[Background Material and Data on Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means (Green Book)]
[Appendices]
[Appendix F. Data on Employment, Earnings, and Unemployment]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]






 
[1996 Green Book] APPENDIX F. DATA ON EMPLOYMENT, EARNINGS, AND UNEMPLOYMENT

    The following tables and charts provide additional data on 
unemployment and the Unemployment Compensation Program.

                            TABLE F-1.--SEASONALLY ADJUSTED MONTHLY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE AND INSURED UNEMPLOYMENT RATE, 1990-95                            
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Year                         Jan.    Feb.    Mar.    Apr.     May    June    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov.    Dec.    Avg. 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Civilian Unemployment Rate--Total (Seasonally Adjusted)                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1970............................................     3.9     4.2     4.4     4.6     4.8     4.9     5.0     5.1     5.4     5.5     5.9     6.1     4.9
1971............................................     5.9     5.9     6.0     5.9     5.9     5.9     6.0     6.1     6.0     5.8     6.0     6.0     5.9
1972............................................     5.8     5.7     5.8     5.7     5.7     5.7     5.6     5.6     5.5     5.6     5.3     5.2     5.6
1973............................................     4.9     5.0     4.9     5.0     4.9     4.9     4.8     4.8     4.8     4.6     4.8     4.9     4.9
1974............................................     5.1     5.2     5.1     5.1     5.1     5.4     5.5     5.5     5.9     6.0     6.6     7.2     5.6
1975............................................     8.1     8.1     8.6     8.8     9.0     8.8     8.6     8.4     8.4     8.4     8.3     8.2     8.5
1976............................................     7.9     7.7     7.6     7.7     7.4     7.6     7.8     7.8     7.6     7.7     7.8     7.8     7.7
1977............................................     7.5     7.6     7.4     7.2     7.0     7.2     6.9     6.9     7.0     6.8     6.8     6.4     7.1
1978............................................     6.4     6.3     6.3     6.1     6.0     5.9     6.2     5.9     6.0     5.8     5.9     6.0     6.1
1979............................................     5.9     5.9     5.8     5.8     5.6     5.7     5.7     6.0     5.9     6.0     5.9     6.0     5.8
1980............................................     6.3     6.3     6.3     6.9     7.5     7.6     7.8     7.7     7.5     7.5     7.5     7.2     7.1
1981............................................     7.5     7.4     7.4     7.2     7.5     7.5     7.2     7.4     7.6     7.9     8.3     8.5     7.6
1982............................................     8.6     8.9     9.0     9.3     9.4     9.6     9.8     9.8    10.1    10.4    10.7    10.7     9.7
1983............................................    10.4    10.4    10.3    10.2    10.2    10.1     9.4     9.4     9.2     8.8     8.4     8.2     9.6
1984............................................     8.0     7.8     7.8     7.8     7.5     7.2     7.5     7.5     7.4     7.3     7.1     7.2     7.5
1985............................................     7.4     7.3     7.2     7.3     7.2     7.3     7.3     7.1     7.1     7.1     7.0     7.0     7.2
1986............................................     6.8     7.2     7.2     7.1     7.2     7.1     7.0     6.8     7.0     6.9     6.9     6.7     7.0
1987............................................     6.7     6.6     6.5     6.3     6.3     6.1     6.0     6.0     5.9     6.0     5.9     5.8     6.2
1988............................................     5.8     5.7     5.6     5.4     5.6     5.3     5.4     5.6     5.4     5.3     5.4     5.3     5.5
1989............................................     5.4     5.2     5.1     5.2     5.2     5.4     5.2     5.2     5.3     5.3     5.3     5.3     5.3
1990............................................     5.3     5.3     5.3     5.4     5.3     5.3     5.5     5.6     5.7     5.7     5.9     6.1     5.5
1991............................................     6.2     6.5     6.7     6.6     6.8     6.9     6.8     6.8     6.8     6.9     6.9     7.1     6.7
1992............................................     7.1     7.3     7.3     7.2     7.5     7.8     7.7     7.6     7.5     7.4     7.3     7.3     7.4
1993............................................     7.1     7.0     7.0     7.0     6.9     6.9     6.8     6.7     6.7     6.7     6.5     6.4     6.8
1994............................................     6.7     6.6     6.5     6.4     6.1     6.1     6.1     6.0     5.8     5.7     5.6     5.4     6.1
1995............................................     5.7     5.4     5.5     5.8     5.7     5.6     5.7     5.6     5.6     5.5     5.6     5.6     5.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Insured Unemployment Rate Under State Programs                                                     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1970............................................     2.5     2.7     2.8     3.2     3.5     3.6     3.6     3.7     4.0     4.4     4.4     4.0     3.4
1971............................................     3.9     3.9     4.0     4.1     4.1     4.1     3.9     4.2     4.3     4.2     4.1     4.0     4.1
1972............................................     3.7     3.7     3.6     3.6     3.6     3.5     3.7     3.4     3.4     3.2     3.2     3.2     3.5
1973............................................     2.9     2.8     2.8     2.6     2.7     2.7     2.6     2.8     2.7     2.7     2.7     2.9     2.7
1974............................................     3.1     3.2     3.3     3.2     3.2     3.3     3.3     3.4     3.5     3.7     4.4     5.0     3.5
1975............................................     5.6     5.8     6.4     6.7     6.9     6.8     6.1     5.9     5.8     5.6     5.3     4.9     6.0
1976............................................     4.6     4.3     4.3     4.4     4.5     4.5     4.6     4.6     4.7     4.7     4.7     4.4     4.6
1977............................................     4.3     4.2     4.1     4.0     3.9     3.9     3.8     3.8     3.8     3.8     3.8     3.7     3.9
1978............................................     3.5     3.7     3.6     3.3     3.2     3.2     3.3     3.4     3.2     3.1     2.9     3.2     3.3
1979............................................     3.1     3.2     3.1     3.0     2.8     2.8     2.8     3.0     2.9     3.0     3.1     3.2     2.9
1980............................................     3.3     3.3     3.4     3.7     4.2     4.4     4.4     4.3     4.2     4.0     3.8     3.6     3.9
1981............................................     3.5     3.5     3.4     3.3     3.3     3.3     3.3     3.3     3.4     3.6     3.9     4.0     3.5
1982............................................     4.2     4.0     4.3     4.6     4.5     4.7     4.7     4.7     5.0     5.2     5.3     4.8     4.6
1983............................................     4.5     4.7     4.5     4.4     4.2     3.9     3.7     3.5     3.4     3.3     3.3     3.2     3.9
1984............................................     2.9     2.8     2.9     2.8     2.8     2.7     2.7     2.7     2.7     2.8     2.7     3.0     2.8
1985............................................     2.8     3.0     3.0     2.9     2.8     2.8     2.8     2.8     2.8     2.6     2.8     2.9     2.8
1986............................................     2.7     2.8     2.9     2.8     2.8     2.9     2.8     2.9     2.8     2.8     2.8     2.7     2.8
1987............................................     2.6     2.6     2.6     2.5     2.4     2.4     2.4     2.3     2.2     2.1     2.1     2.2     2.4
1988............................................     2.3     2.3     2.2     2.1     2.1     2.1     2.1     2.1     2.0     2.0     2.0     2.0     2.1
1989............................................     2.1     2.1     2.1     2.1     2.0     2.1     2.2     2.1     2.2     2.2     2.2     2.3     2.1
1990............................................     2.3     2.3     2.3     2.3     2.3     2.3     2.4     2.4     2.4     2.6     2.8     2.8     2.4
1991............................................     3.0     3.1     3.3     3.3     3.2     3.2     3.1     3.1     3.1     3.0     3.1     3.1     3.1
1992............................................     3.2     3.1     3.1     3.2     3.1     3.1     3.1     3.1     3.1     3.0     2.8     2.6     3.0
1993............................................     2.7     2.5     2.5     2.6     2.6     2.7     2.7     2.6     2.7     2.7     2.6     2.6     2.6
1994............................................     2.5     2.8     2.6     2.5     2.6     2.6     2.6     2.5     2.5     2.4     2.3     2.3     2.5
1995............................................     2.4     2.3     2.3     2.2     2.3     2.4     2.5     2.4     2.4     2.4     2.3     2.4     2.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.                                                                                           


