[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 113th Congress]
[113rd Congress]
[House Document 112-161]
[Jeffersons Manual of ParliamentaryPractice]
[Pages 153-154]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]


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                             sec. x--address

[[Page 154]]

both Houses in a body, or by a Committee from each House, or by the two 
Speakers only. An address of the House of Commons only may be presented 
by the Whole House, or by the Speaker, 9 Grey, 473; 1 Chandler, 298, 
301; or by such particular members as are of the privy council. 2 Hats., 

Sec. 316. Addresses to the President. A joint address of both Houses of Parliament is read by the Speaker of the House of Lords. It may be attended by
In the first years of Congress the President annually delivered an address to the two Houses in joint session, and the House then prepared an address, which the Speaker, attended by the House, carried to the President. A joint rule of 1789 also provided for the presentation of joint addresses of the two Houses to the President (V, 6630). In 1876 the joint rules of the House were abrogated, including the joint rule providing for presentation of the joint addresses of the two Houses to the President (V, 6782-6787). In 1801 President Jefferson transmitted a message in writing and discontinued the practice of making addresses in person. From 1801 to 1913 all messages were sent in writing (V, 6629), but President Wilson resumed the custom of making addresses in person on April 8, 1913, and, with the exception of President Hoover (VIII, 3333), the custom has been followed generally by subsequent Presidents.