[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 111th Congress]
[House Document 110-162]
[Rules of the House of Representatives]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov]
official reporters and news media galleries
Before the House recodified its rules in the 106th Congress, this
provision was found in former clause 1 of rule XXXIV (H. Res. 5, Jan. 6,
1999, p. 47). From 1874 until March 1, 1978, the appointment and removal
of the official reporters, and the manner of the execution of their
duties, was vested in the Speaker (V, 6958); effective March 1, 1978 (H.
Res. 959, Jan. 23, 1978, p. 431) those responsibilities were vested in
the Clerk, subject to the direction and control of the Speaker.
The reporters of debates have played an important role in the
evolution of the system by which the House compiles a daily verbatim
report of its proceedings, made by its own corps of reporters (V, 6959).
Since these reporters have become officers of the House a correction of
the Congressional Record has been held a question of privilege (V, 7014-
685. Reporters of debates and committee
1. Subject to the direction and control of the Speaker,
the Clerk shall appoint, and may remove for cause, the official
reporters of the House, including stenographers of committees, and shall
supervise the execution of their duties.
1. Arrangement of the daily Congressional Record.--The Public Printer
shall arrange the contents of the daily Congressional Record as follows:
The Senate proceedings shall alternate with the House proceedings in
order of placement in consecutive issues insofar as such an arrangement
is feasible, and Extensions of Remarks and Daily Digest shall follow:
Provided, That the makeup of the Congressional Record shall proceed
without regard to alternation whenever the Public Printer deems it
necessary in order to meet production and delivery schedules.
type. No italic or black type nor words in capitals or small capitals
shall be used for emphasis or prominence; nor will unusual indentions be
permitted. These restrictions do not apply to the printing of or
quotations from historical, official, or legal documents or papers of
which a literal reproduction is necessary.
2. Type and style.--The Public Printer shall print the report of the
proceedings and debates of the Senate and House of Representatives, as
furnished by the official reporters of the Congressional Record, in 8-
point type; and all matter included in the remarks or speeches of
Members of Congress, other than their own words, and all reports,
documents, and other matter authorized to be inserted in the
Congressional Record shall be printed in 7-point type; and all roll
calls shall be printed in 6-point
3. Only as an aid in distinguishing the manner of delivery in order to
contribute to the historical accuracy of the Record, statements or
insertions in the Record where no part of them was spoken will be
preceded and followed by a ``bullet'' symbol, i.e., (now
applicable only in Senate).
4. Return of manuscript.--When manuscript is submitted to Members for
revision it should be returned to the Government Printing Office not
later than 9 o'clock p.m. in order to insure publication in the
Congressional Record issued on the following morning; and if all of the
manuscript is not furnished at the time specified, the Public Printer is
authorized to withhold it from the Congressional Record for 1 day. In no
case will a speech be printed in the Congressional Record of the day of
its delivery if the manuscript is furnished later than 12 o'clock
5. Tabular matter.--The manuscript of speeches containing tabular
statements to be published in the Congressional Record shall be in the
hands of the Public Printer not later than 7 o'clock p.m. to insure
publication the following morning. When possible, manuscript copy for
tabular matter should be sent to the Government Printing Office 2 or
more days in advance of the date of publication in the Congressional
Record. Proof will be furnished promptly to the Member of Congress to be
submitted by him instead of manuscript copy when he offers it for
publication in the Congressional Record.
6. Proof furnished.--Proofs or ``leave to print'' and advance speeches
will not be furnished the day the manuscript is received but will be
submitted the following day, whenever possible to do so without causing
delay in the publication of the regular proceedings of Congress. Advance
speeches shall be set in the Congressional Record style of type, and not
more than six sets of proofs may be furnished to Members without charge.
7. Notation of withheld remarks.--If manuscript or proofs have not
been returned in time for publication in the proceedings, the Public
Printer will insert the words ``Mr. __ addressed the Senate (House or
Committee). His remarks will appear hereafter in Extensions of Remarks''
and proceed with the printing of the Congressional Record.