        TABLE F-2.--STATE INSURED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNDER THE UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION PROGRAM, 1989-95       
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Year                  1995, by quarter 
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1989  1990  1991  1992  1993  1994   I    II  III   IV
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama.................................................   2.2   2.4   2.7   2.5   2.1   1.9  2.0  1.6  1.9  1.9
Alaska..................................................   4.7   5.5   6.2   6.4   5.5   6.0  7.4  5.7  3.8  5.2
Arizona.................................................   1.7   1.9   2.3   2.3   1.9   1.8  1.4  1.6  1.7  1.3
Arkansas................................................   3.0   3.1   3.6   3.6   3.0   2.6  3.2  2.4  2.5  2.7
California..............................................   2.6   3.0   4.1   4.5   3.9   4.0  4.3  3.7  3.3  3.5
                                                                                                                
Colorado................................................   1.7   1.5   1.8   1.8   1.6   1.5  1.6  1.4  1.2  1.1
Connecticut.............................................   1.7   2.8   3.8   3.8   3.3   3.2  3.5  2.9  2.9  2.5
Delaware................................................   1.2   1.4   2.3   2.4   2.1   1.9  2.2  1.7  1.8  1.8
District of Columbia....................................   1.7   1.9   2.7   2.5   2.3   2.1  2.2  2.1  2.2  1.9
Florida.................................................   1.2   1.5   2.3   2.4   2.3   1.8  1.5  1.5  1.8  1.5
                                                                                                                
