22 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2010 Edition
Title 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE
CHAPTER 39 - ARMS EXPORT CONTROL
SUBCHAPTER III-A - END-USE MONITORING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND DEFENSE SERVICES
From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov

SUBCHAPTER III–A—END-USE MONITORING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES AND DEFENSE SERVICES

§2785. End-use monitoring of defense articles and defense services

(a) Establishment of monitoring program

(1) In general

In order to improve accountability with respect to defense articles and defense services sold, leased, or exported under this chapter or the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.), the President shall establish a program which provides for the end-use monitoring of such articles and services.

(2) Requirements of program

To the extent practicable, such program—

(A) shall provide for the end-use monitoring of defense articles and defense services in accordance with the standards that apply for identifying high-risk exports for regular end-use verification developed under section 2778(g)(7) of this title (commonly referred to as the “Blue Lantern” program); and

(B) shall be designed to provide reasonable assurance that—

(i) the recipient is complying with the requirements imposed by the United States Government with respect to use, transfers, and security of defense articles and defense services; and

(ii) such articles and services are being used for the purposes for which they are provided.

(b) Conduct of program

In carrying out the program established under subsection (a) of this section, the President shall ensure that the program—

(1) provides for the end-use verification of defense articles and defense services that incorporate sensitive technology, defense articles and defense services that are particularly vulnerable to diversion or other misuse, or defense articles or defense services whose diversion or other misuse could have significant consequences; and

(2) prevents the diversion (through reverse engineering or other means) of technology incorporated in defense articles.

(c) Report to Congress

Not later than 6 months after July 21, 1996, and annually thereafter as a part of the annual congressional presentation documents submitted under section 634 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2394], the President shall transmit to the Congress a report describing the actions taken to implement this section, including a detailed accounting of the costs and number of personnel associated with the monitoring program and the numbers, range, and findings of end-use monitoring of United States transfers of small arms and light weapons.

(d) Third country transfers

For purposes of this section, defense articles and defense services sold, leased, or exported under this chapter or the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) includes defense articles and defense services that are transferred to a third country or other third party.

(Pub. L. 90–629, ch. 3A, §40A, as added Pub. L. 104–164, title I, §150(a), July 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 1436; amended Pub. L. 107–228, div. B, title XII, §1205(b), Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 1428.)

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1) and (d), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1321, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of this title and Tables.

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1) and (d), is Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 32 (§2151 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.

Codification

Another section 40A of Pub. L. 90–629 is classified to section 2781 of this title.

Amendments

2002—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–228 inserted “and the numbers, range, and findings of end-use monitoring of United States transfers of small arms and light weapons” before period at end.

Effective Date

Section 150(b) of Pub. L. 104–164 provided that: “Section 40A of the Arms Export Control Act, as added by subsection (a) [22 U.S.C. 2785], applies with respect to defense articles and defense services provided before or after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 21, 1996].”

Delegation of Functions

Functions of President under this section delegated to Secretary of State insofar as they relate to commercial exports licensed under this chapter, and to Secretary of Defense insofar as they relate to defense articles and defense services sold, leased, or transferred under the Foreign Military Sales Program, by section 1(n) of Ex. Ord. No. 11958, Jan. 18, 1977, 42 F.R. 4311, as amended, set out as a note under section 2751 of this title.