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07-3308 - USA, et al v. Yusuf, et al


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07-3308 - USA, et al v. Yusuf, et al
June 17, 2008
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PRECEDENTIAL OPINION Coram: SMITH, NYGAARD and ROTH, Circuit Judges. Total Pages: 28. Judge: ROTH Authoring Judge.
July 21, 2008
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ORDER AMENDING OPINION (Coram: SMITH, NYGAARD and ROTH, Circuit Judges). Judge: ROTH Authoring. IT IS ORDERED that the published Opinion in the above case, filed on June 17, 2008, be amended as follows: On page 18, delete the following sentence: Accordingly, we recognize that the Supreme Court???s holding in Santos overrules this Court???s decision I United States v. Grasso, which was relied upon by the District Court. Grasso, 381 F.3d 160, 169 (3d Cir. 2004) (holding that ???proceeds,??? as that term is used in the money laundering statue, means gross receipts [from illegal activity] rather that profits???). and, at the end of the now-shortened paragraph, insert a new footnote 12, following existing footnote 11, as follows: In Santos, a four-Justice plurality concluded that, in applying the rule of lenity, the word ???proceeds??? in the money laundering statute means profits and not, as the government had argued, gross receipts. 128 S. Ct. at 2023-25 (plurality opinion). Justice Stevens, the tie-breaker, took the view in his concurring opinion that, depending on the import of legislative history, proceeds may mean profits as applied to some specified unlawful activities and gross receipts as applied to others. 128 S. Ct. at 2031-32 (Stevens, J., concurring); see id. at 2030 (stating that ???Justice STEVENS expresses the view that the rule of lenity applies to this case because there is no legislative history reflecting any legislator's belief about how the money-laundering statute should apply to lottery operators???) (citing id. at 2032-33). As the plurality recognized, ???[s]ince his vote is necessary to our judgement, and since his opinion rests upon the narrower ground, the Court???s holding is limited... ,??? to the holding ???... that ???proceeds??? means ???profits??? when there is no legislative history to the contrary.??? 128 S. Ct. at 2031 (citing Marks v. United States, 430 U.S. 188, 193 (1977)). In view of the above discussion, we believe that Santos overrules this Court's decision in United States v. Grasso, which was relied upon by the District Court in the instant case. Grasso, 381 F.3d 160, 169 (3d Cir.2004) (holding that ??? ???proceeds,??? as that term is used in the money laundering statute, means gross receipts [from illegal activity] rather than profits???). As this amendment does not change the original disposition by the panel, the date of the original judgment date will not be altered, filed.