8. Thirty-day limit.--The Public Printer shall not publish in the
Congressional Record any speech or extension of remarks which has been
withheld for a period exceeding 30 calendar days from the date when its
printing was authorized: Provided, That at the expiration of each
session of Congress the time limit herein fixed shall be 10 days, unless
otherwise ordered by the committee.
Provided, That upon the final adjournment of each session of Congress
the time limit shall be 10 days, unless otherwise ordered by the
committee: Provided further, That no Member of Congress shall be
entitled to make more than one revision. Any revision shall consist only
of corrections of the original copy and shall not include deletions of
correct material, substitutions for correct material, or additions of
new subject matter.
9. Corrections.--The permanent Congressional Record is made up for
printing and binding 30 days after each daily publication is issued;
therefore all corrections must be sent to the Public Printer within that
10. The Public Printer shall not publish in the Congressional Record
the full report or print of any committee or subcommittee when the
report or print has been previously printed. This rule shall not be
construed to apply to conference reports. However, inasmuch as rule XXII
(Sec. 1082, infra) provides that conference reports be printed in the
daily edition of the Congressional Record, they shall not be printed
therein a second time.
11. Makeup of the Extensions of Remarks.--Extensions of Remarks in the
Congressional Record shall be made up by successively taking first an
extension from the copy submitted by the official reporters of one House
and then an extension from the copy of the other House, so that Senate
and House extensions appear alternately as far as possible. The sequence
for each House shall follow as closely as possible the order or
arrangement in which the copy comes from the official reporters of the
The official reporters of each House shall designate and distinctly
mark the lead item among their extensions. When both Houses are in
session and submit extensions, the lead item shall be changed from one
House to the other in alternate issues, with the indicated lead item of
the other House appearing in second place. When only one House is in
session, the lead item shall be an extension submitted by a Member of
the House in session. This rule shall not apply to Congressional Records
printed after the sine die adjournment of the Congress.
12. Official reporters.--The official reporters of each House shall
indicate on the manuscript and prepare headings for all matter to be
printed in Extensions of Remarks and shall make suitable reference
thereto at the proper place in the proceedings.
13. Two-page rule--Cost estimate from Public Printer.--(1) No
extraneous matter in excess of two printed Record pages, whether printed
in its entirety in one daily issue or in two or more parts in one or
more issues, shall be printed in the Congressional Record unless the
Member announces, coincident with the request for leave to print or
extend, the estimate in writing from the Public Printer of the probable
cost of publishing the same. (2) No extraneous matter shall be printed
in the House proceedings or the Senate proceedings, with the following
exceptions: (a) Excerpts from letters, telegrams, or articles presented
in connection with a speech delivered in the course of debate; (b)
communications from State legislatures; (c) addresses or articles by the
President and the Members of his Cabinet, the Vice President, or a
Member of Congress. (3) The official reporters of the House or Senate or
the Public Printer shall return to the Member of the respective House
any matter submitted for the Congressional Record which is in
contravention of these provisions.
house supplement to ``laws and rules for publication of the
congressional record''--effective august 12, 1986
1. Extensions of Remarks in the daily Congressional Record.--When the
House has granted leave to print (1) a newspaper or magazine article, or
(2) any other matter not germane to the proceedings, it shall be
published under Extensions of Remarks. This rule shall not apply to
quotations which form part of a speech of a Member, or to an authorized
extension of his own remarks: Provided, That no address, speech, or
article delivered or released subsequently to the sine die adjournment
of a session of Congress may be printed in the Congressional Record.
One-minute speeches delivered during the morning business of Congress
shall not exceed 300 words. Statements exceeding this will be printed
following the business of the day.
2. Any extraneous matter included in any statement by a Member, either
under the 1-minute rule or permission granted to extend at this point,
will be printed in the ``Extensions of Remarks'' section, and that such
material will be duly noted in the Member's statement as appearing
3. Under the general leave request by the floor manager of specific
legislation only matter pertaining to such legislation will be included
as per the request. This, of course, will include tables and charts
pertinent to the same, but not newspaper clippings and editorials.
4. In the makeup of the portion of the Record entitled ``Extensions of
Remarks,'' the Public Printer shall withhold any Extensions of Remarks
which exceed economical press fill or exceed production limitations.
