[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 115th Congress]
[House Document 114-192]
[Jeffersons Manual of ParliamentaryPractice]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]
The Rules of the House make no mention of remonstrances, but do
mention petitions and memorials (clause 3 of rule XII). Resolutions of
State legislatures and of primary assemblies of the people are received
as memorials (IV, 3326, 3327), but papers general or descriptive in form
may not be presented as memorials (IV, 3325).
Sec. 389. Petitions, remonstrances, and memorials.
petition prays something. A remonstrance has no prayer. 1 Grey, 58.
In the House petitions have been presented for many years by filing
with the Clerk (clause 3 of rule XII). Members file them, and
petitioners do not attend on the House in the sense implied in the
parliamentary law. In cases in which a petition set forth serious
changes, the petitioner was required to have his signature attested by a
notary (III, 2030, footnote).
Sec. 390. Signing and presentation of
Petitions must be subscribed by the petitioners Scob., 87; L. Parl.,
c. 22; 9 Grey, 362, unless they are attending, 1 Grey, 401 or unable to
sign, and averred by a member, 3 Grey, 418. But a petition not
subscribed, but which the member presenting it affirmed to be all in the
handwriting of the petitioner, and his name written in the beginning,
was on the question (March 14, 1800) received by the Senate. The
averment of a member, or of somebody without doors, that they know the
handwriting of the petitioners, is necessary, if it be questioned. 6
Grey, 36. It must be presented by a member, not by the petitioners, and
must be opened by him holding it in his hand. 10 Grey, 57.
Before the adoption of the provisions of clause 3 of rule XII,
petitions were presented from the floor by Members, and questions
frequently arose as to the reception thereof (IV, 3350-3356). But under
the present practice such procedure does not occur.
Sec. 391. Parliamentary law for the reception of
Regularly a motion for receiving it must be made and seconded, and a
question put, whether it shall be received, but a cry from the House of
``received,'' or even silence, dispenses with the formality of this
question. It is then to be read at the table and disposed of.