[Background Material and Data on Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means (Green Book)]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]


AAPCC                            adjusted average per capita cost
ABAWD                            able-bodied adults without dependents
ABC                              A Better Chance
ACF                              Administration for Children and
ACR                              adjusted community rate
ACT                              Achieving Change for Texans
ADL                              activities of daily living
AFCARS                           Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and
                                  Reporting System
AFDC                             Aid to Families with Dependent Children
AFDC-UP                          Aid to Families with Dependent
                                  Children--Unemployed Parent
AFI                              adjusted family income
AGI                              adjusted gross income
AIDS                             acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIME                             average indexed monthly earnings
ALJ                              administrative law judge
APC                              ambulatory payment classification
APHSA                            American Public Human Services
ASC                              ambulatory surgical center
ASSETS                           Avenues to Self-Sufficiency through
                                  Employment and Training
AWIU                             average weekly insured unemployment

BBA                              Balanced Budget Act
BBRA                             Balanced Budget Refinement Act
BLS                              Bureau of Labor Statistics

CACFP                            Child and Adult Care Food Program
CAH                              critical access hospital
CAMP                             College Assistance Migrant Program
CAP                              Child Assistance Program
CAPTA                            Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment
                                  Act of 1974
CBO                              Congressional Budget Office
CCDBG                            Child Care and Development Block Grant
CCDF                             Child Care and Development Fund
CCPD                             continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
CDR                              continuing disability review
CETA                             Comprehensive Employment and Training
CEX                              Consumer Expenditure Survey
CNMI                             Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana
COBRA                            Consolidated Omnibus Budget
                                  Reconciliation Act of 1985
COGME                            Council on Graduate Medical Education
COLA                             cost-of-living adjustment
CPAC                             Competitive Pricing Advisory Committee
CPI                              Consumer Price Index
CPI-U                            Consumer Price Index for All Urban
CPI-W                            Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage
                                  Earners and Clerical Workers
CPS                              Current Population Survey
CRS                              Congressional Research Service
CSE                              Child Support Enforcement Program
CSFP                             Commodity Supplemental Food Program
CSRS                             Civil Service Retirement System

DAA                              drug addiction and alcoholism
DCTC                             dependent care tax credit
DDS                              Disability Determination Service
DHHS                             U.S. Department of Health and Human
DI                               disability insurance
DIC                              dependency and indemnity compensation
DME                              durable medical equipment
DMERC                            durable medical equipment regional
DNA                              deoxyribonucleic acid
DOL                              U.S. Department of Labor
DRG                              diagnosis-related group
DSH                              disproportionate share hospital

EA                               emergency assistance
EB                               extended benefits
EBT                              electronic benefit transfer
EIC                              earned income credit
EITC                             earned income tax credit
EMPOWER                          Employing and Moving People Off Welfare
                                  and Encouraging Responsibility
EPO                              erythropoietin
ERISA                            Employee Retirement Income Security Act
                                  of 1974
ES                               Employment Service
ESAA                             Employment Security Administration
ESRD                             end-stage renal disease
EUC                              emergency unemployment compensation
EUCA                             Extended Unemployment Compensation

FCS                              Food and Consumer Service
FDIC                             Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FDP                              Family Development Program
FECA                             Federal Employees' Compensation Account
FERS                             Federal Employee's Retirement System
                                  Act of 1986
FICA                             Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FIP                              Family Investment Program
FMAP                             Federal medical assistance percentage
FNS                              Food and Nutrition Service
FPL                              Federal poverty level
FPLS                             Federal Parent Locator Service
FRA                              full retirement age
FSA                              Family Support Act
FTE                              full-time equivalent
FTP                              Family Transition Program
FUA                              Federal Unemployment Account
FUTA                             Federal Unemployment Tax Act

GA                               general assistance
GAF                              geographic adjustment factor
GAIN                             Greater Avenues for Independence
GAO                              U.S. General Accounting Office
GDP                              gross domestic product
GED                              general education degree
GI                               gastrointestinal
GME                              graduate medical education
GPCI                             geographic practice cost index

HCD                              human capital development
HCFA                             Health Care Financing Administration
HEP                              Migrant High School Equivalency Program
HHA                              home health agency
HI                               hospital insurance
HIAA                             Health Insurance Association of America
HIPAA                            Health Insurance Portability and
                                  Accountability Act
HIV                              human immunodeficiency virus
HMO                              health maintenance organization
HoDAG                            Rental Housing Development Grant
HOME                             Home Investment Partnerships Program
HOPE                             Home Ownership and Opportunity for
                                  People Everywhere Program
HOPWA                            Housing Opportunities for Persons with
                                  AIDS Program
HUD                              U.S. Department of Housing and Urban

IADL                             instrumental activities of daily living
IME                              indirect medical education
IMG                              international medical graduates
INA                              Immigration and Nationality Act
IPA                              independent practice associations
IPS                              interim payment system
IRA                              individual retirement account
IRC                              Internal Revenue Code
IRS                              Internal Revenue Service
IUR                              insured unemployment rate

JOBS                             Job Opportunities and Basic Skills
                                  Training Program
JTPA                             Job Training Partnership Act