Extensions withheld for such reasons will be printed in succeeding
issues, at the direction of the Public Printer, so that more uniform
daily issues may be the end result and, in this way, when both Houses
have a short session the makeup would be in a sense made easier so as to
comply with daily proceedings, which might run extremely heavy at times.
5. The request for a Member to extend his or her remarks in the body
of the Record must be granted to the individual whose remarks are to be
6. All statements for ``Extensions of Remarks,'' as well as copy for
the body of the Congressional Record must be submitted on the Floor of
the House to the Official Reporters of Debates and must carry the actual
signature of the Member. Extensions of Remarks will be accepted up to 15
minutes after adjournment of the House. To insure printing in that day's
proceedings, debate transcripts still out for revision must be returned
to the Office of Official Reporters of Debates, Room HT-60, the Capitol,
(1) by 5 p.m., or 2 hours following adjournment, whichever occurs later;
or (2) within 30 minutes following adjournment when the House adjourns
at 11 p.m., or later.
the remarks involved. Unparliamentary remarks may be deleted only by
permission or order of the House. Consistent with rule 9 of the Joint
Committee on Printing Rules, any revision shall consist only of
technical, grammatical, or typographical corrections of the original
copy and shall not include deletions of correct material, substitutions
for correct material, or additions of new subject matter. By obtaining
unanimous consent to revise and extend, a Member will be able to relax
the otherwise strict prohibition contained in clause 8 of rule XVII only
in two respects: (1) to revise by technical, grammatical, and
typographical corrections; and (2) to extend remarks in a distinctive
type style to follow the remarks actually uttered. In no event would the
actually uttered remarks be removable.
7. Pursuant to clause 8 of rule XVII of the Rules of the House, the
Congressional Record shall be a substantially verbatim account of
remarks made during the proceedings of the House, subject only to
technical, grammatical, and typographical corrections authorized by the
Sec. 686. Rules relating to Congressional
The arrangement, style, etc., of the Congressional Record is
prescribed by the Joint Committee on Printing pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 901,
904 (see also VIII, 3500). The rules of the Joint Committee on Printing
governing publication of the Congressional Record are as follows:
Words spoken by a Member not under recognition are not included in the
Congressional Record (V, 6975-6978; VIII, 3466, 3471). For example the
Record does not include remarks uttered: (1) after a Member has been
called to order (July 29, 1994, p. 18609); (2) when a Member fails to
heed the gavel at the expiration of time for debate (May 22, 2003, p.
12965; Oct. 2, 2003, p. 23950); (3) when a Member interrupts another
during debate without being yielded or otherwise recognized (as on a
point of order) (Speaker O'Neill, Feb. 7, 1985, p. 2229). Remarks held
irrelevant by the Chair may be removed from the Record by unanimous
consent only (Mar. 20, 2002, p. 3663).
In response to a parliamentary inquiry, the Chair advised that when
the Pledge of Allegiance is delivered as the third element of the daily
order of business, the Record reflects the pledge in its statutory form
(Apr. 27, 2004, p. _). The Chair announced the Record-printing policy
regarding remarks in debate uttered in languages other than English, to
deny transcription in the foreign language (unless a transcript is
provided in a language that the Government Printing Office can print)
and to require Members to submit translations for distinctive printing
in the Record in English as a revision of remarks (Mar. 4, 1998, p.
2535; see also Feb. 25, 2003, p. 4402).
House on appeal (Feb. 19, 1992, p. 2461; see H. Res. 230, 99th Cong.,
July 31, 1985, p. 21783, and H. Rept. 99-228). In accordance with
existing accepted practices, the Speaker customarily made such technical
or parliamentary corrections or insertions in the transcript of a ruling
or statement by the Chair as may have been necessary to conform to rule,
custom, or precedent (see H. Res. 330, 101st Cong., Feb. 7, 1990, p.
1515, and report of House Administration task force on Record inserted
by Speaker Foley, Oct. 27, 1990, p. 37124). In the 104th Congress the
Speaker ruled that the requirement of clause 8 of rule XVII (formerly
clause 9 of rule XIV) that the Record be a substantially verbatim
account of remarks made during House proceedings extended to statements
and rulings of the Chair (Jan. 20, 1995, p. 1866).
