[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 113th Congress]
[House Document 112-161]
[The United States Constitution]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]
Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the
Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand
seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United
America the Twelfth In Witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed
and Deputy from Virginia.
[Signed also by the deputies of twelve States.]
John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman.
Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King.
Wm. Saml. Johnson, Roger Sherman.
Wil: Livingston, Wm. Paterson,
David Brearley, Jona: Dayton.
B Franklin, Thomas Mifflin,
RobT. Morris, Geo. Clymer,
Thos. FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll,
James Wilson, Gouv Morris.
Geo. Read, Gunning Bedford jun,
John Dickinson, Richard Bassett.
James McHenry, Dan of ST Thos. Jenifer.
John Blair, James Madison Jr.
Wm. Blount, Rich'D. Dobbs Spaight.
J. Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney,
Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler.
William Few, Abr Baldwin.
Attest: William Jackson, Secretary.
articles in addition to, and amendment of, the constitution of the
united states of america, proposed by congress, and ratified by the
several states pursuant to the fifth article of the original
\1\ The first 10 amendments to the Constitution of the
United States were proposed to the legislatures of the several States by
the First Congress on September 25, 1789 (this date and the date
succeeding amendments were proposed is the date of final congressional
action--signature by the presiding officer of the Senate--as is shown in
the Senate Journals). They were ratified by the following States, on the
dates shown, and the notifications by the governors thereof of
ratification were communicated by the President to Congress: New Jersey,
November 20, 1789; Maryland, December 19, 1789; North Carolina, December
22, 1789; South Carolina, January 19, 1790; New Hampshire, January 25,
1790; Delaware, January 28, 1790; New York, February 27, 1790;
Pennsylvania, March 10, 1790; Rhode Island, June 7, 1790; Vermont,
November 3, 1791; Virginia, December 15, 1791. Ratification was
completed on December 15, 1791. The amendments were subsequently
ratified by Massachusetts, March 2, 1939; Georgia, March 18, 1939;
Connecticut, April 19, 1939.
Sec. 207. Ratification of the Constitution.
of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the
Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the