[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 17 (Friday, January 27, 2017)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 8571-8584]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-00605]



========================================================================
Rules and Regulations
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains regulatory documents 
having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed 
to and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations, which is published 
under 50 titles pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 1510.

The Code of Federal Regulations is sold by the Superintendent of Documents. 
Prices of new books are listed in the first FEDERAL REGISTER issue of each 
week.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 82, No. 17 / Friday, January 27, 2017 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 8571]]



DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

6 CFR Part 27

8 CFR Parts 270, 274a, and 280

Coast Guard

33 CFR Part 27

Transportation Security Administration

49 CFR Part 1503

[Docket No. DHS-2016-0034]
RIN 1601-AA80


Civil Monetary Penalty Adjustments for Inflation

AGENCY: Department of Homeland Security.

ACTION: Final rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: This Final Rule finalizes the Department of Homeland 
Security's (DHS) Interim Final Rule that adjusted DHS civil monetary 
penalties for inflation. The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act) was signed into law 
on November 2, 2015. Using the formula in the 2015 Act and guidance 
from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), DHS calculated adjusted 
penalties. On July 1, 2016, DHS published an Interim Final Rule setting 
forth the adjusted civil penalty amounts, effective for civil penalties 
assessed after August 1, 2016 whose associated violations occurred 
after November 2, 2015.
    Pursuant to the 2015 Act, all agencies must adjust civil monetary 
penalties annually and publish the adjustment in the Federal Register. 
Accordingly, this Final Rule adjusts DHS's civil monetary penalties 
pursuant to the 2015 Act and OMB guidance. The new penalties will be 
effective for penalties assessed after January 27, 2017 whose 
associated violations occurred after November 2, 2015. DHS also 
announces that it will make its required annual adjustment of civil 
monetary penalties in future years by publication of a Final Rule 
notwithstanding the notice and comment provisions of the Administrative 
Procedure Act.

DATES: This rule is effective on January 27, 2017.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Megan Westmoreland, Attorney-Advisor, 
Office of the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 
Phone: 202-447-4384.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents

I. Statutory and Regulatory Background
II. Overview of Final Rule
III. Adjustments by Component
    A. National Protection and Programs Directorate
    B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
    D. U.S. Coast Guard
    E. Transportation Security Administration
IV. Discussion of Public Comments
V. Administrative Procedure Act
VI. Regulatory Analyses
    A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563
    B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    D. Paperwork Reduction Act

I. Statutory and Regulatory Background

    On November 2, 2015, the President signed into law the Federal 
Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (Pub. 
L. 114-74 section 701 (Nov. 2, 2105)) (2015 Act).\1\ The 2015 Act 
amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 
(28 U.S.C. 2461 note) to improve the effectiveness of civil monetary 
penalties and to maintain their deterrent effect. The 2015 Act required 
agencies to: (1) Adjust the level of civil monetary penalties with an 
initial ``catch-up'' adjustment through issuance of an Interim Final 
Rule (IFR) and (2) make subsequent annual adjustments for inflation. 
Through the ``catch-up'' adjustment, agencies were required to adjust 
the maximum amounts of civil monetary penalties to more accurately 
reflect inflation rates. The 2015 Act required that agencies publish 
their IFRs in the Federal Register no later than July 1, 2016 and that 
the adjusted amounts were to take effect no later than August 1, 2016.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ The 2015 Act was enacted as part of the Bipartisan Budget 
Act of 2015, Public Law 114-74 (Nov. 2, 2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For the subsequent annual adjustments, the 2015 Act requires 
agencies to increase the penalty amounts by a cost-of-living 
adjustment. The 2015 Act directs OMB to provide guidance to agencies 
each year to assist agencies in making the annual adjustments. The 2015 
Act requires agencies to make the annual adjustments no later than 
January 15 of each year and to publish the adjustments in the Federal 
Register.
    Pursuant to the 2015 Act, DHS undertook a review of the civil 
penalties that DHS and its components administer.\2\ On July 1, 2016, 
DHS published an IFR adjusting the civil monetary penalties with an 
initial ``catch-up'' adjustment, as required by the 2015 Act. See 81 FR 
42987. DHS calculated the adjusted penalties based upon 
nondiscretionary provisions in the 2015 Act and upon guidance that OMB 
issued to agencies on February 25, 2016.\3\ The adjusted penalties were 
effective for civil penalties assessed after August 1, 2016 (the 
effective date of the IFR) whose associated violations occurred after 
November 2, 2015 (the date of enactment of the 2015 Act). DHS published 
a correction to the IFR on August 23, 2016 to correct one amendatory 
instruction. See 81 FR 57442.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ The 2015 Act applies to all agency civil penalties except 
for any penalty (including any addition to tax and additional 
amount) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 1 et 
seq.) and the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1202 et seq.). See sec. 
4(a)(1) of the 2015 Act. In the case of DHS, several civil penalties 
that are collected by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and 
the U.S. Coast Guard fall under the Tariff Act of 1930, and thus DHS 
did not adjust those civil penalties in this rulemaking.
    \3\ OMB, Implementation of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation 
Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Table A, 24 February 2016. 
https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2016/m-16-06.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Overview of the Final Rule

    This rule adopts, as final, the civil monetary penalty adjustment 
methodology that DHS announced in the IFR. This Final Rule also makes 
the 2017 annual inflation adjustment pursuant to the 2015 Act and 
pursuant to guidance OMB issued to agencies on

[[Page 8572]]

December 16, 2016.\4\ Where applicable, we have finalized conforming 
edits to regulatory text. The penalty amounts in this Final Rule will 
be effective for penalties assessed after January 27, 2017 where the 
associated violation occurred after November 2, 2015. Consistent with 
OMB guidance, the 2015 Act does not change previously assessed 
penalties that the agency is actively collecting or has collected.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant 
to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements 
Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf (last accessed Dec. 
21, 2016).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The IFR established the initial ``catch-up'' adjustment for all 
civil penalties that DHS and its components administer. This Final Rule 
makes the next adjustment to the amounts, pursuant to the 2015 Act and 
upon OMB guidance. The adjusted penalty amounts will apply to penalties 
assessed after the effective date of this Final Rule. We discuss civil 
penalties by DHS component in Section III below. For each component 
identified in Section III, below, we briefly describe the relevant 
civil penalty (or penalties), and we provide a table showing the 
increase in the penalties for 2017. In the table for each component, we 
show (1) the penalty name, (2) the penalty statutory and/or regulatory 
citation, (3) the penalty amount as adjusted in the IFR, (4) the cost-
of-living adjustment multiplier for 2017 that OMB provided in its 
December 16, 2016 guidance, and (5) the new 2017 adjusted penalty. For 
a more complete discussion of the method used for calculating the 
initial ``catch-up'' inflation adjustments and a component-by-component 
breakdown to the nature of the civil penalties and relevant legal 
authorities, please see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 42987-43000.

III. Adjustments by Component

    In the following sections, we briefly describe the civil penalties 
that DHS and its components assess. We include tables at the end of 
each section, which list the individual adjustments for each penalty.

A. National Protection and Programs Directorate

    The National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) administers 
only one civil penalty that the 2015 Act affects. That penalty assesses 
fines for violations of the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards 
(CFATS). CFATS is a program that regulates the security of chemical 
facilities that, in the discretion of the Secretary, present high 
levels of security risk. DHS established the CFATS program in 2007 
pursuant to section 550 of the Department of Homeland Security 
Appropriations Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 109-295).\5\ The CFATS regulation 
is located in part 27 of title 6 of the Code of Federal Regulations 
(CFR).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ Section 550 has since been superseded by the Protecting and 
Securing Chemical Facilities from Terrorist Attacks Act of 2014 
(Pub. L. 113-254). The new legislation codified the statutory 
authority for the CFATS program within Title XXI of the Homeland 
Security Act of 2002, as amended. See 6 U.S.C. 621 et seq.

                                     Table 1--CFATS Civil Penalty Adjustment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  New penalty as
                                                             Penalty amount as                      adjusted by
           Penalty name                    Citation         adjusted in the 2016   Multiplier *     this final
                                                                    IFR                                rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Penalty for non-compliance with     6 U.S.C. 624(b)(1);..  $32,796 per day......         1.01636         $33,333
 CFATS regulations.                 6 CFR 27.300(b)(3)...
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment
  Act Improvements Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf.

B. U.S. Customs and Border Protection

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) assesses civil monetary 
penalties for certain violations of title 8 of the CFR regarding the 
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (Pub. L. 82-414, as amended) 
(INA). The INA contains provisions that impose penalties on persons, 
including carriers and aliens, who violate specified provisions of the 
INA. CBP's relevant penalty provisions are located in numerous sections 
of the INA, however CBP has enumerated these penalties in regulation in 
one location--in 8 CFR 280.53. For a complete list of the INA sections 
for which penalties are assessed, in addition to a brief description of 
each violation, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 42989-42990. Below is a 
table showing the 2017 adjustment for the penalties that CBP 
administers.