Under long practice and applicable precedents and guidelines, the
Chair has refined rulings on points of order in the Record in order to
clarify them without changing their substance, including those sustained
The Congressional Record is for the proceedings of the House and
Senate only, and matters not connected therewith are rigidly excluded
(V, 6962). It is not, however, the official record, that function being
fulfilled by the Journal (IV, 2727). Because the Record is maintained as
a substantially verbatim account of the proceedings of the House (44
U.S.C. 901), the Speaker will not entertain a unanimous-consent request
to give a special-order speech ``off the Record'' (June 24, 1992, p.
16131). As a general principle the Speaker has no control over the
Record (V, 6984, 7017).
The traditional practice to allow Members, with the approval of the
House and under conditions set forth by the Joint Committee on Printing,
to revise remarks before publication in the Congressional Record (V,
6971, 7024; VIII, 3500) should be interpreted in light of clause 8 of
rule XVII and rule 7 of the supplemental rules of the Joint Committee on
Printing, which require the Record to be a substantially verbatim
account of remarks made during House proceedings (see Sec. 686, supra,
and Sec. Sec. 967, 968, infra). In any event, a Member should not change
the notes of the Member's own speech in such a way as to affect the
remarks of another without bringing the correction to the attention of
that Member (V, 6972; VIII, 3461) because such alterations require
authorization by the House (VIII, 3463, 3497). Where a Member so revised
his remarks as to affect the import of words uttered by another Member,
the House corrected the Record (V, 6973). A Member is not entitled to
inspect the reporter's notes of remarks that do not contain reflections
on that Member, delivered by another Member and withheld for revision
mittee of the Whole may neither grant a general leave to print, although
for convenience it does permit individual Members to extend their
remarks (V, 7009, 7010; VIII, 3488-3490; Aug. 31, 1965, p. 22385), nor
permit the inclusion of extraneous material (Jan. 23, 1936, p. 950; Feb.
1, 1937, p. 656; Sept. 19, 1967, p. 26032).
Sec. 687. Substantially verbatim account.
The requirement of
rule 7 of the supplemental rules that the Congressional Record be a
substantially verbatim account of remarks actually rendered was included
in clause 8(a) of rule XVII (formerly clause 9 of rule XIV) in the 104th
Congress, with the prescription that that rule constitute a standard of
conduct under former clause 3(a)(2) of rule XI (formerly clause
4(e)(1)(B) of rule X) (sec. 213, H. Res. 6, Jan. 4, 1995, p. 468). Under
clause 8 of rule XVII, remarks actually delivered may not be deleted and
remarks inserted must appear in distinctive type (Jan. 4, 1995, p. 541).
The Speaker has instructed the Official Reporters of Debates to adhere
strictly to the requirement of rule 7 of the supplemental rules (Mar. 2,
1988, p. 2963; Feb. 3, 1993, p. 1980).
Sec. 688. Relations of the Committee of the Whole
to the Congressional Record.
As a general rule the Committee of the Whole has no
control over the Congressional Record (V, 6986); but the chairman in the
preservation of order may direct the exclusion of disorderly words
spoken by a Member after a call to order (V, 6987). In a case wherein a
letter read in Committee involved a breach of privilege, the Committee
reported the matter to the House for action, and the House struck the
letter from the Record (V, 6986). The chair of the Committee of the
Whole does not determine the privileges of a Member under a general
leave to print in the Record, that being for the House alone (V, 6988).
Furthermore, the Speaker declines to entertain unanimous-consent
requests to correct the Record on a vote taken by electronic device,
based upon the presumed accuracy of the electronic system and the
ability and responsibility of each Member to verify votes (Feb. 6, 1973,
p. 3558; Apr. 18, 1973, p. 13081; Dec. 3, 1974, p. 37897). It also has
been held that a Member may not, in a controversy over a proposed
correction of the Record as to a matter of business, demand as a matter
of right the reading of the reporter's notes (V, 6967; VIII, 3460).
Record that involves a motion and a vote is recorded in the Journal (IV,
2877). A resolution directing the placement of an asterisk in the Record
to note alleged inaccuracies in a State of the Union address (but not
alleging improper transcription of that address) was held not to
constitute a question of privilege (Oct. 20, 2003, pp. 25255, 25256).