Georgia.................................................   1.4   1.7   2.3   2.0   1.6   1.3  1.4  1.2  1.3  1.2
Hawaii..................................................   1.1   1.2   1.6   2.3   2.5   2.9  2.9  3.1  3.1  2.9
Idaho...................................................   3.2   3.2   3.8   3.7   3.3   3.1  4.8  3.2  2.4  2.7
Illinois................................................   2.1   2.4   3.1   3.1   2.7   2.3  2.8  2.3  2.0  2.1
Indiana.................................................   1.3   1.4   2.0   1.8   1.4   1.2  1.5  1.1  1.1  1.1
                                                                                                                
Iowa....................................................   1.6   1.7   2.1   2.1   1.9   1.5  2.2  1.4  1.1  1.3
Kansas..................................................   2.0   1.9   2.2   2.2   1.9   1.7  1.9  1.4  1.4  1.3
Kentucky................................................   2.1   2.3   3.0   2.5   2.1   2.2  2.5  1.8  1.8  1.7
Louisiana...............................................   2.5   2.1   2.3   2.7   2.1   1.9  1.9  1.7  1.6  1.5
Maine...................................................   2.3   3.4   5.0   4.0   2.9   3.1  4.2  3.1  2.3  2.4
                                                                                                                
Maryland................................................   1.5   1.9   3.2   3.1   2.5   2.4  2.7  2.2  2.0  2.0
Massachusetts...........................................   2.8   3.8   4.4   3.7   2.9   2.9  3.4  2.6  2.4  2.2
Michigan................................................   3.0   3.2   4.1   3.6   2.9   2.4  3.1  2.0  1.9  1.5
Minnesota...............................................   1.9   2.1   2.4   2.2   1.9   1.7  2.4  1.6  1.2  1.3
Mississippi.............................................   2.6   2.7   3.2   3.1   2.2   2.0  2.3  2.0  2.2  2.1
                                                                                                                
Missouri................................................   2.2   2.4   3.0   2.8   2.3   2.1  2.4  1.7  1.8  1.6
Montana.................................................   2.8   2.8   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.2  4.5  3.0  2.1  2.7
Nebraska................................................   1.2   1.1   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.0  1.3  0.9  0.8  0.8
Nevada..................................................   1.8   2.1   3.3   3.3   2.9   2.4  2.7  2.3  2.1  2.1
New Hampshire...........................................   1.1   2.2   3.0   2.3   1.5   1.4  1.4  1.1  1.1  0.9
                                                                                                                
New Jersey..............................................   2.3   3.0   3.9   4.0   3.3   3.2  3.6  3.1  3.1  2.9
New Mexico..............................................   2.2   2.0   2.4   2.5   2.2   2.0  2.2  2.0  1.6  1.6
New York................................................   2.3   2.7   3.7   3.7   3.0   3.0  3.6  3.0  2.8  2.7
North Carolina..........................................   1.4   1.9   2.7   2.0   1.4   1.4  1.7  1.3  1.4  1.4
North Dakota............................................   2.0   1.7   2.0   2.0   1.7   1.5  2.6  1.4  1.0  1.1
                                                                                                                
Ohio....................................................   1.9   2.1   2.8   2.8   2.1   1.8  2.3  1.5  1.4  1.5
Oklahoma................................................   1.6   1.6   1.9   2.0   1.6   1.4  1.4  1.3  1.3  1.2
Oregon..................................................   2.9   3.2   4.2   4.3   3.8   3.6  4.1  3.4  2.9  3.9
Pennsylvania............................................   2.7   3.1   4.1   4.1   3.4   3.5  4.1  3.3  3.1  3.1
Puerto Rico.............................................   4.8   5.1   5.9   6.4   6.6   7.0  6.4  6.1  6.3  6.1
                                                                                                                
Rhode Island............................................   2.8   4.5   5.5   5.0   4.0   4.6  6.0  4.5  4.3  3.5
South Carolina..........................................   1.7   1.9   2.8   2.6   2.1   2.0  2.0  1.6  1.8  1.8
South Dakota............................................   1.1   0.8   0.9   0.9   0.9   0.7  1.1  0.6  0.6  0.7
Tennessee...............................................   2.1   2.5   3.0   2.7   2.0   1.9  2.2  1.5  1.8  1.7
Texas...................................................   1.7   1.7   2.0   2.2   2.0   1.8  1.8  1.7  1.6  1.6
                                                                                                                
Utah....................................................   1.4   1.3   1.6   1.6   1.4   1.1  1.4  1.0  0.8  0.8
Vermont.................................................   2.1   3.2   4.3   4.0   3.3   3.1  3.7  3.1  2.3  2.5
Virginia................................................   0.9   1.1   1.7   1.6   1.2   1.2  1.4  1.0  1.0  1.0
Virgin Islands..........................................   1.7   1.2   1.2   1.9   1.9   3.2  2.1  2.4  2.5  3.6
Washington..............................................   3.2   3.1   3.9   4.0   3.9   4.3  4.8  3.9  3.5  4.0
                                                                                                                
