51 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 51 - NATIONAL AND COMMERCIAL SPACE PROGRAMS
Subtitle VII - Access to Space
CHAPTER 701 - USE OF SPACE SHUTTLE OR ALTERNATIVES
From the U.S. Government Printing Office, www.gpo.gov

CHAPTER 701—USE OF SPACE SHUTTLE OR ALTERNATIVES

Sec.
70101.
Recovery of fair value of placing Department of Defense payloads in orbit with space shuttle.
70102.
Space shuttle use policy.
70103.
Commercial payloads on space shuttle.

        

§70101. Recovery of fair value of placing Department of Defense payloads in orbit with space shuttle

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, or any interagency agreement, the Administrator shall charge such prices as are necessary to recover the fair value of placing Department of Defense payloads into orbit by means of the space shuttle.

(Pub. L. 111–314, §3, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3427.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
70101 42 U.S.C. 2464. Pub. L. 97–324, title I, §106(a), Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1600.

§70102. Space shuttle use policy

(a) Use Policy.—

(1) In general.—

(A) Policy.—It shall be the policy of the United States to use the space shuttle—

(i) for purposes that require a human presence;

(ii) for purposes that require the unique capabilities of the space shuttle; or

(iii) when other compelling circumstances exist.


(B) Definition of compelling circumstances.—In this paragraph, the term “compelling circumstances” includes, but is not limited to, occasions when the Administrator determines, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, that important national security or foreign policy interests would be served by a shuttle launch.


(2) Using available cargo space for secondary payloads.—The policy stated in paragraph (1) shall not preclude the use of available cargo space, on a space shuttle mission otherwise consistent with the policy described in paragraph (1), for the purpose of carrying secondary payloads (as defined by the Administrator) that do not require a human presence if such payloads are consistent with the requirements of research, development, demonstration, scientific, commercial, and educational programs authorized by the Administrator.


(b) Annual Report.—At least annually, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report certifying that the payloads scheduled to be launched on the space shuttle for the next 4 years are consistent with the policy set forth in subsection (a)(1). For each payload scheduled to be launched from the space shuttle that does not require a human presence, the Administrator shall, in the certified report to Congress, state the specific circumstances that justified the use of the space shuttle. If, during the period between scheduled reports to Congress, any additions are made to the list of certified payloads intended to be launched from the shuttle, the Administrator shall inform Congress of the additions and the reasons therefor within 45 days of the change.

(c) Administration Payloads.—The report described in subsection (b) shall also include those Administration payloads designed solely to fly on the space shuttle which have begun the phase C/D of its development cycle.

(Pub. L. 111–314, §3, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3427.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
70102(a) 42 U.S.C. 2465a(a). Pub. L. 101–611, title I, §112(a), (c), (d), Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3198, 3199.
70102(b) 42 U.S.C. 2465a(c).
70102(c) 42 U.S.C. 2465a(d).

§70103. Commercial payloads on space shuttle

(a) Definitions.—In this section:

(1) Launch vehicle.—The term “launch vehicle” means any vehicle constructed for the purpose of operating in, or placing a payload in, outer space.

(2) Payload.—The term “payload” means an object which a person undertakes to place in outer space by means of a launch vehicle, and includes subcomponents of the launch vehicle specifically designed or adapted for that object.


(b) In General.—Commercial payloads may not be accepted for launch as primary payloads on the space shuttle unless the Administrator determines that—

(1) the payload requires the unique capabilities of the space shuttle; or

(2) launching of the payload on the space shuttle is important for either national security or foreign policy purposes.

(Pub. L. 111–314, §3, Dec. 18, 2010, 124 Stat. 3428.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)Source (Statutes at Large)
70103(a) 42 U.S.C. 2465c. Pub. L. 101–611, title II, §203, Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3206; Pub. L. 105–303, title II, §203(2), Oct. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 2855.
70103(b) 42 U.S.C. 2465f. Pub. L. 101–611, title II, §206, Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3207; Pub. L. 105–303, title II, §203(4), Oct. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 2855.

In subsection (a), the words “this section” are substituted for “this title”, meaning title II of Public Law 101–611, because title II of Public Law 101–611 was previously repealed except for section 201 (a short title provision, classified to 42 U.S.C. 2451 note, in which neither defined term appears) and sections 203 (42 U.S.C. 2465c) and 206 (42 U.S.C. 2465f) of Public Law 101–611, which are restated in this section.