Propositions to make corrections are sometimes considered by the
Committee on House Administration.
The accuracy and propriety of reports in the Congressional Record
constitute questions of the privileges of the House (see Sec. 704,
infra). Subject to the requirements of rule IX, a motion or resolution
for the correction of the Record that involves a question of privilege
may be made properly after the reading and approval of the Journal (V,
7013; VIII, 3496), is not in order pending the approval of the Journal
(V, 6989), and may not be raised until the Record has appeared (V,
7020). A correction of the
Sec. 689. Correction of the Congressional
Although the House controls the Congressional Record, the Speaker with the
assent of the House laid down the principle that words spoken by a
Member in order might not be changed by the House, because this would be
determining what a Member should utter on the floor (V, 6974; VI, 583;
VIII, 3469, 3498). Neither should one House strike matter placed in the
Record by permission of the other House (V, 6966). But the House may
correct the speech of one of its Members so that it may record
faithfully what was actually said (V, 6972). Similarly, a motion to
correct the Record has been entertained to allow a Member to print in
subsequent edition of the daily Record the correct text of an amendment
offered on a previous day and that had been substantially misprinted in
the daily Record for the day on which it was offered (Deschler, ch. 5,
Sec. 18.6). In addition, privileged motions have been permitted to
correct the Record as follows: (1) striking unparliamentary words
inserted in the Record (Deschler, ch. 5, Sec. 17); (2) correcting the
Record where the remarks of one Member have been attributed to another
(Deschler, ch. 5, Sec. Sec. 18.1, 18.2); (3) correcting the Record where
a Member has improperly altered his remarks during an exchange of
colloquy with another Member (Deschler, ch. 5, Sec. 18.9). Mere
typographical errors in the Record or ordinary revisions of a Member's
remarks do not give rise to privileged motions for the correction of the
Record (Apr. 25, 1985, p. 9419), because such changes for the permanent
edition of the Record may be made without the permission of the House
(Deschler, ch. 5, Sec. 19) (subject to clause 8 of rule XVII). The House
does not change the Record merely to show what a Member should have said
during debate (Deschler, ch. 5, Sec. 18).
Oct. 2, 1992, p. 30709; Sept. 27, 1996, p. 25633); (4) a Member may not
insert the individual votes of Members on a question of which the yeas
and nays have not been entered on the Journal (V, 6982). The principle
that a Member shall not be called to order for words spoken in debate if
business has intervened does not apply to a case where leave to print
has been violated (V, 7005). Neither the House nor the Committee of the
Whole may permit the insertion of an entire colloquy between two or more
Members not actually delivered (Aug. 10, 1982, pp. 20266, 20267; Oct. 3,
1985, p. 26028; Dec. 15, 1995, p. 37133). This prohibition does not
apply to the insertion of remarks spoken in debate in the Senate in the
form of a colloquy (Mar. 7, 2006, p. _) given the form of clause 1 of
rule XVII as adopted in the 109th Congress.
Sec. 690. Unparliamentary remarks and the Congressional
Where a Member had uttered disorderly words on the floor without
challenge, the House decided that it was not precluded from action when
the words, after being withheld for revision, appeared in the Record,
and struck them (V, 6979, 6981; VI, 582; VIII, 2538, 3463, 3472). The
House also has ordered stricken printed speeches condemned as
unparliamentary for reflections on Members, committees of the House, the
House itself (V, 7017), and the Senate (V, 5129). In the 101st Congress
a resolution presented as a question of privilege was adopted to direct
the Committee on House Administration to report with respect to certain
unauthorized deletions from the Record. A task force of that committee
recommended that deletion of unparliamentary remarks be permitted only
by consent of the House and not by the Member uttering the words under
authority to revise and extend (Oct. 27, 1990, p. 37124). That
recommendation has been incorporated into the Rules of the House (clause
8(b) of rule XVII). In debating a resolution to strike from the Record
disorderly language a Member may not read the language (V, 7004); but it
was held that as part of a personal explanation relating to matter
excluded as out of order a Member might read the matter, subject to a
point of order if the reading should develop anything in violation of
the rules of debate (V, 5079). A resolution to omit from the Record
certain remarks merely declared by the Member offering the resolution to
be out of order is not privileged (V, 7021). A motion to strike
unparliamentary words from the Record is privileged (see Sec. 961,
infra), although a question of privilege may not subsequently arise
therefrom (V, 7023; VI, 596).