West Virginia...........................................   2.8   2.9   3.9   3.7   3.2   3.0  3.9  2.9  2.5  2.6
Wisconsin...............................................   2.2   2.3   3.0   2.8   2.4   2.2  3.1  2.0  1.7  1.9
Wyoming.................................................   2.0   1.7   2.0   2.3   1.9   1.9  2.9  2.0  1.3  1.7
                                                         -------------------------------------------------------
United States...........................................   2.1   2.4   3.1   3.1   2.6   2.5  2.8  2.3  2.2  2.2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                       


                                        TABLE F-3.--UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY SEX, AGE, RACE, AND EXPERIENCE, 1976-95                                       
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               By sex and age                    By race                      By selected groups        
                                                Total  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                (all                          Both                                   Experienced    Married             
                   Period                     civilian   Men 20   Women 20  sexes 16-                     Black and    wage and      men,      Women who
                                              workers)    years     years   19 years    White     Black   other \1\     salary      spouse     maintain 
                                                        and over  and over                                             workers      present    families 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1976........................................       7.7       5.9       7.4      19.0       7.0      14.0       13.1          7.3         4.2        10.1
1977........................................       7.1       5.2       7.0      17.8       6.2      14.0       13.1          6.6         3.6         9.4
1978........................................       6.1       4.3       6.0      16.4       5.2      12.8       11.9          5.6         2.8         8.5
1979........................................       5.8       4.2       5.7      16.1       5.1      12.3       11.3          5.5         2.8         8.3
1980........................................       7.1       5.9       6.4      17.8       6.3      14.3       13.1          6.9         4.2         9.2
1981........................................       7.6       6.3       6.8      19.6       6.7      15.6       14.2          7.3         4.3        10.4
1982........................................       9.7       8.8       8.3      23.2       8.6      18.9       17.3          9.3         6.5        11.7
1983........................................       9.6       8.9       8.1      22.4       8.4      19.5       17.8          9.2         6.5        12.2
1984........................................       7.5       6.6       6.8      18.9       6.5      15.9       14.4          7.1         4.6        10.3
1985........................................       7.2       6.2       6.6      18.6       6.2      15.1       13.7          6.8         4.3        10.4
1986........................................       7.0       6.1       6.2      18.3       6.0      14.5       13.1          6.6         4.4         9.8
1987........................................       6.2       5.4       5.4      16.9       5.3      13.0       11.6          5.8         3.9         9.2
1988........................................       5.5       4.8       4.9      15.3       4.7      11.7       10.4          5.2         3.3         8.1
1989........................................       5.3       4.5       4.7      15.0       4.5      11.4       10.0          5.0         3.0         8.1
1990........................................       5.5       4.9       4.8      15.5       4.7      11.3       10.1          5.3         3.4         8.2
1991........................................       6.7       6.3       5.7      18.6       6.0      12.4       11.1          6.5         4.4         9.1
1992........................................       7.4       7.0       6.3      20.0       6.5      14.1       12.7          7.1         5.0         9.9
1993........................................       6.8       6.4       5.9      19.0       6.0      12.9       11.7          6.5         4.4         9.5
1994........................................       6.1       5.4       5.4      17.6       5.3      11.5       10.5          5.9         3.7         8.9
1995........................................       5.6       4.8       4.9      17.3       4.9      10.4        9.6          5.4         3.3         8.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ ``Other'' includes: American Samoans, Native Americans, Asians, and Black Hispanics.                                                                
                                                                                                                                                        
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.                                                                                           


                                   TABLE F-4.--UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY DURATION OF AND REASON FOR UNEMPLOYMENT, 1977-95                                   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   Percent distribution of unemployment by     Percent distribution of unemployment by  
                                                                                duration \1\                                  reason \1\                
                                                   Unemployment ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Period                        (thousands)     Less                                                                                
                                                                   than 5      5-14      15-26     27 weeks     Job        Job     Reentrants     New   
                                                                   weeks      weeks      weeks     and over    losers    leavers                entrants
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1977.............................................        6,991        41.8       30.5       13.1       14.7       45.3       13.0        28.1       13.6
1978.............................................        6,202        46.2       31.0       12.4       10.4       41.7       14.1        29.9       14.3
1979.............................................        6,137        48.1       31.7       11.5        8.7       42.9       14.3        29.4       13.3
1980.............................................        7,637        43.1       32.3       13.8       10.7       51.7       11.7        25.2       11.4
1981.............................................        8,273        41.7       30.7       13.6       14.0       51.6       11.2        25.4       11.9
1982.............................................       10,678        36.4       31.0       16.0       16.6       58.7        7.9        22.3       11.1
1983.............................................       10,717        33.3       27.4       15.4       23.9       58.4        7.7        22.5       11.3
1984.............................................        8,539        39.2       28.7       12.9       19.1       51.8        9.6        25.6       13.0
1985.............................................        8,312        42.1       30.2       12.3       15.4       49.8       10.6        27.1       12.5
1986.............................................        8,237        41.0       32.0       12.4       14.5       47.9       13.0        25.7       13.4
1987.............................................        7,425        43.7       29.6       12.7       14.0       48.0       13.0        26.6       12.4
1988.............................................        6,701        46.0       30.0       12.0       12.1       46.1       14.7        27.0       12.2
1989.............................................        6,528        48.6       30.3       11.2        9.9       45.7       15.7        28.2       10.4
1990.............................................        6,874        46.1       32.0       11.8       10.1       48.3       14.8        27.4        9.5
1991.............................................        8,426        40.1       32.3       14.5       13.0       54.7       11.6        24.8        8.9
1992.............................................        9,384        34.8       29.4       15.2       20.6       56.4       10.4        23.7        9.5
1993.............................................        8,734        36.2       28.9       14.6       20.4       54.6       10.8        24.6       10.0
1994.............................................        7,996        34.1       30.1       15.5       20.3       47.7        9.9        34.8        7.6
1995.............................................        7,404        36.5       31.6       14.7       17.3       46.9       11.1        34.1        7.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Detail may not add to 100 percent because of rounding.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                        
Source: Office of the President (1996).                                                                                                                 


