[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 114th Congress]
[House Document 113-181]
[Jeffersons Manual of ParliamentaryPractice]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]
to adjourn them; he can only signify his desire, and it is in the wisdom
and prudence of either House to comply with his requisition, or not, as
they see fitting. 2 Hats., 232; 1 Blackst., 186; 5 Grey, 122.
* * * * *
Sec. 584. Parliamentary law as to adjournment of the
Commons and Lords.
The two Houses of Parliament have the sole, separate, and
independent power of adjourning each their respective Houses. The King
has no authority
The modern practice of the House adheres to this principle
(Sec. Sec. 912, 913, infra). Clause 4 of rule XVI admits at the
discretion of the Speaker a separate motion of equal privilege that when
the House adjourns on that day it stand adjourned to a day and time
certain (consistent with article I, section 5, clause 4 of the
Constitution, not in excess of three days).
Sec. 585. Motion to adjourn not to be amended.
A motion to
adjourn, simply cannot be amended, as by adding ``to a particular day;''
but must be put simply ``that this House do now adjourn;'' and if
carried in the affirmative, it is adjourned to the next sitting day,
unless it has come to a previous resolution, ``that at its rising it
will adjourn to a particular day,'' and then the House is adjourned to
that day. 2 Hats., 82.
at a time before the hour fixed for a recess vacates the recess (IV,
3283). A motion for a recess must, when entertained, be voted on, even
though the taking of the vote may have been prevented until after the
hour specified for the conclusion of the proposed recess (V, 6667). A
Committee of the Whole takes a recess only by permission of the House
(V, 6669-6671; VIII, 3362). The motion for a recess is not privileged
(V, 4302, 5301, 6740), in the House or in Committee of the Whole (June
26, 1981, p. 14356) against a demand that business proceed in the
regular order (V, 6663; VIII, 3354-3356). However, beginning in the 102d
Congress a motion to authorize the Speaker to declare a recess was given
a privilege equal to that of the motion to adjourn (clause 4 of rule
XVI); and beginning in the 103d Congress the Speaker was authorized to
declare a recess ``for a short time when no question is pending''
(clause 12 of rule I). For the Speaker's authority to declare an
emergency recess when notified of an imminent threat to the safety of
the House, see Sec. 639, infra.
An adjournment during pleasure is effected in the House by a motion
for a recess. A recess may not be taken by less than a quorum (IV, 2958-
2960), and consequently the motion for it is not in order in the absence
of a quorum (IV, 2955-2957). When the hour previously fixed for a recess
arrives, the Chair declares the House in recess even in the midst of a
division or when a quorum is not present (V, 6665, 6666; VI, 664); but a
roll call is not in this way interrupted (V, 6054, 6055). Where a
special order requires a recess at a certain hour of a certain day, the
recess is not taken if the encroachment of a prior legislative day
prevents the existence of said certain day as a legislative day (IV,
3192). And an adjournment
Sec. 586. Motion for a recess.
Where it is convenient that
the business of the House be suspended for a short time, as for a
conference presently to be held, &c., it adjourns during pleasure; 2
Hats., 305; or for a quarter of an hour. 4 Grey, 331.
Sec. 587. Adjournment pronounced by the
If a question be put for adjournment, it is no adjournment till
the Speaker pronounces it. 5 Grey, 137. And from courtesy and respect,
no member leaves his place till the Speaker has passed on.