                     Table 2--U.S. Customs and Border Protection Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Penalty amount as                      New penalty as
           Penalty name                  Citation         adjusted in the     Multiplier *     adjusted by this
                                                              2016 IFR                            final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Penalties for non-compliance with  8 U.S.C. 1221(g); 8  $1,312.............         1.01636  $1,333
 arrival and departure manifest     CFR 280.53(c)(1)
 requirements for passengers,       (INA section
 crewmembers, or occupants          231(g)).
 transported on commercial
 vessels or aircraft arriving to
 or departing from the United
 States.
Penalties for non-compliance with  8 U.S.C. 1224; 8     3,563..............         1.01636  3,621
 landing requirements at            CFR 280.53(c)(2)
 designated ports of entry for      (INA section 234).
 aircraft transporting aliens.

[[Page 8573]]

 
Penalties for failure to depart    8 U.S.C. 1229c(d);   1,502-7,512........         1.01636  1,527-7,635
 voluntarily.                       8 CFR 280.53(c)(3)
                                    (INA section
                                    240B(d)).
Penalties for violations of        8 U.S.C.             3,005..............         1.01636  3,054
 removal orders relating to         1253(c)(1)(A); 8
 aliens transported on vessels or   CFR 280.53(c)(4)
 aircraft under section 241(d) of   (INA section
 the INA, or for costs associated   243(c)(1)(A)).
 with removal under section
 241(e) of the INA.
Penalties for failure to remove    8 U.S.C.             7,512..............         1.01636  7,635
 alien stowaways under section      1253(c)(1)(B); 8
 241(d)(2) of the INA.              CFR 280.53(c)(4)
                                    (INA section
                                    243(c)(1)(B)).
Penalties for failure to report    8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8  356 for each alien.         1.01636  362 for each alien
 an illegal landing or desertion    CFR 280.53(c)(5)
 of alien crewmen, and for each     (INA section
 alien not reported on arrival or   251(d)).
 departure manifest or lists
 required in accordance with
 section 251 of the INA.
Penalties for use of alien         8 U.S.C. 1281(d); 8  8,908..............         1.01636  9,054
 crewmen for longshore work in      CFR 280.53(c)(5)
 violation of section 251(d) of     (INA section
 the INA.                           251(d)).
Penalties for failure to control,  8 U.S.C. 1284(a); 8  891-5,345..........         1.01636  906-5,432
 detain, or remove alien crewmen.   CFR 280.53(c)(6)
                                    (INA section
                                    254(a)).
Penalties for employment on        8 U.S.C. 1285; 8     1,782..............         1.01636  1,811
 passenger vessels of aliens        CFR 280.53(c)(7)
 afflicted with certain             (INA section 255).
 disabilities.
Penalties for discharge of alien   8 U.S.C. 1286; 8     2,672-5,345........         1.01636  2,716-5,432
 crewmen.                           CFR 280.53(c)(8)
                                    (INA section 256).
Penalties for bringing into the    8 U.S.C. 1287; 8     17,816.............         1.01636  18,107
 United States alien crewmen with   CFR 280.53(c)(9)
 intent to evade immigration laws.  (INA section 257).
Penalties for failure to prevent   8 U.S.C. 1321(a); 8  5,345..............         1.01636  5,432
 the unauthorized landing of        CFR 280.53(c)(10)
 aliens.                            (INA section
                                    271(a)).
Penalties for bringing to the      8 U.S.C. 1322(a); 8  5,345..............         1.01636  5,432
 United States aliens subject to    CFR 280.53(c)(11)
 denial of admission on a health-   (INA section
 related ground.                    272(a)).
Penalties for bringing to the      8 U.S.C. 1323(b); 8  5,345..............         1.01636  5,432
 United States aliens without       CFR 280.53(c)(12)
 required documentation.            (INA section
                                    273(b)).
Penalties for failure to depart..  8 U.S.C. 1324d; 8    751................         1.01636  763
                                    CFR 280.53(c)(13)
                                    (INA section 274D).
Penalties for improper entry.....  8 U.S.C. 1325(b); 8  75-376.............         1.01636  76-382
                                    CFR 280.53(c)(14)
                                    (INA section
                                    275(b)).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment
  Act Improvements Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf.

C. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

    U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) assesses civil 
monetary penalties for certain employment-related violations arising 
from the INA. ICE's civil penalties are located in title 8 of the CFR.
    There are three different sections in the INA that impose civil 
monetary penalties for violations of the laws that relate to employment 
actions: Sections 274A, 274B, and 274C. ICE has primary enforcement 
responsibilities for two of these civil penalty provisions (sections 
274A and 274C), and the Department of Justice (DOJ) has enforcement 
responsibilities for one of these civil penalty provisions (section 
274B). The INA, in sections 274A and 274C, provides for imposition of 
civil penalties for various specified unlawful acts pertaining to the 
employment eligibility verification process (Form I-9, Employment 
Eligibility Verification)

[[Page 8574]]

and the employment of unauthorized aliens.
    Because both DHS and DOJ implement the three employment-related 
penalty sections in the INA, both Departments are codifying the civil 
penalty amounts in their implementing regulations. For a complete 
description of the civil money penalties assessed and a discussion of 
DHS's and DOJ's efforts to update the penalties in years past, see the 
IFR preamble at 81 FR 42991. Below is a table showing the 2017 
adjustment for the penalties that ICE administers.

                  Table 3--U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                  New penalty as
                                                                  Penalty amount                    adjusted by
             Penalty name                       Citation          as adjusted in   Multiplier *     this final
                                                                   the 2016 IFR                        rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Civil penalties for violation of        8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(A)     $445-$3,563         1.01636     $452-$3,621
 Immigration and Naturalization Act
 (INA) sections 274C(a)(1)-(a)(4),
 penalty for first offense.
Civil penalties for violation of        8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(B)       376-3,005         1.01636       382-3,054
 Immigration and Naturalization Act
 (INA) sections 274C(a)(5)-(a)(6),
 penalty for first offense.
Civil penalties for violation of        8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(C)     3,563-8,908         1.01636     3,621-9,054
 Immigration and Naturalization Act
 (INA) sections 274C(a)(1)-(a)(4),
 penalty for subsequent offenses.
Civil penalties for violation of        8 CFR 270.3(b)(1)(ii)(D)     3,005-7,512         1.01636     3,054-7,635
 Immigration and Naturalization Act
 (INA) sections 274C(a)(5)-(a)(6),
 penalty for subsequent offenses.
Violation/prohibition of indemnity      8 CFR 274a.8(b).........           2,156         1.01636           2,191
 bonds.
Civil penalties for knowingly hiring,   8 CFR                          539-4,313         1.01636       548-4,384
 recruiting, referral, or retention of   274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(A).
 unauthorized aliens--Penalty for
 first offense (per unauthorized
 alien).
Penalty for second offense (per         8 CFR                       4,313-10,781         1.01636    4,384-10,957
 unauthorized alien).                    274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(B).
Penalty for third or subsequent         8 CFR                       6,469-21,563         1.01636    6,575-21,916
 offense (per unauthorized alien).       274a.10(b)(1)(ii)(C).
Civil penalties for I-9 paperwork       8 CFR 274a.10(b)(2).....       216-2,156         1.01636       220-2,191
 violations.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment
  Act Improvements Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf.

D. U.S. Coast Guard

    The Coast Guard is authorized to assess close to 150 penalties 
involving maritime safety and security and environmental stewardship 
that are critical to the continued success of Coast Guard missions. 
Various statutes in titles 14, 16, 19, 33, 42, 46, and 49 of the United 
States Code authorize these penalties. Titles 33 and 46 authorize the 
vast majority of these penalties as these statutes deal with 
navigation, navigable waters, and shipping. Beyond titles 33 and 46, 
the Coast Guard is also authorized to collect civil monetary penalties 
related to the organization and management of the Coast Guard, aquatic 
species conservation, obstruction of revenue, and hazardous substances 
and materials. For a complete discussion of the civil monetary 
penalties assessed by the Coast Guard, see the IFR preamble at 81 FR 
42992.
    The Coast Guard has identified the penalties it administers, 
adjusted those penalties for inflation, and is listing those new 
penalties in a table located in the CFR--specifically, Table 1 in 33 
CFR 27.3. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 identifies the statutes that provide 
the Coast Guard with civil monetary penalty authority and sets out the 
inflation-adjusted maximum penalty that the Coast Guard may impose 
pursuant to each statutory provision. Table 1 in 33 CFR 27.3 provides 
the current maximum penalty for violations that occurred after November 
2, 2015. The applicable civil penalty amounts for violations occurring 
on or before November 2, 2015 are set forth in previously published 
regulations amending 33 CFR part 27. To find the applicable penalty 
amount for a violation that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
look to the prior versions of the CFR that pertain to the date on which 
the violation occurred. Table 4 below shows the 2017 adjustment for the 
penalties that the Coast Guard administers.