LAE                              limitation on administrative expenses
LEAP                             Learning, Earning, and Parenting
LEAP                             Leveraging Educational Assistance
LFA                              labor force attachment
LHWCA                            Longshore and Harbor Workers'
                                  Compensation Act
LIHEAP                           Low-Income Home Energy Assistance
LMSA                             section 8 loan management set-aside
LOS                              length-of-stay (outliers)

M+C                              Medicare+Choice
MAF                              medical assistance facility
MBI                              market basket index
MCCA                             Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act
MDH                               Medicare dependent hospitals
MDRC                             Manpower Demonstration Research
MedPAC                           Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
MEDPAR                           Medicare Provider Analysis and Review
MEI                              Medicare economic index
MEPA                             Multiethnic Placement Act
MFIP                             Minnesota Family Investment Program
MGIB                             Montgomery GI bill
MMCC                             Medicare Managed Care Contract
MOE                              maintenance of effort
MPPAA                            Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments
                                  Act of 1980
MSA                              medical savings account
MSA                              metropolitan statistical area
MVPS                             Medicare volume performance standard

NAFTA                            North American Free Trade Agreement
NCANDS                           National Child Abuse and Neglect Data
NCCSS                            National Child Care Staffing Study
NCHS                             National Center for Health Statistics
NEWWS                            National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work
NF                               nursing facility
NICHD                            National Institute of Child Health and
                                  Human Development
NIS                              National Incidence Study of Child Abuse
                                  and Neglect
NSAF                             National Survey of America's Families

OASDI                            Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
                                  Insurance Program
OASI                             Old-Age and Survivors Insurance
OASIS                            outcome and assessment information set
OBRA                             Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
OCR                              Office for Civil Rights
OCSE                             Federal Office of Child Support
OECD                             Organization for Economic Cooperation
                                  and Development
OES                              Occupational Employment Statistics
OMB                              Office of Management and Budget
OPD                              outpatient department
OPEC                             Organization of Petroleum Exporting
OTCA                             Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act
                                  of 1988

PASS                             plan for achieving self-support
PBGC                             Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
PCCM                             primary care case management programs
PD                               property disposition
PFS                              Parent's Fair Share Demonstration
PIA                              primary insurance amount
PIMS                             Pension Insurance Modeling System
PIP-DCG                          principal inpatient diagnostic cost
PNA                              personal needs allowance
PPA                              Pension Protection Act of 1987
PPO                              preferred provider organization
PPS                              prospective payment system
PRO                              peer review organization
ProPAC                           Prospective Payment Assessment
PRWORA                           Personal Responsibility and Work
                                  Opportunity Reconciliation Act
PSO                              provider-sponsored organization

QC                               quality control
QDWI                             qualified disabled and working
QI                               qualifying individual
QMB                              qualified Medicare beneficiary

RCCI                             residential child care institution
RHS                              Rural Housing Service
RPA                              Retirement Protection Act of 1994
RRA                              Railroad Retirement Act
RRB                              U.S. Railroad Retirement Board
RRC                              rural referral centers
RUGs-III                          resource utilization groups
RVU                              relative value unit

SACWIS                           Statewide Automated Child Welfare
                                  Information System
SAVE                             Systematic Alien Verification for
                                  Entitlements Program
SCH                              sole community hospital
SCHIP                             State Children's Health Insurance
SECA                             Self-Employment Contributions Act
SEPPAA                           Single Employer Pension Plan Amendments
                                  Act of 1986
SGA                              substantial gainful activity
SGR                              sustainable growth rate
SIMPLE                           Savings Incentive Match Plan for
SIPP                             Survey of Income and Program
SLMB                             specified low-income Medicare
SMI                              supplementary medical insurance
SNF                              skilled nursing facility
SSA                              Social Security Administration
SSBG                             Social Services Block Grant Program
SSDI                             Social Security Disability Insurance
SSI                               Supplemental Security Income
SSN                              Social Security number
SSP                              State supplemental payments
SSP                              separate State program

TAA                              Trade Adjustment Assistance Program for
TAF                              Temporary Assistance to Families
TAFDC                            Transitional Aid to Families with
TANF                             Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
TEA                              Transitional Employment Assistance
TEA                              Transportation Equity Act
TEFAP                            The Emergency Food Assistance Program
TEFRA                            Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility
                                  Act of 1982
TFP                               Thrifty Food Plan
TMA                              transitional medical assistance
TPD                              Teenage Parent Demonstration
TPR                              termination of parental rights
TQ                               transitional quarter
TRA                              trade readjustment allowances
TSMF                             To Strengthen Michigan Families
TUR                              total unemployment rate
TWP                              trial work period

UC                               unemployment compensation
UEFJA                            Uniform Enforcement of Foreign
                                  Judgments Act
UI                               unemployment insurance
UIFSA                            Uniform Interstate Family Support Act
URESA                            Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of
                                  Support Act

VA                                Department of Veterans Affairs
VCIS                             Voluntary Cooperative Information
VIEW                             Virginia Initiative for Employment not

WIA                              Workforce Investment Act of 1998
WIC                              Special Supplemental Nutrition Program
                                  for Women, Infants, and Children
WRP                              Welfare Restructuring Project
WTW                              welfare-to-work