                                                                   TABLE F-5.--STATE UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION PROGRAM EXHAUSTIONS BY MONTH--REGULAR BENEFITS, 1975-95                                                                  
                                                                                                             [In thousands]                                                                                                             
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                   1975    1976    1977    1978    1979    1980    1981    1982    1983    1984    1985    1986    1987    1988    1989    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994    1995 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
January.........................................................     229     332     261     211     184     215     309     258     421     269     238     290     230     176     168     203     265     359     293     270     251
February........................................................     230     295     251     184     160     201     275     267     394     245     207     208     220     170     150     169     228     303     265     240     209
March...........................................................     278     326     290     201     193     220     291     341     470     251     228     231     245     198     176     191     261     343     303     282     240
April...........................................................     369     305     265     192     185     259     289     362     431     245     253     256     244     183     166     197     306     364     288     268     227
May.............................................................     406     273     242     193     195     251     246     338     398     243     235     233     206     174     174     208     314     324     249     265     237
June............................................................     438     282     254     176     162     246     244     378     383     198     194     214     204     172     162     184     277     335     269     261     217
July............................................................     487     263     215     151     169     298     247     360     336     213     235     245     212     161     161     208     350     358     270     252     227
August..........................................................     413     254     234     158     166     256     215     365     341     212     205     212     179     169     173     202     316     312     268     262     230
September.......................................................     370     239     198     138     140     254     207     351     264     163     182     210     170     142     148     169     276     295     252     217     190
October.........................................................     350     212     183     133     161     292     200     347     244     197     208     223     160     138     152     198     303     278     237     215     212
November........................................................     291     231     192     144     159     259     201     384     249     183     180     183     183     148     156     190     260     256     245     226     212
December........................................................     336     251     192     149     162     319     265     424     248     188     214     241     184     148     154     205     314     306     262     220     209
                                                                 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total.........................................................   4,195   3,262   2,776   2,030   2,037   3,072   2,989   4,175   4,180   2,607   2,579   2,746   2,408   1,979   1,940   2,324   3,472   3,821   3,201   2,978   2,662
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                                                                                                                                               


                                              TABLE F-6.--STATE UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION PROGRAM EXHAUSTIONS BY MONTH--EXTENDED BENEFITS, 1975-95                                              
                                                                                         [In thousands]                                                                                         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           1975    1976    1977    1978   1979   1980    1981   1982    1983   1984   1985   1986   1987   1988   1989   1990   1991   1992   1993   1994   1995
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
January.................................      52     366     177    126     11      24    169       9     91      7      4      5      9      0  (\1\)  (\1\)      2  (\1\)  (\1\)     18      3
February................................      50     215     166     66     10      15    128      14     95      6      4      6      0  (\1\)  (\1\)  (\1\)  (\1\)  (\1\)  (\1\)     12      3
March...................................     100     244     187     50     13      18    134      38    128      7  (\1\)      5      5  (\1\)  (\1\)      2  (\1\)      1  (\1\)      5      3
April...................................     161     253     177     45     15      28    117     114    153      6      7      5      1      1  (\1\)      3      3      1  (\1\)      5      4
May.....................................     207     190     159     49     31      74     95     134    156     12      9      4      2      1      1  (\1\)      6      5  (\1\)      5      5
June....................................     228     197     170     49     19      66     90     193    120      3      5      3      2  (\1\)  (\1\)      1     25      4  (\1\)      6      5
July....................................     245     175     141     50     13      67     48     128     44      1      5      8      1  (\1\)  (\1\)      1     16      4  (\1\)      6      5
August..................................     245     178      92     38     12      64     21     121     23  (\1\)      6     14      1      0      0  (\1\)      5      1  (\1\)     15      3
September...............................     271     180      94     23     11     139     23     126     11  (\1\)      5      8      0      0  (\1\)  (\1\)      3  (\1\)  (\1\)      4      3
October.................................     294     174     137     30     14     208     15     126      7      1      4      8      0      0      0  (\1\)      4  (\1\)  (\1\)      4      3
November................................     258     187     136     12     12     147     14      93      6      3      3      7      0      0      0  (\1\)      1  (\1\)  (\1\)      4      3
December................................     286     178     137     10     11     189     11      94      6      4  (\1\)     13      0      0      0      2  (\1\)  (\1\)  (\1\)      4      3
                                         -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Year total............................   2,398   2,536   1,774    549    172   1,039    862   1,188    840     50     52     86     21      2      1      9     67     17      1     86     43
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Less than 500.                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                                                
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                                                                                                       