                              Table 4--U.S. Coast Guard Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Penalty amount                  New penalty as
                                                                   as  adjusted                     adjusted by
             Penalty name                       Citation           in  the 2016    Multiplier *     this final
                                                                        IFR                            rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Saving Life and Property..............  14 U.S.C. 88(c).........         $10,017         1.01636         $10,181
Saving Life and Property; Intentional   14 U.S.C. 88(e).........           1,028         1.01636           1,045
 Interference with Broadcast.
Confidentiality of Medical Quality      14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33 CFR           5,032         1.01636           5,114
 Assurance Records (first offense).      27.3.
Confidentiality of Medical Quality      14 U.S.C. 645(i); 33 CFR          33,546         1.01636          34,095
 Assurance Records (subsequent           27.3.
 offenses).
Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters of   16 U.S.C. 4711(g)(1); 33          37,561         1.01636          38,175
 the United States.                      CFR 27.3.

[[Page 8575]]

 
Obstruction of Revenue Officers by      19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR               7,500         1.01636           7,623
 Masters of Vessels.                     27.3.
Obstruction of Revenue Officers by      19 U.S.C. 70; 33 CFR               1,750         1.01636           1,779
 Masters of Vessels-Minimum Penalty.     27.3.
Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed;   19 U.S.C. 1581(d).......        ** 5,000             N/A        ** 5,000
 Master, Owner, Operator or Person in
 Charge.
Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed;   19 U.S.C. 1581(d).......        ** 1,000             N/A        ** 1,000
 Master, Owner, Operator or Person in
 Charge-Minimum Penalty.
Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations     33 U.S.C. 471; 33 CFR             10,875         1.01636          11,053
 General.                                27.3.
Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations     33 U.S.C. 474; 33 CFR                750         1.01636             762
 St. Mary's river.                       27.3.
Bridges/Failure to Comply with          33 U.S.C. 495(b); 33 CFR          27,455         1.01636          27,904
 Regulations.                            27.3.
Bridges/Drawbridges...................  33 U.S.C. 499(c); 33 CFR          27,455         1.01636          27,904
                                         27.3.
Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge         33 U.S.C. 502(c); 33 CFR          27,455         1.01636          27,904
 Obstructing Navigation.                 27.3.
Bridges/Maintenance and Operation.....  33 U.S.C. 533(b); 33 CFR          27,455         1.01636          27,904
                                         27.3.
Bridge to Bridge Communication;         33 U.S.C. 1208(a); 33              2,000         1.01636           2,033
 Master, Person in Charge or Pilot.      CFR 27.3.
Bridge to Bridge Communication; Vessel  33 U.S.C. 1208(b); 33              2,000         1.01636           2,033
                                         CFR 27.3.
PWSA Regulations......................  33 U.S.C. 1232(a); 33             88,613         1.01636          90,063
                                         CFR 27.3.
Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine   33 U.S.C. 1236(b); 33              8,908         1.01636           9,054
 Parades; Unlicensed Person in Charge.   CFR 27.3.
Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine   33 U.S.C. 1236(c); 33              8,908         1.01636           9,054
 Parades; Owner Onboard Vessel.          CFR 27.3.
Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine   33 U.S.C. 1236(d); 33              4,454         1.01636           4,527
 Parades; Other Persons.                 CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges    33 U.S.C.                         17,816         1.01636          18,107
 (Class I per violation).                1321(b)(6)(B)(i); 33
                                         CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges    33 U.S.C.                         44,539         1.01636          45,268
 (Class I total under paragraph).        1321(b)(6)(B)(i); 33
                                         CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges    33 U.S.C.                         17,816         1.01636          18,107
 (Class II per day of violation).        1321(b)(6)(B)(ii); 33
                                         CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges    33 U.S.C.                        222,695         1.01636         226,338
 (Class II total under paragraph).       1321(b)(6)(B)(ii); 33
                                         CFR 27.3.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges    33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A);          44,539         1.01636          45,268
 (per day of violation) Judicial         33 CFR 27.3.
 Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges    33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A);           1,782         1.01636           1,811
 (per barrel of oil or unit              33 CFR 27.3.
 discharged) Judicial Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to    33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B);          44,539         1.01636          45,268
 Carry Out Removal/Comply With Order     33 CFR 27.3.
 (Judicial Assessment).
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to    33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C);          44,539         1.01636          45,268
 Comply with Regulation Issued Under     33 CFR 27.3.
 1321(j) (Judicial Assessment).
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges,   33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D);           5,345         1.01636           5,432
 Gross Negligence (per barrel of oil     33 CFR 27.3.
 or unit discharged) Judicial
 Assessment.
Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges,   33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D);         178,156         1.01636         181,071
 Gross Negligence-Minimum Penalty        33 CFR 27.3.
 (Judicial Assessment).
Marine Sanitation Devices; Operating..  33 U.S.C. 1322(j); 33              7,500         1.01636           7,623
                                         CFR 27.3.
Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or      33 U.S.C. 1322(j); 33             20,000         1.01636          20,327
 Manufacture.                            CFR 27.3.
International Navigation Rules;         33 U.S.C. 1608(a); 33             14,023         1.01636          14,252
 Operator.                               CFR 27.3.
International Navigation Rules; Vessel  33 U.S.C. 1608(b); 33             14,023         1.01636          14,252
                                         CFR 27.3.
Pollution from Ships; General.........  33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1); 33          70,117         1.01636          71,264
                                         CFR 27.3.
Pollution from Ships; False Statement.  33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1); 33          14,023         1.01636          14,252
                                         CFR 27.3.
Inland Navigation Rules; Operator.....  33 U.S.C. 2072(a); 33             14,023         1.01636          14,252
                                         CFR 27.3.
Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel.......  33 U.S.C. 2072(b); 33             14,023         1.01636          14,252
                                         CFR 27.3.
Shore Protection; General.............  33 U.S.C. 2609(a); 33             49,467         1.01636          50,276
                                         CFR 27.3.
Shore Protection; Operating Without     33 U.S.C. 2609(b); 33             19,787         1.01636          20,111
 Permit.                                 CFR 27.3.
Oil Pollution Liability and             33 U.S.C. 2716a(a); 33            44,539         1.01636          45,268
 Compensation.                           CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls...........................  33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A);          40,779         1.01636          41,446
                                         33 CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls-related to false            33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A);          54,373         1.01636          55,263
 statements.                             33 CFR 27.3.
Clean Hulls-Recreational Vessel.......  33 U.S.C. 3852(c); 33              5,437         1.01636           5,526
                                         CFR 27.3.

[[Page 8576]]