The House, and not the Speaker, determines what liberty shall be
allowed to a Member who has leave to extend remarks (V, 6997-7000; VIII,
3475), whether or not a copyrighted article shall be printed therein (V,
6985), as to an alleged abuse of the leave to print (V, 7012; VIII,
3474), or as to a proposed amendment (V, 6983). General leave to print
may be granted only by the House, although in the Committee of the Whole
a Member, by unanimous consent, may be given leave to extend remarks (V,
7009, 7010; VIII, 3488-3490), though such leave should be granted only
in connection with remarks actually delivered and relevant to the bill;
and the extension under such circumstances should be brief (Speaker
Longworth, Mar. 18, 1926, p. 5854).
Where a Member abused a leave to print on the last day of the session,
the House at the next session condemned the abuse and declared the
matter not a legitimate part of the official debates (V, 7017). An abuse
of leave to print gives rise to a question of privilege (V, 7005-7008,
7011; VIII, 3163, 3491, 3495), and a resolution or motion to expunge
from the Record in such a case is offered as a question of privilege (V,
7012; VIII, 3475, 3491). An inquiry by the House as to an alleged abuse
of the leave to print does not necessarily entitle the Member implicated
to the floor on a question of privilege (V, 7012). Clause 8 of rule XVII
(formerly clause 9 of rule XIV) requires substantive remarks inserted
under leave to revise and extend to be printed in distinctive type and
precludes deletion under such permission of words actually uttered (Jan.
4, 1995, p. 541).
A motion that a Member be permitted to extend remarks in the Record is
not privileged (Feb. 8, 1950, p. 1661), and under the rules of the Joint
Committee on Printing, one Member cannot obtain permission for other
individual Members to extend their remarks (rule 5 of House Supplement,
Sec. 686, supra).
of printing extraneous material and obtaining consent of the House when
necessary (Feb. 11, 1994, p. 2245). As indicated in supplemental rule 3
of the Laws and Rules for Publication of the Congressional Record, the
general leave request of the floor manager permits matter pertaining to
specific legislation, including tables and charts but not newspaper
clippings and editorials. The Clerk normally does not require a cost
estimate for charts and tables admitted under general leave that exceed
two Record pages.
Where extraneous material proposed to be inserted in the body or in
the Extension of Remarks portion of the Record exceeds two Record pages,
the rules of the Joint Committee on Printing require that the Member
state an estimate of printing cost when permission is requested to make
the insertion (Feb. 12, 1962, p. 2207; May 24, 1972, p. 18653). It is
the Member's responsibility and not that of the Chair to ascertain the
The Joint Committee on Printing amended the rules for publication of
the Record, effective March 1, 1978, to require the identification by
``bullet'' symbols of statements or insertions no part of which were
actually delivered in debate (Feb. 20, 1978, p. 3676). Where the House
permitted all Members leave to revise and extend their remarks on a
certain subject, those Members who actually spoke during the debate
could revise their remarks to appear as if actually delivered, but
Members' statements no part of which were spoken were preceded and
followed by a ``bullet'' symbol (Nov. 15, 1983, p. 32729). In the 99th
Congress, the House adopted a resolution requesting the Joint Committee
on Printing to adopt temporary rules to require distinctive type styles
rather than bulleting of remarks not actually spoken in debate (H. Res.
230, July 31, 1985, p. 21783), and also adopted a resolution requesting
that those rules be made permanent (H. Res. 514, Aug. 12, 1986, p.
20980). Under regulations of the Joint Committee on Printing, remarks
delivered or inserted under leave to revise and extend in connection
with a ``one-minute speech'' made before legislative business are
printed after legislative business if exceeding 300 words (Speaker
O'Neill, Apr. 5, 1978, p. 8846; Sec. 686, supra).