 TABLE F-7.--U.S. AVERAGE WAGE REPLACEMENT RATE: RATIO OF AVERAGE WEEKLY BENEFIT AMOUNT TO AVERAGE WEEKLY WAGE, 
                                                     1971-95                                                    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  First    Second     Third    Fourth           
                             Year                                quarter   quarter   quarter   quarter   Average
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1971..........................................................        NA        NA        NA        NA     0.365
1972..........................................................        NA        NA        NA        NA     0.361
1973..........................................................        NA        NA        NA        NA     0.361
1974..........................................................        NA        NA        NA        NA     0.365
1975..........................................................     0.377     0.375     0.381     0.368     0.375
                                                                                                                
1976..........................................................     0.390     0.374     0.368     0.359     0.373
1977..........................................................     0.384     0.361     0.356     0.361     0.365
1978..........................................................     0.383     0.360     0.359     0.359     0.365
1979..........................................................     0.372     0.357     0.361     0.362     0.363
1980..........................................................     0.376     0.376     0.373     0.350     0.369
                                                                                                                
1981..........................................................     0.372     0.359     0.363     0.358     0.363
1982..........................................................     0.381     0.378     0.383     0.373     0.379
1983..........................................................     0.384     0.378     0.364     0.360     0.372
1984..........................................................     0.358     0.355     0.358     0.352     0.356
1985..........................................................     0.354     0.352     0.362     0.352     0.355
                                                                                                                
1986..........................................................     0.356     0.361     0.369     0.353     0.360
1987..........................................................     0.359     0.362     0.363     0.342     0.357
1988..........................................................     0.357     0.357     0.351     0.333     0.350
1989..........................................................     0.356     0.361     0.365     0.343     0.356
1990..........................................................     0.361     0.370     0.373     0.346     0.362
                                                                                                                
1991..........................................................     0.374     0.374     0.375     0.343     0.367
1992..........................................................     0.371     0.372     0.368     0.369     0.370
1993..........................................................     0.377     0.367     0.366     0.365     0.369
1994..........................................................     0.368     0.366     0.357     0.360     0.363
1995..........................................................     0.368     0.368     0.357     0.360     0.363
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NA--Not available.                                                                                              
                                                                                                                
Note.--Wage replacement rate is defined as the average weekly unemployment benefit divided by the average weekly
  wage for unemployed workers.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                       


  TABLE F-8.--NUMBER UNEMPLOYED 27 WEEKS OR LONGER AS A PERCENT OF ALL  
                           UNEMPLOYED, 1971-95                          
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    First    Second     Third    Fourth 
              Year                 quarter   quarter   quarter   quarter
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1971............................       8.7      11.1      11.0      10.8
1972............................      12.1      13.5      10.8       9.8
1973............................       8.6       8.5       7.0       7.4
1974............................       6.8       8.3       7.5       7.1
1975............................       8.7      14.8      18.7      19.1
                                                                        
1976............................      19.7      20.1      16.7      16.3
1977............................      15.5      16.5      13.6      12.9
1978............................      11.1      11.8      10.1       8.7
1979............................       9.0       9.5       8.1       8.3
1980............................       8.3       9.9      11.1      13.5
                                                                        
1981............................      15.3      15.0      13.7      12.3
1982............................      13.0      16.7      17.1      19.4
1983............................      23.2      26.3      23.8      21.9
1984............................      21.0      21.0      17.7      16.5
1985............................      15.8      16.4      14.7      14.7
                                                                        
1986............................      13.8      15.0      14.6      14.2
1987............................      14.0      15.1      13.9      12.9
1988............................      12.3      12.9      11.7      11.1
1989............................      10.4      10.5       9.0       9.6
1990............................       9.5      10.2      10.4      10.2
                                                                        
1991............................      10.8      12.9      13.6      14.9
1992............................      17.9      21.4      21.8      21.4
1993............................      20.4      20.2      20.3      20.6
1994............................      20.4      20.5      20.1      20.2
1995............................      17.8      17.3      17.0      16.8
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Office of the President (various years).                        