 
Hazardous Substances, Releases,         42 U.S.C. 9609(a); 33             53,907         1.01636          54,789
 Liability, Compensation (Class I).      CFR 27.3.
Hazardous Substances, Releases,         42 U.S.C. 9609(b); 33             53,907         1.01636          54,789
 Liability, Compensation (Class II).     CFR 27.3.
Hazardous Substances, Releases,         42 U.S.C. 9609(b); 33            161,721         1.01636         164,367
 Liability, Compensation (Class II       CFR 27.3.
 subsequent offense).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,         42 U.S.C. 9609(c); 33             53,907         1.01636          54,789
 Liability, Compensation (Judicial       CFR 27.3.
 Assessment).
Hazardous Substances, Releases,         42 U.S.C. 9609(c); 33            161,721         1.01636         164,367
 Liability, Compensation (Judicial       CFR 27.3.
 Assessment subsequent offense).
Safe Containers for International       46 U.S.C. App 1505(a)(2)           5,893         1.01636           5,989
 Cargo.                                  (codified as 46 USC
                                         80509); 33 CFR 27.3.
Suspension of Passenger Service.......  46 U.S.C. App 1805(c)(2)          58,929         1.01636          59,893
                                         (codified 46 USC
                                         70305); 33 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection or Examination Fees.  46 U.S.C. 2110(e); 33              8,908         1.01636           9,054
                                         CFR 27.3.
Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing....  46 U.S.C. 2115; 33 CFR             7,251         1.01636           7,370
                                         27.3.
Negligent Operations: Recreational      46 U.S.C. 2302(a); 33              6,559         1.01636           6,666
 Vessels.                                CFR 27.3.
Negligent Operations: Other Vessels...  46 U.S.C. 2302(a); 33             32,796         1.01636          33,333
                                         CFR 27.3.
Operating a Vessel While Under the      46 U.S.C. 2302(c)(1); 33           7,251         1.01636           7,370
 Influence of Alcohol or a Dangerous     CFR 27.3.
 Drug.
Vessel Reporting Requirements: Owner,   46 U.S.C. 2306(a)(4); 33          11,293         1.01636          11,478
 Charterer, Managing Operator, or        CFR 27.3.
 Agent.
Vessel Reporting Requirements: Master.  46 U.S.C. 2306(b)(2); 33           2,259         1.01636           2,296
                                         CFR 27.3.
Immersion Suits.......................  46 U.S.C. 3102(c)(1); 33          11,293         1.01636          11,478
                                         CFR 27.3.
Inspection Permit.....................  46 U.S.C. 3302(i)(5); 33           2,355         1.01636           2,394
                                         CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; General............  46 U.S.C. 3318(a); 33             11,293         1.01636          11,478
                                         CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Nautical School      46 U.S.C. 3318(g); 33             11,293         1.01636          11,478
 Vessel.                                 CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give      46 U.S.C. 3318(h); 33              2,259         1.01636           2,296
 Notice IAW 3304(b).                     CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give      46 U.S.C. 3318(i); 33              2,259         1.01636           2,296
 Notice IAW 3309(c).                     CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Vessel >= 1600       46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1); 33          22,587         1.01636          22,957
 Gross Tons.                             CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Vessel < 1600 Gross  46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1); 33           4,517         1.01636           4,591
 Tons.                                   CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Failure to Comply    46 U.S.C. 3318(k); 33             22,587         1.01636          22,957
 with 3311(b).                           CFR 27.3.
Vessel Inspection; Violation of         46 U.S.C. 3318(l); 33             11,293         1.01636          11,478
 3318(b)-3318(f).                        CFR 27.3.
List/count of Passengers..............  46 U.S.C. 3502(e); 33                235         1.01636             239
                                         CFR 27.3.
Notification to Passengers............  46 U.S.C. 3504(c); 33             23,548         1.01636          23,933
                                         CFR 27.3.
Notification to Passengers; Sale of     46 U.S.C. 3504(c); 33              1,177         1.01636           1,196
 Tickets.                                CFR 27.3.
Copies of Laws on Passenger Vessels;    46 U.S.C. 3506; 33 CFR               471         1.01636             479
 Master.                                 27.3.
Liquid Bulk/Dangerous Cargo...........  46 U.S.C. 3718(a)(1); 33          58,871         1.01636          59,834
                                         CFR 27.3.
Uninspected Vessels...................  46 U.S.C. 4106; 33 CFR             9,893         1.01636          10,055
                                         27.3.
Recreational Vessels (maximum for       46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1); 33         311,470         1.01636         316,566
 related series of violations).          CFR 27.3.
Recreational Vessels; Violation of      46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1); 33           6,229         1.01636           6,331
 4307(a).                                CFR 27.3.
Recreational vessels..................  46 U.S.C. 4311(c); 33              2,355         1.01636           2,394
                                         CFR 27.3.
Uninspected Commercial Fishing          46 U.S.C. 4507; 33 CFR             9,893         1.01636          10,055
 Industry Vessels.                       27.3.
Abandonment of Barges.................  46 U.S.C. 4703; 33 CFR             1,677         1.01636           1,704
                                         27.3.
Load Lines............................  46 U.S.C. 5116(a); 33             10,781         1.01636          10,957
                                         CFR 27.3.
Load Lines; Violation of 5112(a)......  46 U.S.C. 5116(b); 33             21,563         1.01636          21,916
                                         CFR 27.3.
Load Lines; Violation of 5112(b)......  46 U.S.C. 5116(c); 33             10,781         1.01636          10,957
                                         CFR 27.3.
Reporting Marine Casualties...........  46 U.S.C. 6103(a); 33             37,561         1.01636          38,175
                                         CFR 27.3.
Reporting Marine Casualties; Violation  46 U.S.C. 6103(b); 33              9,893         1.01636          10,055
 of 6104.                                CFR 27.3.
Manning of Inspected Vessels; Failure   46 U.S.C. 8101(e); 33              1,782         1.01636           1,811
 to Report Deficiency in Vessel          CFR 27.3.
 Complement.
Manning of Inspected Vessels..........  46 U.S.C. 8101(f); 33             17,816         1.01636          18,107
                                         CFR 27.3.
Manning of Inspected Vessels;           46 U.S.C. 8101(g); 33             17,816         1.01636          18,107
 Employing or Serving in Capacity not    CFR 27.3.
 Licensed by USCG.
Manning of Inspected Vessels; Freight   46 U.S.C. 8101(h); 33              2,355         1.01636           2,394
 Vessel < 100 GT, Small Passenger        CFR 27.3.
 Vessel, or Sailing School Vessel.
Watchmen on Passenger Vessels.........  46 U.S.C. 8102(a).......           2,355         1.01636           2,394
Citizenship Requirements..............  46 U.S.C. 8103(f).......           1,177         1.01636           1,196

[[Page 8577]]

 
Watches on Vessels; Violation of        46 U.S.C. 8104(i).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
 8104(a) or (b).
Watches on Vessels; Violation of        46 U.S.C. 8104(j).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
 8104(c), (d), (e), or (h).
Staff Department on Vessels...........  46 U.S.C. 8302(e).......             235         1.01636             239
Officer's Competency Certificates.....  46 U.S.C. 8304(d).......             235         1.01636             239
Coastwise Pilotage; Owner, Charterer,   46 U.S.C. 8502(e).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
 Managing Operator, Agent, Master or
 Individual in Charge.
Coastwise Pilotage; Individual........  46 U.S.C. 8502(f).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
Federal Pilots........................  46 U.S.C. 8503..........          56,467         1.01636          57,391
Merchant Mariners Documents...........  46 U.S.C. 8701(d).......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Crew Requirements.....................  46 U.S.C. 8702(e).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
Small Vessel Manning..................  46 U.S.C. 8906..........          37,561         1.01636          38,175
Pilotage: Great Lakes; Owner,           46 U.S.C. 9308(a).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
 Charterer, Managing Operator, Agent,
 Master or Individual in Charge.
Pilotage: Great Lakes; Individual.....  46 U.S.C. 9308(b).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
Pilotage: Great Lakes; Violation of     46 U.S.C. 9308(c).......          17,816         1.01636          18,107
 9303.
Failure to Report Sexual Offense......  46 U.S.C. 10104(b)......           9,468         1.01636           9,623
Pay Advances to Seamen................  46 U.S.C. 10314(a)(2)...           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Pay Advances to Seamen; Remuneration    46 U.S.C. 10314(b)......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
 for Employment.
Allotment to Seamen...................  46 U.S.C. 10315(c)......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Seamen Protection; General............  46 U.S.C. 10321.........           8,162         1.01636           8,296
Coastwise Voyages: Advances...........  46 U.S.C. 10505(a)(2)...           8,162         1.01636           8,296
Coastwise Voyages: Advances;            46 U.S.C. 10505(b)......           8,162         1.01636           8,296
 Remuneration for Employment.
Coastwise Voyages: Seamen Protection;   46 U.S.C. 10508(b)......           8,162         1.01636           8,296
 General.
Effects of Deceased Seamen............  46 U.S.C. 10711.........             471         1.01636             479
Complaints of Unfitness...............  46 U.S.C. 10902(a)(2)...           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Proceedings on Examination of Vessel..  46 U.S.C. 10903(d)......             235         1.01636             239
Permission to Make Complaint..........  46 U.S.C. 10907(b)......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Accommodations for Seamen.............  46 U.S.C. 11101(f)......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Medicine Chests on Vessels............  46 U.S.C. 11102(b)......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Destitute Seamen......................  46 U.S.C. 11104(b)......             235         1.01636             239
Wages on Discharge....................  46 U.S.C. 11105(c)......           1,177         1.01636           1,196
Log Books; Master Failing to Maintain.  46 U.S.C. 11303(a)......             471         1.01636             479
Log Books; Master Failing to Make       46 U.S.C. 11303(b)......             471         1.01636             479
 Entry.
Log Books; Late Entry.................  46 U.S.C. 11303(c)......             353         1.01636             359
Carrying of Sheath Knives.............  46 U.S.C. 11506.........             118         1.01636             120
Vessel Documentation..................  46 U.S.C. 12151(a)(1)...          15,423         1.01636          15,675
Documentation of Vessels--Related to    46 U.S.C. 12151 (a)(2)..          25,705         1.01636          26,126
 Activities involving mobile offshore
 drilling units.
Vessel Documentation; Fishery           46 U.S.C. 12151(c)......         117,858         1.01636         119,786
 Endorsement.
Numbering of Undocumented Vessels--     46 U.S.C. 12309(a)......          11,774         1.01636          11,967
 Willful violation.
Numbering of Undocumented Vessels.....  46 U.S.C. 12309(b)......           2,355         1.01636           2,394
Vessel Identification System..........  46 U.S.C. 12507(b)......          19,787         1.01636          20,111
Measurement of Vessels................  46 U.S.C. 14701.........          43,126         1.01636          43,832
Measurement; False Statements.........  46 U.S.C. 14702.........          43,126         1.01636          43,832
Commercial Instruments and Maritime     46 U.S.C. 31309.........          19,787         1.01636          20,111
 Liens.
Commercial Instruments and Maritime     46 U.S.C. 31330(a)(2)...          19,787         1.01636          20,111
 Liens; Mortgagor.
Commercial Instruments and Maritime     46 U.S.C. 31330(b)(2)...          49,467         1.01636          50,276
 Liens; Violation of 31329.
Port Security.........................  46 U.S.C. 70119(a)......          32,796         1.01636          33,333
Port Security-Continuing Violations...  46 U.S.C. 70119(b)......          58,929         1.01636          59,893
Maritime Drug Law Enforcement.........  46 U.S.C. 70506(c)......           5,437         1.01636           5,526
Hazardous Materials: Related to         49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(1)....          77,114         1.01636          78,376
 Vessels.
Hazardous Materials: Related to         49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(2)....         179,933         1.01636         182,877
 Vessels-Penalty from Fatalities,
 Serious Injuries/Illness or
 substantial Damage to Property.
Hazardous Materials: Related to         49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(3)....             463         1.01636             471
 Vessels; Training.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment
  Act Improvements Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf.
** Exempt as under the Tariff Act.


