

                                           Table 1--Air Quality Plans
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Tribal
               Name of plan                 submittal        EPA approval date               Explanations
                                               date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Swinomish Tribal Implementation Plan for      11/18/13  11/24/14, [Insert Federal    Except the section on
 Open Burning (Swinomish TIP, Part I).                   Register citation].          ``Adoption Process and
                                                                                      Procedure''.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 69767]]


                    Table 2--Swinomish Tribal Code Approved but Not Incorporated by Reference
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Tribal
        Tribal citation            Title/subject     effective   EPA approval date          Explanations
                                                        date
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Swinomish Tribal Code Title 19 Environmental Protection, Chapter 2--Clean Air Act (Swinomish TIP for Open
                                                Burning Part II)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Subchapter IV--Enforcement
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.190......................  Enforcement......       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.200......................  Penalties........       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-02.210......................  Damages..........       3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              Subchapter V--Appeals
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-02.220......................  Appeals of              3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Department                      Federal Register
                                  Decisions.                      citation].
19-02.230......................  Tribal                  3/9/12  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Administrative                  Federal Register
                                  Remedies and                    citation].
                                  Tribal Court.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Title 19--Environmental Protection, Chapter 4--Shorelines and Sensitive Areas Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Subchapter IX--Hearings, Appeals, Computation of Time and Law Applicable
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
19-04.560......................  Request for            8/18/05  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Hearing Before                  Federal Register
                                  the Planning                    citation].
                                  Commission.
19-04.570......................  Hearings by the        8/18/05  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Planning                        Federal Register
                                  Commission.                     citation].
19-04.580......................  Appeals of             8/18/05  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Planning                        Federal Register
                                  Commission                      citation].
                                  Decisions.
19-04.590......................  Appeals of Senate      8/18/05  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                  Decisions.                      Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
19-04.600......................  Time and Finality      8/18/05  11/24/14, [Insert  ............................
                                                                  Federal Register
                                                                  citation].
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0
5. Section 49.10960 is amended by removing and reserving paragraph (g) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  49.10960  Federally-promulgated regulations and Federal 
implementation plans.

* * * * *
    (g) [Reserved]
* * * * *
[FR Doc. 2014-27634 Filed 11-21-14; 8:45 am]
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