                   TABLE F-9.--RATIO OF INSURED UNEMPLOYED WORKERS TO ALL JOB LOSERS,  1968-95                  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                      Insured unemployment      Ratio: Insured  
                                                                   --------------------------   unemployment to 
                                                        Job losers                                job losers    
                         Year                          (thousands)      All        Regular   -------------------
                                                                      programs     programs      All     Regular
                                                                    (thousands)  (thousands)  programs  programs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1968.................................................       1,070        1,187        1,111      110.9     103.8
1969.................................................       1,017        1,177        1,101      115.7     108.3
1970.................................................       1,811        2,070        1,805      114.3      99.7
1971.................................................       2,323        2,608        2,150      112.3      92.6
1972.................................................       2,108        2,192        1,848      104.0      87.7
1973.................................................       1,694        1,793        1,632      105.8      96.3
1974.................................................       2,242        2,558        2,262      114.1     100.9
1975.................................................       4,386        4,937        3,986      112.6      90.9
1976.................................................       3,679        3,846        2,991      104.5      81.3
1977.................................................       3,166        3,308        2,655      104.5      83.9
1978.................................................       2,585        2,645        2,359      102.3      91.3
1979.................................................       2,635        2,592        2,434       98.4      92.4
1980.................................................       3,947        3,837        3,350       97.2      84.9
1981.................................................       4,267        3,410        3,047       79.9      71.4
1982.................................................       6,268        4,594        4,061       73.3      64.8
1983.................................................       6,258        3,775        3,396       60.3      54.3
1984.................................................       4,421        2,561        2,476       57.9      56.0
1985.................................................       4,139        2,693        2,611       65.1      63.1
1986.................................................       4,033        2,746        2,650       68.1      65.7
1987.................................................       3,566        2,401        2,332       67.3      65.4
1988.................................................       3,092        2,135        2,081       69.0      67.3
1989.................................................       2,983        2,205        2,158       73.9      72.3
1990.................................................       3,322        2,575        2,522       77.5      75.9
1991.................................................       4,608        3,406        3,342       73.9      72.5
1992.................................................       5,291        3,348        3,245       63.3      61.3
1993.................................................       4,769        2,845        2,751       59.7      57.7
1994.................................................       3,815        2,746        2,670       72.0      70.0
1995.................................................       3,476        2,641        2,575       76.0      74.1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: Office of the President (1996).                                                                         


   TABLE F-10.--NET BALANCES IN STATE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACCOUNTS,  
                                 1960-95                                
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Balance (in billions) 
                                               -------------------------
             End of calendar year                 Current        1994   
                                                  dollars    dollars \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1960..........................................         $6.4        $28.8
1961..........................................          5.6         24.9
1962..........................................          6.0         26.4
1963..........................................          6.4         27.8
1964..........................................          7.1         30.4
1965..........................................          8.2         34.4
1966..........................................          9.7         39.6
1967..........................................         10.7         42.4
1968..........................................         11.7         44.4
1969..........................................         12.6         45.6
1970..........................................         11.9         40.8
1971..........................................          9.7         31.6
1972..........................................          9.4         29.5
1973..........................................         10.9         32.3
1974..........................................         10.5         28.6
1975..........................................          3.1          7.7
1976..........................................          0.9          2.1
1977..........................................          1.0          2.2
1978..........................................          4.6          9.5
1979..........................................          8.6         16.3
1980..........................................          6.6         11.5
1981..........................................          5.7          9.1
1982..........................................         -2.6         -3.9
1983..........................................         -5.8         -8.3
1984..........................................          2.2          3.0
1985..........................................         10.1         13.5
1986..........................................         15.4         20.1
1987..........................................         23.2         29.3
1988..........................................         31.1         37.9
1989..........................................         36.9         43.2
1990..........................................         37.9         42.5
1991..........................................         30.2         32.6
1992..........................................         25.8         27.1
1993..........................................         28.2         28.9
1994..........................................         31.3         31.3
1995..........................................         35.4         34.5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Adjusted to 1994 dollars using the implicit price deflator for gross
  domestic product.                                                     
                                                                        
Source: Congressional Budget Office.                                    


                  TABLE F-11.--BALANCE IN ADMINISTRATION ACCOUNT (ESAA), FISCAL YEARS 1995-2001                 
                                            [In billions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Fiscal year                      
                   Source or balance                    --------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1995    1996    1997    1998    1999    2000     2001 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FUTA income............................................  ......    4.59    4.64    4.70    3.94    3.63    3.63 
Interest earnings......................................  ......    0.12    0.11    0.11    0.09    0.08    0.07 
General revenue........................................  ......   (\1\)   (\1\)   (\1\)   (\1\)   (\1\)    (\1\)
State administration (outlays).........................  ......    3.37    3.51    3.52    3.53    3.54    3.65 
    Unemployment insurance.............................  ......    2.31    2.50    2.50    2.50    2.50    2.57 
    Other..............................................  ......    1.06    1.02    1.02    1.03    1.05    1.09 
Federal administration.................................  ......    0.16    0.16    0.16    0.16    0.15    0.16 
Balance (end of year)..................................    2.16    3.03    2.45    2.59    1.81    1.48    1.36 
    Ceiling \2\........................................    1.40    1.38    1.46    1.47    1.47    1.47    1.52 
    Excess (shortfall).................................  \3\ 2.                                                 
                                                             82    1.65    0.99    1.12    0.34    0.01   (0.16)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Less than $5 million.                                                                                       
\2\ Statutory ceiling is 40 percent of current year's appropriation.                                            
\3\ Includes $0.47 billion appropriated to ESAA for fiscal year 1995 after October 1, 1995.                     
                                                                                                                