[[Page 8578]]

E. Transportation Security Administration

    The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is updating its 
civil penalties regulation in accordance with the 2015 Act. Pursuant to 
its statutory authority in 49 U.S.C. 114(v), TSA may impose penalties 
for violations of any statute that TSA administers, whether an 
implementing regulation or order imposes the penalty.\6\ TSA assesses 
these penalties for a wide variety of aviation and surface security 
requirements, including violations of TSA's requirements applicable to 
Transportation Worker Identification Credentials (TWIC),\7\ as well as 
violations of requirements described in chapter 449 of title 49 of the 
United States Code. These penalties can apply to a wide variety of 
situations, as described in the statutory and regulatory provisions, as 
well as in guidance that TSA publishes. Below is a table showing the 
2017 adjustment for the penalties that TSA administers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ See 49 U.S.C. 114(v), as amended by sec. 1302 of the 
Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 
(Pub. L. 110-53, 121 Stat. 266 (Aug. 3, 2007)).
    \7\ See, e.g., 46 U.S.C. 70105, 49 U.S.C. 46302 and 46303, and 
U.S.C. ch. 449.

                   Table 5--Transportation Security Administration Civil Penalties Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                         Penalty amount as                      New penalty as
           Penalty name                  Citation         adjusted in the     Multiplier *     adjusted by this
                                                              2016 IFR                            final rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449     49 U.S.C.            $32,140 (up to a            1.01636  $32,666 (up to a
 (except secs. 44902, 44903(d),     46301(a)(1), (4);    total of $514,244                    total of $522,657
 44907(a)-(d)(1)(A),                49 CFR               per civil penalty                    per civil penalty
 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and     1503.401(c)(2).      action).                             action).
 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or
 46303, a regulation prescribed,
 or order issued thereunder by a
 person operating an aircraft for
 the transportation of passengers
 or property for compensation.
Violation of 49 U.S.C. ch. 449     49 U.S.C.            $12,856 (up to a            1.01636  $13,066 (up to a
 (except secs. 44902, 44903(d),     46301(a)(1), (4);    total of $64,281                     total of $65,333
 44907(a)-(d)(1)(A),                49 CFR               total for small                      total for small
 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and     1503.401(c)(1).      businesses,                          business, $522,657
 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or                           $514,244 for                         for others).
 46303, a regulation prescribed,                         others).
 or order issued thereunder by an
 individual (except an airman
 serving as an airman), any
 person not operating an aircraft
 for the transportation of
 passengers or property for
 compensation, or a small
 business concern.
Violation of any other provision   49 U.S.C. 114(v);    $11,002 (up to a            1.01636  $11,182 (up to a
 of title 49 U.S.C. or of 46        49 CFR 1503.401(b).  total of $55,010                     total of $55,910
 U.S.C. ch. 701, a regulation                            total for small                      total for small
 prescribed, or order issued                             businesses,                          businesses,
 thereunder.                                             $440,080 for                         $447,280 for
                                                         others).                             others).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\*\ OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation
  Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf.

IV. Discussion of Public Comments

    DHS did not receive any public comments on the IFR.

V. Administrative Procedure Act

    The Administrative Procedure Act (APA) generally requires agencies 
to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register (5 
U.S.C. 553(b)) and to provide interested persons with the opportunity 
to submit comments (5 U.S.C. 553(c)). The APA also requires agencies to 
provide a delayed effective date (of not less than 30 days) for 
substantive rules. 5 U.S.C. 553(d). The APA, however, provides an 
exception to the notice and public comment requirements where the 
``agency for good cause finds . . . that notice and public procedure 
thereon are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to public 
interest.'' 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B).
    As discussed in the preamble to the IFR, DHS issued the IFR 
pursuant to the ``good cause'' exception in the APA. With respect to 
this Final Rule and future required annual adjustments, the 2015 Act, 
specifically instructed that agencies are to make the required annual 
adjustments notwithstanding section 553 of title 5 of the United States 
Code.
    DHS is promulgating this Final Rule to ensure that the amount of 
civil penalties that DHS assesses or enforces reflects the statutorily 
mandated ranges as adjusted for inflation. The 2015 Act provides a 
clear formula for adjustment of the civil penalties, leaving DHS and 
its components with little room for discretion. DHS and its components 
have been charged only with performing ministerial computations to 
determine the amounts of adjustments for inflation to civil monetary 
penalties. Accordingly, and as specified in the 2015 Act, the prior 
public notice and comment procedures and delayed effective date 
requirements of the APA do not apply to this rule.
    As described in Section I above, the 2015 Act requires agencies to 
make annual adjustments to civil monetary penalties no later than 
January 15 of each year and to publish the adjustments in the Federal 
Register. DHS intends to make future annual inflation adjustments by 
publication of a Final Rule, notwithstanding section 553 of title 5 of 
the United States Code including the notice-and-comment and delayed 
effective date requirements of the APA. In future annual adjustments, 
DHS will merely need to update the penalty amounts by applying the 
cost-of-living adjustment multiplier that OMB provides to agencies. 
Accordingly, DHS will publish a Final Rule, notwithstanding section 553 
of title 5 of the United States Code, that provides a table with the 
adjusted penalty amounts

[[Page 8579]]

and that updates the numbers in the regulatory text accordingly.

VI. Regulatory Analyses

A. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563

    Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess the 
costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive 
Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and 
benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting 
flexibility. OMB has not designated this Final Rule a ``significant 
regulatory action'' under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866. 
Accordingly, OMB has not reviewed this rule.
    This Final Rule makes nondiscretionary adjustments to existing 
civil monetary penalties in accordance with the 2015 Act and OMB 
guidance.\8\ DHS therefore did not consider alternatives and does not 
have the flexibility to alter the adjustments of the civil monetary 
penalty amounts as provided in this rule. To the extent this Final Rule 
increases civil monetary penalties, it would result in an increase in 
transfers from persons or entities assessed a civil monetary penalty to 
the government.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \8\ OMB, Implementation of the 2017 annual adjustment pursuant 
to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements 
Act of 2015, December 16, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/memoranda/2017/m-17-11_0.pdf.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act applies only to rules for which an 
agency publishes a notice of proposed rulemaking pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 
553(b). See 5 U.S.C. 601-612. The Regulatory Flexibility Act does not 
apply to this Final Rule, because a notice of proposed rulemaking was 
not required for the reasons stated above.

C. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, 
requires Federal agencies to assess the effects of their discretionary 
regulatory actions. In particular, the Act addresses actions that may 
result in the expenditure by a State, local, or Tribal government, in 
the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100,000,000 (adjusted for 
inflation) or more in any one year. This Final Rule will not result in 
such an expenditure.

D. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 
chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR part 1320, do not 
apply to this Final Rule, because this Final Rule does not trigger any 
new or revised recordkeeping or reporting.

List of Subjects

6 CFR Part 27

    Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Security measures.

8 CFR Part 270

    Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, Fraud, 
Penalties.

8 CFR Part 274a

    Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Employment, 
Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

8 CFR Part 280

    Administrative practice and procedure, Immigration, Penalties.

33 CFR Part 27

    Administrative practice and procedure, Penalties.

49 CFR Part 1503

    Administrative practice and procedure, Investigations, Law 
enforcement, Penalties.

Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, for the reasons stated in the preamble, the interim 
rule amending 6 CFR part 27, 8 CFR parts 270, 274a, and 280, 33 CFR 
part 27, and 49 CFR part 1503, which was published at 81 FR 42987 on 
July 1, 2016, is adopted as a final rule with the following changes:

Title 6--Domestic Security

PART 27--CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS

0
1. The authority citation for part 27 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  6 U.S.C. 624; Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as 
amended by Public Law 114-74, 129 Stat. 599.