News media galleries
Based upon several unauthorized insertions of extensions of remarks in
the Record, the Speaker announced that henceforth all extensions of
remarks must be signed by the Member submitting them (Aug. 15, 1974, p.
28385). The House by unanimous consent may grant permission for all
Members to extend their remarks and to include extraneous material
within the established limits in that section of the Congressional
Record entitled ``Extensions of Remarks'' for a session (e.g., Jan. 6,
1999, p. 247) or a Congress (e.g., Jan. 4, 2007, p. _).
Speaker may prescribe from time to time. The Standing Committee of
Correspondents for the Press Gallery, and the Executive Committee of
Correspondents for the Periodical Press Gallery, shall supervise such
galleries, including the designation of its employees, subject to the
direction and control of the Speaker. The Speaker may assign one seat on
the floor to Associated Press reporters and one to United Press
International reporters, and may regulate their occupation. The Speaker
may admit to the floor, under such regulations as the Speaker may
prescribe, one additional representative of each press association.
Sec. 692. ``Leave to print'' in the Congressional
The practice of inserting in the Congressional Record speeches not actually
delivered on the floor has developed by consent of the House as the
membership has increased and it has become difficult at times for every
Member to fully debate public questions on the floor (V, 6990-6996,
6998-7000). The House, in granting such leave to print, stipulates that
it be exercised without unreasonable freedom (V, 7002, 7003). For
example: (1) a Member with permission to insert one matter may not
insert another (V, 7001; VIII, 3462, 3479, 3480); (2) a Member may not
insert statements and letters of others unless the leave granted
specifies such matter as extraneous (VIII, 3475, 3481), whether the
extension be under general leave for all Members or individual; (3) a
Member may not insert that which would not have been in order if uttered
on the floor, and the House may exclude such insertion in whole or in
part (V, 7004-7008; VIII, 3495;
Before the House recodified its rules in the 106th Congress, this
provision was found in former clause 2 of rule XXXIV. When it was
transferred to this clause, it also was amended to reflect the existing
practice of including the Periodical Press Gallery under the ambit of
the rule (H. Res. 5, Jan. 6, 1999, p. 47). This provision was first
adopted in 1857 and has been amended from time to time (V, 7304; VIII,
3642; Jan. 3, 1953, p. 24; Jan. 22, 1971, p. 144). A gender-based
reference was eliminated in the 111th Congress (sec. 2(l), H. Res. 5,
Jan. 6, 2009, p. _). See also Consumers Union v. Periodical
Correspondents' Association, 515 F.2d 1341 (D.C. Cir. 1975), cert. den.
423 U.S. 1051 (1976) (action in enforcing correspondents' association
regulations is within legislative immunity granted by the Speech or
ents' Galleries shall supervise such gallery, including the designation
of its employees, subject to the direction and control of the Speaker.
The Speaker may admit to the floor, under such regulations as the
Speaker may prescribe, one representative of the National Broadcasting
Company, one of the Columbia Broadcasting System, and one of the
American Broadcasting Company.
693. Unofficial reporters in the press gallery and on the
2. A portion of the gallery over the Speaker's chair, as may be
necessary to accommodate representatives of the press wishing to report
debates and proceedings, shall be set aside for their use. Reputable
reporters and correspondents shall be admitted thereto under such
regulations as the
Before the House recodified its rules in the 106th Congress, this
provision was found in former clause 3 of rule XXXIV (H. Res. 5, Jan. 6,
1999, p. 47). It was adopted initially on April 20, 1939 (p. 4561), and
was amended on May 30, 1940 (p. 7208) and on January 22, 1971 (p. 144).
A gender-based reference was eliminated in the 111th Congress (sec.
2(l), H. Res. 5, Jan. 6, 2009, p. _).
Sec. 694. Unofficial reporters in the radio gallery and on
3. A portion of the gallery as may be necessary to accommodate
reporters of news to be disseminated by radio, television, and similar
means of transmission, wishing to report debates and proceedings, shall
be set aside for their use. Reputable reporters and correspondents shall
be admitted thereto under such regulations as the Speaker may prescribe.
The Executive Committee of the Radio and Television Correspond