[Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 115th Congress]
[House Document 114-192]
[The United States Constitution]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]
Sec. 177. The judges, their terms, and
Section 1. The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested
in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may
from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme
and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and
shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation,
which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Sec. 178. Extent of the judicial
Section 2. \1\The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity,
arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and
Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;--to all
Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;--to all
Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;--to Controversies to which
the United States shall be a Party;--to Controversies between two or
more States;--between a State and Citizens of another State;--between
Citizens of different States;--between Citizens of the same State
claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or
the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
Sec. 178a. Decisions of the Court on legislative
Decisions of the Supreme Court involving legislative standing to bring
cases in Federal court include Coleman v. Miller, 307 U.S. 433 (1939);
Goldwater v. Carter, 444 U.S. 996 (1979); Allen v. Wright, 468 U.S. 737
(1984); Whitmore v. Arkansas, 495 U.S. 149 (1990); and, most recently,
Raines v. Byrd, 521 U.S. 811 (1997), holding that Member plaintiffs must
have alleged a ``personal stake'' in having an actual injury redressed,
rather than an ``institutional injury'' that is ``abstract and widely
dispersed.'' See also the 11th amendment (Sec. 218, infra).
Sec. 179. Original and appellate jurisdiction of the
\2\In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers
and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme
Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before
mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as
to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the
Congress shall make.
Sec. 180. Places of trial of crimes by jury.
\3\The Trial of
all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such
Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been
committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be
at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
Sec. 181. Treason against the United
Section 3. \1\Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War
against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and
Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony
of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
Sec. 182. Punishment for treason.
\2\The Congress shall have
Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason
shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of
the Person Attainted.