0
2. In Sec.  27.300, revise paragraph (b)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.300  Orders.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) Where the Assistant Secretary determines that a facility is in 
violation of an Order issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section 
and issues an Order Assessing Civil Penalty pursuant to paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section, a chemical facility is liable to the United 
States for a civil penalty of not more than $25,000 for each day during 
which the violation continues, if the violation of the Order occurred 
on or before November 2, 2015, or $33,333 for each day during which the 
violation of the Order continues, if the violation occurred after 
November 2, 2015.
* * * * *

Title 8--Aliens and Nationality

PART 270--PENALTIES FOR DOCUMENT FRAUD

0
3. The authority citation for part 270 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, and 1324c; Public Law 101-410, 
104 Stat. 890, as amended by Public Law 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 and 
Public Law 114-74, 129 Stat. 599.

0
4. In Sec.  270.3, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A), (B), (C), and (D) 
to read as follows:


Sec.  270.3  Penalties.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) First offense under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). Not less 
than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding 
$3,200 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity 
described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act on or after 
March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than 
$452 and not exceeding $3,621 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
the Act after November 2, 2015.
    (B) First offense under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not less than 
$250 and not exceeding $2,000 for each fraudulent document or each 
proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the 
Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $275 and not exceeding $2,200 
for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity described in 
section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act on or after March 27, 2008 and 
on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $382 and not exceeding 
$3,054 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity 
described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act after November 2, 
2015.
    (C) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4). 
Not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 for each fraudulent 
document or each

[[Page 8580]]

proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of 
the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 and not exceeding 
$6,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed activity 
described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) of the Act occurring on 
or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less 
than $3,621 and not more than $9,054 for each fraudulent document or 
each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(1) through (a)(4) 
of the Act after November 2, 2015.
    (D) Subsequent offenses under section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6). Not 
less than $2,000 and not more than $5,000 for each fraudulent document 
or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) 
of the Act before March 27, 2008; not less than $2,200 and not 
exceeding $5,500 for each fraudulent document or each proscribed 
activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) of the Act occurring 
on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not 
less than $3,054 and not more than $7,635 for each fraudulent document 
or each proscribed activity described in section 274C(a)(5) or (a)(6) 
of the Act after November 2, 2015.
* * * * *

PART 274a--CONTROL OF EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS

0
5. The authority citation for part 274a continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, 1324a; 48 U.S.C. 1806; 8 CFR 
part 2; Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Public Law 
114-74, 129 Stat. 599.


0
6. In Sec.  274a.8, revise paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  274a.8  Prohibition of indemnity bonds.

* * * * *
    (b) Penalty. Any person or other entity who requires any individual 
to post a bond or security as stated in this section shall, after 
notice and opportunity for an administrative hearing in accordance with 
section 274A(e)(3)(B) of the Act, be subject to a civil monetary 
penalty of $1,000 for each violation before September 29, 1999, of 
$1,100 for each violation occurring on or after September 29, 1999 but 
on or before November 2, 2015, and of $2,191 for each violation 
occurring after November 2, 2015, and to an administrative order 
requiring the return to the individual of any amounts received in 
violation of this section or, if the individual cannot be located, to 
the general fund of the Treasury.

0
7. In Sec.  274a.10, revise paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(A), (B), and (C) and 
(b)(2) to read as follows:


Sec.  274a.10  Penalties.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) First offense--not less than $275 and not more than $2,200 for 
each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred 
before March 27, 2008; not less than $375 and not exceeding $3,200, for 
each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the offense occurred 
occurring on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; 
and not less than $548 and not more than $4,384 for each unauthorized 
alien with respect to whom the offense occurred occurring after 
November 2, 2015.
    (B) Second offense--not less than $2,200 and not more than $5,500 
for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense 
occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $3,200 and not more than 
$6,500, for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second 
offense occurred on or after March 27, 2008 and on or before November 
2, 2015; and not less than $4,384 and not more than $10,957 for each 
unauthorized alien with respect to whom the second offense occurred 
after November 2, 2015; or
    (C) More than two offenses--not less than $3,300 and not more than 
$11,000 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom the third or 
subsequent offense occurred before March 27, 2008; not less than $4,300 
and not exceeding $16,000, for each unauthorized alien with respect to 
whom the third or subsequent offense occurred on or after March 27, 
2008 and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $6,575 and 
not more than $21,916 for each unauthorized alien with respect to whom 
the third or subsequent offense occurred after November 2, 2015; and
* * * * *
    (2) A respondent determined by the Service (if a respondent fails 
to request a hearing) or by an administrative law judge, to have failed 
to comply with the employment verification requirements as set forth in 
Sec.  274a.2(b), shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount of 
not less than $100 and not more than $1,000 for each individual with 
respect to whom such violation occurred before September 29, 1999; not 
less than $110 and not more than $1,100 for each individual with 
respect to whom such violation occurred on or after September 29, 1999 
and on or before November 2, 2015; and not less than $220 and not more 
than $2,191 for each individual with respect to whom such violation 
occurred after November 2, 2015. In determining the amount of the 
penalty, consideration shall be given to:
    (i) The size of the business of the employer being charged;
    (ii) The good faith of the employer;
    (iii) The seriousness of the violation;
    (iv) Whether or not the individual was an unauthorized alien; and
    (v) The history of previous violations of the employer.
* * * * *

PART 280--IMPOSITION AND COLLECTION OF FINES

0
8. The authority citation for part 280 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  8 U.S.C. 1103, 1221, 1223, 1227, 1229, 1253, 1281, 
1283, 1284, 1285, 1286, 1322, 1323, 1330; 66 Stat. 173, 195, 197, 
201, 203, 212, 219, 221-223, 226, 227, 230; Public Law 101-410, 104 
Stat. 890, as amended by Public Law 114-74, 129 Stat. 599.


0
9. Revise Sec.  280.53 to read as follows:


Sec.  280.53  Civil monetary penalties inflation adjustment.

    (a) Statutory authority. In accordance with the requirements of the 
Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, Public Law 
101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by the Federal Civil Penalties 
Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, Public Law 114-74, 
Sec. 701, 129 Stat. 599, the civil monetary penalties listed in 
paragraph (b) of this section are adjusted as provided in paragraph 
(b).
    (b) Adjustment of penalties. For violations occurring on or before 
November 2, 2015, the penalty amount prior to adjustment applies. For 
violations occurring after November 2, 2015, the listed penalties are 
adjusted as follows:
    (1) Section 231(g) of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with 
arrival and departure manifest requirements for passengers, 
crewmembers, or occupants transported on commercial vessels or aircraft 
arriving to or departing from the United States: From $1,312 to $1,333.
    (2) Section 234 of the Act, Penalties for non-compliance with 
landing requirements at designated ports of entry for aircraft 
transporting aliens: From $3,563 to $3,621.
    (3) Section 240B(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart 
voluntarily: From $1,502 minimum/$7,512 maximum to $1,527 minimum/
$7,635 maximum.
    (4) Section 243(c)(1)(A) of the Act, Penalties for violations of 
removal orders relating to aliens transported on vessels or aircraft, 
under section 241(d) of the Act, or for costs associated with removal 
under section 241(e) of the Act: From $3,005 to $3,054;

[[Page 8581]]

    (5) Penalties for failure to remove alien stowaways under section 
241(d)(2): From $7,512 to $7,635.
    (6) Section 251(d) of the Act, Penalties for failure to report an 
illegal landing or desertion of alien crewmen, and for each alien not 
reported on arrival or departure manifest or lists required in 
accordance with section 251 of the Act: From $356 to $362; and 
penalties for use of alien crewmen for longshore work in violation of 
section 251(d) of the Act: From $8,908 to $9,054.
    (7) Section 254(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to control, 
detain, or remove alien crewmen: From $891 minimum/$5,345 maximum to 
$906 minimum/$5,432 maximum.
    (8) Section 255 of the Act, Penalties for employment on passenger 
vessels of aliens afflicted with certain disabilities: From $1,782 to 
$1,811.
    (9) Section 256 of the Act, Penalties for discharge of alien 
crewmen: From $2,672 minimum/$5,345 maximum to $2,716 minimum/$5,432 
maximum.
    (10) Section 257 of the Act, Penalties for bringing into the United 
States alien crewmen with intent to evade immigration laws: From 
$17,816 maximum to $18,107 maximum.
    (11) Section 271(a) of the Act, Penalties for failure to prevent 
the unauthorized landing of aliens: From $5,345 to $5,432.
    (12) Section 272(a) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the 
United States aliens subject to denial of admission on a health-related 
ground: From $5,345 to $5,432.
    (13) Section 273(b) of the Act, Penalties for bringing to the 
United States aliens without required documentation: From $5,345 to 
$5,432.
    (14) Section 274D of the Act, Penalties for failure to depart: From 
$751 to $763, for each day the alien is in violation.
    (15) Section 275(b) of the Act, Penalties for improper entry: From 
$75 minimum/$376 maximum to $76 minimum/$382 maximum, for each entry or 
attempted entry.

Title 33--Navigation and Navigable Waters

PART 27--ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

0
10. The authority citation for part 27 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  Secs. 1-6, Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, as 
amended by Sec. 31001(s)(1), Public Law 104-134, as amended by 
Public Law 114-74; 110 Stat. 1321 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Department 
of Homeland Security Delegation No. 0170.1, sec. 2 (106).