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                       


                 TABLE F-12.--STATUS OF EXTENDED BENEFIT ACCOUNT (EUCA), FISCAL YEARS 1995-2001                 
                                            [In billions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Fiscal year                    
                     Source or balance                      ----------------------------------------------------
                                                              1995    1996    1997    1998    1999   2000   2001
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FUTA income................................................  ......   1.15    1.16    1.17    0.99   0.91   0.91
Interest earnings..........................................  ......   0.37    0.56    0.70    0.86   0.94   0.96
General revenue advances...................................  ......  ......  ......  ......  .....  .....  .....
Overflow from ESAA/FUA.....................................  ......   2.82    1.68    1.05    1.19  .....  .....
Advance from FUA...........................................  ......  ......  ......  ......  .....  .....  .....
Repayment of FUA...........................................  ......  ......  ......  ......  .....  .....  .....
EB outlays--Federal share..................................  ......   0.05    0.07    0.07    0.07   0.05   0.05
EUCA balance (end of year).................................   2.20    6.49    9.81   12.67   15.64  16.50  17.26
    Ceiling \1\............................................  11.84   12.59   13.28   14.00   14.71  15.44  16.21
    Excess (shortfall).....................................  (9.62)  (6.10)  (3.47)  (1.33)   0.93   1.06   1.05
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Statutory ceiling is 0.5 percent of covered wages.                                                          
                                                                                                                
Note.--FUTA = Federal Unemployment Tax Act; ESAA = employment security administration account; FUA = Federal    
  unemployment account; EB = extended benefits; EUCA = extended unemployment compensation account.              
                                                                                                                
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                       


             TABLE F-13.--STATUS OF FEDERAL UNEMPLOYMENT LOAN ACCOUNT (FUA), FISCAL YEARS 1995-2001             
                                            [In billions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                  Fiscal year                   
                      Source or balance                      ---------------------------------------------------
                                                                1995    1996    1997   1998   1999   2000   2001
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Income:                                                                                                         
    State repayments........................................  .......   0.25    0.29   0.19  .....  .....  .....
    State interest payments.................................  .......  ......  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....
    Interest earnings.......................................  .......   0.40    0.41   0.42   0.44   0.46   0.47
    Overflow from ESAA/EUCA.................................  .......  ......  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....
    Repayment from EUCA.....................................  .......  ......  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....
Outgo:                                                                                                          
    State loans.............................................  .......   0.25    0.29   0.19  .....  .....  .....
    Advance to EUCA.........................................  .......  ......  .....  .....  .....  .....  .....
FUA balance (end of year)...................................     7.51   6.32    6.71   7.06   7.44   7.81   8.19
    Ceiling \1\.............................................     5.92   6.30    6.64   7.00   7.35   7.72   8.11
    Excess (shortfall)......................................     1.59  (0.02)   0.07   0.06   0.09   0.09   0.08
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Statutory ceiling is 0.25 percent of covered wages.                                                         
                                                                                                                
Note.--ESAA = employment security administration account; EUCA = extended unemployment compensation account.    
                                                                                                                
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.                                       


              TABLE F-14.--STATUS OF STATE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACCOUNTS, FISCAL YEARS 1995-2001              
                                            [In billions of dollars]                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Fiscal year                      
               Income, outgo, or balance               ---------------------------------------------------------
                                                          1995     1996    1997    1998    1999    2000    2001 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Income................................................  ........  26.77   27.83   28.61   29.16   29.88   30.73 
    Collections.......................................  ........  24.05   25.01   25.69   26.31   26.92   27.67 
    Interest earnings.................................  ........   2.48    2.53    2.72    2.86    2.95    3.06 
    Loans.............................................  ........   0.25    0.29    0.19   ......  ......  ......
    Excess reduced credits............................  ........  ......  ......  ......  ......  ......  ......
    Reed Act transfers................................  ........  ......  ......  ......  ......   1.36    1.16 
Outgo.................................................  ........  23.41   24.51   25.09   25.70   26.60   27.64 
    Benefits..........................................  ........  23.16   24.22   24.90   25.70   26.60   27.64 
    Lump-sum repayments...............................  ........   0.25    0.29    0.19   ......  ......  ......
                                                       ---------------------------------------------------------
Balance (end of year).................................    35.94   39.30   42.62   46.14   49.60   54.24   58.49 
    Outstanding loans.................................  ........  ......  ......  ......  ......  ......  ......
                                                       ---------------------------------------------------------
Net balance (excluding loans).........................    35.94   39.30   42.62   46.14   49.60   54.24   58.49 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.