0
11. Revise Sec.  27.3 to read as follows:


Sec.  27.3   Penalty adjustment table.

    Table 1 identifies the statutes administered by the Coast Guard 
that authorize a civil monetary penalty. The ``adjusted maximum 
penalty'' is the maximum penalty authorized by the Federal Civil 
Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Federal 
Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, as 
determined by the Coast Guard. The adjusted civil penalty amounts 
listed in Table 1 are applicable for penalty assessments issued after 
January 27, 2017, with respect to violations occurring after November 
2, 2015. The applicable civil penalty amounts for violations occurring 
on or before November 2, 2015, are set forth in previously published 
regulations amending this part.

                              Table 1--Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                   2017 adjusted
                                                                                                      maximum
              U.S. Code citation                       Civil monetary penalty description         penalty amount
                                                                                                        ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14 U.S.C. 88(c)...............................  Saving Life and Property........................          10,181
14 U.S.C. 88(e)...............................  Saving Life and Property; Intentional                      1,045
                                                 Interference with Broadcast.
14 U.S.C. 645(i)..............................  Confidentiality of Medical Quality Assurance               5,114
                                                 Records (first offense).
14 U.S.C. 645(i)..............................  Confidentiality of Medical Quality Assurance              34,095
                                                 Records (subsequent offenses).
16 U.S.C. 4711(g)(1)..........................  Aquatic Nuisance Species in Waters of the United          38,175
                                                 States.
19 U.S.C. 70..................................  Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of              7,623
                                                 Vessels.
19 U.S.C. 70..................................  Obstruction of Revenue Officers by Masters of              1,779
                                                 Vessels--Minimum Penalty.
19 U.S.C. 1581(d).............................  Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed; Master,              5,000
                                                 Owner, Operator or Person in Charge \1\.
19 U.S.C. 1581(d).............................  Failure to Stop Vessel When Directed; Master,              1,000
                                                 Owner, Operator or Person in Charge--Minimum
                                                 Penalty \1\.
33 U.S.C. 471.................................  Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations General.....          11,053
33 U.S.C. 474.................................  Anchorage Ground/Harbor Regulations St. Mary's               762
                                                 River.
33 U.S.C. 495(b)..............................  Bridges/Failure to Comply with Regulations......          27,904
33 U.S.C. 499(c)..............................  Bridges/Drawbridges.............................          27,904
33 U.S.C. 502(c)..............................  Bridges/Failure to Alter Bridge Obstructing               27,904
                                                 Navigation.
33 U.S.C. 533(b)..............................  Bridges/Maintenance and Operation...............          27,904
33 U.S.C. 1208(a).............................  Bridge to Bridge Communication; Master, Person             2,033
                                                 in Charge or Pilot.
33 U.S.C. 1208(b).............................  Bridge to Bridge Communication; Vessel..........           2,033
33 U.S.C. 1232(a).............................  PWSA Regulations................................          90,063
33 U.S.C. 1236(b).............................  Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades;             9,054
                                                 Unlicensed Person in Charge.
33 U.S.C. 1236(c).............................  Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades;             9,054
                                                 Owner Onboard Vessel.
33 U.S.C. 1236(d).............................  Vessel Navigation: Regattas or Marine Parades;             4,527
                                                 Other Persons.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)....................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class I             18,107
                                                 per violation).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i)....................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class I             45,268
                                                 total under paragraph).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii)...................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class II            18,107
                                                 per day of violation).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii)...................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (Class II           226,338
                                                 total under paragraph).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).......................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (per day of          45,268
                                                 violation) Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A).......................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges (per barrel           1,811
                                                 of oil or unit discharged) Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B).......................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to Carry Out            45,268
                                                 Removal/Comply With Order (Judicial Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C).......................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Failure to Comply with          45,268
                                                 Regulation Issued Under 1321(j) (Judicial
                                                 Assessment).

[[Page 8582]]

 
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).......................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges, Gross                5,432
                                                 Negligence (per barrel of oil or unit
                                                 discharged) Judicial Assessment.
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D).......................  Oil/Hazardous Substances: Discharges, Gross              181,071
                                                 Negligence--Minimum Penalty (Judicial
                                                 Assessment).
33 U.S.C. 1322(j).............................  Marine Sanitation Devices; Operating............           7,623
33 U.S.C. 1322(j).............................  Marine Sanitation Devices; Sale or Manufacture..          20,327
33 U.S.C. 1608(a).............................  International Navigation Rules; Operator........          14,252
33 U.S.C. 1608(b).............................  International Navigation Rules; Vessel..........          14,252
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1)..........................  Pollution from Ships; General...................          71,264
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2)..........................  Pollution from Ships; False Statement...........          14,252
33 U.S.C. 2072(a).............................  Inland Navigation Rules; Operator...............          14,252
33 U.S.C. 2072(b).............................  Inland Navigation Rules; Vessel.................          14,252
33 U.S.C. 2609(a).............................  Shore Protection; General.......................          50,276
33 U.S.C. 2609(b).............................  Shore Protection; Operating Without Permit......          20,111
33 U.S.C. 2716a(a)............................  Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation........          45,268
33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A).......................  Clean Hulls; Civil Enforcement..................          41,446
33 U.S.C. 3852(a)(1)(A).......................  Clean Hulls; related to false statements........          55,263
33 U.S.C. 3852(c).............................  Clean Hulls; Recreational Vessels...............           5,526
42 U.S.C. 9609(a).............................  Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability,                54,789
                                                 Compensation (Class I).
42 U.S.C. 9609(b).............................  Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability,                54,789
                                                 Compensation (Class II).
42 U.S.C. 9609(b).............................  Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability,               164,367
                                                 Compensation (Class II subsequent offense).
42 U.S.C. 9609(c).............................  Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability,                54,789
                                                 Compensation (Judicial Assessment).
42 U.S.C. 9609(c).............................  Hazardous Substances, Releases, Liability,               164,367
                                                 Compensation (Judicial Assessment subsequent
                                                 offense).
46 U.S.C. 80509(a)............................  Safe Containers for International Cargo.........           5,989
46 U.S.C. 70305(c)............................  Suspension of Passenger Service.................          59,893
46 U.S.C. 2110(e).............................  Vessel Inspection or Examination Fees...........           9,054
46 U.S.C. 2115................................  Alcohol and Dangerous Drug Testing..............           7,370
46 U.S.C. 2302(a).............................  Negligent Operations: Recreational Vessels......           6,666
46 U.S.C. 2302(a).............................  Negligent Operations: Other Vessels.............          33,333
46 U.S.C. 2302(c)(1)..........................  Operating a Vessel While Under the Influence of            7,370
                                                 Alcohol or a Dangerous Drug.
46 U.S.C. 2306(a)(4)..........................  Vessel Reporting Requirements: Owner, Charterer,          11,478
                                                 Managing Operator, or Agent.
46 U.S.C. 2306(b)(2)..........................  Vessel Reporting Requirements: Master...........           2,296
46 U.S.C. 3102(c)(1)..........................  Immersion Suits.................................          11,478
46 U.S.C. 3302(i)(5)..........................  Inspection Permit...............................           2,394
46 U.S.C. 3318(a).............................  Vessel Inspection; General......................          11,478
46 U.S.C. 3318(g).............................  Vessel Inspection; Nautical School Vessel.......          11,478
46 U.S.C. 3318(h).............................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give Notice IAW              2,296
                                                 3304(b).
46 U.S.C. 3318(i).............................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Give Notice IAW              2,296
                                                 3309(c).
46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1)..........................  Vessel Inspection; Vessel >=1600 Gross Tons.....          22,957
46 U.S.C. 3318(j)(1)..........................  Vessel Inspection; Vessel <1600 Gross Tons......           4,591
46 U.S.C. 3318(k).............................  Vessel Inspection; Failure to Comply with                 22,957
                                                 3311(b).
46 U.S.C. 3318(l).............................  Vessel Inspection; Violation of 3318(b)-3318(f).          11,478
46 U.S.C. 3502(e).............................  List/count of Passengers........................             239
46 U.S.C. 3504(c).............................  Notification to Passengers......................          23,933
46 U.S.C. 3504(c).............................  Notification to Passengers; Sale of Tickets.....           1,196
46 U.S.C. 3506................................  Copies of Laws on Passenger Vessels; Master.....             479
46 U.S.C. 3718(a)(1)..........................  Liquid Bulk/Dangerous Cargo.....................          59,834
46 U.S.C. 4106................................  Uninspected Vessels.............................          10,055
46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1)..........................  Recreational Vessels (maximum for related series         316,566
                                                 of violations).
46 U.S.C. 4311(b)(1)..........................  Recreational Vessels; Violation of 4307(a)......           6,331
46 U.S.C. 4311(c).............................  Recreational Vessels............................           2,394
46 U.S.C. 4507................................  Uninspected Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels.          10,055
46 U.S.C. 4703................................  Abandonment of Barges...........................           1,704
46 U.S.C. 5116(a).............................  Load Lines......................................          10,957
46 U.S.C. 5116(b).............................  Load Lines; Violation of 5112(a)................          21,916
46 U.S.C. 5116(c).............................  Load Lines; Violation of 5112(b)................          10,957
46 U.S.C. 6103(a).............................  Reporting Marine Casualties.....................          38,175
46 U.S.C. 6103(b).............................  Reporting Marine Casualties; Violation of 6104..          10,055
46 U.S.C. 8101(e).............................  Manning of Inspected Vessels; Failure to Report            1,811
                                                 Deficiency in Vessel Complement.
46 U.S.C. 8101(f).............................  Manning of Inspected Vessels....................          18,107
46 U.S.C. 8101(g).............................  Manning of Inspected Vessels; Employing or                18,107
                                                 Serving in Capacity not Licensed by USCG.
46 U.S.C. 8101(h).............................  Manning of Inspected Vessels; Freight Vessel               2,394
                                                 <100 GT, Small Passenger Vessel, or Sailing
                                                 School Vessel.
46 U.S.C. 8102(a).............................  Watchmen on Passenger Vessels...................           2,394
46 U.S.C. 8103(f).............................  Citizenship Requirements........................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 8104(i).............................  Watches on Vessels; Violation of 8104(a) or (b).          18,107
46 U.S.C. 8104(j).............................  Watches on Vessels; Violation of 8104(c), (d),            18,107
                                                 (e), or (h).

[[Page 8583]]

 
46 U.S.C. 8302(e).............................  Staff Department on Vessels.....................             239
46 U.S.C. 8304(d).............................  Officer's Competency Certificates...............             239
46 U.S.C. 8502(e).............................  Coastwise Pilotage; Owner, Charterer, Managing            18,107
                                                 Operator, Agent, Master or Individual in Charge.
46 U.S.C. 8502(f).............................  Coastwise Pilotage; Individual..................          18,107
46 U.S.C. 8503................................  Federal Pilots..................................          57,391
46 U.S.C. 8701(d).............................  Merchant Mariners Documents.....................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 8702(e).............................  Crew Requirements...............................          18,107
46 U.S.C. 8906................................  Small Vessel Manning............................          38,175
46 U.S.C. 9308(a).............................  Pilotage: Great Lakes; Owner, Charterer,                  18,107
                                                 Managing Operator, Agent, Master or Individual
                                                 in Charge.
46 U.S.C. 9308(b).............................  Pilotage: Great Lakes; Individual...............          18,107
46 U.S.C. 9308(c).............................  Pilotage: Great Lakes; Violation of 9303........          18,107
46 U.S.C. 10104(b)............................  Failure to Report Sexual Offense................           9,623
46 U.S.C. 10314(a)(2).........................  Pay Advances to Seamen..........................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 10314(b)............................  Pay Advances to Seamen; Remuneration for                   1,196
                                                 Employment.
46 U.S.C. 10315(c)............................  Allotment to Seamen.............................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 10321...............................  Seamen Protection; General......................           8,296
46 U.S.C. 10505(a)(2).........................  Coastwise Voyages: Advances.....................           8,296
46 U.S.C. 10505(b)............................  Coastwise Voyages: Advances; Remuneration for              8,296
                                                 Employment.
46 U.S.C. 10508(b)............................  Coastwise Voyages: Seamen Protection; General...           8,296
46 U.S.C. 10711...............................  Effects of Deceased Seamen......................             479
46 U.S.C. 10902(a)(2).........................  Complaints of Unfitness.........................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 10903(d)............................  Proceedings on Examination of Vessel............             239
46 U.S.C. 10907(b)............................  Permission to Make Complaint....................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 11101(f)............................  Accommodations for Seamen.......................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 11102(b)............................  Medicine Chests on Vessels......................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 11104(b)............................  Destitute Seamen................................             239
46 U.S.C. 11105(c)............................  Wages on Discharge..............................           1,196
46 U.S.C. 11303(a)............................  Log Books; Master Failing to Maintain...........             479
46 U.S.C. 11303(b)............................  Log Books; Master Failing to Make Entry.........             479
46 U.S.C. 11303(c)............................  Log Books; Late Entry...........................             359
46 U.S.C. 11506...............................  Carrying of Sheath Knives.......................             120
46 U.S.C. 12151(a)(1).........................  Vessel Documentation............................          15,675
46 U.S.C. 12151(a)(2).........................  Documentation of Vessels--Related to activities           26,126
                                                 involving mobile offshore drilling units.
46 U.S.C. 12151(c)............................  Vessel Documentation; Fishery Endorsement.......         119,786
46 U.S.C. 12309(a)............................  Numbering of Undocumented Vessels--Willful                11,967
                                                 violation.
46 U.S.C. 12309(b)............................  Numbering of Undocumented Vessels...............           2,394
46 U.S.C. 12507(b)............................  Vessel Identification System....................          20,111
46 U.S.C. 14701...............................  Measurement of Vessels..........................          43,832
46 U.S.C. 14702...............................  Measurement; False Statements...................          43,832
46 U.S.C. 31309...............................  Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens.......          20,111
46 U.S.C. 31330(a)(2).........................  Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens;                20,111
                                                 Mortgagor.
46 U.S.C. 31330(b)(2).........................  Commercial Instruments and Maritime Liens;                50,276
                                                 Violation of 31329.
46 U.S.C. 70119(a)............................  Port Security...................................          33,333
46 U.S.C. 70119(b)............................  Port Security--Continuing Violations............          59,893
46 U.S.C. 70506...............................  Maritime Drug Law Enforcement; Penalties........           5,526
49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(1)..........................  Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels--Maximum          78,376
                                                 Penalty.
49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(2)..........................  Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels--Penalty         182,877
                                                 from Fatalities, Serious Injuries/Illness or
                                                 Substantial Damage to Property.
49 U.S.C. 5123(a)(3)..........................  Hazardous Materials: Related to Vessels--                    471
                                                 Training.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Enacted under the Tariff Act of 1930, exempt from inflation adjustments.

Title 49--Transportation

PART 1503--INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

0
12. The authority citation for part 1503 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  6 U.S.C. 1142; 18 U.S.C. 6002; 28 U.S.C. 2461 
(note); 49 U.S.C. 114, 20109, 31105, 40113-40114, 40119, 44901-
44907, 46101-46107, 46109-46110, 46301, 46305, 46311, 46313-46314; 
Public Law 104-134, as amended by Public Law 114-74.


0
13. Revise Sec.  1503.401 to read as follows:


Sec.  1503.401  Maximum penalty amounts.

    (a) General. TSA may assess civil penalties not exceeding the 
following amounts against a person for the violation of a TSA 
requirement.
    (b) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this 
section, in the case of violation of title 49 U.S.C. or 46 U.S.C. 
chapter 701, or a regulation prescribed or order issued under any of 
those provisions, TSA may impose a civil penalty in the following 
amounts:
    (1) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $50,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of an individual or small business concern, as 
defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632). For

[[Page 8584]]

violations that occurred after November 2, 2015 $11,182 per violation, 
up to a total of $55,910 per civil penalty action, in the case of an 
individual or small business concern; and
    (2) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of any other person. For violations that occurred 
after November 2, 2015, $11,182 per violation, up to a total of 
$447,280 per civil penalty action, in the case of any other person.
    (c) Certain aviation related violations. In the case of a violation 
of 49 U.S.C. chapter 449 (except sections 44902, 44903(d), 44907(a)-
(d)(1)(A), 44907(d)(1)(C)-(f), 44908, and 44909), or 49 U.S.C. 46302 or 
46303, or a regulation prescribed or order issued under any of those 
provisions, TSA may impose a civil penalty in the following amounts:
    (1) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $50,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of an individual or small business concern, as 
defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632). For 
violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, $13,066 per violation, 
up to a total of 65,333 per civil penalty action, in the case of an 
individual (except an airman serving as an airman), or a small business 
concern.
    (2) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$10,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of any other person (except an airman serving as an 
airman) not operating an aircraft for the transportation of passengers 
or property for compensation. For violations that occurred after 
November 2, 2015, $13,066 per violation, up to a total of $522,657 per 
civil penalty action, in the case of any other person (except an airman 
serving as an airman) not operating an aircraft for the transportation 
of passengers or property for compensation.
    (3) For violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, 
$25,000 per violation, up to a total of $400,000 per civil penalty 
action, in the case of a person operating an aircraft for the 
transportation of passengers or property for compensation (except an 
individual serving as an airman). For violations that occurred after 
November 2, 2015, $32,666 per violation, up to a total of $522,657 per 
civil penalty action, in the case of a person (except an individual 
serving as an airman) operating an aircraft for the transportation of 
passengers or property for compensation.

Jeh Charles Johnson,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-00605 Filed 1-26-17; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 9110-09-P; 9111-14-P; 9111-28-Pl 9110-04-P; 9110-05-P